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THE BLAME FIXED,
A Coroner's Jury Pinds It "Was
M Providence Did it.
THAT BUILDING COLLAPSE
Attributed Officially to Neglect on the
Part of Three Men,
OWNER, BUILDER AKD INSPECTOR.
What Contractor Huckenstein Says of the
1IAJ0R W. C. MORELASD ON DAMAGES
The horror of the Diamond and "Wood
ttreets disaster has not yet died away, and it
is now augmented by a report that officially
"places the blame, not npon "an inscrutable
Providence," but upon human brains and
human bands that, as is indicated, might
hare averted the ruin and death.
The Coroner resumed the inquest on the
case yesterday morning. Contractor M. F.
Malone testified that he thought the interior
of the building was weak, and that the
joists had not been perfectly secured. The
wind was the primary cause of the fall of
the building. He refused to say whom he
Testimony was given by several other
contractors and bricklayers. They all ex
pressed the opinion that the building was
strong, and the material of construction
At 3 o'clock Coroner McDowell in sum
ming up the case said it was the duty of the
jury to inquire into the cause of the death
of each of the victims. He said the case
had been carefully gone over and he asked
the jury to consider if the specifications for
the "Willey building were right The duties
of the Building Inspector were defined, and
THE LAWT CITED
in which it was said that no alterations
should be made without a permit, and the
Coroner said this had not been obtained,
though the Inspector said it would be all
right if the walls were made thicker to bear
the additional story. No permit for the
additional story was obtained, however.
The jury returned a verdict on the deaths
of Dr. James Logan Bead, Charles Mc
Keown, "William Goettman, CharlesFritch,
J. M. Hill, Bichard Carroll, James Mc
Gough, Thomas Jones, John Ii. Bogerson,
Samuel Stringer, Joseph V. Gearing,
George L. Mason, Samuel Brown, Leonard
Schifihauer and George Blendinger, as fol
lows: Dr. James L. Read came to his death on
Wednesday, January 9, 1SS9, about 1 o'clock r.
M., while seated in his office, third floor hack
of J. R. Weldin Co.'s book store. 425 Wood
street. First ward, Pittsburg, from injuries re
ceived by being crushed by the wall of C. L.
Willey's new building falling over on said
Weldm bmlding.and being buried in the ruins,
and from all evidence the jury find that said
accident was due to the followinc reasons:
KirsU-That the said C. L. Willey building,
Nos. 33 and 37 Diamond street, was not properly
braced during course of construction.
Second That if said C L. Willey building
had been properly braced and had a storm
front it would have withstood said wind.
DECIDEDLY SrECIFIC ..
Third That C. L. Willey, owner, and Huck
enstein & Co., contractors of said building, and
M.G.Frank, Building Inspector, it ere negli
gent in not having complied with the above fur
the protection of human life.
Fourth That Huckenstein fc Co. were negli
gent in erecting an additional story without
having first procured a permit from the
Building Inspector allowing the same, and tint
M. G. Frank, Building Inspector, should not
have allowed the same to go on without said
permit having been issued.
Fifth We find that the building laws of tho
city of Pittsburg are very deficient, and further
recommend that legislation be procured on the
same, and that on all buildings to be erected
over four stories high contractors be compelled
to put in storm fronts and properly brace all
walls as they go up.
Thomas A. Rowley, Thomas C Terrine,
W. W. Shaw. J. E. Isaacs,
George W. Kxt-t-r, H. Grant Miller.
A similar verdict was rendered in each of
the other cases, with the exception of detail
ing the circumstances surrounding the
death of the victim.
THE CONTRACTOR SURPRISED.
Contractor John Huckenstein, who had
been East on business, returned yesterday.
He had not heard of the verdict of the Coro
ner's jury until informed by a Dispatch
reporter about 9 o'clock last night. He
seemed surprised for a moment, and then
"That is almost impossible, and I cannot
believe it. I had lecs to do with the acci
dent than any of the others. I had a sub
contract for the brick and stone work only
and followed the plans and specifications
as closely as possible. The owner, Mr.
Willey, and the carpenter, Mr. Miller, su
perintended the construction of thebuilding.
I had nothing to do with the building of
the structure, and if there was any defect it
was in the building. When the owner de
cided to put on an additional story I ad
vised against it, but they seemed to think
that the building would stand another story.
KO THOUGHT OF DANGER.
"I put it on, and the work had just been
completed when the accident occurred. I
did not think the building was dangerous,
by any means, or I would not have endan
gered my son's life by allowing him to re
main on the top story. The only complaint
that can be made is that the building was
put tip too rapidly for this time of the year.
"Notwithstanding this complaint, 1 can
point to two buildings that I put up as hur
riedly, and in cold weather. They are
Lute's brewery, seven stories high, and the
Dalzell building, at the corner of Garrison
alley and Penn avenue, six stories high.
"All the evidence submitted before the
Coroner's jury showed that the brick work
was first class, plumb and straight, and
that the best of material was used. I have
nothing further to say on the subject."
Mr. Willey, at the'Hotel Boyer, refused
to see a reporter when the latter sought
him, just after he went to his room, late
last night, and Building Inspector Frank
seemed to be equally difficult to find.
In case a question of damages should
arise, which probably shall from some of
the many suflercrs of the terrible disaster,
W. C. Moreland, Esq., City Attorney, was
asked as to the liability of the city, in case
its official, M. G. Frank, were found guilty
of negligence in performing hi duty.
"As the aflair stands," said Major More
land, "the city cannot be held liable for
damages for any dereliction of Mr. Frank.
Any suit against the city would be abortive,
because Mr. Frank personally would be re
sponsible for a failure in his duty, and not
the city. Although he is an employe of the
city as an official, he alone is responsible
for any laxity of the duties and laws laid
down lor his'department,"
A Illff Celebration.
The Welsh people of Pittsburg will cele
brate St. David's Day, March l,with a ban
quet at the Monongahela House. Ex-Postmaster
James, Rev. D. Parker Morgan, D.
D., and Hon. Anthony Howells will re
spond to toasts.
ALDRICH A SLICK ONE.
The Man Arrested In Canada Believed to be
the One That Bunkoed Murdoch.
Matt Pinkerton, the celebrated Chicago
detective who has heen stopping at the
Hotel Federal in Allegheny for the past
few days, left yesterday for New York.
