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- SECOND PART.
A Tale of
Author of "Under Drake's Flag,"
CHAPTER L How the Curse Beg ax.
There was nothing about Carrie's Hold
that would have suggested to the mind of
the passing stranger that a curse lay upon
it. Houses to which an evil history is at
tached lie almost uniformly in low and
damp situations. They are embedded iu
trees; their appearance is gloomy and mel
ancholy. The vegetation grows ranK around
them. The drive is overgrown with weeds
and mosses, and lichens cling to the walls.
Carne's Hold possessed none of these fea
tures. It stood high up on the slope of a
hill, looking down into the valleyof the
Dare, with the pretty village of Carnesford
nestling among its orchards, and the bright
stream sparkling in the snnshine.
There was nothing either gloomy or for
bidding about its architecture, for the term
"Hold" that the country people applied to
it was now a misnomer, for the bombarders
of Essex had battered the walls of the old
fortified house, and had called in the aid of
fire to finish the work of destruction. The
whole of the present house was therefore
subsequent to that date; it had been added
to and enlarged many times, and each of its
owners had followed out his own fancies iu
utter disregard of those of his predecessors;
consequently the house represented a med
ley of diverse styles, and, although doubt
less an architectural monstrosity, was pictur
esque and pleasing to the eye of men igno
rant of the canons of art.
There were no large trees near it, though
a clump rose a few hundred yards behind it,
and took away the effect of bareness it
it would otherwise have had. The
garden was well kept, and bright with
flowers, and it was clear that no blighting
influence hung over them, nor, it would be
thought, upon the girl, who, with a straw
hat swinging in one hand, and a basket,
moved among them. But the country peo
ple for six miles round firmlv believed that
a curse lay on Carne s Hold, and even
among the county families no one would
have been willing to give a daughter iu
marriage to an owner of the place. The
family now simply called their abode The
Carnesford, now a good-sized village, had
once been a tiny hamlet, an appanage of
Carne's Hold, but it had long since grown
out of leadiug strings, and though it still
regarded The Carries with something of its
old feudal feeling, it now furnished no suit
or service unless paid for so doing. Carnes
ford had grown but little ot late years, and
had no tendency to increase. There was
work enough in the neighborhood for such
of its inhabitants as wanted to work, and in
summer a cart went daily with fruit and
garden produce to Plymouth, which lay
about 20 miles away, the coast road
dipping down into the valley, and crossing
the bridge over the Dare at Carnesford, and
then climbing the hill again to the right of
Artists sometimes stopped for a week or
two to sketch the quaint old-fashioned
houses in the main street, and especially the
mill of Hiram Powlett, which seemed to
have changed in no way since the days
when its owner held it on the tenure of
grinding such corn as the owners of the
Hold required for the use of themselves and
their retainers. Often, too, in the season, a
fisherman would descend from the coach as
it stopped to change horses at the Carne's
Arms, and take up his quarters there, for
there was rare fishing in the Dare, both in
the deep still pool above the mill and for
three or four miles further up, while sea
trout were nowhere to be found plumper
and stronger than in the stretch ot .water
between Carnesford and Dareport, two miles
Here, where the Dare ran into the sea,
was a fishing village as yet untouched, and
almost unknown even by wandering tour
ists, and offering indeed no accommodation
whatever to the stranger beyond what he
might, perchance, obtain in the fishermen's
cottages. The one drawback to Carnesford,
as its visitors declared, was the rain. It
certainly rained often there, bnt the villagers
scarcely noticed it. It was to the raiu,
they knew, that they owed the bright green
of the valley and the luxuriousness of their
garden crops, which always fetched the top
price in Plymouth market; and they were
so accustomed to the soft mist brought up
by the southwest wind from over the sea
that they never noticed whether it was
raining or not.
Strangers, however, were less patient, and
a young man who was'standing at the door
of the Carries Arms just as the evening was
closing in at the end of a day in the begin
ning of October, 1850, looked gloomily out
at the weather. "One does not mind when
one is fishing," he muttered to himself,
"but when one has once changed into dry
clothes one does not want to be a prisoner
here every evening. Another.day like this,
and I shall pack up my traps and get back
again on board."
He turned and went back into the house,
and entering the bar, took his seat in the
little sanctum behind it, for he had been
staying in the house for a week, and was
now a privileged personage, xt was a snug
little room; some logs were blazing on the
hearth, for although the weather was not
cold, it was damp enough to make a fire
pleasant Three of the landlord's particu
lar cronies were seated there: Hiram Pow
lett, the miller, and Jacob Carey, the black
smith, and old Reuben Claphurst, who had
been the village clerk until his voice became
so thin and uncertain a treble that the vicar
was obliged to find a successor for him.
"Sit down, Mr. Gulslon," the landlord
said, as his guest entered. "Fine day it
has been for fishing, and a nice basket you
have brought in."
"It's been well enough for fishing, land
lord, but I would rather put up with a
lighter basket, and have a little pleasanter
The sentiment evidently caused surprise,
which Jacob Carey was the first to give ex
"You don't say, now, that you call this
unpleasant weather, sir? Now I call this
about as good weather as we could expect in
the first week ot October; warm and soft,
and in every way seasonable."
"It may be all that," the guest said, as he
lit his pipe, "but X own I don't care about
having the rain trickling down my neck
from breakfast time to dark."
"Our fishermen about here look on a lit
tle rain as good for sport," Hiram Powlett
".No doubt it is; but I am afraid I
am not much of a sportsman. I used to
be fond of fisting when I was a lad, and
thought I should like to try my hand at it
again, but I am afraid I am not as patient
as I was. I don't think sea life is a good
echo! for that sort of thing."
"I fancied now that you might beasailor,
Mr. Gulston, though I didn't make so bold
as to ask. Somehow or other there was
something about your way that made me
think you was bred up to the sea. I didn't
know, for I can't recollect as ever we have
had a sailor gentlemen staying here for the
"No," Mr. Gulston laughed, "I don't
, think we often take to the rod. Baiting a
six-inch hook at the end of a sea line for a
"With Clive in India," etc, etc.
shark is about the extent to which we
usually indulge, though sometimes when we
are at anchor the youngsters get the lines
overboard and catch a few fish. Yes, I am
a sailor, and belong, worse luck, to the flag
ship at Plymouth. By the way," he went
on, turning to Jacob Careys "you said last
night, just as you were going out, some
thing about the curse of Carne's Hold.
