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I ' SECOND PART! I
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Too Large Enrollments in the
?A .NEW HOUSE NECESSAEY.
fCitv Sutierintendent Iinrlrev Mates
., . , .,
an Important Inspection!
TALK OP ANOTHER HIGH SCHOOL.
Table Showing the Average Past and
THE HILL DISTRICTS GEOWIM FAST
of Schools Luckey
Tisited the Mt. "Wash
ington and Bedford
schools this week on
his annual tour of in
spection of all the
schools of the city.
Including the shove,
he has already Tisited
Morse, Humbolt, Bir
mingham, Allen and
Luckey schools on the
Soutbside, and -will
soon inspect the St. Clair, Knox, Biverside,
Thai. Stevens and Mouongahela schools.
"When seen by a Dispatch reporter yes
terday, he said that thus far he had found
all of the schools visited crowded. Ihe
Bedford is building up surprisingly. The
greatest increase is found in the hill district.
The Allen school has increased its attend
ance 60 per cent during the last month and
will require additional rooms soon. This
increase is noticeable throughout the
Twenty-second, Twenty-seventh and Thirty
The Mt. "Washington school is very
- crowded. However, they expect to be in
their new house with eight rooms additional
by the first of January. The new honse is
now being plastered, and the interior fitted
up. The Humbolt school has a large at
tendance, but the territory'they draw from
is bnilt up more solidly, and their large
buildings will accommodate -them for some
time. The Luckey schools, under its new
principal, Prof. A. C. McLean, is in a
nourishing condition, and growing rapidly.
DBOPPIKO A TEACHES.
Tbe Jtivereide schools have dispensed
with one teacher, and will meet to-night to
decide on the teacher that will be dropped
from the rolls. In all the schools visited
Superintendent Lackey finds a. high grade
of scholarship, and says that the pupils of
the Southside schools are among the best in
the city in advancement.
In his rounds the genial Superintendent
has many humorous experiences, and his
-observations of human nature are interest
ing, for instance, be finds that the Ger
man pnpils of the Southside generally excel
in drawing and anything pertaining to me
chanics. The English pnpils are the best
readers and elocutionists. The Yankee
pnpils do not seem to excel as a class in
anything particular, but each has his own
One thing particular that the Superintend
ent noticed was the general neat appearance
of the children in attendance at the schools.
Many parents who are in very moderate cir
cumstances still find time and money to
dress their children neatly and keep them
very tidy. In this respect many homes are
found where the school children wear
the best clothes of any in the family,
and by contact at school with other well
dressed children carry neatness and snnshine
into their own homes, and often cause their
parents to fix up their apparel. Truly the
influences of the school go farther than one
2TCGHT SCHOOLS OPENING.
Next Monday the night schools will be
opened, and the directors of the different
wards predict a good attendance. This year
the ratio of pnpils (o each teacher has been
decreased from 41 to two teachers and 6 to
three pedagogues, making it possible to give
more attention to each scholar and better ar
range the classes. Superintendent Luckey
said that on the Southside the influence of
the night schools in educational matters is
more marked tnan in any other portion of
the city, and it was the intention of the
Central Board to increase their efficiency
and attendance in every way possible. "Un
til the schools are once started plans can
not be laid as to what will be done in the
future, and, as each School Board controls
its school, each will look over its affairs,
with only a general supervision by the Cen
Just now the teachers are busy planning
-the work as far as can be done until it is
known how large the attendance will be.
It will be a wees, or so before the schools
get Bettled down to business, but when they
do get at work, it is hoped bv the different
educators that the night sch'ools will be
come more and more a feature of the present
system and its advantages mnri t hnmnt...lv
recognized by the parents of those who,
from various causes, cannot attend during
Since 1873. when the Southside schools
came under the city's supervision, an excel
lent showing has been made. In this con
nection the Superintendent prepared the fol
lowing table for the Southside edition of
The Dispatch, showing the increase in
buildings, teachers and pupils from 1873 to
the end of the school year of 1889. In 1873
.the Bedford and Birmingham and Hum
boldt and Morse were combined in two re
spective districts, and, in making the table
the proper ratiwas considered:
, - AX E.TEKESTIKO TABLE.
y J? firvN?pi
This table does not take into considera
tion the replacing of old buildings by new
ones. The Allen, Knox, Moore, Biverside
and Wickersham buildings are all new.and
ithe. Xuckey, St. Clair and Mt, Washington
?elch have two new ones. The Bedford has
'been remodeled and an annex added to the
' Humboldt. The Thad Stevens has also had
its capacity increased.
The 'Monongahela school has decreased its
jmefflbersbip 67, while the greatest increase
yf number is louna in me mu ashington,
which has added 663 to its attendance, more
than double tne numoer in lb, 3. The
Allen-has made a still greater percentage of
increase, bringing it enrollment no from
164 to 682, nearly 300 per cent
"When spoken to abent tbe need of a High
School on the Southside, Superintendent
LucCey was greatly In favor of it, but said
that nothing conld'be done at present as the
law specified that there should be onlv one
-Hich 8chool in Pittsburg. It wonid be an
easymattcr, -however, to change the law by
a specialiset of sh Trffrislattirj And nn
doutftwllv it will be done soon. The Super-,
intendent said that the question of High
Schools was the most important one now be
fore the Central Board and that the needs of
the people cannot "be denied.
