Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, September 22, 1881, Image 2

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    ©he Centre Remotest.
Tk LsrßMt, Cheapest and Bast Paper
Frvvn (hi Nw York Olfwrrer.
Third (Quarter.
■v SIT. HSSST M. usot-r, t>. P.
Lesson 13.
I. Co*. !•: M—IT.
OOLMN THT:-"KHir* innu Ihst ■trlrplh for the
muterj la temperate is all things."-—I. Cur. :£.
Central Truth: —The body is a good
servant, but a bad master.
By general and wise consent the sub
ject of temperance has been selected for
this the last lesson of the present quar
No doubt the place for the most ef
fective Christian effort of any kind is
with the young. The task of keeping
and establishing a child in right paths
is relatively easy as well as delightful.
To recover an old sinner is not beyond
divine power ; but it is the exceptional,
and by no means common, work even
of God's grace. We are not to cease
trying to rescue the confirmed victims
of profligacy and drunkenness, but our
most hopeful efforts will be with those
who have not yet gone far astray. It
is to be hoped that no superintendent
or teacher in the Sunday school will
account the subject of this lesson an
unimportant one. Intemperance is be
yond doubt one of the chief foes with
which religiou has at this day to con
tend. Drink keeps many from Christ.
It is the open or secret cause of failure
in many a Christian profession.
It is not necessary to suppose that I
the Apostle, in the verses belore us, is ;
speaking directly of strong drink. He
is dealing with principles. But, in do
ing this, he furnishes a number of pow- j
erful arguments, not only for "totul ab
stinence," but for being "temperate in
all things."
Three, at least, should be particularly
1. Our influence over others, and our
duty to make that influence helpful,
and not hurtful.
When Paul says, "To the weak be
came 1 as weak, that I might gain the
weak," he does not mean that he would
do wrong (or any purpose. He speaks
of concessions which involved no moral
principle. What ho says is that he
would cheerfully surrender a personal
right, or indulgence, however innocent,
whenever bis use of it would cause a
weak brother to stumble.
This is a most noble principle. It is
in the highest sense Christian. It has
many applications. Particularly it ap
plies to the use of strong drink. One
may think himself so strong as to be in
no possible danger, and be may fancy
that his occasional or moderate indul
gence does him good. But there are 1
about him those of whom this is not
true. They are very "weak." The young
are weak because they are young. High
example is very sure to lead them
astray. In a sense, a man lias a right
to use his own safe liberty. But in
proportion as the spirit of Christ is in
him he will remember the weak about
Perhaps one of the best reasons for
total abstinence to be set before a boy
or girl is just this, namely, their inflti
ence over others. The youngest feels
its force. He is glad to be entrusted
with responsibility and made a helper.
It is a great thing to have taught him
to deny himself for the sake of another.
2. The importance of temperance to
our physical well-l>eing.
The Apostle tells us the athlete was
"temperate in all things." His object
was a sound, vigorous, agile body, that
he might gain the victory in leaping or
running, in boxing or wrestling. The
crown before him was a wreath of olive,
or ivy, or pine, and "corruptible." But
a good body is never to lie (despised.
The Greek* set great vulue u|>on it.
They came to regard a vigorous agility
and elasticity of limb, endurance n
running and in the contest, a firm and
light step, and freshness of health, a* I
equal to mental culture. They were
not far in the wrong. Mental attain
ments, whether for comfort, profit or <
usefulness, are of small account in a
sickly or weakened body. The old
Greeks had found out that temper
aqce is essential to physira! health and
vigor. Accordingly the athletes sub
jected themselves to very strict rules
with respect to all appetites. Kvery
wild passion was held in check. Kvery
weakening indulgence was avoided.
Modern athletes do the same. For
boating, running, wrestling, pugilism,
they subject themselves to a long course
of training. And one of the things
they moat carefully abstain from is
strong drink. They teach us all a good
lesson. For life's business and Chris
tian work, bow priceless a blessing is a
sound, elastic body. It is a great argu
ment for "total abstinence," and every
kind of care for the "outward man."
3. The relation of temperance to our
apiritual well-being and eternal life.
