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The Star-Spangled Banner. i
Oh ! say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hail'd at tbe twilight's last
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the i
O'er the ramparts we watch'd, were so gallant- ;
ly streaming !
And tha rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in ;
Gave proof through the night that our flag was :
still the*e !
Oh ! say. does that Star-spangled banner yet
O'er tbe land of tbe free and the home of the J
On the share, dimly seen through the mists of ;
tbe deep, I
Where the foes haughty host in dread silence i
What is that which tbe breeze o'er the towering j
As it fitfuily blows, half conceals, half disc-loses? !
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first j
In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream'
'Tis the Star-spangled banner 1 0 long ',mav it
O'er the land of the freo, and the home of the
And where is that band who so vsuntingly swore ,
That the havoc of war, and the battle's oonfu" j
A home and a country should leave us no more ? ;
Their blood has wasb'l out their foul footstep's j
No refuge could save the hireling and slave,
From the terror of flight orthe gloom of the grave j
And the Star-spangled banner, in triumph doth I
O'er the land of the free and the home of the
Ph 1 thas btfit ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and war's desolation-
Blessed with victory and peace, iiwy the Hearen
jFraiso the power that hath made and preserved
us a nation 1
Then conquer we muzt, when onr cause it is jus'
And this be our nrotto—'frr 'imJ is our trust !'
And the Star-spangled banner iu triumph ahal l
O'er the lanif of the free, and the houVe of the
tJL'i ; l L_.._ 1 1 JUL'
Military Terms, •
Tn order to Understand intelligently the
various military movements which are tak
ing place, it is necessary to familiarize one's
self with many of the military terms in cur
rent use. Indeed, so extensively bas tbe sol
dier's dialect become incorporated with our
daTy oouversstion, that some acquaintance
with it s-sras almost essential. Below will
be found most of these terms ordinarily oc
curring in compiling them we have been
guided by Harder s Tactics, V, S. Infantry
and Rifle Tactics, and other reliable author
Abandon ■ —To retire from and yield an
ttntenable position to the enemy.
Jb-htis, (pronunced ab-bet-fee.)— Felled
trees, with their sharp branches placed otrt
wa-d, interlaced and presenting a thick front.
Accoutrements —Comprise belts, cartridge
box, bayonet-scabbard, but not weapons.
Adjutant —An assistant of the Colonel, or
ether commander, in the details of regimen
tal or garrison duty, usually selected bom
tbe rank of Lieutenant,
Adjutant General. —Principal staff officer
cf an army, to whom oonrmtJYiications for
head-quarters are addressed. The Adjutant-
General's department in the U. S. Army
comprises one Colonel, one Lieutenant-Colo
nel, four Brevet-Majors, and eight Brevet-
Advance Guard. —A detachment preced
ing the main army.
Aid de-Camp. —Member of a General's
staff, whose orders he receives and executes.
Alignment —Lines on whieh troops are
formed for battle,
Ambulenct, —A moving hospital attached
to an army for the purpose of rendering im
mediate assistance to sick or wounded sol
Approaches, —The line of entrenchment,
ditches, etc., by whioh besiegers approach a
Apron—A sheet-lead covering for mouth
Armstrong- Gun. —A rilfe cannon loaded at
the breech. Its projectile is made of cast
iron, so constructed P.S to closely fit the
grooves, when it is foreed through the bore.
Army Corps. —A division of tbe atmy or
ganized for a campaign, composed of in
fantry, cavalry, and artillery.
Banquette. —A slight elevation inside of a
fort, upon which the soldiers stand Iff fire
over the parapet.
Barbette Guns —Guns fired over ?, parapet
with wide range, distinguished from guns in
embrasure, which fire through a narrow cut
in tha embrasure, aod with a limited field af
Bastion —ln fortifications the advanoed
% Jmilg flefospaper —$cboteb to politics, Ktmpenma, fitcratun, Science, ®jjc pecjjanics, Agriculture, JSctncatioii, _ JrtMjente, fit.,
portion of a regular work, consisting of tw
'aces, enclosing a salient angle and two
Battalion.— A body of infantry of two or
more companies under one commander.
