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DECEMBER 1, 188&.
Gebhardt the Glutton
ERNEST H. HEINRICHS.
IWEITTEN TOR THX BISPJITCH.1
Ii D farmer Littlecrop
had a son who was a very
great trouble to him, be
cause the boy was a most
extraordinary glutton. The appetite of the
boy was a constant worry to the father, and
he thought night and day over the matter,
hoping to find at last a means of curing his
boy of that objectionable habit of stuffing
himself. Littlecropunfortunatelyhad many
months to feed, and he was not a very rich
man; in fact he had to be very economical
to satisfy: the wants of all his children.
However, he might have got alone very con
tentedly had it not been for his son Gebhardt.,
It was not verv often that Littlecrop could
afford any meat" for his table, because Geb
hardt would demolish a good-sized calf or
half a cow, a large hog or similar trifles by
himself, and under these circumstances lit
tle was left for others. One day a neighbor
complained that his hen roost had been
robbed, and it was at first supposed that a
for had broken into the stable, out an inves
tigation proved tfiat Gebhardt had eaten 16
hens and two roosters. Another time
it wMnhnntThankEi'iviniT Day a farmer in
the village had killed teu turkevs which he
intended taking to market and sell them.
mind it not, but I killed a good old man
not long ago, because he refused to give me
all the foodl wantedand since then re
morse has struck me and I want to retorm."
The little man looked around at Gebhardt
for a second or two, then he gazed upon the
ground lor another brief moment and then,
as if a very serious thought had struck him,
he said to Gebhardt:
"Now you are just the man I have been
looking for. I am the chief of a very
mighty tribe of dwarfs and we live all up in
the mountains, where we have some very
rich gold and diamond mines. Not long
ago a herd of buffaloes invaded our territory,
and they have been a great trouble to us
ever since. We have succeeded in catching
FISHING FOR TARPON.
Howtho Giant of Game Fish is Cap
tured by Enthusiastic Sportsmen
OFF TflB COAST OF FLORIDA.
Great Skill and a Quick Wrist Keeded by
TOWIKG A BIG CAP1UEB TO BBOEE
Oebhardt Metit the Dwarf.
Gebhardt Bats a Pig.
a large meaaow.
what to do with
But unfortunately Gebhardt had heard
about the fact and he himself walked into
the farmer's larder, stole the turkeys and
ate them all by himself. For these pilfer
ings old Jjittlecrop was sued before the
Jndge, and he of course had to pay for his
"I have to get rid of the boy!" at last
the farmer said. "I cannot keep him
around here any longer; he will eat me into
the pooriiouse and himself into the peniten
tiary." Then be went to an island in the middle
of the river not far from the village, where a
wise old hermit lived in a small shanty. This
hermit was considered an oracle by most of
the people in the neighborhood and when
ever anybody had any trouble this hermit
was not only asLed for advice, but in most
cases he louna such ways ana means so as
to help the people out of their fix. To this
man Littlecrop went and asked him what
he conld do with his boy- The wise hermit
listened to what the farmer had to say, and
when he had finished his story he said:
"Brinjr your son to me. Littlecrop. I think
lean help you and cure him of his habit of
: eating too mnchl"
The farmer was overjoyed and returned
home. The next morning he killed a pig
and put it on tha table for breakfast. He
thought he would give Gebhardt a good
meal as a farewell feast. The boy ate with
a wonderful appetite, and as he finished the
last joint of the pig's tail, the father said:
"I guess now you are satisfied, are you
"Oh, yes, I am satisfied with what I had,
but the pi? was too small, I could eat an
other one like it!"
Old man Littlecrop sighed, because he
really was sorry for his son's unfortunate
appetite. Tnen both went away to the her
mit of theislaud, where the boy was to learn
the peculiar business of not becoming any
hungrier than ordinary people. After the
them and we put them in
But now we do not know
them; however, if you have such an appe
tite as you are trying to make me believe, I
will make you a proposition: "If you will
go wnn me to my nome ana promise wj em
all these buffaloes in three months I will
give vou a large bag of gold. There ar
only 50 of them, and that should not be tooe
much lor you."
"All right," replied Gebhardt, whose
mouth already began to water in anticipa
tion of,the grand feast, "I will do it." He
had forgotten about his resolution to reform.
So they went together into the mountains
where the dwarfs lived.
The next morning Gebhardt began his
task, and he ate two buffaloes atone meal.
"Yon aredoing well!" the dwarf said to
him in the evening, with a merry twinkle in
his eye. Then he left him.
The next day and again the following day
Gebhardt. as usual, ate his two buffaloes.
But after that his appetite seemed suddenly
to have decreased. He conld only manage
to eat one buffalo and a half on the fourth
day, and from that time his appetite seemed
to get less and less with every meal.
Two months were over and he had only
eaten 25 buffaloes, so he had to eat the rest
in a month, and of late he Had only been
able to eat about half a one a dav. ,
"What has become of your appetite?
asked the dwarf one' day with the same
twinkle in his eye. "You have not forgot
ten our contract?"
"No!" meekly said Gebhardt, "but I
don'.t think I shall be able to fulfill my part
However, he tried very hard to win that
bag o! gold. When the last month was up
there were still 10 buffaloes left. On the last
day the dwarf again appeared.
"Well, mv boy," he said to Gebhardt,
"you have really done well and I think
your greedy appetite is about to leave you.
Stay here until you have eaten the rest of
the buffaloes and you will find that you are
not only cured of your gluttony, but 1 will
also make you a rich man with the bag of
gold I promised you."
"But how did X get cured?" asked Geb
hardt. "Verv simply. Man is apt t want too
much cf what tie cannot get. W 1 , 1 gave
von as much food as vou cared io. and the
result has been that you tired ot it very cu"- antl. , c"w?
soon" J soft material offering
A PRACTICAL PMLAMflEOPIST.
The Hermits Jtland Home.
hermit and Gebhardt were alone, the old
man locked the boy up in a cage, which was
just large enough to hold him.
"Now I will give him his regular meal at
regular hours," said the hermit to himself,
"and I think that will cure him. In my
opinion gluttons are not born, but they be
come such by habit and I believe that is all
that is the matter with this one."
