Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, August 02, 1889, Page 4, Image 4

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Vol.44. J 0.176. Entered atl'lttsbttrg l'ostofflcc,
oeinuer 14, ItoT. as second-class matter.
Business Office-- 07 and 99 Fifth Avenue.
News Booms and Publishing House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street.
Eastern AdvirtUlng Office, ltoom 43, Tribune
llulldlng, lewYork.
Average net circulation of the dally edition of
The WsrATcn for six months ending June 30, 1688,
Copies per Issue.
Average net circulation of the Sunday edition of
TrjE ills r Arc u for three months ending Juno S
Copies per Issue.
PAiLVDisrATcn, One 1 car 8 5 00
Daily Dispatch, i'er Quarter....: SCO
Daily Dispatch. One Month "0
Daily Dispatch. Including Sunday, 1 year. 10 00
DAILY Disi-atch. Including bunday.Sm'ths. S 50
Daily Dispatch, including bunday, 1 month to
buDAY DlsrATCH, Onelear 2 SO
Weekly DisrATCH, One Year 1 55
The Daily Dispatch Is delivered by carriers at
35 cents per treek, or including bunday edition, at
SOcents per week.
According to Governor Beaver, every
thing is all right at Johnstown, and has
been all along. Meanwhile Treasurer
Thompson took hold yesterday and, with
less hired help and less red tape, shoveled
out the money to the beneficiaries just twice
as rapidly as Judge Cummin had been
Governor Beaver is an optimist of the su
perlative degree. It would oe unjust not to
give him full credit for meaning well in
whatever he undertakes. Probably no one
means better. But he is largely possessed
of the idea that ouce he has settled on a
plan, it is the only right plan, and that
what he doesn't happen to include in his
first view don't exist.
In short, he is a man not easy to lead
and about imossible to drive; and the mem
bers of the I'ittsburg Belief Committee who
have been tugging at the halter need not
feel surprised that while they were getting
His Excellency a few steps nearer speedy
distribution, he still seemed by his speeches
Wednesday to be heading in the same old
direction of delay, impossibility to go
faster, etc.
When the partisan opponents of Pensions
Commissioner Tanner went gunning for him
they thought his well-known sentiments fa
vorable to the veteran soldiers might have
led him into irregular official generosity.
They were so confident and so blatant
that they went the length of reporting that
Secretary Xoble and the President were
averse to Tanner. Now that the special ex
aminers appointed by the administration
have formally reported in favor of the Com
missioner, absolutely and entirely exonerat
ing him from the charges, the whole affair
is practically a boom for Tanner and a
boomerang lor his enemies.
Many might differ from Commissioner
Tanner as to the proper policy as to pen
sions. But there is none so stupid as to
deny him the right of advocating openly
his opinions. There need be none so dull,
either, as not to understand that a man who
suffered such terrible wounds as Tanner did
in the war should naturally feel a sympathy
for the soldier. But when it is shown that
no matter how strong his sympathies, the
charges about irregularities in his adminis
tration are falsehoods, the opposition have
greatly obliged the Commissioner. They
have demonstrated that however his feelings
run, he is still a safe man to keep within
the law as he finds it.
There wis a particular malignity in the
method of assaults on Tanner. The pur
pose to rush him out of the office on a wave
of frothy imputation was pretty apparent.
Thousands who may differ from him in his
views on this or that matter will, not less
than his friends, feel glad that the bluster
ing attempt to stampede both Tanner and
the administration faired so utterly. The
people like truth' and fair play. In the
"rush" on Tanner there was little of the
one and nothing of the other. He will now
enjoy immunity, while the opposition will
look lor another administration man to
"turn over." That seems to be about the
size of the partisan warfare in these days.
The reports with regard to the strike
among the coke workers which was set for
yesterday, vary quite widely. Prom one
quarter it is stated that but few works have
been stopped, and from another it is reported
that the strike is assuming general dimen
sions. There is a practical agreement,
however, that a considerable share of the
coke workers not only denv the authority
which has ordered the strike, but fail to
recognize its justice. Under such circum
stances the wisdom of a strike which does
not take in over half the works and which
seems especially aimed against a firm that
has recently led the industry in giving
good wages, is more than problematical.
The most satisfactory features of the present
strike is the apparent strength of the con
servative interest.
It is likely to impress the intelligent ob
server with the shallowness of a large num
ber of advocates of social theories to observe
the readiness with which the growth of
trust combinations is accepted as a develop
ment ot new ideas and a new era in com
mercial organization. The widely quoted
ie w of Mr. Ed ward Bellamy, who is re
garded as one of the intelligent socialistic
writers, is an example in point. His idea
is that the rise of the trust marks the be
ginning of the end of the competitive sys
tem, and he regards it as a forward move
ment, declaring: "We cannot go back to
Egypt again."
Of course it is natural that writers who
have preconceived views, should disregard
the notorious facts of commercial history.
Nevertheless it is worth while to remember
that the plan of monopolizing trade is not
the result of modern ideas in commerce. It
is a relic of feudalism, inspired by the
selfishness which has been known to exist
ever since the fall of man. Salt monopolies
were more plentiful in mediaeval times
than they are at present; and monopolies in
transportation were au evidence of the im
perfect ideas of political economy which
prevailed at the time of the Cinque Ports.
So far from the trust being a new thing, it
Is the fact that the 'history of commerce
shows that whenever bad laws, tyrannical
government or the neglect of wholesome
principles have permitted it, men have al
ways been quick to grasp the exorbitant
profits and the unjust advantage over the
masses of mankind, that are to be obtained
from the monopoly of any branch of trade.
That monopolies are possible in this couu-
try at the end of the nineteenth century is
only due to the fact that the neglect of the
public has permitted advantages to be ob
tained in transportation through the nulli
fication of the charter contracts of the rail
ways, and have permitted the trusts to exist
in violation and defiance'of the common law
prohibition of such monopolies.
It is no less true that the feature of
stock inflation by trusts presents an
entire absence of novelty. It is an
old story for promoters and manipu
lators to seek the profits that can be obtained
by passing off upon the gullible publio
three or four dollars in paper values for one
of actual investment By creating the ex
pectation that the monopoly which the rail
ways were supposed to possess might yield
extraordinary profits, this business of floating
watered stock has delugtd.the country with
9,000,000,000 of railway capitalization on
about $4,500,000,000 of real investment; and
has only recently become so threadbare that
the" public can no longer be deceived by it.
The same policy of buying manufacturing
property worth from threeto five million dol
lars.and stocking it at from fifteen to twenty
millions, has been permitted by the idea that
extraordinary profits were to be gained by
the monopoly, which may or may not exist
under such organization.
The only novelty about the trust business
is that it has taken the public about
as many months to see through the scheme
of floating bogus securities in connection
with it, as the number of years which were
needed to expose the stock-watering game
in copnection with the railroads.
A shower of charters for street railways
by this time must begin to suggest to the
publio mind the cheerful Colonel Sellers and
his eye-water. The cable lines have made a
bushel of money for the proprietors paying,
so far as constructed, dividends, not only in
cash, but on the bigger volumes of water
but it by no means follows that all is gold
which glitters, or that every new charter
runs along a high road to fortune, as well as
to the suburbs.
