Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, March 10, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 15, Image 15

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A Bomanlic Ride on the Bosom of
Beautiful Lake Tobopkeliga.
Ten Thousand Sqnare Jliles of Eeclaimed
March 5. The last con
vulsive sigh of a Dakota
blizzard had just been
wafted to Florida. North
ern telegrams told of
snow blockades, frozen
rivers and rasing winds.
In striking contrast the
Flower State appears, in
summer sunshine, soft
and balmy breezes and
genial atmosphere.
A party of pleasure
seekers have just ar-
lived at Kissimmee, one of the brightest
and best located towns in the Peninsula.
Enjoying delicious comfort in bamboo rock
ers on the broad hotel verandah, onr tourists
lazily wonder how to spend the day. From
the hotel the lateen sails of the boats on the
lake look like sea culls' wings, and soon a
ride upon the blue waters of Tohop
keliga is decided upon. Kissimmee
City describes a 'semi-circle on the
shores of this lake, a distance of 200
miles south of Jacksonville. Since the
work of the Okeechobee Drainage Company
has been completed it stands at the head of
water communication with the Gulf. By
means of these canals the surrounding coun
try has been drained perfectly, until now no
finer lands can be founoVin the land.
Taking the brightly painted yacht moored
at the hotel dock, we are soon launched for
a ride down the lake and through the
canals. Only five years ago the primeval
"forest stood on the site of Kissimmee! To
day it is the headquarters, supply depot and
shipyard of the Okeechobee Company. Tak
ing a backward glance as we steam away
from the little city, handsome homes, pretty
churches and fine hotels peep from among
the magnolias and oaks. Kissimmee is the
entrepot to the sugar region of Florida,
and to these lands we directour course.
Approaching a picturesque island the
captain drops anchor. There we met for the
first time with a florid a native3 monstrous
alligator. Horror of horrors! how the ladies
shrieked, and how the disciples of "Mr.
Barnes, of New York," thought to emblazon
their names in glory, but the screams of the
gentler members of the party seemed to be
more effective than the rifle shots, and the
hideous monster, awakened from his lazy
sleep on the bank, crawled from his com
fortable quarters and disappeared under the
After noting the tropical beauties of the
island, seeing the orange, banana and pine
apple crowing in luxuriance, we lift anchor
and soon the steamer is hauling down
stream. The canal is reached and we are
in the region of the "unreclaimed lands."
Large herds of cattle are feeding on the
banks, but scamper away at sight of the
little yacht. Vast plains of inexhaustible
fertility meet the eye on every side. These
are the sugar lands of Florida the magnet
that is drawing such forces of Northern
capital to the State. Hundreds of acres are
in cultivation, and in the midst of this area
stands the famous St. Clond sugar refinery,
tne pioneer mill of the State, capable of
handling the cane from 1,500 acres.
The experimental run has proved its suc
cess, and that Sugar is destined to be King
in this region is a question not disputed.
The owners of this enterprise are Northern
capitalists, amply able to make a success
out of this new Florida industry. The
drainage of this immense territory has been
a herculean task and is the most colossal
known in the history of the world, but the
result of the scheme has made the Kissim
mee valley the "Egvpt of the United
This, tne largest single tract of Southern
lands, is owned by the Disston syndicate,
of Philadelphia, and is said to comprise
5,000 square miles of reclaimed, overflowed
ureas. This companv undertook to reclaim
about 12,000 square miles of lands under
water, for which the State ceded it one-half
for all reclamations. These regions are
now used for fanning and crazing. As
sugar lands, these rich bottoms possess an
advantage over the Louisiana plantations,
inasmuch as ther are more fertile, the
milder climate allowing the cane to more
fully mature before frosts.
The experimental run of the mill has
shown this season a net profit of 5125 per
acre, against $50 in Louisiana. From the
roof ot the mill we get a bird's-eye view of
the hundreds of acres of waving cane. From
these plantations it is hauled to the mill by
ox teams. Here it is crushed by immense
rolls until it comes out as dry as powder, the
bagasse, or refuse, being used as fuel the
juice flowing into tanks and vats. From one
vat to another it goes through its various
processeSj being constantly tested by an ex
pert, until it comes out the pnrestglistening
Charmed with the art of sugar-making,
we take our boat again, still riding down
the canaL Passing a beautiful Southern
home, surrounded by orange trees, luxur-
iant bananas, flowers and trailing vines, we
are reminded that only three years before
boats were moored in this tropical yard, and
paradoxical as it seems, only proves the gi
gantic power of American capital and
American enterprise. Having pasted
through the canal, we enter East Tohopke
liga. On the shores of this lake are im
mense cypress forests.
"White caps play upon the waters, and
,, dashing waves lap the glittering, sandy
beach. "Wild duck, crane and quail are nu-
merous; the alligator basks in the melting
h rays of the noonday sun unmolested. Little
sign of habitation is seen around the lake,
bnt the Southern sky, the bird notes and
dreamy atmosphere await the comingsettler.
From this point south 360 miles a navigable
t channel has been formed by the dredging
system, which has already been traversed by
large steamers. Along the whole course the
scenery is wild and weird. The daring
sportsman can find all the pleasures of a
.hunt, and embellish his name in glory over
captured alligators, bear and deer.
Evening with entrancing moonlight, finds
. ns once again lounging on the hotel piazzas,
iy-k and as the zephyr breezes fan our cheeks,
vote that "How is the winter of our.diseon
tent made glorious summer," and agreeing
that Kissimmee is most emphatically the
Mt Helicon, wfiere dwell the muses of song
and dance, lhe Italian organ grinder
turns the crank, and the strainsvof "Home,
Sweet Home" are wafted from across the
waters of Tohopkeliga; two dusky Arabs,
who during the day sold Jerusalem .ware
made in New York)j beat their bagpipes
in happv cadence to the jingling coin in
their pockets; the melodies ot the cowboy
resound from a distance, while the weird
songs of xhe negro come from their ' temple
of worship." With true Yankee curiosity
we follow the strains of "Koll, Jordan,
Roll," and for' the first time stand before
the doorvfty of a typical negro church. The
night is warm, the moon hangs like a great
electric light overhead, the little shanty is
crowded with somber-tinted worshipers
religious fervor is running high, and we find
it pleasanter outside.