When Gebhardt had been in this cage for
two days, he got awfully hungry, because he
had only eaten as much as the hermit had
given him, and that was verv, very little.
The boy was always calling for more food,
hut the old man was not to be moved. At
last the third night, Gebhardt became near
ly mad with hunger. In bis anxiety to get
Eomewing io eat ne iook noia oi the bars of
his cage and shook them until they broke.
When he got out he ran all over the island
and pickedup everything he could find and
ate it. First he went into the hermit's
garden. He pulled all the potatoes, the
corn, the vegetables and the fruit out of the
ground and he consnmed that with a fever
ish voracity. Then he entered the house and
broke into the hermit's storehouse, where
all the jam pots, the preserves and every
thing else eatable was disposed of. But
still he was not satisfied and when the old
hermit opposed his fnrtner search for more
food, the Boy became frantic With one fell
swoop he knocked the old man down and
killed him. But the sight of the dead man
brought him to his senses.
"I am a murdererl I am a murderer!"
he cried, "What shall I do, what shall I
ran ont of the house as fast as he could
and never stopped until he got to the end of
the island. Here he Jumped into the river
to swim across. While in the water he sud
denly noticed a shoal of big fish. As he
saw them his hunger came back again and
catching all he conld he ate them while he
was swimming. When he came ashore, he
met a dwarf who seemed to be bent upon
going a very long way, because he walked
so fast. Gebhardt got up to him and soon
the two talked toeether about various things.
m "Where are yon bound for?" the dwarf
. "I would like to find a man who can cure
,.nu from my appetite. I am the most un
fortunate fellow you evermet, lam always
so hungry that nothing in this world seems
to appease my want of eating. I used to
The Adrlce Giyrn by Greeley to a FooIIib
Horace Greeley had the reputation of be
ing a practical philanthropist, and his ad
vice was sought by hundreds of strangers,
whose only excuse for intruding upon him
was that they needed connsel, and that he
had the brains that conld advise them.
One day, while he was writing an import
ant letter in his office, a boy, 15 years old,
entered the room, and, standing near the
door and behind the editor's chair, said,
"Mr. Greeley, I have come to ask your ad
vice." "Say on," answered the editor, without
stopping his pen or even glaneing at the boy.
"The only relative I have here," con
tinued the boy, "is my sister. I have been
boarding with her, and she let me have
board so cheap that I conld earn money
enough to pay her, and have something leit
to buy my clothes. Now I have quarreled
with tier, ana am boarding at another place,
where they charge me all I can earn for mv
Doara, not so gooa as i naa at my sister s,
and I have nothing left to pay or my
clothes. What shalll do?"
"Is yonr sister married?" asked Mr.
Greeley, without looking up or stopping
"Is she a respectable woman?"
"Go straight to your sister and tell her
that you are ashamed of yourself, and ask
for forgiveness. If she will take you, go
back and live with her, and atter this re
member that if your own sister is not your
friend, you will not be likely to., find anv
friend in New York City."
The boy departed without another word,
and Mr. Greeley had not even seen him, so
engrossed was he with his writing. This
poor boy did not personally know Mr.
Greeley, but, being in distress, sought him
ont in a city of several hundred thousand
people as the man to give him eood advice.
"It was a higher compliment than I had
ever before seen conferred upon anyone,"
writes the Hon. Eli Thaver, who was pres
ent at the interview, and reports it in his
"History of the Kansas Crusade."
WaiTTIK FOB TUB SIS PATCH. 1
As the winter season draws near those
fortnnate ones who are classified as habitual
winter tonrists are beginning to lay their
plans for the coming period of cold weather.
The sportsman of every degree is looking to
his guns, his rods and his dogs, and pro
poses to have a season of sport that will far
outstrip all previous ones.
There is nowhere in this great, broad ex
panse of territory known as the United
States of America that is so little known
and so much sought after as the sporting
districts of fair Florida.
The southwestern portion of that great
State abounds with bear, the fighting wild
hog, deer, Wild turkeys, catamount, quail,
rabbit, duck, snipe, flamingo, heron, eagle,
owl, innumerable small birds, alligator,
fish ofall kinds, and last but not least, the
gamey tarpon. Western Pennsylvania may
be proud of the fact that she owns the
champion tarpon fisher in the person of
Senator Quay, who holds the record of
catching the largest tarpon ever hooked.
Tarpon fishing is a sport with which the
average sportsman is not at all familiar, and
a description of where and how to catch the
fighting tarpon might be somewhat,; season
able. To get to the haunts of the tarpon, it
win oe necessary nrst to go to that great
mecca of winter tourists, Jacksonville;
there yon take the Jacksonville, Tampa and
Key West Bailroad to Tampa. From the
latter place to Punta Gorda, and thence by
steamer to Punta Bossa. Punta Bossa is
situated at the mouth of the Chattahoochee
river, Charlotte harbor, on the gulf side of
Florida. There is but one solitary house at
the Punta and that is the station terminus
oi the Havana cable and Southern terminus
of the Western Union lines. There is quite
a story connected with this quaint old tele
graph office. Years ago it was used as
A 3VEENMENT POET,
and has considerable prominence in the his
tory of the Seminole Wars. There can still
be seen on the stont logs .hat form the thick
rafters the roughly carvtu names of Han
cock and Sherman and others not quite so
famous. When the Government had no
further use for this rough bnt trusty old
wooden tort it was sold to the Western
Union people, who installed George Schultz
as their manager, and who occupies that po
sition to-day. That part of the fort not
needed for telegraphic purposes, Schnltz
has fitted np as a hotel, bis patrons being
exclusively tarpon fishers and an occasional
hunter. He has named it the Tarpon House.
Another interesting thing is that all news
ot any public interest troni the North
Schultz keeps his patrons informed on,
thanks to his little telegraphic instrument.
But as to the tarpon, arrived at Punta
Bossa, you hire your boat and guide and
and buy your bait. Three dollars per day
is the cost of this service. The
cuides are almost entirely Spaniards.
