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THE PITTSBTJUG- DISPATCH, MONDAY, AUGUST 19,, 1889,
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1818.
VoL 44, No.193. Entered at Pittsburg Posto&ce,
November 14, 1SS7, as second-clue matter.
Business Office 07 andOOFlfthAvenue.
News Booms and Publishing: House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street.
Eastern Advertising Office, Boom 46, Tribune
Building, New York.
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THEDisrATCUfortlx months ending July il 1SS3,
as sworn to before City Controller,
Copies per Issue.
Average net circulation of the Sunday edition of
Tee Dispatch for three months ending July 31,
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TERMS OF TUB DISPATCH.
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PITTSBURG. MONDAY, AUG. 19. 1858.
THE WAKE Of THE ELIXIR. T
Tbe statement by Dr. Jackson of the final
result of his experiments with Dr. Brown
Sequard's injection for the rejuvenation of
decrepit humanity does not hold ont a Terr
strong promise of tbe great benefits that
were expected from that treatment. Three
ont of 20 persons treated who show a slight
improvement is not a very high percentage
The conclusion of this physician that the
treatment does not demonstrate a very high
value is candidly and freely expressed. On
the other hand he asserts that the injection
can be used with proper precautions, so that
it will involve no danger of abscesses or
blood poisoning. Still the slight amount of
permanent good balanced against the dan
ger shown at Cincinnati and other places to
exist from careless or unscientific! use of the
injection, will make it wise for the public
to regard the remedy for debility as one to
be resorted to only upon the advice and
tinder the administration of the best physi
cians. Another point is still unsettled by any of
the experiments. It has been shown that
the effect of the injection passes away after
a period; but it has not been shown whether
there is or is not a reaction like that fol
lowing the use of stimulants or anesthetics.
If the result were to make men dependent
for strength and vigor upon external stimu
lation and to reduce them to a worse state
than before, when the exotic aid is wanting,
it will be all the more necessary to resort to
its use only in the most extreme cases.
Tbe discovery doubtless has its medical
value; but with the light given by careful
and scientific experiment, it is made evi
dent that there can hardly be any better
elixir than healthy and temperate living,
a calm mind and a good conscience.
A QUESTION" OF HEED.
The proposed combination of the glass
workers' unions meets with a negative from
the window glass workers which relegates it
to indefinite if not permanent postponement
An interview elsewhere throws a rather
invidious responsibility for the negative re
sult upon Mr. Campbell, the President of
the window glass workers organization, but
the statement affords grounds for a rather
strong retort. The facts set forth are that
all the organizations are strong; that there
are no non-union men in either branch of
the industry, and that each organization in
its especial field has undisputed sway.
This affords thy window glass workers a
chance to pertinently Question the necessity
of further combinations. Organization for
xnutu?l protection where each is abund
antly able to protect itself seems somewhat
E0B THE PUBLIC GOOD.
When facts were brought out, more than
a year ago, showing that unhealthy and dis
eased cattle had not only been slaughtered
for meat, at Chicago, but that they had ap
peared in this city, The Dispatch sup
ported heartily and in good faith the propo
sition that measures of inspection should be
established which would guarantee the
meat trade and the consumers against all
possibility oi the sale of diseased food.
When that movement degenerated into an
evident scheme to prevent the sale of
dressed beef, killed in one State and trans
ported by refrigerator cars to another, The
Dispatch showed that its purpose was not
the protection of the public, but the en
hancement of the price of food and the un
constitutional prohibition of the sale of the
products of one State in another.
Three States were led by the interested
outcry of people who were to profit by the
enhancement of the price of meat into pass
ing the so-called inspection law. Tbe result
in two of them is conclusive. Whenever
that law has been brought before a court, as
it has been both in Indiana and Minnesota,
it has been declared unconstitutional. There
is no doubt that if a case from the third
State is taken up into the United States
Courts the same result will be obtained. In
. other Words, the project of shutting
out the legitimate sale of dressed
beef under the pretense of in
spection, having failed in the majority
of States by the inability to secure its pass
age before the Legislature, has also failed
in the few cases where the law was enacted
by the prompt declaration in the Courts of
This failure makes it pertinent to suggest
that if there are any interests sincerely and
honestly desirous of providing a system of
legitimate inspection, so that the people can
buy both dressed and home slaughtered beef
with full protection against thepossible sale of
diseased meat, they should renew the move
ment on the legitimate line of securing such
inspection at whatever places the beef maybe
slaughtered. This can easily be done either
by a law for national inspection or by an
arrangement between the States. ."With the
defeat of the attempt to distort the inspec
tion idea into a scheme to make the peo
ple pay more for their meat, it is to be hoped
that the legitimate purpose will be resumed
and carried out upon its honest basis.
A 'movement for the public good will
command public support; when it is dis
torted to serve private interests at the public
cost its greed generally defeats itself.
ATTRACTIVE TO SENATORS.
It is interesting as well as instructive to
notice that the Senate committee appointed
to investigate the terrible charges of hab
itual outrages by soldiers, sailors and Gov
ernment employes upon the Alaskan
women, is now in Alaska and appears to be
having a very pleasant time. The commit
tee, accompanied by its wives and daugh
ters, has investigated the great Muir gla
cier, and expresses itself as highly delighted
and satisfied with the natural wonders of
Alaska. Probably other features of the
Alaskan scenery will be investigated with
equal satisfaction by the committee; but ex
actly what protection to the natives of
Alaska will be secured by the close atten
tion which the committee is giving to the
natural beauties of that far-off country fails
to appear from the report. This investiga
tion, with others, is calculated to place it
beyond dispute that Alaska is this year a
favorite objective point for Senatorial ex
cursions. CHEAP FREIGHT BATES OK IRON.
About the time that the railway combina
tion was congratulating itself on its ability
to abolish commodity rates, which would
'mean an advance in iron rates to North
western points, a Northwestern railroad
comes along with a three-cent cut, which
gives Pittsburg shippers lower rates'rather
than higher ones.
The railroad making the cutis the Chi
cago, Burlington and Northern, which has
frequently heretotore been the one to kick
over the combination traces, it is not
actuated by philanthropy in reducing the
charges; but it does so to get the business
which would otherwise go by other lines.
The lake and rail rate to the Northwest is
one cent below the new all-rail rate, and it
is for the purposo of getting the business
from Pittsburg that the independent road is
offering this low charge for all-rail trans
portation. Of course the railroad interest will arise
in horrified protest over this example of
cheap transportation; but it will be hard to
convince the shippers who get the benefit of
the low rate that competition between rail
roads is a bad thing for the public.
FAVORABLE TO THE OLD SOLDIERS.
The indications are getting more abun
dant that the high moral stand whieh the
railroads took against making a cheap ex
cursion rate to the Grand Army reunion at
Milwaukee will go to pieces before the time
for themeeting. Two Westernrailroads have
come down to the cent-a-mlle basis; and the
Pittsburg and Western announced tickets
for sale from this city at the close of last
week. The refusal to give this rate in the
first place was the result of the combination
between the railroads; but since the force of
competition has asserted itself it is likely
that the veterans will get the low rates they
have been seeking. It should be instructive
that this comes, not from the favor of rail
way officials, but from the force which the
railways are trying to suppress, that of com
petition. The Navy Department is trying to figure
out some way ot giving the Thurlow cast
steel gun anotherchance; and has concluded
that the only way to Jo it is to appeal to
Congress. While that is going on, might
not Pittsburg try its hand again at the mak
ing of heavy ordnance?
