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BEHIND A TEOTTER.
Bow Koled Eeinsmen Got the Best
Work Out of Their Flyers.
SOME WIZARDS OP THE SULKY.
Bales for the Guidance of Beginners Laid
Down by an Expert.
A GOOD DEITER MAXES A GOOD HOBSE
rWEITTEK FOB Till DISFATCII.J
I had an interesting chat with Mr. E. G.
"Walker, Veritas," of the Horseman, the
other day. Mr. Walker is not only an edu
cated man and a talented writer on equine
topics, but he is also one of the best drivers
in this country, and so when he began to
talk on his favorite topic, I was willing
enough to sit hack and listen.
Mr. "Walker was formerly in the marine
insurance business in Bostqn, but tailing
health induced him to settle in Southern
Michigan, 'where he bought a few horses
and started a stnd and training stable on a
moderate scale. He had always had a taste
for horseflesh, and his new employment
proved so congenial to him that he said
roodby forever to insurance matters, and
has since then devoted himself to training
and driving horses and writing about them.
" I had alwavs been fond of road driv
ing," said Mr. Walker, "and had been con
sidered a good driver on the boulevards,
but I had never thought of driving on the
track. 1 was first drawn info it by seeing
that horses whose training I had supervised
and which I knew to be capable or great
speed, often come in last in the race, be
cause they were not properly handled. Then
I said to myself: "Well, I have never
driven for money, but I can do better than
that." So one day I climbed into the sulky
and started in a race. I will admit that i
felt considerable trepidation at first, but I
determined instantly to concentrate
my thoughts on the business in
hand. So I dismissed all uneasi
ness and thought of nothing but the
best way to get all the speed possible out of
the horse. I succeeded so well that irom
that time I have driven my own horses or
those of my friends whenever occasion
offered. You probably heard of my friend
J. F. Dingee's fast mare. Miss Alice?
"Well, I got her last spring, a 5-year-old who
bad never been in the trainer's hands or ou
the track. I took hold of her, made a
study of her gait, her disposition and other
peculiarities and then taught her to race.
This summer she has started'in nine stake
and purse races and won four of them, be
sides taking a large share ot the purse
money in most ot the others. She made a
record of 220 in the fourth heat of the
fourth race she ever trotted.
JJf OLD SATEfG EEVEESED.
"There is an old savin? that 'Good horses
make good drivers ' but I think it ought to
be 'Good drivers make good horses." Some
men are born good drivers; others achieve
distinction by persistent efforts, and others
literally have distinction thrust upon them
by reason of their success with 6ome particu
lar horse. For example, W. W. Blair was
never prominent as a driver until he took
hold of Maud S. He accustomed himself to
her ways, and she to his, and it was he who
gave her the unparalleled record of 2.-03s.
'The most notable instance of inherited
talent with the reins that I know of is that
oi the Vanderbilt lamily. The old Commo
dore was a fearless and, indeed almost, a
reckless driver, and gained a reputation on
Harlem lane and the uptown avenues which
people talk about to this day. He was a
master mind, and impressed his individuali
ty on his horses as well as the men with
whom he was brought into contact. His son,
William H., inherited that, an he did other
paternal qualities, in a conservative wav,
and was, np to the dav of his death, a re
markably good driver. He was particularly
fond ot driving two horses, which
is an art lar more difficult
than that of driving one. It was he who
beat the record of 2-15Xi made by Mazy
Cobb and Xeta Medium, to a skeleton
wagon driven by the expert, John Murphv.
Mr. Vanderbilt drove Maud S and Aldine
to a top wagon, with his own weight added
in 2J.5 at Fleetwood Park. It is, in my
judgment, an achievement that will stand
unbeaten for many a year. Ivow, there are
plenty of rich men in New York who own
fast teams, but there are very few ot them
who possess the Vacderbiit talent for driv
ing them, and in order to get the best work
out of them they have always had to hire
drivers such as Mace and Hickok. One of
the chief reasons for Mr. Vanderbilt's suc
cess was that he always studied the disposi
tion of his horses and' let their powers have
full play. He allowed them to exercise
their natural rivalry to get ahead of one
another. In short Wni. H. Tanderbilt was
a born horseman, and not merely a man
who happened to be rich enough to own last
animals. He wonld unbend more readily
with a man who could talK horse well than
he would with anyone else.
THE COMMODOEE'S VIEWS.
"I remember his saying to me once,
"There's very little use in trvine to drive a
mismated pair of horses. They are like
other ill-assorted couples. The sooner they
separate, the better. That's the reason I
bought Small Hopes, Leander, Lysauder,
Early Bose, Aldine and others, and tried
them all in pairs until I found two who
agreed well together. There was Maud S.
She did not want to be bothered by her mate
in starting off, and I soon found that Aldine
was always ready to go off with her, and it
was that that made them such a good team.'
"All of the present generation of Vander
bilts are lond of horses, hut Fred "Vander
bilt is the light-harness man of the family.
It was he who inherited Early Rose and
Aldine and all the rest of his father's flyers.
.aiauu o, as you wm probably remember,
was sold to Mr. Robert Bonner for a very
much smaller price than had been previously
offered for the mare. Mr. Vanderbilt did
that because he wished the animal to
fall into good hands, and did not
want her hippodromed around the
country. That shows how Mr. Vanderbilt
regarded Mr. Bonner as a lover of the trot
ting horse, and his judgment was not mis
placed. Eobert's brother David is a great
authority on breeding and all matters re
lating to horse flesh. Eobert has made a
life study of horses from the foot np, and
Maud S lowered her record twioe during
his ownership of her. He has not come be
fore the public as a reinsman, but he has
driven his horses at his private track in
Tarrytown in wonderfully fast time on
many occasions. So also have his sons
Alley and Fred. The latter drove Lucy
Cuyler at Fleetwood to a road wagon half
a mile in 1:05. Another illustration of the
gift for driving that some men possess, even
af they are rich, was given by John Shep
ard, the well-known Boston merchant, who
drove his team, Mill Boy and Blondine, in
2-22, the fastest mile ever traveled
by a team in New England. Like
Commodore Vanderbilt, he is well
known as a fearless and even reckless
driver. In fact, men of determination are
the only ones who drive well. A timid
man should not attempt to drive a pair of
horses fast, nor be caught in hot company
with a single one.
