Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, September 18, 1879, Image 1

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    &11UUKRT \ FOUNT KK, Editors.
VOL. 1.
®Jir Centre srm octal
Term* 51.50 per Annum, in Advnno*.
a. T. SHUGERT and R. H. FORSTER, Editor*.
Thursday Morning, September 18, 1879.
Democratic State Ticket.
DANIKL <>. BARK, Allegheny county.
Democratic County Ticket.
JOHN SHANNON, of l'ottor.
t Dr. JOSEPH ADAMS, of Milesburg.
THE Bcllefonto lit publican grows
severe as well as sprightly. "The fos
silifcrous Court House fodder grind
ers!" Why, that phrase is exceeding
ly brilliant in conception and positive
]y excruciating in effect.
WILL Conkling require Sherman to
eat erow in New York by stumping
for Cornell. Conkling is an incorri
gible, tyrant and it will not be sur
prising if bo insists that the wily
Secretary subsists for a time ou that
kind of diet.
REN. BUTLER is again in the field.
At the State Convention of the Na
tional Greenback-Lalior party, which
met at Roston, on Friday last, be was
placed in nomination as a candidate
for Governor, and Wendell I*hi 11 ip
for Lieutenant Governor.
York, abandons Tammany. In a let
ter addressed to Augustus Schell, he
resigns his office as Sachem of the
Tammauv Society, and declares his
purpoee to vote for and support the
Democratic ticket headed by (lover
nor Robinson.
THE Republican National Commit
tee at Washington lias nlade another
assessment upon the public employes.
Chairman Fisher lias issued his circu.
lar, stating the increasing aud urgent
demand for campaigu funds, and
again calls for "voluntary contribu
tions." That is, stand aud deliver, or
take the consequences.
COL. THOMAS A. SooTT, the dis
tinguished and able President of the
Pennsylvania "Railroad Company, after
a year's recess in Europe, has return
ed invigorated in health. The an
nouncement made a year ago that Col.
Scott's health had been broken down
was received with much regret, and
the information now of his restoration
will be received with corresponding
WM. A. WHEELER appeared in the
New York Republican State Conven
tion and made a violent and very dis
creditable partisan speech. This we
believe is the first time that a man
representing the second office of the
Govefnment ever thus appeared. He,
however, may be excused. A man
who is a notorious fraud, and holds a
position by fraud, could not lie ex
pected to be restrained by any official
dignity that is supposed to attach to
the office he represents.
IT is something to know that there
is one man in public life who never
solicited any of the high positions he
has held. Senator Thurman in a re
cent interview with a New York Her
ald reporter said that his election to
< 'ougrcss, his election as Judge of the
Supreme Court, and his subsequent
election and re-election as Senator,
were all unsolicited by him. Senator
Thurman has vindicated the wisdom of
his friends by a long, arduous and
spotless public career. From the time
he emerged from privacy he gained
the confidence of bhCfellow citizens.
* He has given bis whole attention to
his public duties, depriving himself of
the lucrative income he could have
commanded in the practice of the law
lietwcen sessions of Congress, thus pre
serving a position and reputation as
su|ierior to malice and scandal as it is
superior to any criticism except that
which concerts exalted statesmanship.
Tho Now York Domocracy.