Battery —A number ot cannon of any kind
arranged for tiring together.
Berm. —A narrow place between the par
apet and ditch.
Billeting.— Temporary lodgmeut of sol.
diers in private buildings.
Bomb —A ?helf thrown from a mortar.
Boyau —Zigzag ditches by which the be
seigers approach a fortified place.
Brevet.— An honorary commission for mer
itorious service, but not effecting tbe lineal
Brigade. Two or more regiments-
Counter Scarp. —The exterior sltrpe of a
ditch facing the escarp.
Cadence.— Exact time io marching and re
Caisson. — The ammunition-carriage ac
companying a field-piece.
Captain. — Com'mander of a company.
Carbine. —A small musket or rifle used by
Cartridge.—A charge of powder rolled in
paper for muskets, and in flannel for cannon.
Ball cartridge haye a ball inserted at tbe end
of the powder.
Cisemafe. — A bomb-proof chamber in for
Cashier. —To dismiss an officer iguotnini
oualy from an army.
Cavalry —A term including all kinds of
Colonel. —Commander of a regiment.
Colors. —The two silken flags belonging to
Columbiad. —A gun of large callibre, for
throwing solid shot or shells.
Commissary. — An officer who purchases
and distribute* provisions.
Company. —A body of men, numbering
from fifty to ome hundred.
Corporal —The lowest grade of noa com.
Counter-march. —A Bhangs of the direc
tion of the regiment or oompnny from front
to rear by a flank movement.
Coup de Main —A sudden attack connect-'
ed with a'surprise.
Crenelated. — Loop holed.
Countersign. —A secret word of communi
cation to the sentinels on post.
Curtain —That part of a rampart which
joins the flanks of two bnsthns together-
Coiirt Martial.s— Are divided into general
courts to try important cases ; garrison courts
for lesser delinquencies; and drum head
courts fnr summary puuishmnt.
Cuirassiers. — Heavy cavalry, protected by
breastplates. Rone in the El. S. service.
Column —A body of troops so drawn up
as to form a narrow front. A column is close
or open accordiug to the distance between
Display —To open the order cf troops from
column into line of battle.
Dragoons. —Cavalry who sometime* serve
Division- —Two or more brigades,
Echelon —(French, meaning ladder.) —A
formation of troops lollovring each other on
separate lines- like the steps of a ladder.-
Escarp The side of a ditch next to the
Enfilade. —To sweep with a battery the
whole letigb of a work, or liue of troops.
Engineers —Officers who build fortifica
tions. Topographical Engineers are those
who make military surveys, or rsconnoisan
Entrench. —To throw up a parapet with a?
ditch io front.
Escalade. —An attack on a forthwith scal
Esplanade.—A. level surface within A forti
fied place for exercising, eto.
Fascines. —Brushwood bound together in
convenient landies for carrying, and used to
make firm footing on marshy ground-.
FicM Officers. —Comprise the Colonel,
Lieutenant-Cn'onel, and Major of a regi
Fatigue Duty,— Labor in distinction from
the use of arms, such as carrying provisions,
File,—A line of soldiers ranged one behind
Forlorn Eope.— A selected party, general
ly volunteers, to attack a breach, in storm
ing a work. The duty is verv dangerous, and
the survivors are generally promoted.
Furlough. — Leave ot absence.
Glacis. —A bank of earth gently sloping
toward the country.
Generals. —All officers above the rank of
Colonel. There are only two grades in the
United States, Major and Brigadier-General.
By special act the brevet of Lieutenant Gen
eral was tonferred on General Scott.
Gabions. —Baskets of wicker-work used in
the construction of parapets, trenches, etc.
Grape. —Large shot sewed together in cyl
indrical bags, and made to fit in oannon
Grenades-. —A small shell With a short
fuse, which may be thrown into the enemy's
Guidon-—'A small silken flag borne by cav
airy and light artillery.
Gunpowder —ls composed of seventy-six
" WE STAND UPON THE IMMUTABLE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE-NO EARTHLY POWER SHALL DRIVE US FROM OUR POSITION."
