Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, July 01, 1880, Image 4

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lh'iiMMTutic National Convention.
Wise Conclusion.
CINCINNATI, June 24.—The chair call
ed the convention to order at 10.35 A. m.
l'rayer was offered again by Rev. Dr.
Taylor, of the Methodist Episcopal
church, South. He prayed for that un
animity and harmony in the convention
so needful to accomplish the patriotic
end which it had in view; that individual
members might lay aside their personal
predilection for the highest welfare of
the whole nation; that the choice of
the convention might result in the
election of a man of enduring character,
blameless in life, unsullied in reputation
and of exalted patriotism, and tbat the
persons elected might be brought to oc
cupy their places.
Mr. Peckinan (N. Y.) rose to make a
statement on behalf of the New York
delegation heard with great emotion— |
[Cries of "platform," and he took the J
deck.] The delegation heard with great j
emotion the votes given yesterday for 1
the honored statesman of New York, 8.
J. Tilden. [Great applause.]
The chair rebuked the interference
with the proceedings by outsiders, and
promised it would ask the convention
to preserve order at any and all hazards.
Mr. Peckliam resumed: The delega
tion had received a letter from Mr.
Tilden, in which he renounced himself
as a candidate for renomination. Know
ing him to be honest in purpose and
action, we accept bis letter as a renun
ciation of all claim and all candidacy.
He now presented the letter for such
action as the convention desire, but the
delegation have this morning agreed
upon another candidate, and he named
Speaker Randall. [Applause.]
The chair asked if the convention
would have Tilden's letter read. Cries
of "Yes" and "No," but on viva voce
vote it was decided no.
Mr. Thomas (Ky.), offered a resolu
tion denouncing as unconstitutional and
unrepublican any State Law affecting a
citizen on account of religious or non
religious views. Referred.
While the second vote was being
taken, Mr. Hall, of Ohio, stated that
in obedience to instructions they cast
•12 for Thurman, another Ohio delegate
denied his right to announce the vote
and Haid the delegation are now consult
ing as to how Ohio's vote would be cast.
Ohio, when again called, gave 44 for
Before the official vote was an nouneed
Wisconsin asked permission to change
its vote. [Cries of "agreed" and some
noes.] Somebody raised a question of
order that the vote could not be changed.
The convention agreed to it, and
Wisconsin cast for Hancock 20. [Great
There was now a scene of great con
fusion. New Jersey changed to Han
cock 18. [ Immense cheering, long con
tinued, and great confusion which the
chair vainly tried for several minutes to
The chairman of the Pennsylvania
delegation rose finally and said Pennsyl
vania was proud of her sons—both of
them—one a great soldier and the other
an able, eminent statesman. She would
gladly vote tor either, and then he
changed the whole vote to Hancock.
| Immense cheers and excitement. A
great portion of the audience and con
vention rose cheering, waving banners,
fans and tossing hats.]
Hancock's banner was brought to the
front of the platform amid great en
thusiasm, the band playing "Hail to the
Chief." The small banners of States
voting for Hancock were brought for
ward to salute Hancock's large banner.
Virginia changes solid to Hancock.
The chairmen of many delegations flock
ed to the front of the platform to rush
in with changes. Nevada, 6 to Han
cock. Rhode Island is solid for Han
cock before the official announcement
of the result. A motion was made and
carried for a new call of the roll of
The sergeant al arms announced that
the chair had ordered no applause until
the call should be finished.
Alabama voted solid for Hancock,
Arkansas, California, Colorado ditto.
Announcements of changes to Hancock
from Tilden States were greeted with
hisses in the galleries. Each State fol
lows suit with a solid vote for Hancock
until Indiana is called, which State
votes for Hendrioks solid; lowa, Han
cock, 21 ; Tilden, 1 ; Maryland, Han
cock, 14 ; Bayard, 2; New York, 70 for
Hancock, received with cheers and
hisses. (All the remainder solid for
Hancock.) The audience and conven
tion rise and cheer; band plays "Hail
Mr. Mack, of Indiana, moved to make
Hancock's nomination unanimous.
He expressed the deep feeling of his
State for Hendrioks, but they were
loyal to the Democratic party and would
do their duty manfully.
The CHAlß —Gentlemen, I have the
pleasure of introducing to you a dis
tinguished gentleman who has been
voted for for President and who desires
to second the nomination. I present
to you Samuel J. Kandull, of Pennsyl
vania. (Applause.)