KEW INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL
Formed by (be Iiadlen of the TJIrmlDSbani
Avery enjoyable social gathering was
held at the Town Hall of the Birmingham
TurnVerein last Monday evening by the
Turn Ladies' Society. One dollar for each
gentleman, with or without a lady, was the
price of admission. A good round sum was
realized, which is to be used by the ladies
in defraying the expenses of an In
dustrial school, to be carried on in the
Turn Hall. Mrs. H. Hamm is president
of the society as well as superintendent of
the new school. She in company with three
other ladies will meet the children in the
hall once or twice each week and teach
them embroidery, crochet, knitting and all
kinds of fancy work, etc Jnst how far the
ladies will go with their new venture they
have not decided yet, but will formulate
their plans as they go along. There are
now 20 ladies belonging to the society and
they will take tnrns in teaching the little
The Tarn Verein also hope soon to be
able to start a yonng ladies' class in turn
ing. There is a class no w of about 40 chil
dren, ranging in age from 4 to 14 years. If
seven young ladies over that age will con
sent to join the school, a class will be made
Tbe children's class is in a flourishing
condition. Some ol the children show fine
AN AGREEABLE SURPRISE.
Kino Wasons of Produce Given to
Joneph'a Orphan ATlum.
Bev. Father Duffner, of St Peter's Ger
man Catholic Church, happened to glance
ontof his window "Wednesday morning, and
saw nine wagons, one after the other, draw
up before the house. At first he thonght
they were hucksters' wagons and went out
to say he did not want to buy anythintr. To
his surprise the drivers told him they were
givers, not sellers, and their nine wagons,
loaded with anples, potatoes, etc., were a
Halloween offering from St. Agnes' con
gregation, Mifflin township, to St. Joseph's
The surprise was, indeed, an agreeable
one, as Father Duffner admitted, and the
orphans' Halloween feast nroniises to last
Bits of News Gleaned Entirely Among and
for Old Birn.lngha.mers.
A Bazaab will be beld dnrmg the first week
of December for tbe purpose of paying off tbe
debt on the Guild House.
The members of Southside Council, Jr. O.
U. A M., will attend the Soutbside Presbyte
rian Church in a body to-morrow morning.
Acme Council No. 219, Jr. O. U. A M., met
Thursday evening and decided by a vote of 103
to 1 against the proposed change of name.
A LODGE of tbe Order of the Golden Chain
will be organized next month on the South
side. Dr. Isaac W. Rlggs will be the medical
The Philadelphia Company has a man in
their employ who signs his name Ludwig Von
vienkelsteinhausenblunsen. His boss is re
puted to be subect to lockjaw.
The work on St. Michael's parish residence
is progressing rapidly and th Jmilding. will
soon be completed. It will be tbe first build
ing of the kind on the Southside.
Booth A Fiesk's men were filling up an
old gas tank at the foot of First street last
Thursday, when one of tbe horses backed too
far and tell in, drowning in a twinkling.
The Board of Directors of the Southside
Hospital will meet Monday evening to hear the
report of tbe committee appointed to formu
late a plan tor raising funds for the institution.
JIaeeet Clerk McDonald is troubled
considerably with country hucksters locating
near the market house and endeavoring to dis
pose of their goods withe?! paying for the
Miss Mnran. S Jirrn, of the Bedford schools,
has banded in her resignation, to take a posi
tion in tne juctieesport schools. Miss Walters,
a graduate of tbe last Normal class, is nlling
tbe vacancy until tbe board meets.
Complaints are being made about the con
dition of the Seventeenth street dump. It is
claimed that refuse of all kinds is being
dumped there. The stench arising from tho
place endangers the health of the locality.
The voting on the candidates who are aspir
ing for President Campbell's position in the
Window Glass "Workers' Association is being
done this week. Tbe voting sheets were sent
out to all the unions, and they are expected to
be returned to-day.
Donations will be received at St. Mark's
Episcopal Church, on Eighteenth street, this
afternoon, for the Southside Hospital Fruit
and flowers will be received until 4 o'clock. St.
Mark's congregation is taking considerable In
terest in charitable work.
Carson street was washed yesterday for tbe
first time since early in the spring. It is said
that tbe Street Commissioners bad not intended
to clean the street until next spring, as they
anticipated the traction company would tear
up tbe street. When it was learned that the
work on tbe traction road was not to be com
menced until about March next, they decided
to clean the thoroughfare.
CADGflT ON THE HILL.
Newsy Notes From Allentown, Knoxville,
Hit. Washington, Etc
The C. L. A. will .hold a ball, Tuesday, No
vember 19, at Odd Fellows' Hall.
The Allentown Turner Hall Fair will com
mence next Saturday and continue about two
A VERT enjoyable ball was beld In Howe's
Hall, West liberty, Wednesday evening, under
tbe auspices of tbe young men of tbe place.
A pleasant little affair in Mt. Washington
society circles this week was the progressive
enchre party given by Miss Minnie Wagner at
her borne. Dancing and a neat luncheon fol
lowed tbe games.
The ladies of St George's Church, Allen
town, will hold an entertainment and sapper
for the benefit ot tbe church, Thanksgiving
eve, November 27. An excellent programme
has been prepared.
The ladies of ML "Washington are taking
tbe initiative steps toward organizingja ladies'
gymnasium society. They beld a meeting at
tbe reading rooms last Tuesday evening,
talked the matter over and elected temporary
officers. It is their purpose- to have a hall
fitted np In tbe usual manner, with all the
apparatus found In rootnsneededbytbesterner
sex. Some 0 ladies are reported to have sig
nified their intention of joining. Another
meetins will be beld soon, when further plans
for the future will be formulated.
Ilarblaon to Bntan.
