Newspaper Page Text
• ATTORNEY AT I,AW,
Special attention given to the collection of claima.
OfTlco adjoining Brockerlioff House. 4-15
THOMAS J. McCULLOUGH,
JL ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Ollico in Albert Owen's building, in the room form
erly occupied by the l'hilipsbnrg Blinking Company.
D. It. lIASTISOS. W. f- UIKUKIt.
1 FASTINGS & REEDER,
JL 1 ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office on Allegheny street, two doors rust <t the of
firt otvitjiit'il by lat<* linn 't V<" ii:n V UM
y S. U. I'F.ALE. 11. A. M KKK.
' I )EALE & McKEE,
.1 ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
It I tf (juice opposite Court House, Bcllefonto, Pa.
8. IF. YOCIJM. .M. nARBHUEBOER.
"VOCUM & HARSHBERGER,
JL ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office on N. E. corner of Diamond and Allegheny-st.,
in the room lately occupied by A ocuiu A Ha-ting.-..
WLL.L.UM A. WAI.I ACE, DAVID 1.. KRKIIS,
lIAIIKV r. WALLACE, WILLIAM IS. WALLACK.
LAW AND COLLECTION OF KICK,
January 1,1881. OLHABJIKLD. l'A.
17 LLIS L. ORVIS,
l i ATTORNEY AT LAW.
tIFFICK opposite tlie Court House, on the 2d " u ' )r ' J
A. 0. Furst's linilding.
C. T. AMSAMUBL *•
4 LEXANDER A BOWER,
J V. ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
llellefoute, Pa., may ho consulted in Kugliah or flor
man. Office in Gaiman'a Building* l-4 J'
.1 LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE,
j2-ly 1 hSARfiSLDi I A.
JAMRB A. BF.AVFR. WESLEY OKPUART.
I >EAYER & GEPHAIIT,
_| > ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office on Allegheny street, uortb of High, Uellc
lonte, Pa. '"D
II F. FORTNEY,
f /, ATTORN EY-AT-LAW,
Last door to tlio left in the Court House. 2-ly
FOIIN BLAIR LINN,
• I ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office Allegheny Street,over Poet Otßca. -1-ly
I L. SPANGLER,
el . ATTORNF.Y-AT-LAW,
BKLLKFONTK, CENTRE COUNTY, PA.
Special attentiou to Collections; practices in all t ie
Courts; Consultations in German or Engtl"h. _ '"O
. ATTORNEY AT LAW,
• Ofiiee on Allegheny Street South side of Lyons
More. Bellefonte, Pa. '*"
rn C. HIPPLE,
LOCK HAVEN. PA.
All business promptly attended to. '
\\JM. V. MITCHELL,
1 > PUAC'TICAL SURVEYOR,
LOCK HAVEN, PA.,
Will attend to all work In Clearfield, Centre and
Office opposite hick Haven National Hank. 2U-JJ
\\r C. HEINLE,
> Y • ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offiee in Conrad House, Allegheny street.
Special attention given to tlio collection of cwinis.
All lai liness attended to promptly. 2Mj
> Y ATTORNF.Y-AT I.AW,
All business promptly attended to. 1-ly
nK. HOY, M. I).,
• Office in Conrad House, above Fortuey's
Law Office, BKLLKFONTK. PA.
Special attention given to Operative Surgery nod
Chronic Diseases. 1 i-ly
DR. JAS. ii. DOBBINS, M. r>.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Office Allegheny St.,oier Zelgler's lb ug Store,
6-tf BELLKFONTR, PA.
1 \R. J. W. RHONE, Dentist, can
.1 f be found at liis offiee and residence i n Nrtb
Side of Iligli Street three duors East of Allegheny,
Bellefonte, Pa. 'Hy
HAR NESS MANUFACTORY
in Gartnau's New lilook,
BBLLBFONTB, PA. Wj
17 P. BLAIR,
P . JEWELER,
WATCHES, CLOCKS, jeWELKT, AC.
