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C 1). RAY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
S;-.cll .tt.iilinn iilti'ii to tbf wllkll.h ut cl.in,.,
Offliv ntjolttlM HrmV-ili--ff II 1 ""' 4 ' '
r pIiOMAS -I. MeCILLOUOH,
X ATTORNI.Y AT I.AW,
001 c. In Albnrt Ow.n". liitlhlirift, In o'. fimni hum
erty i.j ill*. rinll|..i.ui k lUuni"* Cutupnuy.
• ATTORNLV AT LAW, •
ifTh't en All.gh.ny .tret, two -i-* r* ' *" 1 "I Oi.nl'
o<-. * > n|.i..l hy 1.1. nr in i.l Y< uu A lliwlln*. * II
i. rim. 11 A
I>I;ALK & McKKK,
I ATTOBNKVB AT I.AW.
lii-lf OlHi'<* oppowlti l Court lluiiw, iWlli-tonlf, P*.
11. N. TOTVM M - ■ABEHEHME.
"VOC-UM it IIARSHBEKGER,
X trTOIINEM* AT LAW.
IIKI.I KFONTK. I'A
omc. mi N X Bonne-i Dtemond m i AltadiaayArt.
In 111. room Ut. I) on-u|il*l by Yocum A llutliigt.
• luna n**"' !•
II,HUT f. nAt-Llt't, WIL.II,A a. WAU.ACA
WALLACE ,V KIIEBS,
II LAW AND COLLECT ION OFFICR,
January I, ISM OUUMUUh PA
I?LLIS L. ORVIS,
Jj ATTORNEY AT LAW
OSFICK the Court It HUP, on the 21 fl" r ol
A. 0 Furit'a imlkliui. J—Ml
1 LAW AND COLLECTION IDTICE,
IMy 1.1. MIUK.I.O, PA
e. t ALIIX, nmr. o. m. owg.
V LEXANDEII ik BOWER,
ATTORNBYB AT LAW,
IVMefonte. Pa., may I*# cn*nUe4 it* English or Oar
Dim ODre In German's Building. 1-1J
14HM A. BKATftA. J. WMlll OlflUH.
"I JEAVER it GE I'll ART,
J J ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
om. on All.gh.ny strut, north ol High. B.lU
fonl., P. H|
. ATTORNEY-AT LAW,
Lut d.ior to th. l.fl In th. Court Hun. 2-ly
lOUN BLAIR LINN,
*1 ATTORNEY AT LAW,
001.. Alh-th-ny Str.t, "t.r P--.I 001... il-ly
T L. BPANGLER,
T) . ATTORNEY AT LAW.
BKLLEPONTK. t I.SIHI OIL NT Y. PA.
Sp~lal attention to Collection.; prartt"" In .11 lb.
Court.. C.n.ull-*ii--n. in O.rtu.n --r K tilth. 1-1>
• ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offirn on Allegheny otiwl ."KjUld !• of Lyn •
,tor., Ball. font.. P. '*' l
X • ATTORNEY AT I.AW.
LOCK HAVEN. PA.
All bu.ln. promrOy ttrnl~l I" I ly
\UM. I'. MITCHELL,
T T PRACTICAL SCRVEYOR,
LOC K HAVEN. PA,
Will attend to .11 work In C1r0.l<l, C.ntr. and
Ofllc oppo.lt. 1..k 11.t.n NtUnntl Bank. '.< My
\v c. HEINLE,
II • ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offlre In Conrad Hon**. Alleghenv street.
RpecUl attention given lo eolkcUol of rUima.
All bwliw %'t- n !. i , promptly Wf
y y ATTORNEY AT LAW.
CLE AHPIELO. PA.
All bnaln promptly ti.n<l.l to 1-ly
HK. HOY. M. I).,
• Off.*" In Conra*l !Pn" shore Fortney'e
Law •MTV*. BKLLKFOST*, PA.