As a matter of fact, while there are several
legitimate enterprises on the carpet in this
line, most of the charters contemplate oper
ation contingent only upon various things
in the womb of futurity. Some are taken
out to wait until the city grows np to the
projected railroad. Others are gotten to help
existing lines, in the vain notion that the
fact of a charter being out for a given route
will scare off competition in that quarter.
The liberality of the State authorities in
issuing charters would be astonishing if they
possessed of themselves intrinsio value; bnt
as, when forrailways,they are of no good until
the city grants right of way, it is easy to see
that not much is lost or made by the gener
osity. They do not even block a grant of
city rights of way to an individual or to an
entirely different corporation for the same
The shower of charters, therefore, which
Governor Beaver has lately been raining on
the heads of this community does not neces
sarily mean any very productive addition to
the assets of the people in these parts.
Our bright cotemporary, the New York
Evening Sun, thinks that the State Depart
ment at Washington is making an unnec
essary to-do over the fact that the United
States Consul at Tangiers flogged a natu
ralized American citizen for beating his
wife. The Sun thinks this indignation out
of place, because exactly the same penalty
was inflicted upon a citizen of Maryland at
Hagerstown this week under the statutes of
that State. The Sun says "it will be hard
for the State Department to arouse much
indignation against Consul Lewis for dos
ing a brute in Algiers with the same strap
oil which Is served to similar brutes in
It is cogent in this connection to remark
that there is a vital difference between the
infliction of the whipping post punishment
in Maryland and the same infliction by a
United States Consul, in the fact that the
statutes of Maryland authorize such a
punishment, while it is nowhere to be found
within the statutes of the United States.
There may be an honest difference of opin
ion as to whether the revival of the
whipping post is anything more
than the revival of mediaeval bru
tality; but it is certainly a cogent point
that the infliction of a penalty authorized
by the law is a very different thing from the
infliction of the same penalty where it is
not authorized.
The State Department is entirely right in
insisting that the officials under its control
shall confine themselves to the class ot
punishments which are prescribed 'in the
statutes of the United States.
There is a pointed suggestion in connec
tion with the editorial reference of the New
York Telegram to the effect that Jake Kil
rain has dodged into Virginia for the
sake of avoiding Detective Norris and his
requisition upon the Governor of Maryland,
for the arrest of the defeated prize fighter.
The Te'egram says that "there are a few
more States which Kilrain can move into,
but the game is blocked along the range
just east of Mississippi." This pursuit of
Kilrain looks a little singular in view of the
fact that Detective Norris would have had
no difficulty in ascertaining the whereabouts
of John L. Sullivan, who was also a prom
inent participant in the violation of law,
previous to his arrest on Wednesday by the
New York police. Mr. Sullivan has ap
peared prominently and publicly in Chi
cago and New York. If Detective Norris
hankered to arrest someone he might have
been able to lay his hands upon Sullivan
without trouble. Is Norris alter Kilrain
because he lost the fight, or because he did
not pay Norris enough for securing him
immunity from arrest, when the detective
agreed to protect him in breaking the law?
It is asserted, that Mr. C. P. Hunting
ton's sale of his Chesapeake and Ohio Bail
road indicates that he is going to concen
trate his railroad intere'sts in the Sonthwest,
where he can control the shortest Southern
transcontinental line between the Pacific
Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Until Mr.
I Huntington has finally made those arrange
ments, he will indulge in the usual cor
porate outcry against people who now own
the most direct line when they try to take
away the business which Mr. Huntington
wants retained by his own road.
It is beginning to dawn upon our esteemed
Eastern cotemporaries that the $110,000 sale
of Millet's "Angelus," was a mere artistic
fake. Wait until the picture is imported
and see what proportion of the alleged price
is stated' as the actual value of that much;
advertised work of art.
Among the absurd rumors of the Ameri
can interests which British investors are f
buying up, that concerning a reported
movement of a British syndicate to buy up
the 10 and 16 cent theaters of the Eastern
cities is objected to on the ground that the
British syndicates have heretofore confined
their operations to the interest which pro
duce necessities, and do not wish luxuries.
This reveals the astonishing fact that there
are people in this country who regard the
10 and 15 cent theaters as luxuries.
Wnn one wife-beater publicly whipped
in Maryland, and another in Tangiers,
while a third haSTeceived an extra-judicial
coat of tor and feathers in Kansas, there are
some indications that wife-beating is on the
point of going out of fashion.
One of the representatives from Delaware
county has resigned his seat in order to ac
cept a position under Collector Cooper. An
exchange says that the Delaware people will
have to hunt around to find men who are able
to fill the places thus vacated by the Repre
sentative and Senator. Perhaps so; but
while they are at it, the people ot Delaware
county may as well take the extra trouble to
hunt around and find representatives who
will represent the people and not the cor
porations. "With Pittsburg coal quoted at $2 90 a
ton at Chicago, and the assertion that it
costs ?2 98 to lay it dojrn there, it seems to
be about time to suggest an inquiry as to
how much a Chicago ton of coal weighs.
Mb. A. Bentley Woethington, who
has just acquired fame by the discovery that
be has deceived eight confiding women into
marrying him, is now writing articles in the
line of alleged "Christian Science," to
prove that society is corrupt. There does
not seem to be much doubt that with regard
to that portion of society which consists of
Mr. A. Bentley Worthington, his opinion of
the general corruption is entirely well
Canada's wrath over onr seizure of her
sealers is probably of about the texture of
the uprising of this country over the seizure
of our fishing vessels on the Eastern coasts
by Canada.
It is also stated that friends of Mr.
William C. Whitney have confessed that he
would not refuse the Democratic nomina
tion for President, if was tendered to him.
Whitney and Quay as opposing candidates
for the Presidency would be equivalent to
offering a premium on a third party candi
date. Montana's forest fires show a necessity
for moving them East in order to secure the
necessary treatment for them from Pennsyl
vania's superabundant rains.
Air electric car, run by storage battery, in
New York City has a record of 7,000 miles
of travel, and 80,000 passengers carried,
without a dollar of expenditure for repairs
or alterations. This looks as though the
storage battery may yet demonstrate its
claim to be regarded as the motor of the
Allegheny's artesian wells bid fair to
discount her hydrant water as a liquid ve
hicle of wonderfully deleterious elements.
Fbom the thickness with which political
yarns of more or less veracity generally
less crowd the atmosphere, oue would
imagine ibat we are approaching the close of
a national campaign, instead of laying the
pipes, as one story has it, for the future
opening ot a Presidental canvass.
Hon. Lambert Tree is about to donate to
the commissioners of Lincoln Fork, Chicago, a
fine bronze statue of LaSalle, tho explorer.
The fashionable London wedding ring has
recently been of dull gold, bnt Princess Louise
went back to the old fashion and chose hers
bright. ,
Mrs. Kendall, the famous English actress!
is the youngest of 22 children, and comes of an
family that has tarnished seven generations to
the stage. r
It is stated that Senator' Evarts was the
author of tho so-called Williams constitution
for North Dakota, and that he was paid $5,000
for writing the document.
