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C ' ' '" ; FIRST PART. . " J
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4.:"-? ;v-":r PAGES l TO 8; "f
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RUMBUIGS OF WAR
Startling Rumer About a Naval
Conflict in Samoan Waters
in Which An
AMERICAN VESSEL IS SUNK.
A Pittsburg Man's Graphic and Au
thentic Narrative ot the
INWARDNESS OF THE TEOUBLES
Germans Jealous of Americans They Are
Trying to Freeze Out the Yankees The
German Consul Held Responsible Be Is
Supposed to Bare Disobeyed Bismarck's
Orders Unfortunate Natives Captured
and EnslnTed far German Treachery
Lured Into Ships by Feasts and Carried
Off The Americans Above bach Oat
races. It may be true There is nothing, so far,
to disprove yesterday's rumor of warfare at
Samoa. Berlin hardly whispers about it
Washington's officials, from Blaine -down,
discredit it Dan F. A. Mclntyre, now in
Pittsburg, tells The Dispatch a story of
absorbing interest in this connection. He
has lived in Samoa. Many of his ex
periences and observations will be revela
tions here. Whether there's war or not, his
etorv is verv instructive and seasonable.
London, March 8. IheSchlessische Zei
tung, of Berlin, says a sensational private
dispatch has been received, stating that the
German warship Olga bombarded Mataafa's
camp, whereupon the commander of the
American war vessel protested. The pro
test being unheeded, the Americans fired on
the German vessel, doing considerable dam
age. The Olga then blew up the American
vessel, with all hands, by means of a tor
pedo. In explanation of the above sensational,
The Rightful King, Malictoa.
yet startling statement by cable, news comes
from San Francisco as follows:
'The steamship Alameda, of the Oceanic
line, whichleft here for Australia February
9, touched at Tutuila, the Southern island
of the Samoan group, February 25 and ar
rived at Auckland March 3. Had any
engagement occurred at Apia she would
probably have learned of the fact at Tutuila
and carried the news to Auckland, where
the fact would have been cabled. It is con
ceded that the information might not have
reached Tutuila, as Apia is 70 miles distant,
in time for the Alameda to carry the news
to Auckland. The steamship Zealandia is
due at this port March 16, with news from
Samoa down to March 2."
"Washington telegrams discredit the whole
affair in the following language:
The story of the engagement between the
German man-of-war Olga and an American
man-of-war in the harbor of Apia, resulting
in the sinking of tne American vessel, is
generally discredited at the Navy Depart
ment No information upon the subject
has been received at the Department of
Mar be the Kipslc
There, as in the Naw Department, it is
said that news of an event of such iapor-
Tamasese, the Rebel.
tance would surely reach the United States
at least as soon as a German sea coast city.
The Nipsic was the only United States man-of-war
at Samoa prior to the lit instant, but
it is believed that the, Trenton an- the Van
d.tlia, which sailed from Honolulu early in
February, reached Samoa about March 1.
"There wa quite a rush of correspondents
and others at the State Department to-day
to learn if there we? any truth in the alarm
ing story Irom Samoa of the blowing up of
one of the war vessels of the United States.
Mr. Blaine stated positively that the de
partment had no information of any such
disturbance, and, in his opinion, it was
merely an old rumor, worked over into
more sensational shape. No- hint of any
such occurrence had reached the department
from any reliable source.
Mule. Hope In That Cnse.
"The Nipsic, which is supposed to be the
American vessel referred to in the German
publication, is rated as a wooden vessel of
the third c1bs, with six,, guns. The Van-
1 M yS i'fir
- tV. ,f
dalia and Trenton, which have doubtless
reached Samoa by this time, are also wooden
vessels, carrying eight and ten guns respec
tively in their batteries. Most of the
gnns are smooth bore, but naval officers
say that, at short range and against armored
vessels, such as the German gunboats now
in Samoan waters, these cannon are just as
efficient as rifled ordnance. Unless the
German gunboats have also been reinforced,
the American fleet now at Apia is regarded
as suptrioi in offense power, as its vessels
are fresh from the repairers' hands, and the
crews are strong in number.
Thinks Mock Jobbers Did It.
"Secretary Blaine this evening, in answer
to an inquiry, said that the report of a con
flict between German and United States war
vessels at Samoa was, in his opinion, un
worthy of the least credence. He regarded
it as a mere stock-jobbing rumor, having no
"Commodore Walker, of the Navy De
partment, held similar views."
A late telegram from San Francisco
"The arrival here of the next steamer
from Samoa which is dne the 16th inst, is
awaited with marked interest The steamer
Mariposa will leave here to-morrow at noon
for Auckland, via Samoan Islands, carry
ing passengers and mails. It will be a full
month before another steamer leaves for the
The only advices from Berlin, since those
given above, are to the effect that several
Apia Harbor From American Consulate.
papers announce that the Samoan confer
ence will open about the ISth inst
Mr. D. F. A. Mclntyre, an old Pitts
burger who has just returned from follow
ing the sea for a number of years, furnishes
The Dispatch with an interesting ac
count of his experiences in Samoa during a
three years residence there.
In the course of his recital Mr. Mclntyre
said: "When I was still quite young I left
San Francisco on a sperm whaling expedi
tion to the South Pacific Islands. We were
wrecked in a storm on
reef, and out of seven men
toatlwas the only one saved,
was steered by a long paddle.
manner it caught in a coral fissure, and was
broken off. We were capsized almost in
stantly, and washed upon the rocky beach
of the French island Otabote. My com
panions were all killed, and I was knocked
insensible by the force of the waves. The
nativs cared for me tenderly, and for four
years and a half I was the only European
on the island. I was then picked up by a
French man-of-war, and after that I wan
dered into the Samoan Islands.