Standing at the window we listened to the
gray-haired patriarch exhort, to the wailing
hymns and sobs and groans of the penitent;
then the collection is taken, which seems to
be the most important part of the pro
gramme, for it is repeated often in order to
catch the changing Yankee audience that
stands outside. All is life "and pleasure in
this landof bowers. Orange picking, moon
light sailing and fishing parties are in
happy fashion. The witchery of the air
and the enchanting beauty of nature are
each vear weaving such a tangled web of
loveliness that pleasure seekers, health
seekers and prospective settlers are easy
Like half the settlements in Florida, the
origin of Kissimmee is Indian, wrongly
pronounced by Northerners, with the ac
cent on the second syllable, but by natives
Kiss(i)mee, which recalls an incident
lrequcntly related among Kissimmeans. A
crowd of travelers waited at a little station
for the northbound train. A Southern
maiden, in conversation with a staid old
Yankee deacon, suddenly, in a pretty, be
witching accent, asked: "Are you going to
Kiss(i)mee?" The poor old gentleman was
very much embarrassed. A second time the
question was repeated, only to see a fright
ened, bewildered iook snaaow nis lace. .Be
lieving onr Puritan slightly deaf, stepping
toward him and in still fonder tones the
pretty girl asked the innocent question once
more: "Are you going to Kiss-i-mee?"
In wildest desperation onr good old
Yankee clutched his "carpet-bag," and in
reckless, but despairing tones, cried ont,
"My dear young miss, indeed I would like
to, but you see I am a married man, with a
wife and 13 dear children at home."
Since that day, deacons from Yankeedom
look askance as a pretty girl approaches,
and Kissimmee maidens, "so the folks say,"
are very coy about pronouncing the word
correctly. M. M.
lie At" at Free Lonch Counters and Always
Had Ills Niece Cat His Hair.
Philadelphia Times. 1
For years and years he was shaved in
Blank's barber shop, on Elbow Lane. Bar
ber Blank, in speaking of Isaiah "William
son, his millionaire customer; said:
"He was generally the last customer of
the day to come in," said he, "and no mat
ter how hot the day might be he would in
sist upon having all the doors and windows
shut tight. I believe he would have even
stopped up the keyhole, so great was his
dislike and fear of a draft Entering the
shop he would nod, and then slowly divest
himself of his coat and vest, collar and
necktie, and hang them up on a peg. He
required no assistance in this. He was ex
ceedingly neglectful of his personal appear
ance. He wore. an old-fashioned stock until
it became greasy and tattered. I believe he
would cling to a necktie for a year. His
collar I would be ashamed to wear. "While
being shaved Mr. "Williamson never talked
nor did he encourage it in his barber.
He was never guilty, during the eight
years that he patronized my shop, of a hair
cut. His niece, he told me, always cut his
hair. I was always sure of my 10 cents for
my shave, but no more. And he never re
membered me at Christmas, but I suppose
he never thought of it. One evening about
7 o'clock he came into the shop, and was
more feeble than usual. I had to hang his
coat and vest up for him. As I placed the
vest on the peg I saw a flat wad of green
backs sticking out of the upper pocket, and
there staring me in the face was a $1,000
bill. He mnst have had a very large sum
of money on him that day. "When he left
and went into Elbow Lane it was pitch
dark, and I thought how easy it would
have been for even a boy to have robbed him
About noon it was Mr. "Williamson's
custom to go to a saloon and call for a glass
of beer. He would get near the free lunch
and eat a good many crackers and some
cheese. He never drank up the beer, and
it was the supposition that he frequented
the saloon for the lunch he got. Alter bis
cracker and cheese dinner he would fre
quently go back to his office and fill out a
check for some charity. When he became
so feeble that he was obliged to set up a
carriage he ceased drinking beer and took
to spirits, always sending his coachman
into the saloon for a punch about noon.
An Infant Hercules.
Harper's Bazar. J
"Ts the baby strong?"
"Well rather. You know what a tre
mendous voice he has?"
"Well, he lifts that five or six times an
The Vital Point.
NewTjork Sun.: '
The Kev. Primrose To succeed in this
world, my young friend, you must trust
yourself more.
Spendthritt Not at all. To get along
you must make other people trust you.
Not Entirely Cleaned Ont.
Boston Father This can't be my son!
His Son (from the Nebraska sheep ranch)
Yes it can, dad; and he's got something
left, too. Most of the fellows lost every
thing they hoi. Judge.
A Swell Circus at a Fashionable
Country Residence.
Something About the Costumes of the
Fresidental Ladies.
New York, March 10, 1889.
CTIVITY sometimes
breaks in upon the fash
ionable quietude of Lent.
It is true that we have
stopped dancing, and
ceased some other forms of
frivolity, but we have not
sat down in sackcloth and
ashes. "What do you
think, for instance, of a
circus as a Lenten diver
sion? And a circus where
the swells not only go to
see a performance," but
where they perform
Such an institution ac
tually exists.
The "Waterburys are a
wealthy and pretentious
family. One of their
residences is a fine place
atPIeasance, just out of town. They have
roofed over their stable yard, made a regu
lation sawdust ring, and put in some of the
paraphernalia of a professional circus. I
was a favored witness of this week's show
at the "Waterbury place. There were only
60 spectators. "We did not sit on hard
boards, with no supports for our backs, and
with our feet dangling, after the old-fashioned
manner of the tent show, but each had
a comfortable camp chair, placed on a plat
form, overlooking the arena.
Nine athletes were amateurs from the
ranks of swelldom. They performed feats
on the trapeze, the horizontal bar and on
the spring board. Intermixed with them
in the entertainment were ten professionals
hired from Barnum's company, which was
being formed for the forthcoming season.
After an hour of various feats, the charm of
femininity was imparted to the entertain
ment, and by the distinguished means of
six equestrian belles, who rode their horses
into the ring, and went through with some
delicate evolutions. The ladies were in
sidesaddles, and wore ordinary equestrian
habits. And there was no clown to ask:
""What will the lady have next?" But it
was a real and true circus, all the same, and
it showed how thoroughly our rich pleasure
seekers do an amusing thing when they un
dertake it. ..
"While the inauguration ball was going
on in "Washington, our nobs were doing
their last waltzing at the Patriarchs' ball.
All the Astors, Yanderbilts and their sort
of folks were present, except the several
members ot the two named families now in
Europe, and it seemed as though these ex
elusive and pretentious people were glad to
emphasize the fact that they disdained to
make the trip to "Washington for participa
tion in a mixed public assemblage, how
ever consequential it might be.