Bellefonte, Centre County, Penna., Thursday Morning, July 11 1861.
parts of saltpetre, fourteen of charcoal, and
l_ ten of sulphur.
Haversack. —A coarse linen bag for carry
' ing provisions on a march.
Havelock.—A cloth cap with large cape to
protect the neck from the sUn.-
Holsters. —Pistol-cases attached to cavalry
Howitzer. —A piece of artillery with a
chamber at the bottom of tbe bore, in which
j the cartridge is placed ; intended for -firing
In fantry. —Foot troops, divided into infan*
; try of the line and light infantry.
j "As one by one new tacts are developed, to
make it clearly evident to the whole eoun
: try that the disunion conspirators have been
I gradually perfecting their schemes during
| the last thirty years, men may well contem
plate with amazement such an extra-ordinary
! spectacle. It canfiot be doubted that up to
withiD a recent period a very large majority
of the people of the South, like those of tbe
j North, were devotedly attached to the Union
1 and even at the present time there must ne
| ee-isarily t>9 a large body of men there who
; still love it, and arß only temporarily pre
vented from giving free expression to their
| sentiments by the system of terrorism which
j has been established. But during all this
period a ceroparatively small, but determined
band of leaders, have steadily pursued one
aim. No matter what party was in power ;
: no matter what issues set mod for the mo
ment to command public attention ; no mat
' ter what objects they professed temporarily to
\ have nearest their heart, their one steady
; and unchangeable trim? was disunion, and to
i the disruption of this great Confederacy,
; they unceasingly devoted all their energies,
: in season and out cf season, making ail oth
er questions suboidinate to this. When in
! power they embraced every opportunity pre
j sei.t d to them to sow the seeds disaffection
| and distrust, and to turn the energy and re
! sources ef the Republic into whatever chao
; nels cou'.d be made most available and use
! ful, when the proper period arrived, for its
i destruction. History furnishes no para'e'.l
; for the guilt of these persistent and unfalter
; enemies of onr country. Other nations, it is
i true, have had their conspirators, bnt none,
: who, for so long a period, or for such slight
j causes and pretext*, or wbj Jiad so fair a
i chance of enjoying the highest honors of a
nation, end securing the cbiif portion of its
posts of honor and preferment, have played
i tbe part of incarnate traitors* It the full ac
j c 'Unt of rheir machinations could be written
I what a terrible lesson of duplicity nnd ini
| quity it would teach ! We talk of associa
tions of men in other countries, who have
! baDded together for series of years to accom
: plish cherished political objects, and who
have, in some instarcis, stained their names
and cause with infamy, but the worst of
i tiese cannot compare io depravity wiißi- the
| zealous devotees of the secession movement.
! By what gradual process they have .under
mined the fidelity of many of tbe officers of
the army and navy, of Southern birth and
• poisoned their minds with the false and trea
| sonable idea that their highest allegiance was
j due to the desperate politicians, who coutro -
|ed the people ef their native States ! How
j zealously have they magnified tbe import
| ance of eveiy iittle difference of opinion, or
j of supposed interest, between the people of
| North and the South, and insisted upon tbe
absolute triumph of the views of the latter
'on all questions ! Ilow industriously hate
| they disseminated the idea that if in any case
I the Southern djctrmea should not prevail,
; any such failure would justify a resort to
j revolutionary measures for redress 1
i C'onseious of the strength of our Govern
; roent, and ef the bei iHcem nature of its op
erations upon the people of our whole coun
try, so long as the propositions to destroy it
merely took the shape of threats, we could
afford to laugh at their folly, and to despise
them ; but now, in looking back at the past,
we can see the double significance of what at
the time was supposed to be mere blatant
dtmagoguism. The traitors aimed at once
to frighten and terrify the patient and yield
ing North'into submission to their demands,
and to undermine the loyalty of their people
and prepare them for desperats measures
when, in the fulness of time, their plot had
thickened and their preparations for estab
lishing a Southern confederacy Were com
plete. Nothing was better calculated to gradt
ually accustom the Southern mind to the
Secession scheme, from Which they would
have originally shrunk back with horror,than
a perpetual repetition of the cry, year after
year, that each question that arose in our
national politics was sufficiently important
to justify and demand a dissolution, of the
Confederacy if the wishes of the Fire-eaters
were not complied with.
