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fif , "
If yon wast Board, Rooms, Homes or
Help, advertise In THE DISPATCH.
Purchasers cut he faasd for everjthlnt;
offered For Sale In Tint MSPATCH.
THE DISPATCH ! the best ndvertlslne
medium In Western Pennsylvania. Try It-
A Weil-Known Leader and
Former Secretary of the
Knights of Labor,
EXPELLED FROM THE ORDER
The Charge Against Him Being Slan
der of the General Officers.
ONLY A SINGLE TOTE IN HIS PAYOR.
Ex-Secretary Utchmau Explains theRea
son for His Removal, and Is Much
Elated Over the Result How the Camp
bell Case Figured In the Fight McGnw's
Attempted Defense He Gets a Roastles;
In the Convention Powderlv's Hand
Seen In the Affair The General Blaster
Workman Favors the Proposed Federa
tion. ISFXCIAI. TSLEGBAH TO TIIE DISPATCH. !
TrrA, November 13. This after
noon's proceedings of the Knights of Labor
developed a sensation in the expulsion of
Homer L. McGaw for slander ot the general
officers of the order. The following state
ment of the action is furnished by Charles
H. Litchman, ex-General Secretary:
"At every session of tbe General Assem
bly for the last three or four years insidious
newspaper articles have been published at
tacking the general officers and slandering
members of the order. "We could not
place the authorship of these articles,
though circumstantial evidence pointed
strongly to McGaw as the originator. Lo
cal Assembly 300 preferred charges against
him yesterday and demanded his expulsion.
At McGaw's request it was made a special
assignment for this afternoon, to give him
time to get the necessary documents. The
afternoon session was consumed in the con
sideration of the matter. An incidental
charge was his action regarding the importa
tion of foreign glassblowers to work at Jean
nette, Pa., but the main charge is slander."
THE BASIS OF THE CHAKGES.
Ex-General Secretary Litchman claimed
that McGaw had maliciously and foully
slandered him for five years, and in the last
campaign had tried to make merchandise
out of the evidence which he claimed to
have, that Litchman was a defaulter.
Litchman said this information came to
him through the Eepublican National Com
mittee and was correct. McGaw feebly de
nied the charge, but it was unexpectedly
corroborated by General "Worthy Foreman
"Wheat, who said in an interview with him
at Pittshurjj-that JTcGaw stated substantial
ly what Litchman claimed.
McGaw claimed that he had not slandered
Litchman, but John O'Keefe, of Rhode
Island, said that in 18S4 McGaw made a re
port to the K. of L. Insurance Committee,
which contained a slanderous attack on
Litchman, and the committee would,not sign
the report until that part was stricken out
McGaw consumed an hour in his defense,
in substance making a general denial of all
the charges. Kepresentatives followed in
MTERAIXY PLATED Sl'GAW.
At the conclusion the assembly, with only
one dissenting vote, expelled McGaw. Sec
retary Litchman said with much feeling
that after having borne slanderous stacks
five years he was glad to be present at his
vindication in the expulsion of McGaw.
The expulsion of Homer L. McGaw from
the order was not a great surprise to the
Pittsburg Knights in the convention, and
will not be in the city whence they came.
"When the information was given some of
them this evening by the correspondent of
The Dispatch, the general inquiry was,
"What did they do in Joe Evans' case?"
It was expected by many that both McGaw
and Evans would be expelled, on account
of their notorious connection with the pros
ecution in the imported glass workers'
At thelast convention of the Window Glass
"Workers' Association, in Pittsburg, in June
last, a resolution was passed, and sent to
General Master Workman Powderly,
j DEMANDING THE EXPULSION
'jjftf both these men. The resolution expressly
stated that if the General Assembly would
not expel them, the 3,700 members in the
Window Glass Workers' Association would
withdraw from the Knights of Labor. In
cold cash this meant several thousand dol
lars in the way of per capita tax each yeai
paid into the General Assembly.
Alter the Pittsburg convention it was de
nied that such a resolution had been passed.
Mr. Evans now has in his possession, how
ever, a printed copy of the proceedings of
that convention, which were sent out to all
preceptories by President James Campbell.
Campbell is one of Powderly's strontr friends,
and it is alleged that the expulsionof McGaw
to-day was brought about by Campbell.
"The charges," said a friend of McGaw,
"are those usually made against anybody
who raises his voice against powers that be.
Campbell is afraid to let the real issue of
bis prosecution come out"
POWDERLY FAYOES FEDERATION.
Ihe question of federation with the Farm
ers' Alliance was not discussed, but Pow
derly and President Livingston, of the
Georgia Alliance, had a talk, when it was
agreed that Livingston should address the
General Assembly on Friday. In the talk
to-day Powderly declared himself in favor
of federation. He will go to St Louis to
meet the National Alliance on December 3
Livingston is non-committal, but other lead
ing Alliance men are inclined to favor fed
eration. At a request of the assembly in
Birmingham, England, the words "of Amer
ica" were dropped from the name of the
order, making it read only the Knights of
Labor. Several committees were appointed.
To-night public exercises were held, at
which addresses of welcome were made by
Hoke Smith, as the proxy for Governor
Gordon, and Mayor Glenn. There were re
plies by Powderly and others.
To tbe Victors clone tbe Spoils.
Eichmond, "Va., November 13. The
Democratic City Committee last night
adopted a resolution calling upon the city
authorities to discharge all colored men in
U employ nt tha city government.
WON'T BE COUNTED.
Southern Negroes Will Refase Information
to Censns Takers, to Reduce Demo
cratic Representation An Outrage
BIIII and a Colonization Scheme.
rtFECIAL TELXaB TO TBS PtSPATCH.1
Atlanta, November 13. The Negro
Convention of about 200 delegates, now in
session at Tillman Church in this city,
adopted a resolution yesterday pledging del
egates to refase information to census enum
erators and to get their constituents to do
the same in order to reduce the Democratic
representation of the Southern States in
Congress, and in the Electoral College in
1892. The same programme is to be carried
out in every Southern State. A Tennessee
convention has already been called at Nash
ville. The colonization of negroes was discussed
to-day. A committee of five, to report on
the subject, stood two for and two against
c61onization, the chairman not voting. To
night the matter came up and it was decided
to recommend gradual colonization. The
"outrage mill" is the prominent feature of
the convention. Delegates wilT systemat
ically report all cases of violence to their
race, and the whole will be summed up in a
bill of grievances. The convention 'issues
an address to the white people of Georgia,
stating grievances very much like those set
forth by the negro convention of Texas.
