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-.. . THE PITTSBtTRG- DISPATCH, SUNDAY, AtJGTTST 4, 1880.
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1818.
Vol.44, A'o.178. Entered at Pittsburg l'ostoace,
November 14, 1SS7, at second-class matter.
Business Offlce97 and 69 Fifth Avenue.
News Rooms andPublishing House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street
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2111 DlSrATCH for six months ending July 31, 1889,
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PITTSBURG. SUNDAY, AUG. i, 18S0.
THE IHPOKTED LASOB CASE.
The announcement that the investigation
of the United Slates officials into the im
portation of glass workers at Jeannettc,
indicates the conclusion that the foreign
workers must go back, is a new-test of the
law against'imported contract labor. The
view, probably, has much better foundation
in reason than some of the grotesque decis
ions, such as have put clergymen and
musicians in the category of imported labor.
Nevertheless the result in this case is
not likely to produce a favorable impres
sion ot the law. Whatever disputed points
there may be, it is clear that the labor was
seeded in this country, and that the author
ized organization for that class of labor
being otherwise unable to furnish it, brought
it from abroad, where members of the
affiliated organization were out of employ
ment. So far from being a case where for
eign labor is brought in to take the places
of domestic workingmen, it is one where in
ternational labor organization has performed
the beneficial work of transferring labor to
the place where it is wanted. When the
law interferes with that work, it destroys
the utility of international labor organiza
tion and puts the acts of organized labor un
der its condemnation.
Set side by side with this the fact that
the influx of cheap Italian, Polish and Hun
garian labor is practically unchecked, and
the inquiry becomes cogent whether the
law is much more than a snare and a nui
sance. A DISPUTED LIKE.
The strained relations between the Na
tional Campmectlng Association and the
Kidgcview Park Association, offers an exam
ple of the divergence of opinion as to what
constitutes a violation of the Sabbath,
which exists even among those who would
all class themselves on the side of strict
Sabbath observance. If one organization
thinks it wrong to receive any money
in connection with tbe campmeet
ings on the Sabbath they are
right in refusing to have any connection
with such violations. On the other hand,
those who think it right can, as they pro
pose to do, exercise their liberty of con
science and hold the campmeeting on an
independent basis. One view carried to its
logical conclusion ought to supply the re
ligious instructors for Sunday services free
of charge; and the others may find some
difficulty in explaining why if Sunday
trains are to be run, Sunday restaurants,
Sunday drinking fountains and Sunday
bootblacks may not be tolerated. The great
difficulty is in telling where the line shall
be drawn, and these religious organizations
have only conquered that difficulty by
agreeing to disagree.
ONLY ONE SUBE "WAY.
The statement that the counsel of young
Flann has returned from New Orleans,
where he made an unsuccessful attempt to
have the Louisiana lottery return the funds
vhicn the young man took from the Marine
Sank, announces a foregone conclusion.
The object in life of the Louisiana lottery
being to get the money of the public with
out giving a consideration for it, it seems
necessary to remark that this end is not to
be obtained by giving back the funds which
the lottery speculators put in. In addition,
there is little speculative precedent for such
a course. We never heard that the New
York Stock Exchange returned the money
of the New York Marine Bank which
"Ward and Fish played away; that the Chi
cago board made good the losses of Harper's
bank in Cincinnati, or that the Petroleum
Exchange thought of reimbursing the Penn
Bank's departed assets. The only sure way
to get money back from lottery, as well as
other speculations, is to take it back before
you put it in.
A VIOLATION OF PRINCIPLE.
Beycnd the points of the coke strike
which were referred to in yesterday's Dis
patch, the fact that an agreement is al
cady in fcrce between the coke workers
and the firm to whose works the strike is so
far confined, cannot be ignored as a vital
factor in the dispute. The very basis for
the vitality of all labor organization is
involved in the maintenance of the wages
agreements which the representatives of the
workmen make with their emplovers. If
employers cannot rely upon the observance
of such contracts, every inducement to the
latter interest for treating with the labor or
ganizations is destroyed.
The fact is practically undisputed that
such an agreement was made with the
Prick Coke Company, by the authorized
representatives of the coke-workers, to run
until the end of the year. "We understand
that the employes at the Standard "Works
refused to join the strike because they con
sidered it their duty to themselves to re
spect their contract That is the only view
to take,' consistent with the responsibility
and good faith of labor organizations. If
the last agreement is not binding upon the
men, of what avail or value will a new
agreement be? Every interest of organized
the obligations assumed by its authorized
So long as the pending strike involves
a violation of tbe fundamental principle
of labor organization, the participants in
it can 'hardly command the sympathy or
support of tbe public.
FL0URI6HHIO LIKE A BAY THEE.
We are glad to see merchants and manu
facturers taking such a lively interest in the
coming Exposition, that some of those who
at first were dilatory in applying for space
now complain that thev cannot get enough.
That shows a waking np of the slow ones.
By and by it will clawn upon the dullest
that Pittsburg's industrial and mercantile
procession and progression, which this Ex
position will at once inaugurate and illus
trate, is a big affair and that it will pay
everyone to show up in it
Pittsburg is already an Exposition in it
self. It is becoming every day more nota
ble for its amazing strides. Old time visitors
persons who have not been here for fonr,
five or ten years are simply astounded at
Chicago and Kansas City, and later St.
Paul and Minneapolis, were thought mar
vels ot progress, and without a peer in that
particular, but the old-time smoky, and now
smokeless, city is not a whit to the rear in
its recent expansion. Kowhere is more en
ergy shown in seizing opportunities for de
velopment, Pittsburg is the coming great
city of the interior in population and busi
ness. It is well to know it
THE PEESIDEHTS VACATION.
If there was any one man in the land to
whom circumstances should have made a
vacation particularly enjoyable this year it
was President Harrison.' To encounter
since March thousands of eager applicants
for office; to be sensible of the fact that
nearly all of them honestly and intensely
believed they had strong claims upon his
administration, and to be obliged to disap
point nine out of every ten, was a state of
things which might well make the Presi
dent sigh for a lodge at Deer Park, or any
So again, if there is any happening, short of
actual illness, which iscalculated to destroy
the beneficial effects of a vacation, it is that
of the renewed solicitation of the office-hunters
which has set in since the President's re
turn to "Washington. The President will
have the sympathy of all honest folk in the
pressure which besets him, and which simi
larly troubled his predecessors during the
first year of each term. There is no help tor
the worry, if the idea is to be religiously
kept up that each change of President is an
invitation to all who would like office, to file
their petitions. Nothing short of a new
miracle of loaves and fishes would meet the
Meanwhile it is manifest that the Presi
dents ol the United States earn well their
salary, if only in respect alone to the labor
of trying to make a satisfactory distribution
of the patronage. As the' country grows
and as the complications of party politics
become more numerous and pressing, so
grow the irksomeness and the weariness of
this task, which has to be discharged quad
rennially, before the legislative business of
the country comes on.
NOT THE FIRST NEED.
