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mennnal Conventions of 'the'
T0 COMBINE WITH THE MIGHTS.
SComrniUees Appointed to Prepare a Scheme
IT WILL ONLY BE A TEMPORAET AFFAIR,
If Hie Two Bodies Cannot Agree Tney Will Separate
The various grangers organizations as
sera Died in convention at St Louis yester
day. They propose to effect.a consolidation
among themselves, and then enter into an
agreement with the Knights of Labor.
Some of the members do not favor the latter
St. Louis, December 3. The annual
convention of Farmers' and Laborers TJnlon
met here to-day with a large nnmber of
delegates in attenduice. The convention
was called to order by President Evan
Jones, ol Texas. After addresses of wel
come by Mayor IToonan on behalf of city
and by Governor Francis for the State, and
a brief response by J. H. McDowell, Chair
man of the Executive Board, the convention
took a recess until afternoon when it met in
-At 1:30 the convention reassembled in ex
ecutive session for business. These meet
ings are to be secret The Committee on
Credentials reported the following organiza
tions as represented by delegates on the
floor: Arkansas "Wheel, Arkansas Alliance,
Kentucky "Wheel, Kentucky Alliance.
Kansas Wheel, Virginia Alliance, Georgia
Alliance; Tennessee Farmers and Laborers'
Union, Louisiana Farmers' Union, Okla
homa Wheel, Maryland Alliance, Alabama
Alliance, Nebraska Alliance, North Caro
lina Alliance, South Carolina Alliance,
Missouri Farmers and Laborers' Union, In
diana Farmers and Laborers' Union, and
the Texas Alliance, conditionally.
A NATIONAL ALLIANCE.
The lollowing committees were then ap
pointed: To Confer with Alliance North on
Formation ot National Alliance; on co
operation with Farmers' Mutual Benefit
After listening; to addresses by President
Evan Jones a recess was taken.
The delegates to the convention of the
Northern Alliance meeting at the Planters
House, under President J. D. Burrows and
Secretary August Post, held an informal
conference in parlor 22. There are 75 dele
gates to this convention, representing the
State organizations of Illinois, Ohio, Minne
sota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska,
Dakota, Colorado, and Washington, and
under the plan of consolidation with the
' Farmers' and Laborers' Union of America
this body will probably adjourn to sit at the
convention at the Exposition building.
At a meeting of the Farmers' Alliance
this afternoon at the Planters House at the
request of the Farmers and Laborers' Union
a committee was appointed to confer with a
similar committee lrom the union to discuss
the advisability of a consolidatian. The
following are the committee: L M. Morris,
Kansas; Alonzo WardelU South Dakota;
George W. Sprague, Minnesota; A. J.
Streator, Illinois; John H. Powers, Ne
braska; Walter Mnir, North Dakota; N. B.
Ashby, Iowa; William Ulrich, Wisconsin;
T. Y. Williams, Washington. The major
ity of these are not in favor of a consolida
tion. THE CONSOLIDATION PLANS.
As to the proposed consolidation with the
Knights of Irtbor, F. L. Livingstone, Pres
ident ot the Georgia State Organization,
said: "We propose to form nn offensive
and defensive alliance with the Knights of
.Labor, and to co-operate with tbem as long
as.it;fs mutually advantageous. If our
paths (ead ns along the same road it adds to
the 'strength of both orders to work to
gether. "When our ways diverge we can part in
friendship to meet further along in some
other issue. I am not one ot the principal
advocates of co-operation with the Knights,
bnt I can see the advantages to be derived
from such a step.
Not an Amalgamation, bnt Onlr an Alliance,
Intended The New Land Plank of
Ibe Knights of Labor The
rsrxciAi. raiioMK to tok mRrjwcn.:
Philadelphia, December3. Mr. Pow-
derlv was seen in the Broad street station
while waiting for the train for St Louis,
and in answer to a question concerning the
approaching conference of the Knights of
Labor officials and the Alliance, said:
I cannot tell you anything concerning the
outcome of the meeting. The majority of the
people have the idea that the amalgamation of
the two organizations is Intended. Now ,
that is a mistake, tor that is not
our purpose at alt We Intend to form,
however, a strong alliance, which will have the
weight of a practical amalgamation without
causing either the Knichts of Labor or the
Farmers' Alliance to lose their identity as
The poor man does not hold a secure title to
any land which be may own at the present
time. There Is a man in Scranton who pur
chased a lot some time ago, and now, as there
is a railroad about to lay its tracks over a route
which will cat right through this particular
piece of ground, he will be coin-
Selled to surrender his property. I
ave no objection to that. The will
and demands of the majority must be acceded
to, bnt if it is right to allow a railroad to per
emptorily demand property of the owner, why
should not the Government have the same
right? Our new land plank favors the plan of
the Government controlling all of the land, and
while it Is considered right to allow corpora
tions to come into the possession of the land by
what is practically forcible possession, the cry
of CommnnlSDi' is raised as soou as we say
that the Government has the same right.
The railroads now control more land than the
Govrnment, and in consequence tho creature
Is more powerful than the creator, bat that is
not as It should be. I believe it is said that at
one time, while the Pennsylvania Legislature
was in session a member aroso and made the
motion that "If the Pennsylvania Railroad had
no more business to transact, I move we ad
journ." Of course, he had to apologize, but his
assertion contained' a great deal of truthful
I0UNG WATTERSON ELOPES.
A Lovely. If Net Star-Eyed. Goddess Cap
tores the Courier-Journal Scion.
Nashville, Tknn., December 3. Some
two mouths ago Ewing Watterson, son of
Hon. Henry Watterson.editorof the Courier
Journal, took up his residence at McMinn
ville, a quiet little mountain town in War
ren county, Tennessee, for the alleged pur
pose of studying medicine.
