Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, October 21, 1889, Image 1

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IN T h TIhTj n
i Qsrix
He Protests Against the Insinu
ations Advanced by Sec
retary Noble.
For All of the Trouble Caused in the
Bureau of Pensions.
Asserted to be More Favorable to the Soldier
Than Those or the Present Administra
tion The Iiate Commissioner Did His
Whole Duly to the Country and His
Party His Letter to the Head of the De
partment Made Public Only a Question
of Lnw-Thc Report of the Committee
Which Investigated the Affairs of the
Mr. Tanner now presents his side of the
dispute concerning the administration of
the Pension Bureau to the public. He ob
jects to some of the assertions, and more
especially to the alleged insinuations, con
veyed by Secretary Noble. The claim is
made that General Bussey was responsible
for all the trouble in the department A
portion of the correspondence of the late
Commissioner with his official chief is
Washington, October 20. Corporal
Tanner, late Commissioner of Pensions, has
read the correspondence given to the public
by Secretary Noble, and has now made a
statement in his own behalf. "I object,"
he says, "to the constrnctiot that I defied
Secretary Noble on the subject of rerating,
or on the question of dominant authority in
the administration of the Pension Bureau.
"I did submit to him in an unofficial let
ter, a question which arose in my mind, as
to whether the power to put to the test a
pension which might he under suspicion of
having been granted in excess rested in the
hands of tbe Secretary, or of the Commis
sioner, and I quoted to him the section of
the revised statutes which had
in my mind; but in submitting that ques
tion to the Secretary for his decision, I did
it in the most courteous and respectful man
ner o ' which I was capable. In order that
there may be no further misconception of
my action, I qnote my letter in full:
Depaetsient op the Interior,!
BURExr or Peksions. 1
Washington, D. C July 11, 1889. f
(Unofficial.) J
To the Honorable becretary of the Interior:
Mr JDeah Bib In continuance of the con
versation had In the Interview I solicited day
before yesterday, I desire to say to you and I
pnt it before you as an evidence of my absolute
good faith in this matter tnat upon looking
into tbe law bearing upon the duti -sand pow
ers of the Commissioner of Pensions I find that
which, I confess, surprises me, viz: That if I
am capable of proper If construing the plain
letter of the law, while the Secretary of the In
tenor has the power to
of the Commi'sioner of Pensions on appeal by
a claimant against whom the Commissioner has
decided: on the other hand if, for any reason, it
be held that the claimant has been granted too
much pension, the Commissioner himself is the
only person who has the power to call a bait
ana reduce the pension.
I confess it strikes me as a manifest incon
gruity. It should be remedied at the next ses
sion of Congress, and I call your attention to it
now for the purpose of dealing with the ten
cases of claimants who hold positions in this
office, whose claims have been subject of con
sultation between us. The law I refer to you will
find as follows: "Section 3 That section 4.771,
4.772 and 4.773 of the revised statutes of the
United States, providing for biennial examina
tions of pensioners, are hereby repealed; pro
vided that the Commissioner of Pensions shall
have the same power as heretofore to order
special examination, whenever, in his judg
ment, the same may be necessary, and to
the pension according to right and justice; but
in no case shall a pension be withdrawn or re
duced, except upon notice to tbe pensioner,
and a hearing upon sworn testimony, except as
to tbe certificate of tbe examining surgeon.
Approved, 1E9" I desire to say right hese
that if you will turn to the section named and
I hope you will 1 will accept your construc
tion of the statute as loyally as I would the
official opinion of the Attorney General of tbe
United States.
If you hold that I have read the law correctly
I want to say to yon that I have such regard
for my official and personal reputation and the
reputation of this bureau that I shall not per
mit those cases to remain as they are at pres
ent, but shall order each one of the claimants
for medical examination before men whose
word upon medical points will be unchallenged
when stated, and shall stop at nothing which
shall Veep all taiut of suspicion from the
action of this office.
I have already had all other cases of persons
connected with this office, which have been
acted upon since I took charge of it re
viewed by three men of long experience m
pension matters, which men were selected
by the Chief Clerk and tbe Chief of tbe Board
of Review; and they report that out of 24
cases, "one case Is broadly open to suspicion and
r two reason -bly so. You can rest assured that
those three cases will be probed to the bot
tom. I do not propose, in any event, to have an
honorable lifetime smirched in the slightest
degree at this period or my existence; and
where I may find well-founded reasons for be
lieving that I have been imposed upon and
misled, I shall be quick to recommend the con
demnation merited by tbe parties concerned.
I simply desire to add,f urthermore, that since
our interview night before last, I have made a
comparison of action in these cases with that
taVen by my predecessors in a similar class of
cases, and I find that the comparison is entirely
' favorable to tbe present administration. I
shall be happy to lay these cases before you at
any time when it may suit your convenience.
Very truly yours,
James Tanner,
a question of lav.
'jTbe Honorable Secretary in his letter
lay great stress upon Section 4698 of the
Bcvised Statutes in connection with the
qaestion of re-rating, which section reads:
That except in cases of permanent, specific
disability, no increase of pension shall be al
lowed to commence prior to the date of the
examining surgeon's certificate establishing
the same, made under the pending claim for
"It is proper that I should state when I
took office as Commissioner I found that, on
the question of re-rating, the office was and
had been since March 23, 1886, operating
in accordance with"a decision rendered on
that date bv the Hon. George A. Jenks,
then Assistant Secretary of the Interior. In
L the case of Charles A. Watson, of the First
Begiment of Vermont Infantry, Mr. Jenks,
whose ability as a lawyer will be questioned
by no wen informed man, in broad terms
declares that, 'If, in any case adjudicated
under the act of March 3, 1879, the arrears
of pension was not graded according to the
pensioner's disability, neither Section 4698
nor any other provision of the law prohibits
a readjudication of the case.'
