Newspaper Page Text
THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH
PAGES 9 TO 12.
&HREE FAT OFFICES
.That the President is Expected to
Fill in a Very Short Time.
'HIS FIFE'S FOLKS LOOK FOE TWO.
furlong Application May Also
Settled While He's About It
3IY1L SEEYICE C0NUNDBTJM8 10 CEACK
SPECIAL TZLXCBAX TO TUX SZSr JLTCH.l
Washington, August 16. During the
parts of two dayi that the President trill he
in Washington before returning to Deer
Park, a number of important offices are to
be considered. In the War Department
there are three places which it is under
stood that the Secretary of War will call to
his immediate attention. One is the va
cancy in the Superintendency of the Mili
tary Academy at West Point The ex
pactation has been that Colonel John
M. Wilton, the present Commissioner of
Public Grounds in this city, would be
assigned to that place. So confident
of this was Colonel Wilson himself that he
began to take leave of his friends; but there
was delay because of the difficulty in agree
ing upon a suitable successor of Colonel
Wilson in the office which he now holds.
This is a confidential office, and as it has
been administered for the last few years it
has assumed the relation to the Chief Execn-
tire of a sort of Lord High Chamberlain.
At all events, the Commissioner of Public
Buildings and Gronnds is now performing
duties the suggestion of which would have
amazed that official years ago.
foe his wife's kinsfolk.
It is expected that one of two persons,
both related by marriage to the President,
will be appointed to succeed Colonel
It is thought also that there may bo a
change in the Engineer Commissioner of
this district, Maior Raymond being trans
ferred to some other duty.
Another important office where an imme
diate appointment is expected is that of
Chief of the Bureau of Statistics. It is not
expected that the present incumbent Sir.
Switzler, who was appointed by President
Cleveland,, will retain his place. Mr.
Switzler is said to consider the Bureau of
Statistics a non-political office, but there is
very strong pressure for the place, and there
is equally great opposition to Mr. Switzler,
irrespective of his politics. Some of the
German Republicans are especially opposed
to him, alleging that he has devoted much
of his attention to
MAN IPrjXATJOf G FIGURES
to show that prohibition should have the
Government's support. Mr. Whitney, the
present Chief Clerk in the Bureau, is an
applicant for promotion. He has been a
very great many years in the service, is
competent tor the place, and has strong
The Chief of the revenne marine service
of the Treasury Department is anotheroffice
(which the President, it is expected, will
soon fill. The incumbent is Mr. Bennett,
who was appointed by President Cleveland.
He is said to have made a good official. One
of the applicants who is the most strongly
indorsed is E. W. Clark, who was formerly
head of the division, and who was removed
to give the place to Captain Bennett. Sen
ator Sherman is a very earnest supporter of
MiTOlark. The latter, however, was in ser
vice' for nearly 20 years before he was re
moved, and it is said not to be the policy of
President Harrison to restore to the old
places men who have been
SO IX)NO IN OFFICE
Congressman Randall, of Massachusetts,
& newcomer, is earnestly supporting Lieu
tenant Boss, one of the under-officiafs of the
revenne marine service, for promotion to
the chief place, and a good many of the
New England members have joined him.
Another important bureau office in the
Treasury is that of the Chief of the Secret
Service. There has been a very earnest and
peculiar contest for this place. One of the
candidates who has beenmoststrongly pushed
is Thomas Furlong, who has long been a
detective in Missouri, and the West gen
erally. He is said to have been for many
vcars in the employ of Mr. Gould's system
of railroads, and is earnestly pushed by
Russell Harrison, the President's son. Mr.
Powderly and a good many other laoor men
have earnestly opposed the appointment of
Furlonc because of the position which he
took in connection with the strike in Mis
souri some years ago, but it has recently
been said that Powderly has withdrawn his
AKOTHEB FAT OFFICE.
The bureau of the Director of the Mint is
another office in the Treasury which the
President will soon fill.
The bureau offices above named are all in
one department. There are other bureau
offices of equal importance in other depart
ments of the Government, and a wholesale
expulsion of the Cleveland heads of divi
sions is expected about September 1.
It is possible that the attention of the
President while here will be called to the
fact that one or the bureau officers of the
Treasury, John K. Lynch, colored, Fourth
Auditor of the Treasury, is at present
in Mississippi presiding over a
Solitical meeting, and that W.
i. Gibh, the new Postmaster of
Jackson, Miss., is acting as secretary of that
meeting. A good many friends of civil
service reform are anxious to know whether
President Harrison intends to adopt the
policy which President Cleveland so vigor
ously enforced, namely, that while Federal
office-holders should not in any way be re
stricted in their rights as citizens, and
SnOULD HAVE FDXIi X.IBEBTX"
to exercise the right of suffrage, they should
not be permitted to take part in political as
semblages. A good many Democratic Fed
eral office-holders who at first were disposed
to attend political conventions were re
quested by the last administration not to
do so. This request was in many instances
ignored; but it was generally known to all
the bureau officers here that the presence at
political conventions was forbidden. There
bastbeen no change in the general order of
the Chief Executive on this subject.