' His tutor was Dr. ThomasBlack, at whose
home he boarded. Dr. Black has several
children, among them a pretty black-eyed
daughter, Jennie, aged 18. She and young
Watterson soon became fast friends, and as
nothing was suspected by her parents they
were allowed to be together like brotherand
sister and soon learned that there was some
thing sweeter than friendship.
Ot course it was out of the question for
them to ask the consent of Miss Black's
parents for an early marriage, so on Satur
day afternoon Watterson secured a horse
. .and hugey and took .Miss Black out for a
ridejrwhich extended to Smithville, in De
Kalb countr.This place was reached just
.The County Court Clerk was awakened
and jT-liceuBe secured, and a minister was
found and persuaded to repair to the resi
dence of the bride's uncle, Alex Black,
where at midnight the eloping couple were
They started back to McMinnvule Sun
day morning, reaching there that, night.
Thev nmed throni-h here this evenioc. en
route to Xouisvilie, where they will seek
ue parental blessing.
A Highly Prized MeAal Possessed by Captain
Been, of tho Alllnn.cn. t
NewTobk, December aThongh the
fact has never before been published,' Cap
tain James B. Beers, of the United States
and Brazilian mail steamship Allianca, was
probably the last man to receive a medal
from Dom Pedro as Emperor of " Brazil.
Captain Beers is certainly the only Ameri
can ship commander jso honored. "
The medal was presented theiOaptain on
the last visit of the steamer to Kio Janeiro
as a mark of the Emperor's appreciation of
the Captain's bravery during the fire on
board the Allianca last July.
committee sent by Dom Pedro at a fete
given in the commander's honor. The
xne presentation was maae Dy a special
medal, of solid gold, has a portrait of Dom
Pedro on one side, and on the other ate the
words in Portuguese, "Love thy neighbor
Many ot the nobility of Bio Janeiro were
present at the ball, as well as a number of
the passengers Captain Beers' saved from
certain death on that memorable July night
The modest Captain was banqueted in style
and almost overwhelmed with honors.
When the presentation was made it lormed
a fitting climax, and Captain Been was
fairly overcome. Afterward his officers, who
with him had shared the perils of ibat
night and helped to save the steamer from
threatened destruction, crowded around and
congratulated him. None were heartier than
Chief Officer JtTeisner, whose curly brown
beard was nearly burned off his face and
who has not even now fully recovered.
A SCHOOLHARM'S GREAT LUCK.
Her Bravery Lead a Wealthy Mine-Owner
to Offer nil Band nnd Hcnrt.
Chattanooga, December 3. A most
romantic story in real llfehas become known
to-day by the arrival of Mrs. Dandrldge
Harrison from New Mexico to visit rela
tives. Two years ago Mrs. Harri
son, then Miss Childless, was teach
ing school on Sand Mountain, and
she became the object of the affections of one
of her older pupils, Jim Majors, who, fail
ing to havehisaffectionsreciprocated, began
to circulate stories.against her. Miss Chil
dress procured a shotgun, and, hunting him
up, demanded a retraction, which he made
in the most abject terms.
The facts were published at the time, and
attracted the notice of a wealthy mine
owner in New Mexico, who wrote to her,
asking her to correspond with him. She
paid no attention to the letter, as she re
ceived hundreds of letters at the
time from all parts of the conntry;
but after a week, for some reason
unknown to herself, as she states, she an
swered this letter, and the result was a cor
respondence which has now culminated in
her happy marriage.
Mr. Harrison, the successful suitor, is the
owner of valuable raining property, and the
brave young school-teacher returns a
A TICIODS EEKTDCKr HORSE
Kills Hla Master and Breaks tho Lee of
Fleuingsbubg, Kr., December 3.
Last Thursday morning Henry Waltz,
a farmer of near Plummer's Mill,
left his home to attend to" some
business matters at Muse, a village
five miles distant. A few hours afterward
his horse came galloping into the barn
yard, the bridle hanging loose and
the saddle overturned. Yesterday even
ing Prank Waltz, brother of the miss
ing man, in company with neighbors, fonnd
the dead body of Mr. Waltz frozen in the
ice in a creek. Marks on the body indicated
that he had been thrown from his horse onto
some rough surface and then roiled into the
creek, where he was drowned.
After the body had been recovered
Prank Waltz was sent home to break the
news, bnt when half wav there the same
horse that had caused his brother's death
threw him, breaking both legs and
probably fatally injuring him, and
he would have been killed outright by the
vicious brute, which was.hitingandkicking
tat him, had not help arrived and beaten the
animal off. .
PATCHED IN HANI PLACB8.
A New Jersey Man Who Has Survived All
Sortn of Injuries.
Camden, N. J., December 3. With a
big silver plate under the skin of his fore
head, serving the purposes of bone, some of
his ribs gone ana his internal organs so
awry that his heart gets in its work from
the right side, George Burns manages to
get along in life somehow. He was re
leased from the Camden jail yesterday,
where, it was alleged, lie had been sent by
mistake for drunkenness. He claimed that
he had been taking morphine and sat down
on a doorstep to rest, was arrested on a
charge of drunkenness and sent to jail by
Mayor Pratt for ten days.
Burnt claims that he was an engineer on
the steamer Savannah, which foundered at
Gay's Head in October, 1884. While trying
to'reverse his engines he was thrown into
the machinery. His left leg was broken in
four places, the front of his head was
crushed in, all the ribs of one side were
crusnea ana orosien, ana ue was nurt in
fernally. He says he was patched up by
Dr. D. Hays Agnew, of Philadelphia.
HE LEFT TWO WIDOWS.