Mr. Harbison says relative to Mr. En tan's
statement that be (Harbison's; attitude to
ward Mr. Bntan was caused by the defeat
by Mr. Hutan of Mr. Harbison's brothers
for varions offices, that with the exception
of one brother, who was a candidate for
Common Conncilman in Allegheny and was
elected, he never knew of their candidacy
for office, and he says be would have known
it if they bad been np for anything.
Everybody Will Have Money.
The employes of the city in Municipal
Hall received their salaries for October
yesterday. The Engineering and Surveys
Departments and tbe Bureau of Health.
will receive theirs to-day. The firemen
will be paid on Monday
and tbe police on
EBESSIB BRAMBLE, in to
morrow's DISPATCH, disousses
the chaperon question.
E-LOUIS PASTBDB, the fa
mous French physicfen,talks about
hydrophobia andIta 'cure, In to
morrow's DISPATCH..,, &. .
WAGNER'S OLD HOME.
"Wakeman's Pen Pictures or the
Apostle of Noise as He Appeared
DURING THE CEAZY KIKG'S BEIGN.
A Theater .JIade to Fit the Compositions of
WHAT LISZT'S DAUGHTEB GATE TO HIM
ICOEKESPOSDEITCE OF THE DISPATCH.
Batbeuth, Bavaeia, October 21. If
Richard "Wagner really desired to seek as
deep a seclusion as possible, and to retire al
most absolutely from all that had flavor of
the modern about it, his judgment was not
amiss when he selected Bayreuth. The
place is one or the oldest of Bavarian towns.
Indeed, if one consider the irregularity of
the streets and the general straggling, zig
zag, haphazard arrangement, or rather want
of arrangement about everything, the place
must have originally grown up along some
old Boman cowpath, and that one a most ec
centric cowpath besides. Somebody has
given Darmstadt the reputation of being the
deadest town in Europe. That person .had
not seen Bayreuth. I am told that, any time
between the "Wagnerian revivals, when a
party of strangers arrive at Bayreuth,
it is such an event that the church
bells are rung and the visitors
are drawn in their fiakres ' to an
inn by tbe populace. However this- may
be, there is a listlessness and a silence here
that are ever painful. Twice a week the old
market place brightens np a bit. If there is
any other business done nere there are no
evidences of it." The Bathhans is a rat
hopse indeed; the chnrches are sullen and
ruinous; the hotels are wearisome old places
with their "offices" in a chair in a moldy
court, or on an oaken table no larger than
your hat; the residences -but a few of which
were bnilt during the pre'sent century are
gray old tombs, abont which even wild
things in green have apparently ceased
growing; the people themselves) "seem as
wraiths, who dream between fests. and who
'are'only revived for a little time to gather
the ptennige and marks that those remark
able events bring here; and as soon as the
strangers are gone the sleep of, the years
again immediately descends for another
PEEFEREED BEFORE 'WAOS'EB'S TIME.
But a long time ago, before "Wagner was
born, it seems that others chose the place for
a spot for idyllic retirement. The husband
of the illustrious Margravine de Baireutb,
sister of Frederick II. of Prussia, here built
many of the deserted palaces and stately
honses which are now either used as . bar
racks or are entirely deserted. Tbe Erm it
age is one and is located about three miles
from Bayreuth. In this, it is related, the
lady named wrote her famons "Memoirs."
Also at this period Frederick II. built the
fine old theater here, decorated in the rococo
style, which seats a thousand people, and in
which, dnring his time, operas and fieras
were produced at great cost. Upon one, it is
said, 30,000 florins were expended. So it
will be seen that Wagnermerely revived and
surpassed what once existed here. Beside
the ancient glories of the Margravines, in
terest attaches to Bayreuth as the home of
Jean Paul Friedrich.-Bichter.whose writ-
-- - ' - -"'- .. UV.JJWW-
He lived here from 1804 until the date of
his death in 1825, and lies bnried in the
little graveyard just beyond the Erlancen
gate. King Ludwig X erected his monu
ment, the work of Swanthaler, in one of the
principal squares of Bayrenth. At the little
hostelry called the Botbwenzel, near the
Ermitage, a room is shown where Bichter
loved to comefand rest and write.
Bnt above all else, the pilgrim here is
attracted to the Bichard "Wagner Theater,
the mnsical Mecca of Bayreuth. It is built
fully a mile from the center of the town,
halt way np the side of a little mountain,
whose top is crowned by the soldier's memo
rial of 1872-73, and, with the exception of a
few modern residences at either side of the
broad, tree-bordered avenue leading to it. is
quite isolated and alone in its glory. It is
most untidy and even repulsive in'exterior
appearance, and no style of architecture
could be named in describing it unless, in
deed, it might be called Wagnerian that is,
The material is a composite of stone and
brick and concrete, with here and there the
cross-beams of oak, so common in inferior
German buildings, with rnble stone and
plaster in the interstices. As you approach
the leveled platz, or space, set aside for the
theater and grounds, there are to the right a
gigantic detached wine cafe and dance hall,
and to the left an isolated beer hall and
promenade grounds. To describe the ap
pearance oi tne tneater irom a distance,
without knowing for what purpose it had
been built, one wonid be tempted to say that
a wealthy German farmer had built a large
barn, or storehouse, npon a high hill. Not
quite satisfied with the room he had got,
after a little he had a shed for his cattle and
horses erected at either side. Finally, after
several years of affluence, and determined to
outdo any farmer in the principality, be
had pnt another barn, twice as high and as
large, behind and against the first one con
structed. But when alive, wise old "Wagner could
give American theater builders points uoon
interior construction. The stage and acces
sories have been given the most attention,
and this portion of the theater (representing
the last barn built by the farmer) is twice as
large as the auditorium itself. The width of
the stage is 90 feet; the depth (stage proper)
is 78 feet; to which is an extension 40 feet
deep and 39 feet wide; giving, on occasions
like the presentation of "Parsifal," a total
stage depth of 118 feet The height of the
stage from the floor to the attachment of flies
is 90 feet The open space below the stare.
the stage cellar, has a depth of 34 feet, and
the open space above the flies is 26 feet, giv
ing a total distance from the highest avail
able point for use in stage mechanism to the
floor of the stage cellar of 160 feet The au
ditorium to American eyes at first seems as
painfully ugly and plain as is possible for
the monkish, morbid genius of man to create.