J*■.•arial attention |l*n to Oj-eratlvs Hur<#rj and
(Ihr mk IM|
DR. JA S. 11. DOBBIKB. M. P.,
PIIYSICION ANI> BCROEOSt,
OOL-. Alh-th.uj ht., oTrr 7..1g|.r • Itrof flor.,
6-lt iIEI.I.EFONTE. PA.
nR. J. W. RHONE, Dentist, can
fa f.iuod al hit And > o Nnh
•i l" of High atrral mrr dtwfl tut of All"Khany (
Ballafof.ta. Pa \*-ly
HA RNESS MAXI*FACTOKV
H In itarman'a Naw MM k,
r P. BLAIR,
f • JEWF.LER,
wtTCnt*. rlnr, i.tIUT, Ao.
All work nnatl; anntad. On Atlrfhan;
andw Irqekwkof Bun. til
DIALIM IN PUUK DIVMOILT.
3 I ZELLER A SOX, 3
* ♦> . itßir*
3 So 6. Rr oknrl. .ff Bow. J
J All lha Standard Patatit Wodlrlnaa Pro- *
y wriptl--n and Family Raal|>aa nruritrt; ,
W L-rr-pn""!- Trwnww. Sh-nldrr trot, Ae .Ac 3
ft d-lf g
A. neat*. Pr— I. t. r. WEB 'kwh'r.
I7IRST XATIOXAL BAXK OF
MUfoni#. Pa A-tf
Mi nrclln nro it*.
rpm centre democrat
BOOK and JOB OFFICE
18 NOW OFFBRINO
TO THOBE WIMIINO r I RUT-CLAM
Plain or Fancy Printing.
We have unutu*l facliitie* for printing
CARTES DE VIBITE,
CARDS ON ENVELOPES,
and all kinds of blanks.
ggj^Ordera by mail will receiYe prompt
g(j|~Printing done in the beat ityle, on
abort notice and at the loweat rate*
VJT Opposite Ooarl lion**, BRLLRFOIfTB, PA.
TKRM* 11.28 PER DAT.
A food Urat-j titoekS. t-i
H i/son, Mr Fortune P Co., Hardware liralem.
"WILSON", McFARLANE & CO.
STOVES, RANGES HEATERS.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
AI.LEOIIKNY STREET, .... lll'M KH' BLOCK, .... BKLLRFONTE, PA.
IJELLKFONTE IT SNOW SHOE
I ) 11. H.—^Titna-Tablr In "fTocl u and ifmr Manli
I, IHttl :
Leave* Snw Hhoc &.50 A. M. arrive* In ll"llafont<
7.24 A. M.
LE?M Ht Mefuufa 9.12 A. M.,arrlre at Bn'W
II 2'. A. M .
Lravea tfnow Shoe 2.:W> p. v.,arrives In IMlefoutr
l.£>* f. M.
Leaves Bellefunte 4.4' r >* .arrives at Hnoa Hhos
7.26 r. m . M.A 1 It, Un I Superintendent.
I >ALD EAGLE VALLEY RAIL
-1 > RtIAU - April IU0:
KTR. Mill. *IIAp. ttatw**!.. Etp M.II.
. M. .. W. '*• •
, LL( - Arrn. .ITTRMI.
H 0 06 Utl'ljul Tyiwil* Ll*t.. T il'J A fib
7YJ ~ " V.I! " ... T*l * '"I
; M 6 ,7 •• ll.lt! E.L* " ... "*" "R <TT
74* F, ,T4 " Eowl.r " " *'
J,T F, J " 11.N11.h M ... "** H L-L
7 ■, •• p.irl M.UId. " ... "HO #lf
; ft |7 " M trllt. ** ... "07 PIA
7 U |, TIFT " Jull.U " " 1-7 P 4*l
- TI I, ,7 '• I OIODTIII. '* ... "71 •
i R •• "now Hbow In • ... "3T *I
4 .-.4 0* . " Mliiwbwrß " ™J U
4 ,t (, A " Helleft.nta 44 ... * *• ® 1 "
6 rhi f 'i't ** Milisbarg 44 ••• * '•*
S?! 6 U 44 or tin 44 ... 90610 19
ain sin 44 Mount VUftU 44 ... 91-J" ~J .
i 50l 44 Howard 44 ••• 9 J" At '
56 460 .... 44 Baiflevllla 44 ... 9 10 49
,00 * *•'■ " B—ch CRMK " „40 10 M
•, I, 4 A " Mill LLLL " ••• MI II"
0 .'J 430 " Rl.mlntt-N " ~•MII '
0 H 4£o " UX-K 11..n .I0 "1 11 ii
1 JEN NS Y L V ANIA R AILROA I).
1 —(Phllvl.lpbl. and ERL Written.) — On .ml
,Ror PWRMIIRR I*.