Mr. Randai.i,—Fellow Democrats, I
am here to second the nomination of
Pennsylvania's son, (leneral Hancock.
(Applause.) Your deliberations have
been marked by the utmost harmony
and your act is an expression of the
heart of the American • Democrat in
every State in the Union. (Applause.)
Not only is your nomination strong, but
it is one that will bring us victory.
(Applause.) And we will add another
Stale to the Democratic column—the
great Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
(applause), the keystone of the Federal
arch. Not only is this acceptable to
every Democrat in the United States,
but it is a nomination which will com
mand the respect of the entire Ameri
can people. (Applause) 1 will not de
tain you longer than to say that you
will find me in the front rank of this
conflict, second to none, and that every
energy of my mine) and every energy of
my brain will be given from now until
we shall all rejoice in a common victory
on the November Tuesday coming.
(Applause.) There is a great mission
! ahead of the Democratic party, and you
have selected a standard bearer whose
very nomination means that if the peo
ple ratify your choice he will be inaug
urated. (Applause.) I thank you for
this cordial greeting, and I beg of you
not to suppose for a moment that I am
in the least discomfited, but, on the
contrary, my whole heart goes forth
with your voice, and I will yield to no
man in the effort which shall be made
in behalf of your ticket, chosen this day.
(Applause.) The Chair will have the
honor to present to you Senator Wal
lace, of Pennsylvania, who desires to as
sure you that Pennsylvania is safe for
Mr. Wallace said—• Gentlemen of the Con
vention: On behalf of the great Keystone
State of the Union our delegation sends
to you thanks and greetings. History
repeats itself. In this great city of ('in-'
cinnati the Democrats of the Nation
named their last President, and to day
they name their next. (Cheers.) His
tory repeats itself. In those days they
named a son of Pennsylvania, and to
day again they inscribe upon the ban
ner of the Democracy the name of a
gallant son of the Commonwealth ot
Pennsylvania. He will lead us to vie- !
tory. His name is invincible. The word
rings out, "Advance the column—move 1
on the enemy's works!" Let there be i
no defence, but aggression, aggression, j
aggression and victory is ours. (Cheers.) I
tin behalf of that great Commonwealth, i
as one of her sons, I came here to assure '
you that I feel, as does every member
of her delegation, that you have given
us in this nomination the means once
more of plucing the Keystone in the 1
column of Democratic States—(cheers)
—and when November shall have come ,
you will find that the energies of those
who now clasp hands in behalf of this ,
our standard bearer will have work
ed wonders in that Commonwealth.— i
In response to loud calls Wade Hamp
ton advanced to the platform and said,
in behalf of the soljd South, which was
once arrayed against the gallant soldier,
he pledged to him its solid vote. There
was no name held in higher respect in
the South than that of the man who
had now been made the standard bear
er of the Democratic party. Hancock
was one of the first alter the war was
over to exert his influence for resUJra
tion of the Southern people to their
civil rights. He pledged South Csrolina
to give as large s majority as any Demo
cratic State in the Union.
Judge lloadly, for Ohio, seconded the
motion to makefien. Hancock's nomin
ation unanimous. Victory in Ohio in
October meant a unanimous vote in No
vember, and the Democrats expected to
win that < ictober victory. The conven
tion bad commanded to Ohio *to take
the (iarfield gun, and they would try.
[Applause.] The action of to-day wiis
worthy of that other day on which the
Declaration of Independence was sign
ed by John Hancock. [Applause. |
The chair put the question on the
pending motion, and announced that
Winfield S. Hancock was the unanimous
choice of this convention for Democratic
President of the United States.
The band played "Dixie" to great
cheering: followed by the "Star Span
gled Rani\er," in which the great organ
joined with fine effect. Then came "My
Country 'Tis of Thee,".to the tune of
"America," rendered in the same man
A transparency of the Philadelphia
Randall association was brought in with
Randall's )>ortrsit on one side and on
the other the legend. "For President of
the United States, Winfield Scott Han
Mr. Voorheea, of Indiana, spoke. He
said that though somewhat sore-hearted,
the Indiana Democracy would do her
duty in supporting the nominee of this
convention. They had hoped to follow
their gallant leader in this campaign,
but they would follow with cheerfulness
the gallant leader who bad been given
to them. He referred to the confeder
ate brigadiers, of whom so much had
been heard. He knew them and Han
cock knew them, and knew that they
could rely upon thetn to assist in up
holding the constitution and the rights
of the people under them. He eulogiz
ed Hancock's course in uplifting down
trodden civil law and liberty at the end
of the war, making a second declaration
of independence—a second declaration
of the constitution. He was worthy of
their confidence—in war and peace—
and with him they could safely trust
the institutions of the country.
