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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1818.
Vol.44, Ao. 199. Entered at Pittsburg Fostofllce,
Koremberli. lasT, aa second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG. SUNDAY, AUG. 25, 1888.
IT WOULD DEFEAT ITSELF.
Now the story appears that the plate glass
interests arc going to form a trust, the pur
pose being, as stated, to put matters "on such
a basis as will do away with the competition
which all the manufacturers recognize must
be thrqttled, if possible." This pleasant
little statement of an intention to choke off
the force which establishes justice betweeu
the different branches of trade, as well as
between producers and consumers, being
what most business men would do if they
could, it is worth while to point to our
plate glass friends the reason why they
cannot do it.
The Standard Oil Company being held up
as a model as it really is for most of such
schemes the fact becomes vital, that the
petroleum corporation had a power in the
favoritism of the railroads which enabled it
to freeze out competitors. The plate glass
trade has heretofore yielded such liberal
.profits that capital has flowed freery
into new factories. The productive capacity
has thus been largely increased and prices
have come down to moderate margins, as is
not only legitimate but desirable. If the
combination could prevent the putting up
new factories it might have some effect on
sustaining prices. As it is, however, any
advance that it might establish would only
have the result of offerips a premium on
the very thing that is now objected to, the
building of more plate glass concerns; and
the last state ot ""thaT' industry would be
worse than the first.
The plate glass, interest should remember
one thing more. The purpose of protection
is exactly what has taken place in that in
dustry, viz.: The stimulation of domestic
competition. As both protectionist and
tariff refoim opinion are agreed upon the
point that where protected interests com
bine to defeat the legitimate object of pro
tection, the duty should be respected, wc do
not believe that the plate glassmen will be
ioolish enough to throw away the material
protection of 80 per cent duty, in order to
grasp after the unattainable in the shape of
A DISTTJBBING DISCLOSURE.
The dispute to which public attention has
recently been called between a big stock
manipulator and a judge of one of the
higher courts of New York is an unpleasant
one for those who are at all particular about
the purity and impartiality of the courts.
To take this view it is not necessary to
allege that Sir. Henry Yillard is above sus
picion in his dealings with Judge Noah
Davis. On the contrary it is on account of
Sir. "Villard's well-known character as an
unscrupulous manipulator that an acknowl
edged connection with hinnin stock opera
tions is something wholly inconsistent with
the qualities that are reqaired to maintain
the bench above suspicion of bias or inter
est Yet it is conceeded by Judge Davis
that he was engaged with Mr. Henry Vil
'Tard'' fn'Jstoek specnlations involving con
siderable sums of money. He may justify
himself in this, by the plea that such oper
ations are not prohibited by law. But it
can hardly be supposed that a Judge of
high rank is ignorant that the attempts to
make money out of speculations which must
be some person's loss are inconsistent with
the fundamental theories of law and
There is a still graver aspect of the case in
the fact that amongthe most vital questions
of law art; those involving public rights
and the practices of corporations and
stock manipulators. Not only the property
interests involved in such transactions, but
the public rights as against the corporate
methods and the rights ot private investors
: as against exactly such big stock oper
ators as Yillard, are constantly coming be
fore the courts. Can any confidence in the
rectitude and high impartality of the
bench be maintained when it appear 'hat a
high judge upon his own confr u has
been engaged with a great corporai mani
pulator in stock operations such as are liable
to be' called before him for adjudication.
Such a disclosure is destructive of tonfi
dence in the bench: but it is not more to
than the fact disclosed is destructive of
.tbe'impartiality and integrity of the judge.
If the State of New York desires, to keep
its judiciary above suspicion it should take
steps to keep its judges out of Wall street
A CAPITAL EEFOEM.
In connection with the execution of four
murderers in New York last week, one re
form was inaugurated which will earn the
approval of sensible people all over the
country. One of those mawkish females who
seek notoriety ortbegratificationofa morbid
taste by sending flowers to the murderers,
applied to the warden of the jail for the
privilege of sending a floral cross to one of
this lot She alleged as a reason why she
should be given this privilege that she had
been permitted to offer up the same
testimonial of her friendship for the murder
ous class in some half dozen preceding cases.
The warden did not reply that the fact that
he had made a fool of herself several times J
before afforded only agood argument why she
ought to have been stopped Ion;; ago; bat he
made the equally pertinent suggestion that
her flowers could be made use of to deserv
ing sufferers in the hospitals and asylums,
and recommended that she send them there.
It is to be hoped that the precedent will be
followed by the custodians of condemned
criminals elsewhere. The practice of turn
ing capital punishment into a floral fete in
the honor of murderers cannot be cut short
THE LESSON OF HATTL
The long continued and savage Haytian
civil war has, according to yesterday's re
ports, been terminated by the abdication of
Legitime and the entrance of Hippolyte
into Port-au-Prince. The struggle thus
ended has been full of barbarity and has, in
large measure, been indicative of an unfit
ness of the people of that island for the
methods of constitutional self-government.
Some of the negrophobists are fond of refer
ring to this and similar conflicts as'proof
that the African race if left to itself will
lapse into savagery. But the theory as ap
plied to the "West Indian negroes, ignores
the fact that the system which took them
from Africa and made them slaves in the
West Ihdies,has never civilized them. Half
civilized, as the war just ended seems to be,
it has been more civilized than the conflicts
between the blacks and their masters at the
close of the last century.
The American nation will hope that
Hayti can be satisfied with peaceful and
constitutional government for a time. The
most cogent lesson of the conflict to this
country is the utter undesirability of exten
sions of our territory in the West Indian
direction. Our system incorporates all
accessions of population into the grade of
citizenship; and nothing could be more un
fortunate in its effect on our system than
the addition of the savage faction, which
has recently been contending in Hayti, to
an influence in our Government and legis
lation. The United States should avoid
West Indian acquisitions as strictly as the
human system should eschew arsenic
COKE GOES UP.
The price of coke is reported to have
definitely advanced to $1 25 per ton, which
all operators are asking,, with some trying to
make the price f 1 35 and others talking of
SI SO. The way in which the price goes up
bears some reminiscences of the old control
of the market A natural advance would
be made by steps of 5 or 10 cents. If, as
alleged, the 25 cent jump is easily estab
lished, and as much more is practicable, it
only demonstrates that the long depression
of the market was unnecessary, and possibly
intentional for motives which do not appear
on the surface.
It has always been the view of un
prejudiced ontside opinion that from ?1 25
to ?1 35 is a conservative and natural price
for coke, under conditions such as prevail
at present It affords a fair margin to the
operators, decent wages to labor and living
prices to the iron and smelting industries.
The recent improvement in iron prices will
enable that industry to accept with equau
animity an advance in coke like that now
established; but the coke trade should be on
its guard against its old vice of exacting
such an advance as to check the demand. If
the market is free from control the enhance
ment will be such as the demand justifies
ana no more.
GHOOLY'S OLIVE BBAHCH.
