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THE MGATE'S FATE.
Burning of the United States Steamer
Missouri at Gibraltar.
' BEHIXISCENCES OP EX-GOV. TEICE.
Caleb Cashing, the First United States Min
ister to China.
AJIIDSillTMAN IN ADMIRAL'S UNIFORM
rwIUTTEX FOR TUB DISPATCH.
OME time during the
summer of 1S13 Captain
John Thomas Newton,
commanding the United
States steam frigate Mis
souri, lying at Norfolk,
Va., was ordered to re
ceive Caleb Cnshing on
board and carry him to
Alexandria, Egypt, en
route to China. Sir.
jHtart Va., was ordered to re-
JUiflWlV, ccive Caleb Cushine on
dishing had just been
Plenipotentiary and En-
Toy Extraordinary to
. . i i . ,!, it.
protect our first commercial treaty ith the
Celestial Emnire. negotiations having been
opened by Commodore Lawrence Kearney,
then comniandingtheUnited States squadron
in the China seas. After landing Mr, Cush
ing, Captain Newton had a roving commis
sion to cruise in the Mediterranean and the
Baltic. For 18 months previous to sailing
lo Europe the Missouri had been attached
to the home squadron and cruised along our
entire Atlantic coast, visiting successively
all the important ports from Maine to
Florida and the Gulf of Mexico, touching
at Vera Cruz and Havana, besides lying at
the National Capital, Washington, several
months, to allow the Cabinet Officers, heads
lof Departments and members of Congress to
tee and inspect this wonderful ship, which
attracted so much attention.
Thousands of citizens had been enter
tained on board, and it was with a feeling of
national pride that she was sent abroad,
from the fact that the Missouri and her sis
ter ship, the Mississippi, were the largest
naval steamships then aflo.it in the world
and bearing the heaviest armament The
Missouri was a perfect specimen of naval
architecture of 2,200 tons, with two inclined
engines of COO horse-power, with four copper
boilers, bark-rigged, heavily spared, was
capable of keeping the sea's under canvas
alone, steam being usedonly as an auxiliary
power when needed. This magnificent ship,
being the first naval armed steamship to
cross the Atlantic Ocean, to be exhibited to
the powers of Europe, stimulated the pride
of the ship company to the highest degree.
Her officers were distinguished as gallant
gentlemen. No finer crew had ever been
mustered on the deck of a vessel, while her
engineers, then new and important officers
to the naval service, were thoroughly
skilled in all their duties.
A BALL AT FATAL.
Gibraltar was to have been our first port,
but running near the Azores, or "Western
Wands, Captain Newton, by general solici
tation, consented to touch at Fayal, where
we remained two days, during which time
we were magnificently entertained by our
Consul, Mr. Dabney, and his delightful
and gracious family. Full of research and
ardent of exploration Mr. Cushing on the
first day visited the extinct volcanoes found
on the island, and on the second day crossed
to the Island of San Miguel and made the
ascent of the peak of Pico, 7.600 feet high
a cone rising abruptly out of the ocean.
The Portuguese authorities, manv of our of
ficers, and a large party of citizens ac
companied Mr. Cushing on these excursions.
Prof. "Webster, ot Harvard College, then I
visuing rcjuutes resiuiug ou me lsianu,
who was afterward hanged for murdering
Dr. Parkman.of Boston, which created such
a profound social scandal, was one of the
party. He impressed himself npon us as a
most learned and accomplished gentleman,
remarkable for possessing the most agreea
ble and exceptional conversational powers.
On the return of the party at the close of
the second day, a dinner and a grand ball
was given in Mr. Cushing's honor, at the
Consulate, by Mrs. Dabney. We were to
tail the next morning early. Mr. Cushing
did not come on board until after midnight,
greatly fatigued; before daylight he sent to
my stateroom a manuscript which took a
half hour to read. The paper was truly re
markable for the vivid, comprehensive pict
ure of the islands it gave in detail, as the
result of his two days' observations the
geography, history, topography, geology,
Productions and commerce of the Azores,
t was handed to Consul Dabney when he
came ou board to take his leave of us, to be
sent home, and the article subsequently ap
peared in a Boston newspaper.
We steamed awav from Fayal to Gibral
ter, arriving at the latter place in the early
afternoon of a delightful day. Our coming
was as unexpected as the astonishment
created byit This surprise was not limited
to the large English squadron, commanded
by Sir George Sartorius (Admiral of the
Blue), but was shared by the Danish squad
ron lying there and other foreign vessels of
war and merchantmen. It extended as well
to the garrison and people on shore. As the
majestic Missouri steamed up the harbor at
a ten-knot speed (her band playing a na
tional air) through the numerous shipping,
hundreds of glasses were leveled at us, in
coming to anchor, every evolution was exe
cuted with a precision and in a style only
known to Yankee sailors, was watched bv
all with absorbing interest; indeed, no such
steamship had before been seen.
THE BUZQiCro TEIGATE.
On the evening of the second day after our
arrival the ship was coaling and her engines
being overhauled and disconnected, the
head of a cylinder out was being replaced
and tamped, many of the officers being on
shore. Mr. Cushing, Captain Newton and
the writer were dining with the American
Convul, Mr. Horatio Sprague, when sud
denly from the street was heard the alarm
ing cry "El vapor del frigate Americano es
del fuego" (the American steam frigate is
on fire) Bushing hastily to the water wall
we could plainly sec our ship. At first
sight the flames appeared as high as her
maintop, and seemed to marlrber inevitable
Fortunately, jnst as we reached the mole
the captain's gig came alongside and we
were pulled ofl in the shortest possible time
to the ship, a mile distant. As we ap
proached we could hear the pumps working.
The crew were at quarters and through the
ports the lurid glare of the fire was reflected
from within. Such, however, was the dis
cipline and order maintained on board, as
we came near the marine sentry in the
mizzen chains gave imperturbably the usual
challenge. "Ship ahoyl" answered by Capt
ain Newton from the fullness of "an op
pressed heart and with an agonizing accent
of despair, "Missouri."
In an instant four side boys appeared with
lanterns at the ladder, and we passed on
board with all the usual honors, being re
ceived by the executive officer, lieutenant
Simon B. Bissell, as calmly as if the crew
had been at ordinary exercise. So far every
thing possible under the circumstances had
been done, but at that moment there was
the most imminent danger of the fire com
municating with the forward magazine.