The action of the Democratic State
convention of New York, at Syracuse
lost week, will meet the unqualified
approbation of Democrats in every
section of the country. The arrogant,
dictatorial attitude of Tammany Hall
and its impudent assumption of su
preme authority in shaping the policy
and in naming the candidates of the
party bore the legitimate fruit of ig
nominious ami deserved defeat. When
John Kelley began his relentless war
on Governor Robinson and trained
the batteries of Tammany's wrath
upon him, there was a wide-spread be
lief that he was making oue of those
irreparable mistakes often committed
bv men, who, flushed with power and
flattered by the adulation of sycophan
tic followers believe themselves om
nipotent. There was no imputation
upon Governor Robinson personally
or upon his administration of State
affairs made fy John Kelley. The
only grievance Tammany's chief had
to parade before the world was the re
moval of several of his henchmen
from important |s>sitions in the New
York City government. In his action
in relation to the city clerk ami the
jsdice commissioners, the Governor
was supported by the intelligent judg
ment of dispassionate men of all par
ties. The charges made against these
officials were of the most damaging
character, and there was and lULS been
no effort upon the part of the accused
to explain them amy. For his inde
pendent and patriotic course in prompt
ly removing these unfaithful officers
John Kelley demanded Governor
Robinson's |>olitical decapitation. Rut
the people in the rural districts had
no sympathy with Tammany Hall or
its fight for the spoils of office. They
hail seen with gratitude and pride that
Governor Robinson administered bis
high public trust with rare fidelity
and with the single pur|sse of advanc
ing the prosjierity of the whole people,
reducing the burdens that bore heavi
ly upon them and enforcing economy
and honesty in the State govern men ts.
He had reduced the rate of taxation
from ten mills to four nml diminished
the .State debt over eight millions of
dollars. Remembering these things
the Democrats outside of New York
City sent practically unanimous dele
gations to Syracuse instructed to vote
for honest Lucius Robinson. Against
this solid phalanx of ilelegntes who
could lie neither bought, rajolcd or
bullied, the waves of Tammnny's hnte
surged in vain. For once since John
Kelley a-<umed the dictatorship lie
found himself in a Democratic con
vention in a hojielcss minority, his
sceptre broken and his (toasted power
a thing of the past. We congratulate
the gallant Democracy of the Fmpire
State upon having thrown off the in
cubus of Tammany leadership. The
society is well enough in itself but it
is used by designing and unscrupu
lous politicians for the aggrandize
ment of themselves ami their friends.
It has been prostituted to the basest
purjssM-s. It has become a by-word
and a reproach throughout the length
and breadth of the land, and now
that the initiative step has been taken
we hope the work of the Syracuse
iconoclasts will not stop until Tam
many Hall ceases to be a factor in
Democratic |iolitics. John Kelley is
reputed to be an honest man, but his
methods differ but little from those of
his predecessor, and while he may be
personally the embodiment of integ
rity and purity he wields his great
power and immense patronage in a
way that is b*t calculated to advance
his own interests and minister to his
soaring ambitions, lie has put him
self outside of the Democratic house
hold, and party discipline and party
self-respect alike demand that his trea
son in withdrawing in the face of the
enemy dial I not lie condoned. We
rqoice in the nomination of Lucius
Robinson, not l>ccaiise it is a victory
for this man or thai, not because it
advancoH one man or strike* down an
other, hut for the reason that he is one
of the best (Jovernors who ever cat in
the executive chair of any State. He
I in a faithful public servant, alike true
! to the bent intercut* of the jwople and
to himself. We deplore aujrthing
j that may endanger the success of
Democratic principles or entail defeat
1 upon the party. Rut in this ease
there is no cause for fear. John Kel
ley will be impotent to work Gover
nor Robinson's defeat. Already the
! most prominent members of Tammany
are breaking loose from Itim and it is
safe to say that before the ides of No
' vembcr the "Ross" will have bitterly
| regretted that his inordinate vanity
I and wounded pride bad led him to
I party ostracism.