All work neatly executed. Ou Allegheny street,
under Brockerhufl' House. 4*tf
DEALERS IN PUKE DRUGS ONLY.
2 I ZELLEII & SON, *
B; el, DRUGGISTS,
T i No. G. Urockerhoff I tow. £
5 All the Standard Patent Medicines Pre- •
S 'script inns and Family Beeipes accurately I H
ts I prepared. Trusses, Shoulder Braces, Ac., Ac. 3
P! ~r j i.
0, Mints, Pres't. Ii r. HAUKis. C'asli'r.
T7IRST NATIONAL BANK OF
Allegheny Strcot, Bellefonte, Pa. 4-tf
rpHE CENTRE DEMOCRAT
BOOK and JOB OFFICE
IS NOW OFFERING
TO THOSE WISHING FIRST-CLASS
Plain or Fancy Printing.
Wo have unusual facilities for printing
CARTES DE VISITE,
CARDS ON ENVELOPES,
AND ALL KINDS OF BLANKS.
jKS™"Ortlorß by mail will receive prompt
J6®*Printing done in the best stylo, on
short notice and at the lowest rates.
Opposite Court House, BKLLKFONTK, PA
TERMS SI.2APKR DAY.
A good Livery attached. 1-1.
Wilson, McFarlane <C Co., Hardware Dealers.
WILSON, McFAIILA-ISTE & CO.
DEALERS ] N
STOVES, RANGES i HEATERS.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
ALLEGHENY STREET, .... HUMES' BLOCK, .... BELLEFONTE, PA.
BELLEFONTE & SNOW SHOE
It. it.—Tlino-Tahio in elFoet ou and after March
Leaves Snow Shoe 6.30 A. M., arrives iu Bollefonte
7.24 A. M.
Leaves Hollofonto 9.12 A.M., arrives at Snow Shoo
11.86 A. M.
Leave* Snow Shoo 2.20 p. M.,arrives in Bollefonte
4.20 p. M . „
Leaven Bidlvfouto 4.45 P.M.. arrives at Snow Shoe
7:25 P.M. S. S. DLAIK, GPII'I Suporint*inU*nt
|>ALD EAGLE VALLEY IIAIL
-1 2 UOAD.—Tilui-Table, April - 1 , InSU:
Exp. Mail. WSSTWiitu. eASIWARU. Exp. Mail.
k. m. p. si. r "• k ■ "
S 1(1 7 uj .......Arrive at Tyrone Leave 7 ; J H 4S
S;i6 fib Leave Eaet Tyrone Leave... 7 ' I 8 55
75! l r, 51 " Vail " ... 7 8 fis
755 t; 47 " Bald Eagle " ... 747 !i 02
74M t; 38 " Fowler " ... 752 900
742 ti 33 " Haiiiiali " ... 7 .55 013
735 i; 25 " Port Matilda " ... 800 II 19
727 617 ...... " Martha " ... 807 0 '25
; 18 608 " Julian " ... 815 932
7 II 557 " Uuiouvillo " ... S 2-' 930
7mi 48 " Snow Slioe In " ... 832 0 4:5
0500 45 " Mileeburg " ... 834 !i 48
40 555 " Bellefonte " ... 843 H57
a305 25 " Mileeburg " ... 85410 08
,j 25 6 1.5 " Curtin " ... 008 10 111
.; 18 510 " Mount Eagle " ... 012 In 25 1
i, o 501 " Howard " ... 2010 37
155 450 •' Kn jlevillo " ... 05810 49
.50 445 " Beech t'rcck " ... 940 10.54
j344 33 " Mill Hall " ... 96411 10
20 430 " Fleminptou " ... i' 67 11,2 ii
r25 425 " I.ock Ilaven " ...10 01 11 25
j >ENNSYLYANIA 11AILROAD.
f —(Philadelphia and Erie Division.) —On aud
alter Dvceuibt r 12,
EUIK MAIL leaves Pbilad* Iphiti 11 . r " p m
" * 4
** 44 Williaiiißport K3sam )
41 44 Lock Haven 949a in ;
44 44 Uo:iovo 19 55 a in :
44 arrivt sat Lrie 7 '•*') pni j
NIAG.VKA KXI'RIiSS leaves - am
41 44 Ilarrifllnirg.... lo 50 am !