The fire had originated in the engine room,
down almost to the keelson, and had spread
through a man-hole in a water-tight bulk
head into the engineer's store-room, con
taining stores of the most inflammable
character, such as oils, turpentine and
oakum. The fact that theforward magazine
was in danger was well known to the whole
ship's company, yet every man was doing
his duty as coolly as if engaged in "washing
When it became doubtful as to saving the
ship an order was given to send Mr. Cush
ing and his effects, together with the ship's
papers and treasure, ashore. A battle of
more than three hours' duration had been
fought against the fire. Admiral Sartorins
earnestly and repeatedly entreated Newton
to abandon the ship; he felt it was criminal
madness to longer endanger the lives of the
crevr. His entreaties were unavailing and
he left the doomed ship. Newton, after
consultation with nis officers, reluctantly
gave the order, "every man save himself."
Many of the exhausted men plunged over
board thrragh the gun ports and -were
picked up by the surrounding boats. Our
own boats were lowered away, and many
let themselves down bv the boatfalls. After
every soul had left the ship the gallant Cap
tain stood alone on the wheelhouse protect
ing himself from the heat of the raging fire,
apparently hesitating whether to go in
board and perish with his noble shin or out
board and be saved. The stentorian voice
o! Sartorius could be heard invoking New
ton to come away, saying he with his boat
was awaiting the honor to receive him. At
last Newton dropped hand under hand by a
single rope over the ship's side into the
arms of his own boat's crew, who had jnst
returned from carrying Mr. Cushing on
the last of the missoubl
I Bv this time so much of the shin was in'
flames as to light up the harbor and the nu
merous shipping and the somber city, re
flecting back the frowning fortress and the
towering Rock of Gibraltar. The scene was
vivid and surnassinHv r rand. All the ves-
sels had been moved beyond the line of
j danger. "Vc had not reached that line in
our boats when one of the quarter-deck guns
"tutu", auo-uouuuer, iue cannuge iiavius
been ignited by the intense heat communi-
iiicu fcu uie l'uq, me uauery iiaviuir ureu
charged with salutine cartridges. Simul
taneously with the report of the gun, as if
giving the signal, the forward magazine ex
ploded and the masts went by the board.
The hull soon settled and speedily sank, the
illumination went suddenly out, and the
waters were hnshed in darkness.
The officers and men, bruised nnd ex
hausted, escaped in their burnt and torn
clothing, and were distributed among the
many vessels lying at anchor'in the harbor.
All were invited on board the Malabar, a
line-of-battle ship, bearing the flag of Ad
miral Sartorius. Captain Newton and most
of the officers got on shore and quarters
were provided for them by our Consul.
Those who accepted the Admiral's invita
tion received warm, cordial hospitality and
every kindly attention. The next morning
some of our officers went on shore in the
uniform of the English navy, one midship
man in the uniform of the Admiral, causing
much merriment as he received and ac
knowledged the salutes due to his high in
signia of rank, from the sentry of the gar
rison. The friendly aid and the many
courteous attentions so delicately conferred
upon us by the English authorities, will
never be forgotten by the recipients. Had
we been their countrymen they could not
have done more. It "was a renewed proof
that "blood is thicker than water." On
metering the crew it was found that not a
soul was lost and nothing was saved from
the snip except what went in the boat with
Mr. Cnshing and the chronometers taken
offin his own boat by Captain Graham.
After a few days detention Mr. Cnshing
left in one of the Oriental line of steamships
for Alexandria. Ashe passed out of the
harbor all the naval ships manned their
yards and fired salutes in honor of the
Rodman M. Pbice.
HARRISON CARRIED HONOLULU.
Great Excitement When the News of the
Election Was Received.
rCOBEESrOXDEXCE Or TUB DISPATCH.!
Honolulu, November 25. The arrival
of the steamer Almcda at the Hawaiian
Islands, had a strong featnre of interest en
tirely apart from the fact that it carried the
Chicago and Ail-American baseball teams.
It was the first to bring tidings of news of
the Presidental election in the United
States. The vessel had not yet been made
fast to the wharf when loud cries were
heard from shore asking: "Who is elected?"
Some one on board yelled in return,
"Harrison," and those whose political in
clinations were in harmony with the Re
publican candidate sent up an enthusiastic
cheer. As the vessel was made fast the
crowd prcsedclose to the edge of the wharf
and one individual asked: "How did New
York go?" Another inquired in the same
breath abont the political result in Cali
fornia, another in Indiana and soon each
had asked abont the result in his home
State. The answer was of course, nearly
always, "Harrison." It evidently quite
undid one individual. After nearly all the
responses had been made he stenped forward
in the crowd, and with tragic force and
gesture, exclaimed in a low tone, "My God,
tell me, what of Texas?" and a ereat shout
of laughter answered his inquiry.
The news of the election caused a jubilant
feeling among the Republican Americans
on the island. They made their presence
known by Harrison and Morton badges
pinned to their coats, while many, of them
flaunted the silken flags that were conspicu
ous among Harrison's followers during the
campaign. One of the daily papers with
commendable enterprise, got out an extra
giving the result of the count of electoral
votes. The extra issue was not a very for
midable sheet, being only about 4x8 inches in
size, but it answered its purpose completely.
It will doubtless surprise people in the
United States to learn that their election is
carried on here with nearly every formality
that characterizes it at home. Two polling
places are arranged; at one only citizens of
the United States are allowed to'vote, at the
other it is a sort of free-to-all at which every
one may vote, irrespective of nationality.
Tne first doubtless gives the actual senti
ment of the majority of Americans on the
Island. In order to vote certificates of citi
zenship must be presented and oaths are ad
ministered in due conformance with the law.
Doubtful voters are challenged and every
precaution is taken to secure a fair and
honest vote. The result of the vote at the
strictly American polling place was Harri
son and Morton 359, Cleveland and Thnr
man 336, Cnrtis and Wigginton 32, Fiske
and Brooks 7.
At the other place Cleveland had a small
majority, said to have been due to the large
number of English votes that were cast lor
The rejoicing of the Republicans over
Harrison's victory showed itself later in
the day by the large number of handsome
banners, with the names of Harrison and
Morton inscribed, that floated, in conjunc
tion with the American colors, from the
flagstaff's of private houses and grounds.
HE GOES UP A PEG.
W. If Cromllfth Become General Freight
A cent of the I. & W. Rond.