Tbe conspirators simultaneously pressed
forward different branches of the programme.
One was to constantly increase the stringen
cy of their claims upon tbe North, and the
other to swell louder and louder, year after
year, their threateng, defiant and rebellions
tone, while they terrified, cajoled or pur
chased tools and agents of their villianous
scheme in all parts of the country, and thus
gradually laid what they supposed would be
an impregnable basis for their great rebel
Not War, But Murder.
As we read the daily telegraphic Bulletins
from the scene of hostilities it is hard to re
alize that we are engaged in a war. The
Whole conduct of the Southern traitors has
been that of highwaymen and cowards, and
not what we should expect from chivalrous
soldiers. For two armlSa to meet in battle
array, and fight, is manly and honorable We
feel that those who fall mest the late of com
bat, and even when defeat comes upon ene
mies we still respect them, for we kcow that
they Aid all that brave men could to gain a
victory. Warfare is sad necessity but wheo
it is marked by treachery andcowardiee it is
murder. We had at least expected front the
soldier? of the Southern Slates an exhibition
of that chivalrous sentiment, which they pro
fess to hold, and which is their most distin
guished characteristic in the eyes of the
With the exception of the assault cm Fort
Sompter (aDd the difference in forca was fto
enormous that (hey could well afford fit be
honorable), the armies of the Confederate
S:a'es have been carrying on this contest in
the spirit of an armed aDd angry mob. They
burn and murder, and steal and perseeu'e,
but do not fight. Tbey shoot solitary senti
nels in the dead of night, fire at officers from
an ambusb, hang men for being true to their
allegiance, tar and leather harmless pedlars,
build masked batteries ; but whenever there
is an opportunity for honorable warfare they i
retreat. They assassinate at Alexandria, but j
fetreat at Philippi; they shoot from smbns
caae at Vienna, but abandon Harper's Fer- j
ry ; they murder when the opportunity of- ;
fjre, but wher the chances of war are ten- ;
tered to them they hastily plunder, bum, I
and steal away.
So far as the Southern traitors are con<> ;
eerned, we can hardly expect a different I
course of warfare. Tbey eeem to have aban j
douod every feeling of honor and humanity,
in adjuring their allegiance to the Constitu
tion. Their orators exhort them to deeds of
rapiDe, their newspapers glorify assassina
tion, their preachers miniate? to the fiercest
passions of msn's nature, and the basest fi.el
ings of bigotry and fanaticism ; their gener- j
als urge them to deeds of infamy, bulletins
of calumny and wrath. Where are the gal
lan., natives of the South—tb'3 men of other
days, who were as honorable as tbey wore
brave —the soldiers of Cowpens, New Orleans
aDd Buena Vis'a, the descendants or the com
panions of Marion, Jackson and Taylor—the j
men who did honor to their country and their j
profession ? How have we fallen 1 Instead
of Marion, "?e have Beauregard, to inult
those whom he was oni'e prouud to obey ;
for Jackson, we have Twiggs, whose treach
ery has bleached the darm memory of Ar
nold ; ao-i for Taylor we qave the unprinci
pled Jefferson Davis, whoso desperate ambi
tioD would mount to empire over the ruin of
his native land, and the downfall of Consti
tutional Liberty.— Phil. Press.
The Officers of Our Army.
It is a very sad thing that we have already
lost so many of oiVr officers. Although com
paritively few of our rank andfile have been
killed by tl.e enemy, Ellsworth, Greble, and
Winthrop have been sent to their graves, and
Col. Kelley has been so seriously wounded
that a Jong period mus; probably elapse be
fore he can regain his wonted strength and
vigor. As the contest progesses, we fear that
there will be many mof a such calamities il
proper precautions are not taken, FOI only
on account of the dashing' bravery of many
of pur best leaders, but because it is evident
that the sharpshooters of our enemies will,
on all poftbibfe Occasions, take special, pains
to seleot the most shining marks they can
perceive. The welfare of the service require 8
that gieater piecautions should be taken by
those to whom the movements and companies
regiments and brigades are entrusted, to
avoid exposure and protect their lives. The
death of a trusty officer at a critical moment
often causes frightful disasters and may lead
to the loss of a battle or to the unnecessary
destruction of Bdndreds of our soldiers.
