Newspaper Page Text
HPT.. T " ' 'Pr
K ESfABUSHED FEBRUARY Ij Sli
Vot., 'o.l5i Entered at Pittsburg Postofflce,
KoTember 14, 1SS7, as second-class natter.
Business Office-- 97 and GB Fifth Avenue.
News Booms and Publishing- House 75,
77 and 78 Diamond Street.
Eastern Advertising Office, Boom 43, Tribune
Average net circulation of the dally edition of
TuxDisrATCHforalx montbt ending June 30, 1888,
Copies per Issue.
Average net circulation of the Sunday edition of
The Dispatch for three months ending Jnne 30,
Coplca per issue. .
TERMS OF THE DISPATCH.
rOETAOE rBIE IXTUI ckitid states.
DAILT DisrATcn, One Year f 8 CO
DAILY DISPATCH, l"er Quarter i 00
Daily Dispatch. OneMonth 70
Daily Dispatch. Including Sunday, 1 year. 10 00
Daily Dispatch, Including Sunday.Sm'fhs. 5 50
Daily DiSPATCH,lncludingSunday.l month CO
bcsDAY Dispatch, One Year SSO
W eekly Dispatch, One Year 13
Thi Dailt Dispatch la delivered by carriers at
IS cents per week, or Including Sunday edition, at
a cents per week.
PITTSBURG. TUESDAY. JULY 9. 1883.
THE M0DEBN GLADIATORS
Two highly trained animals, -whose groom
ing ior the occasion was as expensive as that
of race horses, but whose breeding repre
sents no sach intelligent care, met in the
prize ring yesterday; and the whole conntry
is agog oyer the event. The prize fight gen
erally affords remarkable illustrations of
brutality; but the expectations of the lovers
of pugilism are somewhat disappointed in
this case, owing to the prevalence of the idea
in recent pugilism that a prize fight is syn
onymous with a foot race.
y To the moralist the spectacle of a nation
waiting breathlessly for the news of such an
encounter, which is a violation of its own
laws, is a singular commentary on our civ
ilization. It is by no means strange that
pugilists should engage in prize fights, for
so long as moner and notoriety are to be
gained by such a career so long will men be
found to supply the demand; and so long as
the public wants the news of such things,
so long will the papers continue to publish
the fullest reports of them, as The pi3
fatch does this morning. The public in
terest in exhibitions of brute strength is the
cause of prize fighting, and while it con
tinues superior to respect for law and order,
pugilism may be expected to flourish.
"What is the nature of the public interest
which creates the demand that is met by
heroes of the Sullivan and Kilrain stamp?
It is not love for athletics, as the practice of
athletic sports is as distinct from profes
sional pugilism as day is irom night; and
the patrons of prize-fights are generally in
their own persons the least athletic of mor
tals. It is the same taste which enjoyed
gladiatorial combats in ancient times,
which loved bear-baiting in the medieval
periods, and which glories in dog fights and
bull fights at the present day. It is the
streak of savagery which occasionally
breaks through the glass of civilization;
and however unflattering it may be to our
ideas of human progress it must be accepted
as a fact.
While the philosopher must thus recog
nize yesterday's event as a product ot popu
lar taste for ill-directed pugnacity, he must
also indulge in some reflections on the slight
remove which that taste shows civilization
to have effected over barbarism.
The literary successors of Mr. Allen
Thorndike Bice reveal the fact that the
writers of the "Arthur Richmond" letters in
the Xorth American Review were Julian
Hawthorne and Gail Hamilton. The state
ment being evoked by a disposition to
credit the letters to Mr. Bice, which re
mained uncontradicted by the real authors,
it indicates an undercurrent of convic
tion that they were not particularly
creditable. Most people, not wholly
blinded by partisanship will agree
in that view. A genius for formal and
manifold scolding has not been considered
of a very high order since the days of
Xantippe, and while that characteristic
pointed out one of the authors rather plain
ly, it was too visible an attempt to copy the
Junius letters to add to the fame of the
later writer. The less of the "Arthur
Richmond" style of political literature we
have the better for the intelligence and fair
ness of our politics.
The remarkable amount of rainy weather
which took place during the past three
months has been a subject of wonder to the
entire public It is beyond question that
the majority would be glad to have this
phenomenal work of the elements explained;
and it is doubtless with a view to satisfying
the public desire, that some of our eastern
cotemporaries have bent their mighty intel
lects to the task of solving the problem.
The most usual explanation is that of
"general humidity," which is translated to
mean that there was a great deal of moisture
in the atmosphere. This having been plain
to all who were much out of doors during
the rainy season, the Kew York Tribune
goes a step further and claims that the moist
ure was brought into the United States by a
prevalence of breezes from the ocean, which
may do for New York City; but will hardly
answer for the region west of the Alleghe
nles, which was rather the moister of the
two sections. The Tribune backs up its
theory witb the declaration of the fact "that
persistent deviations from the average cli
matic features of any part of our country
are attributable to modifications of the
proper seasonal distribution of air pres
sure' All this may be very true, but it leaves
the public not much further along than the
original state of knowledge. The rain was
in the clouds and it fell. The statement
may be made mora obscure by- scientific
terms; but that process does not bring us
much nearer to the original causes.
G00S FOBIUNE GROWS GREATER.
While other cities are casting around in
every direction most of them vainly for
cheap fuel, Pittsburg periodically receives
a new accession of happiness in the most
tangible evidence that the natural gas is no
transient blessing, but an assured perma
nent thing for this generation at least Not
only are the old fields bolding up hand
somely, but new and largerones within easy
access are found cash year. Murrysville
was followed by a vast territory in "Wash
ington county. Then came Grapeville.with,
huge resources, whose limit so one under
takes to measure. Yesterday was brought
news of the largest strike of all in another
quarter, at Bellevernon. So it goes.
After five or six. years of vastly growing
consumption of the gas, we find mors than
ever at hand for the daily supply, and new
districts opecing up on a scale implying
that the hugest volume ot the gift Is still in
We have seen what a tremendous impetus
the gas, co-operating with Pittsburg's other
conspicuous advantages, has given to local
growth. The expectations of the most san
guine hare been surpassed. Our city has
shot ahead in business from the tenth
to the seventh place on the list
of American cities, passing New Or
leans, Cincinnati and Baltimore in
swift succession, and now competing for
precedency with St. Louis and San Fran
cisco. The manufacturing towns of the
section have been made prosperous beyond
precedent, as If by the stroke of a magic
wand. New and flourishing towns have
sprung up where but yesterday were open
fields. Mercantile trade has increased enor
mously. What estimate can safely be said to be
extravagant or too sanguine of the future of
this city as to population and business, in
view of what we have seen in five years, and
with the knowledge that we have of the vast
resources still undeveloned?
DANGERS OF THE POTTERY TRUST.
A member of the city crockery trade
states, as a result of bis observations in
England, that the English manufacturers
stand ready to supply the trade of this
country, if the proposed Pottery Trust
should succeed in advancing prices. That
would be an inevitable result of a combi
nation which would enhance the cost of
such products; and yet it is by no means
the most serious consequence that would
follow on artificial enlargements of the
margin of profits.
There is no monopoly of the business of
building potteries and no means of pre
venting the construction of new ones. The
trade has grown rapidly under the attrac
tions which was offered by competition.