Mr. W. L. Cromlish, formerly Assistant
General Freight Agent of the Pittsburg
and Western road, was recently appointed
General Freight Agent, with headquarters in
Since Mr. C 8. Wight severed his connection
with the P. t W. In 1887 the road has been
without a General freight agent, but compe
tent Mr. Cromlish has practically been attend
ing to the duties.
A Compulsory Retraction In Arizona.
The Ecv. T. N. de Foote Brethren, be
fore beginning my 1-I-lecture this evening, I
w-w-want to say that the opinion I ex
pressed last Sunday as to the character of
Mr. Lonesome Pike, our esteemed fellow
townsman, was an erroneous one. I-I-I'll
Voice (from the rear)Say "a c'llection'll
now be took np t' git him a new brencho,"
'r bang she goes! Puck.
A SOUTHERN WINTEE.
The Fascinating Joys of a January
Day in Southern Florida.
Business Fash and Enterprise Characteriz
ing the New South.
TAR1ETI OF GAME IN THE ETERGLADES
fCORItLSrOXDENCK OF T7TE OISrATCH.1
IDA, January 10.
The new almanac says
it is early in January,
but it is a January
day as fair as Jnne
ever brought to any
clime. So what care
'"""we for almanacs. The
balmy, gentle air is
laden with the perfumed breath of tropic
plants. The sun is shining with dazzling
brightness; in fact there is a warmth, an
elixir, a glowing life, in landscape sky and
air that sends a thrill of goodly feeling into
the heart Certainly there is a charm in
the name of Florida; there is a spell
in her climate, and a strange fas
cination in the remains of her
Spanish legends. Life in this land of
sunshine has all the attractions that cli
mate, bewitching scenery and the hospitali
ty of its people can give it. The rich trop
ical iqliage, the spring-fed crystal streams'
aud the magnificent orange groves delight
the lover ot nature, while ,the atmosphere,
more soft and gentle than any on this great
round globe, lends its influence, and even
our careworn millionaire, fresh from deals
iu stocks, forgets dull care and feels all the
enjoyments of youth. The bleak, desolate
North so recently left behind makes the
picture of stately palms, magnificent mag
nolias, interspersed with orange and banana
groves, all the more picturesque.
A LAND OP BOMANCB.
No part of the New World is so rich in
historic interest, nor surrounded by such a
halo of romance and tragedy, as the Land of
Flowers. Since the Spanish cavaliers
planted the silken flag of Spam, Florida has
been the scene of stirring incidents and
eventful chances. No event in history
presents more pathos than the martvrdom
of the Huguenots; the massacre of the
Franciscan priests by the Florida Indians
had all the horrors ot savage rebellion; the
invasion of the sea-roving Boncanniers
brought death and destruction to the coun
try; while a glimpse into the ruinous co
qiiina houses of St. Augustine recalls the
pathetic history of the innocent-minded
Mitiorcans beguiled from their homes by
an adventurer, subjected to cruelty, slavery
and religious persecution, they at last
rebelled, and leaving the colony in a body,
sought refuge in St. Augustine, where in
the persons of their descendants to-day they
go about the streets in a shy, frightened
way, their sad, mournful faces "seeming to
utter a protest against the perfidy that de
But the past is forever gone and all things
are becoming new. Great has been the
progress during the past few years. The
A Typical Southern Cabin.
traveler who visited the State only eight
years ago would scarcely recognize the
Florida of to-day. Forests have boen
cleared, railroads have caused towns to
spring into existence Minerva-like, with all
the completeness of an older civilization.
Churches, schools, art, literature have
reached the development of Northern towns.
The Indian has betaken himself to the
tangled swamps of the Bverglades, and his
wigwam has given place to architectural
cottages, which are fairly hidden in the
masses of climbing roses, wisteria and
honeysuckle. Myriads of sails and yachts
grace the lakes where only a few years since
the shadowy canoe of the Seminoles could
be seen skimming over the blue waters.
THE NEW SOUTH.
Now, this new South is burning with
busy life, and the pushing, rushing Ameri
can spirit shows itself in the commercial,
manulacturing and agricultural pursuits.
Since all roads once lead to Rome, so all
railroads seem to lead to Florida if we may
judge from the amount of travel that is
being done this season. Every train, vesti
bule, express and accommodation, brings its
crowds of visitors from different points all
over the North. Florida is so thoroughly
cosmopolitan that no one need care whether
his ancestry belonged to the old Mayflower
freight or not. The warm hearts of its
people are made up from a thousand hetero
geneous elements of a thousand places of
the land, and all beat in unison in love and
pride for this new country of their adoption.
Florida's main pride is her orange
groves, and justly so. These are in many
instances owned by Northern capitalists.
As the real estate agent plays upon the
pursestrings of the Yankee, he accompanies
the strains of "sleet, ice and bleak winds,"
with discordant sounds of rheumatism and
pneumonia. These, contrasted with the
6oft, favoring airs of invigorating sea
breezes and glimmering sunshine with an
orange grove as an interlude influence the
man of capital, and he is at once a fatal
case of "orange fever."
Here the tourist of means can find every
luxury that a country can give. Hotels are
superb; boarding houses comfortable nnd
attractive; cultured hospitality and cordial
refinement meet him on every side. During
the season every public and private house
in Florida is crowded. The Southern
door is always open; the winter
one long holiday, and Florida, therefore,
the Mecca of the Union where even the
tramps, the energetic, peripatetic bird of
passage enjoys a chang from wild winter's
icy blasts, and the Italian with his hand
organ and monkey find " buying midwinter
diversion" very profitable". Every true
American must feel a pride in the flowery
peninsnla. Here is a sanitarium of health
giving breezes, a climate that rivals South
ern France or Italy, and it is here the
stranger meets with that kind attention that
he must always sigh for in foreign travels,
where American gold is all that insures
him with comforts or common place civility.
A PLEASANT PLACE.
If Florida could offer nothing but climate
and oranges, the American people can af
ford to support the State for these luxuries.
Wi nfiif JU
PITTSBURG - DISPATCH,
Too many Northern people find here a
pleasant winter home to warrant the sweep
ing assertions that "Florida is a death
trap." A few Micawbers infest the State
who are patiently waiting for someth
ing to turn np, but stock in trade
is always seized by the pushing
Yankee and the unsuccessful Micawber
takes his revenge in scathing sentiments on
"hoter sharks" and dwells largely on the
land of "sand, moccasins and tin cans."