But one gradually discovers' system and ar
rangement of wondrons real worth. There is
not a proscenium box or parquette or a dress
circle box in the theater. There is. no par
quette or dress circle. The seats circle to the
right and left from
THE CAVERNOUS SPACE
in front of the stage, where the orchestra is
shut out from view, to the rear at an angle of
elevation of abont 30. Following these at
either side with lessening projection are lat
eral walls reaching to the ceiling, the ends
of which are treated with detached Corinth
ian columns with long, square bases. -These
diminishing columns terminate at the rear
at either end ot the Prince's eallerv. set im
mediately behind the last and most elevated
circle of seats. This gallery comprises simply
six stalls or boxes, tbe whole capable ofcom
fortably seating 100 persons, from which ex
tend to the rear large foyers and promenades.
Above this gallery is another smaller
gallery, accommodating 250 people, so that,
as the main floor contains 1,345 chairs, there
is seating capacity for only 1,650 persons.
These chairs are of cherry, square-framed,
with square backs and cane seats, and are
roomy and comfortable. The ceiling which,
in gray, Vandyke and white, represents a
canopy gathered at the top of the pros
cenium and astened down above the upper
gallery snugly, has not a line of gilt or
'Bright color. The somber columns at either
side simply represent hewn Btone in gray
and white. There is absolutely! no decora
tion in tbe Bichard Wagner Thdafer, unless
the'efonping of gas' jets, eraeeially hung
from the cans bf thp column nn(t likestiravs
mo uiiuaeiKuvtoi me - ceiumut, tne ioi
SATURDAY, NOYEMBEE 2, 1889.
former series of which are continued around
the cornice of the Prince's gallery, may be
called decorative. By an ingenious arrange
ment ingress and egress are provided, each
two rows of seats having a separate en
trance. Dnring a performance the lights in the
auditorium are lowered as much as possible,
and to such an extent that reference to score
or libretto is next to impossible. Thns,
there1 being no orchestra visible, and no
gaudy decoration to distract the attention,
the stage effect, be it of sight or sound, is
wondrously heightened and intensified.
WHAT THE EFFECT IS LIKE.
Indeed, looking from the center of the
auditorium upon a stage settingat "Wagner's
Theater is like looking from the gloaming
of some restfnl cavern out upon the
great glory of the rising sun. One cannot
but think o"f Bemfarandt effects. The very
mind and sight and all faculties of mental
and spiritual perception are focused
upon the one spot which is given
a 'positive radiance by contrast. The cost
of the theater was in the neighborhood
of $22, 000, and considering the difference
in labor and value of material in Germany
and America, what would equal an outlay
of 500,000 in our country was expended.
This fond was raised by direct taxation by
"Wagner upon 1,000 patronats, or member
of "Wagner societies, who were virtually
commanded to each contribute $225. Only
$125,000 came this way. Then Wagner at
tempted to secure the remainder by giving
perlormances of his lighter works, but only
about $20,000 was thus secured. Finally
tbe late King Louis gave the remainder,
$80,000. I had the good fortune to witness
the first performance of "Wagner's last and
greatest work, "Parsifal," in 1882, as well
as to become personally acquainted with the
composer, his wife and Abbe Liszt at that
wonderful music-drama, was fully 400.
Everybody knows the history ot Wagner's
obscure origin; his trifling studies; his sur
passing impudence wmle yet unbearded in
proclaiming a new, and, to him, the only
correct, school of composition in lyric opera;
his revolntionary career; his exile to Switz
erland; his ill-success in England; his re
buffs at Paris,despite Meyerbeer's noble aid,
repaid by the subsequent cruelest satires by
"Wagner; his literary diatribes aeainst all
who loved the melodies cf even so'great pre
decessors as Mozart and Beethoven; and
his general stupendous egotism, self-consciousness,
assertiveness, impudence, aggres
siveness, or whatever it may he called; and
his finally winning the heart and-treasnry
of the erratic King Louis of Bavaria through
the presentation of "Der Fliegende Hollan
der, ' and his later
TRIUMPHANT KINGLY SWAY
here at Bayreuth while giving the world, or
rather his thousands of pilgrim disciples,
representations of his colossal music-dramas,
from the "Bing of theNibelung" in 1876, (o
"Parsifal," in 1882, as were never elsewhere
accorded any art creation on earth. But
everybody does not know the chief sources
of his success; nor mnch of his personality;
and few, it seems to me from mv own oppor
tunities for observation and analysis, have
had the calmness and patience te give both
the composer and his extraordinary product
their just estimate.