A PBOUD DISTINCTION.
"Mr. C. J. Hamlin, of Buffalo, is another
man of nerve and determination who excels
in the gentlemanly sport of driving teams.
He makes a specialty of breeding trotting
horses of the highest class, at his village
farm, and then trotting them in public to
prove their merits. He enjoys the distinc
tion of being the only man who has driven a
pair of horses of his own breeding and train
ing in 2:18, a feat which he accomplished
with BelleHamlin and Justinia.
"Professional driving is a very different
thing from driving on the road for pleasure.
The Woodruffs were an old-time family of
uvmmen, ana niram woodruff was the
chief exponent of the old school of training
and driving. His book 'The Trotting
Horse of America," is an epitome of old
time horse lore, and his road house, near
Coney Island, was, in its day, the resort not
only of famous horsemen, but of notabilities
ot every degree as well. His brothers,
William and Isaac, also figured prominently
as trainers and drivers. Co temporary with
them was William H. Doble, of Philadel
phia, a horseman of reruarkablo ability,
whose sons, Budd, Charles and yobng
William, were all noted reinsmen,
especially Bud. The Maces, Dan
and Ben, inherited their wonderful
skill from their father, Daniel Mace, a
Boston dealer in and handler of road and
race horses. The son familiarly known as
Dan Mace, has aptly been termed the
'Wizard of the Sulky." Brought np as a
boy in the old school of training, he grad
uated from it and becauie the greatest ex
ponent of the present method of handling
the trotting horse in the sulky, to wagon
and under saddle. He discarded sweating
under blankets, long and repeated severe
trials, and adopted the more scientific
course ot building up the horse's strength,
putting him in condition gradually by
moderate work and saving his powers for
some great race. Driving was with him a
fine art. He conld inspire the horse with
confidence from the start, thread his way
through a large field and bring him under
the wire a winner, with a tremendous rush
at the finish. Another driver of the modern
or scientific school is John Splan, who has
been a close student ot Mace's tactics, and
has, in my judgment, more of the natural
gifts of a great driver from start to finish,
than any man living.
"My own system in driving is to enter
into complete sympathy With the horse, and
never call upon him to trot when he is out
of condition, or try to make him do more
than he is able to do. In training a horse it
is best to have him exercise moderately
every fine day, but once or twice a week is
often enough to drive him at speed. Choose
a day that is free from dampness or piercing
winds. Let the horse be sent a preliminary
spin before sending him along, say a half
mile, at his best rate. Speeding against
other horses, on road or track commonly
called a 'brush,' see thatyonr horse is going
level and true, that ho has an easy and fair
nnia ot trie ou and is on nis stride, before
asking him to measure .paces with your
neighbor's horse. A sudden start and over
anxiety on the part of driver and horse has
a demoralizing effect on both, particularly
if your friend is in a jubilant mood and looks
back at you tantalizmgly. "When you range
alongside your competitor do not be in
too big a hurry to pass him. Bemember that
the other man's horse may have nearly as
much speed as jour own, and the cool head
and steady hand is necessary at this junc
ture. Also when you pass him do not be in
haste to draw away or, as the saying is,
"make a showing of him." Impudent
drivers on track and road oiten beat them
selves by exhausting the power of the horse,
so that he is not able to finish when tackled
by the game horse, driven with judgment
and his speed properly rated. Do not over
match your horse by persistently trying to
beat a horse that can play with him, and do
not speed him too far. Driving a horse to a
standstill or even until he begins to lose
heart and interest in the effort, will surely
take away his speed. This kind of training
and driving makes 2:30 horses improve back
ward and become 2.40 horses in a little
A TEOTTEE'S LIMIT.
"Every trotter has his ultimate limit
Nature has destined some to reach the 220
mark, with others she has drawn the line at
2:30, and with a select few 2.10 to 2:15 are
the bounds. Many a horse never reaches
his goal of speed because of improper and
severe handling. For example, an impetu
ous driver, known as a 'hustler,' takes in
hand a willing young horse. Both are full
of go and overdo themselves. A reaction
comes and nature calls for rest and recupera
tion, hut more work and faster is demanded.
The horse is overmatched in a race, but the
driver does not spare him not he. 'Why,
bless yon, Mr. Owner,' he says, 'this horse
is short ot work, and I'll beat the party with
him at the next town.' If he does it is a
heart-breaking race, and improvement stops
for the season, perhaps forever. The 'wait-and-win
driver will put his horse in condi
tion gradually, and bring him along by easy
stages until he is ripe and seasoned to lire
the pace against his peers. This is the time
to strike and win; but even then do not force
the horse to over-exert himself by more
than one whipping finish. Few mares and
geldings should be subjected to the cutting
lash.t Now and then the naturally dull or
flagging energies of a stallion must be roused
to action by the whip, but its continual ap
plication is unwise. A sharp cut how and
then with the dread of more will bring forth
the best efforts of the dull horse. The voice
and rein are greater inspirers of increased
efforts than the whip. As a last resort,
when all seems to fail, a smart cut and a
lifting at the same time, witn a letting go of
the horse's head, not too sudden, will enable
you to win by a neck, a head or an eye lash.
