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1 'rofess ion a I ('a rds.
VJ 1). RAY,
O* ATTOKNKY AT LAW,
iIh'.tUKONTK, I A.
Hprvinl Rttetit|..ii (jlvon ti lit. lollectluli of cWWA
Oft.ee moinlnf Brnvkerhoff ltotiae. |
'IMIOMAS .1. MuCULLOUGII,
J. ATTOKNKY AT I.AW,
um.'e In Allwrt OwciT hulldinn. In >•<* "
erlt .wcupied by III* Phllipxtmig Itonkluit "ttipnuy.
i. h. Minni, * *■ sr*® l *-
1 I ASTINGS & UKKDKK,
J 1 ATTOKNKY.i AT I.AW,
'.(Slrotin Allegheny ntroet,twu J""™ of
fie. oerupledhy Int.. Virm Yoenlu A ll.Ont *•'-If
7. n. P.U.7 *" H. *.'.
1 >KALE it McKEK,
1 ATTORN If YS AT LAW.
31 tf Ofllcf* nppMltn Court ll>U*. . Ikdlefdlit*', Fa.
* l< VOCVII u. fUJUUISEtO**.
\ r OCUM it HARSHIIHUGE 11,
iXTOIINtYS AT I.AW, ,
(ifßcrnm N. K.rortier.d IM iHi .n l in 1 AlbihrtiJ't,
In tli" room lel.lv .ieeupleil >• Y inn A j
iii.tll . * ii.lc, Kivit. L. HUM, !
J nihil r. WAIL*.*, WIIAUH *. WitAMS*. .
WALLACE it KIIEBS,
* ' L.WYJtND OOLLKCTIoN uPPIi'K,
J miwry 1, I** CLKAUPIKLD. I'A.
1 M.I, 18 L. OUVIS,
1 j ATTOKNKY AT LAW.
i IKK'K opposite the Court 11•"***, o> the id rt* ' f
A.I finiVi • uildiug. ' !
0. r. \UI\NDKH. C!.M.BO*U. j
V LKXANPER it BOWER,
j\ ATTOKNKYB AT LAW, j
IW Sofi.nl.', P., may l, enmnilled In Kuglitb or "or
man. office tn Oarmnn'e Building. I-ly
I MIANK FIELDING,
L LAW AND COLLKiTIoN OKPH K,
I* |y ULKAKPIKLH, PA. |
JsUM 4. RIWK*. J. * KKI.IT UKMIAKT.
1 >KA VEK & OKPH A KT,
J > ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
ImQco on Albgbfßj street, north of High. ILdla*
1 : . N •
. ATTORNKV AT LAW.
l.aal d">r to llio loft In III* Court llonre. Wj
10HN BLAIR LINN,
♦ I ATTOKNKY AT LAW,
OAS e Allegheny Street, over Poet Off. o il-ly
1 L. SI'ANGLER,
*l. ATTOKN'KY AT LAW,
KKLLKPONTK. CKSTKK COUNTY, PA.
f .-.-UI alloiiiion to (fuller!ion., prnrti. ee In all lha
OonrU; Conanlutlona in OormaiMir K giieh. l-ly
Dmm 8. KELLER.
ATTOKNKY AT LAW.
fifth*# >n Allrghpnjf Blrwl Jbnth •<!• of Lyon*
at. e,Balkrfonta,hi. I'ly j
r P C. HIPPLE,
I a ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LOCK HAVEN. PA. ;
/,t) bninee* promptly att*nd*d to. l-ly ;
\\ r M. I'. MITCHELL,
A ' PRACTICAL SURVEYOR,
LOCK II AVKN, PA ,
Will attend to all work In Clcarß.W, Centre and
Cli .*"n aotintica.
lnfkenppn.it* leek Haven National Rank. iO-ly j
W C. HEINLE,
f 7 • ATTORNEY \T MW
Oflfc# In C<mr *4 flua#, M\*%h+ny Mr##*.