Mr. Faulkner (N. Y.) spoke briefly,
but could not be understood. In ro
sponse to loud calls, Mr. Rreckenridge,
of Kentucky, came forward and said they
had to day turned their swords into prun
ing hooks, with which they would reap
the harvest of victory next November.
They had shown that they were again
n united people and knew no north,
no south, no east, no west, [Cheers|.
They had put in nomination here to
day a man who had given his blood for
the union. It was a national candidate
whose name they put out to-day in the
name of the democratic party. Ken
tucky always voted the democratic
ticket, but he asked what say the doubt
ful states. He asked New York, Penn
sylvania, < )hio,Connecticut, New Jersey,
Illinois and Indiana if they could carry
this ticket in triumph and each re
sponded affirmatively amid applause.
In conclusion ho invoked the Clod of
battles to give the democratic party a
triumphant victory. |(treat applause.]
At this point the Tammany men, led
by Kelly and Schell, entered the hall
amid great cheering, and were greeted
with music by the organ. The confu
sion and excitement continued several
[ minutes before it could bequelled. Mr.
Kelly proceeded to the platform and
was greeted with a lively Irish air by
the band, and there were great calls for
him. The said it gave him great pleas
ure to announce to the convention that
its action to-day had united the great
democracy of s>ew York ; also, that the
contestants from that State had come
here to give in their allegiance. He in
troduced Mr. Kelly, who was received
with great applause and some hisses.
Kelly said it was true that Hancock's
nomination had united the democracy
of New York. Though they had been
fighting bitterly for five yeurs, let past
difllculties be now banished forever.
[Cheers], Never again would he refer
to what transpired in the past, either
here or in New York. He disowned
ever having been actuated by personal
feeling, though in the anxiety of polit
ieal contests they sometimes said of!
each other that for which in more sober
moments they were ready to ask for
giveness of each other. New York
could not be carried except by unity in
the democratic party, and now that this
had been secured tie felt it safe to
promise that New York would give her
electoral vote to the ticket made here.
Hancock was not only a great soldier,
hnt a statesman as well, a gentleman
against whom nothing can be said
[cheers]• In conclusion he said to the
New York delegation sitting in conven
tion let us return to our homes, organ- !
ize our party, and let him who shall first
refer to the troublesome and discordant
past tie denounced as a traitor. [Great I
applause j. For himself he promised to !
do all in his humble power for the sue. j
cess of the democratic ticket, turning j
to the New York delegates, he said : let
us once for all take each other by the |
hand. We have a great duty to perform j
together. Let us do it with one heart i
and voice. | Applause.|
Mr. Fellows (N. Y.) came forward in
response to calls, hut was so hoarse as
to te very indistinct. He commended
today's action as superb. They hail
healed all the distractions existing here
tofore in the democratic party, and they
were now united to fight one common
foe. | Applause.] But they had done
still more in strengthening the discord
ant strife which had for years dominat
ed the whole country. They had re
strained us nil to a common country. At
the conclusion he and Kelly shook
hands formally amid great applause,
the hand and organ playing "Auiu Lang
At this point Susan B. Anthony press
ed forward and ascended the platform,
presenting a paper to the chairman,
who handed it to the reading clerk. It
proved to he a printed appeal by the
Women's Suffrage association and was
read by the clerk.
The Democrats of the United States
in convention assembled declare:
FIR-T. We pledge ourselves anew to
the constitutional doctrines and tradi
tions of the Democratic party, as illus
trated by the tenchings and example of
a long line of Democratic statesmen and
patriots and emtiodied in the platform
of the last National Convention of the
SECOND. Opposition to centralization
ami to that dangerous spirit of en
croachment which tends to consolidate
the powers of all the departments in
one, and thus to create—whatever be
the form of government—a real despot
ism. No sumptuary laws; separation
of Church nnd Stale for the good of
each; common schools fostered and
THIRD. Home rule; honest money,
Consisting of gold and silver and paper
convertible into coin on demand; the
strict maintenance of the public faith,
State and national, and a tariff for rev
enue only.