Singular Disclosures la a New Jersey
Newaek, N. J., December 3. An inter
esting story has been brought to light iu this
city through litigation over the estate of
Frederick S. Stondinger, of Hilton.
Stondinger was killed in an accident on
the Morris and Essex Bailroad about a
year ago, and suit for $50,000 damages is
pending. The brothers and sisters of the
deceased claim that the woman whom the
public knew as Mrs. P. S. Stondinger was
not the legal wife of the victim of the rail
road accident, as a Mr. Healy, who married
the womau in 1873, and whom Mrs. Ston
dinger believed dead before she became the
wife of Stondinger, has put in an appear
ance. Healy disappeared mysteriously in 1873,
and his wife waited five years before remar
rying. She now sues to recover a share in
the Stondinger estate.
REUNITED AFTER 40 YEARS.
Romantic Marriage of Two Old People
Who Were Lovers Long Ago.
Wxlkesbabbk, December 3. Hector
Stephens, aged 72 years, and Mrs. Mary
Boss, aged 55, were married at Nicholsenon
Priday. A son of the groom, aged 39, acted
as best man, and a granddaughter, aged 20,
was maid of honor. Porty years ago
Stephens loved Mrs. Boss, but the great dif
ference iu their ages prevented a union.
Stephens then went to Nevada and mar
ried. Mrs. Boss followed snit later.
Becently both lost their early partners in
life, both got to hear of it, correspondence
was started and theold love flame rekindled,
which culminated in their marriage. Ste
phens is now wealthy.
A SMALL BUT FATAL WOUND.
A Man Hurts HI Thumb Slightly and Dies
of Blood Poisoning.
Philadelphia, December a About
nine mouths ago Mark Casto, a middle-aged
man residing in Atlantic City, received an
injury to his thumb, which a few days ago
resulted in blood poisoning and caused his
death yesterday morning at the Episcopal
Hospital. As the wound was slight, Casto
neglected to attend to it, and a few months
ago it began to decompose.
On Monday last the thumb was ampu
tated, and Casto grew ill. His body began
to swell, and he suffered excruciating pains.
which were aly alleviated "by death.
. 13 r3S3WSm&iMaj!s
GE0 CATCHES IT
From a Boston Broker Against Whom
He Had Rendered a Decision.
NOTHING. ELSE WAS EXPECTED.
Bj Mr. Tanner, Who Says He Wouldn't
Hare Given $100 for His Chances
WHEN MB. CLEVELAND WAS APPOINTED
I The Prospeetrre Loser in the Case Hates a Statement
Broker C. H. Vanner, of Boston, against
whom ex-President Cleveland, acting as
referee, has rendered an adverse opinion in
a suit brought by George B. Phelps, is out
in a statement He says he never expected
a favorable opinion from the ex-President,
but doesn't say "why.
ISrXCUL TZLZOBAil TO TITS DI8FATCB. I
Boston, December a Broker C. H.
Winner, who has offices in Boston and New
York, but whose home is in this city, makes
this reply to ex-President Grover Cleve
land, who, as referee in the Vanuer-Phelps
case, reported against Mr. Yanner:
"I am not unmindful of the fact that a re
port made by ex-President Cleveland will
have its influence upon some people, and
for the time being, perhaps, work ah injury
to me, but I have no thought that
the report can stand, because it is
against the evidence. When the case was
submitted to Mr. Cleveland I would not
have given $100 to he guaranteed a verdict
in my favor. The whole question Js whether
I acted as a broker, selling the bonds on
commission, or whether I acted as a dealer,
buying the bonds as low as I could and sell
ing them as high as I could.
WHAT THE EVIDENCE SHOWS.
"There is no evidence which shows that I
ever pretended to act as an agent or broker
for Phelps. On the contrary, the corre
spondence proves that I accepted
and bought the bonds at the
net price fixed by Phelps. My
books show that the transaction was just
what I claim it to be, namely, for my own
account, and not a commission trade.
Furthermore, $25,000 of the bonds were
not sold by me for nearly a month
after I bad bonght the $100,000. There was
no charge of commission or suggestion of
one, which would have been the case .had I
acted as broker.
This transaction was in April, 1884, when
it was not easy wirk to find a market for
anything. In May, 1881, and acrain in No
vember, 1884, Phelps offered me more
of the same kind of bonds, which
I didn't bny. In January, 1885,
as the bonds defaulted their interest, Mr.
Phelps was the contractor who built the
Lamoille Valley Bailroad, and he took
these bonds in payment He knew more
about these bonds and their value than any
one else, and it is ridiculous for him to say
that I misled him as to their value. ,
HIS LAST LETTER.
My last letter from Mr. Phelps bears date
June 15, 1886, or two years and two months
after the transaction, and shows his views
then of the character of the business, viz:
That I bought the bonds of him, not selling
them for him. The letter is as follows:
"Watkhtown, S. Y., June 15, 18S8.
"To C. H.-Vanner & Co., Boston:
Gentlemen Have you any objection to in
forming me who is the present owner of the
$100,000 Lamoille Valley Extension Bailroad
Company bonds which you bonght of me a year
ajro. Yours truly,
"Geoecje B. Phelps.
"Many of my friends have seen the cor
respondence and agree that my position is
right If there had been any basis for the
suit, which was not commenced for
nearly five years niter the transaction,
I would not have fought it, but
knowing it to be an unjust suit, I
fought it and shall continue to fight it until
that report is set aside. If Cleveland's de
cision should 'stand something I do not an
ticipate then every dealer will become a
broker to the profits on securities purchased
under an option."
A. COMMERCIAL RESTRICTION
Imposed Upon American Vessels In tbo
Canadian Pacific Waters.
