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THE PITTSBUIIG DISPATOH, " &ONDA.Y, 'JUNE ""10, ' 1889.
The Dispatch wnx commesce the pubij-
A JV'ctr and Brilliant Story of Love and War,
Jiomance and Adventure,
G. 4. IIENTr,
"The Lion of the North," "With Clive in India,"
"True to the Old Flag: a Tale of the Ameri
can AVar," "Through the Fray: a Story
of the Luddites," "In Freedom's Cause:
or With "Wallace and Bruce," "Under
Drake's Flag," "The . Bravest
of the Brave." "The Dragon and
the Raven," "Facing Death,"
"In the Reign of Terror." "By
Sheer Pluck," "For Name
and Fame," eta, etc
The publication of this thrilling Novel will he
COSUIEXCED OS SATUKDAT, JUHE 15, 1SS9,
And trill be continued w eekly.
Our new and forthcoming work of Fiction
will be entitled
Cures nf Cnrns's Hold,
A Story of Adventnre,
And from our perusal of the manscxipt we have
no hesitation in declaring that the story will be
enjoyed by all classes of readers. Their sym
pathies w ill be at once aroused in the characters
first introduced to their notice, and in the cir
cumstances attending a lamentable catas
trophe, which breaks up a happy household in
prief and despair. The hero of the story,
broken hearted and despairing, flees to the
Cape, determined if possible to lose his life in
battle. Ho joins the Cape Mounted Rifles and
In active service finds the best solace for his
dejected spirits. Romance is again infused
Into his life by his success in rescuing from
the Kaffirs a young and beautiful lady, whom
be gallantly bears on horseback beyond reach
of their spears.
From this point the story take up novel and
startling developments. The hero's affairs in
the old country are adjusted by a surprising
discovery, and "The Curse of Carae's Hold" is
brought to a happy and satisfactory conclusion.
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1S18.
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PITTSBURG. MONDAY, JUNE 10, 1888.
G0VEBN0B BEAVEB'S 0PINI0K.
Governor Beaver's remark that he does
not find as much destruction at Johnstown
as be' had been led to expect from the re
ports, is susceptible of a variety of con
llructions. It may mean that he is glad to find the
relief work progressing satisfactorily, for
which of course the Governor is readv to
express his gratitude to the people who
have done the work. Possibly it conveys
the Governor's pleasure at discovering that
only 5,000 to 10,000 lives have been lost, in
stead of between 10,000 and 15,000, as at
It certainly cannot mean that the Gov
ernor is expressing this opinion for the sake
of excusing bis previous inaction or to
justify the withholding ot relief funds. The
effect of this view is exactly the opposite.
If the Governor expected to find things
worse than they really are, it is incompre
hensible how he could have preserved his
policy of masterly inactivity during the
Notwithstanding these charitable con
structions of the Governor's views, Senator
Quay's famous advice to him seems perti
nent in a double sense. In reference
to the second sense, it is quite satisfactory
to learn that the Governor is going to be
very busy from now on. The advice of
the day to Beaver is: Don't talk; but act
FRENCH MACHINE POLITICS.
It is pleasant to notice that other coun
tries have the vices of machine politics in
grained in their system even more than we
lave. While we are still far from the ideal
abolition al abuses, we have gained a great
deal by the freedom of discussion and public
intelligence of the last century. The circu
lar which the Trench Government has
issued to its civil servants, ordering them
to assist the Government candidates at the
coming election of Deputies furnishes a case
in point It is to the credit of President
Carnot that when be was Finance Minister
be forbade this practice; but the return to it
tinder his Presidency shows that the use of
the Government as a political machine in
France is still too strong for reform. No
public official would dare to send out such
a circular in this country; but then a wink
is as good as a nod to most practical poli
ticians in office.
SINGULAR INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS.
The statistics on the subject of divorce,
which Commissioner Carroll D. Wright, of
the Rational Labor Bureau, has gathered
from other parts of the world as well as this
country are spoken of sb a contribution to
the Mona Caird side of the controversy
whether marriage is a failnre. This is be
cause they show a general increase in the
separation of husbands and wives by legal
process; bnt that fact still leaves it an open
question whether the failnre is with the in
stitution of marriage or with the people
who do not stay married under it
But there is another and more remarkable
feature to this collection of statistics, namely,
the devotion to them of the work of a gov
ernmental bureau, created by law to gather
and publish statistics on the subjectof labor
and wages. There is important work to be
done in this line. An example of its im
portance, and the way it is left nndone, has
been furnished in this State. Some years
ago the Pennsylvania Statistical Bureau
used to publish tables showing the amount
and value of the -production, the number of
laborers and the wages paid in each coal
mining county of the State. The compari
son of these statistics showed that Li the
sections where the coal industry was gov
erned by combinations of capital the miners
were most poorly paid. Ko sooner had this
showing been publicly pointed out than the
publication of these statistics stopped short
and never has been resumed.
The difficulty ot obtaining any reliable
statistical work on the important questions
of wages, labor and its relation with capital
renders it important to know why the na
tional bureau leaves undone the important
work it was paid to do, and devotes its
energies collecting statistics which are per
haps important but are wholly outside its
specified province. Is there any influence
at work which makes it an object to prevent
public authority both in Harrisburg and
Washington from instituting reliable com
parisons as to wages paid under combina
tion and under natural competition.
If Mr. Wright's statistics were those of
marriage he might justify them as dealing
with a home industry. Perhaps as it is he
npholds them on the ground that grinding
out divorces has become a regular depart
ment of labor.
KOI ALL TOLD.
It is interesting to learn that a customer
of a certain speculative broker in Chicago
has been very lucky. The broker, Mr.
Johnston, by name, tells a reporter of the
value of the tips which he is able to give
to amateur speculators. He procures the
publication of a very signal example of this
sort which caused the remarkable winning
of 45,000 on a $300 margin. The customer,
it will be seen in this case, pursued the
proverbial policy of drawing to a shoe
string and winning a farm.
The shoe string consisted of very valu
able information from Mr. Johnston, that
C. B. & Q. stock was a good purchase.
The stock was pui chased and held on
through various fluctuations with enlarge
ments of the holding as the profits increased,
until finally the customer realized 545,
000 and the broker nailed some five or six
thousand dollars in commissions and bonus.
The obvious purpose of Mr. Johnston's
story is to say to the public, "go thou and
do likewise. Invest money on Mr. John
ston's tips, through Mr. Johnston's broker
age, and pay Mr. Johnston liberal
commissions. This is the royal road to
But Mr. Johnston's story fails to give the
other side of the case. The $45,000 which
this customer won must have been paid
by somebody, and it is evident that whoever
lost it made a dead loss. It so happens that
this side of the story is furnished by another
report, also coming from Chicago, of a busi
ness man who had, through a quarter of a
century of legitimate trade, accumulated a
moderate fortune. His son persuaded him
to try some of the speculative methods of in
creasing his wealth rapidly, and the result
is, that a course of speculation exactly like
that which Mr. Johnston recommends,
maae the Chicago business man penniless,
and he died in that bankrupt condition. This
may perhaps enforce tbe lesson that whatever
winnings are made at the speculative game
must be done by the loss of someone else ;
and in addition to the winnings and losings
which balance each other, the broker's
commission, to which Mr. Johnston has a
special eye, must be paid by the specu
lators. The distinction between speculation and
legitimate business has been often stated
before, but it cannot be too often repeated,
in view of the appearance of such stories,
which are designed to tempt the public into
that method oi gaining wealth without giv
ing any consideration for it "Whatever
profit is made in speculation is somebody
else's loss ; and the only people who have
any fair chance of making money, except by
the honest methods of returning a fair value
for it, are those who play at tbe great game
of speculation, with loaded dice.