W E.T WARD.
ERIK M All. !"•• PhlUd.lphte.~~ I* JJ P ■
.. •• ||rr!rhurt...~. —......... 4 It.N
H •• Willi.rnaport " 3.0 .ni
Lrxk 11..n...~ 40 • m
H R.n0.0, lO 0I . M
•• .rrlte. .1 EH. -*33p ni .
NIAO.ARA KXPREHSIr.... Phl!.4.lphl._ 7 A< •
.< •• ll.rrl.hnrt HI VR. n>
M •• WlHlamepoft. 2 pn>
m arrives at Benva ...... 4 4o p m
PMwnc-r. by thi. Irln rr. In IIltw
"J * 4Up m
PAST LIRE Ltt Phiidiphto. 11 ** • "<
•• " ll. rrl.hurt. 3 34PM
•• WilllMn.port ...— 7*>pm
•• .rrit-. t LXXK 11.'.n 4N p M
PACIFIC KXPRESE IT'H L-- 4
h ** 5% illlameport... 166a®
N arrives at Ilarrtsl urg 11 56 a®
m PhiUdvlphla. .. S46p a*
DAY EXPRESS L' K-no,O. !? L!' * ®
II •• I/VRK LL.T.n....~.*~. 11 SPI . M
U • Willi. M.port M~~~. 12 40 . M
•• ufttMii llurliiiirt... * 10 p m
.. •• Phll^l.lphl.— 720 p rr.
ERIE MAIL !•• S""'" —— * P "
1,-RK 11.t.n ... 9 40 p M ■
M •• 00 ,1N.01.7-.rt.- II <D 7> 1
~ WRL.M .1 ll.rrUhtirß._ 244 . M
•• Pljil.L.lpbi. 7 00.M
FAST LINE IW. Wllll.Nl.p.irt 12 34 • M
" UTLTM .1 or t 34" . M
•I •• PblU4.lphU- 734 . m
Eri. M.LL WMI NL*Tr. KII-R.I W .t, LJ*T 11.t.n
Aommmod.tl- ri r.4 Ly F.t|"' E*<. mk.
-TO.* .t NottbnmbrwUnd with L A B. K
R tr.lnt for Wllkmknrr. .n4 Artnnton. ,
EH. M.LL W>.t. NLTr. Kxpr.T. otrwt. n4 ERT.
Etpr..T W n-1 L/K ll.t. n Armmniod.tlMi WMT,
M.K> RLOON ronntctten .1 W llH.nJ..rt wlln N C. R
W ml • north
EH. M.ll WL. M.T.r. Etprwt W.tt, n4 L>.y
Etpr-FL It m.k. rlin. .T LOCK 11.t.n
With B E V R R irwlnt. .
EFL. M..1 F.MI .n-1 W-H MNN.' • t Erltwith IR.LNT
on I. ■ AM" R H .1 Corry with C >* * A T. R
R . T Emporium wilh R. N. TIPS R-. n I ni
DHBwood wjlh A. V U H J
Ttrlor r.RT will ton L*tw.n fhfUM*lphln ND
Willi*Jll-7irt on Nlnpnr* KTPHW" Wrwt EH. Rtprtw
OV—T, Phll*4.lphi. Etprmt Emit .nd Imy F.tprrw. (
P.,.t.n I .lU4.y Ktprmt, EN-T "L^PlNT'nr. on .1 .
nltht train* WN. A Rtientt,
V . SO>l_ .(<5
* It'dX* J*
/ -JP *<i
-S tycjOLs. <4
V C'rCCi S
Xf.m RKLLKFDRTK, PA.
