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The course of Ibo weariest river
Knds in the great grav sea ;
Tho scorn, for ever and evor,
Htrives upward to tho tree.
The raintmw, the sky adorning,
HUmo* promise through the storm
The glimmer of ooming morning
Through midnight gloom will form
Br time all knots are riven,
Complex although they bo.
Ami peace will at last lie given,
Pear, Ixith to you aud to me.
Then, though the path may be dreary,
look onward to the goal;
Though the heart and tho hoad bo weary,
leu faith inspire the soul ;
Asok the right, though the wrong be tempting,
S|K-*k the truth at any cost;
Vain is all weak exempting
Wlien onee tho gem is lost.
let strong hand anil keen eye be ready
For plain and ambushed foes;
Thought earnest and fancy steady
lVar beat unto the close.
Tho heavy clouds may lie raimug,
But with eveniug eomos the light;
Though tho dark low winds aro complaining,
Yot the sunrise gilds tho height;
Ami love has his hidden treasure
For the patient and tho pure ;
And time gives his fullest measure
Tb the worker* who endure ;
And the Word that no law has sliaken
ilm the future pledge supplied ;
Far we know that when wo "awaken"
Kf shall bo "satisfied."
Tint ley' Ma-jmine.
" Mis? Kntb, Major says it's jes' on
tier sundown, an' tolo mo to ax was he
tor oome out yere ?"
" Tell him I'll coao in, Cappie."
Cap spun around on her bare tooa a tew
timox, then started slowly for the house,
while Ruth swung idly in her hammock
in the shade of the live oak, and I ex
"Think what yon aro doing, Rath.
He is not happy a moment without you.
He loves you so that the thought of
not being ablo to sail with you brings
on a fever turn, and you know he had a
hemorrhage the last time you went rid
ing without him. His life is bound up
in you !"
"I know it, aunty, so I shall go rid
ing and sailing no more."
"•* But such devotion will surely do
41 When he came to us, with his doom
plainly written in every feature, I re
solved that if I could not nnrse him
baek to the life ho so much loves, his
last days should be as happy as pos
" Suppose ho dies deceived, believ
ing that you loved him—believing a
" Don't you think when he recs no
■aoro 'through a glass darklj' that ho
" But should he recover, do you
think he would thank you for
his life if you had taken all hope and
brightness from it ?"
" I assure you that his happiness
should be, then as now, my first and
"Ruth," I exclaimed aghast, "yon
would not marry him with no love to
givo him—loving another as yon do I"
Bhc raised herself slowly on her el
bow, her beautiful brown eyes looking
steadily through the long lashes wet
with tears, and said:
"My life is something that I do not
irize, but by dying I cannot give him
life, so if by living I can make his life ,
happy, why not? Whatever is for his
happiness that I shall do. Now I'll go
aad watch the sunset with him."
I sat still under the sproading
branches of the great old oak and
watched the swollen river which
aaemed trying to force its way throngh
the great wall of earth that confined it
to its course, and thought of the beau
tiful girl who had just left me.
When Major Grant had come to on,
aiek and apparently dying, she had jnat
n*t the firat great sorrow of her life.
A misunderstanding bad arisen between
herself and Frank Rnseel, to whom ahe
had given all the devotion of her warm
heart, and by the interference of friends
the lovers* quarrel became a serious
■setter, and the engagement was
She believed herself deceived and
caat aside for another, and life not
worth the living, bnt she was proud,
and lived on bravely, making no moan.
Major Grant had lost his health by
exposure during his army life, bnt
won Id not for a moment donbt his en
tire recovery. He was always better.
He clang to Rath—was never happy
when sho was absent and bnilt castle
after castle in the air when beside her.
lal now the two were watching the
aimirrit—one believing the sun of her
life bad already set in eloads and dark-
MM. and the light was fast failing for the
- other; she taming in dismay and dreed
from the life before her—he longing
- r -i striving for the life that waa fast
dipping from him.
A ban eh of gray moas swung smartly
ia my face and roused me to the faet
that the wind was rising, for added to
4be mattering of the river waa the
meaning of the pines. I walked hastily
t the levee. Everybody was there
working or watching, lor should a jet
of water foroo its way through undis
covered a eiWMH wan certain and de
There wan great danger that the
leree could not withstand tho force of
the water without tho wind, but with a
gale it seemed hopeless.