Robert G. Blaine, brother of the Secre
tary of State, is said to be an aspirant for ap
pointment as Recorder of Deeds of the District
of Columbia. He is now in a position in the
Department of Agriculture.
A W. Lymaw, who for several years has had
charge of the Washington bureau of the New
York Sun, has purchased a controlling interest
in the Helena Independent, a Democrat paper,
and took possession yesterday.
Among the lecturers at the Summer School
of Christian Philosophy at Key East is Dr.
Charles F. Hines, professor of Natural Science
at Dickinson College. He has an enviable rank
among educators as an original investigator
and independent thinker.
The affairs of the Chicago Timet underwent
a change Wednesday afternoon, when Joseph
Dunlop took entire charge of the editorial and
news department ot his paper. Mr. Dnnlop has
for the last two years represented the interest
of Mrs. Eareka E. Storey, widow of the late
editor of the limes.
John Tyler, son of the dead ex-Presllcnt,
is gradually sinking. His entire body has been
paralyzed for nearly a year, and he is finally
giving way to the consequent Inanition. When
in health he was talented, witty, learned and
companionable. For several years past he has
held a sinecure in the Treasury Department,
Summary of Wells Completed nnd Produc
tion Daring; the Month.
Oil City, August L The DerricWs July oil
report contains the following: The summary
table of the month's bnsiness shows 33 wells
completed with an output of 7,022 barrels pro
duction. This is a decrease of 22 wells and 628
barrels from the showing made for June. The
drill is being unshed toward the center of the
earth in COS wells this morning, and the field of
derricks number 252. Here, again, the bull
may find consolation, inasmuch as June 30 re
vealed 620 wells and 281 rigs along the line of
operations. The wildcatter tn his mad career
found 92 dry boles in July. June weht 5 better,
her credit being 97 dry holes.
These numerous dry holes, scattered over
many miles of territory, demonstrate in what
straights the producer finds himself in his
anxiety to discover something new. In Venan
go and Clarion there were 171 wells completed,
with a production of 008 barrels, and there are
122 wells drilling and 70 rigs up and building.
In Boiler and Armstrong, 46 wells completed;
production 672 barrels; 10 dry. In the boutb.
west territory (Washington, Allegbeny.Oreene
and Turkeyfoot), 15S wells completed; produc
tion, 4,683 barrels; 39 dry.
Where the State' Money ! Kept.
Harrisburg, August 1. Nino banks in the
State held the Sl.422,008 17 in the general f nnd
at the close of yesterday's business at the State
Treasury. The following had the largerNde-
Iioslts: Allegheny National, $305,634 77; People's,
'blladelphia, $358,14740; Commonwealth Guar
antee Trust and Safe Deposit Company, Harris
burg, $351,218 86; Economy SavingaJnstitution,
Beaver Falls, $100,000; Farmers and Mechanics'
National, Philadelphia, $138,89e 87. Thu money
in the Economy Savings Institution has not
been disturbed since it was deposited there sev
eral years ago, in deference to the wishes of
Senator Quay.
A Llllpntlnn Reception.
Miss Virginia Diehl, the 3-year-old- little
daughter of W. J. Diehl, of Hiland avenue.
East End, gav6 her first publio reception last
evening to numerous Lilliputian friends, in
commemoration of ber birthday. The parlors
of Mrs. Diehl were crowded with guests the en
tire afternoon and evening, and the young peo
ple spent a very enjoyable time. Little Miss
Virginia was assisted receiving the guests by
her mother and several other ladies.
Sccond-TIaiid Celebrities,
from the Chlcafo New.:
The French elections have shown quite con
clusively that General Bonlanger is a back
number. He will presently grace the shelves
devoted to second-hand celebrities, and will be
labelled: "This style, 25 cents."
An Important Event In a Tonne Indian's
Life A Hovere Teat of a Warrior!
Physical Endurance.
A sun dance is a more Importanjevent in the
life of a young Sioux buck than the "coming
out" ball of a society debutante, for in his case
it transforms a boy into a warrior, and gives
him a standing in his band that ho must
achieve, or be looked upon with contempt as a
"coffee-cooler," an expressive term used by the
Indians, meaning ono who hangs around a
camp to beg for what is left after his betters
have been served. No buck can appear in
council and talk a function as dear to the In
dian's heart as it Is to the before-mentloned
society belle unless he has gone through with
the physical discomforts of this ceremonial
dance. It is also a religious affair, and many
old bucks dance, believing by so doing tbey
propitiate the Great Spirit and have success
in tlieir undertakings.
The dance, which lasts about two days, oc
curs about once a year. In July or August.
Notice of the date and place of holding is sent
by runners to all the different bands of the
Sioux tribe. The short timo required to convey
thu, or any other information ot importance,
to these people by the means they employ, of
runners and signals, has long been a matter of
wonderment to those who have lived among,
Having been told by a friend of mine. Stand
ing Elk, chief of a band of Spotted Tail In
dians, who spoke excellent English when ask
ing for whisky or tobacco, that old Spot's outfit
were going to have a sun dance near their
agency, on the Keya-Paha, about 85 miles from
the post where I was serving. In Dakota, I got
up a party of officers to ride over and see it.
Standing Elk, who was to be the Grand Mar
shal, agreed to provide us with reserved seats.
After some difficulty we found the place and
saw before us, on a rising plateau on the other
side of the breaks of tho Keya-Paha, hundreds
of tepees and several thousands of bucks,
squaws and papooses; also a great mass of other
animal life. The crowd was so large that right
there on the open prairie, a short time before
our arrival, a boy had been crushed to death
in a stampede that had occurred. There were
14,000 or 15,000 Indians present. This crowd,
mounted and on foot, was centering on the big
dance house, where the festivities were in fall
blast, the dancing having begun with the first
rays of the sun, all of the dancers having spent
the previous night seated in a .circle in this
tepee waiting for the sun to rise.
It was no easy matter to get close inough to
the entrance of the big tepee to find the Grand
M arshal; but by careful riding and a judicious
use of "How codal" a polite expression of
hello, friend! we succeeded, and caw stand
ing close to the orchestra, in all the majesty of
his six feet of powerful physique, new rod
blanket, freshly painted face and gay war
bonnet of eagle's feathers, my f nend Standing
Elk, with the baton of office In his hand.
The Wa-che-pee tepee (or dance honse) was
an immense circle, inclosed on the outside, ex
cept a wide entrance by posts set in the ground;
the spaces filled in with brush, with a shade of
the same built over the top. Tho middle of
this lnclosnre occupied by the dancers was
open to the foil glare of a powerful sun. AU
around this circle, on the posts supporting the
shade, were hung banners of different colored
calicoes, painted buffalo hides, and gaily dec
orated shields of the same material. The gen
eral effect was that of a circus.
