Newspaper Page Text
Fhe Electric Wizard
pnunxx roa thx dispatch.;
up in the snowy
mountains where the great
river was born out of thou
sands ot little waterfalls,
but where no tree had
ever been able to strike a
root on account of the bitter cold, which
would have nipped all vegetable lire in the
bud, there stood a wonderful strdctnre which
was called the "Electric Castle."
For many, many years a very wise nan
lived here in this castle, who was known
among tbe people of the land at the foot of
the mountains as the Electric Wizard.
There were, of course, a e;ood many reasons
why the wizard was called by that name.
The chief cause, however, being that be was
thoroughly familiar with all the secrets
of electricity. This wizard bad suc
ceeded during his lite in entirely
subjecting this force to bis will, and
those people who had been fortunate enough
to bare gained access to the interior of the
castle were never tired of speaking about
the wonderful sights they bad beheld in
that castle. It was said that electric ap
pliances were observed at every twist and
turn in the bie builaing, and although 'the
wizard lived there by himself, he was very
comfortable, and he never required any out
side help. He had a garden where veg
etables were crowing by means oT electricity.
because it was too cold for them to grow
there bv themselves. The wizard had all
kinds o'f fowl, rabbits, pigs, sheep, cows ana
horses, and as the wise man procured food
for these animals by electricity he also fed
them through the same agency. It was
related bv these men who had been in the
castle that the wizard could direct all the
workings of bis large establishment from
one room in the building. In this room
stood a large table covered with ever so
many little black buttons, and the wizard
could accomplish all his wants by touching
one or the other of these buttons. For in
stance, if be wanted to have a chicken for
dinner, he touched one button which
killed the chicken, another and it
would be picked, a third and it
would be cleaned, a fourth touch of a
button would cook it, a fifth would put it
on a plate, and so on until the chicken ready
to be eaten was brought before the wizard
Going to Mars to Dint.
by an electric servant. This servant was
made of wood, but he had so many electrical
appliances attached to him, that be was
able to do all tbe work of any ordinary
Outside the castle the wizard bad a beau
tiful lake. He had brought the water in
there by electricity, he kept it from freezing
by electric heat and a ship was on this lake
which the wizard propelled by electric
power. Sometimes the wizard wonld go out
lor a journey. But he did not walk. He
simply touched an electric button and a
large carriage would come rolling before
him. The wizard jumped in, and as he had
a pair of electric horses before the carriage,
be could move along with the greatest
celerity. The wizard bad also a beautiful
balloon, and he frequently went for a pleas
ure trip through tbe air, and a ride in that
balloon was said to be one of tbe greatest
treats anyone might wish for. The balloon
was navigated through the air by the most
perfect of electrical machines, and snch a
thing as falling with the balloon into a
gooseberry bush, a tree top or a ditch was
About this time there were two young
fellows living at tbe foot of tbe bill on
wblcb the Electric "Wizard's castle was
standing. These two boys bad beard so
much about the wonders and miraculous
things that were hidden in that castle, and
tbey bad beard so much about the extraor
dinary t 'ings which it was said the great
wizard iias capable of, that both of them
resolved to go and see the wizard. Both
were also very ambitious and fnll of anxiety
to acquire some or the wonderful knowledge
about electricitv from the wise wizard.
So one day Jim and Bobert set out to the
top ot the mountain. They were entirely
fearless and tbe thought that the wizard
might punish them for their curiosity of in
truding upon bim and trespassing upon his
private grounds never entered their youth
mi minds. When they reached the sur
roundings of the EIectricCastIe, however,
they instinctively halted. "The atmosphere
seemed to be impregnated with an awlulness
which made these young adventurers hesi
tate a little.
"I am afraid," said Jim meekly.
"Well, I can't say that I am afraid," re
plied Bobert boldly; "but still I would like
to know bow the wizard intends to receive
"But before they were able to sav anv
more, a voice which sounded loudly like the
rolling thunder shouted: 'Who are yon and
what do you want?" "
The boys were nearly frightened out of
their wits at the sound of the voice, because
they could not see where it came from. So
- they stood still for a moment or so, when
again the voice asked the same question.
Then-Bobert, who by this time collectedhis
wits again, replied: "We want to seotbe
"All right, then," the same mysterious
voice answered; "take hold of the first wire
you come to and look into one end of it."
Jim and Bobert advanced and soon they
found a wire banging on the wall of the
castle. Bobert took hold of it and looking
at the one end he saw the wizard sitting in a
comfortable rocking-chair in a large room.
"What do you want?" the wizard asked
"We wonld like to see all the wonderful
things you have in your castle. "We have
heard so much about them, that we resolved
to see and learn forourselres." These words
were spoken by Bobert, while Jim was
standing by and attentively listening.
'Well, I have no time to talk to you to
day," the wizard replied, "but if you come
m.. to-morrow. I will attend to you. I am en-
K-?r5i4ted to be present at a dinner party on tbe
planet Mars, and I am going to jump into
my balloon right now and be off. Goodbyl"
"With these words the wire flew out of
Robert's hand and disappeared. In another
moment be looked around and there both
boys bebeld tbe wonderful wizard sitting in
bis balloon and traveling through the air
toward the sky.
"Say, but he is a wonderful man," broke
ont Jim, "ain't he, though?"
'Well, I should think so. Just look at
this funny wire I had in my bands. As I
looked into it, I saw tbe wizard as plainly
as I see you. He was sitting in the most
wonderful chair in the most marvelous room
that ever existed." This was said by
Kobert, and still filled with tbe wouders he
had seen, he continued: "And the tunny
things there were in that room! OhI but it
will be a treat to see all ot them to-morrow."
Then they went home. The following
morning Jim rot nn before the sun rose.
He wanted to get there before Bobert, and A
ask the wizard to make him a present 01
The Wizard's Chariot
some of the wonderful electrical appliances.
"When he arrived at the Electric Castle,-the
gate flew open by itself, and it also closed
again as if moved by an invisible force.
Inside of the castle the the wizard awaited
"Where is your friend ?" he asked Jim.
"That fellow is not my friend; he only
lives in our village, that is all," replied
"Well, what do you want?"
