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THE tVF.M. TEST COMIXG.
There has been a good deal of bitter feel
ing over tbe Republican nomination for
Speaker which was made yesterday, as well
as the contest for minor offices at "Washing
ton. Pennsylvania Representatives were
placed in a rather awkward position with
Seed and McKinley, both strong tariffmen,
pitted against each other. In one sense
SIcKinley, being a neighbor and a brilliant
nat in lwftf Tnlffhf f9GnnQhlir TiA MinnACM
p to have the first claim to Pennsylvania
ft votes; but of Beed, it is not donbted that he
is equally strong for protection. As no one
worked harder for him than Senator Quay
and Congressmen Bayne and Dalzell, the
conclusion is certain that they knew before-
, hand his course in the Speaker's chair would
be favorable totheprotective interests which
all three are supposed to have at heart in
common, however they may differ about
anything else under the sun.
It will be a relief to the country when
Congress takes up matters of legislation,
j. and when the struggle for precedence and
leadership, for patronage, for personal prefer
ences and resentments, is relegated to the
i Now is to begin the real test of the ad-
ministration and of the party which is re
sponsible for it. There are questions of
the gravest importance to the business in-
i terests of the country booked for considera
i lion this winter. It is by their utterances
v. and by their actions upon these that the
f public will gauge the statesmen, not by their
f bickerings over personal honors and prefer-
' meats. I i
t THE EXPOSITION AND THE HEBCHAKTfi.
The proposition to extend the seasoi for
holding the Exposition has been mooted,
' and is received with general favor. Mer
chants clearly recognize that their business
was enhanced by the Exposition and natu-
, rally they come to the conclusion that the
longer the Exposition is kept open the more
trade they will get, The ease with which
that logic can be carried too far, would be
plain to all if some one would propose to
hold the Exposition all the year round.
"While a moderate extension of the time
might attract more people here, the conclu
sion is legitimate that most people who wish
to come will get to the Exposition in the
usual period that it is kept open. The de
sire to have the time of exhibition extended
' is valuable, however, as showing the appre
ciation of the Exposition among business
j men, and as indicating their readiness to
join in all measures to increase its attrac-
tions and extend its fame.
1 FBOSFEBITY OF THE IBOH" TBADE.
All the reports concerning the condition
yT of the iron trade unite in demonstrating
that the improvement is based on the most
healthy conditions of legitimate demands.
5 One of the strongest featnres is presented by
the development of new uses for iron. A
fewyearsagoit was thought that Bessemer
steel would drive a great share of the iron
, industry out of existence. But while steel
f lias taken the place of iron in some depart-
" menti of manufacture, the loss has been
t more than made up by the increased use of
. the latter in architecture and in minor
The growth in the use of iron has, of
course, been stimulated by the cheap prices
of the past few years, and is also sus-
ceptible of being checked by an undue ad
vance. But the most decided element of
t stability in the trade Is furnished
"by the indisposition to advance
fi'jjriees beyond the reasonable level that
ft will encourage consumption. That element
i in this market cotemporaneously with
-. the boom in Great Britain produced the
.phenomena of actual exportations of Amer
f" dean iron to England. Someofour cotempara-
,xies are disposed to make a good deal of two
'I sales of that character. But as they were
due to an excessive and inflated advance of
"English prices which has since reacted, it is
' not really of as much importance to the
future stability and prosperity of our iron
interests as the strong and legitimate home
' demand, and the conservative policy which
has so far prevented the advance of prices
- to a level that might affect the demand nn-
( While these influences prevail, the iron
trade may, notwithstanding momentary
lulls, be expected to remain active and
1 prosperous; and the preservation of that
state of affairs should, therefore, be the
prime effort of the entire trade.
It is one of the unique features of the rela
tions between great corporations and the
"legislature that is presented by the Senate
Jommittee's report on the Pacific railroads.
It is worth while to remember that the oc
cupation of looking after the Pacific rail-
Bjroads has been a perennial one for a long
judc At anoras an exense lor a trip to tbe
Pacific coast at the Government's expense
and otherwise rarelv amounts to much else.
The Government has been represented by
Government directors and commissioners
twho have been noted for the industry with
which they o kitted to look after the Gov
ernment interests; and Congressional Com-
' mittees withontYnmber have taken the -over-:
land trip with great pleasure to .themselves.
'The Pacific Eailroad Commission of two
years ago made the trip amount to some
thing; and the striking facts brought forth
in its report have evidently made it neces
sary for the Senate Committee to do some
thing. After enjoying the hospitality of
the Pacific railroads under the guardian
ship of Senator Stanford, tbe Senatorial in
vestigators inform the public that the se
curity of the Government is ample, and
therefore the debt should be extended for
This conclusion is the more remarkable
becine it is just the opposite of the repre
sentation made by the representatives of the
Central Pacific .Railroad at the last session.
By these worthies it was argued that their
property was not worth the debt, and there
fore that the debt should be extended one
hundred and .fifty years. The process of ar
guing from diametrically opposite premises
to the same conclusion may strengthen the
latter, but the public will be prone to thick
that there is something wrong about the de
cided disagreement of the agreeing parties.
In the hope that Senator Five's facts are
indisputable, we will suggest the obvious
conclusion. The security which the Pacific
railroads have to offer being indisputable,
let the corporations negotiate them in the
markets of the world and pay the Govern
ment Its debt without farther monkeying.
EFFUSING TO ANSWER.
2dr. Philip Armour, of Chicago, has con
cluded that the United States Senate is
worthy of a little of bis attention. " He ap
pears at "Washington, therefore, and goes
through the motions of telling the Senate
Committee what he knows about the dressed
beef and hog packing business.
It is noticeable that Mr. Armour's testi
mony bears a strong family resemblanco to
the similar appearances of the Standard Oil
and Sugar Trust magnates before investi
gating committees. On the snrface there is
an apparent willingness to tell the repre
sentatives of the people about those ireat
business transactions by which a few men
have become fabulously rich and their rivals
have been wiped out; but the moment the
questions touch upon the subject of combi
nations and railway favoritism, they run up
against a refusal to awer "by advice of
The pnblic will judge of Mr. Armour's
testimony less by what he says than by
what he refuses to testify to, as soon as the
inquiry reaches the vital points of the sub
ject, in a public point of view.
THE PROBLEM OF FLUE INSURANCE.
Nobody will feel surprised that the first
impulse of the insurance companies which
lost so heavily last week by the fires at
Lynn and Boston is a general increase of
the rates. There is also some talk of en
gaging the most competent experts who can
be found to visit the different cities of the
land and agitate for further efficiency among
the fire departments.
But while the arbitrary course of putting
up insurance rates may seem to the com
panies the easiest way of recouping for the
losses at Lynn and Boston, it will strike the
general public most particularly the in
suredas neither a logical nor lasting rem
edy. There are districts in which the losses
of the year have been relatively light.
There are cities where, by close attention to
discipline and liberal expenditure of money
raised by taxes, the fire departments are
splendidly efficient and all that could be
desired. It would be decidedly rough if
the property owners who contribute to these
satisfactory results should have to meet in
creased rates because at Lynn, Boston, or
elsewhere there were destructive conflagra
tions and these, perhaps, in part, resulting
from a different condition of things.
Insurance against fires has for about seven
years past been, on the whole, anything but
a profitable business. The sum of losses has
puzzled the most experienced underwriters.