44 4 ' Williaiiißport. 220p ni I
44 arrlv< R at lJenovo 4 40 p m i
Paßßeiifrcia by thia train arrive iu Belle
fonte at * 4 35 p m j
FAST LINK leaves Philadelphia 11 4" a in i
44 44 Williftinsjx rt 730 p m
44 arrives at Lock Haven 840p in
K AST WARD.
PACIFD* KXPKfcSS leaves In U Haven G 40 a m 1
44 44 Willianiapurt... 55u in |
44 arrives at Ilarrirtbr.nr 11 55 a in \
44 14 Philadelphia.... 45 pin !
DAY KXPRKS3 leavesUenovo 10 lo a ni
4 4 44 Lock Haven II 2" a m
44 44 WillinniHport i-loan.
44 arrive* at Harrißhnrjr 410 p m
44 44 Ptiiladi lphia. 720p m ?
ERIK MAIL leaves Ite<#vn.. K : pm i
44 44 L"'k HftVefi "... 045p in !
44 44 WilllarnHport 11 05 pm j
44 at rive* at HarriHtnirp 2 45 a in
44 " Philadelphia 700 am j
FAST LINE leaves Williainxport 12 ■ 5 a ni
44 arrives at llarrislMirp 3 fK h m
Erie Mall West, Niagara Expref West, Lock H
Acconimodat '-n We-t ami DKV Kxpren Kant, niake
close connections at N'rtluiiiLerland with L.' li. R. ;
R. trains for Wilko Larr>- and Scratiton.
Krle Mail West. Ni.. mi \Vct. and Erie
Express West, and Lock 10:'. u \ . inm.slatior. West,
make close connection at Wi!lisnn.)s>rt witn N.C.R.
W. trains north.
Erie Mail West, Niagara Kxprefi Wet, and Day
Express East, i;n . c|o . c>m ection at Lock Haven
With It. K V U. \i. tr .ins.
Erie >! il Last an ! \Ve- cuinert at K i with trains .
on L. S. <t M. S. It 11.. at n * with r • . ,v A. V. R.
P... at Emporium with It. N. V. A P. ii. It., an 1 at
Driftwood with \ V. R U.
Parlor cam will run letween I*l ihnL lj Ma and
Williaiiißport on Nia;.i.':i K\| rr*s W .! Lxpres* |
West, Philadelphia K\i r Kat ar I l av l.'xpres-
East,and Sunday Express t'*• t. 31- pin- 'arson all j
eight trains. Wi A. BAI
\ . ScDt- \%
2-fim RELLKFONTK, PA.
MONEY To Loan at 6 per Ct.
lUDIUJ i „ v TnK yjuxtiAi, LIFE INSUR
ANCE CO. OF NEW YORK, on flrnt mortgage, on
improved farm property, in xnnni no, leiw than #2,1X8).
ami not exceeding one-third of ihe preeent valuo of
the property. Any portion of the principal nau ti
jld off ut any time, and II low lieeii the cuetom of the
company to permit the principal to remain na long aa
tlio borrower wleliea, If tlio Intereat l proniplly paid.
CHARLES P. SHERMAN,Attorney-at-law,
627 Court, afreet, Reading, i'a.,
or to DAVID Z. KLINE, Co.'e Appraiser,
2-ti Bellefonte, Pa.
A FARM containing Fitty Acres,
and Imviiig thereon erected a TWO-BTOBY
FRAME BUILDING and outbuildings. Title good.
Inquire of A. J. A T. K. ORIKST,
tf-3 Union vllle.Ceutro countr .Pa.
LYDIA £. PiNKHAM'S
1" :i Positive Cure
Poriitl thoftp Pnlnful Complulntnnnd WRAL-RCAHB
NO corumon to our beat fcmulc population.