In the center of the circle was planted a tall
Cottonwood pole, from which wero hnng ban
ners, lariats, buffalo beads, medicine bags,
bunches of painted porcupine quills, bundles of
bird's feathers, and large figures of men cut
out of buffalo hide. This pole was cut, hauled
to its place and planted by a number of
maidens the evening before. It is the only
partot the ceremony women are allowed to
participate in. They are even excluded from
the lnclosuro, but are kindly allowed to gratify
their curiosity by peeping through the outside
brush. Great numbers of handsomely dressed
ladles availed themselves of this opportunity
I use the term "handsomely dressed" advisedly
the prevailing costumed consisting of deer
skin mantles, beautifully beaded, with as many
as 50 pounds of beads on a mantle.
The orchestra, located opposite the entrance,
consisted of six enormous tom-toms, operated
by as choice a body of thieves and cut-throats
as ever murdered music The dance. Being
continuous from the rising of the sun until Its
going down on the second day, requires unceas
ing music, so there was a detail of. musical ex
perts to relieve each other, at stated intervals.
The sound they make on the tom-toms. In con
nection with their voices chanting "Hi-ya! Ho
ya!" is monotonous; but It Is in perfect tune,
and not as disagreeable near bj as at a distance
on a dark, still night.
The dancers, more than 150 most of them
youngsters going through the ordeal for the
first time are ranged around the center pole,
keeping time with the tom-toms with a peculiar
step that requires one foot at a time to be
raised, while the weight of the body is brought
down on the heel that is touching the ground.
The body is crouched and bent forward, with
the arms raised, the right arm being extended
above the bead when the left foot Is down, and
the left arm when the right foot is down. This
alternating motion constitutes the dance, and
can be kept up without gaining ground. But
the fresh jouths occasionally spring both back
ward and forward, and thereby elicit applause.
All the time the dancers must face the sun and
look at it. They are not allowed any head
covering, and are stripped naked, except a
breech clout,
The dancers hold in their mouths whistles,
made out of the bones of turkeys' wings, which
they blow as they breathe, the object being to
keep the mouth dry. They are not allowed
water or food during the whole time of the
dance (about 48 hours). To intensify their de
sire for water, which is the harder of the two
to bear, several philanthropists go among them
with water, which they pour from a cup into a
bucket In front of the dancers, so they can see
and smell it. These philanthropists are accom
panied by good Samaritans, who assist the
power of the sun by flashing light from a look
ing glass Into the dancers' eyes.
Only the most tender hearted of these cul
tured children of nature are entrusted with
these delicate missions, and they must belong
to different lodges than the dancers they ap
pear before. Their desire Is to break down the
dancers, while it is a matter of pride with the
members of the lodges to which these young
sters belong to succeed,and it is permssible for
a buck, not one of the dancers, to go alongside
of a tired friend and let him lean his back
against him, both keeping up the dance.
Although the dance was not more than six or
seven hours old when we appeared, there were
several dancers being assisted In this manner.
The only cessation of the dance allowed the
dancer (each one gets his chance) is when the
Big Medicine Man, who stands near the center
pole, calls him up to be operated upon. But he
is only permitted to stand still long enongh to
endure that pleasure, which consists In having
incisions made in the flesh of his breasts, or on
his back below the shoulder blades, through
which are run thongs of deer skin, to which aro
tied either a buffalo head or a lariat, taken
from the pole.
While this matter of sight and sound is kept
up a warrior will enter the circle and in a loud
voice orate to the crowd, telling of his exploits
in tho good times gone by, when scalping was
not a lost art. This danCe I'm telling of was
held the next summer after the Custer mas
sacre, and several of the audience present had
been actively engaged In it. These orators talk
well, and what they say is listened to with great
attention. It fires tho young men's hearts with
a desire to emulate the deeds described, and
keeps the dancers nerved np to go through witn
an ordeal which will entitle them to appearand
tell what they have done, even If it only con
sists in the killing of an old Ponca squaw.
Sun dance is a fair trial of a man's ability to
endure discomfort. He has got to abstain
from sleep, water and food for 48 hours, during
SO of them taking violent exercise, besides suf
fering the great pain caused by looking at the
sun, and some incidental knife work that Is
done at night when no white men are present.
And when a young back has successfully gone
through with it, he Is entitled to be considered
qualified for the vicissitudes of a warrior's life.
Allex Butch, Captain Fourth Cavalry.
Acrreaica of Noted Ancestry.
From the Philadelphia Ledger.!
A granddaughter of one of the signers of
the Declaration of Independence is to star
theatrically next season. If some descendent
of Columbus cannot be discovered and fitted
with a play in time for the 1S92 celebration. It
will not be the fault of the managerial fraternity.
Preferred Stock.
To the Editor of The DitDatch:
Please explain the difference between com
mon and preferred stock in railroads, or other
corporations. Citizen.
Alleqhbxy, August 1.
The common stock of a company is eutltled
to such dividends out of the net .earnings of
the company after expenses of operation and
interest on bonds are paid as the directors may
vote. Preferred stock takes precedence over
the common stoek in its dividend up to a cer
tain fixed rate. That Is, a dividend not exceed
ing whatever rate may have been fixed must be
paid to preferred stockholders first. Then if
there is slill a surnlus, dividends may bo paid
to the common stockholders up to the rate paid
to the preferred stockholders, after which all
the stock usually shares alike. There may be
several issues of preferred stock, ranking in
dividend rights In the order of their number,
"first preferred." "second preferred," etc.
Preferred stock some times has a greater vot
ing power than common stock, but that Is un
usual. An Old Penny.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
I have a copper coin bearing the date of 172L
On the face are the words, "Georglus Rex"
and on the reverse "Brittannia." Please tell
me what it is and what it is worth. J. M. K.
Pittsburg, August 1.
I From the description we should judge that
it was an English penny of the time of George
L Coin collectors quote tbem at from 10 to 40
cents each.
Gettysburg Yeterans.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
Are all Pennsylvania soldiers to be furnished
transportation to Gettysburg, or only those
that participated in that battle? MAC.
Kf.nnerdell, Pa., August L
The published announcements state that
those who participated In the battle of Gettys
burg are to be given transportation. Other
soldiers are not mentioned.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
What city stands next in population to Now
YorkT C. B.
Beaver Falls, August L
lAccordlng to tho census of 1880, Philadel
phia. Whether that city or Chicago is to hold
second place Is a question to be settled by the
census of 189a
The American Sugar Trust Denies Reported
Denllngra With the Germans.
New York, Angust L A cablegram from
London, published to-day, gives an account of
an alleged attempt on the part of the Magde
burg sugar syndicate, in collusion with the
American Sugar Trust, to defraud the United
States Government out of a large sum SL136,
000 In duties by the coloring of sugar stock to
bring it down to the grade which Is admitted at
the lowest tariff rate. The Magdeburg syndi
cate, it was stated, bad obtained control of 80,
000,000 pounds of sugar, and had sold the whole
amount to the New York Sugar Trust. The
contract with the American purchasers, it was
further reported, made necessary the coloring
of the sngar, which was of a higher grade, down
to 18 Dutch standard, so that It could be im
ported at a low duty, making a difference of
over $1,000,000 to the United States Treasury.
