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ERNEST H. HEIKBICHS.
1W HrT FOB THZ DlSf ATCH.2
It was in the middle of a very cold, dreary
Nature was asleep under a sheet of deep
enow, and the trees seemed to be stretching
out their bare branches for more pleasanter
surroundings, like a naked man begging for
a piece of clothing.
It was very late at night; the moon stood
high above the largest trees in the forest,
and as the reflections of the endless snow
field shone against the frost-covered fir
trees the entire woodland scenery looked
like an army of ghosts out on parade.
TJwe seemed to be nobody who liked to be
about on such a night, but yet there was some-
AA Tnct nnTi-n f oil finnrp. with a larpe
' fnr mantle around him, a heavy sealskin
, cap on his head, enormous boots on his feet,
r a long sword dangling by his side and an
Rescuing the Dwarf.
arrow and bow over his shoulder, came
rapidly walking through the snow. It was
a big, powerful and handsome man. You
could see he was not afraid, because the
gaunt appearance of the ghostlike trees did
not seem to concern him in the least. The
man seemed to be looking for something, for
ever and anon his eyes would searchingly
glance all around him. At last he stopped,
for he appeared to have found whit he
wanted. About 100 yards a"way from him
he saw a small light shining through the
narrow window of a little log cabin. "At
last I believe I have found a human habita
tion. Iiet me hope its inmates are hospita
ble to a lost wanderer." Thus said the man
to&imselt as he hurried toward the little
Arrived at the place he knocked against
the door. In another second a joung man
pushed back the bolt and bade him enter.
Ihe big man walked into a small room
where a man, a woman and a little girl
were sitting around a brightly flickering
"Exouse me," said the stranger, "but I
have lost my way in the forest and I have
come to ask you for a night's lodging under
your roof. I am tired and hungry."
The woman at once got up, offered the
man her seat, and she then went to a small
cupboard and hauled out meat and bread for
a meal. In the meantime the stranger
talked to the others. He was told that he
had come into the home of John Meredith, a
poor laboring man, and his wife and chil
dren. John complained to his guest that
times were hard and that the winter was
cruel, because there was no work to be had
on that account. However, the stranger ate
a hearty meal, but when the question of bed
came up old Meredith was a little confnsed,
because he had only two. one for himself
and wife and the other for his children. But
before he had time lo say anything on the
subject, Herold, his son, said: "Father, I
guess the gentleman might sleep in our bed,
and little Lizzie and I will find rest over
there in those chairs."
And so it was decided. The next morn
ing the stranger was early astir, and when
alt of them sat around the table drinking
their hot coffee to prepare against the cold
outside, the stranger said to old Meredith:
"Xy dear friend, let me tell you that I
am King Cuthbert, the monarch of this
land. I was out hunting yesterday and lost
my way. I am very pleased with the kind
manner in which you have entertained me
this night and I mean to be erateful to yon.
r see -von are verv poor and I therefore cive
von this purse with all the money that is in I
it, fclUU,Vw. A guess it is euougu w .cep vuu
from starvation for the rest of your life.
Now I want to do something else. I like
Tour boy Herold, and I want to take him
with me to my castle. Iwill take well care
Of him. audit he has a mind to he may be
come one of the mightiest men in our land.
What do you think of my proposition?"
Old John was at first dumfounded when
he saw that vast amount of money before
him but after a while his self-possession re
turned to him and he replied:
"I am very much obliged to yon, dear
King but I do not like to part with my boy
Herold. The money you give me, however,
I will accept with thanks."
Then Herold spoke up, "Father," he said,
"vou might as well let me go. Yon have
plenty of monev r.ow and you do not need
to wort any more. Now I would like to go
and learn something, and I think the King
is very kind to take charge of me."
"So the old man was talked over and he
agreed to Jet his son go, if he would promise
to return home within a year. Herold did
so, and in a short time the King and boy
left the little log cabin and rapidly went
fliSBKhv tf T f
The two had walked the whole dav, but
still they did not arrive at the King s
castle, and in the evening they found them
selves in the depth of the forest and no place
could they see where they might stay for
the night. , .
"I guess ve wtll have to camp in the
snow!" said Jving Cuthbert. After a short
hunt Herold discovered a cave, and calling
the Kins they both went in there, which
was at least better than lying in the cold
and damp snow. Herold arranged the
King's big cloak, and his master was soon
asleep, but the -boy did not want to go to
sleep no matter how much the King beeged
him to do so.
"I am vour servant," said Herold, I
will watch while yon are asleep." The
King had to consent to this, although much
aeainst his will, but the boy was deter
mined. After Cuthbert had been asleep
about an hour, the boy suddenly heard a
noie not far from the" cave. He listened,
and it seemed to him as if somebody was
being killed. Be heard a voice like the
crying of a child, Heroic ran out 01 uie
cave, and when he looked around he saw a
big snake, which had coiled itself around
the body of a dwarf. Herold realized the
the whole situation at once, and if he had
not, the dwarf, who had seen him, very soon
"For heaven's sake," cried the little man,
in a pitiful voice, "help me or I snail get
Harold at once ran back into the cave to
fetch King Cuthbert's big sword. Then he
san up to the snake, and with a blow he
severed the head from the beastly reptile s
body. The snake was dead, and the dwarf
was now soon extricated from his danger
ous position. . A l "
"l am a thousand times opngc" m ju,
said the little man to Herold; "ask me
what I can do for yon and it shall be done
Herold replied that he did not want any
thing fpr'himself, but that he would like to
know the quickest way to get to King Cuth
bert's castle. "The King has lost his way
and he is in that cave there asleep."
"Ah 1" said the dwarf. "I saw a number
of his friends not long ago looking for him.
"Well, you stay with the King, and I will
send his men here. But let me see: I will
make vou a present for yourself, because
yoE.saved.mv life iustaow.,Hcre, take this'
belt, which has the wonaertui quality ot
conferring swiftness upon the party who
wears it. If you put it on and simply say
the words, '1 would like to be in China,'
the belt will take you therein two seconds.