The wishing cap of the fairies couldn't add
more to life than this land of sunshine.
Every opportunity is offered for pleasure,
and the busy wheel of industry is making
rapid revolutions. The millions of North
ern capital invested in magnificent hotels,
substantial business blocks and thousands
of acres in orange land, have given such a
support to Florida, that even Yellow Jack
has not daunted its progression, and profit
ing by the lesson learned by Jacksonville
during her scourge, with proper quarantines
against the islands, Florida need have no
more fear of epidemics, than do Alabama
and Louisiana through the ports of Mobile
and New Orleans.
Children, from the bare-footed, wooly
topped "piccaninny," to the hern filed, petted
darling of the millionaire, dig and bnild in
the sand, inhale the pine-laden breezes and
gain strength and happiness. The hunts
man can find plenty of game throughout
all Florida, hut when he wants everlasting
glory must seek the wilds of the Everglades,
where deer, bear and alligator are easy prey.
Here, bird life, too, is varied and interest
ing. The vast tribes of duck,cnrlew, heron,
etc., never migrate, and it is only now they
are beginning to know what the sound of
In fact, whether one's taste incline to
hunting, fishing, boating, dancing, flirting,
taxidermy, conchology or archaology. he
A Real Estate Agent.
wil find a fruitful and profitable field, and
throughout the length and breadth ot the
Peninsula, the daily luxury of plucking
roses, gathering luscious pineapples,oranges
and bananas is granted to the foitunate
beings who winter in this land beneath the
Southern sky. Mignon.
WHOSE SCHEME IS IT?
Reticent Engineers Ron Lines South of the
City For a Railroad.
A corps of engineers recently ran a line
south of the city, near the line of the Castle
Shannon road, and also ran lines for a tun
nel through Mt. Washington. Railroad
men think it means another railroad for
Pittsburg, though the engineers will say
nothing as to their purposes or employers.
Opinions differ, some regarding it as a
Vandcrbilt road to connect with the Pitts
burg and Lake Erie, others think it may be
an outlet for the Blaine and Elkins Com
pany mineral aud other interests in West
Virginia, while still others think it may be
a scheme for the Baltimore and Ohio to
come into the citv that way and thus cut off
the heavy Whitehall grade. The Jines have
been run four times since last summer. A
road to penetrate West Virginia has been
talked of for years.
A Boronzh or a Ward of Allegheny?
Emsworth wants to become a borough,
with gas, water, police, sidewalks, paved
streets and other metropolitan conveniences,
and the citizens will hold a meeting on
Tuesday evenihg to discuss the matter.
There is a lively difference of opinion on the
matter. The opponents of the borough
scheme want to be annexed to Allegheny, as
was East Liberty to Pittsburg a"nd Man
chester to Allegheny. There is likely to be
a heated discussion.
Canght the Thief.
Mr. Ferguson, of Ferguson Bros., Fifth
avenue, saw a sneak thief secrete himself
behind the counter of the store yesterday.
He dragged the fellow out, when he begged
to be released, E3ying it was the first time he
tried to steal. He was let off.
The Wonders of Electricity.
Mr. H. W. H., of Pittsburg, suffering
from a most distressing attack of pneumo
nia and consequent difficulty of breathing,
went to Dr. b. L. Johnson, the able elec
trical physician of 30 Ninth street, and was
entirely cured. He says, "To my surprise
and gratification a few electrical treatments
cured me, not only of pneumonia, but a bad
bronchial difficulty which attended it."
KatlonnI Itencfit Association.
Perhaps there is no accident insurance
company, home or foreign, that is better
known throughout the State than the Na
tional Benefit Association of Indianapolis.
The N. B. A. medal is familiar to the
working men. Theprompt payment of all
losses has given this association a promi
nence which it well deserves. J. T. Cun
xrsGHAM, Agent, 51 Lewis Block.
We hoped to be able to say something
definite this week about our opening, but
although everyone has worked with a will,
the extensive alterations have taken a little
longer than we expected, so we must beg
the indulgence of our friends for a short
time. We think when you see our new store
and stock you will be well repaid for wait
ing. FEEifcn, Kendbick & Co., China,
Glass and Art Pottery, 516 Sraithfield st.
A PLAT with a history, "One of the
Finest," in which Stuart Robson made his
first stnrring venture, the debut of Nat
Goodwin as an actor, the play in which Gus
Williams made his first suce'essful starring
A clergyman, after years of suffering from
that loathsome disease, catarrh, vainly trying
every known remedy, at last found a recipe
which completely cured and saved him from
death. Any sufferer from this dreadful disease
sending self-addressed stamped envelope to
Prof. J. A. Lawrence, !8 Warren St., New York
City, will receive the recipe free of charge.
Don't Forset the Sozodont,
But use It regularly after every meal. It Im
parts a pleasant flavor to the mouth, changes
offensive secretions into healthful, invigorates
the gums, and cleanses the Interstices of the
teeth. Like old Hercules, it purines the
Augean stables .which some have in their
The Pittsburg Beef Company, agents for
Swift's Chicago Dressed Beef, sold at
wholesale during the week ending January
12, 125 carcasses of beef; average weight,
586 pounds per carcass; average price,
5 77-100 cents per pound.
The Queen of Flours
Is a new brand, "Rosalia," manufactured by
Whitmyre & Co., Thirty-eighth street and
Allegheny Valley Railroad. Try it and be
convinced that it is a flour of most excellent
Dlnrvln'a Milk Bread.
Try Marvin's new milk bread, the most
wholesome and delicious bread ever made.
It is a triumph of bakidg. Get it from your
Bur silverware at Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth
ave. Lowest prices. wtsu
THEY WANT TO MOW.
Mrs. Sherwood Answers the Queries
of Numerons Correspondents
ON FINE POINTS OP ETIQUETTE.
loung Widow, With Sunny Hair, is
Given Advice on Dress.
THE FRENCH LADFSMAID AND HER CAP
IWBITTIN FOB THE DHPATCII.3
MONG a number of
questions from cor
asks: "At what hour
should a musicale be
given, and can a light
evening gown be
worn if it is in the
afternoon? Would it
be better to give it in
the evening, when
gentlemen could at
tend? What refresh
ments would be
proper at a musicale?
Should I request an
answer to my invito,
To answer the last first: Yes, of course.