"I would like to see all the wonders of
"Very well; come along with me 1" Then
the wizard took Jim all over the castle, and
showed him the wonders he had. "When
they had got into the last room, Bobert
came panting and puffing up the hill. The
wizard opened the gate lor bim and let
"Where have you been all this while?
"Whv did you not come sooner?"
Will, I tell yon, Mr. Wizard," replied
Bobert. "As I came up the hill I met a
man with a wagon that was rolling down as
fast as it could, and the man was crying be
cause be was afraid it might run-away from
bim. So 1 helped him. We stopped the
wagon and I made a brake for it, that it
could not run so fast any more. Then when
I had done that I met a woman on the road,
who was nearly freezing to death, so I
stayed with her and made her afire by ap
plying a match to some gas which came out
of the ground. Alter that T met several
men who tried to lift a stone on a wagon,
but the stone weighed ten tons, so I stopped
and made a steam engine for them."
"You are a very useful and clever chap,"
said tbe wizard to Bobert, "and I am sorry
you did not come any sooner. I gave this
young fellow, Jim here, several of my most
valuable treasures, and I have hardlv any
thing left for you. 1 gave him an electric
t pen, an electric tube, and several other very
line tbmes that will be ot great value down
in your village. But, bold on a moment !
Here, my boy. is a thread of coal that will
light up tbe whole world, if you use it
properly. Take that, Bobert, and be
happy. Now goodby, boys, I am off again.
Go borne and be contented".
In another second the wizard had disap
peared and Jim and Bobert fonnd them
selves outside the castle.
Both were very much pleased with the
kindness of the wizard, and they ran home
as fast as they could go. Arrived there the
The Meetrie Vessel.
two set at once about making the best use of
the presents they had. Jim soon had a ma
chine fitted up by which be was able to
write with his wonderful pen, that thousands
of people could read bis writing all over the
world, and any number of people could
write with it. Then he fitted up his speak
ing tnbe, and be was so lucky with it that
he could let anybody talk through it and
people could hear the voice for miles and
Bobert, however, diligently worked with
his thread of coal, and he soon made so
much lieht for the world that at last the
people did not know anymore the difference
between light and darkness, because he
changed the night into day.
A CHILD'S CRITICISM.
A Fiddle Helped Him to Recognize His
Youth's Companion. 1
"It's a good picture, but It's no likeness,"
said a dissatisfied patron of the arts, when
his portrait was sent home. It may indicate
an exacting disposition, but the truth re
mains that most of us do prefer that a por
trait should also be a likeness.
A well-known violinist made the same
criticism of his own portrait, which had
been painted by a celebrated artist. The
family had agreed upon this harsh verdict
without a dissenting voice, until the artist
appealed to the yonngest of the household, a
bright little boy, "Who is that Fritz?" he
asked, pointing to the picture.
"Papa," was the immediate answer.
"So it is, my dear. Ton see, sir, yonr
son It a better ludge of the likeness than
you. So you think you'd know it was papa,
my boy?' ,
"Oh yea, air," was the Innocent reply.
"It's very such like bUn abest ta fiddle."
l ' , J
f ASTEUK ON BABIES.
The Master of Hydrophobia Tells
TVhat He Has Eeally Done.
HOW HIS DISCOVERT IS YALDED.
Instances of Eemarkable Cares Effected
SIXTEEN BUSSIAN PEASAH1S BATED
IWJUTTXK FOB TUX DISPATCH.
In the month of March, 1886, 19 Bussian
peasants, clothed in the skins of animals,
came all the way from the neighborhood of
Smolensk, after having been bitten by a
rabid wolf. The wolf, roaming through the
country for two days and two nights, had at
tacked thest peasants with such fury that
some were actually disfigured, while others
were lacerated and brnised. This batch of
Bussians caused great anxiety, because,
whereas in the case of dog bites one person
out of six dies, the percentage of deaths
after bites from rabid wolves is very much
higher. The virus is the same, but in most
cases the dog after biting passes on, whereas
the wolf, worrying its victim, favors the in
troduction of virus. Often of 20 people bit
ten by a rabid wolf, every single one dies.
Ot the 19 Bussians 16 went home cured.
The three Bussians who died had horrible
wounds on the head. At the post mortem
examination of dne, a broken tooth of the
wolf was found sticking in the skull. When,
on the eve of their departure, the 16 others,
after bejng cured, crossed the door of the
laboratory for the last time, they felt a re
ligious veneration, just as if they had been
crossing the door of the Kremlin.
These 16 Bussians are in excellent health
still. It is not difficult to explain the causes
of the failures of the treatment, when ap
plied under the circumstances attending the
deaths of the three Bussians, of whom we
have just spoken. "We have but to think
over the facts which we mentioned just now,
while talking of the intra-cranial injections
of pure virus, which are always followed by
a fatal attack of rabies. The Virus ot rabies,
in the latter mode of procedure, is placed in
direct contact with the brain substance, and
begins to develop at once. The symptoms
ot rabies, nevertheless, even under these
conditions, show themselves only after a
fortnight has elapsed. It must often hap
pen that some of our patients who have been
bitten in a similar manner especially if the
wounds be on the face, or, worse eyen. on
the head the virus of rabies is carried to
the nervous centers in a very few days, or
even hours, after the bite, and acts under
these conditions as if it had been introduced
directly under tbe skull after trephining.
HOW BABIES SPKEAD.
During the first days ot the month oi No
vember, 1887, a setter dog of medium size
passed near the powder manufactory of
Pont-de-Buis, and attacked two dogs belong
ing to tbe director of the powder manufact
ory. The dog went on, and presently came
to a place called Port Lannay, meeting five
dogs, which he bit one after the other, but
which were at once destroyed, as the dog biting
them appeared to be strange in his manner.
The same dog continued his progress, and
presently bit two watch dogs, two oxen
and two pigs. Then, retracing his steps, he
again paused at Pont-de-Buis, but was killed
by the director, who recognized him.
