Newspaper Page Text
®l)c Centre Afeh. Democrat.
SHUGKRT A FORMER, Editors.
Ttlir Cnvtrr mat rat.
Turin* Sl.fiO per Annum, in Advance.
8 , T SHUGERT end R. H. FORSTER, Editor*.
Thursday Homing, February 5, 1880.
Centro County Domocratic Com
DfHTlUf"**- HAHM. f. n.
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. S W...W. V. llrtnU Br 11 rfont*.
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i n • nvlU* P J- MrDotinrll 1 nlmivillc.
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iuunrr l'HhSlv.r Hll*fvitf
|l. gg. J in* A. Ml'Uin Mil*Lurg
|t urn side William H|>|'l* Pin* Glenn.
< dirge ...Sam'l Oillllanri Hcilalmr^
Curt in BavM Pelonir Howard.
|Vrgu*on, Ol* .IHHI'I llrirlwlbli Stat* CMICR*.
N 1* it. M. (tturmatown.
flrvgs ...1,. M lii-hvl Spring Mill*.
Ilain** Oaurg* K*IIt AaroimhArg.
lUlfatt>n John Ward n.
Karri* Sanuifl Whirr iMnM'tir#.
Howard Pavid T*n?*r .Howard.
}jut n..~ 11. O.Chr*nlalar.. Marl ha.
lileity W 11 UanlntT HUnrliarl
Marion JMin Hj. Jr W'alkrr.
Miloa „B*m'l K Fauat Milthfdm.
I4tt TI 11. W*. Iliitul'Mrgrr Fillmore.
prnti >V F. Smith Mlllhrlm
potter. N I* I>. F I,IMM ('antra llall.
S IV ......fl W\ Sp*ng|r .........Tu<m*jr>ill*.
Rink ...William Cu1ta!......... Phtll|Mturg.
•* Shw Johi <#. Cxsla Snow Slo.a.
hpnttg F.. C. W.WHI „... Itollof.lit*.
Taylor ..Saimid Fwl*r.
I ni. ri I. S. Frrl*riclt* ....... Kkiniug
Walker Samud l* ker 7.ion.
Worth O. R. William* Fort Matilda.
J. L. SPAMOLKK. Chairman.
Htptl F!. Bin. a. S*cr*tary.
CONTRARY to our earnest hopes at
the time we went to press on last
Thursday, the Curtiu-Yocum contest
still remains undecided. At the meet
ing of the Committee on Elections on
Wednesday of last week, the majority
members of the sub-committee were
ready to report; but it appears the
Republican mem tiers were not satis
tied with the report prepared by the
minority of the sub-committee, and
tlemuuded more time for examination.
After a strong appeal to the majority
this was grnuted, and the committee
adjourned witholit any action until
Tuesday of this week, which of course
made it imjKKMhle to have final ac
tion in t iiue to hold an electiuu ou the
17th instant. At the meeting on Tues
day it was decided that the vote in
committee should lie taken to-day.
Tin re is nothing to change the opin
ion expressed last week that the report
of the majority, declaring the sent of
Mr. Yocum vacant and remnnding the
matter hack to the people of the dis
trict, will lie adopted. Whether an
election shall in that event be held will
of course depend upon the Governor of
th" Slate. It will rest with him to fix
the time and issue the writ for it. So
far as Congress is concerned, the ease
will now probably be disposed of in
due time, as the opjiosition has noth
ing more to gain by interposing fur
ther obstacles in the way of action.
It must lie borne in mind that the de
lay in the disposition of this ease has
been owing to no fault of Gov. Curtin
or his friends. From the beginning
they have been urgent for a decision,
and the hindrances to that end have
nil come from the other side.
A FEW days ago a duel was fought
lietween Major Burke and Major Har
vey, two lawyers of New Orleans.
The weapons were pistols, distance 20
paces—two shots were exchanged
without result, when they sensibly
cntne to the conclusion that their wound
ed honors were fully vindicated and
that they were both as brave as Julius
Casar. 80 they were. But they
couldn't shoot worth a darn.
II AT was represented to he riot*
at the recent primary meeting* in
Philadelphia, turn* out to be a myth,
got up to injure the standing of the
order-loving select councilman, Wm.
M'Mullen, who was put upon trial
under the base charge, and acquitted.