W. A. Pledger, a negro politician, who
called the convention, made a speech at
tacking the newspapers of the State,
especially the Constitution. There is much
feeling between the races yet over the East
Point whipping and other disturbances.
There is no disposition toward violence
here, and the city is as orderly as usual.
A BOOST FOE DELAMATER.
Cob Walker Confident the Crawford States
man Will Succeed Beaver.
ISPECIAL TELEQKAM TO TUX DIKPATCH.1
New York, November 13. Colonel
Louis Walker, one of the bright young pol
iticians of Pennsylvania, and a member of
Governor Beaver's staff, was at the Fifth
Avenue Hotel to-day. In conversation
with a reporter about public men and poli
tics generally in his State, he said: "We
have a rising young man in our State who
thoroughly representsithe progressive polit
ical spirit, and who will, if my judgment
is not wrong, be our next Governor Sen
ator George Wallace Delamatcr. He is not
an aspirant for Senatorial honors. Has he
any rivals in-the Gubernatorial race? OhI
yes; there will be several candidates for the
nomination, viz.: General Hastings, ex
Lieutenant Governor Stone, General Gobin,
of Lebanon, and Montootb, of Allegheny.
The election, however, for Governor does
not take place until next year."
"Why is it that Senator Delamater is so
"He always stands up for the right, and
during his political career he has shown
marked ability and proven that he thinks
the interests of the people are paramount to
self-aggrandisement. His course in the
State Senate last winter, where he was the
acknowledged leader, brought the Republi
cans together and prodnced harmony all
through the session. Then he assisted in
driving away the lobby, something that has
never been done before."
GOING THROUGH THE EAETfl.
Ashland Evidently Built by the Foolish
Man of Scriptures.
rsr-EciAX. telegram to the disfatch.i
Ashland, November 13. The handsome
bnilding of the Washington Fire Company,
of Ashland, and a score of other buildings
in the neighborhood have been wrecked by
the sinking of tbe surface. Ashland is not
undermined, and though many theories
have been advanced, the real cause of the
trouble ha: not been learned. One thing
certain is the town has a sandy bottom,
which has been seriously affected by con
tinual rains of this year.
The fact stares the Borough Council in the
face-that one of the finest buildings of the
town has thus been ruined beyond all re
demption. It extends to all the houses for
a number of fquares, including Twelfth to
Seventeenth streets. The first indication of
a settling of the surface was noted about
ten days ago.
BDD TOLLIYER'S LICENSE.
A Dozen Armed Men Assisting; HIra to Defy
Ihe Liquor Law.
rsrzciAX. telegram to the dispatch i
Lotjisyiile, November 13. Bnd Tolli
ver is causing trouble again up in Eowan
county. He has been rnnning a saloon at
tbe little town of Farmers, in violation of
law, and being indicted gave a bond. Be
fore the trial he had a personal difficulty
with a man named King and attempted to
kill him. A warrant was sworn out for his
arrest, but he fled.
To-day he turned up with a dozen of his
friends, all armed and desperate. These
backers, he grimly remarked, were his "li
cense" to sell whisky, adding that if the
Sheriff wished to arrest him for his assault
on King, he knew where to find him. The
Sheriff is not anxious to serve the warrant
under the circumstances.
GOING BACK TO AFRICA.
Thlrty-Ono NegToes In Augusta Reads- to
Return to Natal Climes.
rSFECIAL TELEOBA TO TBI DISPATCIM
Augusta, Ga., November 13. Augusta
has a small colonization society, numbering
31 persons, who are eager to go to Africa.
The women are the most active and spirited
members, and they are working hard to in
crease the number. Application hns
been made to President Copping, of the
National Colonization Society, Washington,
for transoortation for the entire party.
and if he cannot accommodate them with
free passage the members propose paying
their own expense, for they are determined
to leave this country and thev propose emi
grating to Africa, where it will be more
congenial for them.
NO CHAKCE FOR H0LZHAI.
The Lone fllchwaymau Identified as the
Murderer of Flelschbelu.
Bessemer, Mich., November 13. The
attorneys lor Eedmund Holzhay, the lone
highwayman, on trial for the murder of A.
G. Flcischbein, made their opening address
to the jnry to-day, and the taking of testi
mony was begun. The prisoner was posi
tively identified by several men who weee in
the stage that he robbed, and relatives of
the murdered man identified articles found
on Black Bart's person at the time ot the
capture, but in the main the testimony to
day was commonplace.
MRS. G00DL0E A CANDIDATE.
She Maybe Given the Office Made Vacant
br Her Husband's Death.
;epEClAL TELEOBA- TO THE DISPATCH.!
Lexington, Ky., November 13. It is
learned to-night that Mrs. William Cassius
Goodloe is an applicant for the position of
Collector of the Seventh district of Ken
tucky, the office held by her husband at the
time of hisjleath last Snnday.
It is belffired she will be appointed, as
many of tbi other applicants say they will
withdraw in her f&voT.
MRS. FOSTER'S BOLT.
The Regular Orgnnlzntlon Will Establish
an Opposition Body In Iowa A State-
meat of the Reasons Which
Led to the Withdrawal.
Chicago, November 13. At a meeting
of the Executive Board of the W. a T. TJ.,
at which Miss Willard presided, a bolt of
the Iowa delegation was discussed. Mrs. L
D. Carhart; of "Marion, la., who has been
opposed to Mrs. Foster, was installed as a
provisional member in place ot the bolter,
and will be in charge nntil the new election
is held. The board adopted a plan of reor
ganization for Iowa. Mrs. J. Ellen Foster
was seen to-day and asked the reason tor
the withdrawal of the Iowa delegation from
the National W. C. T. TJ. Mrs. Foster said:
Tbe Iowa delegation deeply regret the course
they were forced to take in withdrawing from
the Convention. They have been associated in
the National Temperance Union since its or
ganization. They have had their full share ot
burden and of reward in this war against the
drinking usages of society. They have contin
ually protested against the diversion ot
their influence and the compromise of
their work by political party alliance.