How much more rapidly they would spring
up if a combination should establish on
temporary enlargement of profits by the
suspension of competition, can hardly be
estimated. But we may be sure that the
proposed trust would be kept busy either in
buying up the new concerns that it would
stimulate into existence or in fighting them
to reduce them to its discipline.
Simultaneously with this result would
come the restriction of consumption that
inevitably follows the advance of price and
the disposition of the public to find some
thing to take the place of the costly articles.
Nothing is easier to find substitutes for than
pottery; and the fact that one trust has
already succeeded in stimulating the pro
duction of rival product better and cheaper
than its own and thus ruining its own busi
ness, should have weight with the pottery
manufacturers. Those who wish to main
tain their industry on a basis of sound and
permanent prosperity, should be sure that
no regulation is more productive of those re
sults than that of natural competition.
But the trust may afford a good frame
work for palming off on the puVJic a lot of
bogus and paper values: and possibly the
trust projectors will be lully satisfied with
that result without regard to future com
plications. DIVERSE VIEWS OK PUGILISM.
There is not that unanimity of opinion
about prize fighting and fighters as the ad
mirers of the fistic art and sporting matters
generally desire, Those who have read the
voluminous accounts of the preparations for
the contest between John Xi. Sullivan and
Jake Kilrain, and those who have not, are
agreed on one point alone, namely, that the
two pugilists have received an amount of
attention that would hardly be given to any
two other human beings on this earth.
This effect is to be traced to only one
cause. The readers of the newspapers de
sired the information. Not all the readers,
but a very considerable number. They were
deeply interested in the events leading up
to the climax in the ring. Consequently
those events were reported minutely and
The fact remains, however, that while a
large number of men regard Sullivan and
Kilrain as heroes engaged in heroic work, a
still larger number of men and nearly every
woman in the land would bo well satisfied
ifthe two pugilists had been arrested early
in the proceedings and sent to jail for a long
term. It is merely a rather" strange phe
nomenon in the world's progress that we
point out. The majority have only come to
the general disapproval of prize fights as
yet. They may some day come to the higher
plane of preventing them.
MO USE P0R MONEY.
The assurance which Senator Hiscock
gave the country in his fourth of July speech
at Mr. Bowen's Woodstock picnic is of an
important and interesting nature, if true.
He declared that money has no more in
fluence in politics than formerly, and inti
mates that our political methods are the
same as those which brought Washington
and Lincoln to the leadership of the nation.
This is comfortable information. If money
has no influence In politics of course it
means the retirement of those who have
money and nothing else to recommend
them, as well as the kindred class whose
aims in politics are distinctly pecuniary
and are advanced solely by the use of
money. The deduction from the declara
tion ot this authority that both these classes
will have to go, is a satisfactory one to the
We hope that Senator Hiscock will con
tinue his missionary efforts by demonstrating
to the political workers, who always com
mence their campaigns by striking the mil
lionaires for big barrels, as well as the
Stanford!, Paynes, Stewarts, Algers and
Flowers, that they might as well retire to
The story comes from Kansas City that a
prominent and highly respected resident of
that city committed suicide last week.
After his death, the Chief of Police laid
hare his record, which proved that he was
an accomplished swindler. He had not
been exposed before, tbe police official said,
because the business of exposing the past
misdeeds of influential citizens during their
life was entirely too big a contract, espec
ially in Kansas City. This is a unique
reversal of the usual custom of denouncing
prominent men while they are alive, and
indulging in liberal coats of whitewash npon
their death. Perhaps both might be profit
ably amended by doing less denouncing and
a little more actual punishing for the mis
deeds of prominent men daring their lives.
If the Irish Nationalists should develop
the ability to refuse a big appropriation for
work in Ireland, by the Salisbury govern
ment, they would beat tbe average Ameri
can Congressman clear out of sight. But
the old-flag-and-an-appropriation policy
seems likely to prove as powerful in Eng
land as in the United States.
Concerning the report that Secretary
WIndoni has -his weather eye on the
United States Senatorship from Minnesota,
tbe Chicago Timet Intimates that be wiir
first have to explain to the people ot Minne
sota how he managed to save enough to
build a (30,000 residence at Washington out
of a salary of $6,000 per annum during six
years. Tbe esteemed Times is not up with
the times. When certain other Senators are
required to explain how they laid wp for
tunes of from ten to fifty millions out of an
original income of nothing per year, it may
be pertinent to demand this explanation
from Secretary Windom. Until then ques
tions of that sort belong to a past era of
The revival ot the open sewer project in
the Butcher's Bnn district seems to have
been stimulated by the Johnstown disaster.
It was first proposed after the floods of the
last decade; and if it had been adapted then
would have saved the expenditure which
has been made on subterranean sewers; but
it is better tale than sewer.
TnE window glass workers seem to
recognize pretty clearly the fact that when
there is work in their line which there are
not enough workers in this country to do,
the demand can only be met by foreign
workmen. But is not the admitted fact a
somewhat severe commentary on the rules
of apprenticeship which have prevented the
youth of this land from learning that trade,
and thus resulted in giving the work to
Another pipe-line chartered to run from
the oil regions to the seaboard indicates that
the Pennsylvania oil fields are not consid
ered to be playing out yet. The fact that it
is a Standard line indicates also that the big
corporation intends to get its usual lion's
share of the profits of the business.
The information which is being distri
buted by newspaper paragraphs concerning
the tastes of Queen Victoria, that she is
very fond of Mendellsohn and Sullivan,
will cause a responsive throb throughout
the length and breadth of the United States,
at the indications that the royal lady is
wholly in touch with the current and over
whelming affections of the American peo
ple of to-day.
Calvin S. Bbice confesses that he is a
candidate for Senator irom Ohio. The pot
of gold at the end of that rain-bow is located
at the hither end, and Calvin will have to
distribute it before his candidacy exists, out
side of his own imagination.
The assertion that "Governor Hill is
able to hold his own with anyone who
comes in contact with him" is made by his
personal organ, the Albany Time. No
doubt has ever been expressed on this point,
indeed the anxiety of the Governor's critics
has not been occasioned by any question as
to his ability to held his own, but by the
fear that he may hold someone else's in
Btjssia is kindly directing her soldiers
and officers in the direction of the Danubian
frontier. This will enable the other Euro
pean powers togetb'g appropriations for
their armies for the next year.
It is stated that the English and Ameri:
can Governments have arrived at an under
s tanding which will prevent any collision
over the Behring Sea seal fisheries. As this
understanding doubtless keeps up the mon
opoly seal skin saques will be as costly next
winter as ever, but the reports still leave
the interesting wonder as to what Tom Piatt
and Alger will get out of it.
Fbosi reports of the consultations of
Messrs. Quay and McManes it seems as if
those gentlemen had been guilty of suppos
ing themselves to be a live issue while Sul
livan and Kilrain were in conjunction.
The ever-sanguine Field Marshal Cooper
has got the Collectorship of Philadelphia
and feels that his constitutional hopeful
ness was cot misplaced. He is confident
that so far as he is concerned this adminis
tration is not a failure, and perceives new
and secondite significances in that poetio
gem evolved during the last administration:
'We may be happy yet you bet I'
The singular way in' which intelligence
from the fight came in creates suspicion
that some one was trying to give the betting
fraternity a blow below the belt.
A report hasbeenstarted to the effect that
the certificates for the new Whisky Trust
arc known in brokers' slang as "jim-jams."