THE admirable platform of princi
ple* enunciated by the Democracy of
New York, in *tlie late Convention,
will command a hearty response from
every liouest man who under.-tundi
and appreciate* the true principles
j which underlie aud form the ground
work of republican democratic gov
• eminent. The denunciation of the
tendency of the Republican party to
"centralization nnd consolidation," i
well-timcd in view of the bold ami
defiant |s.itioii taken by that party
and the administration in the last
Congress, and now reiterated and
made the burden of the leading arti
; clc* of the subsidized press in it- in
terest. We make the following ex
tract :
The Democratic party of the StAte of
New York,'in Convention assembled,
profoundly sensible of the important
consequence* depeoding on the imme
diate result of their deliberations, do
declare snd reassert the principle* of
popular liberty and right* laid down by
Washington, Jefferson and tbe other
founder* of the Republic. We hold to
tho Constitution, with nil the amend
ments, sacredly maintained and enforc
ed, and to t.ierighoiof tho State* un
der the Constitution. The tendencies
of the Republican party to rentr JlM
tion and consolidation are contrary to
tin- principle* of our institution*. The
; I'nited States form a nation in the
sense, to the extent and f.>r the pur
poses defined in tho Federal ConslllU
lion, and we resist every attempt to
transform it into an empire. We insist
on unity, fraternity and concord, and
that the issue* settled by the war shall
not l>e revived. We deprecate the
effort* of the Republican managers to
revive sectional feuds and to rekindle
! the pa**ions of tho pasL We demand
honest elections nnd an honest count
of votes. Never again by fraud or force
shall the (topulnr will Is; set aside to
gratify unscrupulous partisans. The
Democracy oppose all favoritism. No
single interest or class of |>er*on* should
lie protected at the expense of others.
Democracy means the (lovernment of
the whole people, for the whole people,
and by the whole; but if any class is to
' receive *|*cial consideration it should
lie the working people, whom all other
, Governments op|>o#e and crush. The
rights of the people should l>e srrupu
lously protected from the encroach
ment* of capital nnd the despotic greed
! of corporations.
The Item'wrncy believe now, as they
have always lielieved, in gold nnd silver
as the constitutional money of the
country. We condemn the speculative
; method* of the present Secretary of the
Treasury: the questionable favoritism
i he ha* shown to particular monetary
| institutions or so called "syndicate*,"
i nml the extravagance he has permitted
I in hi* department in connection with
his refunding schemes. We look with
shame and sorrow on the disgraceful
j repudiation of all their professions of
' civil service reform by'the Kxecutive
and his *up|>ortcra. Federal office*
; have been freely given for despicable
' partisan service*. Leading officers of
the Government are making partisan
speeches, managing political campaigns
and requiring their sultordinate* to con
tribute to campaign funds in derogation
of every principle and promise of an
honest civil service. The 104,000 Fed
eral officer* constitute an army moving
under a single direction to keep the
Republican party in power, and this
vast patronage is now used as a corrup
tion fund against the people.
THE constitutionality of the United
State* election laws,enacted to perpetu
ate Republican domination, is to he
tested in the Supreme Court of the
United States, in a case taken up from
Rnltimorc, where the parties are im
prisoned for disobeying the mandate
of Deputy Marshals.
THE anniversary of the overthrow
of the Kellogg Government ou the
14th of Hepteraltcr, 1873, wa* celebrat
ed by a public parade in New Or
leans, on Monday last.
Tho County Convention.
In reviewing the work of the Dem
ocratic County Convention, of host
Tuesday, the proceedings of which
will he found in detail in another
: column, it is gratifying to note the
good feeling and unanimity of senti
| mcnt that prevailed throughout its
deliberations. The convention was
' composed of the very boat material —
representative Democrats from every
section of the county being in attend
ance us delegates. There were no
nominations of importance, so far as
the emoluments of u(litre make them
important, to he made, and nothing of
special interest to engage attention,
and for these reasons it is surprising
that the attendance should have heen
so full, every district in the county
i living represented.
The work with which the delegates
were entrusted was done well and
faithfully. The nomination of .John
Shannon, Ixj., for Jury ( omrnissioii
er, h one that will give universal sat
■ isfactiou. Mr. Shannon is so well und
favorably known that it is needless to
make extended mention of his fit no*
for the jsisition. He lias in the post
Ihm ii entrusted hy his fellow-citizens
with positions ot rcs|s>nsihility and
trust, and the manner iu which he
discharged important duties heretofore
is an earnest that he will carefully
scrutinize the names that go into the
jury wheel, and prove n faithful and
efficient officer.
The nomination of Dr. Joseph
A darns, of Mileaburg, for the office of
Coroner, was one eminently fit to Ik
made. He has occupied the |>osition
before, ami is thoroughly conversant
with the duties of the office.