It was a yearly danger to which every
one had become accustomed, so that
no planß were changed, and all amuse
ments went on as gayly as if destruction
did not threaten overy home for miles
around, and our nearest neighbors had
invited us to attend a country wedding
with them that night. Ruth hesitated
about leaving her invalid, but ho nrgcd
her to go, assuring her there wan no
danger whatever; so when wo heard tho
call at the gate, "Oh, Miss Ruth, are
you ready?" wo threw on our wraps and
started, gloves in hand.
Ws found after various apologies that
tho family carriage had strayed away
during the "late unpleasantness" and
had failed to return aud that tho con
veyance provided for us was a two
wheeled cart. We were assured the
straw on tho bottom was clean aud
begged to " Bit right down, sit right
down; it's all clean." Aud after much
laughing and crowding,wesiz—grandma
and baby, mother and sister, Ruth and
I, with a bundle of hay for the horse to
eat, wore packed away and jolted along
right merrily. We drove beside tho
levee, but the angry rnsh of tho water
and the rising wind seemed to occasion
no uneasiness in our companions.
The honse to which wo were going
stood on a point of land wnich the river
had encroached upon year after year un
til it was almost an island, and it
seemed that soon the whole plantation
wonld bo washed away. I could only
wonder at tho gayety of my compan
ions, and to divert my mind from my
own fears, asked:
" Has Miss Dora been long engaged?"
" Yes, flvo years. The wedding day
has been fixed twico before, the guests
invited, the cake ready, and the bridal
veil waiting to be put on. Tho first
time Dora was sick, so very sick it
seemed impossible that she could livo
through that day, but as soon as tho
honr for the wedding was passed she
began to improve. The next time the
groom fell and broke his leg an honr or
two before he should have bo-cu mar
" Well, Dora is the last of an old, old
family. Bhe bad an old nurse who raw
visfnns and foretold coming events,
who told Dorm that she wonld never be
a wife or mother, and she almost began
to believe it. She says if she fails this
time she will never try again."
'■ Oh, here we are 1 Rack np and
dump your load." And amid much
noise and chattering we scrambled to
the gronnd and shook out our crumpled
We were received by a beautiful
white-haired old lady who kissed ns all
and made ns welcome. After a glance
at the bare hands about ns wo slipped
oar g'oves into our pockets and wore
ushered into the parlor and joined one
of the two linns that sat facing each
other for the ceremony to begin. The
white-haired old lady sat beside Ruth,
who bad evidently taken her fancy. I
could see that tho sweet-ficed matron
was telling my gentle girl the story of
her own dsnghter's misadventnrous
lore that was soon to be crowned with
happy fruition. Had she divined that
my Rath was heart-sore and sick be
cause of love ? Itb ink so.
The guest % waited awkwardly as |
country people gathered from far and
near are wont to do. The servants
moved officiously shout to save the ap
pearance of delay. At length the
hostess, with the slightest flush of an- ■
noyanee on her fair face, left Ruth to
devote herself to others. Ruth came I
over where I was standing by an open
window, and pnttiog hor hand on my :
shoulder tnrned hor faoe from the light i
"Oh, annty, I am so miserable. Why
is it that evory one else may ho happy
"There, there," I said, soothingly.
"Do not bo so weak." And then I
added in a bantering tone : " No donbt
Frank will oome back —**
" Too late," she said, " I have prom
ised to marry Major Grant."
" Why, Rath V
I had no time to say more.
The minister appeared, then came
the bridal party; the promisee were
made, hands were shaken, congratula
tions uttered, refreshments eaten, the
fiddlers were called in and dancing
Three hours bad passed. The revel
was at its height. The fair bride, her
long delayed hopes fulfilled, the
gloomy prophecy exploded, floated in
and out in the mar as of the danoe, the
gayest of the gsy. Ruth, her fsir fsoe
flushed, seemed to have forgotten hor
sorrow in bsr enjoyment of this suspi
cions occasion. By her graoe and tact I
oonld see thst she wss adding much to
the enjoyment of others. The happy
mother of the bride moved about among
the elder guests, dispensing smiles and
bringing pleasure wherever she went.
Presently Ruth came and said with s
face beaming with Jo7 :
" Oil, aunty, I am so glad wo came.