P.awful attention jffven fo th cr.U"Ct4*o of cl*>n#
AH bmiiiNM •ll***nle*l to promptly. il-1/
\ VILLI AM McCULIiOUGH,
t ATTOKNKY AT LAAV,
AH promptly u. l-ly
UK. HOY, M. D.
a OOlro In t'A.nra.l ItotMn,nbnf PwtxyY
La. ta, KKI.LKHINTK. PA
! (aoial attention gS>.n to Overall** Kr*ry anil
CWHBII: Pinwiia. LVly
nu. JAB. 11. HOBBINB, M. I>.,
OfWc# All-i(h<*ny Hi.,•** *r • llrflf Htor*',
IWt; * MKI.MIFONTK. I'A.
nil. J. W. RHONE, Dentist, can
fw* f miiil 0t lil - ami rnulMKc "t X**rth
•*1 >f llljfh tt I l .<-ra List of AHagheny.
RiN.D-f.rntt, Pa. I*M>
I I AUNESS MANUFACTOUY
Jl I In OitrmM' Nit Mock, j
liKl.tr'l S1 y. PA. l-ly
i; P. BLAIR,
J . JBWELEK.
VATCnKI f%nc*n, Ac
/II 'rK it iMv i*,i. tin atrerf. |
01. r Hr*-rk*il fT II - 4lf
1)1*. AI. Kits IN PU UK nnUfiSONI.Y ;
- J ZKLLEU it SON, i
5 * ) a IfKUOOISTS.
a, Nu •'. Itrorkerlv.ff Knw. : •
C All the SMnilar I Patent Me.lt. in-, Pr> -
rrrlptfona atel I'aniily K> . i|e. a. • iratel) I.
C orenare.l. Tnw a. .-boulder llraee,, At, t A r . 3
5 I 1
c. 10 UK. Prea't. i. r. in*i.< a)i r.
I,'IHST NATIONAL BANK OF
Allegheny Htrrrt, iMlwfunte, Pa. 4-tf
M i Hcella n pouh,
f J*IIE CENTRE DEMOCRAT
BOOK and JOB OFFICE
IS ROW OPPKRIRO
G It EAT • I N I) U C E M E NTS
TO TIIOSR WlnillßU PIRST'CLAM
Plain or Fancy Printing.
"W hvo unuatißl fncilille* TOP printing
PA M I'll LRTH,
CARTES DK VIBITE,
CARDS ON ENVELOPES,
ANI) ALL KINDS OF BLANKS.
|to*Or<lerii by mnil will roceivo prompt
Printing dnno In th'bwt ityla, on
ort notic *nd at tho lowwit rat'*.
( J.AKMAN'B HOTEL,
V* Oirpoalta Conrt Hmt.a, KKLLEFOSTI, PA
TERMS 1.9 PER DAY
A good Livery alhv hrd. 14,
in/nan, Mr Far lane <(' Co., Hardware Healers.
WILSON", McFA IMdATS' K CO.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
ALLKtIIIKNY HTRKKT, .... IIUM Kb'III.IK'K, . . . . IIKLLKPONTK. PA.
r>F.LLEF()N'I MA- SNOW SIIOE
flt R. flat • Tal lf in ID-. lon and afl r Munh
l< i•<* 8110w 8h 1 ' 4. M.,arrlyi In Hellefonto
7.-4 A M.
1..-iYi*R ID I.' A. m ,arrltfi at Bnow Mil*
11 .. \ M
I• •* ■ Suw Htioa 2 •* f. M. .arrlTaa In ID-llffontr
4..0 P. .
Ir*v* Hchaff•()(• t !'• '* v ..irrlvf # at Hnoa Mhuf
T.-' r p. M. D 8, HI*4IB, Otn'l BuppT|iitriii|at
I >ALD KAULK VALLKV KAIL
-1 > BOA!
Kip. Mail. akmTward. tACfViftl. K*p. Mail.
A. M. 1* M. pit. A.M.
A I i 7 11 j Am*- at Tyrone ff*a*i* .... 7 a $H
N I ti ft' I."%vr Kat Tyrutie L*avr... 7 a '&
7 '>* . I M \ tail " ... Til n .S
7 • 147 " liahl M ... 747 **
74s i .J '• Y•\\ D r " ... 7 ' U
712 i\ .t' " I lan nali M ... 7 W U
7 5 " P rt Matilda •• ... S *• Ml 9
7, : #l7 . ... M AUrtha " -"7 " -
7 \* . mm M u | 1# w 32
7 u r. *7 " I nnn*ill* " ... • EVJ
7 ' 4- " Sim* Hl.rtf 111 •* ... H.. i 4'.