Bnt the failure of this scheme for lack of finan
cial backiug, according to the story, caused the
price of sugar to decline from 29 shillings to
about 20 shillings, while "a great crash" Is soon
Treasurer Searles is usually very silent as to
the affairs of the Sugar Trust, but he was more'
communicative to-day, and pronounced the re-
fiort of the Magdeburg ring's doings as abso
utely false, so far as it relates to the Sngar
Trust here. "It has never had any dealings,"
he continued, "whatever with the Magdeburg
sugar syndicate. It has purchased in the open
market in Germany, from time to time, beet
sugars, as It has in all the markets of the world,
but it has bad no contracts whatever with the
German syndicate. The German syndicate
was a speculative movement, organized for the
purpose of advancing tho prices of raw sugars."
The Signal Rocket to be Used to Carry Life
Lines to Vessels.
from the Philadelphia Inqnlrer.i
Robert W. Bartlett, of New Bedford, Mass..
and Patrick Cunningham, the Inventor of the
signal rocket, will arrive at the Lafayette
Hotel to-day on a mission of a peculiar nature.
They are on their way from .Norfolk to Scran
ton for the purpose of testing the capacity of
the Scranton Steel Works in the production of
a high quality of four-Inch tube. The
rocket which Mr. Cunningham has invented
takes the place ot the gun in carrying
life-lines to or from vessels in distress.
In preparing it for firing the powder with
which it 13 filled is packed so tightly with a 60
ton weight that only the finest steel tubing can
be used, and until recently this had to be im
ported from England. A recent authoritative
decree Insists, however, that all materials used
in the naval department must be of American
make, and Messrs. Bartlett and Cunningham
will go to Scranton with Mr. I P. Ashmead to
see whether the Scranton companies can
furnish the steel tubes or not.
Inventor Cunningham is very sanguine of his
invention Thus far he claims to have demon
strated the practicability of the rocket, and, be'
iug still engaged in improving it In various
ways, -he feels certain that it will ultimately
become the inevitable accessory of every ship.
In several trials he has thrown lines twice the
distance which guns could force them, and he
hopes to be able to do even better than that.
He is the inventor of what is known as the ex
ploding harpoon for whaling, and it was his ex
periments with that weapon which first turned
bis thought to the lifeline rocket He has been
at work upon the latter upward of six years.
A Man. Who Disliked a DIocklngBlrd's Notes
Has Him Hashed.
From the Louisville Courier-Journal. J
Warrants of nearly every character are sworn
out in the Ordinance Court, bnt the one issued
at the instance of Charles H. Nye, of 701
Seventh street, yesterday, is without precedent.
Rube Loving Is the man against whom the
warrant was issued, and he lives in the alley
between Seventh and Eighth and Walnut and
Chestnut streets.
Mr. Loving ,1s the owner of a mocking bird,
whoso sweet songs are a source of great pleasure
to the people living in that neighborhood. The
bird's chirps aro strongest and its airs sweetest
early In the morning, but Mr. Nye is not -of a
musical turn, and consequently he considers
the bird a serious nuisance. Mr. Loving is
Sassionately fond of his bird, and when Mr.
Tye wanted him to extract its "whistles" the
owner refused.
When everything had failed to rid that
peaceful neighborhood of so great a nuisance,
Mr. Nye resorted to law. which resulted in the
issuing of a wnrrant against Mr. Loving, asking
the prompt removal of the mocking bird.
Deputy Marshal Connelly served the warrant
yesterday, and now the sweet melodies of the
mocking bird have been forever hushed.
Afraid of the Sonp.
from the Detroit Free Press. 1
The Czar will v(slt Germany, but in spite of
the cordiality of his invitation he docs not feel
safe in going to Berlin. These royal visits are
festive affairs especially when the guest does
not dare eat his sonp until his host has tasted it.
Boston Courier: It Is generally all np with a
man when he begins to go down hill.
Baltimore American: The quickest way of
smoothing rough characters is to iron them.
Boston Gazette: Does a man cast bis bread
upon the waters when ho takes a roll in the
Washington Capital: The hangman may
not be much of a theoretical musician, but ho
is great on execution.
Portlani? Argus: We have no hesitation In
saying that it is better to swear honestly than
to pray hypocritically.
Binghamton Republican: The water-lily
keeps Its head above water about as well as
anything we think ot just now.
Philadelphia Press: When the school
master whips one of the girls he hits a miss.
When the girl dodges she misses a hit.
Jamestown (N. Y.) Journal: A boy may
have a stone bruise so severe as to prevent his
attending school, yet he can run bases like a
pony express.
Somerville Journal: "That's stuff," said
the editor, as he handed tho poem back.
"That's tongb." said the poet, as he turned
sorrowfully away. .
Teres Haute Express: When the cashier
girdeth up his loins and fleethin the silence
and darkness of the night, then doth the ex
checker depart with the exchequer.
Interesting Experiences of nn American
Consul in the Ancient Capital of tbe
Chinese Empire.
Washington. Angust 1. A. C. Jones,
United States Consul to Chlnklang, China, has
written to the State Department an interesting
account of a visit he recently made to Nanking,
the ancient capital of the Chinese Empire, to
confer with Taotla Liu, Foreign Minister, re
garding Interests of American citizens within
his consulate, the result of which, the Consul
says, was most satisfactory. Of the city of
Nanking, Its condition and material interests.
Consul Jones saTs: "A credelated wall of built
brick and stone 60 feet In height, and, it Is said,
36 miles in circumference. Incloses the city. In
one or two parts there aro evidences of
repair, but generally It is intact, and in an ex
cellent state of preservation, considering that
it was built over 1,000 years ago. Much of the
area enclosed by this wall has lapsed Into a
savage state and become tbe resort of wild
game. The city, no doubt, was once a very
freat one; there are evidences of It everywhere,
n the thirteenth century it was the capital of
the Empire. It l still of vast extent, and from
what I saw of its recent condition and the
many rums of ancient palaces and temples and
paved roads that onco were populous and busy
streets, I could well imagine its former great
ness. Ad Emperor's Tomb.
"The present population is estimated at 600,000.
The capital was removed from Nanking to
Peking in the Ming dynasty In 1411. I visited
tho tomb of the first Ming Emperor, In a pict
uresque valley a mile or two outside tho walls.
Leading up to It on the plain are a number of
colossal stone figures of warrlojSL elephants,
camels, lions, etc., in moro or lew dilapidated
condition. Tbe ample grounds which Inclose
tho tomb were at ono time ornament
ed with stone and marble bridges,
kiosks and tablets, the remains of
which are scattered about the grounds buried
in a rank growth of wild shrubbery and trees.
All tbe tombs, temple, palaces and ancient
landmarks of China are rums. It seems never
to have been the policy of China to rebuild or
repair. Near here was tbe great first pagoda,
bnilt way back in the cectnries, at a cost of
3.000.000 taels. Its material was porcelain
brick, the top overlaid with burnished copper
and ornamented with jewels. No vestige of It
An Ancient Seat of Learning.