A Medicine for Woman. Invented by n Woman.
Prepared by a Woman.
Tho GREATEST Mrdlral DISCOVERY SLOFR llie Dawn of
tlTlfcrevives the drooping spirits, INVLRORATEN nnd
H.'irmoniz<H tho organic functions, gives elasticity and
firmness to the step, restores tho natural lustre to tho
•ye, and plants on the palo check of woman tho FRESH
ros< S of life's spring and early summer time.
* Use It and Prescribe It Freely."**
It removes faint MW, flatulency, destroys all c raving
for stimulant, and roilovcs weakness of tho stoinac h.
That feeling of bearing down, causing (tain, weight
nnd backache, Is always permanently cured by it - use.
For the cure of Kidney Complaints of either lex
this Compound Is unsurpassed.
LYDIA F. PINKIIAM*4 BLOOD PI HIFIEK
will eradicate every vestige of Humors from tho
Blood, and give tone and strength t THE system, of
man woman or child. Insist ou having it.
Both tho Compound and Blood Purifier are prepared
at 233 and 885 Western Avenue, Lynn, MAM. price of
either, FIL. Blx bottles for Bent by mail in tho form
of pills, or of lozenges, on receipt of price, 01 per box
for either. Mr.T I'lnkhum freely answers all letters of
Inquiry. Enclose Set. stamp, Send for pamphlet.
No family SHOULD ho without LYDIA E. PIXKIIAM'S
LTVER PILLS. Tie v euro constipation, bUlou.sn CM,
and torpidity of tho liver. 25 cents per box.
JOJ-Sold by nil Druggists.* U* 0)
/I flat jviln ia tlii limb.', back, etomartk i
I breast, Bldo or Ehouliler bladna. take I'E- \
/ ltuxA." \
/ "'For cramp of thoatomacb. colic, dlar- .
/ rnuea, or vomiting, toko I'ERLNA. '' HFCMU \
/ "For cough, it'thma, night sweats, iibort- \
' ncsofbreath,takoTßHUSA. ■■■■■■■■ i
I "For chronic catarrh, bronchitis.pleurisy. \
j and sore throat of any kind-I'EUUNA. " *■ \
. "I'KM-NA la the purest, most prompt nnd ,
/ efficient medic tno known toiiian." ■■■■■ \
/ "I'mtTNA Is tho licst Bppctlzcr, purest V
' tonic. tUicst Invlgorator of tho body and
/ MIND." ■MHHHHMHHHMHH \
j "If you can't SLEEP, take PSRCKA; If I
t weak or worried mentally, can't rest, take >
/ IT.IIU.N-A." mmmmmmemmmmmmm \
. ",1000 will bo paid for the least Impurity or .
/ ml ucral that may bo found I u I'EUL SA." HI \
/ Bold everywhere. Forpamphlotwrlto to A
' b. 11.1LVIITM AN & Co., b.Miorn, Ohio. >
/ Tf TOO sro Pick, feel badly, or In any way \
/ unwell, ukorjuius A and retJUlaUi tho bow- A
f ell with \
JVecontinuetonet nsSolicitor.' fot Patents, Caveats
Trade Marks, Fopyrlßlit.'. etc., for the L nlu-d Stan-.
1 anadu, Cuba, England, Franco, Germany, etc. We
Lave had tliirty-livo year*' experience.
Patents obtained through us are noticed In tluiSct
hxupio AMERICAN. This large nnd splendid lllns
M Science, in very Interesting,nlot has an enormous
tlrculatton. Address ML'NN A CO., Patent Kollcl
i.rs, iMiti's. of Sett NTIEKJ AMERICAN. S-lhirk LT.W.
tfewV ork. Ilinid INH.U about Patents free.
A Pennsylvania Newspaper for
tho General Public.
Til DAILY PATRIOT Is the only morning n-wwiaper
IHIMUI .I 1 HI tie. si in R.l| MIL.