f, •'< ! I ...... M Miltaltlirg " ... "• *1 'f 4 I*
BD> (• ■ 11 It* llrfoitta " ... 4 9 f>7
Q " MiD-d'urn " * 110 •
2 I • ...... " Cnrtlci ** • *' ' • l' l
IS lit •• 41 .tint KvJe •• V I-' I" 2'
c •' aul •• il..ard " ... ' U> C
• 1 0 .... " P ik'ptilJp* " ... V 5 * 10 I'd
'-) 4 4* " It * 11*< k " ... i 40 D M
ft .'.I 4 L'S • Mill H .l " ... 9-111 10
'r 29 4 ■<) ... •' ptrmfnirtB " ... 9 '-T U2d
j25 425 " hdk lUieti " ...10 01 11 2-'-
I >EN NS V LV A N IA RAILROAD.
1 —f Plitla<lalpht<4 aod Erie tli via ion.)-—On and
after I'M enLr 12, i .7 :
DtlKMAfLlaavM I ; 11 SApa
•• " ILirrnl 'ita* 4 a m
•• " Wiliianta|a)rt *3sa in
•• " L k lla*>n V 40 a ni
" Ren-.to 10 Wa tn
M arrlvi at Lrt# 7 p m
?f lAGAItA t.\Pßlbßß lea*** Phila<l>i|>hia 7 ."'am
iitrrial ir*: 1 '••am
•• '• 4V iiliam|M'rt. 2 an pin
" arriv* at Rphoni 4 4- j rn
PoMingi r t<y tl*U train arri*** in ID-lla
f.flst* v! . ... 4 prn
FAST LINK I-'*• I hiUd-IpLiv .... 11 45 am
M " V. ilit*tn<jD 'ft 7 :>pm
" arriva at I* a Ita* • n A i> j ni
PACIfIf'KXPRKN? !ave#l kHa van.,... 15 4 a m
•* " 44 iliuma|H>rt. . 7 ain
** uritMit IHrrltl nrf. II A* a m
** " PhlWlalphia 7 |!i p m
DAY RXJP&CHO laati It ' lo I am
" " I 11 a* an 11 ."am
M M 44 IlliatoAport 22 1" ato
" arrive* at IUmH < r fc * .. .. .. t lopm
*' " I'LilsMtelpMa . ... ... 72 p m
RntKMAIIJMVM Rn " * p m
" " le • k IIaval) • 4*. p tt
M '* H itliaßflpori, II 'p m
" airft'* at llartiO or# 2 45 a ru
" " I'tiiladalphia.. 7 (Mm
FAST LINK !•**#• \4 iUUmp-Tt 12 -an
" grtlfMi • a m
" " Fbilat'lpf ia 7 .'-am
Eria 4fal Wi, Ni,'rt I tpo •• V 4 s#t. |/ lfa*r.
Ap-r.mim*-iation 44.t,ar l iHy Baat. mak
!* at N <rthnntl-erland with I. 1 It. H
K train* f r 44 Ikn' *rra an I 8' r*tt- n
Krtr ISail WM'. i tj Wat, and Eri
Kapr'* W*t.aad l<ock llav*n An -ntnodat. nttat,
mAk*r!"fi nnr-vthrn at Williaint-.rt ltfc N.C.R
W, train* n rtl*.
Brit Mill Vn|, V TOO ETl'fa# WE|, A- 1 !►*)
Bipr- t E tat. makt rl - .■mfit tOtt at L ' k Havn
Willi !l K 4 U It train"
Erte 4fa l K-at and 9 - t -rtOiwt at l!rf with trull"
nI. • 'MSB R..at c..rr> with 0 t A V R
R . at p'm|*riorrt with H. . V A V. R. R.. aril a'
Drifl*wi with A V. J; I;
Ta-l >r '•ari will ran I tw*n l'blUfll|dii and
WHIUf *p*.rt nn Nl* ? at v; a Wel. I'rti- Evj.rwa
West, Phllaßflphia Rt|r*wa Ha * and Pay Rt|oa*
En-Land -itltday E*pra* I '->t. Bla#piDij .aron a!
eight train* W* 4 Rttnwta.
•* ./ vv . V\ \
f & fr-
Sj e "(
2-fim RKLI.RPONTR. PA.
MONKYTo Loan atO per Ct.
JttVi ' 1 ' 1 II T Tli K MUTUAL I.IPK IRSUR.