An invitation to a musical party, where all
should be seated, requires an answer more
than any other invitation, excepting a din
ner invitation. Also wear a light evening
gown. In New York musicales are often
given at 2:30, because there is a large musio
loving crowd in New York who have plenty
of leisnre. In smaller towns it would be
well to give them in the evening, but there
is no law as to hours; suit your conveni
ence. A very light supper is usually given when
music is offered. Oysters and salads, punch
or champagne and ices.
"Tryphonia" asks: "Would it be proper
to offer a gentleman the use of a mustache
cup, if in eating soup you see he needs it?
We have a friend visiting us with a very
heavy mustache. Should he feel hurt it I
suggested that it would be better to use a
mustache cup when he is eating sonp, as it
all adheres to his mustache and drips down
on his clothes?"
No, it would not be proper for you to
offer the gentleman any relief in these em
barrassing circumstances. Never notice
people's personal habits or let them see that
"Miss Softy" writes: "Having had occa
sion to engage a new maid, a French
woman, I find she objects to cap and apron,
though from different reasons from those
given by the Irish. Shall I insist on her
wearing them? Do the best families insist
on this peculiarity of domestic livery?"
lour French maid, at home, would never
dare to appear without cap and apron,
is feeling the effects of the republican
Yes, the neatest housewives and ladies in
sist on the white cap and apron, and it is
very much neater than any other dress.
"Rosa" asks the never ceasing question,
"Should an invitation to a church wedding
be acknowledged if you can attend it, and
if so. how shall the acknowledgment be
It requires no answer. You go if you
please, or stay away. Call at the house af
terward. "Miss January" askj: "How shall I
address a note to Mrs. Fuller, the
wile of tho Chief Justice? Shall I say
'Hon. Mrs. Judge Fuller,' 'Mrs. Chief Jus
tice Fuller,' or 'Mrs. Fuller?" "
Simply Mrs. Fuller. Address vour note,
"The Chief Justice and Mrs. Fuller." The
wife does not take the husband's title in
"Young Widow" asks: "In leaving off
mourning at the age of 4.0 how ought I to
dress? I am very young looking, with a
bright complexion and sunny hair. I fancy
I ought to dress in plain colors, but I do
not wish my quiet tastes, increased by
years of mourning, to carry me too far. My
consciousness of youth's departure is mak
ing me, my friends say, too grave. I have
never cared for or studiod the art of costume
"Young Widow" should go to Worth, who
always asks a lady's moral qualities when
he dresses her, and says he wishes to know
if a widow mourns her husband with "feel
ing and magnificence," or with "feeling and
With the bright complexion and sunny
hair we should recommend the young widow
to wear grav.
"John Campbell" aks: "What is a
Chippendale chair? What is a Vernis
Martin table? What is a Sheraton desk?
and what is a pocket bonbonniere?"
The latter is a little silver box, with
sugared rose leaves and sugared violets, that
ladies carry to the opera. The Sheraton
desk and Chippendale chair bear the names
ol their makers, and can beseenataypher s.
The Vernis Martin refers to avery fine kind
of varnish, invented by a coachmaker in
Paris in 1630 named Martin. It is now ap
plied to verv elegant tables.
"Mrs. Schreifi " asks: "How shall I in
troduce into society a young man who has
no mother or sisters, just home from college.
I have no acquaintances in New York and
he has none, yet he belongs to the best fam
ily iu the town where he lives."
AlasI We cannot answer this question.
"Leonora" asks: "When persons are in
the" habit of exchanging visits and social
courtesies is it the custom to invite to a
lunch or dinner the guest who is staying in
the house and not the voung lady herself?"
Yes, it fs decidedly the custom to ask the
person wanted to dinner orlunch. It would
be impolite to leave the young lady hostess
out of a large party. The matter of invita
tions is a troublesome one. No one, how
ever, should ever ask a hostess to do other
wise than she chooses. She may have a
thousand reasons which she cannot explain
why she should not do these things. A per
son may be a charming girl, an acquisition
to any entertainment, but there may be
reasons why she cannot be asked.
"Good Feeling" asks: "Is it correct or
inconect to leave the card of the sender of
wedding gifts at the house, or should it be
attached to the gift?"
Alwavs attached to the gift.
"Mary Templeton" asks: "Shall lac
knowledge the receipt of a gentleman's
card, received at New Year's, by sending
No. A lady does not send her card to a
gentleman. She accepts the attention
"Kilpatrick" asks: "If a lady wishes to
make a present to a person rather below her
in station should she send her card, with
her initials, or should she put her full
She should put her full name, as the card
with her initials would look rather dubious.
It would not be respectful to the person
honored with the gift, and might be misin
terpreted on her side, while honesty, candor
and good feeling are seldom misinter
preted. "C. L. M." asks: "What is a good name
for the gentleman to whom one is engaged?
Shall I say 'my intended?' That sounds
stiff. Shall I say 'the gentleman I am en-
faged to?' That is very long. What is the
est form? and is there not a better phrase
than 'keeping company' or 'courting? "
Our language is very poor in these equiva
lents. In France a gentleman who aspires
to a lady's band is called "a pietendant,"
but we have no exact name for the "bean."
As for courting, it is a good, old-fashioned,
pretty word, much better than "keeping
"Winifred Johnson" asks: "Is it proper
to marry within the year of mourning? If
so, what does the bride wear? Should she
give a reception? If so, do the guests come
in black? Does her mother wear black?"
It is the custom to wait a year, but if
there are reasons why a wedding should
take place before, the bride wears a white
dress to be married in and can resume her
mourning after. At the wedding receptions
in England the bride's mother would wear
red and resume her mourning the next day.
No one should, however, go to a wedding in
a heavy veil; the thing is incongruous.
Mourning can be laid aside for the day and
a reception be given, if the bride choose,
but a wedding given by a family whose loss
is recent does not geneially include a recep
tion. "K. G." asks: "Is coffee served during
dinner with cream and sugar?"
Never. Black coffee is served after din
ner. "Amy" asks: "How soon must I answer
letters of condolence? I have about 100,
and I do not feel like answering them."
The afflt"ted should never be expected to
answer letters. They should be allowed to
'wait until they feel like writing. They
should receive all the words of earnest sym
pathy which kind hearts could pour out,
but nothing should be demanded ot them.