A number of the smaller companies have
been obliged to quit the business, and many
of tbe larger ones have fared scarcely, if at
all, better. But if anything is demonstrated
it is that the mere increase of rates does not
meet the difficulty. The most thoughtful
men in the business are beginning to see
that the real problem of fire insurance is to
be solved by securing a better construction
of buildings and greater watchfulness in
caring for them. More is to be had
by encouraging owners who notably adopt
these precautions, by giving them light and
easy rates, than by a general increase. It
is doubtful if this policy has been suffi
ciently tried. There are also preventive
measures which are mot enforced with the
vigilance which the interests at stake de
mand. Thus thougn the city of Pittsburg,
thanks to the general carefulness of its peo
ple, and to its undoubtedly excellent fire
department, has been fortunate in escaping
large losses, it is still a fact that in the very
heart of this city wooden buildings have,
within a few years, been permitted to be
erected, without effective protest, or so far
as is known even notice, from the local in
No destruction of property is so absolute
or embarrassing as that by fire. Insurance
is a wise provision; it is a necessary busi
ness; but if it is to be profitable to the com
panies engaged in it, and a' real protection
to the community, persistent vigilance in
preventive measures is the one thing needed.
It is more important and it will pay better
in the long run than the delusive process of
attempting a temporary swelling of tbe re
ceipts by enforcing increased premiums.
RIVES COAL TROUBLES.
The dispute over wages in the river mines
has crystallized into an announcement that
the operators will mine no more coal at the
2J-cent rate of wages. The declaration as
to the inability of the market to pay that
rate might be more effective if it were not
somewhat stereotyped in connection with
wage disputes. A year ago it was an
nounced that the mines would all shut down
for three months, but subsequent events
showed that there was no trouble in start
ing up again and finding a market when
the miners were brought to accepting the
wages that the other side considered right
"We are not undertaking -to settle the rights
and wrongs of the present dispute; but the
familiarity of these statements about the
overstocked condition of the markets rather
damages tbeir value; while both the pres
ent situation and past -experience demon
strate the futility of trying to reach a rea
sonable settlement of wage disputes by the
brute trials of strength known as strikes.
THE CUT OK LIVER FILLS.
The leading featnres of combinations, and
the cutthroat rivalries which they produce
when their existence is jeopardized, have
broken out in a new trade. All the country
knows that a combination among druggists
generally maintains the prices of patent
medicines at three or four times their first
cost; but as the calm consideration of the
matter induces the reflection -that the man
who buys patent medicines deserves to be
mulcted, no .one has ever dreamed it worth
while tcmake a fnsj about li
But the combination of drnggists in At
lanta, Ga., is fractured and. the consequence
is the usual rate war. One druggist asserted
his right to sell goods as cheaply as he
wished, and as this is an assault on the very
citadel of combination prices, the other
druggists responded by cutting prices lower
than he did.. This policy of slaughtering
prices to maintain the combination,hasbeen
kept up until the combiners have reached
the point of giving away ..liver pills and
nerve and bone liniment and selling'Pears'
soap at 39 cents per box.
The dissipations which this outbreak of cut
prices has opened up for the Atlanta people
are almost unrivaled. It is a little singular
that the Southern druggists should make
the pills and liniment free of cost while
still charging the public -a price, of some
sort or other, for soap. But, tbe general
cheapening of these agencies of civilization
disarms criticism. The Atlanta people will
have a revel of cleanliness and leave them
selves no livers worth mentioning before
the druggists restore their combination and
the practice of charging 75 cents for a bottle
of patent medicine that costs 3 cents
to put up.
In the meantime it is worth noticing that
the recalcitrant druggist knows bow to meet
the combination tactics of cutting prices to
a losing basis. He says that if his rivals
wish to sell drugs for nothing, they can do
so. After they have got tired ot losing all
the money he will "keep in the business
under legitimate competition.
As Eastern cotemporary remarks that "it
is quite natural that the movement for the
amelioration ol the condition of political pris
oners in Siberia should be received n ith indif
ference and donbt by the many," exnlalning it
by tbe fact that new reforms are received in
tbatway. Perhaps a more cogent explanation
of the doubt might be proffered by the inquiry
how a movement In the United States U ex
pected to ameliorate tbe condition ot the pris
oners in Siberia. Is the United States Govern
ment to send its new navy np the Lena delta?
Sou Pedeo delared when last in Portu
gal that be was an American and a Republican.
Under those circumstances it seems rather
unjust that he should not have been allowed to
stay in the new Bepnb Uc and grow up with the
The movement in Massachusetts, to send
men who get drunk to the workhouse for six
months, Is disapproved by the New York
Herald as "a narrow-minded movement." It
will doubtless appear so to tbe gentry who re
quire a broad-gauge roadway to navigate in;
but the sober part of the public may conclude!
that a change In the policy of prosecuting peo
ple who sell liquors, and treating those who
buy it, as innocent lambs, will not be without
its calutar effects.
The outflow of oratcry for the prosecution
In the Cronln trial leaves the defendants ap
parently in a bad condition; but It remains to
be seen what the attorneys for the defense can
do In tbe line of oratory, apart from raising ob
jections. It is asserted that the beavers have joined
the ranks of the cold-winter prophets and are
building tbeir structure a story and a half
deeper than usual. The opinion of tbe beavers
is worthy of all respect, but in this case they
discredit themselves by joining the side of
Hicks, of St. Louis. A St. Louis weather
prophet is enough to ruin tbe business reputa
tion of any prophetic beaver.
Axasea is asking for a territorial Gov
ernment. It might be pleasant tor the settlers
and the native Alaskans to have a Legislature
of their own; but it remains to be seen whether
the Alaska Seal Company will permit them to
The fact that steel rails are reported to be
selling at the same price in London as In Pitts
burg is more Ot an indication of the boom in
England than ot the low price of rails here.
Nevertheless, our free trade brethren keep on
telling of the way in which the price of rails
is Increased by the tariff.
Mb. Harbison the day before Thanks
giving stated: There are many personal rea
sons why I should feel thankful." Yes; and
prominent among them might stand the fact
that the Presidental election did not fall In
If the Allegheny Traction road causes' a
new and improved bridge over the Allegheny at
Sixth street, it will be recognized as an addi
tional advantage. The present bridge was a
noted improvement In its day; but It has been
left far in tbe rear by the advance in the art of
The talk of protecting German Interests
in Brazil probably grows out of ahope that Ger
man Interests may be most efficiently protected
by gobbling a slice of the new Republic's im
The doubt as to what flag the vessel is,
sailing under that carries Dom Pedro to Portu
gal must be confusing to the rest of the world
ana painfully suggestive to the distinguished
passenger, of the period when It was doubtful
what Government ruled Brazil.
Oni City discovers that nitro-glycerine,
like steam and fire, is a good servant, bnt a bad
master; and is, moreover, very likely to try to
get the mastery.
The statement of the firm of Long & Co.
is a good deal more prompt in making Its ap
pearance than tbe statement of the Lawrence
Bank. If the latter can make affairs look more
hopeful for creditors, however, the delay in its
appearance may be forgiven.
PEOPLE OP PE0MINESC15.
Jay Gotn.D's recent retirement from busi
ness netted him several million dollars.
The Rev. H. D. Ward and Mrs. Ward (nee
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps) have taken a houso
at Washington for the winter.