On the Samoan Islands.
"This was 10 years ago, and I stayed there
three years, employed as an overseer of a
coffee plantation, owned by Godeferoy & Co.,
a German firm. Apia is the only town of
any acconnt on the islands, consisting of
500 inhabitants, principally Germans, with
some Americans and patives. Cotton, cof
fee and kara are the chief products raised.
Kara is the interior of the cocoanut The
fruit is cut in halves, dried in the sun,
and then cut into small nieces.
An American Residence, Apia
In this form it is shipped by the Germans
with the cotton and coffee to England and
Germany. Some of these products, how
ever, reach America, though the bulk of the
commerce of the islands goes to the former
"I might say right here that the Germans
practically own the plantations. There are
not many Americans on the islands, and
they own very little of the land. The
Samoans belong to the Malay class, and
closely resemble the American Indians.
Their features are red and their hair
straight and black. They are finely de
veloped, strong physically, and capable of
Intelligent Bnt Inzy Samoans.
They are bright and quick, and when
educated make intelligent people. They do
scarcely any work, and live on fish, the
flesh of wild hogs that roam in the forests
and the fruits of the islands, tara, yams,
bread fruit and bananas, which grow in
abundance. The natives delight in hunt
ing and fishing, and this is their chief occu
pation. The yam is a large root, either red or
white in color, that reaches as much as four
feet in length and a foot in diameter. In
shape it closely resembles an elongated po
tato, and tastes very much like the Ameri
can article. The tara is also a root similar
to the yam, but differs in shape and taste.
They do not grow to such enormous sires.
The bread-fruit is delicious, and
grows on trees that range in height
from 15 to 25 feet The fruit
is oval and oblong, and weighs from 8 to 9
pounds. All three of these foods they pre
pare by roasting in little ovens on volcanic
stones, A hole is scooped out of the ground
and the stones first heated. They are then
covered with cocoannt leaves, and the fruits
placed on them and covered with leaves.
Cook Once a Week.
The natives usually cook enough to last
them for a few days at a time. The ground
is fall of these little ovens, which they fix
up when they are ready to use them.
"The Samoans live in small villages in
the valleys. The houses are built without
any reference to a plan, each native putting
up his habitation wherever his fancy strikes
him. They are an exceedingly clean people,
and once a week the old women in the vil
lage pick up the fallen cocoanut leaves, and
remove the small tufts of grass to be found,
all with their hands. Everything is cleaned
nicely by these ancient -women.
"The houses are one-story, and made out
of cocoanut leaves fastened together with
bark strings. A rope is tied to the roof and
sides, and during the day when it becomes
warm the people raise up the sides; in fact the
house is practically suspended in the air,
and it gives the air a chance to circulate.
"Wild hogs are the only animals found in
the forests. There are ho 'wild beasts, no
snakes, but a fewharmlesslizards that catch
flies for a living..
Under Another Kins:.
"When I was in Samoa Malictoa was
King. Tamasis, the present usurper, was
there also. He was one of the brightest of
the natives, but a very turbulent man. He
had a good number of followers, but was
A Street in Apia.
not strong enough at any time to overcome
the King. He went to Washington in
the United States war ship Adams,
and offered the Islands to the
Government The United States declined
to purchase, but agreed to protect the
Samoans until they were annexed, and a
trea'y to maintain the neutrality of the
islands was entered into by England, Ger
many and America.
"When Tamases returned, the Germans
captured Malietoa and sent him into Africa,
but he escaped and is now living in one of
the neighboring islands.
The trouble between the Germans and
Americans began ten years ago, and I
remember the occurrence quite well. For
that matter the Germans were always jeal
ous of the Americans in the Islands, and
have been making a constant effort to freeze
They Had to Dolt.
"The Americans took possession of the
Bay Pago Pago in the Tutu Wela Island,
one of the Samoan group. A coaling sta
tion was established here for American
vessels. The German war ship came
along and tore down the Ameri
can flag. The Lackawanna was
nearby, and compelled the German ship to
hoist the flag and retire. This event only
served to engender bitterness between the
two nationalities, and ever since it has
been nip-and-tuck between them for suprem
acy. My opinion is that the German Consnl
located there is responsible for the present
difficulties. I feel sure from what I know
of the situation that he acted without orders
from Bismarck. Whenever a German ship
stopped at the station the Consul was
always careful to misrepresent the affairs
and put the Americans in a false position.
This Consul did all he could to excite his
countrymen to acts of violence.
"While in Samoa I was overseer of a
coffee plantation for Godeferoy & Co.,
Germans. They employed from 700 to 800
men. They used largely, and I might say
exclusively, slaves that they captured from
tne jtff 'rtecriaes, tsoipmon and iiine
Americans Free of That Sin.
"I never knew an American to engage in
this business. The above islands were from
five to six davs' sail from Samoa. Godefe
roy & Co. were in the habit of sending
their vessels to" these places. They made a
a large feast in the hold of the ship, and in
this manner induced the simple natives
to enter. The hatches were prepared, and
as soon as they had coaxed in a sufficient
number they shut down the hatches, and
the poor fellows were caught They soon
learned it was useless to resist, and the
Germans carried them off to the Samoa
Islands to plant cotton and cultivate coffee.
"Sometimes the firm hired the men when
they couldn't steal them. They kept them
usually for three years and then returned
them to capture another lot Whenever
they hired the men they paid them at the
end of the time with a lot of refuse stuff
from their stores that the average American
would turn up his nose at as a lot ot rub
bish. The slaves thought they were getting
Icnorant and Defenseless.