"Debutante" writes: "Are big bouquets
in fashion, and how do you carry
Monstrous and inconvenient bouquets are
in fashion. They are the scalps which the
modern belle or brave wears at her belt, to
tell of her conquest too often. They also tell
of a ruined and fallen foe. Several young
ladies have adopted the plan of attaching
their bouquets by long ribbons and hang
ing them on the arm.
"Margaret Sidney" asks: "Are brocade
silk napkins, edged with lace, proper, and
where can one buy them?"
We should prefer linen, which can be
washed. The use of linen for dinner tables
is one of the oldest of fashions, and one of
the most universal. The early Italian ta
bles were served with such beautiful drawn
work napkins that we cannot reach them
to-day. QueeiijElizabeth's napkins were of
linen, edged with lace, made in Flanders,
and were an important item of expense in
her daybook. Fringed, embroidered and
colored napkins made of silk are used by
Chinese and Japanese magnates. These ar
ticles are, however, washable or are cleansed
by detergents not known to us.
But brocade cannot be washed, so we
should think a brocade napkin would be
"Mamie" writes: "I have just moved
into a very grand house with two footmen,
and I do not know what to tell them to do."
When the footmen are in attendance, the
head footman answers the bell, waits on his
mistress when she drives out, carries notes,
assists the butler, lays the table and clears
it, washes china, glass and silver. The un
der footman makes the fires, cleans boots.
trims and cleans lamps, opens the shutters
and the front door, sweeps down the steps
and does the rougher part of the work before
the family are up. Both should be without
mustache, clean shaven and clad in neat
livery. The linen should always be im
maculate when the footman appears to wait
on the family.
The same lady asks: "When should the
servants leave the room at dinner? "
The servants retire after handing the
desert, and a few minntes's free conversa
tion is allowed. Then te lady of the house
gives the signal for rising. The gentlemen
no longer remain long in the dining-room,
but join the ladies for coffee immediately
after. The two footmen can, during the
dinner, make the round of the table in
pairs, handing condiments, sauces, vege
tables and other things, as the butler orders
them. M. E. W. Sherwood.
ANOTHER YI0LEXT DEATH.
& P., T. Si C. Englno Crushes Out a Mill
Hand's Lifo on tho Sonthslde.
John Allport, employed at the American
Iron Works, caught hs foot in a frog in one
of the tracks of the P., V. & C. road, at
South Twenty-seventh street, yesterday
morning and was struck by an engine and
instantly killed. The remains were taken
to Semmelrock's undertaking establish
ment and the Coroner notified. The de
ceased leaves a wife and seven children.
LATE NEWS IN BRIEF.
Stephen Russell and his son, while fishing
through the lee at Sandy creek, near Oswego,
N. Y., Friday, wero drowned.
Knight. Loomis & Co., publishers of Sun
day school books. New York City, made an
assignment vesterday to John L. Jewett, with
Tho molding mill of Jacob Bassett, at Ho.
63 Middleton street. Brooklyn, was destroyed
by fire yesterday morning. The loss will be
about $50,000; largely insured.
A memorial to Congress, praying for the
opening of the Sioux reservation, has passed
both Houses of the Dakota Legislature, and
will be forwarded to Congress.
The Secretary of the Treasury yesterday
afternoon accepted the following bonds: iiit,
registered. $00,WM, at 108K; 4Js"'". coupons. 88,0u0,
at 108; 4 per cent registered, $10,000, at 127.
As Mr. Walker Blaine was alighting from
a cab at tho Hotel Normandie, Washington,
Friday night, he fell and broke both bones of
his right leg about three inches above the
ankle. Brs. Lincoln andMagruderwere imme
diately called and set the leg and put it in a
The bunko men giving names! of Henry
Rice and Charles Watson, arrested n Detroit
December 8, for attempting to work the bunko
game there, have been identified throngh pho
tographs by Farmer Williams, of Taunton,
Mass., as being two of the gang who recently
fleeced him out of So,0C0.
Attorney Walker, on behalf of Police Cap
tain Schaack, appeared before Jndge Shepard
VPSierilavnil flftkprl fnr A. rnniae fnr thA 9rr..t
of J. J. west, publisher of the Chicago Times.
Judge Shepard declined to issue tbe capias.
This action on the part of Schaack grows out
of the fight which tho Times is making against
him and Inspector Bonneld.
General Manager Towne, of the Southern
Parlfic Company, stated last evening that the
difficulty between the Brotherhood of Locomo
tive Engineers and Master Mechanic Ryan, of
the Southern Paciflc road, had been adjusted
after a conference with Chief Arthur and his
committee, and on terms satisfactory to the
company and the engineers .
While engaged in arresting a disturber of
tho peace at Kirkland, 111., yesterday, the vil
lage marshal was set upon by a gang of roughs.
The marshal drew his revolver and fired threo
shots, each one taking effect. One man was
shot through the lungs, receiving a probably
fatal wound; another was shot in the thigh,
while the third was wounded in the forehead.
Herman Schleibaun, aged 14, of Baltimore,
Friday found a railroad signal torpedo, and in
his eagerness to hear a report took the torpedo
into the cellar, and placing it upon a chopping
block, struck it with a short-handled ax. A
terrific explosion followed an'd the bov fell
dead to tbe ground. The metal caso of tho
torpedo had struck the bov in the throat, com
pletely severing the windp"ipe.
An exodns of negroes from Lawrence
county, Ala., is reported. Last July Calvin
Moody, a negro murderer, was lynched by col
ored men. The negroes now assert that tbey
havo seen a ghost at the house where the
Moody family formerly lived. Those who took
part in the lynching have left the place, and
the correspondent writes that if tho exodus
continues Lawrence coujty will coon be with
out a colored citizen.
Tho body of tho Rev. W. L. Parker, rector
of Christ Episcopal Church, of Oswego, N. Y..
who mysteriously disappeared November 30
(St. Andrew's day) immediately after holding
services at his church, was found on the Uke
shore near Osweco yesterday morning. The
violent gale of Wednesday brought the body to
the snriace. It is now certain that the un
fortunate man, who constantly gave to the
needy more than ho could afford, committed
suicide to escape his creditors.
' A Desirable Disease.
Superintendent Make a good police
man? Father Yes, sir; you see he's a somnam
bulist could walk his beat while asleep,
you know. Puck.
AST A.D ARTISTS.
Effort to Popularize Wnter Colors
Scraps Flekrd Up In the Sindlos.