It is no discredit to the numerous able effi
cere connected with our army—in which
rank may be properly iadeded many who
nave not enjoyed a complete military edu
cation— to say that from the very nature of
the contest in which tbey have so suddenly
became involved, one of the greatest difficul
tiecr is to obtain a sufficient number of thor
oughly trained and scientific officers. Un
fortunately, peaceiul pursuits had, for a long
period, so thoroughly engrossed public atten
tion, and the number of graduates at our
pribcipaf military school has been so small
compared with the number of officers requi
read to command the immense army we
have called into the field, that rich as the
country is in talent and knowledge of all
kindß, it is compelled' to rely, in a great
measure, upon those who have always here
tofore been civilians, to comui.vnd as well as
formtbe army ef tbe Union. All that can
be done is to combioe as skilfully as possi
ble officers of the regular service, who pos
sess complete military education, with such
martial civilians as have shown by their past
lives an aptitude for war and a genius to
commar J. But meanwhile let ns bope that
tbe warning which shouid be oonveyed by
the fatality which bas already carried away
our most papular officers will not be neglect
ed, and that in future engagements regula
tions providing for their protection will be
jfcg?— WP invite the attention of our friends
to the following letter of Mr, Cook Duncan,
to the Berichler, in relatiofi to tbe silly
charges against Gov. Curtin :
Governor Curtin. "
Frederick Kurtz :
DEAR SIR ;—There is cnopoint upon which
we all agree ; that under the exisdog diffi
ctilties in our country, a large proportion of
the reports so industriously circulated, are
Ilow often do we hear even the best in
formed say, that one half now printed and
spoken, is without tho least shadow of truth,
and only calculated to mislead the public
miod, And to some extent endanger tbe sta
bility of one of tbe beat governments iu the
1 am led to make these remarks from the
fact that our cocfnty is full of vague and un
foundfd rumors, an! believed too, by many
woithy ftad upright citizens, who desire
nothing but truth, ard who wotfld scorn to
circulate a falsehood. I wish to dirct the
attention of such to the report now in circu
lation about Gov. Curtin. Ooe serious charge
is that the Governor bas got to drinking, and
is unfitted to attend to business.
As I have had a good opportunity during
the past winter and spring, to ascertaio the
truth of those g'rave charges, having seen the
Governor almost daily, both iu public and
private, I car. most unhesitatingly assert that
these reports are false, and without tbe least
shadow of truth.
I am confident no one can be found who,
upon his own responsibility, will charge that
deportment of Gov. Curtin, since his inaugo.
ration, has not been that of a gentleman and
worthy eiilzen, well supporting the dignity
of Chief Magistrate of the great State of
Pennsylvania. Let persons who are not
willing to receive this truthful statement, go
to Harrisburg, where the delusion of such
disgraceful stories will soon be dispelled.
I will now avert a few facta connected
with our prejent difficulties'. On April 12,
Fort Sumpter was bombarded. The evening
of the same day the news was telegraphed to
Uarrii-burg : accompanying this startling in
telligence, came a dispatch summoning Gov.
>;urtin to Washington City. On Monday
morning following, the President issued his
proclamation calling for voluuteers to defend
our national Capital. From this hour com
menced the most arduous duties ever devolve
ing upon 2n Executive and Heads of Depart
moots since the formation of our government.
Gov. Curtin returned from Ws'sfcrington on
Tuesday morning, April 16th. On Tuesday
afiernoon volun'3'ars commenced marching
into Ilarrisburg ; on Wednesday over 2000
reached that point; and on Thursday be
tween four and five thousand had arrived.—
This Targe body of,men bad! to be provided
with provisions and clothing—a majority
having come wi'hout any protection, save
the clothing on their persons. Every avail
able blanket in Ilarrisburg was purchased
and distribu'ed among the volunteers. The
Governor sent to Philadelphia for a supply of
blankets; when they reached him, some
were found damaged and of inferior quality.