ITS REAL MEANING.
The task of collecting the envelopes mis
sent by green hands in the postal service is
taken up for partisan purposes by the St
Louis Republic If that journal had com
menced its work when officials of its own
party were demoralizing the mail service
by turning out trained men to make room
for political pels, it would have assumed
the character of a public service. As it
entirely ignores that phase of the affair it is
plainly confining its efforts to proving that
the pot is as bad as the kettle.
Nevertheless the evidence thus gained to
show that one party likeanother injures the
public service by using it to reward partisans
has its value. It shows the prevalence of
subjecting the public interest to political
expediency and the fact that partisan ap
pointments necessarily prodnce a greater or
less degree of incompetence in the public
service, from this tbe deduction is clear
that politics should be discarded in making
appointments, and that public servants
should be selected solely on the ground ol
their efficiency and fidelity.
This may not be exactly what our ex
tremely partisan cotemporary means to
show by its collection of missent envelopes;
but it is the real significance of the collec
tion So far as it has any bearing on parties
its effect is to show that both parties are
tarred with the same stick.
THE WAY TO DIBAPPB0VE.
A discussion as to whether the audiences at
theaters have the right to hiss, is receiving a
good deal of attention from some of our
Eastern cotemporaries. The view that this
audible expression of disapproval of a
barn-storming performance does not rightly
belong to the audience seems to prevail.
The theory is that because one member of
the audience disapproves of the performance
he has no right to disturb the enjoyment of
those who do like it in order to express his
disapproval. In other words, the hissing
is condemned as discourteous and vulgar,
and such an act as people of gentle culture
and courteous conduct cannot indulge in.
This maybe very true with regard to the
limitations oi courtesy, but it does not bear
upon the question of legal right A true
gentleman can hardly retain his seat in a
street car when women are standing, but
there is no doubt of his legal right to do so;
so that the same argument with regard to
audible disapproval in a theater does not
give us much more light on the question of
the legality of the practice than we had
We observe that the esteemed New York
Eerald suggests that audiences instead of
hissing shall adopt the equal effectual pro
test of "frigid silence." It is more than pos
sible that the managers of cheap perfor
mances would be willing that their audi
ences shall remain as coolly silent as they
please, so long as they pay their money at
the door. There is, however, one great
American privilege which tbe public can
use for the suppression of wretched theatri
cal performances without infringing tbe
laws or the rules ot good breeding; that is,
the decided and effectual protest of staying
away from them.
AN EEEOS IK THE TENSE
The avowal of certain representatives of
tho financial class that corporations or
individuals'who have business Interests de
pending on the results of elections have the
right to use vast sums of money to secure
the result they desire, is naturally arousing
a good deal of comment. Universally ad
verse nature of the comment may do some
good in warning the public that the pres
ence of such interests in politics is to be dis
trusted. One of the sharpest antagonists to such
idea is the Philadelphia Call, which has
been supposed to be near to quarters where
that practice is by no means unknown. Yet
the Philadelphia cotemporary declares that
such a view "shows that the poison of polit
ical corruption has eaten deeply into the
social body." It puts the following case:
Suppose it was a common practice with men
or corporations possessing $20,000,000, $30,000,000
or f 40,000,000, to spend two or three millions in
national elections, with a contract when the
contributions were made, that Congress should
pass certain bills and that the President should
sign them. How far off would revolution be?
As the method of protecting certain cor
porate interests described above has actu
ally been put in practice with variations,
as to amount and degree, the only criticism
which can be made on our cotemporary's
way of putting it is as to the tense of the
verb in the last sentence. It should have
asked: How far off is revolution i
TrnUact that Adjutant General Hastings
ordered back the Pittsburg militia last
week is considered bytheNew YorkTH&una
to be "a splendid vindication of the civic
spirit ot the American people" and to show
that "the capacity of our people for self
protection without military aid was never
illustrated under more trying circum
stances." Possibly so; but does not the ad
ditional fact that the militia was called out
again within forty-eight hours of the time
when the Adjutant General ordered it back,
show that the civic spirit perceived the
necessity while the official head was working
the idea through its covering of red tape?
The admission of Colonel Eugene Field,
of tbe Chicago JVetM, that he is a handsome
man is disappointing. The general opinion
was that he was an example of that pictur
esque ugliness which is characteristic of
genius. It would be sad if the poet and
philosopher of the Newt should develop the
qualities of a professional beauty.
The grounds on whioh the actions of dif
ferent administrations with regard to patron
ace are defended vary with tho circum
stances. The New York Tribune defends
tbe record of 12,000 removals by the Harri
son administration in three months, with
the plea that there will not be so many re
movals by and by. This reverses the plea
made in behalf of President Cleveland's rec
ord at about the same time, which consisted
of assuring the faithful that there would be
more by and by.
The announcement of Amelie Bives
Chanler that when she reached Paris her lit
erary inspiration took French leave, fur
nishes the exceptional instance in which the
French influence on literature has been de
TnE esteemed Philadelphia Press says
that Canada will find a sign upinBehring's
Sea reading, "Private Property. No Tres
passing." Bnt the esteemed Press fails to
express itself distinctly as to the question
whether it is either profitable or creditable
to this country to assert that an ocean as
large as the North Atlantic is the private
property of a corporate monopolv.
The disclosures lathe Cronlncase at Chi
cago are likely to make oatfibound secret so
cieties, which place their rule above the ob
ligations of citizenship and the supremacy
of the law, rather unpopular affairs for some
time to come.
The contributions of Philadelphia are re
ported on Saturdav by the Press to have ex
ceeded $600,000, and the total relief snm is
stated by the same authority to be $2,000,000.
This is splendid and will meet the pressing
needs of the Johnstown sufferers if Gov
ernor Beaver can be persuaded to let it
reach them in any form that will be useful
Governoe Beaver's expressions per
mit tbe sanguine to hope that he is going to
begin to make up his mind to do some
thing. jThe effect of the condition of things at
Johnstown in causing the suicide of a
private in the Fourteenth Regiment, is a
sad one. The sight of so much destruction
and suffering must be very depressing; and
it requires a powerfully optimistlo mind to
be able to say, like Governor Beaver, that
the case is not as had as he supposed it to be.
PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE.
Cardinal Manning is 81 years of age. The
twenty-fifth year of his episcopacy began Sat
urday. AnouSTlN Daly, like a good many other
American playwrights, used to be a newspaper
JohnFarwell, a brother of theBHnols
Senator, was recently bnnkoed out of $10,600
by a Western crook.
David Dudley Field, at 90 years of age,
is a good sleeper, strong walker, hearty eater,
vivacious talker and persistent smoker.
One of the leading Democratic politicians of
the Pacific slope and a great boss in Ban Fran
cisco, Is Chris Buckley, a blind man, tall, well
built and 36 years of age.