Now and then an occasional
intelligent negro will be fonnd. The Span
iards are, as tar as I have learned, bright,,
interesting fellows, and decidedly good
company. They are as much interested in
the catch and the ultimate success of their
patrons as the latter are themselves. Opin
ions differ is to the fishing gear to be used,
bnt the most popular seems to be a stout
bamboo bass rod not split bamboo a coarse
braided codfish snell, a No. 12 Hall line,
and No. 10 Sprout hooks. Sometimes a
heavier line is nsed, say Nos, 15 to 18, bnt a
No. 12 seems to be preferable. The braided
snell is brought into requisition because a
tarpon's jaws are very much like a pair of
shears, and if anything but a soft braid got
between those awfnl jaws, it wonld be cut in
two as cleanly as though with a knife, but
with the braided snell the tarpon chews,
cuts, and chews again, but the
soft material offerine no resistance, he
fails to cut through it, and it
one of the Click variety, capable of holding
1,000 feet of line. The bait is generally a
large chunk of mullet weighing about a
half-pound. The boats used are stout,
staunch and water-tight, and for the most
part are of the Whitehall make.
keep plenty of line between the boat and the
fish. More fish are lost through an utter
disregard of the last rule than from any
other cause. The tarpon is a game fighter,
and fair as long as he does not see his captor,
but if you restrict your line so as
to get him close enough to see
your beat and connect i.,1"1
the cause of his trouble, why, you will lose
your prize. There will be a sudden spurt
and a flash, and your fish is speeding
through the water at a rate that simply
defies checking or following. Your line
goes out and you have a choice of losing all
or part of your eear. It is a good plan to
keep at least 400 feet or line between you
and the fish. Another thing in favor of
that amount of line is the fact that towing
so much weight of line through the water
has the effect of tiring the fish.
AN EXHILABATmO SPORT.
The rapture of such a fight, the untiring
energy of the fish, the brilliancy of the
dashes, the gamey struggles, the magnifi
cent leaps out ot the water, the skill and
subtlety of the tarpon is only known to
thosfe who have had the pleasure 8D e
citement of hooking one of them. The
tarpon is rightly named the king of fishes,
not alone in point of appearance, but by the
tenacity with which, he retains his
hold on life and his indomitable pluck.
The nervous strain on the fisherman is in
tense, but it is pleasant. His hand gives
oat first, and no wonder. When you
have held a rod in your bands as tightly as
possible the muscles of your fingers and
wrists beuin to ache badlv. The sruide. how
ever, will come to your relief and release
7n- ' . 3
The fish I have seen caught have varied
from 77 pounds tol61 pounds. The time
spent fighting them varies from 30 minutes
to one hour and 35 minutes. To get a fish
weighing 161 pounds in the boat is, of
course, impossible, and so when he has be
come thoroughly tired out the line is hauled
up and the guide gaffs him. The fisherman
holds the gaff while the boat is rowed to
some shallow spot and the fish secured.
The tarpon is a species of the herring
family. Its exclusive diet Is hardshell crabs
and mullet -The shells of the crab are
crushed to a powder in itspowerful jaws. Its
flesh, which is very oily, is like halibut.
The Spaniards and negroes eat it, after salt
ing, with considerable relish.
The excitement of such a chase and fight
is something that beggars description. It is
healthy, invigorating, and the experience
once gone throngh with is one never to be
forgotten. ' C. D. Hughes.
COOKING IN GERMANY
Why Germans Smile at American
Affectation for French Dishes.
A TEDTOH'S GASTRONOMIC TASTES.
Bill of "Fare for a
TUB SECEET OF BAVofil SAUEEKBA0T
ALL ABOUT CANARY-BIRDS.
Wbcre They Come From nnd How Tbey Are
Untied and bold.
"I see you've got in quite a large stock of
canaries," was the remark of a Globe repor
ter to a Boston bird man yesterday.
"Yes," was the reply, "you see this is
what we call canary bird season. For the
past month or so aDout every steamer from
Germany has brought large invoices
of these yellow songsters to the American
ports. This will continue until abont the
middle of January, when the German bird
catchers will stop sending,orsend only small
"Do you expect to sell all yon have here
"Oh, yes," he replied, "and many more
besides. I have been in the business for a
good many years now, and I can calculate
pretty close on the number I can sell, for
the sales are abont the same each year.
They may vary a few dozen birds, but not
more than that."
"Do any of the birds yon get come from
me uanary isianasr
"No, indeed, all of them are imported
from Germany. I don't know why it is, but
a great many people think that these birds
come from those islands, but I never heard
of any but German birds, that is, unless
tney were canaries bred in the countries
where imported birds were taken."
"I suppose there are people in Germany,
then who make a business of raising them,
are there not.
"Yes, some Germans do nothing else bnt
raise the birds for export trade. In some of
the large German cities, Hamburg, for in
stance, there are several large houses who
raise birds entirely for jobbers inNew York,
with whom they have contracts to 1 nrnish
them so many hundreds of birds a season."
"Are thpse'eanaries long lived?"
"Well, tnat depends a great deal on what
you would call long life. Their average
lite, however, is about 10 years, although I
have known some to live a great deal
A P0ST0FFI0K EATEN UP
The Kind One Get From a Doctor WUhont
Paving for It.
Detroit Free rress.1
"Doctor," lie said, as they met on the
platform of the street car, "can 1 get a little
advice of you?"
"Well, no. I simply want to ask a ques
tion or two, and being I'm an old patient of
yours you won't think of charging me."
"Well, my feet are troubling me and I
"Say! Cut 'em right off 1" interrupted
the doctor. "I've often wondered why you
didn't do it I've got to get off here good
In the Gloaraloc.
In the gloaming, in the gloaming,
Hide by, side and hand in band.
Joyously we two went roaming
Through love's flowery Eden-land.
All the world was lull of gladness.
All the hours were fnll of song.
Throngh which not a note Of sadness
Mingled as we strayed along.
In the gloaming.
In the gloaming. In the gloaming.
Had and bitter is my moan,
All the hours of happy roaming
Have, for me, forever flown.
All tbo world is full ot sallnees,
AH the dan aro dr3.r nnd Inn
Not a song or note of gladness
Greets me as I stmggle on,
In the eloaming.
THE TABPOH SEASON.
The time for trifling with the maiestio
tarpon is limited to two months, March and
April being the months devoted to his
capture. The fish are more plentiful in
April, bnt I have known a good catch to
be made as late as the first week in March.