A determined effort is being made to bring
water color drawing into public favor, with
what degree of snecess yet remains to be seep.
There can be no question that painting in
water colors Is a noble art, and in Its most per
fect technique it Is high art, and those who
direct their efforts toward bringing it up to its
Frooer standard and maintaining It in its rlght
ul position among the graphic processes ars
deserrtnc of their due meed of praise. But
there are many individuals of less than medi
ocre talent who have seized upon the growing
favor for water color as a means of bringing
themselves and their meaningless productions
into notice. These people are fond of calllns
themselves "impressionists," though painter
ot average ability, even of that somewhat
flighty and rapidly decaying school, woulc hesi
tate to admit their fellowship. The tneory
upon which they appear to proceed would seem
to be that drawing Is not in any way essential
to a picture, and that the only rule as to color
is to give us plenty of it and of tbe crudest
and harshest kind. Then, also, in their con
versation, if they refer to their own
work they talk wildly aud vaguely about
poetryand feeling, and the general.zation of
detail. A man may posses a soul filled with
poetry and feeling, but unless lie elves ex
pression to It in some intelligible manner no
one will ever find it out. He need not be ver
bose, but ho mut be explicit. Generalizing,
too, is all very well in its way, but except in
certain particulars we might as well undertake
to generalize a portrait as a landscape, and the
only excuse for dolntr either is the lack ot time
or ability to work out the details. We may
tell a story without stating every fact nearly or
remotely connected with it, and we may paint
a portrait without showing all the minutest de
tails of tbe face, so in painting landscape we
may leave out what we please, bnt what
ever we elect to show must be
done with truth and fidelity to
nature. To cover a sheet of paper with
patches of color laid on without regard to
drawing and in a purposeless and haphazard
manner may bo an "impression," but it is not
an expression; at least, not such as any one can
understand, and it would convey a more cor
rect idea of its character and not be treating it
unfairly to call ft a "splatterdasn." Anotner
favorite term which tho authors of such pro
ductions are in the habit of applying to their
style of work is "boldness." There is a vast
difference between the boldness of knowledge
and that of ignorance, but those who possess
only tbe latter often confound the two. Tbe
freedom which comes of skill acquired by long
practice is one thing, and that which is due to
a disregard for nature's truths is quite another,
and if artists seeking fame and fortnne do not
recognize tbe distinction, it remains for a dis
criminating pubhc to do so for them.
Perhaps few of those who possess pictures
fully appreciate the effectvhich the frames
and tbe surrounding objects, particularly tbe
coloring and decorating of the walls, has upon
them. The first thing to be done with a good
picture is to have it suitably framed, which
does not necessarily mean that it should be
expensively framed; m fact, it is quite possiblo
to have the frame overpower the picture, in
which case it rather detracts from it than
otherwise. Frames should harmonize in tona
with the pictures they inclose, and should be
jnst sufficiently massive to separate it com
pletely from the wall upon which it hangs, and
when this object is once attained any addi
tional elaborateness or ornament is usually
entirely superfluous. But the best and most
tastefully framed picture will lose materially
in appearance by being placed upon a gorge
ously decorated wall, and tbe wall itself will
suffer by having pictures upon it Letsitner
one object or the other prevail. If the wall is
to be a thing of beauty and a delight to tha eye,
let it be so, and dispense with the pictures: bnt
if the latter are to be the chief attraction, keep
the wall of a sober tint, or decorated with
some unobtrusive pattern, which will not
divert tho attention when the eye rests upon
It has finally been decided by the Secretary
of the Treasury that pictures sent from this
country to the Paris Exposition may be re
turned free of duty. The French people take
a considerable interest in this matter, as a
freat number of characteristic paintings by
renuh artists are held in this country. A
special effort is also being made by the Ameri
cans having the direction of this portion of the
work to render the exhibition worthy of the
The present extensive use of delicate brass
work in combination with fine glass ware in
artistic shapes and designs is the natural out
come of tbe great use to which brass has been
put iu the form of stands and bases for art
pottery. Graceful and delicately modeled
vases, with feet of finely worked brass, costly
and beautiful designs of the same materials
for lamps, and glass in fantastic forms and va
rious colors in connection with brass chande
Hers may be seen in many of our most hand
somely furnished homes.
Pittsburg has a great many amateur artists,
some of whom allow their work to be seen oc
casionally, while others must be sought out by
any of their friends who are Interested in their
productions in the lino of art. Among the
latter class is Mr. Willlim H. Gang, whose
sterner duties as Deputy Warden of the jail do
dot prevent him indulging in a love of the
beautiful in natnre. Mr Gang is possessed
both of a large share of artistic teeling and the
ability to express it, many of his sketches being
ot sucn a character as wouiu compare lavora
blywith some of the prof essional work which
is exhibited for sale.
Mr. D. B. Walklet has placed a plcturo fn
Mayer's window which is so different from
what is usually seen here that one may be par
doned if at first glance he should suppose it to.
be a foreign work. The handling of this pic
ture is in a strong and vigorous style of execu
tion, such as is greatly favored by certain
painters, and this fact materially assists the im
pression which the subject itself gives to the
baholder, of having como from abroad. The
picture represents a scene of home life in Ger
many, showing the exterior of a farm house. A
number of figures are introduced idly watch
ing some pigeons feeding, and their very idle
ness giving tbe scene an air of quietness and
repose. This work is well handled and is good
in color and composition.
Labge as is the new south wing of tho Met
ropolitan Museum of Art in New York it has
not proved sufficient to meet the demand for
space, and the erection of a similar addition on
the north side is now contemplated. When it
Is remembered that the addition completed
this year Is larger than the old building, and
both together do not supply the requisite
space, some idea of the interest taken in art
matters in and about New York will he ob
tained. Tbe south front is 'SO feet wide and
the central entrance hall is 40 feet wide and 120
feet long. On either side of tbe central hall
are others 86x53 and they in turn open upon
smaller ones 55x28 feet. When the proposed
extension to this building is completed it will
form a noble repository for art works.
BREMEN'S HOT SHOT.
County Democrats Choose Members for the
The Democratic County Committee met
yesterday in the Common Council Chamber,
and elected four members to represent the
county on the State Committee, as follows:
Patrick Foley, Forty-fifth Senatorial dis
trict; John Huckenstein, Forty-second dis
trict; John F. Ennis. Forty-third, and J.