We are pleased to observe that our friend,
Hadji Hassein Ghooly Khan, has gone far
toward putting himself right with the Amer
ican people. During his voyage from the
United States to Europ he was convinced
that he had taken himself and his diplo
matic position too seriously,, and at an in
formal dinner on board the steamer he said:
"I am quite satisfied now that it is only a
joke, and that my inability to understand
American humor was the cause of the
Coming from Mr. Ghooly, this must be
recognized as going a long way in the direc
tion of the amende honorable. With the
exhibition of such a disposition to overlook
past heartburnings, it is no more than fair
to assure our Persian friend that the Amer
ican press has no hard feelings toward him.
While his inability to understand Ameri
can newspaper humor may be considered
as somewhat severe upon the profes
sion, we are willing to go far
enough even to concede that Mr.
Ghooly-Khan's position in that respect is
not phenomenal. A great many people like
him have been unable to understand a large
amount of the professional humor of this
country. The ordinary Anglo-Saxon differs
from him in two respects. In the first place, '
he is not likely to make a fuss abont the
jokes which he does not understand; and in
the second, when he gets into trouble over
it, it must be admitted that he is not so
frank as the Persian diplomatist in ad
mitting that he could not see the joke.
With this mutual explanation, we are
glad to recognize the fact that the white
winged dove of peace may once more spread
Us wings over the important diplomatic rela
ations ofPersia and the United States. Our
naTVjWill notbe expected to bombard Bagdad
or Teheran, nor will the Persian army be
called upon to lay Pittsburg in ashes or
ravage the farms of Illinois and Dakota.
With these calamities averted by the
Hadji's acknowledgement that he failed to
see the joke, his confession assumes the
rank of the most philanthropic statesman
ship. The statement that Boulanger borrowed
a million dollars in New York to defray the
expenses of his campaign indicates that
somebody in that city must have become
wearied of investing his funds in watered
stock, and therefore launched it in one lump
upon the ocean of French politics.
The convention recently held In Mont
gomery, Ala., by the Southern inter-State
Farmers' Association, passed a resolntion
to boycott, as far as possible, every article
that has been placed, or shall hereafter be
placed, under the control of a trust Our
brilliant cotemporary, the New York Sun,
intimates that if the Southern farmers carry
out this resolution they will have to deprive
themselves of a gocd many articles of neces
sity. This may be true, to a certain extent, 1
but a firm adherence to that policy will be
likely to make the .trust scheme a great deal
less popular among business men than it
now is. As a general rule, the farmers can
get along -without the products of the trusts
a good deal better than the trusts can get
along without the money of the farmers.
The story that Senator Quay intends to
run as a compromise candidate for Governor,
is even a little more improbable than that
one about his Presidental aspirations.
There is no tangible evidence as yet that the
astute Matthew Stanley has turned into an
And now we hear it stated that it costs
the Pennsylvania lines a cent and a half per
mileto carry each ef the G. A. B. exeur- J
sionists to Milwaukee, for -which they
charge less than one cent per mile. To
this the reply li simple enough that no
power compelled any railroad to take pas
sengers less than cost If money is lost
carrying the O. A. B. at that rate the best
way to pnnish the company that first made
the reduction would be to let it lose all the
money. The fact that as soon as one road
reduced the rate the others came down, to.
the same figure, is tolerably good evidence
that they wanted the business and will make
a little money ont of it
The article with regard to the impurities
in sugar, which forms one of the special
features of The Dispatch, gives new
force to the inquiry whether there is any
thing that mankind can eat or drink with
undisturbed faith in its purity and health
fuluess. The latest bids for the construction of the
new steel cruisers being about $100,000 each
above the limit fixed by Congress, they af
ford a tolerably plain intimation by the con
tractors that none of them care to do the
work at the figures which are fixed by the
legislative power. The deduction is also
evident that if Congress intends to have the
cruisers built, it must enlarge its ideas a
little, and offer enough money for the work
to make it worth while for the builders of
first-class vessels to do it
Efforts are now making to reorganize
the Salt Trust which made a fizzle about a
month ago. How its promoters propose
to induce the publio to give four dollars of
money for one of valne is not yet made
The report from Africa that 70,000 Arabs
are coming to this country by steamer is
probably more sensational than accurate.
As tne Arabian idea of this country is
practically an eligible field for begging and
thievery, we have no desire for any such
wholesale importation, but we can afford to
wait until the Arabs come before we make
arrangements for organizing them and all
other gangs of tramps and worthless citi
zens, so that they will be put promptly at
work in mending roads all over the country.
The petroleum market, which, a short
time ago, was expected to boom into the
halcyon regions beyond the dollar line,
now turns "thumbs down" at the bidding
of the Standard senior.
Duma Abbott reiterates her express de
termination to try Wagner's operas this
season, and solemnly asserts that this is not
a joke. People have been allowed to hope,
at this stage of the proceedings, that the as
sertion was entirely humorous; but when
they come to listen to Wagnerian music and
"honest little Emma" in one and the same
performance, they will easily perceive that
there is no joke at all about it
The Kaiser and the Czar have arranged
to meet at Potsdam, and swear eternal
friendship. After which they will go home
and organize more regiments and build
more iron clads.
The proposition to include gymnastic ap
paratus in the fixtures of the fire depart
ment for the physical training of its mem
bers has a good many good phases to it
But it is pertinent to make the suggestion
right here that among the methods which
are not available for the establishing of
such an Institution, is that of getting out a
cheap subscription to bore the public
The Kentucky feud has taken a new
lease with the persistent determination to
show that it can be as destructive of life as
those forces of civilization, the railroad and
The scheme for a Duquesne way boule
vard may not be all that fancy paints it;
but it should be suggested to the people who
are expressing fears lest the Exposition
improvements should damage the select
character of the Point population that a
little sense does no harm in discussing
questions of a public character.
Wade Ha'mptoh formulates South Car
olina's position on the tariff to be a Spartan
determination to have all the tariff reduced
except the 100 per cent duty on rice.
Sknatob JosEPn Hawiyey's formal
declaration that he will not be a candidate
for President at the next election is judic
ious, although perhaps somewhat unneces
sary. There have been grounds for the'
opinion that the declination in that matter
came from the other side some time ago.
PEOPLE OP PROMINENCE.
Me. Charles De Martut, a citizen of the
United States, has received a cession of a valu
able piece of land In Costa Rica, as a premium
for having successfully planted and grown
Ehoda Bbouohtos Is 39 years old. Her
face has an intellectual expression. Her figure
is cood, and of about the medium size. Her
pretty mouth covers pretty teetb, while her
retrousse nose lends a charming piquancy to her
Cardinal. Gibbons Is a perfect master of
the art of tact It was said ot the great Duke
of Marlborough that it was more agreeab'e to
bo refused a favor by him than to have one
granted by any other man. The American
Cardinal Is like the Duke in this respect He
is dally called upon to decide disputes about
this, that and the other thing, anl so gentle
and considerate is be that all parties go away
perf ectly satisfied.