MO V FY To Loan at 6 per < t.
lU \J a. 7U I BT T|lß aoT |f A t |,|PR IRBCR
ANCK CO. Of BKW TORE, on r.l wrtfaae, ok
Improaad Am prnpwl;. la tenia not Iraa lkM aa/MI
and net ii-.adi<> imt-thlrd of tk prratnt tain* of
Ik# prnpatt, *nj portion of Ma prtr.rl|el onn W
paid off at an; Urn#, and It ha* h##n in# cartnn of lit#
eottpan; to prrmlt th# prt.rtpal to r#nt*ln aa lon a*
tkr Imcroarar tlilm, If tlx Inleraat la promptly paid
A bt|* to
CHARLES P. *lf KRW AB. Altom;-at-law,
427 IVoift •trart. Banding, Pa.,
arte DATID E. KI.IKR. Oo.> Approlaor.
f_ti Hal I .font#. Pa.
A FARM conUlnlng Fifty Acren,
and haalni tharoon oraatad a T WIweTORT
FRAMR BI'II.IiINO and out loitldlnia pil'lfd.
Inqulra of A J. I T. I ORIKSf.
tM DatoarllU, Can Ut envoi#, Pa.
! LVDIA L PIMXBIB, OF LYM, MAS
LYDIA E. PINKHAM'S
la n v<- < itf
/orlt PatlMful ('omplalaK sad W SSVMIMI
■, rammn loour b*t f assislr pepulallen.
Itwlllcur* entirely 110 vorai form cf I stnala Com
t IklnU, all ovarian tronl4ea, litftatitftiAik'fi ami t
tlo*, I'alllnf atnl IH|4reiienti, arnl Uo rfnquBt
Fplnal Wrtkbsia, ami la to tbe
( lutiir* of iJfa.
It will dlMw-lea and t'imorw frr-m the
an early Kagaof (V*l"|4neiit Tlsa teisdemy to ram
r-fooa bamoretlseretarbee-liasl eery apeadlly I y Itatrae.
It r*mnVM falnlr>MH, flatukiry, dretn-yitll cr *f!ng
f >r aiimolanta, ami Hlewa wsaknrm of tlMet< n arh.
It nine Dl'atlng, llsaclarhet, Nsrvran fVoetration.
General VeiAlitJ, hlowpUaaaraa, !>•; iwaal u and lrdi
That feel*rfl nf Laartnr down. ran!r>f fain, rrlfkt
ami Larkarbr. la always i-ermanent !y rnrad Ly !U •*.
It nil! at all Umraaml nWr ail r Ifuimtamee act In
harmony with the tana that govern the fr ale *! r.
Tor the rvjr of kidney t <>mpi*uuU of aitoar aet tL.a
Ccrnpr qtkl la oimirpaeaed.
isYniA r piMxii%n** TEcrTAfit.c con*
POI VDm prvpaml at ZJJ and Weil l* A*M •
I.ynn, Maaa. Pr*tk W* •f<r $" ►ntlflri !
In tha fesrm of (kite, aa 1 n the f< rw of I - rreo, t n
rlpt of frV*. |1 |erh If r efthrr If:* I • •
fmly anreen aM l*tUrv nf Inqtlry. Iter, 1 f rjnn;4
let. Addfwai aa above. Jffr*n m fXf#
J(ofamily ahrmW Wwi'Wit I.TPIA r I V"
fin,l i' ::X TVy mm *nt ■ • , i •-
• t t i f94 i ■Bn -
gfjf o!tl he *ll Irrr-t
ELISS 3 AMERICAN WONDER PP.A
Extra 1' irtv. a r-rr |)arf■* |/i IO Inrlin . It*--
juir- ii<> ll i-l'iii.-. I |uUit<- I Sat'ur.
n "TIIIIIHSHH i nluf
r.--: K " "" '"'■ l
( U TION.
, i , - , • ■ - - i .