This is a must cruel slander upon an inno
cently diluted article. Whisky so liber
ally watered, as the certificates of the
Whisky Trust, could not produce even a
headache much less a case of the horrors.
PEOMINENT PEOPLE PABAGEAPHED.
In bis study, Mr. John Morleyisone of the
most orderly ot men.
Bojik reckless statistician reckons that 1
Briton in every 45 is afflicted with red or red
Mb. Wanamaker, as Postmaster General,
occupies smaller and plainer offices than any
other member of the Cabinet.
Airnouan he had an Income of (750,000 a
year, in addition to a couple of palaces kept up
without cost to him, the late Crown Prince of
Austria left debts amounting to $2,000,000, all of
which the Emperor has paid.
The richest man in Australia is said to be
ascetic James Tyson. He is credited with be
ing the possessor of from 3,000,000 to $4,000,000.
He has never tasted wine or spirits, nor has he
smoked one ounce of tobacco, and yet he Is as
rotund as a Bacchanalian.
Lobs Balfour, of Burleigh, is a direct de
scendant of Robert Bruce, and has in his fami
ly archives a deed signed by that monarch con
ferries upon one of his ancestors the title to a
small estate at Clackmannan, which has ever
since remained in tbe possession of the family.
There is something Intensely amusing about
the Shah's private undertakings at Berlin. At
ceremonies, where he was "officially attended,"
he did very well, and the Western polish was
not once seriously rubbed off. Bnt when he
was wandering about the famous Aquarium ho
was occasionally seen to prodnce from his trou
ser pocket a bottle of cold tea, with which tbe
King ofKings retired Into a corner to refresh
Mb. Gladstone has been telling the story
of his escape from the hansom which ran him
down. Tbo shaft struck him on tbe chest and
stretched him flat on his back; bnt, to continue
the account in Ms own words "I knew that no
harm had been done, and I was not a bit hurt.
What I thought of first was that I must xeep
hold of my umbrella, and'not let my bat fly off;
and then it struck me, in the interests of tho
public, that tbe cabman should be secured, and
so I scrambled to my feet as quickly as I
could." He tells the story with tbe most per
fect simplicity, and seems to think it quite in
the order of things that an old man of 80 should
be laid prostrate one moment by a cab and the
next moment be chasing tbe offending driver.
It's an ill wind that blows nobody good. On
receipt ot the horrifying intelligence that
about 100 persons had been killed in the railway
accident In a branch line of the Great Northern
there was, says the London Star, at least one
wide-awake person In Belfast. Though holding
not a single share in the company ba tele
graphed, through a local stockbroker, to one of
tbe Dublin fraternity of money-changers to
sell 100 shares of the Great Northern Railway
Stock. They were sold at fl26 per share, de
livery ot scrip being, of course, conveniently
withheld according to custom for a fortnight
Meanwhile the gruesome news spread, and in a
few days be who sold what he bad not got was
aole to buy in at 130, thus pocketing 600 over
the little transaction.
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
BeantlfalSummsr Resorts Near Plltsbnrsr
Qnny la McManes Why the Reservoir
Wm Closed Mr. Kbnn
PrrrsBtTBOEBS, like most other Americans,
cling to the delusion that beautiful scenery
does not exist or is not worth seeing when it is
to be found at their doors. They are hieing to
all sorts of distant points in land by and be
yond tbe sea for their summer vacation. Yet
within a 20-mile radius drawn from Pittsburg's
postoffico there is scenery as beautiful, and as
invigorating, and everything that the tourist in
search of health or pleasure or both could ask
Except what? Just one thing, but it is a big
It has been a puzzle to me, and to thousands
of others I know, that nobody has thought ot
opening up the country back of Bewickley as a
summer resort. Tbe McKean tract, as it is
called, contains the choicest part of this su
perb country. It Is full of the most pictur
esque hills and valleys. Borne of the hills are
almost worthy of the name of mountains. A
drive through this region, over roads that are
now as nearly perfect as roads can be made in
this country and climate, will convince you if
you have any doubts upon the subject. a
Why is not a hotel built upon one of these
beautiful hlUsr At present the Bewickley
Dairy Farm and a few wealthy sportsmen,
numbering among them Mr. George Westing
bouse, are the only people beside the natives
who are getting any benefit from as lovely a
stretch of hill and dale as there is in the world.
There aro romantic streams, forest primeval,,
meadows and copeland, all crowded into a per
fect park of 80 or 40 square miles.
Awr in wandering through this country it
will repay you well to take an af ' irnoon or
early evening walk through the allays in
which are the reservoirs from whlc' Jvwickley
draws Its water supply. Here, .gain, ex
quisite specimens of sylvan scene are to be
found. A succession of mlnlar lakes are
hidden in a precipitous and de Jy wooded
ravine, the sides of which run ut. iveral hun
There is nothing like it near Pittsburg. Why
the Fort Wayno railroad does not take the
pains to exploit these near-by scenes of the
rarest beauty is not easy to understand. Per
haps If Pittsburgers were to be informed on
this subject in the most convincing way known
to modern man, by advertisements that is, the
railroads would suffer a severe loss In the im
mense revenue tley get from the thousands
who'are not happy now if they do not journey
to tbe ends of tbe earth for a vacation lasting
generally less than two weeks.
TO JAlirS M'MAKES.
I lore you still, 1 love you still,
I long to be at peace with thee.
The thought of lighting makes me 111,
For O I know you're true to me
McManes, O McManes!
The offlcei are gone. 1 know,
To men, may be, who lore yon not;
Bnt matters that. My Jimmy, so
y. our friendship still la not forgot,
McManes, O McManesT
Tou helped me squeeze the mighty West,
At llarrliburg a year ago:
We made Magee pull down his vest.
Though you, I mind. laid mighty low,
McManes, O McManes t
They say that Fitter Is my friend,
And Senator wonld like to be
Hut saying it Is not the end,
Stand fast, and see what you shall see
McManes, o McManes!
My letters only now are mailed.
My hand is free to mar the make.
Shake. Jimmy, shake! For have 1 failed
To give yon heartily the shake
McManes, O McManes?
M w 6 T 9 T.
A numbeb of complaints were made to the
proper authorities about tbe dirty condition of
a reservoir from which a town in this county
gets its water supply. The complaints in
creased as the days went by and the water
At last a colored gentleman sought out tbe
President ot the water company and paid to
him: "See here, mlstah. If you don't clean out
that reservoir PH be dojgoned if me and my
frens '11 swim in it any longer!"
The reservoir was cleaned.
THB PERSIAN PASHA.
V O Badje Hasseln Ghooly Khan, '
Doesn't like the American plan,
Doesn't admire our funny man.
Wants to go as quick as he can
Back to where bis long name began
The land of the lordly Fer-sl-an.
For he couldn't so much as a paper scan,
Bnt found some Joke on Ghooly Khan,
That quenched for hours bis gay elan.
The Jokes were harmless quite as bran,
Bnt he thontht malice only ran
In lines he'd chew like Yucatan.
ills skin he thought too good to tan,
A little too nice for a frying pan.
lie's far too hot to be eooled by fan;
Swears he'll procure the Shah's big ban
For men and things American.
Does Badje Hasseln Ghooly Khan. n. J.
AT BUTLER AND MEECEE.
The Orphans' School Commission Intpecta a
Conple of Schools.