He is the man who arrested Aldrich
in Windsor, Canada, for complicity
in the Lemon bunko case. He has been
stopping here tor several days quietly gath
ering information, and now has a good case
against the man. He believes he is the same
man who bunkoed Mr. Murdoch out of f 10,
000, and was concerned in a number of con
fidence games that have never been pub
lished. Detective Pinkerton says that a
number of prominent men hare been swin
dled, bnt as the amounts aid not exceed
$1,000 or ?2,000, preferred to lose the money
rather than make public the fact that they
had been gulled.
The prisoner who is now in the jail at
Windsor, is a slick swindler and travels
under many aliases. He is well connected,
and one of his uncles is Mayor of Stafford,
Kan. Mr. Pinkerton does potbelieve there
will beany trouble in getting the proper
papers to bring him over the line, and ex
pects to convict him on a number of charges.
Detective Murphy will leave in a few
days, if the papers arrive, and bring the
prisoner to this county for trial.
HE WILL WAIVE A HEARING.
Cashier foist Will Not Likely Stand Cross
Flre In a Lower Court.
"I won't believe that Mr. Voigt stole all
that money," said a pretty Southside girl
to an equally pretty companion, as they
walked down Carson street last evening.
Who appropriated the money is yet to be
learned, but the conversation shows to what
an extent the failure of the F. & M. Bank
is discussed by the residents of that section
ot the city.
Bank officials reiterate the statement that
Mr. Voigt speculated extensively. This
will be one of the strong points in the prose
cution. The hearing is booked for next Tuesday
afternoon at 'Squire Schaeffer's office, on
the Southside. In all probability Mr. Voigt
will waive a hearing for court, as it will
save both time and money.
The work ot going over the books is still
continued, and will not be finished for some
time. The officials of the defunct bank
deny that any more arrests are to be m:We,
and say that there is nothing new in the
A BIG SUCCESS.
The Fair for the Washington Monument
Fond Closes nt Lost.
The fair of the Allegheny councils of the
Jr. O. TJ. A. M., held at the Coliseum dur
ing the past four weeks for the benefit of
the Washington monument fund, closed last
night. It was a success. The admissions
last night were 2,4(32, the largest during the
fair. General Manager Edward O'Brien
said the proceeds would amount to St, 500,
which, added to the S3.000 already sub
scribed, insures the building of the monu
ment, as the contract price is $10,000.
The monument will be an equestrian
statue of George Washington and will be
erected in the parks.
A number of valuable articles were
raffled off last night, and although everyone
could not win, there was general satisfac
tion. Although the horse was won by a
member of the committee, there was no talk
of a "job" as is almost always the case iu a
CITT TERSUS LAND OWNERS.
Sclienley and Denny Estate Appeals to be
Henril Next cmtardny.
The appeal of B. B. Carnahan for the
Denny and Schenley estates from the de
cision of the city board in regard to assess
ments upon their property will come up
It will be remembered that these estates
say their property should not be assessed
upon them, but upon their lessees, while
the city takes the opposite stand. The city
says that heretofore the assessments have
been made upon the lessees because their
contracts read that they should pay all as
sessments, but that for 1889 it should be
placed upon the actual owners, and let them
look to their renters for reimbursement.
City Attorney Moreland, assisted by B,
H. Douglass, is preparing arguments to
show why the estates should pay the in
creased valuations upon their own prop
erties. TO HONOR HAERIS0N.
The Americas Clab Will Sec That the In
nngnrnllou is Properly Done.
The Americus Republican Club held a
special session last night to consider the
trip to the Presidental inauguration on
March 4. Two plans were suggested, one
to leave the city on Saturday, March 2, and
the other to leave on Sunday, March 3.
There was considerable objection to start
ing away on Sunday, and it was finally de
cided to leave on Saturday, March 2, and
returning leave Washington on Tuesday,
The club decided to go by the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad, as on that line arrange
ments can be made to sleep in the cars while
in Washington. The trip will cost each
member about $30.
Members needing uniforms must have
their orders in Secretary Houghton's hands
by to-morrow evening. Orders received
alter that time cannot be filled.
THE IMPORTANT QUESTION.
Tho Prohibitory Amendment to be Fully
Discussed by Good Speakers.
The temperance and prohibition confer
ence, to be held to-night in Moorhead's
building, will talk upon the constitutional
amendment, T.P.Hershbergcr, County Chair
man, will open the meeting, and addresses
will be made by W."W. Grier, A. K.
Williamson and Hon. A. A. Stephens.
Sessions will be held both morning and
afternoon, and music will be given by Prof.
Horner, assisted by a full choir.
The City Democratic Committee Looking
Toward the City Councils.
At a meeting of the City Democratic
Committee, called last night, D. J. Boyle
was chosen Temporary Chairman, and
stated that where there were Bepublican
differences in wards, efforts should be made
to elect Democratic members of Councils.
A motion was passed to nominate can
didates where it would be possible to elect
them, and the committee adjourned to meet
Borland Confesses Judgment.
J. H. Borland, the auctioneer and whole
sale shoe dealer, yesterday confessed judg
ments amounting to $33,955. Judgments
were confessed to W. B. Lupton, in trust,
for $25,000. The trust was for Salina S. Bor
land, Catharine B. Borland, William C.
Borland, Sarah E. Borland, Jane P. Bor
land and Mary C. Borland. The other
judgments were to J. M. Montgomery,
$2,100; David Hunter, $500; W. T. Cannon,
$4,555; William Miliken, $1,800.
Fro Bono Publico.
The committees appointed to go among
the business men to aid the Exposition
made very encouraging reports yesterday.
The success of Tuesday night's meeting
is assured and many prominent speakers
have promised to be present, among them
Judge White, Colonel Thomas M. Bayne,
W. C. Moreland and others.
Dr. B. M. Hanna. Eye, ear, nose and
throatdiseasesexclusively. Office. 718 Penn
street, Pittsburg. Pa. s&Su
AYOTE IS THE..LAW.
Will a Constitutional Amendment
Find Us Own Enforcement?
GOOD LAWYERS BELIEVE IT WILL,
Because -It Will be Lav Just as Soon as
It is Adopted.
LICENSE NO CONTRACT WITH A STATE
The proposed constitutional amendment
to prohibit the manufacture and sale of
ardent spirits and malt liquors in Pennsyl
vania, grows in interest as the timefor.hold
ing the election draws near. It is a matter
of especial interest to saloon keepers, who
must soon go through the License Court
mill, if they wish to continufe business.