ARCBPO. or RP.W YORK, at Rr.l marfyue, on
lm©ef'*ed frm jir|wfy. In nm* no !••• then L.ivm,
will n<rt e,,eedl.ik i.t.e llilrd of Ibe pvvaenl vnlne of
lb. (it,.perlT. Any yortton at Inn nrtnetpal r.n be
petd off *t nity lime, end II tine l.*n III# riwlom of Ibe
entnmny la penult Ibe prt.elpel to r. mnlu b.n* H
lb# I* IT rower wl .1.e., If the Inter.rt i prompfly pnbl
CIIARLPJt P. SltKnVAß.Allorny l ta.
y/1 C.nrrt, .Ireet, Rewdlny, P.,
or to DAVID Z. KLIR R, Oo.'r Appmleei.
Vtf Belief,. Tile P
A FARM containing Fiity Arret'
2 V end KEVIN* I hereon erwled N TWFMTORY
PRAMR RUILDINO nod ONT bnlldlli**. Title itoad.
Inquire of A, J. A T. I URIMY.
If"A DnKmvtllo,Centre nannty, Pn.
V /T WOMAN CAN. / HCAITH Of WOMAN,
y EMPATHIZE IS THE HOPC orj
WOMAN. <V; kb-HE RACEW
5 \r m
V. b ; pf
LVDIA E. PINKHAM'S
A Harp Cnrr tor nil FK.WAI.K WFAK
NI Inrludlttg !,fOfnrrhffn, Ir
rr*utnf mul Painful Mr*•run!lon,
I n Hum ran I ion mid II rr ml lon of
tlir Womht I'Uodingi I'IiO
MPWI H ITKKI, Ac.
tVT*l'~<knur< to |Le> lorU>. -m on I ImmeJUls
l lu s-ffrcts It 1* • (mt help In pfHrwutrr am! rv
lie*' jn4n dorinff l*U-r and al refrntnr firrWui*
rtiisiniu i *i: IT ad rttMmnt IT nrfrit.
trF' Aii.tvnjnawc of therwrtii'" <rrn
of either N 1 it || r< .nd to DO DWwlf that ha rr
f**-n tie j mod for nil dls* +t*~* of the
KiX'*rT it U lh (*m sU*t t tk* War Li,
I rhIDM Y < OMPI.A!KTff Either He*
Kind f*rrat Itrlkrf In Itn I nc.
mdi\ * PIAKII\m* wmmw PI utrtrit
w| 1 < rw-i aU- • iry tern- J* Itumra fmYn tho
its m <lse Here t.m* *lll (Tl"* Itfte nnd t
thrsjofm. A ti*Ar*ikos a tl*a •
fr-fVdh th C*r r nnd nnd W<d Ittrifhr r
f,r> d ml t£\ *,* l IX* W. um A*rfitx. |,ynn. Fa .
pr' of either, ft. * * hotik* f< r fi. Tle t vonprmn,!
S *' r.l hjr mall la the form f pill*, of l"U ng**, on
re npi it | r.<.. ft par > t for rtfhrr. Hr*. VTftkhAAA
freely kavn *ll Mtsraof Kfjtiiry. Erw \>mm 2 c*ol
f.** f-r.! for pnmph.'t. Jf# -ft- •* f*s /Ifwy.
f ' I Tr - rn - Trie's t irni IT? 'M f net pn
t I i s it'irp" "f U* !J* t. fiiocT.lv
U'Hold bf til UrffiU.%l ( j
■ ■ itHCST C'JPC ti r
j.' - ' r. -.1 .--1 nr(n* Irvll-^
> • s sx> NOT, 3
I ■ • I" §
- Illi • - liijr ow
- " • .• i *e, MM .
?. Lr-v"Jio. •' -u-'i-iwi
I ' • i-'r-v. stauri-TMil, .
> ■ -A-'jly. •
,1 - " ' -'rr.l-fi .for',!.