The report that the President will, on his
trip to Indianapolis, assure his friend Judge
Woods, and his acquaintances who have
slipped up on the railroad scheme, that
there is not the slightest chance for Judge
Gresham to succeed Justice Matthews on
the Supreme Bench, is supererogatory.
Judge Gresham's slight chances for that ap
pointment have long bees apparent; but his
prompt removal of an unnecessary receiver
shows that he is still in active service. The
people may remember the fact.
SuixrvAjr probably finds the ovation of
Northern crowds more comfortable than the
severity of Mississippi law. But his recep
tion at Cincinnati is likely to raise a ques
tion whether the North has any reason to
plume itself over superior civilization to the
It is interesting to leam that at a con
ference of the Illinois coal operators, Mr.
W. L. Scott, according to a Democratic or
gan, denounced the policy of paying the
men low wages, and withdrew from the
operators' organization with the declaration
that he was going to give his men civilized
rates. Here in Pennsylvania there will be
a general rejoicing over the knowledge that
Mr. Scott has reformed.
With Youngstown supplied by fuel gas
made from petroleum at natural gas rates,
our Pittsburg companies should take notice
that reasonable rates will be the surest
method of forestalling a competition here
that might be inconvenient
It is interesting to learn' from the New
York .Sun: "A noted citizen who has been
appointed a member ot one of the commit
tees of the International Exposition trav
eled 300 miles tbe other day in order to con
fer with the Mayor." Some noted citizens
might have perceived the utility of the
mails in sending in a round subscription;
but the New York citizen is not built that
These is a comforting assurance that
Sara Althea will not go on the stage in the
obvious fact that any play suited to her
talents, would require the entire company to
be killed in the first aot
Aveitee in an Eastern paper has been
traveling in the West, and reports that he
"noticed particularly the scarcity of good
timber." The discovery is not particularly
novel, nor is it confined to any especial sec
tion. It has for some time been a promi
nent feature of political conventions in the
The declaration of Edgar Saltus that he
does not believe in the Bible is likely to
create a popular reaction in the direction of
a general support of the theory of plenary
If our esteemed New York and Chicago
cotemporaries could understand how weari
some their squabbling over the site of the
1892 exposition has became to the rest of
the country they might perceive the good
policy of securing that plum bv saying
nothing for a time and sawing wood.
BouIiAKOer's receptions in London af
ford an economical method of defying the
French Government at long and safe range
The adornment of the English language
by certain cotemporaneous word-butchers,
in the shape of the word "elixired," is an
awful example of the results of the manu
facture of verbs from nouns. Some of the
slang manufacturers show n decided need
that they shall be dictlonaried. y'
Biggest Ox In the World.
Louisville, August IS. Presumably tbe
largest ox In the world Is on exhibition at tbe
Bourbon stock yards in this city. He stands
18 hands high. Is 11 feet In the girth, Ave feet
from brisket to :top withers, three and a half
feet across tbe rump, and weighs 4,000 pounds.
He has been exhibited at all tho fairs in this
Siring Up tbe Situation.
from the Cincinnati Commercial U arete.!
This Is not an off year In Ohio politics. There
are several hens on, atfa some roosters in tho
PITTSBURG'S COAL TKADE.
Early History of a Great Iadustry Robert
Wsuoo's Flrat Shipment to New Orleans
OIU-TIme Coal Boats and methods el
IWRITTIK POR TUX DISPATCH. 1
Among those who contributed largely to the
early development of the coal Industry of
Plttsbnrg were the three Watson brothers,
Robert, John and William, sons of an Alle
gheny cooper, James 'Watson. Robert, the
eldest, and tbe pioneer In transporting coal to
New Orleans, died at the old homestead, on
the PerrysvIUe road, last April. Three quar
ters of a century ago James Watson was work
ing at the cooper trade on a tract of timber
land, now embraced in the Tenth ward. Alle
gheny, extending from Batcher's Run to
Wood's Ran. Along In tbe latter part of the
twenties times were bard, and it became very
bard to sell the products of the cooper shop.
Barrels abounded and money was scarce. Tbe
eldest son, Robert a lad of 17, had learned his
father's trade and was diligently at work in the
cooper shop from the time he was 11
Full of energy and ambition, and restless in
view of the small returns, the 17-year-old lad
concluded to try his fortunes elsowbere, and
believing his accumnlated stock ot barrels and
kegs would bring tho much-needed cash in
New Orleans, be went there. At the time the
resolution was takenCaptaln Swan, a famous
river man of tbe olden time, had just com
pleted a new steamboat for tbe Plttsburc and
New Orleans trade, and was ready to start on
his llrst trip.
Reuben -Miller, Sr was then proprietor of
tho leading boat store, and was one of the
senior Watson's principal customers for
tobacco boxes and molasses barrels.
Upon Mr. Miller's recommendation Captain
Swan was induced to cover the decks ot bis
new packet with the surplus stock ot the
cooper shop, and at the same time exercise a
sort of supervision oyer young Watson, who
undertook to turn tbe cargo into cash at New
Orleans. As there was no opportunity afforded
to sell the molasses barrels at tbe plantations
along the lower Mississippi on a passenger
steamer, Watson, of necessity, was forced to
sell bis goods to New Orleans agents of the up-
river planters. Tills he did at a fair profit, and
returned to tbe Allegheny cooper shop to
gladden tbe folks at home with much-needed
The following season yonng Watson shipped
his barrels by a French creek flatboat so that
he might be master of his own time and peddle
out bis goods at plantations along be lower
Mississippi. As the cargo was light and neces
sarily piled high, endless trouble from winds
was encountered, but tho 18-year-old lad had
tbe determination to surmount all obstacles,
and larger returns were yielded than before.
Tbe difficulties from winds started the
thought of coal ballast and the third trip
found a few thousand bushels of black dia
monds added to the cargo. When youngWat
son laid a foundation for his pyramid of bar
rels in coal be was building 'hotter than ,ho
knew. The coal cargo was soon discovered to
be more profitable than the cooperage, and by
degrees the latter was abandoned, and atten
tion given wholly to coal transportation.
Tho Watson brothers In time became the
largest operators in this line between this city
and the gnlf.
When Robert Watson began towing coal the
length of tbe boats was 100 to 120 feet width 18
feet, drawing 86 to 12 inches, and 8,000 to 10,000
bushels was considered a big load. They wit
nessed the growth of this industry until boats
180 feet in length, 30 feet wide, drawing 8 feet
of water, and a half acre, or 700,000' bushels, of
merchantable coal was towed by the Ajax from
Louisville to New Orloans.
George Ledlle, an old-time coal king, was the
first to attempt towing coal by a steamboat.
This was In the forties, but was not successful
because the attempt was made wjth a side
wheel boat This failure proved a wet blanket
on steamboat towing for a number of years,
and It was not until 1857 or 1858 thatthe present
method of towing with stern wheels came into
vogue. In that year the Watson brothers rrar-
chased the steamer Antelope, a boat ot un-v
usual length for that day. the wbeels ot which
were well back toward the stern. They used
It successfully for a number of years, at last
putting its machinery into tbe Ajax. Alexan
der Watson, a well-known attorney and brother
ot tbe coal pioneers, reports that tbe same ma
chinery is still doing duty in asteamboat plying
on Western waters.