Suppose now that we are at the Tarpon
House at Punta Bossa. "After a good break
fast we walk down to the boats. Any time
of the day, however, is a cood timefor
tarpon. Well, we procure our cuide and
get afloat with the rest of the fleet, for there
is always a crowd going out. Every guide
has his own landmarks, and it is to those
points that he is bound to take you. So in
a short time after the start, the score or more
boats are scattered over the radius of prob
ably two miles. Some anchor up the river,
others hug the shore closely, while stilt
others go out into the bay. Having come to
anchor, the hooks are baited, and good Ions
throws are made. The rods, for everybody
nses two rods, are lain in the stern of the
boat, and about 25 feet of slack line is coiled
up in the seat. Then you light yonr cigar
and sit down and wait patiently, keep your
eye on your line, and if it is a good morning
you will see the slack begin to play out reg
ularly and very swiitly.
Sharks and tarpons always travel together,
the sharks far outnumbering the tarpons, so
when you see your line going ont pretty fast
the first qnestion that arises in your mind is,
"Is it tarpon or shark?" Bnt you can soon
determine. The minute that the tarpon
swallows yonr bait and finds that all is not
exactly right, he makes a rush for the surface
and makes a splendid leap in the air. On
the contrary, the shark gets sulky and
makes off throngh the water at lightning
like speed. So if yon find your line going
out rapidly, and in a second there leaps into
the air a great and magnificent creatnre,
who glistens like silver sheen in the sun
light, you are safe in wagering all you own
that it is a tarpon. Then is the time that
the fisherman in a man's composition shows
itself, the moment the fish leaps into the
air the sportsman, "strikes." It he did so
while his line was paying out beneath the
surface, he would lose his fish, because the
tarpon's mouth is sufficiently hard to resist
the sharpest hooks.
A SKILLFUL TEICK.
If the angler be skilltul, he can, while
the tarpin is still in the air, by a dextrous
touch of the line, throw him over so that he
will strike the water on his side, when he
descends. This movement is ipr the purpose
of "winding" the fish and coninsing him.
Tbe operation is peculiarly a delicate one,
because if you are not more than ordinarily
skilltnl a shortsnapwill be heard, and away
goes yonr line.
The minnte a fish leaps in the air there is
a general cry of "tarpon" throughout the
fleet, and" a general examination of the lines
in every boat Alter the examination,
which don't take a second, those who find
that they are not the lucky ones soon
make haste to get out of the way of the boat
whose fortunate owner has hooked the prize.
This is necessary. I have seen men who
have hooked their fish pass in and out
throngh the entire fleet three times. The
tarpon is much the same as other game fish,
tbe essential part of the catching is to keep
a steady strain on him. This cannot be
done with the rod alone, so the guide runs
the boat in tbe same direction taken by the
frightened nnd frantic giant wherever it
rnsbes or darts, or in its steady flights.
There are two rules that are very neces
sary in the capture of tarpon: First, give
him a chance to devour the bait, and second
And a Pair of Pants Mnnnfnctnrcd Ont of
the City Hall.
Chicago Herald 1
Shortly alter the opening of Oklahoma a
lusty son of Sweden was returning East
poorer in purse but richer in experience
and thoroughly disgusted with the Eldorado
of the Indian Territory. A fellow passen
ger underfoot: to nnd out why his stay had
been so short. The Swede gave him a
serious and yet a laughable replv, in the
sing-song dialect of his race, easy to
mimic bnt hard to express in cold,
unsympathetic type. "Veil," he said, "I
leave that Okal-ahoma because it vas such
heall of a place; it was all over a tent; no
house, no cabin, no shanty, notting but
tents everwere. Postoffice vas tent. City
I Hall vas tent,bnildings all vas tents. First
night ,1 sleep there billygoat he come and
eat up postoffice; second night, drunken In
dian, he come and steal city hall to make
pair ot pants. I not stay in such heall of
Another story is on a poor Scandanavian
who located a claim in Dakota, the law
obliging him to live on the place five years.
At the end of four years he returned to the
Sonth, and being met by a friend was asked
the cause of his return. He was, if any
thing, more disenchanted than the other
Swede. He said: "First year I lose all my
money; secona year i lose all my grain;
third year I lose all my hogs, and tonrth
year, in the spring, along come grass
hopper and jump the claim."
rwBrrmr ron thi pisPATfH.1
Tbe difference between French, Italian
and German cooking is iu the sauces. To
an American, the cooking seems of each
nationality to be the same, but a foreign
epienre can select the difference instantly.
The average American, if he likes cook
ing at all, is apt to affect the French style,
because, to use a slang phrase of the time,
it is the' "proper caper" it is considered
the fashion. It is astonishing, and also
amusing to a German to see what curi
ous culinary compounds an American will
devour if they only have a French name
attached to them. The plainest dishes
served with a poorly made sauce are, to
the American taste, transformed into
delicious repasts if they are only called
by a high-sounding French name. I have
witnessed this phenomenon myself at a cer
tain prominent New York club with which
I was, some years also, officially connected.
The American will tell you that German
cooking is too rich, it is too neavy for him,
but, mark my words, when he once becomes
acquainted with first-class German cooking
he will have no other. People who patronize
the very cheap German restaurants of
course cannot get a correct ideaof Geraian
cooking any more than you can judge about
American cooking from the dishes served in
a 10-cent eating house in the Bowery.
That Germans, as a nation, appreciate
the value of good eating is shown by their
cookery schools in the old country. These
schools are for young women who want to
fit themselves to be housewives. They are
not to be found in every part of Germany,
but are established in many districts, espe
cially in the northwestern provinces. A
girl may be a countess or spring from the
ranks of the common people, but the cus
toms of the country require that whoever
she is she should
KNOW HOW TO COOK.