"This claimant's contention was in part
for pension on account of sunstroke, but he
made no claim for that disability until 15
years after his discharge. Mr. Jenks states
that, while the presumption from the fact
that he made no claim for pension on ac
count of disability from sunstroke until 15
years after his discharge is not in iavor of
the view that the disability was great, still
he holds that he should have opportunity to
show tbe extent of his disability during
that period since his discharge; and he adds:
'If the evidence should show that for any
portion of the time since his discharge he
has been disabled in a degree greater than
Tor whi:h he was pensioned, the pension for
that period should be increased so as to cor
respond with the degree of disability.'
"The legal contention I leave to those
eminent gentlemen, Secretary Noble and
the late Assistant Secretary Jenks. Mr.
Jenks' ruling was law throughout the de
partment until it was revoked, and I must
say that, in so far as it permits a man who
has been disabled in the service of the
country to prove that disability and receive
the compensation which the law provides, I
am in hearty accord with it.
"If Secretary Noble sees fit to construestat
utesso as to make them less liberal to the sold
ier than did his eminent Democratic predeces
sor, the responsibility must rest with him;
and I am not willing that while so doing he
shall, unchallenged, arraign me as operating
without reason and beyond the pale of
"Various statements have been published
over the country about the vast number of
claims of employes of the Pension Office,
which have been acted upon daring my in
cumbencyoftheCommissionership. The fact
is that there were but 33 of them all told.
I have been informed that there are nearly
700 soldiers, employes in the Pension Office,
so the pnblic can judge as well as I how
much foundation there is regarding the
point of numbers, for the criticism passed
npon the office in that respect
"Suffice it to say, that these four gentle
men, men ot long experience in the office
andof acknowledged characterand capacity,
in their report to me on the 24 cases, broadly
impeached the correctness of action in one
case, whereupon I immediately called for
the papers in that case and finding that the
certificate had not yet been issued, I can
celed all proceedings taken in the case.
But it happened that this case, upon investi
gation, proved to be tbe case of a resident of
Baltimore, who was not an employe of the
Pension Office.
"Of the 33 cases they reported that three
were simply increase cases and not re-rated
cases: that the action taken in two of the
others was right in part, and that in one
case injustice had been done the pensioner
and that he had not been granted enough.
Six cases were reported as having been
wrongly favored. All the rest were certified
to me as absolutely correct.
"On the 20th of July came notice to me
of the fact that the Committee of Investiga
tion had been constituted. When they ap
peared a day or two afterward, I instructed
the chief clerk to place the office and all it
contained at their disposal if they desired
it. That terminated my association with
the Committee of Investigation right at the
commencement of its existence.
"I never saw the report of the Committee
on Investigation until the afternoon of the
day I resigned, when I found it on tbe table
in the White House, and was there told by
the President and the Secretary that the re
port contained nothing which in the slight
est degree reflected upon my integrity or
impeached the honesty of my action as Com
missioner." In regard to the Secretary's assumption
of his insubordination, Mr. Tanner presents
a letter which he sent to the Secretary on
Angust 5 and in .which he expresses regret
that they had fallen apart, and attributes
the trouble to too little personal communi
He savs he sincerely desires that their re
lations should be ot thorough understand
ing, confidence and co-operation, and
pledges himself to do everything that an of-
ncer ongnt to be asked to do to make them
such and to continne them. He bad been a
soldier in the ranks and knew how neces
sary it was that some one should command
and others obey in order to produce the best
results. The letter goes on to say:
I recognUe that I sit in a position when I
have the opportunity of my life to serve our
comrades and our country. I desire to serve
them ana it to the full extent the law permits
and not one iota beyona. I desire to help 70a
make this branch of the administration so
popular with the veterans and patriotic people
over the country at large that, in the future,
there can be no question where the support of
tne men who served and suffered will be given.
However you may judge my act, I can honestly
insist that my errors are errors of heart and not
of head. I never drew a breath that was dis
loyal to my country, my party, or my official
superior. I do not propose to commence now.
Mr. Tanner said the only comment he
would make was that that letter was never
answered, and that it closed communication
between him and the Secretary.
"I do not," said he, "blame the Secre
tary unduly for the indignities and dis
courtesies I suffered from the department.
General liussey sat at his elbow poisoning
his mind, misrepresenting and misconstru
ing my acts and purposes. The fact is, I
was not, in the full sense of the term, Com
missioner for one continuous week."
Of the Committee Which Investigated the
Iterated Cases Increased Pension
Granted on a D'fference of
Opinion and Wlthont
Any Evidence.
Washington, October 20. The report
proper, to which Commissioner Tanner in
his interview refers, cover! a little more
than 18 printed pages, and is dated Septem
ber 5, 1889. It is addressed to "Hon. Cyrus
Bussey, Assistant Secretary of the Interior,"
and is signed by "George Ewing, P. I,.
Campbell, H. L. Bruce, Special Board of
Examiners." Accompanying the report,
and made a part of it, are 465 exhibits, rep
resenting the analysis of that number of
cases, each of which, savs the report, repre
sents, in theory and practice, a large num
ber of claims. The board tn the report says:
On the 23d day of July we called upon Com
missioner Tanner, presented a copy of our in
structions, and were informed by him that he
was pleased to knsw that such investigation
was in contemplation, and at once provided a
room for our occupancy, and offered any other
facilities necessary to aid as in tbe prosecution
of the work.
The report then says that there were no
records in the office showing specifically the
number of cases which had been rerated
during the period suggested in the Assistant
Secretary's order, and that until a period
commencing September, 1888, the rerated
cases were all included in the record among
the re-issues for all purposes.
Commencing, however, with September 1,
1888, and continuing through each succeed
ing month, the certificate division has noted
on its record ot all reissues of certificates
numbered belowl71.000 of those which hn
been reissued for the purpose of changing 1
the rate. On examination tbe board ascer
tained that the issue of certificate No.
171,000 brought the work down to about
July 1, 1880, the date when the arrears act
of March 3, 1879, took effect, and it also ap
peared that a much larger proportion of the
certificates issued prior to tnat date had been
rerated than those issued subsequently.
