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& TRIP TJP THE BIYER.
pHorgantown's Elation Over the Com
pletion of Lock Ko. 8.
COlilKG TO PITTSBURG TO TRADE.
B Scenes of Picturesque Beautj and Historic
A TOWK F0U5DED BY. ALBEKT GALLATIN
IWHITTEX rOB TBI BISrlTCR.1
HE completion of Lock
No. 8. which assures a
navigable river at all seasons between Pitts
burg and Morgantown, was hauea or tne
citizens of the latter place as heralding a
new era of hospitality. "West Virginia had
done her part. For years Lock No. 9, a
splendid piece of masonry, had at her ex
pense been completed, but the placid pool
between it and Morgantown was almost as
useless for purposes of navigation as a duck
pond. True, when there happened to be an
unusually high stage of water a tug ran up
from Greensboro, carrying freight,
discharged at that place by the regular
packets for points above navigation. These
trips were intermittent and uncertain, and
the cost of re-shipping at Greensboro almost
as great as that of transporting from this
point in the usual way, by wagon, to Mor
gantown. Between the struggles of the
navigation company to hold on to their tolls
and that of the people to have a free river,
the intermediate lock, No. 8, has remained
for years unfinished, thus blocking commu
nication between slackwater above and
Carriage by water being so much cheaper
than by railthe people of Monongalia and
adjacent counties in West Virginia natur
ally preferred to trade in Pittsburg, pro
vided transportation in unbroken bulk
could be had! But as the freightage on the
re-shipment by wagon for the 13 miles, be
tween Greensboro and Morgantown, nearly
equaled the freightage for the 90 miles by
boat from Pittsburg to Greensboro, shippers
would not pay the excess, and so the volume
of trade from this region has been diverted
The Old Gallatin Residence.
from Pittsburg to Baltimore and "Wheeling.
The United States Government has at last
finished lock No. 8, that has stood so long a
stumbling stone in this water way. There
is now a clear channel, and when the Gov
ernment has declared it a free river, "what
A KITER TRIP.
To one traveling for the first time on
either of the tidy little steamers of the Pitts
burg, Brownsville and Geneva Packet Com
pany the trip is full of interest and delight
ful surprises. The channel is so safe that
passengers are allowed to ask all the ques
tions they like of the officers in charge with
out fear of distracting attention from their
duties and thus risking accidents, as on the
great "Western rivers, where every man on
duty must be on the watch for sunken snags
ana treacherous bars.
After McKeesport is passed and the
belching chimneys of the great works are
left behind the atmosphere grows clearer and
the boat glides through the tortuous wind
ings of the beautiful river, now among
wooded hills and now past rolling farms
and smart towns. The voyager mounts to
the upper deck for a broader view, and
the courteous pilot invites him into
bis house and to a seat behind
the wheel which he is deftly turning. He
is hardly seated when the whistle blows, the
bell strikes, and with a swish-swash the
boat veers into a lock, rises with the in
pouring waters and moves out through the
wide-spread gates with a grand air, as
though proud of the feat she had just ac
complished. She keeps on steadily a few
miles further and again the whistle blows,
the bell strikes and she runs broadside up
to the wharf of a thriving town where a
score of passengers and tons of freight are
hurried off and on; then she backs out and
starts once more on her upward course. The
passengers settle themselves to admire the
golden glories of the autumn foliage on the
steep hillsides or the reflection in the clear,
still river below.
APittsburger, just returned from a year's
wandering in Europe, exclaims in his en
thusiasm: "Barring the castles, this river
beats the Rhine." The stranger in the pilot
house agrees with him, and they begin to
compare notes of travel. Here the whistle
sounds again and the bell strikes. They
look about them in surprise, for the boat is
in midstream and no settlement, not even a
iV - .rvrfl
Bridge at Morgantovm,
cabin, in tight, but she heads for the shore,
and 'this time she grinds her bow into the
A I.OKESOME LANDING
to leave a cider press for the farmer over the
bill and to take on an old colored -Roman
with her basket of eggs; and so it keeps on.
The managers of the packet line have built
up an important river trade by despising
not the day of small, things, and the boat
will land for a small normal boy or a hand
barrow as promptly as for a dozen large
headed nabobs or a hundred barrels of
whisky or oil.
The sun has set, and the glowing colors of
the landscape have faded to somber hues in
the fathering darkness. The air has grown
chill and everybody takes refuge in the
saloon, and as the evening advances disap
pear one after another into the tiny s'tate
rooms. All night the boat keeps on her
way. At intervals the swish-swash and the
vibration of chandelier pendants in the
saloon announce to the half-waking sleepers
that she is entering a lock or making a
landing. Brownsville, the Port Bed Stone
council place of colonial times, is touched at
and passed in the darkness.
In the morning breakfast is discussed leis
urely, for a heavy mist hangs low upon the
." .11 I 3-.L.' J
. f lw
water and the shores are obscnrcd. Be
fore 10 o'clock, however, the sun
breaks through and the mists rise,
displaving what seems to unaccustomed
eyes the ne plus ultra of navigation a
wooded promontory shutting out the view in
front and apparently barring fnrther pro
gress. The pilot seems bent upon running
the nozxle of the boat slap-bang against the
roots of the trees and the stranger, who is
again at his elbow, wonders what will be
come of him. But the pilot knows every
foot of the channel as his father did before
him, and with a few turns of the wheel
swings the prow slowly round the sharp
bend and the boat emerges on the straight
stretch beyond, upon which the morning
sun is glistening and piloting. Soon she
rounds another bend and" keeps on, plough
ing in and out, around and across the devi
ous winding of the river's course.
A CROOKED COURSE.