These complications have thickened and the
evil results have multiplied with the years,
until it is no longer possible to bear the friction
without naturally limiting the strength of the
movement. The conviction has been growing
in the W. C. T. U. of Iowa that separation
must come sooner or later. The last State con
vention adopted a resolution empowering the
delegation hero to take such action as the exi
gencies of the case demanded, with the possi
bility of separation in their minds when so
We are still constitutionally an auxiliary to
the National Union and must remain so until
the next annual meeting of the Iowa society.
The provisional committee to-day appointed
by the non-partisan women who met at the call
of Mrs. Watson, of Pennsylvania, are able
women and will begin aggressive work at once.
We shall make no war on the old society: it is
dear to us, for wc have pnt many years of hard
work into its development and wish for it all
success in its many lines of Christian work.
There are, however, a largo number of women
who wish to do legitimate temper
ance work, and will not consent
to the mortgage of their political
influence. Hundreds of ministers who cannot
give their support to a partisan organization
ave urged us to the step wo have taken. For
myself, 1 expect our action will greatly modify
the partisan course of the National Union. The
lines of partisanship and non-partisanship
being definitely drawn, will iorce many women
to think critically and come to logical conclu
sions. We are so sore onr position is tbe only
consistent one lor a moral reform association
to take that we believe the Christian public
will sustain us in it
ROBERT 1NGERS0LIS DAUGHTER
Quietly Married by Legal Contract at the
Residence of Her Father.
New Yoke, November 13. A quiet
wedding occurred this morning at the home
of Colonel Robert G. Ingcrsoll, when his
eldest daughter, Miss Eva Ingersoll, was
married to Walston Hill Brown, of the
banking firm of W. H. Brown & Bros. No
invitations were sent to friends of the fam
ily, and the only person present besides the
immediate families of the contracting
parties was Dr. T. S. Robertson. The cere
mony was pnrely a legal contract, and was,
cerformed by Judge George C. Barrett, of
the Supreme Court, a life-long friend ot
Colonel Ingersoll and of tbe bridegroom's
The bride was dressed in a traveling cos
tume of pearl gray silk, with a bonnet to
correspond, and wore diamond ornaments.
There were no ushers, best man or bride
maids. After the ceremony there was a
quiet wedding breakfast The pair started
in the afternoon for a trip -to California.
On their return they will live with Colonel
A ilONEI LENDER MISSING,
And Also a Qnnntlty of Funds Belonging to
1 SPECIAL TELEOBA TO THE DISPATCB.l
Bloomington, III., November 13.
"William H. Fursman, who for many years
has done a large business at Pontiac, 111.,
lending money, disappeared on Saturday,
and it was discovered that he has been for a
long time embezzling money furnished by
Hudson, Burr & Co., money lenders of this
city, who represent capitalists in New
York, Boston and other Eastern cities,
Hudson, Burr & Co. are already sure that
they are losers to the extent of $20,000 to
$50,000. As Fursman represented other
firms of Illinois, and possibly of the East,
it is believed his defalcation will fall little
short of (100,000.
HIS MARRIAGES ALL FAILURES.
A Polish Peddler In Newark Makes Many
Hearts Bent as One.
ISFZCTAL TELEOBA TO THE DISPATCH.)
New York, November 13. Justice
Doctor, of Newark, is President of the Pol
ish League in that city. To-day he arrested
a peddler who, it is said, has been perlorm
ing cheap and simple marriage ceremonies
without license of church or law.
Samuel Bojast, ot 28 Broome street, New
ark, is the man, and Justice Doctor is satis
fied that he is one of several smart Poles
who have gone into the marrying business
at every opportunity, and, that fully 200
couples have been married by them in and
near Newark. Bojast is under bail for his
appearance in court
NOT A BARRIER THERE.
Tremont Temple Contains a Creedless Sun
day School Convention.
ISFECIAL TELEOBA TO THE DISPATCH. 1
Boston, November 13. TremontTemple
held a mighty gathering of Sunday-school
workers to-day, comprising all the Protest
ant denominations. It is the first time that
the various sects have met on common
ground, and their enthusiasm showed that
they were ready to pull together.
Addresses, coverintr every phase of Sunday-school
work, were made by Rev. John
Hall, D. D., pastor of the Fifth Avenue
Presbyterian Church, New York; Rev. F.
N. Peloubet, D. D.; Mr. B. F. Jacobs and
Kev. A. F. Sehauffler, D. D., of New York.
OPERA FOR CRAZY FOLK.
A Hoosler Doctor of the Insane Thinks It
'SPECIAL TELBOKAM TO TUX DISPATCH.!
Indianapolis, November 13. The
State Institution for Insane recently changed
management The new Superintendent,
among other innovations, tried to-day the
experiment of bringing SO patients to the
English Opera House to see a comedy. The
experiment was highly satisfactory, and the
insane folk enjoyed the treat immensely.
Dr. Wrisrht, the superintendent, said to
night: "My plan has been to give the pa
tients just as much amusement as possible,
and I feel confident that does them good."
HANI ARREST8 FOR MURDER
Growing: Out of a County Seat War In the
Interior of Kansas.
Wichita, Kan., NovemDer 13. John
Jackson was arrested here this morning by
United States Marshals Walker and Dubois,
as one of the 20 men who, in July, 18S8,
murdered Sheriff Cross and posse of Stevens
county, in No Man's Land. Seventeen
more of the gang are now in Stevens countv,
and the authorities there captured them all
The murder created intense excitement
throughout the State at tbe time, and grew
out of the Hugoton, Woodsdale county-seat
PBEPARED TO FIGHT.
Farwell "Will Name His Own Man for
the Chicago Gollectorship
0E ELSE STEP DOWN AND ODT.
Harrison's Stubbornness Likely to CaB a
Row in the Party, Similar to "-
THE GREAT CONKLING-PLATT RUMPUS.
Republican Senators Eager to Jain la the Fray and
Eebnke the President.
Senator Farwell threatens to resign unless
he can name the man to .be appointed Col
lector of the Port of Chicago. President
Harrison is determined to have his own
way, and a fight against the administration
is highly probable. Farwell's colleagne
and other Senators will side with the Illi
ISPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCB.l
Washington, November 13. There is
no longer any doubt that Senator Farwell
is prepared to fight the administration, if
President Harrison persists in declining to
appoint Mr. Campbell Collector of the Port
at Chicago. In this fight Mr. Farwell will
have the cordial support of his colleagne,
Senator Cullom. This much has been defi
nitely decided upon. Moreover, the Sen
ators know how their fight is to be made
and with what weapons and support.