John Jacob Astob began life a poor Ger
man boy and died worth fio,IX)0,0Oa He worked
harder to male the first thousand than he did
to accumulate his millions. "James Parton says
Astor's first occupation in New York was beat
ing furs in a damp cellar at $2 a week, but ho
did this work well, and was soon promoted,' The
bulk of his fortune was made in furs, and ho
loved a fine fur as some other wealthy men
affect to love pictures.
Hknry M. Aldktt, the editor of Harper's
Magazine, was originally a preacher. Ho is a
qniet unassuming little man, whose world is
bound by the narrow limits of his office. He
was quite taken off bis feet when he was in
vited by Amelia Rives to visit her old aristo
cratic home in Virginia. Here be spent ten
days in unwonted social enjoyment and re
turned to New York with his satchel full of
stories, poems, sketches and other M8S, which
sooner'or later found their way Into Harper's
ZOLA does all his writing himself, novels, let
ters, and he even seals and addresses every
thing himself. He writes and re-writes a novel
half a dozen times before he is satisfied with,
it, scarcely a sentence escaping his effacing fin
gers. Sometimes whole paces are remodelled,
sentences are condensed Into two or three
words. Here a semicolon is changed into a
full stop, comas are changed to semicolons.
Notwithstanding all the trouble he gives, the
printers do not complain, but vie with the au
thor in presenting his works perfect to the
Ouida's personal history has a mystery
about it which piques curiosity. All that Is
really known of her Is that her name is Louise
de.la Rame, and that her father was a French
man, and her mother an'Engliihwqman. Upon
one occasion, when she was asked how she
came to know so much about camps, dabs'
barracks and other places only frequented by
men, she looked straight at her companion,
and saucily said with a provoking smile: "It
is none of your business," Her heme Is a beau
tiful villa two miles from Florence Her bouse
is full of dogs and she is always surrounded by
them, whether at home or abroad. She Is a
dashing looking woman, 15 jrears old.
THE TOPICAL TALKEfl.
A True Story That Proves There Is Honor
Among- Thieves and Some Good.Qaatidea
A tew years ago at the approach of the Christ
mas season, the managers of that excellent insti
tution of charity.the Day Nnrsery.gave a fair to
replenish their treasury. The fair was very
snecessf ul and at its close tne treasurer, the
wife of a wealthy Phlladelphlan, and a lady
whose family Is extremely well known In Pitts
burgh society, folded up some (250 in bills, the
profits of the fair, and putting them in the
pocket of her dress, started for home. Tho
bills, were wrapped in a piece of note paper
on which was written this, or something to the
same effect: "Proceeds of fair given for the
Say Nursery," and the treasurer's name and
It was a disagreeable day, and as she had
sent her own carriage home early in the after
noon, Mrs. Blank, as we may call her, boarded
a street car. She had a dim remembrance
afterward that soon after she sat down a well
dressed, gentlemanly man entered the car and
took a seat beside her. Immersed in pleasant
thoughts engendered by the success of the
fair, and planning for the approaching Christ
mas festivities, Mrs. Blank did not pay very
close attention to her fellow passengers. She
got out within 60 yards of her house, and
walked directly to the door. As soon as the
door was opened she went to her room. It was
nearly time for dinner, and she changed her
walking dress for another hurriedly.
It was not until she was seated at the dinner
table that It occurred to her that she had not
seen the package of money since she left the
Nursery. The thought made her. uneasy, and
she sent for her maid at once and told her to
go upstairs and take the package from her
dress pocket The girl was gone a few minutes,
and then returned to say that she. Could find
no sneh package in any of madam's pockets.
Mrs. Blank said: "All right" though in her
mind she knew it was not all right; said noth
ing about the package to her nusband, and
after dinner went to her room without a sec
ond's delay. She went through every pocket
In her dress and sealskin coat but not a trace
of the money did she find.
The two hundred and fifty dollars had de
parted. Next day, as far as she conld, Mrs. Blank
continued the search for the missing money,
At the Day Nursery it had not been seen after
one of the managers had handed it to Mrs.
Blank. Of course it was out ot the question to
expect that the money would remain more than
a minute or two on the pavement of the street
she had traversed on the way to the car, even
if it had been certain that the bad dropped It
there. It was useless to look for it in the
streets. So Mrs. Blank went home, and as a
last resort wrote a brief letter, stating her loss,
to the street car company in whose vehicle she
I Then she resigned herself to the loss of 250.
She would say nothing about It to anyone and
lake it out of her Christmas allowance as soon
as her husband gave her the usual check.
Another day passed. The secretary of the
street car company wrote to say that no such
package of money bad been found by the em
ployes of the road. This reply was all that
Mrs. Blank expected her letter to evoke. She
was not disappointed. She simply resolved to
ask her husband for the Christmas check that
As she was dressing for dinner that night
her maid came to the door and announced that
a gentleman who declined to give his name had
called and wished to see her.
'That's ridiculous, Mary. Show the gentle
man into the library and ask him to send up
Mary went downstairs again, and presently
returned, only to repeat that the gentleman
wished to seo Mrs. Blank on very important
business, but declined to enter the library or to
send up his name. He said he knev Mrs.
Blank wished to see him, and that if she would
see him for two minutes in the hall he would
tell ber his business.
Mrs. Blank did not care abont scomg the
rather mysterious visitor, but his persistency
had aroused her curiosity somewhat She
hastened her toilet and a few minutts later
descended the stairs.
Standln-o in an easy attitude near tbp door
she saw a man whose face was entirely strange
to her. As she advanced toward him, he bowed
slightly and said. In a soft pleasant voice, that
bad a cultured accent: "I am sorry to disturb
you, madam, but I know you will not regret
that I have called when I disclose my mission."
Mrs. Blank bowed. 1
"I think," he continued, "you lost asumpf
money a few days ago, I am right I see. Per
haps you do not remember that I sat nextfo
you in the car which took yon hone
that day. You certainly do not
know that 1 took the package frcm
your pocket But I did. Here it is,"
and he took out the identical roll of bills In
their wrapper ot note paper. Mrs. Blank, as ae
offered the package, took it. She gasped aid
looked at the gentlemanly thief as he proceed
ed. "When I discovered that I bad robbed io
excellent an institution as the Day Nursery ray
first thought was to return the money tc you. I
assure you that was my first thought Butll
belong to a club of gentlemen whose wishes in
the matter I was bound to consult before act
ing. As soon as I could I laid the matter be
fore the club and my friends, who are in the
same business as I am we relieve the well-to-do
of their superfluous riches voted unani
mously to return the money, and deputed me to
carry it to you. Further than this the club
to which I have the honor to belong have such
a high esteem of the Day Nursery as a truly
charitable institution that it voted from its
funds tbe sum ot $30, which you will discover
wben you count the money." ,
Before Mrs. Blank could say a word het vis
itor had opened the door, and, partially raising
his hat bowing at the same time, said "Good
Mrs. Blank went into the dining room, where
dinner had just been served, and atoncjtold
her husband the story of the loss and recivery
of the money. When she had finished hef nar
rative ne saiu: "ron win find that the SiO bill
your friends donated is a counterfeit I':
ins to Dec"
But on examination the bill was foun
good, and !300 in legal money went in
treasury of the Day Nursery.