wash, iron, to clean rooms, to mend the
linen, and to plant a garden. Of course it
is not to be understood that all girls, even
in those parts of Germany where the cus
tom generally prevails, are forced to under
go this training. Very many, as may be
imagined, think it; and some parents do not
feel the necessity of imposing this nsetul
education on their daughters. But the
good sense of the majority of the Germans
makes them alive to the advantages of this
custom. For it must be remembered, tbat
whether a woman's life obliges her to do
these things or not, and even if her position
in the world allows her to keep as many ser
vants as she chooses, these veVy servants ex
pect her to know how to do all tbe work
which she reanires of them. Tfiere is only
one difference between a baroness and the
child of a tradesman; the latter learns tbe
several duties which I have mentioned in
her father's house and from her mother,
while the former leaves home to learn the
same details of domestic service in a strange
An idea of what is a first-class German
dinner mav be obtained by erlanciner at the
following bill of fare:
Bouillon in Tassen mit Pastetchen,
Gestreiter Barsch mit Butter sauce,
Rehrucken mit Rahm sauce,
Westphallscher Schinken mit
Robhuhner mit Salat nnd compot,
Obst, Kase, Cafe.
the liquid will remain on top. It is well to
let the sauerkrant rest on a few large leave
from outside the cabbage; leaves should also
be placed On tOD instead nf a ninth mi thn
, taste will thus be improved. The cab
bage will ferment in two or three
weeks, though it may remain in the
barrel much longer, and as a consequence,
becomes more sour. When it is token out
it should be cooked slowly for three hours
and it tastes better if a piece of fresh fat
Por " put in, but not enough to spoil the
c ii e sanerkraut, when fresh made, is
of a light color; the older it is the darker
colored it becomes. It must be boiled in
cold water, not more than half, a pot full,
because, if too much water is used the vege
table will lose its color. The fire should be
a slow one so that the jnice or gravy will
not all boil awav. Some like sauerkraut
when it is made fresh, others like it when it
has been made and warmed over. This last
method of serving itaccountsfor the celerity
with which orders for this dish are filled at
tbe German restaurants. The hitrhestor
"toniest" style of cooking this dish is to add
to it aelass, a half bottle, or a bottle of
champagne, according to the quantity of
the food, just before it is sent to the table.
The flavor of the champagne makes one of
the best of German dishes taste still better.
Spinach cooked in the German style is a
favorite dish with Americans. This vegeta
b.e must be boiled quickly in considerable
salt water. In the water in which it is
boiled there is put some fine chopped onion,
some flower, some meat gravy, pepper and
salt, and the spinnach is boiled a second
time. If it Is cooked with a good deal of
uuuer it is still more toothsome. It mnst.
of course, be chopped very fine; some cooks
chop it so fine that it can be strained throngh
a sieve, when it is called a puree of spinach.
SOME OEBMAK DAINTIES.
The Hungarian gonlash which is served
so constantly at the down town restaurants
in New York is really nothing more than
beef stew, only of course it is prep'ared
much more slowly and carefully than the
similar dish prepared in the American style.
The ingredient in the goulash which has
most todo with giving the dish its peculiar
flavor is a certain kind of red pepper im
ported from Hungary.
"German cooking," however, is an ex
ceedingly general term. Though there are
some dishes, quite a number, which are
cooked in substantially the same manner by
sll Teutons, there is what may be called
cooking peculiar to high Germans and low
Germans. The last named class of foreign
ers have dishes prepared after their own
fashion and entirely different from anything
in theVulinary calendar of the high Ger
man coot. They are good dishes all the
same, but suited only, through long genera
tions of custom, to the palate of tbat branch
of the great German race. Some people
suppose that garlio is made considerable nse
ot in German cookinr. but this is not the
fact It is used in tbe preparation of only
a few dishes, and then in a" very small
quantity, but German Hebrews make use of
it very largely. Oil is used, especially in
boiling fish, which is coated with oil when
It Is to be cooked in that way.
Of course Germans, like other people, eat
according to their taste, their fondness for
the good things of the table and their finan
cial ability to gratify the same. The Ameri
can likes a great variety of food and the haste
with which his cook prepares the dishes for
his consumption is in marked contrast to the
care and patience bestowed by the German
cook or housewife in the preparation of a
meal. The ordinary German eats but little
for breakfast, a cup ot coffee, some Swiss or
Limburger cheese with rye bread or a bit of
sausage. He is fond of "pumpernikle" and
knows tbat it is a wholesome food, for scien
tists have testified that life can be sustained
by its use alone. He is fond of vegetables
and stews for his dinner, of meat of all kinds.
more especially weiner schnitzel, he cares
very little for pies or puddings but likes to
sip at his principal meal either a schoppen
of good rhine wine or a class of homely
lager beer as the condition of his pocket
book will justify. L. F. Seniza,
Superintendent German Liederkranz
Club, New York.
THE FIRESIDE SPHUl
A Collection of Mmatjcal flats for
Addreu communications for this department
to E.R. Chadboues. Lewiston, Maine.
832 CHANGED HEADS.
Twas headless at first yet it surely "did eat?'
Prefixing a head, it grows mild or effete;
Next change gives a dainty.somewhat obsolete;
The next is an Arab's particular treat:
With tbe next you may strive, but you'll snrely
The next finds its place 'twlxt tbe nodseand
The next Is a passion you'll shun if discreet;
-uo next is a iaay you're certain to meet;
Next, "better than never," we often repeat;
The next Is a chess player's finishing feat;
The next a boy's nickname 'tis short If not
The next fs what every one has,if complete;
Tbe next Is to value or censnre with beat;
And tbe last is to fill until more than replete,
The first, when 'tis due, should be settled with
Change its head, 'tis the name of a sweet, spicy
Change again, 'tis to finish, to stuff, or to feed;
Next change gives a measure, a small one, in
deed; From tbe next you look down on the low, level
1 he next is a miss of whom all children read;
The next names a blnnriv and riminaratA ripAri.
The next change supplies many things that we
The next you mnst take as the doctor decreed;
The next will refresh both tbo rider and steed;
At the next jou may stumble unless you take
The next by a robber was opened for ereed;
And the last yon must have if you wish to suc
The first is a poison, avoid it with care:
Change the bead, you may use it while taking
the air; '
The next comes from Denmark, or, may be,
The next Is a building for worship or prayer:
Tbe next is a girl's name that's not at aft rare:
The next sought the pole, but fonnd no thor
oughfare; Tbe next is a roadway where rustics repair:
The next you will find is a growth of Ioog hair:
The next fs your window stands shining and
The next you mnst be, or you've cause to
The next stands exalted, and points every
where; And tbe last the moon does when it grows thin
and spare. M. C. 8.