"The city is now the capital of the Department
of Vangtszee, where resides with a large num
ber of officials, the Viceroy Tseng, who governs
tbe department, consisting of the provinces of
Anohui, Kiangsu and Kiangsi, with a popula
tion all told of 100,000,000. It has always been
noted as the seat of learning of the Empire,
from the presence of scholars and learned men,
and a place where colleges, universities and
libraries are established. It is the head
quarters also of tbe Viceroy's army and
navy. In an industrial way there is an
arsenal here, where small arms and
ammunition are manufactured, and which em
ploys 1,000 workmen and machinists, all native
talent. There are also here extensive manu
factories of ribbons, silk, satin and velvet.
'Kankeen a fabric well known to the youth
of America 40 years ago is made here from
the yellow cotton plant, which Is extensively
cultivated on tho river bottoms. There is a
paper manufactory, which makes a beautiful,
translucent paper from vegetable pith. This
paper is much used for painting water color
pictures by native artists. Being the literary
center, tbe annual examinations of candidates
for all civil and military positions are held
The Examination Hnll
which I went to see, has accommodations for
30,000 students. Under cover of the hall are
long rows, or streets of cells, about three and a
half feet deep and three feet wide, in which
tbe candidates are confined from three to nine
days. They are given the subject, pen, ink and
paper and closed in.At the last examlnatlonthere
were 29,000 candidates for the 143 vacancies.
The literary class, a very considerable one, for
tbe most part, is poor, and distinguished
more than anything else for hostility to the
foreigner and swash-buckler, and when in force
gave the authorities a great deal of trouble In
Keeping oraer. j.ney are generally attnenoc
tom of evcrv dlsturbince and outrage, and on
account of their conditions it is rare that they
can bebrought to account."
Of American missionaries, their work and in
fluence, Mr. Jones says: "There are 30 Amer
icans in Nanking connected with the mission
ary societies, inclnding women and children.
They live in good brick, double-story houses,
with ample grounds and have every comfort.
They are the only foreigners living at Nanking.
The only annoyances to which they aro subject
aro to have foreign devils' shouted at tbem
In passing, and occasionally to have
their windows broken by the gam
ins while engaged at their practice
meetings. They are well behaved, law abiding
and give little trouble to the authorities. Tbe
central mission of the Methodist church has
a hospital at Nanking, where the Chinese are
received and treated at a nominal expense.
This is practical Christianity, which the people
understand and appreciate. The different
sects of missionaries and their hostility to each
and all others bave a confusing effect on tbe
mind of the heathen, and induces bim to stick
to his original gods."
A Visit to tbe Viceroy.
The person of tbe Viceroy and some of the
customs of the country are thus described: "I
arrived at tbe quarters of the Viceroy, and
was received by His Excellency in person, who
took both my hands in his, and led me Into the
andlence chamber and to a seat beside bim.
He is a slight, delicate-looking man, 60 years of
age, but he looks much younger. He is not
gray, and has a strong face, with very
kindly eyes. His dress was a long
robe of a golden hue almost transparent,
held at tho 'waist by a silk girdle with
elanorately worked gold clasp. It was he who
re-took Nanking from the Taiplng rebels 25
years ago, and be Btill suffers from wounds re
ceived in that achievement. His family is a
learned and very distinguished one in the civil
and military annals of China. The interview
was a very interesting and pleasant one to me.
The conversation ranged over a wide field, ex
hibiting upon his part a thorough acquaintance
of affairs at home and abroad.
Hospitality of , Itlnndnrins.
"I spent fonr days at Nanking, and was
practically the guest of the Vlcerdy, who
showed me considerate and delicate attention.
A civil and a military mandarin, with their fol
lowing of orderlies, messengers, etc, were sent
to take up quarters at the same mission in
order to be near and to be of service to me.
All this was cumbrous, if convenient, and bad
Its Inconvenience. But it is their idea of cere
mony and hospitality, and 1 had to accept it.
On my departure, I had to conform to another
custom no less obligatory, which was to fee
everybody, from the two Mandarins In attend
ance to the guides, conductors and coolies who
accompanied me everywhere, to the amount of
65 Mexican dollars."
It Cost 82,500 nnd is Both a Timepiece and
a Calendar.
Boston, August L W. T. R, Huntington, of
Cleveland, is the owner of a unique watch pre
sented to him by bis father, John Huntington,
a watch that is one of two, Mr. Huntington,
Sr., carrying the duplicate. For both these, it
is said, tbe latter paid $5,000 in gold to the
makers, Messrs. J. Badollet & Co., of Genevi.
Tbe caso of the one described Is of pure gold,
four ounce, while the works are of tbemost deli
cate and Intricate character, and number fully
400 pieces. On thelargerdial appear four smaller
dials. Tbe one at the top shows by a diagram
of the sky the changes of the moon, the firma
ment being of lapis lazuli, studded with golden
stars. The next dial to the right shows the
leap vear, the tiny band moving around the
circle once in four years, and an auxiliary hand
shows each month.
On tbe dial at tbe bottom is a hand marking
the quarter seconds and one showing the day
of the month. At the left oa the fourth min
iature dial is a hand pointing out the day of the
week, and another the tide as It ebbs and
flows. Around tbe large dial, besides tbe usual
bour and minute hands, mores a second hand
and an extra horse-timer so arranged that the
distance between two horses at the finish Is ac
curately noted In quarter seconds. By pressing
a button, tbe past bour Is struck on a deep
toned bell, one of a fairy chime; the quarters
are a more silvery note, and a rapidly tinkling
companion gives the minutes. The watch is a
stem winder and one spring furnishes the motive
Here's Refreshing Frankness.
Prom Mr. Ualstead's own paper.l
We nominate M. Halstead for tbe United
States Senate, to take the seat misrepresented
by Henry B. Payne. It Is a square contest.
There is nothing personal about It, but there Is
a great deal more than personal Interests in
Up In the nursery two bine eyes
Opened quickly In glad surprise.
Two little red lips linjhlnjt spoke:
'Mamma kissed me and so I woke.
Out In the woods a blue-bell rare
TVhtspered, soft as the anmmer air,
Aa gently opened her fairy cup:
"A sun ray kitted me and 1 woke up.'
-1'iiuM'i Companion,
Ivea Still Cracks a Bmilr.
New York; August!. The writs of habeas
corpus and'certiorarl issued to-day in the case
of HenryS. Ires and George H. Stayner, were
dismissed in the Supreme Court chambers to
day, without argument. The counsel of Ives
and Stayner tried at first to have the writs
withdrawn because Ives began the proceedings
without consulting his lawyers. The assistant
district attorney In charge of the case, how
ever, insisted upon the dismissal. Ives was
very much averse to giving his counsel privilege
to dismiss, but he finally consented, and the
papers wero Indorsed accordingly. Ives to-day
appeared In a bluo serge suit in place of tbe
snuff-colored garments he usually wears, and
the colored valet who used to attend upon bis
person at his luxurious Fifth avenue apart
ments, and whose services be still requires In
Ludlow street, was in court with him. Ives
smiled and smiled, but his countenance wore
traces of some very discernible anxiety. Stay
ner looked pale and far from jolly. After tho
signing of the papers, both were hurried back
to the Ludlow street jaiL
Lost Treason Recovered by Divers.