As tbe coal transportation developed along
In tbe thirties younger brothers of Robert
Watson, John and William, became valuable
assistants of the pioneer as pilots, and in the
coarse ot time achieved a reputation In this
line equal to any on the Ohio and Mississippi
rivers. John Watson had the name of being a
very daring pilot taking great risks, but be
never lost a barge in an experience extending
over two-score years. He was tbe first of the
coalboat pilots to depart from the enstom of
landing at night thus saving one-half of the
time previously occupied in towing barges to
tho lower waters. ,
After John Watson's new departure It was
soon discovered that there was not only a great
loss of time but more danger in landing for
the night than in going right ahead.
Robert Watson afterward made tils home in
New Orleans, and was a resident of that city at
tho outbreak of the Rebellion. He bad alarge
stock of coal on hand when hostilities began.
Though not obtrusive In his Union sentiments,
his convictions were well known, and New Or
leans very soon became a very unhealthy at
mosphere to the Pittsburger. Having coined
the confidence of the leading citizens by bis
high integrity, he managed to steer clear of
trouble until Ben Butler came into command.
The Massachusetts General got possession of
the rebel archives, and among them was a
paper with a black-list of 13 suspected Union
ists. On tbe list was Robfert Watsonla name.
Years after the war closed Watson returned
to his native city and spent his last days at the
old homestead on the PerrysvIUe road, whence
ho started in pursuit of fortune some three
score years before." "He rests from his labors
and his works do fellow bint." Honor to the
memory of the pioneers who laid the founda
tions of one of our great commercial indus
tries. J. H. Y.
PEOPLE OP PKuMINENCE.
Mrs. Susa Youho Gates, danghter of
Brigham Young, is to be the editor of a young
ladles' magazine to be published in Salt Lake
Richabd M. Johnston, who Is called "a
rising yonng man of letters," is approaching
what the French term the youth of old age. He
will be 63 on bis next birthday. Like Gold
smith, he is a plant that bloomed late.
Jefferson Davis Is very fond ot religions
discussion. When he was a prisoner at Fort
Monroe he frequently engaged the Catholic
chaplain, Father O'Keefe, in discussing his
favorite topic, "transubstantiation," and
would skip about it from point to point that
It was impossible to hold him fast
John Tuomab Scabi", the reputed historian
of Maryland, Is what Bulwer called a "miscel
laneous youth." He was a soldier and sailor
under tbe Confederacy, afterward a lnmber
merchant and collector of pictures, then be
studied law, was next a member of the Mary
land Legislature, finally, for something better
to do, turned author.
Mns. W. BPKAGtK HOTT, enceso favorably
known in Washington society as Miss Nettle
Chase, tbe younger daughter of the Chief
Justice, is leading a Very quiet life oh Long
Island, devoting herself entirely to tbe rearing
of a half dozen children. Her pen and pencil,
in which she once took so much pleasure, are
now scarcely ever touched.
James Payn, tho popular English novelist
bad 28 articles rejected in one year by various
periodicals. Still, he persevered, feeling that
be had something to tell, If he only kneWhow
to tell It and could get an editor to read it He
did finally write something worth telling and
made a successful hit, and has since written 58
novels, all more or less popular.
Geoeqe T. MaBye, Jb., tbe President of
Ban Fiancisco Stock Exchange, was educated
at Cambridge, England, where he had Sir
Charles Dllke for a chum. Mr. Marye went to
California in 1868 to practice law, but in 1872 he
abandoned tbe law as too slow a road to fortune
and entered his father's banking house as a
partner. Upon bis father's death, in 1882, be
became tho bead of the house, and Is rapidly
growing wealtby and prominent as a politician.
An Awftll Punishment.
From the Harrlsburg Tele graph. t
The Juitico who issued the warrant for the ar
rest of Justice Field ought to be oompsUsd to
marry Terry's widow.
AMEEICAN FAEIIERS FEEL THEIR OATS.
They Are la No Harry to Hush Their Crops
ISrZCTAL TXLXOBAX TO TUB SISrATCH.1
New Yoex, August 18. Henry Clews & Co
will issue a circular to-morrow on the prospects
for business in which they will say:
"The money market is a source of caution.
Owing to early anticipations ot tight money,
the danger baa been largely averted, and there
is no longer any feeling ot apprehension. At
the same time there Is strong reason for pru
dence. It Is probable that there will be suffi
cient funds to meet crop and trade require
ments, both of which will be heavy, but the
banks," with their low reserves, have no more
thai sufficient to meet these demands onpartof
regular customers; the consequence being that
in event of any urgency in requirements which
is not improbable, there will be a contraction
in loans for carrying stocks, or a putting up of
rates on the same, the result of which threat
ens a sharp reaction in tbe stock market It
is not necessary to intimate that speculators
would take advantage of such a movement
and aggravate it as much as possible; while
those willing to buy on the decline wonld
probably defer purchases until satisfied that
such a reaction bad been pushed to its utmost.
We are still of the opinion, therefore, that
more caution Is needed on the long side ot tbe
market than is being exercised; at least, until
the future of the money market can be calcu
lated upon with mora safety, or until an invest
ment or outside speculative demand appears
for stocks at present prices.
"One of the strongest arguments now being
used In favor of higher prices Is the improve
ment iu earnings, particularly upon the
Grangers. It Is well to remember, nowever,
that while a portion of the improvement Is
really due to an increased volume of business
and better rates, still tbe great bulk of it. In
these lines, is due to the backward movement
of the corn crop. Owing to low prices, the
farmers held back their corn as long as pos
sible. This served to diminish earnings at one
period of the year and swell Jthem at another;
hence tbe roads appeared suddenly prosperous
of late. The question is, will this prosperity
continue during tbe next few months, when
the old crop shall have been mar
keted and tbe new croD harvested? Will
prices be such as will Induce a movement of
the new crop, or will farmers again holdback
for higher pricesT In view of the fact that
corn is selling at Chicago In tbe neighborhood
ot S5Kc fur August Beptember and October
options, compared with about 44c the same
months last year, it does not look as if the new
crop would be rushed into market just as soon
as the old is exhausted. Then, it Is also to be
remembered that the farmers are in better
position to hold than formerly, for the reason
that through mortgage companies and other
sources they can borrow funds to carry them
over temporary necessities. The time when the
American farmer was at the mercy of those
who persistently beared bis products by taking
advantage of his necessities is passed, and he Is
now enabled to preserve a fair degree of In
dependence and secure a fair price for bis
product This is conspicuously the case with
cotton, which years ago used to be entirely
under the control of Liverpool, to tbe detriment
of producers here.
A TBAYEL1NG PHILANTHEOPIST.
From One Newspaper He Supplies Eight
Men With Reading Blatter.
New York Bun. J
There were eight of us who got off the train
at the junction, to wait two hours for the train
on the other road, It was a small building In
the country, without a house in sight and no
platform to walk on. The single railroad of
ficial was asleep on some bags of wool In the
freight shed, and the clock in the waiting room
had stopped dead still. As we sat down on the
bard benches in tbe waiting room one of the
men opened bis grip and took out an eight
page newspaper. Not one of the rest of us had
a thing to read. Noticing this, he carefully
cut the pages apart then cut each page in half,
and, passing around, he said: "Gentlemen, I
never did like a hog. Each of us will take an
eighth, and as fast as read we will exchange
with each other."
Each one took his part and made it his busi
ness to read It and the last man bad just got
down to a mortgage sale and tbe death notice
otapalr of twins when the two hours expired
and tho train drew up.
BOUND TO HATE THE EEL.