Ottawa, December 3. Captain Roberts,
of the steamer Olympian, has been instruct
ed by the Collector of Customs for the port
of Victoria, British Columbia, to
land no more Canadian goods
in bond from the United States.
Some weeks ago representations were made
to Ottawa that American vessels were per
mitted to do a coasting trade in British
Columbian waters. As a result of these
representations an order was passed by the
Dominion government wnicn not only for
bids American steamers carrying coast
freight from different points on the British
Columbia coast, but also prohibits them
taking Canadian goods in bond for British
Columbia from Sound ports to their destina
tion. This order has been enforced on the
steamer Premier for oyer a month, she
having been unable to take any
bonded freight from Tacoma to Van
couver. But on account of the insurances
of leading public men at "Victoria
that there was some mistake about the or
der, which wonld soon be rescinded, Mr.
Hanley did not until a few days ago en
CLOTHES STOLEN FE0M A CORPSE.
Tho Charge Blade by a Witness In a Brook
NewToek, December 3. In September,
1888, Augustine Tompkins, a marine, on
leave of absence, was taken sick and died at
the house of Mrs. Eliza Wilson, at No. 220
York street, Brooklyn. The boy was buried
by Undertaker John McLean, who claimed
that Mrs. Wilson had assumed the re
sponsibility. She repudiated the claim
against her, and yesterday McLean sued her
for the amount, which was $66, in Justice
Courtney's Court in Brooklyn. Much of
the testimony was amusing, and that of
James Callahan, an employe of McLean,
especially. Callahan said:
"Mrs. Wilson told us to do the thing as cheap
as we could, and we did. She got a snit of
clothes for the corpse, but one of the boarders
stole it, and so we had to bury the body with
nothing on but a shirt, a collar and a pair of
Justice Courtney dismissed the case.
KILLED BI CANNED CORN.
A Child's Death Results From Eating; Food
Prepared by Its Mother.
Phoskixville, Pa., December 3. An
infant child of Enos Griffith died to-day, it
is snnnosed from eating canned corn, pre
pared by a new process involving the use of
salicyclic acid. juts, urimtn nerseir put
up the corn, which was eaten on Saturday
the child feeling well until this morning,
when it was taken very ill and died in a few
Meantime Mrs. Griffith fed a dozen chick
ens with the corn and every one of them
died. The contents of another can, pat up
at the same time, are being analyzed Dy Dr.
Emack, in order to discover, if possible, the
true cause of the child's death.
A TUNNEL TO NIAGARA.
The latest Scheme to Dtillze the Power of
Buffalo, December 3. Plans have been
prepared for the construction of a tunnel
from this city to Niagara Palls, through
which it is proposed to conduct the water
power of the latter place to Ibis city, to be
utilized as motive power for manufactories
here. It will be made at a cost of $1,000,000.
Articles of incorporation bate been filed
by '.the Niagara Biver Tunnel Company,
with General Jewett ss President.
BIG GAME HUT.
j, r uiu UAiaxa xi
'! - . ,
StartHac BeTelepmenlstaihe Woea Fewrery
Case "A Very Prominent PoHtlclaa
Raw Said to- be Implicated
In the Affair.
tSFSCIAl, TILEQUAM TO THE DISPATCH. 1
Cincinnati, December 3. Startling
developments were made to day in the case
of E.G.'-Wood, who forged the names of
Governon - Elect Campbell, Senator
Sherman, Congressman Butterwortb,
McKinley and S. &. Cox ' to the
famous ballot-box contract used so promi
nently by the Bepublicans in the
last campaign. Wood was ar
rested on the charge of circulating
a libel, and his trial will come up in a few
days. He has retained Colonel T. C. Camp
bell, of New York, to defend him.
During the past week Governor-elect
Campbell has visited the city several times,
and held consultations with the attor
neys in the case. To-day Wood handed
over to his attorney all the papers
in the case. Among the lot are telegrams,
letters and notes, that are said to implicate
a very prominent Republican. Wood told
his attorney the full story, bnt the papers
tell more than Wood.
The name signed to the papers is that of
this prominent Bepublican, and the
contents show that he knew
about the forgery long before it was
sprung on the public. Colonel Campbell re
fused to make the papers public until the
day of the trial.
Assistant United States District Attorney
Probasco, a nephew of John Sherman, is
the prosecutor in the case.
MAKING BILLIARD BALLS.
How the Spheres Are Fashioned From
Tasks of Elephants. .
Mr. Burroughs, an English manufacturer
of billiard balls, has been interviewed re
garding his trade. He says the average
number of balls cut from an elephant's tnsks
is ten, five from each tusk.
"The size of tusks out of which balls are
turned are called scrivelloes. You cannot
make a satisfactory ball out of a tusk that
is over a certain size, because if you turn a
2 1-16 out of a tooth that measures 2 or 2
you will remove too much of the outside
skin or hard surface of the tusk. The nearer
you have the tusk to the size of the ball the
better surface you obtain. We consequently
select different sizes for the English and
"The process of manufacture is very sim
ple, but it requires great skill. The block of
ivory is placed in an iron chuck, and one
half of the ball is turned. The ring that is
taken ofi is, in the case of the smaller size,
used as a coupling ring for a pair of horses,
and in that ot the larger is sent to India as a
"After the Becond half has been turned itis
hung up for a few months with its fellows in
a net to dry. No artificial heat is used.
They are kept frejj from any draught of air,
as ivory cracks when exposed either to a hot
or cola current When considered thor
oughly seasoned they are most skillfully
turned by men who have been taught this
process for years, and it is certainly one of
the most wonderful pieces of handicraft
there is. There are thousands of turners in
the kingdom, but not one in a hundred will
turn a billiard ball so as to produce a per
fect sphere. Each one is carefully tested to
insure accuracy. But, besides the size, the
weight must also be exact, for this is essen
tial to the correct playing of the game of
billiards. A set of match halls weighs lour
teen ounces. Balls of the same tooth will
vary very considerably, and so there must
be a careful selection. The polishing is the
final operation, and that is done simply by
whitening and water, with a good deal of
elbow grease. A ball always retains its
A DOG THAT FELT FOOLISH.