Th I'M .V I'ATlilin uittk.. . -j.,.: Ily ~r PeniiNjp
The DAILY PATRIOT pul.lii.hi rthe Associated Pr.
ne >N and .j-ecia! ■ frni i nil point,.
The IIA i I.V PAT RIOT gtv ■ specinl ntlenlioti p. gmin
and i IIHIIICC innrkete.
The DAIRY PATRIOT o;.;,o.. imm| nl.v, h. MUm
nnd centralization idpolnlcnl power.
Tons: JC.il per niinniii, utrictly In adiwn.e,) or
$7.00 jier aiiiiuni Ifnot piid in .itvuneu. For any
period le-s limn one venr nt |iro|mrtfoiiat rntes
The WEEKLY PATRIOT is alar .., e| B h, ~„K „
devoted to lltcrnlnic, Hgricnltiiic, m iem... mauufiu.
turns, new-,, mm kets, etc. lairing If'J each nunther
wIII contain an itln-tiniim of .0n... prominent topic
or event. Tliis IN an nOnedlve lentiire M lih h cminot
f.dl to plen-e. Terms sl.is. p.-i neioiui, liivntlnl.h In
ndvanro. On., copy i.r tie- WEEKLY PATRIOT and
one copy of the Plillnilet,<hl:i WEEKLY TIMES will
tie sent one year f.., Nil IN H.IVHIII O. thus giving
the two |taper' R.r the snh-cripilon | lice ofjlo hitter!
One eopi of the WEEKLY PATRIOT nnd one i i.nv ol
the COPT AUK lIEAKTII.nu ex,. Hint moiithly h'INK
IIY.ine, piihll'lii'l at Post.in ~i G.nii |„ T aiiiiun., will lie
sent olio year fortl.TOcn.h In mnlv.n.e... seu.l In ynnr
Bilhsrlptiousat once. Aihlress
PATRIOT PUBLISHING PO.,
gKIN DISEASES CURED!
lty Dr. Froxier'a Mngte Ointment. Cute- ns if by
mngic. Pimples, lllaek Heads or Grubs, Blotches
anil Krnptioiit on the fnen, leaving the skin rlear,
heellhv nnd benntiful. Also cures Itch, Barher ■ Itch.
Suit tllieum, Tetter, Ringworm. Scald llend,Chapped
Hands, H..r Nipples, sine Lips,old,nlietlmitu UleelE
and Sores, Ac.
E. Drake, Ksf]., Clevelaiid, 0.. sutfeivn! heyonil all ile
•erlpllon from a skin dlaea.e which appeared on Ills
hands, head and face, and nenriy ilerhoyed Ida -yen.
Tho most careful dnclevlnsj Islled In help him. and af
ter all had failed ho used l)r. Brazier's Magic ointment
and was cured by a few applications.
Arj-Tlie first anil only |sislllvn cure for akin diseases
Bent by mall on receipt of price, Firry CENTS.
11KN11V A Co., Bele Propr's
83 Vesey St., New York.
For Blind, Rlendlng, Itching or Ulcerated Piles Dr.
William's INDIAN OINVM FBT IS a sure cure. Price
f I.ISI, by Aiall. For sale liy Druggists. ul-ly
(DSFRT A WEEK. sl2 at home easltv made
$ / a Costly Outfit line. Address TRUE A CO.. Au
gusta, Maine LK ly
Uie feate gf mflfimt
Hli LLEFONTK, l'A.
NEWS, PACTS AND SUGGESTIONS.
TAT TENT or TUP. NATIONAL WELFARE IN TII* INTELLI
KNOP. ANB FROBPKRITY OF THE PARMER.
livery fuvmcr in hit annual experience
discovers samel/tiny of value. Write it and
send it to the " Agricultural Editor of the
DEMOCRAT, Jlellefonte, I'enn'u," that other
farmers may have the benefit of it. Let
communications be timely, and be sure that
they are brief and well pointed.