What the athlete did for a corruptible
crown, the Apostle would have us do for
an incorruptible one. That he might
not himself be rejected when the prizes
of eternity are awarded, he kept his
body under, and brought it into aubjeo
tion. He does not say the body is to
be despised. He doea not praise asceti
cism. He doea not say it is a good
thing to abuse and destroy our physical
powers. He would treat it as a servant
and refuse to allow it to be master. Al
lowed to rule it is out of iu place, its
appetites and passions cannot be trust
ed with the mastery; for the end would
be self-ruin in every part—the ruin of
body, mind and soul, for this life and
for that which Is to come. This is the
crowning reason for temperance. It
should incite us to constant warfare
with every Inferior and sensual appe
tite. The most alarming thought con
cerning the "fleshly lusts" ia that they
"war against the soul," and exclude
from heaven: for "no drunkard shall
Inherit the kingdom of God."
raacricAL suuobstioks.
1, "All thing* to all men," in a Chris-
tiun sense, can never mean complicity
in errnr or sin.
2. Nome persons inake a great account
of (.landing upon their own right*; a
better rule i* to account it a privilege
to surrender a right for the nuke of
another's good.
3. True love will make one a temper
ance man for his weak brother's sake, if
not for his own.
4. It is not well to make too much
account of our own strength, lest we at
length discover our own weakness, to
our shame. High medical authority,
speaking of nervous prostration, espec
ially that produced by heat, tells us
that this is an increasingly common
cause of inebriety. Adding that "while
in this state an irresistible desire for
alcoholic liquors may take possession,
and thnt very suddenly, of one who be
fore never, had the least inclination for
drink, and, without nny apparent cause,
he may become an inebriate."
4. Abusing the body and keeping
the body under are two very different
things. The former is a great sin, the
latter a constant duty.
5. Many and appalling as are the mis
eries of diunkenness in this lite, its worst
effects follow the soul into eternity.
fi. True temperance does not end with
total abstinence from drink. He that
slriveth for the mastery in physical,
mental or spiritual conflicts, must be
"temperate in all things," abstaining
from whatever weakens or defiles body or
In his eventful life Andrew .lackson
received wounds in personal encount
ers similar to those received by Presi
dent Garfield. His arm was shattered
in an affray with Col.Thomas H.Ben- 1
ton in 1 Hi:;, and he was shot through j
the body in a duel with Charles Dick
inson iu ISOU.
The affray with Col. Benton origin
ated in an act of good nature on the
part of (Jen. Jackson. Gen. William
Carrol, then a young man, had Itecn
challenged by Jesse, a brother of j
Thomas 11. Benton. Despairing of
finding a suitable second in Nashville,
Curroll rode out to the hermitage and
solicited General Jack sou's services.
Jackson had been a Judge of the Su
preme Court of Tennessee and a mem
ber of Congress. At first he demurred.
Carroll assured that it was no ordina
ry quarrel. He asserted that there
was a conspiracy to run him out of
the country. Jackson made inquiries
and found that to preserve his honor
Carroll was forced to accept the chal
lenge. He officiated as Carroll's sec
ond. Jesse Benton was wounded as
ingloriously as Mr. Kesthupp in "Mid
shipman Easy."
At the time of the duel Col. Benton
was in Washington trying to save
Jackson from bankruptcy. The Col
onel, however, was enraged to hear
that Jackson had liefriendwl his broth
er's antagoni-t. He wrote him de
nouncing his conduct in the most of
fensive terms. The General replied
that before addrr*itig him the Colonel
ought to have written for an explana
tion and not have listened to the tales
of interested parties. B-nton wrote
still tnore angrily, accusing Jackson
of conducting the dueMna"*avage,
n nt
Jackson heard of it a""'
censed. Benton's
good to him when he hov in
North Carolina. His latitude had
already prevented a re encounter be
tween the two hot-heads. This time,
however, he took lire. He swore by
the Eternal he would horsewhip Tom
Benton the first time he met him. All
Nashville witnessed the vow.
Benton reached the citv bursting
with wrath and defiance. Hearing of
Jackson'a threat he resolved to pre
serve the iicacc. He would neither
seek nor lly the threatened attack.