A GLANDEE8 EPIDEMIC
Is Breaking Oat Among; the Horses In the
Chicago, August 16. There is excite
ment in Lakeview owing to the breaking
out of glanders in the stables of the Lincoln
Ice Company. The disease is spreading
among the horses rapidly, and it has already
been necessary to shoot 17 of them. The vet
erinary surgeons have so far been powerless
to check the epidemic, and the health de
partment and police have been notified.
There are fears that the disease has
spread to some horses outside of these
The great horse barns of the North Chicago
Street Railroad Company are located only a
short distance from the ice company's
stables, and should the epidemic find lodg
ment there there is no knowing how far it
Burned in a Gasellno Exploilon.
Kansas City, August 16. A gasoline
stove at the home of Mrs. Shaffer exploded
last eight Mrs. Shaffer's 15-year-old
daughter was burned to death and Mrs.
Shaffer seriously inj ured. Early this morn
ins Margaret Hildebraod was burned to
death is the fire which consumed her house.
AGAINST THE TRUSTS.
The Now 8tfcte or North Dakota. Will Have
Some Stringent Legislation Upon the
Sublect A Number of Other
Features to be Incor
porated la the
Bismabck, Dak., August 16. At last
night's session the convention completed
the consideration of the article on corpora
tions. Among the sections adopted was one
providing that any combination between in
dividuals, corporations, associations or
either, having ior its object or effect the
controlling of the price of any
product of the soil or any article of manu
facture or commerce or the cost of exchange
is prohibited and declared unlawful and
against public policy, and that any and all
franchises heretofore granted or extended in
the State shall, when the owners violate this
article, be null and void.
The article on education was adopted
with very few amendments. The article on
pnblio lands was adopted after amending so
that the leasing of lands shall be under the
control of the Board of University and
School lands. The article on county and
township organization was adopted after
amending so that it is virtually a copy of
the Illinois system; also a sec
tion was added defining the
county offices to be filled.
All of this afternoon has been occupied in
the consideration ot the article on revenne
and taxation to be established by the Legis
lature, precipitating a heated debate. This
was done in the interest of the gross earn
ings system and was defeated by a vote of
36 to 35. The article as adopted provides
that all property shall be taxed alike, the
provision that railroad road bed and roll
ing stock shall be taxed at not less than
3,000 per mile be stricken out
The article on militia and the article on
impeachment and removal from office were
adopted without amendment The article
providinc for future amendment of the Con
stitution was adopted after a little flurry of'
discussion. j.oe article provides tnat alter
a proposed amendment receives a majority
vote of two successive legislative assemblies
it shall be submitted to a vote of the people.
Williams, of Burleigh, moved to amend so
that it would require a two-thirds instead of
majority vote of the Legislature be required
to submit the question to a vote of the peo
ple, but the convention decided that re
quiring a majority vote of two successive
legislative assemblies is sufficient safe
guard. A section providing that all flow
ing streams and natural water ways shall
forever remain the property of the Stato
for irrigation, mining or Other purposes
was adopted by a unanimous vote. The
section providing that property of the wife
acquired before or after marriage cannot be
touched for the husband's debts was
POB rOUBEEN YEABS.
Eben S. Allen, tbeNew York Defaulter, Gets
tho Extreme Limit 'of the Law The
Judge's Review of Ilia Crime
Bat One Friend Present.
Netv Yoek, August 16. Eben 8. Allen,
the defaulting ex-President of the Forty
second and Grand street Ferry Railroad
Company, who pleaded guilty to two indict
ments charginghimwiththeover-issue of over
$100,000 worth of the stock of the company,
was sentenced by Judge Gildersleeve to-day
to seven years' imprisonment at hard labor
on each indictment, the maximum penalty
for the offense. Allen looked pale and
downhearted. When he reached the court
room he was met by his counsel, Lawjer
Eustis, and his brother, Elmer X. Allen.
Lawyer Enstis tried to cheer Allen up "but"
did not succeed very welL The court room
was crowded at 11 o'clock when Judge Gil
dersleeve entered court When asked what
he had to say why sentence should not be
passed upon him, Allen turned and looked
at his counsel but aid not utter a syllable.
Mr. Eustis, after some deliberation, said
there was nothing to add to what had already
been presented in regard, to. the previous
good character of the prisoner.
Judge Gildersleeve, them addressing Al
len, said: "Mr. Allen, you pleaded guilty
to two indictments. I am informed by the
District Attorney that although other
charges could be preferred against you, none
other than those to which you have pleaded
will be preferred. I have received letters
from a number of friends of yours and many
persons have been to see me with regard to
your case, but after a very careful consider-
.uu v. wg nuuic uiticx, tamug imo con
sideration that pnnishment could be in
flicted on yon for the charges which are not
pressed, I see no reason why I should not
impose the maximum penalty. The sen
tence of the court is that you be confined in
State prison at hard labor ior seven years
on this indictment which I hold in my hand,
and under the other indictment that you be
also confined at hard labor for the period of
seven years, to begin at the expiration of
the first term."
Allen turned sickly pale as he was led
back to the pen. He looked around the
court room. None of his friends except his
brother was present Even his wife, whose
extravagance is said to have been the cause
of her husband's ruin, failed to come to
THE NEW 0EDEK OF F0EESTEES.
not Utile Easiness Transacted by tho 6n
preme ConncII Yesterday.