The stranger is an observing man and sees
everything. He suddenly fixes, his atten
tion upon a grassy hill away to the right,
from near the top of which a clump of trees
and one odd one are holding on for dear
life, and seven red and white cows are graz
ing in the foreground. He says to the trav
eled man: "What au odd coincidence! only
a few miles back we passed iust such a hill.
with just such a clump of trees and one odd
one, and seven red and white cows brows
ing in lront of them." It is hard to con
vince him that the zig-zag course of the
river has deluded him; that it is the same
hill with the same trees and cows, and that
the boat has not yet passed it and may not
for an honr.
It is near noon when the boat reaches
One of the University JSull&ings.
Greensboro, which until to-day has been the
end of the river voyage.
It is a rather pretty and busy town,
with several extensive potteries, which
fnrnish stone hollow ware and roofing
tiles for all parts of the United
States. This town and New Geneva
on the opposite bank of the river are inter
esting to Pittsburgers for having been the
locations of the first glassworks west of the
Alleghenies. The men who established and
owned them were Albert Gallatin, the great
Minister of Finance, and George Beppert,
father of the venerable Mrs. Jacob Beppert,
of Allegheny City.
New Geneva has nothing new about it ex
cept its name, but it has an interesting his
tory and contains some old and curions ob
jects. Here, in the possession of Jndge
Teager, of tne Yeager house, may be seen a
block of the first glass melted at Beppert &
Gallatin's worts in 1791. It is of a orient
green color, quite opaque and apparently
very tough, for the Judge has frequently
used it during the last 50 years to prop open
his sitting room door. The town, like
the older part of her Swiss name
sake, is perched on a bill side,
and it was for this similarity of
situation that Albert Gallatin founded the
town here and named it in honor ot his
birthplace. The present generation should
know more than they do about the career of
Albert Gallatin, the man whose services to
the United States were more valuable than
those of any other foreign born citizen and
more varied and prolonged than those o! any
public man of American birth.
AK ABLE FINANCIER.
He came of a notable family, his father hav
ing been a distinguished Counsellor of State
Statue of Patrick Henry.
and a connection ot the great Nicker.
Whether or not he studied and improved
upon the theories of the French Financier
we cannot say, but it is now conceded thathe
was one of the ablest, if not the ablest,
ministers of nuance of modern times.
It was he who for 12 years, nnder great dif
ficulties, shaped and carried out with suc
cess the financial policy of both Jefferson
and Madison, and who acted as United
States Commissioner in almost every nego
tiation with foreign powers from the close of
the Bevolution to the War of 1812, whose
versatility of talent was such that he had to
do with nearly every domestic Federal
measure of importance from the foundation
of the Government until 1816, and was
withal a voluminous and profound writer
on ethnology, philology, international law
and finance. He was a born Bepublican,
and in 1780, the year following his gradua
tion from the University of Geneva, he
emigrated to America and cast in his lot
with the struggling colonies. His great
ability was at. once recognized, and soon
after "his enlistment in the Continental
army he was placed in command of Fort
After the close of the war he purchased
large tracts of land in Virginia, but was de
terred from forming a settlement there on
account of the hostility of the Indians. It
was while surveying this land that be first
met Washington and Patrick Henry, and it
was ny tne aavics oi tne latter mat ne pur
chased the tract on the Monongahela in
Fayette connty, Pa., which embraces the
site of New Geneva and the magnificent es
tate of 00 acres of manor land, which he
brought under cultivation and where he es
tablished his first home. To tnis home he
brought his sweet but obscure Virginia
bride. Sweet, we say, tor tradition calls her
so, And winsome she'must have been to have
won the admiration of a man so keen of per
ception as was Gallatin. But his life was
Well, from New Geneva the boat starts
out to-day on her new departure for
Morgantown, and as she crosses the month
of George's creek, which separates the
town from the estate, now owned by the
heirs of the late John L. Dawson", and
steams slowly by the old stone mansion
house, the traveler gazes wistfully through
the half bare branches of the stately trees,
and pictures to himself three lonely, un
marked graves in the woods behind the
orchard ana near the bapk of a little
sulphur brook. One is the grave of the fair
young wife, and two are the graves of
servants of the family, but in which one
rests sweet Alice Gallatin, no one now liv
ing can tell, 0uf the brook murmurs
iKSPli. VT?r 1
night and day, a soft lullaby, and so let
THROUGH LOCK SO. 8.
A strong whiff of petroleum warns the
boat's company that Dunkard's creek, with
her oil tanks is to windward and just above
this the James G. Blaine takes her dip
into Lock No. 8. From this on up to the
end of the new pool, the sycamores that
grew low on the borders of the natural chan
nel lift high their skeleton arms as if be
seeching the encroaching waters that are
sapping their lives. Now comes Point
Marion and here flows in the ice cold
Cheat, keeping her inky current distinct for
rods alter it enters the broad Monongahela.
The stanch little steamer has now1 crossed
the track of the last line ferry and every
body on board is on the loojkout for Morgan
town. As the distance lessens the tall build
ings of the University of West Virginia
stand boldly out on the bluff ahead and
there nestled snngly among the hills is the
comfortable dignified old town with the red
dome of the venerable Court House, sur
mounted by a colossal statue of Patrick
Henry, rising above her hospitable roofs.
While standing between the University and
the lower town is the old Wallace House,
famous even in ante-bellum days, for its
Most Pittsb'irt'ers. and the world at large.
are ignorant of the wild and picturesque
beituty of this region and of the vast extent
of territory to be viewed from the mountains
hereabout. From the turret of rocks on the
summit of Dorsey's Knob, five miles from
Morgantown, there is a complete cycloramic
view, extending from this point between 30
and 60 miles in unbroken circle. At this
height it islikestandingon a pinnacle under
a blue dome gazing around a little world.