The whole story is true to the last word,'
TINNER AT CHAUTAUQUA.
He Speaks to 12,000 Veterans Regarding
Bis Pension Poller.
rsrXCIAI. TELEGRAM TO THI DIEPATCJTJ
Chautauqua, August 21 Corporal Tanner
and Rev. John Paxton, of New York, the pas
tor of Jay Gould's church, spoke to about 12
000 people at the amphitheater on the Chautau
qua Association grounds to-day. It was Grand
Army Day on the Chautauqua programme.
Commissioner Tannerreceived an ovation. Ho
made a thrilling address of two hours. As to
itbe criticisms of his policy as Commissioner,
he said tnat he lived and acted stnetly
within the law governing pensions. It was
his privilege and his pleasure, however, to do
all that the law permitted to help veterans,
their widows and orphans, who bad claims for
pensions. He felt confident that, so long as
the pension roll was an honest one, the publio
would support the policy of giving the veterans
and their widows and orphans promptly and
fully whatever they were entitled to under the
law, in place ot placing them In difficul
ties and embarrassments. It bad been
charged that he. had made 10,000 cases
special, bnt investigation showed that he
made less than 1,000. He only regretted that
out of the 400,000 cases awaiting adjudication,
he had not known of the urgency of many of
them to make tbem even more special. Simply
because be bad undertaken to administer the
law for relief promptly, and in the spirit in'
which the law was conceived, he had been
vigorously abused, but that gave him no
trouble. He believed the Republican party
was not prepared to go back on its pledges.
As an official he did not propose Ignoring their
The Commsolonerwas enthusiastically cheer
ed. He goes hence to Milwaukee. Dr. Paxtia's
address was solely from the veterans' stand
point He gave numerous and graphic ac
counts of the experiences of himself and his
comrades from Washington county the Wil
sons, the Daggs, McDunpby. and others who
were In his company.. The New York million
aires. Dr. Paxton said, should not cry down a
liberal policy to the old soldiers, at least such
a policy as would prevent any .of them or of
their widows or orphans from going to the poor
house ? Thla Explain. It..
jrromThe JHnnlncham Ags-Rerold ,
The reason why they made Edison an Italian
Count was that they mUtook the phonograph
SUNDAY, "kUGVSJ 25,
FISH OX THE PACIFIC 0CEAIT.
Results of a Corel nl Investigation by the
Washikotow, August 24. Lieutenant Com
mander Z. Lv Tanner, of the navy, has made an
interesting report to the Fish Commission of
the work of the steamer Albatross from the
beginning of the present year to June SO last
The Commander of the Albatross was instructed
to cruise in the waters of the southern part of
the California coast and in the Quit of Califor
nia for the purpose of Investigating sea life in
those waters and the practicability of raising
oysters. The result of the investigation has
been to greatly enlarge the volume of current
knowledge of the fauna of these waters and to
demonstrate that there are numerous produc
tive fisheries there of which the existence has
ben hitherto unknown. The actual work of
the Albatross began January G, when the trawl
was cast in 236 fathoms of water In tbeCortez
banks, about 12 miles from Point Conception.
fisu swarmea in great nnmDers ana variety
over the banks, which are the richest found so
fsr in the Pacific Fatheads, white fish, yellow
tall, rock cod and four species of red rock cod,
took the hook readily. San Nicholas Island
was fcund rather barren, but here Prof. Gil
bert, the naturalist of the expedition, discov
ered a phenomenon of nature (generally at
tributed to whirlwinds), in the shape of a turn
pike, perfectly straight, as far as the eye could
see, nine feet wide, crowned in the center, and
with gutters six to eight Inches.
Rich hauls were made at Beecber's Bay Sa
about 270 fathoms of water. The fish taken in
cluded four species of black cod of excellent
flavor, and also the deep water sole, one of tie
best sea fish of the Pacific coast In the vicin
ity of Cape San Lucas the Albatross investi-
gatea reports mat have long been currennoi
islands, rocks and reefs in the neighborhood.
Their non-existence was established bysouhd
ine, and it was also demonstrated tnat she
islands commencing with Ouadaloupe and ex
tending to Los Alijos and the Revllla Gigardo
group are Isolated volcanic eruptions, entirely
independent of the continent and of on an
other. The Qulf was entered on March Hand
the ground around San Jose Island was found
literally covered with oyster shells, alive and
dead, at a depth of from 10 to 12 fathoms.
Numbers of fish were taken from the Gulf, and
at George Island plenty of squeteague and a
species of bass, from 6 to lbU pounds, were
taken. Many sea birds and a rookery of sea
lions were also discovered. At one place the
fish were taken in such numbers that the cap
tain was obliged to put a stop to the sport.
Gill net fishing throughout the Gulf was found
to be Impracticable on account of sharks and
dog fish. Off San Louis Island In the latter
part of March sea lions, whales and porpoises
abounded, the last named being very wild.
Governor Cervantes and a large nnmber of
gentlemen who visited the ship were greatly
surprised to see the great variety of marine
fauna which bad been found, many of which
they baa never seen or heard ot Excellent
oysters were found to be plentiful off Algoda
nese Lagoon abont the Yaqul river. At low
tide these oysters are exposed to view, and the
Indians collect them by hand. The fishing
grounds of Man-of-War Cove and Bay of San
artolome did not sustain the reputation they
have. Investigations made by Mr. Gilbert and
Mr. Alexander showed that no shad existed in
the Giland river, the waters having proved un
adapted to the shad planted there by the com
mission. German carp, however, were found
to have thrived welt Halibut and cod were
caught off Cape Flattery.
FUN WITH A CHINAMAN.
The Wizard Herrmann Cleverly Deceives a
Mercenary Orange Tender.
From the & ew York Sun.
"Talking of the Chinese play here." said a
well known lawyer yesterday. "1 never bad
more fun than I did at a Chinese performance
in San Francisco several years ago. I went
there with Herrmann, the magician, and sef
eral San Francisco journalists. It was in the
Chinese quarter and the performance wastha
adjourned act of a play that bad been started a
month before. In the' lobby were a lot of Chi
nese peddlers selling. Chinese sweetmeats,
oranges and other frjiits. Herrmann made a
dead set at the orange man, a thlu-faced, avari
cious looking fellow, who wore a queue about
five feet long. Herrmann bought an orange and
cut It open. With in exclamation of de.
lighted surprise, his eyes sparkling, and his
face lit up with smiles, he drew a $5 gold piece
out of the pulp and held it up so that the
Chinaman could see it The latter's eyes
bulged from their sockets and a pained look of
disappointment crossed his expressionless face.