Minneapolis, August 16. The Forest
ers, having completed their war of inde
pendence, were not disposed to labor very
bard this morning. Business proceeded
slowly. Most of the morning was spent
in work on the proposed new
constitution. It had been deter
mined yesterday to continue the
office of permanent secretary as a life office.
This morning a motion was made to recon
sider this action and establish a Supreme
Secretaryship, the term of office to be from
one annual session to the next James Tol
bert, of Baltimore, made an eloquent speech
in favor of putting the office, the most im
portant one in the order, above political in
fluences, and the new proposition was ac
cordingly not accepted. The matter of the
form of bond for the Secretary, Auditor and
Treasurer was referred to a committee.
Toward the close of the moraine session
the Mileage Committee made its report
This included the amount of money to be
allowed each delegate and the computations
were based on the rates the railroads had
allowed. In addition to the mileage each
delegate gets a per diem jrom ms own
court The report was accepted with little
COLLISION IN TUB COUNTEI.
A Barouche, a Wagon and a Terr Little
WfaUky All Tangled Up.
About 12:30 Thursday night, on the
Perrysville road, some two miles from town,
a collision occurred between an outward
bound barouche and a wagon which. had
been drawn up by the roadside. The driver
of the wagon was intoxicated, and the party
in the barouche did not see his conveyance
until they had pulled right into it The
left wheel of the barouche was utterly
smashed, and the occupants were pitched
heavily to the ground. They were all gen
tlemen, and were going to stop at a country
house in the neighborhood.
An attempt was made to get their names,
but it failed. The sequel of the affair was
the lifting of the smashed carriage into the
wagon, after which the whole party drove
to their destination. One of the gentlemen,
it is said, fractured an arm.
IN THE LIFE OF AN ACT1IS8
it the title of a romantic novelette by CM. 8
AtcLUan published in fo-merroie'sUaK'ATCH.
THE STATE OF TitADE.
Business Has Improved in Nearly All
Sections of the Country.
THE OUTLOOK FOK THE AUTUMN.
Iron Will be Affected by a Probable Bise in
SPECULATION IS WAITING FOB A BOOM
rsrxcux. tslxqhax to thx cisr.Tcn.
New Yore, August 16. Special tele
grams to Eradstrect's record a visible im
provement in the distribution of staples at a
majority of the cities reporting. At almost
all points it is noted that the outlook for fall
trade is very good. While weather condi
tions west and northwest remain very favor
able, in Louisiana and Texas too much rain
has damaged the crops, particularly cotton,
and rendered interior roads so heavy as to
materially check: trading.
Mercantile collections West and North
are generally more favorable. Cattle and
hogs are lower. Powder and dynamite mills
on the Paeifio coast have formed a pool.
Nearly 61,000 bushels of barley have been
shipped from San Francisco to New York.
Stock speculation is governed by expecta
tions of a boom on the crop movement. But
trading is limited and professional and tem
porary depressions are produced easily by
apprehensions of financial pressure or al
leged fears of a receivership for the Atchi
son Company. Bonds are dull and firm.
Money at New York is firm and sensitive.
Call loanslare 4 per cent, with a higher ten
dency. Foreign exchange is dull and quiet
Demand sterling is $1 87tf4 87J.
THE IBON MAKKET.
The general iron market is steady with
little tendenoy to an advance, owing to the
Influence of the very heavy output Were
concessions offered in any line no doubt
heavy orders would follow. Bessemer pig
prices have advanced about $1 within the
month. The prospect for higher prices for
coke September 1 is regarded as an element
of special firmness in iron prices. The
"Copper Trust" for the combination ap
pears to have assumed that form promises
to hold prices of Jake ingot at 12c.
The anthracite coal trade is dull and the
effort this week to advance prices was a
failure. Cotton and woolen dress fabrics
are more active in jobbing circles in New
York and Boston, and an average distribu
tion in all lines of domestio, staple and de
Jiartment goods is reported. Agents note
arger re-orders in seasonable fabrics, and
more interest is manifested in spring goods.
Prices as a whole are well controlled.
Print cloths are o lower on the week, on
lighter demand, and low grade Southern
goods are weaker, but not quotably lower.
Foreign goods at New York are in light de
maud, and the season is unusually late.
The domestio woolen goods situation shows
WOOL AND COTTON.
Raw wool is unsettled. Sales are only
moderate and the outlook is uncertain.
Sales at concessions are reported, but prices
are not quotably lower. Manufacturers are
only supplying immediate wants. Cotton
is active and speculatively higher on small
supplies, late movement of new crop and
generally good demand. Liverpool reports
an advance of d.
The depression in the sugar market noted
for three weeks past still continues. Baws
arc.off.Ka-.16c under some pressure to re
alize, xne disinclination or jobbers and
others to take freely of refined is still no
ticeable, and prices were marked down an
other Mc on Wednesday, with only a mod
erate business resulting. The net consump
tion of sngar in the United States for the
six months ended June 30 last is estimated
at 734,101 tons, against 710,408 tons in a like
portion of 1888, and 693,792 tons in 1887.