Senator Farwell has ascertained the
views of a number of Eepublican Senators,
on the proposition that the Senate must de
fend the rights and prerogatives of its mem
bers against the encroachments of the Exec
utive, and he has enough pledges of support
to make success certain if the issne be forced
by the President. President Harrison has
in his possession a letter irora Farwell, in
which the Illinois Senator says to the Presi
dent in substance:
plain and pointed talk.
"I have but one recommendation to make
for Collector of the Port in my city. I know
the office, the party in this city and State,
and the men. If I am not competent to
name a fit person for collector of customs,
perhaps I had better resign and let a Sena
tor be appointed who can be pleasing to
Of course Senator Farwell has no inten
tion of resigning. Messrs. Conkling and
Piatt chose that way out of a difficulty
somewhat similar, but with disastrous re
sults. Mr. Farwell did not literally mean
that he bad a thonght of sending in his res
ignation, but that was his method of in
forming the President of the emphatic and
desperate state of his feelings. The Presi
dent has taken umbrage at the Senator's ex
pressions. By way ot punishing the inde
pendent Senator, he has resolved that Mr.
Campbell shall not be appointed.
A BED-HOT TIME AHEAD.
Thus the issue has been joined, and one or
the other must back squarely down. Harri
son thinks he holds the whip hand. But
does he? Mr. Farwell thinks not. Said a
friend of the Senator to-night;
"The programme of the Illinois Senators
has been decided upon. They will see the
President to-morrow or the next day and
tell him they have bnt one 'choice for Col
lector of the Port at-Chicago. If,Mr. Camp-
bell cannot be appointed the resident can
go ahead and pick out a man for himself.
They have no advice to give, and will have
none to give, except that Mr. Campbell is
tbe man. Probably the President will then
take the bull by the horns and appoint
Editor Nixon, or possibly Mr. Peck or Mr.
"Then the war will begin. Mr. Nixon
cannot be confirmed in the Senate. Neither
can Mr. Peck or Mr. Hall. Senator Far
well has said he wonld oppose the confirma
tion of his own brother for this office and be
able to defeat him. There are in the Senate
at least a dozen Republicans eager to join
Farwell and Cullom in defense of their
rights. I could give you the names of a
number of these Senators who have already
signified their willingness to
TAKE PART IN THE FIGHT,
but it would not be prndent or fair to do so.
The Democratic Senators will join these
Eepublicans at any time that their votes'
may be needed. You will remember that it
was Senator Farwell who saved Melville
W. Fuller from defeat for Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court, and prominent Democratic
Senators have told Farwell they wonld
never forget that kindness.
"Farwell and Cullom are right in this
fight and they know it, and it is this con
sciousness that makes them brave," con
tinued this gentleman, a well-known Illi
noisian. "Harrison is wrong and every
body knows he is wrong, but he is too
stubborn, too self-willed to listen to reason.
He will try to pull this thing through and
have his own way, and he will, for his pains,
get one of the smartest slaps a President has
ever received from his party. Harrison has
given offense to so many Senators that a
number of Eepublicans will be eager to
take hold of this case as a convenient club
with which to discipline the President,
Farwell is just as stubborn a man as Har
rison when once roused, and that he is
thoroughly roused in this matter I happen
to know beyond a shadow of a doubt"
WADE HAMPTON'S TEMPER
It Was All Wasted in That Poatmastershlp
Epistle Wannmnkcr's Gentlemanly
Retort Lone Ears Seen by
ISPECIAL TELEOBAM TO THE DISrATCH.1
Washington, November 13. It is
agreed on all sides that the letter ot Senator
Wade Hampton to Postmaster General
Wanamaker, comparing him with Ananias
in respect of his alleged broken promise to
permit Wade Hampton.Gibbs, Postmaster
at Columbia, to serve his term of four years,
is one of the most foolish and impudent let
ters ever addressed by one public man to
The report of the appointment of Clayton
to succeed Gibbs was trne; bnt it was not
the intention of the Postmaster General to
issne the commission of Clavton until the
expiration of the term of Gibbs. If Hamp
ton had been in the fnll possession of bis
senses he would have known that the an
nouncement of an appointment docs not al
ways imply that the appointee is to assume
the duties of his office at once.
The Postmaster General" said this evening
that he thonght the situation was quite
sufficiently humiliating for Hampton, with
out his making any reply in bad temper.
He had telegraped the Senator in a re
spectful tone, informing him of the status
of both the old and the new man, and re
questing him to take the opportunity to
make any protest he choose against the issne
of the commission to Clayton, thus making
good his promises to let Gibbs serve out his
term and also to consult with Hampton in
regard to the choice of a successor.
The only criticism offered here in regard
to the course of the Postmaster General is
on account ot his having consnlted with
Hampton at all, and for making any
promise to mm wnatever. xne mildest ex-
in regard to the South Carolina
Senator, even from Democrats, is that he
has made a colossal jackass of himself.
McLean Is Not a Candidate.
ISrCCIAL TELEORAU TO THE DlSrATClT.l
Washington November 13. John E. I
NOVEMBER 14, 1889.
McLean stated this evening that he wonld
not be a candidate for the seat in the Senate
from Ohio, which will be filled by the next
Democratic Legislature of that State. He
has been urged by friends to make the race,
but this declination is accepted as final.
SAM RANDALL, JR., FOR MAE0NE.
A Chip of the Old Block Thinks tbe General
Was Conutcd Ont.
SPECIAL TELEOBAM TO THE DISPATCH.
"Washington, November 13. There is
at least one Democrat in Washington who
believes what a great many Eepublicans,
profess to believe, that JIahone, of Virginia,
was counted out in his race for the Gover
norship. This Democrat is Samuel Jack
son Randall, Jr. He is a young man about
18 years old, and has always been referred
to as "a chip of the old block."
Lately young Sam had been taking a
great interest in politics, and for some
reason not understood by anybody became a
warm champion of Mahone in the recent
election. He was greatly interested in the
Virginia fight, and spent many hours each
day at the Capitol, arguing withl the em
ployes the justice of Mahone's .claims to
the Governorship. '
HARRISON IS HIDING.
He Is Trying; to Escape From All Easiness for
"Washington, November 13. ThePresi
dentleft the city very unexpectedly this
evening on a ducking excursion in Mary
land, accompanied by ex-Senator Sewell, of
New Jersey. He may be gone several days,
the length "of his stay being dependent on
The exact scene of the hnnting groundi is
not known, as be desired to escape altogether
from business for a little while.