"There's an old fellow named Kyger who
came out of the woods some time ago with a
really wonderful mare named Kit Avery,
who has a race record of 2:18, and could
lower it if she were put in decent hands.
'Old Man Kyger,' as he is called, is known
on every track in the country. He uses his
whip from start to finish, and I've even seen
him whipping after the horse has passed
under the wire. He's almost spoiled the
mare already, and she'll be completely
ruined before long. Then he'll go back to
the woods from which he came."
J. L. Fobd.
Have sought to profit bv the high reputa
tion ot Johann HofFs Malt Extract. Be
ware of them. Look for the signature of
"Johann Hoff" on the neck of every bottle.
Eisner & Mendelson Co., 6 Barclay st, New
THE EVERETT CLUB PIANO THIS
"Will be Delivered to Certificate No. 248.
The name of the fortunate member is with
held by request, as the piano is intended as
a surprise to the daughter, and a delightful
surprise it will be. Do you know that we
are making some family happy every week?
It is pleasant business. Members of our
club are saving at least $75 in the price of
the piano, and getting an instrument that
will be lasting enjoyment on the easiest
payments ever heard of, only 51 per week.
We have room for a few more members.
Don't be too late, but call and see us, or
send for circular at once.
Alex. Boss, Manager,
137 Federal street.
Kid Glove Bargains.
Our assortment of kid gloves is still com
plete. Buy your winter supply now and
save money. F.choenthal,
612 Penn ave.
Thebe is no beer equal to "Wainwright's
brew. No other manufacturers produce
such a fine flavored, clear, wholesome bever
age. All dealers keep it. Families sup
plied direct if desired. Telephone 5525.
Persons thinking of making Christmas
presents of photographs or fine portraits in
crayon or colors, should give their order as
soon as possible, B. L. H. DaBbs,
It should be understood that Hangh &
Keenau pack household goods for shipment
and storage, as well as upholster and repair
fine furniture. 33 and 34 "Water st
Hunch's Jewelry Store, No. 205 Fifth Are.,
Is the place for diamonds, watches and fine
jewelry. You will save 20 per cent bv deal
ing here. Full value allowed for your old
watch or jewelry in exchange for new
goods. Established 1853.
Arc Yon Lucky '
Enough to hold one of our club tickets? If
so, call at Elite Gallery, 516 Market street,
immediately and receive the benefit
Cabinet photos, $1 per dot Lies" Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st. ttsu
LIFE ON THE AGENCY.
A Big Talk by the New Agent to the
Otoe Indians in Council.
PONIES, NOT ADVICE, WANTED.
Double Elopement of Pupils From the
THE ADYENTUBES OF ANE WSPAPEB MAN
ICOKRXSFOXDEXCE OF THE DISPATCH.
Bed Bock, Otoe Agency, I. T., Octo
ber 20. The old agent has stepped out
gracefully, carrying with him a gold watch
as a token of esteem and the good wishes of
the majority ot employes at these four agen
cies. He fs a good-hearted man, fall of
generosity and sympathy. He will locate
in Arkansas City. The new agent is fully
installed, and, like most all new things,
comes with a freshness, gush and impulse:
new theories, new rules and new regulations,
wondering in his heart why more has not
been accomplished in the past and the In
dian farther on the civilized road. A home
ly old maxim says: "A new broom sweeps
clean, but the old one knows the corners
The new agent has excellent plans and
rules, which we hope will be enforced and
accomrilish much good. No profanity.
Sabbath breaking or immoral conduct will
be permitted on the four reservations. The
law has been tacked up in conspicuous
places, so all who pass may read and profit
thereby. So 2,000 people at least will enjoy
a Puritan Sabbath. These Indians like a
new agent and new employes. They can
impose upon their ignorance of themselves
and how affairs are conducted on an Indian
reservation, and until their subtlety is
known they enjoy more liberty and greater
ease. It is amusing to see the policy shown
by the old camp Indians. They are'natural
diplomats. Tbey give the impression to
the new agent that they are a much abused
people, and are, as they always have been,
in perfect harmony witb all the rules framed
by the Great Father. "Oh, yes, we love
work, always have worked and are anxious
to wort, they say, but our ponies are small.
"We Want good' stout horses, etc, etc"
Then good stout horses are issued to them
and they make other excuses for their lazi
ness. It is hard to make people work when
they can get food and raiment without work.
The Indians are not to blame. .'
AN INDIAN COCNCIi.
I attended my first Indian Council yester
day. School was in session, but I gave it
in charge of one of my best boys, Joseph
DeBoin, the interpreter's son. The chil
dren promised that they would be good.
When I returned I found that Joseph had
made an excellent disciplinarian, being no
respecter of persons, but dealing out justice
to all. The children told me that he
"thumped" John for stretching his neck in
trying to see out or the window. John is
his brother, a big, black-eyed, roguish boy
who loves fun better than he loves anything
The Indian Council was a unique affair.
It was held just back of the commissary
building. The Indians were squatted, Turk
fasion, in a semicircle on the ground, while
the agent, clerk in charge and interpreter
sat in the open barn doo.' of the commis
sary, which is elevated about four feet from
the ground. The agent looked somewhat
impressive and commanding as he sat there
with two large books on his knees and his
eyeglasses adjusted over his keen black
eyes. He gave his talk first, in a clear, de-
breeze and seemed to mellow before it
reached the ears of his listeners. He said :
This Is your country, and you must see to it
that no white man settles here among you. If
white men, passing through, pitch their tents
end ttfA fn.lln.il tn mat. .(. . .......t ,
... .................. .. .u, ..uiimig piace,
your policemen mast arrest them and bring
them into the agency. You have a school here
that the Government has established for the
good of your children, and you must put your
children into school. When your children are
benefited you are benefited. You have good
employes, treat them right and they will treat
you right. If any of these employes abuse
you report it to the clerk In charge
prove your charges and we will settle it!