He Lost a Tonne- Kitten While Holding It In
l Hla Month.
Boston Conrier.I .
A gentleman who has a big mastifiwas
much amused the other day to see bow
humanly absent-minded the creatures could
be. There isin the family a tiny kitten
with whom the big dog lives upon the terms
of the greatest intimaoy. The pair play to
gether as might Tom Thumb and the
Chinese giant in a circus, save that the con
trast between their relative sizes is in this
case greater. If Brnno hears the little
thing cry he instantly runs.Jo see what the
trouble may be, and if possible to help his
One afternoon the pair had Come into the
library, where it was the tradition of the
house that neither was allowed, and were
having a fine irolic together: and at lastthe
big dog. in perfect good nature, took his
companion by the head and held her up in
the air. Only a tiny black nose stuck ont
of the dog's mouth, and from the helpless
kitten belonging thereto proceeded the most
doleful of miaws.
The instant the first cry was heard, Bruno
stopped in bis play and listened. Evidently
he did not remember that he had the kitten
in hismouth and was at a loss to tell whence
the cries came from. With puss dangling
from his jaws and uttering the most
mournful yowls, he ran all abont the room
in search of her, getting more and more puz
zled at every step. When the gentleman,
in pity for the kitten, called out to the dog
to iay her down, Brnno obediently opened
his month, and then when puss dropped and
went scampering away as fast as her small
legs would carry her, an expression of self
consciousnes and foolishness came over his
face which was most comical to see.
BELLE8 AT A BANQUET.
They Act as Eavesdroppers, bnt a Screen
k Falls and Exposes Them.
St. Lopis, December 3. Society is dis
cussing a rather novel affair which occurred
a few days ago when the "School for Scan
dal," with the scandal left out, was played.
It occurred in the halls of the University
Club on the occasion of a very swell din
ner party. Two society belles had the
hading parts in this little comedy not
down on the bill of fare. Both young
women are prevented by deep mourning
from accepting invitations to social
events just now, and their hearts thirsted
for some excitement They got a gentle
man friend to fix up a screen for them, and
were smuggled in behind it, where they
could have an opportunity of seeing the
festivities, drinking anon sparkling cham
pagne brought by male gallants into their
But during the evening the screen by a
mishap fell and (exposed the lair eaves
droppers in blushing confusion, whereat
they withdrew. The- young ladies were
Misses Smith and Garrison, representing
the verv cream of St. Louis society, ana
their innocent adventure hqs caused no un
favorable comment except that of censuring
their awkwardness in allowing the screen to
LOOKING OUT FOR A FRIEND.
A Plnco Sought for n Foreigner Who Had
Not Yet immigrated.
A Milwaukee statesman who deprecates
the suddenness with which foreigners get
into politics after arriving in Americasays
that when be was in the Legislature a few
years ago a German member 'arose in open
session and proposed that the Speakershould
appoint LudwigSchimmelpfennig chairman
of a certain committee.
queried the Speaker, "Idou't recollect that
name. What district does Mr. Schimmel
"Oh," was the reply, f'he hasn't come over
yet, but he, will arrive in New York in a few
The Trunk Line Presidents Again
Try to Abolish Commissioas,
BDT ALL WON'T SIGH TBE BOND.
Private Stock Cars Constitute Another
Ghost That Will Not Down.
THOSE CANADIAN B0ADS AN OBSTACLE,
And Exceptions Are Eeadily Assented to In Behalf of
The Trunk. Line Presidents, even with
George B. Eoberts, of the Peunsy, in the
chair, still find it hard to cut off all the
scalpers at one fell swoop. They met in
New York yesterday, and tried it again, in
vain. They want the private stock cara to
go too; but they linger.
rSFirUL TXLEOBAIt TO TffX PtSPATCS.t
Netv York, December 3. The officers of
the Trunk Line Association at 346 Broad
way to-day swarmed with railroad men. The
Trunk line presidents invited the presi
dents of the New England and Central
Traffic Lines to attend a joint conference
to discuss the subject of abolishing
passenger commissions, and also to find out
whether the connecting lines would agree to
banish private stock cars from their tracks,
as the trunk lines agreed to do last summer.
About the same trunk line officials, with
their subordinates, were present to-day as
were at the presidents' meeting two weeks
ago, and among the score of visitors from
New England and the West were: Presi
dent J. Gregory and John Porteus,
General Manager of Through Freight
Traffic of the Central Vermont;
Arthur Mills, General Traffic Manager of
the B. and A.j E. P. "Vining, TrafficMan
ager of the N. Y. and N. E.; J. Whitmore,
General Traffic Manager of the Eitchhurg;
M. E. Ingalls, President oi the Big Pour
and C. and O.; H. B. Xedyard, President
of the Michigan Central; J. N.
McCullough, First Vice President
of the Pennsylvania lines west of
Pittsburg, and Commissioner George B.
Blancbardof the Central Traffic Associa
tion. President Eoberts. of the Pennsylva
nia Bailroad presided.
Ex-Commissioner Albert Fink was present,
having returned from his European trip on
Saturday last. Nothing was said to-day
about the appointment of bis successor; but
as Mr. Pink is feeling pretty well again,
it is not unlikely that he will be occupying
the Commissioner's chair again within a
IT WAS HARMONIOUS, BUT.