HURRY UP, GROYEB.
The Shout That Greeted the Ex-Preildent
While Laying; n Corner Stone
His Hat Smashed and
His Pocket Full
ISPECIAL TELEOEAM TO TUB DIBPATCII.3
Brooklyn, November 13, The corner
stone of tbe Thomas Jefferson Association
building was laid to-day in the presence of
a great crowd and in the midst of a pouring
rain. The new building is designed as the
headquarters of the Democracy of King3
county. All the committee carried um
brellas and looked uncomfortable.
Presently Mayor Chapin, President
John P. Adams, of the committee, Presi
dent David A. Brady, of the Thomas Jef
erson Association, anil ex-President Grover
Cleveland clambered upon the platform.
The secretary read a letter of regret froui
Governor Hill. There was a good deal of
cheering at this, and then President Adams
made a speech and presented Mr. Cleve
land. Cheers arose again as Mr. Cleve
land, jolly as ever, poshed his way ont into
the rain where the corner stone was ready
to be pat into place. It began to ponr still
harder just then, and some of the crowd be
came impatient at the amount of time used
up in the manipulation of tbe stone. Cries
of "Hurry up, Grover; we're cold," were
heard, bnt were quickly drowned in cheers.
In a couple of minutes Mr. Cleveland was
seen again making his way back to the plat
form, his silk hatbattered where umbrellas
had hit against it, and dark streaks down his
overcoat showing where the drip from oth er
umbrellas had poured, but he was as cheer
fulca lark' in spite of it all. He thrust one
hand jauntily into an overcoat pocket, but
took it ont again quickly. Some one's um
brella hid been tnrning a stream into the
pocket while Mr. Cleveland was laying the
corner stone. The Tilden Club, of the Nine
teenth ward, marched by with a band play
ing. That brought on a fresh downpour.
Cheers for Cleveland and cries of "speech"
were silenced by another soggy thud of
President Adams gavel, and tbe announce
ment that Mayor Chapin would say some
thing. The Mayor was greeted with enthus
iastic applanse, and made a rattling speech
in spite of the weather.
The new bnilding, which will be ready
for occupancy next May, is upon a lot of 56
feet front on Boernm place and 110 feet
deep. The building will be Romanesque
in style, seven stories high, and will cost
abont $150,000, site included. Three rous
ing cheers were given for Mr. Cleveland on
K0 FAITH CORE ALLOWED.
Indiana White Caps Stop the Services and
Banish the Preacher.
CorniGTON, Ind., November 13. Last
night at Brown's Chapel, a country church
about ten miles northeast ot Covington, 30
persons, disguised with white caps and
masks, faces blackened and armed with
clubs, entered the church, 15 in each aisle,
marched up to the pulpit and took the
preacher, the Eev. S. Lindsay, of Danville,
111., to tbe woods about a half-mile distant,
and gave him his choice between leaving
the country early the next morning and a
terrible pounding. He decided to leave.
All those in the church were warned not to
A Mr. Crane protested against such mob
like proceedings, when he was violently
pushed back in his seat. When he got up
again he was struck over tbe head with a
club. The cause of the troubleseems to be
the manner of conducting meetings and of
treating people for. diseases with the faith
cure. Investigation is going 4n, and prose
cutions will follow if the guilty ones are
JOHNSTOWN ON A SMALL SCALE.
Two Persons Drowned nnd Property De
stroyed by a Bursting; Dam. ,
Alton, Ontario, November 13. Early
this morning the dam at McClellin's flour
ing mill, abont a mile west of here, broke
and the water swept down toward this town,
carrying away -six milldams and four
bridges, wrecking half a dozen mills and
several dwellings, and doing thousands of
dollars worth of other damage. The house
of an old couple named Harris was carried
away, and both Harris and his wile were
drowned. Many other residents had narrow
escapes, being awakened by the rushing of
the water through their houses.
The Canadian Pacific Railway's bridge
over the river was wrecked, but warning
was given in time to prevent the loss of any
trains. The damage done by the wrecking
and carrying away of mills and dams is
placed at abont $20,000, but no estimate can
as yet be made of the amonnt of the other
HIS THIRD DEATH WATCH SET.
A Man Twice Respited From tbe Gallows
Now Doomed to Die.
tSITCIAI. TEIXO.KAJI TO THE DISPATCH. 2
New Yobk, November 13. Charles
Giblin, who shot Madeline Goetz to death
last February, was transferred to-day to the
new prison in the Tombs and locked in the
wire death-watch cace, and for the third
time Sheriff Grant's deputies began their
ten days' guard over the condemned man.
TJnder-Sheriff Sexton again handed the
prisoner the new suit of clothesvlhat was
made for him when the first death watch
was set, before Governor Hill's first re
prieve. Giblfn was cheerful and talkative, and
repeated to the deputies his-Sion that
he had faith that Governor; Hill would
never permit him to be hanged;' Of the five
murderera.sentenced to be hancred In one
,day IastAugnst Giblin was the only one
rpnriTTfii . j- t i
-flTi Lr l Jh. JRtf bb V
THE OTHER SIDE HOW.
AH tho Direct Evidence Against the
Cronin Suspects Ended.
THREE SDEE TO BE CONVICTED.
Conghlin and O'Snllivan
Certainly in the Toils.
THE EFFECT ON THE NATIONAL LEAGUE.
A Leading Officer States That it May Disrupt the
'So far as direct evidence is concerned the
State has closed its case in the Cronin trial,
and defense will commence to offer testi
mony Saturday. The attorneys for tbe
prosecution are confident that they have
presented proof of guilt, particularly as to
Coughlin, O'Snllivan and Burke.
lEPICIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.I
Chicago, November 13. After three
weeks of almost constant examination the
public prosecutors practically finished in
troducing testimony in the Cronin case to
day. The defense will begin Saturday to
combat the evidence of the State. Two
days grace were given the lawyers of the
prisoners in which to prepare their testi
mony. The prosecutors are well satisfied with
the case they have made ont against the sus
pects, and have no fear of the outcome.
The same opinion is held by persons who
have listened to the testimony. Coughlin
has been indisputably associated with the
white horse which carried Dr. Cronin away.
He was seen at the Carlson cottage, and is
known to have been drinking near the
scene of the murder on the fatal night.
A VERY BAD MAN.