That's the house up on the hill, isn't it?
"What is the curse, and who said it?"
"It is nothing, sir, it's only foolishness,"
the landlord said hastily. "Jacob meant
nothing by it."
"It ain't foolishness, John Beaumont, and
you know it and for that everyone knows
It Foolishness indeed; here's Beuben
Claphurst can tell you if it's nonsense; he
knows all about it if anyone does."
"I don't think it ought to be spoken of
before strangprs," Hiram Powlett put in.
"Why not?" the smith asked sturdily.
"There isn't a man on the countryside but
knows all about it. There can be no harm
in telling irhat everyone knows. Though
the Carnes be your landlords, John Beau
mont, as long as you pay your rent you ain't
beholden to them; and 'as for you, Hiram,
why everyone knows -as your great-grandfather
bought the rights oi the mill from
them, and your folk have had it ever since.
Besides, there ain't nothing but what is
true in it, and if th 'Squire were here him
self he couldn't say no to" that"
"Well, well. Jacob, there's something in
what you say, the landlord said, in the
tone of a man convinced against his will;
but, indeed, now that he had done what he
considered his duty by making a protest, he
had no objection to the story being told.
"Maybe you are right; and, though I should
not like" it said as the affairs of the Carnes
were gossiped about here, still, as Mr. Guls
ton might, now that he had heard about the
curse on the family, ask questions and hear
all sorts of lies from those as don't know as
much about it as we do, and especially as
lieuben Claphurst here does, maybe it Were
better he should get the rights of the story
"That being so," the sailor said, "perhaps.
you win give us me yarn, jur. uiapnnrst,
lor I own that you Have quite excited my
curiosity as to this mysterious curse."
The old clerk, who had told the story
scores of times, and rather prided himself
on his telling, was nothing loth to begin.
"There is nothing mysterious about it,
nothing at all; so I have always maintained,
and so I shall maintain. There be some as
will have it as it's a curse on the family for
the wickedness of old Sir Edgar. So it be,
surelie, but not in the way they mean.
Having been one of the officers of the
church here for over 40 years, and knowing
the mind of the old parson, ay, and of him
who was before him, I always take my
stand on this. It was a curse, sure enough,
but not in the way as they Wants to make
out It wouldn't do to say as the curse of
that Spanish woman had nowt to do with
it, seeing as we has authority that curses
does sometimes work themselves out; but
there ain't no proof to my mind, and to the
mind of the parsons as I served under, that
what they call the cursa of Carne's Hold'
ain't a matter of misfortune, and not, as
folks about here mostly think, a kind of
judgment brought on them by that foreign,
heathen woman. Of course, I don't expect
other people.to see it in that light"
This was in'answer to a grunt of dissent
on the part of the blacksmith.
"They ain't all had my advantages, and
looks at it as their lathers and grandfathers
did before them. Anyhow, there is the
curse, and i. bitter curse it has been for the
Carnes, as you will say, sir, when you have
heard my storv.
"You must know that in the old times the
Carnes owned all the land for miles and
miles round, and Sir Marmaduke fitted out
three ships at his own expense to fight un
der Howard and Blake against the Span
iards. "It was in his time the first slice was cut
off the property, for he went up to court and
held his own among the best of them, and
made as brave a show, they say, as any of
the nobles there. His .son took after him,
and another slice, though not a big one
went; but it was under Sir Edgar, who came
next, that bad times fell upon Carne's Hold.
When the trouble began he went out
for the .King with every man he
could raise in the country round,
and they say as there was no man
struck harder or heavier for King Charles
man ne aia. xte might have cot off, as
many another one did, if he would have
given it up when it was clear the cause was
Tost; but whenever there was a rising any
where he was off to join it, till at last house
and land and all were confiscated, and he
had to fly abroad.
"How he lived there no one exactly
knows. Some said as he fought with the
Spaniards against the Moors; others, and I
think they were not far from the mark, that
he went out to the Spanish Main and joined
a band of lawless men and lived a pirate's
life there. No one knows about that I
don't think anyone, even in those days, did
know anything, except that when he came
back with King Charles he brought with
him a Spanish wife. There were many tales
about her. .Some said that she had'been a
nun, and that he had carried her off from a
convent in Spain, but the general hci;
was and as there were a good many Devon
shire lads who fought with the rovers on
the Spanish Main, it's likely that the
report was true that she had been the
wife of some Spanish Don, whose ship
had been captured by the pirates.
"She was beautiful, there was no doubt
about that. Such a beauty, they say, as
was never seen before or since in this part
But they say that from the first she had a
wild, hunted look abdut her, as ii she had
either something on her conscience or had
cone through some terrible time that had
well-nigh shaken her reason. She had a
baby scfte months old with her when she
arrived, and a nurse was engaged from the
village, for, strangely enough, as everyone
thought at the time, Sir Edgar had brought.
uact no aiienuaub eimer lor uimseil or his.
'VNo sooner was he hack, and had got pos
session of his estates, being in that more
lucky than many another who fought for the
Crown, than he sat to work to rebuild the
Hold; living for the time in a few rooms
that were patched up and made habitable in
the old building. Whatever he had been
doing while he was abroad, there was no
doubt whatever that he had broug"ht back
with him plenty of money,, for he had a
host of masons and carpenters over from
Plymouth, and spared no expense in having
things according to his fancy. All this
time he had not introduced his wife to the
county. Of course, his old neighbors had
called and had seen her'as well as him, but
he had said at once that until the new house
was fit to receive Visitors he did not wish to
enter society, especially as his wife was en
tirely ignorant of the.E'nglish tongue.
"Even in those days there were tales
brought down in the village by the servants
who had been hired from here, that Sir
Edgar and his wife did not get on well to
gether. They all agreed that she seemed
unhappy, and would sit for boors brooding,
seeming to have no care or love for her lit
tle boy, which set folks more- against her,
since iwseemed natural that even a heathen
wotuau should care tor ber child.