"These slaves belonged to the negro race,
and were more like animals than men. It
seemed to me they never knew any more
when they were sent home than when they
first came to the islands. The slave trade
used to be carried on in the Fiji Islands,
where I lived for tea years, but it is stopped
"The work which these people did was of
the simplest kind. It requires little skill
to plant cotton as they did it They carried
the seed in a bag, and making small holes
in the ground dropped it in. ' Occasionally
they sulked when they were locked up, but
they hardly eyer had sense enough to show
The Samoans, of course, are a different
class of people from these slaves. They are
capable of great mental development. A
number of Catholic priests came to the
islands while I was there, and they have
done some good work. The climate is agree
able, and it is a most pleasant place to
lbe. This is true of all the Pacific islands."
WILSON TALKS FOE HIS SEAT.
Be Will Argue in His Own Behalf Before
the Supremo Couru
Chableston, "W. Va., March 8 Argu
ments in the Gubernatorial cases began this
morning in the Supreme Court and the
court limited each side to five hours' time.
The position taken by counsel for Governor
Wilson is that the declaration of tlje result
is absolutely necessary to give General Goff
a title, and without such declaration no
court has the rig"ht todeolare him Governor,
and that the whole matter is in the hands
of the Legislature. The Bepublican side
insists that there is no wrong without a
Temedy, that the people have elected Gpff
and the certificates sent up show it, and if
the Legislature did not do its duty the
court must see that justice is done.
Arguments were completed by all but
Governor Wilson, who will close the case
for the Democrats to-morrow. His time is
limited to three hours. It is believed that
the court will hand down a decision early
next week. A large crowd was present to
day to hear the arguments in fact the
courtroom was crowded almost to suffoca
tion. A Successful Temperance Worker.
trBOX A 6TAFP COKUESFONDENT.:
Habbisbubo, March 8. Ex-Master
Workman Bankin, of Pittsburg, has been
conducting temperance meetings at Steel ton
this week, and has been so successful that
his services have been engaged for thecom
ing week. Three hundred people had signed
the pledge up to last night. .
BLAKELY HALL E?29rr!5BD
patch what a slow lime young men of wealth
anil tcirurchave in New York, and attacks the
fait of Angfomaniaet.
PITTSBURG, SATU&DAY, - MABOH 9, 1889.
HARRISON IS TIRED
Of the Pumping Process, and Will
Kot Shake Sands Promiscuously.
HIS NOD MOST PLEASE THE MOB.
A New Plan Proposed by Dim to Get Bid of
CALL FOB ANYTHING YOU D0N!T SElL
Secretary Blaine Intents an Ingenious Way of.
Eradine Snch People.
President Harrison has quit the pumping
business. .He doesn't allow the common
herd to shake hands withhim any more.
His grasp is reserved for Senators, State
Chairmen and others of more political in
fluence. When the front of the White
Bouse yard now fills up with the curious,
the President goes out and allows the crowd
to file'past and boV to him as he inclines
his head toward them. Secretary Blaine
has had to resort to strategy to get rid of the
hungry office seekers around the State De
partment rsrECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Washington, March 8. There js some
reduction in the size of the crowds around
the White House, but the diminution is
small, considering that the limited tickets
expired yesterday, and the President is
alarmed at the thought that the thousands
of strangers still in the city are not sight
seers, but office seekers, who have come to
stay till they get something.
After this week he is going to devote his
time for awhile to the assistant dispensers
of patronage, and notice has been given that
he will exhibit himself to the crowds ad
libitum this week, but that after Sunday he
will shut the doors and be at home only to
Senators and Representatives and chairmen
of State Central committees, and members
of the National Committee and other states
men of like rank.
He would save himself a good deal of
work if he would apportion the depart
mental and diplomatic positions among the
States in the. ratio of their Bepublican
voters, and then tell the State delegations
to pick out the men for the place assigned
to their States. He established a precedent
for this when he told the New York men
that they could have the Navy Department
and might pick out a man to put in it.
CALL FOE WHAT YOU DON'T SEE.
To-day the President suggested to the Illi
nois Senators who called on him that they
had better make out a list of what they
wanted and leave it with him, and one of
them retorted that he thought it would be
better for the President to tell them what
places they could have, and then they
would find the jnen for them. The usual
jealousies are becoming apparent in the dis
tribution of the offices. Some of the Illinois
Congressmen think the Senators are crowd
inghem out ot their share of the patron
age, and in some of the other State delega
tions this is even more marked.
TrAi(ont f.ldirfrlnnr? invontArl fh tifta
noon reception in the East room for the con
venience of .people who wanted to look at
tlif. vei(3fnt find fftlrf hnlri nf lita tiatid
Ln4 !... l.H.ninflt !X .f D 41t. X"TtT TT'
uuii luctuTWiuTa uiiuu vi iniinuk Eif-4
rison has devised something that goes way
beyond that At sundry hours during the
day he goes out on the porch and lets the
people look at him. He" doesn't shake
hands "outdoors, as he did during the cam
paign, but the crowd solemnly files past him
in the carriage way, and looks him over,
and he ovg to each individual.
ON TAP TOE THE OTJTDOOB MOBS.