The profits of the Sugar Trust for six months
are estimated by Messrs. Willettand Hamlen
at $8,423,000, and bv the non-trust refineries
at $4,445,000. Transactions in coffee, both
distributive and speculative, have been
heavier than last week, with a gain of 15
points on the former and about 30 on the
WHEAT PBICE? STIPyENED.
The Government crop report, not being
quite as favorable for wheat as expected,
tended to stiffen prices when backed by
firmer foreign cables. Bestricted export
takings and a rednced buying interest let
quotations down again. Futures are up
about one-quarter cent on the week. Corn
has been variable on heavy cables and im
proving speculative demand, but closes one
half cent up. No. 2 oats are &lc higher,
but oats are lower on the week. Exports of
wheat (and flour as wheat) equal 1,014,000
bushels this week aeamst 2.056.000 bushels
last week and 2,569,000 bushels a year ago.
Total foreign shipments July 1 to date equal
11,250,000 bushels against 13,653,980 bushels
for aike period last year.
Business failures reported to Bradltreet's
number 117 in the United States this week
against 173 last week and 151 this week last
year. Canada had 24 this week against 31
last week. The total of failures in the United
States January 1 to date is 7,209 against
6,428 in 1888.
B. G.Dun & Co.'s weekly review of trade
says: In all directions business prospects
continue encouraging, and the chancres dur
ing the past week have been on the right
side. Exports increase, and a speculative
rise in breadstufls has been checked.
Interior cities report increase in the volume
of trade, and the money markets continue
amply supplied, though rates are gradually
hardening. The great industries appear to
be in fully as good condition as last week,
with clearer evidence of improvement in
iron. Further crop news sustains Govern
ment advices, and strengthens the
that the August report as to wheat was less
favorable than the actual situation. In
spite of small advances in some products
the ceneral range of prices has not mate
rially changed, and railroad earnings con
tinue good, though all controversies have
not as yet been cleared away, "
Telegraphic reports from interior cities
all agree that the crop prospects are excel
lent, and that the banks are as yet amply
supplied with funds, while the demand for
money is slowly increasing, and lenders are
a little more cautious at some points.
The treasury has obtained but few bonds
of late, and its surplus has risen above $70,
000,000, but there is a confidence at the-de-partment
that bonds will be freely offered
whenever there is any need of more money
in the principal markets.
The impression among bankers, however,
is that most of the floating 4 per cents are
held for speculation, in th? belief that the
Treasury will be obliged to raise its price.
The capacity of iron furnaces in blast
August 1 was 145,899 tons weekly, against
141,417 July 1, and 119,389 a year ago. Not
withstanding this increase for the month of
over 3 per cent in tne output, prices ot pig J
are everywhere wen maintained.
Constable King; Entirely Exonerated.
Thorough and careful inquiry confirms
the statements of Constable F. M. King and
L. J. Bender, in Wednesday's Dispatch,
that Mr. King had nothing whatever to do
with the settlement of the Butterhoff case,
alleged against the Bander detectives.
There was a misunderstanding, oa the re-
Sirter's part, of X. J. Sender's testimony,
e did sot swear that King said he-wanted
to make some money out of the case, tnat
KSae eot tS or sat other sum. or. Indeed.
-that King had anything directly to do with
PITTSBURG, SATURDAY, AUGUST
. SCALED LIKE A SNAKE.
A Philadelphia Policeman's Strange Malady
Canted bv an Aastrallan Serpent's
Bite Suffered far More Than
Twsnty Years He Can
Find No Remedy.
Philadelphia, August 16. Policeman
Edward Dawson, of the Fourth district, to
day visited the Zoological Garden, not to
see the animals, but to seek medical advice.
On Officer Dawson's hand, between the sec
ond and third fingers, is a little open wound,
no larger than a pin-head, that has remained
so since 1866, when he was bitten by a black
snake in Australia. He wanted to find oat
whether the keepers of the Zoo had any par
ticular specific for the bite of a snake, and
told a remarkable story.
Dawson passed his boyhood in Berwick
township. Gibb's Land. Province of Vic
toria, when a Hoy of 15 years playing in
the bush he was bitten. He ran home and
his mother 'sucked the wound to extract the
venom. His father, who was a high police
official, sent for Prof. HaUord, ot the Mel
bourne Hospital, who injected ammonia
Into the lad's wrist, and no ill effects imme
diately followed from the bite.
But for years Dawson has suffered from a
most perplexing malady which he cannot
but attribute to the snake's bite. As soon
as 'spring weather comes on the palms ot his
hands develop a scaly eruption, which
looks like the under part of a snake's body,
and a like trouble appears in streaks on the
legs below the knees and on the feet The
very puncture in the wrist where Prof.
Halford injeeted the ammonia always shows
a dark circle around it The eruption is
very painful, and Policeman Dawson has
difficulty in gripping his club when it is
necessary to have it ready in the discharge
of his duty.
Dawson'has consulted eminent nhvsicians
in this country and Australia and has- even
traveled to India to see it native knowledge
of venomous serpents could find a remedy
for his case. He savs that he has spent more
than he ever made in trying to get cured.