"Theysaid.too.there were often fierce quar
THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH.
rels between Sir Edgar and her, but as they
always talked in her tongue nobody knew
what they were about "When the new
house was finished they moved into it, and
the ruins of the old Hold were leveled with
the ground. People thought then that Sir
Edgar would naturally open the house to
the county, and, Indeed, some entertain
ments were given, but whether it was that
they believed the stories to his disadvantage,
or that they shrank from the strange
hostess, who, they say, always looked on
these occasions stately and cold, and who
spoke no word of their language, the coun
ty gentry gradually fell aways and Carne's
Hold was left pretty much to its owners.
"Soon afterward another child was born.
There were, of course, more servants now,
and more state, but Lady Came was as
much alone as ever. Whether she was de
termined to learn no word of English, or
whether he was determined that she should
not, she at any rate made no attempt to ac
quire her husband's language, and many
said that it was a shame that he did not get
her a nurse and a maid who could speak her
tongue; for in the days ot Charles there
were foreigners enough in England, and
there could have been no difficulty in pro
curing her an attendant of her own religion
''They quarreled more than ever; but the
servants were all of opinion that whatever
it was about it was her doing more than his.
It was her voice to be heard rising in
passionate tones, while he said but little?
and they all agreed he was polite and cour
teous in his manner to her. As for her, she
would walk for hours by herself up and
down the terrace, talking aloud to herself,
sometimes wringing her hands and throw
ing her arms wildly about At this time
there began to be a report among the coun
try round that Lady Carne was out of her
"She was more alone than ever now, for
Sir Edgar had taken to making journeys up
A.t, ntif i.mnininf fnr nroolra of o !r
and there was a whisper that he played J
heavilv and unluckily. So things went on
until the third child was born, and a fort
night afterward a servant from the Hold
rode through the village late at night on his
wav for the doctor, and stopped a moment
to tell the news that there was a terrible
scene up at the Hold, for that during a mo
mentary absence ot the nurse, Lady Carne
had stabbed her child to death, and when he
came away she was raving wildly, the efforts
of Sir Edgar and two of the servants hardly
sufficing to hold her.
"After that no one except the inmates of
the Hold ever saw its mistress again; the
windows in one of the wings were barred,
and two strange women were brought down
from London and waited and attended on
Itre-poor lady. There were but Tew other-
servants there, lor most oi tne gins irom
about here soon left, saying that the screams
and cries that rang at times through the
house were so terrible that they could not
bear them; but indeed there was but small
occasion for servants, for Sir Edgar was
almost always away. One night one of the
girls who had stayed on and had
been spending the evening with her
friends, went home late, and just as she
reached the house she saw a white figure
appear at one of the barred windows.
"In a moment the figure began crying,
and screaming, and to the girl's surprise
many of her words were English, which she
must have picked 'up without anyone know
ing it The girl always declared that her
language made her blood run cold, and was
full of oaths such as rough" sailor men use,
and which, no doubt, she had picked up on
shipboard; and then she poured curses upon
the Carnes, her husband, the house and her
descendants. The girl was so panic-stricken
that she remained silent till iu a minute
two other women appeared at the window,
and by main force tore LadyCarne from her
hold upon the bars.
"A few days afterward she died, and it is
mostly believed by her own hand, though
this was never known. None of the serv
ants, except her own attendants, ever en
tered the room, and the doctor never opened
his lips on the subject. Doubtless he was
well paid to keep silence. Anyhow her
death was not Sir Edgar's work, for he was
awav at the time, and xnlv returned unon
the day after her death. So, sir, tht is
bow the curse came to be laid on Carne's
"It is a terrible story," Mr. Gulston said,
when the old clerk ceased; "a terrible story.
It is likely enough that the rumor was true,
and that he carried her off after capturing
the vessel and killing her husband, and per
haps all the rest of them, and that she had
never recovered from the shock. Was
there ever any question as to whether they
had been married?"
"There was a questionabout it a good
deal of question; and at Sir Edgar's death
the next heir, who was a distant cousin, set
up a claim, but the lawyer produced two
documents Sir Edgar had given him. One
was signed by a Jack priest; who had, it
was said,.been one of the crew on board Sir
Edgar's ship, certifying that he had duly
and lawfully married Sir Edgar Carne and
Donna Inez Martos; and thcra was another
from a Spanish priest, belonging to a church
at Porto Rico, certifying that he had mar
ried the same pair according to Catholic
rites, appending a note saying that he did
so although the husband was a heretic, be
ing compelled and enforced by armed
men, the town being in the possession of a
force from two ships that had entered the
harbor the night before. As therefore the
pair had been married according to the rites
of both Churches, and the Carnes had pow
erful friends at court, the matter dropped,
and the title has never since been disputed.
As' to Sir Edgar himself, he fortunately
only lived four years after his wife's death.
Had he lived much longer there would have
been no estate left to dispute. As it was, he
gambled away half its wide acres."
"And how has the curse worked?" Mr.
"In the natural way, sir. As I was say
ing before, it has just been in the natural
way, and whatever people may say, there is
nothing, as I have heard the old "parson lay
down many a time, to show that the poor
creature's wild -ravings had aught to do
with what followed. The taint in the blood
of Sir Edgar's Spanish wife was naturally
inherited by her descendants. Her son
showed no signs of it, at least as far as I
have heard, until he was married and his
wife had borne him three sons. Then it burst
out , He drew bis sword and killed a ser
vant who had given him some imaginary
offense, and then, springing at his wife,
whov had thrown herself upon him, he
would have strangled her had not the ser
vants run- in and torn him off her. He, too,
ended bis days in confinement His sons
showed no signs of the fatal taint
''The eldest married in London, for none
of the gentry of, Devonshire would have
given their daughter in marriage to nCarne.