Or take the prospect from Cheat Moun
tain or Cheat View, as the natives call it,
14 miles from the town, and you may look
mto the corners of three States of the
Union, while at your feet the treacherous
Cheat threads her deceitful way
THROUGH DEEP GORGES,
whose sheer 'sides are clothed in living
green from their dizzy tops to the water's
edge. On the other road there is to be seen
a curious white sandstone ledge, nearly 100
feet high and honeycombed at the top
called Baven Bock, and less than a mile
from it a perpendicular Btaircase ot piled
rocks as tall as the forest trees that grow in
the ravine below. Midway down this
natural ladder there is a small chamber
known as Indian Cave, where, it is said,
Indians used to conceal themselves, in the
early days of the settlement, watching for
an opportunity to burn and massacre.
In this, then wilderness, the pioneers suf
fered the same horrors and privations that
of later years have been the portion of
emigrants to the far west." The old bury
ing ground near here is filled with the bones
of the Morgans, the Leisures, the Dorseys
and a score of other families of
brave men and women who bad
the courage to face the perils of
a frontier life. "Their name, their years
spelt by the unlettered Muse," are carved
upon their crumbling tombstones, bnt their
deeds of heroism and self-sacrifice in defense
of their homes and little ones are recorded
nnlv in heaven. Thev have left to their
descendants the beautiful inheritance of an j
inborn courtesy, and the spirit of old-time
hospitality. This was manifested in a re
markable manner during the late war, when
friend and foe united to feed the starving
raiders who had run off their horses and
The autumn is too far advanced to visit
the great cave 17 miles away or to camp near
the rocky bed ot Sulphur Spring. In fact
there is no time just now to do anything
-more than to scamper to the boat in obedi
ence to her summons of departure.
The Iiiuilted Fait Mnll.
The Union Pacific Bailway, the Overland
route, has just put on a limited fast mail
train to carry the United States mail be
tween Council Bluffs and San Francisco and
Portland. This dailv fast mail train will
carrv a limited number of passengers, and
in addition to the United States mail cars
and a baseage car, will be composed of a
Pullman Palace sleeper and Pullman dining
car for Portland, and a Pullman sleeping
car for Sau Francisco, thus accommodating
a limited number of passengers.
The sleepers and the diner will run)
, through from Chicago, via the Chicago and
Northwestern Bailway. Only first-class
(tickets will be honored on this train.
This train with its connections, makes the
extraordinary time of 107 hours, New, York
to San Francisco, andl04hours to Portland.
As accommodations are limited, early ap
plication for same should be made to the
Union Pacific agents in New X'orkJ' St.
Louis, Cincinnati, Chicago, or to E. L.
Xomax, Gen. Pass. Agent, Omaha, Neb.
A Good Indorsement,
From Philadelphia Musical
At the New Xork State Music Teachers'
Convention the Miller Artist Grand was
used by "America's greatest pianist," Mr.
Wm. H. Sherwood. Mr. Sherwood's per
formance was considered by bis musical
friends to have been one of the grandest and
most successful of his life, and he was
greeted with a storm of applause on its con
clusion. While receiving the heartiest con
gratulations from the officers of the New
York Association'and the many musicians
present, he publicly stated it would have
been impossible for him to have produced
such magnificent results in tone coloring on
any other grand piano made in this country
A line selection of these famous pianos
can be seen at W. C. Whitehill's music par
lor, 152 Third avenue, opposite Government
This is our first display. Consequently
all goods are new. The designs are excel
lent, the variety is charming. This week is
not too early for you to come. We are daily
putting pieces awav for Christmas delivery.
French", Kendhick & Co.,
616 Smithfield st opposite City Hall.
rJnlvinl, Salvia!, Snlrlnl.
Special gaslight opening; eveningbonnets
for theater, .etc., Tuesday night, Not. 26,
from S to 9 o (clock.
Stvlish evening bonnets; never shown
before; f5 to 57 60. E. S. Giles,
91 and 96 Federal street, Allegheny.
If you want a nice lot of cabinet photos
of vourself go to Pearson, the leading pho
tographer, for them. You will never regret
it. Galleries 96 Fifth avenue and 43 Fed
eral street, Allegheny.
For a finely cut, neat-fitting suit leave
your order with Walter Anderson, 700
Smithfield street, whose stock of English
suitings and Scotch tweeds is the finest in
the market; imported exclusively for his
CHOICE and tasty designs in all the latest
novelties in jewelrv and diamond goods at
M. G. Cohen's. 533 Smithfield street. Large
street clock in front of the door.
For undoubted excellence Walnwrieht's
beer leads all competitors. Telephone 6525.
Dom Pedro May Leave Brazil
So long as we have the celebrated Canary
Fine watch repairing, lowest prices at
.Hauch's, No. 293 Fifth avenue. wrsu
Standard silverware, solid or plated, at
bottom prices. AuO. LOCH,
145 Federal, cor. K. Diamond.
Fob rosettes and badges, call on F. G.
Beineman, 64 Sixth street, city.
per dot. Extra
opular Gallery, 10
and 13 Sixth st
But Broncho latest dance rnndo sale
only at Kappel's, 77 Fifth ave. ttsu
Dabrs' eallerv. 602 Liberty street, will
I be open Thanksgiving Day.
A DOUBLE MIRACLE:
Christ Healing the- Paralytic
Granting Him Absolntion.
A TEST OP MEN'S EAENESTHESS.
Who Expect Financial Seward for
TWO GREAT TRUTHS TAUGHT BY CHRIST
iWBirim ron tot dispatch. 1
In a large upper room, such as they had
in the honses of the East, the Master was
teaching inside, and outside the house and
street were thronged with listeners. Sud
denly there is a noise of hurrying feet, and
down the road come five men, one lying on
a bed and fonr carrying him, all with their
eyes turned toward this house. They want
to get where Christ is. But the street is
crowded. There is no way of getting near
even the door. What shall they do? Why,
here is the outside stairway, leading to the
roof. Up this hurry the four bearing their
precious burden. The listeners in the upper
room hear the sound of the trampling feet.