The meeting was harmonious, but the
results were unsatisfactory. Time and
again the presidents have pledged them
selves to stop the evil of commissions, and
they went throueh the form again to-day,
the Central Traffic Association and New
England roads concurring in abolishing
commissions and rebates in territory east of
Chicago. One exception was made. The
Central Vermont and Grand Trunk roads
were allowed to pay commissions outside of
Trunk Line territory, wherever they have to
compete witb the Canadian Pacific.
As for private stock cars, the New En
gland lines were all in favor of abolishing
them, but the President of the Central Ver
mont said existing contracts precluded
his road from taking the step at
present When the contracts
run out they will be glad to
abolish the use of such cars. The central
traffic lines were not so unanimous. The
Chicago and Atlantic and the Chicago and
Grand Trunk representatives, whil willing
to do away with -private cars, did not see
their way clear to do so until competitors
agreed to do likewise.
But when unanimity is secured in this re
gard, the Chicago and Atlantic and the
Grand Trunk readily promised to fall into
line. So all that could be done was to pass
a resolution abolishing the use of private
stock cars in trunk line territory.
This is not an inch further than the trunk
line presidents got last summer, and the
purpose of the joint meeting utterly failed,
as far as this matter was con
cerned. The action in regard to com
missions on passenger commissions is
likely to fall flat, as long as the Northwest
ern and Transcontinental lines continue to
feed the brokers. The Transcontinental lines
allow agents and brokers $4 on every first
class passenger, New York to San Fran
cisco, and all of the roads in the
Western States' Passenger Association pay
commissions from Chicago to Missouri
river points. This furnishes the broker a
good basis to begin on, and manipulation is
easy with tickets of roads east of Chicago by
SENDING TRUNKS BI MAIL
Oddities nnd Conveniences of the Postal
Service In Switzerland.
Bernese Oberland Letter to J?rovldenco Journal.
It came to be quite an amusement,
when nothing better offered, to go to the
village and see the mail arrive. The post
man left at 7 in the morning, going down a
steep, narrow footpath between fences, to
the high road that runs beside the river far,
far below us. There is another postoffice
where the passing stage leaves 'the' mail
bags thrice a day.
When the carrier comes to the honse be
only has a black leather bag slung over his
right shoulder by a strap, in which are the
letters and newspapers, and in his hand
whatever bundles there are to deliver in our
direction. Bnt it is quite different when he
comes up to the village. Then he has on his
back a kind of shelf, painted a brilliantyel
low, as are the vehicles of the Swiss post
office. This shelf, as I call it, for want of a
better English name, is a board abont three
feet long by two wide, a smaller board fast
ened at right angles to the upper end of it
rests on the carrier's head. Another board,
fixed like a shelf halt way down his back,
projecting the other way, and strengthenea
by two supports, holds ail the bundles that
can be tied on to it
One can send almost anything in Switzer
landby post, and at very small expense.
For instance, an ordinary letter that costs 2
cents may weigh half a pound, and a news
paper costs two-fifths of a cent A trunk
that weighs 200 pounds may be sent by post
at a rate varying with the distance. For 4
cents a pretty large bundle may be sent
WHERE CENTS AEE USELESS.
Citizens of San Francisco Use Pennies Only
to Bay Postage Stamps.
Sn Francisco Examiner.
"Give me silver for this, please," said an
Eastern tonrist yesterday, as he dumped a
double handful of 1-cent pieces on the coun
ter of a prominent money broker.
"I don't want them. They're not worth
counting. I wouldn't give 0 cents on the dol
lar for them," was the reply. "I never took
them but once, and then, I had to. A fel
low owed me ?5, and after repeated duns
offered payment in coppers. I indignantly
refused. The next day he came in, and,
shoving a copper cent into my hand, asked
me to give him credit for that amount upon
the debt He kept that up, making a pay
ment of 1 cent every morning, noon, and
night 3 cents a day until I accumulated a
cigar box fnll of coppers. They're here yet,
and they'll stay here until someone comes
aloDg.who has more time than money. I
won'c count them.
"The circulation of copper cents in San
Francisco is limited to about 40 feet of the
postoffice. They go in at the stamp window
at the rate of $3 or $4 dollars a day. They are
carried from there to the Money Order De
partment, where they are used in making
change. They never get outside the post
office door, bat immediately find their way
to the stamp window again.
New Styles la Dress Goods That Please a
Western; Society Editor.
Lassen (Cal.) Advocate.
We noticed from our Eastern exchanges
that some of the popular shades in dress
goods this winter are described as "dragon's
blood," "elephant's breath," and a pale
pink called "stifled sighs."
We just gnrgled with delight when we
heard this, because all these colors are so
nnique. We were real glad with a regular
Pan-American gladness for the dear girls,
for a girl loves to be unique, don't yon
know, even if she has to wear it under her
WraPDer. A firl ftrppi) In otonti'int'a
l. 'A Y . "" ..---.." ---r---"
I """ "nnS ln, Bjacemi lows and 1 looped
HUP ana tastened at the corners with stifled
I sichs. With ft ni-i.T-n? nM nM .U.ho'
? . , "- M- - -- 6-, - r-
wun aragon's gore, won l a ne just too lovely
for anything. We have been sighing for
just such a Ctrl for vears. hut onr siorh had
hardly stifle enough 'n it to match the new
color. We have sent for a remnant of a
stifled sigh to mase a necktie of it It ap
pears io us that elephant's breath would be
rather strong for real comfort in the summer
time, especially if the elephant was inclined
to be dissipated. '
We are Induced to make these harsh re
marks by observing that men who go around
all night to see the elephant have a breath
on them in the morning that they can hang
their hats on and have enough left to start
the fire with. Dragon's blood should only
be worn in spots, a la polka dot, as it were,
and should never be worn without being
well sprinkled with ashes of roses to tone
it down. In the absence of roses, wood
ashes or cigar ashes would answer as well.