By the way, the daughter-in-law of James
G. Blaine was at the same time exhibiting
herself in the proscenium box of a theater.
Mindful of her forthcoming debut as an ac
tress, she loses no opportunity to advertise
herself tor the theatrical public. She is a
tall, willowy and rather good looking young
lady, but more stylish than beautiful when
you come to examine her critically. I sup
pose I have seen her at the theater 20 times
within half that number of weeks. She in
variably gets into a lower box next the
stage, and sits in a front corner facing the
audience, so that she is about as much
within the dramatic view as any of the per
formers behind the footlights. So literally
was she included in the stage limits on this
occasion that the footlights shone glaringly
on her face. The boldness of the display is
modified by her aspect of demure propriety.
Evidently she has the requisite self-possession
for a good actress, whether or not she
possesses the other needed qualities.
"What a vast difference the physique of a
wsman makes in regard to the impression
of character that the sight of her conveys
to an observer. There was young Mrs.
Blaine doing a really audacious thing, and
yet she looked ingenuous, modest and unas
suming. But on the stage, at the same
time, was an actress undertaking to portray
exactly that sort of a maiden, bnt failing
utterly because she happened to be of large
stature, plump figure, and altogether a
physically bold type. In the play she im
personated a particularly unsophisticated
and guileless girl, who positively didn't
know enough to look out for herself, and
who had to be protected against the perils
of beauty by the hero of the drama. An
actress of slight figure, pensive face and a
suggestion of weakness should have been
chosen for this role, but the performer was
a robust beauty, and her really clever imi
tation of demureness was regarded bv the
audience as something comical. She hung
her head modestly, gave shy glances, and
made all the other denotements of bashful
ness correctly, but it wasn't Of any use, and
that was why she failed within a few feet
from where Mrs. Blaine was succeeding.
Some sewing girl let the cat out of the
bag, and.the real ground for Mrs. Caroline
Scott Harrison's aversion to the decollete
bodice was not moral, but flannel. While
in no way a delicate lady, she is too fond of
her health to take any risk of losing it, and
positively refused to 'adopt the low-necked
and short-sleeved gown prescribed by the
modiste. "The flannel must remain," she
is reported to have said, "so cut the corsage
any way you please." And the flannel did
remain. By special request an order was
sent to a manufacturing bouse and the
lady's vests were woven to measure with
"V, square and -heart-shaped necks and
sleeves reaching to the shonlders.
Mrs. Levi P. Morton, on the contrary,
ordered her ball dress cut court fashion,lhat
is with a low, round corsage and short
sleeves. She is one of the few women of
her age in New York society who could
wear the- style, which shows the neck and
shoulders, tapers from the hips, is laced up
the back and fitted without a bustle. It is
the very dress for the wife of the Vice Pres
ident, as her shoulders are beautiful, dim
pled and milk white, her throat and arms
are exquisitely modeled, and her skin is as
perfect as a piece of bridal satin. Together
with being a beautiful woman, Mrs. Morton
is a most accomplished one, and her children
are not more systematic in. study hours than
she is.
Now they are saying and denying that
Mrs. Grover Cleveland has had erotic fever,
and under its inflammatory fiareup com
posed a lot of what she modestly terms
"rhymes." It is a positive fact that she
read them to a few friends, who praised
them to the brow of Miss Liberty, and
under this encouragement they were tried
on Grover, Nobody knows what the criti
cism was, but it made the authoress cry.
Mrs. Folsom told the impatient ladies
that Mrs. Cleveland would not do any more
writing till she went to New York, and that
is how the announcement came to be made
that the pretty wife of the big ex-President
was going to write. No contract has been
made with any publisher, and, is not likely
to be either, for Miss Cleveland is decidedly
more able in wielding a pen than her
brother's wife, and he never enthused over
her work of the past four years. Her
opinions of one administration might be
van a!
brought out in as dignified an organ as the
North American Review, and in Mary An
derson fashion. Claba Belle.
Because His Name Wns Not Worth as Mnch
as a Good Story.
Book Barer.
There is an old story which relates that
in the early days of Mr. T.B. Aldrich's
editing of the Atlantic, his publisher, Mr.
Houghton, who had or pretended to have
some vague literary aspirations, remarked
to his new editor, with an air half serious
and half jesting:
"I am going to send you a story I have
wiitten, but I shall send it under a fictitious
"Then," was Mr. Aldrich's remark, "I
advise you to send it to a fictitious editor."
I have never inquired whether the story is
true, but it came back to my mind the other
day when I heard the story of a wager
which had just been decided. A literary
man, whose name is pretty well known was
arguingwith a brother author the obviously
foolish proposition that acceptance goes by
lavor, and being of a disposition which, he
will pardon my saying, since I do not name
him, is at least unusually firm, his support
of his view of the case became the more de
termined as he proceeded.
"I'll tell you what I'll do," he said at
length. I've two short stories done, and
one is to end better than the other. They
are written on the typewriter, and I'll
send the worst one over my own name to a
magazine and the other over an assumed
name; and I'll bet you $5 that my name
carries the poor one while the better one will
come back.
The wager was accepted, the MS. sent off,
and the event waited. By all considera
tions of poetic justice the young author
should have won bis wager; but as a matter
of fact, he did not. The story with "Jris
name on its hack, "declined with thanks"
to how many a luckless wretch, writhing
under disappointment, has that printed
phrase seemed the very essence ot cruel
irony! while the other was accepted and
the editor wrote the author a kind note ad
dressed to his nom de guerre, evidently be
lieving that it was his good fortune to have
discovered a new writer. "Whether the edi
tor was amiable or not when the matter was
explained to him I do not know, but the
moral is obvious.
Corns and Wet Weather Brine Cnitom to
the Merchants.
New York Tribune.
"I like this warm spring weather," said
the proprietor of a fashionable shoestore
yesterday. "It's good for trade. Have you
noticed how many of those shoppers are
limping slightly this afternoon? Their
shoes are pinching them, as their feet swell
a little with exercise in this warm sun.
"Women that can squeeze their cold feet
into 2 shoes and endure the torture
in winter are forced to wear 3s in spring, if
they walk much. I sell more 3s than any
other size in women's fine shoes;3Jsand 4s
come next in general demand in this city,
and almost the same proportions rule all
over the country among well-to-do people.
A good deal of wit has been poked at the
Chicago women on the alleged large size of
their feet, but the wholesale houses will tell
you that the average size there is no larger
than anywhere else.