The others entered the army, and one was
killed in the Low Countries. The other ob
tained the rank of general, and married and
TfflOPv - ' EH
ill I sHmMS
PITTSBURG, SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1889.
settled in London. The son of the eldest
boy succeeded his father, but died a bache
lor. He was a man of strange, moody
habits, and many did not hesitate to say
that he was as mad as his grandfather had
been. He was found dead in his library,
with a gun just discharged lying oeside
him. Whether it had exploded accidently,
or whether hp had taken his life, none conld
"His uncle, 4he General, came down and
took possession, ahd for a time it seemed as
if the curse of the Carnes had died one, and
indeed no further tragedies have taken
place in the family, but several of its mem
bers have been unlike other men, suffering
from fits or morose gloom or violent pas
sion. The father of Reginald, the present
squire, was of a bright and jovial charac
ter, and during the thirty years that he was
possessor of the Hold had been so popular
in this part of the country that the. old
stories had been almost "forgotten, and it is
generally believed that the curse of the
Carnes has died out
"And the present owner," Mr. Gulston
asked; "what sort ofa man is he?"
"I don't know nothing about him, he
old man replied; "he is since my time."
"He is about eight and twenty," the land
lord said. "Some folks say one thing about
him. some another; I say nothing. He cer
tainly ain't like his father, who, as he rode
through the village, had a word for every
one; while the young Squire looks as it he
was thinking so much that he didn't even
know that the village stood here. The ser
vants of the Hold speak well of him he
seems kind and thoughtful when he is in
the humor, but he is often silent and dull,
and it is not many men who would be dull
with Miss Margaret She is one of the
brightest and highest spirited young ladies
in the county. There's no one but has a
good word for her. I think the Squire stud
ies harder than is "good lor him. They say
he is always re. ding, and he doesn't hunt or
shoot: and natural enough when a man
shuts himself up and -takes no exercise to
speak ot, he gets out of sorts and dull like;
anyhow there's nothing wrong about him.
He's just as sane and sensibleas you and I."
After waiting for two days longer and
finding the wet weather continueMr. Guls
ton packed up his rods and fishing tackle
and returned to Plymouth. He had learned
little more' about the family at The Hold
beyond the fact that the Hon. Mrs. Mervyn,
who inhabited a house standing half a mile
further up the valley, was the aunt of Reg
inald and Margaret Carne, she having been
a sister of the late possessor of The Hold.
In her youth she had been, people said, the
counterpart of her niece, and it was not,
therefore, wonderful that Clithero Mervyn
had, in spite of the advice of his friends
nnrthe "reputation of the Carnes, taken
what was considered the hazardous step of
making her his wife.
This step he had never repented, for she
had, like her brother, been one of the most
popular persons in that part of the county,
and a universal favorite. The Mervyn es
tate had years before formed part of that of
the Carnes, but bad been separated from it
in the time of Sir Edgar's grandson, who
had been as fond ot London life and as keen
a gambler as his ancestor.
The day before he started, as he was
standing at the door of the hotel, Reginald
Carne and his sister had ridden past; they
seemed to care no more for the weather than
did the people of the village, and were
laughing and talking gaily as they passed,
and Charles Gulston thought to himself
that he had never seen a brighter and pret
tier face than that of the girl in all his
He thought often of the face that day,
but he was not given to romance, and When
he had once Returned to his active duties as
First Lieufenant of H. M. S. Tenebreuse,
he thought no more ou the subject until
three weeks later his captain handed him a
"Here, Gulston, this is more in your line
than mine. It's an invitation to a ball for.
myself and some of my officers from Mrs.
Mervyn. I have, met her twice at the Ad
miral's, and she is a very charming woman,
bnt as her place is more than 20 miles away
and a long distance from a railway stati6n,
I certainly do not feel disposed to make the
journey. "They are, I believe, a good coun
ty family. She has two pretty daughters
and a son a captain in the Borderers, who'
came into garrison about a month ago; so I
have no doubt the soldiers will put in a
"I know the place, sir," Gulston said;
"it's not far lrom Carnesford, the village
where I was away fishing the other day, and
as I heard a good deal about them I think I
will put In an appearance. I dare say Mr.
Lucas will be glad to go, too, if you can
can spare him."
"Certainly, any of them you like, Gul
ston, but don't take any of the midshipmen;
you see Mrs. Mervyn has invited my offi
cers, but as the soldiers are likely to show
up in strength, I don't suppose she wants
too many of us."
"We have an invitation to a ball. Doc
tor," Lieutenant Gulson said after leaving
the Captain, to their ship's doctor, "lor the
20th., at a Mrs. Meryinvs. The captain
says we had better not go more than three.
Personally I rather want to go. So Hilton
of course must remain on board, and Lucas
can go. I know you like these things, al
though you are not a dancing man. As a
rule it goes sorely against my conscience
taking such a useless person as one of our
representatives; but upon the present .occa
sion it does not matter, as there is a .son of
the house in the Borderers; and, of course,
they will put in an appearance in strength.
"A man can make himself very useful at
a ball, even if he doesn't dance, Gulston,"
the doctor said: "Young fellows always
think chits ot girls are the only section of
the female sex who should be thought of.
Who are going, to look after their mothers,
if there are only boys present? The con
versation of a sensible man like myself is
quite as great a treat to the chaperons as is
the pleasure of hopping about the room
with you to the feirls. The conceit and sel
fishness of you lads surprise me more and
more, there are literally no bounds to them.
How far'is this place off?"
"It's about 20 miles by road, or about 15.
by train, and eight or nine to drive after-"'
ward. I happen to knowabout the place as"
it's close to'the village where 1 was fishing
a fortnight ago."
"Then I think the chaperons wifl have to
do without me, Gulston. I am fond of
studying human nature,but if that involves
staying up all night and coming back in
the morning, the special seotion of human
nature there presented must go unstud
ied." "I have been thinking that one can man
age without that, Doctor. There is a very
aw,nrm 1(1a I win .!.... T ... !. 2 .1
PHUg 1UUK IUII ITI1CIC .L.WJUI ObUppiUfriU iUO
village, icujuan a mue irom menouse. j.
propose that we go over in the afternoon,
dine at the Inn, and- dress there. Then we
can get a trap to take us-uptotheMcrvyn's,
and can either walk or drive down again
after it is over, and come back after
"Well, that alters the case, lad, and un
der those conditions I will be one of, the
(To be continued next Saturday.)