His brother Jesse joined him Itefore
he reached Nashville. Instead of go
ing to the Nashville Inn, their usual
resort, they registered at the City
Hotel. Jackson always put up at the
Nashville Inn. By stopping at the City
Hotel, Colonel Benton fancied that he
would avoid Jackson, uulcss he chose
to go out of his way to seek him. He
arrived in Nashville on September J,
181 •). Jackson and his friend, Col.
Coffee, rode into town that same after
noon, and put up at the Nashville
Inn. Colonel CofToe smilingly re
marked that they had come to get
their letters. Almul 0 o'clock on the
next morning the Colonel proposed to
General Jackson that they should
stroll over to the |K>*toffiee. They
started. The General had a riding
whip in his hand. There were two
ways of reaching it from the Nash
ville Inn. One way was across the
angle of the square, and the other
way was to keep the sidewalk and go
around. Coffee aud Jackson took the
short cut. When about half-way be
tween the inn and the postoffiee, Cof
fee observed Colonel Benton standing
in the doorway of the City Hotel. lie
was drawn up to his full height, and
was looking dnggcrs at them. "Do
you see that fellow ?" said Coffee to
"Oh, yes," the General replied with
out turning his head, "I have my eye
on him."
They went to the postoffiee and got
their letters. On their return they
kept down the sidewalk. Col. Benton
had posted himself at the front door
of the City Hotel. His brother Jesse
stood near him.
Barton describes what followed:
"On coming tip to where Col. Ben
ton stood, Jackson audaciously turned
toward him, whip iu hand, saying:
'Now, you d—d rascal, I'm going to
punish you. Defend yourself.
Benton put bis hand in his breast
pocket. He seemed to be fumbling
for IHH pistol. AH quick as lightning
■iackHuti drew a pistol from behind
hint and leveled it at Benton. The
latter recoiled, nnd Jackson advanced
upon him. Benton stepped slowly
backward until he reached the back
door of the hotel. The muzzle of
Jackson's pistol was three feet from
his heart. They were turning down
the back piazza when Jesse Benton
(mtered the pnasage behind them.
Seeing his brother's danger, he raised
his pistol nnd tired at Jackson. The
pistol was loaded with two balls and
a large slug. The slug took effect in
Jackson's left shoulder shattering it
horribly. One of the balls struck part
of his left hip him and buried itself
near the bone. The other ball splint
ered the board partition at his side.
Jackson fell across the entry, bleeding
profusely. Colunel Coffee bad re
mained outside. Heuring the report
of the pistol, he sprang into the entry.
He saw Jackson prostrated at the feet
of Colonel Bentou. Concluding that
the Colonel bad laid him low, Coffee
rushed u|M>n him, pistol iu hand, to
strike him with the butt of bis pistol,
when Benton, in stepping backward,
came to a stairway, and fell headlong
to the bottom. Coffee, thinking him
horn du cumbal, hastened to the assist
ance of his wounded friend.
Ktockcly Hays, a nepew of Mrs.
.Jackson, ami a devoted friend to the
General, stood near the Nashville Inu
when he heard the report of .Jesse
Benton's pistol, lie ran with nil
sjieed to the City Hotel, and saw Jack
son lying on the floor, weltering in
his blood. I'nlike CofTee, he saw who
had fired the deadly charge. Hays
was a giant. He drew n long, glisten
; ing blade from his sword cane and
; made a lunge nt Jesse with such fran
tic force that it would have pinned
him to the wall had it taken effect.
The point struck a button and the
slender blade was broken to pieces.
Hays drew a dirk and threw Jesse to
the floor. Hnldiug him with one
hand, he raised the dirk to plunge it
into bis breast. Jesse diverted the
blow bv seizing the coat cuff of the
descending arm. The weapon only
pierced the fleshy part of his left arm.
Hays madly strove to disengage hi*
left arm ami in so doing gave Jci-e
several flesh wounds. At last, with
a mighty wrench, he tore his cuff from
the man's convulsive grasp, poised the
dirk high in nir, and was about to
bury it in Jesse's In-art, when a by
stander caught the uplifted hand and
prevented the further shedding of
blood. Others interfered and quiet
was restored.