"Women wear out more shoes than men, in
proportion to the walking they do, because
they take manv more steps to the mile than
a man. I had a Canadian lady come in
here yesterday and ask for buttoned boots.
I did not know what she meant nt first, but
discovered that she wanted high buttoned
shoes. "When I suggested shoes she thought
I meant low-cut Oxford ties. It appears
that in Canada what we term high shoes
they call low boots, and what we call boots
they call high boots. Onr low shoes are the
only things they call shoes. Queer people
up in the backwoods there very much be
hind the rest of the world, I should say, sir.
Goodby, sir."
A Conductor's Kindness Thwarts a
Granger's Well-Laid Flans.
Detroit Free Press.
A train over the Bay City. Boad, bound
into Detroit, picked up an old man at a
flag station, and when the conductor took
up his fare het asked:
"How fur could a person without money
travel on this train?"
"About half a mile."
"And then you'd put 'em off?"
"Would you put a woman off?"
"I'd have to."
"Thanks. That settles it. My old
woman didn't want me to go to town, and
she said she'd foller me to the end of the
earth. She'll try it, hut she ain't got a cent
to travel on, and when the conductor drops
her along about here J can imagine the
look "
"Oh. in that case, I should let her ride,"
interrupted the official.
"You would?"
"Then, if you'll kinder slack up when
you cross at "Skinner's, I'll kinder drop off
and hoof it back. I reckon she's got the
bulge on me and I might as well cave."
Familiar Names Shortened.
New York Tribune.
It is stated that as "Pa." is used as an
abbreviation of Pennsylvania, "Ma."
might be ued as an abbreviation for
Montana. ' A good abbreviation for the
State. of "Washington if it retains that
name-will be hard to find, for the obvious
"Wash." is too suggestive of a laundry to
be considered for a moment. This tact
alone ought to rule out that namo for the
new State.
It Worked Successfully.
The Inventor It's so simple it's got to
succeed. There's nothing but the wings and
this strong spiral spring, which I wind in
this way, and then
(As the spring breaks) Up we gol
phjtL$ 0 mP
progress in Japan is a
romance of Provi
dence. It was but
yesterday that the
Empire was" locked
and barred against
the Nazarene. His
faith was tabooed, as
"foreign." His fol
lowers were discred
ited as "Foreigners."
Even " in Ameiica, which 'is a Mosaic of
races and peculiarly cosmopolitan, we know
the force of race prejudice. To-day this
prejudice is overcome. The exclusive doors
of the Mikado's domain are flung wide open.
The ears and hearts of the people are hospita
ble to Christian truth. Tens of thousands of
church members hundreds of native castors
and helpers, schools by tho score, theological
seminaries, colleges for the higher ed
ucation, positions of influence under the Gov
ernment filled by Christians, the whole Empire
inquiring and expectant. Such are the results
of tho victorious campaign of the Prince of
Peace. The Japanese are the Americans of the
Orient. They are quick-witted, nimble-footed
and have brains in their fingers. Ttey know a
good thing when they see It. Bnt the crown
ing glory of the situation in Japan is tho oblit
eration of sectarianism. The "Presbyterian.
Reformed, and Congregational bodies are
combined in one church. This union was forced
by the Japanese themselves, who perceived at
a glance this serious defect In European
and American Christianity. They could not
understand why a religion of love should be
split np into warring fragments, each swearing
prayers at all the rest. Against the prejudices
of the missionaries, and against the immemor
ial custom of -the foreign boards which sent
them ont, the keen natives took the good and
rejected the bad of Christianity. They would
not allow the propagation of sects in Japan.
Hence the three great denominations above
named came together, and by mutual conces
sions, which did not touch central Christianity,
they formed the "United Church" of Japan.
what a beautiful return for the Gospel it
would be if Japan should teach Europe and
America how to solve the problem of the unity
of all believers, and thus remove religion's
most serious reproach.
An Absurdity.
There is no greater absurdity in church
methods than candidating. A pulnlt is vacant.
A clergyman is invited to occupy it for a Sun
day. He comes. He preaches a show sermon.
The congregation sits In criticism upon his
gestures, inflections, literary style. What
should be a divine service Is transformed into
a performance. The inevitable self-consciousness
on Doth sides is fatal to worship.
Nor can a minister be judged in this way.
The very self-consciousness would be an om
barassment to any sensitive and refined nature.
He would be his worst, not his best self. On
the other hand, a man of brass might make a
great impression and get a call.
Why not send out a judicious committee (as
wise churches do), to hear such preachers as
may be available in their own pnlpKs I Thus a
home view could be gotten. The average ex
cellence of the preacher could be tested. The
sermon would be drafted from the field of work.
Imagine Paul, Luther or Wesley, under Are as
a candidate.
Church Evolution.
It is a historic fact that Christianity got on,
and thrived, for over 200 years, without syna
gogues or temples. It was not until the end of
the third century that Christians reared edifices
set apart for public worship. Our Lord prayed
and preached in private houses, in the open air,
by the wayside, from the deck of a chance
flshing-smack anywhere, everywhere- So did
the apostles. So did their successors. There
is no sanctity In brick and mortar. Nothing
makes a place sacred but God's realized pres
ence; and that makes any spot holy ground,
from the aisle of the forest to the aisle of the
cathedral. "
As churches grew in number and wealth, it
was found necessary to provide them with
special houses. The private houses of dis
ciples were not large enough. The open air
was too much exirased to wind and weather.
Hence the meeting house came into being. Its
father was necessity, and its mother was suit
ableness. And since nothing is too good for
God, the Christian world does well to build
splendid structures for public worship. It
would be a shame to house divine service
meanly when the home i magnificent with
fresco and sculpture and bric-a-brac and
luxury, and when trade lives in a palace. Our
churches should be a little finer than onr
homes and our palaces of business.
But they ought not to be roofed and colled
and floored with debt Is it really quite right
to dedicate a church to God which is really
owned by yonder insurance companv on the
corner? Is there not a point in the late Dr.
Holland's suggested formula of dedication:
"We dedicate this chnrch to Thee, O God sub
ject to a mortgage of $50,000?" Are not onr
Roman Catholic brethren justified In their re
fusal to dedicate a church until it is free from
debt? Is it honest to give to God what we do
not own?
Churches which are plastered with mort
gages are your unrivalled pastor-killers, and
the devil owns the patent. On many a minis
ter's tombstone this epitaph might justly be
inscribed: "Murdered by the church debt."
Kellslons Tramps.