Yet, what was to be done? There was no
rime to make contracts; no time to return
damaged blankets ; thousand of soldiers were
there suffering from the inclemency of the
weather, which i: will be remembered, was
cold and wet. with occasional snow storms.
Now, uuder all these circumstances, eliould
not our citizens be willing to make some al
No one acquainted with the trials and dif
Acuities by which our State administration
was 3urrounded, and tfro energy and zeal
they manifested in attending to the wants
and comforts of our volunteers, will be influ
enced by such vile and slanderous reports,
circulated in many instances only by those
disappointed in obtaining office under the
administration, ft should also be remem
bered that many of the complaints charged
upon Gcv. Curtin, referred to the camps at
Chambersburg, York, Lancaster, &e., over
which be had no control whatever, tbey be
ing under the direction, of the General Gov
ernment. The only CBmps in Pennsylvania
controlled by our State Government, were
the camps at lierrisburg and Pittsburg, about
which there have been no complaints.
There are other points I desired to refer
to, but as this letter is already quite leDgthy,
I Will close, by adding that I have no wish
to offer an apology for the guilty, but think
it great injustice to condemn any set of men
without some better evidence than the coun
try DOW possesses. I will just add that I'
have no other object further than to state
what I believe to be strictly true; this is ray
only desire, having no private ends to serve,
it being well known by many of my intimate
friends that early in the sessioh of last win
ter, I had determined that Otidfer ilo circum
stances would"I again be a candidate.
Wsr. C. Di'NCATF.
Millheim, JUDO 21, 1861'.
A Typo in Woe.
A poor editor oat West somewhere, falling
in the hands of the Philistines, broke forth
in the following gizzard-raooving appeal :
Sheriff', spare that press !
Touch not a single type ;
Don't put me in distress,
To e'ick to me though life.
'Tis all in all to me—
If lost what shall I do ?
Then why not let it be 1
OSheriff! boo! boo! boo!
THE FORWARD MOVEMENT
THE BLOW ABOUT TO FALL.
twenty One Regiments Eii*
| THE REBELS ROUTED.
THEIR LOSS HEAVY—OURS LIGHT.
WASHINGTON, Tuesday, July 2, 1861.
j The preparations for the forward move
j ment, of which we have advised you, are
' quietly but rapidly making. Evidences that
i the blow will be struck before raanj r days
comes front Additional and independent
sources. Of its nature or direction we can
not properly speak ; but you may rest as
sured that the impatience of the people lias
j made itself felt here, and that the Cabinet
has very recently decided to make a move
i ment upon a large scale, and to forward an
object which the country has much at heart.
It is believed that an effort will be made
to capture a masked battery near Mount
The Rhode Island battery has gone to
Baltimore, but may. be sent further.
The 14th Yew York Malitia and 2d Maine
crossed into Virginia in the course of last
night and this morning. The 14th is at Ar
lington House. A Minnesota regiment cross
W ILLIA3S> , OR?, Tuesday, July 2, 1861.
The Reporter of the Associated Press went !
down the Potomac yesterday, to see the ex- j
pectcd move of troops across the river at !
i?heppard's Ford, tvVo miles below dam No.
4. The towpath of the canal was cut to per- |
mit the artillery to have an easy grade down j
into the fording, but the opposite bank was j
found to be so precipitous that the troops j
could not ascend with ease, and the crossing :
was abandoned. The mistake arose from ■
the incompetence of the guides. The ford- ]
ind is naturally one of the best on the river, i
and the proper ascent on the Virginia shore j
very easy. Within a radius of three miles |
from the ford lay encamped the 2d and 3d j
Pennsylyauia Regiments under Col. Wyn- i
The Regular Cavalry, four companies of j
the 2d Parker Battery of Artillery, Gfh, ?R-t j
and 23d Pennsylvania, under Col. Thomas, i
loth and 24th Pennsylvania Regiments un- I
der Gen. Negley, the 11th Pennsylvania, j
and Ist Wisconsin, and McMullen's Inde
pendent Rangers, under Col. Abercrouibie.