The Union Congregational Church, of Prov
idence. B, L, has called to its pastorate tho
Rev. Dr. Arthur T. Fierson, of the Dethany
Fresbyteran Church, Philadelphia.
EX-GOVEKHOB CHABLES FOSTER, Of Ohio,
has been made a member of the Sioux tribe of
Indians by a unanimous vote of the chiefs. He
was given a feathered bead dress as a token,
which he immediately placed on his head.
Switzerland is paying distinguished
homage to one of its most eminent sons, Dr.
Arnold Gnyot, the scientist, so long and so
honorably connected with the chair of ceology
and physical geography of Princeton College.
Owing to a great demand the famous French
firm of Hachette & Co. have now published
from the original French MS. Guyot's cele
brated work on "Earth and Man," which thus
appears for the first time as actually written.
Not Difficult at All.
From the Mew Tort Graphic.
A sly fellow caught a party of friends nap
ping in the Astor House rotunda Tuesday
mgbt He offered to bet cigars for all hands
.that he could eat 100 fried eggs In five minutes
'after they were placed before him. The bet
was accepted, and tbe fellow paralyzed them
all by ordering a shad roe with bacon. It is un
necessary to add that he won.
Old Hutch's Harvest.
From the Chicago News. J
The farmers of Southern Dlinois have begun
harvesting their wheat The next few months
will be busy ones for the harvest hands, the
twine trust and Board of Trade men all over
the broad area from Cairo to Winnipeg. After
tbe wheat has been gathered what will Old
Hutch do with it? Perhaps he hasn't decided
The Wannmaker Family nt Home.
New Yonx, June 0. Among the cabin pas
sengers who arrived to-day on the French
steamer La Bretagne from Havre, were Mrs.
J ohn Wanamaker and infant, tbe Hisses J. and
L. Wanamaker and Mr.lt Wanamaker. They
were .'rnetat the dock by Postmaster General
Wanamaker and left for Philadelphia this
AID FIRST, "PRAYER NEXT.
Such Wan the Spirit of Dome Chnrcucs The
Union Prayer Services Yesterday Each
Sodjj n Heartfelt Supplication.
That beautiful thought, embodied in a poem,
"The Gift of Tritemeus," has found its applica
tion everywhere, during the week past; and
nowhere more noticeably than in tbe churches
last week Sunday, where JloTOOO were raised
and contributed by tbe simple passing around
of tho box or plate to tho occupants of pews
who must have been, in a very large propor
tion, unprepared for jnst such an emergency.
This spontaneous giving, it Is pleasant to re
late, was the first impulse of those whose faith
in the efficacy of prayer never falters, and yet
who have taught and been taught that "faith
without works is dead." That is Just the idea
so earnestly and aptly set forth in "The
Gift of Tritemeus." A mother seeks to
save her boy. She applies to Tri
temeus, tho priest, for alms with which to re
lease the lad from 'slavery. The eloquence of
her pleadings prevails with tbe man of God,
and, having nothing else of value at hand, he
takes and gives to ber,or her motherly mis
sion, "the golden candlesticks on either side of
the great crucifix." Mark the soulful simplici
ty of his response to her, and its excellent ap
plication to that awful present emergency
which tbe Pittsburg churches were almost in
stantly ready to assist in relieving. Tritemeus,
in handing to tbe mournful mother the golden
candlesticks from his Master's attar, says:
'And our gracious Lord, who loveth mercy more
1'ardon me if a human soul I prize
More than the (rifts upon His altar piled I
Take what thou askest, and redeem thy child!"
Prayers have, no dbubr, been frequently and
fervently offered up in Pittsburg the past week
in behalf of those visited by the desolation of
death. But many of those who prayed have,
in a large measure, helped to answer their own
prayers before they knelt.
And thus it came to pass that the devotions
of yesterday were the more devout; that faces,
into which one only had to look to see a heart,
reflected the common impulse to bow in rever
ence before Omnipotence; that prayer afforded
the best remaining avenue both of expression
and of refreshing for many hearts.
This thought was prominent with many of
those who, yesterday afternoon, gathered for a
nmon service or prayer at the jn ortu resoy
terian Church, on Lincoln avenue, Allegheny.
Of the 300 people gathered there, more than
half of whom were women, 20 of the latter
wore crape veils. Not one, probably, was a
Johnstown mourner, in the sense ot a personal
bereavement by the flood; and yet the general
spirit of mourning exerted its first impulse,
probably, to bring the mourners out
The prayers and songs, and all the services,
indeed, were filled with fervor. Rev. John
Fox, the pastor, took charge and offered a
short opening prayer. Bev. William M. Robin
son, of the Providence Presbyterian Church,
was next to offer a supplication full of sym
pathy. Then Mrs. L. O. Webster sang, as only
she of all Pittsburg sopranos can sing, "One
Sweetly Solemn Thought." Following this,
the moment of silent prayer, In which all en
gaged, was most impressive. Then David 8.
Kennedy.of the First Presbyterian Church, Alle
gheny, offered another earnest prayer, followed
In turn by the congregational singing of the
psalm, "The Lord is My Shepherd," and a
prayer by Rev. Dr. E. P. Cowan, of the Third
Presbyterian Church, Pittsburg, in which he
implored tbe divine blessing and guidance for
all those in authority in connection with tho
relief of those many thousands in distress from
the effects ot the flood.
The address of the hour was from Rev. John
Fox, the pastor, in which he impressed the
need of instant prayer, and drew forth the
lesson taught bv the disaster "Bo ye also
ready." Mrs. L. C. Webster sweetly sang
"Lead, Kindly Light," and, if ever there was
prayer in a song, it could be distinctly recog
nized there. Prayer again followed by Rev.
Mr. McGaughey, ot Philadelphia and he who
offered it thanked the Divine Buler that Penn
sylvania had for Its Governor a man of God,
and prayed that he might have strength and
courage equal to the emergency.
"Savior, Comfort Me," was the closing con
gregational hymn, after which the pastor read,
from the Episcopal service, St. Chrysostem's
prayer, and pronounced tbe benediction.
There will probably be similar union services
daily during the present week, for the spirit of
prayer is beginning to stir both pastors and
people as it has seldom stirred them before.
NO CAUSE FOR ALARM.
Sanitarian Say the Public Health Is Good
and No Epidemic Prevail,
tmOU A 6TATF C0BBX.KF0NDEST.1
Johnstown, June 9. The Btate Board of
Health, after a thorough investigation of the
sanitary condition of the town, issued the
following bulletin, which was posted in several
The general condition of health In Johnstown
and vicinity Is excellent. No epidemic disease of
any kind prevails, nor Is It expected that any
will arise. The whole region has been divided
into convenient districts and each placed under
a competent sanitarian. The btate Board of
Health Is prepared to meet all emergencies as they
may arise. The air Is wholesome and water is
generally pure. If tho good people will go on,
as they have so nobly done for the past week, in
their efforts to clear up the wreckage, rood health
win certainly be maintained, 'there is no cause
for alarm. UEOkqe D. Urajt.
Contractor Flinn is very indignant over the
reports that there Is sickness among his men.