He wan then called upon the stand a/w
a witness in the trial of Itvan and
Trenwitb, indicted at the same time,
when he stated that uo riot occurred
on that occasion. In this opinion the
court and jury concurred, and they
also were acquitted. The firing of a
few pistols and the use of a few blud
geons merely to give emphasis to the
arguments of different contestants,
could not be considered riot in the
Quaker city. It could only be looked
upon as mere by-play, or affectionate
greeting and general hilarity among'
"RiJCAJ. AND KXACT JUBTICK TO AI.T. MKN, or WIIATKVKR STATU OR FKRSOAHION, RKI.IOIOUB OR FOMTIOAI-."—Jeffrnon
The Monroe Doetrino Revived
Away back in tho first quarter of
the present century the people of the
Spanish-American colonies of South
America revolted against their rulers
abroad, and established governments
of their own. These governments they
maintained by force of arms, animated
by the same spirit of patriotism and
determination to be free from the
chnins of a foreign yoke that gave
nerve and strength to the sturdy men
of our own thirteen colonies during
their fight for independence in the
proceeding century. The de facto gov
ernments thus put in operation had
been recognized by the United States,
but the Spanish King determined not
to bear so grievous a loss to his domin
ions without a struggle. With the aid
of certain other European raonarchs
he Imped to conquer his rebellious sub
jects and bring them again under tlie
power of his kingdom. Unfortunately
for his designs, tin; English govern
ment refused to become a party to the
alliance, and this refusal, together
with the firm protest of the United
States, soon brought the allied Kings
to realize the difficulties that must
beset their enterprise of subjugation,
and it failed.
President Monroe, keenly solicitous j
for the safety and success of our Re- j
publican form of government, and
deeply impressed with the dangers
to its stability that must constantly
spring from the enmity and the in
trigues of monarchists firmly intrench
ed in authority and jiower on side
of the Atlantic, not only avowed his
earnest sympathy with the struggling
Republics of the South, but defiantly
proclaimed the principle that the po
litical systems of Europe could not lie
established on these continents by Eu
ropean nations. lie discussed this
question ably and elaborately in his
annual message to Congress, December
2, 1823, asserting that " With the ex
isting colonies or dejieudenciea of
" any European power we have not
" interfered and shall not interfere.
" But with the governments who have
" declared their independence and
" maintained it, and whose independ
" ence we have on great consideration
" and on first priuciplcs acknowledged,
" we cotdd not view anv interposition
" for the purpose of oppressing them or
" controling in any other manner their
"destiny by nny European power in
" any other light then as the manifes
"tntion of an unfriendly disposition
"towards the United States ; " arid
further, that "Our policy in regard to
" Europe, which was adopted at an
"an early stage of the wars which
" have so long agitated that quarter of
" the globe, nevertheless remains the
"same, which is not to interfere in the
" internal concerns of any of its powers.
* * ♦ Rut in regard to these con
" tinents circumstances are eminently
"and conspicuously different. It is
" impossible that the allied powers
"should extend their political system
"to any portion of either continent
" without endangering our peace and
But, in the same message, Mr. Mon
roe went even further, for he believed
the time had come to announce "as a
"principle in which the rights and in
" tercets of the United States are involv
" ed,<- that the American continents by
4 ' the free and independent condition
•' which they have assumed and main
" tain, are henceforth not to be consider
" ed as subjects for future colonization
"by any European powers," This is
the principle known as the Monroe
doctrine, and it has ever since been
sustained as the policy of the United
States in the treatment of questions
growing out of European pretentions
near our borders and especially with
regard to Central and South America.
For some years this popular Ameri
can doctrine has been peacefully slum
bering in a dusty recess of the State
department, at Washington, but the
magnificent project of a ship canal,
under* supposed French auspices,
across the Isthmus, between Chagres
BEI.LEFONTE, I'A., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5, IHHO.
ninl Panama, to connect the Atlantic
and Pacific oceans, has disturbed its
long repose. This contemplated en
terprise is by no means Utopiau.
We are in an nge noted for gigantic
schemes and are witnesses of many of
them carried througli to complete suc
cess, which in an older time would
have been regarded as utterly imprac
ticable and as the mere visionary fig
ments of an unbalanced mind. And so
with the isthmian connectioi* of the
two oceans. It appears to he a huge
undertaking, and when one thinks of
the amount of labor ami the expendi
ture of capital involved in its construc
tion they may seem almost fabulous.
•Still a decade or two may witness its
accomplishment. There can be no
doubt that the idea of an improvement
of this magnitude controlled by Euro
pean capital, under the protection of
some Europeau nation, is exceedingly
distasteful to our people. It comes too
near home not to excite the liveliest
concern and the gravest apprehension.