Just two people really made Bichard
"Wagner immortal. One of these was the
woman whose hand I grasped at "Wahn
fried," the same one I had.mpt in 1882 at
the same place, whose lofty calm, marvel
ously winsome imperiousness and impassive
ness. and her supreme loyalty to her hus
band then, converted all enemies to friends.
and now whose shining faith in the dead
union with him, would transform the whole
world to Wcgnerian discinles could it he
brought within her influence. That woman
was once Von Bulow's wife. "Wairner and
Von Bnlow were sworn friends. "Wagner,
with his mighty genius for concentrating all
human aids upon his own resistles creative
and projective forces, saw, or felt, or be
lieved, that this one woman was as neces
sary as life itself to the complete develop
ment of his purpose to create for the world
an absolutely new standard in lyric music.
To think was to act and compel according
act, with "Wagner. So be ran away with
this Cosima Von Bnlow, Listz's danghter;
and as soon as Von Bulow got a divorce
AVagner married her. Her children by
Von Bulow and those by "Wagner were
ever, and now are, a happy brood together.
These are the plain facts. Those may dis
cuss them who wish. Whatever else it was,
it was a union of genius and force, without
which "Wagner wonid have broken and
failed beneath the remorseless storms of op
position his own remorselessness compelled.
THE OLD GIEL HE RAM" AWAY WITH.
Probablvnow 60vears of aue. "Madam
Cosima" is a head taller than was the short
and poddy "Wagner. Quaint and odd in
dress, spare and gaunt in figure, tbe start
ling effect is heightened by the longest and
scrawniest neck e"ver connecting woman's"
head and frame. She is as sallow as was
her venerable father. Beep but phenom-,
enally bright and piercing eyes gleam ont
under heavy brows. Her nose is long
ana nawcea. .tier mourn is large,
with lips firmly set, with an expression
of unconquerable wiU power; and this is
all intensified by iron-gray hair hooding
the sides of the .face almost to the
chin, which is then gathered in a huge knot
at the top of the head. There never lived so
homely and yet so fascinating a man as Was
Listz, whose grotesqnefacelhave studied in
parlor and at pianos by tbe hours. Cosima
Wagner is his prototype in woman. I be
lievtfher to be what Wagner ever insisted
she was, the most intellectual woman in Ger
many. Not this alone. Her intellectuality
was even surpassed bv her matchless devo
tion. It did not make her bis enemy. It
made her make him. No flattery evertempt
ed her into the weakness of vanity regarding
her own majestic part in what the world got
from Wagner. Hence, and because of this
loyal abnegation only, she must ever be
known as luminously as be who wonid not
have gained immortality without just that
power from her and just that abnegation
which devoutly holds to this hour. '"No,
the world is wrong," she said. "It was all
his mighty genius. I could help but little."
Then with great spirit, this remarkable as
sertion: "It is the eternal principle that the
male shall create; that the female shall nur
ture. Few women ever created. They were
'derelicts, wandering forces, when so striv
ing. Had these known the master-power of
mated genius in man, their contribntion to
tbe world's good would have been infinitely
WHAT SHE GAVE TO HIM.
Cosima Warner not onlv cave her own
magnificent powers to Wagner, but she
princes, the adored of all women, that great-
t t,-.t th. .m, - !.-' .i.-..
est pianist the world ever knew, who never
utterea word, maae motion, or struckanote,
without presenting a living idea his end
less and all-powerful slave. These two
tremendous forces, with access to a king's
treasury, gave him power to realize his
ideals fully; a fortune no composer before
him ever possessed. As to his influence
upon music I believe it to have been bad;
not because of his real accomplishment.
but because there remain only two classes
to contemplate his work. One believes
with Wagner that the ultimate was reached
in his methods, and imitates them
sadly and badly. Tbe other, absolutely re
jects everything Wagnerian. Neither dis
ciples nor enemies are true critics. Time is
the only inexorable determiner of what is
best in art And I believe time will give
Bichard Wagner this place: A transcend
ent poet and mnsician whose twin genius
created a new form of expressing simul
taneously majestic ideas in blended sonnd
and thought. Wagner made a new type of
a certain expression. He did not reveal
melody. Its divinest forms were before him.
He disturbed these tor a little. They will
again appear. He created immortally for
the Bupremest appreciation of the Intellect.
Tbe world will ever cherish, thatmnsio
which appeals to the SBpremest appreciation
time. "With those engaged Ju various es- Hve C(mn(.;lg u mjjoritieg for &,
sential capacities, the number of persons cha whiie5i6of the 197 branches voted
actually employed to produce Waener's ,i,-ji.' :. t. t..-j- . .t.- -m-.i. t-
National Beports Show a Decided Op
position to the New Name.
AMERICAN LEGION GETS THE GO-BY,
The Change is Wanted, but the One Pro
posed Is Not Desired.
NATIONAL COUNCIL HU8T TET AGAIN
The result of the vote of the .councils of
( the Junior Order of United American Me
chanics throughout the country on the pro
posed change of name was received in this
city yesterday. "American Legion," the
name recommended by the National Coun
cil, has been defeated by an overwhelming
majority. The voting was exceedingly
light, the indications being that less than 20
per cent of the total membership voted.
Although the votes are not all in, a
sufficient nnmber of reports have been re
ceived to tell what the result will be. Be
tnrns have been received from seven States
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, New
Jersey, Massachusetts, West Virginia and
Virginia. From these Stats 262 councils
gives a total vote of 5,368 against "American
Legicm" aqd 73 for it. Of the 365 councils
in Pennsylvania 197 heard from give 293
votes for and 3,990 against the change. Two
councils Scranton, No. 196", and J. K.
Moorhead No. 198, "ot this city, gave solid
votes ot 8 and 12 respectively for the cnange.
96 refused to vote on the question at all.