I have but one wife, and it Is bet
ter for an Indian to have hut one wife.
The more wives you have the more responsi
bility you have ana the more trouble. Have
but one wife, love her above all others. Don't
wnip your wives. I never whip my wife and
never expect to. I saw one of your women
bearing on her back a great load of wood
while her husband reclined in the tepee smok
ing. I heard a young man say once that
Indian women were the greatest slaves In the
world to-day, and I believe it. Don't make
your wives bear the heaviest burdens. "Let
me tell you one thine, and this fs for the whites
as well as for the Indians: There Is too much
talk floating around. Don't listen to it, don't
believe all you hear. Talk less and think more
and act out your thoughts. Remember the
eleventh commandment, "Keep your mouth
THEY "WANTED MONEY.
Occasionally the Indians would give a sig
nificant grunt, move about nneasily, as if
growing tired. They were disappointed.
They wanted to hear about money and some
thing more interesting. I watched Okahom
anie, one of the meanest Indians in the tribe.
He had an insolent look on his face, and sev
eral times his grunts were almost war
whoops. He deliberately arose, while the
agent was talking, and sprawled himself
down farther away from the sound of his
voice. His look and manner spoke more
more than his words, had he talked. I no
ticed one old fellow who seemed to get a
great deal of fun out of it all, for he sat with
his red blanket wrapped about him, his
slouched hat pulled down over
his sore eyes, and giggled all
the time. Two women in the background
said to me: "Heap talk, pis-coon-ie."
"Piscoonie" means no good, so to them it
was "Heap talk, no good." Mri. Myucus
looked really indignant, and if she had had
the privilege of talking might have said
some pretty sharp things. But it was good,
good home! advice, and what they needed.
The agent continued by saying: "Don't
visit other tribes, especially to get presents
of ponies, have a higher aim in life than
that, and when other tribes visit you treat
them well, but don't give away what you
need yourself, and never leave the reserva
tion visit other tribes withont permission.
I think you would be better in every way if
you had less ponies, so I advise you to sell
some of your ponies and buy one or two cows
and some pigs. Your corn will yield you
more profit if fed to pigs and the pigs sold.
I want you to raise a good crop of wheat."
Occasionally he referred to the Bible in his
conversation to substantiate some jof his
remarks and to impress the Indians that the
words he spoke were the Great Spirit's words
also. They were "Wah-cun-dah's"
words. "Wah-cun-dah" in Otoe means
God or spirit. I noticed in
the audience one, James White
water, an Otoe Indian, who has been in
prison in Nebraska for 17 years, and who
has but recently been released. It seems
that one evening, years ago, while drunk,
he rode up to a field where two white men
were mowing and deliberately shot them
dead. His sentence was imprisonment for
life, but for good conduct he was pardoned
by the Governor. "While in prison he read
the Bible through 30 times, and is now a
converted Indian. I noticed while the
agent was talking that he seemed to be the
most earnest listener, moving his head and
lips as it partly sanctioning what he said,
and perhaps framing his reply to some
things with which
HE DID NOT AOEEE.
The agent continued his talk by taking
hold of the doctor's case.
"The doctor," he said, "is supposed to be
an educated man, understands his business.
If I should attempt to give you medicine I
might kill everyone of you, because I know
nothing about it, therefore don't take medi
cine from those who do not understand."
There was a pause of a few moments, when
he lowered his voice, changed his tone some
what and said. "I am going to speak about
something that lies verv near your hearts,
and which, no doubt, will make vou look
more sour than you have. I speak if your I
Indian dances, your leaating and fasting, I
your cutting yourselves when any of your
people die. My heart was made very sad
when I heard that one of your number had
died from cuts inflicted by your medicine
men at a dance, when the news came that a
little babe had died. Then I visited one of
your tribe who had an arm on him that I
wouldn't have had for all these reservations.
This is all wrong. You should not do these
things. You should not dance on Sundays.
You should dance as little as possible."
Many of the Indians had gone before his
talk was finished. All of the chiefs stayed
and others most interested. They had list
ened attentively and had conned it all oyer
in their minds and were now ready to give
their little speech. Nothing undaunted,
tbey stepped boldly to the front, grasped the
agent's hand and then the clerk's iu charge,
stepped back a few steps and laid it off with
all the earnestness and eloquence of studied
oratory. They were talking for what they
deemed their rights, and were thoroughly in
earnest. They most all spoke as if they
were disappointed in the agent's talk. They
said: "You tell us old things, we know all
what you tell us. Our children are hungry.
We want to hear about our annuity money.
You talk about the treaty, that is old. We
know all that. "We thought because you are
a new man you tell us something new.
What you tell us is good, but we not white
man, we Indians. Indians have their own
laws, their own way, good for us, your way
good for white man."
Missouri Chief looked dignified and com
manding in his black velvet beaded snrtout,
handsome leggings and moccasins. He did
not have much to say, but what little he
said was well and to "the point. The best
and most impressive speech was made by
James Whitewater, the released prisoner.