George Gould, President of the Pacific Mall
Steamship Company, has received a cablegram
from the company's agent at Manzanilla, stat
ing that the treasure, amounting to about
$200,000, on board the Pacific Mall steamer
Granada, when that vessel was lost, had been
recovered. The Granada went ashore about
a month ago on tho rocks along the coast of
PuntaTejuhan. Gold ore and English securi
ties wero included in her manifest. The vessel,
whose value was $200,000, was a total loss. The
English owners of tho cargo sent out an expe
dition from London to recoTer the valuables.
At Nogales. Mexico, Superintendent Richard
son, of the expedition, received a telegram
from Manzanilla, stating that the native divers
had recoved all the treasure on the wrecked
vessel, and that it was useless for him to pro
ceed further. The valuables were subse
quently sent overland to Manzanilla, and from
thereto England by one of the Pacific Mall
Doncnn Harrison's Misfortune.
Duncan B. Harrison, the actor, Is now coming
east from California to have his leg amputated.
Mr. Harrison has been starring in his own
play, "The Paymaster." and injured himself
sometime ago by jumping from the tower In the
scene where he escapes from the prison. He
continued to act, however, and positively de
clined to succumb to his injury. In San Fran
cisco he appeared upon the stage on crutches.
His constant activity aggravated his injury till
amputation of the leg has become necessary to
save his life.
Lost a Let of Bananas.
A steamship load of bananas was dumped in
the bay this afternoon. Inspectors of the
Board of Health seized 8,000 bunches of over
ripe bananas, the entire cargo of the steamship
Alps, of the Atlas Line. The Alps is Justin
from Costa Rica. The total loss of the cargo
falls upon the Atlas Line, to which It was con
signed. Grover Cleveland's Cfaalr Stolen.
The office chair of ex-President Grover
Cleveland has been stolen. A thick-set man in
a blue jumper called at Mr. Cleveland's office
a few days ago, and said that he had been sent
by Mr. Cleveland to take away tbe chair for
repairs. Lawyer Stetson let It go. To-day Mr.
Stetson discovered that the man in a blue
jumper was a common thief, and that the
chair of his ex-Presidental partner was gone
for good. He told his story to Inspector
Byrnes, who Is trying to find the thief. The
same man in the same blue jumper has stolen
the chairs of several other prominent men in
the same way within the last month.
Cut His Foot Right 00".
The tug boat Johnson was hauling a lighter
into her dock this noon. William Craft, a
deckhand, IS years old, stood near the rail
where a hawser was uncoiling. Inadventently
be placed his right foot In the last colL In a
second the hawser tightened around his ankle
and completely amputated his foot, which fell
on the deck. Craft may die.
Where His Nest Eggs Went.
Ellbu Condon, of Brdgeport,has lost chickens
and eggs from his poultry yard every night for
the last four weeks. Last night he heard a
great commotion in his hennery, and hurrying
out found an 11-foot snake just inside of tho
door. After killing the nig reptile he noticed a
swelling in its body about three feet from its
head. He cut the snake open and found in
side three china nest eggs.
The Schnrz Family Off" for Europe.
The big Hamburg steamship Columbia started
on her maiden trip eastward this morning. Her
Captain expects to have h er at Southampton in
about six days. In the Columbia's cabin were
Carl Scburz, Carl Scburz, Jr.. Miss Agatha
Schurz, Miss Marlanna Scbnrz. Master Herbert
P. Schurz, D. B. Hubbard, United States Con
sul at Annaberg, Asbbel P. Fitch and Mrs.
Wants the Rebate for Himself.
Robert O. Israel, a Brooklyn wholesale and
retail meat dealer, who operates the "Pioneer
Chicago Beef Company," has entered suit in
the Supremo Court against Armour Sc Co., of
Chicago.the beef slaughterers and packers and
leading members of the "dressed beef com
bine." The other members of the combine are
Swift & Co., Hammond A Co., and Nelson
Morris. They control the dressed beef trade
of the country. Mr. Israel buys his beef by the
carload. It comes from Chicago to Brooklyn
in refrigerator cars, and Mr. Israel pays the
freight He charges in his complaint that the
railroad companies allow a rebate to Armour &
Co., and that the firm thus receives back a part
of the freight which he pays. Mr. Israel claims
that be is entitled to that rebate, and that it
now amounts to $7,000, for which amount he
sues. This morning Cooke & Salmon, counsel
for Mr. Israel, moved before Judge Cullen for
an open commission to take testimony in Chi
cago In tbe suit. The motion was opposed by
Mr. John P. Hudson, of Tracy. MacFarland.
Boardman S Piatt, but Judge Cullen granted
the motion. The lawyers will select the com
missioners to take tbe testimony.
An Honest Injan.
From the Troy Times.
Big Head Js the name of a young Sioux In
dian. He has plenty of white brethren who
are not honest enough to go about so plainly
labeled. ,
At Junction City, O.. a plucky woman with a
Shotgun kept a gang of railroaders at bay and
prevented them from tearing down a building
located on land belonging to her husband.
Among the witnesses examined In the ju
dicial contest at Wliliamsport the other day
was a maiLfrom Cogan station aged 28 years,
who said that he had never until that day been
more than one mile away from Cogan station.
He was quite astonished at his surroundings.
At Erie a couple of nights since a husband
and.wife were quietly seated In their nnllghted
parlor talking over family matters, when a
slight noise was beard outside the open win
dow. Tbe husband glided out to tbe woodshed,
got a whalebone whip, stole round to tbe front
of tbe honse and brought the whip down in
such a lively rain on the eavesdropper's shoul
ders that be cried for mercy. But he got none
till his back was raw and the wife had inter
ceded. The latest summer beverage where lemons
disagree id "onionade."
An aquarium containing gold and silver fish
In a Nonistown apothecary's window is lighted
up at night by an electric light which floats
upon the water.
Dr. B.H. Warren, of West Chester, in
mounting a blue heron lately shot on the
Brandywlne, found in Its stomach a black
bass seven inches long.
Not far from Water Gap lives a crippled
man, with a wife and four children. He and
bis wife hare repeatedly walked 11 miles to
pick whortleberries, walked home again, and
then to Streudsburg with a load of 30 pounds,
and home again in all, 4S miles in two days.
Apple blossoms and green apples are both
to be seen on the same tree in an orchard at
Grafton, W.Va.
Ireland has 200,000 women lace makers.
The human race is Increasing 30,000,000
The United States imported 436,503,000
pounds of coffeo last year at a cost of $60,500,-
There are 1,200 persons of the name of
Smith employed in the United States postal
Statistics just published show that there
are 2,272 soldiers six feet or over in height in
the British army.
A peddler whose stock in trade consists
or his own poems is traveling through 'Maine.
His business is reported to be dull.
They are building a new meeting house
In Dover, Me., and the minister is making tho
pews himself, he being a skillful wood worker.
Lyons, Neb., claims the champion wolf
hunter in the person of L. D. Higley, who in
the past three weeks has killed 36 of the 'var
mints." The bounty on their scalps will net
the hunter $216.
In a suit brought by a wealthy social
organization, a Common Pleas judge ofNew
ark, N. J., has decreed that there is no element
ot sale in a private club's bar business, and that
a license therefor Is not necessary.