"nt.:Laß A:A:-:S.: AH V:omde-
M . <nn. ptai. o mmii
t' i. 1 J t—' I - !
son nr- M Tirrt. n.f.rTß.%Tio!s,
WW ' t4 a r.f ,* t} t.i %e a*4 da*trty
i-.. ,*. # •-f >t . , .i r : wri *rd Vr rr*i iit
t"e 1. n *> r-. vr**.-' .W.b-e',l ft.ew.a etweilliear '%
tftpp " : ; i- ' *
B E. BUSS St SOff?. Jfcrr-Yarls.
V%jt ' f 1 i r •
V-n - n
I if *1 it a* II I fi x t e Ilk. in res- H
at muka* *and use t"'*b*siniir *esiid ■
HOD oitt*r* \**m Hoo tt.
If yon am yo**e and H etidertnv frrmt an? tn
' ■ '
fwwf beaUh • r iuituehßlnf n a he* of iml- I
rvlr tm Hoplß tlon.
ya*are, afla T •wmfadta •*
•l.MKtff you ft e| ■fl mi.-, Sly fr v m aonso
that your a r fori nofß|f n a* y I
lv '-! • iff - • ■
Ing or i tn- is'.nf, HI hvs l-enprsirnuq ■
H lb) • timely seof ■
Bitare° P Hopßittsra ■
iiaA Y~I4I+ I
Ok niwa o. i. c. I
pOnmt. rtl— ■ '• • sWiirts ■
siih* irnT) ,rr "-■
t0,,,. 1.1nn.1, a Hill' |l"rr. fnr ■
|ll M rtYl IS. 'l'TtAlt.!,.,, •. ■
*o °* ■ niTTrnn 8
-355 S BITTERS I
V.:R,:.N.VI N : I NEVER 8
fFA II 'T-T 1 '" 3
wPA I L I wrs ,0 -. 5
M surf U hi-n- U Wx.i.i. L
8 ana tg— —I |j a 7 ■ . am 8
■ SIOOO I
Will h pnM If nr Inrnrltlw or mlnsrsl
■ salMtM>rsrf(ioii<lln rKBi.iA, or lor sn* s
tmm It win DotntrsorbrlsTHttfiaiH*
ptars* Is rnrl a vrgrtsMs rr,mp*mnil. _
I it Is nnt r*iKAlk*l W snjr or sllothrr I
rlosa gossmnod. 1 fii* Is stf-na is n fit Ms
PssysA Is Mdi mors •mm*tT-i pm- 1
MMW ptiyalftsßA UlAj. sntoCisr
I -1-— —I r-rirltTTSni TTII to tfis | run |
~r*S''* A pnslihrrtr rurM rnn.ompUoo sn*l
. sllothfr liinrsnd haart 1
for Intermitt-st terer, rhllte And Sir-r. ■
aarob stow. Uw InfslHbls r*>mly IsPasvsA.
I Ko msttrr what four <1'*■ It, wtmrslo- I
| ruusniltlifm, Ssixl for s pauiphlet. ■
a 11. I! ABTMA M A CX>., OSbcm,Obio.
•a* A WBSK. ft! s Ist si hosts ssstlr
/it cwslr OatSl (Vss. Addrmb TBUB k CO.. As
(SSW.IUIoa. 91 j
She (Crutrc Dmottat.
NEWS, PACTS AMI MUBTITIHTIONH.
TUL ;ui or iu HAttoxju wuu i, tua lamu-
OSXCS AXLL I-*,"•!** HIT 1 Ut lilt tttMtK.
Every farmer in /HA annual eiperietiee
Uteovrrs eomethivy of value. Write Hand
tend if to the "Agricultural Editor if the
DKMOCUAT, Jteltefonte, Emti o," that other
farmert may hare the benefit of if. Let
.ujtti muni rat tone be t, ntely, and be mire that
they are brief and well yminted.
UKAD "Sawdust ami Chipdirt," on
this page, ami then go to work and
clean tip your wood yard. It is one
of the very few jobs of hauling which
furnishes two profits—one at loading,
and the other at unloading.
IP the crop is wanted in a hurry,
as in the case of early | otatoes, it is
advisable to supply the dung in a
thoroughly decomposed state; the
rootlets w ill liinl it easier to attack
and the juices w ill Ire more ready for
their greedy HtMc mouths.