When the accumulation of sightseers is
thus disposed of the President goes back
into the house and talks offices with Sena
tors, 'and when the front yard has again
filled up with strangers, the President of the
United States again emerges and stands
nodding his head while several hundred
people go by. When anybody in the crowd
is so unusually civil as to take off his hat to
the President, the latter reciprocates the
The attendants at the White House esti
mate that since the inauguration 30,000
people have tramped through the White
House, and the President has shaken hands
with 23,000 of them. The estimate of 45,000
ptople that have been in .the White House
grounds is utterly inadequate, and no esti
mate of the crowds in the grounds can be
The crowd of sightseers and office seekers
that pursues Secretary Blaine is almost
equal to that at the White House. All the
forenoon it completely packs the main corri
dor of the State Department This morning
the office seekers filled tip Secretary Blaine's
office and bothered him till he could stand
it.no lonper. Then he cleverly had the
sightseers admitted. Tbey crowded the
office seekers out, and when the persons of
more or less influence had been ejected in
this gentle manner, the Secretary cleared
his room of sightseers without much
trouble, and then had a tolerably quiet day
for the consideration of business.
PALMES IS PLACATED.
Ex-Senator Palmer, of Michigan, took
luncheon with President Harrison to-day,
and talked with him for an hour and a half
about the weather, the fight amoug Michi
gan Republicans, makeup of the Cabinet,
and various other important and more or
less congenial topics. The President and
Mr. Palmer are old friends, and Uncle
Jerry Busk probably doesn't know how
near the Agricultural "Department came to
Seing filled by a man from Michigan in
stead of one from Wisconsin. On Thurs
day Mr. Palmer's name was on the slate,
and had it not been for the opposition of his
colleague, Mr. Stockbridge, and the left
'handed compliments of General Alger and
his friends, it would have remained there.
That opposition defeated Palmer and caused
a split in the Bepublican party of the
Wolverine State that will be healed with
difficulty. The ins and outs of this family
quarrel were no doubt discussed at the
luncheon to-day. It was Palmer's inning,
and he is in a much happier frame of mind
than he was a dpy or two ago.
THE EX-SENATOB MAY GO ABROAD.
It will not be strange if among the early
nominations to important diplomatic mis
sions the name of Mr. Palmer will be found,
although many of his friends are urging
him to accept nothin from the administra
tion, but to camp on the trail of the enemies
who blocked his appointment to a place in
Palmer and his friends were almost dum
founded by the report printed this morning
that Colonel H. M. Duffield, of Detroit, had
been selected for the responsible and lucra
tive office of Solicitor General. Duffield is
General Alger's political manager, and had
personal charge of his canvass for the Presi
dental nomination at Chicago last summer.
He is Palmer's lifelong political enemy and
offensive to all his friends. To give him
snch a conspicuous plare as Solicitor Gen
eral would be to make enemies for the ad
ministration of all the Palmer men in
The appointment of Duffield, however,
will not be consummated. It has been nipped
in the bud, and the successor ofolicitor
General Jenks will be some man who is per
sonally known to the President and At
torney General Miller,
SOMEBODY IN A. HTJEEY.
Senators Stockbridge and McMillan in
dorsed Duffield yesterday, and did so with
the understanding that the appointment had
oe'en placed at General Alger's disposal by
the President. It turns out that there was
a misunderstanding on the part of General
Alger. The Michigan Senators have just
learned that the office wasn't offered to him,
for his triend, Colonel Duffield, or anybody
else,. and the President, it is now known, has
determined that it must be filled by some
personal friend of the Attorney General.
General Harrison will need considerable
patience and skill to create peace among
the Michigan Republicans who are fighting
over the "Palmer and Duffield episodes.
??he Alger faction will probably be the next
o, rebel. Senator Palmer has no grievance,
for after his talk with the President to-day
he repeated all the flattering remarks that
he made about him immediately after elec
'ilon. If Palmer doesn't return to Michi
gan to re-enter politics as a candidate for
Governor, or to oppose the plans of Senator
-Stockbridge and the other men who helped
to keep him out of tho Cabinet, he will
probably accept an appointment as Minister
to Prance,-Spain or Italy.
THE cabinet officials' work.
U -Secretary Noble went to the pension office
to-day and was introduced to the 1,800 em
ployes. He has had but little time to at
tend to department business, owing to the
,large number of callers.
Postmaster General Wanamaker received
a large number of visitors to-day, but found
time to attend to the work of the depart
ment. There areover 50 Presidental post
offices which will become vacant during
March and April. The vacancies in the
Postoffice Department are Chief Inspector,
Appointment Clerk and Chief Clerk of the
First Assistant's office.
Ex-Secretary and Mrs. Palrchild left
Washington this afternoon" for New York.
Secretary Windom had a long interview
with Mr. Fairchild at his residence last
night in relation to the business of the
Ex-Secretary Endicott left Washington
lor Boston to-day. He will return next
MONTEECOLI IS MAD.
He Wanted Mrs. Knox to Far Blm Money
to Consent to a Divorce He
Will Kctara to Enrope
In Dissnst. '
If FECIAL TXLXGRA1I TO THE DISFATCH.I
New Yobk, March 8. Count Montercoli
has returned from Philadelphia, and took
his old room at the Brunswick this morning.
When a reporter called to-day he at once
sent his card to the Count, who happened
to be then going out for a morning walk.
As soon as the card was presented the
Italian became furious, and, postponing his
morning walk, rushed to his room on the
top floor and refused to be dislodged.
It may be interesting for the Count to
know that he is being shadowed by a de
tective from Pittsburg, who guards him
tenderly on behalf of Mrs. Knox. To a
reporter this minion of the law said: "This
fellow is a fraud, and no "more of a Count
than I am. He was a gardener to the real
Count, whose name he assumes, and
the Knox family have washed their
hands of him. As .soon as his wife
reached Italy in fact, before'she was aware
that all is not gold, that glitters, investiga
tion was set on foot, and the truth is too sad
to be told.