Take it, my boy; it maybe of use to you,
and as long as you have it you will remem
ber this night and your fight with the
Tneu the dwarf disappeared, and Herold,
with the belt around his waist, walked
back into the cave, where the King was btill
asleep. Suddenly the sounds of a bugle
horn and trumpets resounded through the
forest. The King awoke from the noise,
and he got up. When he got outside he
found all his generals and officers awaiting
him. The dwarf had brought them there.
Everybody was glad that the Kins had been
found, and the whole party immediately set
out on a march toward the King's castle.
But when they arrived there the news of a
great calamity awaited them.
King Cuthbert's only daughter, the Prin
cess Bolinda, had been stolen, and nobody
knew who had done this deed, nor where
the young lady had been taken to. The
whole countrywas in great despair and
sorrow, because Bolinda was a favorite of
everybody who knew her. "When the King
heard it he was overcome with grief. He
offered a very large reward to the man or
woman who would bring his daughter back
to him. But there was no one who was
willing to go on a hunt withont having a
clew of some kind about the lost lady.
Young Herold was almost as much trou
bled about the young Princess as the King,
although he did not know her, nor had he
ever seen Bolinda. But he was fond of the
King and he took a very deep interest in
everything which troubled the King. He
thought lone and seriously about the matter
until at last he had an idea. He remem
bered the belt, the wonderful gilt from the
dwarf, and he accordinely went to the King
and told him that he would find his daugh
ter for him. The King was very pleased at
Herold's devotion aud at his readiness to
serve him in this great calamity.
On the following day, therefore, Herold
went away from the Boyal Castle. "When
he got outlide of the city he took his belt,
put it around his waist and said: "Take me
to the abode of Princess Bolinda 1"
No sooner had he uttered this sentence
when he felt himself lifted from the ground,
and he was moved along by invisible pow
ers. He coursed through the air with ex
traordinary swiftness. Un and on ne new
until he was gently placed on the ground
again. How long he had been flying through
the air he did not know, lie found himself
in the front of a large and maguificent cas
tle. There seemed to be great rejoicing go
ing on inside, because he heard singing and
playing as if there was a wedding. Her
old went through the castle gate into the
park which surrounded the mansion. Ad
vancing ajong an avenue of trees he sud
denly saw a beautiful young lady under a
big elm tree. The lady was crying, and as
Herold saw the tears roll down her cheeks
hi;, heart became filled with pitv.
"What ails you, dear ladj?" he' asked
her a3 he approached in a respectful manner.
"What ails me? I am a very unfortunate
Princess, who was stolen from her father's
castle, and the thief who stole me now wants
to marry me." -
"Are you the Princess Bolinda. Kin?
"es; but how do you know me?"
"I am a friend of King Cuthbert, and I
have come to fetch you home again, if you
will trust yourself with me."
''How could you do that alone? The man
who stole me is a mighty man with lots of
soldier?, and it would be foolish for you to
attempt fighting them all br voursclf."
"That might be so," replied Herold. "But
I am in the possession of such a charm,
which could baffle an army twice as large as
the world has ever seen."
"What do you want to do, nen?"
"Do you see this belt? "Well, you tie that
around your waist and .as soon as you have
done that simply say: 'Take me to mv
father's housel' and yon will be there in a
verv short time."
B'olinda was delighted, and she at once'
tried to put the Den around her, but it was
so large and her waist so small that it wut
JUiJM'tiii'if i1MT I Ti '"i-mV-ySryr, tp ki
The .Princess Takes ihe Magic Belt. '
twice around her. At last, however, the
belt was fixed. Then Herold bade her to
say the sentence, and she had no more than
merely uttered the last word when she was
lilted up and carried away. And it was
just in time, too, because the people in the
castle who had missed the Princess came
now rushing down the avenue to find her,
but when they came to the place where
Herold stood, Bolinda was already out of
sight. They asked Herold whether he had
seen a lady about the park, and he replied:
"Yes, I saw Princess Bolinda just now
flying away into the air."
Thev looked at him with an air which
seemed to say: "You must he mad; people
Herold, however, said no more. He
quietly went out of the park, and he at once
traveled home to Cuthbert's castle. He ar
rived there in a week, and when the Kine
saw him, he came np to him and embraced
him like a father would embrace his own
"My daughter has told me all you have
done lor her and I will not forget to be
grateful to you."
Cuthbert made Herold his Secretarv of
State, and after a few years he also married
Bolinda. He became afterward the wisest
and most learned man in the kingdom and
when Cuthbert died Herold was made King.
An Ancient and Picturesque Dance Orlcin
ntcd by iho Greeks.
In the lower part of the Hotel Tramon
tane, at Sorrento, is a room where, whenever
the proprietor calls for them, a number of
Sorrentino men and women come in their
picturesque costumes, and to the sound of
pipe, timbre, guitar, mandoline (the
ancient lute), castagnettes, etc., foot most
prettily and vivaciously this curious dance,
which has come down 'from the old Greek
Pliny and Elder wrote of it, continues a
correspondent of the Paris American Regis
ter, and described it most fully. In his day
it was called "the dance of Ga'des" (Cadiz),
because it had been bronght to great per
fection in that citv on the Atlantic; but he
says that it was imported into Oades by
the Greeks, who, you will remember, had
large settlements around the whole of
the Mediterranean shores, and far up
the Atlantic coast in Hispania and Iiusitan
ia. The tarantella in Spain is to-day
called the "fandango," and so it is in Por
tugal, in Brazil, and in all Spanish Amer
ica. Curiously enpugh, the first time that I
ever heard fandango airs played was on a
summer night in the Plazaot Cadiz. But
in no part of Spain or Portugal, or Latin
America, will you see the fandango or
tarantella danced as in Sorrento. It is there
in its perfection, and it is not merely dancing
that you have, but they also sing the
popular Neapolitan airs, for the dancers
are singers, as many of your readers
will testify who heard them at the Italian
Exhibition in .London last year. One of
them a falegname (a carpenter) played
most exquisitely on the mandoline. I think
that I never heard the air "II Pescatore"
from "Lucretia Borgia" more sweetly and
touchingly rendered, than by this little
carpenter" on his mandoline. "The leader,
whose name is Neapolitano, is, as I
was informed by the head waiter of
the Tramontano, a hairdresser of Sor
rento a local "barber of Seville." The
other guitar player, Antonio, is also a good
composer of mu6ic; the lithe young fellow,
who danced so capriolacally to coin a word
is an olive-wood cutter, and the other
male members of the corns are mechanics in
various callings; while the women dancers
are silk weavers, or, as married omen,
keepers of their own houses. The tallest
woman, and one of the most graceful of the
dancers, is the wife of the little mando
linist. I forgot to say that, in addition to the in
strumentation mentioned, they are accom
panied by a small but very fair orchestra
No one who goes to Sorrento should fail to
see and hear the tarantella-dancers. A col
lection is taken at the close of the perform
ance, and all are supposed to contribute at
least two francs each.