Some of tbe Queer Tains That Are Eaten in
Who would ever think of eating butter
fliesof making a meal from the pretty in
sects that flit about 'the garden on a sum
mer's day? But; the blackmen who live in
Australia would laugh, says a writer in
Little Folks Magazine, at the idea of taking
pleasure in a butterfly's beauty, or of cart
fully preserving it in a glass case. To .them
the butterfly calls up thoughts of a time of
great feasting and laziness, when there is
plenty to eat and little to do, for this is the
black Australian's idea of happiness.
There are some mountains in Australia
that are called the Bugong Mountains, and
on them, at certain times, great quantities of
"butterflies collect. The natives flock from
all the country round and light great fires,
the smoke of which suffocates the little in
sects. Then they are gathered and baked
upon the hot ground on which the fires
were; they are sifted to get rid of the down
and wings, and the plump little bodies are
made into cakes which are said to have a
sweet, nutty taste.
A certain African king who came to this
country was one day, soon after his arrival,
invited to a grand party. His host thought
he would give him something to eat unlike
anything that he had ever tasted before, so
brought him a strawberry ice. "Isn't that
good?" he asked the black man. "Yes, it am
berry nice," was the reply, "but did white
man ever eat ants?" The favorite food in
his country consisted of white ants pounded
up into a jelly and baked; and the straw
berry ice was so very good that it reminded
him of this delicacy. While ants are eaten
in some parts of Africa, a curry made of
their eggs is a favorite dish in an Asiatic
country called Siam, and in Mexico a kind
of bread is made of ants' eggs.
The ugly little busbmen of South Africa
are very fond of roasted spiders,and a Japa
nese tribe called tbe Airos live chiefly 'on a
stew made of seaweed, slugs, fish, roots,
berries,! and mushrooms, with a soup in
whichiS kind of clay, which is very much
like pltty, is mixed. They were horrified
at seeing an English lady who visited them
put milk in her tea, and thought it very
strange'that anyone should like to spoil tea
with a liquid that tasted so strong as milk.
The Chinese are funny people in many
ways, but in none more so than in their
fondness for soups made of sharks' fins and
birds' nests; The nests that are used for
soups are not at all like those that we know;
they are no thicker than a spoon, are about
as big as a turkey egg, and do not weigh
more than half an ounce. Thousands of
Chinamen make their living by gathering
and selling these queer little nests, and the
finest sort are very valuable, sometimes
fetching two or three times their weight in
silver. These same people are very fond of
puppy-dogs fattened and roasted. A leg of
a dog is as common in their butchers' shop
as a leg of mutton is in ours.
A STJKPfiiSED BDEGLAR.
How n Woman's Strnngo Behavior Scared
the Thief Away.
"You can't tell what a woman will do in
the case of a burglar." The speaker was
an ex-police captain, and his eyes twinkled
as he thought of the many .stories told him
by the victims of burglars and by the burg
lars themselves. "A burglar," he con
tinued, "is lost when he gets rattled, and a
woman in the case of a burglar raid is apt
to do the unexpected thing, and in this way
disconcert even the coolest professional. To
the unprofessional who desires above all
things to conceal his identity the impulsive
woman is a holy terror.
"Not long ago it happened that the wife of
one of our prominent physicians was alone
on the parlor floor of ber residence. The
house had never been burglarized, and no
one thought that it would be or could be.
On the night in question the lady was
awakened by sounds in the parlot, and call
ing out to ask who was there she heard re
treating footsteps. Half awake and wholly
under the influence of the thought that one
of her servants or some member of the fam
ily was in the parlor, she jumped out of
bed, and without a moment's hesitation,
started in pursuit, intent only in learning
what was the matter. In the hall she came
face to face with a strange man, and even
then she was not wide awake enough to be
afraid. The thought that the stranger was
a burglar did not come to her until she had
asked, in an anxious way, what was the
"The .burglar, who it was afterward dis
covered, had made preparations to carry off
the silver and certain other articles which
he had collected, was so confused that he
made a single exclamation, stepped to the
front door, opened it, and walked quickly
away. He said afterward that the idea of a
small, delicate-faced woman following him
up closely, made him shiver, and when she
spoke to him with the commonplace man
ner of one asking his welfare, his senses
deserted him, and there was nothing for him
to do but to get out."
A Writer Gives tin Account of How
Youth li Trained.
At the age ot 13 a German boy has been
carried so far as to write and speak his
language correctly; and as to reading, a boy
is not admitted to the third form -unless he
can read firmly,dist!nctly and intelligently.
The greatest exactness is required in this
respect. The laws of punctuation are close
ly watched; the slightest transposition of
words, be it ever so insignificant, is never
allowed to pass, and here, too, at an early
dge. the boy becomes deeply impressed with
that leading principle which runs through
the whole system of education, that there
are no two ways about truth.
Parsing is never practiced in connection
with reading in the student's vernacular,
and exactness in distinguishing the parts of
speech is obtained through the medium of
other languages by comparison. Such a
thing, for ihstaqce, as parsing a classical
poem like Goethe's "Hermann and Doro
thea," analogous to the practice of parsing
Milton's "Paradise Lost," until it really
becomes a lost paradise, was unheard of in
those schools. As the instruction in Ger
man advances, the "gynosiast" reads in the
classroom the leading works bf prose and
poetry. Special stress is laid upon develop
ing the faculty of expounding thoughts in
all their bearings and upon developing the
faculty of individual thinking. Free com
position exercises are required every month,
the sphere of subjects widening with the
general course of the class, be it in Latin,
Greek, history, French or German, all
teachers keeping in touch with each depart
ment, which they can do tbe more easily as
the whole course' runs in fixed channels.
A Generous Physician. -New
York "Weekly .1
Mrs. Blinkers jWell, did you go' to the
doctor to see about that bee-sting on little
Mr. Blinkers Yes.he said we should pnt
mud on it. He charged me $2 for the pre
scription, but he gave me tbe mud for
A CHARMING STQ1Y,
entitled "My Hearts Delight?' will be pub
lished complete in t&morrou's Dispatch.
SIGNS AND PORTENTS.
Ancient Omens Which Still Retain
Their Force in Sections. .
A BIG VARIETY OP DEATH SIGHS.
The Materialism of the Times: Holds Fast to
THE "THIRTEEN" AND 0THEE FOLLIES
1. While the corpse is in the house, the
looking-glass must be turned toward the
wall; otherwise, whoever looks into the
mirror will die within a year. This custom
is said to be most common among Irish
Catholics, but Is not confined to these.