"His wife left him in Berlin, and is now
in Paris with her aunt. She has applied
for a divorce, which will be granted. The
object of the "Count's" visit to this country
was to get money out of Mrs, Knox for not
interposing any defense to the action for
divorce. The Connt, finding his mission a
failure, will make bis escaDe to London.
jailing from here ou Monday next
CLEYELAND CANNOT W0EK.
Ex-President. Not Allowed by Bis
Friends to Settle Down.
' fSFECJ AL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH. 1
New Yobk, March 8. Lawyer Cleve
land went to his office to-day with the idea
of doing a day's work, but his friends didn't
let him work. The day was a sort of a pro
longed reception. The clients of the law
firm came around in force, and were intro
duced to the new partner. The whole day
was spent in chatting. He and Partner
John L. Stetson and John D. Crimminsand
Joseph J. O'Donohue walked to the Third
avenue and Twenty-eighth street elevated
railroad 'station, followed by a curious
crowd. On the train he met William B.
Grace. Among the callers at the office were:
Ex-Senator Joseph E. McDonald, ex-Governor
Hoadly, W. E. Dodge, James C. Car
ter, Wheeler H. Peckbam, George C. Genet,
of Albany; D. Willis James, Charles Da
vis, William L. Scott, James J. Hill, and
ex-Governor Hauser, of Montana.
More than 200 callers sent cards to Mrs.
Cleveland, at the Victoria Hotel,, during
the day, but she saw only Mr. and Mrs. J. B.
Ireland, and two other intimate friends.
She and Mrs. Polsom drove to the Century
office in the afternoon, to see Mr. Gilder.
They walked back to the hotel. At 4 o'clock
Mrs, Cleveland and Mrs. Polsom went for a
drive in Central Park.
The Dickinsons will leave for .Washing
ton to-morrow at 10 o'clock. They will go
from there directly to Detroit In'the even
mg, in the Cleveland parlors were the
Dickinsons, the Lamonts, Mr. and Mrs.
Boswell P. Plower, the Bev, Mr. Batter
shall, of Albany; William L. Scott, and C.
ONE STEDGGLE SOON TO END.
The Nomination of a Public Printer May be
SPECIAL TELEOHAJI TO THE DISPATCH.l
Washington, March 8. Mr, Parquhar,
of New York, call on the President this
morning in the interest of August Donatb,
of Pennsylvania, for Public Printer. Mr.
Harrison gave no intimation of the identity
of the appointee, but said he would proba
bly send in the nomination on Monday.
He said further that his main purpose
was to select an officer of good executive
ability, one who could handle the large
number of employes of the office, as any one
of the several candidates had all the neces
sary technical knowledge.
A CONGRESSMAN DYING.
Representative Townshend, of Illinois,
Rapidly Hearing tbo End.
Washington. March 8. At 9 o'clock
this evening the condition of Representative
Townshend, of Illinois, was regarded by his
friends as well nigh hopeless, and fears are
entertainedi that he cannot survive the
At tho hour named his pulse was 135, and
his respiration 70. His fight lung is com
pletely bepatised, and his left lung partly
so, Four physicians are now at his bed
side. A Flttsbnrg; nnd New Orleans Pnilure.
New Obleans, March 8. The firm of
L. O. Desfarges & Co. (L. 0 Desfarges, of
this cify, and Joseph B. Williams, ot Pitts
bnrp)i coal dealers, to-day surrendered
their property to creditors. Assets, 569,
000; liabilities, 5144,000.
Bis Services Required far Awhile.
Washington, March 8. Assistant At
torney General Howard has tendered his
resignation to Attorney General Miller, but
it is understood that he will bo requested to
continue in office untij -the adjournment of
the Court of Claims in June.
HARPFNTPR tnto-morrovt Dispatch
Ufinrcn l,Cn, describes the inner life of
the better classes in China, and (he customs of
the lower castes.
A E0Y.THE MURDERER
Of the Young German Drug Clerk
Chopped and Chipped to Pieces,
AWFDL CHARGE AGAINST A LAD.
Ee is Arrested and Contradicts Himself
Badly, Time and Again.
ONLITHEEE CENTS FOUND UPON HIM.
Bat Be is Identified as tne Tonth Who Bought the
The New York detectives plume them
selves on their sagacity once more. Tbey
feel reasonably certain they have caught the
murderer of the German drug clerk who
was so horribly butchered on Thursday.
True, the prisoner an errand boy of 17
years strenuously denies his guilt, but the
circumstantial evidence against him is
strong. He is identified as the youth who
bought the hatchet with which the awful
deed was done.,
ISFZCIAL TELEQ1IAM TO THE DlSrATCR.I
New Yobk, March 8. "A woman, a
Chinaman or a boy" was the suggestion
made in to-dav's papers about the murderer
who chopped and chipped the life out of
Drug Clerk Guenther Wehsung, in the
drugstore at 637 Third avenue, on Thurs
day morning. Most people who read the
story concluded that suspicion bore strong
est against the boy who figured in it. He
is a prisoner to-day, and there is a good deal
more than suspicion against him now.
This boy, William Krnliscb, when closely
questioned, contradicted himself again and
again, and lied repeatedly, but whether
that was because he was concealing knowl
edge of the crime, or because it came easier
to him to tell lies than not, could not be
The detectives' at work on the case were
Captain Warts, Detectives Caff and Shelly,
of his station, Price, of Inspector Williams'
staff, and Titus and McCarthy, detailed by
the dbugoist cools off.