He said this afternoon that not a man was ill,
and that the sanitary arrangements were better
here than in Pittsburg and there is no danger
whatever of sickness. The report that some of
his men have become disgusted with the state
of affairs and have returned Is emphatically
denied. This is indicated, Mr. Flinn stated, by
the fact that fully nine-tenths of the 5,000 men
continued work to-day, although it is a day of
rest. He will not discharge any of them for
declining to respond to his request to work,
saying that the men can do as they please. He
is glad, however, that so many of the men
renlized the importance of clearing away the
debris as rapidly as possible. Lory.
YFEAEi OP WELL DOING.
PIttsbnrgera Tlrod ol Seeing Nothing- Done
by tho State.
IFBOH A 6TAFT COBEESrONDENT.l
Johnstown, June 9. Chairman McCreery
arrived bere this morning in company with Su
perintendent Pitcairn, B. B. McCoy, H. C.
Friek and other interested workers from Pitts
burg. Mr. McCreery was worn and weary with
the strain of his responsible position, yet he la
bored with indomitable will to accomplish the
duty assigned him in relieving the suffering.
He hurriedly talked to your correspondent
relative to tbe paramount question "how and
when will this work be finished."
"We are going to stop this great expenditure
of money. The State must come to our relief
There is now on hand $400,000 at the Chamber
of Commerce, Pittsburg, and it is being spent
at the rate of 530,000 per day. We do not pro
pose to do everything, as it is not incumbent
upon us to do so. The State authorities have
been dilatory in showing a hand. Though we
will continuo to assist in any available way. it
is entirely out of the question for us to receivo
and handle outside contributions and look after
the creat amount of business devolved upon
Mr. B. B. McCoy, who was quite Indignant at
the manner In which the committee had been
treated, very forcibly expressed himself con
cerning people who were In a position to aid
but bad not shown a kindly disposition toward
rendering aid. Kaine.
HOMES FOR NINE'ORPDANS.
A Largo Family of Little Ones Fouud and
irBOH A STAT J COBBKSPOXDEXT.
Johnstown, June 9. The Northern Home
for Friendless Children, of Philadelphia, yes
terday sent a committee consisting of Mrs. Ely
and Mrs. Walk, with intructions to bring 50
children to the Quaker City, where good homes
are guaranteed them. Mrs. Ely to-day dis
covered a family of nine children who lost their
parents and their oldest sister, and is now
caring for them.
They are the children of Frederick William
Hoffman and wife, who came to this country
from Germany nine years ago. The family
consists of Annie, aged 17 years; Mary, 15:
Freddy, 14; Jennie, 13; Willie, H; Julius, 8;
Harry, B; Clara, 5. and Susie, h The eldest
daughter, Lena, aged 19 years, was lost with her
Born Among the Debris.
1TBOM A STAFF COBBESrONDENT.l
Johnbtown, June 9. A Slav woman named
Slavisky, who floated down the stream for two
miles yesterday, gave birth to a boy baby to
day. Dr. T. L. Hazzard, ot Allegheny, who
volunteered his services, says that the child
and mother will live.
Flcnty of Clothing on Hand.'
Johnstown, June 9. The Commissary De
partment requests that Johnstown sufferers
will call at Thomas Hare's supply station and
obtain necessary clothing, as tbe committee
has plenty on hand.
A Welcome Reign.
From the Philadelphia Prcsi.l
Peace re-Igni in Hayti. People' hail a reign
like that with lively satisfaction.
An Ex-Senator With a History How
Warner Tried to Freeze Oat Spencer,
and the Latter Retaliation A Shrewd
Scheme to Delay an Armv.
ICOBBESFONDXKCn OF TBE DISPATCH.!
Washington, Juno 8. General George
Spencer, of Nevada, ex-United States Senator,
was in Washington two weeks ago urging tbe
appointment of Henry M. Daffleld, of Michi
gan, to be solicitor General. Mr. Spencer came
to the Senate in 1S03 from Alabama, and left it
in 1879. He came here during Grant's first
term and with him, by his sufferance, came
WillardV Warner, who was elected for the short
term in tbe Senate from his State. Spencer
controlled the Alabama Legislature; in fact, he
was looked upon as the leading Republican in
the State. There was qnite a fight over the
junior Senatorship and Warner, as I have said,
came to the Senate by an arrangement which
his friends made with Mr. Spencer. Under this
arrangement an equal division of the offices
conceded to Alabama was to be made between
the friends of Spencer and the friends ot
Warner. Spencer was new in national politics;
Warner was a man of some expenence. As
soon as thoy arrived here Warner and some of
his friends set about influencing President
Grant and the administration against Spencer
for the benefit of Warner. Senator Sherman
went to the White House and told the Presi
dent that the distribution of patronage in Ala
bama should be given to Warner, and that
Spencer should bo ignored. Such influence was
brought to bear that the President agreed that
Mr. Warner shonld have the patronage of Ala
bama. Of all this Spencer was ignorant, as he
was ignorant of almost all his privileges at the
A Startling Conversation.
One day, shortly after bis arrival here, he
called at the office of tbe Commissioner of In
ternal Revenue, in tbe Treasury Department.
Unaware of his privilege as a Senator of enter
ing the office of the Commissioner and speak
ing with him without unnecessary delay, he sat
down with the other callers and awaited his
turn. The Commissioner was not aware of his
identity, and he sat there some time unnoticed.
During his period of waiting an officer from
the White House came into the office of the
Commissioner, and, walking over to his desk,
said to him in a tone which made every word
audible to Spencer, "Mr. Commissioner, in dis
tributing the patronage of Alabama the Presi
dent and the Secretary of the Treasury desire
mat no attention do paia to tnis man sspencer.
Only the recommendations of Mr. Warner are
to be recognized. This man Spencer is no good
at all, and yon are to Ignore him."
Spencer was surprised, but he was a shrewd
man, and he did not lose his head. Taking
from his pocket his tablet he carefully noted
down verbatim all of the conversation as he
had heard it, and then quietly left the room.
This was the dawn of the first knowledge he
had that he was to be ignored by the adminis
tration through a mistaken idea of his in-,
fluence and importance in Alabama. Tbe
knowledge grew upon him very raoidlv. how
ever, and itnaturally rendered him indignant.
He did not call at tbe White House for a long
time, btrt when he finally ventured there ho
was treated with such lack of consideration
that he came away greatly enraged.
It was not long after this that he said to bis
private secretary, Judge Noah, now one of the
oldest and best known correspondents in Wash
ington: "I wish to preparo an address to my
constituents arraigning this administration,
and I want you to help me." Judge Noah be
gan work, and a scholarly address was drawn
up, arraigning tbe administration and calling
attention to the neglectthat had been accorded
Alabama and her senior Senator. Senator
Spencer believed that, in justice to himself, he
should circulate something of this character,
because tbe people of Alabama were unable to
understand why their leader was so lacking in
influence with tbe administration. Spencer
was a great friend of Charles Sumner, then a
Senator of the United States, and be took this
address, when it was completed, and called
upon Sumner to submit it to him. Sumner
read It over very carefully, and in a second in
terview, a short time afterward, be told Sen
ator Spencer that he thought that it was too
personal in its tone, that it betrayed too much
rancor. He offered to prepare a statement to
be submitted for It which he thought would bo
more effective. Senator Spencer consented to
this, and the paper was left In Mr. Sumner's
hands. The whole question remained in sus
pense for some time. It was about this time
that President Grant conceived tbe idea of an
nexing San Domingo. Envoys were appointed
to negotiate its annexation, and a scheme was
drawn up, to which the Government of San
Domingo assented, and which needed only the
approval of the Senate.