Herrmann bought three more oranges, and
from each he drew a shining fiver. By this
time the perspiration rolled in beads down the
Chinaman's face and he looked so sick I felt
sorry for him. He gathered up his stock, mut
tering to himself, and when Herrmann wanted
to buy another half dozen the Chinaman re
fused to sell them.
'I'll give you a dollar for them,' said Herr
"The price was only 12 cents, but the China
man was tired of giving away gold pieces.
" 'Me no wantee sellee.'lhe said shrilly.
"A few minutes later he retired into a cor
ner, and with the air of a,' conspirator began to
cut up his oranges. Ope after another they
went, and his look of disappointment became
darker and darker as the magic gold pieces
failed to appear. It was actually tragic when
the last one was gone, and Herrmann gave him
a dollar to prevent his committing suicide."
MUZZLES WORN AT WILL.
A E'anlly Ordinance! Canaes Considerable
Amusemenf for Awhile.
IBT CAELX TO THE DISPATCH. !
London, August 21, England is just now
stirred over a dog sensation. It began with
the Lord Mayor's effort to establish a Pasteur
institute in Londonjfor which he opened a
subscription. The discussion of the subject
led the populace to believe that a dog with
rabies Is a dangerous animal. Then an emi
nent surgeon suggested that hydrophobia
might be kept out of England, as the disease is
one that is only communicated by the bite of a
dog, by the simple expedient of muzzling all
dogs during a period sufficient to obviate the
disease spreading, and by quarantining all dogs
brought into the country. This aroused the
dog owners, who earnestly protested against
the cruelty involved In muzzling their pets.
But an ordinance was nevertheless issued, re
quiring that all dogs be muzzled for 90 dayaJ
The ordinance was to require that aft jogs
wear muzzles, but neglected to state upon what
part of their bodythe muzzles should be worn.
The dog owners accepted the new law, but con
strued it literally, and for a week it was a com
mon sight to see a lawablding animal wearing
a muzzle on bis tall or on his back. The ordi
nance has now been amended so that muzzles
are worn over the dog's nose, and there is a
wall from the owners, but London has not yet
adopted the professional dog-catcher, and at
present the policemen are forced to apprehend
all unmnzzled dogs, with the result that many
of the force have already been bitten. The
dog owners are holding indignation meetings,
but a Mr. Gardner has assisted the Govern
ment's cause by dying ot hydrophobia and
leaving a widow and five children.
DOING WELL BI THE HOT.
A Djlng Skinflint Willing to Daal Gcntr
onslr With Ilia Son.
Cincinnati Times-Star. J
There is a story of a wealthy merchant who,
on his dying bed, called his son David to his
bed and, wishing to make provision for his boy,
addressed him thus:
"You've always been a good boy and I'll re
member you. I am dying now."
"David, you know the tlO, 000 I've got out at
10 per centT"
"I'll let you have it for 8."
David faints while the spirit of the good man
slipped from its mortal frame.
BOUND TO BE A BIG AFFAIR.
The Granger' Picnic at Williams' Grove to
ISFICIAL TKLSOKAITTO TBS DISrATCII.l
HakeisbUko, August 21 The Grangers'
picnic at Williams' Grove last year attracted
nearly 100,000 people, and although he exhi
bition next week will be the sixteenth ot the
kind at the same place, it promises to eclipse
any of its predecessors in the number of peo
ple drawn to the ground and the extent and
quality of the agricultural machinery dis
played. The number ot machines of various
kinds in position is considerably greater than
at the. corresponding period last year, and
many carloads are yet to arrive.
All the important Western States and many
other Commonwealths 'are creditably repre
sented. The picnic will be open on Monday
and close on the following Saturday.
The Mightiest Weapon of AIL
From the Boston Transcript
Boulanger Is a firm believer in the proposi
tion that the pen Is mightier than the sword,
but he rather more than half suspects that the
tongue Is a trifle more potent than either.
Lota of Female Lecturers,
from the Glasgow (Ey.) Times,
Thare are 276 women preaching in the United
States; the number lecturing is about equal to
the number married.
EDISOK AS In editor.
Hott the Now Famous Electrician Con.
ducted a Kewspuper When Only 13
Yean f Age A Move! Jonrnallstlo
JTrom the London Globe. 3
Mr. Edison, whose rislt to Paris seems likely
to eclipse that of the Shah in interest, has in
formed an intertiewer that he means after a
fortnight in Paris to visit Milan, Rome, and
Vienna, perhaps, certainly London and Liver
pool. He jocularly disclaims having any busi
ness purpose, and declares he is on bis honey
moon. It will be remembered that he married
(for the second time) between two and three
years ago, the bride being an Ohio heiress of
very tender years. She is with him on his
present tour.and he has a little girl at school at
Paris a, child 7 years old. It may be of inter
est at a time wben he is thus brought promi
nently before the European public to recall
the incidents of bis early emergence from the
humble circumstances in which he was born.
Among the millions who are familiar with
the name of Edison as an electrician, few are
aware of the example furnished by him of
early ambition overcoming the most difficult
obstacles. Yet the story of bis childhood is
likely to pass into history, no less as an instance
of determined work than as an illustration of
the precocious smartness of tho American
Bow He Started a Paper.
At a very tender age all Edison's thoughts
were turned to electricity, and by day and
night he made plans as to how he should obtain
the means to study it After much cogitation
the idea he hit upon was to start a newspaper.
"I. will become an editor," he exclaimed, in
stinctively turning to what so many hard-np
men find a last resort for raising funds. But
those who have lost thousands in commencing
a journal will be tempted to smile at the idea
of a little boy without staff, capital or funds
undertaking such an enterprise. The child had
it all plannedfout however. He first wrote to
a news agency and obtained a copy of tbe con
ditions on which he could get a supply of tele
graphic news dealing with politics, commerce
ind the general news of tbe day. This be
anted to be sent to tbe different railway sta
tions between New York and Chicago.
Bbortly afterward he looked up the manager
ol the New York-Chicago-Detroit line, and
asked his permission to set up a little printing
prkss in one of tbe carriages. "Why, what is
thlt for?" asked the puzzlea railway man. "I
haie no money to study," answered Edison,
"aid so I want to publish a journal in a run
nirb train. I will edit it myself, I will compose
It rfyself and I will sell It myself." The man
ag? glanced at the eager, studious child, and.
struck with tbe originality of the idea, agreed
to it. But Edison did not look as If be were
goiie away. "What do you want now, my
lada' be was asked. '1 am grateful for your
permission, sir; but you know that every news
paper lives by Its subscribers. Won't you al
low tie to put your name down as my first
one?T The manager laughed, and the tiny
editot pocketed not only a suDscrlption but a
present. Believing himself another Rothschild,
he tlen left the office to proceed with bis
The New Journal.