. 1; 1 ' i n.E
LJ&t. ■■ -u *. :i"J SO
/ ffnt twin la Ui. Ilrntid, bvlc lUmvA, l
( Timet, ,1 !o or MvuMpr I.Urtc*. Uka P- \
f xi*A. " MciaßaaHnnMnMnßnni k
. ••-For mmo ot tha lU-mvh. ppllt. Slr- ,
f fturx, cr ToD.IUn(. tska I'KRt o."MI \
/ * "Forpoorh, asthma, alftht rarsrts. itiort- t
* nwaof l>rdh,Ukol'SKl.sA. ■■■■■■■■ ,
/ "Forfhrrmlflnurrh, \
> mdfcrfaUiroatof ax klad— I'tio A. " ttm \
. 'Turn I. lh janst, mipy-iopt an<l ,
/ affl< irnlßMiUctno kn-wn un.iua. ' ■MCMC \
y '-FasrwA u tha ts*t arf-'ls*. powr V
f tmiir, lOTlgnraer of tlia in 4 >
/ bumi." mnmannHainHnninHß \
J "It ytn fjfi'l iSspn. Uka mi ll) If k
f ws*k or wnrtiwt mcnlallT, ran't raat, taka \
; pauvMA." wammmmtmmmmmmmmm \
"firro win bo paid for ihs |p%t Impnrltrw .'
/ miliaria UuA Dkl]Ttfuiiad 111 i'SIUM. " N
V B<M PTTl>t*. Ff-r ramohMwrlfp lot
' 8. to. IIAKTMAN A Co., b.U,rn, Ohio. >
/ tf jrm .ra /Irk. faat tmdlr. or In any wsy \
j nnwpii. uka lUataa aad itaoUU Um Isyw- k
I la *Ua \
A Tonniylvania Newspapor for
the General Public.
Tli OUtf PATBIOY i Ihs only rv*"foing ttettptper
|*nMilird at ih- fiat# CApltal.
Th" DAILY PATRIOT •prrliilfj f Pcnn.yl
t loin Dfn.
n.f DAILY PATRIOT pnMschrr Ihn Am I iicnf p r#
new* atel Biw. i.u from sll point*.
Thd'Atlfl PATRIi*T gi** spi ui pften'i m t<grain
■til*) |i(bliifA ta*t
Tlie DAILY PATRIOT n|>pme D ir*.!y, ho*im
And CHlrtllMltun oi )**litienl pnnt.
Tfl+m* fdtm Annum, tstri.fljr Iti AoVAnreJ or
t*> ,ef auf.i.m if not paid In 4nihf. Yor nny
Tltr WRKKI.Y PATRIOT i* a Urv*. p*e
t llUiflMtV, Agrtraltote, t¥ o-i.f o, nianntm •
tnr. or* *. tnaikrl*. *t . Dunns <r%rh nafut-er
11l o*tti() *r> M!otratio* f *otni> prominent tofdr
or yrnt Thl* la an Ofrsriirt feature whirl* cannot
fall P pl#*ar. Ttta $1 COjmh' annum. ln*Aia ly in
•siraio e n* • jT of t|e WKKK LY PATRIOT and
mr oupT nf lha iTiilastelidiia R I.hKI.Y 11 MKM will
le wnt ufie Jer R|>l raa#ti in advance, thn* firing
the t*ro fMprra fr the Mtlatrt iption prlr* of the Taller
tine ctapy of iha W Y.RRLY PATRIOT and one roiy of
theOtrrTAfißllßAßTll.au exreffent montltly mas
aslaa,ptblhin) at Ihtafon at R/d per annum, wilt he
sent one year for ft ?of**tla aialvanre. Penl In your
ftttiMirlptfouv at once. nddr M
PATRIOT PPRLYAMfIItI CO.,
• oooimos to srt HSolMiton tm Pstsnu.
Trwu Ms'ki. rtc., fcr u iniusi sut.
Fiicnu 'ibuims) Umwafj u m naUwsl In Us- Sci
rmoAiriiic*. attlm ami spMndM utm
tutorl trmk i f |twr,S.tO s Uw fnifrsas
kftnUoon, U rmj I'iisrraUnfr, m,<l nsa n eniasn<si*
UrwUlFp. A&itvm MI'NN * ts.. p.tr-nl IM!<+
y, Fsy*. AMtturin.Sflwrtt Bow,
ewYnrt. Itearl .hksit iwunu frss. |
esfO A WEBB, ft* sjtUr at hf wilt waOa
a lit 0- l* Oalflt 0... A ldtPM mi Co A .
fffcta, Maine Is- If
i £sk .
Site Centre democrat.
A. Or TL X O XJ X-.'T TJ TZ, A Xj .
NKWH, FAITH ANII HUIiIiKHTIONS.