It involves the business welfare ami
the commercial prosperity of the coun
try, and without the most ample guar
anties that it shall at all times, in
peace and war, be open to our merchant
marine and the armed ships of our
navy, it would stand as a constant men
ace to our safety and inevitably pro
voke troubles and wars. So thought
ful and conservative a statesman as
Mr. Bayard, in a recent speech in the
Senate, with a wise insight into its
momentous consequences to us as a
jjeople, alluded to this scheme of unit
ing the two oceans, taking a strong
American view of its demands upon
the Uuited States. He said : "There
" is no cloud of wnr now upon the ho
" rizon, but who cau tell when it may
" arise ? The scheme of uniting the
" two great oceans by a canal "across 1
" the Isthmus on the southern border
" of this Continent is one of world wide
" importance, and the heart of every
"American proclaims that it is to lie
" under the control of the government
"of the United States. Our power
" may be questioned, but it will bo
These words of Mr. Bayard, it is
said, made a profound impression upon
all who heard them uttered, and they
have since received almost unanimous
approval in both branches of Congress.
There is not, however, much proba
bility of trouble arising between the
United States and France. Indeed it
is already announced that the French
government has officially disavowed
all intention of setting up a protector
ate over this project on this continent,
or as a correspondent of the New York
Herald says, "to guarantee or protect,
or in any way make itself responsible
for or on account of the plans of M.
de Ixswps in the negotiation for or
the huiidingof an interoceanic canal."
If this statement of the intentions and
jtolicy of France towards the proposed
work is correct, there may be no occa
sion at this time for another assertion
of the Monroe doctrine of "hands off,"
and it can resume its quiet nap and
remaiu undisturbed in its slunftn-rs un
til some future necessity again awak
eus it to life. But it is well enough
once-in-a-while to know that we have
such a principle to assert, and it is
none the worse for an occasional air
ing, if only to remind us that it still
exists and is useful to keep Kuropean
intermedlers in our affairs at a dis
ONE good reason, says the Washing
ton Post, for Democratic opposition to
the exodus was given by an Indiana
Republican witness yesterday. The
plain-speaking Stalwart remarked that
" for every negro that gets a job a white
man is thrown out of employment."
What shall be said of a party that, in
the hope of increasing its vote, imports
negroes from a locality where they
have abundant work and fair pay, and
puts them into a Htate where their
employment robs the white laborers of
a chance to earn bread for their fami
lies? Yet this is the testimony of a
Republican in good standing.
Oorporuto Power and tho Courts
1 he recent remarkable declarations
of Mr. Franklin B. Gowen, president
of the Heading Railroad Company, he
fore a Congressional committee, have
attracted universal attention and oc
casioned wide spread comment. Mr.
Gowen appeared before the comnTittee
in his official capacity to represent the
position of his company in regard to
the provisions of what is known as
the Ueagan Inter-State Comroert-c hill,
and during his argument he is said to
have brought the very gravest of
charges against the integrity and pur
ity of our state judiciary. lie is said
to have distinctly affirmed that both
our district and supreme court judges
are but the creatures of a great cor
poration 11 ml that they how in abject
obedience to the imperious commands
of their powerful masters. .Such as-
sertions coining from any source would
be well calculated to challenge the
earnest consideration of" every citizen
of this commonwealth. But when
made by so distinguished a gentleman
as Mr. Gowen, himself the load of
a great Railway company and a lawyer
of high character and eminent ability,
they assume such formidable nro
portions as to demand at the hands of
their author the fullest and most ex
plicit proof. Mr. Gowen is not the
man to rashly and precipitately rush
into statements of so serious a nature.
Ue undoubtedly gave his words to the
World after carefully and deliberately
weighing their full import, and he
now owes it to himself, to the corpora
tion he has so circumstantially
rfigned, to the courts he has held up to
c*ntumciy and scorn, and most of all
to tht people of this great State whose
bulwark and shield he has thus ruth
dAsly demolished, to make good this
grave indictment if it is in his power so
to do. It is scarcely credible that Mr.
Gowen was stung into intemperance
of speech by jealousy or hatred of
a rival corporation or that in his zeal
amkardor for the advancement of his
own company he was led to the per
petration of a grievous wrong against
the judiciary of the State in which is
located all the vast property he so
skillfully manages and directs. Such
an interpretation of the gentleman's
language is nut in keeping with his
established reputation as 11 sagacious
and consummate business man, as well
as a cool and admirably equipped
lawyer. Mr. Gowen has never yet
shirked any responsibility however
onerous and it i? to be hoped he will
not prove unequal now to the position
he has voluntarily assumed.
Mn. BEAINE, having succeeded in
establishing iu Maine an effective Ju.
dicial Returning Board ami a minori
ty Legislature, is now happy in the
belief that all is lovely in that quarter,
and has taken his seat in the Senate to
look after his Presidential interests.