Gen. Negley's and Col. Wvnkoop's bri
gade actually struck their bents at 3 o'clock j
this morning and marched to the ford. The
whole column, embracing 18 full regiments
and several detached corps, such as Major
Doubleday's two companies of the Second
Cavalry, the First City Troop, and Perkins's
Artillery, with the exception of the Fourth
Connecticut Regiment, lying in camp at
flagerstown, are now encamped here, and
are under marching orders. At 3 o'clock A.
M„ the column will cross the river.
Buresfde's Rhode Island battery is con
fidently expected to-night or early to-mor
row. It is reported that some of the regi
ment from Col. Stone's column will join the
column to-morrow. In order to lessen the
size of the column only 5 wagons instead of
11 e.re to be allowed te each regiment. Ten
days' rations are to be taken in bulk.
The stars and stripes were hoisted on a
tree on the south side of the river to-day by
a Marylander, by the ntfme of Sanders, in
full view of the Confederate pickets. They
did not fire upon him. Colonel Jackson
lies at Ilokes Run, three miles this side of
| Martinsburg, with about 3.OOOmen. Theen
| eriiy were observed busily engaged in erect
j ing earthworks immediately back of the
j Heights, opposite Doubleday's battery.
Late this p. m. it is thoug it they design
! putting guns in position to obstruct the
march of our troops. About fifty shots
were exchanged this morning between the
advance girard of the hostile forces at Sliep
perd's Ford. No casualties so far as known.
There will doubtless be sbam work before
the 4th passes over unless the Rebels re
H'AGERST'OWN, Md., Tuesday, July 2,"18GI.
At 4 o'clock this afternoon a special con
veyance arrived in this town, bringing Cor
poral John N. McGinley of the Independent
! Rangers, ha baing the first soldier brought
here wounded in an action. Considerable
excitement was occasioned upon his arrival,
and from statements made by him and from
those on higher authority, the Government
operutiors glean the following :
Between 3 and 7 o'clock- thi3 morning
the troops which have been concentrating
at Hagerstown and WilHawsport for several
days past, crossed the Ford at Williarosport.
Gen. Patterson reviewed them as they filed
The morning was bright and beautiful,
and the soldiers wero in excellent spirits.
Scouting partiesiffCapt. M< V: .Men's rangers
and others selected from the Ist Wisconsin
Regiment were out at midnight, and fre
quently during the night brisk firing was
heard between the Federal pickets ar.dthase
of the enemy on the Virginia side.
The proper fords having been ascertained,
the advance took place before daylight, the
post of honor being assigned to Captain Mc-
Mullen's Independent Rangers, and the
First Wisconsin, and the Eleventh Pennsyl
The advancing column consisted of the
brigades of Abercrombie, Thomas arrd Neg
ley. The Independent Rangers behaved
remarkably well, getting close up to the
1 enemy—within a distance of only 75 yards.
I Abercromhie's brigade led the advance, and
j the casualties of the conflict were almost
j exclusively on the Ist Wisconsin and llth
I Pennsylvania regiments.
Col. Jarrett aud Lieut. Col. Coulter led
the skirmishers, opening upon them at 400
yards. The whole of the rebel force at
Martinsburg; consisting of four regiments
of infantry, and ODB regiment of .horse, were
engaged in the action.
They had with them four pieces of artil
| lerv, part rifled cannon, and were com
i manded by Gen. Jackson. The first city
! troops of Philadelphia were ossigued a p<>si
j tion near the United States cavalry, .■ Y-
Capt. Perkins, and behaved remarkably
! well as far as known.
The casualties on our side are two killed
and several wounded. Several of the dead
; and wounded of the Secession troop i wera
j left on the field in their hasty retreat, one
! or two of whom were buried by our men.
The loSS of life on their side is said to be
I very heavy. In anticipation of a retreat
! by our forces, the rebels had leveled the
i fences on both sidc3 of the turnpike even
! with the ground, so as to cut them off in
the event of their retiring to the Potomac.