The report, therefore, covers all cases
numbered below 171,000 re-rated during the
months of December, 1888, and January
February, March, April, May, June and
July, 1889. A statement showing the total
number of cases re-rated during the eight
months cpecified and also showing that in
about 83 per cent of the total nnmber of
coses re-rated, the rating extends back to
the date of discharge, is given, and the com
ment is made that the statement indicates
that there has been
in the number of cases rerated from month
to month, during this period, which, the re
port says, is indicative of what isapparently
an established policy of the bureau, the re
sult of which, if continued, will be to re
adjudicate and rerate a very large percent
age of the cases in the admitted files. The
report continues:
The mode of procedure in tbe majority of
cases is about as follows: Pensioners, prompted
by the present liberal policy of the bureau, in
making an application for increase of pension,
also in tbe sameapplication request a re-rating,
giving no specific reasons therefor, but stating
generally that they have been rated too low; or
this question is considered on an application
for increase alone, and In very many cases it is
considered and acclon taken without so far as
tbe record shows a request having been made
for such action on the part of the pensioner.
In tbe process of adjudication, tbe Board of
Review have adopted the following form, of in
dorsement which is generally found upon the
briefs as its action: "Re-rating not approved
unless manifest injustice has been done in
former rating."
After action thus indorsed, the case then
passes to the medical division, where tbe new
rate is indorsed on the .face brief without, in
most cases, assigning any reason why a former
rating should be disturbed. Tbe theory or rule
which tbe office claims to follow in the adjudi
cation of cases for re-rating is that of "mani
fest injustice" in the original or former rating.
But an inspection of the accompanying ex
hibits will, we think, convince you, as the ex
amination of the papers necessary in the pre
paration of the same has convinced us, that the
theory or principle above mentioned has not
been followed as a rule. Thongh the action on
tbe face of tbe briefs by tbe medical division,
where the responsibility seems to have been
placed, assigns, as a role, no reason for the re
ratings as made that is, does not set forth that
"manifest injustice" bas been done, or that
mistiKo or palpable error was committed in
former ratings. It seems manifest, whatever
the reason was theoretically, that practically
and, in fact tbe action in a large majority of
tbe cases, was the result of mere difference of
opinion from that which governed tbe original
or former adjudication.
It was the opinion of to-day, overturning
that of 10 or 20 years ago on the weight of evi
dence and, in many cases, on evidence which,
properly considered and weighed, would, un
der existing law, rnles and regulations,, be
found inadeqnate were the cases now properly
open for adjudication of the weight of evi
dence. Several exhibits attached to the report are
cited and analyzed as illustrative of what is
here meant, and the methods generally pur
sued in re-rating cases. Two cases re-rated
prior to Mr. Tanner's taking office are cited
as illustrative of tbe methods which then
prevailed. Of these cases the report says:
It becomes apparent that, so far as any rule
of action prevailed, there was not, generally
speaking, a wide difference between the princi
ples which governed re-ratings in December,
1SS8, and those which governed in May, 1589.
The cases which are analyzed and cited in
the report are in all important particulars
substantially of the same general character
as those cited in Secretary Noble's letter to
Commissioner Tanner, dated July ,24.1at,
and already published. The report con
tinues: --
One thins seems manifest, the rule "palpable
or manifest error," in former adjudications,
has not, in any proper sense as applicable to de
liberate official judgment; been as a matter of
fact the controlling principle in tbe majority
of the re-rated cases, however much it may be
urged to tbe contrary.
Tbe adjudications, in most cases, have been
based on mere difference of oninion, and tbe
judgments have been made, as a rule without
even the reasons for those differences of
opinion appearing.
Of the "employe" cases the report says:
It may be said generally in regard to the em
ploye cases, that they are line many others
which we have examined, and to which, in the
adjudication for re-rating, the rale "palpable
error" or "manifest injustice" in former ratings
seems to have been utterly ignored and lost
sight of. They have almost without exception
been re-adjusted on mere opinion, the judg
ment of to-day annulling and setting aside that
deliberately rendered years ago, and against
which until recently no protest bad ever been
made by the pensioners.
The board in conclusion says that:
Whifethe rule purports to be that which
calls for the correction of a palpable error by
reason of which manifest injustice has been
done, snen rule nas not, as matter ot iact, Deen
followed in any proper sense or use of the term
"palpable error or manifest injustice," the
actual practice being tbe re-rating of pensions
on the judgment to-day against that or years
ago, when the claims were deliberately and
officially adjudicated.
The practice of rerating pensions in cases
the papers in which do not disclose an error In
the original or former adjudication which is
patent, manifest and palpable, is violative of
tbe spirit if not tbe letter of tbe law. The prac
tice of taking cases out of their order and mak
ing them 4S-bour cases, that is, direct them to
be finally adjudicated within 48 hours, is spe
cially mischievous.
The decisions of the department are not al
ways followed by the Pension Office as they
should be in points of law and practice. As a
result of the investigation the board bas made
a number of recommendations with a view to
the correction of errors which have crept into
the practice through 1 x methods which are
found to prevail in the Pension Office.
President Roberts Thinks There Should Be
No Combine In Traffic.
Philadelphia, October 20. President
Roberts, of the Pennsylvania Railroad,
having returned home on Saturday night
from the directors' annual inspection of the
road, said to-day: "Everywhere we found
that business is in a favorable condition and
the prospects good. Indeed, the outlook is
so tempting that I fear it may induce over
speculation and bad results."
"Did anything come under your observa
tion which led you in your speech at Pitts
burg to refer adversely to railroad pools
and syndicates?"
"No, I never did believe in them, and I
see no reason now for changing my opinion.
I have always been and am now opposed to
anything that tends to restrict the ireest
competition. Distribution can no more be
in a healthy condition when traffic is in the
hands of trusts, than the body when the cir
culation of the blood is imperfect"
President Boberts denied that there was
any truth in the report that the Pennsylva
nia had entered into a traffic agreement with
the St Paul and Dnlnth.
An Officer Pnta Sadden Stop to a Boy's
Throwing of Stones.