FOURTH. The subordination of the
military to the civil power and a gen
eral and thorough reform of the civil
FIFTH. The right to a free ballot is the
right preservative of all rights, and must
nnd shall be maintained in every part
of the United States.
SIXTH. The existing administration ia
the representative of conspiracy only,
and its claim of right to surround the
ballot boxes with troops and deputy
marshals to intimidate and obstruct the
electors, and the unprecedented use of
the veto to maintain its corrupt and
despotic power, insults the people and
imperils their institutions.-
HEVINTII. The great fraud of IBT^-"7 —
by which, upon a false count of the
electoral votes of two States, the candi
date defeated at the polls was declared
to he President, and fof the first time
in American history the will of the peo
ple was set aside under a threat 6f mili
tary violence—struck a deadly blow at
our system of representative govern
ment. The Democratic party, to pre
serve the country from the horrors of a
civil war, submitted for the time, in firm
and patriotic faith that the people
would punish this crime in 1880. Thia
issue precedes and dwarfs every other.
It imposes a more sacred duty upon the
people of the Union than ever address
ed the conscience of a nation of freemen.
EKIHTH, We execrate the course of
this administration in making places in
the civil service a reward for political
crime, and demand a reform by statute
which shall make it forever impossible
for the defeated candidate to bribe his
way to the seat of a usurper by billeting
villains upon the people.
NINTH. The resolution of Samuel J,
Tilden not again to be a candidate for
the oxalted place to which he was elect
ed by a majority of his countrymen,
and from which ho wns excluded by the
leuders of the Republican party, is re
ceived by the Democrats of the United
States with sensibility, and thoy declare
their confidence in his wisdom, patriot
ism and integrity, upshaken by the
assaults of a common enemy, and they
further assure him that ho is followed
into the retirement he has chosen for
himself by the sympathy and respect of
his fellow citizens, who regard him as
ono who, by elevating the standards of
public morality and adorning and puri
fying the public service, merits the last
ing gratitude of his country and his
TENTH. Free ships and a chance for
American commerce on the seas and on
the land. No discrimination in favor
of transportation lines, corporations or
ELEVENTH. The amendment of the
Burlingame treaty. No more Chinese
immigration, except for travel, educa
tion and foreign commerce, and there
in carefully guarded.
TWELFTH. Public money and public
credit, for public purposes solely, and
public land for actual settlers.
THIRTEENTH. The Democratic party
is the friend of labor and the laboring
man, and pledges itself to protect him
alike against the cormorants and the
FOURTEENTH. We congratulate the
country upon the honesty and thrift of
a Democratic Congress, which has re
duced the public expenditure $40,000,-
000 a year; upon the continuation of
prosperity at home, and the national
honor abroad, and, above all, upon the
promise'of such a change in the admin
istration of the government as shall in
sure us genuine and lasting reform in
every department of the public service.
[This was re-read in response to de
mands, and wus received with applause. |
The platform was adopted.
At 1.35 Editor Joe Pulitzer, of St.
Louis, moved to complete the ticket by
nominating the Vice President.
This was agreed to, and William 11.
English, of Indiana, was nominated by
an Alabama delegate.
The Alahamian made the point that
to add strength to Hancock, Indiana's
vote must be placed beyond a doubt in
the October issue. At this the lloosiers
yelled with delight.
Mr. Irish, ot lowa, nominated ex
dor. Bishop, of Ohio, but was pretty
generally hissed for doing so. The
nomination met with open disapproval
from the < 'hioans in the gallery, who !
do not want even one of hei sons to
step in now nnd mnr the love feast. 1
"No! no!" was the cry, and Bishop's '
name wns withdrawn. The nomination
of Mr. English wus then made unani
A motion that a committee of.one
from each State be appointed to notify
the candidates of their nomination and
request their acceptance was carried.
Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana. Maine,
Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,
Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ne
braska, Nevada. New Hampshire, New
Jersey, New York, North Carolina,
Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Ver
mont, Virginia, West Virginia and Wis
consin seconded the nomination of
Pennsylvania, when called, said that
"profoundly grateful for the great honor ;
done her by the nomination of one of
her sons for the head of the ticket she j
had no nomination to present for vice- i
Mr. Vilas, of Wisconsin, then ad- !
dresses! the convention in an eloquent i
manner, ami moved to nmke the nomi- !
nation by acclamation. < thio withdrew j
their nomination and English was unan- j
imously nominated. Cheers.