The "greatest American" being out of
the race, the coutest will bo very inter
esting between the Maine recipient of
the "credit inobelier" plunder, the
shot-gun hero of New York, and the
champion and adviser of the Presiden
tial Fraud. Let Mulligan, Jenks and
Pinkston now step to the front.
IT is said the uaine of the "Lewis
burg, Centre ami Spruco Creek Kail
road" has been changed to "Lewisburg
and Tyrone Railroad." Well, any
name will do, only let the road be
completed. If our people are not to
Ire directly benefitted by the stock and
the money they have advanced to pro
cure this road, let them at least benefit
by the accommodation to their busi
ness and travel which its completion
will afford them.
A VIRGINIA gentleman represent
ing the wealthy people of that State
recently visited Baltimore to negotiate
a loan. He oflTered the best security,
but the capitalists refused to loau any
money iu Virginia under the present
condition of affairs in that State.
Repudiation may have its disadvan
I'r will he universally regretted
that the laws of the Empire State
were not framed with special reference
to such fiends in human form a j the
Rev. Mh Cowley, superintendent and
manager of the "Shepherds' Fold" in
the City of New York, where under
the veil of philanthrophy ami relig
ion he literally starved hundreds of the
helpless little children confided to his
care until they were mere shadows,
and subjected them to such acts of
atrocious cruelty and neglect a-* to
make any punishment that may be
meted out to him hut trivial in com
parison with the hideousuess of his
crimes. He is now the of a
cell in the Tombs and it is to be hoped
that there will be no miscarriage of
justice in his ease, hut that his punish
ment shall be something near what lie
WE rather admire the nouchalence
of the Republican. Utterly oblivious
of the fact that the convention of its
party was in session at llarrishurg yes
terday, it devoted almost a column of
its valuable space to the discussion of
the all absorbing question, "Shall the
Unit Uule he abolished ?" We do not
know whether the convention would
its sittings until our es
teemed contemporary could reach it,
or not. Doubtless the Republican ar-
tiele was telegraphed early in the
morning thus giving tho benighted
delegates the advantage of the golden
words of advice so cheerfully proffer
ed by the editorial Ajax of General
Bearer's home organ. That's right,
keep within sight of the flesh pots.
THE Boston Herald says that the
business meu of that city "are taking
a good deal of interest in John Sher
mau # as a Presidential candidate."
Well, it will take a good deal of in
terest to elect him if he is a "Presi
dential candidate." Eliza Pinkston
and Agnes Jenks would have to be
re inforced by more than the business
men of Boston. Stealing the Presiden
tial office, in which John was an adept
and got his pay in 187<, will not win
THE Republican State committee of
Virginia docs not seem to lie altogether
willing to accept the proposition to
unite with the licadjusters in building
up a party under the specious appel
ation of "Liberals." It has resolved to
adhere to the old name and run the
machine in the old rut —that is, to
hitch horses with any faction that may
spring up, having n tendency to weak
en the Democracy and cripple its
power to resist the establishment of a
"strong government'*at Washington.
WE do not SEE that the fraudulent j
President has yet sent in the name of
J. Madison WeiU for confirmation to
any foreign mission. l'erhaj* the
Ohio men have exhausted the supply.
Pincliback having been nominated to
the offh* recently filled by Wells, this
houest gentleman seems to be out in the
cold. The Senate might forget he is a
villain, ami confirm him Commissioner
of Indian affairs, now vacant. Why
not try it? It would no doubt save
Mr. Hayes and Secretary Sherman a
great deal of worry, if not expense.
WE are highly gratified to lie able
to state that the appointment of Hon.
J. Simpson Africa, as Supervisor of
the Ccusus for the seventh district of
Pennsylvania, which includes Centre
county, was on Monday confirmed in
the executive session of the United
States Senate. The appointment of
Mr. Africa has given geueral satisfac
tion. Every one concedes his peculiar
fitness for the position, nod it is uot
too much to venture the assertion that
under his supervision the work will he
thoroughly ami efficiently done.
SINCE those immaculate Republi
can officials Hnyt, of the Indian bu
reau, and Seward, of the Shanghai
cousultate, have come to grief we may
expect some one of our stalwart con
temporaries to favor the country with
the usual disquisition about the houcsty
and efficiency of the civil service un
der Reptiblhan administration.
TERMS: #1.50 |r Aiiiiiim, in Advance.