I never knew it was snch u pleasure to
make others happy. lam not a bit sad
now. I believe I could even meet Frank
with composure. Hark ! What is that?"
she exclaimed, turning toward the open
window, through which came a dull,
Beforo she had time to say more
there was an uproar at tho lower end of
the room, a cry of "Crevasse ! Cre
vasse !" from the affrighted servants,
and Frank Basse 1, rnshiny throngh u
crowd of dancers, leaped upon n chair
not throe steps from ns and shouted:
"Tho levee has broken; save your
selves at oace, thcro is no time to
Thore was an instant of awful silence;
every breath was hushed, and rosy
cheeks were blanched with terror; then
the voice of the despairing bride rang
"It lias come trao ! It has come
truo!" she cried, and as she fell into
the arms of her hnsband the guests
fled in every direction. Tho gray
haired mother sank upon her knees
and we could sec her lips move in
Frank's eyes wandered over the hur
rying crowd an instant in search of
somo one he evidently expected to simj-
Even in that terrible moment I could
not help thinking how brave and hand
some he was. I did not wonder Ruth
had lost her heart to him. At length
his eye rooted on ns. In an instant he
was beside ns. He put his arm about
Ruth as if they had parted with kisses
but yesterday, looked quickly back
and said, as his faee blanched
lips shut olosc:
"We cin only save ourselves.
Ho swung Ruth lightly through the
casement, elaspel me by the arm and
wo fled away from tho house of feast
ing with tho bride's heartrending shriek
in our ears, and the mother's blanched
face upturned in hopeless prayer over
beforo our eyes as we dashed out into
the night and joined in tho wild scram
ble for life.
The blackness of the night, the roar
ing of the wind and the increasing
thunder of the river were enough to ap
pall the stoutest heart. But we were
hurried on, stumbling over roots and
stamps, caught and torn by vines and
briars, dashed against trees by the rag
ing wind, spattered by tho spray of the
rising water until we reached tho place
where Frank had left his boat.
The river was fall of floating trees,
th® mini of honse* an 1 all th- debris
which the ma 1 water had wrested from
its conqueror*. Tbo current was ao
strong it seemed certain death to trnst |
ourselves to it, bat it was th® only
chance. Wo stepped in th® boat and
each seized an oar. W® pushed ont j
and the fight for life began. Wo worn
driven against hngn floating logs, again
and again almost overtimed, canght in
the branch®* of some great tree that
rnshod down the cnrront and which in
the darkness wo conld not sen. Cries
of terror reached as now and then, hnt
the thnndor of the liberated river filled
the air. It aeemed the triumphing of ,
the river god as he swallowed his vic
tims, the human sacrifice to his power. ;
We were trying to force onr way
tbrongh the crevasse np to higher
ground when suddenly a bonfire some
one had lighted honrs before biased np,
and we saw clinging in the branches of
a tree rushing past ns the bride clasped
tightly in the arms of her hnsband
Was the prophecy to be fnlflllod, "never
a wife or a mother?** Thongh the at
tempt was madness, we strove to reach
them. Fortunately both Hath and my
self were accomplished oarswomen and
accustomed to the river. Frank stood
np and called to them while we bent to
onr oara with all onr strength. The
bridegroom heard ns and waved his
hand in acknowledgment. Then Frank
took the oars, Hath the pole that was
n*ed to keep ns from oolliding with tho 1
floating masses and we rowed down the
current after the great troe with its liv
ing burden. A jntting blnfT for a mo
ment shut ont tho view of the bonfire.
When it shone npon the floating tree
again, only the bare trnnk and the
dripping branohes were to be seen.
Ilnth ottered a moan of terror. Frank
changed onr course and we shot off into
the darknees again. After boors of
desperate fighting for oar lives, the
faint light of dawn came to onr aid,
and at last we were able to land.
As soon as onr feet were on firm
ground Rath tnrned to Frank
and held ont both her hands with tear*
in her eyes and trembling lips, bnt said
no WTml. He drew her to him and
kissed her again and again. They were
saved for each other, bnt I thought of
Major Ormnt with a sigh.
We found him at the honae of a
friend miles hack from the river, where
he had been borne for safety, bnt the
excitement and exertion had been too
greet for his strength, and he was sn (far
ing from e severe hemorrhage whioh
was wasting his life blood. Ilnth wsn<
st onoe to him, leading Frank by the
Some hours liter, as the son was set
ting, we wero ell oallei to his room.
Roth knelt on the floor at his bedside
with her faco buried in Lor bands,
and tbo Major's hand rested on her
The dark onrling hair lay in damp
rings on his whito forehead, and tho
large sad eyes were lifted as if in prayer.
His lips moved. "Jtutli, dear," ho
whispered. Hho raised her head, lie
drew her to him with a yearning in his
eyos that wonld not be refused. Their
lips met in one last, long kiss. Then
he reached ont and taking Frank's hand
put Ruth's into it, and blessed them
with a look of unutterable love till the
light failed from his eyes forever. Our
A New Flouting I'aluce.