When tho matter was submitted to the
Senate the friends of the administration began
to count noses. They found then that Mr.
Spencer's nose was as largo as any in tbe Senate
and they began to send envoys to him to per
suade him to stand with the administration on
this question, bnt all to nd effect. Senator
Spencer referred them all to Judge Noah, say
ing that Judge Noah was running politics in
Alabama; that he (the Senator) was not known
to me aunumsirauon. iu uiu meantime obiiw
aiur E3UWUU1, wiiu vvua iuv vuuuuiau ui iiiu
Committee on Foreign Relations, opposed
strongly tbe proposition to annex San Do
mingo. As a result tho President and bis
friends had Mr. Sumner removed by the Re
publican caucus from tbe chairmanship of tbe
Committee on Foreign Relatlons.to which Sen.
ator Don Cameron, of Pennsylvania, was then
appointed. This enraged Senator Sumner and
shortly afterward followed bis philippic
against President Granr, one of the most
famous speeches in tbe annals of the Senate.
When it was delivered Senator Spencer and
Judge Noah were amazed to find that the ar
raignment of the administration which bad
been prepared by them and given to Senator
Sumner was Incorporated in his speech as part
of his original remarks. Evidently Senator
Sumner's views of its rancor bad changed
Of n Famous Family.
Mr. Spencer is one of a famous family. He
is a cousin of John O. Spencer, who was Secre
tary of War and -Secretary of the Navy, and
whose son, Philip Spencer, was hanged by
Slidell McKenzie on tbe brig Somers at
the time that his father was Secretary
of the Navy. He is not unfamiliar either to
those who surround the throne of the
present administration. Before the war, Spen
cer lived in Iowa, and be was at one time pri
vate secretary to Governor Saunders, the
fatber-in-law of President Harrison. Mr.
Spencer founded the town of Spencer, In
Northwest Iowa, which is better known per
haps by its proximity to Spirit lako than by
anv other association. Abandoning his home
in Iowa at the first sign ot the gold fever, Mr.
Spencer went to Colorado, where he met the
fate of many pioneers in that mining country.
He was on the point of starvation for some
time, and subsisted an entire winter upon the
charity of the people in the mining camp. At
the end of the winter he was able to get to a
settlement, and he immediately started toward
tbe East. He passed through Nebraska at tbe
timfl that the h irst Nebraska Begiment was be
ing organized, and as he knew many of those
who were organizing it, he was made sutler.
A Shrewd Trick.
Senator Spencer had an excellent record for
shrewdness in the army. An illustration of it
was found in his conduct when placed lu a
critical position during the march of Sherman
to the sea. During that famous march he com
manded a brigade of cavalry in tbe division of
Judson Kilpatrick. In some manner, how it is
unnecessary to explain, tbe command of Colo
nel Spencer became separated from the rest of
the division and General Wheeler, who was
endeavoring to cut off part of tho Federal
forces, came between him and his friends.
There was a very strong prospect that if word
was not conveyed to Kilpatrick of the condi
tion of affairs the entire command of Colonel
Spencer would be made prisoners of war. In
this emergency, Colonel Spencer conceived a
plan of escape. As It happened there had
been, shortlybeforo that time, continued disre
gard by Confederate troops of the custom of
war which made a -Federal soldier, when
captured a prisoner of war. entitled to ex
change. A number of Federal prisoners had
been seized and strung up to trees in disregard
of all usage of war. Colonel Spencer sent
a dispatch to General Wheeler asking a flag of
truce and a conference on tbe subject of this
lawlessness, saying that retaliation In deeds of
like character might be expected of Federal
troops unless some action was taken by the
Federal and Confederate commanders. To
this dispatch he signed the name of General
Sherman. General Wheeler agreed to the
flag of truce and a conference. Some of the
officers of Colonel Spencer's brigade were
dressed up as general officers and sent out to
meet the officers detailed by General Wheeler.
By this device Cplonel Spencer held General
Wheeler and his troops two days, or until he
had time' to communicate with Kilpatrick, who
arranged to relieve him, and eventually got
him out of the perilous position in which he
and his troops were placed. General Sherman,
wbon told of the trick, laughed very heartily,
and he has frequently spoken of it since as one
of the cleverest that he knew during his war
experience. O'Brien Bain.
The Infnnt Detective.
JiTom the Washington Fost.l
A New York detective, while visiting Paris
recently, bad his pockets picked of money and
important papers. Ho must have gone out
without the nurse."
Plltsbnrgers Will Not Have a Solar Eclipse
Until 1900 The Occnltation of Jupiter
An Annular Eclipse This Month.
Probably no astronomical phenomenon en
joys more attention from the general public
than ah eclipse. If they were of more frequent
occurrence the novelty would likely wear off,
for "familiarity breeds contempt," and they
would not bo events of such Interest. No doubt
every one has seen an eclipse of the moon, but
pronaniy tnere are many who have never wit
nessed a solar eclipse, and yet, paradoxical as
it may at first seem, solar eclipses occur more
frequently than lunar eclipses, In the proper-
tion of 41 to 29. The reason that so few eclipses
of the'sun are seen in any given place is that a
solar eclipse is visible to only a small portion
of the globe, the central eclipse being visible
to a belt of country only a few hundred miles
wide and a few thousand long. This is due to
the fact that the moon is much smaller than
the sun and casts only a small shadow on the
earth, while if it is tbe moon that is eclipsed,
tbe eclipse is visible wherever tbe moon is vis
ible. The next solar eclipse of any considerable
size that can be seen in Pennsylvania will 00
cur'on May 28, 1000, wbich will be total in cer
tain portions of tbe South. So we must either
be patient or adopt Mahomet's principle, as
astronomers do: if the eclipse won't come to'
us, then we must go to the eclipse, and if we
want to see the eclipse that occurs this month,
we must go to South Africa or the Indian
Ocean, and thither tbe astronomer would go,
as is bis wont, if the eclipse were of very great
But the eclipse is only "annular." 1 1 An 'annu
lar eclipse occurs when the moon isn't big
enough to cover up the whole of the sun's disk,
and at the middle of the eclipse leaves a ring
around tbe edge of the sun nnobscured.
When one body revolves aronnd another, it
always does so in an elliptic orbit a circular
orbit would be unstable and so the distance
between the two bodies is variable. In the
case of tbe moon, her distance from the earth
varies from 221,000 miles to 260,000 miles. Tho
diameter of tbe moon is 2,150 miles, and that of
the sun 800,000 miles. It may easily be seen, then
(especially with the aid of a diagram which
the reader can construct), that the shadow
cast by the moon Into space is a conical one;
the point of this cone is on an average about
234,000 miles from the moon. To any person
within this conical shadow, then, the sun will
be totally eclipsed; bnt if, as in the present
case, the moon is more than 234,000 miles away,
an observer on the earth will be outside this
completely dark space, and will see the sun
eclipsed only partially or not at all. At the
time of this eclipse the moon will be 231,000
miles away; the black shadow will therefore
fall far short of the earth, and the sun will not
be entirely oDscured anywhere. Another and
simpler way to explain an annular eclipse is
that tbeapparent diameter of the sun is 31' 28"
and that of the moon 29' 24", and therefore the
moon will not succeed in covering tho whole
disk of the sun.