It is not calculated to stimulate respect
for the originality and inventiveness of the
people who were steering New York toward
the desired port of the international exhibi
tion of 1892, to find that the leading, if not
the sole, idea of he way to insure success
for that exposition is to build a tower which
shall surpass in height the Eiffel tower at
the Paris Exposition. In other words, the
New York idea, so far, is merely to copy
and enlarge upon the Parisian achievement
But the fact is that even the Parisian idea
is not an original one. Visitors to our Cen
tennial Exposition of 1876 will remember'
St George's tower, as the probable start of
the idea of a lofty structure to afford visi
tors to the Exposition the amusement of
getting up at a high elevation and looking
off. The Parisians have simply taken that
idea, and enlarged and amplified it to its
utmost degree. Even in the exaggerated
form it contains nothing of the real instruc
tion and information which we take to be
the legitimate purpose .of an international
industrial exposition. It is simply one of
the show novelties of the affair. For fea
tures of that kind in our exposition of 1892
American inventiveness should provide
Beyond that, even if a new Eiffel tower
were necessarily the main feature of the
New York show, it would not be tbe first
thing for the New Yorkers to look after. If
they can pile up a subscription fund for the
expenses of the exposition to something
approximating the height of the Eiffel
tower, it will have a much more vital rela
tion to the success of the affair than the
drawing of plans for towering material
A HYPNOTIZED PUBLIC.
A Chicago co temporary produces an
ingenious theory to account for the success
practiced in the Plunkett-"Worthington
case, of inducing a large number of confid
ing women to marry that clever and un
scrupulous scoundrel. The explanation is
hypnotism. It is impossible for our co
temporary to believe that such a bald and
arrant humbug could have been successfully
practiced unless the victims had been
placed under the hypnotic influences which
compel the subject to do and believe what
ever the operator prescribes for them.
The theory is valuable not only as ex
plaining this case, but as throwing light on
the success of a large number of far greater
and more wholesale swindles. It is not
more singular that a scoundrel whose ras
cality takes the supererogatory form of
marrying a large number of apparently
superfluous wives, should carry on his
deceptions successfully, than that those
who systematically and notoriously pursue
the business of passing off upon investor
merely jlat values, in the form of railway
and trust stocks should meet with a more
'gigantic and wholesale success. The ex
planation of the readiness of people to be
deceived applies in one case as well as
another. The old proverb populut vult
decipi only states the fact; but the reason
behind the fact why people are so willing to
be deceived has never been explained until
now. It is hypnotism. The successful
humbuggers have devised some wholesale
method of hypnotizing some hundreds of
thousands of people at once. So they are
able to put victims by wholesale under the
hypnotic influences and make them believe
whatever tbey choose.
Either we will have to take this novel if
toot comforting theory, or else we will have
to fall back upon the old and rather pessi
mistic idea concerning the overproduction
South Dakota is now reported to have
already contracted a debt which exceeds the
constitutional limits proposed for the State
debt The new State seems to be rivaling
the acts of an exceedingly fresh poker
player, who goes the whole limit blind be
fore tbe first deal is made.
No pleasanter duty falls to The Dis
patch than that of chronicling the success
of the brainy and energetio men who make
tbe columns of this Journal so interesting
to the public every day through the week.
The.latest case in point is that of Mr. Bob
ert Simpson, the excellent special cor
respondent of The Dispatch at Har
risburg last winter, who goes to
morrow to take charge as manager
ot the Oil City Derrick. Mr. Simpson
in returning as manager to the paper in
which he started years ago as office boy,
takes with him a thorough experience in
newspaper making, which, will make the
Derrick a more interesting and valuable
paper than ever heretofore. Both in enter
prise and judgment he is one of the most
promising journalists of Pennsylvania. "We
wish him success.
The complaints of the people who cannot
get all the space they want for exhibits in
the Exposition, constitute a strong sermon on
the wisdom of being early with your appli
cations for space and liberal in subscriptions
to the fund for making the building ade
quate to all demands.
"One of the sharpest and most un
scrupulous bosses" In Boston thinks that
bis party will not have much chance to
carry that town under the new Australian
election system, where there is "no ballot
distribution, where nobody can hustle any
body up to the polls', where every man
votes according to his conscience, behind a
desk where nobody can see him," All of
which is so much in the nature of a boom
for the Australian ballot system that we
may be permitted to express a polite in
credulity as to whether any sharp and un
scrupulous boss ever permitted himself, to
be betrayed into stating it .
As the only thing which can galvanize
life into the corpse of Boulangism is the
action of the French Government itself, it
is to be hoped that the Bepublic will hence
forward have the discretion to leave the
doughty General in the hole which, he has
dug for himself.
"Hundreds of papers all over the coun
try are now taking grounds in favor of the
New York Exposition of 1892," says the es
teemed New York Sun. True; and tbe
support of outside papers will be strength
ened by the way in which New York has
suDpressed the member of the Inauguration
Centennial Committee, who tried to run
things in the inception of the "World's Pair
project If New York will squelch its
Four Hundred, its politicians and its real
estate speculators, the country will be with
it, all the while.
It would certainly be good policy for the
Pittsburg railroads to give Pittsburg coal as
good a chance in freights as Hocking Val
ley coal gets. Nothing is ever lost by feed
ing, instead of killingrthe interests which
furnish traffic and profits.
The St Louis Globe-Democrat says:
"Either Judge Cooley or Judge Gresham,
as a successor to the late Stanley Matthews,
would be highly satisfactory to the coun
try." The statement is undoubtedly cor
rect, but Judge Gresham had the misfor
tune to be an opposing candidate to the
present President, and Judge Cccley is
more than suspected of being a hated Mug
wump. All of which combine to fix the
public eye upon Partner Miller as the com
The reported Ballet Girl Trust in En
gland is capable of being regarded with a
good deal of toleration when we reflect that
the first purpose aud object of the trust is to
restrict the supply.
The rumors of political deals which have
been clouding the atmosphere for the past
few days will now have to give way to the
equally reliable stories about the number of
fish the junior Senator will catch on his
yachting trip. "Whether the fishing excur
sion in Allegheny politics or that in East
ern waters .will be most successful remains
for the future to disclose.
The record of a private divorce rail
roaded through the Legislature of Delaware
goes to show that there are pettier qualities
in Delaware than its smallness.
As General Benjamin F. Butler is
cruising in Canadian waters, an esteemed
cotemporary -proposes that Canada can re
taliate for the Behring Sea seizure by cap
turing General Butler. If the Dominion
should get our Ben Butler on its hands, it
would bs severely punished for all the un
kind things it has done toward the United
The Dora Steplein case bids fair to de
velop into a revised and feminine edition of
the Charlie Boss mystery.
It is to be hoped that the announcement
that Sullivan's friends have any amount of
money ready to put up for-his benefit in his
trial, affords a more accurate estimate of
tbe ideas of the pugilistic circle with re
gard to the administration of justice than it
does with regard to the purity of the
PEOPLE OP PROMINENCE.