It need not be imagined that the paper was
as large as tbe Times or as profound as the
Spectator. It was a modest sheet of very small
size, bnt nevertheless the Grand Trunk Sail
road Herald was sold more quickly than many
a more pretentious journal. Nor was that sur
prising. Edison found at every station fresh
news telegraphed by the Press Association of
New York, and, yonng as be was, could thus
with his information get in front of the ordi
nary papers sold on tbe line. He printed as
many editions as he saw the need of. M. Emile
Durer, in a recently-published biography of
Edison, has given extracts from the first num
ber, a copy of which the great electrician pre
sented him with. The news consists ot the or
dinary little two-line paragraphs which are
sent ont by the agencies, train announcements,
markets, etc Edison neither employed a re
porter nor used a pencil himself. He simply
got tbe news well into his head and set up tbe
types from memory. The affair prospered so
well for in the matter of sales and advertise
ments it was soon evident that the editor bad a
sound business head on his shoulders that a
weekly edition was added, tbe Weekly Herald,
the subscription to which did not exceed the
modest sum of 8 cents a month. In a very short
time the numbers began to show an immense
progress, and the editorial "we" are emnloved
as majestically by the boy as it could have been
oy Aieiane nimseii.
A few extracts from some of the numbers-
retranslated from the French of M. Durer will
show that Edison bad soon formed an idea of
an editor's functions, which are, as everybody
knows, to be omniscient and set the world right
on everything. Here Is a specimen of his local
"We learn that the Grand Trunk Railway
Company pays every six months a prize to the
Ariver who uses least oil and who barns least
wood, still maintaining the present speed of his
We have had an opportunity of making the
acquaintance of Mr. E. L. Northrop. He Is a
mechanic, such as there should be everywhere.
On all the line there is not a better and more
"No one knows so well how to drive and at
tend to his train. We can speak with authority
on this subject since we have traveled already
for two years with him (the paper bad only
been started a few months) and we have no
ticed the unfailing regularity with which he Is
at his post
"His machine is always polished like a
mirror; it never has need of great repairs, and
if it is a little deranged the repairs cost only a
fourth of the others.
"For these reasons we beg to direct the good
will and attention of the directors of the com
pany to Mr. Northrop. Ed."
A Clever Yoang Parngrnpher.
Thus little Edison had evidently grasped
some of the principles of modern editing (a la
Amerlcalne). He could shoot with a long bow
and be a strong partisan. But there are some
even more amusing instances of juvenile edl
torialness. A man named Watkins had en
deavored by a clever device to cheat the com
pany of tbe Grand Trunk Railroad out of the
value of a carpet-bag which be pretended to
have left at one of the stations. As it hap
pened, however, a detective had noticed htm
detaching the ticket from his bag and hiding
it and the end was that the would-be swindler
was fined. Upon the case the 12-years-old
editor remarks "Watkins has received a lesson
which should last him for his life, and we stig
matise for all time (1) the baseness of his con
duct in the columns of our journal."
Among tho miscellaneous paragraphs, "In a
few weeks we are going to Increase tbe size of
our journal," is one of the announcements.
Here, too. Is a tonch worthy of an older head,
"In a few weeks (that ambiguous period) the
name of each subscriber will De printed in onr
journal." Mingled with these paragraphs ore
sententlons moralizatlons such as this: "Rea
son, justice and charity have never had suf
ficient force on the earth to Influence tbe coun
sellors of men."
Student and Editor.
But all the time Edison was keeping his eyes
steadfastly fixed on the ulterior purpose of his
little essay in journalism and even employed
his leisure to make experiments in tbe way of
telegraphing from a moving train, using an in
duction current for the purpose. It was not
long, however, before he was furnished with
the means of following out his plan of study,
and unlike those who after once becoming
journalists find it impossible to change, he
without reluctance abandoned his first pro
fession. In the afteitime it is not unlikely
that the story will find its way into tbe school
books, where it may be ued equally to stimu
late youths to action and self-reliance, and to
show the extreme "eatliness" of American
When I remark her golden hair
Swoon on ber glorious shoulders,
I marvel not that sight so rare
Doth ravish all beholders;
Tor summon hence all pretty trlrlj
Renowned for beauteous tresses.
And you shall find among their carls
There's none so fair as Jessie's!
And Jessie's eyes are, ohl so blue
And full of sweet rereallngs
.They seem to look you through and through
And read yonr Inmost feelings;
Nor black emit such ardent fires,
.Nor brown such truth expresses
Admit It, all ye gallant squires
There are no eyes like Jessie's I
Her voice (like liquid beams that roll
from moonland to the river)
Steals subtly to the raptured soul
Therein tolls and quiver;
Or falls upon the gritelnl ear
With chaste and warm caresses
Ah. all coneeda the troth (who hear);
There's no such voice as Jessie's!
Of ether charms she bath such store
411 rrralrr excelllnsr.
Though I used adjectives galore.
ney'd all me In the telling:
tnow discretion stays my hand
Idles, eyes, voice, and tresstsl
i in nusoanas in tne una
i's none so fierce as Jessie's!
Jivgrni QtMt iQhfeag.o,Kfety
OHB DAT IN GOTHAM.
An Onion-Entlng Contest.
ntEW TOOK BUBXAO SPECIALS. 1
Ne Yoek, August 24. There was an
onion-eating contest last night in Bridge'
jumper Steve Brodie's saloon, on the Bowery.
John Coffee and Louis Ledger were matched
for to a side and the ofllon-eatlng championship
of the United States. There was a big crowd
to see the contest Nearly an hour was con
sumed in arranging the preliminaries. "There
ain't no Markiso Gooseberry rules fur eatln'
onions," said Brodie in his expressive vernacu
lar, "so we'll have to fill 'em up ourselves."
This was a self-evident proposition, and was
readily agreed to. Brodie seconded Ledger,
and John Mulvihlll did the same kind office for
Coffee. Billy. Costello was chosen referee. The
stakes were- deposited in the hands of the
charming and double-chinned Mrs. Brodie, who
shone -resplendent as Juno behind the bar.
There-was along discussion as to wbat kind of
onions should be used. Mr. Coffee wanted
Connecticut bulb. Mr. Ledger thought
Bermudas were more to his taste. Steve
decided In favor of Connecticut onions
to be eaten "Ror wld salt or vinegar." A
bushel of onions was placed before tbe men.
Ledger and Coffee took off their coats and were
prepared for the contest by their seconds. Just
as everything was ready Coffee claimed that
the onions ought to be cut up and eaten out of
a wooden pall. This claim delayed proceedings
for awhile. There bad been so mnch delay
that Brodie got angry and uttered some words
that cannot be found in the dictionary. Then
his fiat went forth: "I'm a runnin' this ranch,
ain't IT Don't I pay tbe rent of this joint?
Well here's jl8t all there is about ther onion
chewin' business. Yonse fellers '11 take the
bloomin' onions in your right hand, so. Them
onions '11 be et in bites, so. D'ye seeT This
'ere racket Is jlst fer a Iiltle fun amongst our
selves. If ye don't like them terms I'll chuck
onions an' eaters an' seconds an' timekeeper
ont in the Bowery. That's the kind of a gln-
sllnger I am. Wat d'ye sayT Are ye willln' t"
Of course everybody was willing, each man
gripped an onion. "Go," shouted Costello.