He also stands accused of falsehood, of
flagrant dereliction of duty when assigned
to work on the case, and of seeking to ruin
Dr. Cronin. Burke's tenantry of the cot
tage, his association with the myiterions J.
B. Simonds and his fight for Europe after
the murder will likely convict him. O'Snl
livan has been caught in innumerable lies.
He was also seen drinking with Conghlin
in the neighborhood ot the coftage on the
night of the murder. The strange contract
he made with Dr. Cronin, which eventually
resulted in luring tbe victim to his doom, is
another strong point against the iceman.
Little Knnze'a complicity in the conspir
acy is not so well established as that of
Burke, Conghlin and O'Snllivan, yet it
appears from the testimony of the State's
witnesses that the painter was the associate
of Coughlin and O'Snllivan on the night of
the murder, that he was seen to drive si bay
horse in front of the cottage that day"and
that he visited Simonds' fiat on Clark street.
ONE WHO MAT ESCAPE.
Beggs will probably be acquitted. He
was arrested on information which seemed
to associate him with a secret circle that had
sealed the doctor's doom. Thus far Beggs
has not been directly involved in the con
spiracy. As for the rest of tbe prisoners,
their lawyers will probably base their de
fense on a scattering fire of alibis. In this
event the State has in reserve some good tes
tiqiony'which will be offered in rebuttal.
Judge McConnell opened conrttb.is.marn
ing by refusing to pemilT "the State's Attor
ney to" probe the Clan-na-Gael scandal of
past years for the purpose of showing
Coughlin's alleged hostility 'to JDr. Cjfpnia.
The ruling was no surprise- to' the lawyeis
for the State. They are satisfied that they
have already showed that Conghlin had -a
motive for attacking Dr. Cronin, and are
content to let the matter rest where it is.
Had tbey been permitted to go into an in
quiry of the secret work of 1881, which re
resulted in the expulsion of Dr. Cronin from
tne order on trnmpea-up
CHARGES OF TREASON,
the testimony now held in reserve for the
State would have been of incalculable bene
fit to several prominent Irishmen who are
not under arrest for the assassination of Dr.
Cronin, but who, it is expected, will even
tually be brought before the bar of justice
for the work they did in dragging the cour
ageous opponent of the triangle to his
death. These men are desirous of knowing
the strength of the hand the State holds
against them, but the ruling or the Court
leaves them in doubt and expectancy.
The testimony introduced to-day was un
important. Signal Officer Frankenfield
corroborated the statement of the State's
best witnesses when he swore that the night
of May 4 was clear, with a moon in the last
quarter and the stars shining brightly.
THE LEAGUE IS DANGER.
A Leading- Ofieer of the Great Irish Organi
zation Snya tho Cronin Conspiracy
Will Have a Baleful Effect
Only One Salvation.
rSFECTAl. TELEOBAV TO THE DISPATCH.1
Baltimore, November 13. The Kev.
Patrick Cronin was one of the prominent
delegates to the congress. He is First Vice
President of the Irish National League in
America, and has attended every convention
of the Irish National League, except the last
one held in Chicago. He has always, by
pen and upon platform, advocated the legis
lative independence of Ireland. This is what
he says with reference to the Irish National
I regard the present condition of the League
in this country as anything bnt favorable. In
many places the Clan-mvQael have fastened
themselves upon it, and have managed to ob
tain complete control. This fact Is of Itself
enongh to cause the American people, who
havo hitherto so generously responded to its
appeals, to view it with suspicion. The Chicago
conspiracy, which is now being shown np in the
courts, has disclosed a far-reaching and mani
fold power, which in a land like this. Is simply
appaJlinc That power has been able to control
press dispatches, to honeycomb the police, to
trip up officers of the law and to impede the
course of justice to an extent that is scarcely
credible m this free land and in this nineteenth
century. And ail this has been done in the sa
cred name of Ireland and in supposed further
ance of her cause. It may be asked whathas
tbe mnrder of a man in Chicago got to do with
this cause, or bow can tbe effect of a single
murder be so far-reachingT In reply I wonld
say that this horrible affair has, so far as this
country is concerned, practically divided the
Irish people into two hostile camps, namely,
those who desire and are determined, in so far
as tbey can, to bring tho murderers to jnstice,
and thus relieve the followers of Parnell and
his methods from the shadow that now rests
upon those who seek the legislative independ
ence of Ireland and those who sympathize
with the assassins, those who are using every
means in their power to shield them from tbe
reach of American law and, who, wherever
dwelling in this land, obey the commands of
the conspirators and try to terrorize Into
silence all who don't make common cause with
In my opinion 'the League 1$ now practically
dead in this country, and there is no hope of
its resurrection unless those who have been in
any way identified with the Chicago influence
retlro entirely from Its control. The great suc
cess which has hitherto crowned the League in
this country is due to tbe fact that the Ameri
can people fully sympathize .with and heartily
indorse Mr. Parnoll's methods for restoring tbe
Independence of his country. Those methods
are in direct opposition to the gospel of dyna
mite and dagger which certain secret societies
Celebrating; Edwin Booth's Birthday.
(SPECIAL TXLEOHAV TO THE DISPATCH.I
New Yorky November 13. To-day was
was Edwin Booth's 56th birthday, and the
anniversary was commemorated by the
members Of Edwin Forrest Lodjre of tbe
Actors' Order of FrieajVship, who presented
to the distinguished, actor a jewel ef tfce
Inrijz at Uut Knviilviv 'J'lmlir. -
T.f ABTXKTIBS tht bast-ess In THE BIS -
ANOTHER GLASS POOL.
Ohio and Indiana Manufacturers Join
Hands They Will Co. Operate With
tho Pittsburg; Organization
No Advance In Prices
and No Trust.
rSriCIAL TELXOHAX TO THE DISPATCH. 1
Findlay, November 13. An important
meeting of all ihe window glass manufac
turers of Ohio and Indiana was held in this
city to-day, and an organization effected, to
take the place, so far as Ohio and Indiana
factories are concerned, of the old "Western
Association of "Window Glass Manufactur
ers. Eyery house in these two States, with
one or two exceptions, was represented in
the meeting and became a part of the new or
ganization. Among other things considered
was the cutting of prices, which, in many in
stances, has demoralized tbe trade, and it
was resolved that the Ohio and Indiana asso
ciation would hereafter co-operate with the
Pittsburg organization in maintaining the
prices adopted by that association at their
There was no disposition among the mem
bers to make -any farther advance over ex
Isfirig prices; lit least, not for tbe present.