Bexatob Sherman's favorite game is back
gammon, at which he is an expert
Edwin Booth has sent to the ladles inter
ested in raising a circulating library laBelalr,
Harford county. Mi, his check for $300.
The best baseball player In Congress is Rep
resentative Ben Butterworth, of Ohio. He fre
quently plajs In amateur games at nil home.
Owe of tbe richest men In Boston is Na
thaniel Thayer, whose estate amounts to $15.
000,000. He is a young man of fine ability and
the best of habits.
Joaquci Milxxb is described as "a slender,
sparely built man well along In years, with
long, yellowish white hair that lays on his
shoulders in curls."
Me. Samuel, Jones, the "revivalist" was
recently offered 6,000 a year and a fine church
to preach In at Minneapolis. He replied: "Do
you take hie for a fool? I'm getting 923,000 a
Robert Bubss Wilson, the rising Ken
tucky poet began writing verses at an early age,
and Is now 37 years old, and not 20, as has been
recently stated. His first volume of poems will
soon be published, with tbe title of "Life and
Brandeb Mathews married one of Lydla
Thompson's dashing blondes, which was tbe
beginning of bis interest in the drama. He Is
a great lover of the French drama, placing
Mollere above Shakespeare in knowledge of
tbe actor's art
Henbt Irving, is the most scholarly look
ing of all living actors. He is as much inferior
to Booth as au actor, as he is superior to him
as a manager and master of stage-craft. ,Tbe
chief fault of Irrlng's acting Is too little nature
and too much art "
Rev. Dr. Gunsabxtjs, of Chicago, created
a sensation by walking through the groves of
Bay View, Mich tbe "Western Chautauqua
resort with a dear in his mouth. The ladies
of the W. C. T. U holding a meeting there, at
once passed resolution prohibiting smoking
on the grounds.
(, 5aiiraglla "ftlTiilllhi jfei Iteli jrftBfiiii?. r'riillV'vri&tajm
THE OLD-TIME TAVERNS.
LToatelrlea and Landlord! of Pittsburg Half
. a Century Ago, When Primitive Price
Killed Distinguished Guests.
In the olden time the popular title for what
are now by general courtesy called hotels was
taverns. There are Pittsburgers now living
whose memories go back to the time when
hotels had no existence in this city. There
were, however, amultltude of taverns, and al
most as many in number three-score years ago
The first of tbe old-time taverns to put on
hotel airs was the St Charles, at first called tbe
Pittsburg Hotel, and following close was tbe
Exchange, where the Hotel Anderson now
stands. A half century ago the St Charles was
the place where distinguished travelers were
lodged at the rate of II a day.
wnen the Monongahela House started up as
a more aristocratic institution in the year 18U
and charged tl SO per day, it was the general
opinion of the boys of that period that none
but the very wealthy, or foreign dukes and
marquises could afford to "put up" at such a
hotel. Henry Clay and Barnum with Jenny
LInd might offer-to stop at a house where $1 60
a day was charged, and one boy who gazed alar
oft at the distinguished guests -seated on the
Monongahela House balcony, wondered If
there should ever come a time when he would
be able to register at such a grand place.
During tho era of taverns Wood street was
the popular place for these institutions. Long
before theMonongahela was spanned by abridge
there was located on the southwest corner
of Wood and Water streets a tavern kept by
one William Graham, famous in its day as the
Ferry House, and largely patronized by Wash
ington county farmers. On tbe same side
of Wood, on the corner of First avenue, Den
nis Murphy furnished entertainment for man
and beast in tbe early years of the century.
Where tbe St Charles Hotel now stands,
originally stood the residence of John Wllkins,
a brother of the Judge, who was so prominent
in the Jacks onlan reign. It is now well onto
three-quarters of a century since the Wllkins
residence was converted into a hotel.
On the northeast corner of Fourth avenue
and Wood street was another famous tavern In
the (rood old days known as tbe Green Tree
House, kept by William Morrow, father-in-law
to James Crossan. Coming up to Diamond
alley, on the corner were tbe cyclone struck
last winter, was a tavern with the slim of the
silver cross keys, kept by Sturgeon. The sta
blln g yards extended along Spencer's alley to
Fifth avenue. On the corner above, where the
First National Bank now stands, was another
famous tavern with the sign of tbe golden cross
Benjamin Darlington and Benjamin Weaver.
There Lafayette was entertained in 1824, and
there, in the yards extending along Fifth ave
nue, where the Central Bank and the Schmertz
building now stands, the old-time circuses fur
nished fun for the boys of the period.
On the corner where the Eisner & Phillips
building is was another famous tavern, with
a rattlesnake on the sign. This was tbe Golden
Lamb House. Still another Wood street tavern
stood on the northeast corner of Virgin alley,
and was kept by a famous landlord of the early
days, known as Killy Moon Stuart It was in
front of this tavern that Henry Clay was hung
in effigy after the alleged bargain and sale
which gave the Presidency to John Quincy
Adams. The effigy business stirred the wrath
ot this old Whig city to the utmost
On the corner of Sixth avenue and Wood, on
the site of tbe Bank of Commerce, Captain J.
C. Butler played the host in the old days. In
the course of days, as the city lengthened its
cords. Wood street was too far downtown for
all the tavern business, and the old Dr. Bedford
mansIon,on Liberty and Seventh streets, where
Myers' packing house now stands, was con
verted into a hotel. Over this Sol Lightcap
presided Tor a season, and in after years gave
his name to the Yellow Tavern at the Two-Mile
Run.v The Spread Eagle, where the Seventh
Avenue now stands, presided over by John
McMasters first, and afterward by his son, will
be remembered by those who would hardly be
willing to call themselves old.
Into the yards of the Spread Eagle, along in
the forties, the Conestoga wagons, drawn by
belled horses, filed in continuous streams, and
there was one boy who wondered In those
young glad years, where all the stuff in those
wagons could find customers.
An old timer tells of a hard winter when tbe
wagon trains were blocked up in the Allegheny
Mountains for a week or more, and when the
blockade was finally broken there was a con
tinuous line of wagons from the canal, now
Eleventh street to the top of the Garrison
Hill, coming into the city at one time. The
Spread Eagle yards were not a circumstance to
the needs of that occasion.
One more old time Pittsburg tavern deserves
mention that at the Two Mile Run. which still
stands. Probably very few of those who travel
by the Lawrenceville cable cars ever notice the
old brick building somo 15 feet below the grade,
cornering on Penn avenue at Thirty-third
street There is probably Pittsburg's oldest tav
ern. It was built abouttbebeginningof the cen
tury by Alexander Hill, one of our prominent
citizens in the early days of the city. When
built the house was a few feet above the grade
ot the Philadelphia pike (now Penn avenue) and
in front was a yard gently sloping to the Two
From its wide porches there was littlo to In
terrupt the view across the fields and meadows
that extended to the little town around Fort
Pitt whose eastern boundary at that day was
At this hotel, known in later years as the
Yellow Tavern, the Pittsburg Blues were ban
queted on their return from the War of 1812.