Xedger had the bigger mouth of the two. His
jaws closed like a vise upon his onion, and like
a ravenous wolf he tore it In half. Ledger
finished the first onion In 1 minute and 17 sec
onds. By this time both contestants were
weeping copiously. Their seconds stood be
hind them and wiped away the falling tears.
When Ledger finished his seventh onion be
was one bulb ahead. Both men were sick, and
Coffee's second threw up the sponge, saying:
"Give de rocks to Ledger; I don't want the
blokes to kill their selves."
Happy Ending to an Elopement.
Bart Helmerdinger, a tailor, 27 years old, and
Etta Ebensteln, IS years old, eloped from the
Bowery last night. They were neighbors, and
had loved each other for many months. Mr.
and Mrs. Ebenstein refused to permit the mar
riage. Last evening the tailor made his bed in
his store, and in the early morning set to work
to carry ont his plot The two houses adjoin
each other, and Miss Ebenstein's and her
lover's bedrooms look out upon the same roof.
Over this the tailor crept and tapped on her
window. She was ready with her valise packed,
and he carried her back the same way and
through bis window down into bis store.
Friends were awaiting them there, and they
were duly married in the presence of witnesses.
At daybreak they hurried off to Long Branch.
Mr. and Mrs. Ebensteln have telegraphed them
to come home and be forgiven. t
A Cariosity In Caetle Garden.
John Agnew. with three diamond rings on his
fingers and a big solitaire diamond on his shirt
front was transported from the steerage ot a
transatlantic steamship to Castle Garden this
morning. To show the authorities that be was
not a pauper he also drew So, 000 In bills and
several hundred dollars in gold and silver from
his pockets. He said he came from Port Natal,
where he owns about $1,000,000 worth of lands,
cattle and gold mines. He knew and marched
with Thomas Bayne, Livingstone and Carl
Mougb. He made his fortune at every em
ployment from-shooting elephants to tanning
hides. He came to America to visit his sister,
and came in the steerage to save money. He Is
the wealthiest person ever registered at Castle
A Remarkable Discovery at Oplam.
Three small hoys found two barrels full of
soft dark-brown little balls near a small creek
on Staten Island to-day. While they were pelt
ing each other with the balls apasslngdruggist
stopped to watch the fun. He examined a ball
which came his way, and found it to be opium
worth Si to $5 a pound. He and the boys im
mediately hurried away to a police station to
report their discovery. When they returned
with officers the barrels were gone. The police
are confident that the accidental discovery of
the hoys will lead to tho arrest of an organized
band of opium smugglers, -who have long madd
Staten Island their headquarters. Tbe Inspec
tor of Customs is making an investigation.
Want to See Him la France.
Paul Haimont the Frenchman who-was ar
rested in his bathing suit at Coney Island last
week, accused of being implicated with John
Nolle and his wife. Bertha Nolle, in stealing
165,000 francs from the banking firm of B.
Journel & Co.. of Paris, was before United
States Commissioner Osborn to-day. Haimont
waived examination, and agreed to go back to
France for trial. Nolle was extradited two
months ago and his wife, who voluntarily ac
companied him, was arrested on her arrival in
France, and Is held to await trial.
A Man Thoroughly Occupied.
from the Kansas City Journal.'!
"No thoroughly occupied man," says the
Chicago Herald, quoting a great writer, "was
ever yet very miserable." Whatnot even the
man recently mentioned in tbe press dispatches
who was thoroughly occupied by a snake?
Queer Tblnga About Glory.
From the Chicago Times.
A telegram says that the Milwaukee Exposi
tion opened "in a blaze of glory." It's funny
how glory always takes fire on such occasions.
In French Creektownshlp, Venango county,
the other day, Fred Hagerty killed a ratttle
snake in a berry patch. It was 4 feet 6 Inches
long and bad 21 rattles. While Miss Hannah
Dickson, of Polk, was picking berries, she was
quite electrified on looking down to see a big
rattlesnake gliding along between her feet
Both the lady and the snake escaped.
A try peddler at Bellaire was fined 12 and
costs the other day for profane swearing on
William Gibson, a young man of Monon
gabela City, has just bad removed from his ear
a bean that was shot into it by an alrgun eight
A rather singular marriage is reported
from Hickory township, Mercer county, where
Clarence McFarland last week wed Mrs. Real"
Clarence is said to be 19 years old and bad to
have his parents' permission, and Mrs. Real Is
said to be fair and 40, with three, children.
.Daniel, E. Davis writes to a Somerset pa
per the following account of a remarkable
dream: Sometime since I dreamed I was In
cordpany with some ladies, and among them
was my only sister, whom I had not seen since
1858 or 1859, and was surprised to seehowyoung
she looked. As she Is now about 72 years of
age, this seemed to me an omen of bad news.
About one week later I received news as fol
lows: "Died; in Kansas City (of typhoid ma
laria), on Thursday morning, July 13, at S
o'clock. Miss Virgie Kauffelt of Williamsport,
Pa., anelce ot Daniel E.Davis, of Somerset
A mas apparently dead lay outstretched and
Immovable on the top of a freight .car that
reached Lancaster a night or two since. When
the officers went to take charge of the corpse it
was gone. Tbe theory is that a tramo had been
stealing; a ride, ana feigned death to escape ar
rett, till he got a good chance to vanish.
Davis Colx&ax, a Columbia barber, has a
robin that can mimic a mocking bird, and
whistles "Little Fisher Maiden."
A ghost that appears on house tops is
frightening; the people of .an Eastern Ohio vil
A Whexltko 'youth boasts that three
maidens of 'that town have asked his hand in
maRiajdaric thePMt yoox,
Nearly every vessel clearing from Sanf
Diego, CaL, nowadays, carries fiom 10 to 11 tons
A'IG-poufld cannon hall came up in
Walter Dixon's oyster dredge In Newark Bay
the other day.
VT. E. Shadman, of Glynn county,
Ga., has three acres of olives. His is believed
to be tbe only olive grove east of the Rocky
In Galway it is considered so unlucky
to catch sight of a fox that fishermen will not
put to sea if they notice one while going to
A mid air combat between a hawk and
a snake afforded amusement for over 20 min
utes to a party of plcknickers near Mossrille,
Blair county, Pa.
"Washington, D. C, has a policeman of
an original turn of mind. Being detailed to
watch a dwelling from which the milk can had
been stolen early every morning for more than
a week, be hid in tbe limb of a large tree in
front of the bouse, and wben the thief ap
peared lowered himself quickly and took the
rascal Into custody.
A story comes from "White House, N.
J., to the effect that one Well, living there,
while feeding a sick cow last November, lost a
valuable gold ring. He thought the animal
swallowed It Last week tbe cow was slaugh
tered and the ring found, none tbe worse for
having been in the quadruped's possession for
over eight months.