Then there is a noise of pounding and pull
ing and beating; dust and chips begin to fall
upon the heads of the crowded congregation.
And, presently, there is a great hole in the
ceiling, and down comes the sick man
through the hole, lying in his bed, the four
letting him down, one at each corner, until
he lies at the very feet of Christ,
The coming of these men in search of
Christ showed a good deal of faith. But
that they should have climbed upon the
roof, and broken a hole in the ceiling, and
let the sicfc man through this showed that
these five men were very much in earnest and
that their faith was genuine.
. Because the crowd was a test How
strong, now, is the desire of these five to
come into Christ's presence? The hindrance
will show that? Half-heartedness would
have taken the crowd for a good excuse, and
wonld have turned back. But genuine
earnestness looks about, as these men did,
for some way to climb over hindrances, and
to turn stumbling-blocks into stepping
stones. All hindrances are tests. They try the
reality of our resolutions, and the genuine
ness of our purposes. A black sky of a
Sunday morning tests the strength ot Chris
tians. Those who are physically or morally
weak stay at home. This is but a homely
illustration of one of the constant truths of
human life. God is every day testing us,
and in every way. "He Himself knows us;
He has no need for His own sake to test us.
But we do not any of us know ourselves
perfectly well. And the tests which come
with hindrances bring us
REVELATIONS OF OURSELVES.
We all imagine that we are patient, and
forgiving, and honest, and faithful, until
we are tested. After that, imagination is
translated into knowledge. That is one of
the blessings which God sends with every
difficulty, and grief, and trial. Every day
we are tested. And the tests dispel delu
sions. We come to see ourselves as we
are. We discover where we are weak.
And thns we find out where we need to
fortify ourselves and to get strong.!
The test ot hindrance came in the way of
these men, and at once they showed how
strong was their desire to get into God's
presence. At first it seemed impossible for
them to get where Christ was. But it was
not impossible. There was a way. And
that way they found.
It is always possible to get near to Christ.
There is no kind of hindrance which so
stands between Christ and the soul that the
soul cannot break through and touch Christ.
Down through the broken ceiling comes
this sick man into the presence of Christ
And then that happened which came to
pass a thousand times during the life of
Christ. He looked down at the sick man by
His feet who lay there wondering, no doubt,
and anxious as to what the Master might
have to say to such an interruption in His
sermon. He looked down, and the light
came into His face, and he gave Hi wel
come. "Son, be ot good cheer," He said.
For while it is blessedly true that an ap
proach to Christ is possible in spite of hin
drance to every soul that earnestly seeks
Him; it is also true that Christ has a wel
come for every soul. Whoever comes to
Him, He will in no wise cast out Because
Christ changes not What He was in Gali
lee, He is still, unchangeably. Whoever
brings a grief to Him to-day, Christ hears
and sees as He did in that upper room in
Peter's house, and answers and blesses still.
Presently he spoke again to the paralytic,
and said, Arise, take up thy bed and go unto
thine house. And the man arose, and de
parted to his house. His prayer was an
swered. That is the story of the miracle.
WHAT CHBIST DID.
That is the story of the miracle with a
good deal left out, with the most important
part left out Thus far it is like many an
other miracle, except that the man who was
healed was somewhat more persistent than
usual. But Christ did much more for the
paralytic than to cure his sickness: He for
gave his sins.
Indeed, the absolution came before the
miracle. And the miracle followed as a
quite subordinate matter, as a piece of evi
dence. Christ worked the miracle as a proof
of the reality of the absolution. "That ye
may know that the Son of Man hath power
on earth to forgive sins (thensaith He to the
sick of the palsy) Arise."
That must have surprised the paralytic.
He had gone to Christ as men go to a physi
cian. He was afflicted with the palsy and
he wanted to get relief from it He had
heard that Christ had been effecting some
remarkable cures. He believed that Christ
could cure him. So far as we know, this
man had come to Peter's house with no more
thought about religion than we have when
we consult a doctor. And the first words
which proceed from the Physician's lips are
these remarkable ones: "Son, be of good
cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee."
The blessings of God do not always come
as we ask or think. Sometimes people im
agine that prayer is not answered, because
it is not answered in their way. Sometimes
people come to think that there are no re
wards in the service of God, because God
does not reward them with the blessings
which they expect or desire. They meet
hindrances and overcome them; and then
they enter with their petitions into Christ's
presence, and Christ surprises them as He
surprised the paralytic. He gives them a
blessing which they have not asked for.
I read here in Christ's absolution of the
paralytic a lesson about the rewards of Go j.
The best rewards of God are spiritual. The
greatest thing which, Christ could do for
this paralytic was to forgive his sins. If
He had sent him away then, still on his bed
and borne by four, and left him to be af
flicted with the patsy to the end of his days,
He would still have bestoned upon him the
richest of all blessings, and He wonld have
desired him only a lower and inferior re
ward, which, beside the other1, was simply
nothing. The soul is better than the body.
Holiness is better than health. Character
cannot be balanced by any equivalent of
The trouble is that some people forget that
thev serve God, and they think that they
ought to be rewarded with money. They
do their Christian duty and they think that
they ought to be free from doctors' bills.
Bnt that is not God's way. It is not prom
ised to the pure in heart that they shall
live in brown-stone houses, but that they
shall see God. That is their reward. That
is the best of all possible rewards to be for-
flven, to grow in grace, to have the appro
ation ot God. What is there in this world
to be desired better than that
It was but a small thing in the estimation
of Christ that this man's body should be af
flicted with palsy. But thathis soul should
be afflicted with sin that was a seri
ous matter. The gospels leaveunsaid a great
many things which we would like to know.