A WOMAN'S WEAPON,
She Isn't Afraid of It, nnd It's Better Than
to Get Your Gun.
Forest and Stream. I
A long-range, globe-sighted rifle in the
hands of a marksman can be made to run a
score of bullseyes down a firing range, but
will it in the timber do better work on deer
than a bored-out musket loaded with buck
shot? The size of your game-bag, or rather
bag of game, depends a great deal on the
knowledge of the firearms you're used to.
An estimable English lady who came to
Canada some 25 years ago" was one day
deeply interested in cetting out the wash
ing. She had sheets and tablecloths out
drying, when to her horror she saw the line
go down and her spotless clothes trampled
in the dirt. A large buck caught by the
antlers was the cause of the trouble. There
was not a man within five miles of her
they all had gone to neighbor's for the day.
She screamed, and the deer, the more he
plunged the tighter he got wound up, and
the louder she yelled. Something had to
be done, and done at once. She had a fine
gun in the house, loaded, but she would not
approach it, as firearms were her special
dread. Among her possessions she had a
large pair of tongs fire tongs that she had
brought over with her. She throuchly un
derstood this firearm.and with all her house
wifely instincts outraged, she .grabbed
them and sailed in. She had her clothing
slightly torn, but within five minutes they
had venison; she literally pounded the
buck's skull to a jelly, after which she told
zat she sat down and had a good cry. It
all depends on what you're used to.
A UNIQUE BILL OP FAEE.
It Aflbrd Froof Positive That There Is
Nothing In a Name.
A few evenings ago Manager Phil Leh
nen, proprietor of the destroyed "Windsor
Theater, dropped into a North Clark street
restaurant for his suppar. He bad been
working hard around the ruins all day, was
exceedingly hungry, and did not want to
go far away for his meal, so he tackled the
first place he came across. It was more of
a concert hall than a restaurant.and whenhe
asked whatthey could serve the German wait
ress took a pencil and laboriously worked out
the following unique menu employing
lierman cnaracters in tne writing.
Bos bif, Bifalamofk, Bos dog, Motton
vops, Tomedi sos, Polk yops, "Wehlkod
ledtz." A very liberal translation of this unique
bill of fare would read as(follows: "Boast
beef, beef a la mode, roast dnck, mutton
chops, tomato sauce, pork chops, and veal
cutlets." Manager Lehnen studied it out
with great effort gave his order, and de
clared afterward that there was nothing in
a name that what he had smelled quite as
sweet by its other name.
Traveler' Don't you see my hands are
full, and I can't get at my pockets ?
Solicitor I didn't intend to discommode
you, sir, when I spoke to you. If you will
tell me where you keep your money, I can
find it myself. ife.
fgtfm-tf&s,:! '.r-'-ri" .-JSAsMKut O . .' ...T. Lgau:Q6Bl.t.as6.S 5UJ&sk!
Opinions of Some Marine Experts
Upon the Ship of the Future.
WHAT' IS THE LIMIT OP SPEED
Is the Question Agitating Shipbuilders
CROSSING THE OCEAN IN HYE DATS
IWK1TTJM T0H THB DISPATCH.1
3 Can the Atlantic be crossed in five days?
That is a question that just now is agitat
ing the minds of all interested in maritime
progress. The marvelous performance of
the City of Paris,, and the great progress
that has been made in maritime machinery
and in ship building, gives reason to believe
that the day is not far distant when the
record will be cut down to five or five and a
half days from Sandy Hook to Pastnet
There is not a sea captain or engineer who
crosses the ocean who would be willing to
admit that he is trying to break the record
Such an-admission would work incalculable
injury to the line. Mil hese old sea dogs
are as mum as an oyster on the question of
speed. The men who are building the ships
and devoting their time and energies to
new machinery and other appliances that
will increase the speed are likewise diffi
dent about giving information, for their ri
vals would be quick to take advantage of it;
but there are some men in New York who
are posted on the question of the prosress of
fast time at sea. They are the editors of the
various maritime newspapers.
The average reader may not be aware that
there are half a dozen newspapers published
in this city devoted to steamships, sailing
vessels and the wants, hopes and ambitions
of those who "go down to the sea in ships,"
and yet such is the case. Prominent among
these papers are the Marine Journal, the
Ocean, Marine Lata, Maritime Register and
the -Whuffed J Gazette. The editors of these
papers are watching with intense interest
the records of the various Atlantic grey
hounds. It is their business to be informed
of all new appliances and to study the
progress made in building fast ships. In re
cent conversations they have expressed
themselves very fully.
THE OPINIONS OF XX EXPEET.
John H. Gould, the editor of the Ocean.
was asked the other day, "What progress
has been made in the building of steam
ships of late years?"
"Phenomenal strides my dear sir. The
ocean can be crosed now iu just about half
the time that it took 10 or 15 years ago.
The commencement of rapid ocean transit
dates back to the year 1867, when the old
steamship City of Paris, Inman Line,
crossed from New York to Queenstown in 7
days 23 hours 4 minutes. In December of
the year 1869 the steamship City of Brus
sels, of the same line accomplished the pas
sage in 7 days 20 hours 10 minutes.
"The record was again broEen in the sum-'
mer of the year 1875by the steamship City
of Bichmond in 7 days 19hours45miputes
and in the fallofthesameyearby the City of
Berlini from Queenstown to Sandy Hook, in
7 days 18 hours 40 minutes. In February,
1876, the laurels were claimed by the White
Star Line steamship Germanic, which ran
from Sandy Hook to Queenstown in 7 days
15 hours 17 minutes, and in April, 1877, the
same steamship further reduced the time to
7 days H-hours 37 minutes. The Britannic,
of the same ocean fleet, in August of the
same year, accomplished the trip in 7 days
10 hours 53 minutes.