He asked Head Keeper Byrne to show him
the snakes, and among the collection he
found one that he said was of the same
species as the one which blthim. The snake
he picked out is called the .indigo snake,
and comes from South America. It is
about seven feet long, and being a new ar
rival at the Zoo, little has been learned of
its habits and nature. Dawson showed
Keeper Byrne the swelling of his hands and
the snake-like palms of his hands.
POINTS ON PICTURE HANGING.
How to Place the Artist's Work So Tnat
It May be Seea at Its Best
Most persons who frequent picture gal
leries have heard the expression, "hung on
the line," and among the number there are
doubtless some few who have rather vaguely
wondered as to the meaning. If there are
any such it may afford them some satisfac
tion to know that a picture is so spoken of
when it is hung on the level of the eyes of
the spectator. They are said to be "skied"
when they are placed so high that it is dif
ficult for one standing upon the floor to
comfortably bring them within the range of
vision, and the meaning of this term many
an artist is familiar with to his sorrow. It
will be readily understood that a picture
placed either too high up or too low down
upon the wall is seen at great disadvantage,
though perhaps the latter position is the
more preferable of the two, for the reason
that if it be of any considerable size it can
not be placed so low down but what the top
of it will come somewhere near the proper
height, and the whole of it may be easily
seen by stepping back a few pace), but there
is practically nor limit-to' the space overhead,
and occasionally at some of the crowded ex
hibitions a picture gets placed so high that
it might as well not be shown at all.
Aside from the comfort of the spectators,
pictures lose materially by being looked at
from any point of view but one directly in
front of them. The lines covernine the
prospective of any pictorial representation
are only seen in their proper relation to each
other when the eyes ara directed squarely
upon the canvas and focused upon the spot
which forms the vanishing point of its prin
cipal planes. Viewed in any other manner
the drawing appears more or less weak, and
in place of impressing the beholder with the
boldness and relief of the various objects
represented, it assumes the appearance of a
flat surface, and the efi-ect of perspective is
then very much lessened, save only as it is
sustained by the different weights ot color
All things considered, it is small wonder
that when an artist has expended bis best
efforts in the production ol a picture, and
has finally sent it forth to run the gauntlet
of public opinion, and to be criticised and
examined along with the best works of his
compeers, it is small wonder indeed that be
is desirous of having it "hung on the line."
THE JOI OP QUAEBELING.
Disputes Xiookod Upon la the Light of Posi
London a lobe. t
Somebody once praised a husband and
wife on the ground that they never had a
quarrel. Whereupon a wise bystander ex-,
claimed, "What a dull life they must leadl"
In that comment is contained a profound
truth, and one which it is to be feared is too
often ignored by those well-meaning but ill
advised beings whose only object seems to
be to shed peace and quietness around in
every place they visit Peace and quiet
ness are by no means the highest good; they
do not constitute the ideal ot the most en.
lightened philosophers. A painful illus
tration of this fact is to be found in the
futile attempt of two monks to institute a
quarrel. Both agreed that a quarrel would
afford a cheerful rest from the dull monot
ony of their ordinarily peaceful life, and
was tnereiore eminently to be desired.
A subject of dispute was proposed and
found agreeable to both, and then the two
monks, having settled all the necessary pre
liminaries, attempted to begin the fray.
Alas! they discovered all too late that,
owing to prolonged disuse of their conten
tious faculties, they had positively lost the
art of quarreling; the power was gone; it
had vanished as completely and for the same
reason as the eyesight of fish which are ac
customed to swim only in underground
streams. Dullness had been allowed to
assert her leaden sway in the monastery,
and the power of shaking it off had gone
EATTLESNAKES AS FOOD.
A Man Who Partook of the Reptiles
at Once Ordered Mare.
The Athens, Georgia, Chronicle knows a
gentleman in its city that ate a rattlesnake.
It was in Mexico, and there ratteesnakes are
regarded as a delicacy. The Athens man
partook of quite a dish of reptile at one of
the hotels before he was aware of what he
was eating. When asked how he found
out his dish was snake, he said: "By clean
ing up the dish and ordering more. The
waiter was an Italian, and seid in broken
English as he started for another plate, 'Ze
Americans like ze snake like ze diayilol'
This was enough for me."
It is1 told that negroes living in the
Georgia coast counties will eat rattlesnakes
if they can kill them before they get mad.
When surprised and killed, the poison in
them remains in one place, and can be re
moved. When angered, the poison circu
lates over the entire body, making them
TH! DlOILWe HAI1W
ihe mannert, heal ang moral of the Ameri
can people are treated in Unorrovft PflH
PATcarcm afhtuMmU ttmifoini,
BOODLE E BUFFALO.
Fortunes That Are Made by Raising
and Domesticating Bisons.