The director of the powder manufactory
closely observed bis two dogs, and both died
of rabies a fortnight afterward, and at one
day's interval from each other. The vet
erinary surgeon of Chateaulieu (Finistere)
and I were able to recognize the disease our
selves. A few days afterward one of the
farm dogs belonging to Mr. Auffert, who
bad been bitten in the higher part ot the
village, appeared to be strange in its man
ner, and was at once destroyed. Un
fortunately, tbe two sons of Mr. Auffert, 6
and 7 years ot age, were bitten by their
father's dog, and died of rabies about a fort
The other farm dog belonged to an indi
vidual called Pirion de Pratyr. was tied up,
but on December 1 broke the chain, and,
roaming round Chateaulieu, was stopped by
a workman called Poulmarch, aged 43
years, who was bitten in the hand and died
of rabies on December 13. The dbg was
locked up in the market bouse, but not
being 010561 watched, escaped and com
pletely disappeared, and no one has been
able to find out what became of it.
On November 23, of tbe same year, a she
wolf started from Kernesal Woo'd, which is
situated six kilometres from Chateaulieu,
and bit in its progress men and animals
with great fury. She was killed ultimately
sixteen kilometres from ber starting point
at Minez-Horn, just as she was biting the
young dog of a peasant. This man, seeing
the extreme state of fatigue and collapse of
the wolf, was able to put ber out of her
misery by braining her with a club.
During her progress, the she-wolf bit 37
farm animals (horses, cows, oxen), which
were closely watched until every single one
of them had died of rabies.
The following are the names and ages of
the persons bitten by this animal, as well as
the description of their wounds:
A woman, aged 60, bitten in the shoulder and
hand, was not cauterized. Still alive.
Cardion, Pierre, agedjll bitten In the hand
and arm, was cauterized, bat died on Decem
Alllan, Pierre, aged 6K, was horribly mutil
ated, and died the next day from his wounds.
Monjoar, Jeanne-aged 10, bitten on the head
and bands, died on December II of rabies, al
though she had been cauterized.
Jlonjour, Yves, aged 9, bitten on the face
and hand, had been cauterized, bat died of
rabies on December 13.
Monlonr, UuiUaume, aged 8, bitten on tbe
face and band, bad been cauterized, but died
of rabies on December 14.
The four last patients were watching their
flocks, and were bitten together, tho wolf only
leaving one in order to throw herself on the
other. They were cauterized with a red-hot
iron a few honrs after the accident.
Mr. Lo Roy, aged 22, several wonnds on
hand, arm and face. He actually wrestled
with the brute. He was cauterized and lives
Miss Avant, 20 years, was slightly bitten on
the shoulder through thick clothes. She was
not cauterized, and died of rabies January,
Tbe last two patients went to St. Malo in
order to place themselves In the hands of a
quack. Tbe yonng woman died, but the young
man refused to be treated and is alive now.
A man about 30 years old was horribly bitten
In the bead and sent to the hospital abBrest, in
order to have his wounds attended to. He was
aliTe one year afterward, but I have lost sight
of him since.
La Borne, aged 14, tried to escape from the
wolf by climbing up a tree, but was bitten in
the foot and died IS days afterward.
Mlonca. aged 13, and another child of the
samo age, were not badly bitten, bnt were not
cauterized. Mionca Hea of Tables 14 days
afterward, while tbe other is alive still.
Pour other peasants who met th6 beast
during its progress were bitten. I do not
know what became of them afterward,
being unable to trace them, bnt I am sure
that they did not die of rabies, at least not
dnring the same period as the other victims.
In the majority of these cases vaccination
by preventive inoculations would have
been applied too late, and these could not
therefore have increased the resisting
powers of the nervous centers. It but sel
dom happens, however, that persons are
bitten under circumstances like those I
have just related; and, in desperate cases,
even, it wonld be unfair to refuse giving the
preventive treatment a trial, and wrong to
give up' all hope of a -cure, for the casus
which have been cured after bites on the
head and face are extremely numerous.
A QUESTION OF TIME.
This is the proper time to answer a ques
tion which is often asked by patients or by
their friends, namely, whether it be expedi
ent to have recourse to the preventive
treatment when the patient has been bitten
some time before? There is only one possi
ble answer to such a question. It is never
too late to begin the treatment, as, if not
treated, tbe patient puts all the odds against
William Chamberlain of San Antonio,
Tex., was bitten on March 9, 1888, by a
rabid wolf. He came to Paris, the marks
of wee KTere feee mm being still plainly 1
noticeable. The treatment owing to the
length of the journey, was begun on March
30, only 21 days after the bite, and did not
come to an end before April 24, 1888. Cham
berlain had been submitted to very few in
oculations when a telegram informed the
doctor who was accompanying him -that a
man bitten at the same time, but wfio owing
to the want of money bad not been able to
come all the way from Texas to Paris, had
just died from rabies on April 1.
1888, 36 days after the bite.
A large number of oxen, dogs, pies,
bitten by the same wolf, had also died, ot
rabies. Chamberlain was convinced that he
bad come too late, and that the treatment
could not be efficacious, and was so very
anxious when hearrived that he suffered
from a kind of imaginary rabies. He re
fused all liquid or solid food, and com
plained of intense headache causing insom
nia. At the laboratery we all thought that
his was a desperate case. To-day Chamber
lain's health is excellent.
A few days ago Mme. Luisa Carrera
came all the way from Spain "to our anti
rabic institute, and has been undergoing
tbe preventive treatment. She had been
bitten nearly one year ago, on September 15,
1888, by a dog. That animal had also bit
ten, on the same day, a vonng man, who
died of rabies at the end of July, 1889, after
10)4 months had elapsed from the time of
the bite. Mme. Garrera became frightened,
and hurried to the Pasteur Institute., Afew
weeks have passed since the last inocula
tions have been made on her. The latter
will, no doubt, prove just as efficacious as
if she had undergone the process immedi
ately after being bitten in 1888.
It would be rash to conclude from these
or other facts which 1 mention, that the
treatment may be put off ad infinitum. It
is better to make haste.
THE FEECENTAOEOF CUBES.