He was dressed in citizen's clothes, had his
hat in his hand while he talked. It was
evident he was somewhat excited when he
first began. I attributed it to righteous in
dignation. I think he felt that it was his duty
to defend his people; that having been cre
ated Indians they were not to blame because
they were loth to accept the white man's
policy. His style was daring. He stepped
up to the agent, shook his hand and then
the hand of the clerk, stepped back with
dignity and determination, fixed his eyes
on the agent and began: "You tell us
about the Bible. I know something about
that Book, too. On account of bad white
men, who made me drnnk, I killed two men
and was in prison 17 years. While in there I
read the Bible through SO timei. Itisagood
Book. It tells me good things. I would
not drink a glass of whisky now for a mil
lion of dollars. That Book tells me that God
made man. He picked up the red elay and
made the red man. You tell me that only
one wife is enough, yet that Book tells me
that some good men had more than one wife;
Abraham had more than one wife. You tell
us not to dance. David danced, and white
folks dance. You dance for fun; we dance
on Sunday because our dances are oar re
ligion. "But," he added, "you tell us
good things." Majiy more good arguments
he brought forward, and for once among the
Indians the preacher found his equal.
James Whitewater is now a Christian,and
will preach to the Otoe Indians to-morrow
AN INDIAN ELOPEMENT.
Several days ago four of our pupils, two
boys and two girls, ran off. News came to
the school that they were married, Indian
fashion. The agent sent word from his
headquarters at Ponca to have them brought
into the agency, to imprison the boys and
-aye me pins worn, m me scnooi, t nrst
it was thought best to send the boys off to
the Haskell Institute at Lawrence, Kan.,
and keep the girls here in school. And this
was the wisest decision, but through the
pleading of Chief "White Horse, the father
of one ot the girls, and other prominent In
dians, that if these were pardoned and al
lowed to live together on the reservation,
that they would give their bond and forfeit
their annuity money in case any more chil
dren ran off from school. The agent, who is
a Methodist minister, said that they were
not married and concluded to marry them
legally before he released them. The boys
were brought out of jail, and the girls,
who u&u ueen -wonting in me Kiicnen,
took off their big kitchen aprons which are
madeout of ticking. This was all the pre
paration that was made for the marriage.
The Indians, who had attended the council
flocked into the schoolroom, the school
children were present and all the agency
people. Just as the sun was sinking behind
a rim oi golden clouds the two couples
walked in, to the music of Grant's march,
about the only appropriate march the organ
It was a strange wedding, the ceremony
being a little different from anv found
in prayer book or discipline. He asked
the girls these questions: "Do you love this
boy? Are you willing to marry him? Do
you do this of your own free will? "Will
you love him above all others, and stay with
him while life lasts?" Then he asked the
boys the same questions, but added: "Will
you open up a farm? Will you bnv these
girls clothes to wear and food to eat?" All
of their answers were a prompt and decided
"Yes;" but as lightly' as the vows were
made, just as lightly will they be broken.
The shadows of the night had deepened
ere the ceremony was over. The strange
company filed out; the grooms mounted po
nies behind ome of their friends, and the
girls went in an opposite direction. They
will have a big feast, and will then be hus
band and (wife, according to Indian law.
A COKBESPONDENT'S ADVENTUEE.
A tall, angular, long-haired newspaper
man came into the school-room this morning.
He had a long rubber coat on, and a blanket
thrown on his arm. He had come up from
Guthrie the night before, with two Iowa In
dians, and had gone direct to "White Horse's
lodge, where the Otoes were holding a coun
cil. The Otoes want to join the Iowas, and
live on their reservation, which is about 150
miles south of here Their roving dis
position and love of change have
caused them to be dissatisfied here. They
claim that this land is not ,good. The new
town of Guthrie is not far from the Iowa
reservation, and if the Otoes were to join
the Iowas this would throw all their trade
into tbetownof Guthrie, hence the Guthrie
ites are interested in the dissatislaction of
the Otoes, and are encouraging them in
their project. This council at White Horse's
Lodge, the arrival of the reporter of Guthrie
with the two Iowa Indians had all been
slyly arranged, but the clerk in charge
heard of it and sent "Willie Green, an In
dian policeman, out to arrest him and
bring him into the agency. "When "Willie
arrived, the long - haired, JSpale - faced
stranger was painting up most gloriously
the advantages of the Iowa reservation and
the beauties of Guthrie to the eager-eyed
Indians. He had jnst begun to tell them of
his business among them when "Willie
arrived. "Willie waited courteously until
he paused in his conversation, and then
said: "Now I will tell vou mr business.
My business is to arrest you and take you
to the agency. The stranger's business
seemed to suddenly stop, for he was quite
anxious to go to the station and take the
trainor home. He told the policeman that
he meant no harm and begged ofE
"When Willie returned to the agency
without the man. and told all the circum
stances, the clerk sent another Indian
policeman with him and instructed them to
arrest him and bring him into the agency.
He arrived at the clerk's office at 9 o'clock
at night, had a hearing and was turned
loose. He asked if he could get lodging for
the night He was directed' to the little
stage hotel just across the creek. He
wended his way toward the bridge which
had parted in the middle months ago, and
almost stepped off into the murky stream
below. Not knowing of the foot
bridge below, and seeing no way to reach
the little hotel, which seemed so near and
yet so far away, he laid himself down to
sweet sleep on the bridge, with come stones
for a pillow. It is to be hoped that he saw
angels ascending and descending, and that
his midnight visions were more glorious
than his midday realities. Some Indians
passing thought he was an Indian, drunk
perhaps, apd ttjrew sticks at him from the
foot bridge below. He came hurriedly into
the school-room this morning, got a few
items, o,nd left as hurriedly as he came. He
is a New York 'man, and writes for .Harper.
He has facts and experience enough now, if
he draws on his imagination, to make a
thrilling story. Bed Sibd.
EVERT DAY SCIENCE.
Investigating the Constantly Occur
ring Earthquakes in Japan.
SOME CURIOUS F0UHDRT WORK.