'Bow came it that this man, who lrom first
to last utters not a word, had bis sins for
-ytS5V; ! ;
-' V I -..W -. -
given? What had he done to stake Christ
say that? There is nothing here to indicate
that the man had any feeling of repentance,
nor even of religion. That we have to put
in ourselves. We know, at least, that the
man had faith enough to bring him to the
feet of Christ And we know that Christ
forcave his sins.
Whether the paralytio was surprised or
not we do not know. There is no record of
it But the scribes were surprised. The
scribes sat in that upper room where they
had been listening to the prophet of
Galilee, and when they heard Him say "thy
sins be forgiven thee" they were both sur
prised and shocked. "Behold, certain of
the scribes said within themselves, this man
blasphemeth." Who can forgive sins, they
thought within their hearts, but God only?
Christ met this question with a plain asser
tion. "The Son of ilan," he said, "hath
power on earth to forgive sins." This as
sertion he further emphasized by the healing
of the paralytic's body. And then he left
them to draw what inferences they might.
TRUTHS FOR MEN TO LEARN.
God does not force His truth npon the
minds of men. He might have written it
across the sky; He might have taken away
the clouds of the sunset and hungilluminated
texts in the place of them; He might have
had the thunder chant the Nicene creed. Not
so has God dealt with us. There is no
truth in all the teachings of theology which
God has made so plain bat that a man may
miss it There is no doctrine which can be
set beside the proposition that two and two
make four, and we can say here are two
axioms. One is as evident as the other.
There is no problem in divinity which can
be proved as a problem in arithmetic can.
This is partly on account of the nature of
theological truth; it is beyond the limits of
measurement by foot-rule. It is like human
love; it cannot be weighed in balances, nor
tested by chemicals. This is partly, also,
on acconnt of thenature of the human mind.
God who has given us minds, means us to
use them. God sets certain facts before us,
as was done here in this room in Peter's
honse where the Scribes were, and then He
leaves us to make out what the facts mean.
"The Son of Man hath power on earth to
There are two great truths which Christ
came especially to emphasize among us:
That we need forgiveness, and that we may
The value of the second of these truths
rests, of course, upon the first. For unless
we need forgiveness it matters little whether
forgiveness is possible or not. I am afraid
that the need of forgiveness is not always
felt as we ought to feel it Somehow in
these days we are inclined 'to emphasize
what we may perhaps call the good nature
of God. We ourselves look, for the most
part, leniently upon sin. The consciousness
of our own weakness impels ns to make al
lowances. Sin is
A GREAT MISFORTUNE.
Sin always means loss to the sinner. But
God is our loving and compassionate
Father. Surely He will not be very hard
upon His erring children. That is a com
mon way of regarding sin to-day. And it
takes rather for granted that forgiveness is
so easy that God, looking upon sin and
knowing all the strength of temptation, for
gives men without their asking. This atti
tude toward sin, this unformulated theory
of forgiveness, is due to the excessive
preaching of the wrath of God which pre
vailed a generation or two ago. That
emphasis is being followed by a season ot
reaction. There are no "brimstone corners"
in these days. Sermons are preached no
longer upon "sinners in the hands of an
angry God," so that the mouth of hell
seems open beside men's feet And that is
Nevertheless there is a truth which is
taught as plainly in the Holy Scriptures as
the truth of God's love, and that is the
truth of God's wrath. We think of
Christ so often as the teacher of the
love of God that we forget some'times
that He said anything about the wrath
of God. But He did. There are not
anywhere in the two Testaments sterner and
plainer words about the attitude of God
toward human sin, and about the certain
and fearful punishment which will inevita
bly overtake the impenitent, than proceeded
from the lips of Christ
Sometimes some sin shows a little more
clearly than: usual how hard the heart of
man can be; sometimes, perhaps, 'ore dear to
us is touched by it, and we are filled with
strong indignation. We feel for the mom
ent that unless there is such a fact as hell
somewhere in the plan of God, something is
very wrong about it, and we begin to under
stand then just how God feels toward all
sin, toward the sin which He sees, and per
haps no one else sees, within your heart and
mine. "Why, so fearful is the sinfulness of
sin, and so unspeakably urgent is the need
that somehow we be forgiven for it that the
cross was set np and Christ died
npon it. Christ died because the
destiny of the soul depends upon whether it
can get forgiven for its sin. God does love
us, infinitely. Bnt God hates sin, infinitely.
We are all touched by sin. We
ALL NEED GOD'S FORGIVENESS.
And when Christ said "The Son of Man
bath power on earth to forgive sins," He
taught that the forgiveness of sin is possible.
In one sense it is not possible. There is no
forgiveness which can make the sinner ex
actly as he wonld be if he had not done the
sin. Because sin degrades the souL Every
sin carries the soul farther from God. Every
sin makes it just so much harder for the
soul to appreciate spiritual things, to enter
into the joy of God. Forgiveness does not
mean that the sinner is made, in relation to
his own soul, as if he hadever sinned. He
must still pay one penalty lor Bin. The
penalty of the spiritual loss which every sin
entails. Thoueh even this may be turned
into blessing. The man by struggle against
sin may gain a strength which, without that
struggle he conld never have. Even sin
may be transmuted into blessing. But this
is what forgiveness means: It means that
the sinner is made, in relation to God, as if
be had never sinned. It means that the
barrier which sin sets up between the soul
ot man and the love Of God is thrown down.
Forgiveness meaus that our sin is so put
away, that God, who hates sin, nevertheless
loves us. This, Christ has made possible.
We may be forgiven.