All the manufacturers represented in the
meeting reported the trade outlook as
bright, stocks pretty well worked off, and
the prospect for the future, under the new
combination, very flattering. The associa
tion finished its work this evening by elect
ing Thomas F. Hart, of Muncie, Ind., as
President, aud TJ. G. Baker, of the Findlay
"Window Glass Company, as Secretary and
Treasurer. All the factories' joining the
association made a deposit of a certain sum
per pot, whieb is to be forfeited to, the gen"
eral treasury should any of the agreements
entered into to-day be violated.
Tbe proposition to join a gigantic pool of
all the window glass manufacturers in the
United States, to regulate prices and shut
ont foreign importations, was brought up in
the meeting and discussed for several hours,
but nothing was done toward becoming a
part of the proposed combine, the consensus
of opinion being that the scheme was im
practicable at present, because no combina
tion could be trade now that would prevent
individual members of tbe several associa
tions from catting prices shonld the tempta
tion be presented. ,
LAMPSON IS ELECTED.
The Republican Candidate for Lieutenant
Governor of Ohio Pulls Through by
41 Totes There Is Soma
Tnlk of a Contest.
rSPICIAL TELIOEAX TO TUX DISPATCH.I
Columbus, November 11 Lampson,
EepublicaD, for Lieutenant Governor, has a
plurality of 41 over Marquis, Democrat.
The official vote from all the counties in the
State has been received and that on Lieu
tenant Governor verified, as this was the
only office on which there was any serious
question as to what the result wonld be.
The two candidates received a total of 750,
178 votes. Lampson has pluralities in 46
counties, aggregating 47,896 votes, and Mar
quis pluralities in 42 counties, aggregating
The Democrats were specially interested
in having the Lieutenant Governor for the
purpose of presiding over the Senate, as
their raajprity small and they cannot af
ford to be annoyed with an. oppowesjJ. tM
chair, and eeplairyBnaliSe Mvtifavaou,
-who la a parliamentarian. He is atpeaent
Speaker of .the. House. One of tbe Demo-,
cratic Senators is already sfck and pros
trated from chronic ailment, and there is a
possibility that he will be unable to be pres
ent at tbe sessions of -the Senate for some
time after the organization, if he comes to
Columbus at all. There is a possibility
that the election of Lampson will have a
tendency to do away with much of the party
legislation which had been outlined for the
Another reason why the democrats were
especially desirous of electing their Lieuten
ant Governor is the bare possibility of the
Senatorial question getting into such shape
that Mr. Campbell might desire to become a
candidate for the Senate, in which event a
Democratic Lieutenant Governor wonld be
very handy to follow him in the gubernato
rial office. There is some talk to-night to
the effect that the Democrats will contest
the election of Lampson, but what the
grounds are could not be learned. Mr.
Lampson does not believe there is anything
in the report, and does not think they could
contest it on any trivial grounds, as it is a
constitntional office. Furthermore, he has
great faith in a number ofDemocratie Sena
tors who have been elected, and looks upon
them as honest, square men. There is proba
bly notning in the contest report,
0NLI k QUA1ST BEHISSEB.
The Relics Discovered by a Nevr York 9tr
Recall the Tear 49.
New York, November 13. Twelve-year-old
Samuel Baker, of 160 Forsyth
street was prying around the ruins of a
house on One Hnndred and Eighth st reefy
near First avenue, when he unearthed an
old wooden box which contained
some records of the gold fever
of '49. There were two Span
ish doubloons in tbe box, bearing the dates
1841 and 1846. a copy of the New York Her.
afd of December 2, 1852, a copy of the Sac
ramento Placer Times of January 4, 1853,
and a letter dated Sacramento, November 6,
1851. The letter was to Frederick Whit
ney from his son Horace Whitney. The
writer spoke of going to California gold
hnnting, and mentioned Jacob Dodge, of
Brooklyn, as bis companion.
A WEDDING PAETI
Traveling la aa Onnlba Meet With a
rSTXCIAt. TXLXORAH TO THE DISFATOW.1
Cabbondals, Pa., November 13. A
party of 23 persons started from
this city this afternoon in a large
omnibus on tbeir way to a wed
ding near Waymart, six miles from here.
The vehicle was overloaded, and abont half
a mile from Waymart the rear axle snapped,
overturning the omnibus and throwing the
passengers out with great violence.
The injured are! Mrs. Frank E. Bnrk,
arm severely wrenched; Urt. Washington
Burr, face and head cut; Miss Annie Mc
Millan, face bruised and scalp cut; Miss
Jean McMil'an, face cut and bruised; Mrs.
Bobert Maxwell, skull fractured, may die.
IHE CRIMINAL LEAD TBUST
Promised All the right It Waats by a
nrXCTAZ, TH.EORAM TO THE DISPATCH.!
St. Louis, November 13. President
Thomas BIcheson, of the Collier White
Lead Company, the strongest representative
of the Lead Trust in the West, said to-night
that the Missouri anti-trust law was clearly
unconstitutional. "If the Secretary of State
revokes our charter," said he, "we will in
corporate in Illinois."
When the Becretary of State learned, at
Jefferson City, that the White 'Lead Trust
wonld fight the law, he said the charter
wonld be' revoked to-morrow and criminal
Ansther Loee H!r thhi Lsse.
BoSESUBO, Ore., Noveber 13. Alone
highwayman held np the Oeec Say stage to
day, cat opes the letters ami registered
poefe, riled tfc of their essstnts, aT
tht WMtM'tfessa bMkfe -m iw. -
mmtJ-s uss'iy.-: ".. . i,, .!.-
' ; rr
Pr wt rtmw rod.
areral era promptly responded '
to when advertised la THE DISPATCH.
can bo sold throat- ndver-
MELTONS HI CASH!
ftAanse pontine Awaiungiwor!
W.Jk a . 'Jf
l3 Dutchmen who
UAMJS 10 THIS COUNTRY PENNILESS
A TTealtiy Uncle's Tast Estate, Unclaimed
For Nearly Flitjlean, ;
WILL NOW ENE1CH THE ONLY HEIEsl
Ihe Fortunate Brothers Snnmoned to
Prore Their Claim.