If we reckon up, without making a
choice, 100 cases of persons bitten by dogs
proved to be rabid, the mortality in these
persons after they have been subjected to
preventive inoculations does not amount to
1 per cent. The mortality does not exceed
2 to 4 per cent if people bitten on the head
and lace are alone taken into account. Kow,
all the competent men who have written on
rabies allow that the mortality before the
preventive system was discovered amounted,
in the case of face bites, to no less than 65 to
90 per cent, whereas if ail bites, whatever
their seat may have been, be counted, the
mortality amounted to IS or 16 per cent. I
believe this nnmber to be far too low, but
nevertheless I gladly accepted it, in order
to fix people's ideas, and also because, by
allowing that it was correct, I conld not be
suspected ot overrating the yalue of my
mode of treatment.
When the prophylactic method for rabies
was first applied to patients who had been
bitten, it was easy to contradict, and criti
cism was often specious. We, at that time,
applied the method to a certain number of
patients, and rabies did not break out in
any of them. Men who, whatever happened,
were determined to contradict, simply ar
gued that rabies, even if no treatment had
been applied, would perhaps never have
broken out in such patients; while, if the
treatment proved unsuccessful, they argued
that rabies was bound to break out, and
even went so far as to sav that the deaths of
these patients were due to my treatment.
Things are much changed to-day. The
change is due to the fact that truth, in order
to be recognized, need only stand the test of
time. In varions parts ot tbe globe anti
rabio laboratories have been built in imita
tion of the Paris institute. The results ob
tained in these places are as good as ours,
better even; and, as an instance, I may men
tion that Dr. Bujurid has lately published
the history of 370 patients vaccinated by
bim without one death. Italy has now six J
anti-rabic laboratories Turin, Milan, Bo
logna, Borne, Naples and Palermo. Russia
has seven institutes St, Petersburg, Mos
cow, Warsaw, Odessa, Kharkoff, Samraa
and Tiflis. There is also one at Constanti
nople, at Havana, at Mexico, at Bio de
Janeiro, at Barcelona, at Bucharest, at
Vienna, at Bnenos Ayres, and c-e is now
being started in Bolivia.
CASES THAT 'WERE CUBED.
Did I wish to recall cases likely to strike
the minds of the most prejudiced peoDle of
.those who, for instance, systematically de
ciine to oeueve in any vaccinations what
soever1 I might quote any number of re
markable proofs of the efficacy of this
method. It would be easy to pick ont a few
demonstrative cases among the 7,000 or 8,000
people who have already been inoculated at
the Pasteur Institute. During the last four
years the average number of people who
come to the Pasteur Institute in order to un
dergo the preventive treatment (after hav
ing been bitten bv rabid dogs) amounts to
150 per month. I will give here but a few
instances which all resemble, more or less,
the case of Chamberlain, which has just
Cabont, Henry, a butcher's boy, was bitten
on April 22, 1888, but did not undergo the anti
rabic treatment, and died in September. 1888.
The same dog bit another person, Louis Favio
byname. He was inoculated from April 24 to
May 11 and is now in perfect healtb.
Mr. Delaunay, a modern Hercules, an acrobat
by profession, whose chapped hands were
simply licked by his rabid dog. On the same
aay aonngman, ijeon ocnan. oi arls-.Uelle-ville,
was bitten rather badly by the same dog.
Schan underwent tbe preventive treatment
from Marcn 29 to April 7, lbS9, and is still in
good health. Delaunaydied of furious rabies
in tbe month of May last. The same dog bit
other dogs, and It Is a fact that one of the lat
ter became rabid on April 12 and bit twoper
sons, Mrs. Lacasse and Mr. Fanconnler. They
were Inoculated from April 12 to May 2 and are
now quite well.
Eight persons belonging to the France fam
ily, tbe lather, mother and six children, were
bitten at St. Martin dca Olmes, in tbe Puys de
Dome. One of the children died of rabies on
January 1. The seven others at once left to be
inoculated, and are quite wen now. Three
uxen. two dogs and one cat bitten by tbe same
dog died of rabies In the second month after
On June 1 and 2, 1889, eight persons hailing
f rom Vancluse were bitten by the same dog.
Six of them submitted themselves to the anti
rabic treatment, and are now quite well. Two
declined to be inoculated, and both died of ra
bies, one July land the other July 2.
Pierre Butte and his wife were licked on open
wonnds. The wife declined to be inoculated,
and died of rabies. Butte, on the other hand,
was inoculated, and Is now quite well. '
All the anti-rabid institutes could show
a number ot similar cases, all proving the
efficacy of the method, but there is a fact
which is even more striking. Dr. Dujardin
Beaumetz, at the request of the Prefect of
Police, made careful inquiries as to the
number of persons bitten in the Depart
ment of the Seine in 1887. In his official
report, printed in 1888, he states that 306 of
the people so bitten wer6 vaccinated at the
Pasteur Institute, and 'that three of them
died of rabies, whereas of the 44 persons
who were not inoculated seven died of
rabies. The mortality in tbe first lot is 0.67
per cent, and 15.90 in the second.
In .short, the method of prophylaxis
against raoies nas Deen proved to be effica
cious, and every day, as the number of per
sons so inoculated increases, brings further
Babies is a far more common disease than
is Generally supposed, and I mav be al
lowed to give one demonstrative "proof of
this fact. ,
From January 1 to July 1, 1889, during a
period of six months theiefore, England
sent to the institute 50 persons bitten by
rabid dogs, that is, six or seven each month
on an average. At that time Englishmen,
so bitten, paid their own traveling and hotel
expenses in Paris. Since July 1, a fund
having been started by tbe Lord Mayor, ac
cording to tbe third resolution just men
tioned, all Englishmen, however poor, bitten
by rabid dogs have been able to proceed to
Paris. Accordingly, dnring the months of
July and August, that is in the months dur
ing which the cases of rabies are least
numerous, 39 English persons bitten by dogs
proved to be rabid have been inoculated in
the anti-rabic department of the Pasteur In
stitute. This large number of patients is
not due to rabies having increased, but
rather to the fact that the preventive treat
ment is now within reach of everybody.