"We next come to the initial voyage of
the America in June, 1884, which sailed
from Sandy Hook to Queenstown in 6 days
13 hours 44 minutes. This ia thd fastest
maiden trip oa record, and she was after
ward sold to the Italian Government for
special service. In August, 1884, the Oregon
of the GaionLine made the journey in 6
days 9 hours 42 minutes, outdistancing all
rivals. She was afterward sold to the Cunard
Line, and was wrecked shortly afterward
within sight of JNew York.
"In 1885 the Eiruria reduced the time to 6
days 9 hours for an eastward trip, and iu the
same year, on her westward trip, accom
plished the journey in 6 days 5 hours 31
minutes. She was beaten in May, 1887, by
the TJmbriaon her westward passage, the
latter vessel recording 6 days 4 hours 42
minutes, which was in turn outrivaled by
her sister steamship Etruria in September
1888, placing the record at 6 days 1 hour 50.
minutes, and she appropriated to herself the
title of greyhound ol the Atlantic and
champion of the ocean fleets. The Citr of
'New York has made the best average on her
first three voyages, and the City of Paris
now has a long lead with her magnificent
run of 5 days, 23 hours and 7 minutes."
HOW THE -WOULD "WILI. BENEFIT.
"In what way will this increase of speed
benefit the world generally?"
"It will be of material value to all classes.
The mail service will be more regular and
more constant, and this will be absolutely
beneficial. Then to passengers who have
urgent business on the other side and to
visitors also, it will be a great boon, for
while these modern vessels are most luxuri
ously appointed, most people who travel on
them don't care how soon they set foot on
terra firma again, .especially if they suffer
from seasickness. The remarkable increase
in speed will also have an influence on com
merce and freight as well, but this is too
large a subject for me to deal with, even if I
felt competent to do so." '
"What will be the minimum time in
which the ocean will be crossed in future?"!
"lhat is prospective entirely," replied
Mr. Gould. "I can give you my opinion
and that is all. It has been suggested at
various times that the ocean will be ciossed
in five days and even less. I am always
verychary of giving my opinions on ques
tions of this kind, because I may state some
thing which is beyond the power of deraou
'stration, but I am free to cnnless that I have
great iaith in the possi bilities of things. At
present there is a model of a ship that was
intended for the Guiou Line. It was de
signed by the late Sir William Pierce,
Chainran of the Pairchild Shipbuilding
Company.Glasgow, and is expected to do
the ocean in five days. "When completed it
will probably' sail under the Guion flag.
This vessel has four funnels and two masts
rigged fore and aft
"It is not yet known what the capacity of
the twin screw is, but shipbuilders are con
vinced that it has come to stay. The City
of Paris, on her initial trip, had one set of
engines stopped for several hours; the other
was kept at work and the ship made excel
lent time during the interim. It has also
been suggested that the American vessels
should cross from Montauk Point to Mil
lord Haven, hut this is still 'in the air.' "
"What is the highest rate of speed yet at
tained?" I inquired.
"The City of Paris on her last trip made
an average of 23 knots an hour this is
"Does increased speed mean increased
"This is a much vexed qustion. A great
many captains have beenot the opinion that
fast traveling lessens rather than increases
danger, so that when going through a fog it
is really safer to go full speed, because vou
get out of danger so muchquicker. Whereas
that is the opinion of 'some captains, as far
as my own personal opinion is concerned I
do not think that fast traveling incurs any
more danger than slow traveling."
MB. BRADLEY GIVES HIS IDEAS.
Mr. D. L. Bradley, editonof Marine Law
and Topics, was asked pretty much the same
questions. He replied as follows:
"There have been rapid strides made in
the last few years in iron and steel ship
building, both in Btrength and speed. En
glish ship architects have opened their eyes
to the requirements of the times, have
broken throuch the formalities of earlv
prejudice and adopted the method gfjronj
X .j, . .. I " jC. , -. 1. V, ..(,l, . .'. i ,. . . . if -J. . Al.U. 1 ' " . . 2.V " .'....
to SUNDAY, MAT 19,
construction suited most effectively to the
"Speed, freight capacity and safety are
the objects to be considered, and in those re
quisites there is improvement in every new
ocean steamer built. The development of
the new marine engine through its various
stages from the old low-pressure type to the
compound, triple and quadruple style of the
present time, has been marvelous, and yet
the end of improvements has not -been
"Eapid transit undoubtedly has a few
benefits," continued the editor, with mild
sarcasm. "The mail is given to thd fastest
and cheapest steamers, and, as John Boach
said in an address before the Congressional
Committee on American Shipping in 1882:
'The fast mail steamer is the kev to unlock
the commerce of the world. I believe the
Atlantic will be crossed in the near future
in less than six days.' The City of New
York has not reached expectations, but the
City of Paris has surpassed the promise of
her first trip.
"About 12 years ago the Britannic was
considered the champion of the Atlantic
fleet Thebcst record, until recently, was
held by the Etrnria. It was her eastward
passage, June, 1888, time 6 days, 1 hour and
55 minutes. Her bost westward passage
was made in April ot the same year, time6
days, 4 hours and 40 minutes. The Umbria
comes next, in May, 1887, 6 days, 14 hours
and 42 minutes. And now the City of Paris
has beaten them all."
POO THE GREATEST DANGEB.
"What about daueer?"
"There is certainly more danger of the
machinery 'giving out' in a steamer that is
driven to her utmost than one going at a
moderate rate. But these matters are pretty
well considered in the building of crey
houndsof to-day. The City ot New York
and her sister steamer, the City of Paris,
have twin screws, which are worked inde
pendentljof each other, so that if the ma
chinery of one should break the steamer
would not be disabled.