An attempt was made yesterday to get
legal opinions on the case, but it was a diffi
cult matter, as many of the-lawyers seemed
to consider the day an off one,-and had gone
home, others were up to their eyebrows in
business and not talkative, and others again
said they didn't care to talk at all, as they
had not given the subject anv thought what
ever. The question that agitates tho liquor
dealers, next to what disposition they shall
make of their stock, in case it becomes un
saleable in this State, is what encourage
ment is there for them to take out license if
the verdict of the 18th of June is that
thenceforth the State shall go dry.
THE STATE IS SOVEREIGN.
C. F. McKenna, Esq., was not disposed
to talk much about the matter, merely re
marking, with a shrug of the shoulders, that
the State is sovereign, and that a licence
could not be held to be a Contract; but he
supposed that something equitable would
S. M. Kayinond. Esq., stated that if the
amendment prevailed, the business would
become illegal at once,, and .that sellers
could be proceeded against at common law
as maintaining a nuisance. There would be
nothing whatever elastic in tbe result,
should the amendment prevail. License is
not a contract, and is revocable whenever
the people see fit to consider such action
necessary for the public welfare. This is
not Mr. Raymond's exact language, but it
expresses the idea.
The principle that the State is supreme
and can do as it pleases in cases of this
kind, has been asserted in one judicial de
cision after another for many vcars. "When
made by Justice Taney, of the United
States Supreme Court, some people said he
was a States rights man; but that explan
ation does not apply to later decisions; and
considering the way the oleomargarine
makers were sat down upon in this State,
the vested interest argument becomes
OP SMALL FORCE,
power behind it
enough to make itself felt at the
tue way or prevention.
According to Representative Marland,
some legislative action is likely to be taken
so as to protect people who may be caught
between the upper and nether millstones,
Brooks law repression and prohibition.
Some people say that some dialers will
continue to take out United States license
and continue "allee samee," as; in many
neighborhoods, they con make enough
money to pay all expenses and defy the law.
There may be something in this;
but a similar line of policy regard
ing the sale of oleomargarine has not
been a great success, though backed by a
United States license; for only yesterday
Calvin A. Watson, a convicted bogus but
ter dealer, had to go to jail f r 20 davs and
pay $200 fine. If all be true, as alleged,
moreover, some oleo sellers make as large
profits as liquor sellers. ' It is true some of
these people persist in kicking against the
pricks, but a great many butter dealers do
not think resistance pays, and, although
they denounce the State law as unjust, they
A 9Ian Whose Signature Adorns ninny Bank
Notes in the Country.
B. K. Bruce, the colored ex-United States
Senator from Mississippi, whose signature
as Begistcr of the Treasury can be seen on
the bottom of many bank notes, if one is
fortunate enough to have any. arrived in
the city last night and registered at the
Seventh Avenue Hotel. He is on his way
to Phillipsburg, Beaver county, where he
lectures to-morrow evening. In an inter
view last night he said:
There 1 not the least doubt but that Mr
Blaine will be Harrison's Secretary of State.
I see by the papers that Colonel Buck, of
Georgia, has been called by the President-elect
to Indianapolis. It is very likely that Mr. Har
rison desires to liavo tbe South represented
and will tender Colonel Buck a portfolio. I do
not think that Sherman would accept a Cabinet
position, and I think Forakcr is after higher
l do not think that the appointment to a Cab
inet position of any Southern man would have
much effect in breaking up the solid South.
The only way I know to break the solidity of
the Southern States is to take part of that
large Treasury surplus and educate the South
ern people. The city schools all through the
South are pretty fair. Tbe country schools are
unworthy of the name and in the majority of
places there are long mile stretches of territory
where schools are entirely unknown. If the
people n ere educated they would get a free
nallot and the '-solid South" would bo Known
In 18S0 there were 5,000,000 of blacks in the
South who could not read -or write. In 1SS4 and
'85 there were 1,250,000 black children who were
not enrolled in any school district. The fcuc-
rance with the poor whites is tbe same. The
only difference hetween them is that there are
a greater proportion of blarks thau whites. Tbe
nation is to blame for the illiteracy of the peo
ple of the Southern States, as, they, should lift
tbcm out of their dense ignorance. This will
be done ultimately, and it is only a question of
time when the solid South will beljroken. The
blacks cannot control the States, as they arc
only in the majority in the aggregate. ' .
Ohio Citizens In I he City on Their Way to
A party of about 25 potters from East
Liverpool and vicinity passed .through the
city last night on their way to Washington
to attend the thirteenth annual convention
of the United States Potters' Association at
that place, Tuesday next. Among oth'er
business to be transacted will be the election
of new officers for the ensning year, and a
general discussion of trade will be indulged
in. Papers on labor-savinf machinery, new
clavs and new processes will be read.
The present officers of the association are:
Thomas Willetts, of Trenton, N. J., Presi
dent; Alfred Day, of Steubenyille, O., Sec
retary, and J. H. Goodwin, of East Liver
pool," O., Treasurer.
THE! GROW'ilOLDEi. "
Footpads Make Another Assnuifand An
other baccessfal Robbery.
A bold attack and robbery was made last
night on Charles Deringer at the corner of
Twenty-eighth street and "Penn avenue.
Deringer was walking to his home on
Twenty-ninth street, but fell over a slight
obstruction at Twenty-eighth street
Two unknown men'saw the accident and
assisted Deringer to get up, and then asked
him what time it was. Deringer took out
his watch, and was immediately knocked
down by a heavy blow on the head with a
handy-billy and his watch taken.
TJtnli Rates Advance.
Taking effect February 1 the following ad
vanced freight rates from this city will go
into effect, to Salt Lake City, Ogden. and
Utah common points; On classes 1. 2, 3, 4,
5 and A, $2 60, $1 15,.$1 75, $1 45, $1 25,
$110. The present rates. are: $2 05,' $1 60,
$1 55, $1 30, $2 15, $1 95.' I
MOOTED AND BOOTED.
Block Murderer Gilchrist FnreHardly With
the Budding- BlacUslones Lively Tilts
Between Lnwycra nnd Witnesses.
In the Allegheny County Moot Court,
playfully called Common Pleas No. 2, the
law students wrestled with an intricate
problem in the shape of a circumstantial
It seems that a man named Gilchrist in
vited a friend named White to a theater in
this city, and after the opera- was over
Gilchrist killed White, and the object of
the moot court was not to find extenuation,
for that was apparent, but to fasten
the crime upon the. man if possible.