This city swarms with religious tramps. They
aro "artful dodgers" of duty. They have con
science enough to go to church somewhere, but
not enough conscience to go steadily anywhere.
They are sensation hunters. Every Sunday
morning they ask at the breakfast table,
"Where shall we go to church to-day f" And
they answer it py going one Sunday to hear the
Rev. Mr. Skyrocket and by visiting on the next
Sunday a revival meeting to hear a famons
evangelist,and by starting early on the follow
ing Lord's Day to feast their ears with the su
perD music at St. Cecilia's. Like the ancient
Greets, they have itching ears. They seek not
spiritual profit, bnt worldly entertainment.
They go to church as they go to the theater
and the opera for amusement.
Only they pay for their secular pleasure
They sponge their religion. If these people
were poor no one would grudge them crumbs
from the Lord's table. But they are not poor.
They dress well, live well, pay well, through
the week. It is only on Sunday that thev force
us to pray on their behalf "The Lord have
mercy on your stingy soul!"
'The average church Is characteristically
hospitable. Strangers are welcomed with both
hands outstretched. But it costs something to
keep a chnrch open. Somebody has to meet
this expense. The whole body of worshipers
should meet it. That which is a burden to the
few would be easy for the many. But religious
tramps, like their kindred on the sidewalks,
abuse hospitality. Every self respecting
church-goer is under obligation to have a
church home needs one as much as he does a
domestic roof tree. Every such person should
feel it to be less a duty than privilege to bear a
fair share of the burden incidental to spiritual
housekeeping. It is just as dishonest to
swindle a church as It is to cheat the butcher
and the baker. Bo not ecclesiastical Arabs
come within the s'atute which forbids the pro
curing of goods under false pretenses? If not,
w,hy not?
Look Up.
Our enemies are many. The world storms
upon us. The flesh tempts us. Satan is in
quisitive and ubiquitous Sorrow sits an un
bidden, unwelcome- guest at the hearthstone.
Death, with hour glass and scythe, strides
across the threshold. Feeble, affrighted, dazed,
where shall we look? Look up! Cry out!
Keep looking up! Keep crying out! It Is only
a question of time. God will surely appear to
vindicate our faith and deliver our soul. "I
will never leave thee nor forsake thee," saith
Work for the Harvest.
We are still in the seed time in America.
Bnt within the next SO years the country will
take Its final form. The land (the best of it)
will be pre-empted. The population will settle
down into fixed ways. Foreigners will no
longer be tanght as their first lesson in En
glish the words "Hurry up!" The influences
which are now most active and aggressive will
then dominate. Let us "push things." Or
ganize churches, multiply schools, circulate
good newspapers, be "living epistles" the
Gospel in human shape. If Christianity pro
poses toJiold America, it must be up and do
ing to-day. To-morrow it will be too late.
The Ship That Never Returned.
Four gentlemen engaged in commerce In an
Eastern seaport city were heated unbelievers
in the common superstition regarding Friday
as an unlucky day. They determined to show
their contempt for and explode the silly notion.
So they began to build a ship on Friday, fin
ished her on Friday, launched her on Friday,
named her Friday, hired a captain on Friday,
and started her off tq sea on Friday. The ship
was never heard from.
An English View of America.
Prof. Bryce, of Oxford, has just published a
notable book, viz: "The American Common
wealth." It is elaborate and exhaustive, not
exhausting. The critic is competent. Mr.
Frederic Harrison, In the Nineteenth Century
Magazine, thus characterizes him: "He has
drawn the portrait of a nation, by virtue of
his being at once an accomplished jurist, an
experienced politician, a learned historian, an
acute man of the world, and an indefatigable
traveler." What such an Admirable Crichton
should say who wonld not read?
Of course, Pror. Bryce's deliberate portrait
ure suggests the earlier but wonderful work by
Tocqueville. written 60 years' ago and a hand
book still. But while Tocaneville is a prophet,
Bryce is an historian. The Frenchman gives
the foresight, the Englishman the hindsight,
and each with national characteristicness.
The entire absence of a State religion and a
church establishment impresses Bryce, as it
does all European observers. "He finds, how
ever, the social and economlo position of the
clergy in the United States above that of the
priesthood, taken as a whole, in the Roman
Catnolic'conntries, and of all denominations,
Anglican and non-conformist i J England. The
dependence of the minister for support on
his congregation does not impair to anv
great extent the spiritual and intellectual
independence. Intolerance is rare, benevo
lence widespread: the influence of religion on
all classes a notable fact. No passage, bow
ever, in his volumes, nnless It be the closing
pages, is more eloquent than that in which he
emphasizes the special need of the American
people for religious culture, and their special
dependence on that moral and religious life
which must be the foundation of any govern
ment which rests, not on armed force, but on
the will of the people."
The accomplished critic above referred to
observes, but does not understand why our,
best men do not go into politics. To Americans,
the reasons areobviousand adequate. Theyare
summed up by a current reviewer in the fol
lowing comprehensive statement: "Politics are
relatively less interesting in America than in
Europe, and lead to less, while other careers
are more interesting and lead to more."
Great Thoashts of Great Blinds.
Growth will make a man out of a boy, bnt
growth will never make a good man out of bad
one. Martyn.
I would not give you aS-cent nickel for all the
comfort of all the religions that were ever
batched out of the human skull, or came up as
malaria from the pit. I want a religion that
can sail not only on a smooth fiver at noon,
when all the paddle wheels drop opals, and
emeralds, and sapphires, but all the sails are
white as seagulls, but a religion that can calmly
ride a midnight freshet Paul's religion of the
dnngeon, John's religion of tempest lashed
Patmos, Daniel's religion of lock-jawed lions.
Christ is the best of paymasters. He bor
rowed Peter's Doat to preach from, and at the
close of the sermon gave him such a draft of
fishes as be had never had before. George C.
Heart work must be God's work. Only the
reat heart maker can be the great heart
reaker. Baxter.
If you are filled with prejudice,though Christ
himself should walk at your side, you would
not see him. The larger your faith and hope
and desire, the more you are determined to see
goodness, the more you will see; for it is there,
in all things and in everybody; and it only needs
the seeing eye and the open heart to behold it.
George Dawson. .
There is something better than a revival, and
that is a Christian lifethat does not need to be
revived. Moody.
Beneficence is a running stream. If cash
flows out of a good man's pocket, it will almost
miraculously flow in again. Just as water
rushes into a channel whose waters have to
gush out. Many a good man's purse is like a
syphon, the very emptying of which insures its
refilling. Arthur Edwards.