"Fog dangers are the greatest perils of
ocean travel, and most of the disasters occur
thereby. It was during a fog that the
steamers Celtic and Britannic came into col
lision May 19, 1887. In that case the find
ing of the Naval Court ot Inquiry, after
fully considering the testimony, gave it as
the opinion that the weather before the col
lision had been suchas should have induced
the masters of the two vessels, as a matter of
firecaution, to moderate their speed accord
ng to regulations until more favorable con
ditions prevailed. '
"In neither case was this done. The court
was of the opinion that both steamers were
running at an excessive speed under the cir
cumstances. The law requires that every
ship, whether a sailing or a steam ship, shall
in a fog, mist or falling snow go at a mod
erate speed. The term 'moderate speed' i3
not defined by the law. There should be"
some limit specified. What some would
term moderate speed others would consider1
MH. SMITH'S VIEWS.
J. B. Smith, editor of the Maritime Reg
ister, after thinking for a moment or two
over the subject, expressed himself as fol
lows: "The progress made in the speed of ocean
steamships within the last ten years is one
of figures. The records of the steamship
lines are a good index of the progress made
in the building qt steamsmps during tne
last decade. The advancement has been
prodigious, although by actual comparison
with the increase of speed over the previous
ten years it may not seem so pronounced. It
must, however, be remembered that every
additional half knot increase of speed has
been gained at an immense cost of money in
each individual boat. It is singular that
this increase seems to be confined, outside
of certain war oraft, to either very large
steamers or very small ones, to vessels of
enormous tonnage, like the Etruria or City
of Paris or the torpedo boats.
"It is not so many years ago when it was
the ambition of one of the chief Atlantic
steamer lines to take their passengers on
board ship at New York on one Saturday
and land them at Liverpool in time for din
ner a week from the following Sunday. It
had not then been accomplished. Six-day
passages are now looked tor as only a mat
ter of. a short time, and five days are confi
dently talked about. If the telephone,
phonograph, 60 miles an hour railroad train
and every invention that seems to threaten
to annihilate time and space will benefit
mankind, then certainly the faster the ocean
steamer can be made to sail the better. The
less time the voyage takes the less are the
dangers. The quicker communication there
is between peoples the better for the peace
and commerce of the world, and as a means
to that end the fast steamer is of a most de
NO ONE KNOWS WHEEE IT WILL STOP.
"Now, the minimum of time it will take
to accomplish the trip between Sandy Hook'
and Eastnet Hook is, to quote an expression
I heard the other day, 'something that no
fellow can find out.' Forty years ago it was
claimed that the Atlantic could be crossed in
four days, provided a hull could be built to
stand the straining of the engines that would
drive a vessel at such an enormous speed.
"I do not believe that a ship builder would
care to give any time as a minimum, in view
of what is being done in the way of fast
boats being outrivaled by new comers. Of
course all the world knowsby this time that
the City of Paris has made the fastest trip,
thus far, across the Atlantic.
"I have only one thing to add," said the
editor, taking up his pen again, "and that is
that there is at present in maritime circles a
diversity of opinion as to whether a high
rate of speed increases the dangers of ocean
travel, but the prevailing, impression if I
presage current opinion aright is that while
apparently there is more danger, yet it is
only apparent, and is more than counter
balanced by the very decided advantages
CANNOT LIFT THEIR ARMS.
Women so TlglTtlj Lnceil That Raisins the'
Hand is Tortnre.
Detroit Free Press.!
Do you know the reason long-handled
eyeglasses sprang into favor with the ultra
fashionable? Well, you know ladies lace,
don't you? Yes, everybody knows that,
and those who know it from experience
know it to their very great discomfort; for,
with the sleeves made as tight as the skin
and the entire dress-waist as close-fitting as
compressed flesh aud bones will permit, to
lift the hand up to the level of the eyes, if
it is a possibility (and sometimes it is not),
is certainly a dangerous thing to attempt
dangerous because the tightly strained silk
ot the dress may split. Besides, it is a
The expansion of certain muscles in an
elevated position of the arm and snoulder
beyond tne'narrow limits of the dress is pos
itive torture. Hence the long handle to
eyeglass and operaglass nasa perfect boom.
You will always see the slim waist,
tight sleeves and long-handled eyeglass
together. That slender waist is also
answerable for an extra layer of paint or
powder, for it nakes the lace red, not
flushed, but a decidedly ugly red.
A Pertinent Name.
Caller Isn't sub-rosa a rather peculiar
name for a servant, Mrs. Lightfoot ?
Mrs. Lightfoot Yes; her name is Eosa,
and we've added the prefix.
Caller Oh, I see, because yon are all un
der the Rose. life.
s" -ca v.Miii',1 m
BY A CLERGYMAN.
tWBITOS yOB THE BISPATCH.3
It, is at once interesting and painful to
Bepublican and Protestant Americans to
observe how monarchical Europe is exert
ing itself to boycott France in the matter of
her Expo'sition. The great show of the
French Be"public is let severely alone by
every government from London to St.
Petersburg. The European peoples are rep
respnted; the rulers are conspicuously ab
sent. America is officially there; but our
sympathies are not as actively manifested as
theyshqnldbe. The.trnth is that Americans
are infected by English sentiment In a receiit
dispatch cabled to one of our great dallies, a
discerning reporter Indicates this, and points
oat the cause:
"A. mistake regarding France has been estab
lished in English literature by Edmund Bnrke
and Thomas Carljle. The one beheld the
orgies of a mob insulting a beautiful Queen
and tearing off In frenzy the bandages which
despotism has bonnd upon the eyes of a great
nation. The eloquence with which an elevated
and chivalrous nature expressed its personal
horror became a gospel for English thinking
races. The pictorial splendor with which the
gruff but poetic sage of Chelsea recited the
same chronicle of mighty paroxysms length
ened while it Illuminated the doctrine of
Burke, so that it still survives In England as
the philosophy of conservatism against the Ir
resistible progress of political destiny.
"The essential impressions received by the
American people about the Bepnblic of France
are reflected from English mediums, whose re
fractions and exaggerations are dno not only to
Bnrke and Carlyle, but to the sense of irrita
tion which, it is natural, English Interpreters
of foreign politics should feel toward peoples
who have dispensed with the symbols and reve
nues of dynasties. Every scene of excitement
In the Chamber of Beputfes fs enlarged Into an
incipient cataclysm; every breach of conven
tional decorum in the Senate Is tortured into a
revelation of impending disaster."