A BIc Turtle Hung to the Fish Until Canght
WELUNoroRD. N. Y August 18. George
Gardner and Ed. Bernatche were fishing at the
north end of Community Lake Saturday, at
tending to their eel lines, which had been set
the night before. Their luck was poor, line
after line being pulled up and found bare of H
both bait ana fish. Approaching the last line,
they found on beginning to reel it up that they
bad a monster. The line was out for 75 feet
and it took some time to reel it up. The strug
gles of the eel were muscularly strong, but
they saw at last only a pound "wriggler on tho
Drawing tbe eel nearer to the boat they
nearly fell overboard In their astonishment at
seeing on the end of tbe eel a snapping turtle
weighing 33 pounds. A pole with a strong Iron
hook in tbe end, made for turtle fishing, was
thrust under the monster's shell, and he was
landed In tbe boat He had swallowed abont
six Inches of the eel, and preferred to be cap
tured rather than give up his prey.
DEATHS OP A DAI.
Mrs. Sarah Johnston'
Death has robbed Plttsbnrg of yet another hon
ored resident. Mrs. Sarah Johnston, nee Btewart,
wife of William G. Johnston, of Fifth avenue, a
well-known member of the Pittsburg Steel Cast
ing Company, died at Baden Baden about mid
night on Saturday. Mrs. Johnston had been sum
mering In Germany with her husband, and her
death was sudden and unexpected. Mrs. John
ston, by one of thosestrange coincidences, breathed
her last on the thirty-seventh anniversary of her
wedding. All her family, as well as an unusually
wide circle of friends, have been plunged In the
deepest grief for her loss. Although compara
tively unknown to the general public, Mrs. John
ston's life was devoted to charity, and she loved to
smooth the rongh road of life for all who came to
ber in suffering or In poverty. She was one of
those rare characters who
"Do good by stealth, and blush to And It fame."
Mrs. Johnston was Imbued with the true spirit
of religion, and ror years had been a constant at
tendant at the Point Breeze Presbyterian Church,
East End. joining that congregation Immediately
after ber husband moved out to his present resi
dence, in 1863. Sbe leaves several children to
mourn her loss, among them being Mrs. Harry p.
rears, of 423 South Hiland avenue, and Mrs. Rob
Bbo herself came of a famllv long settled la
Pittsburg, and was daughter of Matthew. Stewart,
an eminent citizen. The family was of Scotch
Irish origin. It Is not yet known of what disease
Mrs. Johnston died, but Pittsburg physicians, from
the account of tbe symptoms, say that it must have
been typhoid fever. The remains will be conveyed
back to America, probably via Ustend.
Patrick J. Mahoney.
Announcement Is made of the death of another
pioneer of Western Pennsylvania In the person
of Patrick J. Mahoney, at -Brady's Bend Batur
day. He was in his 71st year, and until within
the two last years, enjoyed good health. The
cause of his death was an affection of the stomach.
Mr. Mahoney came to Brady's Bend 40 years ago,
and continued In the employ of the Iron company
as foundryman up to the time of the suspension
In 1878. Ho was honest, honorable. Just and up
right In his dealings, and although or pronounced
views, was always willing to correct an error or
adjust a mistake. Among those of his friends yet
living are Colonel W. V. Slack, Superintendent
of Homeopathlo Hospital, this city, and Blchard
Jennings, the well-known oil operator. HI
widow and six children, three sons and daughters
survive lilm. The oldest son, Paul J., is a well
known oil producer; John. P. Is connected with
the Empire Plow ComDany, of Allegheny, and
Hicham W. holds a position with Messrs. Smith
Bros. & Co., of the LaBelle Steel Works, of Alle-
fheny. Of tho daughters one Is married, while
he two youngest remain to comfort tbe mother.
The burial will take place at his old home on
Jnmes T. McClnre.
James T. MoClure, an old resident of Pittsburg,
died Saturday evening, at S o'clock, at the resi
dence Of bis son-in-law, B. B. McClaln, near
West Middlesex, Pa., at the advanced age of 81
years.. The deceased Was born In Lebanon
county In 1808 and went to Grcenaburg when 12
years old, where he lived until he was 23 years of
age, when be removed to Lawrenceyille. He left
Pittsburg In tbe Spring of 1S7S, and went to live
near West Middlesex, where he remained until
death. The deceased from early lire was a devout
member of the Episcopalian Chnrcli. He was a
vestryman In St. James' Church, which be helped
to organize, , and was also a vestryman Inst
John's Church until he left Pittsburg. Uisro
mains will be brought to this city for interment
In Allegheny Cemetery on Tuesday. The Services
wltl be from St. John's Church lu the afternoon.
Mr. McClure enjoyed a large acquaintance In
LawrencevlUe, having gone there when It was a
mere hamlet and having resided there over 40
George Glass, of 81 Wylle avenue, died yester
day at the ace of SI years. Mr. Glass was forSS
years In the bakery business In the Fifth ward and
amassed a considerable fortune, retiring from
business about six years since. He was one of the
most prominent Knight Templarfln the city and
was a director In the Anchor Bank. Although his
ward was politically opposed to him, he served
Hrri wruu as ricuwvi uircoior. iae proDerti
at the corner or Wrlle avenue anil Tnniul ..:
was owned by him, al also considerable valuable
wmk) ma. .. . a tafjfv iftuuiT,
Some Interesting; Facts Abont the Reports
Hade by United States Consols Forbid
den Topics A Collection ot National
Anthem Mow They Were Obtained.
icobuxspondencb or Tint dispatch. 3
WASHlNOxpN, August 17. Tne SUte De
partment is preparing to issue a publication
which will be of great value to lawyers and to
morcbants who have any" interest in export or
import trade. It is a collection of the laws and
practices of every civilized country in the
world in the matter of bonds, mortgages, notes.
etc "No such volume exists In the world,"
saia ur. ec uiair, tbe Chief of tbe Consular
Bureau, the other day. "This publication will
be made up of the reports of tbe Consuls ot tbe
United States In different parts of the world,
who havo been instructed by circular letter to
obtain the Information and forward it to us.
In addition to these reports we are now receiv
ing from Consuls reports on harbor and pilotage
dues in various parts of the world and reports
on textile fabrics."
The State Department Issues, usually at in
tervals of one month, a compilation of the re
ports made by consuls on matters affecting the
ommerce and manufactures of the United
States. These reports are very elaborate and
apparently the range of subjects which they
cover are endless. Prior to their publication
advance sheets containing tne most important
of these reports are Issued to the newspaper
offices In this city for the. convenience of cor
respondents in making synopses of them to be
sent by telegraph to their papers. At the end
of each month. If there Is enough matter in tbe
hands of the printer to make up a volume", they
are Issued In paper covers for distribution
among tho representatives ot the commercial
and manufacturing industries of tbe country.
Clever Schema to Corner White Lead.
"Some of the reports which we receive from
Consuls are voluntary," said Dr. St Clair, "but
90 per cent of them are sent under instructions.