Peop. Cham.es S. Little, of Syracuse Uni
versity, will mve a course of six lectures at
Lasell Seminary, Auburndale, Mass., during
tbe months of December and February on
The Founders and Reformers of the Christian
WrLKTE Collins directed In his will that he
should be buried in Kensal Green Cemetery,
at a cost not exceeding 5125, that no scarfs or
hatbands should be used, and that a plain
stone cross to be placed over his grave should
bear only the inscription which he had pre
pared. The Empress of Austria has been yachting
in tbe Mediterranean for some months. She
has transferred her fondness for horseback
riding to sailing o'er the sea. Being an invalid,
she is unable to take equestrian exercise, and,
having a love of adventure, found yachting
the most available substitute for her former
QtTEEN Victoeia, it is said, has a number
of unpublished manuscripts in herposscssion
which may see print after her death. Their
nature is not known, but it Is understood that
poems and short stories form the balk of the
collection. Victoria's books of travel do not
indicate that her posthumous publications will
be of great literary value.
TnntTY years ago W. H. H. Miller, present
Attorney General of tbe United States, was a
Successful lawyer in Keokuk, Iowa. One day
an awkward, ill-dressed youth called at the
office and asked for work. Miller liked the
young man's appearance, and finally won his
partner over to employing the youtb. That
ill-dressed young man prospered in the law,
served his district in Congress several terms,
was Secretary ot War in President Hayes
Cabinet, was a United States Circuit Jndge in
Iowa, and resigned that office to become chief
counsel of tbe Santa Fe Company at a salary ot
125,000 per annum. His nameT George W.
A Dim Temperance Light.
Vrom tbe 2Tew York World.l
The talk about ex-Senator Blddleberger's
Intention to start oat as a temperance lecturer
1 probably all mooasilae.
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
A Bit of Sonthslde Reminiscence The Vnlor
of Cooner Schnrff A Smile-Two Tooth
Falls and a Ballade on a Braco cf
It is a pity that 6ome local Thackeray has
not sketched for us a half-dozen characters
who flourished in this burg- duringthe war
times and for a dozen years later. I made their
acquaintance tbe other day at second-hand
through a well-known Pittsburger, who has
that delightful faculty of mimicry which Is
an endowment to a raconteur. If the pictures
of a little coterie which used to meet on the
Soutbside at the time I speak of, which my in
formant drew for me, could be transferred to
type, they wohld bo appreciated no doubt. An
idea of one of the figures Is all that I shall at
tempt to give.
There must be a good many people on the
Soutbside who remember Cooney Scharff, and
nioro who will identify him as the father of
Billy Scharff, the oarsman. Cooney served in
tbe Union army during tbe war, and he was
very fond after his return from the field of
talking about his military exploits. The fact
that he drove a wagon in the commissariat de
partment did not prevent him from claiming a
big share in the glory that crowned the Union
armies. When be bad had a glass or two of
beer, and a set of agreeable cronies had gath
ered about him, nothing pleased him better
than to launch into a harangue after this
fashion: "When dot war was going on where
was IT To der front, of course. I was always
to der front When dot great General Banks
was retreating up der valley of Vlrglnny,
where was I den? lwas to der front, gentle
men. And ylt when I come homo I saw in der
noosepapers and everywhere stories and pic
tures about Banks and dem oder fellers, and
not a word about Cooneyl Dat was der way of
Then some one would pop in with a query
about the battle of Antietam and Cooney would
say: "Was I at Antietam! Well, I should say I
was. I was at dot battle, and when I ctime back
I saw dot Harper's Weekly. And dere was der
battle just like It was and the soldiers fightin',
and right In front of der picture was a man
standln' on the roof of the house behind a
chimney. And I say to mine boy: 'Billy, como
here, Bee dose battles yourarder was in.' And
dot boy he climb on his farder's knee and I
show him the picture of Antietam, and I say to
him: 'Billy, snow me your farder.' And Billy
he point to the-man behind the chimney and I
say: 'Billy, you know your farder yitr "
A novel nowadays Is naught,
Unless Its motive bo
With deep didactic matter fraught.
And flavor "XHsmerey."
Bnt set such volumes on the shelf;
" I'll never touch the pile.
Let Howells preach-but for myself,
Well, 1 prerer to smile.
The ribbon bine Is to the fore, '
And with a solemn pledge
Good people swear to drink no more '
A potent beverage.
But when the wind blows bitter cold.
Hike, In modest style.
With friend! and wine both good and old
Well, jnst to take a smile.
Some croakers tell us every day
We're golngr to the dogs;
Bat, happily; for all they say,
Along the country jogs,
With fortune's favors on her breast,
Her heart all free from guile,
Tbe friend of peoples still oppressed,
Columbia may smllel .
A toast to you, O, loving wlfel
I drink it with a wlll--Who
Hghteneth the rosd of Ufa,
As doth a laughing rill.
That ripples tinkling by the way
For many a weary mile?
Who turneth sorrow's night to day
With but a gentle smile.
When one is in affliction it is a rare pleasure
to turn it to some use.
Between tbe acts in the dentist's chair tbe
other day the gentle operator with tbe forceps
in his band said to me: "Did yon ever hear
what a smart student told a professor in den
tistry about man's endowment with teeth?
Tbe professor who was examining the class
said: 'How many sets of teeth does a mac get
in bis Htettme.and how are they dlstinguishedf
"Three sets.' replied the student, temporary,
permanent and artificial!' "
"Those whiskers are enough to make any
one's face ache," remarked a sympathetic
young woman to an unfortunate man who was
suffering from a new beard and toothache at
the same time.
A BALLADE 07 TWO PE0VEEB3.
When the books are open for all life's bills,
Tbe record of all yon may bny and sell.
You mast see that this truth a front seat fills:
That the mbuey yon save will serve you well.
There's another truth yet tbe wise men ten.
And It's tied to the first with golden strings,
And to treasure it, too, Is Just as well:
That next year's money no Interest brings.
When yonr hopes are many, and high as hills,
Fair Truth, from the depths or her crystal well,
No plcasanter essence for man distils
Than "Ihe money yon save will serve you
But never confide to the luring spell.
Too often a syren sweetly sings
Of to-morrow's earnings 'tis labor's knelll
For next year's money no interest brings.
When the days are rainy and winter shrills,
When creditors come In a rush pell mell.
You needn't be scared or white at the gills.
For tbe money you've saved will serve yon well.
But tbe same blow crushes the flimsy shell,
And the Sheriff loud at the door hell rings,
And the spendthrift finds In his witon cell
That next year's money ho Interest brings.
It's a truth that rings like a silver belli
Tbe money yon save will serve you well.
And from It another adage springs:
That next year's money no Intel est brings!
, Hzpbubn Johns.
BTANLEI'S EECOKDS 1MPE0TING.
The Copyright ol Hie Book Said to Have
Been Sold for 40,000.
mr CABLE TO Till DISPATCH. 1
London, November 80. Stanley's records
grow better as they proceed. There has been
much dull reading in the letters, so far as the
adventure-loving public is concerned, but some
of the latter letters, including those last notes
of poor Lupton Bey, who was done to death
and wanted bis friends to know that he died
game, form a touching chapter in the latest
history of African exploration. The call ot Omar
Bales to Emin to embrace Mohammedanism
is another interesting Incident. "Only believe,"
says he, "in effect, and you will be saved. Re
fuse to believe and you will be backed to
pieces in this world and damned in the next."