Late on Thursday night the officers
ordered Mr. Otto Doeffner, the proprietor of
the drugstore, to sit down with them, and,
taking his tim.e, to go calmly over the story
of the crime, so far as he had knowl
edge. Mr. Doeffner had been intensely
excited and nervons during the day. He
now told the story printed to-day, but he
.added an important particular, before for
gotten. He remembered that while he was
bathing Wechsung's shattered head in the
prescription room, and the boy 'Kruhsch
had returned from (as Krulisch declared)
his errana to get some rolls for breakfast,
which he had failed to get Krulisch becan
excitedly to tell what he knew about the
Krulisch said that Wechsung, after open
ing the store to let him in, had given him
money to get the rolls, and had taken this
money from the cash drawer. When
Krulisch said this, Wechsung interrupted
"No, no, William; I didn't give.yon any
, theee cents all his money.
"Yes, yon did," said the boy, and Wech
sung muttered a feeble negative again.
Krulisch thes'handed Mr. Doeffner 3 cent.
He bad no other money aboutAim.
Then the detectives called in. Krulisch
and vigorously cross-examined him. He
told a number of lies, which the police
quickly caught him in. A description of
tne batchet was sent out and a search for
the man who sold it began. It was a
little before 3 o'clock in the afternoon
when Detectives Titus, Price and Cuff
went into the hardware store of Isidore
Freundlich, 1319 First avenue, in the same
block as the boy's home. Mr. Freundlich
has a little store, 20 feet long or so, and 6
feet wide, and. keeps hardward and bouse
furnishing goods heaped upon the shelves
and floor 'and sne little counter hanging
from the roof.
not the bight size.
"Anv hatchets?" asked Titus. Mr.
Preundlich said that he should think he
had, and he put some hatchets on the little
counter before the detectives. They were
labeled "Strong & Co., axes" and
tools, Cleveland, Ohio." The de
tectives looked at the hatchets with
affected calm, and one of them observed
that the hatchets were of sizes 4 and 5.
They would like a No. 2. Mr. Freundlich
"was very sorry. He had sold tho last No.
2 hatchet he had on Wednesday to a boy."
Detective Titus unrolled the bundle he
had under his arm, and laid the hatchet
which killed Wechsung on the counter.
"Is this the hatchet?5' he asked.
"It's the very one," said Preundlich.
The hardware man fully identified Kru
lisch as the boy who bought the hatcheTwith
which the murder was committed, but the
lad would not confess. He said he had
nothing to confess. He continuously denied
ever having seen the hatchet. Druggist
Doeffner was sent for. and arrived at the po
lice station in great distress.
THE BOy BEPEAIS HIS DENIAL.
"Oh, William, why did you do it?" he
said, again and again. William said
only: "I didn't do it."
The detectives are satisfied of Krulisch's
guilt. His mother is in doubt, but he is a boy
of 17, and 511 in silver makes quite a heap
of money. However, with a disinclination
to abandon at once their original conjecture
that the murderer's object was to rob Mr.
Doeffner ot a considerable amount of money
he was accustomed to keep about the house,
they suspected that if Krulisch 'does not
confess he will reveal that Ee had an ac
complice, or rather was the accomplice of
an older criminal.
The man whom Mrs. Bella Kraft let into
the tenement house hallway Thursday morn
ing, just before the murner, is unaccounted
for. He didn't go upstairs, and downstairs
was to the prescription room door, which was
found open," or to the door of Doeffner's
bedroom or to the cellar. Again, Doeffner
said yesterday that the last thihe he did be
fore tie went to bed was to lock the prescrip
tion room door and bolt it to the floor with
a heavy bar. It could be opened only from
the inside. The bolts might have been
drawn to admit an accomplice.
YET UNACCOUNTED FOE.
Still unaccounted for, too, is the step lad
der tumbled down the cellar stairs from its
accustomed place on the wall of the little
court yard, as if a man had given it a kick
in climbing over the wall into the back yard
of Wincken's grocery store next door.
Wechsung distinctly said, in answer to
Doeffner's' and Dr.McGuire's questions, that
ho didn't know who hit him. He had known
of Kruliseh's presence in the store. If
some of the blows are a boy's blows,
some, they think atBellevue, were given by
a muscular arm. But the cash drawer was
opened by somebody who knew the combin
ation! Wechsung said that he had given
Krulisch no money out ot the drawer that
Krulisch used to live with his parents in
East Third street He went to the Fifth
Street G rammer School until five years ago,
when he was 13 'years old. After his
parents died his brother Joseph moved up
town to 1051 Second avenue. Krulisch
had worked in Brunkhorst's grocery, on
Second avenue, and for Druggist Marcus
Fleischmann, in the same street He was
discharged for impudence by Pleischmann,
last fall, and went to work for Doeffner at
3 a week.
A Strong; Plea far Reciprocity Wade
tho Canadian Parliament The
Move Would Pat as End
Ottawa, Ont., March 8. The budget
debate was continued in the House of Com
mons to-day by Mr. Armstrong. He re
minded the House of the fact that he had
given notice of a resolution in favor of com
mercial union. The great advantage of this
system he held to be the possibility it offered
of abolishing custom houses-along the in
ternational boundary and leaving a large
army of officers free to do something for the
benefit of the country. The only objection
was that the Americans would be able to
control our tariff.
This was a mere assertion and would be
trueof unrestricted reciprocity or of our
present system just tne same, even with our
present tariff. Though it is lower than that
of the United States, there is constant smug
gling. "Let the Americans reduce their i
tariff below that of Canada and what would
be the result? The merest child in public
affairs can see that it would take half the
people of this country to keep tbs other
halt from smuggling."