Judge Porter was in the chair and sat
down upon objectors and propped up wit
nesses and snubbed the jury just as natural
Lawyers for the prosecution were District
Attorney Lindsay, assisted by Messrs. Ash
worth and McMullen, and made out really
a strong case until Messrs. Amnion, Brail
and Slagle, for the defense, were heard, and
the latter made outtally a strong case un
til Judge Porter was heard, who- made out
reany a strongcaseuniiime jury iiua ueura.
The trial was for felonious murder, which
is a legal expression that murder was com
mitted because it was. Considerable fun
was experienced by the testimony of some
witnesses, who tangled the lawyers all up,
until kindly enlightened by a few words
from Judge Porter.
"Dr. Davis A. Dean was called, and fol
lowing are some of his answers:
"White died suddenly because a man
stabbed to death doesn't generally live to
die of old age."
"The blood on his person came originally
from his interior, of courso."
"Once and for all, the immediate cause of
his death was a piece of steel severing the
upper and lower ventricles of his heart and
his connection with this world."
"William Cnallender, called asan expert
on telegraph operators, and to identity a
message which had somehow become mixed
up in the affair, seemed to be a sort of non
committal witness as the cross-examination
"How do you know this handwriting is
"Because all telegraph operators write
alike, and I am a telegraph operator."
"On what day did you receive this mes
sage?" "I have forgotten whether it was Monday,
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday,
Saturday or Sunday."
"At what hour 01 the day did you receive
"At no hour of the day; it was at night."
"At what hour of the night did you re
"At no hour of the night; it was between
"What's your name?"
"That will do, your honor," said Lindsay,
rising hastily, and the fate of Gilchrist was
postponed until next Saturday.
THE EXPOSITION SITE
Selected for the Erection of Three Hand
The Chairman of the Thomas A. Arm
strong Monumental Committee had a con
sultation with the managers of the Exposi
tion Society yesterday morning. It is pro
posed to erect the monument on the Exposi
tion grounds at the Point if possible. The
managers seemed to be pleased with the
project, and offered the committee a site be
tween the main building and Power hall.
Over $3,000 has already been subscribed for
the Armstrong monument, Jand it is be
lieved the amount necessary will be secured
before the Exposition buildings are com
pleted. Two other monuments will likely be
erected on the Exposition grounds. One
will be to the memory of George Washing
ton and the funds for the erection will be
contributed by the school children. The
other will be to the memory of Captain
Jack, the famous scout during the" French
and Indian war. It may be builtbyprivdte
The Exposition Society will meet next
Tuesday and several large contributions
will bo reported. Power Hall can be com
pleted for $75,000 and this amount will
likely be secured before the end of the week.
HIT MY HORSE, HIT ME.
Ex-Detecllve Fricl Comes 10 Blows With
an East End Citizen.
Ex-Detective Edward Freil and Major
Beed, a well-known citizen of the East
End, got into an altercation in front of the
Union station last evening, and the former
was badly used up.
About 6 o'clock Frcil's horse was partly
obstructing the crossing leading to the sta
tion platform. Major Beed was coming to
ward the depot, and asked Freil to tnrn the
horse out. The request was not complied
with as soon asit might have been, and, to ex
pedite mntters, Major Beed, it is alleged, hit
or pushed the horse on the nose with his
umbrella. This angered the driver, who
jumped down and said:
Any man who hits that horse, hits me!
With the accommodating spirit of the
average East Ender, Major Iteed, it is al
leged, hit Freil in the face. A deep cut,
about two inches long, was the result of the
accommodation, or ot something that befell
Freil. He says he will enter suit against
Major Beed for assault and battery.
AS IR0X MERCHANT'S HEATH.
An Oro Dealer of Cleveland Kilted la a
Railroad Accident. ,
A telegram was received in this city last
evening which stated that Mr. Horace A.
Tuttle, of the firm of Tuttle & Oglebay, ex
tensive iron ore dealers, of Cleveland, had
been killed in a railroad accident on the
Chicago and Northwestern Bailroad, near
Elmwood station, in the ore regions. Mr.
Tuttle was on a visit to the mines when the
The gentleman was well known to busi
ness men in this city, and has been engaged
in the iron business for many years. He
was married and leaves a wife 'and one son.
THE BOY WHO GOT LEFT.
A Sharper Fleeces Ulm Oot of 820 Without
A 10-year-old son of Walter Butler, a la
borer living on Pike street, was sent by his
parents last evening about 7 o'clock to get
change for a $20 bill. The boy first en
tered Mohan's saloon, but failing to get the
bill changed, started to go elsewhere, when
he was accosted by a fellow who said he
would get it changed for him, and started
up the street with the lad as far as Twelfth
street, where he told the boy to stand still
until he came back. Before he could be
followed by the boy he skipped down a side
street with the money.
Tried to Ralso n Riot.
Adolph Klein will have a hearing before
Alderman Porter Wednesday afternoon, on
a charge of an attempt to incite a riot, pre
ferred by J. K. Ferry. The prosecutor is a
foreman for Dilworth, Porter & Co.'s South
side mill, and alleged that Klein was one of
the parties who endeavored to precipitate a
Iriot during the trouble at that mill.
Looking for Relatives.
Michael Foley writes from Jackson, La.,
for any information in regard to his three
brothers or three sisters who lived on High
street years ago while Joseph Barker was
Mayor. He also states that Chris Magee,
then of Smithfield- street, knew the family,
ana migniKnowoi mem now.
A Cab Driver's Murder.
Joseph Denimey, the cab driver, who ac
knowledges the shooting of William Miller
on September 4, 1887, will be put on trial
SUNDAY, JANUARY 20,
TO SCARE SCALPERS.
A New Railway Ticket Which May
Drive Them Out of Business,
A PURCHASER MOST BE DESCRIBED.
How the Railroads Lose Thousand? of Dol
REBATES TO BE PAID ON THE TICKETS.
The railroads running east and west from
this city are about to adopt a new mileage
ticket, which will probably take away the
occupation of the ticket scalper and make
the business of handling tickets an unprofit
able one. They art not going to wait until
Congress passes a law making 'the business
of dealing in railroad tickets illegal, but
think that the new scheme will remedy the
evil they have always complained against.