Bcnrntfa tbe KoefTren ol America,
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters Is the accepted
remedy for dyspepsia, a malady almost national
among us. Whether chronic or temporary,
this peerless stomachic eradicates this perplex
ing ailment. It removes with equal certainty
malarial complaints, constipation, biliousness,
nervousness, rheumatism awl MWaJgla, A
winegiaeef oil tariee a day.
SUNDAY NOVEMBER 24,
A LATTER-DAY SAINT.
The Trials and Tribulations of a
Poor Preacher's Wife Who
HAS TO KEEP UP APPEAEAHOES.
Ber. Henry Ward Becher Catching Drift
wood for FueL
THE HOME LIFE Of A FOOS SINISTER.
twiim'm yon tux ctsfatcs.1
Unless a woman has the virtue of humility
developed m very great degree, and possesses
the ready power of saying and doing things
in a sweetly smooth and politic way, and is
withal, gifted with an absolute and inborn
capacity for the calling of a. Christian
martyr, she shonld wisely refrain from at
tempting to run a parsonage in the position
of a parson's wife. When the consequences
are contemplated, when the outcome is so
plain, when the self-sacrifice demanded is so
clearly shown, it is really wonderful howany
girl, who has an appreciation of her own best
interests, and a' comprehension of the com
forts and blessings of this mortal life, can
marry a poor preacher, whether financially or
In the olden time, when the parson was
looked up to as the chief man of the com
munity, when bis position was one of power,
and held in highest respect, when, as in the
English Church, he was generally a young
er son of some family of note or nobility! and
therefore aristocratic and entitled to all
honor, a poor girl might satisfy her ambi
tion for high social position by marrying a
parson, even though hi income might be verv
small. To be the chief lady of the village,
to be connected with the nobility, to rank
with the magnates, even when arrayed in
an old silk gown dyed and made over, wonld
possibly be glory enough for some women,
but in these days, when the parson's wife is
looked upon as something sort Ot thrown
into the bargain when her husband is hired
to attend to the spiritnal needs of a congre
gation, she must be very dead in love, in
deed, who consents to marry a young and
callow preacher who has nothing in view
but a parish at less than a thousand a year,
and who is not one of the exceptions in the
line of brains, who peradventure, by his elo
quence and popularity, might some day se
cure a soft sit in a wealthy city parish.
A FOOB FBEACHEB
and his family have sore straits, rasping
Vexations and humiliating trials that do not
fall to people who are even poorer in income
than they, but who can sustain themselves
much more independently and less under
the score of carping criticism. A minis
ter's family cannot live as economically
as they would, perhaps, because they have
to keep up appearances. The congregation
would be shocked if they lived in a plain
little honse in a back street in regular
poor-folksy style; and yet, according to
their means and the rules of economy, that
is what they should do. Political econo
mists say that rent should never exceed one
tenth of the income. If that -were carried
into effect, preachers and clerks and work
ers generally whose salaries are not more
than six or eight hundred a year would
have to live in the back alleys and the
slums. In recognition of this fact the pro
viding a parsonage at the exnense of the
'church is a growing custom, though itoc-
wiuaa vvuBiucrauie drumming, since, as
anyone knows who keeps house, those who
have to live in it would rather have a voice
in its selection as to location and accommo- .
dations. However, they are, as a rule,
thankful for anything that saves house rent.
We have somewhere seen the statement
that apart from the exceptionally large
salaries paid to such preachers as Beecher,
Talmage, Dr. John Hall and others of the
famous few who are "called" unto wealthy
churches in the large cities, that the aver
age income of the great majority of preach
ers is about 500 a year. This, of course, is
eked out to something more by donations
and gifts and marriage fees, but taken all
together it is a sorry salary on which to
marry and support a family. Getting along
on that, or even twice that, under the
scriptural injunction to "Owe no man any
thing," must be not only difficult, but
doubly so when the ministers, as happens
in poor parishes, cannot as a usual thing
receive his salary until the pew-holders pay
up their dues, in which duty they are not so
seldom delinquent as might be supposed.
Said an observant man the other day,
when the poor sermons of one of the min
isters was under discussion, "What can you
expect from a man who has to spend his
time shinning round to save car fare in
stead of studying up his subjects. More
over, he has to do the heft of the housework,
for -his wife has poor health, and
a family of little children, and most
of the time thev have no money to pay help."
Well, bnt, said his hearers, his Balary is
small to be sure, but then there are the do
nations, and the marriage fees. Oh, yes,
said the good brother sarcastically, but how
could any of you with even these accidentals
keep house and maintain a family on his
slim stipend of 900.
A FALSE IDEA.
Some people have a sentimental idea that
a preacher lives in such state of moral ele
vation that he has full faith that he will be
fed as Elijah was by the ravens, and that if
the people do not pay their pew rent that a
measure of meal and a cruse of oil will al
ways be forthcoming to him who has iaitb,
but the fact is that the shepherd of bouIs is
very human and oftentimes has a bard
struggle of it with his nose on tile grind
stone. But even if he is a little nearer the
imaginary parson we read about, his wife
has no illusions on the subject. She knows
him, not in his ideal form as a creature ot
eminent piety, of soulfnl sermons, and
heavenly planes of thought, but as an ordi
nary man who will grumble over bis dinner
if not suited to his mind, and be as cross over
hisclericalshirts, and hiswife'sshortcomings
as any one of the laity. Poverty is no more
congenial or conducive to rheerlulness with
him than to other men. He enjoys good
living, has a liking for good clothes, good
books, papers and all the luxuries of life,
and lives in the hope of receiving "a call"
that will some day rid him of the weary,
carking cares and sordid straits of a small
salary and a large family.