The convention was also fortunate
in the selection of J. L. Spangler,
Esq., for the important position of
Chairman of the County Committee
for the year that will la-gin in January
next. Mr. Spangler is young, active
and aide, and will undoubtedly prove
a most thorough and efficient leader
for the party in the great campaign
of 18K0.
The good work of the convention
was fitly rounded off by the election
of J. N. Caisuuov , Keip, and Hon.
Fred Kurtz, as representative dele
gates to the next State convention.
The resolutions have the right ring
and correctly express tho sentiments
of the people of the county.
The United States Grand Dxlgc of
Oild Fellows met at llaltimon- on
Monday lat, John (i. Harmau, grand
sire, in the chair. Ik-legates from the
various States and Territories and
provincial jurisdictions wen* present.
The annua] report of the grand sire
was made and referred to the usual
special committee for distribution. It
contains a full statement of the nuin
-IST mid financial condition of Ihc Or
der at the present time, a* follows:
Number of grand loilges, 50; in
crease, 2 ; subordinate lodges, 1!,075 ;
increase, 07 ; grand encampments, 30,
same as last year; sulmrdinate en
campments, 1803 ; increase, 28 ; lodge
initiations, 33,860; decrease, 2,227 ;
bulge mcnders, 82,408; decrease,
2,370 ; total relief, $1,740,405.68; in
crease, $35,1.'18.07 ; total relief, $4,-
266,086.52; decrease, $156,965.33.
It also contains a vigorous protest
against adopting a system of life insu
rance or endowment, as it is termed,
and says : "This lnsiy must determine
whether it shall become a principle
of the order. The eudowment plan
now before this lodge involves a vast
ffnancial scheme embracing the anliro
jurisdiction of odd fellowship in Amer
ica, and impiwe* upon the grand sire,
the grand secretary and the grand
treasurer, most onorous duties, and
exposes the order to tho daugers and
disgrace of insolvency and crime. It
creates within itself a power greater
than itself. In short it creates odd
fellowship into a colossal insurance
company, and that would be death to
the institution."
The report of the grand treasurer
shows that the available assets of the
grand lodge on the .'list of August,
9, consisted of u cash balance, on
deposit in the National Farmers' and
I'lanters' bank, of Raltiraore, to the
credit of the grand lodge, 811,190.17;
I ni ted Btales coiqion bonds of I*Bl,
at par value, $8,000; cash advanced
to surplus relicffund, $23. r >o. A total
of BRI/t 18.67 , or an increase of assets
since August 31, 1870, of $807.1*.
Ir is reported from Washington
that Mr. Hayes has carefully prepar
ed an elaborate political speech, which
he will take occasion to inflict upon
the jM-ople of Ohio, at the first favor
able op|sirtunity. It is said bv a gen
tleman who has read the draft of it,
that it will be exceedingly stalwart in
tone, and will justify and defend Mr.
Haves' course in the veto business.
The- s|K-etacle of even u dc facto I'r.xd
dent taking part in an excited jtoliti
eal campaign, frothing from the hust
ings aud generally putting himself
ujKin a level with pot-bouse politician*
and preeinet bummers, is one not cal
culated to impress the average citizen
with any great degree; of ro|*-ct for
the man who furnishes it. It is some
thing to know that the fraudulent
President lias woke up to the fact that
hi- course need* justification and de
'■ " ■ - ♦
A Chll-Senlee It/form story.
WASHINGTON, September 19. The
Star, A conservative paper, furnishes the
following civil service reform incidents :
Congressman Fisher, of Pennsylvania,
who in the absence of Jay Hubbel, of
Michigan, acts as Chairman of the Re
publican Congressional Committee, i* in
the city. He says the atno nt of money
raise.! for |.ohtiral pur|OM-s among the
clerks in the several department* is not
nearly so large as many have been led
to imagine. The amount contributed
by tho Treasury Department was in the
neighborbood of $6,000, the War De
partment. Jl.ttf.', and in all tho other
departments not $ I ,(no all told. It i*
said, too, by prominent Republican*
that prior to Secretary Schurz's depart
ure for the West he isiued order* for
Lidding tbe canvass of hi* department
by the collectors lor campaign fund*.