In Ohio the vote indicates that a cnange
is favored there more than -in any other
State. Twenty-four councils heard from
gives a vote of 342 to 220 against
the proposed change. This was ex
pected from the West. It was
claimed that the present name hindered the
work of organizing new councils in the
Western States, where the order is not so
Maryland seems to cling to the old name.
In this State eight conncils roll up a vote of
354 to 6 against the change. Golden Bnle
Council sends in the largest vote polled in
any State, the members having cast 144
solid votes against it
New Jersey, the State expected to adopt
the new name, refused to do so by a vote of
445 to 124, out of 23 conncils heard from.
Massachusetts, which was also looked to for
a majority in favor of "American Legion,"
votes against it by 104 to 15, in 5 councils
Four conncils in West Virginia give a
vote of 53 to 52 against the change, and the
same number ot councils In Virginia give 80
to 11 against it
WHAT THEIR OEGAK SAYS.
The American, the organ of the order,
published in this city, will contain a full
vote in the current issue. The paper will
This result cannot be taken as an indication
of the feellng.on a change of name, but simply
shows the good sense of our membership In re
jecting a name which was nolmprovementover
From information received we believe that
had tbe substitute been ''Order ot United
Americans," it would have been adopted by
almost as large a vote-as the other has been de
feated, . -
Achange is inevitaqte ft is needed and will
come, but even the Wrongest advocates of a
change were'nnable to indorse "American
The present defeat will net end the agitation,
on tbe contrary, it simply fans ihe flame, and
the National Council must precare to meet
ana satisfy, at its next session, the popular de
mand. BPBAK-EASI PEOPLE (JO ifP.
The Police Department Wonid Not Prose
cute a Widow.
Edward and Bessie Shay, who live on
Spruce alley, between Thirtieth and Thirty
first streets, were before Alderman Mc
Kenna yesterday for selling liquor without
license, selling on Sunday and to minors.
Two boys testified that they had bought beer
at the Shay honse on October 27. Both de
fendants were committed to jail. Mrs.
O'Neill, a neighbor, arraigned on the same
charge, was dismissed. She is tbe widowed
mother of seven little children, and tbe
police decided not to prosecute her. She
promised never to sell liquor again. The
case of Mrs. McCarthy was continued for
John Fletcher, whp has been keeplngW
High street, was sent to jail on a charge of
selling without a license. The complaint
was made by John O'Stander. The'latter
was recently released from the workhonse.
TflEIE FIRST B0ILDING.
The Westlngbonse Machine Company's Old
Plant lo Come Down.
The Westinghouse Machine Company,
between Twentv-fonrih and Twentv-fiith
streets, are making extensive improvements f
on their property. The shop facing on
Penn avenue has been pulled down, anji it
will be replaced by a handsome stone and
brick structure. All'the old machinery has
been taken out, and, newer and better
adapted appliances will take its place.
The improvements will cost the company
between $15,000 And $20,000.
A PARDOH FOE BOEEHARDT.
An Appeal Will be Made to the Board In His
Behalf In for Harder.
W. D, Moore, Esq., has made application
for a pardon for Christian Burkhardt.'of
Mt Oliver, who was convicted a couple of
years ago of murder in 'the second degree
for the killing of Michael Sherer, who, in a
row, struck Bnrkhardt's wife when she was
in a delicate condition. Mr. Moore states
that Burkhardt should have been acquitted
at the time, as the circumstances were miti
gating to an extent that made tbe killing
TODD'S HEARING TO-DAI".
Tbe Alleged Oplnrt Joint Bottle Will
Told to Alderman Grlpp.
W. H. Todd will have a bearing this
"MR before Alderman Gripp on two
i, - . . ,. rr, . ..
charges of aggravated assault and battery
and a charge" of larceny. The prosecutors
are Charles King and Ye To, both China-
men". They bad a desperate fight on Wylie
avennea few nights ago. The celestials
alleged that Todd robbed them of $13 in
money and someopinm.
ME HEWEPI8C0PAL CHURCH.
Another Temple of Worship Dedicated nt
The dedication of All-Saints Protestant
Episcopal Church was celebrated yesterday
at Braddock with impressive services by
Bishop Whitehead. He was assisted by
the clergy of the diocese and others from
other places. After the services dinner was
served to all present Bev. J. N. W. Ir
vine, of New Xork, is the permanent rector
of the new church.
ETHE COFFEE WE DEUTK,
how it is adulterated and how the
fraud may be detected, is the sub
ject of an article by OhevaHef Q.
Jackao-n,' Mi D., k .a-iorrcrw's
i vnips ot m ann 17 rvtar)tiv v triFtno nancy
l DVllUiVAKUIiablh f I1UO UI LUH IIUIIU XIV.
DISPATCH. ,J s SFu l
AH IDTLOF THE CATSB
OME, get up, Nellie!
You have been tossing
abontfor the last minute
as though you were
wrestling with an angel,
like the old patriarch
Jacobl" laughingly ex
claimed Kate1 Manville,
as her dearest friend
Nellie Sommers opened
her eyes in a dazed
"Ob. Kate, I'm half
inclined to give up
the trjp on the mount
ain this morning," re
plied Nellie in a rather
dejected tone. "Lhave
had such a horrid
you're always dreaming. Lieutenant Lin
coln's ghost was hovering abont us again
last night, no doubt"
"Nonsense, Kate; be was farthest from
my thoughts. But the dream shall not
deter me from the trip. I'll not disappoint
you, at any rate."