The form of the new ticket is now in the
hands of the Presidents of the lines in the
CentralTTraffio Association and there is not
the least liability that they will not favor
the idea. At the meeting of the general
passenger agents in the'association, to be
held in Chicago about February 12, the
ticket will be adopted. About the same
time the roads in the Trunk Line Associa
tion, which includes the Pennsylvania
Bailroad and all Eastern lines, will adopt
The new ticket will be called the "de
scription mileage ticket," and will be sold
in books of either 1000 or 2,000 miles.
When a passenger purchases one of them he
will be required to sign his name to 12 agree
ments. Upon the inside corner of the ticket
book will be a full description of the pur
chaser of the ticket. The height, build, age,
general appearance and sex of the purchaser
will be denoted by punches made in blank
spaces in the form.
MUST SIGN ON THE SrOT.
When a passenger presents one of the
tickets the conductor will require the man
to write a fac simile of the ignature to the
agreement. He will then carefully note
whether it is a counterpart of the signature,
and whether the man s features tallies with
those mentioned in the description. If ttiey
do not, the conductor will take the ticket up
and charge the passenger full fare.
In the words of District Passenger Agent
Watt, of th'e Pennsylvania Bailroad: "The
new ticket will put a stop to the frauds
practiced on railroads by travelers. Under
the system it will be almost impossible for a
man to use any remnant of a mileage book
he has not purchased from a railroad ngent.
At present the losses to tho Pennsylvania
Bailroad amount to thousands of dollars
annually from this cause. Suppose a man
purchases a 1,000-mile book from the Penn
sylvania Bailroad. He intends to go to
Philadelphia and return, and pays $20 for
the ticket, or nt the rate of 2 cents per mile.
"The distance to Philadelphia and return
is 706 miles. The passenger has 201 miles
left in his book which, at the rate of three
cents per mile, or the local rate, is worth
$8 82. He can generally find a scalper who
is willing to pay at least $5 60 or $6 for the
unused portion of the book. The scalper
takes it and can easily sell it to a commer
cial traveler for about $7 or ?7t50 making
$1 CO or $2 by the bargain.
"The original passenger who purchased
the book got his transportation to Philadel
phia and return for $11 18 or a little more
than the fare one way, which is $10 50. The
OET3 HIS COMMISSION
for sellincr the unused portion of the ticket.
and tho man who purchases from the scalp
er gets the ticket at a much lower rate than
the company would sell the same transpor
tation. Altogether the company is out
about $9 on the deal."
Wfth the present form of mileage tickets
the party who purchases themJrom the
railroad company is required to sign his
name on the book. If a conductor asks a
man to reproduce the signature it can
generally be done even if the party present
ing the ticket was not the original pur
chaser. It is only once in a great while
that a conductor will ask a passenger to re
produce the signature, and the chances are
greatly in favor of the latter. Sometimes a
passenger using the remnant of a ticket will
forget the name written in the book and
then the conductor gets in his work and
collects fare from the holder in addition to
taking up the book.
Another safeguard to be thrown around
the new ticket is that when a traveler pur
chases one he will be charged at the rate of
three cents per mile. When the book is
used up, by returning the cover he will be
entitled to a rebate of $10.
As an indication ot the growth of the
practice of buying and selling 1,000-mile
tickets by passengers, it is said that the ma
jority of men who travel much nowadays
never think of buying a regular trip ticket
when traveling a distance of 200 miles or
A FITTING TOKEN.
Gen. Hays Conncll Presented With a Crayon
Fortrnlt of tho Lata General.
General Alexander Hays Council, No.
275, Jr. O. U. A. M., of Sewickley, was
presented with a handsomely framed, life
size crayon portrait of the late General
Hays by his family last Friday evening.
Mr. Gilbert A: Hays made the presentation
speech. Mr. C. J. Frew accepted the gift
on behalf of the council. Addresses were
then made, by Captain David Shields,
Messrs. Albert Moore, U. P. Priest and C.
The council passed a resolution thanking
the family for the gift. The resolutions are
to be engrossed, and a copy will be presented
to the family.
Sewickley Council, No. 170, was present
at the presentation, and a very pleasant
evening was spent by all.
General Hay's Council will givea musical
and dramatic entertainment at Choral Hall,
Sewickley, on next Thursday evening.
A GRATEFUL FATHER.
After a Straggle With the English Language,
He Sends a Message.
An Italian, to whom the English lan
guage is yet quite a stranger, entered a
downtown telegraph office a day or so ago
and signified a desire to send a message. It
seems he had been drunk and had wandered
away from home. He turned up in this
city'a broken-hearted man. A letter from
his home had informed him that he had be
come a father during his absence.
After a protracted struggle with pen, ink
and paper, he managed to write the mes
sage "Much oblige toa you fora ze baba."
The telegram was sent as" it read.
A Successful Dinner Fnrlr.
Miss Cora Jones, daughter of Captain W.
B. Jones, gave a dinner party at the palatial
residence of her father, in North Braddock,
at which she entertained a number of her
most intimate friends A menu of 12 covers
was served. Jt was a decidedly successful
and brilliant affair. Among the guests were
Miss Mardie Stewart, Miss Maggie Boyd,
Miss Nonie Hunter, Miss Maud McMasters,
Miss Nettie Lewis and Miss Eva Balsingcr.
Messrs. J. E.- Lewis, F. B. Perry, W. B.
Balsingcr, B. S. Magginni, A. C. Dinkey
The nicjelo Again on Top.
The festive bicycle, in a setto with Frank
Boos, a 12-year-old boy residing on Liberty
street, in tho Twentieth ward, yesterday,
knocked the latter down, broke one of his
arms and dislocated a shoulder.
The fashionable ladies corrective tonic is
Angostura Bitters, the world renowned
m . .. a , . 1 si
AT 30 MILES AN HOUR.
A Pre-Arrnngcd Collision of Freight Cnra
With Wcstlnghonse Bnflcrs Attached,
nnd the Ermarkable Ttesnlt.
Reference has previously been made in
these columns to the Westinghouse friction
buffer, the exclusive manufacture of which
is in the hands of the Union Switch and
Signal Company, of Swujvale. An officer
of that company yesterday gave the follow
ing interesting statement to a reporter for
The essential feature of this device is, that
friction is developed between interlocking sets
of thin plates, and is brought into play as an
aid to the regular draft springs, iu receiving
and absorbing the momentum due to shocks
which occur so frequently in the ordinary pro
cess of shifting and making up freight trains,
and which are of daily occurence on the road,
when trains are stopped and started, or .are
running over undnlating grades.