< >n motion of Smith Weed, the thanks
of the convention were returned to
President Stevenson.
A resolution thanking the secretaries
and clerks was also adopted. It was
ordered that a committee of one from
each State, and the president of this
convention, be appointed to notify'the
nominees of their selection and invite
their acceptance.
A resolution in favor of a representa
tion to the District of Columbia and
the territories in the national committee
was tabled.
The roll of States was then called for
the presentation as members to the
national committee.
A resolution leaving the selection of
the place of holding the next national
convention to the national committee
and making its basis of representation
the same as at the present convention
was adopted.
A despatch, just received from Sena
tor Thurman, says:—"Hancock will
make a splendid candidate and can be
This was received with wild applause.
Tilden also sent a congratulatory des
patch, but it was not so warmly greeted,
after the nomination of Hancock, as it
would have been while there was still a
chance for the claimant, and the cheer
ing was very faint.
Hendricks telegraphed:—"Hancock
is acceptable to Indiana, nnd its delega
tion should take position in the ad
While the convention is finishing up
the odds and ends of its work a chance
is obtained to test the individual feeling
of the delegates. The joy at the issue
is very great, and from no tongue can
one hear anything but unqualified con
fidence in the running strength of Han
cock and English, and the Pennsylva-
one and all, are unanimous in
the opinion that the State is going to
justify Speaker Randall's predictions as
to the result in November.
The clerk read dispatches from all
sections endorsing the nomination, and
the fact that guns are firing in Ken
tucky, Indiana, New York and Penn
sylvania created the best of feeling.
On motion of Mr. Preston, of Ken
tucky, at 3.07 P. M.. the convention after
thanks from the chairman and his con
gratulations adjourned tint die.
Surgeon General Hamilton, who has
just returned from Memphis, says that
Memphis is excellently drained and is
much cleaner than It has ever been be
fore. While there may be a few cases
of the fever in Memphis this year the
doctor thinks the fatal disease will not
reach anything like its proportions in
years past.
in Montgomery county, Pennsylvania,
February 14, 1824. He graduated at
West Point in 1844, served mainly on
frontier duty till 1846, and afterward in
the-war with Mexico. He was breveted
•as first lieutenant for gallant and merit
orious conduct in the battles of font re
ran and Cburubusco. From 1848 to
1858 he was again on frontier duty in
various parts, and from 1859 to 1861
was quartermaster of the southern dis
trict of California. At the breaking out
of the civil war he was recalled to Wash
ington, and was made brigadier-general
of volunteers, September 23, 1861. Dur
ing the peninsular campaign he was es
pecially conspicuous at the battles of
Williamsburg and Frfixer's Farm. He
took an active part in the subsequent
campaign in Maryland, at the battles of
South Mountain and Antictain. Hav
ing been made Major General, he com
manded a division at Fredericksburg
and G'hancellorsville. On July 1,1863,
the first day of the battle of Gettysburg,
he wns sent by General Meade to decide
whether a decisive battle should be
given there, or whether the army should
fall back. He reported that Gettysburg
was the place to fight, and took ironic
diute command until the arrival of
Meade. In the decisive action of July
3 he commanded on the left centre,
which was the main point assailed by
the Confederates, and was severely
wounded. For his conduct at Gettys
burg he received (May 30, 1866) the
thanks of Congress. Having been dis
abled by bis wound, lie was on sick
leave until .Murch, 1864, being mean
while engaged in recruiting the second
army corps, which was placed under his
command. He took the active com
mand of this corps at the opening of
the campaign of 1N64, and bore a promi
nent part in the battles of the Wilder
ness (May 5, 6), Spottsylvania Cojrt
House (May 9 20), and North Anna
(May 23, 24), the second battle of Cold
Harbor (June 3), and the operations
around Petersburg until .June 19, when,
his wound breaking out, he was for a
short time on sick leave. ' He afterward
resumed -command, and took part in
several actions until November 26.
when he was called to Washington to
Organize the first eorps of veterans.
After the close of the war he was placed
successively in command of the middle
department (186.", *6), the department
of Missouri (1866- 7 , of Louisiana an 1
Texas (18G7-'B.)
Louisiana and Texas comprised the
Fifth military district, and after Gen.