It is worth a thousand pounds a year to have
the habit of looking on the - bright side of
things. Dr. Johnson.
The boy doing the Father's business at 12,dld
the Father's loftier business at 30, because He
did the Father's lowlier business at 1Z Way
land Hoyt.
As in the sun's eclipse we behold the great
stars shining in the heavens, so in this life's
eclipse do good men behold the lights of the
great eternity burning solemnly forever.
Some men, remarks Seneca, are like some
pictures fitter f at a corner than for a full
light. T
A shrewd observer of morals and manners
dips his pen in the ink of foreknowledge, and
writes: "He that laughs at me to-dav-will have
some one to laugh at him to-morrow."
"They can conquer," sings "Virgil, "who be
lieve they can." Success in war, trade, relig
ion,, is in close alliance with confidence. In any
good word or work, never let "I oare not," wait
upon "I would."
"Trust in God and do the right."
The Cumberland Presbyterian Church has
151.829 communicants, an increase for the year
of 6,783.
News has been received of the death of
Isaac G. Bliss, D. D of the Bible House, Con
stantinople. It occurred at Asiut, Egypt, Feb
ruary 16. 4
It is estimated that there are in London 314,
000 persons wholly dependent on casual labor,
and nearly 1,000.000 -who never go Inside a
church. the Pacific.
There is nothing higher in the world, there
is nothing happier in life than humbly to do
our duty in the name of God. and to accept
whatever he sends us for Christ's sake. Such
a life can never be a failure in God's sight,
whatever it may be in man's. In such a life
God is always seen, and there is no such thing
as chance! Christian World Pulpit, London.
He who would go heavenward, or go Christ
ward, cannot go with the croWd; for the crowd
is not going in that direction. And this is one
of the sorest trials of the Christian life. It
separates the Christian disclplo from many a
companionship which would otherwise be de
lightful to him. But the choice mnst be made
between conformity to the world and consecra
tion to Christ. Sunday School Times.
There probably never was a time when more
work was being planned. In ways without num
ber, for promoting Christian enterprises than
now. All this means more sacrifice and devo
tion, unless there is neglect. It means more
labor. It is possible that very much more is
being outlined than can be performed. There
are a great many irons in the fire. There are
organized and individual enterprises multi
plying faster than the increase in the working
forces. The Watchman.
The divine love of the Savior Is shown quite
as much in the way he receives gifts from ns as
the way he bestows them upon us. He never
refused the humblest offering. The thanks of
the leper, the loaves and fishes of the little lad,
even the sponge soaked in posca held up to him
or. the .cross, were all accepted. Whatever
men had to give be stood ready to take and
use, verv often to multiply and enlarge, until,
like the loaves in the wilderness, they feed a
great throng. Here is thought for the dis
couraged Christians. The Golden Rule.
In one sense a church is the house of God; in
another It is on the same footing as a club
house. People invest money in the fabric, the
furnishing, and tho salaries of those -who
serve, and those who do not so invest have
really no right to partake of privileges thev
don't or won't pay for. People who pay pew
rents can obtain pews, and thoso who habit
ually attend free churches can generally be
sure of a seat. Tramps and hearers with itch
ing ears who beat about about from one church
to another, who have no "quietness," but a
great deal of "confidence," must, not be as
tonished if sometimes they meet with less at
tention in a church aisle than habitual wor
shipers and steady, consistent supporters.
The Churchman.
Eirst Tramp Aristocracy! They don't
know what aristocracy is in dis Country.
"Who ever heard of a 'ristocrat workin' in
England ?
Second Tramp That's so, Bill, and that's
why I'm opposed ter workin. I don't want
them doods, like de Prince of "Wales and da
Booshnn King, a-sneerin' at dis country,
and a-sayin' we ain't got no real, simon
pure gentlemen. No, sir; not while I live!
A Gradual, but Marked Return to Oil
' Fainted Portraits.
Previous to the invention of photography It
was considered essential to the proper main
tenance of the family dignity to have its leading
members sit for portraits in oil, with which to
adorn the chief room of the dwelling. But
photography came and, like Othello's, the por
trait painter's occupation was gone, and the
family album upon the table quickly took the
place of the family portrait gallery upon the
walls. This was a step in the direction of good
taste, even though made with an altogether
different object in view. As a means of pre
serving a true likeness of persons the work of
the camera is superior to that of many of the
artists whom it has supplanted, and its com
parative cheapness admits of numerous pictures
being taken at different times and nnder vari
ons conditions, while true art is the gainer by
the absence of the portraits from the walls,
even though no other decoration had been
found to take their place.
Of late years, however, there has been evi
dence of a very marked desire to return to the
old custom of having portraits painted in oil,
and photography has been pressed into service
to aid and simplify' the work of the artist.
There is. however, an essential difference be
tween the portraits of to-day and those of for
mer times; we may be in danger of encounter
ing an avalanche of commonplace work, but
nothing so abominably bad as at one time
found sale is likely to De imposed noon us, for
people accustomed to photographs will not
long rest content with such execrable paint
ings. A really good likeness in oil possesses
many valuable features which cannot be at
tained in any other method of portraiture, but
they have also one serious drawback, and that
is their expensiveness. When a high price has
been paid for a picture it is not regarded as be
ing complete until it is supplied with a corre
spondingly elaborate frame, and by that time
it has become such a costly article of furniture
that It must be given the post of honor and
shown off npon every possible occasion.
There is noticeable of late years, however, a
marked improvement In public taste in mat
ters of this kind, and it is altogether probable
that those who cannot easily afford paintings
will, for the most parr, content themselves
with tho less expensive stvle of portraits, and
that those who do buy the former will have
the sense to not make tbem too prominent a
feature of home adornment, nor yet to over
power them with frames, the costliness
and beauty of which renders tbem of
far greater interest than the pictures
they inclose. The increase in knowl
edge and appreciation of art works
will also go far toward precluding the possi
bility of a return to the old-time daubs, and it
is reasonable to assume that the number of
portraits not having some positive merit, which
find their way into onr homes, will bo exceed
ingly small. The class of so-called artists who
painted portraits in much the same spirit as
modern sign writers execute an order, has also
passed away, and their place has been taken by
men who havo a reputation to sustain, and who
think more of producing a work satisfactory to
themselves than of the praiso they are to re
ceive for it. With better artists to do the work
and better taste on the part of those ordering
it, portraits in oil are likely to be infinitely
superior to what the majority of them were at
one time, and in place of being eyesores will be
something to admire and value.