Adrian, Mich., can just now exhibit a
cariosity to the world In the shape of a sunflower-bearing
tree. The freak is located in a
large oak. The sunflower is growing from tho
top of the tree, and has a sulk about five feet
bigb. It is in full bloom. How tbe seed got
there is a question, as it is too large a tree for
any boy to climb.
A remarkable instance of telephonic
communication occurred in Charleston, S. C.,
last week. A young man employed in the
Western Union telegraph office in that city
conversed without any difficulty with his
urother, who was In Omaha, 1.500 miles away.
The brothers talked an hour with hardly any
pause between questions.
The Babylonian Expedition of the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania, which was sent out a
year ago. has already made successful explora
tions, and has secured about 3,000 tablets bear
ing inscriptions more or less important Tbe
party of explorers will continue another year
at their work ana will bring back all their
trophies to the University of Pennsylvania.
One of the most surprising features of
the modern business world is the large use of
cotton seed, formerly considered worthless.
Over 800,000 tons of these seeds are now
pressed for their oil. from 36 to 40 pounds belnr
obtained from each ton. The consumption of
cotton seed oil is increasing both in thb coun
try and in Europe, and new uses for the oil are
constantly being discovered.
A Philadelphia drummer got into a
Lehigh Valley car at Shenandoah, Partook out
his teeth and put them on the seat behind him
to take a nap. After the nap he went off, for
getting them. Agent Ferguson found them, and
as a joke asked a Hungarian seated near if they
were his. The Hungarian turned as pale as
death, vigorously shook his bead and dashed
out of the depot in thorough flight
In 1885 farmer Stanley's house and farm
were ruined by the Cherry Mountain landslide,
in New Hampshire. He thought thathewasa
ruined man, but the exhibition of the devasta
tion to sightseers, whom he charged for the
sight brought him enough money with which
to buy a small farm in Jefferson. He has just
sold this farm to a hotel company at a bis
profit and invested the proceeds in a large farm
not far from his old home.
A curious exploration is now being un
dertaken in a vast region of Scandinavia,
which has practically run wild for nearly a
hundred years, when whole villages, as well as
homesteads and farms, were deserted on ac
count of an epidemic. The tract has been
bought by a London syndicate, who have com
missioned Sir H. Pottlngcr, one of the pioneers
of Norwegian travel, and Mr. J. Sargent, tha
well-known Oxford "cnacb," to report upon
this almost forgotten territory.
Utopia is a small country station on
the Ohio and Northwestern railroad, in Cler
mont County, yet it contains among its quiet
inhabitants, a citizen who has a bit of Interest
ing history and a historical relic The man al
luded to is John Cbeyne, and the relic is the
key bugle that assembled the Yeomanrrof:tha
uuara at tne coronation ol yueen Victoria,
Jnne 20, 1837. Mr. Cbeyne was at that timo a
-young- man. and a member of the barracks'
band, which furnished music for that splendid,
troop of soldiers. He was one of the four bug4
lers who sounded the reveille for the musterjoa
of the guard that attended tbe Queen on to
way from Windsor Castle to the House of Pa
liament where, with great pomp and cere
monies, she was crowned Queen.
A Port Jervis investigator has learned
that Erie men hae a nomenclature for all
kinds of cars and engines,and that these names
extend all over the entire road and branches.
"Black Marias" are Pennsylvania coal cars,
which are painted a jet black. Tbe Wootten
engines with the double cabs are called
"Camel Backs or Hog Scalders." The various
classes of coal cars are named as follows: Long
Johns. Exclusive. Standard, Black Marias and
Jimmies. The "Long Johns" are the gondola
shaped cars with sides, "Black Marias" are
mentioned above, "Exclusive" are 20-ton cars
and are used exclusively for the Delaware and
Hudson coal, "Standards" are 25-ton cars and
are the present Erie standard coal cars, and
"Jimmies" are the four-wheeled dumps, of
which there are Dot few in use.
An extraordinary case of smuggling is
reported from Sourabaya, In Java. A Chinese
passenger having died on board a junk which
was anchored in the roadstead, the health
officer of the port went off, and, after viewing;
the body gave the necessary permit for burial.
The master of tbe junk then came on shore and
ordered a large coffin of the usual Chinese
kind. During the early hours of tbe morning,
the crew with the coffin landed, and the funeral
procession passed along the streets. After the I
funeral tbe party went back to the junk, which
Immediately put out to sea. In the middle of
tbe day some natives found an emptv coffin in
the middle of tbe road close by the Chinese
cemetery, which not only smelt strongly of
opium, but also had small particles of the drug
adhering to its sides. The Custom House au
thorities found the maker of the coffin, who
Identified it as the one snDDlied to tha hum
of the junk, and the dead body of the China
man was washed ashore soon afterward, so that
it was clear that he had been thrown overboard,
and the bnrial permit used to smuggle on shore
a large coffin full of opium.
FUKKT MEN'S FANCIES.
A correspondent requests us to describe
a waterspout In as few words aspostlble. A water
spout is when a man pawns his cistern. Texas
There is a western railroad haunted bv
the ghosts of flagmen who have been ran over and
killed. Being dead their spirits flag, naturally.
A Fortunate Woman. "There," said tha
new lady of the castle, "are the graves of tho
former onner's ancestors, ily ancestors," she
added, proudly, "are all living. Harper's if ago
tine. Brown These hieroglyphics remind rr.a
of New York aldermen. Koclnson In what
way? "They are doubtful characters, brought
herefrom abroad." "That's so." Texas S(fl
ings. "What a wonderful painter Kubeos was,"
remarked Merritt at the art gallery. "Yes," as-.
sented Cora, "It Is saldofhlm thathecouldchange
a laughing face Into a sad one by a single stroke."
"Why," spoke up little Johnny, In aisgnst,"my
school teacher can do that." Soma Sentintt.
Filkins (in the cemetery) Joblot de
signed his own monument, didn't be?
Bllklns Yes. What made you think so
Vilklns The inscription. "Mot dead, hat sleep
ing." Joblot would never own up to anything
not even death. Munseu't Weiktg.
CTECU1ISTANCES ALTER CASES.
The chosen people are the meek.
When smitten, turn the other cheek '
We're told In sober writing.
And that's exactly what you do,
Unless a smaller man than yon
Attempt to do the smiting.
Committeeman (ordering badges for the
graduating class of Columbia College) The de
sign IS to Include a graduate In uniform and a rep
resentation of the world In relief. Jeweler
Bow large would you like the flgqret? Cora-mltteeaan-Ob,
make the graduate about two
Inches high, and the world about half an Inch In
diameter. Jewtler's Weekly.
A Different Proposition. "Oh, papa,"
she said, "with a blosh. "young Mr. Chestnut who
owns so many coal mines 'In Pennsylvania, u
coining again this evening, and says be wants to
see you on Important business."
"All right my dear," responded the old man,
chucking her playfully-under the chin. "I guess
1 know what the yonng man wants."
That evening Ur. Chestnut came to the point at
l'r. Hendricks, "he said, boldly, "1 want to
ask you If you have laid In tout winter's stock of
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