It is said that Stanley sold the copyright of
his forthcoming work-on the Emin Relief Ad
ventures for 10,000, but this is probably an ex
ag"eration. The present desire of the publish
ers Is to call the book: "Ho w 1 Relieved Emin."
There is almost as great a desire to get hold of
Bmin's adventures as there is orstanley's, but
his records will probably be publisfied by a
German bouse. The German newspapers are
complaining that too much Importance is at
tached to Stanley's participation in tbe relief
of Emin Bey, and'tbat the doctor gets too little
credit for his devotion and berolsm.
A Certain Care.
From the Detroit Free 1'rcss.l
A French physician recommends as a sure
cure for dyspepsia that patients hold their
breath as long as possible several time per
day. This may help, but a sure cure would be
to hold your breath all day long.
It's a Chestnat.
From the Philadelphia Press.:
It is announced with something like official
authority that Mr. Cleveland really wants the
Democratic nomination for President in 1892.
This, however, is hardly in the nature of news.
DEATHS OF A DAT.
James Taylor, father of Mr. Charles Tayior, of
thePrestnierian Mantltr, and Kobert Taylor, or
theurmofHHliardSterrctt&Oo., died yesterday
afternoon at his borne on Conservatory Hill, Alle
gheny. He was in the 75th year of bis age, and
was on) or the oldest and most respected citizens
of Allegheny. Funeral from Christ Episcopal
Church, Union avenue, Allegheny, to-morrow
afternoon at 1 :30 o'clock.
Word was received In this city yesterday that
Mrs. Ann H. Wood, the venerable mother of Mr,
W.Dewees Wood, the well-known McKeesport
manufacturer." had died -In tbatlelty Friday at
the extreme age of four score and tour years. She
was an estimable Christian lady. Mr; Wood CM
the sincere condolence of a wide circle In his hew
;; inre ' ;-'.j
GUESSES 05 THE GOYEBHOBSHIP.
No Lack of Candidates for the KepaMIca
rerxcUL txlxqbav to thc bispatch.1
Philadelphia, November SO. That United
States Senator Quay will favor the nomination
of Senator George Wallace Delamafer, of
Crawford county. Is the general opinion ex
pressed among the politicians. They argue that
tbe junior United States Senator and the Sena
tor from Crawford have been worklngin unison
for some time past, and that tbe friends of
Senator Quay throughout the State are aware
of his preferences for the Republican nomina
tion. Senator Delamater's most formidable oppo
ponent is at this time Adjutant General Dan
iel H. Hastings, of Center county. General
Hastings has been traveling through tbe State
and leaving no stone unturned to secure tbe
friendship of those leaders in the several coun
ties who are said to be able to deliver dele
gates, but the" shrewd politicians hesitate to
make any declaration until they can find out
which of the candidates it will best serve their
interests to Bupport
E. A. Montooth, ot Allegheny county, who
came within a vote of being nominated for
Lieutenant Governor on the ticket with James
A. Beaver, in itsso, declared at once alter me
adjournment of the State Convention that he
ttai a randidate for the nomination for Gover
nor In IS90. Major Montooth has been fre
quently uuuDea as me canaiuate 01 kuhsiu
riher X. Magee, who is one of Benator
Quay's most pronounced opponents, but
when last in this city the major gave it out
nnattlvtiltr that tin W9R nn mAn'fi candidate, but
the candidate of Allegheny county. He de
clares that his home delegation will support his
candidacy, without regard to factional differ
ences, and that he will also secure the votes of
a number of delegates from the western part of
the State. ,
Tbe present Lieutenant Governor, Charles
W. Stone, of WarTen county, Is regarded as
the first choice of Governor Beaver, and Is
looked upon as a strong dark horse. His candi
dacy will receive tbe support ot a number of
counties adjoining bis own. Lieutenant Gov
ernor Stone has not been Idle. On the con
trary, he has been as busy as bis
fellows. His methods are of the still-hunt
order, and he flits from one section of the Stato
to another, without his presence being more
thnn nrdinarilv observed. He is regarded as a
shrewd, quiet worker, and his friends claim-
that tne nrst uanot 01 tne convention wm m
a strong following for Warren county's can
didate. He was here to-day for a few hours.
The guessers predict that Senator Delamater
will win the nomination. In addition to tbe
support of Senator Quay, the general belief
among those who are supposed to know is that
Senator Cameron will be found among friends
of Senator Delamater, and that an agreement
will ..be reached whereby the nomination of
Delamater and the re-election of Cameron may
be made without any great friction.
Mayor Edwin H. Fitler has declared for
Hastings, but it is believed that this action on
tbe part of Philadelphia'sMayor hasdone Gen
eral Hastings more harm than good. It is said
that some feeling on tbe part of Mayor Fitler
against Senator Quay, because tbe latter did
not look with favor on His Honor's Presidental
aspirations, has been tbe real cause of bis an
nouncement in favor of Hastings. Tbe other
(clty leaders have so far declared no prefer
EX-SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE.
Only Eight of Those Who Held tbe Office
Now Living-. '
Frank A. Burr In Philadelphia Times.
There are only eight men who have held the
Speakership of the House of Representatives
still living. Robert 0. Wlnthrop, of Massachu
setts, is the oldest, both in years and date of
service. He was Speaker one term, from De
cember 6. 1817, and succeeded Daniel Webster
in the Senate in 185a He is still living in
Boston, enjoying his wealth and his books.
Nathaniel P. Banks was elected Speaker in
December ot 1855, and bis snow-white hair and
mustache will again be seen in the Fifty-first
Congress, but this time he will be a member on
tbe floor. He bad a hard struggle to pull him
self once again into the stream of public affairs,
for be bad been left high and dry on tbe banks
years ago. Still he succeeded in tbe last Con
gressional election and will probably retain his
seat until be dies.
Galusba A Grow, of Pennsylvania, is alive
and still ambitious to be beard again in Con
gress. He has made two or three campaigns
for tbe United States 8enatorship, bnt has al
ways filled. He is full of vigor and sturdy
manhood yet, although he has reached bis 68th
J. Warren Keifer Is another forgotten States
man who once wielded the Speaker's gavel,
and then retired to comparative obscurity. He
lives in Springfield, O. .
Another relic of tbe Speakershlp,and next
to Mr. Wlnthrop in age, is B. M. T. Hunter, of
Virginia, who was Speaker In 1839, and Secre
tary of State of the Confederacy during tbe
War. He is now quietly waiting the final call
In Virginia. The other three men now living
who have been Speaker of the House owe
little of their prominence or their success in
their pnblic careers to any help derived from
the Speakership They would have made their
names known anywhere and at any time. They
are James G. Blaine, Samuel J. Randall and
John G. Carlisle. I wonder If the man chosen
if or the Flftv-flrst Coneress trill do as well as
BIG SALE OP AUTOGEAPHS.
ISorae Interesting Lots to be Brongbt Across
the Atlantic by Americans.
BY CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.!
London, November 80. There has been a
big sale of autographs in London this week,
and there were a large number of American
commissions for the more important lots. The
Americans, however, underestimated the prob
able prices, and tbeir agents in nearly every
instance bad to stop short long before the fall
of the auctioneer's hammer.