James Gordon Bennett's now steam
yacht Namoura is of iron, and will
measuro about seven hundral tons.
Her only superior in size ever built in
this country is tho Bretagne, which
was built in Baltimore for Mr. Henri
Hay. Tho Namoura's length on deck is
| 210 feet. There will be over one hnn
drcdand fifty electric lights throughout
the vessel. The main staircase is very
elaborate and leads into apartments regal
in their appointment* and finish. In
tho extreme bows of the vessel aro tbo
quarters of tho saloon servants, the
linen-lockers, wine-rooms, etc. Next
aft are two staterooms of medium size,
then two larger ones, each fitted with
all that tbo heart could wish on a yacht.
Then com ■>.. the ladies' saloon, twenty
by fourteen feet, an exquisite apartment.
Next is tbo owner's room, in rich Orien
tal stylo, with a carved bedstead and
ceiling-piece over it costing over SI,(XX),
exquisite book cases, escritoires, anil a
bewildering mass of lieautifnl decora
tions. Mr. Bennett's bath is beneath
the floor of his room. Abaft in the
grand saloon, twenty-four by eighteen
feet, with its sides finished in a plastic
material, colored grass-green and orna
mented in gilt and bronze .with the
emblematic thistle of Scotland, the
ceiling being in rich tint of marine
bine, with gold fishes and marine
animals coursing throngh the water*,
leaving behind golden wakes. The man
telpiece of tho saloon is in the richest of
oak, witli a heavy nickel-plated firegrate
sitting in the recess, which is most
richly finishing in tiling. After they
are completed and ready for their
owner, and after the chandeliers, np
hobtery, carpeting, rugs, furniture and
ceiling chandeliers aro all in she will
look like a fairy ship. The ladies'
saloon, as well as some of the Larger
rooms, will have their sides covered
with cretonne, and wainscotted in hard
woods. Under the skylights will be
placed silk curtains to mellow the light
admitted to the saloons, and decorations
will he artistically distributed. Every
room is fitted with electric bells.
The saloon galley or kitchen is fltlod
up equal to any hotel in tho world.
Light and ventilation aro seenred by
moans of over a hundred ports in the base
of each of the companion and skylight
hatches. In fact, nothing that skill,
art or scieneo could suggest has lieen
left undone to make tho Namoura a per
feet steam yacht. Her speed is set down
atfonrteon knots an hour on a consnmp
tion of abont a ton of coal per hour.
Afraid of Hi* Watch.
Many would not look "a king's gift
in the month" if they could. It seems
tltat Hossini, the celebrated composer,
conld not if ho would— in one case at
least—and it would have been better if
be had never learned how. Tbe story
of Rossini's present of s magnificent
gold watch from King Louis Phillip® is
told by the London Ttlrymph, to illus
trate the groat maestro's superstitions
One afternoon, as he was showing the
watch to some acquaintances in the
Cafe Holder, a strange gentleman
walked np to the table at whieh he was
silting, and addressed him with the
words: "M Rossini, yon do not know
the seerets of yonr watch, althongh yon
havo worn it for such s long time. Will
yon permit me to reveal them to you?"
It Msini, with sn ironical smile, banded
him the watch, when, greatly to his
surprise, the stranger tonsho.l a hidden
spring, and a false lining to the back of
tbe watch flew open, disclosing the
maeitro's portrait, painted in minia
ture, and snrronnded by a wreath of
enameled Arabio characters.
Interrogated as to how he came by his
knowledge of the watch's secret, the
exiatenoe of which Rossini had never
before suspected, the stranger avowed
himself the maker of tho ooatly toy, bnt
oddly enough, positively declined to
explain the signification of the Arabic
words encircling the likeness, althongh
repeatedly and urgently solicited by
Rossini to do so.
From that moment Rossini, oonvinoed
that some evil spell most be contained
in the mvstio c jar actors whioh their
snthor steadfastly refused to interpret
to him, conoeived so unoonqnerable a
fear of the watch that he never again
wore it. After his death it was Kund
by his heirs securely sealed np and hid
den away in an old commode whioh ap
parently had not boon opened for sev
eral yean, aa its contents were oovsred
with thlok dost.
Water gas is now used in fifty allies
and towns in the United State*.
Tho Wealth of Colorado.