Butler, July 8. Senators Reyburn and
Gobln and Representatives Kanffman and
Skinner, members ot the Orphans' School
Commission, arrived here at 11 o'clock. They
inspected St. Paul's Orphan Home, where a
number ot soldiers' orphans are accommodated.
The home is delightfully located, and the com
mission were pleasantly impressed with the
rural retreat and comforts enjoyed by the chil
dren. It is probable that more orphans will be
sent to this home. Tbis afternoon the commis
sion departed for Mercer and inspected ono of
the syndicate schools. They Wire not pleased
with the buildings, but were gratlfledto find
bright and happy children under excellent. In
fluences and discipline. The commissioners
left for Pittsburg this evening.
A dispatch from Mercer says: Messrs Gobln,
Kauffman and Bklnner.of the Soldiers' Orphan
Home Commission, accompanied by Inspector
Greer, visited the home in tbis place to-day.
Their call lasted about SO minutes. They were
very reserved and little could be learned of
their opinions regarding the surroundings. In
all matters to which they gave expression it
was favorable and argued in favor of Mercer as
one of the future schools. They found the
general surroundings in a very satisfactory
A COLORED COLONY,
Hon. W. L. Edgertoa Wants to Locate
100,000 Negroes In Oklahoma.
Topeka, KAN., July 8. Hon. W. L Edger
ton, a prominent negro politician ot this State,
is tbe prime mover in a scheme to have the ne
groes of tbe Booth to emigrate to Oklahoma.
He has organized an immigration company,
composed of some of tbe prominent colored
men of tho State, which will bave agents in all
the prominent cities of tbe South. They expect
to have 100.000 colored people in Oklahoma by
next spring. Edgerton Intends to go South
shortly. He says the negroes will benefit Kan
sas, as they will raise cotton, and cotton mills
will be established In this State The negroes
already in Oklahoma are reported to be making
J. Z. Little's "World," without Mr. Little, is
the bill of fare Manager Dean has to spread be
fore his patrons tbis week. Tbe play has been
often seen in this city, but not for some time
past, and never by the present company. It de
pends greatly upon its scenic effects for suc
cess, and they are good and work smoothly.
Mr. J. H. Huntley ably fills Mr. Little's
Blaee as the sailor hero, and Miss Nannie
'aimer Is a dashing yet affectionate Rota.
Other characters welltaken are Morris Straw.
by Gustavo Nearille, and Jennie Qraham by
Miss Mabel Norton. The audiences for yester-;
day were large for the season.
Educnted Toons; Indians Go West.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
OIrusie, July 8. One hundred and seven
teen young IndlaDS belonging to tribes in
Dakota, Montana, Nebraska, Wisconsin, In
dian Territory, New Mexico and Arizona,
having finished a five years' course at tbe Gov
ernment school here, left for their homes to
day. Blx were regular graduates. All speak
English. The young men have bad good
training as mechanics and farmers, while the
girls bave been well instructed, in household
A Dlasrontlrd Persian.
Frost the Chlcaco Tribune, j
Hadji Hasseln Ghooly Khan
Is' a sore disgruntled Persian man.
His wounded feelings naught can plaster
Tbe Tanks poke fun at his royal master.
TUESDAY JTJLY 9,
ARTHDK EICHHOND KNOWN.
Jalinn Hawthorne and Gall Hamilton Said
to Have Written Over That Nom de
Plume Allen Thorndike Rice Exon
erated. Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
New Yobk, July 8. WJthln the past decade
there has been no event in tbe Ameritan world
ot letters which has provoked such wide com
ment and excited so large a measure of curios
ity as the publication In tbe Jfortfk American
Review of a series of letters to prominent per
sons under the nom de plume of "Arthur Rich
mond." The two ulstlnctlve characteristics of
tbe letters were the bitterness of (personal and
partisan feeling which they betrayed, and the
marked excellence and vigor of their literary
form. It at once became obviout that the
writer, was a man of large attainments and
broad culture, with an extraordinary command
of irony and invective, and one who mutt be
controlled by violent prejudices and strong
personal animosities. Tho form of these let
ters and their literary superiority at once sug
gested a comparison with the famous letters of
Junius. Then the literary mystery with which
they were enshrouded gave to them a vogue
and Imparted to them a value which they
might possibly not bave acquired solely on
their merits had the name of the writetiieen
known and the mainsprings of his prejudices
Politicians nnd People Excited.
It was in January, 1886, that the first letter in
be series appeared. It was addressed to the
Secretary of State and signed by Arthur Rich
mond. It was not long before tbe entire edi
tion of the Worth American Review had been
exhausted, and a new one was called for. This
was soon absorbed and still another had to be
printed. "Who is Arthur Richmond!" was the
question everyone asked. From the fact that
he was tbe editor of the magazine and from
the identity in the initial letters in Arthur
Richmond and Allen Rice, many were Inclined
to the belief that Allen Thcrnaike Rice him
self was the anthor, who was shielding himself
behind this anonymity. There were those who
were very sure that these letters should be at
tributed to that brilliant and eccentric man,
William Henry Hnlbert. and there was much
Internal evidence that seemed to tend very sat
isfactorily to establish this assumption. Others
there were who felt that Roseoe Conkllng was
tbe writer, and so the Arthur Richmond letters
have been ascribed to a host of men prominent
in politics and letters.
The Secret Revealed.
Shortly after the recent death of Mr. Allen
Thorndike Rice an attempt was made to estab
lish conclusively and permanently the fact that
he was not only responsible for their publica
tion, but that ha had written the Arthur Rich
mond letters. A. well-known correspondent in
Washington sent out a syndicate letter, in
which he plainly intimated that there was no
longer any question tbat Mr. Rice himself bad
written the letters. To support the statement
he pointed ont how a certain paragraph of the
Bayard letter contained an allusion to an Inci
dent which was known to have occcrred at a
dinner party at which Mr. Rice had been a
guest with Mr. Bayard. The host. It was
added, was so indignant after the publication
of tbe first letter that he never again invited
the offtnding editor to his house. The Com
mercial AUiertUer now, however, claims to
bave it on unimpeachable authority, in fact,
from tho mouth ot a gentleman who was a
ejose personal friend ot Mr. Rice, and had op
portunities to see the manuscripts, that this
series of letters was written by Julian Haw
thorne and by Gail Hamilton, the niece of Mr.
Blaine, whose real name Is Abigail Dudce.
The Richmond letters were written not In
collaboration, but separate letters by each.
Why It is Uevealod. ,
The gentleman from whom this information
was obtained, said: "It has seemed to the
friends of Mr. Rice that this attempt to fasten
the responsibility upon him, now tbat be is
dead, was unfair, and it is for this reason only
that I have consented to give you tho real
names of tbe authors. They have had ample
time to acknowledge their responsibility. Evi
dently they do not intend so to do, so you can
relieve them from the necessity. In the series
of letters topromlnent persons signed by
Arthur Richmond there were seven in all,
among which were two addressed to Mr. Bay
ard, one to Mr. Cleveland, one to Mr. Randall
and two to James Russell LowelL It
had been the intention of Mr. Rice to
publish a much greater number of these
letters, but he was deterred from so doing by
the serious entanglements and violent contro
versies to which they gave rise. Probably one
of the mostdisagreeableexperiences connected
with the last years of the life of Allen Thorn
dike Rice was tbe treatment which he received
In England at tbe bands of Minister PhelDS as
a punishment for the publication ot the first
Arthur Richmond letter, which was tbe bitter
est and most polished of all, and was addressed
to the Secretary of State. It will be remem
bered that Mr. Phelps declined to recognize Mr.