Some Interesting lots will, however, cross tbe
Atlantic, including a collection of letters from
Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson and
nthr American celebrities, and a letter from
Shelley to his father-in-law, complaining that
he bad not been treated fairly by bis family.
Mr. Sabin gave 10 for the poet's letter.
KEW TOKK MEWS NOTES.
Arrested for Passing Bogus Checks.
ritEW YOBE BUBEAtT SPECIALS.!
New Yoke, November 80. TheRov.Stephen
Merritt, undertaker, related in a police court
to-day bow Leonard E. St. Clairjbad passed a
worthless check for J50 on him two days ago:
Mr. St. Clair introduced himself to the under
taker as a philanthropist who wished to pay the
bill against the widow of a poor laborer-
recently burled by the Rev. Merritt. xne bill
was for f 32. St, Clair handed the Rev. Merritt
the $50 check on tbe Second National Bank.
Just then a tramp entered the shop. St. Clair
delivered a littlo homily on the beauties of
charity, and had the Rev, Merritt give the
tramp SI out of the face value of the check.
Then be pocketed bis 517 change and left. Two
hours later tbe check was dishonored, and the
Rev. Merritt put the police on St. Clair's track.
The cashier of the Second National Bank testi
fied that St. Clair had been passing bogus
Checks on that hank for the last three months.
Often two or three had been presented in one
day by small tradesmen whom -be had Induced
to advance money on them. St. Clair was re
manded. Dying I orla W'stslde Belle.
James Hcdderman, a 'longshoreman, 22 years
old, is dying at the New York Hospital, of in
juries Inflicted by Charles Sands night before
last. Sands was arraigned in court this morn
ing, and was denied bail in consequence of a
certificate from the hospital surgeon that Hcd
derman could not live 18 hours longer. Nellie
Devlin, the 16-year-old belle of "The Gap," the
dirty Westslde neighborhood where tbe fatal
row occurred, was the cause of the trouble.
Bhe is Sands' sister-in-law, and together with
Hedderman and three other men, attended a
littlo Thanksgiving jollification at Sands' rooms
in "The Gap." Everyone got pretty fulL At
midnight Nellie went downstairs to work the
growler. While returning she was intercepted
in the corridor by Hedderman, who fried to
kiss her. Sands heard the straggle, ran down
stairs. Snatched up a -brick and beat Hedder
man Insensible with It. This morning Hedder
man was found, still unconscious, in his blood
in the hallway. Hs was taken to tbe New
YorkHosrtaL and Sands and Nellie were
Broke v; Vverytblna- In the House.
George Fleckl ji Brooklyn carpenter, 60 years
old, has been trying for two months to drown
in whisky his sorrow over the disappearance of
his wife. Yesterday his excessive drinking re
sulted in mental derangement. He locked and
barricaded. all doors to the houselnwhich.be
lived alone, and began to smash things with an
ax. He began at the attic At midnight he
had cleaned out everything down to the ground
floor. The crashing of china and furniture at
tractedthe attention of neighborsvwho sum
moned the police. Two officers brokeJn simul
taneously two doors of tbe bouse, and after
considerable fencing knocked Fleck senseless
to the boot. During the struggle Fleck struck
at them repeatedly with his ax, but succeeded
ely la catting the padding froa the shoulder
ef one of them, The eely wheM tats"
sHMSMlMllNM fWk M,lsiHsM,
positions w.oiTH Emm.
The Speaker a Greater Hon Than the
President Where ills Power Lies
Well-Pnld Sinecures la Congress Xor
ton as Presiding Officer of the Senate.
ICOItRXSPOSPXNCE OT THE DISPATCH.
WAsnlifOTOJf, D. a, November 28. Before
these words reach the printer the autocrat of
the House of Representatives, otherwise known
as tbe Speaker, will have been selected by that
other autocrat, known as tbe caucus, and tbe
lively contest for tbe chief office of the House,
and almost the chief office of the Government,
will be at an end. While there has been a very
warm contest, and the arguments used in the
interests of this or that candidate were not
always fair and manly, in the main the candi
dates and their supporters have been generous
and courteous to each other. The contest has
been waged mainly on the basis of the fitness
of the individual. While the silver question,
tbe tariff question and the question of corpora
tive influence have been used to some extent,
they have bad little effect, mainly because
alt of the candidates were of that order of poli
tician who is constantly dominated by tbe
professional principles of his party, and there
fore that which could be laid honestly at the
door of one could be charged to all of the oth
ers wltb-equal truth. No one is better than
his party, or has shown any desire to be so, and
upon those questions on which there is some
measure of disagreement within the party
ranks, these candidates have pursued so diplo
matic a course that no one could be said to go
farther than or fall short of the specifications
or generalizations of tbe party platform.
The memorable contest in 1883, between Car
lisle and Randall, was fought on the issue of
the tariff. It was a square contest between the
protection and free trade factions of the Demo
cratic party, and upon that Carlisle won by a
great majority. No feeling of that kind, nor
any sincere feeling in regard to any great ques
tion, entered into the present contest, and if, as
is now tbe prospect, Beed. of Maine, be select
ed by the caucus to-morrow, it will be because
of his acknowledged experience, bis known fit
ness for tbe place, -send the fact that he has
been the nominee of the party for Speaker
when tbe nomination was but an empty honor;
while bis opponents are without experience,
though they are all acknowledged to be gentle
men of fine abilities.
A Bigger Man Than the President.
In many ways the Speaker of the House is
more powerful tbaneven the President of the
United States. Tbe President can veto legisla
tion; but that is a serious matter, to refuse to
sanction a lawwblch has been enacted by the
exercise of the wisdom of S2S members of the
House and 78 members of the Senate. It is an
assumption of superior sagacity for which a
President rarely cares to take the responsibil
ity, and when he does it Is almost Invariably at
the request of a large proportion of the mem
bers of Congress, just as the Queen
of Great Britain dare not exercise
the veto power except by the request
of Parliament. But the Speaker of the House
may block legislation in a thousand ways, and
to a great extent he can make or mar the Influ
ence and prominence of any member of tbe
House. He Is practically tbe creator of tbe
rules of the House. His construction of tbe
rules can only be vitiated by the vote of a ma
jority of the House, and upon those of his own
party who do not vote to sustain him he can
quietly but successfully visit tbe full extent of
his displeasures. Even tbe most prominent
and brilliant may be snuffed out, and the
Speaker may not discover to any except those
who are exceedingly keen observers tbe fact
that he is deliberately Ignoring the person who
has aroused his dislike. And as to legislation,
a Speaker who has tborongb command of him
self and of tbe rules can absolutely defeat the
enactment of any law which does not suit him,
and that almost without exposing the fact to
any one that he is set against It.
The Speaker gets ta.000 a year, the game
salary as the -Vice President of tbe United
States, who is also, by virtue of bis office, tbe
presiding officer of tbe Senate. He is allowed
a private Secretary at a salary of a little more
than $2,000, and a similar salary is paid to a
special clerk for the "Speaker's table."
Some Profitable Positions.
Tbe Clerk of tbe House receives the highest
salary of any of the officers of that body $4,000
a year. He has considerable patronage, and
command of quite a large corps of clerks. The
Chief Clerk, Journal Clerk and two Reading
Clerks each get 5,600 a year, tbe Tally Clerk
$3,000, the Printing and Bill Clerk andtheDis
burSrag'CIerk $2,500 "each, and a number- of
others from 11,100 to $2,000 each.