"Thy sins be forgiven," He said more
than once to penitent sinners, while He
lived among us. "This is my blood which
is shed for you and for many tor the remis
sion of sins," He said the night before the
cross. Go teach men that their sins may be
forgiven, preach the remission of sins, He
said to His apostles when, after His resur
rection He sent them out to teach His
truth to men. That by the sacrifice of
Christ's death we haveforgiveness.is the very
central truth of the whole Gospel. Explain
it as we may, construct about it whatever
doctrine or theory we please, here is the
truth. God so loved the world that He
gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever
believeth in Him should not perish, but
have everlasting life. The blood of Jesus
Christ His Son, cleanselh us from all sin.
Hamburg Flea for the Liver.
Habitual constipation and torpidity of the
liver are functional derangements which should
should not be so long neglected as to Generate,
actual disease. HamburgFigsshonldbetaken,
and the deranged organs restored to health.
25 cents. Dose, one fig. Mack Drug Co., N.Y.
To Chicago via B. Si O.
The B. & O. B. B, Co. now operates a
through car line between Pittsburg and
Chicago via "Wheeling. A Pullman vesti
bulcd sleeping car leaves Pittsburg, daily,
on the 730 P. M. express, and goes into
Chicago on the vestibuied limited, arriving
at Chicago next morning at 10:55. A din
ing car is attached to this train at Garrett,
Ind and breakfast is served as the train,
approaches Chicago. This service is su
perior to that of any other train between the
two cities upon which no extra fare is
For tickets and sleeping car space call at
B. & O, ticket office, corner Filth avenue
and Wood street
Tie Iieasoo and Brotherhood
Have both decided to use Canary oysters.
Fine watch repairing, lowest prices at
Hauch's, No, 295 Fifth avenue. vm
EYERY DAY SCIENCE.
Latest Applications of Electricity for,
A NEW ARTIFICIAL EAR DRUM.
Japanese Method of Protecting Steel Bhlp
SCIENTIFIC AUD ISDUSTEIAL BOTES
rPBXPABiri TOE TH DISri.TCH.t
Beaders of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
A notable example of the way in which
the enterprising adoption of the latest mod
ern scientific appliances is rewarded by in
creased efficiency and economy is afforded
by the Erie Colliery, Mayville, Ba. This
colliery is not only lighted by electricity,
but has an electric mine locomotive. , It
thus saves $25 per day on the cost of power,
and is enabled to increase the ontput of the
mine from 1,000 tons to 1,500 tons per day.
It has a fully-equipped, blacksmith's shop
underground, blown by steam with a cold
blast; a patent device for pulling the cars
off the dumps, at the head of the breaker; a
hydraulic arrangement at the bottom of the
shaft which lifts np the carriage to a height
from which the empty car is automatically
removed from the carriage; and a pump
that discharges 650 gallons of water a
Not long ago an official railway report
stated: "The storage battery is slowly but
surely pushing its way to the front as a most
perfect system of street car traction, and is
now only awaiting the development of a
battery which will stand the hard knocks
and usage which it must necessarily get in
the operation of a street car, without de
stroying its component parts." This bat
tery is undoubtedly in existence, for im
proved batteries which have already been
demonstrated to have a life of two years are
in everyday use on tramcars, and further
improvements are being affected daily. As
indicating the economy of the storage system,
the bids for the construction of a certain
line recently started may be mentioned:
They were, cable construction, $840,000;
electrical overhead wire construction, $190,
000, and storage battery, J175.00P. The
storage battery was adopted.
Electric incandescent lamps are now used
in the dark rooms of photographers, and in
order to render the light non-actinic it is
recommended tbat the bulbs should be
painted over with a mixture of the red
"fuchsine" in negative varnish. The lower
the current the redder the light from an in
candescent lamp is, and hence the less need
is there for the paint
Herr Liesegang gives an interesting ac
count of some experiments which he re
cently undertook with a view of rendering
images visible at a distance by means of
the electric current The results attained
were that an image the exact reproduction
of a photographic image is produced at an
indefinite distance from the original object,
and this image can be re-photographed or
projected on a screen for exhibition to as
The Management of Street Lamps.
The city of Boston has adopted an ar
rangement for lighting the gas at a certain
honr each night and turning it out at a cer
tain hour in the morning. This is, in fact
a newly-invented machine, designed to do
the work of the lamplighter, with the single
exception of the cleaning of the lamp. It
has a clockwork arrangement whicn is so
regnlated that it conforms to the moon's
changes, and lights the gas and puts it out
early or late, according to the fullness of
the moon or the change in time of rising
or setting. Each lamplighter now cares for
about 84 lamps, whereas by the new method
he can care for 50 lamps a day, or 350 a
week, as all he has to do is to once a week
clean the lamp and wind up the apparatus.
Bast year the cost of labor in cleaning and
lighting the lamps of Boston was 53 74 per
lamp, while1 it is claimed that with the new
system each lamp can be cared for for 4
cents a week, or $2 08 per lamp per year.
As there are over 10,000 lamps in Boston,
this saving of $6 a year on each lamp wonld
aggregate, for labor alone, about 160,000.
New Distress Signal.
A new shell, to take the place of all dis
tress signals now used in marine signaling,
such as rockets and firing of minute guns,
which involve the loss of much valuable
time, bas lately appeared. It is intended
that the shell shall be distributed about a
ship, but particularly kept on the bridge
within easy reach of the captain. WhenJie
desires to give a signal of distress, instead
of losing time in loading and firing a can
non, or touching oil a rocket, he seizes a
shell, pulls the cap off the detonator,
scratches the fulminate witb the rough edge
of the cap, and throws the shell overboard.
In 25 seconds there is an explosion, and a
loud, booming report is heard, while a col
umn of water, flame and smoke shoots up
for at least 100 feet in the air. An extra ap
pliance of a rocket is attached to the shell
used at night, and this is thrown to a great
height by the explosion, and itself explodes
in the air.pThe tin cylinders of the shell
then float abont on the water, and as they
have the name of the ship stamped on them,
they serve in time of disaster to tell of the
ship they came from.