As to gifts, he however grateful and ap
preciative he may appear must in therna
ture ot thibgs hate to receive as presents a
suit of clothes, an overcoat, a pair of shoes
or a hat as Christmas gifts. His wife as
follows in the fitness of things hpwever use
ful and much needed they may be, would
rather buy her own dresses, and wraps, and
bonnets than receive them as donations to
help them along. It must go against tbe
grain with them, if they have any spirit, to
be compelled to be treated thus as paupers;
But that this feeling of pride is not always
dominant is shown by some of the letters
Sent to the sewing societies by poor preachers
and their wives from the far "West, who
solicit boxes of clothing and supplies in a
way that shows them to be lost .and
dead to any fine feelings of independ
ence or any sentiment that wonld forbid
their asking favors. Without any
apologies or nicely trimmed heroics on
the subject, they plainly designate
with painful particularity and detail their
wants as to underwear and wraps, and over
coats and toys and books and gloves and
canned goods and supplies of all sorts. To
carry out such work of charity or perhaps
It should be called the promotion of pauper
ismthe good women of the churches 'go to
work and sew, and solicit donation, take
tribute of their friends and tax their hus
bands until they can send out the box as de
sired. CLEBICAI, MENDICANCY.
Doubts are sometimes expressed as to the
policy of this encouragement of clerieal
mendicancy, bnt moat women, in their en
thusiasm for missionary work, seldom show
any respect for the principles of political
economy, and the work goes on.
BOHeMdy am Mid. teat aatrMft la a'
M fM, CTM VfeM UMKH-;
happy. It MMt be owing to fWtk fat t&h
that theological stadenta have a habit of
rushing into matrimony in the raest-hap-hasard
and reckless fashion. They fall ia
love while at college and marry at the first
possible minute almost, when perhaps they
have hardly enough money to pay a week's
board. Henry "Ward Beecher married in
opposition to the advice of bis friends as
soon as he received bis first "call." His
father, ont of the depths of his own
experience urged him to wait until he had
something ahead and a fair prospeet; bat
no; the hot-headed boy listened to nothing
but his own wishes, and dearly he had to
pay for it, until his matchless eloquence
and bis superior abilities won for him a
pulpit, where he received enough salary to
live upon comfortably and to pile up for a
rainy day. When he firstwent to house
keeping, however, he was painfully poor.
To keep his fire burning be bad to go to the J
river and catch driftwood. With Bis wile
sick in bed with malaria, homesickness and
discouragement, he had to act as nurse, to do
the housework and seize a little time occa
sionally for his sermons. The ftory is pa
thetic, and many men with less energy,
cheerfulness and buoyancy wonld have sunk
under such experience; but, as accounts go,
it broke his wife's spirit and detracted from
the best joys ot home, and the sweetest hap
piness of honor and success, and perhaps led
to tne greatest sorrow or his me.
Another promising yonng minister we are
told oi left college with high honors and
glowing hopes. The prophecy was made of
him that he would reach the glittering
heights of fame as a doctor of divinity.
His first "call" was to a country parish,
with an income of $500. With all
the rush and devotion of a modern
Borneo, he, at otace, -married a Juliet, whose
face was her only fortune. It took but little
time for the wolf to reach the door. His
salary, small as it was, was hard to collect
from the hard-banded, close-fisted farming
population.- Three babies in less than five
years, with incessant toil and anxiety, and
tbe worry of bills for nurses and doctors
broke the young wife down, and her death
left him to fight the battle alone. The good
sisters of the village did not spare their re
proaches. He had no business to get mar
ried, said they, until he was able to support
a wife and family. He should have taken
heed to the admonitions of SL Panl and re
mained single, until he had something to go
on, or else should have married someone
I, with money, was the general opinion.. How
ever, he bore up, and after the regulation
year of mourning he invited bis pretty sister-in-law
to take bis late wife's place and be a
mother to her sister's children. "Ho." said
she, with more emphasis than politeness.
"No, I will never marry a preacher while the
world stands. I've seen enongh ot that sort
of life to do me for a thousand years."
THE MTNISTEB'S WIPE.
Bnt if a minister's life is made bard by
small means, and, as follows, by worldly
cares and bitter dependence, his wife has
still a heavier burden in that she is usually
blamed for improvidence, and found fault
with by the congregation for an infinite
nnmber of shortcomings. A recent fassin
a congregation brought out com plaints, that
Mrs. Beverend Blank.got too many bonnets,
considering her husband's means. (These
were gifts irom friends as it turned ont, al
though this fact was not proclaimed from
the housetops.) She was too fond of society,
entertained too much company, was not so
devoutly disposed as was becoming in her
position, was not as regular in her attend
ance upon tbe means of grace as she shonld
be even if she bad five small children was
a little lax in missionary work, and rather
disposed to question the propriety ot sending
money to tiiam, when the church itself
needed it so badly. In short, she was set
down as rather more selfish thin self-sacrificing,
while her poor husband was abund
antly pitied and moaned over, as having
made a serions matrimonial mistake.
Bnt while preacher's wives in the past
have usually been sweetly subservient,
ostensibly humble-minded, and not prone to
exhibiting any resentment or righteous
wrath when attacked, still of late they have
been picking up spirit enough to defy their
critics and sister antagonists. We hear' of
one who refuses to go to church save when
she feels like it. She will take no part in
sewing societies, or missionary meetings, or
church bazaars and suppers. She wiHinot
lead in prayer, nor take the chair on any
occasion. She stays at home and writes
novels, which, as she says, pays her better
ana insures more com tort anainaepenaence
in the family, and the congregation may
either like it or lump it.
The testimony of "minister's wives is that
"their lot is not a bed of roses, bnt rather
one that is studded thickly with thorns and
thistles that are thrust in on every side."
The moral of all the books written upon the
subject and the tales that are told ont of
school is that the only way to have some
sort of a good time as a preacher's wife is
for her to have an independent fortune in
her own right. Under such a condition ot
affairs tbe wolf and Mrs. Grundy can go
bang. Bessie Bramble.
HE FOOfcED THEM TWICE.
A Maine Man Who Had a Hablt'of Fostpra
Ina HI Funeral.
"The most original, weird and uncouth
funeral I ever attended was not 20 miles
from Lewiston, in 1853," said on old resi
dent. "It never was written up and I do
not propose to indicate where it was. Tbe
man had died suddenly. There were four
mourners. I was there to drive tbe hearse.
The mourners were to walk. One of tbe
mourners read the Scripture and prayed.
"A woman was in tbe next room frying
fritters and bumming a psalm tune. The
'dead man's clothes lay on the foot of the
bed. After the prayers one of those present
played a slow tune on an old melodeon.