Rice, and distinctly refused to present him at
court. At tbe time there was a tremendous
hubbub about it."
THE SPREAD OF LEPROSY.
Civilization and Sanitation a Bafegnard
Against the Disease.
A correspondent writes as follows to the Lon
don Globe: Several persons, more or less In
competent to offer an opinion, have expressed
fear of this country being Invaded by leprosy.
And tbe idea bas taken hold of tbe public
mind. For, although so very few know what
leprosy really is, there Is a vague impression
that it is something very horrible.
After prolonged practical experience of lep
rosy, as it exists In the East, I feel certain there
IS no occasion for any scare. Tbe weight of
evidence tends to demonstrate that leprosy is
not Infectious nor contagions, in the general
acceptation of tbe terms. It is, however, con
tagious In one manner. But this entails tbe
contact of leprous discharge (which contains
the bacillus of leprosy) with tbe abraded skin
of a healthy person. This may occur acci
dentally at any time, especially among a pop
ulation where lepers abonnd, and where shoes
and stockings are not generally used. On the
other band, a healthy person may associate for
a very long period with lepers and no leprous
discharge come in contact with a wound of bis
skin. The weight of evidence also tends to
show tbat leprosy Is hereditary; although it
does not follow that every child of leprous par
ents must bo a leper, for uncertainty ts tbe case
with all hereditary diseases.
Now if it bo realized that leprosy spreads in
tbe manners mentioned, it will be at once seen
that tbe dissemination of tbe disease in this
country is extremely unlikely. There have
always been several lepers in London, and
probably there will be still more, owing to con
stantly increasing communication with the
East, but that it will become, as it once was,
a common disease there is no probability. Lep
rosy declined In this country with the advance
of civilization and sanitation, as was the case
with tbe decline of malarions fevers and dysen
tery, once also common maladies in the land.
The advance of civilization and sanitation also
implies better drainage, better water, ventila
tion, food, clothing, personal hygiene and pro
tection against specific diseases. Leprosy, like
various other diseases, flourishes best under
insanitary conditions. Whatever induces
cachexia, or a stato of constitution below par,
will predispose to leprosy. Improved sanitation
has enabled ns of late years to defy cholera,
and Improved sanitation In the broader sense
of the term Is our best safeguard against lep
rosy. Still, persons afflicted with leprosy should
certainly not be emploved In meat markets, or
in any connection with food. No doubt the
segregation of lepers wonld be a safeguard to a
certain extent, but it would not achieve perfect
security, lor there is reason to believe tbat a
leprosy taint may be latent in the human sys
tem, and yet n may be communicated by
Not Like a Pugilist.
From the Chicago Inter-Ocean.l
Tbe green apple makes a most telling fight
after it is down.
ODD ITEMS f ROM FOREIGN SHORES.
Tyndau. accepts as sound Pasteur's method
of inoculanon,for hydrophobia.
HxbbLowt, the Austrian journalist, who
undertook to drive from Vienna to Paris in a
cab, has arrived after a trip of 21 days. He
took two horses and they were used up.
A Mussulman woman bas just died in
Meean Meer. India, credited with 150 years ot
age. She was blind, deaf and dumb, and
almost inanimate. She died in the house of a
grandson, who Is over 80.
Religious jealousy in India between Hin
doos and Mohammedans Is said to be fit to in
volve tbe entire country in war the moment
the British authority should be withdrawn.
Lately a Mussulman procession to celebrate a
convert was attacked with great fury, and
some fatalities was tbe result,
THX time of grace which can be allowed to
guests who are late for dinner arouses an Inter,
estlng discussion. It appears that in London
some come 45 minutes late. England is un
doubtedly the most irregular and rude on this
point ot punctuality. Nowhere in Europe is
-such tardiness permissible. In Russia it Is
regarded as correct to come a little before the
time set, so as to be ready on the precise
moment , ,
The Doeuraenta Thnt Place a Man Under
the Stars and Btrlpee How They Are
Issaed Personal Descriptions Blade
Ont by n Clerk Wlih an Observing Eye.
From the Washington Star.l
This is the 'great season for passports. The
clerks in tbe State Department in charge of
that branch of tbe work are kept busy taking
descriptions of portly papas, slender spinsters,
elderly mammas and young daughters, not to
mention young man with lisping foreign ac
cents, who come to bave their citizenship certi
fied to before going abroad, Tbe business is
done in a large, light room on the first floor of
the big granite building where Mr. Blaine for
mulates his vigorous foreign policy. A very
polite gentleman asks you some pointedly per
sonal questions, examines you critically, makes
a pen picture of your prominent points, takes
your dollar, and you are insured against diplo
matic accidents. The applicant for a passport
must bave someone to identify him. Then he
must answer as to bis age, bis place of birtb.
and give a little of bis pedigree, as well as de
scribe his occupation. Then the passport man
writes down a very careful description of the
applicant his height, bis weight, whether fat
or lean, the color of bis hair, the color of his
eyes, whether cross-eyed or straight, the style
of beard, tbe shape of face, the length of nose,
and general description ot that feature, shape
of face, whether long or round, high cheek
bones or not, stooped or straight, and many
other little points besides that go to make up
individuality of appearance. All these things
bave to go Into the passport papers.
Seeing- One's Self Wllh Others' Eyes.
If one wants an utterly Impartial opinion of
one's personal appearance It Is necessary only
to get ont a passport and read the description.
The man engaged In this descriptive writing
has been at it for a number of years and is
quite an expert. He Is regarded also as a
physiognomist of no mean ability, for bis study
of the human countenance has been prolonged
and critical. There are difficulties in the work,
but be is a most accurate portrayer of person
alities. Ijl requires skilll to give an accurate
and at tbe same time satisfactory description
of a lady who is not quite as well satisfied as
she appears to be with what nature has done
for her in an architectural and artistic way.
Many women would prefer to run the" risk of
being sent to Siberia or locked In a Russian
dungeon rather than have it said in their pass
port tbat they were born GO years ago, are un
married, angular, witb high cheek-bones and
sunken eyes, wear false teeth, artificial bangs,
and are endowed with noses much out of the
ordinary proportions. In cases where this is a
perfectly a-curate description the passport
man must exercise diplomacy. It might not
do to point out as a distinguishing feature of
a fashionable lady that she bad extraordinarily
large feet, for instance, or that she bad a
mostache on her upper lip.
The Hnndiness of n Passport.
A man may imagine tbat a passport is unnec
essary luggage, but he is apt to be corrected ot
tbis impression if he acts on it. There are
countries, such as Russia, where he cannot go
without it. But where greater liberty is allowed
travelers, and apparently there is no need of a
passport, occasion may arise at any moment
when having one would save lots of trouble.
You might go to Iceland. No one would de
mand tbat you show your passport on the bor
der. But just suppose some patriot got the no
tion that you were a British spy or an "emer
gency man." Ton might go hungry for want
of.hospitallty and walk many a mile because
.conveyances did not happen to be for hire when
'you wanted them. You might find yourself
tbe object of a boycott. Then It would be thaf
a document proving you to be one oi mat na
tionality next beloved to Erin's Isle by tbe sons
of Erin would shed a comfort about you that
can be appreciated only in distress.