AN INTERVIEW WITH C. J. JONES,
Who Has Devoted Hoch Time to Their
Slaughter, and to tho
HOEE PLEASANT TASK OF EAISING THEM
ttrXClXh TXXZQBAK TO THSSISr-ATCH.l
Denvsb, August 16. Hon. O. J. Jones,
the veteran buffalo hunter ot America, was
in Denver to-day on his way to his home in
Garden City, Kan!, from Ogden, Utah,
where he recently sold one-halt interest in
his buffalo herd in Kansas. He is the gen
tleman who originated the idea of raising
the buffalo for domestic purposes, and in an
interview with a Dispatch representative
he told the following interesting story re
garding his early days as a hunter and bis
pet hobby of domesticating this now almost
extinct race of bovines. Said he:
"I began hunting buffalo in 1871, at 60
cents a head. All I did was to shoot them
down for a company, who would take the
hides to Hayes City and Ft Wallace and
sell them. They would split the hide un
derneath, cutting the legs a little distance
down. They then cut around the neck, and
slipped it back a little: then taking a loop
in a rope, they would hitch one team of
horse to the hide and one to the horns, and
whipping up the horses, they would jerk ff
tne mcie in less time tnan it taKes to ten
"I have often killed from 40 to 60 buf
falo right In their tracks. I figured out a
plan of my own to corral them upon the
prairie. I made an effort to get in front of
the herd when they were traveling, so that
they would come within about 20 yards of
me m passing by. X then shot the leader
THEOUOH THE HEABT,
dropping her dead in her tracks. The
leader was generally a cow; the old bulls
were lazy and usually lagged behind. The
herd would fall back in the direction from
which it came about 100 yards, stopping to
turn around and lookfor the danger. In a
few minutes one of the cows led out to go
around on one side or the other, and then I
would drop her as I did the first They
would again fall back a short distance and
huddle up together. After a short pause
another cow might undertake to go around
on the other side, and invariably met the
same fate as the other two. The herd, after
this, was sure to form in a very close group
upon the ground where they halted after
the first shot Buffalo never retrace their
steps but for a short distance.
"Now, thev had trouble on three sides,
and on the other was the back track. I
was free to shoot down as many as I wanted,
provided I did not fire too rapidly and give
them the alarm. Whenever one would at
tempt to lead away I made sure to kill it,
and this taught the others that it was sure
death to the leaders. To be sure, it was
very cruel, but I could hear the crack of
guns on every side, and I thought I would
have my share.
"I began to realise that these animals
would soon be extinct, and turned my atten
tion to saving the remnant. I began to save
the young, to atone for my slaughter. In
1884 1 began to gather up the calves, which
I found very hard to raise. At first I -lost
50 per cent, but after a little experience I
could save more than 90 per cent I stocked
my farm near Garden City with these calves
as rapidly as I could catch them. 'At the
close oi 1884 I had raised but 4, the next
year 7 and the next 32, and so on until I
bad a herd or about 100.
"I bought the famous Manitoba herd,
consisting of 60 full bloods and 20 crosses,
in 1887. I have sold off a great many bulls
to shows and menageries at prices ranging
from 5300 to 8700. This year I have 21 full-
CLOTH OP THE HATE.
"The buffalo has a fine, long coat ot hair,
which it sheds every year, and weighing
from sight to ten pounds apiece. I am sav
ing this, intending to have it made into
cloth, by way of experiment The buffalo
grown in the North are much larger than
those or the South, the bulls of the former
sometimes reaching a weight of 2,500 pounds,
with magnificent heads, which ara eagerly
sought by the proprietors of museums, who
are now compelled to pay from $200 to $500
apiece for them when mounted.
"The meat of the domesticated buffalo is
as tender as the finest beef, and has a deli
cious flavor, which is characteristic. It is
not like the old, tough, 'run down' bull
meat, which we used to get, and which was
nothing but muscle and sinews.
"Buffalo calves, when caught over 3
months old, cannot be raised. The ehange
breaks their hearts and they give up in dis
gust The cows are more valuable than the
bulls. I have sold a number of full-blooded
cows to parties in Utah at prices ranging
from $500 to (800. The half-breeds are not
as good as the three-quarters or seven
eighths. The latter are splendid animals,
carrying a fine coat of hair.
"With the view ol perpetuating the race
of American buffalo, and also of establish
ing an attraction for the city, a syndicate
has been organized at Ogden, Utah, with
such men as Sidney Stevens and A. H.
Swan, of Utah, G. B. Grinnell, of New
York, and several other well-known gentle
men at the back of it. A zoological farm
will be started and other collections made.
"Negotiations for the purchase of a half
interest in my herd have been going on for
some time, and were concluded last week,
the price being $75,000. I anticipate no
difficulty in moving the animals, as I had
none in bringing the Manitoba herd into
Kansas. I had considerable amusement on
this trip, as the Manitoba people would
crowd around the train, and it was with dif
ficulty that they could be kept off the track
when the cars started."
THE FIFTEENTH'S FOUNTAIN.
Work Proceeds oa Tula Novel and Desira
ble Pnbllc Project.
The committee on fountain in the Fifteenth
ward have finally made all the arrange
ments to carry out the long-talked-of
project, and have let the contract for the en
tire work to Tetley & Folsom, who were
the lowest bidders. The contract includes
the laying of a four-inch drain pipe
from the spring on Forty-fourth street
to a sewer on School alley, to carry eff all
the overflow. This will be completed first,
the committee having sufficient funds in
hand to pay for jt Connection will be made
with the reservoir in the, Arsenal grounds,
and conducted to the corner of Thirty-ninth
and Butler streets, through a five-eights
This part of the work will be pushed just
as soon as the committee are sure of the
necessary funds, in the hands of Henry
Freker, Treasurer, 3806 Butler street, to do
Came for Discouragement.