A gentleman who once occupied an of
ficfkl |.osition at the While House say*
that the celebrated civil service order
No. I was written by Secretary Ncburz
and that it was at the White House for
two week* in one of the drawer* of a
secretary'* d.-sk liefore the President
acted upon it, and that he only *igned
it at the urgent request of it* author.
Mr. Hchurr. Jut after the President
signed the order and directed that it
should be promulgated an officer of the
(lovernment who happened in the Pre#
ident'* room remarked to him that it
would prove a failure. "Why,?" said
the President. "Well," said the other,
"any civil service ordered that i# based
sitnply on policy and not on mandatory
statutes will fail, because you will make
exceptions to it. and once an exception
i* made the lettoni falls out." Sure
enough, the very day the order wa# pro
mulgated an exception to it* provisions
wa* made, and at the request of the
identical Cabinet officer who wrote it—
Mr. Secretary Solium.
A CORRESPONDENT of our somewhat
Republican contemporary, tho HrraU,
in Maine, throw* thi* pleasant light on
the machinery of the Republican can
vais in that State :
"Beyond the arrangement* on the
•tump, distribution of political litera
ture, bullddfeing of employe* and
I'nited State* pensioners, the Republi
can* employed a lever which was more
powerful an<l effective than all the oth
er* combined, VIE, —money. They evi
dently had a large fund and they ex
pended it judiciously and to the boat
advantage. It was raised at home and
the National Committee gave permiaaion
to the State C-omroittee to draw upon it
for a* large a ium a* might be necessary
to buy the State. All the Republican
State and national official* were asness
ed 5 per cent, on their aalarie*, while
all the candidate* were mercilessly bled
to raise an immense corruption fund.
Hn* of the mail route agent* on the
train from Bangor to Portland was a*
sasaed $42.50 on hi* salary of $B3O, and
! suppose he paid it, for he is atill run
ning on the train, and that would not
be possible had he refused. A country
poatmaater in this distriot, with a salary
of s4.'. was forced to disgorge a*
hi* share of the Bind. Voters were
bought In this city like sheep in the
shamble*, and the same wa* true in the
other eitie* and many of tbe larger
town* in the State. The price paid for
voter* varied, and wa* somewhat small
er than in former year*. lam told that
$5, $lO, $l5 and $2O were paid, and in
some instance* and $5O and even ••
high a* $45 were paid for a single vote
in the olo*e district*."
It is hard that Mr. Blaine ehould
have spent *o much money merely to
prove that he oennot take hi* own
Stale with him into the next IVeeiden
tial convention.— JV. I*. World,
TKKMS: jht Annum, in Advance.
The novelty at the Decatur (III.) fair
wa* a 4'*) yard foot race.
I here were .71.'! birth*, 1 .Vl marriage*
and 71.J deathH in New York city l&*t
week. _
I iiirly-eight hundred and sixty emi
grant* arrived at Oastle Garden I act
Last week *700.000 worth ef butter
wh# shipped from New York to Kngland.
I he iralhc is *leadJl y on the increase.
W illiaut McKiiii, for many yeara a
I well-known banker of Baltimore, and
head of the house of McKim A. Co., died
~n I hursday morning of paralysis, aged
seventy-one years.
An increase of twenty five cent* per
ton to the puddlers and six and one
quarter per cent, to ail other skilled la
bor has been granted by the Susquehan
na 1 tolling Mill (Company at Columbia,
i This IS the second increase within two
A woman who lost her husband and
| child by yellow fever in Memphis, last
i yer, crossed the river to Arkansas in a
i skill when the outbreak of the disease
I occurred this year. Everywhere sbeap
j plied for food die was chased off by
armed men. llcr troubles have made
; her insane.