Why Banning Machinery Causes Buildings
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTEIAL BOTES
rPBEFABED FOB THK DISPATCIT.1
Beaders of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
Among the most interesting matters that
were brought before the British Association
at its last sessions were the seismological
observations which have been organized in
Japan, where constant earthquakes of the
most innocent as well as the most terrible
kind offer a very fruitful field for investiga
tion. Over 700 people sent in their reports,
amounting to simple notices or really
scientific observations. Prof J. Milne, who
superintended the observations, found the
ordinary instruments hardly more than
seismographs, and he has designed some
material improvements which he has also
successlully applitd to instruments reg
istering the vibration of railway trains.
The typical earthquake is preceded by a
faint tremor, which alarms bird and ani
mals a few seconds before the violent con
cussions set in, and which are followed by
some longer waves dying away. The
real beginning is very indistinct, a
fact which still requires explanation. The
rate of the propagation of earthquakes de
pends on the character of the rock, the dis
tance from the center, the violence of the
shock, etc. Thus' the Charleston earth
quake traveled 1,500 feet per second, the
Hell Gate explosion 20,000 feet; up to a cer
tain distance from the center the wave am
plitude increases, as has been found by arti
ficial earthquakes or explosions. Prof.
Milne proposes to place many instrument
in a row, and to watch the developments oi
the waves; a wave may first appear with a
slight, secondary curvature at the top,
which gradually increases, and finally the
wave splits in two. From the propagation of
ocean disturbances calculations nave been
made as to the average depth of the sea,
which always gives results too small by a
few hundred fathoms compared to actual
Vibration In Bnlldlngs.
One of the most perplexing problems that
confronts the engineer is the vibration in
buildings, caused by running machinery.
The character of the building, the ground
on which it rests, the weight, power and
speed of engines are all factors which must
be considered, some of which are very in
definite, or at least, their effect is hard to
pre-determine, combined with which is the
very important influence which is involved
in the relation which the speed of the en
gine bears to the natural time of vibration
ofthe floor beams. It is evident that if the
slight motion that every engine has is ex
actly in time with the natural vibration oi
the floor beam, each pulsation of the engine
will increase the scope of the vibration of
the floor, resulting in a most disastrous
shaking, while if the pulsation of the
engines are in diseord with the floor, com
parative quiet will obtain. As floor beams
are usually long, and their time of vibra
tion correspondingly long, it is usually
found that a fast-running engine will give
less of its vibration to the floor beams than
a slow running one. It is also worthy of
note that the vibrations of a fast-running
engine are more numerous and less forcible,
hence more easily resisted by the mass of the
floor. An interesting example of preventing
vibrations by discogd has just been shown
in the case of a 10-horse-power engine, which,
on the upper story of a silverware manufac
tory created such a commotion as to rattle
the rilverware on the shelves a hundred feet
distant. A change of 25 revolutions in the
speed, which change was in the direction of
increasing the speed, entirely stopped the
Baku Not Drying Up. '
The report of the exhaustion of the Baku
oil supply, which has lately been extensive
ly circulated, appears to have arisen from
the fact that a "shut-down" of a large num
ber of wells was ordered, for the'purpose of
checking the wasteful over-production which
has been going on. It is no uucommou
thing for a native of Baku to tap-a supply
of 20,000,000 gallons of oil, and waste 19,
000,000 out of it, simply for want of fore
sight in providing a cap for the well, or bv
the omission to arrange for surface storage.
j-ne aumoruies nave now tasen tne matter
in hand, and passed laws which regulate the
supply. In view of the rapid increase in
the demand for petroleum, it is satisfactory
to know that Baku is as prolific or oil as
ever. The oil trade is rapidly assuming
such gigantic proportions that for many
years there will probably be ample room for
America, Bussia and Burmab, as well as for
the minor fields that will in time furnish a
supply for the World's market. But, in any
case, it will be a good thing for Bussia when
the more careful and economical methods of
America are adopted in the Caspian region.
Pea Soup ns a Substitute for Beef Ten,
Pea soup is now recommended on excel
lent authority as a substitute for beef tea
for invalids, convalescents, and more es
pecially for patients suffering from cancer
of the stomach, or diabetes mellitus. The
mode of preparation is to take peas, water
and a sufficient amount of some vegetable
suitable for soup, and per cent of car
bonate of soda, and boil the whole until the
peas are completely disintegrated; then let
the soup stand until sedimentation is com
plete and decant the fairlv clear, thin fluid
above the deposit. The product resembles
a good meat soup in its tastes; it is equally
digestible, and at the same time surpasses
the very best meat soup iu nutritive value.
The latter statement may appear surprising,
but it must be remembered that peas con
tain a considerable portion of legumen; that
is, a vegetable albumen which is easily
soluble in a faintly alkaline water, is not
coaguiatea Dy neat, is easily absorbed, and
is equal to the albumen of eggs in its nu
tritiousness. Substitute for Ivory.
An exteusive industry has arisen in
Prance to supply an artificial substitute for
natural ivory in view of the growing insuf
ficiency of the latter to meet the demands of
art and industry. The majority of the prod
ucts formerly employed were obtained by
injecting whitewood with chloride of lime
under strong pressure. At the Amsterdam
Exhibition, however, almost all the prod
ucts had been prepared with the bones of
sheep and waste pieces of kid skins. The
bones are for this purpose macerated and
bleached for two weeks in chloride of lime,
then heated by steam along with the skin,
so as to form a fluid mass, to which are
added a few hundredths of alum; the mass
is then filtered, dried in the air, and allowed
to harden in a bath of alum, the rssult being
white tough plates, which are more easily
worked than natural ivory.
Mew Treatment of Heart Disease.
It is well known that at certain stages of
heart disease dropsy inevitably sets in.