But there is a iullness and a pathos about
the stifled sieh which will make it a rank
favorite the moment society corrals it It
is so delicate and yet so far-reaching. A
sigh at any time is a dear thing to look at,
but when it is stifled and worn fnll in the
back, with box pleating down the sides and
caught up with silver buckles into a double
cinche about the 'waist, it is simply a
WOMEN WAGE EARNERS.
The Reason They do Not Kecelve as Much
Pay as Men.
New K oik Kyenlng Sun.
One gets very tired of that woman who
does a man's work and gets only half his
pay. She is altogether too ranch with us.
The first axiom of economics is, that the
worth of a thing is just what it will bring
in open market If this woman's work
brings $15 a month less than her husband's,
it is worth jnst that much less, and her ac
ceptance of the lesser pay signifies her assent
to the fact
And it is just In 99 cases out of a hund
red a woman's work will always be worth
less than a man's, and will command less
pay. A scoie of causes, more orjless remote,
are operating to bring abont tbis effect The
main one undoubtedly is that the man is
paid not alone for what he does, but for the
things he may do in case a nedded necessity.
A man can do all a woman can do, and a
hundred other things beside. He is paid for
potentiaity, for the reserve power which he
mav never need to use perhaps, but which
makes him more available than a woman.
It isn't a question of equality of skill or
of un Jerstanding; it's a question of physi
cal strength, of units of horse power, if you
1 When any woman teacher can thrash an
unruly youngster into whimpering submis
sion, as a man can; when any saleswoman
can lift bales and boxes as a man can; when
every woman can dispense in all her work
with any added thought for her safety and
comfort in short, when women can sing
bass, then a woman's work will be worth
just as much to the world as a man's is.
BOOTS AT A BARGAIN.
A Young; Lad j Gets a Pair by Walking to
Lewis ton Journal.
She was as gentle of eye as a soft gazelle,
that is she wa3, for this didn't happen this
week; It was in a shoe store in Lewiston,
and the gentle-maiden-was an acquaintance
of the proprietor and always bought her
No. 2s there when she encased her dainty
feet in anything brand new. "Here's some
thing that would fit you," said the jocular
propietor passing out a pair of wool boots
fitted with a pair of lumberman's rubbers.
"I'll make you a present of them if you will
wear them down to the postoffice and back."
"Wait a minute," said she, and iu a
"minute" she was arrayed in woolen boots
and lumberman's rubbers. "Watch me to
the postoffice," and she was gone.
"Her feet beneath her petticoat like little
mice stole in and out as if they feared the
light," wrote the poet 200 years ago, but he
didn't refer to the Lewiston young lady
who did this feat on loot, or he never would
have said it She was back in less than ten
minutes, red-cheeked and laughing.
"There," said she, "as she pasesd up the
boots." "Do them up. I'll send them to
my lather down in Penobscot county. I
ne'ver lose a chance to help the folks at
home," and the Shoe dealer was as good 'as
his word, and "dad" marveled at a pair of
nice wool boots from his thoughtful daughter
PULLMAN PORTERS IN DISGUISE.
Lois of People In England Who Levr Tribute
an American Trnrcters.
Conflagration Jones, in Inter-Ocean.
There are more Pullman car porters in
disguise doing business in England than
any place I ever saw. It was embarrassing
at first to find people who in America could
pass themselves off for Governors or Sena
tors and not half try, and yet who act polite
to you for tuppence, more polite for 4
pence, most polite for 6 pence, and would
bump their brows on the floorior you for a
trifle like a shilling. These people, whom
you find pretty thick in hotels, stations and
churches, invariably do a cash business.
Quick sales and small profits seems to be
their motto. I met am American here who
came over to reform the country, and redeem
it from the evils of tipping. He had re
solved never to tip anyone. On your side
he had been a fine, large, portly man of 210
pounds. To-day he surreptitiously wears
two pillotTS to make his clothes fit him. He
is holding out nobly, paying his hotel bills
and ndthing else, but there is no telling how
long the spark of life will last.
We first saw him when he had fallen
down in the street through weakness, not
having tasted food for 11 days. The police
man would not pick him up, for he very
foolishly had announced that he would die
before he spoiled his record. Ko cabman
would help him .for the same reason. We
took him to his hotel, where he was shunned
by everybody, and got him some beef tea,
which we forced between his teeth. This
man had paid every legitimate bill, and yet
he was at the point of death from starvation.
This is no fancy sketch.
A SOCIAL LAW IN BOSTON.
Impossible to Know a Man Until the Bon
Ton Takes Him Up.
It is always well to be instructed in mat
ters oi social etiquette, and the remark
which Mrs. A one of the leaders of Bos
ton society was overheard making to a
young friend recently is admirably in
structive. "Do you know Mr. S.?" somebody asked
the young lady, speaking of a man just
then the tashion of the moment
"Oh, yes," she replied. "I have known
him for years."
"My dear," Mrs. A. said; the moment she
had an opportunity of speaking to the
other side, "yon must not say yon iave
known Mr. S. for years. Nobody could
have known him before last winter, for he
wasn't taken up till then."
Economical Gas Fires, 'Stoves, Ranges, fcc.
O'KbbfeGas APPLiAHCECo..34FiftSaT. ,
Boldly Outlines the Pntnro Policy 0$
the Liberal Party.
IBELAHD THE LEADING QUESTION
Much Less Crime on the Emerald Islanl
Than in England.'