Faint from loss of blood Jackaon
was conveyed to a room in the Nash
ville Inn. His wound hied fearfully.
Two mattresses were soaked through,
and the (iencral was nlmost reduced
to his last gasp. Every doctor in
Nashville, with one exception, recom
mended the amputation of the shatter
ed arm. "I ll keep my arm,'" said the
wounded man, and he kept it. No
attempt was made to extract the hall,
and it remained in his arm twelve
years. The wound* were dressed with
slippery-elm poultices, ami it was two l
or three weeks before Jackson could j
leave his bed. A little over a year
aflcward he fought the lmttle of New
Too Benton* remnim-d for an hour
or more upon the sccue of the affray,
denouncing Juckson as an assassin.,
The General's small sword had Iteen j
dropped in the struggle, and remained
on the floor of the hotel. Colonel
Benton broke it in the public square
accompanying the art with words con
temptuou* and defiant, uttered in the
loudest tones of thundering voice.
The General's friends, grouped around
the couch of their bleeding chief, dis
regarded these demonstrations, and
the victorious nnd exulting brothers
retired. Col. Benton, however, soon ;
found it very hot for hini. Two weeks j
afterword he wrote;
"I am literally in hell here. I have
the meanest wretches under heaven to
contend with—liars, affidavit-makers
and shameless cowards. All Jackson's
puppies arc at work oil me. They
will IH> astonished at what will hap
pen. It is not them hut their master
whom I will bold accountable. The
acalping knife of Teeumseh is mercy
compared with the affidavits of these
villians. lam in the middle of hell.
I can see no alternative hut to kill or
be killed. I will not crouch to Jack
son. The fact that I ami my brother
defeated him and his tribe and broke
his small sword in the public square
will forever rankle in his Imsom, and
make him thirst after vengeance. My
life is in danger. Nothing but a de
cisive duel can save me or even give
me a chance for my own existence.
It is a settled plan to turn out puppy
after puppy to bully me, and when I
have got into a scrape to have rue
killed somehow In the scuffle. After
ward the affidavit makers will prove
it was honorably done."
Benton did not again meet Jackson
until 1X23, when both were members
of the United States Senate A rec
onciliation was effected, and ever after
ward they were the warmest friends.
A Town la Two States.
There is a town called Texarkana,
lying partly within Arkansas and
partly within Texas, with a broad
street marking the boundary. It has
two Mayors, and the State laws gov
erning on one side have no hindiug
force on the other. Arkansas made a
severe enactment against the free sale
of firearms, whereupon the hardware
merchants moved theii stores to the
other side of the street, thus going
into Texas, where the sulo of revolv
ers, like their use, is free. The Ar
kansas niuyor issued a proclamation
against the sale of liquor ou Sunday,
greatly to the advantuge of the saloon
men in Texas, until the venders on
the other side moved over and regain
ed their customers.
OltEYINti nit Kbits.
The "oldest inhabitant" perfectly
remembers the Widow Trotter, who
used, many years ago, to inhabit a
small wooden house away down in
Hanover street, in somewhat close
proximity to Salutation alley. Well,
this widow was blessed with a sou,
who, like Goldsmith, ami many other
incu distinguished in after life, was
the dunce of his class. Numerous
were the floggings which his stupidity
brought upon liitn, and the road to
knowledge was with him truly a "vale
of tears."
One day he came home, as usual,
with red eyes and hands.
"O, you blockhead !" screamed his
mother, she was a bit of a virago,
Mrs. Trotter was—"You'vo been get
tin' another lickiu', I know."
"O, yes," replied young Mr. Trotter;
"that is one uv the reg'lar exercises—
licking me. 'Arter I've licked Trot
ter,' sex the master, 'l'll hear the 'rillt
metic class.' But, mother, to chasige
the subject, as the criminal said, when
lie found the judge was getting jier
sonal, is there enny errand 1 can do
for vou ?"
"S'cs," grumbled the widow ; "only
you're so eternal slow about every
thing you undertake —go get a pitcher
of water, aud IKJ four years about it,
will vou ?"
Boh Trotter took the pitcher, and
wended his way in the direction of
the street pump ; hut lie hadn't got
far when he encountered his friend,
Joe Buffer, the mate of a vessel, is
suing from his home, dragging a
heavy sea chet after him.