Prof. German See, of Paris, has long been
experimenting with a view to discover what
element in milk rendered it such an admir
able agent to stimulate thekidneys, increase
the flow therefrom, and hence prove of ach
great 'service Jin dropsies. The conviction
which he arrived at was that the one im
portant element Is sugar of milk. Acting
on that theory he selected 25 patients with
heart disease, in all of which there was more
or less dropsy. To each hegave 100 grammes
of the sugar of milk a day, dissolved in two
quarts' of water. In all these cases a marked
effect on the kidneys was felt within 24 to 45
hours, and the dropsies diminished rapidly,
and after a series of treatment lasting from
six to eight days, almost all such swellings
disappeared. This discovery is regarded as
one ot the most important which has been
made in the medical world for years.
Activity In the Rubber World.
Inventive activity is to be noticed in the
rubber world as well as elsewhere. At the
present time there are in process of develop
ment and already before the heads of three
large rubber shoe factories three different
machines for cutting soles at the rate of 10,
000 pairs a day. It is noticeable that one
of these mechanisms is the invention of a
woman, who, to use an exDression of her
own, "has made the building of heavy ma
chinery a special business for many years."
This might sound as an a idle boast, but for
the fact that a very complicated machine in
paper manufacture, the invention of this
same feminine genius, is in wide me, and
has already netted her many thousand dollars.
Circulation or Wnter In Boilers.
The circulation of water in boilers is at
tracting more attention from engineers and
the importance of it is being more generally
recognized. The best circulation is, of
course, found in the plain cylindrical boiler,
where there is nothing to interfere, and
decreases with the number of flues added.
Other considerations must enter in the mat
ter of the economical generation of steam,
but the circulation should not be forgotten.
In tubular boilers, the best practice places
the tnbes in vertical rowsleaving out what
would be center row. The circulation is up
the sides of the boiler and down the center.
Tnbes placed zigzag in boilers never give
New Safety Switch.
A new safety switch for railway work has
been brought out in Minneapolis, which for
ingenuity and efficiency is 'very highly
recommended. The great value of the de
vice is in the protection of trains when the
switch has been left partly open either by
carelessness or design. In that case when a
train leaves the rail at the end of the main
line the flanges of the wheels rest on the
wrecking shoes and the guard rails guide
them op to the track. Prom many experi
ments it has been found impossible to derail
a train while this switch is in use.
Curious Fonndrv Work.
A curions and noteworthy instance of ex
pert foundry work is reported. It consisted
of three plates of cast iron about one-fourth
of an inch, and 7 by 5 inches in surface, cov
ered with writing indented in the iron
The impression on the iron is made by
writing on thin paper, pinning the paper in
a mold and then pouring on the iron. The
writing thus transferred to the plates when
the iron is cooled is wonderfully clear and
distinct, and is so deeply imprinted as to
defy any attempt at erasure.
The lSQib Degree.
Editor Every Day Science:
There is a meridian of longitude some
where east of Greenwich, England, observa
tory, presumably 180, that is the meridian,
after passing which, navigators, by some
sort of maritime arrangement, agree to re
date their logs for nautical, legal and gen
eral purposes. "Where is the meridian, the
number east of Greenwich, and what is the
scientific, nautical, astronomical or other
name by which it is known or understood ?
New Use for Graphite.
Graphite is suggested by the Los Angeles
municipal authorities as a proper ingredient
to mix with the cement now being used for
laying miles of sidewalks in that city.
These walks are objectionable only for the
blinding glare of the white material used,
and the plumbago, which exists in consider
able quantity in that neighborhood, is
recommended as a means of, producing a
color safer and more grateful to the eye.
He Waa Just In Time.
Lively Commercial Traveler Say, you
fellows, ain't there any sport in this moth
eaten town that a man can kill the evening
Spokesman "Wal, stranger, they's coin
ter be a surprise party up ter Hen Billins'
in a few minutes ye mought come along, if
ye wantert Puck.
The Sponge is Mightier
than the Brush.
THROW AWAY" THE SHOE BRUSH
and use a Sponge and water, which will
Ml j8 Hi
Keep yonr anuca umuni
and CLEAN If you use
The women know a good thing an& will
have it, and the mm ought to.f
It preserves the learner andgires a bril
liant polish. Waterandsaowslipoffitas
surely as off a, duck's back. Men's shoes
require dresiing ONCE A. WEEK
women's once a month, that's alL Worth
trying. Isn't lit It is alio the best dress
ing for harness, on which it lasts THREE
, FIGURES THAT TALK,
THE FOLLOWING MATCHLESS PRICES ARE NAMED BT
IKI IE IE C ZEE '
In Substantiation of their claim to undersell every competing
house in the city:
Substantial Antique Chamber
saiisiaction, at oniy jio.
Fine Chamber Suites, 8 pieces,
"Magnificent Solid Mahogany Chamber Suites, cheval glass in dresser;
r-ngusn wasnsiana, square rrencn
tatveu 111 iicavy rener, at jsioo.
aixieentn uentury .tinistied
r . . r . am .
The popular Terry Covered Parlor Suites at only I28.
Handsome Pettepoint Plush Parlor Suites at S35.
Hair Cloth, ruffled front and
Magnificent Overstuffed Plush
Georgeous Tapestry Parlor Suites from $75 to 300.
Antique Rockers, upholstered,
cnerry, antique oak and imitation
Armchairs and Rockers of every kind and description, at prices
mat will leave nothing to be desired.
Center Tables! A truly eigantic
conceits at i 25. Full size Center Tables from $2 50 up to $50. $ft
Antique Oak Sideboards, four French leveled Mirrors, artistically
carved, only 22 50. :,
Very large, solid Cherry, imitation Mahogany finished, SideboardsKr
teet 6 menes nigh by 4 feet lopg; beautiful carved work, only S37 5
Walnut Sideboards, size 7 feet
top, beveled mirror, marble top, at
Solid Cherry Sideboards, 8 feet
at $3S finest Sideboards up to '200.