As to the objection which might be raised
that the Americans would not reduce their
tariff, Mr. Armstrong reminded the House
of the late great tariff redaction campaign
carried on thre, and of the fact that a
popular majority of 100,000 citizens voted
for a reduction. Another favorable point
was that commercial union was entirely
practicable. In proof of this he read Sir
Charles Tupper's statement of last year,
that while in the United States he did not
find a single leading -politician who would
not hold up both hands' for commercial
He dealt with the conservative plea that
there was as good a market for Canada in
Great Britain as in the United States, and
pointedly asked, why then, the Canadians
did not avail themselves of it. He con
trasted the heavy tariff of the United States
with the free trade of Great Britain, and
quoted trade and navigation returns to show
that even at present the Canadian trade
with the United States is greater than with
Great Britain, and that while the former is
increasing the latter is decreasing. Canada'
found in the United States a market for a
great deal of what she could pot sell else
where. He Instanced especially horses,
quoting figures to show the vast importance
to Canada of the trade in horses with the
WOKK OF THE FLAMES.
Lonisvllle Visited by the Big-gest Fire in
Olnny Yenrs A Half Million Goes
Up in Smoke A Karro w
Louisville, March 8. The most disas
trous fire in loss of property that has oc
curred here in years broke out at noon to
day, in the basement of the Kleinhans
and Simonson's clothing ho use,426 to 434
Market street. Alarms from two other
points turned in at the same time drew th e
attention of the fire department and there
was some delay in getting to work. In 15
minutes after the alarm the blaze had
spread through three large stores and was
leaping from the fourth floor through the
roof. Soon after the roof fell in and a -little
latertwo large sections of th side walls.
With one of tbese,the sideof Strauss' dry
goods house gave away and the fire seemed
'beyond control. At the first outbreak scores
of employes from the adjoining houses had
rushed into the street. One saleswoman was
shut in by the flames and with difficulty re
ceived aid fromihejseconl floor.. The stores
where the fire started were built compactly
in one ot the most important.blocks in the
center of the city.
After a hard fieht the firemen gained
control and confined the flames to the
upper floors of Strauss' place. One fireman
was painfully and another slightly hurt.
One of the buildings was owned by Victor
Newcomb, of New York, the other by the
firm. Strauss' building was owned by the W.
P. Churchill estate, The losses are: Klein
hani and Simonson, stock 5285,000; Klein
hans and Simonson, building, 567,000;
Newcomb buildine, 525,000; Strauss', stock
540.000; Churchill building, 56,000.
Insurance: Kleinhans and Simonson,
stock and fixtures, 5172,749; Kleinhans and
Simonson and Newcomb.buiidings, 525,000;
Strauss, stock. 538.000: Churchill, buildine.
516,000. Aggregates losses includings mailer
sufferers is 5435,400. Total insurance 5255,
277. The insurance is distributed in 55,000
and under, among companies represented
MORE INDICTMENTS PROBABLE.
The Dayton and Chicago Wnnts to Recover
81,250,000 Prom Ives & Stayner.
ISPICIAL TELEGRAM TO TJIE DISPATCH. 1
New York, March 8. The President
and several of the directors of the Dayton,
Ft. Wayne and Chicago Bailroad are in
town, it is understood .for the purpose of
having other indictments found against
Ives and Stayner. It is alleged that in
May, 1887, Henry S.,Ives & Co. hypothe
cated 51,250,000 of the bonds of the Dayton
and Chicago Bailroad Company, which is a
part of the Dayton, Pt Wayne and
Chicago system. These mortgage bonds
the directors had instructed Henry
S. Ives & Co., their agents, to
cancel and retire, and the bonds were de
livered to them for that purpose. Ives &
Co., however, it is alleged, pledged the
bonds to Irving A. Adams & Co., of Bos
ton; C. H. Potter, of Cleveland, and other
bankers, to rover Ives & Co.'s debts. Cash,
it is said, was also obtained on some of the
bonds and Ives &,Co. have been accounted
for the cash on the bonds to the directors.
At the District Attorney's office to-day.
Assistant District Attorney Lindsay said
that Assistant District Attorney Parker,
who has sole charge of the Ives &Stayne
case, is taking a rest from his labors with
Woodruff, the informer, but will probablv
be in. the District Attorney's. office on Mon
day. There are several complaints against
Ives & Stayner yet to be considered by the
grand jury, Mr. Lindsay added, and it is
probable that the charge of hypothecating
the 51,250,000 mortgage bonds of the Chica
go and Dayton Bailroad Company, is in
Mr. Parker's hands.
HE'S GOING TO BE LAZI.
Ex-Secrelnry Whitney Says He Has Earned
n Holiday nnd Will Take Ir.
SPECIAL TELEOnAU TO TITS BlSPATCH.1
New Yobk, March 8. Ex.Secretary of
the Navy, William C. Whitney, reached
this city at 5 p. ai. to-day, and went at once
to his house at 2 West Fifty-seventh street
where he remained -through the evening.
He received a few callers in the evening.
He smiled at the report that he was going
to engage in a new and great financial
"It is rumor and nothing else," said he.
"I shall be connected with a number of in
terests, bnt they will be precisely what I
handled before I went to Washington.
There is nothing new in the wind. I shall
have an office in the Mills building I was
there before, you know. It is being made
ready forme, and I shall take possession as
soon as possible and be in it as little as pos
ble." Mr. Whitney laughingly said he was go
ing to be lazy for awhile. "I shall not
emulate the example of thrift and diligence
that Mr, Cleveland has set," said he. "I
think I've earned the right to a holiday,
and shall take it Next month I run over
to Europe, just for the sake of the trip. I
shall stay about two months."
sV NELL'S MJGJiAM.