Protection of Stuel Ship Bottoms.
The Japanese have discovered a mixture,
a kind of lacquer such as is Used on most of
their work, which is claimed to be an ex
cellent coating for the submerged portions
of ships' hulls to protect them against
marine growth and pitting by voltaic action.
It is, however, so expensive in its present
form as to be practically out of the question
for use on the vessels of the navy. Sheath
ing, or the fastening of sheets' of alloy of
copper on the submerged portion of the hull
of the vessel is being extensively adopted.
A bronze metal has been invented which,
for this purpose, has given very satisfactory
results. It will unquestionably add to the
displacement of a vessel, bnt this disadvant
age will be more than counterbalanced by the
absence of the weight of the barnacles
which would otherwise cover the ship's bot
tom. A New Artificial Ear Drora.
A'new antiseptic artificial ear drum has
recently been described in the Lancet, and
&lso in Ihe British Medical Journal. It is
of soft material and easily adjusted. The
new membrane is for the improvement of the
hearing power in conversational intercourse,
and for the protection of the injured organ
dnring the ordinary Durposes of lifeT Ex
cellent results are said to have followed its
use. The intensity of the sonorous vibra
tion is often immediately increased, and pa
tients have been able, to define sounds which
before appeared to them to be only noise.
The sensibility of the organ is magnified,
and the hearing power is so far improved
that the patient does not appear deal in or
dinary conversation. It is stated, too, that
the hearing distance is appreciably in
creased. Meaisreneat of Ocean Waves.
An interesting feat has just beesaeeea
plishedbythe Hon. Balph AbereroaabU,
who has succeeded is sasring the height
of eeean waves by ieatlng a sensitive
aneroid barometer on the surfaee, and la
gauging their width and velocity by timing
their passage with a chronograph. As a re
sult of these experiments, he supports Ad
miral Fitzrov in the conclusion tbat waves
oecMionally reach m altitotk f W JC.
TW kigbcat wave Measured by Mr.
Aitrsremfcto was Act high. 765 feet from
west to efest, aad bad a velocity of 47 Biles
A Hew ETeglaw.
A new eyeglass has appeared, in using"
which the nose is relieved of the usual
pressure, while the eyeglass itself is held'
more securely in its place than by tne
ordinary method. The device comprises
three arms with pads at the points, substan
tially of a triangle, the upper pair of arms,
when adjusted, being applied to clasp the
fold of skin connecting the forehead and the
upper part of the nose. Every otber kind
of eyeglasses which straddle the bridge of
the nose like a clothespin, necessarily press
oyer the tear duct nerve and blood vessels,
and very soon cause great discomfort and
sometimes permanent injury. The two lower
arms of the new device arch over these im
portant vessels, one touching the side of the
nose in front of them and the other behind
them, which steady the glasses and prevent
them from slipping either to the front or
sideways. The little pressure required for
holding the glasses in position is exerted by
Duration of Human Life Increasing.
A writer in a popular magazine having
recently attempted to prove that Americans
were. constantly growing weaker physically,
and that they are altogether inferior to their
ancestors oi a century ago, or even of 70
years ago, careful investigations have been
made on the subject The results show that
the increase in the duration of life which is
shown 'markedly In all civilized countries
is exhibited in the statistics of this country.
The experience of life insurance companies
is tbat the mortality among Americans is
considerably less than that which the En
glish companies provide- or. In 1853 a
mortality table, based on the experience of
several American companies, was made for
the guidance of home companies. It is
found to-day, 31 years later, that the ex
pectancy of life is materially greater than
it was then.
A New Thermometer.
The thermometer system of recording
temperature at distant points is developing
a very extended sphere of usefulness.
Among its many applications may be men
tionedthat of the exact registration at all
times of the height of the ocean tides or oi
the water of a river or reservoir. . It is
probable that lives might have been saved
at Johnstown if the people could but have
had the warning of this sleepless water tele-
fraph. There are such attachments that a
ell is rung to announce the rise and fall of
the indicator beyond reasonable limits. It
is a constant, watchful safeguard, protect
ing property and lives by its unalterable
and certain' exposure of every instance of
It is a fact well-known by dealers in cut
lery that not one man in 50 knows how to
sharpen a pocket knife. A razor must be
laid flat on the hone, being hollow ground,
and requiring a fine edge. The pocket
knife, however, requires a stiff edge, and
the moment it is laid flat on a stone, so as to
touch the polished side, its edge is ruined.
The blade must be held at an angle of 20 or
22, and have an edse similar to a chisel.
This is called the "camel," and is marked
on all new knives by a fine white line which
does not remove or touch the polished sur
face. Making Bone Kalis by the BasheU
A machine for the rapid production of
horseshoe nails is being used in England.
The machine is completely under control,
and there is an arrangement by which-it
stops automatically if a nail fails to pass
through any of the required operations.
The production of a single machine is over
600 pounds of nails per day of ten hours.
There appears to be very little waste mate
rial, the Ios from this source not exceeding
10 per cent
A 8sa Stove.
A simple sieve for warming rooms by
means of solar neat lTas"been contrived by
Prof. Morse. It consists ot a shallow box,
having a bottom of corrugated iron and a
glass top. When this device is placed out
side a building where the sua can shine
directly into it the rays pass through the
glass and are absorbed by the metal, raising
it to a high temperature and warming the
air of the box. The air thus heated is con
veyed into the room.
TJabatloBs of locomotive' Speed.
According to a recognized engineering
authority theri is no well authenticated in
stance of a locesaotive attaining a greater
speed than 80 miles an hour; back pressure
and various resistances including that of
air, will, it is stated prevent any higher
speed man mis ueing reacneu.
Patents to Peaesjl van lass.