Art matters In General.
The decorations on a very handsome vase
shown at Eichbaurn's are the work of Miss B.
Doerflinger. -One side shows a classically
draped female figure, while the reverse is
adorned with a floral design In colors outlined
with gold.
Mb. George Hetzex, Is busily engaged
painting woodland scenes, having quite a num
ber under way that are said to be most
pleasing. There are few artists, either here or
elsewhere, who paint this class of subjects with
greater fidelity to nature than Mr. Hetzel.
The Erwin Davis collection, a splendid lot of
paintings, is to be soldjn New York on the 19th
and 20th of the present month. Works by the
most famous artists in the world are included
in this collection, among others Corot, Rous
seau, Millet, Bastien-Lepage and Courbet.
Is the death of Alexander Cabanel France
has lost one of her best painters and teachers.
Like most others who have become famous in
art, Cabanel was horn poor, and the eminence
which he eventually attained was due to native
talent, energy and bard work. His style was
distinctive and original, so much so that there
is probably no other painter who can com
pletely fill the place left vacant by his death.
Another pleasant little picture, bearing tbe
signature, "E. A. Poole," has been shown In
Boyd's window. The subject ts a scene on
Cumberland Island, off the coast of Georgia,
and snows a sloping beach, partially covered
with herbage, and a gllmpso of the sea beyond.
This picture is of a rather quiet, subdued tone
of color, is fairly well bandied, and being un
pretentious, is pleasing and effective.
Mr. A. S. WAUi can paint a strong picture
when he wants to, and occasionally be does
want to and goes to work and does it. His
latest production in this line is a landscape,
showing an effect in late autumn, and it Is a
very striking and original work. Mr. "Wall has
not placed this pictnre upon exhibition, but it
occupies a retired nook in the Gillespie gallery,
where those interested may obtain a glimpse of
A PlCTUBE, which Mr. C. Sersch Is engaged
upon, bids fair to prove one of the most notable
works ever turned out by a Pittsburg artist,
lhe subject is the interior of a jury room, as it
might appear when 11 of the men have already
reached a conclusion and are endeavoring to
Induce the remaining one to agree with them.
The 12 men are all different types of character
and of various nationalities, and their attitudes
are characteristic of their individual natures
and tbe conditions under which they are seen.
Mr. Bersch is executing this work In mono
chrome as he intends to have photogravures of
it published, which indicates that he is an
artist of a progressive temperament, and one
who will do his part in giving to the fina arts
their due importance even among tbe more.
prosaic and material interests wnicn so nearly
concern the residents ot this locality.
Mr. C. Bersch is at present engaged upon
a rather extensive and, elaborate painting, and
one that will no doubt add greatly to the al
ready favorable reputation which he enjoys.
As it is his intention to have photogravures of
this work published it will assuredly largely
increase the extent of territory over which his
name is known, tendingto give him something
of a national reputation. This picture shows
the interior of a juryroom, with tbe
12 jurors, each in characteristic attitude. It Is
evident that 11 of them have reached a conclu
sion and are endeavoring to bring the remain
ing one round to their way of thinking. The
twelfth juror, a square-jawed, low-browed In
dividual, in whom tbe brute instinct of bull
dog pertinacity is plainly seen to prevail, is
seated by a table looking upward at a tall,
slendor and rather nervous-looking man
who is earnestly expostulating with
him. Two of the men are carrying
on a somewhat animated conversation
between themselves, while the rest are loung
ing about m various attitudes more or less ex
pressive of idleness and weariness. One of
tbem has fallen asleep at the table, another is
seen lazily watching tbe rings of smoke he has
just puffed from bis cigar; a rather powerfully
built man stands by the stove with his gaze
directed toward the stubborn juror. Each per
son in the composition Is of a distinctive char
acter, and fits well into his proper place in the
pictnre. Altogether this is a work which re
flects credit on its author, and is an addition to
the list of notable pictures which have lately
been turned out in this city.
It requires money to form a collection of fine
pictures, and when a fine collection is offered for
salo it usually realizes quite a handsome sum, as
is evidenced by the recent auction of those be
longing to Mr. James H. Stebbins, at Chicker
ing Hall. New York. The collection is not re
garded as a particularly fine one, bnt the SO
pictures of which it consisted were disposed of
for tne sum of S182.550. Some of the most
valuable works brought high figures; a few of
tbe more important mav be noted as follows:
"The Game Lost," sizel3KxlOK,byMelssonier,
$26,300; and "The Stirrnn Cup,'' a work by the
same artist 3x4f, $7,100. "Moliero Break
fasting with Louis XIV. at Versailles," a
canvas. 16Kx29). by Gerome, brought $12500.
Another Gerome entitled "L'Eminence Grise,"
29xS9. sold for 513.70a A work bv Bibert, 27x38.
entitled, "Scene at a Spanish Diligence Sta-
sold for 13.050. Works by Fortnnv. Alma-Ta
dema and Bonguercau brought, respectively,
J8.500. J8J0O and SJ.600. "The Captain of the
Guard," a little 7x10 water color.by Melssonier.
found a purchaser at 83.-100. Tbe balance of
the pictures were sold at various prices below
$5,000, with the exception of a littlfi landscape
by Daubigny, which brought $5,100. The above
are not regarded as high-priced pictures in
sneb an art center as New York.but the values
placed upon them will furnish a subject for re
flection tor those-persons who are acenstomed
to otim their eves at tho mention of tSQO fur i
painting, and also lor those who imagine a
costly picture must necessarily oe a large one.
The Joys of a Flat Life.
Munsey's Weekly.
"How do you like living in apartments,
"Oh, it's simply elegant. Being on the
eighth floor I don't have to lock my win
dows nntil I go to bed, and there's a man
in the flat above with a heavenly voice
who sings'Wait Till tbe Clouds Boll By,'
while the little girl on the floor below plays
tbe black boy polka, and do yon know, it'i
just like listening to a German Opera."
Dr. Hammond Tells How to Keep
Strong During the Devotions.