W. Jiles, Forty-fourth. Mr. Jiles is an
"out," and was opposed by J. A. Golden,
an "in.'" The others had no opposition.
Chairman Brennen retired, and Mr.
Watson, the new Chairman, assumed the
reins. Mr. Brennen made a warm attack
on the methods pursued by Quay and Dud
ley in conducting the late campaign. He
was thankful that his party was not guilty
of bribery and shameless corruption. He
called on tbe people and all good Demo
crats to unite against tricksters and poli
ticians of the Quay school.
ALLEGED CLEYER STEALLN'G.
A Westinghouse Employo Is t'liarsed With
Gobbling Brass Scraps.
At a hearing yesterday morning before
Magistrate Gripp, James Dnskin gave bail
for court on a charge preferred by Charles
E. Pease, General Superintendent of the
Westinghouse Electric Company's works.
It is alleged that Durkin has been carrying
on a systematic stealing of brass and copper
in bulk for some months by taking 13 or 15
pounds of brass scrap or copper ingots daily,
carrying them away in his dinner bucket.
The amount of the pilferings was not stated,
bnt it is thought to be large. Detective Al
len, of the Gilkinson Agency, made the, ar
rest after a month's hard work.
It is said that Duskin has confessed, and
that two or three others, are implicated.
Simon Blaun and his sons, Henry and Louis,
were arrested and held in bail for conrt on a
charge of receiving stolen goods.
At Harris' this week will be seen that old
favorite, "One of theJFinest," in a newdress
ing, new scenery, immense tank, represent
ing the North river, and a number of new
THE FIKES1DE SPHIEL
A CollecHon of Enlpatical Ms for
Address communications for this department
to K R. CHADBOtJBjr.ietrfjtoTi, Maine.
436' THE TKEE PUZZLE.
What's a tree that's a fish? the tree that
The tree that is painted redf
Tbe condiment tree? the pungent tree?
The tree where the fire is dead?
What's the tree that fastens? the tree with &
The tree that can furnish a drink?
Tbe smoothest tree? the straightest tree?
The tree near the ocean's brink?
What's the tree that barks? Tho tree that
The tree for winter preferred?
The scented tree, tha pudding tree?
Tbe tree cut in slices and served?
What's the tree that's double? The one used la
The tree that is always sweet?
The insect tree? The oldest tree?
The tree for weary feet?
What's the tree that will float? The one that
Tbe tree the schoolboys dread?
The bristling tree? The level tree?
The tree with a sheltered headt
What is tbe tree that is trim? tha tree that
The tree that can furnish the clothes?
The sorrowful tree? the healing tree?
The tallest tree that grows?
What is the tree that bleats? the tree that'
The tree each grocer can boast?
The metal tree? the scouring tree?
me treo mat's nearest tbe westz
The tree that's a flower?Thetree that's afrultt
The tree that can furnish me shoes ?
The fisherman's tree? tho traitor tree?
The tree fond lovers would choose?
The furniture tree? the stalwart tree?
The tree that's part of the hand?
The tree with an eye? the one that gives oil,
' And grows in the Holy Land?
My whole appears in many a twist,
And graceful vines my aid enlist;
Beheaded, yet I sparkle bright.
And tempt both sage and saint from rights
Curtail my whole, my charms you double,
And I thank you for the trouble;
If 1 should lose my head again.
Still a victory I'd attain.
Once more, and I'm almost out of reach,
For I'm simply now a part of speech;
Curtailed, at last, in solitude 1 stand;
Mysterious ego, what art thou? I demand.
440 A LAEGE FAMILY.
I am very fond of figures, and would like
someone to help me out with this cattls
problem: A farmer boughta cow, aud at tha
end of the first year it had a calf, and every
year following, and each calf at the end of
three years had a calf, and every year after.
Find how many cows and calves had tha
farmer at the end of 20 years, if none had
died or been sold. H. O. Leaey,
Both large and small in me yon trace;
I mean a grove or tomb;
The first might show a lovely place,
The latter endless gloom.
I mean to carve or cut, and. too.
To clean a ship by burning.
In me a term in music view:
A place whence no returning.
I am not light or gay. but deep.
I'm sediment of melted tallow.
And, now. if I my secret keep.
It seems to me you're very shallow.
O'Cosojiowoc, wis. FAxitm
When Henry H. progress made
Through Germany, and courtiers paid
Him all attention, hatching pleasures
For his delight, and brought him treasures:
There was a Count not fixe to be
As flush in liberality.
Count Abensberg, with modest air.
Did as a FRntAi, rich and rare.
Bring in bis children, thirty-two.
And said: "My Lord, I bring to you
The choicest gift, I have that's whom;
They're thine, good sovereign, heart and soul.
DAJTVILI.E, VA. ALSDA.
1. A letter. 2. An inseparable prefix.
3. Learned. 4. Corrupted. 6. An epio
poem by Homer. 6. Harnessed together
(obs). 7. Fastened the tops of by means of
eddcr. 8. A prefix. 9. A letter.
Pixtsbueo. A. B. Or.
A father and a saint standing together
Look agam they are gone forever.
In the midst of tho Royal Nary
A mighty, rushing rirer flows:
All at once the sceno is changed
To a bird that everybody knows,
I am standing in tho sun.
Making land where you can run.
The sounds ought not to coma
"Is actuai. riot," but be clear;
The whole should bo distinct and plain.
Quits easy, then, to bear.
Nelson, Iij Nslsojuait.
432. The Prince passed through tha
chambers designated by the following four
lettered words, and he "formed the five-letter
pass-words: Past, paste; face, facet; sing,
singe; thou, tough; dress, duress; quib, squib;
ring, bring; land. gland; ream, dream; coma,
comma; rich, chair; coke, choke; epic, piece;
logs, clogs; fear, fares; band, brand; pair,
rapid; bask, barks; acre, creak.
C ARES B E3IOL
CAROL1 TI CAM ISADOS
RETIPEDOR O TA TED
S ITE SO RE LODES
D I DONATOBOD
C ORA CITES
RELATED BE TIDED
A V E R 8 E
T E R 8 E R
437. Centennial State.
Birds of a Feather.
Deacon Edgeway (to strange coon In tha '
village) 'Xcuse me, sah. P'raps yo'd laik
ter look in on our chu'eh fair whad's gwine
on in d synnygog?
Mr. Kidds (of New York) Luff To'han'i
off n me! Isteers bunco myself wheal's ter