833 TWO EIVEBS.
We went to a river
And soon were wed;
The river went on
And stood at the head,
And became another
River instead. Aidtx.
834 A TBATELES'S PROBLEM.
Ilia fume and working sua who hare been oat &
the mad all day can wash their boots deaabefon
and Dry t if dressed with
Hike housekeeping easier.
Saves Sweepfng and Scrubbing
The boots win wear a great deal longsr, wQ not get
stiff and hard m snow water or rain, and will bs
that roar husband and sons use it. Once a week
forOests' Shoes and once a month for Ladies'.
Unaqniledaaa Harness DresalngasdPreserrec
Sold by Shoe Stores, Grocers, Druggist, ie.
WOLFF & RANDOLPH, phiudelphijCS
AX EXCLUSIVE MINIbTEE.
A NEW OCCUPATION.
An Ofllctal Gosalp and What Bis Dntlei
It is a great pity tbat among the improve
ments which have been introduced by the
progress of civilization it has not yet come
about that an official gossip bas been ap
pointed. The people of the present genera
tion are no better off in the matter of having
their chit-chat accurate than were their
grandmothers, with the additional disad
vantage that the multiplicity of subjects
which the times has introduced into life
makes it a hundred times harder for them
to keep everything straight in their minds
and in thetelling.
An official gossip should be a person
whose business it should be to set right all
rumors, to correct all false reports, and in
general to keep the gossip of tbe day
straight. Of course everybody who was
likely to be talked about wonld give to the
official gossip the version of affairs which
he or she wished put in circulation, and
this the official gossip would correct at dis
cretion for of all things it wonld be neces
sary that the official gossip have the greatest
possible supply of discretion in the light
of such other information as was forthcom
ing. FXPEETSARE RIGHT FOE 0XCE.
Mnnganeae Reported Found Where It mi
.Thought It Conld be Had.
It is claimed tbat iron ore, manganese,
has been fonnd near Peoria in inexhausti
ble quantities. The vein is 15 feet thick
and extends over a large territory. Speci
mens of the ore have been sent to Pittsburg
for analysis and assay. If the report is
favorable measures will be taken at once to
connect it with the new rolling mill, and
blast furnaces will be erected to rednce it.
Experts have long Insisted that there is
iron ore in that vicinity, x
I will make a few comments on this repast
for the benefit of tne English reader. The
dinner commenced'with oysters, followed by
a soup containing bits of dough, something
like puff paste, this is made with a pound
of butter to a pound of flour, great care being
taken to make it of tbe proper stiffness be
fore it is pnt in the oven to bake for about
25 ruinates. When it is taken from the
oven it is cut into pieces representing differ
ent figures. The next dish is an entree
served in umpsel shells; sometimes it is
made ot sweet breads, sometimes chicken or
some kind of fish chopped np fine with eggs
and different spices. Then comes striped
bass. This is boiled in a liqnid containing
half water and half vinegar, or some lemon
juice instead. By this method of boiling,
the fish is kept hard. The spices nsed in
the process are pepper, onions, carrots, cel
ery, the roots of parsley, cloves, lemons, and
a good deal of salt. This is served with the
next dish which is a peculiar kind of im
ported potato, very small and as yellow as
tne yolK ot an egg.
THE PIECE SE RESISTANCE.
Then we have a saddle of venison with
cream sauce. After the venison is skinned
and larded it is cooked for about an hoar in
a very hot oven. The side pieces from the
saddle are not roasted but serve, with the
addition of carrots, onions, celery and other
vegetables that may be in season, to make a
rich sauce, after it is roasted brown and has
added to it some flour and some meat gravy
in which it is cooked; before being sent to
the table some sonr cream is added to it,
which, by the way, gives the name "Bahm
Sauce." The fresh peas which follow are
boiled in a pot containing a little onion,
pepper, salt a spoonful or two of meat
gravy (an ingredient which the cooks
always keeps in stock), a teaspoonfnl of
four and a little sugar to give the Irish a
The Westphalia ham which follows is "an
imported article and is eaten raw. It is cut
into very small and thin slices and served
with a sance of wbich asparatos forms the
principal part. The sauce is made in a
liquid consisting of half asparatus gravy
and half meat gravy, mixed with the yolks
of eggs, sweet cream, nutmeg and at the last
a aash of vinegar or white wine; to two
quarts of sauce, two dinner spoonfuls of
wine vinegar, or what would be the same
thing, lemon juice, might be added. This
is a very fine sance and has the appearance
of mayonnaise, though it has the taste ot
asparatus. The Boman punch is the kind
commonly sold in the confectioners from
whom it is generally ordered; maraschino is
sometimes added to it to give it a fine taste.
The dish which follows, this is partridges
with a salad. The birds are generally baked
in an oven, not more than three-quarters of
an bour, as otherwise they become too dry.
Then we pnt in tbe pan, somecarrots, onions,
salt; they roast a light brown and are taken
out, when some meat gravy is put in tbe
pan. To thicken the gravy, two tea spoon
sful of cornstarch are added and the gravy is
cooked, not too thick, but so as to appear
blown and clear. This is used for the
partridges which is served with a salad,
prepared in the usual fashion and some
kind ot preserves. The dinner concludes
with ice cream, fruit, cheese and coffee.
It is of course to be supposed that the gen
tleman who has partaken of this excellent
meat nas not connnea nimseii entirely to
solids. He bas aided digestion by partaking
of some brand ot wine peculiar to the Fader
laud, Steinberger, Johnmesberger, Hoch
heimer, Ceidesheimer, Assmanshauer, Leib
fraumilch or Bnedesheimer.
There are certain dishes of which the
Germans and many Americans, too, are par
ticularly fond and in the making of wbich
they are adepts. Tbe far-famed and oft-derided
sauerkraut is one of them. To make
a satisfactory dish of sauerkraut the cabbage
sliced for use must be good and hard, the
size of the vegetable being immaterial. It
must be cut very fine, and if you want a
great deal, mnst be pnt in a barrel with a
little salt; but vou can make a small Quan
tity in a stone far. The cabbage mnit be i -.
packed iu very tord and tight, 9 tightibatj;
How China's Representative Keeps Himself
Aloof From the Social World.