St. Xouis, October 20. At an early honr
this morning Andrew Getcbeuser, aged 17
years, was shot and instantly killed by
Officer Robert McCormick, of tbe Central
district. Young Getcheuser and several
companions attempted to force tbeirway
into a dance without paving and were
ejected. They then commenced throwing
stones and the officer attempted to stop the
He was hit in the face with a rock and
Getcheuser was about to hnrl another
missile when tbe officer fired and the boy
fell dead. The Coroner's jury exonerated
the officer.
Made Joseph Hillman Hurder anJJld
Pack Peddler While Asleep.
Only $11 20 the Price of the lives of tfwo
New Jersey Men.
He Says He Founded Hi Poor Old Victim's Bead in
With a Hatchet
A condemned New Jersey murderer tells
how he killed an old peddler who stopped
over night at his house frequently and only
gave him 35 cents' worth of goods for each
night's lodging. All the money he secured
for his crime was $11 20.
Woodbury, N. J., October 20. Joseph
M. Hillman, lound guilty by the jury of
Gloucester county of the murder of Peddler
Herman Seidemann, has confessed his guilt
to more than one person, including several
who are near and dear to him. He is to be
hanged on November 13. Hillman has, in
addition to his true recital of the cold
blooded murder, made many half-way con
fessions, in which he has sought to implicate
other people.
The actual story of the crime, as told Jy
Hillman to James Jackson and others, is
now for the first time made public. Jack
son is an inmate of the Woodbury jail,
where the murderer is confined, and occu
pies the cell adjoining that of Hillman. He
is a member of the New York City bar, and
is highly connected in the metropolis.
Drink has brought him to the New Jersey
jail, he having been committed as a va
Jackson is an assumed name. He is
well educated, intelligent and refined when
kept away from liquor. Under the rules of
the jail, as a well-behaved, tractable pris
oner, Jackson has been given the freedom
of the corridors, and bas had many talks
with Hillman before the death watch was
placed over him, after the conviction.
They became intimate, and Hillman gave
to Jackson his free and full confidence.
The old peddler, Seidemann, said Hill
man, had been in the habit of stopping over
night with him during his periodical trips
through West Jersey, and he then con
tinued: "Seidmann only gave me about 35
cents' worth oi his goods for a night's lodg
ing. The last time he came to my bonse
was on the day of the Wood sale, last No
vember. I met David McGill that day,
who was at the sale, and he asked me who
Seidemann was, when he saw him at the
house. I told him
who came to my house, and I asked Mc
Gill what he thought it was worth to stay
at my house all night. H said $1 was lit
tle enough. I told McGill I thought so
too, and that ' it would be the last night
Seidemann wonld stay at my house. I bung
around till the Wood sale-was over, and
when I got home Seidemann was still there.
He had a big pack with him, and took sup
per with us. Seidemann told me he.intended
tatavinf nil nifrlit snil. watltfw! in ro ,
early, as he had a long tramp to make the
bext'dav. I made him 'a bed on the floor of
the downstairs room.
"Me and my wife went upstairs early and
went to bed. I laid there thinking about
that big pack, and how Seidemann had rat
tled money in his pockets before I went up
stairs. I couldn't sleep thinking about the
thing, and about 11 o'clock I got up and
put on my pants and
without waking up my wife. When I got
down there Seidemann was sound asleep,
with his clothes on, in the corner. I picked
up a hatchet from near the fireplace, and
went over to Seidemann, and struck him on
the head with the hatchet over the eye, and
he never moved. I hit him twice more on
the head to make snre of it, and he was
"After killing him I went through his
pockets and got 11 20. I then wanted to
get rid of the body, and thonght of the mill
pond. I took him by tbe heels and dragged
him out of the door to the road, and down
the road aciosi the first bridge to tbe second
one that crosses the creek. I dumped the
body into the creek, and then went and
opened the flood gates. The water washed
him down to the swamp. I shut the gates
and went back home."
A Box of Hidden Treasure Falls Into tbe
Hands of Strangers.
Ottawa, October 20. About a century
ago a rakish-looking schooner bore down to
Mace's Bay, which strikes in from the Bay
of Fundy, on the New Brunswick coast.
After some maneuvering she ran into the
bay and came to anchor. A boat was low
ered, and with muffled oars the men pulled
for the shore. The moon peeped through
the clouds sufficiently bright to throw
light -upon the whole proceedingsr
The men dug a hole and buried their treas
ure. The bearings were taken, and the boat
again headed for the vessel, which was soon
running out ot the bay with a stiff breeze
alter her. The men who were engaged in
this business have all long since been plated
under the ground, and the whereabouts of
the treasure has been kept a secret nntil re
cently the chart locating the treasure found
its way into enrious hands, who determined
to investigate.
The secret was known to two only, who
one year ago went to the spot, dug up the
long-hidden box, and returned it to its hid
ing place. They admit finding the treasure,
in evidence of which it is said that one of
the men has begun the erection of a fine
dwelling near St. Stephens. They refuse to
divnlge their secret or make any explana
The Latchkey to bo Carried by 500 Mem
bers of the Fair Sex.
New Yobk, October 20. A club for
women is about to be established in West
Ninth street The intention is Jo make it in
all respects like a man's clnb. It is to have
a restaurant and bedrooms for the benefit of
country members; in fact, its chief patronage
is expected to come from the latter.
.The dues are to be $10 a year, and a mem
bership of BOO is expected. Among the ladies
interested in the success of the undertaking
is Mrs. Pierpont Morgan,
Testimony In the Great Cronln Trial to be
Taken on Tuesday.
Chicago, October 20. State's Attorney
Iiongenecker to-night expressed the opinion
that the Cronin jury will be completed to
morrow. His idea is that Messrs. Bryan
and Bontecotur, who were tendered by each
side yesterdayi will be sworn in with some
new talesmen to be examined to-morrow,
and the four vacancies thus be filled.
Should this be done the State's Attorney
thinks the taking of testimony will begin
promptly Tuesday morning.
OCTOBER 21, 1889.