(Baldwinsville, N. Y.)
2. The clock should be stopped at the time
of death, as its running will bring ill luck.
(Baldwinsville, N. Y.)
Stop the clock at the time of death. (New
The same custom is noted in GreatBritain
and Germany. The object, no doubt, is toot
merely symbolic, as might at first appear,
but to limit the power of death by introduc-i
ing a new period of time.
3. To keep the corpse in the house over
Sunday will bring death in the family be
fore the year is out. (South Framingham,
4. If the grave is left open over Sunday
another death will occur before the Sunday
following. (Boxford, Mass.)
In Switzerland, if a gravels left open over
Sunday, it is said that within four weeks one
of the village will die.
5. If rain falls into an open grave, another
burial in the same cemetery will occur with
in three days. (West New York.) .
6. If rain falls on a new made grave, there
will be another death in the family 'within
the year. (Baldwinsville, N. Y.; "Poland,
A common saying in England is "Happy
the corpse that the rain falls on.'.' Thus, it
is said that if rain falls at the time of the
funeral it is a sign that the dead -man has
gone to heaven. (Boston, Mass.) The
method of conception is the same as that ap
parent, in tbe two. superstitions above
enumerated, but the 'sign is interpreted in a
7. If a hearse is drawn by two white
horses, death in the neighborhood will oc
cur within a month. (Central Maine).
If a white horse draws the hearse, another
death will soon follow. (Poland, Me.
In Bohemia, also, white horses are re
garded as warnings of death, though to have
a white horse in the stable is also said to
bring good luck. To dream of a white
horse is a sign ot death, both in the latter
country and in England. In Sussex white
animals mysteriously appearing at night,
are said to be death warnings. In the lore
of the English peasantry, white horses play
an important part, and are variously con
sidered as of good and evil portent, a fact
which is plausibly accounted for on the
ground that these beliefs are inherited from
a time when pagan deities were considered
to ride on white horses. Thus in Shropshire
St. Milburga so rides, as St Walburga does
in the Tyrol. Tacitus mentions the spotless
white horses reared in sacred groves by the
Germans of his own day, from whose neigh
ing auguries were taken.
. In Bohemia death is considered as a white
woman (survival of the death goddess
Morana), whose apparition i is a sign of
death to the Seer. This explains why, in
England .aad Germany, ceinjr a -white
woman is of fatal augury. The original
idea doubtless is that the goddess appears to
and selects those whose society she desires.
That she should be clad in white indicates
her deity; for white, as the color of light,. is
emblematic of heaven, according to the
considerations. It would seem that the pres
age of a white horse may rest upon the
character of such animal as emblematic ot
the divine being who summons a mortal to
the otherworld. Should this be really the
case, much philosophy and much history
would be embodied in a superstition appa
It may, however, be thought that there is
a simpler interpretation of these omens,
namely their connection with the custom of
robing the dead in white. Thus Ariemi
dorus, in a work on the interpretation of
dreams, written in Borne In the second cen
tury, considers that to a sick man a dream
ot white garments is ominous of death, "be
cause the dead are buried in white raiment;
but black clothes signify recovery, because
not the dead, but mourners use
such apparel. This comes very near
the notion of the Sussex peasant
above related. In tbe opinion of the writer,
it would be a mistake to exclude the higher
conceptions already referred to from the
associations suggested by white. But the
symbolism of color is too extensive a theme
to be now considered.
It maybe remarked that it is not only in
the North f Europe that the messenger of
death is represented as riding. Headers
will remember that the horse of death is men
tioned in Bevelation. In Greek symbol
ism the deceased person is often represented
as riding forth on his journey, conducted by
a geuius. A modern Greek ballot changes
Charon, the ferryman, to Charos, the horse
man; tbe young walk before him, the old
behind, young, babes are carried on his sad
dle. 8. It is unlucky to passthrough a funeral,
either between the carriages or the files of
mourners on foot (Boston, Mass.) -
This is a general superstition. The cus
tom, which ias become instinctive with
many persons, is.usnajly set down to the
score of decency and propriety.
9. It anyone comes to a funeral after the
procession starts, another death will occur
in tbe same house. (Ohio.)
10. Whoever counts the carriages at a
passing funeral will die within' the year.
11. Tbe corpse must not ' pass twice over
any part of the same road. (Baldwins
ville, N. X.)
BtTERS RULED OUT.
12. The funeral procession must not cross
a river. (Baldwinsville. N. Y.)
"I was first led to notice the superstition
about crossing a river from haying to at
tend funerals on the south side, when they
would otherwise have been held on the
north side.' This is losing ground owing to
the frequency of crossing to reach the ceme
tery, but I had an instance only last spring.
"W. M. B."
13. It is unlucky, jn a funeral, for those
present to repass tbe house where death has
occurred. (Baldwinsville, N. Y.)
14. At a funeral, entering a church be
fore the mourners means death to some of
the entering party. (Boston, Mas)
15. If one dies, ana no' rigor mortis 'en
sues, it indicates a speedy second death in
The superstition prevails in Great Britain
and on the continent of Europe.
16. The person on whom the eyes of a
dying person last rest will be the first to die.
This seems to be a form of a widely prev
alent superstition that if the eyes of the
dying person open of their own accord one
of his relatives will soon follow.. It is prob
able, that the importance, from time imme
morial, attached, to the ceremony of closing
tbe eyes of tbe dead has for its foundation
not merely tbe natural propriety of a de
cent usage, but also a belief kindred to the
above. . i
17. Tbe last name a dying person calU is
the next to follow. (New Hampshire.)
, 18. If three "persons look at the same time.
into a mirror one will die ymmn a year,
(D.lhn.. &r . .r..a U j. ... H.lt.B.
10, Tobreakalooking glass isa death iign,;
or of bad luck for seren years. This is quite'
a general belief. Domestio servants, and
particularly superstitious persons, are often
thrown into a. panic by accidents of this
sort (Niagara Falls, Ont)
A DEATH TOKZN".