You might be anywhere most in Europe and
commit some Slight offense that would throw
jrou into prison. You might bit a man in tbe
nose a trifling thing to do in this country, but
one regarded with the utmost seriousness in
foreign countries. If you were an entire
stranger you would send for the American Con
sul. If you bad a passport it would be all
right with you; but if you bad not well, your
position wonld be awkward, to say the least.
You would find it not an easy thing to prove
your citizenship, and you mlgbt spend a consid
erable time in confinement. There wonld be a
case where you would want your State Depart
ment accident policy.
It Is easy enough to get a passport, and they
are convenient when necessary; Formerly the
fee was 15, but the last Congress reduced this
THE MOUNTAIN MINERS.
Officially Report Harmony, bnt GnlilzIn
Delegate Had Minds of Their Own.
Special Telegram to The DliDateh.
Altoona. July 8. Forty delegates, repre
senting sub-Divisions Nos. 2 and 27 of miners
and mine laborers. Knights of Labor, met here
to-day. Five counties were represented as fol
lows: Blair, Cambria. Clearfield, Center and
Jefferson. Owing to Maryland and Virginia not
being represented, it was decided not to enforce
general suspension at tbe present time. All
places working below district prices are to re
main ont, and all not out are to be called out. A
levy more than sufficient to support tbe striking
men bas been laid on those working at district
prices, and a Central Committee was ap
pointed for the purpose of distributing relief.
The convention was a unit on all things and
was confluent of victory In the near future. J.
B. Ream, Master Workman of National Trades
Association No. 135, was present, and ap
proved tbe action taken.
The above information was given out by tbe
Press Committee appointed. Delegates, how
ever, report tbat the meeting was not har
monious. Qallitzen people Insisted that there
be a general suspension, and, in the event of
tbat not being effected, tbey declared they
would resume work at tbe price heretofore
paid viz., 40 cents per ton. Tbe impression is
tbat Gallitzen will resume within a few days,
and tbat will determine tbe wages question in
the mountain region. Action on that portion
of the miners' scale relative to dead work was
Welle About Burgettitown.
Btoqettstoww, July 8. The well on tbe
Joseph Cooley farm, Murdocksville, owned by
Umbsteater & Co.. pierced tbe sand this morn
ing and filled up GOO feet with one bit. The
owners say it will not fall short ot 75 barrels a
day. Tbe well is a short distance from a dry
hole, and is a surprise to some oil men. The
Raccoon Company's Bubbett No. S was drilled
In to-day, and will make a 60-barrel well. Ken
nedy fc Co.'s No. 2, on the Samuel Baxton farm,
is in for 50 barrels. It will start drilling In the
direction of Florence and Burgettstown.
A Difference Without Distinction.
From the Detroit Free Press. I
About the only difference between a boodler
and a thief is that one holds a public office of
trust and the other is too decent and consistent
to push himself In politics.
Some people suppose we do nothing bnt drink
Of the cop of unlimited pleasure:
Excitement succeeds to excitement, they think,
And our life Is a dance to quick meuure.
Believe me, my friends, you are thoroughly
We are smothered by cloying satiety;
Our business hours, too, are uncommonly long
0 1 we work very hard In Society I
We mnst talk abont Ibsen, and see the last play
Mot the least of our numerous duties;
Get the Import and name of tbe book of the day;
Know, by sight, the professional beauties;
And here let me say that the women who shine
Are not always the pink of propriety
But so long as their faces and figures are fine
Tbey satisfy rigid Society I
We mnst ride In the Bow, w must visit the shops
And lnvestin the latest new crazes;
We must go to the requisite number of ' "hops, ' '
And nse all the a la mode phrases;
We must swell every Sunday the 'Teacock
With our prayer 6ooks to vouch for our piety;
Each bonnet must tnrow the next Into the shade
O! we vie very hard In Society I
There are cards to be left, there are visits to pay,
When a stream of small talk mnst be flowing
On tbe weather 'ThlsEngtandl" "It'seolder to
day:" And MustyouF So sorry you're golngt"
Private views are a boon and a blessing to dress;
innovation will give notoriety;
AVear anything ugly or noth'ng, or less
it passes ror taste In Society!
There's tho boat race to visit, and Henley, and
And Ascot and Newmarket races;
The Derby a priceless occasion affords
For alrlngjons's dresses and graces;
When the season Is done we must go out of town,
Hot gaily,' but with due sobriety.
To the seaside or country, and there settle down;
For we work by routine in Society I
In short, we are whirled through our lives at a
In which comfort gives way to variety:
After lashlon andTon" we unrestlngly race
Oh I we work very hard In Society I
. . Londo a toi.
A Fresh-Air Resort for Children.
New York, July & A wealthy New Yorker,
who wishes to bavo his name witheld, bas given
the use of 17 cottages and a large club bouse,
near Long Branch, to Zie't Fresh Air Fund.
For this little village the proprietors of Lift
pay a yearly rental of I cent. Each cottage is
two stories high and contains five rooms, ino
cottages ana club house together will accom
oato 200 children.
No Right to Come to America.
Adelbert Bennecke, a handsomely dressed
young German Wth gold rimmed eyeglasses
and without a cent of money, arrived here on
the steamship Rhaetla, with bis wife, to-day.
He is the Inventor of a new photographic appa
ratus, the rights for which he sold in Berlin,
several months ago, to a New Tork photo
grapher, who contracted to pay him 20 a week
to work for him In his New York studio. Mr.
Bennecke frankly told his whole story to a
Custom House official, and was detained under
the contract labor law. He will be sent back
On the steamship Rbauta, next week.
Wedding; ef the Richest Bootblack.
Antonio L. Aste, tbe most prosperous boot
black in New York, was married to Miss Annie
Barbierl to-day. Aste is probably tbe richest
bootblack in America. He pays $900 a year for
the bootblacking privileges at tbe Produce
Exchange. On Fifth avenue he has bootblack
apartments for which be pays $1,000 a year.
He has laid by many thousand dollars. He
wears good clothes and much flashy jewelry.
He gave his bride a pair of diamond earrings
for a wedding present. After the wedding
supper Mr. and Mrs. Aste took a train for
.Couldn't Stand Thnt Kind or Work.
Robert S. Ayre, an official of the Bridgeport
Horse Railway Company, bas sued Charles
Orr, owner of several thousand acres of oyster
grounds, for alienating tbe affections of Mrs.
Ayre. Mr. Orr was arrested to-day, but was re
leased after furnishing bonds for 12,000. Mr.
Orr began boarding in the Ayre family last
spring. While Mr. Ayre was at his office Orr
made love to Mrs. Ayre. One afternoon last
winter Mr. Ayre returned home unusually
early, to find the little Ayres at a neighbor's
house and Mrs. Ayre on Mr. Orr's lap. He im
mediately packed Mr. Orr ont of the honse and
Mrs. Ayre off to Merlden. Four weeks ago be
forgave ber and took her back. Two weeks afo
he fell ill of rheumatism. Mrs. Ayre deserted
him at once to live with Mr. Orr. Mr. Ayre's
first act npon leaving the bouse for the first
time since his illness, was to hire a lawyer to
make it hot for Mr. Orr. He will also sue Mrs.
Ayre for divorce
Senator Cameron Arrives.