"Come, Bob," said Joe, "bear a
liaml, and help us down to the Iug
Wharf with this."
"Well, so I would," answered Boh,
"only you sec mother sent me arter a
pitcher of water."
"What do you care about your
mother ? She don't ear for you.
Come along."
"Well," said Boh, "first let nte
hide the pitcher where 1 can find it
With these words he stowed away
his earthen ware pitcher under a flight
of stone steps, ami accompanied his
friend aboard the ship. The pilot
was urging the captain to cast off, ami
take advantage of the wind ami tide,
hut the latter was nwaititig the arrival
of a boy who had shipped the day be
fore, wishing no good to his eyes for
the delay he had occasioned.
At last he turned to Boh and said :
"What do rou cay, youngster, to
shipping with me? I'll treat von
well, and give yon ten dollar* a month.
"I should like to go." said Bob,
hesitatingly, "but my mother —"
"Hang your mother!' interrupted
the captain, "she'll l>e glad to get rid
o f you. Come —will you go?"
"I hain't got no clothes."
"Here's a chest full. The other
chap was just your size; they'll fit
you to a T."
"I'll go." •
"Cast off thnt line there!" shouted
the captain; and the ship fell with
the tide, a fair wind, and every stitch
of canvas set. She was Imund for the
northwest coast, via Canton, and back
again, which was then called the
"double voyage," and usually occu
pied about four years.
In the meanwhile, the disappear
ance of Bob seriously alarmed his
mother. A night passed, and the
town crier was called into requisition
a week, when she gnve him up, had a
note read for her in meeting, and went
into mounting.
Just four years after tfiee occur
rences, the ship returned to port, and
Boh and his friend were paid off.
The wages of the widow's sou amount
ed to just four hundred and eighty
dollars, and he found on squaring his
account with the captain, that his ad
vance had amounted to the odd tens, [
and four hundred dollar* clear were
the fruits of his long cruise.
As he walked in the direction of his
mother's house, in company with JK\
he scanned with a curious eye. the
houses, shops, and the people that he
passed. Nothing appeared changed ;
the same signs indicated an unchanged
hospitality on the port of the same
landlords, and the same loafers were
standing at the same corners —it seem
ed as if he had been gone hut a day.
With the old sights and sounds, Bolt's
old feelings revived, and ho almost
dreaded to see, debouching from some
alley, a detachment of Itoys sent by
his ancient enemy, the schoolmaster,
to know why he bad been plnying
truant, and to carry hint back to re
ceive the customary wolloping.
When he was quite near home, be
"Joe, I wonder if anybody's found
that old pitcher T*
He stooped down, thrust his arm
under the stone steps, and withdrew
the identical piece of earthen-ware he
had depositee) there just four years
Having rinsed and filled it at the
pump, he walked into his mother's
house, and found her seated in Her ac
customed arm chair. She looked *t
• I - -
him u minute, recognized him, scream
ed, and exclaimed—
"Why Boli! where hove you been.
What have you been doing V"
Gc.ttiu that pitcher o* water," an
swered Bob, setting it upon the table.
"I always obey orders—you told me
to be four years about it, and I was."
Frutu lli" luiilmors Ohe-lts.
Every oyster has u mouth, a heart,
a liver, a stomach, cunningly devised
intestines and other necessary organs,
just as all living, moving and intelli
gent creatures have. And all these
things are covered from man's rudely
inquisitive gaze by a mantle of pearly
gauze, whose woof and warp put to
shame the frost lace on your windows
in winter. The mouth is at the small
!er end of the oyster, adjoining the
binge, it is of oval shape, and, though
j not readily seen by an unpracticcd
I eye . its location and size can lie easily
1 discovered bv gently pushing a blunt
j bodkin or similur instrument along
1 the surface of the locality mentioned.
When the sjot is found your bodkin
ran lie thrust Is tweeii delicate lips and
a considerable distance down toward
: the stomach without causing the oys
ter to yell with paiu. From this
| mouth, is, of course, a sort of canal
j to convey food to the stomach, whence
it passes into the intestines. With an
exceedingly delicate and sharp knife
you can take off the "mantle" of the
oyster, where there will he disclosed to
you a lialf-moon-shaped space just
above the muscle or so-called "heart."