Washington Correspondence Chicago Newa.j i
The present Chinese Minister is verv ex
clusive in his habits. His predecessor was
one of the most agreeable and popular men
in society, and was always to be seen wher
ever anything interesting was going on, and
all the attaches of the legation also took an
active part in the gaieties of Washington.
The present Minister, Mr. Hen, not only
does not propose to indnlee in social feativi
ties himself, but has prohibited the attaches
of the legation from doing so, which de
prives Washington society of some of its
most attractive ornaments. ,Mr. Hen is the
first Chinese Minister to the United States
to bring his wife with him, but be might as
well have left her at home so far as the out
side world is concerned, for she, it is under
stood, will remain a reclnse.
A prominent gentleman and lady in this
city, who lived some time in China and
have been very intimate at the legation ever
since it was estaDiisneu here, called upon
the Minister and bis,' wife the other after
noon, having first given notice of their in
tention to do so. The Minister received
them very cordially in the parlor
upon their arrival and sent a servant for his
wife, who came down wearing a coronet of
gold and diamonds. She is a little woman,
not bigger than a child of 10 years, and her
feet are so small that she conld scarcely
walk across the room. She chatted pleas
antly, however, through an interpreter, and
as the caller was the first American lady
she had ever come in contact with, she had
a great many curions questions to ask about
the manners and customs of women in this
A few days later the call was returned
with great ceremony, and then followed an
invitation to dinner. The Minister accepted
for himself, but sent bis wife's regrets, with
an explanation that, as she had never dined
except in the Chinese fashion, she desired to
be excused. She was informed that there
would be no other guests, bnt held to her re
fusal, and sent as a peace offering a hand
somely carved chest filled with the richest
silks, which will form a portion of the
trousseau of the young lady of the family,
who is soon to be married. The Minister
came to the dinner, bnt not being used to
the knives and forks at the table fonnd
much difficulty in eating. About all tbe
poor man could get to his mouth was bread
dawn with flame-tipped
Two steamers. A and C, are traveling In par
allel and opposite directions, as shown by the
arrows in the accompanying diagram. A buoy,
B, is stationed between them at a point only
one-half as far from A as from O. Tbe steamer
Aistravellncrattbe rate of 11 miles an honr.
and a passenger on board of A, walklne at the
rate of 3 miles an honrfrom bow to stern of the
vessel, flnds that while so walking he remains
directly in line with B and C. How fast is the
steamer V traveling. J. H. Fezahdib.
The two of dawn, "the bright and moraine
Gleams palely in the rose o'er-sbadowed blue.
For one is near.
.tier herald is the
She waves o'er mountain, valley, lake and
And one is here.
After a night of fever and unrest.
Of search for sleep a vain and useless guest
To Invalid eyes
How fair the all gleams through the ether
How calming is its glance, how clear and true,
, --, From far-oil skies.
As Ed walked stately down tbe street, '
And stirring thoughts nrged bim on faster.
Some wind-blown rootlets snared his feet
And brought on him a small disaster.
Quoth he: "For this I'll take its bead.
And teach it not to send folks sprawling."
The act was done as soon as said,
Bnt quickly, too, onr lad was falling.
Tbe ugly thing in meaner shape
Had risen while the boy had tumbled;
He's up again a cut to make,
Bnt this, too. leaves him badly humbled.
Yet twlse again he strikes a blow;
For these we see he bas been bleeding.
Once more he whacks this hydra foe.
nnt now ne-s iea wno snoald be leading.
The plucky lad mnst watch his chance.
There yet remains one head to sever:
'Tis done, now see bim prondly prance,
Our .L'd alone, erect as ever.
Men of To-Day.
L Lad at true sham. 2. Man cries: w do
try. a Tom was elated at nieht. 4. He ran
'ponjoke of Bess. 6. 1 see pile legal man's
jib B. O. Chester.
A cavern dark and long.
Whence lssne wail andsonc-
A red bridge moist and strong.
Where white-robed millers thrc
814 FESJf AVESDE, riTTSBURG. PA.
As old residents know and back flies of Pitts,
burg papers prove, is the oldest established
and most prominent physician in tbe city, de
voting special attention to -all chronic diseases.
MCDUfll ICan(1 mental diseases physical
II L. n V U U Odecay. nervous debility, laclc ot
energy, ambition and hope, impaired memory,
disordered sight, self distrust, bashfalness,
dizziness, sleeplessness, pimples, eruptions, im
poverished blood, falling powers, organic weak
ness, dyspepsia, constipation, consumption, un
fitting the person for business, society and mar
riage, permanently, safely and privately cured.
BLOOD AND SKINstateTtioni!
blotches, falling hair, bones, pains, glandular
swelling, ulcerations of tongue, month, throat
ulcers, old sores, are enred for life, and blood
poisons tborongbly eradicated from the system.
IIPIMARV kidney and bladder derange
UnilMnn I jments, weak back, gravel, ca
tarrhal discharges, inflammation and other
painful symptoms receive searching treatment
prompt relief and real cures.
Dr. Whlttler's life-long, extensive experi
ence, insures scientific and reliable treatment
on common-sense principles. Consolation free.
Patients at a distance as carefully treated as It
here. Office hours 9 A. M. to 8 P. M, Sunday,
10 A. JT. to 1 P. IT. only. DR. WHTTTIEB, 811
Penn avenue, Pittsburg, Pa.
A Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise on.
inetrrorsoi lontn, iTematnreuecnne,xervona
and Physical Debility, Impurities of the Blood,
Resulting from Folly. Vice. Ignorance, Ex
cesses or Overtaxation. Enorratinsr and nnflt-
tin tbe Tictim for Work, Business, the Mar
riage or Social Relations.
Avoid unskillful pretenders. Possess this
great work. It contains 300 pages, royal 8vo.
eantlfnl binding, embossed, full gilt. Price,
only $1 by mail, postpaid, concealed in plain
wrapper. Illustrative Prospectus Free, If yon.
apply now. the distinguished author. Wm. H.
Parker. M. D., received the GOLD AND JEW.
ELED MEDAL from the National Medical As
sociation, hr this PRIZE ESSAY on NERVOUS
and PHYSICAL DEBILITY. Dr. Parker and a
corps of Assistant Physicians may be oun
snlted. confidentially, by mail or In person, at
the office of THE PEABODY MEDICAL IN
STITUTE, No. 4 Bulfinch St, Boston, Mats., to
whom all orders for books or letters for advice
should be directed as above. aulS-67-Tuvsuwk
SUPERSTITION 100 IKAE3 160.