It was kept successively by Hill, Lightcap
and General Larimer, whose names will be fa
miliar to all old Pittsburgers. J. H. Young.
A MOONSHINER'S WORD IS GOOD.
Two Asree to Surrender Freedom and Keep
the Pro mil e.
Memphis, August 8. At the April term of
the United States Court J. B. Sanders and J.
W. Wood, of Hardin county, were convicted of
illicit distilling and sentenced to 30 days' im
prisonment They represented to tbe Court
that the sole dependence of their families was
the little crop tbey bad at home, and begged
leave to return and work it out of the grass,
piomlslng to return and take their medicine at
whatever time might beset Tbe Court re
leased them on their own recognizance, nam
ing August 1, as the day for their return. To
day before noon the two men reported to tbe
United States Marshal and went cheerfully to
"Why didn't you keep vour freedom when
you bad ltT" one of them was asked.
The mountaineer looked at the questioner
steadily for a moment and replied: "How
could weT Didn't we give our word as we'd
come backf That settled It"
One (lunae of the Trouble
From the Washington Post
We want it to be distinctly understood that
we are not one of those real mean old things
that believe woman is at the bottom ot every
earthly tronble, but we must admit that the
demand for sealskin sacques has had moroor
less to do with the disturbance about Behrings
DEATHS OP A DAI.
(SPECIAL TELICKJLM TO TOE DISPATChA
PnlLADELrniA, August 1 Commodore lriti
hngh. seventh ranking Commodore of the United
States Navy, died soon after midnight lastnUtht
at the Naval Hospital. Commodore Kltzbugh
came to the hospital as a patient from the New
London station about two months ago, and under
went an operation for removing a cancer. Al
though he improved at first and was able to go
abont his room, he gradually grew weak again
and all hope of his recovery was abandoned.
Commodore Fltzhugh has been.a familiar figure
In naval circles of Philadelphia for many years.
Tie was at one time commandant of Leairne liland
navy yard and also at one time was inchareeof
mis iN.tu( .uijj wi, uvuic, M.A.IUHCU at ljeairue
Island. Tho most prominent public doty that
brought him to the attention of 1'hlladrlphlans
was his work as President of the two
trial boards or tbe gunboat Yorktown when that
vessel was tested at sea last February, it was
probably his last trip at sea and although it was
only a trlnofa few hours, the bitter cold storm
probably had a bad effect on his ailment. lie was
sent to .New London after be made hU final report
to Secretary Tracy.
Commodore Kltihugh was about 03 years of age
and bad always been a bachelor, lie was a quiet,
almost taeitnrn man, but -wonderfully fascinating
when at ease. He bad seen considerable service
In Chlnaand was well read, always courtl) and as
modest as any schoolboy, lie was one ofUia mo.t
popolar officers of the naTT. lie always felt that
hehad reached the highest naval honor that could
come to Mm, "and during the trial ofthe Yorktown
said that he badprobably reached the Umlt of -his
advancement. HlsirreAteit rtlr hMv-v w..
to have some si
to have some share & making the new navr ofthe
A SESoITlTE JDE0E, SUICIDES.
A Lawyer Remark Troubles Him So Much
Thnt He Shoots Himself.
McConnellsvilxe, O., August 3. James
Benjamin was a well disposed and well-to-do
farmer, who lived about five miles west of this
place, near Pennsville. On the 20th of July he
was a juror In a sheep case trial in tbe neigh
borhood, Involving about $15. The jury ren
dered a verdict for the plaidtlff, but the Justice
allowed a new trial on the ground that certain
Jurymen, ot whom Benjamin was one, were not
competent to serve. The defendant's lawyer
had subsequently made the remark that some
of the jurymen had perjured themselves and
were fit candidates for the penitentiary. This
remark, coupled with the granting of the new
trial, which Benjamin considered a reflection on
his integrity, so preyed on his mind that it was
his all-absorbing topic of conversation.
Ho brooded over it day and night until his
mind became unbalanced and he thought him
self constantly pursued by officers. This morn
ing before daylight he arose, unknown to his
wife, took his shotgun from the accustomed
place, went to the wood-shed, and shot himself
through the forehead, completely braining
himself. He was about 56 years old, In com
fortable circumstances, and leaves a wife and
seven children. The event has made a pro
found impression throughout the neighbor
hood. WALLACE IB WILLING.
He Will Accept tbe Democratic Nomination
Huntingdon, August 3. Ex-Senator H. J.
McAteer, of Alexandria, recently bad a talk
with ex-Senator Wallace on Democratic poll
tics and the attitude of the latter towards tbe
Democratic nomination for Governor. During
the conversation Mr. Wallace expressed a
willingness to make the fight if he should be
the party choice. McAteer told him frankly
that It would be folly for any man to accept the
nomination unless harmony existed, the spirit
of faction was buried and the old Randall and
Wallace feud forgotten. To this Wallace fully
and cheerfully assented, and said that the dif
ferences between himself and Mr. Randall had
been greatly exaggerated by the Republican
press. Senator McAteer believes that Wallace
is the most available man who could be nomi
nated, and that his ability as a lawyer and a
statesman and his public record would tell in
"His Interests in our State," said Mr. Mc
Ateer, "are 'so varied that they reach almost
every class of people. The coal mines in which
ne is interested give employment to over a
thousand men, and no strikes occur in his reg
ion unless they are forced from other sections.
The Republicans will, of course, select their
best man, and I know of no one more worthy on
our sido than William A. Wallace."
TO E0SC0E C0NKLING.
A Monument In Foreit Hill Cemetery The
Design by His Wife.
ISriCLU. TXLXGUAM TO TUX DISPATCH.
Utica. August 3, A monument has been
erected in the Forest Hill Cemetery, in this
city, to the memory of Roscoe Conkling. It
stands in the Conkling family plot a few yards
north of the monument of Horatio Seymour.
The monument has two unpolished bases, a
polished die, with four graceful columns, and
a massive pyramidal cup, cut in tbe rough. On
the front die is tbe inscription: "Roscoe Conk
ling, born October 30, 1829. Died April 16,
1888." On the reverse side Is tbe name: "Ros
The base is 8 feet 1 inch in length, 5 feet 1
inch in width and I foot 4 inches high. The
second base is 6 feet 11 inches long, i feet 11
inches wide and 1 foot 6 inches high. The die
is 8 feet 2 inches long. 8 feet 2 Inches wide and
1 foot 10 inches high. The cap Is 7 feet ( inches
in length, 4 feet 6 inches in width am1 2 feet 8
inches high. Over all, tbe height of tbe monu
ument Is 7 feet 4 Inches, tbe width 5 feet 1 inch
and tbe length 8 feet 1 inch. The material
thronghout is Quincy granite, and the design
was worked out In the yards of Huehes &
Evans, in this city. ' The design was selected
by Mrs. Conkling.