A I'IKM, well-compacted bottom,
with a mellow, thoroughly, lined sur
face, constitute the proper mechanical
conditions of soil for a seed-bed for
wheat. This condition is easily and
thoroughly secured by early plowing,
and frequently repeated harrowings.
A very important incidental advan
tage derived from this course is the
destruction of myriads of weed seeds.
Mu. JOHN DUNCAN, editor of the
Kentucky Lire Slock Monthly , meets
the objection to their small size, often
urged against the Jerseys, by saying
that as machines to convert food
q lickly, and in large quantities, into
the very best and highest priced but
ter, they pay so well that it is imma
terial whether the machine, when
worn out, will sell for a big price to
the butcher or not.
ONE of the most important im
provements in little tilings connected
with farm implements is the "slip
point" now provided for all of ttie
best plows. It is a great comfort
and promoter of good work because
it provides for always keeping the
plow point sharp, and it is a great
economy because it enables one to
get much more wear out of a share,
j than when it is cast in one solid
THE continued high prices for
everything that the farmer produces
I and sells furnish an excellent stimu
lent for improved farming and more
of it. The time has been when ob
jection was made to the advocacy of
progressive farming and the leach
ing of better methods, on the ground
! that over-production and low prices
would follow. In the light of exist*
ing facts this argument loses its
force. There is plenty of room for
more fanner., and abundant reason
for better farming in this country.
TURNIP seed sowing is in order at
any lime for the next two or three
weeks. This is a very cheap crop,
and one of no inconsiderable value
for fall and early winter feeding. If
the corn ground happens to be on
good bottom land, and is kept as
clean as it should lie, it is an excel
lent plan to sow the turnip seed
aaioag the corn at the last cultivat
ing. A crop of several tons per
acre may be realized without the
least danger to the corn, and witli no
expense except that of harvesting.
One of the essentials of success is
that the sen! should lie sown immedi
ately uftcr the cultivator, before the
ground has had time to settle.
WE are under obligations to Col.
Thomas, of the l-'am et's !■ ricud, for
an invitation to attend the summer
meeting of the Cumlierland Valley
Editorial Association, at Williams'
Grove, on Friday, August 21, that
being "Editors' Day" at the Grang
ers' Tri-State i'lcnic, which will lie in
progress during that, week. This an
nual meeting of the farmers of three
States lias grown to an occasion of
great interest and real importance to
the farming communities reached lim
its wide-spreading influence. Col.
Thomas, the inventor and promoter,
has worked indcfaligahly to accom
plish this result, and in its manage
ment evinces executive ability of a
high older. We hope the coming
occasion may be even more pleasant
and successful than any of the past.
Manufacturers of agricultural imple
ments and machinery, breeders of
good stock, nnd all interested in ag
ricultural progress and advancement,
will do well to make note of the ex
hibition. Last year it was attended
by more than thirty thousand farm
ers, representing ten different States.
From nn advance circular received
from Col. Thomas we make the fol
"The Ninth Annual Tri-State Tic
nic and Exhibition of the Patrons of
Husbandry of Pennsylvania, Mary
land and West Virginia, will open at
Williams' Grove, Cumberland county,
Pa., on Monday, August 21, 1882,
and continue until Saturday, August
Excursion rales at reduced fare
will be arranged over all the principal
railroads in Pennsylvania, Maryland
and West Virginia.
Agricultural and scientific address
es, by prominent farmers and states
men, will be delivered on Tuesday,
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday.
Friday 25th, will be "Editors'
Day," and many of the most promi
nent newspaper men in the country
will be present on that day.
Circulars, giving full details of the
arrangements, will be issued by July
For further particulars address,
11. 11. THOMAS,
Man'gr Tri-State Picnic and Ex.,
No crop makes better returns for
labor bestowed than turnips. The
seed may be sowed anytime from the
lirst of June throughout August, in
many localities below the isothermal
of say the north line of Connecticut.
It may be sowed broadcast, in drills
or rows, or as a "cattle crop," among
corn ; or turnips may be used to seed
grass with, sowing both the turnip
and grass seed about August Ist.