This space i the oyster s peridiutn,
and within it is the real heart, the
pulsatious of which are readily seen.
This heart is made up of two parts,
just as the'humnn heart is, one of
which receives the blood from the gills
through a network of blood vessels,
nnd the other drives the blood out
through arteries. Iu this important
matter the oysters differs in no respect
from the other warm or cold blooded
animals. And no one need laugh in
eredtiously at the assertion that oyster*
have blood. It is not ruddy, accord
ing to the accepted notion about blood,
hut it is nevertheless blood to all
ovster intents and purposes. In the
same vicinity, and in marvelous prop
er positions, will he found all the oth
er organs named. But it i* very
proper to he incredulous about the
mouth ami organs. At first glance it
would seem that they nre utterly us
less, for the mouth cannot snap around
tor food, and the oyster has no arms
wherewith to grab its dinner or lunch.
True, apparently, hut not apparently.
|i>r each oyster ha* more than 1,000
arms, liny, delicate, almost invisible.
Ami each one of them is incessantly
at work gathering up food and gen
tly [itishing it into the lazv mouth of
the indolently mnifnttabie creature.
The gills arc thin flap* so notably
perceptible around the front face part
of the undressed oyster, lielow the
muscle. Each of these gills is covered
with minute hair like arms, very close
together, and perpetually iu motion to
and fro in the same unwearied direc
tion. They catch food from the wa
ter, strain it carefully of improper
subtnnees, and wnft it upward over
the mantle's smooth surface to the
gaping mouth, which placidly gobbles !
it up until hunger is npfieascd ami j
then the body g<ies to sleep without !
turning over. Any one who can ob
serve this singular process of feeding
by placing a minute quantity of some
harmless coloring matter OU the gills.
If it will uot offend the oyster's deli
cate palate the coloring will Ire seen
nt once propelled by invisible hands
toward the mouth, and thence slowly
down into the slomach. And this is
all I know about oyster anatomy, ex- j
eept the liver almost entirely sur- !
rounds the stomach and is of a dark
green color. It rnnv he new, how- j
ever, to many to know that oysters j
an; born precisely the same way the
shad and other fish come into the
world. A well-educated lady ovster
will lay alniul 125,000,000 eggs —so it
is said ; I have not counted vuotigh of
them to strike such a large average—
and every one of these egg ultimate
ly become fit for stew or fry if they
escape the multitude of |erils that do
environ the infant oyster.
Jupiter in a morning star, and by
far the most interesting to the naked
eye observer of the four pie-nets that
are approachiti|f opposition. He will
be a superb object during the nights
of the month, for bee may now lee seen
rising majestically in the cast before
HI o'clock, and before the ntnon closes
lie will put in an appearance before
8 o'clock, and reign supreme among
the starry throng that spangle the
firmament on Septemlicr nights. He
is near enough to liecotue an interest
ing object for telescopic study, and
astronomers arc improving the oppor
tunity for a peep at this king of the
worlds we know anything of, the
brother sphere, whose huge mass is
still in tne fiery, chaotic condition,
through which the earth passed mil
lions of ages ago, owing to its smaller
dira n nsions. There is nothing new to
be seen on the disc of the giant mem
ber of the system. The great red
spot still remains as it has done for
years. It was first seen in the autumn
of 1878, and it has continued in the
same place ever since, with no change
in appearance or dimensions; one of
these days it will probably disappear
as suddenly as it came. No one |as
yet satisfactorily solved itn meaning,
and the theories that it is an opening
iu the cloud atmosphere, or the uj>-
b cava I of u solid nnei from the in
terior are a* reliable u* anything else
we know about the at met ure and con
dition of the planet thut transcend*
the other* in him and surpasses all
but one in the magnificence and com
plexity of it* system. It give* home
idea of the iinnurise size of thi* plan
et to know that the great |iot is twen
ty-two thousand mile* Jong, and five
or six tliouhand mi lea hroad. Another
object of interest on the .Jovau dice in
a narrow belt on the lower or northern
part, between tiie equatorial hand*
and the pole. Thin wan liret trai-el
laht hummer, a* a faint gray line, and
developed in the winter into a rof-y
belt resembling the red s[>nt in color,
and probably attributable to the ha rue
The inhabitant** of the earth, long
jas life continue* here, inav perhaps
j witness the process of the first stages
jof condensation in thi* far-off planet.