CCDLDNT KEMEMBER HARRYING,
Bnt a Young Lady Claims tho Alan as Her
Hudson, N. Y August 3. Eugene Elser, of
this place, and Miss Nora L. Roberts, of Pitts
field, Mass., visited New Lebanon last Sunday,
and the young lady says that they were married
by the Rev. Mr. Hills at bis church. She was
so confident that toe ceremony was legal that
she bad a notice of the marriage inserted in a
The reading of this notice, Mr. Elser says,
was his first intimation that he was Miss Rob
erts' husband. He said, however, that he might
be married to the young woman before long.
He also admitted that he went away with Miss
Roberts last Sunday, but failed to recall the
fact that they were married.
PRETTIBAD RUNS AWAI
After a Quarrel With on Indian Playmate
Wabash, Ind.. August 3. Oscar Prettybad,
a muscular young Sioux Indian, who is belnc
educated by the Government at White's In
dian Manual Labor Institute, near this city,
ran away from the institution last night, and
started for his Western home. He was cap
tured at Peru to-day and returned. Prettybad
bad a quarrel with Moses Toobold, another
Indian lad, which led to his hasty departure.
Prettybad is one of the best behaved Indian
lads In tho institute.
Pnt It Up. at Auction.
From the Cleveland Plalndealer.j
A good way to settle the location of the
1892 world's fair will be for Congress to re
ceive" bids. The city which shall come the
nearest to gauaranteelng the expenses without
asking for a Federal appropriation ought to be
designated. If the strife should become so
spirited that a bonus would be offered so
much the better.
The Risk the President Rods.
from the Chicago Hews.
If the President doesn't stop his foolhardy
habit of putting to sea in Government vessels
there is likely to be an Indiana statesman found
drowned one ot these days. Perhaps he has
learned wisdom of late, however, for his trip to
Bar Harbor will be made partly by rail and
partly by a passenger boat
A Qnlet Campaign.
From the Altoona Times. 1
Tne candidates of all tbe parties seem pros
trated so by tbe hot wave that they cannot
mako enough noise to indicate their where
baouts. Chicago Smartness, i
From the Toledo Made. 1
An enterprising Chicago tblcf has just
stolen a coalyard. The proverbial redhot
stove would not be safe in Chicago.
THR06TS AT TRUSTS.
Minneapolis Journal: An orange' trust Is
among the recently organized monopolies. Of
course it will squeeze the market and absorb
all the juice.
Chicago Herald: A trust on sweet pota
toes has been organized, and pretty soon tbe
"students of markets" will get up a trust in
the food for thought
AltA California: A patent-leather trust Is
organized. If this thing keep on tbero will
be a sole-leather trust to kick all the rest of tbe
trusts out of tbe country.
Philadelphia Telegraph: There seems to
be a turn in the tide in the trust business. The
big salt syndicate had to throw up thp sponge,
and now a pretentious German sugar scheme
has collapsed. There is every indication that
this great combination business has been con
Philadelphia Ledger: Salt won't save
either the salt trust itself or the sugar trust
or any other of tbe tribe, unless such, and such
only, as are founded on fair, honorable, equita
ble principles of trade. No trust founded on
tbe "crushing-out" policy or "freezlng-out"
policy can livoln this country.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat: With the col
lapse in the salt "combine" there will be a
"let up" in the Industry of forming trusts In
this country for the time being. If this busi
ness were kept up for a year or two longer the
United States would be "plastered over" as
badly with trusts as England is.
American Economist: The fact that trusts
exist and flourish under free trade even more
than under protection, and the further fact
that tbey have been organized in this country
more largely for the manufacture and sale of
products not affected by the tariff than for
those which are affected by it compel the con
clusion that trusts are independent ot tariff
legislation. It follows that the abolition of
protective duties to hinder them would only
inflict irreparable disaster upon our labor and.
industries without accomplishing the end
sf - . i 5fcr?4r2tt-?a. ' X
GROWTH OF GREAT CITIES.
Statistic! Tbnt Shew a Bapld Increase of
Population and en TJnequnled Accumula
tion of Wealth.
jrom the Iron Age.J
There is clustered In and around tbe port of
New York a population of over 3,000.000. In
1880 Manhattan Island contained 1,200,000 resi
dents. This year's directory estimates the,
population of the city, including the annexed
clstrict, at l,7C0,O0O. A more conservative esti
mate would be 1,600,000. Brooklyn has grown
very rapidly, and contains now a population of
over 800,000. In Jersey City and Hoboken,
in 1880, there wero 150,000 souls:
there is now probably a population of
255,000. Yonkers rests on the edge ot
this city with over 20.000 population. These
figures aggregate 2,550.000. and to tbis total
might be added tbe suburban population on
Long Island, Stateu Island, Westchester and
Rockland counties and in the near districts of
new Jersey. .Newark, which is really an ad-
Innct of New York, claims a population of
75,000. Paterson contains about 78,000 resi
dents, and Elizabeth over 30,000. The estimate
of 3,000,000 for the city and its environs, there
fore, does not appear unreasonable. In 1892 it
Is probable that the total will be nearer 3,600,
000. Tbe Great Cities of the Fntnre.
These statistics are of Interest now in view of
the agitation or the World's Fair project It
begins to look very much as if notwithstanding
London's enormous lead in the race the next
generation would see on and around Manhat
tan Island the greatest mass of population
known in the history of the world. It is already
second only to the wonderful city on the
Thames. After dealing with such stupendous
and matchless figures it seems of lit
tle consequence that an informal census taken
by the directory canvassers shows tho popula
tion of St. Paul. Minn., to be 193,217, a gain of
151,774 since 1880. When it Is considered, how
ever, that Minneapolis, tbe municipal limits of
which city join those ot St. Paul, has made an
equally rapid growth, now claiming 235,000, and
that tbe census next year will probably show
an aggregate population of 430,000, where there
were less than 90,000 persons living ten years
before, this instance of the rapid Increase of
the urban population of the United States be
comes qnite as remarkable as that which is
going on in the metropolitan district.
Rapid Increase of Population.
The twin cities of Minnesota hare reached In
a few decades the point attained by New York
In two centuries. What they will do in the
future can only be conjectured, but it is cer
tain that there will be many centers of popula
tion in the interior ot the United States larger
than all but a very few of the historic cities of
Europe. This is not merely a result of the
rapid growth of population in the coun
try as a whole. It means an accumula
tion of wealth and a development of diversified
Industries unrivaled in any other part of the
world. Great cities are numerous, in propor
tion to the rural population, only where wealth
abounds and civilization is most advanced.
Russia has fewer and England more than any
other country of Europe. Africa has scarcely
any, but Australia an amazing number for a
region so sparsely populated. Great cities
bring their burdens and perils. In them vice
festers and poverty abounds, but, nevertheless,
they are tbe focal points of the energies work,
lng for the advancement of mankind, and
where they flourish and multiply progress is
sure to center.
SUING FOR A SHIP'S VALUE.
Heavy Damages Claimed by Cleveland and
Detroit Teasel Owners.