The Department prepares a circular letter ad
diessed to Consuls asking information on mat
ters of interest Borne ot these letters aro sent
to all the representatives of the United States
abioad; others, which ask for information con
cerning interests peculiar to certain localities,
'have more limited circulation. We receive a
great many suggestions from merchants and
manufacturers throughout the United States
in regard to these inquiries. Frequently the
representatives of a certain industry will send
to us a request that we obtain certain Informa
tion which will be of value to them. Some
time ago tbe representatives ot the white lead
interest sent to us a series of questions,
carefully prepared, with a request
that we obtain answers to them
from Consuls in different parts of the world
and forward the answers to them. We sent
oat tbe questions, but when the answers were
received we aid not forward them. We had
tbem published as part of a volume of Con
sular reports. Had we followed the suggestion
of the white lead men and confided the informa
tion to them, they would have been able
easily to have cornered the white lead market
of the United States. But the information be
came public property through its publication
in the Consular reports. We frequently bave
rather amusing requests for information. One
stock raiser in Missouri wrote to us at one
time and asked us to obtain Information from
our Consuls In Spain as to the size, weight cost
rate of duty, etc-, on yellow jackasses. Tbe
yellow jackass Is tbe celebrated jackass of
Spain, and I suppose he wanted to import some
for breeding purposes.
Touching on Forbidden Topics.
"The Consular reports are not published ex
actly as received They are carefully edited by
Mr. Scanlan, ot the Consular Bureau, who re
moves from them any material the publication
of which might be unwise, cuts them down or,
to use a newspaper phrase, 'kills' them. Con
suls are likely to include in their reports matter
which we could not publish," said Dr. St Clair.
"For example a Consul will write to us that he
might bave obtained a great deal more infor
mation on a certain topic bad not the Minister
of Finance, an exceedingly incompetent per
son, placed a great many obstacles in his way.
Some years ago we published by mistake in a
report from a place in Greece a bit of
comment by an American Consul to the
effect that the character of the Greeks had
been well known since the time of the classical
author, who described tbem as to be feared,
especially when they bore presents. Timeo
Danaos et dona f erentes.' Tbe Greek Minister
made a great fuss about that publication. A
great many reports are unreasonably long and
deal with forbidden topics. A man who Is sta
tioned on a great big rock has nothing but
granite to write about; He usually wants to
write, and so be sends us an essay on the con
dition of the people, their customs, morals, etc
Now the discussion of morals is forbidden by
law. A great deal of sport was made of the
statute when it was enacted, because It for
bade the discussion of political or moral topics,
and said nothing about Immoral topics. We
find that the best reports received are those
written by newspaper men. Frank Mason, our
Consul at Marseilles, sends us some of the most
clearly written and interesting reports that we
A Collection of National Anthems.
Prof. John Philip Sousa, the leader of the
famous Marine Band, is going,to call the ser
vices of tbe Consuls and Consular Agents of
the United States to his aid in collecting some
of the national anthems which be is abont to
publish under authority of the Navy Depart
ment. When the Queen ot England held her
jubilee two years ago a volume of national
anthems was Issued under authority ot the
British Government containing about 35
musical selections. Among tbem was Prof.
Sousa's arrangement of "Hall Columbia," for
warded through the State Department at tbe
request ot the British Foreign Office. The
French Government issued a volume some
time ago containing 25 anthems, but tbe most
complete collection ever issued was that of
Germany, which contained CL Prof. Sousa's
collection contains 116 anthems, and he Is mak
ing an effort through tbe State Department to
obtain 60 more. He prepared early this week
a letter which the State Department will for
ward to its representatives with a view to oIk
talning, if possible, the missing pieces of
music The 116 songs whlrb Prof. Sousa now
has represent tbe labor of 13 years.
Obtaining the Material.
"I obtained my material in many curious
ways," said Prof. Sousa, discussing it yester
day. "I hunted through the works of explorers
for the themes ot many of the hymns. Others
were sung to me by those who were familiar
with them. I obtained tbe Nautch dance of
Bengal from a gentlemen who had lived many
years in India, and who bummed it for me.
The members of the Foreign Legations here
supplied some of my material. The Brazilian
anthem I obtained from a party of Brazilians
who visited the United States two years ago.
When the Princess Kaplolanl was here last
year I obtained the national anthem of Hawaii.
Six years ago when the Siamese envoys came to
Washington I obtained from one of them tbe
air of the Siamese national anthem. I har
monized It and tbe next day I played It at the
White House when they called on the Presi
dent" The Malay Plrates'Hymn.
"Tbe sweetest of the hymns in my possession
is that of the Malay plrates,"said Prof. Sousa."
"It is perfect dream-music I have a song of
the North American Indians, procured from
the Indians in Vancouvers Land, which I may
add to the collection. I have anthems from
tbe Celebes Islands, from Java, Polynesia, tbe
Fiji Islands and a great many other strange
places. Most of the savage musio is in the
minor. One of my best examples is an Arme
nian song which begins in G major and ends in
A minor. It is against all the rules of harmony,
but tbe arrangement Is very sweet neverthe
less. I have three Chinese songs, none of them
very attractive, but two Japanese songs which
are in the collection have a great deal of merit
I have three Abyssinian songs."
These songs will be arranged to be played at
the Executive Mansion at diplomatic recep
tions and whenever special envoys are enter
tained by the President O'Bbien-Bain.
A CLERGYMAN TAEEH ABACK.
Challenging an Unknown Opponent He Meets
a Colored Fiddler.
LotnsvrLLE, August 18. For some time past
a fierce controversy has been going sn in the
columns of the local papers of Lebanon, Ky.,
between Rev. J. T. Cherry, of the Methodist
church, and a Catholic unknown, who signed
his- name "Victor." The point of discussion
was religion in the public schools. The dis
cussion became so warm that at last Mr. Cherry
challenged "Victor" to meet him in public
debate and reveal his name,
"Vtotor" consented. The debate was to be
beld to-day in Edmonds Hall, Lebanon.
Promptly at the appointed time Rev. Mr.
Cherry appeared on the stand and challenged
the anonymous "Victor" to oome forward. To
the surprise of the natives and the consterna
tion ot Rev. Mr. Cherry, there appeared, not a
priest, but a colored man With skin of unnsual
preacher and fiddler.
Rountree Is a man of some education and
claimed the authorship of the "Victor" articles.
There was no one to dispute his claim. He de
manded that Rev. Mr. Uherry stand up and de
fend himself. This tbs clergyman declined to
do; and amid the wildest excitement be was
borne from the hall by his friends.
THINKS HE'LL SETEE DIE
By Following; Bible Rales Mr. Do Witt
Expects to Exist Forever.
Rosidale, Ind., August 18. Albert De
Witt and daughter, Mary Ann, are peculiar
people. Mary is 18 years of age and keeps
house for her father. DeWitt believes they
will never die. They do not eat anything that
extinguishes life. In regard to his peculiar re
ligious ideas DeWitt says: "I am 58 years or
age; I was born in Vigo county. Ind. When a
young man I was bad. In 1877 I changed my
course. I suffered intensely with rheumatic
pains and was bent crooked as a bow. I bad to
walk with a cane. Tbe same year I was healed
and received the gift of sanctiflcatlon. From
that time to the present day I have never been
Mr. DeWitt claims that all who live in strict
obedience to the laws of God will have perfect
health. He has many strange Ideas, which ha
claims be got from tbe Bible. From Its pages
be learns what he shall eat and what he shall
not eat and conforms strictly to this strange
and frugal 'bill of fare."
"I do not eat hog meat because It Is unclean
and hurtful to health and understanding (see
Dent 14). In fact f don't eat meat of any
kind, because Paul says it is neither good to eat
flesh nor to drink wine. My daughter and I do
not eat anything that grows on a vine, nor the
fruit of herbs, nor the seed of trees (see Gen.
11, 9). We eat fruit which has seed within It
but will not eat any kind of seed grown on
"Do you eat eggs?"