A Canadian Boodler Flees to New York
Accompanied in His Flight by a Highly
Connected Married Woman
From London, Ont.
Ottawa, Ont., October 20. New York
once, more affords an asylum for a refugee
from Canadian justice, whose name is Amos
Withrow, and whose downfall may be at
tributed to the fascinations of woman, wine
and the turf. Young Withrow belonged to
one of the best families in Woodstock and
Toronto, away up in social, religious and
commercial circles. A few months ago he
was engaged to take charge of the United
States Protective Bnreau at Montreal. He
had not held the place long before he began
drinking heavily, and an investigation oi
his affairs showed that he had, in order to
relieve himself of temporary embarrass
ment, committed several forgeries. He
blamed all his trouble to tbe turf and the
fascinating influences of wine and women,
and promised to reform.
A few days later farther forgeries were
discovered, followed by the announcement
that he had cleared out from Montreal, leav
ing his business in a very bad condition.
He was traced to Kingston, where he was
joined by a young and highly connected
married woman belonging to one of the best
families in London, Ont They registered at
the Kingston Hotel as E. T. Williams and
wife. The general manager of the concern by
which he -was employed in Montreal got
on to his trail, but arrived in Kingston five
minutes after the couple had taken the boat
for Clayton, N. Y.
They have now been located in New
York, and if caught, Withrow will be ex
tradicted and brought back to Canada on a
charge of forgery, an extradictable offense.
The husband of the young married lady
who accompanied him to New York says
she may go, as he is done with her forever.
For Not Personally Investigating Some of
, His Subjects' Grievances.
Lewiston, Me., October 30. George
Kennan lectured on Siberia to-night. On
his arrival here he was interviewed by a
reporter, and among other things said: "I
have every reason to believe that my articles
in The Century are read by the Czar. The
Czar's power is not absolute to correct the
evils I have described, but he could
do much to improve matters. What I
blame him for chiefly is his entire lack of
any effort or inclination to find out for him
self the condition of things in his empire.
He receives all his information second-hand
from his ministers and has but an indefinite
idea if the condition of things. He has
with! i sight of his palace, only half a mile
away across the- Neva, a prison where are
constantly confined large numbers of politi
cal prisoners. It would seem to be
the most ' natural thing in the
world for him to go over there once
in awhile and talk to those men, and try to
find ont what grievance they had to make
them desperate enough to attempt such
things as the blowing up of the winter pal
ace and the destruction of railway trains
upon which the Czar was supposed to be
"He never has done so. Should he do
so, he would find these men to be in every
particular, except the mere accident of posi
tion, his equals, and he would be compelled
to admit that they were so, and not wild
fanatics, as the officials term them."
1 The 'Snmnf er"Schc3nf e of Prices Xtkelr to"
. Prevail Thro neb the Year.
Pottsville, October 20. Yery low
prices for anthracite coal, and decreased
wages for the miners, is the situation in the
coal bavins for the rest of the year. It Is
almost impossible to sell ordinary sizes of
coal at anv price. In previous years there
was always an advance of 10 per cent made
in the autumn and another advance when
winter set in, but this year is a notable ex
ception. The summer schedule of prices
still prevails, and in all probability will
continue for the rest of the year.
The quantity of coal at Tidewater has
accumulated since the last report The
October production may fall short 700,000
tons, all told, as compared with last year.
The total falling off tor the business year
mav reach 3,000,000 tons, representing a
drop from 38,000,000 to 35,000,000 tons.
The Beading Bailroad Company will con
tinue about a dozen of its lesser collieries in
idleness for a short time, and in the mean
time much-needed repairs will be made.
New York Policemen Succeed In Catching a
Couple of Scamps.
New Yoke, October 20. Miss Ida Dare,
who was playing at the Windsor Theater
last week in "The Spider and the Fly," was
robbed in front of 62 Bowery, after the
matinee Saturday, of 11, which she was
carrying in a reticule The man crowded
her to the edge of the walk, grabbed 'the
money and started up the Bowery. Police
man Herbolschieman captured the man
after a short chase. At the Essex Market
Police Court, this morninc, he said that his
name was Frank Day. The officer said that
Day threw away two $5 bills and a $1 bill
when he saw that he was pursued. Day was
held for examination.
William Richardson, the ex-convict who
snatched a pocketbook from Mrs. Elizabeth
Daly, of 187 East Seventy-first street, on
Saturday, was remanded in the Harlem
court to-day. .
His Condition Is Now Pronounced Favorable
by His Physicians.
Columbus, October 20. Governor For
aker was in a critical condition yesterday
from bowel complaint, but the facts were
not given to the public. He was threatened
with peritonitis, but the danger point was
passed last night. He came home Thurs
day and has not been out of the house
His engagements in the campaign for sev
eral days have been cancelled. At 10
o'clock "to-night his condition was pro
nounced favorable.
A Mutilator of Fine Cattle Transfers His
Scene of Operations.
Hanover, October 20. The fiend who
has been mutilating cattle near here has
transferred his base of operations to York
township. This morning Farmer Anderson
Miller, on going into his stall, fonnd that
the tail of a valuable Alderney cow had
been entirely cut off and hung beside the
poor animal, which had nearly bled to
One More Death Charged Up to the Cincin
nati Incline Accident.
Cincinnati, October 20. Mrs. Agnes
Hochstetter, one of the, victims of the Mount
Auburn inclinvplane accident, last Tues
day, died at the Cincinnati Hospital to-day
of injuries by tbe crash of the car at the
bottom of the incline.
JlissLillie pskamp and Mr. Josiph Mc
Faddeu, who were also injured, are doing
well to-night with a fair and much im
proved prospect ol recovery.
Now the Two Most Prominent Candi
dates for Speaker of the House.