This solar eclipse will occur on the 23th of
the month, and be visible in portions of the
South Atlantic Ocean, South Africa and the
Indian Ocean as an annular eclipse, and as a
partial'ecllpse to a large part of Africa, parts
of Arabia and India, and the whole of the In
The main point of interest about a solar
eclipse, whioh astropomers travel to tbe utter
most parts of the earth to see, is the corona.
This is something that probably can. only be
seen during a total eclipse ot the eun. It usu
ally appears as a bright halo surrounding the
sun, about as wide as the diameter of the sun,
with a fantastic outline and a silvery white
color, To explain all about the solar corona
has long been a problem with astronomers.
Some have thought it was simply an optical ef
fect produced by tbe light of the sun being
diffracted by tbe edge of tbe moon. It is now
pretty well established, however, that tbe co
ronals tbe sun's atmosphere of matter shining
probably by reflected solar light. On account
of the brilliancy of the sun's light, tbe corona
Is only visible when this light Is shut off by a
total eclipse, and as the light is not altogether
shut off by this annular eclipse, the corona will
not bo visible.
About all of interest for the professional
astronomer In this eclipse would be observa
tions of the times of the four contacts, i. e..tho
t!me3 when advancing, and following edges of
the moon are coincident with tbe edges of tbe
sun, and this is not ot sufficient Importance to
equip an expedition to observe. Astronomers
will nave to wait until December 22, on which
date an eclipse of the snn will occur which will
be total in portions of Africa and the South
Atlantic and islands just north of South
Eclipses of the sun and moon usually occnr
m pairs, about half a month apart, so in tbe
present case the moon will be eclipsed on the
12th" of July, but the interesting phenomena
will not be visible in tbe United States. It
may be seen generally in Europe, Asia, Africa,
Australia, the Atlantic Ocean and the easterly
portion of South America.
Though the moon seldom gets a chance to
hide the sun from view. It frequently passes
over fixed stais, and occasionally over a planet
To observers in our neighborhood, about 4 A.
M. on tbe morning of the 14th. tho moon will
pass just south of Jupiter, and farther south on
the earth's surface the moon will, of course,
appear to be farther north, and will pass over
Jupiter, making an occnltation to those in
more southern latitudes.
Two small stars will be occulted this month,
which may be seen with moderate telescopic
power here. The first is 55 Aquarii. a star of
tbe sixth or seventh magnitude, which will be
occulted by the moon. The star will disappear
behind the bright side of the moon about 120
A. M. on the morning of the 17th, and will re
appear about an hour and ten minutes later
from behind the dark side. On account of the
brightness of the moon, tbe star will not be
well seen in a telescope of less than two or three
inches aperture. Tbe next star that will be oc
culted is "B. A. C. 17," a star of the sixth mag
nitude in the sonthern part of the constella
tion Pisces. The moon will rise with the star
behind it, but tbe star will appear on the west
side of tbe moon, 10 or 15 degrees north ot a
folnt on tbe moon's edge directly west, at about
:30 A. IT. The observer must watch intently
to note the disappearance or reappearance of,
the star, as nothing could be more surprisingly
sudden than tbe complete extinguishing of tbe
light of even a large star by tbe moon's body.
Beet E. V. Luir,
THE GE0EGIA HEN NOWHERE.
A Chicago Fowl Distinguishes Herself by
Laying nn Indian Clnb.
From the Chicago Times.!
Georgia has long been recognized as tbe
great snake story center nf tbe United States
and for production ot remarkable beasts and
birds of all descriptions. The latest exploit re
ported from that interesting State is attributed
to a hen belonging to Irwin Blair, of Valdosa,
Ga. She is an ordinary hen of the commonest
kind, yet she presumes to introduce a new and
complicated style of egg never seen or beard of
before. According to Mr. Blair his aspiring
hen got tired laying fresh country eggs and has
produced a dumb-bell. He doesn't describe it
as a dumb-bell, but that is what the descrip
tion calls for. It is an egg small in the middle
with a ball at each end, and when suspended
from a string its weight was found to be equal
ly divided in the two balls. Mr. Blair is proud
of his hen and has another from tbe same
brood wbich he strongly suspects of wanting to
lay a pair of boxing-gloves.
But a Chicago hen is fully up to her Georgia
sister in enterprise. A South Water street
poultry firm received a box of hens from
Missouri yesterday morning and after being
turned loose in tbe cellar one of the cacklers
dlstlngnlsed herself in a way that entitles her
to a perch at the top of the roost. Tho ordi
nary ben is a deceiving bird and no one can tell
what is in her until she is put on her mettle.
An hour after being released from tbe box
tbe hen laid an Indian-club egg, perfect in
every detail, even to the rings on the handle.
The shell was thicker than that of the average
egg, but the freak weighed no more than tbe
egg Columbus made stand on end. It was
found in one corner of the cellar. The only
reason that can be given for tbe Georgia and
Missouri bens' productions of athletic goods is
that they are in smpathy with tbe popular
feeling in tbe country.
Expert at Questioning.
From the St. Paul Globe. J
Women should insist upon a share of the
census taking. They can ask questions and find
out about people quite as successfully as men.
DEATHS OP A DAT.
CnicAGO. Juno 9. Leonard Swett died Saturday
afternoon at bis home In this city. .Mr. Swett was
one of the old residents of Chicago, and for years
had been a prominent member of the bar. lie
made the nomination speech for Abraham Lin
coln for President in ISCO, and performed the same
service for Judge Walter Q. Gresnam In 1833.
Swett bad been a sufferer from Brlght's disease
for some time past, but notwithstanding this and
his advanced age, death was almost unexpected.
He. was preparing to leave Monday on an Euro
pean trip, and only last night hli stalwart figure
attracted attention on the streets while he was out
for a stroll whh bis wife.
BAic'FBAS Cisco, Juns , Advices per steamer
from Honolulu state that Jules Tavernier, an art
ist and authority of considerable note, died there
suddenly May li,
A GREAT NEWSPAPER.
Brief Summarr of the Contents of Tester
day's 20-Page Dispatch.
A better paper than the triple number of
The Dispatch of yesterday it would be hard
to find. The latest news from the Johnstown
disaster, concisely and graphically given, and
illustrated by many excellent cuts, formed a
leading feature. There was also a large amount
of general intelligence from all over the
world, as well as the usual quantity of choice
literature by noted writers. All in all, yester
day's Dispatch was a paper to suit every
L, . . , .,-,-,,
town. There Is an urgent call for State aid.
It was reported on Saturday that the Governor
had decided to visit tho devastated district and
that tbe State sanitary officers would send 1,000
men to assist In clearing away the debris. The
Governor's inaction has caused much unfavorable-comment.
Disease is raging among tbe
survivors, and many physicians are fearful of
an epidemic. Cash contributions are pouring
in and tho various relief committees are doing
noble work. Great Britain and Ireland are
generously aiding. An additional list of sur
vivors was published.