For turnips alone the preparation of
the grouud is simple. It needs good
plowing and harrowing if in fair
heart; but a dressing of 400 pounds
of bone dust or 250 pounds of super
phosphate to the acre will almost in
sure a good crop. We rarely have
such dry weather that turnips will
not start in July, and soon as they
make leaf heavy dews seem to be
enough to keep them growing, but
last year was an exception in this
part of the country. In many fields
turnip seed on dry ground did not
germinate, or at least did not make
any show above ground.
in sowing turnips broadcast the
greatest care must be taken to have
them thin enough. A pound of seed
to the acre is all that should be sow
ed, and this should be divided, the
whole piece being sowed twice at
right angles. In Europe the seeds
men use old seed baked, or baked
rape seed, to mix with turnip seed as
an adulteration. If we could buy
here such old baked seed so as to
mix it ourselves—say five pounds of
baked with one of live seed, and thus
be able to make a fair cast, instead of
throwing little pinches of seed as we
now do, it would save a good deal of
trouble. Sowed in drills, turnips
must be thinned. Much rank manure
gives it a strong, bad flavor. Turnips
ought never to have the first chaic:
at a dressing of yard or stable ma
nure, but to come as a second crop
As to varieties, there are two widely
different classes, and intermediate
varieties without number which it i 9
| hard to classify. Swedish or Ilus
sian turnips, generally known as
"lluta-bagas" or "Swedes," are a
very distinct, hard-lleshed, glossy
leaved kind, occuring in many va
rieties. that need better soil, earlier
sowing and better culture than the
soft-lleshed or English turnip, which
is rough-leaved, grows most rapidly,
is a voracious feeder, doing well and
making a bulky watery crop where
Swedes would do very little, and yet
it is a question whether the small
croji of Swedes would not contain
nearly as much nutriment as the soft
turnips. Between these two ex
tremes of hard-fleshed and soft-flesh
ed kinds are many varieties partak
ing in a measure of the hard-fleshed
character of the Swedes, but gener
ally regarded and treated as belong
ing to the common or English species.
Such are the "Yellow globe,'' "Yel
low-stone," "Dutch," etc. Asa rule
it is best to sow Swedes sis early as
the first of July, the "Globe" and
"Stone" turnips as early as the 25th,
and the solt turnips, "Strap-leafed
fiat," "Cow-horn," etc., by the 10th
of August. The last named is the
best to seed down to grass with, and
on good soil, not clayey, turnips and
clover seed may be mixed together,
using about 15 pounds of clover seed,
because some will winter-kill.
Advantage of Flat Cultivation.
Corro|H)iidi'nt of Country Ccntlomati.
Whether the land is very fertile, or
whether we have 2,T00 or J, 500 hills,
flat cultivation, and keeping the soil
elean of weeds, grass, etc., each qt
which take up moisture that may be
needed by the eorn, will do much to
economize the water supply of the
soil. Every elevation of the soil
above the level gives so much more
surface to give oil moisture, and hills
are only a damage to the crop, lor
they not only dry out the soil sooner,
and contract the spreading of the
roots of the corn, bid they contract
the brace roots so that uie corn is
easier prostrated by storms.
Cultivate often, t commencing by
dragging it Iwfore it comes up, and
alter; at least ouce with n Thomas
harrow. Do not cultivate deep enough
to cut oil the roots. Root pruning
is not neceseary on one Held in a
hundred, as a check to vigorous
growth. Cultivate olten, but stop
when the tassels have nicely devel
oped themselves. Corn does not
want to be disturbed when the fertili
zation and maturing of the ears is
Corn is the moatprolific grain we
The Theory of Mulching.
Jonifiii Hoopefl in the Tribune.