In Clan Forest (asin Scotland) such a
breakage is said to be a death token. In
North Shropshire it means seven years
trouble, to which, in Cornwall, is added, but
no want. It adds to the ill luck to preserve
the broken piece. At Wellington anyone
who breaks a looking glass will never' have
any luck till he has broken two more a
rule, however, which seems to apply to all
breakages. "When I have broken three I
shall have finished." The folk say. "The
third time pays for all." In Switzerland,
when a mirror breaks, he is said to die who
looked in last In Bohemiit means seven
20. If, during sickness, a pair of shears be
dropped in such a manner that the point
sticks into the floor, it indicates the- death
of the sick person. (Central New York.)
In Greece, if a pair of scissors is left
gaping on a table, it is said that the Arch
angel Michael's mouth is open, ready to
take the soul of some member of the family.
21. To dance on the ground indicates dis
aster or death .within a year. (Boxford,
As such dancing has been a universal
custom it seems fair to conclude that this su
perstition is local and modern; the inform
ant, however, an elderly person, avers that
she has always heard it so said.
22. If 13 sit at "table the one who rises
first will not live through the year. (Som-erville,-Mass.)
If 13 sit at table, the last one who sits
down will not die that year. (Brookline,
This superstition is universal in Europe.
In Germany the victim is variously said to
be tbe youngest, tbe last who sits down, (he
one who sits under the mirror, the first to
eat or arise, the one who seems sad and
downcast In Tyrol, by way ot exception,
the augury extends only to ill luck. In one
Bohemian town it is held to be true only for
a Christmas festivity, and the fate is ex
tended to all over the number of 12. In a
recent newspaper an account was given ofa
dinner in the interior of the State of New
York, where the umen was supposed to be
averted by dividing the guests among two
tables. In the Netherlands it is said that
the one who sits under the beam is a traitor:
a statement which points to the Paschal
Supper as the origin of the belief; and this
is certainly probable while other explana
tions are not worth citing.
EVEN THE DISHCLOTH.
23. A dishcloth hung on a doorknob is a
sign of death in a family. (Deerfield,
'It is a common practice to indicate dearth
by tying a piece of crape to the doorknob of
the house, whence probably the omen.
24. If a hoe be carried through a house,
someone will die before the year is out
The same, superstition is found in En
gland. "It is most unlucky to carry an ax,
or any sharp tool, on your shoulder through
the house, as it is a sign of death of one or
more of the inmates. Some extend this
omen to any tool carried on the shoulder
through a honse. At Pulverbatch and
Wenlocka spade is the fatal implement; it
is a certain sign that a grave will shortly be
dug for-some member of the household."
The editor observes that coffins were former
ly carried shoulder high.
25. Whoever works on a sick person's
dress, "he or she will die within a year.
26. To put on the bonnet or hat of one in
mourning is the sign that you.will wear one
before the year is out (PeaboJy, Mass.)
To tie on a crape hat or bonnet is a sign oi
mourning before the year is out (Niagara
Don't try on a black bonnet, it meant
-27-WJin a-woman who haaJieen sewing
puts her thimble ou the table as she sits
down to eat, it is a sign that she will be left
a widow, if she marries. (Central Maine.)
Journal of American Folk Lore.
Zo olofflcnl Superstitions WhlchTronble tbe
Chicago News.; .
' A Chinese native paper published re
cently a collection of some zpological myths
of that country, a few of which are worth
noting. In Shan-si there is a bird which
can divest itself of its feathers and become
a woman. At Twah-sin-chpw dwells the
Wan-mu Niao (mother of mosquitoes), a
fish-eating bird, from whose mouth issue
swarms of mosquitoes when it cries. Yung
chow has iu stone-swallow, who flies during
the wind and rain, and in fine weather
turns to stone again. Another bird when
killed gives much oil to the hunter, and
when the "kin is thrown into the water it
becomes a living bird again. With regard
to animals, few are -so useful as the "Jin
kih" ox, found in Kansnh, from which
large pieces of flesh are cut for meat and
grown again in a single day. The merman
of the southern seas can weave a kind of
silky fabric which keeps a house cool in
summer if hung up fn one of the rooms.
The tears ot the merman are pearls. A
laree hermit crab is attended by a little
shrimp which lives in the stomach of its
master. If the shrimp is successful in its
depredations the crab flourishes, but the
latter dies if the shrimp does not return
from his daily excursions. The "Ho-lo" is
a fish having one head and ten bodies. The
myths about snakes are the strangest of all.
Thus the square snake of Kwangsi has the
power oi throwing an inky fluid when at
tacked, which kills its assailants at once.
Another snake can divide itself up into
12 pieces, and each piece it touched by a
man, will instantly generate a bead and
fangs at each end. The calling snake asks
a. traveler: "Where are you from, and
whither are you bound?" If he answers
the snake follows him for miles, and enter
ing the hotel where ne is sleeping,
raises a fearful stench. The hotel proprie
tor, however, guards against this by putting
a centipede in a box under the pillow, and
when the snake gives forth the evil odor
the centipede is let out, and, flying at the
snake, instantly kills him with a bite. The
fat of this snake, which grows to a great
size, makes oil fog the lamps and produces
a flame which cannot be blown out In
Burmah and Coehin-China is a snake which
has in the female sex a face like a pretty
girl, with two feet growing under her neck,
each, with' five fingers, exactly like the fin
gers of a hnman hand. The male is green
in color and has a long beard; it will kill
a tiger, but a fox is more than a match for
Detroit Free Vress.1
"Have you any work on punctuation?"
she asked at the bookstore.
"Sorry to say we are just out"
"Well, perhaps you can tell me what I
want, to know. What does a mark under a
"That is to emphasize the word." . .
"Oh r see. Thank you."
And as she passed out a clerk heard her
whisper to herself.
"And James put five marks under the
word 'Dearl' "
Peter You children turn up your noses
at everything on the table. When I was a
boy I was glad to get enough dry bread to
Tommy Say, pa, you're having a much
better time of it now yon are' living with
us, ain't you?
,A HAMTID CKirSJKSW
ur.tcrc vy u.ivc jiuTper zn lo-morrourl .DIS
PATCH, in which the relates some stories of
PAGES 9 TO 12.
A FISHING- PARADISE.