Hancock assumed command his first
official act was to inform the people of
those stales that he had come to be
their Governor under the Reconstruc
tion Act, and to let them know how he
proposed to rule over them. He issued
his celebrated "General Orders, Number
40," dated the 29th day of No/ember,
Probably ro morertVtonished and
delighted people rould be found than
the people of Ix>uisianaan<l Texas when
the purport of that order came to be
understood. They expected to have,
what they had had before, a military
dictator. They expected to be governed
by "orders" instead of laws, and to live
under a military despotism, instead of
governing themselves by their own civil
regulations. General Hancock informed
them that he took command in accord
ance with the orders he had received
from the Headquarters of the Army, but
that he did not mean to rule by military
orders at all. He congratulated the
people of the Southwest that peace and
quiet reigned among them. To best
preserve that state of things he propos
ed to let the civil authorities execute
the civil laws. War he regarded as"
only necessary to destroy opposition to
lawful authority, but when peace was
established, and when the civil authori
ties were ready and willing to perform
their duties the military power should
cease to lead, and the civil administra
tion shoe',l resume its natural ami
rightful conditions. He declared him
self solemnly impressed with the be
lief that the great principles of Atneri
can libeity were the lawful inheritance
of the whole people, and should forever
continue to be. He declared that the
right of trial by jury, haieat corpvt,
liberty of the press, freedom of speech,
the natural rights of person and of
property should be preserved. He
believed that free institutions being
essential to the prosperity and happi
ness of the people were themselves the
strongest inducements to pesce and
order. He declared that the civil au
thorities and tribunals should have the
consideration of the jurisdiction over
crimes and otl'enses, and should be sup
ported in the exercise of that juris
On March 9, 1868, General Hancock
supplemented this order by his long,
able and .justly celebrated letter to
Governor Tease, of Texas, from which
the following extracts will now be read
with revived interest:—"lt is rather
more than hinted in your letter that
there is no local State government in
Texas and no local laws outside of the
acta of Congress which I ought to re
spect, and that 1 should undertake to
protect the righta of persons and prop
erty in tny own way and in an arbitrary
manner. If such be your meauing I
am compelled to differ with you. After
the abolition of slavery (an event which
I hope no one now regrets) the laws of
Louisiana and Texas existing prior to
th# Rebellion, not in conflict with the
acts of Congress, comprised a vast sys
tem of jurisprudence, both civil and
criminal. It required not volumes only
but libraries to contain them. They
laid down principles and precedents for
ascertaining the rights and adjusting
the controversies of men in every
conceivable case. They were the crea
tions of great and good and learned
men, who had labored in their day for
their kind and gone down to the grave
long before our recent troubles, leaving
their works an inestimable legacy to
the human race. These laws, as lam
informed, connected the civilisations of
past and present ages, and testified of
the justice, wisdom, humanity and pa
triotism of more than one nation,
through whose records they descended
to the present people of these Stales.
1 am satisfied, from representations of
persons competent to judge, they are as
perfect a system of laws as may be found
elsewhere, and better suited than any
other to the condition of this people,
for by them they have long been gov.
orncd. Why should it be suppo-ifl
Congress baa abolished these law*?
Why ahould any one wish to abulia),
them? They have committed no trea-
Hon; nor are hostile to the United
.State*; nor countenance crime; nor
favor injuatice. On them, a* on a foun
dation of rock, repose* almost the
entire auperstruction of ocial order in
the*e two State*. Annul this code of
local law* and there would be no longer
any right*, either of p< r*on or property,
here. Aboli*h the local tribunal* made
to execute them, and you would vertu
ally annul the law*, except in reference
to the very few ca*e* cognisable in the
Federable court*. Letu* for a moment
suppose the local civil code annulled
and that J am left, a* commander of
the Fifth Military District, the ho!< ;
j fountain of law and justice. This i-. the
- position in which you would place rne.
"1 ain now to protect all right* and
redre** all wrong* ? How i* it possible
i for me to do it? Innumerable questi'ii*
| arise, of which 1 atn not only ignorant,
j but to the solution of which a tnilit ir .
cdurt i* unfitted. One would establish
; a will, another a deed; or the question
1 i* one of succession, or partner ship, or
descent, or trust; a suit of ejectment
■ or claim to chattels, or the application
; may relate to robbery, theft, arson or
murder. How am 1 to take the fin-i
| step in any sqch matter? If 1 turn to
j the acts of Congress J find nothing on
j the subject. J dare not open the
I author* on the local code, lor it liar
! ceased to exist.