The Sergeant-at-Arms is, after the Clerk, the
officer drawing the highest salary. He has
$1,000 a year, a good deal of patronage and some
perquisites. He is not only the chief of police
of the House, but is also the bead banker.
His deputy sergeant receives $2,000 a year and
tbe cashier ot his bank $3,000. Tbe doorkeeper
has the largest patronage ot any of the officers
of the House, and very nice perquisites. He
receives a salary of $3,000 a year, and may legit
imately swell that snm by several thousands.
He can be of mnch service tojnembers and all
who have business with the House, and he can
quietly cause a deal ot annoyance to such
people if he has a mind to do so. One of bis
perquisites is tbe privilege to sell the waste
paper of the House with all its committee and
document rooms, and this amounts to a nice
sum in tbe conrse of the year; and it is
whispered that at times paper and
documents creep into the dust pile that
could hardly properly be classed as
"waste," but this may be one of the slanders
that are always circulated in regard to places
that are thought to furnish opportunity for
crookedness. No member of Congress has at
his command the appointment of so large a
number of officials and employes as the door
keeper of the House, with bis retinue of clerks,
watchmen, doorkeepers, pages and laborers,
and this, and the salary and perquisites, make
it an office much sought,
Tbe postmaster's is also an elective office, and
the postmaster receives a salary of $2,600 a
year. He is not really a postmaster, but is a
clerk who receives and distributes and gives
out tbe mails ot the members and officials. He
has an assistant, who gets $2,000 a year.
Nice Little Sinecures.
Outside of these offices, those having the
highest salary attached are the clerkships of
committees, tbe pay for which is from $2,000 to
$2,500 a year. The clerk of a committee is also
in some sense the private secretary of the
Chairman of the committee, and, though some
of them are worked bard enough, the majority
have an easy time of It, and the office is con
sidered one of the most desirable within the
gift of the House. These clerks are chosen by
the committees, and are not elected, as most of
the high salaried officials are. Ja the Senate a
private secretary is allowed eaoh Benator, ex
cept tbe Chairman of a committee, who is ex
pected to utilize the clerk of the committee.
A number ot tbe clerks of Senate committees
are sons or other relatives of Benators, and in
such cases tbe work of that clerk usually de
volves on other employes, while tbe clerk draws
and spends his $2,000 or more per year.
While the offices of the Senate may be re
organized to Some extent, it is not likely that
General Anson G. McCook will be ousted from
his position as Secretary of the Senate, In which
he receives a larger salary than a Senator, get
ting no less than $0,093 per year. The Chief
Clerk and Financial Clerk get $3,000 a year
each, and several others $2,500 each. The best
paid clerk of a Senate committee is be of tbe
Committee of Appropriations, who gets $3,000 a
year. The Sergeant-at-Arms .receives $1,920 a
year, and has a number of assistants at about
$2,000 a year. Isaac Bassett, nominally the as
sistant doorkeeper, who was appointed a page
by Daniel Webster, and has served about 63
years in the benate, gets $2,632 a year for rising
occasionally and announcing, "A message from
the President of tne United States,' or, "A
message from the House of Representatives."
When, he became too old for active work an
"active assistant" was appointed to relieve him,
and be is now virtually pensioned at his com
For the first time since 1880 the Senate will
row have as tbeir presiding officer regularly
the Vice President of the United States.. By
the death of President Garfield, Mr. Arthur
was made President, and tbe Senate was pre
sided over constantly by tbe president pro
tempore. Soon after bis election in 1881 Vice
President Hendricks died and again left the
Senate for four years under the guidance of a
president pro tern. Mr. Morton will now pre
side. His short trial of tbe office last spring
was not particularly Impressive, as he showed
extreme timidity, but he will probably Improve
with age. E.W.L.
Will Carleton, author of the celebrated
poems "Betsey and I Are Out," "Over the Hills
to the Poor House," et&, who is to lecture at
Old City Hall Tuesday evening next, is oae of
the most brilliant orators now oa the platform
He is in his prime, and brings with him the ex
perience ot 15 years in publlo speaking; He
has made home and home affections sweeter to
hundreds of thousands, "Gone with a
Han'somer Man" is tbe poem that Wilson Bar
rett, the great actor, has used in adding to his
reputation that of brilliant atter-uinner re
citer. He gives it tbe supreme aeter's cosapli
tnent when be says, "There J sssrii aoh
in that short poa for a play."
NM( rW "JssPsflBkWsyWr'fc
TsLevy,CsteertesssywW s aa Ms-
rtSjtaS S-OtTBWT Mg w
a sM !....
v--. '. riW
.Vrrnasiisw ft si.v s mimf
x lAULivj nit a a aaifif Am
He Waste te Xisew Why so Many Dtusiss'e
Are Placed ITpea Conversation A Vl
oh Protest A gales Several to
fWErrrxir yos the sisfatch.1
Ate we to become a nation of qnietlsts, and
this grand aggregation of States to merge into
nothing "better than a gentle speak-easy
through tbe opposition of some people to cos
versation? "Dear Beaver, don't talk," is but
the local application of a general effort to de
prive tbe average citizen of one of hl3 inalien
able rights that ol asking questions. Sickens
has very beautifully shown up this trait in our
national character, in his capacity as a carica
turist, and probably the resentment provoked
by this produced the effect to secure national
reticence. Silence may be golden, but I asa a
talker from Talkvllle, and I prefer the volumi
nous and pleasant currency of conversation,
which is prohibited inwhatever direction I turn.
Here, for example, is one of the impediments
to speech, in fact, a brake on conversation
which Is particularly objectionable:
I -......; .;
: don't tale to the if ait at the i
This is an outrage. To whom should we apply
for reliable information as to the shoals and
rapids, the State lines and steam pressure, the
beauties of the landscape and the operation of
tbe electric light at the bow. If not to the man
at the wheel? He Is In tbe right spot, both to
see all these first and orate upon them from hi
pleasant little rostrum on tbe forward deck;
and it Is an ontrage upon tbe dissemination of
useful information to enforce such a gag law.
He can better explain tbe slings and arrows of
outrageous fortune which ply from tbe bows of
an Ohio or Mississippi steamer than any man
on earth, and yet, as a valuable refereace, a
wooden Indian might as well occupy the posi
tion. I want to talk to the man at the wheel, and
he must be a stern wheeler indeed who would
refuse to listen to me or to satisfy the acquired
and burning desire for universal knowledge.
Let tbe spokes of the wheel Itself protest against
such unwarranted silence.
But this is not tbe only line In which efforts
are made to head off conversation. There are
others beside packet lines, for example:
: DON'T SPEAK TO THE ACCOSETAST; '.
WHILE ADSCf O A COLUMN OF FIQUBSS. I
Now this Is a pretty state of affairs. I must
stand in mute admiration while some arithmeti
cal crank without any more bowels than a gas
pipe Is debiting me with a five-pound chunk of
oleomargarine-, which I never received. No,
sir; lu such a case silence would mean consent,
and I pronose to enter a vigorous protest both
then and there. His columns, indeed! They
don't support the State Use the columns ot a
newspaper, and I propose to have an Interview
with the cashier ia accountant as often as pre
scribed by the city editor, even if the aforesaid
experts show sorry figures afterward. Beside,
if you want a mathematical question answered
when Is there a better time for having
it solved than while the figurer is la
full practice? And what is aa accountant for
if not to give an account of himself, any delay
in doing which leaves him open to suspicion.