With the Probability of Ohio'a Fayorite Son
Leading Bis Party
A Scheme Afoot to Freeze Out the 5cmeroas Minor
It is now thought that the Speakership
contest has narrowed down to a fight be
tween two men, Beed and McKinley, with
the probability ot tbe former being selected
on tbe first ballot. McKinley might then
be chairman of the Ways and Means Com
Washington, October 20. There are
about 0 members of the House in the city
now, preparing in one way or another for
the first session of the Fifty-first Congress,
which will convene the first Monday in De
cember. Even noUie Speakership is the
chief topic of gossip, and for two weeks
previous to the day of meeting the canvass
will be almost as hot as that which attends
a national convention for the nomination of
candidates for President and Vice Presi
dent. Nobody here can forget the scenes of the
memorable contest between the two factions
of the Democracy for the control of the
House by the election of Speaker in 1883,
when Bandall was for the first time re
pudiated b his party in Congress, Carlisle
elected, and a policy initiated in the House
on the tariff question which did little harm
until the Democrats gained possession' of the
Presidency, and which then wrecked that
party at the end of a single administration.
It is expected that a fight of nearly equal
bitterness will attend the election of the
next Speaker, on account not only of the
strong personal influence of each of the1 can
didates, but also on acconnt of the disagree
ment of members of tbe Bepublican party
in various sections of the country in regard
to what constitutes a fair tariff. The South
ern Republicans are in favor of one kind of
tariff, the Western Republicans of another,
those of such States as Ohio, Pennsylvania
and West Virginia another, while the New
England States have an element of tbeoret-y
ical tree traders and low tan 11 advocates
like Prof. Elliott, who are probably in favor
of a more conservative tariff than either the
Southern or Western economists.
These are the sectional influences which
bother all the Congressmen here in their at
tempts to figure out the situation in regard
to the Speakership, and they are the in
fluences that are only now beginning to
make themselves felt as the assembling of
Congress comes close to hand.
So far as the individual opinions of the
candidates are to be considered, they are all
of about one color. Each is on record with
speeches for the highest kind of high tariff,
but the differing Republicans of the differ
ent sections do not look upon this as ex
tremely important They-want the man
whom they can -most readily control,' and he
is tne one; wnoBr-tfiey.XfiinK wui M dip
lomatic enough to treat all sections fairly
in nis parliamentary control ot tne Mouse,
and who will not be silently at the beck and
bidding of any one great interest or
One of the curious phases of the situation
which crops out on every side 'in this con
nection is that conservative elements every
where fear that McKinley would be devoted
to the highest Kind ol protection for. a few
special industries, without considering
closelv the interest of the masses. Many of
the Western men, therefore, who are here
and who have been here recently, have ex
pressed a decided opposition to "McKinley
and a surprising friendship for Beed.
. Earlier in the discussion -of the question
it was asserted on every hand that the whole
West and Southwest, with their abounding
agricultural interests, would insist on a
Western man. This sentiment hag greatly
changed, and most probably for the reason
that there is a growing teeling that the con
test will narrow down to Beed and McKin
ley, and that of the two thev would prefer
Beed. Another reason may be a tendency
to drift to the candidate thought to be the
strongest and most likely to win. Recent
developments in tbe canvass among' the great
Bepublican delegations of New York and
Pennsylvania, in Congress, showing them
to be practically unanimous for Beed. has
undoubtedly had the effect to bring many to
the snTJDOrt of thatleader who were fnrmerltr
disposed to go to Burrows, or Cannon or
Henderson. They want to cast their lot with
the winning man, that they may get chair
manships or good positions on committees.
beed on tikst ballot.
It is the private opinion of three-fourths
of the Congressmen in town that Beed will
be nominated on the first formal ballot. It
is probable that several States or sections
may cast complimentary ballots for "favor
ite sons," for one or two calls of the roll,
like General Henderson, of Iowa, who is
training for the Senate, and Houk, of Ten
nessee, and Brower, of North Carolina, who
want to control some votes temporarily,
partly for the sake of notoriety and partly
to add to their influence in securing places
for constituents on the official rolls ot the
These believers in the certain success of
Beed are also already persuaded that other
candidates for the Speakership, recognizing
the certainty of Reed's election, are merely
engaged in a struggle for second place,
which natdrally brings with it the Chair
manship of the Committee on Ways and
Means and the leadership of ihe majority
in the House. This is
scaecely second
in importance to the Speakership itself, and
it is assumed that tbe Speaker, in making
up his committees, will confer this honor on
the opposing candidate who, next to him
self, controlled the strongest following.
It is even asserted that Beed and his
friends are already fixing a deal with one of
the other candidates by which they will con
trol both positions and bring in their favor
ite for second place, neck and neck with the
winner, that there may be no qaestion as to
who will aid the Speaker as the leader on
the floor. It is only in this way that the
strong combination of forces can be brought
about which will be highly desirable in
view of the meager majority of the Republi
Congressman Tnrner in Favor of a Bonnty
to Save 832.000,000. v
Washington, October 20. Congress
man E, J. Turner, of Kansas, who favors the
Senate tariff bill, with one exception, makes
a point on that exception. In an interview
with your correspondent, he says:
I represent tbe Kansas idea of a bounty of
2 cents per pound on the sugar produced in this
country. It will eventually cheapen the pro
duction of sugar, break up the Sugar Trust,
and save over S30,000.0uu annually to the con
sumers. It waj established in the tariff debates
in Congress that the United States collects
$38,000,000 annually in duties on sugar, whlcn
of conrse. comes ont of the pocKetsof the
people. To pnt sugar on the free list and pay
the home manufacturers a bonnty of 2 cents a
pound would cost but $0,000,060 annually. The
industry would be as well protected, and I
maintain that, as- a business proposition, it is
ridiculous to compel tbe public to contribute
133,000,000 per annum to accomplish a purpose
that can be as well carried oat by an ex
penditure of 8,000.000.
The latest results justify that belief. Kan
sas and Texas are capable of producing an im
mense amount of sorghum. Each ton ot cane
will yield 113 ponnds of sugar and 17K gallons
of syrup. From seven to ten tons of cane can
be raised on an acre of ground. If it is not
worth while to develop an industry with such
great possibilities it would seem to be useleia
to try to build up any other enterprise by af
fording it legislative protection.