But long before Jupiter become* the
aliode of animate life, tin- planet on
which we live will probably have filled
it* mission, ami will become a dead
star, like the moon. A* niiliiou* of
age* will intervene before this con
summation, we need be little dbtiirlx-d
i by the event* of a future so remote.
| Jupiter now rises aliout a quarter lx
fore ten o'clock ; at the end of the
month about a quarter before eight
AfiK-rirnti A|ri'tillOtll<*t.
With Septemlier the school question
come* to the front, for in this month
mo-t of our schools la-gin their active
i operation* for the year. In what con
dition are our children, physically and
mentally? How do we hoje to find
them at the close of the school year?
We cannot atford to let thi* school
business entirely to the teacher* and
th school committee. Perhaps they
would "educate" our children to death.
What is the proper objet of educa
tion? To develop the human faculties
and to put a jwrson into of
those pours with which Nature has
endowed him, -o that he can have
them for use and enjoyment all through
life. Not long ago it wa- genera* <y
believed that the object of educal <m
wa- the acquisition of knowledge, a, d
i once heard a school superinit mlenl
u-ll the children, (hut tlu-ir mindi
were like baskets, which tie v were to
liil as full a* jwi--ihlc with facts while
they were youug. Ideas of this kind
are pasting away, ami we m longer
hear the memory lr.udcd n* the most
important faculty of the human mind.
We are more inclined to herd and as
sert the oft rcjs at-'d advice of Kii g
Solomon: "<et understanding," aid
"(Jet wisdom/' How triflii'g. com
paratively, i* any amount of more
knowledge or information alsuit thing*
if in gaining it the faculty for study
and investigation, and in right think
iug, is used up or broken down. Thi*
not unfreouentlv occur*. The bright
scholar, who i* the pride of his teach
er and the hope of hi* parents, break*
down in the race, used up before the
real battle hn* begun. I have known
this to befall children of uaturally
strong constitutions ami the danger
j seems to wide-spread, and the calamity
! M) great that parents need to be thor
oughly warned.
In the first place, thochildren shorn!
l>e sent to school in good physical con
dil ion. If they are sick they should
not go at all. They must have full
hour* of healthy sleep, "early to bed"
habitually, ami not very "early to
rise," if they seem to need more sleep.
I feel as though I am committing a
sin when I awake n child iu tiie morn
ing from sound slumber, even when I
have been begged by the child to do so.
It seems necessary to do this some
times, in order to break the child of
night wakefulness and late morning
sleep. But sleep is literally "tinsl
nature's sweet restorer." Brain repair
ami healthy physical growth take
place lxst during the hours of sleep.
The brain uses up by its work certain
portions of the nutriment which comes
from our daily food, ami these must
be supplied in our food from day to
day, or the brain will work feebly or
break down easily. 1 believe that
many dull scholar* are made so by
poor food, much poor food being mis
named "rich."
I feel condemned when my children
have to hurry to school, worried by a
fear of being late. The home arrange
ments ought to lie such that the chil
dren can ea-ily be ready in season,
and walk calmly to school, with no
anxiety about tardiness. The teacher*
do well to try to promote punctuality,
both for the good order of the school
and for the child's edocation in a good
habit. But when children get such a
dread of being lute that they much
prefer to lie absent, the matter is over
done. More than once when my little
daughter found herself starting an late
that she wished to run most of way to
school, (more than a mile), I have
told her not to do an, that the tardy- *<
mark on the monthly report, and the
staying a little w bile aAer school hour*
were not half so bad a* a headache
for the day, and the necessity for
study whilo overheated ami tired.
Thi* is a part of her physical cduca- I
tion and a very important one. *
■* • "" 1 ♦— j
A Byra<t:9K maiden has promised
tajuarrv %edifll*rent men. The pa- 1
£yfMif• oc '" & ;