On last Wednesday, at the Pennsylvania
Railroad car shops at Altoona, a very im
portant test was made to determine the effect
of these buffers when applied to freight cars,
as well as the relative endurance of the buffers
and the freight ears themselves. Two Penn
sylvania Railroad gondola cars had been fitted
with friction buffers for the purpose of this
test. The cars were old and weak, and it was
intended that the test should be so severe as to
make them unfit for further service. The tests
were conducted as follows: The two cars were
set on a piece of straight track and tbe brakes
on one firmly set; an engine hauled the other
back anil then gave it a shot down the track, so
that it came into collision with the standing
car. Fourteen such tests were made. In the
first the moving car had a speed of about
five miles per hour; in the successive tests,
up to and including the eleventh, the speed was
gradually increased, until, in the eleventh test,
it reached 25 miles per hour. In the twelfth
test, at a speed of 28 miles per hour, some of
the blocking back of one ot the buffers was
smashed by the concussion, and one of the car
trucks broke loose from its fastenings, and
stripped the body bolster. This was duo to the
momentum of the heavy truck, and the sudden
stoppage of the car body. On the fourteenth
test, a speed of 30 miles per hour was reached,
with the result that one center sill on the
moving car was cracked, near the body bolster,
and both center sills of the fixed car were
cracked at the samo place; the drawhead of
tbe fixed car was also broken in the shank: the
bolsters under both cars were partially stripped
from their positions. The buffers, however.
remained Intact and uninjured. Tho two cars
were sq badly used up as to be unfit for further
service, while the buffers will be transferred to
other cars, and continued in service.
The fact that two such old cars conld be run
together at a speed of CO miles an hour with
out utterly demolishing them has conclusively
proven tbe efficiency of the buffers to absorb
momentum without serious shock to the
structure. These buffers will, theoretically,
take up a momentum six and one-half times as
great as can be absorbed by an ordinary draft
rigging, when in perfect condition; bnt, in fact,
owing to the average loose condition of the
draft gear of most ordinary cars, these friction
buffers will absorb and take np from 12 to 15
times the momentum which ordinary draft rig
gimr will take care of.
The test was considered a great success, as It
demonstrated conclusively not only the ca
pacity of this now friction buffer to absorb
momentem. but the great strength of con
struction ot tbe buffer and its attachment to
the car body.
The Union Switch and Signal Company has
made preparations to manufacture these fric
tion buffers in large quantities to meet the ex
pected demand for them.
The size and weight of freight cars, and the
average weight of their lading, has increased
so enormonsir in recent years that it is doubt
ful whether the old style of draft gear can be
made strong enough to successfully resist the
wear and tear of service, unless the capacity of
the draft rigging is supplemented and in
creased by some such device as this new fric
C0UKTI TEACHERS' INSTITUTE.
A Terr Successful and ProDtablo Hesalon
Held at Braddock.
The Allegheny County Teachers Insti
tute was held in the Lytle Opera House,
Braddock yesterday, 150 teachers being
in attendance. The session was opened with
prayer by Bev. Dr. Boyle. County Super
intendent Hamilton stated the objects of
the gathering. Miss Mamie Nesbitt, of
North Braddock, gave n class drill on the
new method of developing a word.
Miss Jean Lytle read a paper on "The
Caisson of a Briage," to show that anybody
could teach school. A number of other
subjects were discussed by prominent edu
cators. A DETECTIYE LOCKED DP.
A Kansas Officer In the Central Station With
John Lewis, alleging to be a member of
the Central Detective Agency of Topeka,
Kan., entered the Central Station last
night with G. H. Welling, whom he had
arrested for murder. "Welling, he claimed,
had killed a man named I. V. H. SafTord
in Colusa county, Kansas, and he had traced
him to Pittsburg, where he arrested him.
Lewis produced a commission signed by
E. B. Hodges, giving him the authority o'f
a detective in Topeka. Assistant Superin
tendent O'Mara did uot believe the story,
and locked both Lewis and his prisoner up
until he can hear from Topeka.
LOCAL ITEMS, LIMITED.
Incidents of a Day la Two Cities Condensed
for Keady Kcadlnc.
The Legislative Committee is highly pleased
with the condition of the hospitals of the city.
It is likely all the appropriations will be
Mrs. Jane Reese, of Mt. Oliver, had her
pocket picked at the Southside market last
evening. The thief obtained a pocketbook
containing $17. ,
The lecture room and the Snnday school of
tbe new Shady Avenue Baptist Church, will be
opened to-day with appropriate services. The
main auditorium of the church is not yet com
pleted. TriE annual prize medal given by the officials
of the Pennsylvania IUilroad for tbe best kept
section of track, has been awarded this year to
Jesse Yarnell, Supervisor between Union
station and East Liberty.
A disorderly house was raided last night
at the foot of Eighteenth street. Mrs. "Welton,
Mrs. Shane. Mrs. "Welsh and Joseph Milton
were arrested and lodged in tbe Twelfth ward
station for a hearing this morning.
The Board of Assessors was busy yesterday
hearing appeals. The tlinefor appeals from
the Fourth. Eighteenth and Twenty-sixth
wards closed yesterday. The board evpects to
complete its work in about three weeks.
James Kenna was arrested by Officer Madi
gan last evening on a warrant from Magistrate
Hyndman. He is charged by Inspector White
house with larceny. He was locked up in the
Fourteenth ward station for a hearing to-day,
A EOT named William Lyons was arrested
yesterday morning by Detective McKelvyfor
the larceny of lead pipe. Several houses near
tbe Fifth avenue market houie have been
robbed by this boy. Black & Baird are tbe
The alarm of fire from box 213 sent in
last night at 7:30 o'clock was caused by a fire in
tbe house, of William McGinnls, on John
street, between Thirty-seventh and Thirty
eighth streets. The loss amounted to S10O, and
is covered by insurance.
The patrons of the Pittsburg Traction Com
pany beyond Oakland, claim Hut by one of tbe
laws of the franchise of the road tbe rompany
is compelled to sell tickets to the amount of SI.
By a ruin of their own they will not sell less
than $3 SO worth at a time.