Belief In Witchcraft Wa Common Among-
The Open Court.1
There is a vague notion abroad in the
minds of our people and in our literature
that witchcraft follies in New England came
to an abrupt close in the seventeenth cen
tury. Such, however, is not the case. The
successors of the two Mathers in the eigh
teenth century did not hesitate to
preach from the pulpit their unwavering
belief in "the work of the devil." Thus,
the Rev. Ebenezer Turell, a graduate of
Harvard, leit at his deatb, in 1778, a manu
script account of a case of wichcraft.
Speaking of divination, he says: "Turn
not the sieve, etc., to know futurities
You only gratify Satan, and invite bim
into your company to deceive you."
Specially interesting is his notice of super
stitious practices current in New England.
The horse-shoe fs a vain thing, and has no
natural tendency to keep off witches, or evil
spirits from the houses or the vessels they are
nailed to. If Satan shonld by such means de
fend you from lesser dangers, 'tis to make nay
for greater ones, and yet fuller possession of
yonr hearts I 'Tis an evil thing to hang witch
Eapers on the neck for tbe enre of the agues, to
ind np tbe weapon instead of tbe wound, and
many thlncs of tbe like nature, which some in
tbe world are fond or.
What a clear insight into superstitious
usages which some of our forefathers were
fond of! How natural the minister's ad
vice sounds !
Yassar girls presented a play the other
evening. Very appropriately it was entitled
FINE PBIZKS TOR DECEMBEB.
A useful and very desirable book, nlmtv
printed and handsomely bound. will be awarded
each of tbe senders of the best three lots of
answers to "The Fireside Sphinx" published in
December. The answers should be forwarded
weekly, and fnll credit will be given each com
petitor at the close of tbe month.
SO "Old songs tonch a broken heart."
825-L O C LB, cold. 2. File, life.
T H JU A M O N a 8
H E T U N D S
S O R E a
R JS B
828 Camel, meal, lame, male.
829 L George Bancroft. 2. Thomas Carlyle.
3. Kamnel Daniel. 4. Clande Charles FanrieL
5. Edward Gibbon. 6. Sir Francis Palgraye.
830 Imp: imp-art, imp-each, imp-air. imp
irons. Imp-ale, Imp-art, imp-lore, lmp-unlty
db. K a west's Nerve and bbaet
Treatment, a guaranteed specific for hysteria,
dizziness, convulsions, fits, nervous neuralgia,
headache, nervous prostration caused by tha
use of alcohol or tobacco, wakefulness, mental
depression, softening of the brain resulting in
insanity and leading to misery, decay and
deatb, premature old age, barrenness, loss of
power in eitber sex. involuntary losses and
spermatorrhoea caused by over-exertion of tha
brain, self-abuse or over-indulgence. Each,
box contains one month's treatment. $1 a box,
or six boxes for $5, sent by mail prepaid on re
ceipt of price.
WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES
To cure any case. With each order received by us
for six boxes accompanied with K CO, we will,
send the purchaser onr written guarantee to
refund the money if the treatment does not ef
fect a cure. Guarantees issued only by EmilG.
Stucky. Druggist, Sole Agent, 1701 andZJOl Penn
ave. and cor. Wylie ave. and Fnlton st. Pitts
burg, Pa. se27.10O-TTS3u
Qneer Pbaae of a Fight.
From tbe Chicago News. J
A canvass for the Speakership of the Lower
House of Congress fs progressing merrily. All
the candidates were dead sure of winning some
weeks ago, and they all have been making
great gains daily ever since.
Tarrant's Extract of
Cnbebs and Copaiba, tha
best remedy for all dis
eases of the urinary or-
lans. its portable form,
freedom from taste and
fpeedv action f freanentl T
curing in three or four
days and always in less
time than any other pre
paration), make "Tar
rant's Extract" tbe most
desirable remedy ever
manufactured. All Penn
ine has red strip across face of label, with sig
nature nf Tarrant & Co., New York, upon it.
Price, JL Sold by all drnggists. oc!9-52-Su
GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE
LOSS OF MEMORY.
Tall particulars in lumohlat
sent free. The genuine Orays
bpeclnc sold by druagista only la
vellow wranDer. Frtce. SI nee
v package, or six for . or by mall
' on rvrplnt or nricf taT &ddr.
Sg THE GKAT MEU1UINK CO, liulTalo, H. r
Sold In f ittsbnrg by 3. S. JIOLL.ANU. corner
Emlthfletrt ana Liberty sis. apl2-&3
I JhifirB 3 Rl
A purely VerotiMA
I Compound that expels
all bad humors from the
f system. Removes blotch
es and pimples, and
makes pure, rich blood.
manhood . etc I will wnda vali
nff from tits
Ifects or youthful r
rfjriL earlr deeT. lost
l v&lnAhM trr&tlaa (neklcril
cooUlnliur ma paracuur ior oomo cunt, un ox
PROf. f. d FOWLER, Moodua, Conn.
cOs's Cotton. Soot
nosed of Cotton Boot. Tansr and
Pennyroyal a recent dlscoverv bv an
'old physician. Is mecaffuU.il used
monthly Safe. EffeotnaL Price $1, by mall,
sealed. Ladles, ask yonr drurgist for Cook's
uoKon ttoot compound ana laze no snostituta,
or Inclose 2 stamps for sealed particulars. Ad
dress POND LILY COMPANY, No. 3 Fishes
Block, 131 Woodward aveDetroit. Mich.
O-aold in Pittsburg; Pa., by Joseph Fleta
tag Ss Son, Diamond and Market sts. se2S-23
RnxDT Fan. A. Ytirtlm
at Toothful hnrmdmufL.
eaastmr Premature Decay, Nerrons Dehilitr, Lost
Manhood. Aa, haTmg tried In Tain ererr known reme
dy, bas diKOTered a frimple means of eJf-cixre. wnicll
h will send fuelled) FREE to his fellow-enfferera, v
For men! Checks the wont cases la thro
days, and cures in five days. Price SI 00. at