1 do not believe that the Senate would will,
ingly recede from the position it bas taken on
the scgar question. But legislation is gener
ally ettecteil by compromises, and I am hopeful
that we can cany our point if tbe merits of the
case are once fully understood.
Iter. Dr. Lenvltt Leaves the Protestant
Episcopal Cbnrcb for the Reformed
Episcopalians His Bcnsons
for the Change at
This Time.
New York, October 20. There was a
good deal more than the usual attendance,
to-day, at the morning services in the First
Protestant Episcopal Church, at MadisOn
avenue and Fifty-fifth street. Rev, John
McDowell Leavitt, for more than 40 years a
clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal
Church, and a man of wide reputation in
that body, announced his parting from the
communion with which he had so long
been connected, and his accession o the Re
formed Episcopal Church. Dr. Leavitt's
letter of resignation was sent to Bishop
Potter recently.
In bis sermon Dr. Leavitt said that some
public expression of the reasons which led
him to take the important step he had
taken were fitting, in view of his service of
more than a quarter of a century as a Prot
estant Episcopal minister. "Let me put in
one sentence," he said, "the result of my
long struggle and study. I believe the
Anglican communion to be a mixture of
political compromises and irreconcilable
contradictions. I turn to the calendar of
the English prayer book, and I see that
January 30 commemorates Charles the
Martyr King of England, and May 29 com
memorates Charles, the royal trifler, who
polluted the thought, polluted the litera
ture, polluted the court, polluted almost
everything in England in his tfme. In the
old prayer book a clergyman is called a
minister; now a minister is called a priest
"Tradition has come to overbalance Script
ure. The Scriptures contain all things
which are necessary to salvation that's
what the articles of the church say vet the
Episcopal Church is comintr to think more
of tradition than of the Scriptures to-day. I
j.u us xew Acstamept tne worn priest is
used to designate, a very different thine than
a minister. It may be thought a small mat
ter, but ritualism roots itself in this word
priest. I renounce it forever; no man shall
ever give me that title again. I enter the
brotherhood of Protestant ministers."
A Young Doctor Married to an Unknown
Young Lady la Germany.
Dubuque, Iowa, October 20. About
four months ago a music teacher named
Kleine, of this city, went to Germany and
brought back with him a bride. Shortly 1
alter settling down lnxhis oity, a yonngand
prominent physician named Minges called
upon, 'the, couple and was shown
by Mrs. Kleine the ' photograph, of
he- ".sisferL -.iir. -GeroABy. ,It't(M
the younVdoetor kfoncefell In love"witfe"'
the original. He had never seen the young
lady, nor had he ever heard of her prior to
seeing; her photo. He asked for a letter of
introduction to her, and managing 'his-business
so he could safely-leave it, he departed
for Germanv to visit the unknown obiecf of
his affections, bringing with him the cre
dentials procured in Dubuque. He met
the young lady a few days ago, and word
nasjust reached this city that the couple
were married in Dresden last week.
Here is a real romance, no fiction, being
necessary to give it an interesting flavor.
Dr. Menges is one of onr leading physicians.
He has long been considered a "good catch,"
as the saying goes, and a few years ago was
sued for breach of promise by air interesting
girl, whose desire to wed him overcame her
reason. No case was made out against him,
"and his social standing was in no way
affected. The news of his strange infatua
tion and sudden marriage is the principal
topic in Dubuque social circles.
Contain Jim Will Make His One Hundredth
Loan a Whopper.
Ottawa, October 20. The Government
here have been advised that great prepara
tions are being made among the Indian
tribes of British Columbia for the largest
"potlatcb," or "give away feast" that has
ever been held on the Pacific coast, which
is to come off on the Northern extremity of
Vancouver Island, near Ft. Rupert, on
Christmas Day. The potlatch. will be
given by Captain Jim, an aged Indian
chief known from one end of the
province to the other. The articles to
he lent will comprise 6,600 blankets, 800
pairs of silver bracelets (Indian mate;, 40
large canoes, and mucK-a-mucK galore, in
all valned at $10,000. For this $10,000 Cap
tain Jim, according to native custom, will
receive within two years $20,000. The pot
latch will embrace 19 tribes residing be
tween Qualicnm and Ft. Rupert.
This will make the one hundredth pot
latch Captain Jim has given, and he now
intends to eclipse all former efforts in that
line. The centurion hero of the potlatch is
about 65 years of age, of fine physiqne, and
speaks English with remarkable fluency.
Echoes of ths Storm That Lately Swept
Over tbe Ocean.
New Yobk, October 20. A big fleet of
sailing craft which had been quarantined
by the northerly gale, got in to-day. The
logs of all told stories of rough usage by
wind and seas. The bark Orman Pasha, 82
days from Port Louis, had a three days'
fight with a hurricane, and lost her foretop
mast and several sails, and stove a boat.
The bark Holmsdale, from Colombo, got the
fury of the storm off Hatteras on Wednes
day. Her bulwarks and rails were crushed
in by big seas, and all her cabin skylights
were smashed.
The auxiliary screw schooner Louis
Buchi, with a cargo of hard pine from
Jacksonville, met it on Tuesday. The ship
David Crockett, 6i days from. Hamburg,
was within sight of harbor Monday when
she met the gale and was driven down to
Cape Charles.
Postmaster General Wanamaiter Not
Lenvo His Philadelphia Church.
Philadelphia, October 20. Postmaster
General Wanamaker was at Bethany Church
as usual to-day, and was in charge of the
class of which he has so long been the
teacher. When asked if he would continue
to attend the church he replied:
"Certainly: I.have no idea of giving up
my class; and I will be here evwy' Sunday,
as I have always bees. Tberekfrt that I
would give up my class bad no foundati-e-a
whatever." .
An Attractive C&dian Grass Wj&w
Captures a British Yeteraa.