Oh, yes. the accountant who refuses to speak
even while adding a column of figures would
Here is another, an attack upon the very
vitality of the people:
PLEASE SO EOT COEYEESB WITS !
THE CLSBES WHALE COX-
Oh, yes, keep quite mum. not knowing
whether the above clerk is substituting arseaio
for epsom salts in your prescription. View in.
silent complacency his placid style of rolling up
a nickel's worth of drugs, 2 cent's worth of
paper. 1 cent's worth of twine aae. 9L worth
of your time, for all of which he ahnrssie ff
cents and keep quiet daring the oaaretloa.
Tinman n a turn eonldn't stnd It. asd vn't
stand it without at least demanding why la
thunder he doesn't hurry up, or making some
cheerful remark about the number of drug
clerks in State prison for making raeh expert-
r menta on the human system, just to make his
feel comfortable. Have sick patients so
rights? Why, even the doctors force as to
show our tongues, and I don't propose that aa
ordinary drug clerk shall pat on any airs over
a regularly ordained doctor if I eaahespiK. I
The only redeeming featare about this BOtiee
is the prefix "please."
On land, as os wabjr, the sasse tyraaay to
passengers is exercttea. no sooner naa tae
grip car got Its grip upon the streets of oar dry
than In the most rude type imaginable, wmen
would even stare a lady oat of counteaaaee,
the notice appeared:
; conversation wttk the ghtpvak- :
: xa pbohzbitss. :
So, you are to sit mum, chance and let him
carry you six squares beyond your street with
out telling him you know where to stop.
You are to remain under a mistakes impres
sion as to the name of the last boy he killed
without getting him as the best authority to
set you right. You are to stay in hopeless
Ignorance as to wheter he is a "tripper," or of
what pay be gets without a word on the sub
ject, and all because a bloated corporation pats
up a job of printing, enjoining you to keep
silence. This is intolerable. I want to know
which ta tha c-rln and which the brake lever
and which is the most liable to break. Iwant
to know the speed of the different cable divi
sions ana wnat me enect ot a snuueu biujj
would be. I want to know why the air Uae has
smnVfn enmnartments aad the others .have
not, and Til find these things out if the grip-
man is aiire, lor want aa wrse various in
truders upon my rights of conversation to show
that the Western adage Is equally applicable to
the tongue as to the mill: "Don't monkey with
the buzz saw when in moshun." Mostb.
Edgar Saltan Serteasr, III.
fSY CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, NovemberaSfll Edgar Salts k
dangerously ill at the Cavendish Hotel.. He
has been in London about a week, havng seat
a month previously in Paris." He is suffering
with terrible facial neuralgia, and saerphiae
affords him the only relief from pais.
TRi-STATI TKIPLSS. '
John Owens, a Scran ton jeweler, levee steer
Waverly, nine miles from Scraatoa. While he
was going from the railroad etatiea te his
home he was fired on by Jesse Waite, of Wa
verly, because he spoke to Walte's deg. Waite.
who had been out hunting, imagined that
Owens was trying to coax the dog kean with
him. Waite has been arrested.
Air Ohio paser -prints the following Betles"
under the heading "Obituaries:" "Mr. Will
iam Jones, of Malta township, aged 88, passed
peacefully away on Tuesday last frosa single
blessedness to matrimonial Miss, after a short,
but,sudden attack by Alice Bloseosv a bloom
ing widow of 36."
Afarxes, orivrag from Northaaptea to
Akron the other night, was attracted by what
appeared to be a large tree all one blaze of fire.
Investigation revealed the fact that the phe
nomenon w slsapiy brmiaatph-hereteeat
The Reading and Lebaaem Valley Gasalnf
AsseeiatlM returned Friday frosa a tea days"
hunt in the vicinity of Waverly, Ta. They
brought with them five deer aad aa ahuadsBee
of wild turkeys aad quail. The sactseaem
visttedOM fclfils at Fewest an aea te
Joke Slam, of Ande-ofed, Tk, was to have
been married, bat oa bis wssXleg sWf he was
aoeWeataUy shot in the faee aad Jsaeay hart
while haatlac wild turkeys tor the wsaekut
A PocAEOjr as oMnty, w. Va, -peat fa the
Shape e a watnaa in wbtto wearing a best
Stoek-faetoeetT, ttsass to he aeSMsaf
hehesasssVoer of a tne a ttsreva asjaaas a
west bf a
-twiug, ujo aeronaut, 4a oo yesaj,
ssade 302 balloon ascensions. ".'?
Ai "Wabash, Ind., the rao-TploiriJsS
gotoui.onj-riaay. There were dtiOsjgnjSSf
iracits ever two leet deep.
Spezia is now the strongest maritime!
lortressoritaiyjover liaooo.000 have see esw
pended on Us extensive fortifications. -
The Iron "Founders' TJhion oGreat
Britain is SO years old. It has 10 run msmbeSI
ana owns $"100,COO. The workmen average' tS&l
The French railways, dnrinz th'e?sr
months of the Exposition, earned 85,000,0J
ixauca over iub eaiuiuga uunng tne Correspono-,
ing period of last year. . Oj.
Kilowatts is the term which isttofbot
us;d hereafter to express the power of eTc ctrksf
machines. The word "borse-power" win be aol
longer employed In referring to the powerfesTl
any electric motor. Hg
The increased binding power of- cement i
due to tbe addition ot angaria said to be dasjj
more ta mechanical than to chemical'caoses.'j
Sugar retards rather than accelerates thesefrj
ungoi tne cement. 'wBBm
A AtBnT.f MV, 4ta 4t,oa tm ..tlllV'
thing asa hoop-snake, but that It doesn'tJroHl
like a hoop. It simply makes a tuccessionof t
loops, line tne men-worm, doc so rapidly taKl
ifc sceiuv w reu aiuuuu 110 a uwop.
There are 196 women operators iiTihij
great operating room ot tbe Western Unlon'ina
New York. In this room a husband and wife!
are working side by sine, uneyare perfectly!
matched in skill, bnt the man gets $15raoro a
moam uiau uio wuiuau. ,. h
At a. Tnsss Tnitfno nf ihm T.m,W?
enfons of thA boot -trade a retnlntlrm wa
jjassed providing that "In no manufactory shalt$3
tnere oeempioyea mors snaa one ooyio aver
men. and they shall be equally distributed over -each
branch ot the trade."
The proprietors of the Hotel Brunswick ,,
is New York have found out that gas can'be
cneapiy anu sauaiactuniy uuiuou uf uia uiuif- c
delicate kinds of cookings All the old applB
ances have been removed from the bote- ,- i
kitchen, and gas apparatus have been sabsar" '
tuted throughout. . .""?
A new style of horseshoe su beat
patented bv two Wisconsin men. The tfcoeiJ '
made in sections, with elastic cushions between -and
rivets connecting tbe sections, maklnglAMsfpk
shoe in which there will be a vertical yielding;.
or spring, avoiding shocks or jar to wwaorse",-
while traveling over hard pavements orroadsA -if.
Judge Alar uianaiora oi me ueorgtajj.