Higdon & Hlgdon, patent lawyers, 95
Fifth ave., Pittsburg, and St. Cloud build
ing, "Washington, D O., report the follow
ing patents granted during the week ending
November 19. 1889: Pittsburg Bowman,
snike machiaef.Clarke.phonoeraph recorder V
Eeese, incandescent lamp; Westinghouse, j
brake. Allegheny ifoiiansoee, car-coupling;
McSweeney, gas burner; Taylor, wire
nail machine. Bearer Falls Shellaberger,
The League ami Brotherhood
Have both decided to use Canary oysters.
CASK paid for old gold and silver at
Hauch's, No. 295 1'ifth avenue. -wrsn
Call m. or writ ia BENSWANGER
Pittsburg. Penns., and secure e Policy of Insurance in the EMPLOYEES LIABILITX,
ASSTJEANCJ! COBP. OS LOOTOU, KHG., protecting you agafast acetdeats to tow.
Employe and defending yon in case of suit
ONLY A LITTLE LONGER.
The near will soon, come to
porttmitjf which we have been,
gains will be at an end.
, Don't let the time 90 by
those who ore not much in
future wants, so great are the inducements. Lamps, Chando-1
Hers and Hall Lights of every description andvariety. 6$
ware, from the finest cut to the common grades. Queenewmggh
Porcelain and China, jtfain, white, and decorated' DtftaJ
ner, Tea and Chamber Sets; Fish, Game and Ice CreSSR
Sets: Bronzes, Clocks, Gas Fixtures, Cuspaderev and IZgH
brella Stands. Bric-a-Brac,
Feiteriee of High Art; Onyx
oary Gifts, and, an unlimited
TheJ.P.Smith Lamp,Giass andGhina Go,
935 Pmm Avt.f EttwtM Mrtk mm! Turf Sit.
JP M. 'Jtogorw jCripwSi jrsaoso
THE ETTTSBUEG LiSlE??,
Is the best in the market. It isJithe. roost
perfect in construction, gives themostllight,
burns less oil and you; can bar themrrora
us at lowest prices, as wa are theageata ia
.....Mu. 4wt wiwrsaie.
CeiVln? tmr TTa1Mv tlftnJLL .
hpAntlfnl T)lnnr and dhamt-. a-...- -.
tfSSSslB PSBSSSs7 C!SBBBBtv--,lBs
asbbsbbbV sEmBbshB vVVSBBBBS "
plete line of Fancv Goods, suitable lor presents.'t
If you want to save money and who doesn'tf A
yon can do it at
R. P. WATiTiA.CE & CoW
211 WOOD STREET, ""J
Opposite St. Charles Hotel, or 7
102 and 104 THIRD AVE. '
THEIR WORLD OF TRIUMPH
No Disease More Easily Cured, by
the Physicians of the Catarrh
and Dyspepsia Institute, 323
Penn avenue, than Catarrh.
Their Constitutional Blood Medi
cines, made to suit the require
ments of each individual case,
strike at the root of the disease;
Mr. Gorman, residing at No. 1912 Penn ave
nue, had been afflicted with Catarrh, for sere-,
raljears. The-mucus tbat dropped from bis i
head Into his throat caused him to be always
hawking and spitting. He had also much dis-r
charge from his nose and he was seldom with-F ,
out a cold. On September IS be gave tha tol- -v
lowlns statement for publication: r jjj"
"Tnis is to certify tbat I have been cured of M
Catarrh, from which I bad suffered forjkboutp
five years, by the physicans of the Catarrh and'
Dyspepsia Institute, 323 Penn avenue. SH
MISS LTDIA MOROAN,
Whoa 30 doctors said must die of coBssaaMwt
Her dlseisa was. caused brcatarrhi
cured by the physicians of tbsltCstssvkf
Dyspepsii'InstitUte. Sbs lives' on' Kettm
street, near Virginia, on jui. nauung
Treatment by Correcptflfeftcf?
A system by which patients are snceessfaHy
treated at their homes by correspondence;. '
Mr. David "West, of Prospect, Butler county.
an frrtfituiTA firmer and a veIl.faiDwn dealef
in horses, suffered from catarrh and asthma for"
15 years. His head, nose and throat was con?
tlnuallv stuffed up and had a burning
tlon. He was so suffocated at nights that ha ,
could not sleep, and there were wbeeslafr.
sounds from nis lungs wnen ns oreixnea. uJ
began treatment, and on November 5 he wrote:?
"I have, no stuffed-no feelinz. or bumineria9
my nose and throat, no suffocation nights or
The Catarrh and STsnensIa Institute Is per-i"
maneatly located at 333 Penn ave. Theycnrot.
watarrn. xiyspepsia ana inseases ot women.; vj
toP.JCand8to8P.JC Sundays, 12to P. it.P ik
To sell the eoatrJits t lfl nSIIH
afetory of the murder of afTs V ntn Ills
ernng a ran ana complete, scoosbs oi tas ooa
aaa txwi ana Tenucw auv a wr l
17 sue. ocTrnsiowBxiBT. Bead, at oso Mesas
forsnmtatinrsteom,nrstervea. TmsIssssoj lassgC f
hWiilw,WMrM TiH9S Mmt,raw,aa, :'jtZ.
P T IE 35T Jf
O. D. LEVIS, Solicitor of JPawSJl,
SU fifth avenue, abovs Smithfield. aetLutt
ofllce. UNoaeiar-J .Estanusneazoj
& ZAHST. Azent. No. 60 Fourth avenue."
In Court for same cause.
tt cloae and then the fraud opd
emd are etiU, eg'erinafer SJ
without fivingu a caU; evem
need of goods are buying Am
comprising aU the renovn5j
Tables, Wedding and AnnWtSQ
stock of Christmas FreeenU, .
onMor jLnoffoe jm mpeoi