8 enat or Don Cameron and Mrs. Cameron ar
rived from Englana on the Elder to-day. Tbey
put up at tbe Broroort House, and started for
Pennsylvania to-day. The Senator heard of his
father's llluess,by cable, when in the Highlands
of Scotland, It took him four days to reach
London, where he found a telegram announc
ing his father's death. The Eider was the first
steamer that sailed after that. Tbe Benator
saw bis fateer the night before he started for
Europe, and General Cameron then seemed to
be in excellent health. When asked whether
the report that he was to resign bis Senator
ship and retire from public life was true, Sena
tor Cameron declined to reply.
THE! WERE TOO LIBERAL.
The Reason Given for tbe Discharge of Pen
Ion Office Official.
Washington, July 8. John E. Carpenter,
of Ohio, an examining surgeon, and William
M. Goodlove, of Ohio, and William E. Brandt,
of Indiana, qualified surgeons, all employes of
the Pension Office, bave been dismissed. No
official explanation is vouchsafed as a reason
for these removals except tbat given by Assist
ant Secretary Bussey. who says they were
made in the reorganization of the office of
medical referee, and tbat tbe places will be
filled. It is said, however, that these officers
were dismissed because of their liberality in
rerating pensions, and for rendering legal
opinions without proper authority.
SALOON MEN SUED.
Mrs. Ellen Johnson Wants Damages for
Her Hasband'a Injuries.
Mawsfixxs. Jply 8. Mrs. Ellen Johnson,
whose husband Is a molder, has brought suit
against fire saloonkeepers for $5,000 damages
from each. On March 21 her husband. James
Jobnson, fell while drunk and broke bis collar
bone, from which Injury be was disabled for a
long timo. The saloon men aro Charles Sharp,
JohnNoggle. H. C. Gulslnger, Q. F. Scbuler
and Theo Shettler.
Side Whiskers nnd Cold-Bloodednesa.
A close observer Is reported by the St. Louis
a lobe-Democrat as saying: "Did yon ever see
a man with side whiskers that wasn't cold
blooded and selfish? If that is a new idea to
you, just run over a list of your acquaintances
who have side whiskers and tell me It any of
them are warm-hearted, or noble, or self-sacrificing.
I'll bet yon a dollar to a nickel that you
won't find one. Not long ago I made known
this theory of mine about men with side whis
kers in conversation at tbe store. It was hotly
opposed at first by some of the boys, but when
tbev began to count up their acquaintances
with side whiskers they became my converts.
Only a few days ago one of the boys went to
write a business letter discussing another man,
and ended it witb: 'In short, be is one of those
cold blooded, side-whiskered fellows.' "
According to the Engineer, there Is no
properly recorded instance of a locomotive
attaining a greater speed than 80 miles an hour;
back pressure and various resistances, includ
ing that of the air. will, it is asserted, prevent
any higher speed than this being reached.
Some experiments lately made at tbe Royal
Polytechnic School at Munich show that the
strength of camel-hair belting reaches 6,315
pounds per square inch, while tbat of ordinary
belting ranges between 2.230 and 6.260 pounds
per square Inch. The camel-hair belt is un
affected by acids.
Tests made with much care show that the
addition of a fraction of one pr cent of alumi
num greatly improves the quality of cast iron,
rendering castings more solid and free from
blow holes, removing the tendency to chill, in
creasing the strength, elasticity and fluidity of
the metal, and decreasing shrinkage.
A vaujablb fact is mentioned by Prot
Denton as having occurred in his investiga
tions showing tbe necessity of good lubrication
for slide valves. He statesjtbat in a locomotive
he bad cut down the supply ot oil to the valves
from one pint in 75 miles to one pint in 160
miles tbe result of this change being that, as
soon as the valves got hot, two men could not
hold the reversing lever In place when tbe
catch was taken out of tbe notch.
A prize of $2,000 Is offered by the Municipal
Council of Paris to the inventor of an electric
meter giving entire satisfaction, and Ave prizes
of f40O each to the Are inventors whose meters
bave given"the most satisfaction. Should the
meter only be suitable for measuring one kind
of current only half the prize will be given.
Tbe city is to bave the right to manufacture
for its own use, free of royalty, any of the
meters to which prize are awarded.
A method is described In La Samatne det
Conitructeurs tor preserving cast Iron from
liability to rust, at the same time insuring a
pleasing surface. In accomplishing this, the
casting is first thoroughly cleaned, washed in
dilute acid, and, when dry, the surface is well
rubbed witb a metallic brush or a file, and then
painted several coats with raw petroleum, care
being taken that each coat be thoroughly dried
beforo tbe next is applied On the last coat
becoming dry, it Is to be well rubbed with a
stiff hairbrush, tbe result being an attractive
dull polish, capable of resisting a high degree
of heat and not susceptible to any attack by
rust. This condition may be Indefinitely pre
served and improved by the occasional applica
tion ot a single coat of petroleum, followed by
TnE great elevator built on the quay at Lu
lea. by the Swedish-Norwegian Railway Com
pany; for loading iron ore direct into ships, bas
now Dten flnlshed,and Its operation is reported
to be a success, tbe elevator raising three
trucks simultaneously in two minutes, the
same being then moved along the rails to shoots
leading Into the bold of tbe ship, and emptied.
Tbe whole arrangement issald to be so perfect
tbat a ship of some 5,000 tons may be loaded
inaday.i lathe engine room aro two engines
of Ct-horse power each, steam being supplied
by three boilers. Tho engines pump water
Into two accnmu!ators,wbence it flows through
underground pipes to tbe elevator, which it
will raise with a load of 120 tons on it the
hydraulic pressure being equal to 20 atmos
pheres, or at tbe rate ot 360 pounds per square
Arthur Blacklord, of Chattanooga,was
arrested and jailed for stealing two silver dol
lars covering the eyes of a dead baby.
An English paper says the largest flags
in tbe world were made for the War Office,
being 38x21 feet. What funny ideas those En
' Of the street accidents in Chicago caused
by reckless driving, the ice wagons are respon
sible for the greater share, while the butcher
cart plays second to even the baker wagons.
Joseph Smith ate onions and cheese and
drank a glass of beer and boarded a street car
in B-ooklyn. A disgusted citizen threw him off,
and when Joseph went into court for redress
the jury wouldn't give him any.
The colored people of Tiptonville,Tenn.,
don't know the rules of poker. Tbe other day,
when one of their number won $5 at tbe gams
and proposed to keep it. they ran him off to tbo
woods and sought to hang him.
A Chicago paper which runs a story
daily, or which did run one, made inquiries of
over 100 readers before it found one who had
read ten lines of the serial. Most people look
upon them as "something to flu up space
Cairo has a grocer named Tyler, and the
first question ba asks of a would-be purchaser
is: uDo you snoref" If the fact is admitted
that ends the matter right then and there no
purchase can be made. He has taken a vow
not to sell even a strawberry to a man wbo
Francis Walke, son of Bear Admiral
Walke, is enjoying his honeymoon at Asbury
Park. His marriage recalls tbe fact that two
years ago he was engaged to two girls at the
same time, but tbey found It out. One of them
still bas four trunks of the bridal trossean she
prepared at tbat time. Walke represented
himself to her father as a rich wholesale mer
chant when he was but a S12-a-week clerk. A
present to one of the girls was a handsome, fine
screen painted for him by the other.