Jesns Christ wrought miracles by the direct
exertion of omnipotent power. He multiplied
a few scanty loaves into a sufficiency for a
multitude. He touched the eyes of blindness
into exnlting sight He stilled the tumultuous
waves by a transcendent word.
Men work miracles to-day, not in the same
way, but almost as really. HowT By a
knowledge of causes and effects and by con
trolling the causes and varying the effects. We
cannot quiet the tempest bat we can build a
vessel which defies and outrides it Thus the
same result is reached. We cannot anoint
blind eyes Into sight, but we can teach men and
women to see with their fingers, and often by
medical skill, to open their eyes out of dark
ness into light
Who shall contradict the saying of Adam
Bznitn, thar "He is a benefactor who makes
two blades of grass grow where bnt one grew
before?" This the scientist does. Wherever
the Intelligent and industrious man goes,
though it be barren waste or pestilential morass,
health and abundance follow. Those divinities
who the ancients worshlne'd Ceres. Pomona
and Flora, who strewed and beautified the
earth with grains and fruits and flowers, have
in modern times domiciled themselves among
men, exchanging their divine titles for plain
professors of chemistry; and we now call them
agriculturalists and borticolturalists. Is not
this a beautiful way of walking In the foot
Steps of the wonder-working Galileanf
The Palpit's Ifeed.
There is nothing more needed in the pnlplt
than directness and simplicity of style. Called
as he is, to' deal with the most tremendous
question the relation of the soul to God, the
function of Jesus Christ, the authority of the
Bible, the practicability of the Golden Rule,
the demand of eternaLrectitude, the preacher
Is bound tolevel up to his high themes. Shall
a minister quibble and trifle in the presence of
such earthquake issues? Shall he play the
harlequin before the sepulchre, and turn a
somersault in front of the cross? Here is Br.
Muchado engaged in whipping his creams into
a froth of the consistency of half a nothing;
And here-is the Kev. Mr. Prettyman exercis
ing the art of spread-eagle to a gaping coterie,
while souls are starving for the bread of life.
In their magniloquence they
Set wheels on wheels In motion such a clatter
To force up one poor ulpperkln of water.
Broad oceans labor with tremendous roar
To ueavaa cockleshell npon the shore.
Meanwhile heaven weeps and devils laugh.
Always Seek the Best.
Let us never be satisfied with less than the
best The secret of true success Is the havip
a high Ideal. It is thd part of wisdom to aim
at the unattainable. 'Ti3 a serious error to
mistake a hillock for Mount Blanc Gutdo
coveted wings that be might soar and behold
the archangel .whom his imagination was
obliged to snostltnte. Had the artist contented
himself with some lazy, maccaroni-eating beg
gar sunning himself stretched ont at full length
on the pavement of Borne, the low model
would have dragged down his canvass to the
same miserable level, and no one wonld voyage
to Italy to see his masterpieces. They who
would live high mast aim higher. The Alpine
men are lofty steppers, with a long stride, and
their heads are lifted above the fogs that dwell
down there in the valley. Look up, and then
live up. Bead "The Imitation of Christ" by
A Test of Modesty.
Modesty is one of those retiring virtues
which is in danger to- be overlooked in this
self-assertlvo and shoving age. The worst is
that the occasions for its exercise are so misun
derstood. Here is one who has done some ad
mirable thing which has fastened on many and
admiring eves. If he bedecks himself with
fuss and feathers and stmts in pride, the ad
miration of the spectators evaporates in a
laugh. Hence, he is under bonds to bis own
self-respect to wear his honors modest!. If he
parades them he loses them. Knowing this (to
change fHamlet" a little), he
"Assumes the virtue. If he has It not."
Such modesty is easy. But here is another
who has lapsed. Fault is found, and Justly. In
such a case modesty will be tested, for the nat
ural inclination is to put pride m the place of
desert and to be self-assertive in inverse ratio
to the call. One who, when in tho depths, can
still be modest is well on toward deserved can
onization. He gains by his modesty a new
desert better than that which comes from
lofty acbicrement This modesty is always a
"candle to merit"
A Sibbnlli Disease. ' '
A sharp critic refers as follows to a common
disease: ''It is astonishing what a severe strain
it is ou the nervous system of some people to
sit for an hour In the sanctnary. The morbus
Sabbatticus is a well-known disease, and has
been thoroughly diagnosed. The Sunday
school measles, which attacks a boy about the
time he first begins to use a razor, is frequently
met with. Like other forms of measles, it is
exceedingly contagions, and frequently when
it gets into a class of boys who will be yonng
men in about five years it breaks np the whole
class. There, too, is the prayer meeting colic
We suppose it is the colic because it attacks a
person so suddenly and unexpectedly, and be
recovers from it so soon. Hn may have been
perfectly able to attend to business all day, and
quite well enough to go to a party at 0 o'clock;
but when tho prayer meeting bell rings at 730
he is indisposed."
The Be-intr of tbo Heart.
The Rev. E. J. Hardy,, in his excellent book,
"How to be Happy, Tho' Married," writes
some words about courtesy which are worth
True courtesy Is 'tho beauty of the heart'
Howwell it is that no one class has a monopoly
in this kind of beauty; that while favorable
circumstances undoubtedly do render good
manners more common among persons moving
In higher rather than in lower spheres, there
should nevertheless be nopositive hindrance to
the poorest class having good manner'. Here
is an illustration of truo politeness exhibited
by both classes of society. One day, in hastily
turning the corner of a crooked street in Lon
don, a young lady ran with great force against
a ragged little beggar boy, and almost knocked
him down. Stopping as soon as she conld, she
turned round anil said, very kindly, to the boy,
'I beg your pardon, my little fellow; I am very
sorry that I ran against yon.' The poor boy
was astonished. He looked at her for a
moment in surprise, and then, taking off about
three-quarters of a cap, he made a low bow
and said, while a broad, pleasant smile spread
over his face, 'Yoicuiihcv ray pardlng, miss,
and welcome; and the next time you run agin
inc. yon may knock mc clean down, and I won't
saj a word.' After tho lady had passed on ho
turned to-his Companion and said, 'I xay, Jim.
it's the first time I ever had anybody ask iny
pardlng, and its kind o' took mc off my feet.'