And When They Return Shi 9tm St&Iatj
the Soldier's Prwerty-. j II
And Baes Her te Starrer Hi Era! Bstate, Hmtji
An attractive grass widow sncecede'kij
getting an ex-British army cefoaeiffitej
squander about half his fortune os her
in? a trip they took to Europe. A i tag
been brought against her for fraad, whiefeTf
however, is likely to be compromised.
v T-r Ja
Oxtawa, ONT.October20. Theadvet-S
ures of Colonel James F. Mulligan, fersa-j
erly an officer in the British army. wiw'Ism"
attractive grass widow, Mrs. Patieace Ae-,"J
lia Pas?,neeMaud James, of Whitley, weW,
as ventilated in the court af WhiUer. !
fill a good-sized volume. The Coloaef, thirli
hero oi many battles, who has rcoehoflfi
the allotted three score and ten, raet ySsLj
Pass, who had been recently separated 1
her husband, in Winnipeg is 1882. Tfcjy
fascinating influences of the charming grata
widow were successfully set to work, ami
she soon persuaded the Colonel to take iwr
for a trip tbrouzh Europe. '.'
They stopped for a time at Liverpeii,1
after doing up the continent, wbeeAej
Colonel invested some of hi3 wealth S Mal
estate proDerty. The two made a oevaaaatj
in effect that Mrs. Pass should act aa
keeper for the old veteran, whose jwsier sm
was oy some no years, ana assume tne mm
of Mullican. in consideration of S1.9M
year. The commercially united erapte in
turned to Toronto, where they
moved in the best society:
- - wsa
having started the report that tbey Mk
been married while abroad. TheyleK.
onto and settled, in Ottawa, OBly,hew4J
to disagree, 4nd Dring taeir long uwiirn;
together to a. scnarntinn.
The charming widow had not beea isHs'Safi
iog to secure herself a eompctoaay SMC'afg
tbe old colonels hoard, ia ease, as m
pnts it. he might "go Mek -t
ber." While they were ftpjifg
togetner tne woionei aeeoea oer,pi
in Liverpool valued at 88,300. aad g 1
land in Manitoba valued at 96,669, fca i
tion to which she managed te seeare, w
and debentures-, $6,000 mere est of tfc i
man s purse.
The Colonel having tired of his
aneel. who bad on more teas oae
aroused the spirit of the green-eyed i
In tbe warrior s breast, enters
azalnst her a few days: ago for-then
of his property and money, wassfc Wl
leged had beea Fki
Depositions were read in
above effect, the defendant, hnwrssr,
lag that ber. salary was 98,960 a
thattiie property " obtained
Colonel wSJ for wiwwi
fore aay witnossw wW
vet relid adda
'Mv -VSsMBafSB'
arrive a.-w4Mca.Jrs. .Pass
to the JoliowmeeSeet: XaeLi
erty to remain in the possession of
lendant. who also receive ,7SO
.frojH the .Colonel. All other, pre
aisputeTevens to ins, v-ooa, ui.
of fraud and impropriety being w
on both sides;"
It is 'rumored that a reeonoiHarlM i Ml
beea effected between tbe Colossi aWsfl
fair companion, and that la cobbWmH4
nis consenting to siateaerDMHsti
his property they are soon to be i
Wesley JBlktas. Atted 11. Co
KllHng Both. Hb.Pareasa. ;jM$j
IBrxexAXKfeMMiAJK :ruTa BfMbraK.g
DtJBTJQPE, Ia., October 28. The
trict Court of Clayton county,, kMi
ionrned. The Grand Jury rstari
indictment against Wesley Elkiw., tfcaTl
year-old boy who cruelly murdered MM
parents lost July, five miles B9ithi!saj
.CiUgewooa. Aaere was no evioesee asa
him excepting his own stateateat, 1 i
ing, under his signature, wbJek k m
I was sleeping at tbe bam, and I wu utasl j
get away from home. I bad raaaway mumt
borne a number of times, but they brought ja j
back; I thought I would Ulltaeaa. mIismrV!
ud to the house. Nobody helped aw ia Marl
way, nor told me to kill them. vs
Cause of a Serioas Wreck
Northers PaeMe KaHread.
Portland, Oee., Oeteber 30. A
senger train on the Northern PaeiSe
road, was derailed to-day Bear' Hosiers, 461
miles from Portland. TaeeagiBe jsssfdj
tne tracE, went aown as esaawHcssM.aa"
capsized. James Nolan, fireraas, was
fully scalded and soon after died. TfceesM
gineer, Jones, was also badly Injured and'.'
will probably die. Several ears were Bdy.;;
There were about 200 passengers e be!,!
but all escaped with nothing Sore
than a good shake-up. The aeeideat 1MB
caused by a cow getting on the traek.
: : si
Disaster Which Overtook
Party oa Lake SbbbtIop.
Poet Aethub, Ont., Oeteber 36. Oct
Thursday three men, Frank DsweyewJ.1
Paul Mark and and another kaewkgas
"Curly," left Penineula harbor, 96
east of here, on the north shore of
Superior, for Port Caldwell is a
smack. When a short disteaee ot
were overtakes by. a storm and tbe baai
capsized. SB'
' The disaster was noticed by roaifoaea T
the village and a. boat went to tbe
and saved J. Paul Mark, bat the o4W;fcr
had gone down. The bodies were
An Eligible. Site Purchased at a Cast 8 Saudi
la be 8135,669.
New Yoke; October 30. Rev. r3
mage announced to his c)OBgregatmjfj!h
Brooklyn to-night that tne isoara at Truwisj
of the church had purchased last wee-
nroDertv. ISO by 200 feet, on the
corner of Clinton and Greea avaaasaffcj
which to erect a new tabernacle to sjiajvj
the burned one.
It is understood that the pries paMt
the neighborhood ol cira.wv. vr.
also stated that ho weald perseaaslyl
ground for the chursh on the aftarassa!
the attb instant. ; ,
A Missouri YiHage Destroyed W PtrWj
- . . . ' ' -.
tie village of Cartiss, eoatsia
380 aad S66 fahaVltaata. oa the
Central , Kaiiread, rtfa e .1
destroyed ay ire em Atdai
least s66,Wf.
.-j'j , - o" $