"No, sir; because an egg comes from flesh
and flesh produces flesh."
"But I notice that you eat butter. Is that not
from a cow, which is flesht"
"No, it is only the strength of the food grass
and herbs which the1 cow eats. Therefore
we are allowed to drink milk also."
"What advantage do you claim over other
"Hold on there," said De Witt "We are not
Christian people. We are children of God and
joint heirs with Jesus Christ. Wo have been
begotten of tbe world, conceived by the will,
and born by the power of God. We will live
forever, through time and through eternity.
We were born of the flesh, but we are now re
generated and born of God."
Mr. DeWitt and Mary Ann are happy. They
are poor and lire In a small rented bouse. He
is a day laborer and earns 81 a day. Since the
death of his wife Mary Ann has kept house for
him. Sbe is a slender girl, pretty and intelli
gent, and is remarkably well versed in Scrip
ture. -EXTENDING PATEKTS.
A Movement on Foot of Great Importance
rsrxciAL TXLIOBAM TO TUX EISrATCn. I
Washington, August 18. A movement of
great importance to inventors will be made in
the next Congress. It is the legitimate suc
cessor of a similar movement made in tbe
Forty-ninth Congress. At that time a bill was
introduced by General Patrick A. Collins, of
Massachusetts, providing for the extension of
patents by the Commissioner of Patents. The
present patent laws give Inventors patent
rights for a term of 17 years, to be renewed tor
eight years by special act of Congress. Like
tbe Collins bill, the measure proposed to be
Introduced in tbe Fifty-first Congress will pro
vide that all extensions of patents shall be in
the jurisdiction ot the Commissioner ot
Patents. This will obviate the delays attendant
upon the passage of speoial bills through Con
gress, and will leave the whole business of ex
tensions in tbe hands of a public functionary.
Of the 402,000 inventors, 55,000 bave extensions
already to be asked for.
A feature of the proposed bfll is the estab
lishment In Washington at Government ex
Jense of a chemical and mechanical laboratory.
t is estimated that such a laboratory will not
exceed in cost the sum of 15,000 or at most
820,000. Similar private laboratories have been
set up for 810,000 or 512,00a At present there
are no laboratories at Washington accessible
to Inventors. Great stress Is laid upon tne
necessity for a national laboratory for the spe
cial use of Inventors, and it is claimed that tbe
benefits accruing to the nation from the estab
lishment of one will outweigh all considera
tions of cost or what other objections may be
A G1EDLE OF SNAKE SKIN.
It Is Worn by a Plncky Young Woman Who
.Slew a Big Rattler.
NzrwABK. N. J., August 18. Not many rattle
snakes have been encountered In Passaic
county, New Jersey, this season, because it has
been so wet on the mountains that they have
had no occasion to come down to the streams
or lakes In tho valleys. One was killed last
week by Miss Cece Van Orden, of Paterson,
who, with Irwin A. Ball, of Newark, and Mr.
and Mrs. Abner Camp, of Paterson, went up on
the mountain from the Lakeside Hotel to visit
the mountain lake and get some water lilies.
Miss Van Orden strayed from the rest of the
party on reaching tbe rock plateau at the sum
mit and while trying to rejoin them sbe beard
tbe warning rattle of a snake. Sbe did not
know what it was and pressed on until tbe
sight of a black and yellow reptile colled up on
a rock almost level with her race suddenly ar
rested her course. She did not scream or run.
Sbe had in her band an alpenstock cut by Mr.
Ball, and without a moment's hesitation she
twirled It in tbe air and brought it down with
all her strength upon the elevated head ot the
snake, killing it witb one blow.
Then sbe called her companions, and Mr.
Ball skinned the snake on the spot and sent the
skin to Newark to be tanned and made into a
girdle for the plucky young woman. Tbe
snake was 42 inches long. It had three rattles,
the others having evidently been broken off
recently. Miss Van Orden said she knew it
was a rattlesnake tbe moment sbe saw it and
realized that It would spring at her if she made
a step In either direction. There was nothing
to do bnt kill it and sbe struck instantly. She
thinks tbat tbe snake was leaping at ber when
she hit it
TIME IT WAS TAKEN OUT.
A Man Who Has Carried a Ballet la His
Face 25 Years.
Nkwutteo, N. Y., August 18. Martin
Palmer, of Millerton, Dutchess county, is car
rying a bulled in his cheek tbat was shot there
bya"reW over 25 years ago. It has at last
come to the surface. Physicians now think It
can be removed without much difficulty and
with no serious results, though Mr. Palmer is
ill at present
The operation ot removing the bullet will be
performed by Dr. A. F. Hoag. of Millerton, as
soon as Palmer Is strong enough to bear it Tbe
bullet entered the face at the outer corner of
the left eye and has been circuiting around In
the head of the old soldier for a auarter of a
century. It has at times caused Mr. Palmer a
great deal of pain, and it is now visible at the
angle of the lower jaw.
What Killed tbe Dogt f
From the Washington Post.;
We get this scrap of news from a Southern
Illinois paper: "A mad dog bit James McCarthy,
the well known county politician, and was
killed last Friday." Wo can think of nothing
that would strengthen this sentence unless pos
sibly It might be made a little clearer as to what
killed tbe dog.
THE YOCKQ POSTMAN.
I know I'm tender hearted,
Bnt how can I help that?
And when I rap a rat tat-tat
My heart goes pit a-pat;
For well I know tbe missive
Borne dreadful news may hold.
Or else be filled with joy ana peace,
And words as good as gold.
At number 15, Jennie
Got letters one a week)
I knew 'twas from her lover.
Her eyes would always speak1.
The postmark Was from Texas;
One day a paper came:
Now her mother takes the letters,
None come la Jennie's name.
A widow Uvea at SO,
Her son Is on tbe main;
The costmark once was Malta,
And then a port In Spain.
I think I'd give a dollar
If I could knock once more, .
With hope for number SO,
To say her lad's on shore. '
1 hate to take a letter
To poor old 43,
For what has come there lately
He doesn't care to see:
He's got so many children
And tries to keep up stjles
Ills notes are all from tradesmen.
An agonizing pile.
But you should see the fellow
At number SI;
His packages are bulky,
His looks are woebegone,
Tbey say that he's a poet;
To ring-Ms bell I hate,
JTor only, through the Post Oflce
His verses circulate.
Oh, I could write forevers
My bag Is full of late;
Some letters ehecra houseful,
And some they desolate.
But why am 1 sctender?
Because my heart would quail
.ft a letter for the postman ,
Wat not,tn each week's mall I
Xotert Kiitm in Brooklyn Standard.
CHOICE READING MATTER.
Brief Summary of Lending Features of
Yesterday's Great Double'Number.
Yesterday's Dispatch consisted of 16 pages,
filled with the very cream of current news and
scores of literary articles of a high order of ex
cellence. The matter was bright, fresh and
wholesome, and there was abundance of it,
All Qngland is agitated over the Maybrick
case, and petitions for a reprieve ot the fair
prisoner are pouring Into the Home Secretary's
office. -A dinner to me provincial mayors was
to be given at Paris yesterday. Fifteen thou
sand guests were expected. Boulanger does not
tear being taken back to Paris. Through Bis
marck's diplomacy Austria has abandoned the
defense of the Pope In order to strengthen the
triple alliance. The Italian Government has
assumed a bolder tone, toward the Vatican.
England will join hands with Germany and
her allies in case of war. France and Russia
are to bo coerced into peace.