One very cold day the American preacher,
Henry Ward Beech er, bought a paper from a
very ragged Urtlo bov.' Toor little fellowP
said he, alntyoucoldf Iwas sir, before you
passed,' replied the boy, with- natural good
Archdeacon Farrar has written an article
ou "Creed Testa," which is copied by BrlMA
journals in whole or in part The trial of the
Bahop of Lincoln lot unlawful ritualistic
practices led to the article. In It the Arch
deacon says: "Men say thattheymultiply ritual
observances in order to glorify the sacrament
Is the sacrament glorified by postures and vest
ment, or by meek, pure and humble hearts?
Over half of Europe men not only glorify, but
worship,' the sacramental elements; they genu
flect to them, and pageant them about like an
IdoL Are those countries better for this blank
Idolatory? One of tho vilest Kings of France,
Louis XIV went on his knees in the mud be
fore the host and was cheered as a religious
king; yet he did so coming from the Caprea of
his loathly palace,returnfng to the sty of his
habitual vices. Nations are saved by right
eousness, manliness and self-denial; by preach
ing a simple Christ to simple men; not by
miters and candles and such geegaws." Arch
deacon Farrar is a competent judge of the
tendency and effect of ritualism, and fs one of
the broadest of broad churchmen. ,
Bright Thoughts of Bright Hinds.
' It the center is to be up In the clouds, let a
few of us who care, for something practical
stop below and be regarded as eccentric
I know a lady who owns a little, gray
muzzled curmudgeon of a dog, with an un
happy eye that kindles like a coal If you only
look at him; his nose turns np, his mopth is
drawn into wrinkles so as tb show his teeth; in
short, he has altogether the look of a dog far
gone in misanthropy, and totally sick of the
world. When he walks he has his tall curled
up so tight that It seems to lift bis feet from
the ground. This wretch Is called Beauty.
It, Is a remarkable peculiarity with dents
that their expanding power continues to in
crease as you contract them. Chakles
It is no more necessary that a man should re
member the meals that have made him healthy
than the different books which have made him
wise. Let us see the result of wide -reading In
a full nd powerful mind. Sidney Smith.
The most learned, acute aud diligent student
cannot, in the longest life, obtain an entire
knowledge of the Bible. The more deeply ha
works the mine, the richer he finds the ore.
New light continually beams from the source
of heavenly knowledge to direct his conduct
and illustrate the work of God and the ways of
men. Sir Walter Scott.
Howetek various our wants may seem what
we all need is God. He has given us the earth
for our body, but he is himself the soil in which
our souls mast root; the eternal help, the
source of succor, the bread and water ot life.
Feeding upon Him, we shall hunger no more,
neitbertbirst any more, but be satisfied. H.
I have now disposed of all my property to
my family. There Is one thing more I wish I
could give them, and that Is tho Christian re
ligion. If thoy had that and I had not given
them one shilling thev wonld be rich; and if
they had not that and I had given them all the
world they would be poor. PATBICK Hekby
(in his will).
Teach me to feol another's woe,
To hide the fanlt I see;
The mercy Ito others show.
That mercy show to me. Pope.
BWheitJ was young the schools used to pre
pare boys for life; now they prepare them for
examinations. Jitles Simon.
These is soma truth in Senatoffear's defi
nition of a conservative, as "a person who
never fights any of the evils of the day, but
contents himself with opposing those who do
fight them." Header, does the coat fit you?
During the week commencing April 19, and
ending April 25, 120 new Societies of Christian
Endeavor were organized the banner week so
These is no sweeter cha'rity than that which,
in oar larger cities, seeks to accumulate a fund
in these spring days for the purpose of sending
the children of the poor out of the seven-fold-heated
furnace of the town to breathe the
ozone of the country for a few days In snmmer.
Let the little ones (God bless them) learn what'
nature looks like, and make acquaintance with
the flowers and the hllla and the new mown
bay and the birds. Yes, give the children a
"country week." God will bless every dollar
A BAD CASE OF RHEUMATICS.
A Severe Attack of a Common Complaint
Detroit Tree Press.!
I stopped at a cabin stuck away in the
pine forests, about five or six miles from
anywhere, to ask for a drink of water, and
finding the man in bed with his face all
plastered up,I naturally asked him if he
had met with an accident
"Oh, no." replied the wife as she handed
me the gourd. "He 'un has done got rheu
maticky." "Not rheumatism in the head?"
"Beckon it's mostly thar, sah."
"I never lieard of such a case." I con
tinued, as 1 approached the bed.
"Howdy, stranger?" .said the man as he
sat up. "Kheumaticks like this are pretty
common around yere."
"Why, man, you have been pounded!
Both your eyes are blackenedl You don't
call that rheumatism, do you?"
"That's what I dun call it. I had pains
aud aches and I bought two quarts of moon
shine whisky. Sim Payson, back in the
woods, he had pains and aches, and him
cum over to help drink it"
"And you got drunk?" m
"Beckon we inought"
"And had a fight?"
"Beckon we did."
"And that's what vou call rheumatism?"
"Stranger, -Iook here," answered the man,
as he got one leg out of bed with a
froan, 'kin yon go fur to declar' that
'd a drank that moonshine firstly ,if it
wasn't to enre rheumaticks? The old woman
and me hev figgered on it, and we can't get
it to come out right no other way.and now it
yon've got a pipe and terbacker I'll stand
fur you agin the hull community till the
mule lays down."
A HEED OP SHORT-TAILED HOGS.
The Ingenious Scheme of a Farmer to Pre
serve His Pic's Eyesight.
Mr. William Kerns not long since had a
visit from a friend from the East, who
wished to purchase land and locate some
where in this State. Air. Kerns sent his
friend out to look? at the TJmpqua valley,
and he returned with a wondertul tale of
the section he visited.
He said that he visited a farmer who had
a great drove of hogs, all of which had lost
their tails. He inquire how this had
happened, and the farmer said the caudal
appendages had been amputated; and
when it was asked why this was done he
was told it was to prevent the animals
from becoming blind. This startling an
nouncement led to further inquiry and ex
The farmer stated that the soil of his
farm was what is known as black mud. It
is very rich and also very adhesive, nnd
the pigs in wallowing around get their
tails daubed with it, and a clod finally ac
cummulates on each pig's tail, which grows
by accretion and accumulation to an im
mense size, and becomes so heavy that it
drags back the pigs skin so far that the un
fortunate animal is no longer able to shnt
h3 eyes, and soon becomes blinded from
the glare of the sun. By cutting off the
pig's tail this catastrophe is avoided and
the pig soon grows fat.