Till TUT • ► TUB SATIS*! I. WlMAttl l Till ISTSILI
•II101 AID PIIIIPIHITT Or THt 11111 l
Every farmer I/I Ail annual experience
dwcoreru numething <f value. Write it ami
nen<l it to the " Agricultural Editor of the
DKMOI'KAT, licllefontc, I'rnn'a," that other
farmer may have the benefit of it. l,rt
communication* be timely, and be Mure that
they are brief and well pointed.
Nu farmer can make a mistake in
sowing a few acres of rye, early an<i
on good land, well prepared. If fall
pasture should lie short, it can lie
utilized for the milking cows to good
advantage. 111 the early spring, even
before the snow is olf, the ewes that
arc suckling early lambs can get a
few bites of "green stulf from it,
which will l>e appreciated by the
ewes and Is- of great advantage in
making "spring lambs" worth twenty
five cents per pound. Late in the
season, but Is fore the grass is (it to
turn on. it may be used as a soiling
crop, and cut for the cows, yielding
good profit in milk and butter. And
after all this, if the land Ire in good
condition, it may Is- cut at the usual
harvest tune—perhaps a week or ten
days late—and yield a fair crop Iwrth
of grain and "long straw."
TIIK I'ntrlioil Farmer publishes a
letter from "Observer," in Centre
county, I'a, who holds that "our
severe winters, the grub and fly are
three enemies with which our wheat
crop lias to contend. The two last
arc especiall)- dangerous to early
sown wheat; the first to that which is
sown too late. So we think by the
aid of good slimulents to save early
sown wheat and yet have our wheat
make a growth sufficient o withstand
the w inU r." I'erliajis no licltcr rea
son than this can la; given for the
habitual use of commercial fertilizers.
The same writer makes the follow ing
observations a to the use of the rol
ler and deep planting : "The roller 1
consider of great benefit in a dry
season liefore seeding. The grain
does not get in too deep if proper
care Ih_- taken, as it most always docs
in loose dusty so;!. I know of two
crops I lost almost entirely by too
deep drilling in wheat; it was cover
ed four or five inches deep and two
inches is plenty. lam satisfied there
has been thousands of bushels lost
in our county on account of too deep
OxrK more, ami for the last time
j tliia season, we urge upon our readers
rht* gr-nt importance of having the
I wheat clean and pure. Kvery
farmer admit* the piofttiety of this,
hut we cannot help thinking that if
it* prime imp irlsnee were duly recog
nised there would la- less iiidilferenee
:ind ( ear( 1—. manifested upon the
subject. We have said In-fore—and
just now in the time to rc|H*nt it with
emphasis—that the bct way to se
cure clean, pure seed, full of vitality,
and sure to do it* heat, is to grow it
for the purpose, on small lot*, where
it can he sure ol the proper eate and
attention, Now is the time to think
of this in connection with next year's
seed, but (pr the crop which must In
sown this month, it is, of course, too
late. For this you roust do the Iwst
you can undercxiating circumstances.
If the wheat you have has done well
on your land, so that yon see no ne
cessity for changing variety, it will
only remain for you to see that it is
thoroughly cleaned irom nil foul
seeds, which can IK; easily done on
the excellent fanning mills and sep
arators Bow to l>e found in slmost
every community. Hut do not fail
to see to this. It ia not a matter Hint
you can atr<>rd to be indillerenl or
How Deep Shall Wo Sow Wheat ?
This is n much more important query
than many wheat growers think. Tn- I
douhledly it may lie sown 100 alial-!
low, hut we lailleve that the error of :
sowing too deep is made much more j
frequently. We happen to recall, at
this time, hut two experiments throw- j
ing light upon the subject. The first, |
known as I'etrila experiment, we pre- I
sent in tabular form. The first col- j
umn shows the different depths at j
which seed was sown ; second column,;
the number of daya that elapsed 1
lyefore the plants appeared above
ground ; third column, pro|K>rtion of
plants that came up:
*/C Inch II day* V*
f Inch 1J d*y* idl
t Itn !• 1 * day* * s
:i Im lie 20 day a
4 Inch** VI data
ft Jut lica 4 il day a \
0 ito j*e 2.1 day*
The great length of time required
for the grain to come up in this in
stance indicate, that not all the con
ditions for perfect germination were
properly fulfilled, but us the existing
conditions presumably applied to all
of the seven lotSj the value of the
test, so far as it goes, in determining
the proper depth for sowing, is not
The second experiment was made
in 18fi7, by S. Edwards Todd, a farm
er of much experience, and an agri
cultural writer ot acknowledged abil
| ity. We quote it in his own words,
| from the"Wheat ("ulturist,"of which
, he is the author :
In order to te-t the comparative
j influence of planting seed deep and
shallow, on the germination of wheat,
on the (ith of duly, 18(17, I Instituted
tlicTollowing experiment: I planted
eight rows of wheat, a few inches
I apart, with fourteen kernels in each
row. The. ground was only in a
moderate degree of fertility, and mel
lowness. A dibble about as large as
ray little linger was marked off with
( cuts one "uich apart, from one inch to
eight. Fourteen holes were made
i one inch deep, into each of which a
kernel of grain was drop|ed, and the
holes filled with mellow soil. The
kernels in the second row, fourteen
in iiumlwr, were planted, or dibbled
two inches deep. The same numlier
of kernels was placed three inches
deep. The fifth row five inches deep.