Tho silver mines of our greatest
mountain chain aro admitted in all
conntribN to bo auperior to all other*
in the world. They, and they alone,
have created ont of vast tract* of wilder
noaa and dcsort populous, rich and
thriving Territories and Htatea—and all
thia within tho apace of a few yeara.
Very many of the moneyed princes of
the world owe their great wealth to tho
mine* of Colorado, Nevada and Cali
fornia. Tiioy had faith in the inex
haustible mineral resources of the Ilocky
mountains, and the result has justified
their faith. In those mountains silver
mining has arrived at the stage of a
regular and systematic industry ; an in
dustry of which the United Htatescom
missioner of mining statistic! says :
" It is the safest and most profitable of
all industries." It is never burt or
shaken by panics, which aro becoming
so frequent, and which so often retard
or ruin every other industry.
Tu<tb is only one class of persons
connected with mining interests who,
in tho aggregate, are so unfortunate as
not to make largo profits. They are the
discoverers. They are a class peculiar
by themselves; they aro in a measure
nomads, who, having cut loose, for
one reason and another, from home
ties and th" influence of refined society,
wander up and down over the great
mining districts, seeking for a find, and
when once found they sell it for a pit
tance, not knowing how good "they have
struck it," for a lack of scientific
knowledge, and so tbev move on for
tho next, with the singular ambition to
be known as excellent in discoveries,
fascinated with th • romance, rudeness
and independence of camp life, they
live np in the groat mountains, glory in
their privations, and look down with
pity upon themore effeminate dweller*
npon tbe plains. They have no money
to develop their discoveries, and have
lost all business habits, if they ever had
any, and do not know how to deal with
capital seeking investment
Comstock, the discoverer of the world
famed Comstock, out of which con
siderably over one hundred millions of
dollars has airesly been taken, sold it
for 8750 worth of groceries. One of tbe
discoverers of the " Terrible," out of
which so much money has been made,
sold his half for SSOO, and tbe remain
ing half was sold a few days later for a
trifle more. The great " Hercules "
was sold by the discoverer* for a " mvre
song." The history of mining is filled
with such instances, where these inval
uable pioneers of tho world's wealth
have pointed the way to great riches for
othors, bnt have got scarcely anything
Silver mining can ba traced a* far
back into antiquity as written history.
In the time of Abraham, Moses and
Solomon silver was used, and the same
may be said of tho Egyptians, the
Greeks and the Rimint. There were
silver coins 835 15 C. The Homans
employed 25,000 men in a single mine;
thv Gartbagenians, 40,000 men in the
mines of Spain. Hannibal took from
one mine £500,000 a year; Cato as
ranch from mines, and Helvetia* twice
as mnch. Herodotus aays; " Tbe na
tions snbdned by the Persians, except
tbe Indie* and Antiocb, paid a yearly
trihnte of £-5,000,000 in silver."
Pliny aays that in his time silver
mines in Spain were penetrated a mile
and a half. According to Preaoott, the
historian. Prince Atahulpa, made
prisoner, had gathered to pay for his
liberty tbe ralne of $.1,500,000 gold,
and 51,610 marks, or abont 25,805
pounds of silver. From 1784 to 1827
the great silver mines of Pasco, in
Sonth America, smelted 4.907,710
pounds troy silver. The silver mines
of Bolivia and Pern 'yielded from their
discovery by the Spaniards in 1845 a
qnantity of silver eqntl in value £506,-
220,000. Tbe Grand Potosi, of Bolivia,
was discovered in 1545. Since then it
has produced . £249,000,000 in sil
Humboldt's " Kstai Pollitiqne" states
that the mines of Mexico of only a few
oentral spots, yielded between tbe con
qaest and 1805, $2,027,952,000.
The great mining regions of the
United States have produced of the
precious metals since the flret dis
coveries in California, a little over
thirty years sgo, the enormous snm of
not leas than $2,000,000,000, of which
a large proportion is silver.
The mines of Colorado produce
chiefly silver. The vast wealth of tbe
great deposits in that State are jnat be
ginning to be appreoiated. In 1876 her
mines produced about $5,000,000. In
1880 they produced $28,000 000, abont
$4,000,000 more than any other State
or Territory. Scientists, experts and
practical miners assert with emphasis
that Colorado is to be the greet bullion
center of the world. Certain it is that
her wonderful mineral resources are
drawing immense capital and rapidly
covering her valleys and mountains
with a network of railroads.
A Tennssssaan ate two raw maocerel,
two dneen bard boiled eggs, and drank
two bneksta of water. Make him siok?