STANLEI IS'STILL WRITING LETTEES;-
lbs Eizllsh Faperz Are llach Pleased With tie
I At the Liberal conference yesterday Mr
Gladstone, in an inspiring speech, outlined
the course of action which will be pursued
by the party. He is as firmly for home ruler
as ever, and very confident of ultimate vio
tory. His address was received with cheers
Londok, December 3. At the ineetlnf
of the Liberal Federation at Manchester to
day, a resolution was adopted urging tha
necessity for a prompt settlement of tha
questions of the disestablishment of tha
Church in Wales and free education. Mty
Gladstone inspired great enthusiasm in his
hearers at Manchester by his definite expo
sition of the Liberal policy.
He said Ireland is the leading question of
the day, and that the Tories would have)
been converted to the Liberal view of tha
subject by this -time but for the dissident
Liberals. The split in the Liberal party,
be said, wonld not have occurred except for
the personal a-ubitiops of some Tories and
their allies, who desired more to form a
national party than to do political justice.
A SETEEE AEEAIGNMENT,
He severely arraigned the Unionists'
leadeis on this point, and said that the plan
of campaign was a necessary consequence of
the Government's refusal to grant proper
relief to Ireland. There was, he said, less
crime in Ireland than in England. He was"
of the opinion that the country had clearly
expressed the desire that there should be a
change in tbe administration of Ireland,
and the Liberals might look to the future;
with confidence. At this point he wad
cheered with great spirit
Mr. Gladstone quoted the recent speeches!
of Lord Salisbury and the Marquis of
Hartington as evidence that the Unionist
party is now forming plans in anticipation
of a decisive defeat when the time shall'
come for a general appeal to the nation
The only reason for the existence of tha
dissidents as a party is anti-Irish feeling.
It was the curse of their destiny that they
were chained to a wheel.
JS VEST BAD SHAPE.
They must revolve or stop with it and
could not determine things for themselves.'
They had done much harm which was, perj
haps, unintentional; and in addition to tha
unintentional harm they had done some un
intentional good. Tbey had promoted tha
aspirinss of Scotland and Wales to definita
national recognition. Furthermore they1
had cansed an enormous increase in tha
radicalism of the Liberal party. They had
advanced its political position.
It behooved them to consider well theis
position iu the light of the Knowledge that
with the settlement of the Irish question:
they will be extinct as a party. He con
cluded by giving his warmest thanks to tha
comrades who had stood by hinf in a time
of adversity amonnting to discomfiture
bating no jot of their confidence in a noble
and generous people.
The St. James Gazette states that Mr.
Parnell disappeared several weeks ago, and
since then has not been neard from. His
whereabouts is a mystery, and his pro
longed absence causes much trouble to his
The Gazette savs that though it has been
Mr. Parnell's custom to occasionally se
elude himself, his period of retirement hasv,
this time been longer than usual. He hasj
even failed to keep a number of important
engagements, among which was one to meeS
MORE NEWS FROM STANLEY.
The Great Explorer Has Written Manj".
Letters to His Friends.
toiTDOH', December a A long letter
from Stanley to a friend, dated September,
1888, is published to-day. It records his
discoveries and recounts the difficulties anV
ticipated on his homeward journey.
There is an account of the hostility of tha,
King of Kabburega, who stripped Casatt
and turned him adrilt to perish. He. wag.
fortunately found and rescued by Emin,'
Another letter gives a full account of hia,
sojourn with Emin.
The Egyptian Government has sent tha
Khedival steamer Mausourah to meet Slan
ley at Zanzibar, which will greatly hasten;
his return to Europe.
THE FLAG OF THE EMPIRE
Floats Above the Teasel Which Carries tha
Exiled Bom Pedro.
Lisbos, December 3. A dispatch from
St Vincent reports that the Alagoas sailed:
December 1 flying the old flag of the Bra-,
zilian Empire, in compliance with instruc-.
tions wired here by the Provisional Gov.
ernment Dom Pedro was much gratified
by bis reception by the Portuguese.
He maintained his reserve, however, and
his physician required that persons received
in audience should abstain from any refers
ence to the Brazilian revolution.
FITE HUNDRED KILLED
By the Fall of a Platform la a Chinese),
Shanghai, December S. The platform,
of a theater at Wienhen, in the province ofi
Shantung, collapsed during a performance.
Five hundred persons were killed.
Think a Good Deal bfllarrlson.
London, December 4. The Morning
Post Bays: "If President Harrison carries
out in practice the. peaceful and progressive
principles indicated in his message, tha
whole world will be gainers thereby."
A GEATEIAED HBYEEIE.
Childish Thought of an Old Man Who Lin
gered Beside a Grave.
An old man who sleeps by the roadsida
yonder, and upon whose tomb are the fa
miliar lines beginning, "Bemember me as
you pass by," spent the greater portion ot.
the last ten years of his life by his wife's
grave: He came in the early morning, and,
after removing any microscopic weed that -that
might have showed itself since the pre
vious evening, wonld light his pipe and sol
emnly contemplate the stones in his vicin
ity. He went away regularly to his meals,
and as regularly took his afternoon nap on
the grass by the graveside.
Shortly before his last visit to the cher
ished spot he requested me to decipher for
him the dates upon several of tbe grave
stones; and we conversed about many whom
we had known in life, and who had passed
away. I remarked that the churchyard wasr
a very pretty place, and his face lighted up t
as he rejoined: "Ah, master, I've always'
thought I should like to be buried here, '
for," looking around, "you see, there's such
a splendid view from here."
This was uttered in good faith, and tha
old man seemed convinced that neither ,
coffin lid nor churchyard clods would ob
struct his view. Perhaps they won't' In a
few brief weeks he came to his favorite
haunt to stay. "Poor old William," the .
flowers upon your grave have run wild long.v
ago, and no one seenu to remember yon a
they paw by.