A Good Breakfast Scheduled for ThosatWhft
Observe Chnrch Bales. 7
Eimrrai tob the nrsr-ATcnn
HE season of Lent if
come and many of the
devout, of at least two
important denomina
tions of Christians
will, during its con
tinuance, rest riot
themselves bothia
the quality and quan
tity of food they ara
taking into their system. They appear to
be imbued with the idea that the greater
the extent to which they carry starvation
the more they are living in accordance-jrith
the doctrines of Christianity, and the more
they are rendering themselves acceptable to
the Deity. Into this question, important
though it may be, it is not my province to
'inquire, however much I may question the
correctness of their views, but I am moved
to say a few words in regard to the sanitary
and physiological aspects of the question.
A year never passes that I do not have
under my care several persons, generally
yonng women, who have starved themselves
into disease, and have laid the foundation
for still more serious disorders in the years
to come.
Deficiency of food is even more than ex
cess productive of disorder. In starvation
the tissues ot the body are consumed for
the production of heat, and, their place not
being supplied, rapid loss of weight is the-
consequence. Theyarious other vital pro-.T
cesses all Involve decomposition of the sub
stance of organs and add to the loss which
the body undergoes. Chossat ascertained
that the depreciation of weight in starva
tion is greatest dnring the two or three days
which immediately precede death.
Human beings subjected to starvation
generally become delirious from the great
debility induced by the want of food. They
rarely survive the complete deprivation of
food longer than eight or ten days, though
instances are on record of life continuing
during an abstinence of several weeks.
Such cases are always open to suspicion of
From insufficient food, if the condition
continues for a few weeks, disease is almost
invariably induced. Typhus and typhoid
fever, scurvy and ansmia are the legitimate
results. In early childhood the whole de-.
velopment of the individual maybe arrested
or particular organs may fail to attain to a
full growth.
It is not often the case that devotional
fasting is followed by immediate death, for
the authority ot parents or guardians or the
physician is'brought to bear before such &
result can be reached, bnt extreme debility,
derangement of the digestive organs, feeble
ness of tbe heart's action, neuralgia in
various parts of the body and nervous
prostration, are common consequences of de
privation of food during Lent.
I call to mind the instance of a young
lady, who had by no means attained her
full growth, who, after 40 days of restriction
to an exceedingly meager diet, came out of
her religious exercise with or loss of 25
pounds in weight and an irritable spine
lrom which she has not yet entirely recov
ered, althongh two years have elapse'd. Be- '
fore she began her fasting she was a healthy
young woman, weighing about ISO pounds,
and acenstomed to take a good deal of exer
cise in tbe open air by walking and horse
back riding. From being in the habit- of
eating three hearty meals a day she re
stricted herself to a little tea and toast,
taken at about 11 o'clock, repeated as to
quantity and quality just before going; to
On Sundays, which according to the
rules of her Church are feast days, even
though occurring in Lent, she ate a small
piece of some sort of meat and a little,
potato for her dinner. During the whole .
period her sleep was more or less disturbed
and sbe had almost constantheadache. She
was unable to walk more than a few steps
without being seized with palpitation of the
heart. Her teeth, which were without a flaw,
began to ache, and her spine became pain
ful throughout nearly Its whole extent.
Although her friends conld not fail to perceive
that she was becomipg pale, weak and
emaciated, she had sufficient strength nf mind,
born of her religious fervor, to conceal her
more painful symptoms of disorder until her
period of abstinence bad ended, whena sudden
fainting spell rendered concealment no longer
possible. i
To be sure this is an extreme case, but there
are many others doubtless occurring in the
practice of other physicians which, though not
so bad as this, are serious enough to require
medical treatment.
I have known several persons who. thinking
to serve God and themselves at the same time,
have eaten during tbe 40 days of Lent no-other
animal food than fish, their idea being that Hsti
was particularly nutritious to the brain, while
in abstaining from flesh food they obeyed the
rules of their church. Now it ts altogether a
mistake to suppose that fish any more con
duces to building np the brain than does any
other animal food. To be sure, fish contains a t
larger proportion of phosphorus than does
beef, for instance, bnt it is by no means proven
that the brain or other parts of the nervous
system require any more phosphorus than they
can get oat of any other animal material, or
even out of oatmeal. Besides, even if flsb, on
account of its phosphorus, were particularly
nutritious to tbe brain, it would only be neces
sary for a person to eat a little more beef when
he thought bis brain was especially weak in
order to obtain tho required pabulum.
I believe that the prohibition against meat
during Lent does not extend to the flesh of any
animal that comes ont Of tbe water; thus
oysters, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, terrapin,
frogs, may be indulged in according to tbe bent
of the abstainer or faster, and yet tbe obliga
tions of religion be complied with. I knew
one orthodox member of tbe chnrch who, being
something of a gourmand as well asadevons
believer. Insisted upon it that canvass-back
ducks were sea food, and who therefore did not
hesitate to make two or three dinners off tbem
every week dnring Lent. Perhaps this was
really carrying the matteralittle too far, bnt the
other edibles mentioned are fully capable of
nourishing the body as perfectly as would beef,
mutton or auy other beast of the field or tbe
air. If the yonng ladles who think it proper to
abstain from the flesh food that is usually found
npon their tables and eat freely of the food that
comes out ot the sea, I am quite sure that at the
end of the 40 days'nf Lent they would weigh
fully as much as wnen the season began. I be
lieve that eggs and milk.tbough animal foods,
are allowable during Lent. It would scarcely
be possible to devise a more nutritious break
fast than one composed ol a glass of milk, two
eggs and a slice of bread and butter, and yet I
have known people who took such a breakfast
every morning during Lent supposing that
they were mortifying the flesh. It does not
make much matter what people eat in these
days of markets filled to repletion with the
good things of this life, provided they eat
enongb and that the things are good of their
kind. It is when tbev restrict themselves In
qaantity that they suffer from slow starvation -and
bring themselves to something like the con
dition of the young lady whose case I hare'V
cited. wmjAir A. HAimOND, K
Charity Away From Home.
cnicazo Trioune.: '-'A3
"You poor little boy! On the street' in'. fl
Tflsi snr.h a. dav as this! Have von? m a
home?" - -
,"Yes'm. I live in that house on the others! -
B.I.W .MW ... VV-. "J1
"Yon have no mother, have yon, '-seo-ri
child?" t- T-?-!
"Yes'm. She and 40 other woua-i are in"!
there now, makin' embroidered nightgowaatV.
ior tne iuius. j !
" "" "" """" '-MfA
Tjr confidence: The best physician ia'itiaS
.n14 4m i,Ka Tit. Drill !.. 7- ?l
1 ' ( Ah A?L&
.&&? JSte:
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