The sixth row six inches in depth.
The seventh seven inches deep ; and
the fourteen kernels in the eighth
row were dropped in holes eight
inches deep ; and all the holes were
filled with mellow soil; and every
evening the surface was moistened
with water f:um a rose-spout water
ing-pot. Now for the result.
On the tuoining of July 11th four
spears had ap|-eared iri the first row,
where the kernels were planted one
inch deep ; and before night thrfce
four stems were more than one inch
high. - July 1 Jtli, in the morning, two
s|s-ars more, in number one, were
half an inch high. In numbers two
and three, the same morning, there
were two spears in each; and one
|>ear in number two, more than an
inch high. <ln the morning of the
l.'.tli there were ten sfn-ars in numlH-r
one; four in number two; six in
number three; and two sjears in
j number four. In number three one
• s|>ear was three inches high. At
; sunset of the same flat , this last
sjH?nr was five inches high, having
grown two inches in length between
! sunrise and sunset. In number five,
: at sundown, of the 1-lth of July, one
spear of wheat had come up, after
' sunrise, and had grown tw-o inches
high. In number six, one spear had
grown one inch high during the day.
; On the 14th of July, in number one,
j there were eleven sjM-ars; in numla-r
two there were seven; in liunils-r
I three eight spears; in niimher four
j five sja-ats; in number five Hirer
s|aars; in number six two s|>ears,
;On the morning of the Utli one
| sja-ar more apju-med in numtN-r one;
j one more ie number four, ami one
more in number six.
it will IK? seen by this diary, which
I I recorded with toy own |K-11. that
none of the grain was over eight flat s
in coming up. After waiting for
more than two weeks for the plants
in numlK-r seven, planted seven inch
es deep, and those in number eight,
deposited eight inches In-low the sur
face, I removed the soil carefully, and
found a few of Hie stems nearly
reatly to appear nlHivo the surface of
the seed lied. But, out of the twen
ty-eight kernels that were planted,
half them seven ami the other half
eight inches deep, not a vistsge could
lie found of only four, the stems o r
which were exceedingly feeble anil
slender; and for lack of material to
form the stem from the kernel to the
surface, vegetation ceased, anil the
stems died. Whatever became of the
kernels seems to be a mystery.
But the experiment demonstrated
one point, most conclusively, namely,
that if seed wheat be buried too,deep
the kernels may germinate, but there
will not be sufficient material in the
grain to form a healthful,and strong
stem to the surface of the ground.
It matters not what becomes of seed
planted seven or eight inches deep.
Kxperience proves that such grain
seldom comes up. This suggeata the
fallacy of ploughing-in seed wheat,
as much of the seed will be buried so
deep that the stems can never reach
the surface df the ground.
Winter grain of all kinds will en
dure the influences of the freezing
and thawing of the soil with far leas
injury to the growing plants if the
seed lie put-iu-sballow rather than
While preparing the above article
It occurred to us that wheat drills, so
far as we are acquainted with them,
are deficient in means for regulating
the depth of sowing with any degree
of exactness, and now, just ua we an
about sending the eopy to the printer
we are in receipt of a cirpular from
I'rof. .lolm Hamilton, of the Pennsyl
vania State College, giving adcscrip
tion and illustration of the "Seed
Drill Regulator," which, it acema to
ns, will fully meet the deficiency.