OK.N. MA HONE, the newly elected
j Senator from Virginia, is represented,
en the authority of a Republican State
Senator, as having expressed a prefcr
eiicc for Rluine or t'oiikling for Presi
| dent, in opposition to any Bourbon
Democrat. This may l>e true. Gen.
| Mahone is the head and front of the
Re-Adjusters party, who, combined
with the Republicans and negroes,
carried the State against the Demo
crats lust fall. But the Richmond
W'ltiff, the organ of Gen. Mahone, char
acterizes the story that Mahone has
gone over to the Republicans, a "stu
pendous joke on the Re-Adjusters,"
and "developements that are rapidly
to come, will give the hoax its
The Allentown Rolling Mill paid off
on Saturday, and it took $50,000 to do it.
A Pennsylvania school teacher thinks
that pupils ought to have a great hearty
laugh every day.
't here are filty-one furnaceit in blast
in the Lehigh Valley, with an annual ca
pacity of over GOO.OUO tons of pig iron.
The official report of the production
of anthracite coal for the year 1879
makes the total quantity 26.142,689 tons.
The Puddlers of the I'enn Rolling
Mill at Lancaster have received an in
crease of tifty'cenls a ton for puddling
Preparations are actively going on at
the Philadelphia arid Reading shops, in
the letter city, to build 1,000 freight
l'itUburg papers report that the lamp
I chimney manufacturers have all the or
; ders tliey can fill for some lime to
| The peach trees down in Delaware
are yielding to the siren advances of
i January's hot-house sun and show signs
| of budding.
Alexander Gibson, known as the
| "Lumber King"' of New Brunswick, baa
sent by cable from St. John a donation
of $ >,OOO to the Irish relief fund.
Abraham Penny packer, Chester coun
ty, while ploughing, discovered thou
sands of grasshoppers. On taking some
of them home tbev became quite lively.
The citixens of Bradford held a meet
-1 ing on Wednesday evening of laat week
and subscribed 615,000 toward building
j a plank road from that city to Coleville.
i The road is to coat when completed
* >n Saturday night, while Mr. Butler,
! of Pittsburg, was out visiting with his
j lamily, a man with blackened face sur
prised a young woman left in charge of
ihe house, and after gagging her, secur
ed about S6OO which was in a trunk.
A terrific wind storm set in at Albany,
N. V., on Monday morning, and lasted
all day doing considerable damage to
property. The tin roofs or> a number of
the houses were torn up. The weathtr
at night was very cold and the wind
The Slate Board of Agriculture at its
recent meeting resolved that until mil
lers are willing to give quality a greater
preference in price, our farmera are
justified in raiting such kinds of wheat
as their experience demonstrates will
yield the greatest number of busheal.
The Catasauqua Manufacturing Com
pany baa just advanced the wages of its
puddlera -■> cents per ton and added 5
cents per day to the wages of the other
employes. If the price of iron remains
firm the wages of the men will receive
another increase in about two weeks. *
Pittsburg papers report that a new
oil well near fteynolasville, Jefferson
county, is yielding about 150 barrels a
day. This discovery has created an ex
citement throughout the oil region, as
it is new territory, and this first find
there argues well for prolific sources of
About $450 were collected in the
Catholic churches of Bradford, on Sun
day last, (or the suffering poor of Ire
land. It is proposed to hold relief
meetings there, and a number of
wealthy citisens have pledged them
selves to give SI,OOO each. •
A correspondent of the Oil City Der
rick, who has investigated the new oil
well near Heynoldsville, Jefferson coun
ty. which was said to be gushing 100
barrels a day, says that it is not yielding
a pint a day. and a horde of speculators
who csme down upon hearing the news
to buy up territory have left disgusted.
An eloping couple from Coateaville
arrived in Columbia on Tuesday, and
were arrested upon information from
the former place. The girl waa nearly
six feet in height, and the man about
four feet and five inches. Tbey ware
relessed when the female gave up a
coat and hat she had taken from Coatea
A general strike of the ore miner* em
ployed on "The Flats'' took place Mon
day morning at East Texas, Pa. This
is the largest mining district in Lehigh
county. They demand an increase of
thirty-lire cents per day. The present
rate of wages paid is ninety cents.
Fifteen mines are now idle.
In regard to the dispatch|from Scran
ton, to the effect that Samuel J. Tilden
is about to marry a Miaa Ranch,of Lewis
burg, Mr. Tilden says the report is as
true as about nine-tenths of the state
ments concerning him daily published
—this is not at all. He presumes that
the authors of the rumor hare acted on
the maxim of equity aod jurisprudence
that what ought to hare been don* has
in fact been done. But unfortunately
he nerer had the pleasure of knowing
of the existence of any such lady.