Nellie Sommers and Kate Manville had
been at Saratoga for two months, and had
tired of. the interminable routine of dress
ing and driving and 'promenading. An
invalid aunt, whose physician had pre-
AMED OP A SOLDIEB
scribed mountain air for bis wealthy patient,
volunteered to act as chaperon, and tbe
gjrls, who had never beenenled a wish,
decided to go to Hnnter for a month-, throw
off conventionality, and romp among the
The two chums, with alpenstocks and
drinking cups, and their little reticules,
filled with dainty lunches, slung over their
shoulders, were on the road before his solar
majesty had kissed the hilltops. The sum
mer was last waning, and the chestnut and
maple, whose hnds bad been first in the
spring to burst forth their tender leaves, al
ready dotted the mountain-side like rubies
set in the deep green foliage. The girls
were tor the moment overawed at the sub
lime prospect, when Nellie suddenly broke
"Kate, I must tell you my dream,"
"Go on," responded Kate, with mock
serfousness, "and possibly I can interpret
tbe wonderfal vision." .
"Well, Kate, "yon know how we have
marvelled at that wonderful formation on
the mountain top called the Colonel's Chair.
I imagined we were looking np in admira
tion at the great freak ol nature for the
hundredth time. As I gazed fixedly at it
there suddenly appeared a great figure
seated in the big chair. As X scanned it
closely I saw a giant soldier in full officer's
uniform. He -wore a great chapean.that
seemed to sit on bis head like a. cloud, and
plumes stretching away from the left side of
it swayed In tbe breeze over the tree tons.
On his shoulders were immense golden
epaulets, and the fringe banging from them
looked like rows of the most beautiful stal-
His feet rested on the grav jocks
we see ud there, and his sword hung in the
great scabbard at his side, the tip disap
pearing among the trees half way down the
mountain. He beld ont his band toward
the valley; but the expression upon his stern
face was not inviting. He seemed to resent
intrusion, and to warn interlopers against
trespassing on his grand domain. So there,
now, Kate, is it strange that I was fright
ened when I awoke, and thonght of bearding
the grizzled veteran in his den ?"
''It would notVequire a Joseph to Inter
pret that dream, Nellie. Your thoughts
were wandering to brave Mr. Lincoln, of
Ours, in his gorgeoas full-dress unifora."
There you go again, Kate You're a
But Miss Manville mentally noted that
the roses which so suddenly lighted on Nel
lie's cheeks were not entirely the result of
tbe bracing Catskiil air.
Nellie Sommers and Kate had been friends
from childhood. Their fathers were .suc
cessful men in Wall street, with large bank
ing and railroad Interests, and had been long
accounted among the semi-millionaire.
Their elegant homes on Forty street,
near Filth avenue, adjoined, and between
the families there subsisted the closest inti-
macy. . ..
Kate had confided , to Nellie that Will
Farnswortb was' her bean ideal, and though
nr formal bethrothll had ' as vet bee an
nounced, their set had unasimonsly paired'
tbem on. ana azreea mat it was a isareu.
No objection conld be raised, as Will had
been admitted into partnership with' his
father, and in the natural course of events
would succeed to the old banker's large for
tune and prosperous-financial, interests.
On the other band, Nellie's secret I was
known only to Kate Manville. George Lin
coln's father had been a successful mer
chant in Boston. He had-amassed a compe
tence in trade, and lost it studyisg the
"tape." When tho crash came George de
cided to try his lnck in New York. Armed
with letters of introduction he secured a
Merkship in the. bank df which Mr, Som
mers was xresiucui, uuu now ior mrtw years
bad filled the piace saiisiactorny.
1 1 1) mm 77m301i1 1 Mil' '' r'?
,B"!eS - la rir-''BsfrsWg-.gss.lWiiaba IniHi ' f -
S&mmSf I 1 fl 3ii!ilfeMri EsUllHi '
1H r1& jffKLfiL JM Wm
Sraw niLf fit-:'
George's hobby was the arwy, and shortly Tfws a roadside spring' seen revived Eer, and
after his installation in the bank he Joined
a well-known city regiment. He soon won
the friendship of .themembeM of his com
pany, and his promotion; m rapid sstil
recently he had been elected a lleatenant
After his company expenses wen paid lit
had little left-for other tBUMiwt, and the
sliort summer vae4tie he awttUy spnt at
.some modest resort.
Miss Sommers freqwatiyealMtAtiMbMir,
to se her father, h4 ker krbrK JVto few
wii. like a ray of MfeiM-sMtalai
mmmm wo wwf an
day thai Nellie called Mr. Soramer was ab
sent, and it fell to George XSncoln. to ex
plain that' the President wonid return
shortly if the young lady would wait in the
private office. That interview was short,'
bat it sealed the fate of the two young hearts.
Nellie, too, bad met ber bean Ideal. She
nowfonnd excuses to visit the bank more
frequently than ever, and it often, happened
that her father was absent, while Georga
was always on hand to make exolanations.
Cupid had taken possession of this home of
Crcesns, and love-nfaking went on at a be
wildering pace in the temporary absence of
the Wall street magnate.
President Sommers had, however, mapped
out a different futnre for hia little Nellie.
Balph Wilmot, a successful money-getter,
and whose methods of getting it were not
entirely overscrupulous, baa years before
come to Mr. Sommers' rescue when the bank
was absolutely in danger, placing the. old
financier under lasting obligations. The
latterhad a great admiration for Wilmot's
business ability, and Balph was a frequent
visitor at the Sommers mansion. He, 'o -course,
met Nellie there, and. knowing her
prospects, determined to secure benelf and
her prospective fortune. Her father was
not averse to the consummation, of the plan
when the subject was broached to him by
Wilmot, but was1 astonished and indignant
at the stand taken by Nellie when she
tearfully told him of Mr; Wilmot's assur
ance in having actually proposed to-her.