"And you tell me that in this per
plexing condition I am to furnish by
dint of my own hasty arid crude judg
! ment, the legislation demanded by the
| vast and manifold interest* of the peo
ple? I repeat, sir, that you, and not
Congress, are responsible for the mon
strous suggestion that there are no local
j laws or institution* here to be respected
by me, outside the act* of Congress. I
say unhesitatingly, if it were j os>ible
that Congress should pa-s an act al .
idling the local codes for Louisiana
and Texas—which I do not believe
and it should fall to my lot to supply
their places with something of my O-MI
i do not see how- I coul'Fdo better th ui
to follow the law* in force lu re prior to
the rebellion, excepting whatever ther.
in shall relate to slavery. Power liny
destroy the form*, but not the pr.m ,
pie* of justice; these will live in spite
even of the sword. History tell* t;>
that the Itoui-in pandect* were iost fi i
a long p.-nod among the rublish that
war and revolution had heaped upon
tlu-rn, but at length were dug out of tiie
ruins—again to be regarded as a price
les* tren-iire."'
These two great paper* may be said
to form the platform of General Han
cock. As t-ueh they were accepted bv
.the Democracy of 1868, and their author
was prominent among the candidates
for the Presidential nomination at the
Convention of that year, of course it
was not to be expected that be should
long retain command at New Orleans
and be himself applied to be relieved
February 27, 1808, his course having
brought him into conflict with Congress
ami with Vtie General of the Army.
His request was granted March 16, 1868,
and he wa shortly afterward sent into
exile as commander of the military
division of Dakota, where lie remained
three years—lß69-72. In D 72 he w.is
appointed commander of the military
division of the Atlantic, with head
quarters at New York city, where he
has since resided. This appointment,
made upon the death of General Meade,
was creditable to President Grant, since
unfortunately, he was not on speaking
terms with General Hancock. The
Democratic nomination for Governor of
Pennsylvania was tendered him in 186.',
but declined. He was again a promi
nent candidate for the Presidential
nomination at Baltimore in 1872.
General Hancock was married in St.
Louis in 1856 to Miss Ktmira Russell.
He has had two children. One of
them, Miss Ada Klizabcth Hancock, a
young lady of great promise, died in
New ork at the age of eighteen year-.
The only surviving child, Russell Han
cock, is now a planter in Mississippi.
hi person General Hancock has just
lv won the sobriquet of "the Superb."
He is the beau ideal of the gallant
soldier, tall, shapely, blonde, with clear
blue eyes full of meaning and decision.
He is a knight tant pevr rt sans reprwhc,
gentle to his associates, kindly and
genial to his subordinates, yet possessed
of an innate dignity with which few
would care to trifle. Hi* dicipline is
plain and direct, hi* loyalty to superi
ors unquestioning and unflinching, bis
devotion to law and justice ingrained
upon his inmost self. The democracy
is to be congratulated upon having
made choice of a standard bearer whom
men of all parties delight to praise, and
in whose hands the reins of Govern
ment may securely be trusted.
w I t.i.i AM H. xxausa, or INDUS-A.
The Democratic candidate for the
Vice Presidency was born in Scott coun
ty, Ind., August 27, 1822, studied for
three years at th'* University of South
Hanover, Ind., studied law and wa*
admitted to the bar in 1846. but devot
ed his time chiefly to agriculture, being
the owner of an extensive estate. He
was a clerk of the Indiana House of
Representative* in 1843. in the Treasu
ry Department at Washington during
the administration of President Polk,
184-4-48, and of the Indiana Constitu
tional Convention of 1850. In the fol
lowing year he wa* elected to the Indi
ana legislature and immediately chosen
its Speaker, a remarkable compliment
to no young a man, during Ins first
term of legislative office. In 1852 he
was elected to Congress and was three
times re elected, serving from 1853 to
1861. He has not since then held any
important office, but has become a
prominent element in Indiana politica
through hi* wealth and his long experi
ence. He has resided for many year*
at Indianapolis as President of the
First National Bank of that oity, bis
former oaahier having Wen John C.
New, lately Treasurer of the United
States. In 1878 Mr. Knglish retired
from the presidencv of the bank and
Mr. New took his place. The name of
Mr. Knglish has fyequently been men
tioned of late as a possible candidate
for the Presidency, and his almost
unanimous nomination for the second
place on the ticket is good evidence of
hi* popularity in Indiana and the
" wstern States generally.