A short time since leading druggists of
this city issued circulars to 3,000 of their
fellow druggist in Pennsylvania, Mary
land and Ohio, praying for assistance for
th,e four members of the profession who were
entirely ruined by the Johnstown disaster.
It was expected that at least $1,200 would
be raised; and great'was the disappointment
when it was yesterday announced that only
40 answers had been received. The total
amount subscribed is only $41 99.
THCHINAE M P0IE fffitfifct
when introduced into the human tutttm it dis
cussed by Chevalier Q. Jactoon, JCD in to
E CUP ipp HOLD.
A Tale of Adventure.
By G-- -A.-
Author of "Under Lrake's Flag,"
The sounds of firing still continued as
Ronald Mervyn, with his party of burghers,
rode at the top of their speed toward Mr.
Armstrong's house. As they neared it a
number of Kaffirs were seen gathered round
it As these perceived the approach of the
horsemen there was a movement of flight,
but a chief who was with them, seeing the
smallness of the force approaching, called
upon them to stand, and they at once gath
ered to meet the advancing horsemen.
"Halt," Ronald shouted as he pulled np
his none 150 yards from the house, "there
are a couple of hundred of tbem; we shall
be riddled with spears if we charge them,
and shall throw away our lives without be
ing of any assistance to our friends. Dis
mount, lads, and tie your horses up to the
trees. Don't tie them too firmly, for if they
make a rush we must ride off and then re
turn again. Now get behind the trees and
open a steady fire upon them. Each pick
out your man and don't throw away a shot
Don't all fire together. Let the man on the
right fire first, and then the one next to him,
and so on, so that two or three of the right
hand men can be loaded again betore the
last on the left has emptied his rifle."
A second or two later the first rifle spoke
out and a native fell. Shot after shot was
fired and every bullet told. The two chiefs
were among the first who fell, and their loss
to some extent paralyzed the advance of the
natives. Some of them ran back to the
shelter under the house, but 40 or 50 of them
with loud shouting rushed forward.
"Give them one volley," Bonald shouted,
"and then to your horses."
Every loaded gun was discharged; the
men unhitched their horses, sprang into
their saddles, and dashed off. All were ac
customed, to load on horseback, and as soon
as the cartridges were down and the caps on,
Ronald led them back again. The natives
were this time holding the orchard. Bonald
took a sweep as if to cut them off from the
house, and, afraid of being separated, they
ran baoE to rejoin their romrades. A vol
ley was poured In, and then a charge was
made upon them, sword and pistol in hand.
For a minute or two there was a sharp
fight Many of the natives were shot or cut
down, while several ot the burghers received
A large body of natives were running up
to the assistance of their comrades, when the
six men of the Mounted Rifles rode up.
The advancing natives paused at the sight
of the soldiers, and before they could make
up their minds to advance, the greater por
tion of those who had occupied the orchard
"Draw off 50 yards," Bonald ordered,
and "reload rifles and pistols."
This was done, and several steady volleys
poured into the Kaffirs.
"That will do," Ronald said; "they are
beginning to slip off. Now charge straight
down to the house; I and my troopers will
leap off and enter. There is fighting going
on there still. Do you take our horses as
we dismount, and ride off, and then open
fire again on the rascals from a distance.
We shall be able to hold the house if we
can once enter."
The plan was carried out With a des
perate charge theybnrst through the natives
round the door. Bonald and the troopers
sprang to the ground and threw the reins of
their horses to the colonists, who caught
them and rode off again,
"Close the door behind you," Bonald said
as he sprang forward into the passage, which
was crowded with natives. The troopers
followed him, closing and. barring the door
behind tbem. There was a sharp fieht in
the passage, but Ronald's two revolvers and
the rifles of his men were more than a match
for the natives, and in two or three minutes
the last of them fell.
"Close and bar all the shutters," Bonald
shouted, as he rushed into the dining room
over the bodies of eight or ten natives lying
His appearance was greeted with a hearty
cheer; and Mr. Armstrong and three or four
others ran in through the door of an inner
"Thank God we are in time," Bonald
said, grasping Mr.- Armstrong's hand.
"Thank God, indeed," the larmer replied,
"we have had a hot time lor the last hour."
"Miss Armstrong is not hurt, I hope."
"No, she has escaped without a scratch,
and I think that that's more than any of the
rest of us can say."
"I must see about my men now," Bonald
said; "will you get all the shutters down
stairs fastened and barred?"
Bonald ran out and found that his men
had just succeeded in clearing the house.
They had found several Kaffirs upstairs en
gaged in the work of plundering. Some of
them had been cut down, while others had
jumped from the open windows. As soon
as the shutters had been fastened, Bonald
and his men took their places at the upper
windows and opened fire upon the natives,
who were already drawing .off. The fire of
the defenders of the house was aided by
that of the burghers, and the retreat of the
natives soon became a flight, many drop
ping before they were out of range of the
rifles. As soon as the natives were fairly in
retreat Bonald again went downstairs. where
he found Mr. Armstrong and the other de
fenders of the house engaged in attending
upon the wounded. Bonald looked round
"My daughter is in there, "Mr.Armstrong
said, pointing to the inner room. "She has
behaved splendidly through it jail, bnt she
broke down when she found that the danger
was over. I think we had better leave her
alone for a few minutes."