The intelligent horticulturist mul
ches his young trees and plants to
keep the soil cool and moist. With
this definite object in view, he is
careful to apply only a slight cover
ing of some lose material that will
admit a circulation of fresh air to
the ground, and yet prevent the di
rect rays of the sun from baking and
retarding the growth of the delicate
young rootlets. When a thick mass
of mulching substance is placed
around a tree or plant, the soil be
neath quickly becomes saturated with
moisture, followed by the germs of
disease, and this is why the system is
in bad repute with some of our best
cultivators. Bearing in mind that
the object is merely to shade the
soil, the material should be as light
and loose as possible, and if it is re
moved occasionally and the surface
of the soil stirred, there cannot be
anj' evil results.
An objection has been raised jto
the system on account of the harbor
it affords for insects, but we must
bear in mind that very few of these
are injurious and some of them posi
tively beneficial as scavengers. It has
been stated that if we keep the soil
constantly stirred, mulching will be
unnecessary. With this I cannot
fully agree, although a strong advo
cate of frequent hoeing of the sur
face. No matter how often or how
thoroughly the soil is stirred, the hot
rays of the sun in midsummer will
injure the roots more or less of a
newly planted tree. Loose soil al
ways attracts moisture, it is true, but
mulching will preserve it cool and
moist at the same time. In winter,
the benefit to be derived from mulch
in preserving an even temperature at
the roots is beyond all question. It
is not to keep them warm, but to
guard against sudden and injurious
Sulphur in the Pig Pen.
j A. W. B*** in Swine Breeder*' Journal.
If there is any appearance of lice
or vermin of any kind, sprinkle sul
phur in small quantities over the bed
! ding. This, when the nest becomes
warm, rises in fumes, and will quick
ly drive out every manner of vermin,
and besides it is very healthy—enter
ing through the pores of the skin it
cleanses the blood. A little of it
placed in the slop occasionally will
do more to keep awav cholera and
i like diseases than anything you buy
for five and ten dollais. The trouble
is the remedy and preventive is far
too simple and cheap.
MU. PKTKR KAY, of Southboro, re
! ports to the MasfachnsetU Ploughman
I a little incident of his early days as
an agriculturist, illustrating the "ef
fect of frequent cultivation," and the
lesson of which he says was worth
to him SSOO on a s*2oo farm." "The
minister of the parisli had the best
garden in town; I went to him (the
Rev. Walter Follet), and said : 'Will
you please tell me what is the secret
of this enormous growth of your
vegetables, and getting them so for
' ward?' (knowing he had but a little
; wood ashes). 'Well, Mr. Fay, 1 can
j tell you in a few words: 1 am in my
garden by the rising of the sun (this
was .hitie), and 1 can go over it in
| about four mornings, then 1 com
mence and go over it again, and con
tinue it till my vegetables are grown,
and never let a weed go to seed.'
The secret of this growth was the
| frequent stirring of the soil."
WITH substantial, well built roads
i along the lines of most frequent
| travel the cost of conveying grain
j and fruit to the railway stations
might he reduced from one hundred
to one thousand per cent. This is no
exaggeration, as may be seen from
the fact that it now costs the farmer
as much to haul a bushel of grain
one mile from his farm as it does the
yiilroad company to haul a ton the
same distance. The railroad compn
| uies think it pays to prepare a smooth,
| level road lied.— Practical Farmer.
MANY tillers of the soil entertain
| the idea that the only object of culti
vation is the killing of weeds, while
i in reality a good gardner should have
no weeds to kill. Weeds should
j serve him only as reminders of his
remissness in cultivating his crops at
the proper time. The principal ob
ject of stirring the ground is to keep
the soil light ami loose l , that air and
moisture may penetrate it and that
the roots may spread easier in search
for their necessary food. — Dr. Ho::-
-As soon as potatoes commence to
blossom all cultivation should cease,
because if the earth is stirred after
that time a largo number of small
tulrers will surely Ire the result.
FAUMINO is a business, and there is
a great deal of head work about it
as well as hand work. The latter is
comparatively cheap and feasible,
and can he hired.
OBSERVANT wheat growers seem
to favor the theory that a good wheat
s'SJ.j a part of the condition for suc
cess, needs heavy rolling to follow
Cabbage plants may be hoed every
day during the season with advan
tage to the crop.