Supreme bench is a firm believer In the aodlaej
signs. He lost an arm at the battle of .-"Jtc-
Dowell, Va., In May. 1S62, and hs declare that!
.he and every other soldier who got wound ed ia3
tbe arm In that combat recovered, wnue an tne c
1 wnrtnila nrnvoil tnnrtAl. fTn ftavs he had OS)lf
caaion to take particular notice of that factg
In AuTSable, Mien., last spring, a Bern
that was sick was taken to an infirmary baraj.v
for treatment. He was cared and naa not smces
been near the infirmary until a few days az3
when be was again taken sick, ,Some remedies a
was apDlied. bnt did not bring immediate re!
lief. The horse, getting loose, mads his way
to the infirmary, walked in and lay down '!
the floor. He was examined, given a dose.of S
meoicinej ana soon cuxea ox uia inaun, , . ,
Eichard Jones, a farmer Utjisst2
AOCElora, ail, nas oeen trouuies. sua mruw ,
for- soma time. A fair davs MRS h Set attrM
for them. Upon going to it he foa(i,Ittl
approached tho trap the captive rre4',be)c,-3&,, a
in an atutnae oi aeiense. -txo siruc. it nu m ;
1rf, n nit 1 f to a ht.fl Strilgtflfl rfttttHTSJ(lt1Sf :
proud bird ot freedom alive. It assssmtsit"
ieet B inches from tip to op of its wIbs,' . -
In a Western town the other eveais!
play was given by amateurs in which oae'oCj
the United States, consisting of anr officer a4
Ave soldiers sitting on a bench. "You eVbPl
fore yon our noble standing armyV" exeJaJmeia
tne nero to toe low comeojan. -lain waexve
rnn'rn off " renllsd the lo w comedian, "tor It la I
L bow sitting." And the audience anplaastofi jgl
of the play. "
a ..;:..... e ic -tr.v ,.mii
have purchased the Dismal Swamp re nal.,ts.
Virginia and North Carolina for 175, 0W. The;
new owners Intend to rebuild the loeksaai-
Widen aad deepen the canal far vssssls ettsssj
ktrfeetrdrftsgkt.and ssaketM r m the eesyj
hrt fitsaH watenray of isse-Aa sslsss
Kiseperaad SetteTWer CSB fM.hM hT Wf sCj
MBHSS ISM irOSS liASSSBMBMB, SSSrVBSBBSiSSS
PseqaetosVk river at the ead of this
by tM head at CarUtaok 8oa4.
Ta a market street furniture stemta'
Philadelphia is exhibited a parlor suite tstacu ,
ssM to be unique, with oe, exceptkra, la tWe''J
a stselfl fan forming the seat and aaotberithal
back of tbe chair. Tbe frame work Is of fMt f
beat weed. Two fans maxe a pretty saeeaeat i
tarh caehloned bottoatof a tete-a-tete. 84
even the table-top is of fans. It was mssW.ta
order for a West Philadelphia rssMaaee.' swell
the only other suite like it Is 1st Xvw zerkTI
Both were modeled after designs skewa s MM
A BeoBsier crocodile, aeasuris 17
8 laches, was killed In the Hnsghly rarer a
Utterpara. India, In frost of Jiahoa Jeylrlssssri
Meokerjee's library. The safermteaeaeeCl
tise Dataasbaw powder saaejaxine had MeCJ
esjfetsfeots unsuccessfully, when BaBoe StTjtg
atayaa Mookerjee arrived, and lodged tsweiej
Snider rifle bullets in Its head and tlsaasaeWl
tail v wounded it. Tbe animal ecsssseratod aadS
nearly done to death, ssade for the Sauk aad osvf
reaching it was again assailed bytoe aMoeri
with a fourth bullet, which putaa eed.te'ita-l
life. The carcass made Its appear ee oaitkwJ
mffa.ee of the river, and was ars sdasteraa
by soase boatmen, who exhibited it afterward
to tne inaaDiianu.
The oldest officer ia tbe United)
Navy is Commodore Henry Braee, aew oatstoj
retlreiulst and living la uoston. Jie we aetsxl
oo February 12, 1789, aad wa af ibrtet sTsilda
shlpmanls the navy frosa MassaefcMeMe
November". 1813. Darinc his M years eCJl
in the navy be was 42 years on tbe ! Mtf
but had only 15 years of sea serriMaadsyeatal
of shore duty. Three of his Is years etrsea
service, from 1887 to lose, were . as (H-j
tenant on tne xamous oia mssw
in the Mediterranean sqaadroa; aad assesriyl
command was tbe brig Truxtea. em tase eaasc oza
Africa ia IMS. His last promotiea owtoeaet-1
Ire list was to tbe grade or ceeataesMerosr
September 8, 184L He was retired Septossher
13,1868, but on April ',187. he was promoted!
to uorassoaore, a iavor woica tissusis ob ise c.
tired uet no longer save.
WHAT TUB WITS AM S3AYIXO.
Gwendolin Did young Jack HaadsesM
press his suit warmly last menu ttmnevere ao;r
he preasedmlne. Touao was. . ss
"When Pope bis harp attuned to lofty HJ?h V
Anasungtaese words: "wnauverisiriffni,i
jk ne'er naa ssaeuea a unae-s vue cixarewci i .
Yoabet. CUcaao TrOwMti
The country, citizens, i
Tour prayerful latercessleav
For Monday nut beg-In tbe weeks
When Congress is la seloa.
Tom-ay Paw, what is thei diareace be-a
tweena politician, and a statesmen? Mr. Joj-r B
Aheap. While a man's aUveandIatherpo
Tile's -wit ha Is a politician. After he has besal
dead for 30 or years he becomes a sutesmaa.-J
Jtetort Courteous. "I'd have youuwl
know." said Cholly Van Antwerp, taat.ssyj
reputation is as dear to me as say ose's can be, to
M.1t w 9
"I should juaeuumcoaeeaiKsWsi
reputation like yours, "-eem ior . - J
APartial Victory. Firs loy q.,IaM
awaywMh mother to-day. She tried temebe ssel
come in the house so she could whto ssssTIastd tl
woulda'tdolt. ; .'3fB?H
Second Boy-Bally for yoal What (Hd skedet
Oh, she whipped me, duiksbmws
la the yard, to do It." 'tw Xork Sun.
The aew powers that be ia Bratrii asiesatl
to be searing no effort to make things stsissst Ml
Doss Pedro wha be arrives la Earope. Wejestf
potentate, may appropriately reaurx 10 nis j
an well-wisaersi .-
'Perhaps it was right to dissemble year 1ot7s
Bat why tta y oa kicx me aown stw v-
Tafg Brews mast thiak a great etoskjl
Unit Twang, WJ na u ,uuu)(wm ,
- a n.,ih taltli lu rra RaniUr.
Zhelstv.Mr.Xextasi-Yes, it was Erf"
1 saw hla then. Bat then he esse alee
te issaofc tae Sunday before.
e-Te don't mean ltl Thea a tsssssstal
AarfnaalsseM of herthaa I bad ear idea es. 1
m - la-Mhln A snt (Mod
sir.. IQlflQWWffiWiai, saaa
n asis pise mown aaiawa
ria siiiiJ 1 do. TMBsr l
i to? shuesaad. t l
"I.. . jj.arf&atiji.la. - 3fT
a-vy ji .. R tt.i -' ' J? A