IT is as well settled us anything
can be that, other things In ing equal,
ihe earliest sown oats does the best.
I'ush things, with this crop, now. It
is not the most profitable crop that
can be grown, even at its best, and
we need to take every possible ad
vantage of it.
IT is not la-it to renew the orchard
by planting young apple trees in the
places made vacant by the decay and
destruction of the old ones. To a
certain extent the materials needed
for the growth of apple wood has
been extracted from the soil, and
many of the enemies with which the
apple has to contend have found a
location there. It is belt* r to sup
ply the vacancy with a tree of some
other fruit,or (terhaps leave it vacant,
and plant a new orchard in some
Is planning and planting the gar
den this spring it will la: profitable
to think about a year ahead. The
scarcity of vegetables upon the ordi
nary farmer's table is felt more at
this time of the year than any other,
and in only too many raws the list is
limited to beans and potatoes. This
ahould not and need not be. At
least two more vegetables, parsnips
and salsify, may Is- added to the list
with the least possible trouble, if
thought of and arranged fur in time,
and the time is ut the early spring
planting of the garden. They re
quire hut little, if any more care nml
trouble than jxitatoes or cabbage,
and when grown there is an end to it
until lliey are wanted f„r use, la in.-
left to winter in the ground, as they
grow. lSy nil means plant a small
I bed of each this spring.
A Mistaken Idea.
Fn> UM Oriiiv* (' *i*iy Fterm*r
Too many farmers give but little
time to the home garden, from a mis
taken idea tiiat it is not profitable,
*n opinion which we think i* wide of
the truth. Every farmer should see
to it that the family is well provided
with an abundance of beans, |>eas,
currants, raspbertics, asparagus, to
matoes, etc. A fine asparagus la-d.
when once started requires but little
care and is an important factor in
itie matter of table supplies. It
comes early* in the season when green
bawl is especially welcome. Being b
saline plant it requires sslt and the
refuse brine from the |ork barrel will
aid its growth and at the same time
prevent weed* from springing up in
the lied. An annual covering with
manure in the fall will ensure a vig
orous growtli each season. I'eas are
•on frequently planted in small quan
Two or throe meals exhaust the
crop of the average fnimcr in many
parla of tbe country. Before the
aivcnt of dwarf peas, there was
si>me excuse for not growing thorn
largely, as the labor of bushing them
was no easy task ; but now, that
varieties requiring no artificial sup
port that arc good yicldera and of
excellent quality are abundant, there
ia no reason wiiy the farmer's table
should not be supplied with them for
at least two months in the season.
TUB longer the rows, whether in
tbe garden or in the field, the more
economical the culture, because there
la less turning about for the horse.
At such a time he will always do
some mischief, if possible, and vex
tbe aoul of hia driver. A horse's cul
ture seldom rises to the height of al
ways putting hia feet down where
they will do the moat good or the
least barm, but with long rows lie ia
leas tempted, and hia driver lea* liable
to indulge tn profanity.
OIVB the lambs a little mill feed
in time of wintering.
Valuo of Coal Aahoa.
From tb#> Agricultural KtMnuiiei.
The winter's accumulation of coal
ashes has valuable properties for the
farmer, and should IK: put to a better
use than making foot-paths or Idling
rnudholes. Their application as a
mulch to the eurruiit and rasplwrry
hushes will well repay the trouble.
They retain the much needed moist
ure for the use of the plants, and are
a great aid to clean cultivation by
the smoldering of small weeds and
grasses. We remember years ago of
having eaten frequently the most
lucious plums from trees which were
loaded, year after year, with full
fine, fair fruit, without a mark or sign
of curculio to be found on them.
They stood in the garden of a gen
tleman widely known in the politics j
and public business of the country, ;
who devoted some of Ids leisure time
to horticultural mutters, and by Iris
direction were treated to an annual j
mulch of coal ashes spread thickly
in a circle extending considerably j
In-yond the reach of even the largest j
branches, and tramped tlown hard.
The "little turk"' finding such quar
ters uncongenial to him abandoned I
the unequal contest, and la-look him
self to the trees of adjoining yar
<len. whose owners had not discov
ered the value of coal ashes. We do
not doubt that currant worms may
be ban'shed in the same way.