How 11 o Lost Her.
Miss Autumn But would you continue
to love me when I became old and passe ?
Mr. Peachblow (enthusiastically) I love
you now, dearestl Life.
- sr,e. .
IARM0NI t TIE I0USM0LD.
If Soa AreMislcal and Woold keSCaWiV
Go and Get Married.
Boston Herald. ,
My advice to young musicians who are
dependent on concertizing is to marry. It
is rash, but fashionable, and the pull now.
seems ia the direction of harmoniods part
nership on the stage. However storms may
rage behind the scenes, in public domestic
bliss plays the piano and warbles- like
birds on a summer's day, while the world'
the wise old world winks its eye, bnt
says, "how pretty." Well, it is "pretty"
to see two artists in accord, even if the
bond that binds is composed of dollars and
cents. How much of the success of these
dual entertainments is due to the fact that
the performers are married need not b
mentioned, for it goes without saying.
The spectacle of art and youth. love and
talent, combined, touches a sentimental
chord, and besides, what a saving of ex-
Eense for the artistl He sings, she plays
is accompaniments,or vice versa, and there
are no conflicting jealoasies to spoil a son;
or trip np the pianist! This is why tho
sage tells vocalists and violinists to wed
each other, and give their show without
any one else's intervention or assistance.
The Henschel's are standing examples of
what marriage does for art, and the Kor
hays are not tar behind them in what may
be termed the duo sposi in professional Ufa.
She Woro a Convict's Garb.
"Do you see that woman?" sked a prom
iment prison official npon a Central Hud
son train the otherday. "Yes?" "Well that
traveling dress of hers is made of exactly
the same material that is used in making
uniforms for convicts. She doesn't know
it, and not one person out of 500 who has'
been inside a prison or penitentiary would
think of it. The cloth does very well for a
traveling dress, but there are people who
would object to it because of the base use to
which it is put" ,
and IU have it easy now.
IS A 1REAT LABOR SAVES.
A SHtHE LASTS A WEEX.
RAM AND SHOW DON'T AFFECT IT
HO BRUSH3NQ REQUIRED.
MAKES A SHOE WATERPROOF.
TJ3ED BY JIBS'. 'WOMEN ASDCHIIDBEH.
nTi hfrpfl HV fin rWTi, n-nri sMnhltfllg
Softens and Preserves all kinds
Askfcs it and do not gwo op tin you get it sd yea
wul be weU remrdsd.
Sold by Shoe Stores, Grocers, Drsggists, ia.
Fat Harness it is naeqaaled.
WOLFF & RANDOLPH. FWLADELim
A purely Vegetable
Compound that expehr
Sail bad humors from the
t system. Bemovesblotch-
r es and pimpies, ana
makes pure, rich blood.
OuOs jollyK A )
814 PENif AVENUE. PITTSBURG, Fl.,
As old residents know and back files of Pitts,
bnrg papers prove, is the oldest established and
most prominent physician In the city, devoting
special attention to all chronic diseases. From
J3SSfto NO FEE UNTIL CURED
MCDlni IO and mental diseases, physical
nLn VUUo decay.nervousdebfllty.lackoX
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BLOOD AND SKIN sdSen,pnuoni!
blotches, falling hair, bone pains, clandnlac
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poisons thoronghlyleradicated from the system.
IIDIMADV kidney and bladder derange
U fl I IM rt n T I ments, weak back, gravel, ca
tarrhal discharges, inflammation and other
painful symptoms receive searching treatment
prompt relief and real cares.
Dr. Whittier's lire-Ions, extensive experience!
insures scientific and reliable treatment oa
common-senso principles. Consultation tree.
Patients at a distance as carefully treated as If
here. Office hours 9A.M.to8P.K;Sundjy.
10 A. M. to 1 P.M. only. DR WHITTIER, 814
Penn avenue. Pittsburg; Pa. apSWlKsuwfc
ii ii. o. 3 I UMV1 ! I.S !-"
ASdentlflcand Standard Popular Medical Treatise oa
the Errors of Tonth, Premature Dedtoe, Jyenrona
and Physical Debility, imponues oi me muuu,
Hesnlting trom Folly. Vlce.Tgnorance, Excesses ox
Overtaxation, Enervftlng and unfitting the victim
for Work, Business, the Married or Social Relation
Avoid unskilful pretenders. Possess this greaj
work. It contains SOO pages, royal 8vo. BeandfaX
binding, embossed, full gilt Price, only $1.00 oy
mail, post-paid, concealed In plain wrapper. BJas
tratlve Prospectus Free. If you apply now- The
distinguished author, "Wm. H. Parker. It. T)-. re
ceived the COLD AND JEWELLED MEDAL,
from tho National Medical AMocIatlon.
for tho PRIZE ESSAY on NERVOUS and
PHYSICAL DEBILITY. Dr. Parker and a corps
of Assistant Physicians may be consnlted. confi
dentially, by mail or In person, at the efflea ot
THE PeAUODY MEDICAL INSTITUTE.
No.4Bnlflnch St, Boston. Mass., towhomaJJ
orders for books or letter, for advice should M
directed as above. '
GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE
LOSS OF MEMORY.
Vnll particulars in pamphlet
sent free. The pennlne Gray".'
bpeclflc sold by aruexlsts only la
yellow wrapper. Price, SI per
package, or six for (3, or by mall
on recelDt of nrlce. bv addreis-) -
ng THE GKAT JIEDIOINE CO.. lluffalo, 2C Y.
Sold lnPlttsbnrz byS.a. HOLLAND, corner'
Snilthaeia and Liberty ts. apIz-Ss
For menl Checks the wont cases In thiM
days, and cures In five day. Price II 00, at
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Ja9-TTSsa 412 Market street
Sufferers from Errors of Youth, Lost Manhood.
Beaten uirecnons tor complete nome cure M
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avjrf 1 "t "f f " V" f '.rm Titil ImAnM