The Lawrence Democratic Club met last
night in their hall on Butler street, between
Forty-first and Forty-second streets. Presi
dent Jobn Schaffer presided and delivered a
warm speech. The preparations were com
pleted for their reception to be given onTburs
day. Gospei. Temperance Union No. 1 will
hold its weekly meeting in University Hall.
Sixth street, this evening, commencing at 7.30.
John W. Moreland, Esq., will conduct the
meeting and deliver tbe opening address on
"The Duty of Citizens on the Coming Ques
tion." CAUGHT OX THE FLY.
8. P. Kennedy, commercial agent of tbe
Cotton Belt Line, this city, returned last ni?ht
from St. Louis.
H. G. Hayden and son, Master Harry B.
Hayden, will leave for New York to morrow
morning. The latter will sail on the 23rd to
Europe to attend school.
Georoe Schroder, assistant in the office of
General Freight Agent of the Chicago, Mil
waukee and St. Paul road, at Milwaukee, Is in
the city, visiting relatives.
WHAT T0U MAY EAT.
Dr. Thomas Measures in Pounds and
Onnces'a Bay's Kations.
A NEW SERIES OF HEALTH TALKS.
Cell Life and Its Great Influence on Both
Food and Drink. '
SUNSHINE EASILY DIGESTED BY ALL
Dr. J. D. Thomas yesterday opened the
new scries of lectnres at the School of Anat
omy with the subject of "Absorption and
Excretion," in the course of which be
solved the problem of how much to eat by
stating that It is estimated that a man
weighing 140 pounds, in order to keep that
weight, should eat each day 16 ounces of
meat, 19 ounces of bread, 3J ounces of fat,
and partake of 50 ounces of water; and that
1 - 11 -i jin ..tii
wnen one s weigni uecreaies w iw "
death is sur to ensue.
The process of absorption and excretion
was then explained, showing, among other
things, that poison can be taken, after a.
meal, that before would prove fatal, because
of the activity of the system before meals to
absorb nourishment a tip to drinkers! It
was also explained that nearly a cnbic inch
of carbonic acid gas was thrown off the
lungs at each exhalation, and about 14 cubic
feet each 24 hours.
Dr. B. W. Stewart then followed with a
lecture on "Cell Life," explaining how the
elements of life or action were made up of
minute cells or photoplasms, such as are
found in a stagnant pool of water, and the
organic or inorganic beings merely a
colony of these cells with their functions
to perform, such as those of motion. There
were the muscle cells, looking after the
motion of the body; the governing cells or
nerve cells; those of exhalation : and excre
tion, eto., just as a community is made up
ot DiacEsmitns, storekeepers, rulers, etc.
He added thin these cells are but a chemical
combination, obtained by decomposition.
The source of life was explained as com
ing from the sun, being illustrated by the
fact that the influence of the sun's rays on
the water at the roots of a plant unites it
with the carbonic acid of the atmosphere,
making starch, the life of tbe plant, while
the same operation is seen in the food we
eat. The phenomena of life really liber
ated energy from the food decomposed in
the body, which was first given life as a
plant by the sun. Indeed, the pretty story
of the child who, aa its spoon flashed in a
ray of sunlight cast on its plate, said:
"Mamma, I've swallowed a spoonful of
sunshine," becomes really a fact of the case
when we eat food.
0BTAINMG SHORTER U0URS.
The Citizens' Traction Company Employes
Gala a Tictory.
A committee of the Citizens' Traction
Company's employes met the officers of the
company last Thursday and obtained an
agreement to lessen the hours of duty to 11
for a day's work. The crews are to be on
duty for 11 hours continuously and then
have their places taken by extras.
The pay will be the same. The agreement
will take effect in about a week.
The Paperhangers' Association of Alle
gheny county held a meeting at their hall,
Ho. 82 Fourth avenue, last evening, and the
President, "W. J. Patterson, occupied the
chair. There was a large attendance, and
the membership of the association was more
than doubled. The following committees
were appointed: Scale of Prices, By Laws,
and Hall. Another meeting will be held
on next Saturday evening.
Won't Accept a Redaction.
The miners employed at the lower works
of Joseph Walton & Co., held a meeting
yesterday to consider the offer of the firm to
reduce the rate for mining to 2X centfl per
bushel. The offer was unanimously reject
ed, nnd the men decided to remain idle until
the 3-cent rate is paid. It is believed that
all the miners will take similar action.
TnE men employed at the Huntingdon Car
Works struck yesterday against a reduction in
TnE furnacemen at Shoenberger & Co.'s
threaten to strike unless a certain man is paid
S2 20 per day InsteiJ of Si The matter lm
heen referred to Master Workman Boss, of D.
TnE river coal operators have decided to
offer the miners 2 cents per bnshel in the first
three pools, a reduction ot i cent, and agree
to start the mines. If tbe proposition is ac
cepted work will be resumed at once.
The Grades Explained.
An institute of Allegheny teachers in the
first three grades was held yesterday in the
lower Fourth ward school, on Liberty street,
Allegheny. The object was to discuss the
grades ingeography, history, language and
arithmetic, there having been a misunder
standing on the grade in these branches last
year. The grade was satisfactorily ex
plained by Prof. Barros, of the Tenth ward.
Another Agent Watched.
"Commodore" Eli Fackler, train agent of
the Pennsylvania Bailroad, was presented
with a handsome gold watch and chain by
the employes of the passenger department of
the road vesterday. The presentation took
place at South "West.
The Mechanics' Parade.
At the meeting of the General Committee
on the Jr. O. XX. A. M. parade, to be held
February 22, a committee of seven members
was appointed to wait npon the business
men and ask them to allow their employes
a holiday npon the occasion.
Must Ilave Been an Editor.
Adam Beiber, of Chartiers township, was
sent to the County Home. He was pos
sessed of the hallucination that he was the
owner of vast estates, and that many people
were seeking his life.
A Great Success.
The Mechanics' fair on the Southside, for
the benefit of the building fund, closed last
evening. About $4,500 will be made.
Acme Council, No. 219 were awarded the
ivory gavels aud blocks by the managers.
Mora for the Sufferer.
At the Cathedral fair Thursday evening
S110 was realized. This will be turned over
to the "Wood street disastersnfferers. Father
Graham will be one of the distributers.