In our own experience we find their
application to meadows of grut la-ri- i
efit. (Jrnssis benefi ed by mulching
quite as much as bushes or trees;
and though the chemists assert, and
arc prepared to prove conclusively,
that the coal ashes have little or no
rnanurial value, we can show them
s|lots where a liberal application of
them, evenly spread, has unquestion
ably doubled the yield of hay.
If sifted and separated from the
cinders and clinkers, they may he
used upon the gardens which happen
to be located u|sin heavy clay soil
with very good results. Their me
chanical effect in loosening and light
ening the soil is very marked and
desirable. Just now unsightly piles
of coal ashes abound in every direc
tion, and it will pay the farmer to
make a judicious application of them j
to his land.
A Timely Huggcation
A recent number of the Mirror and
Farmer publishes nn article under
the title of "I,and Improvement,"
from the pen of I'rof. Sanlmrn, of
the New Hampshire Agricultural
College, from which we extract a
paragiaph of interest to owners of
low, wet land : "I received seventy
five bushels shelh-d corn per acre on
the college farm, from ground never
planted to o<>rn Iweause flat and wet,
by la-ginning in the- centre of three
and one-half reed In-ds, as marked out.
ami plowing < to turn the furrow
ten cither side of tile- centre toward-*
each other. This makes the grouml
ill the- centre of the- In-d higher, ie-a\-
ing let the out-ide <f earli lee-el a ele-iul
furrow to take- off the water. For
removing surface- water on level
greeiine) they have lx-e-n more effecteial j
with us than elrain tile would have
lee-e-n. The- fie let is le ft ill peeeirer con |
elition feer tools than after tile draii.s, j
Imt after harrowing down I have
not found tln-in in practice Very
trouble sonu-. When the ground i
very wet tliev ahould lee luaeie nar
rower. In Canaela 1 have seen the ai
not more than a rod eer a reed ami a
half on their low-Iting laneis that
stretch nway fortnilea. These-drain*
are advisee! feer surface, not spring
water from lee-hew.
The Best Way to Keep Fowls.
Fffn (U America* AftcnllnrHt.
On most farms n fl.eck of 12 to 40
hens will pick up a living without
receiving n particle of grain from
May to October, including leoth
months. Their food consist* of in
se-cts, secels, and grass or weeds;
they nee-el fresh water besides. What
wonder is it that fowls thus kept are
demonstrably more profitable than
any clasa of stock, or any crop on
This is the best way to keep fowls,
provided they csn IK- induce*! to lay
where their eggs can lie feiund while
fresh. To accomplish this a house
of some kinel is needed where the
fowls may be shut in occasionally for
a f e-w days at a time, so as to make
tlicm roost and lay in convenient
places. If fowls can roost in the
trees, lay all over the farm, anil
"dust" themselves in Hie road, they
will almoal surely be healthy, lay s
great ma"y eggs, and keep in good
TUB practical farmer of the pres
ent day is fully aware that the proper
preparation of the soil is the first im
portant step and that iqion this de
pend* hi* success in procuring a good
crop of corn.
The wide-awake farmer, I venture
to assert, will hreak up the soil for
corn (or in fact for any crop), with
none other than a Jointer attachment
plow. Land broken up by these
plows, if rightly done, la left in such
an excellent condition, no matter how
still the soil m*y be, that by the time
the ha r row passes over it once or
twice. It ia in a very mellow state,
and in fine order for marking out
Plow* of the above description are
made by all first-clasa companies.—-
Correspondent of Fatn and Garden.
Bawdust and Chlpdlrt.