Idaho's Many Mountain Streams Are
Just Loaded With Trout.
ANY QUANTITY TO BE CAUGHT.
The Mad Enah of the Salmon to the Small
Eivere and Brooks.
SOME BIG SPECIMENS Of STURGEON
ICOBRESFOMDEXCX OI1 TUX BISPAICH.1
Silver City. Idaho, June 12. A letter
of inquiry from a friend of mine who has
done much in a true sportsmanlike way to
deplete the streams lor Venango, Forest and
Elk counties, Pennsylvania, of their
speckled beauties, and who is now in quest
of newer-and fresher fields to indulge la
his favorite pastime, has prompted me to
.reply through your paper, that others as
well as he may learn something of how thai
sport is enjoyed among the mountains of
this most attractive Territory.
Assuming that others may be as little in
formed respecting everything here as my
friend by his letter proves to be, I must in
form them that we have no sluggish streams
here. All of them originate in and are fed
by the mountain snows, and are- clear, cold
and swiit I have never seen one yet that
was not to my mind an ideal trout stream
originally, hut many of them have been
filled with the debris irom placer mining or
the slum from quartz mills, and now run
along muddy torrents in which no game fish
can abide. Others still exist in their pristine;
purity and abound in trout
THE PLACE FOR TROUT.
In fact, except when salmon come into
them no fish except mountain trout exist in
them. These mountain trout are not identi
cal with those in the tributaries of the Al
legheny, lacking the beautiful scarlet spots
of the latter and being darker in color, but
quite like them in shape, equal in flavor
and possessing all the game qualities of
their eastern relations. They take the fly
with equal avidity and by their abundance)
almost satiate a sportsman's pleasure. To
reach the streams which they haunt often
incurs some rugged mountain climbing, but
one finds ample compensation for this in tho
varied splendor of tbe scenery and the cool,
light invigorating atmosphere, so clear at
nearlv all times that one can see objects at
astonishingly long distances. It is a most
delightful country in which to camp out,
always provided that one is amply equipped
with blankets, as warm nights are almost
unknown here. It seldom rains here during
the summer, and tbright clear weather may
be counted upon as almost a certaintv.
White trout are the only fish in many
streams, there are other fish in the territory
worth traveling a long way to catch. A
series of beautiful lakes on the Payette
boast of a fish almost peculiarly their own,
kngwn as the red fish. These fish are
caught weighing from one to five'pounds,
and are the most beautiful specimens of the
finny tribe ever found. Their color is
maroon or brown on tbe backs, shading off
into cardinal and scarlet underneath. They
are as swift and game as trout, but 'run in
shoals, so that while the sport of catching
them when one runs across a shoal is most
exciting.the sport is not always at one's com
A -WONDERFUL THING.
At the risk, however, of being thought
guilty of telling stories of a fishy 'flavor, I
must tell that the most wonderful thing of
all here is the run of salmon- They come
out of tjie Coinmbia-,into Snake, river, and .
more than 500 miles up tire course ol-tbuz
swift and tortuous stream, making their way
out into the tributaries and keep on in their
wild, mad rush, leaping cataracts and push
ing on up into small streams to where they
can scarcely find water enough to' float
them. I saw one taKen out of a little stream
at the foot of the mountain I am now on.
The fish weighed 15 pounds, and the stream
was so small I could step across it
Of course, from such mad runs they never
get back to the sea, being either caught by
men, or the equally expert fishers, bears, or
perishing from exhaustion. Snake river
also abounds in sturgeon of most enormous
size. These are often caught, weighing
from 300 to 500 pounds, and one was exhib
ited and sold iu Shoshone last vear which
actually measured 13 feet in length and
weighed 1,030 ponnds. The country is
equally attractive to the hunter. J. L.
Husband It is true Maria, I sometimes
go out and take a sociable glass with a
friend. Associated as Iam in business with
men who drink occasionally, and having for
my acquaintances and intimate friends
chiefly those who are accustomed to drink
ing in moderation, I cannot well avoid fol
lowing their example once in a while with
out appearing unsocial.
Wile Gol-leel Christopher beeswax!
Confound the luck to thunder! Saw my
blamed head ofl If I
Husband (in astonishment) Are yoa
crazy, Maria? What do you mean by such
Wife I am only talking as yon do, John,
if you step on a tack when you get up in
the morning'or run a splinter under your
fingernail in making a fire. Associated as
I am, John, in close relation with a man
who talks in this style I cannot well avoid
following his example once in a while with
out appearing unsocial. Whoop! Darn it
all! The baby has smeared molasses candy
on this beastly door knob again
Husband (humbly) I'll sign the pledge
NOVEL STATISTICAL PACTS.
If Chevrenl Ilnd Never Cnt Ills Xnlla The?
Would Ilaro Been 203 Inches Long.
London f lgsro.3
'Here is something for the Statistical
Society. It has been calculated by a most
devoted amateur of statistics that if the
late M. Cbevreul, who lately died at the
age of 103, had never cut his nails they
would have attained on the 9th ultimo, the
day of his decease, to the length of 203
This calculation is founded on the fact,
which, according to- physiologists, may ba
safely accepted as correct, that the nails of
the average mortal grow every year to the
extent of an inch and two-thirds. Strange
to say, however, the nail on the middle fin
ger grows a little more quickly than the,
others, and annually adds close on two
inches in length. It therefore follows, states
the statistician, that M. Chevreul in the
course of his protracted life must have
grown in all on his ten digits no less than
66 yards 1 foot of finger nail. Having thus
intimated a new path along which the in
veterate statistician may ride his pet hobby,
I will leave him to extend this interesting
inquiry as he may think best,
. A Good Opening.
Harlem Beal Estate Agent I hope you
wifl take this store. You'll find it a good
neighborhood for an undertaker.
Undertaker I'm afraid to risk it
"It's c very sickly neighborhood, sir."
"And a great many doctors about"
"That's good. Still I'm afraid."
"And no end to the boarding houses."
"Sir, I'll take the room."
nTTl. 1WI? talkt to-morrow's Dra-'J
lUiIi II I JJ patch, from the depths efhur
cxjcnCTfrccj U7 iww .wrwvrM sterue, ana gives CI
number of pertinent and personal illuttra-'