Detroit, August 3, Suit for damages to
the amount of 176,791 45 was begun in the
United States District Court here yesterday by
Harvey H. Brown, Fayette Brown and C.J.
Sheffield, of Cleveland, and E. M. Peck, of De
troit owners of the steamship C. J. Sheffield
against a Cleveland company owning the
steamship North Star, which sunk the Shef
field on the route between South Chicago and
Two Harbors, Minn.
There was a heavy fog at the time of the ac
cident, but Captain Christopher C. Allen, of
the Sheffield, claims that the whistle was blown
regularly. He was signalled by the North Star,
Captain William Thorn, which seewed to be
passing on tbe port side. Either through the
blowing of wrong signals or the misinterpreta
tion of signals a collision resulted. The Shef.
field was sunk in 600 feet of water. The North
Star was not damaged. The complainants as
sert that the collision was tho result of negli
gence, ucskilfulness and carelessness on the
part of persons navigating the North Star.
A CANAL IN A BAD WAT.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Nearly Ruined
r Telltles the Cause.
Baltimore, August 3. The fate of the
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal now seems inev
itable. Tbe efforts of tbe present management
to float $300,000 repair bonds have thus far
been Ineffectual, and unless measures are soon
taken to repair the canal it must go into the
hands of a receiver. The directors held a meet
ing to-day, but nothing was done.
uapiiausts wno are wining to put tneirmoney
Into a scheme to repair and operate the canal
refuse to have anything to do with it unless the
managemen t retires and it is taken entirely
out of politics. Meanwhile hundreds of families
at Wllliamsport and other points along the
canal wbo made their living by the waterway
A GIRL'S HAIR STOLEN.
A Remarkable Case of Highway Bobbery
In Daylight In Pottsvllle.
POTTSVILI.B. August 3. This morning Clara
Roeder,.of Schuylkill Haven, an employe of
Thompson's Btocking Factory, became too ill
to work and was excused at9 o'clock. While
on her way home, walking through tbe alley
between Spring Garden and St. Peter's streets.
she was seized by two Italians. She at once
called for help, but tbe rascals cut her hair off
They were pursued, bnt were not captured at
last account They had evidently been lying
in wait for her for tbe purpose of stealing ber
bair, which reached below her waist and was of
a beautiful golden color.
A Problem for a Jury.
From the Detroit Free Press.!
Only three members of a jury recently Im
paneled at Anderson, 8. C, knew the name of
tbe Governor of tbe State. It would take a
wise jury in West Virginia to turn out as
many men equally well informed.
Reciprocity In Tessel-Selzlng.
From the Detroit Free Press. 1
The Canadians now know bow it is them
selves when a fellow's vessel is seized on a
charge of violating the law. Perhaps they
thought they bad a monopoly of that business.
Two Kinds of Texas Weather.
From the Baa Antonio Eiprcss.l
One hundred and eight in tbe shado at
Dallas; ten degrees above freezing point at
San Antonio. Texas Is a big State.
A headless ghost is the nocturnal specter
that affrights the night operator at a telegraph
tower near Mapleton, Pa. AbootSO years ago,
goes the tradition, a drover was beheaded at
that point and robbed of a large sum of money.
And now be revisits this mundane sphere to
scare innocent people.
The centennial anniversary of the formation
of Alleghany county, Md.. will be celebrated
at Cumberland on September 23, 21 and 25.
Hebe's a sad editorial wall of sore experi
ence from the Orrville (O.) Crescent: "It's a
pity an editor can't fall over a board pile at a
ball game without everybody laughing at htm."
AN Allegheny township (Cambria county)
farmer can discount Devoe or Venncr on
weather predibtlons. He is the owner of a
rooster that struts out in front of his house
every morning and crows, and the direction be
faces is a snre indication of tbe weather. If
the rooster turns his tail to tbe west andfaces
the east it is certain to be A fine day, while if
he faces tbe west it is certain to be wet
A Greensbubo paper says: A certain man
residing on Laurel Hill and a man whose rep
utation for truth is good reports having seen
eight young fawns at the same place and at the
William Kxlnek, of Mercer, has goose
berries which weigh three-fourths of an ounce
each, and Says they will grow to be an ounce in
weight when tho bushes are older. They aro
an English variety and he is ordering a number
of the plants for other parties.
Soke time In May last Jesse Shallcross, who
has an ice-making plant In Coatesville, froze 16
shad In cakes of Ice as an experiment A few
days ago the cakes were cracked open andtthe
shad cooked. They "ate Beautifully."
At the Pottstown postofflce day before yes
terday the lady assistant found a lire turtle
waddling around among tho rnaOs.
KEW YORK NEWS K0TES.
More Trouble en Account of the Fisat.
INEW YORK BCEEAD SPICXAXS. J
NkwYoek. August a Edward J. Burgess,
prize fighter, and his wife slept at police head
quarters' last night because they stole 11.000
worth of diamonds from Mrs. Burgess' sister.
Mrs. Louise Hum, last January. Burgess and
his wife were penniless last winter, when Mrs.
Hurtt began to shelter and feed them. They
remained with her long enough to get all the
clothes tbey needed, and then ran off West one
night with all ber jewelry. Mrs. Hurtt told the
police. Tbe first information about tbe ab
sconding couple came from Rlchburg; Miss.,
where Burgess had attended the Sullivan-Kll-rain
fight, The next news was that he was
training nimselt near Detroit under contract
to fight He and his wife were arrested there
ana brought to New York. There is a. sad ro
mance and much misery for two families at tbe
bottom of the trouble that has culminated in
the prize' fighter's arrest The sisters, Nettie
and Louise, were daughters of the Rev. Frank
Wegg; a respected clergyman ot Yonkers.
Nettie married the prize fighter. Louise Frank
D. Hurtt the millionaire, of the Pond's Extract
Company. Mr. Hurtt took her to Europe on
an extended wedding tour. She came back
with him a wreck, a victim of the opium habit
After years of rain remonstrance and patient
suffering bo began divorce proceedings last
year, and they separated, Mr. Hurtt allowing
her a princely income.
A Novel Civil Service Reform Move.
Herbert Welsh, ot tbe Indian Rights Asso
ciation, is asking prominent men throughout
the country to contribute SLOOO to a very
curious object Mr. Welsh is a rabid Civil
Service reformer, and he wishes every clergy
man in the United States to preach about Civil
Service reform next Thanksgiving Day. There
fore, he purposes to send documents on Civil
Service reform and Instructions to preach
about tbem to every one of about 20,000 min
isters in the United States. He is taislng the
1,000 to pay tbe expenses ot printing and mail
ing. His plan has already received the moral
and material support of Rev. Drs. Howard
Crosby, James McCosb, Francis L. Patton,
George P. Fisher, Robert Collyer, H. B.