To every person who has or has not visited
the capital of the United States, an oppor
tunity is offered by the Pennsylvania Bail
road Company to do so on Thursday, Jan
uary 24, at rate of f9 (half fare) lor the
round trip, with the privilege of remaining
in "Washington ten days, and also of stop
of at Baltimore in either direction. Tickets
will be good on all regular trains that day,
nnd in addition a special train composed of
East Lake coaches and Pullman parlor
cars will leave Pittsburg at 8 A. 31., arriving
in "Washington at 8:10 r. M.
This is a favorable opportunity for you to
take a trip to the capital to secure your ac
commodations on the occasion of tjie in
auguration of President-elect Harrison.
'Undeb'WXAR Largest assortment, low
est prices. All goods marked in plain
figures. Strictly one price.
Xisu 854 and 956 Liberty st
Condensed Spcclnl Dispatches From Star
ronndlna; Communities That Are Tribu
tary 10 Plttsbnre.
William G. Elyea. drygoods merchant of
Lima, assigned yesterday. Assets, $25,000: lia
Governor Beaveb has fixed Tuesday,
March 28, as the date for tbe execution ot Peter
Earonenski. tbe murderer of Agnes Ketch, In
The directors of the McKeesport Gas Fuel
Company havo elected Samuel O. Lowry, Presi
dent; Dr. H. W. HitzTOt, Vice President; A. B.
O'Neal, Treasurer, and John B. Scott, Sec
retary. The third annual reunion of the California
Pioneer Association, of Crawford county, was
held in Meadville yesterday. About 10 mem
bers were present; some of them being over 80
A scaffold, on which wer two painters,
fell at the National Tube Works, McKeesport.
yesteraay. One of the men, James Jones,.of
Pittsburg, had a leg fractured, and was other
Carothers Bros., of McKeesport, Mr.
Blackburn, of Peter's Creek, and others are
pushing a movement to locate a large grist mill
there, on tbe site of the mt'l of the City Milling
isumpauj, wmcu was uesirojeu Dy nre.
The Beading Bailroad furnace at Bechtels
ville, this county, was lighted yesterday after
having been idle many months. Previously its
capacity was 275 tons per week. "With the im
provements it will now turn out 400 tons
John G. Greenfield, a prominent con
tractor, died yesterday at the National Hotel,
McKeesport. His remains were sent to his
former home, Cumberland. The deceased was
a brother of General A. T. Greenfield, Post
master of Oil City.
The remains of the late Mrs. Mary A. Mer
rington, of Allegheny City, will be taken to
McKeesport to-day aud will be taken to the
Baptist church, where Br.Cadville will hold
services. The deceased was one ot the early
residents of this city and a sister of Miss Ellen
"West, a maiden lady residing here, who is also
an aged pioneer.
The double gas main across tie Mononga
hela river, opposite the Allegheny Bessemer
Steel Works, has been completed bv the Besse
mer Gas Company, and has also been extended
ver hills and farms to the Mehaffey farm,
where the companv commenced to-day to drill
for gas, to be conveyed through this main to
the steel works.
Mr. H. C. Shailenbehoer formally an
nounced himself to-day as a candidate for tha
office of Burgess of Braddock. The indications
are that he will have no opposition as all the
others now refnse to run, owing to the Strom;
support he appears to have. 'Squire G. F.
Sims is a candidate for the office of Assistant
OIARSHELL, THE CASH GBOCER,
Will Save Yon Money.
Just received, a new lot of fish. "Whole
codfish, 4c per Eb; boneless strip cod, 5c;
boneless brick cod, 2fts 15c; scaled herring,
25c per box; fresh mackerel, lib cans, 9c;
clam chowder, 31b cans, 20c.
Do you know bargains when yon see them?
If so you can appreciate these.
"We are accustomed to "whooping things
np," bnt we nfust confess the remarkable
success of our new tea department surprised
us, and we found the room allotted it entire
ly too small, so we had a grand change all
around, and now have a space of 20x50 feet
given over to our tea department alone.
The ladies all appreciate a good cup of
tea, and our idea of drawing them a fresh
cup at a moment's notice is very popular.
The way to judge tea is by drinking it, and
it is very easy to get suited in tea when you
can drink some of it before buying.
Mr. Shaw is a great lady's man, and he is
never so well pleased as when he is drawing
tea for them, and listening to their expres
sions of approval as they drink it. His
"Cumshaw mixture" is highly appreciated
by those who insiskon having a, high-grade
tea, and the price, only 34c per lb, is a never
ending source of wonder to them, as they
admit they never drank anything finer.
Send for weekly price list, and order by
mail. Orders amounting to $10, without
counting sugar, will be packed and shipped
free of charge to any point within 200 miles.
Give me a trial. I will save vou monev.
Marshelx, 79 and 81 Ohio'st, cor. 'San
What We Will Do Next Week. -
Commencing to-morrow morning we will
close out all our winter goods at just half
regular prices; all our ladies' newmarkets,
jackets, jerseys, hoods, shawls, cashmere
and calico wrappers, girls winter dresses
for school and dress, gretchen coats and
plush bonnets, gloves, wrnter underwear for
men, ladies and children; boys' flannel and
percale waists blankets, comforts, spreads,
lambrequins, silk mufflers and some grand
bargains in ladies' muslin underwear, in
fants' goods and gents' furnishings. Busy
Bee Hive, cor. Sixth and Liberty.
Jast What Yoa Want.
If you want a soda cracker, try Marvin's
Orange Blossom. It is the best and sweet
There is a perfection and completeness
about the photographs made by Dabbs that
will alwavs make them valued.
Marvin's New Ulilk Bread.
Ii is the sweetest and most nutritious
made. All grocers keep it.
CASH paid for old gold and silver si
Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth avenne. wrsu
Tkt Marvin's spiced fruitcake. Your
grocer keeps it.
Use Rosalia Flour, "Whitmyre & Co.
Use Bosalia Flour. "Whitmyre & Co.
I have this day sold all my interest in It1"
the firm of
HEABD, BIBER & EASTOH
to my late partners, who will continue
the business, assuming all liabilities
and interests connected therewith.
JAMES B. HEABD.' '
The above notice explains the neces- .
sity of an immediate reduction and ,.
closing out of all surplus stock, which a
must be converted into money at once. '
"Wo have made striking changes in,
prices in all departments TO EFFECT
BIBER 1 EASTQN,;
SOS AND 607 MARKET STREET, a
laS-TTSStt , ' 3raEL.
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