"No wonder," Bonald said, aa he looked
around ttaroea. Seven or eight native
"With Clive in India," etc., etc.
lay dead close to the doorway, three or four
others in other parts of the room, together
with three white men and two women; and
on the ground lay a table cloth, broken
plates and dishes and the remains of a feast
Mr. Armstrong and four other farmers were
now engaged in attending to each other's
wounds and binding them up with bandages
made out of strips of the table cloth.
"I never was so pleased in my life," Mr.
Armstrong said, "as when I heard the first
sound of your guns. Who you were I could
not of course make out, but I supposed it
must be a party from one of the village
which had got news of the attack on ss
"It is partly so, sir," Bonald said. "We
have six of our men besides myself, and
14 or 15 burghers joined us as we come
along. I am sorry to say that no more
were to be obtained, for the attack has been
general, and I fear that three parts of the
villages along the frontier have been
destroyed, and their inhabitants massacred.
Fortunately we brought news in time to
save the place where we were before en
camped, and to rescue a few of those at the
next village. But at fully halt the farm
houses we passed the work of massacre had
already been carried out"
The front door was now opened and the
burghers entered. Bonald found that two
of the party had been killed in the charge
up to the house, and that most of them had
received more or less serious wounds in the
fight, while three of the Rifles had also been
pierced with the assegais. He himself had
been struck by a spear that had glanced off
his ribs, inflicting a nasty wound, while an
other assegai had laid open his cheek. Mary
Armstrong and two other women now came
out from the inner room and assisted In
dressing the wounds, while the men who
were unhurt carried the bodies or the Kaffirs
who had fallen in the house to some dis
tance away, while those of the white men
and women were placed side bv side in an
other room. They then got buckets of water
and soon removed the pools of blood from
"Now, Mary," Mr. Armstrong said, "will
you and your friends get a fresh tablecloth
out and bring in some cold meat and bread
and anything else that yon can lay hands
on for our brave friends. The rascals can't
have had time to find out our cellar, and
though I don't think any of our party want
anything to eat, a draught of spirits and
water will be acceptable all round."
"Not for those who are wounded, father;
tea will be better for them, I am sure."
"Perhaps it will, my dear."
The women were glad of something? to do.
One o them was the wife of one of the farm
ers who had fallen, but she, too, in a dull,
mechanical manner, aided Marv Armstrong
and the other, and as soon as the place was
made quite tidy, six or seven children of
different ages were called out from the inner
Bonald and the troopers did justice to the
food, for they had ridden upward of 60
miles, and had had nothing to eat save a
piece of hard biscuit before starting.
'Now," Mr. Armstrong said, when their
appetites "were appeased, "tell us by what
miracle you arrived here just in time to
save us. I thought ail the troops in the
colony were somewhere near Fort Cox, at
least that was the news that came to us yes
terday." "So we were, sir," Bonald said. "A
column advanced from there yesterday
morning, and were attacked by the Kaffirs
in the gorge of the Keiskamma, and some
20 or 30 killed and wounded. Ii occurred
through the treachery of the Kaffir Police,
all of whom deserted last night Some par
ties were sent off the first thing this morn
ing to warn the border settlements, but X
am afraid that very few of them arrived in
time. We shall have terrible tidings, I
fear, of this day's work everywhere."
"xou are in command or this party
"Yes; I got my corporal's stripes the day
before yesterday, and I was lucky enough
to be chosen to command this detachment,
as I knew the country; and now, sir, how
did this business begin here?"
"We were at dinner," Mr. Armstrong
said, "when, without the least notice, just
as we had finished, there was a rush through
the door. All my friends had brought their
rifles with tbem, and the instant the Kaffirs
entered we knew what was up. Those who
could caught their rifles, others snatched
up table knives, and the fight began. As
yon saw, several of our party were killed at
once, but the rest of us made such a good
fight with our clubbed rifles and knives
that for the moment we cleared the room,
then two ot us held the door while the rest
fell back into the inner room, where, for
tunately, all the children were at the time,
for the table was not large enongh to hold
us all, and they had had their meal first
"Directly those who got in there recapped
their rifles for we found that our rascally
Hottentot servants had removed the caps
while we were at dinner Thompson and I,
who were at the door, fell back. Then, you
see, matters were easy enough. Two ot us
were posted at the door of the inner room,
and the moment a native showed himself
inside the door of this room he was shot
down. Of course we hid to shut the shut
ters of the inner room directly we entered,
and one of us kept guard there. I don't
think the Kaffirs wonld ever have forced
their way in; but no doubt as soon as they
bad stripped the house of everything valu
able to them they wonld have set it on fire,
and then we should have had the choice of
being burnt out here or being speared
"I need not say that we had alt agreed
that it was a thousand times better to die
here than to trait ourselves to those fiends,
who always put their prlseners to death with
atrocious tortures. Anyhow, my friends,
we owe our lives to you, for sooner or later
the end must have come to us. Now, what
' r -V
i w. . . .. . a - , , r"