Drop Leaf Breakfast Tables,
Extension Tables, with carved
ine nriees: Sra for trip S-fnnt. $ta
Solid Oak Dining Chairs, genuine, leather spring seat, at $s.rThe
same style, in a cheaper quality, at 3. $& '
Extra fine Antique Dining Chairs, loosecushions, embossed leather?
covered high back, oxidized trimmings, at 10.
Antique Chiffoniers, six drawers,
Cherry-finished, Mahogany Hat
carvings, antique trimmings, embossed leather seat, 6 different styles io '
select iram, ai umy P35.
Beautiful Hanging Hat Racks,
A complete assortment of Wardrobes. Here are two specialties: :$
Antique-finished Wardrobes at $12 50; Solid Walnut Wardrobes 'at'laSJ'' '
I.?frrit-fini;ri(rl "Rprln. inol or
Child's Beds, light or dark finish, in Antique, Mahogany and
nut, at only 52.
Nice Antique Oak Combination
Antique Ash Washstands, with
All grades and makes of Mattresses, from the substantial $3 artici
to the finest Hair at 50. ' ?'J
rinows, .Bolsters ana uea bpreads, more of them than can ikm
at any two nouses in tnis city combined, and at prices no dealer ;caaS
, Folding Beds, from the good,
elaborate. Prices range, in rise's of $5, from $21 to $125.
Lounges, all kinds manufactured. Good Lounges as low as $6.
the finest hand worked leather .or Pullman Plush Covered'goods at jkkSf
Lace Curtains, finest imported
Chenille Curtains, beautiful effects, with long- Chenille Friwe?
?io per pair. Others less gorgeous,
A lot of very finest quality Chenille and Lace Curtains from latel
Exposition display. They are slightly soiled and will be sold at aM
their intrinsic value. They can be
Beautiful Tapestry Brussels from
seis irom pi up. .excellent jvioquenes
irom 25c up.
100 rolls of Matting, Just received and consisting of entirely
patterns, at $4 per roll.
Uil Cloths, in. scores of new and
Linoleums, every kind in the market, from 75c to $1. -$
Tointless Mattings, plain and colored, from 50c to 75c per yard?
Rugs! A variety as large as it is
Smyrna nugs at oniy 23 up to tne ceiebratea -loyai ana uacneMos. pt
aucts at jo.
. More Rugs! Magnificent animal designs, at indescribahlr
prices. Mountain Fox Rugs, beautifully mounted, at $6. Rocky Mo3
..: nri t . . i t i.t i ... --"
laiu uuu -lugs, cicgaat spccimeus u lauiucssiy mouBtea, at lw.
White, gray and black large size Mountain Goat Rugs from $3 to $4 5
Silverware and Cutlery reliable grades that will not tarnish itt
strikinelv low Drices.
Clocks, Pictures, Paintings, Figures, Statues, Screens and other et
namental designs at prices that even the poorest can afford to pay. ,33
Th,e celebrated Chase Bros.' Pianos, finest rosewood, pronounoKJ
by the best musicians to be equal to the costly Steinway, Knabe awl1
Chickering, and warranted for 5 years, at only io, which price"i-5
dudes stool and cover.
Men's Clothing of every desirable quality and style. Fall ad
Winter Overcoats, all sizes, from $$ to 35; Suits from $ to $25. '
Ladies' Cloaks and Wraps. Enough new styles to suit the est
nn.4.nnln. VirwtnAV TT(inTeimA TanTM.n.1.Ai. m 4. D..1 C?..T tHH.l
aiuuiai 3uui uujwul.s AiwiruiA&b3 &b- VA ?L ienv
Coats at ?2o.
A lot of Ladies' Boucle Jackets,
out at $i. All sizes among tnem.
Children's Cloaks none but
nonesuy recommcau to our patrons
A full assortment of Dress Goods, Drygoods, Flannels, HeaTT
Skirts, etc, at figures that will delight the most economical vvekzstmi
A complete assortment of Comforts from 7qc to $s; aa excoUwit
stock of .Blankets from ?i 50 to fj.
Any of the above goods can be bought for -1
OASH or on OEEDIT, at
JJ , Hi O IEEE'
' Cash and Credit House,.
923 and 925
-- N"ea? 2STdbQ -
Suites, everyone guaranteed to giv
light or dark finish, at only $30.
plate mirror in tne toilet, Deauntuuy
t-hamber Suites, in any line ana at most
- - cJT A"
piped Tiack Parlor Suites at $37505
Parlor Suites, $40 up. , 'ff
marbleized silk plush, in" natural
mahogany, at only 5 50,
and verv handsome variety Pretty
high by 4 feet 6 inches long, cabiae
high, marble top, fancy carviBg s,
Antique and imitation walnut&Mly,
pillars, Antique Oak, at the follow;
for thi Tn-fnnt- if for frif T-fflot
two mirrors era top, only $12 50I
Racks! laree mirror and handsome
3 French-plate mirrors, at $6 50.
full cito an11 mnA onlw it te ?"-?i!&
Washstands at $4 50.
beveled plate mirror, complete;atT!
plain makes to the richest and ott
and domestic makes, from 756
at proportionately lower prices.
had - in half to two pairs only.
50c up. Magnificent Bodyrai;
rrom pi 25 up. .juuraDie -Bgnui
nrettv natterns. from cc an-
beautifuL Prices range fr tfe
warm, and durable, will be clowd1
such styles and qualities as we.
rrom fi up. r
A saving guaranteed m every,
6zLSi?K - b.
' Ml Ml