Of news from outside the State the most im
portant was the report of the inquiry into the
methods of the Clan-na-Gael at the Cronln in
quest Several members were put on the
stand, most of whom seemed very reluctant to
answer questions. In New York an earnest ef
fort is being made to save Kemmler from be
ing put to death by electricity. Abroad, Mr.
Gladstone is working zealously to bring about
home rule. A woman's congress is to meet in
Paris during the course of the exhibition. A
novel scheme for assisting emigration has come
to light in Ireland. Poor people are gathered
together and arranged in "families," without
regard to relationship. The nominal head of
the family is supplied with enough money to
enable him to pass the custom officers, and 'so
all get through safely.
The attention of Pittsburg and Allegheny
citizens has been chiefly occupied daring the
week in raising aid and devising ways of relief
for the Johnstown sufferers. Scores of the
refugees are being sent here and tenderly
cared for. Up to Saturday evening the cash con
tributions amounted to over (100,000. Local un
dertakers are involved in an unseemly squabble
in regard to the management of the work of
interring the Johnstown dead. The Amalga
mated Association held a mammoth picnic at
Kock Point which was greatly enjoyed.
The Cleveland team defeated the Pittsburg
nine in two games. Scores, 10 to 5 and 3 to 2, in
favor of tbe "babies." Reports ot races at
home and abroad, the current sporting record
and Pringle's review made tbe sporting
columns unusually interesting.
In the second part, L. E. Stoflel,,in two well
written sketches, gave a general review of the
Johnstown disaster, and tha labor ot the res
cuers, sanitary workers and newspaper
men. The matter was fully illustrated.
Another timely article was on the origin and
cause of storms. Frank Fern described Whitsunday-customs
in England. Theodore Stan
ton outlined tbe work; of the Samoan Commis
sion. Harriet Prescott Spofford gave whole
some advice to the debutantes. Edgar L.
Wakeman's letter dealt with the quaint old
city of Youghal, where Balelgh lived and
Spenser won bis bride. Mrs. John Sherwood
talked enthusiastically of the American colony
in Paris. Lillian Spencer described rural life
in Cuba, and Olive Weston contributed inter
esting reminiscences of Salvinl. Popular
Science, Clara Belle's Chat, and other corre
spondence, as well as the usual departments,
Pages 17 to 20 contained among other
articles, the following: "The Only Girl at
Overlook," written by Franklin File, after a
plot by Wllkie Collins; a sketch of tho Govern
ment fish hatcheries at Washington; Carpen
ter's letter from India, dealing with tbe Bajah
of Jeypore and his realm; Bill Nye's original
scheme for conducting a circus; "Among -tho
Mexicans," by L. B. France; "Country Life,"
by J. C. Bayles; "Florida Wild Hogs," by O. D.
H.; Bev. George Hodges' religous talk;
"English Sporting Men," by Blakely Hall;
"The Fads of the Wealthy," by Mary G. Hum
phreys; "How to Be a Beauty," by Shirley
Dare; "Sunday Thoughts," and other articles
of an entertaining and instructive character.
Stilts are no better in a conversation than
in a foot race.
Folly must bold its tongue while wearing
the wig of wisdom.
It is the foolish aim of the atheist to scan In
finitude with a microscope.
When poverty comes in at tbe cottage door
true love goes at it with an ax
A vein of humor should be made visible
without the help of a reduction mill.
All the paths of life lead to tha'grave, and
the utmost we can dojs to avoid the short
The office should seek the man, but it
should inspect him thoroughly before taking
HtrsirLrrris most serviceable as an under
garment, and should never be worn as an over
coat The Good Samaritan helps the unfortunate
wayfarer without asking how be Intends to
The reformer becomes a fanatic when he be
gins to use his emotions as a substitute for his
MANY an object in life must be attained by
flank movements: it is the zigzag road that
leads to the mountain top.
A Nobbistown man says he is opposed to
prohibition because it would just about ruin
the clove trade.
A FAEMEit from Cumberland county says
he don't believe there is a squirrel or bird left
in that county.
When Mrs. Beam, of Adamsvllle. Pa., took
in her wash from the line she found in the
pocket of a dress a partly built wren's nest
A house seen floating past Columbia three
days after the Conemaugh disaster was picked
up, and being rolled for an hour showed signs
of life. He Is now in active service.
A man named Meyers, fn Mahoning county,
Ohio, claims 4o have the first piano that was
brought to that State.
Matches that had fallen Into his food killed
the $150 dog belonging to John Flood, of Brooke
county, West Virginia.
A NEVMARTrNsviLLE ben had been miss
ing for over a month. When discovered Satur
day she was sitting patiently on a half dozen
china nest eggs.
AN UNKNOWN PAUL REVERE.
Sunor your tttal To the Milt for your Uvetl
Catch up your ehlldrtnt Clatpfatt your tcivat
Like messengers of wrath came thund'rlng down,
Throucu the startled strcet3 or the peaceful town,
An unknown man on a powerful steed
Fit rider and horse for that hero's deed,
That shall lire lu story and thrill the blood
As long as men tell of the Johnstown flood.
Sunor your lives! To the MUtfor your Uvetl
Catchup your children! Clatpfatt your uHvetl
They crowd to tbe doors at the blood-curdling
They stare in affright at the steed thund'rlng by.
Who Is be? What means he? None know his
Most think him a maniac riding a race.
Poor wretches! They tee not close In his track
A wild steed Destruction, with Death on his
Sun for your llxul To tht Milt for your lixttl
Catch up yourchitdrcnt Clatp fait your wivetl
Well may the rider's dread cry chill tbe bloodl
Harkl l.istenl What's that! O. Godt 'lis the
You know tbe. rest. Aye, and all the world
And shudders In knowing the city's death
The steed and his riJerf None know their bier.
Where rests from his ride this unknown Paul
At the bridge, where Joined the-flood and tbe
Destruction and Death caught them Just at the
- f, O, B, in Chicago1 Tribune.
CUKI0US COSDEHSATIOiNS. j
A Kennebec salmon weighing 36
pounds was offered for sale at an Augusta,
Me., flshmarket the other day.
The number of books belonging to the
late M. Chevreul, which his heirs have donated
to the Museum of Natural History, Is esti
mated at 8,000 to 10.C00L Nearly every branch
of science Is there represented.
Captain Wittbaus, who so unaccounta
bly made away with himself in New York a
few days ago. was not only one of the founders
of the Thirteen Club of that city, but he wsa
No. 13 on the Sheriff's Jury, the number of his
Special Deputy Sheriffs badge was 13. he had
been in military life 13 years, "and his wife has
been dead almost 13 years.
Mr. and Mrs. Lair, of Kentucky, have
seven sons. Mr. Lair is 6 feet 2 inches tall and
Mrs. Lair is 8 feet 3 Inches. The largest son is
6 feet 8 Inches; tbe smallest is 6 feet 5 inches.
Of the others two are 6 feet 6K inches, two aro
6 feet 1 inches, and one 6 feet 7 Inches. It re
quires a good strong derrick to remove their
"lares and penates."
James l. Babcock, the. man who is to
receive over $300,000 of his late uncle's estate
upon1 condition that he marries within the next
five years, is in Savannah, Ga. Every mail still
brings him assorted offers of the hands and
hearts of ardent maids and widows. A Savan
nah girl offers to marry him. accept a moder
ate dower, and start off for Paris Immediately
after tbe ceremony, never more to annoy him.