On, ao! He wanted mora. Ton aaa he
was a weak doing it.
.; *1 it-. - -t .
I'EABLK OP THOUGHT.
Wiadom is to the seal what bcaflh is
to tbe body.
Trifles make perfection, bat perfec
tion itself is not a trifle.
Reason is the test of ridicule—not
ridicule the teat of trnth.
One forgives everything to him who
forgives himself nothing.
Present evil* always seem greater
than those that never come.
Growth is better than permanence,
and jwrmanent growth is betbr than
We ought not to jndge of man's merits
by his qualifications, but by the nse he
mak"M of them.
The feeble tremble before opinion,
tho foolish defy it, the wise jndge it,
the skillfnl direct it.
He who obeys with modesty appears
worthy of some day or other being stl
lo wed to command.
To beautify tho loaf, we frost its top,
but when father Time frosts our human
top, we,do not consider it in that sense,
but hasten to cover np his work.
Apparent evil is but an ante-cbaml>er
to higher bliss, as every sunset is but
veiled by night, and will soon show
itself again as the red dawn of a new
Every human being Las a work to
carry on within, duties to perform
abroad, influences to exert, which are
peculiarly his and which no conscience
but his can teach.
An UnglUh Lecturer in America.
Archibald Forbes, the faunas war
correspondent, gives in the Century his
impressions of American andienoes in
an entertaining article entitled "Lectur
ing in two Hemispheres."
The varying strains of an .Kilian
harp, the cats'-pawa that wind flurries
make on calm water, the moods of a
child—ail those arc monotonous in
comparison with the varieties in the
behavior of loctnre audiences. In Great
Britain audiences are fairlj demonstra
tive: often almost boisterously so. If
at the comencement something happens
to catch th?ir fancy they w 11 applaud
clear through, and sometimes ind'-ed
embarrass the lecturer by applauding
him in places where he wonders what
on earth they find to bo demon
strative about. American audiences
are for the most part much
more self-restrained and critical. They
are silentest perhaps in New Kngland.
Almost the first time I spoke in Ameri
ca was in Worcester, Mass. I toiled on
for half an hour doing my best, but the
audience gave no sign. When I looked
out over it, I aaw only a sea of cold,
attentive faces, immobile alike to my
efforts at pathos and at hnmor. Then I
began to feel mean. " You are \ poor
stick," I said to myself, " and it is
sheer impudence for yon to stand upon
a platform and pretend to be a lecturer.
They have found you out to be a fraud;
only they are too civil to hiss you or to
get up and go away!" Well,l know I very
nearly went away my self. Bat I hard
ened my heart and got through some
how, the whole andience remaining to
the bitter end. There was scarcely a
hand-clap when I ended, and I quailed
to encounter the aecretary of the com
mittee. But he was quite satisfied.
" Onr people are not demonatrative,"
he observed—no faith, I was well aware
of that—" but you held them to the
laat, and we ahallall be glad to have you
back again next year 1" Very soon I
learned that the criterion of an Ameri.
can audience's satisfaction is whether it
goes away in the middle or remains to
the end. • • • A Boston audience
has the reputation of being the most
coldly critical in the republic; but my
personal experience is quite the con
trary of this. Baltimore is exception
ally warm; ao it Charleston, 8. C.; aois
Hartford, Conn., and warmest and most
appreciative of all is Cincinnati.
The Kola Hat,
The properties of the kola nat which
i largely a**l io Central and Western
Africa, hare l>een lately elucidated by
M M Ileokel and Schlegdenbanffen, who,
in a paper to the French Academy, gave
an analysis of the substance. .The coty
ledons of the aeed are the only part
the negrooa nee. The effects are those
of a etimnlant and tonic; and impure
water is rendered agreeable by previous
nae of the not. The analysis shows
that the kola nnt has more oafeine than
the best ooffees, and that that anbstanoe
is wholly free, not combined, as in
coffee, with an organic acid. The action
of the oafeine is aided by a considera
ble quantity of theobromine present.
Next there is a notable amount of glu
ooec, of which them is none in cocoa.
The nnt contains twice an ranch • torch
ss is foand in seels of theobromo.
There is little fatty matter, and n
special tannin, together with e red
ooloring matter, is present. As a
remedy, the kola nat to appreciated by
the Afrioans is affections of the in
testines, liver, etc.; it may bo ranked
medically with cocoa and like matters,
over which, however, H has as advan
tage is possessing so nak trinwfn.
, which give* it astringent pi op si ties.