Nellie positive stamped her foot, and said
she just hated Mr. Wilmot. This onlymade
the old gentleman more persistent and he
shrewdly concluded' that there was part of
the story untold. He demanded of Nellie
SITTETO IS JIH8 MOTOrrAtK CHAEB?-
to confess if any interloper had bees trifling
with her affectioas. She frankly aefcnowl-.
edged her love for his handsome young -clerk,
and naively intimated tbatit,
was reciprocated. Fearful that herfatherf
would dismiss George from tha bank, or(do
something equally terrible with girlish'
simplicity she apologized for him by, taking
all tne blame to herself, saying, "it was not
nis lauiu' -
"Mr silly pet," the old banker remon
strated, "young Lincoln bos not a doltar.i
You. wonid not .throw awav a hrflllantl
future and fortune on that penniless young! .
fellow?" , V ,t
"Oh. father, nlease don't talk that "wi-r.
Mr. Lincoln will rise. He is noble and gen
erous, and his talents must be recognised
sooner orlater." ..
"Boshl" Th'w fKtnemn iellnm ootJ
amount to anythiog. Besides, his talent,
consists is clandestine love-making to -myt
daughter.'whiclr. to ifat it mildlv. is.&ot!
verr honorable." . ' ?
"Bnt, father, yea will & anything awfali
to him2'sbBl Nellie. 'J,is
"No, my child. Mr. Lincoln leavery
competent aaa useiui yoHBg mas la hisr'--.
Place; nut x snail save to forbid your visit-.
lngtneMSBK, wnicBitjustdawns upe&mev'-'sj
nas resmiea in tnis Mrpn-se tnis little ro
mance carried on under my very aoee." ,
"Then. Ather. DluaeTiiriMat'MV wnnt
iaj IGOMii irj A1U mu -UUUVC, Ur ZAVJ.
shall aay something to hia that may oibadf
you." ' 3
4m WAvAat.. .mbwmi. ....-!-. a F A Y . ..
....... w.un, u..,..su jiEujrcu n win
Ttfnllin ftTnnniin Tinpn1f mml l.tT.I f....r-
ner lather's presence, feeling that she had;
indeed, been very beld. '
Astheseawa at tie seaside had Inst;
opened, Nellie, detertiiaea to get rid of.
.UMjji a a.vcukrows Kim fUUlCU OS JOT ft V?ri
month at NewnorL which with nlH '"S" ,"
friends of the family she found sufficiently '.. "ip.
secluded to give her a chance to think ever.' s :
the situation and deeide what course to J-"
pursue. jig l
Three months later we find Nellie romp-. VJ. ? ,
iug with her Mead Kate ih the CaWdlls. - jy
Notwithstanding onr heroine's dream sotb" A pbg
ing occurred to mar the aseent of t the Col- - vf(
onel's Chair, and having eaioved the maav .54
magnificent views the chums arrived at the,"
hotel in time for a late dinner. They tbea
en loved a short siesta, after whfoh thvrlc.
7 1 S .7 7 . . . ' JL . ."' : . M
emeu to go ior a arive. ua going tawagn,
the hotel office Nellie eas-nally glaacedat'"'
the register and discovered that the latest
arrival read: "George Lineoln. New
This important piece of informatioa she
delightedly imparted to Miss Manville, who
-agreed that "they she-aid take but a short :
spin, as Nellie's heart wae fall of joyous an
ticipation at the prpspect of meeting ,her
Meanwhile Georw had anna for a strolliH
through the village. Ihe: bracing air aeted 'J!
as a tonic on majauag saint mat naa eeeaa,
cooped up alL the year in the crowded citr.3fe
Laad he sauntered farther t has. he had fei--
-. .. a . -. . -h . . . . t
nauy mteaaea. .ratuiae lor a moment vr
admire the CoKhmI's Chair.'he beard in the- c .
ill.tn.iM fli. -.tlllnM tf . la tmMtm t. Jli. tm A.. a-1.A ."O
lUnUiibB VliC ....MallK V a OVi-H. 9 UWl VU tUB . Z j
wsr roan, xuo mm rapiuiy uecaras more, -.
distinct, and glancing up toward the bend.a'j
.. .tan laalaa..a l. u a la.A AjZ F2 l
wildly in his direction, swerving to the right v.r;
and left. In the carriage behind were two. v
helpless women, banging desperately te the -reins.
The .hone had got beyond their con
trol, and if not speedily brought to a halt
they wonid he dashed into the ravine OB;Vi
their left. '44
o urnping into iae raiuaie ot ma ' rosa i
George seized the bridle of the frighfeaed T
animal, and in his powerful grip-tne trem
bling brute was bronzht to a standstill bra
masterful, trick he had learned in the riding Jf
school ia Boston. TurnlBg to the ladies, he U
ha.L barelw time to reach tne carriage waea
Nellie fell fainting; A refreshing draught
tbe return to the hotel was occaaied in or-vi
ranging dellghtfal rides and drivw through
the mountains daring George's stay.
"Oh!" exclaimed Kate that eveaisg.Vj
"what an twdigaifred tamWe yo took iaaS
Mr. lmwm i anas mi tM ma w-eay
'Ah!"'Ta:shlv rolled Nellie. "ifii
TaraavoHk had bean on ih other sWtof
tM carriage, I kaaw a yeaeg laay,"wM
wenlJ have faiatad area bm graoaiwMy.;
., mmiiaai ji
fkut -.,BBu..Bb J J.
A. "f Uj5
ft .Cap i
WrftfflEK' vjSSL- . . a lEjE-