Whipple, Phillips Brooks, Morgan Dir, Lyman
Abbott H. L. Wayland, W. E. McLaren, Henry
Van Dyke and R. S. Mac Arthur; also by George
William Curtis, Carl Schurz. Richard H.Dana,
Charles J. Bonaparte, Lucius B. Swift and
Yagnries of a Young Lunatic
Frank Russell, 27 years old, is about the
craziest man wbo has turned up here for sev
eral years. A policeman found him acting
strangely in Central Park last night Russell
said that he was a celebrated journalist who
was going to marry Mary Anderson, and that
be had gone to the park to select a team of
camels which he proposed to hitch to a car
riage for tbe purpose of driving tbe fair Mary
to Boston on their wedding tour. In court this
morning be said he would give the Judge the
entire turnout on his return from the trip. He
was committed for examination.
Crazed by Cigarette Smoking.
"Made Insane by smoking cigarettes," was
the verdict of Police Justice Duffy, this morn
ing, in the case of Max Casserly, 29 years old.
The young prisoner was found wandering
along the Bowery early this morning. He was
unable to tell even his own name. His brother
explained In court that excessive cigarette
smoking bad caused this loss of memory. He
said that Max became mentally Incapable ot
doing his work as a bookkeeper, six months
ago, when he was smoking two packages of
cigarettes a day. Since then he bad gradually
increased his quota to three packages. He
was committed for medical examination.
Edison Goes Abroad Incog.
Thomas- A. Edison, the inventor, and his
wife sailed for Havre to-day, on the steamship
La Bourgogne. They were accompanied by
Bishop Llttlejobn and his wife, of Brooklyn.
Mr. Edison will remain abroad three months.
Ho will pass several weeks at the Paris Expo
sition, in which he has atiout 5100,000 worth of
electrical apparatus. He will also visit Berlin,
Vienna, Geneva and Amsterdam. He will not
visit England, he says, because be does not like
the English. The object of Mr. Edison's trip
is to benefit his health, which has been injured
by bis almost constant labor in the Orange
laboratory. To avoid publicity, be registered
in the nams of Samuel Insull, his private sec
retary, at the ofllces of the steamship com
pany. A Clever Boy Swindler.
A clever little rascal, about 14 years old, and
who is described as innocent looking, dressed
in dark jacket short trousers, and a straw
hat, bas been swindling Wllllamsburgh gro
cers. He goes to a grocery and orders a small
quantity of goods to be sent together with the
change for a 5 or $10 note, to some address, ex
plaining that his mother was afraid to trust
him with so "much money. If a small boy is
sent to deliver the goods, the young confidence
operator meets the boy at the door, takes tho
change from him, and sends him inside with
tbe goods. He then disappears, and the errand
boy finds that tbe people in tbe house have not
ordered tbe goods. On Friday night this boy
called at the grocery of Charles E. Timm. Mr.
Timm was away and tbe boy ordered a bag of
flour and asked the boy who was to deliver it to
bring change for a S10 note, so that his mother
could pay him. He walked with the errand
boy as far as Weisenberg's saloon, and he
asked him to wait a moment and be would get
tbe $10. He went into the saloon, and in a mo
ment returned with a 110 note. Tbe errand
boy gave up his change and was told to deliver
the flour at 222Alnsloy street No one there
had ordered the flour, and when the boy re
turned to the store, Mr. Timm discovered that
tbe SlO-note was Confederate money.
Traveling Under False Colors.
Best A Co., of 60 and 62 West Twenty-third
street are being very much annoyed by an
impostor who is traveling through tbe West
representing that he Is an agent for Best & Cck,
and getting advances of money wherever be
can. Many complaints have come from places
In Ohio. At present the man is working
Effect! of an Alternating Current.
Michael F. Fitzpatrick, a young lineman in
the employ of the United States Illuminating
Company, was engaged to-day In repairing a
wire on tbe pole at the southeast corner of
Stanton street and the Bowery. He accident
ally sat upon another wire, transmitting an
alternating current and was instantly made
unconscious from the shock. His grip bad
closed on one of the arms of the poles, and he
stuck there, and he swung backward
upon the network of wires, which prevented
him from falling to tbe ground. Fitzpatrick
became conscious in a moment but found that
he could not stir hand or foot and shouted
feebly for assistance. Several ot his associates
were working near by, and tbey ran to his
rescue. They were compelled to lower him
from his lofty perch by means of ropes. An
ambulance was called, and be was removed to
Governeur Hospital. After remaining an hour
In the hospital he left and returned to his
post He was still very weak, and said that be
had suffered excruciating internal pains. A
horse that' John Coleman was driving was
knocked down to-day by a fallen electric light
wire in Greenwich street near Beach.
Wondering and Not Sanr.
George Guggenheim, tbe Assistant Superin
tendent of tbe Metropolitan Life Insurance
Company, of 71 Broadway, Williamsburg, wbo
disappeared from his home, S&a Marion street
Brooklyn, last Saturday morning, was found by
bis son on Friday night wandering near bis
home. He looked wretched, and at first
did not recognize bis son. A phy
sician wbo examined him said his mind
was affected, and that he bad symptoms
of typhoid fever. In a disconnected way Gug
genheim said that he bad been to Reading and
to Philadelphia. His clothing was damp and
.dirty. His pockets were cut and all the valua
bles be was known to bave in bis possession
were gone. Tbe waistcoat pocket in which he
carried his watch Was torn out This evening
Mrs. Guggenheim said: "My husband tells me
that be remembers starting from the
office to come home after some ac
counts which,' he bad forgotten; that it
began to rain, and be went into a storeond
bought a felt bat Tbe next thing be remem
bers was getting off a train In Philadelphla,and
tbe next wss flnaing himself in Reading. Occa
sionally, he says, he would bare lucid spells,
and then would start for home, losing himself,
however, In the next few minutes. Now that
he is home, he often starts up and says: "Oh,
pieaselet me go; I must go home
- CURIOUS COBDEHSATI0K8. .
The town of Lee, Me., has neither law.
yer, doctor nor minister.
A visitor at Santa Cruz tried to swim iu
the surf. A wave was carrying him out to sea
when three girls rescued him. He presented
each with a silk dress.
Several of the large land owners of
Scotland bare Imported a number of reindeer
from Norway and turned them out in tbe
hope that they may become acclimated and
A lady pedestrians' club is a novelty at
Paw Paw, Mich. When at work they carry
canes, ornamented with yellow bows. Each
member is bound by an oath as solemn as can
be to report ready for a dozen-mile jaunt each
Wednesday and Saturnay morning.
In Nevada electricity runs the very
deep mines and bas increased production 25
percent The men who work at 8.100 feet deep
live about two years, notwithstanding the fact
tbey work only about two hours per day. Tbey
get mora pay than eight-hour men. They work
15 minutes and rest 15.
Mr. Charles Newman, of Albany, went
out on Raquette Lake on Friday afternoon of
last week and caught with a rod and reel, 35
pounds of black bass. Tbe next day he caught
S3 pounds. On Monday he caught a lake trout
weighing 15 pounds. It measured 32 Inches
in length and IVKi inches around belly or
A remarkable instance ot long-continued
service in the employment of a single
concern is furnished in the case of Smith B.