It consists of a small roller attached
to the rear of each drill tube, by a
short arm and brace capable of cbang.
e which will effectually control the
depth at which the tube will run. So
fur as we can get an idea of the plan
from the accompanying illustration
we incline to regard it as a valuable
improvement in this direction.
Grading Wheat for Mflling-A
Step in tho Right Direction.
Frvm tl* Kj-jt/ziuiai.
A Lancaster county miller, Mr. A.
(iarlx-r, has issued a circular to the
farmers of his neighborhood, where
wheat he generally purchases, that
hereafter he will pay for it such
prices as the quality warrants, and
that he will establish four grades, as
follows: "Xo I, dry, eound, plump,
and well cleaned, and in every respect
of choice quality ; X'o 2, dry, sound,
and reasonable clean ; No. 3, includes
dry, inferior or shrunken, but solid
wheat only, fair in quality and clean
liness, and weighing not less than 55
pounds to the measured bushel: So.
5, no-grade, including damp wheal,
musty, or from any cause so badly
damaged as to render it unfit for No.
3." This is a long step in the right
direction, and .Mr. (iurlwr's good ex
am pie should Is: followed hy all mil
lers and wheat purchasers. It is
manifest injustice to the farmer as
well as to the miller to pay the same
price for ail lots of wheat which are
offered at the mill without regard to
quality or condition, as is the pres
ent system. It virtually offer a pre
mium to caielessless and slovenliness
by giving the careless ami slovenly
farmer as much |er buslwd for his
shrunken ami shriviled wheat, mixed,
as it generally is, with all sorts of
foulness, as the careful and conseien
cious farmer gets for that with which
he has taken great pains, loth in
growing and cleaning. In fact we
were met by this very argument less
than a week ago, when urging a
• brother farmer to invest in some pure,
| clean, sixty-three-pound wheat which
we were ofTering for seed at an ad
; vancc of half a dollar ufion the mar
ket price. "Why" said he "it makes
no difference if ray wheat has a little
rye and cockle in it. I get just as
much for it at the mill as you can
for ) ours,"and heretofore this has Ixcn
too true. We IJO|H: that all millers,
everwherc, will follow .Mr. Garbcr's
good example, and remove this re
proach. Pennsylvania farmers can,
and man} - of them do, grow ju*t as
good wheat as is grown anywhere,
and Pennsylvania millers can make
as good flour as the millers of any
other State, but no one thing will
tend more strongly to improve the
quality of the wheat grown, and of
the flour made of it. than to grade
the wheat, and pay for it according
to grade and condition.
Weed Seed in the Manure IleaD.
Fr >•< II r |nV Fxrn*' *
In ail cases the greatest care ought
j to tie taken that no scvdi of weeds,
jeiihir annual or |H rennial, should
lie permitted to reach the manure
heap, although we know great sloven
lines* is practiced*in this respect—
tailings of grain, the greater part
iieing often composed of weed seeds,
I aie often thrown on the manure heap
I to let the fowls pick out the grain,
i i his sort of thoughtless proceeding
adds to the farmer's dillicultics, and
entails much lo* of which we have
no doubt lie has a very shadowy idea.
Use of Lime.
Pr. f. .Jl, in N V. Trit>un*.
The tirai and one of the mosl im
portant iiiles to lie observed in the
use of lime is, that it should be ap
plied in these large dosea only to
soils comparatively rich in humus, or
strong clay soils, rich in finely-divided
silicates. It has been proved by ex
periment that lime will convert plant
total from insoluble to soluble forms
in either case. We find the proverb
current in h ranee and Germany, as
well as in our own language, that
"lime without manure makes the
father rich, but the children poor;*'
which means, plainly enough, that
! oof "tily should we start with a good
soil in using lime, but should main
tain its good condition by the liberal
use of manure. And we find that
whenever, in this country, or else
where, lime is used intelligently,
manure is uses! freely.
Harrow It Ag-sin.
Tmm LL>* RUN! KN TSTS.
The best advice we can give in fit
ting fields for wheal is to prepare the
land thoroughly, and after it has lieeu
harrowed for the last lime—harrow
STRA WHERRIES in France this YEW
were aousually fine and abundant.
The French berry has a sixe and a
delicious flavor all its own, and not
destroyed, however "preserved."
Tun castor oli plant Is said to ho
pertiTisrly obnoxious to flies; but one
can't have a castor oil plant growing
on top of his bald head. Utere isn't
•oil enough for it, H