The Hake Brothers', of St. Louis, are lM
great luofc. A fortune of $45,000,000 awaits!;
them in EnglandVprovidei -theycan prove
their identity. A London solicitor, who!
saw and talked with them, was eonvlncedj
mat they are the" rightful heirs. "
rsTECUU TXLEORAK TO THE DMPATCS.I fl
St. Louis, November 13. There is a for-l
.nne of 55,000,000 waiting in the Enelisfcl
Courts of Chancery for a number of resia
dents of this city. About 40 years ago fonrl
sturdy young Germans, Lonis, Williamf
Aierman andUohn Hake, arrived in New
York from The Hague, Holland. They were
young men, whose sole fortune was their
energy, and good health to back It. They
naa ieit tneir nome in Holland for the, free
land of America, expecting to carve outJa
future? for themselves by hard Work. Lonill
and William came at once to St. LouisS
wnere they obtained work, and were soon
followed by their two brothers, Herman ami
with mutual assistance they began!
rise in the world, and in a few years werein
uuainess ana prospering. .ADont V years
ago John Hake died, and seven years afte?
warn nis Drotner Herman followed hins:
each leaving s family of about six ehUdrei;
important news fob thejl
Becentlr a lawyer named Seers, renrewi.2
ing himself as being one of the- members' of
a London firm of solicitors, arrived in St?
Louis, and. called on the Hake brother
He stated that he had some Important news
to communicate to tbe heirs of Herman yob
Hake, who died at Birmingham, England
in 1846, leaving an immense fortune la
lands, vessels, securities and cash. l -J
This-fortune, he said, war eetistftteda
abont 545,000,000. Hermin von Hake' aaalj
died suddenly at bfk home leavinr no'willii
ana giving no clew to the whereabouts ofl
any relatives. Inquiries resulted in thedisJ
covery that he had formerly had a nephew
wno uvea at Hague, Holland, Dut this
nephew had died, leaving four sobs who
bad emigrated to America about the -rear!
1850. These sons were the only heirs to thta
immrase wealth, as they were
THE ONLY SUEYIYINCf EE1AHYE3.
By some means ha heard that a number
Hakes were living in-this city, and withonti
any expectations that his hopes won Id b
realized, he decided to come and see
He asked them all manner of quesUonswitBJ
out revealing tha object, of his inquiries,
and became convinced, that at last it smI
found the clue. He then told thearwhr fcal
JsBBBssaVrcbed so lone and assldssflslv'forl
lUlwWlnel gavs thsitfattttte aowstfctt fe?l
000,0eeiyiathc2fersof Chaneary,' wattfE
ing Only far the rfghtfal. heirs to proVe
nwr claim, xne crotners were astamaasaB
at tbf intelligence, and gave Mr. Seew'isvf
strnctions to do ail in his power to assMt'lil
proving their claim to the property
had decided to- return to- England after
transacting nusinessin uaiuornla. Dutwhilel
there was taken ill and died. SeerV'firml
pushed tbe claims; and to-day the brethe
received a cablegram from London reqneitj
ing them to come at once, prepared toa3
pear in court and prove their identity. TiejJ
wui leave next weec.
THAT SAMOAN TREATY
Legislation for the Protection of Aaermal
Interests la the Pacific The CoalhtsH!
Statlen to be Established at
Washington, .November 13. The rt
cent consideration by the Secretary of State
and the Secretary of Navy of a propos-itiOB,
to purchases) site for a coaling station o
tho Hawaiian Islands, for wbick
the United States holds the exclu
sive: right under the treaty neeotia
by Secretary Frelingbnysen and Miaietcrl
Carter and promulgated in 1837, has dWwai
attention anew to the legislation for the pr
tection of the interests ot the United States!
in the Pacific. Shortly before the close 'of J
tbe Fiftieth Congress an appropriatioarc
5500,000 was made to be distributed bythej
President for the protection of AmericasTlw
terestsln tjamoa. Ht
This fund has something ot a confidential
nature, and it may be that a detailed reportj
of the disbursements will not be made. Sal
LfarM known the only charges against iiw
the expenses of the Samoan Commission a-tj
Berlin last spring, the cost of sending boaMJ
the sailors, both German and AmerioJ
wrecked in the storm at Apia last
March, and tbe expense of sending gifts ta
the Samoans who distinguished themselves!
by their bravery and service on the oeHs
casion of that storm in rescuing and sacjer-
ing those in distress. Aa appropriation otj
100,000 was also made at about the saemI
time toward establishing a coaling station1-
at Pago Pago, Samoa. Of this sura nothing!
has yet been expended. , v-
A purchase was made of 2,000 tons ef
coal at a cost of 536,000. which is stereil?
there, but it has not yet been deei cfesT
whether to charge the cost to the special f-j
propriation or to the regular naval appro-
priation for the purchase of coal. Adlra
Kimberlyhas made a survey and report!
upon a site for the proposed station wnie
is now before- Secretary Tracy for hit ee
A $25,000 SUIT F0S BLANDER 'i
Rreaght Against One sf tbe eatHsw He
bur. af thf. W. f? V. TL
Chicago, Noyember 13. Dr. Maryl
Weeks Bnmett to-day sued Mrs. u itaj
Barker, one of the leaders of the W. CT.f
V., for $25,000 foi slander. Latt week thai
brought suit against Miss Willard and twoj
other officials of the "W. C T- U. for 850,069,1
claiming a circular which they had sent owl
concerning the management of tbe Nationals
Temperance Hospital was isise, mineiowy
and libelous, and has injured her pre-l
To-dav's anit is practical! V based OB tha S
same charge. Mrs. Barker espoused Misaj
Willard's cause a-rainst Mrs. Burnett; aI
said in convention that she believed the fe-iPi
cnlarwas all right. The suit is the rea-KI
of her remarks.
ATEDLI GOOD lOTJS<Alf
Is Aawtw tha Missing-, With Rebta M tWl
Amount of 31,046. "
'Omaha. Neb., November 13. EL.
Miller, a son ot Emily Huntiatea JblisJJ
tbe authoress, nas aosconaea, ie-vwg
due members of the Trinity KetMiatj
Church, in Kbunti place ajWMtlasj'SfJ
about $1,000. Miller was treawper e-f tfij
eaarch. and has always been isasiJiiud 1
eieplanr young man. Ha a -splwsrfl
PaI Miller, a Clneim-ti iM(sJs, m
a. MM) !-- 1 BM-l
3V -(.T . ,Mm!,A.
.. t , ,.-lt