Freeman, who died recently on Staten Island
at the age ot 82 years, after having been con
tinuously employed by tbe Staten Island dye
ing establishment since its organization in
1819, a period of 70 years.
The "nickel-in-the-slot" idea has been
applied in England to electrio lamps intended
for use In omnibuses, street cars and railway
cars. You put a penny in the slot of such a
lamp, press a knob, and out streams the light.
By clockwork machinery at the end ot half an
hour the light Is extinguished and can be ig
nited again only with a penny taper.
Lightkeeper Elliott, of Gasparilla Isle,
Fla., found a 160-pound bombshell on the island
the other day, and proceeded to open it with a
chisel. When be succeeded and saw that It
was filled with perfectly good powder his hair
fairly stood on end. One spark ot fire from
tbe chisel as he chipped tbe shell would have
necessitated the appointment of anew light
William Chandler, of Waynesboro,
Ga says that be saw a party of 12 men, living
at and around old Ringgold, go fishing, each
one carrying with him fishing tackle In the
shape ofa sledge hammer. They would striku
the ledges ot rock covered in the water, and
the strong concussion from the heavy blows
would stun the fish, and enable the fishermen
to gather them in.
For several years past learned, or ap
parently learned, arguments bare appeared in
Western newspapers to tbe effect that the level
of the grea; lakes is lowering and that a period
of low water Is beginning. These theories have
been upset tbe past month by a rise of tbe level
of tbe lakes and the passage over shallow
S laces of large vessels conveying big cargoes.
'ne propeller, the Corsica, bas just passed
through the lakes carrying the heaviest cargo
ever shipped on a lake vessel.
A gallant young disciple of Blackstone
at EUavllle, Ga., finding business in the legal
profession rather dull at this season, and hav
ing a wife and baby to provide for, laid away
his law books, closed his office, doffed his stand
ing collar, congress gaiters and court house
clothes, hauled on his seediest garments, seized
a trowel, and sallied forth to earn bread by the
sweat of his brow until the law business picked
up. He had gotten a job of brick laying, and
earned over 5100 before his friends missed him
out of town. 4
Mr. J. L. Grant, of Wapping, Conn.,
calls public attention to his pigs. There aro
half a dozen of them and they know mbre than
all the rest of the pigs In Connecticut Mr.
Grant was not avare how smart bis pigs were
until, having noticed that one of his cows gave
less milk than she was wont to do, he investi
gated the mystey. He found that the pigs
were milking tbe cow regularly. They were
only eight weeks old. but tbey are long enougr
by standing on their hind legs to milk the cow,
which is short quite handily. The cow does
not mind it
Slowly the great falls of the Niagara
river are changing in shape, through the eat
ing away ot the shale rock which underlies tho
bard rock that forms the bed of tbe rapids. It
Is almost a misnomer now to speak ofthe Cana
dian portion of the great cataract as the
"Horseshoe Falls," and within a week this des
ignation has become more than ever misplace,
in consequence of the fall of a large seetionol.
the bed rock in the very center of tbe -falls.'
So much rock fell that an eddy below tbe falls
near the Canadian side of the river has been
narrowed more than half, and the little
steamer Maid of tbe Mist bas less difficulty
than before in running into tbe curve of the
Fourteen years ago Joseph Buchtel saw
a little fellow knocked down by a horse draw
ing a street car in which be was riding In Port
land, Ore. Tbe driver's bead was turned, and
Buchtel, grabbing the reins with one hand,
wheeled the horse away from the child, and
with the, other grasped him just as tbe wheel
was about to crush him. The father, W. C
Johnson, was profuse in thanks, and the affair
was apparently forgotten. The child grew.and
on his 18th birthday Mr. Buchtel was Invited to
Mr. Johnson's office, where be found the fam
ily assembled. The boy made a neat speech,
and banded bis surprised rescuer a gold-headed
cane, inscribed "From W. Carey Johnson. Juno
27.1889. In memory of a brave deed, 1875. .1
owe you my boy's life." The acknowledgment
was a little slow in coming; but it got the:
just the same.
The Texas and Pacific Company sank
bored well some years ago near Eagle Flat si
tion, Ala- in order to obtain artesian wale;
The well was abandoned when it had bee:
bored 800 feet hut the tubing Is still intact
it For 12 hours each day a furious gust of air
rushes into the tubing, and the next 12 hours
an equally strong gust rushes out A local
theory of the phenomenon Is as follows: "The
well must penetrate into some large subter
ranean cavern wbichlcontalns a large body of
water, this water having connection, by an
underground passage, with tbe Gulf of Mexico
or the Pacific ocean. If this be true. It Is very
plain that the suction and escaping of the air is
caused by tbe ebbing and flowing of tbe tide.
As the tide ebbs down In this cavern a vacuum
is made underground, which is filled by the air
rushing in through this well, and, conversely,
when tbe tide comes up, the air is forced out
through the same opening. The air while In
this cavern mav become mixed with various
gases, but not magnetized, as has been sup
posed." FUN AND PHILOSOPHY.
"Now, sir, who was present when the
prlsonerboxed your ears?" .
'Iwas, sir." San iYaneiseo Wasp.
"Yes, I am the victim of a maiden's
sighs." said a young man who married a ISO
pound beauty. Kearney Enterprise.
The clayeaters are never satisfied with
any hotel fare, no matter how good It Is. They
wjnt the earth. Jteie Orleans Picayune.
She I wouldn't marry you for 520,000.
ne But I have 0.000.
Bhe-O, well, that's different Terre Haute r.
When a strand of feminine hair gets en
tangled In a masculine scarf-pin. It does not re
quire a very heavy step la an adjoining room
to make two hearts beat as SO. Chicago Journal.
Ohio is a fine State, but the people ain't
half as careful as they ought to be about the com
pany they keep. We see It stated that an Ohio
maahasjust taken the smallpox from a pig.
Jfao Xork Morning Press
As Near as They Came. Bessie I think
tbe Jahlmers are dreadfully shoddy. They're rich,
but I'm sure the family has no pedigree.
Jennie No; but tbe old man's last horses have.
Kexo Xort Juttntng Sun.
Too Late. Brown I wouldn't have had
you say that In the minister's presence for (10, you
Little Johnnie If you'd given me the tenner,
dad, 1 wouldn't have said It. A'eto York Evening
Blazer-coated youth on hind platform ot
Arch street ear to another with bine straw hat
You told a lady friend of mine that my name was
Spirited response I did not. I said your name
would be Schuylkill water to me hereafter. PAtf
Couldn't Blame Him. She Isn't this
rather sudden, Mr. Pontonby? Wouldn't It be
better to postpone your proposal until we are bet
Ponsoaby I don't know about that. All the
other girls said they might bave accepted me If
they hadn't known me so welt Sew lork i'n
Wife (meeting her husband at the door)
Ob, Charles, I bave been frightened out of my
Husband Yes, dear. I know; but I was unfor
tunate enough not to find It out until after par
Tbey haven't spoken for awcek,-csfJiy S