! Mr*. Sprague ha* dismissed her car
riage, but retained Thomas Handy as
her servant, and is going to New York.
She will take a European steamer when
her own property is placed legally with
a trustee. She avoids Governor
Sprague and lthodc Island to retain her
three daughters.
A 'i ankee who had never paid more
than c<-nU to see an exhibition went
to h New York theatre one night to see
the "forty Thieves." The ticket seller
charged him 77 cent* for s ticket. Tak
ing the pastolord back, he quietly re
marked : "Keep it, mister. I don't
want to *ee the other thirty-nine," and
out he walked.
An indication of the revival of rail
road manufsctur ng industries appear*
in the fact that a gentleman acting as
agent for a southwestern railroad re
cently wrote to all the rolling mill* in
the East asking for bids for 5.000 tons
of rails, and not one of the mills would
bid. Each and all declared that they
were full of orders for month* ahead,
some of them until February next, and
they could not oonsider bis offer at all.
He say* this wa* the tenor of the repl es
received from every rolling mill east of
Growing in the meadows here and
there on the marshes at Moncton, < nt.,
there is a "sweet bay'' that would startle
a Western hsy field. The perfume it
exhales is very sweet and very lasting.
Eittle ornamental and work basket* are
woven from it, and it retains its per
fume for year*. You can smell this
sweet bay when you drive past the
meadow*, and it is enough to make yoo
wish you were a horse, to be fed on such
ambrosial hay as thin. It i a perfume
not altogether unlike, although much
sweeter than *weet clover, but grow* in
much weeter place*.
Nineteen new case*, twelve white
and seven colored, were rcfairted to the
Hoard of Health at Memphis on Mon
day. Eight (k-aths have occurred since
Sunday night, among them Timothy
Keefe, Gerrett Devorica and Nancy
I'ulner. Dan Sullivan, a well-known
steamboat clerk, died Monday after
noon after the regular report of the day
had bejn signed. Donation* to the
Howard Association Monday aggregated
*715. Twenty nurses were assigned to
duty by them. Kev. Father William
Walsh has so far convatesoed that he is
able to be at hi* post again. Advicre
received by the National Hoard of
Health Monday, re|>ort two new i-a*e
of Yeiloty fever at ( oneordia. Misa., since
Sunday, and ten new cases at (arson's
banding. Miss. This place is sixty
miles below Helena.
In a Ixindon letter to the New York
Sun Mr. Charles A. Dana gives interest
ing particular* relative to the crops in
Europe, from which we gather that the
prospect is even worse than baa hitherto
teen supposed. Inocsaant rains, from
the commencement of the season, have
produced most disastrous results, ee- #
penally in the British Islands. The
best of the crop# in most favored locali
ties are below the average. In many
places the scarcity will he such as to
produce great suffering. As to the
great cereal wheat, it is poorest of all
in Kngland and Ireland, where the
yield can not par more than half ita
cost. In France there will be, perhapa,
about three-quarters of a good average.
The same is true of Western .Switzer
land, Southern Germany and Holland.
But the United Kingdom will have to
seek for its supplies elsewhere. Ih Rus
sia, on the other band, an immense
wheat crop is reported.
The fiftieth marriage anniversary of
Mr. and Mia Charles Francis Adsms
occurred on Wednesday of laat week.
It is an interesting and very unusual
fact that three golden weddings of suc
cessive generations of the same family
should have been observed in the same
house. That of President John Adams
and his wife was celebrated on the 2 "ilk
of October, 1814. That of their son.
President .lohn Quiney Adams, and hk
wife, on the Sftth of July, 1*47. The
third has Just taken place. It will be
noticed that the intervals between three
occasions were respectively thirty-three
and thirty two yeara —almost exactly the
lifetime of a generation. At the time
of thair golden weddings President
John Adams was seventy nine, and
Preaidant John (4. Adams had just ce* '
tared hi* eightieth year. Mr. C. F, i
Adanu is seventy two.
NO. :JH.