Mr. Babcock is resolved to win the half million
legacy, but has not yet chosen the lady who
will assist him.
--Morgan county boasts of the largest
beech tree in Georgia. It is situated on W. J.
Van Winkle's place, four miles below Madison,
on the right side of the Georgia Railroad, and
is plainly visible from the train, but attracts
little attention from travelers from tne fact
tnat, owing to the Immense size, persons take
it for granted that it is an entire grove. So
large, in fact, is the tree that its dimensions
sound almost incredible. It is 21. feet In cir
cumference, and at 12 o'clock in the 'day it casts
a shadow 114 feet in diameter:
A pious old citizen of Carrollton, Ga.,
went to the cars the other day to see his
daughter off. Securing a seat he passed out of
tha car and went around to tbe car window to
say a parting word. While he was passing out
the daughter left the seat to speak to a friend,
and at the same time a grim old maid took the
seat and at the same time moved up to the
window. Unaware of the important change ha
hurriedly put bis head up to tbe window and
said: "One more sweet Kiss, pet." In another
instant tbe point of a cotton umbrella was
thrust from the window, followed by the
wrathful injunction, "Scat, you gray-headed
One day last week Dave Fletcher, of
Sumter county. Georgia, was passing through
his field, when tbe strange noise made by a mock
ing bird attracted his attention. He walked
t'er to where It was. and found that it was
being attacked by a large hawk. He stooped
down and picked up a piece of fence rail about
three" feet In length, and started to slip up on
tbe hawk for tbe purpose of killing it He got
over a fence cautiously and approached the
bird, when to his surprise tbe hawk showed
fight Mr. Fletcher walked up to him, and a
small fight ensued, but the bawk was soon
overpowered and killed. It measured four
feet and a balf from tip to tip.
A few days ago General Austin La
throp, of Albany, received a remarkable letter.
It was from Philadelphia, ana was apparently
from a well-educated man. The writer said
that he was poor and out of work, and that he
had a large family to support He bad just
seen a statement In some newspaper that Gen
eral Lathrop had some douhts whether tho
electrical apparatus which was to be placed in
the three State prisons to execute murderers
would destroy life instantaneously. If Gen
eral Lathrop would guarantee tnat his (the
writer's) family shonld be paid $5,000 in case of
his death, be would submit himself to a trial
with the electrical machine. A test could be
made upon him. If the machine killed him,
the money should be paid to his family.
The steamship Kanticoke left Balti
more on March 13 tor Caratasco with a load of
emigrants. After discharging there she loaded
three weeks ago, at Buatan, a cargo of banaras
and cocoanuts and a few plantains. Tbey left
Buatan with 67 tons of English coal, supposed
to be sufficient for 10 or 12 days' run. With
American coal it reqnired but five to five and
a half tons a day, whereas with this English
coal they consumed from nine to nice and a
half tons. Tbe captain, discovering that his
coal wonld not hold outto reach Mobile, started
for the Dry Tortngas. They were then 183 miles
west of that DOlnt when the coal gave out
Bulkheads, life-preservers, mattresses, old
rope, oils, varnishes. Are bales of oakum j. the
roof of tbe cabin and hatebes were each in tirn
used in making steam. Finally, by using STWO
cocoanuts, they were enabled to reach Dry
A correspondent writing to a Paris co
temporary from Montrichard, in the depart
ment of Loir-et-Cher, says: "A learned monkey
named Bertram was deeply attached to Its
owner, who, among Other tricks, bad taught it
to Are a pistol while galloping on the back of a
dog. Tbe master of the animal, it seems, lately
met with certain domestic troubles, and, in a
dejected frame of mind a few days ago, he sent
a bullet through his head, death being instan
taneous. The monkey was present at tbe death
of his master, and probably took in every par
ticular. In any case, when a doctor was called
in to see If life was extinct in the man, he was
astonished to find himself in presence of a
double suicide, tha monkey's body being
stretched beside that of his master, with tbe
revolver clasped between its fingers. It Is
stated that tbe animal picked up tbe pistol
after his master bad blown out his brains, and
imitated what he had just seen done, sending a
bullet through hi head precisely as the man
A writer in a Florida paper says of the
Seminole Indians; Tbey bave a tradition band
ed down from their forefathers which they be-
rlieve that tbe Great Spirit first made the
black man, next tbe red man. and third, tha
white man. after which the Great Spirit called
them together and placed before them three
boxes, one filled with books and maps, the sec
ond with bows, arrows and tomahawks, tha
third with spades, axes, hoes and hammers.
These are the means offered by which you aro
to live; choose among them according to your
fancy." The white man bad tbe first choice,and
chose tbe books and maps; the red man took
tbe bows, arrows and tomahawks. From this
it Is clear tbatthe Great Spirit Intended tha
white man to learn to read and write, and make
everything, even rum and whisky; the red man,
a first-rate hunter and a great warrior, was not
to learn anything from books not even to
make rum or whisky, lest he should kill him
self with drinking; the black man bad nothing
but working tools It was clear he was to work
for the white man. which be has continued to
do. We must go according to tbe wishes of the
Great Spirit It is very good for the white man
to read and write, but very bad for the red man
it makes wnlte men better, but red men
There's a right side and a wrong side to
almost every legislative bin. If you want to sea
the right side look on the wrong side. Pue.
Eejoice, O young man, in the days of thy
youth, bnt remember that, big as he Is. the whale
does not blow much until he reaches the top.
rrr Haute Jxpmt.
Bailroad Patron Why don't you have a
Station Agent-Got tired telling people It was
right-Asia tork Tribune.
Mrs. Honeymoon Aren't these dear little
coffeespoons that Brother Tom sent us?
Mr. Honeymoon-Very. I received tbe bill for
them this morning, 73 for the dozen.-ifcrper'f
Patron This set of teeth yon made for
me Is too big.
Dentist-Yes, sir. Bit down In the chair and I
will enlarge your mouth a little.A'w Jfor
"Yours is an agricultural country, isn't
It?" asked a man on the limited of his new so
quantance from Dakota. ''Yes, pardner."
What do yoa raise mostly!;" "Jack pots."
For a Change. Mrs. Kawler Does your
husband ever condescend to hold the baby?
Mrs. Stayathome Oh, yes! Every Wednesday
and Saturday evening, while 1 rna tbe lawn
mower. Lawtnct American ,
Old Maid Officer, I want you to raid
that club on tbe corner.
Officer Same old game. Did they stare at you?
Old Maid No: they pulled down the blind when
I went past-rc Stftlngt.
"I grasp the situation," said President
Harrison, after listening for half an hour to tha
man who wanted an office.
That's Jait the trouble," complained tbe sup
pliant "What 1 want Is for you to let go of the
situation so that I can grasp It" Chicago KevsX
The Bev. Mr. Wilgus I hope yourfofRh,
Brother Wlggs became mily reconciled before'hVc
died. '. TrJ!
Deacon Podworthy O, yes. 1 went around andc
told him that as he was about to piss la bis checks'
I would fully forgire him for all the dirty, tricks
he bad ever done me, though I didn't, presume to
say that tbe Lord would do so, and (gleefully) yon
ought to bave seen how the old sinner looked,'