JohnL. Sullivan has been sentenced to one
year's imprisonment for prize fighting. Fire
broke out at the Chautauqua Assemhly
Grounds and destroyed several buildings. Mr.
Bigler is likely to be the Democratic candidate
for State Treasurer. Tbe son of a Philadelphia
merchant who baa been masquerading as an
Englishman at Camden, has been arrested for
passing a forged check. A race war in Rich
mond, Tex has resulted in tbe killing of
Tbe death of William Thaw at Paris is re
ported. The Dispatch published an excellent
portrait of tbe millionaire philanthropist and a
very complete biographical sketch. A great
iron bridge is to be built in place of tbe old
wooden'structure at Ninth street John Mc
Inally, of Braddock, was shot during an affray
Saturday night and it is thought bis wound
will prove fatal.
For tbe third time in succession tho Pitts
burgs defeated tne New Yorks. Tbe score was
15 to 10, Smith, tbo English pugilist and
Slaviu, of Australia, have been matched to
fight for 510.000 a side. Other items of sporting
news were numerous and interesting.
The second part of the paper (pages 9 to 16)
was rich In literary contents. A romantic
story, entitled "In the Life of an Actress," by
C. M. S. McLellan, was published. Frank Car
penter continued his entertaining sketches of
Jerusalem life, Olive Weston described a
court dinner at Windsor Palace, and also gave
some readable gossip concerning members of
the royal family, Henry Haynie's letter gave
an account of tbe doings of several notable
people In Paris. Clara Belle's chat, everyday
science, and a contribution from Dr. Jackson
on trichina), were interesting papers. Rev.
ueorge Hodges talked of the proper method of
Scriptural Interpretation. Shirley Dare's let
ter dealt with tbe subject of fall fashions for
women. J. E. Kelley told tbe history of the
custom of betting on mces. Ernest H. Heln
rlchs contributed a pleasing story for young
readers. An article, giving the views of eminent
physicians on the drink babit in America was
worthy of careful perusal. BlakelyHall gave
a pen portrait of the Marquis of Salisbury. A.
C. Hallbeck gave some curious information
regarding Chinese gymnasts. Gertrnde F. Ath
erton's letter from Boulogne-sur-mer, Henry
Norman's Hong Kong correspondence ana
Kamera's sketch of life at Lake George, were
other contributions. The usual departments
and the seaside and summer resort correspond
ence completed an unusually excellent number
of an always complete newspaper.
COLLECTING BOTTLE C0EKS.
A Washington Man With nothing to Do and
His Peculiar Hobby.
The queerest hobby on record Is that in
which Dr. Hammond interested an indolent
patient in order to occupy bis mind.
"A man came to me," said the doctor to a
Washington Pott reporter, "who was suffering
very severely from having nothing to do. He
came to me be walling his state of mind. 'I bave
nothing to interest me in life,' he complained.
'I bave an abundance of means, and my money
is so Invested tbat I have nothing to do but cut
tbe coupons off my bonds, and there Is no
trouble to take care of it I bave nothing in the
world to interest me or occupy my time I bave
ueen graauauy Becoming low spirited ana mel
ancholy, and Isbun society. It you can give
me something to live for I will be greatly in
debted to you.'
"I said collect bottle corks, and he took to the
suggestion at once, and now owns the most
wonderful collection of Corks ot anybody in the
world probably. He classifies tbe corks ac
cording to the character of liquor their bottles
contained and the countries from which tbey
come. He has become a marvelous expert,
and his collection deserves to be exhibited in
tbe National Museum. He will pick up a cork
in tbe street and at once tell tbat it came from
a bottle containing such and such a wine and
from such and such a country. He carries on
his specialty as does a postage stamp col
lector. ,"Of course, tbat man's mind cannot be of a
very high order to be satisfied with doing noth
ing but collect bottle corks, but the occupation
is sufficient for him. What he has accom
plished, however, is really remarkable, and be
bas tbe satisfaction of. knowing that be knows
more about this line of study than any other
Philadelphia Press: Sullivan in jail un
der sentence of tbe law wblch he violated will
do good, something which Bulllvan at large
Philadelphia Calf.- It would be a good
thing If all tbe men who were directly Inter
ested in tbat brutal affair were locked up for a
while. The effect would be very discouraging
to other bruisers who may seek to battle with
PHILADELPHIA Recordi The sentence of
Pugilist Sullivan to a year's imprisonment in a
Mississippi jail was a punishment severer than
be had expected,, although not greater than be
deserved. Violators of law must pay the pen
alty if caught
Cleveland Leader: The effect ot this sen
tence will be wide and lasting. It has been ad
mitted in advance i by tbe sporting fraternity
tbat if Sullivan should be sent to jail there
would never be another prize fight of any con
sequence contested with 'bare fists in the
Wheeling Register: Whattbe Mississippi
judge and jury should now do is give the back
ers of Sullivan and Kilrain the same or a
severer sentence, since they were probably
more to blame and more responsible than tbe
two animals whom they pitted against each
Chicago. 2faf I.- In my prison cell I sit
thinking, Jacob, most of you.
And of how we slugged each other here, you
And my eyes are filled with brine something
Longing for the good old 'toots' of long ago.
New Yobk Tribune: Prize-fighting is likely
to sustain a mortal blow through this sentence.
Tbcrels nothing picturesque or fascinating
about a twelvemonth of prison labor, and the
sham hero-worship which surrounds bruisers
like Sullivan and Kilrain with a vulgar glamor
can hardly Survive the spectacle ot these per
sons undergoing a disgraceful punishment in
the uniform of crime
A eabveb on his way to East Liverpool
drove over two rattlesnakes in the road, kill
ing them both.
AHtnrrrNGTON(W. Va.) newspaper says:
A queer subject came into Mathews' art gal
lery last week to have hlnself photographed
He called himself Prof. Gabriel and came over
from Boone or Logan county. He had with
him sixteen large and lively rattlesnakes, which
he handled with less concern than a bachelor
handles a baby.
A EXStDzsT of Fallsington, Pa., went to
Sleep on board a train and dreamed be was be
ing assassinated. He scared the wits out of the
other passengers by yelling murder at the top
of his voloo,
A church bell cast 126 years ago, which has
been silent for many years, bas just been re
hung in the Reformed Church atReadlng.
Thomas BTETjrr, of Brecknock, Berks coun.
ty ate 32 ears ot corn at one meal a few days
ago. Hes confident that he can eat 50.
The First Universalis Church at Reading is
closed while its pastor is on a bicycling trip
tli rongh Virginia.
A lO-TztAB-om gin living near Nomstown
fell from a second-story window while asleep
daring ths night and escaped Injury.
'Ax Ohio nun aged 78 years advertises Ithat
he wants a wife.
A very old pear tree is now standing on
the grounds of Mr. W. H. Smitb in Richmond,
Me. Its exact age is not known, but its iaentity
can be traced' back for 150 years. It still pro
Mrs. Gill, of Mulberry street, is the
only woman shoemaker In New York. She
made a pair of shoes before she was 14 years
old, and has worked at the cobbler's bench for
the list ten years.
A short time ago, a lady, the first ot her
sex, graduated in medicine In Mexico. As an
appropriate compliment ber fellow-students
of tbe other sex got up an amateur bull fight
in honor of tbe occasion.
A Eustis (Fla.) paper tells of a pet
alligator tbat drinks cider, going to the barrel
and turning the faucet himself. He has been
taught to use a palm leaf fan, which he han
dles with skill, to keep off the files.