Everything was done quietly. "When they
went to look at the corpse the last time it
opened iUeyes x fact and there was no
funeral. 'I alius expected he wan't more'n
half dead,' said the woman in the next room.
'He's fooled us once afore consarn him.'
I got my pay and promised to say nothing
about it and came home. The man. lived
ten years and was killed in the last year of
The Athletics of New Some,
Telegraph Lineman Look out there,
U. JriiHJ- Alta riH Mi-
i.;, "' -. &
THE FIRESIDE SPHItfl
A CWMgi of MmM lift fir
AMreet communication or tMt department
to E. R. CBADBOUB2T. LewUt&n, Maine.
823 OX THAWKSOrVTSG ZTR
D. M. HATWAXS.
824 double lxtxzs ZSICHCA.
In ."banishment;" s
In "vanlshmea tf
Firtt is tba fruit of trees.
And useful In a ship;'
The. top in Uut one sees-
How do not make a trip.
Bnt join together, please.
A vowel, three numbers.
When blended together.
Will show what I dread
Ia the damp, winter weather.
A cutting tool mix up, and see
Tbe- essence of vitality.
L A letter. 2. Fortune. S. A dteer for min
erals. 4. Spirits. 5. A petty schoolmaster. 8.
Oaur walls. 7. Figures of men supporting en
tablatures. 8. Blunts. 9. Dicers, lu. Certain
coins. 11. A letter. Delphctk.
The turtle might S-S-&5
Down a mountain and come OBt"aHTe:
Or take a whack, even.
On hard 4-1-7,
Ere its hard and dense mall It oenM rive.
The calipash part that lies over
The total ia adequate cover.
The while the complete.
In manner that's neat
"Floors" the sluggish and well-equipped
rover. jarrrss dwkt.
828 A STBAKOE ANIMAL.
I'm an Innocent animal sow.
But jnst cnt oS my head
And transpose me a bit:
I'm used to make bread.
2Tow traasposo me once mere,
Afid Ilimp as I go;
I aaa mascallae when '
One more change makes mesa.
8SB AXAGBAXS. ,
1. Ben f orsrot Qraee. 2. The sealvtesnl. X.
Itellie, as Mand. 4. Sues a cruel lad, a relief,
& Did Browse gab? ft, Jf rmce Oaef ax's rival.
830 A CURIOUS CREATURE.
I am a canning little elf.
Condemned upon report;
Tbonch willing to admit, myself,
That mischief is my forte.
I'm driven bard to any act.
At each arraign the great;
And when with air broHgat la eeataet,
I then depreciate.
At Jilthy lucre never clutefc.
For money-lending Jews
Ungodly make when I toaes
Their odious 1 0 &. 1
A staunch abstainer, stoat ad hatev
My pledge 1 dare not break;
Tbe day I'm seen to touch the ate.
They'll kill me at tbe stake.
Had I bees to art reflaed.
Its secrets I'd betray:
Bnt here I am to learning beaaa,
To teach yea how to pray.
With unity I am secure,
m yet reform, for when
I'm bound to rove you may be tore
I'm growlBg,better then.
831 CHARADE. ,
So we not reaeraber tbe Wetted old total,
That second so fair, when it entered oar oare;
Where poorer aad poorer the primal wonld.
'Tilfhe bottom waa reaebed with a stent like
With joy we received it, wftb growa-up
But quietly oar joy much below sere fell;
It took but short time to get rid of tbe Bcties
That we, like oar betters, conld fill it ap wefl.
The ink-blotted loial,
Tbe fiBger-esilrcbed total.
The poor, dog-eared total,
Bememberease well. .
'.No Name" (by Wllfcie Col
"The Crater" (by J. Fewteors
817-My wife's ca-p.
815 Kanon, aaofi, nee, oa.
eie-Live, evil, vile, lie; EH, lie, L
m-a A TAN I O AlT
821 Foster mother.
A SAKS TOB THX BATJHTHK.
Pinkie Winkle, ray wee raaa.
Free life's sweets while yet ye eaa;
Toss and tumble, rout aa ne, -Heedless
o' balth daet a' !.
Yours It is to snort an' play
A lambkin ia the lap v May
Until the sna your face s'all tea,
Pinkie Winkle, ray wee aaa.
Free, as yet, frae care aa' eerie,
Blithesome as the joyous lark.
That soaring fills tbe mereiag sky
Wl' its matchless melody.
Tb ere's rapture sparkiiBC Ja yew: a.
For a' aretairlles that ye see
Fresh, like yoursel', frae Ged's aJh'
Pmkie Winkle, my wee smb. '
Hoo often la tbe morning hoars
Ye kies Me dewdraBS frae tbe e
An' 1olnwl' heart brim fa' o alee
The gainbeto o' tbe bird an' bee.
Nae sorrow then yonr broo beclaee
Yoar hands are fu' o' daisy bade.
While waaton winds yoar wee pew fan.
Pinkie Winkle, my wee mH.
Bat teat ye weel the gate ye fteag,'
Or ye will come to grief orlaag;
In tfetexs that seem heath gaMaa' ttit
There alien larks a deadly teare.
An,' wbea ye pu' the tenetlnc wblas
The biaM frae yonr wee annex rlee:
For side te aide wi' biles m baa,
Piekie Wnkie, my wee me.
Heo seethe an' years aa' ages ay!
Your bairaie days will sees ain by,
as' ye'U be shanklt to seeuW,
For wradem oeeaee a bat by dele.
Tbe etaeee-Krewa seating that we see,
May e'en beceae attested tee.
8ae we wUI trtln ye ae we eaa,
Ptekie TMnkJe. ray wee mem.
-JIM. Wotjinmimtm, iiaa.