! The first stand was made at Porterfiehi
Farm, on the turnpike, near Haynesville,
! where it was necessary to destroy a barn
and carriage house, to make a charge upon
the enemy. Here the conflict was fierce, the
1 rebels standing well up to their work, and
i finally slowly retreating. Knapsacks and
i canteens were hastily thrown aside as in-.
! eunihrances to a backward march. They
i left behind them a number of blankets, and
other articles of value, indicating a heavy
loss on their side.
ANOTHER SKITOIISH NEAR THB
TWO ZOUAVES AND FIVE REBELS
EXTENT OF THE FEDERAL ARMY
PROCLAMATION BY GEN. BEAURK
CLEEKSHIP OF THE SENATE.
WASHINGTON, Suly 1,
Reports hare reached the eity from good
authority, stating that a ?kirmish took
place across the river during last night, be
tween the Federal Zouaves and the rebels,
in which lour or five of the former and two
cf the latter were killed and several wound
Gen. Beauregard has issued a proclama
tion announcing that after to-day no one
shall enter or depart from his lines without
a pass from the President of the Confeder
A high officer of the Government declares
that the relations of our Government and
Great Britain were never more amioable
than they now are.
The Government has discovered that reb
el spies are in the habit of leaving the city
by the Baltimore and Chesapeake Bay boat
up the Patuxent river, and go thence into
The army of occupation, here, and in the
vicinity, is regarded as the largest body of
men ever assembled on this continent.
The friends of Col. Forney are using their
influence to have Hon. Emerson Etheridge,
of Tennessee, elected Secretary of the Sen
A large majority of officers, Senators,
members of the press, and others left hero
to-day for Fortress Monroe.
The statement that passes are granted
indiscriminately by Gen. Mansfield or his
aid, Capt. McKay, or at hotels, in blank, is
untrue. Ten of fifteen passes per day at
farthest are given, and never, except on the
strongest letters of introduction.
Later from Baltimore. .
TIIE MILITARY OCCUPATION OF TIIK
RUMORED ARREST OF TIIE MAYOR.
OTHER PROMINENT SECESSIONISTS
TO BE ARRESTED.
MORE ARMS SEIZED.
BALTIMORE, July 1.
The military still remain posted through
1 the city. 001. Lvle's regiment and a de
tachment of Boston artillery occupy Monu
ment square ; a detachment of Col. More
head's regiment is near Greenmount ceme
tary ; and a guaid is also stationed in the
Custom House. The latter is said to be to
protect the largo amount of specie there, de
signed for Washington to pay the troops.
There hove been rumors of an intention
| to arrest the Mayor, but they are incorrect
las no such desigh is entertained. It is ru
! mored that other prominent secession lead*
! ers are to be arrested, but nothing deffnato
lis known. A small quantity of muskeU
have been found secreted at the Eastern
Police Station, and search is still going on.
Gov. Banks has struck a blow at the heart
! of treason in Baltimore by the arrest and
; imprisonment of George P. Kane, Marshal
(or Chief) of all the Secession villainies
whereof Baltimore has been the focus, from
burning railroad bridges to obstruct the
advance of pa riot soldiers to the defense of
Washington, tcr sending arms, munitions,
and snpplies to the army traitors ita Virgin
ia, is notorious, and his retention as Mar
s' -1 by the Police Commissioners is a proof
| ."their own traitorous proclivities. More
i over, we learn that in his pocket, at the time
' of his arrest, was found his commission as
i Brigadier-General in the Rebel army, Balti
more by the arrest of Kane and the appoint
ment of Col. EenlY as Provost Marshal, is
virtually placed under martial law, as it
should have long since openly been. All
know that it is a focus of conspiracy and
treason; all know that it is liable at any
critical moment to break out into open and
violent rebellion ; but it will do that wheth
er the Secessionists are continued in power
or not; and of the two dangers, that of meet
ing them with the staff in their hands is
greater than that of fighting them after it is
taken away. This is one step in the right,
s®Tbe N. Y. Fire Zouaves,
near Alexandria, have been running a mil?
where they found a quantity of wfci's'f. They
proted themselves good millers-'