Twenty Baltimore girls who have plenty
of money and are good German and French
scholars, propose to travel through Europe this
summer, and to write a book of their advent
ures. There will be 20 chapters, one by each,
A Dutchman has started from Amster
dam for Paris on roller skates on a wager that
be can cover the distance in seven days. Un-
less he Is exceptionally fortunate In '-headers'
be will often cover parts of the distance with
less than that many feet
It is a curious fact that there are 200,000
people la tbe United Btates who have artificial
legs or hands. This number does not include
the veterans of the Union or the Confederate
army. In New York City and vicinity there
are about 5.0U) men and women who have sup
plied the place of lost limbs with the manu
John Brown, of Long Branch, is a vet
eran fisherman, and last Thursday be donned a
bathing suit and sauntered 'into the surf to
coax out the finny creatures of the sea. His
flrstblte nearly pulled him off his feet hut he
landed bis victim. It proved to bo a striped
bass weighing 35 pounds and measuring 3 feet 8
inches in length.
A Congo warrior's outfit, which has
just been received by the Smithsonian Institu
tion at Washington from Lieutenant Taunt
United States commercial agent in the Congo
State, consists of a bamboo shield six .feet long
ana one wide, a spear.foerfcet tong.akqifo
tbat looks like a premng knife, and a bow with
bamboo strings ana two iron-tipped arrows.
In Mead ville a couple of days since a
young man called on Court Clerk Gasklll for a
marriage license. On giving the lady's age as
20 he was told her parents' consent was neces
sary. He meditated, and concluded: "Just let
it go a few days. Pve got another girl that I
like pretty well, and I think she's of age.
I may change my mind: I'll see you again any.
There is a new industry at Trenton, 2f.
J.; tbe making ot dynamite guns. Six of tbeso
guns are now being constructed by tbe New
Jersey Steel and Iron Company. The guns are
to be 60 feet long, 11 Inches in diameter, and
will be made In three sections. Tbey will be
constructed of cast steel plates, bolted securely
together. Tbe -guns are to be completed by
January 1 next
It jfc said that the common cowcatcher
attachment to locomotives is about the only
article of universal use that was never
Eatented. Its Inventor was D. B. Davles, ot
olumbus, who found bis model in the plow.
Red lights on tbe rear car of trains, it is fur
ther said, were adopted at tbe suggestion of
the late Mrs. Swisshelm, after a railway acci
dent in which she had a narrow escape.
An anti-sewing machine guild has been
formed by the Chinese tailors of Hong Kong,
A Chinaman who had joined "tbe party of pro
gress" and had been using tbe sewing machine,
was recently waited upon by a deputation from
the guild, and requested to pay to its members
SO taels as compensation for using the "foreign
devil." He refused and was instantly assailed.
The police saved bis lite, but he Is not quita so
eager now to use the sewing machine
There was a grand stampede of passen
gers from the restaurant In the station of tbe
Central Railroad, of New Jersey, at Communl
paw. the other day. A negro waiter saw a rat
tlesnake gliding under the seats, and gave the
alarm in such wild and thrilling tones that tbo
snake was as much frightened as the darkey
was. Two men cornered the reptile, and beld
it with their canes. It was 17 inches long, and
was secured alive. It was put in a glass jar
and taken away as a curiosity.
It is proposed by the Chickamauga
Memorial Association that tbe ground on which
the celebrated battle of Chickamanga was,
fought be bought by the Association and con
verted for all time into a National pail. ThsV
project will bepnshedat the annual reunion
of the Army of the Cumberland, when it Is hell
at Chattanooga on Beptember 19. Efforts aro
bcingmadeto secure tbo attendance at this
reunion of members of the Confederate Army
who fought in the battle of Chickamanga.
Conductor McLinn was riding as pass
enger on a train to Harrlsburg a day or two
since. At Mount Alto Junction a colored camp
meeting excursion was waiting on a side track,
and just as the train passed on there was a
bang and a shower of falling glass. Instantly
there was clamor that the train be stopped and
the supposed colored culprit lynched. McLtna
allayed It by confessing that the glass was so
clear tbat he thought the window was open and
thrust bis head through tbe panes. To escape
guying he finished bis trip on tbe platform.
The Swedes of the United States are
making preparations to celebrate the thirtieth
anniversary of the landing of tbe first of their
countrymen wbo came to this country. Tho
actual date ot the landing Is not known. A set
tlement of Swedes was made in Delaware 252
years ago on land bought from William Penn,
and tbat is tbe only established date concerning
the early coming of the Swedes to this country,
but it is known that an expedition set out from
Sweden nearly half a century before andUnded
on these shores. It was about 300 years ago, and
tbe Swedes bare conclnded to call It 300 years,!
and make September 14 Swedish Day. There
will be celebrations all over tbe country.
A gentleman, accompanied by his wife,
called the other day at a Portland, Me., ticket
office and asked for a ticket to his home, which
he stated was Fort Vermillion. He was not
surprised when told tbat tbe office did not have
such a ticket and contented himself witb a
ticket to Montreal remarking, incidentally,
that be hardly expected to be ticketed through,
slnce bis home is 1.200 miles from any railroad
station. Such a remarkable distance from a
railroad in these daysofqnick transportation
was suiprising, nor was his naxt statement any
less so. It is 700 miles from his borne to a post
office. A newspaper published not more than
two months before is a great rarity in that far
away .Northern borne.
FUNNY MEN'S FANCIES,
Marriage is the hitching post on the road
of We. Boston Courier.
An opening attraction at the seashore
The calm and placid clam. Sew lort Journal,
Minnie It is no longer fashionable to
have the ears plerred. Minnie So I suppose
you won't be called upon any more to sing, will
-you, dear? Ttrrt Haute Express.
Penbaugh (very pompous) "Well, this is
a very serious case, and I desire to get to the root
of the matter at ence.
Bowles Most hogs do. Kearney Enterprise.
Tommy Aro you poor, Mr. Boise?
Mr. Boise No, Tommy, not very poor. TVhat
made you askr
Tommyr-Kothlng, only sister said yon were not
worth looking at and I thought I'd ask you.-
Mrs. Fogg The trouble with you men it
that you won't hear to reason. If you would be
guided by your wife, now. you'd get along a
great deal better.
Vogg You forget my dear, that Adam was
guided by his wife, and see what a fix It got him
la. Boston Transcript.
C How is our friend Schmidt, the milk
man, coming on?
1). He bas gone to a watering place to recuper
ate his health.
That's what I call gall, lie Is Indebted to tu
water for all his wealth, and now he relies on the
water to restore bis health. Texas Siftlngs.
It would look like home Invalid (from
Philadelphia) Yes, my health Is improving, but
I think I gruw more homesick every davl
Neighbor And Is there nothing we can do?
Well It's only my fancy, I know but If yoa
and the-othars on the street would only send the
girls out every morning to scrub the doorsteps!
Young man (to wealthy parent) Can I
marry yonr daughter?
Wealthy parent-Well. I "
Yonng man Is It agreed? Oh, tell me la It
Wealthy parent Yes, I should say It was
a greed, and a thuoderlor big one on your part
Call again, yonng man. Kearney Enterprise.
Sweetheart (to bashful lover) I had a
funny dream last night, George.
Bashful Lover Indeed I Whatwaslt?
8 I dreamed you asked to kiss me.
B. L.' And what did yoa say?
8. (casting down her eyes) Well, but yott
know, dreams always go by contraries, Bum