We met, the other ereeriag, a
Maine il waeee ft fcaaal wet
Aeaad If aba bad leaned
ellaae far ;
a?mW at the 1 M IlSMEWgPMafl
leaaawlieeawfctsk ' aSaBU ..ea i SUTCAm
' -S,',,- I 'WaVfsPtWaaaJ
' ffcJfiK -t fc Jf Easeae
BiMMlfid. &&,' ieSfe 3. L aa: :daaaaa
rrBnTTnam via IK VVKWflH
AAVUHA1 BXa nno A1 JMU4iW
IXWcrim lHmkela Takhc MedMee
Kee by a Servoat GfrL
The careful hoBtewife, finding that mty
nursemaid had not come down, went hS?
her room nnd fonnd the fflrl in bed. look! a. '
very queer and complaining of pain a4'.-"
violent sickness. On being asked what i
the matter she explained that, having,a bad. ,j
coia, sne naa taxen some patent jaeaiciae
which had been recommended lor M
"How much did you take?"
"Well, mum, I went by the direction o
the bottle, and it said.- Ten drop fa an '
infant, 30 drops for an adult, and a table-f '
pooniui tor an emeucv x snow iraii.'
an infant I didn't know what an adalt wif
rt . -r 1 -r xe
so I supposed I must be an emetic, anet
wok a taoiespoomni ana It nas pretty bim
turned me inside out." j
A. purely VeaetaMaiiL.
uomoouna mat Mm.
all bad humors from the j
l system. Bemoves Moteb E
es and pimple. a4j3
makes pure, richblooA.-3
wni I I WWW' (-:
w m e m-, -t'
SI PENW A VKXItE. OTTTStKnma. A. -. '
As old residents know and back flies of TWmtftM
ourg papers prove, is tne oldest eetaouH
and most prominent physician In the city, ae
voting special attention to an chronic ills ins m
MtuVfrillCana mental diseases peyeiei
llC.n.V UUOdecay. nervous debility. 1m
enerey. ambition and hope, impaired mamoerA
disordered sight, self distrust, bashfnlaees.f
dizziness. Sleeplessness, pimpies, empties i
noverished blood, f aiilne powers, orzanie wei
nflx- riTCTMiMla. constitution. consasiDtimL c
fitting the person for business, society nmlfOi
nage. permanently, saieiy ana privately cwea.t
f " e. am - " t a t iituii mm .lA 1
blotches, falling hair, bones, pains, glal;;
swellintM. ulcerations of toneue. mouth, throe . J
ulcers, bid tores, are. cared for life, and btea4f
poisons tnorongniy enuiicatea irons me ayifi.-.,
1 1 R I M A D V kidney and bladder deraajst-J
umiinil i iments. weac oack, gravel,
tarrbal discharges, inflammation and, otk
painful symptoms receive searching trnetmf,'f
prompt renei ana real cures.
Dr. Whlttler's life-long; extensive!
race. Insures sclentiflc and reliable trea
on common-sense principles. Consnlatloe &i
Patients at a distance as carefully treated a N E
here. Office hours 8-a. x. to 8 r.K Kh
10 a. H. to 1 p. X. only. DR. WHOTTK,, J
Penn-avende, Pittsburg, Pa, ,fi
How Lost! HowRefOMtf
ASdentlncand Standard Ponolar I
tin Errors f Youth. Premature Dcllee.Xai
and rnyucal JUe&imy, impurities oi the n,;t.-g
Kesalttag- from. Folly, Vice, Iguwee, J
cesses or uveruxanonr i-nerratiec mm i
ting the Tictiai for Work, Busiseu. Mm
rgB or oww neiauoBS.
Avoid uaskillfnl pretenders. P
great work; It contains 300 pacee.
ijeauiuui oiiMung, emooeeea, i
onlr SI bv mail. Dostsaid.cc
wrapper, muetratire Proepeetas FreB
ppfy now. The diettnntebed aatber. wi
Parker. M. D.. receive the SOU) AMU J
ELED MEDAL frna the Metis I MedlMXl
toei.tlon, for this PRIZE ESSAY Ml
ad PHYSICAL. DEBILITY. 1.
corns of Assletant Physieiaee i
suited, confidentially; Dymailerlej
the office of THE PEABOBY KII
STITUTE. He. BeMeeii St. keeee. I
whom all orders for books or letters feci
should be directed, as above, ams-w-i
Health is Weal
DK. E. C, WESTS ItXBTX A1T
Tkeatjcekt, a guaranteed spedfle far i
diazlnees. convulsions, nta. nervous aa
headache, nervous prostration caaaat
use of alcohol or tobacco, wakef amass, I
aepreseion, soiieaing oi tne onuai
insanity ana leaainr to misery,
death, nremature old aee. barreaj
nower in. either aex. involaatary
aaermatorrboja caased bv over-sxeeMea
brain, self-abaee or over-adalasaia. M
hor mntaine mm Mo&tk'A I irtiilemat at a 1
or six boxes far SB. sent by mad enaaU sail
WE CUARANTEE SIX BOXES
To care any case. With eaeh order received art
lor six noxes, aecoaipaaiea witn ase,wai:
sena tae pureoeser our wrraea ga
refund the raoaeyif the teeetmenti
feet a core. Guarantees issued only 1
Stuckr. TJraef tat. Sole Aaeat. ITBi aee
are. and corfWylle are. and Faltoa sci
eases of ,'.be
days and at'
time than aa
laebae red etnpaerese lace oi leaei.
nature of Tarrant Co., New York.
.race, i. MHa oy au arngin-
6RAY'S SPECIFIC ftEf
LOSS OT Ml
Fan nartleoten ia
sent iree. roe
tJseelBe sold by
ntccase- or ut
on rfteelnt or
w THE RKAT MEIJHHNE
Seld In l'lttoenrj bya.lJ.HUJ
rf Cottoa BooCl
PeaBmml a reeeat
'old nkTslrian- Ji ft
-Safe. XffactneL Friee
sealed. Ladles, ask yoar dramra :
or meioee ananas ror seawg i
draw rOKD IJfcl COBUAJ
Btoe. Ml Woedward are Detroit,!
-ae-Sold in Flttsbargv P. by Joeeaal
ibb; a aaa, jjuuBojta ana jrei sav
Daaty, Harroes D
I MM nl TUB W8I
. Far neat Cheeks the want
aaa tat Sve dava. 1
Sale, a, aw
iMMl Mil I- HK
laeteete. aaaaa aaTgaSf MaB.aaa3
&,.& Jt'A.-. -Xi3. -X
JJ -A '