It /tn M Tril/Uii*.
iSuwduHt and cbijMlirt are alike in
being finely divided wood, differing
oi.iy in that tbe particle* of the form
er nrc ran- lump* or mioute blocks •
while in the latter these block* have
Im < n disintegrated by long exposure
to air, moisture and alternate warmth
and cold, until all i* reduced to mere
lofty shred* of carbon. The coro
paralivc value and dbct of these two
lorma of woody matter, used ma
uurially, very forcibly illustrate the
necessity of well airing the soil dur*
; lug the warm growing season. An
old farmer understood this practical
ly, if he had not searched out the
-tcps of the theory, who used to say
that the "soil must breathe."
if we plow down raw sawdust, or
any other shape of plain woody fibre,
turning it under where there will be
no circulation of air, poisonous fungi
form upon it; and the plants whose
roots traverse it sicken, turn yellow,
and cease to grow. Hut if we use
the same sawdust as a surface dress
ing it does no harm. It will even do
good, if spread thinly on grass, by
suppressing broad leafed weeds and
moss, nnd by mulching the blades of
grass wh eh shoot up through it. Its
good effects arc increased if it is
mixed with nsiies to correct its acid
and hast* n Its decay.
If used as bedding in a stable and
thus soaked with urine, it is still
more serviceable and excellent as a
niuleb around trees, but newly plant
ed trees where mulched with fresh
pine sawdust or shavings showed de
cided marks of angering. Chipdirt,
on the contrary, i, if well decayed
and black, the very best dressing
that can IK- applied to promote the
growth of young trees or vines, or
any mere growth of stem and leaves.
Being already fully oxidized, it may
be mixed through the whole body of
soil, which it maintains in an o|>en,
permeable condition while it is itself
purely and entirely vegetable matter
—the na-ural food of other plantr
Boots luxuriate in it, and soon show
by their increase of size and multi
plication and gorge of feeding-points
that they are deriving copious sup
plies of acceptable material from the
loose open stratum of carbonaceous
matter kept damp by its light cover
ing of soil.
Look To Last Year's Grafts.
Fr< u U4' wemunU-vii 7* ?*sra|k.
Now is the time to examine the
grafts set last year. In many case#
it "ill be fount! that the stocks, by
the growing of the grafts, have split
ojien, exposing the inner wood, and
admitting air and water. Thin should
at once be tied lightly with strong
twine, ami surrounded with fresh
wax, removing any hard aubtance
that may have gotten into the split.
This will frequently repair the mis
chief, olhciwiae the work will be n
eye-sore and the parts never become
firmly attached and make a good
connection, and of course a |*erfect
Frequently double the number of
sciona are set that the slock will sus
tain. These should be carefully gone
over and the excess re mo. Ed, leaving
those that spread somewhat from the
slock. Unless the stock is stout
say from two to four inches in diame
ter— not more than two grafts should
IK- left, and they should be as nearly
as possible opposite to eaeh other.
When the growth has la-en rapid the
graft should !■ shortened. This will
of course increase the number of
branch* s and give the tree a more
Two Paragraphs for Potato Grow
I'rof. Real, of the Michigan Agri
cultural College, a* a result of teats
made on the college ground*, names
the following varieties an excellent
potatocn for yield and quality: Beauty
•if Hebron, Kearly I'eachblow, Bur
bank'a Sett!lings and While Klepliant.
In selecting potatoes for seed see
that they arc sound, the eye (x'rfect,
and fully developed in every respect.
There in an much controversy now, as
in unual at this season of the year,
regarding cut (iotatoes or whole ones
for planting, the greater number of
writers seeming to favor needing with
whole tuliern. The fact is that good
whole potatoes are belter than those
i list are cut, hut cut |K>tsloes are su
perior in every respect to small
whole potatoes, culling* or such as
were deemed unfit lor table use.
Wiis* a field or garden plot re
wives suitable cultivation and yet
fails to be reasonably productive it is
evident that some irnportaul element
of plant food la lacking. If manure
has been applied in liberal quantities
and yet the crops are not satifactory
it will pay to make a trial of other
fertilisers. In different sections of
the field several different fertilisers
should be employed in order to de
termine as quickly as possible what
imrticular elements are needed to in
sure Uic production of paying crops.
Tiieee may be two sides to the
question whether it will pay the
average farmer to grow fruit for the
market, hut there can be only one
opinion concerning the propriety of
growing an abundant supply for home
Ira ewe loses hsr lamb, milk her
dally for a few days, and mix a lilths
I aium with her salt.