Leader Makes aa
Intftt Jeech at a Banpet.
COERCION 4& $)
Lord Randolph Churchill
Squalls in the Future.
THEFRENCH COPPER SYNDICATE'S FIX,
Kins Milan's Abdication the Host Popular Act
Mr. Parnell was enthusiastically greeted
at a banquet given in ho"nor of Lord Spencer
last night. In response to a general call he -made
a brief bnt telling speech. Balfour
was-referred to with scorn. Financial help
is guaranteed to tbS copper syndicate.
Lord Bandolph Churchill acknowledge!
that the T6ry Government will have a hard
London, March 8. A banquet wa
given by the Eighty Club this evening ia
honor of Lord Spencer. Mr. Lockwood
presided. Lord Bosebery, Sir Williaa
Vernon Harcourt, 3Ir. Parnell, 3Ir. Mor
ley, Sir Charles Bussell and other promi
nent gentlemen were present Mr. Parnell
refieived an ovation.
Lord Spencer, in responding to the toast
to his health, congratulated Mr. Parnell
upon the vindication of bis character
against attacks which in vehemence and
wickedness surpassed any that had ever
been made against a living man. They ad
mired Mr. Parnell's forbearance, dignity
and patience, qualities so worthy in a great
leader, and they wanted to see full repara
THE GOVEBN2TENT ACCUSED.
He thought the Government would have
difficulty in clearing themselves of the
charge of complicity with the Times. He
dealt at length with Irish affairs, and ex
pressed confidence thatMr. Gladstone would
live to carry an improved home rule bill.
In response to loud cries for a speech Mr.
Parnell rose to his feet, and was greeted
with enthusiastic cheers. He referred to
Lord Spencer as the herald of Mr. Glad
stone's policy of conciliation, and said that
his opinion was wortn more tnan tne judg
ment of a hundred mushrooms like Bal
four, a man who was here to-day and would
be gone to-morrow, who brought to the task
of governing Ireland not a single charac
teristic of statesmanship or genius, and
-whose only object was to remain in office as
long as possible.
Lord Spencer, after all his experience,
had acknowledged the truth of what he
himself maintained, that the only way to
govern Ireland within the Constitution is
to allow her to govern herself in all matters
that do not interfere with the well being- of
the rest of the Empire with which Ireland
is indissolnbly linked.
"I admit," Mr. Parnell continued, "that
another way exists--a way which is untried
as yetj and probably never will be tried
in which some present success might be
gained. Not by Balfour's bastard, semi
Constitutional, semi-coercive method, but
by a method of pure despotism. Yon might
find among yourselves some great English
man pr Scotchman who would go to Ire
land (her Parliamentary representation
having been taken from her) and do justice
to her people, despite the complaint of Irish
"Such a method must, however, be out
side of the Constitution altogether; and
your Irish governor must have full power
to impartially deal with lord and peasant
alike. That, in my judgement, has always
been the only alternative concession to our
Lord Bosebery. in proposing a vote of
thanks, also congratulated Mr. Parnell.
The Daily News says that Mr. Parnell's
speech is a protest and demonstration of
AGAINST-THE NEW NATT.
A Decided Opposition Is Made to the Govern'
London, March 8. In the House of
Commons this afternoon Mr. Campbell gave'"
notice that he would introduce a resolution
opposing any increase in the strength of the
navy until the Government submitted a
plan for the defense of the country by the aid
of the citizen force and coast defense.
If the Parnell Commission does not report
on the forged letters the front opposition ia
the House of Commons will raise a discus
sion on Monday on the Attorney General's
The House of Common's by a vote of 112 to
79 rejected Mr, Bradlaugh's motion to ex-.
Eunge from the records the particulars of
is expulsion from the House in 1880.
HE SEES TROUBLE AHEAD.
Lord Randolph Cbnrehlll Looks for a Breess
In the Honss.
London, March 8. Lord Bandolph
Churchill and Lord Charles Beresford have
sent letters to the Times explaining their
position in regard to the naval scheme.
Neither desires to be considered as hostile
to the Government programme, disagreeing
with the Government only on its method.
Lord Bandolph savs that the Government
and public must ie prepared for a heavy
fight in the House of Commons.
Help for the Cooper Syndicate.
Pabis, March 8. The Bank of Franc
has advanced 100,000,000 francs to the
Comptoir d'Escompte, which is sufficient to
cover the amount of the deposits withdrawn,
from the latter bank. The English mi
r companies have adopted the proposal made
uy tut: cupper ayimjcabe uj reuuee tneir out
put during 1889 20 percent, and to postpone
deliveries two months.
The Best Thing; He Ever Did.
Belgbade, March 8. The newspapers
declare that abdication Milan becomes him
more than anything he did during his
reign.- It is asserted in Tadical circles that
the Metropolitan TBedosius, who sanctioned
the Milan-Natalie divorce, will resign ia
order to allow the reinstatement of the
Threats of Dynaniitf.
London, March 9. A dispatch from v
Bonmania says that the President of the
Chamber of Deputies at Bucharest has re
ceived a letter in which it is threatened to
blow up the Chamber with dynamite. The
police are reported as being vigilant- to'
thwart any such attempt
Students manufacturing Bombs.
Zueich, March 8. While a party of sta ',
dents were at work making bombs to-day an
explosion occurred, killing one and wound
ing several others. Many arrests were
Floods In the West of England.
London, March 9. A thaw and heavy
rains have caused serious floods in the Mid
lands 1b the West of England. Nnaerosa
fatalities have occurred. I