"The Alstons, sir, die with their boots
on." That was the constant boast ot tbe late
Colonel Bob Alston, famous throughout Geor
gia as an editor and politician. His grandfather
and bis father bad died that way, and one day
after be had made this boast he was shot to
death. Next day one of bis boys committed
suicide in Washington, D. C. To-day another
son was jailed at Lithonia, Ga., with a charge of
murder to his credit. A young Scotchman
named Wilson was killed in a Fourth-of-July
brawl there, and Alston Is accused ot tbe crime.
Tbe prominence of Alston and bis family make
the case of particular Interest.
Seta Stevens, a Brookfieid hatter,
noticed that one ot his hens was hardly able to
walk. He shut her in a coop and doctored
her. As she continued to grow more feeble,
yet showed no signs of sickness, he determined
to kill her. In dressing her for the table he
found inside of ber six perfectly formed eggs,
shells and all. and seven full-sized eggs with
soft shells. Henry Hofer.of Orange.of the same
State, bad a hen which walked as though over
loaded, and, lifting her, he was surprised at her
weight. Being of a curious turn of mind he
killed her, performed an autopsy, and found
29 egg yolks enclosed In one soft shell covering.
Each yolk was full size, and lacked only the
white to be a perfect egg. Tbe whole bunch
was as large as a cocoanut and weighed 3
Jack Simpson, who runs a lodging
bouse and restaurant In that delectable quar
ter of Bangor, Me., known as "Tbe Devil's
Half-Acre," owns a bicycle which be declares
is tbe largest in the world. Tbis wheel Is 88
Inches in diameter. Simpson is an English
man, and for many years traveled witn cir
cuses and other shows, having been one of the
three "Dacoma Brothers," famous a dozen
years ago for their aerial bicycle performances.
They gave exhibitions at the Crystal Palace.
London, at the Cirque Ferando, Paris, and at
other amusement centers In Europe and tbe
United States. On one occasion Simpson gave
an exhibition on his big wheel on a wire sus
pended 80 feet above the water at Rocky river,
Ohio, and it was called a very daring perform
ance. The big wheel, which has been around
the world, was built at Birmingham, England,
at a cost of $3S0, and, although Its diameter is
so great, a double system ot pedal cranks en
ables a common cycler to ride it.
An interesting Peunsylvanian is Dr.
Miller Stewart, of Mosfaannon, Pa. His right
hand is crippled. Otberwiss be is balet and
hearty at 70. Dr. Stewart Is a native of
Pennsylvania. He was born In Huntington
county of Scotch-Irish parents, when that
"I often killed bears, panthers and deer in
my young days," said the doctor last night.
"To use a colloquial expression, the woods
were fall of them.' I remember Tyrone when
It was only a log hut and Altoona when It was
a struggling village. Philadelphia was a quiet
town and the great Western cities were a part
of the unknown and uncivilized wilderness. I
studied medicine in Philadelphia 0 years ago.
My family purchased their homestead from
William Penn. As part of this original hold
ing I have deeds to 8,000 acres of land in Center
county, a large portion of which is underlaid
.with minerals. I operate largely in lumber,
and during the recent flood I had 8,000,000 feet
of logs in the Willlamsport boom.
dome excitement was caused in Vienna
the other day by the escape in a balloon of an
aeronaut who, it appeared, bad borrowed some
thousands of guldens from too credulous
friends and acquaintances, in order to bring
forward a supposed invention of bis in the
shape of a new parachute, which, he stated,
would, when once tested, supercede all others.
Tbe day for the trial nas fixed and a large
crowd, augmented by a body of police, assem
bled In the Dreher Park, outside of Vienna, to
witness the performance. Herr Welder and
bis wife entered the car of the balloon and as
cended; the audience breathlessly awaited the
descent of the parachute, but a surprise was in
store for them. Much to the chagrin of the
committee, who bid furnished the money for
the promotion of tbe invention, tbey saw the
aeronaut soar away with bis wife, leaving his
debt behind him. One very excited member ot
the committee appealed to the police to stop
them, but it Is needless to say that bis request
was not complied with. Tbe police, however.
Immediately sent telegrams in all directions to
stop the occupants of tbe balloon at any town
at which they might descend. Unfortunately
for the fugitives the wind did not favor them,
and tbey were compelled to descend at Gross
mannersdorf (not very far from Vlenna),where
the man was at once arrested. Strangely
enongh the news of the descent was forwarded
to Vienna by a carrier pigeon which arrived,
some hours after the balloon had started, at
the Viennese office ot the Carrier Pigeon So
ciety. The Secretary at once handed over the
communication to tbe bead of the police.
CLIPPED BITS OF WIT.
A metallic voice is generally applied fo a
public speaker on his mettle Gtent tall Mspub
tican. In spite of the fact that Queen Victoria
has had a long reign she never used an umbrella.
We have often wondered bow houses,
which always stand, can sbow their seating capac
Uj.Bing Sainton Ktpu&ttean.
There is something nice about balance of
trade. For instance, the farmer comes to the city
loaded with bay and returns home loaded with rye.
The prize simpleton of the season is the
young man who goes away for his health and
spends his time smoking cigarettes. BaUtmori
It is hard to make the boy who has been
In swimming believe tbat there Is any good lock
in Inadvertently getting a garment on wrong side
out. Tre Xante Exprut.
One little fellow, on being asked if he was
not sorry that the school term was over, promptly
responded: '3o, sir: I'm glad, for I Just want to
go to some place where I can holler! I'm tired of
keeping still. ' 'Boeton Mud j it.
If a street car would make anything lika
the time after the passenger gets aboard tbat ha
Is called upon, to make In chasing one our dream
of rapid transit wonld be realized. But cars don't
run that way. ifoston Commonuxalth.
Caller Doctor, Mr. Divine, the muscle
reader, fell Into a sort of tranee a little while ago
and we cannot arouse Dim. is it catalepsy or
death? Doctor (a great scientist) Bring me
bis bead and I'll soon tell you. Ji'ew lark
Young husband My dear, alter a year of
unremitting labor and closest economy we bare, '
I find, succeeded In saving about $300. What
shall wo do with It? Young wife Well, ray dear,
we both need rest. Let's go to a summer resort
for a week. Aw Tork Itcetfy.
Doctor Well, 'Squire, and your good
lady? What effect has my prescription had on her
sore throat? The 'Squire Magical, doctor, mag.
leal. 1 owe you the most heartfelt thanks, rot
some time past she has only been able to speak
with difficulty, bnt now she can't talk at all.
"The thing has gotten away from me, and
now It la lost forever," said a disgusted man who
was trying to dine in a restaurant where a piece
of tough broiled beef bo was cutting slipped on
the floor. "Kxciiie me," said tbe waiter -The
sand will be wiped from It and It will come up
smlUngor another customer. This ts not Its first
knoer down. I' an acting as final stake bolder
here, and know my baslasss." Sno Grtoeavt
fWUM , '"i .
w i ., ' : v aaaZvi
.'-. . v-J-J. - . AL ffiVkBttt
'SjjsssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssMj """ ' j--'-' T iy" - V 7"T'S'j""J"",,ssMB
1 9BffryWTmam-.mmMmtn Tf naaT leall I W W aHisT raviismii , PnsTT iftf f , M"1 E . m. . aaBjjasjSsssasattei&M 1 1 mi stsssaahaasssaAshaa