A man in Athens, 6a., dreamed three
successive nights of finding a big pile of money
under a large stone. Hewasso impressed that
he went to the spot, found the stone and turned
it over. He found only black bugs under It,
and has lost his faith tn dreams.
An amusing story is told of a young
preacher In Texas, who astonished his audience
by annonncing as a text the seventh verse of
the third chapter or St. Charles. The slip of
the tongue was understood soon after, when
he was married to a young lady In St. Charles,
Brady, Bon of Conductor Taylor, of the
Beech Creek Railroad, living in Wliliamsport,
swallowed a cherrystone about six weeks ago.
Last Thursday ho was taken 111, and after sev
eral days' suffering be died. A post mortem
examination revealed a hole which the stone
had made in tbe bowel.
At tbe conclusion of a church service in
Cameron, Mo . on Sunday night, a member of
tbe congregation arose and announced that be
was agent for a very fine brand of hair oil. Ho
theo delivered quite a discourse on Its good
qualities, and after he had finished the congre
gation was dismissed with tbe benediction.
It has been discovered that the old com
mon law lately resurrected InNew Jerseyunder
which a "common scold" is, or was, liable to be
ducked on a ducking-stool, equally applied to
such Incorrigible brewers and bakers as might
be found guilty of cheating in their malt or
meal. "Cucking-stool" was the original name.
The latest development of the automatic
machine is a Dr. Cureall. in Holland. It is a
wooden structnro of a man, with compartments
all over it, labeled with tbe names ot various
ailments. If you have a ruin find its corre
sponding location on the figure, drop a coin into
the slot, and the proper pill or powder will
come out.
Jackson Stevens, aged 45, and Emma
Haynes, aged 20, both of Stevenson, Ala., were
married at Chattanooga the other evening.
The parties had never met nntil two days ago,
and the match was a runaway affair. Another
singular marriage occurred tbe same night.
W. at, Lecrolx. aged 65, was married to Lou
Block, aged 14, of Rising Fawn, Ga.
James Leonard, a compositor on the
Times-Democrat, ot New Orleans, lately, in
seven days of seven and one-half hours each,
set and distributed 102,800 ems equal to about
203,000 letters. He worked regular copy, and
his proof contains comparatively few errors.
In accomplishing this feat his arm, it Is esti
mated, traveled no less than 123 miles.
At The Hague recently General Grant
Wilson came across in the public archives a
letter addressed to the States General of the
United Netherlands by P. Scbagen, dated Am
sterdam, November 7. 1626, announcing the
Eurchae of the island of Manhattan by the
lutch West India Company for tbe sum of $24,
or say 5. Two daj slater bo was to fortunate
as to find tbe origtnal deedTwhich had lain
perdu for 263 years among the papers of an
ancient Dutch family.
After Mrs. Levi Mathias, of Lane's
Valley, near New Philadelphia, had done her
Monday's washing, she went into the kitchen
to get her clothes line. A vicious looking snake
had found its way into the house, and crawled
up the log wall, and lay stretched across the
clothesline. In reaching for tbe line Mrs.
Mathias got hold of the snake and came near
being frightened to death. Her screams
brought in tbe neighbors, who, after a fight,
succeeded in killing tho unwelcome visitor.
The industry of wood carving, accord
ing to a recent publication, was introduced into
Switzerland some 60 or 70 years ago by a native
of Bnenz named Christian Fischer, who used
to spend bis spare time in making trifling ob
jects for sale. He started a night school for
the benefit of the neighborhood, and thus laid
the foundation of an industry which now gire3
employment to between 5.00U and 6,000 persons.
He first conceived tbe Idea of making tiny
models of Swiss chalets, which at once found a
ready sale.
In ancient times the male element in
New England either combed its hair back with
no parting or parted It in the middle. A glance
at the statue of Horace Mann, on the State
H ouse lawn, or at any of his pictures, shows
that he followed the latter custom. A number
of Drominent individuals might be cited whose
useful work in the world shows tbem to te any
thing but effeminate, are still accustomed to
this style of hair dressing, thus indicatinghow
mistaken are the ideas of those who think the
habit a trifle unmanly.
John JI. Callahan, ticket agent of the
Northwestern Railway at Neenab, Wis., has a
son named Willie, aged 3K years, who is a most
precocious boy. He has marvelonsjmental pow
ers, and can readily answer all tbe leading
questions In regard to American history, geog
raphy and social economy. He can tell the
names of all the Presidents down from Wash
ington and enumerate tbe Cabinet ministers of
each. He is well-posted on the Governors, Sen
ators and Congressmen of tbe respective States
and to sum It up he is a bewildering phenome
non of facts and fancies.
A couple of young men living at "Wells
ville. Mo., were rivals for the hand of or of
the fair Wellsville daughters. They were in
clined to settle the matter by duel. When she
learned of tbe affair she sent for them to meet
ber at the hour set for the fight, and, after re
minding them that duels were unlawful and
the victor would be a fugitive from justice the
rest of his days, she suggested that tbey run a
foot race, her hand to be the prize. The young
men accepted ber proposition, and she umpired
tbe race and walked off the field with the
Electricity is a might dangerous force, but
some people make light of it. Life
The stamp window of any postofEce is si
sort of Lick observatory. Rochester Express.
He All my friends say I'm very funny.
She I notice everybody langhs at yon. jr. T.
Evening Sun.
When a man wants to find fault he will
do soeren If he has to be up all night looking for
it. Richmond Recorder.
Society at a seaside resort is not too par
ticular. It is easy to get In the iwlm with any
sort of bathing dress. New Orleans Picayune.
When a washerwoman changes her place
of residence one may aakher "irhere she hangs
ont now" without using slang. Boston Courier.
The act of swimming furnishes an excep
tion to the rnle that kicking operates against a
man getting along In the world. Binghamton
Incompatible. Sniggles "Well, my motto
Is, "Live and let live."
Gazzum-Isltr I thought you Intended to be a
doctor. Time.
Willing to See It Washington Guide
Bare you ever 6een a bird's-eye view of the capi
tal?" Mayor of Fodnnk No; hevye got a bird's eye
with ye?" Judge.
Long Drawn Out "Mr.Thnmperprcaches
a very flolihed sermon, don't yon think?" she
asked, after service.
"Yes," he replied; "bnt I thought to-day he
wouldn't finish It until 3 o'clock. Judge.
"B'jove, you'd better givb np drink, me
deah boy; yonr eyes are all baggy and your now
Is crimson."
That's all the wage now, old fel. The deah
Pwlnce wears his that way, y'know. "(.
The dude who to the seaside goes
Who cannot play lawn tennis,
Vltl have his heart fllled foil or woes
To Had his name is Dennis.
If. X. Evening Sun.
A Matter of Valuation. Miss Gladys
ncrbcauIt's not for my property you Iotc me. Is
it. Ueorge? Yoa lore me for myself alone?
Mr. Hermann Yea, darling.
Miss Gladys Herbean Kor my real worth?
Mr. Herman Yes, dear. Seal and personal.
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