Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, November 29, 1860, Image 2

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    Centre genwerat. j
THURSDAY, NOV., 29, 1860. j
Open Letter to Governor Letcher.
BEM.EFONTE. PA., NOT. 24, I860.)
Gov. John J etcher of Virginia.
DEAR FIF I find in ihe public prints a
private letter which I addressed to you on i
the 15th inst., nnd which was intended to j
elicit from you a private, not a public reply. !
I presumed, ( more from the position you .
hold, than any personal knowledge of your ;
Excellency, ) that you were a true Virginian j
gentleman, and as such, would treat my cor- 1
respondence with Ihe privacy it required.
This, I regret to say, you have not seen prop- :
er to do—"I am really at a iota to under- |
stand what good you expected to accomplish
by"a betrayal of my confidence.
Yoa infurro me that my Ictirr "is well cal
culated to add fuel to a tl .uie that is burning
with sufficient intensity now," why then
make public so incendiary a communication ?
Jf inflamatory, (as you think it is,) certainly
it would have done much less barm lo tbe
public, m yonr Excellency' 6 pocket, than in
the prints. Your conduct towards me, as a
Northern man, is transparent, You were in
a sifite of effervescence when my inmcent let
ter, (at least so intended,) reached you, and
you seized 1 upon it as a pretext for venting
your eurplus patriotism. Had you written
me and informed me of tbe distressing state
of your Excellency's mind, I would have
written you a letter that you could have
made public with much more propriety than
the one you published.
You say "my State is in part responsible
for tbe present alarming crisis in public af
fairs." Such a charge will meet with an in
dignant rebuke from tbe heart of svery P6nn*
sylvanian. Our people have ever been con
servative, and loved the Union with a devo
tion that your people would do well to imi
tate. The people of the North haye done
nothing to aggravate their Southern brethren.
Your Brooks' and Pryors have maimed and
menaced our representatives —you have cut
down our election poles—our people have
been shot in Kansas —the ballot-box has
been forcibly possessed—our public Presses
have been destroyed—freedom of speech has
been stifled, and yet, as a Southern man, you
gravely tell u. that we are the "aggressors,''
that we are "responsible," that our laws are
"unconstitutional," and that we "taunt" you
with superior numbers. "The Pharisee
stood an'd prayed thus with himself, G>d f
thank thee that I am not as other moo arc
extortioners, unjust adulterers, or even as
this publican."
I do not enumerate grievances in any spir
it of enmity toward the people of the South.
No! no, far be it from me to say one word
that would wound or enrage. I would far
rather allay than add to the excitement that
already distresses our country. I would say
to the people of the entire South, come, "men
and brethem," let us sit down together at
tbe table of the Union, eat in harmony, and
live in peace.
l r ou inform me "that Pennsylvania is one
ef tbo eleven non-slaveholding States that
has passed statutes, now in force and effect,
designed to obstruct tbe execution of the Fu
gitive Slave Law. In making this statement
you have fallen into error. No such law is
upen our Statute Books. Gov- Maggoffin has
made the same mistake in his late message.
Perhaps he led you into error. I would most
respectfully suggest that your Excellencies
inform yourselves more thoroughly of our
laws before again attempting to write for the
public Press-
You tell me that the South requires " that
if ber property shall escape and be found in
the non-slave-holdiDg States, that we will
see that it is promptly restor.ed to the right
ful owner." Now, sir, we have no objection
to ycur pursuing your fugitiye slaves and
arresting their, whenever and wherever you
may find them in the non-slave-holding
States, but we will not " see that they are
promptly restored to the rightful owner."—
You may catch your own negroes and we
will not prevent you, but we will not consent
to catch them for you. " We have other and
better uses for our Pencsylvanians."
Y r ou desire me "to cultivate a kind, gen
erous and conciliatory spirit'tcward my fel
low citizens of tbe South." Your advice was
unnecessary. I bear no malice in ray heart
toward any of them, yet I do not forget that
when, duriDg the late campaign, I vieitied
Virginia to advocate the election of /•bra
bam Lincoln I was assailed by a mob, and,
with my friends, driven by force from the
soil of Virginia. Think you, Pennsylvani
acs would be guilty of such conduct ? No
sir, ihev would scorn to stifle freedom of
speech as they would scorn to suppress the
liberty of the press.
You endeavor, but vainly, to construe my
letter into an insult to the brave people of
Virginia. No one more highly appreciates
their courage than I do. In the war of the
Devolution in 1812, in the struggle with
Mexico, Virginia bore an honorable and con
spicuous part. The bones of ber sons falling
in our stiuggles, lie mingled with the dust of
every battle tieid and far-be it from me to
. impute one word against the courage ot "the
mother of Presidents." The day was when
Yirgians did not consider it dishonorable to
be commanpel by a Pennsylvauiap, and the
day has not yet come when Pennsylvauians
weuld feel disgraced by a Virginian com-
You enumerate your military with great
precision,and boast your numerical strength.
Sir, let me te'l you the " army of Union"
will not be one that will " stop to number the
You say I have no "right to come'into Vir
ginia to raise troops," I never thought of
doing any each thing. Raise your own troops
—I will raise what I need without going in
to yonr State. Troops for the Union can be
p rased in Virginia without my going there.
When I come to Virginia I shall come as a
peaceable citizen. I will not sieze your
Arsenal and hold it until you send for the
Northern marines. I will not incite yonr
slaves to rebellion. I will net do anything to
disturb your Commonwealth ; but I will eat
my victuals, read tbe Iribune when I can get ;
it, speak to those who desire me to talk, and
give a penny to a beggar if I see proper.
You think I wa hoaxed in those " two
hundred Virginians" by some wag. Has it
never occurred to your sapient excelleecy '
that you yourself may have been hoaxed ?
Perhaps the boot is on the other leg, Mr.
In my printed letter I am made to say
"twenty-eight millions" instead of "eighteen
millions." Tell your compositor to be more
careful in the future.
Thanking you for having so gratuitously
contributed to my notoriety, I am with re
spect, very truly yours,
Eighteen Hundred and Sixty.
E'glueen hundred and sixty has, for the
last four years, been looked forward to as a
period in our history that would be fraught
wiih startling event*. It has come and well
nigh passed, and we think the expectations
iof al! have been fully realized. Ii has wit
nessed the downfall of the most corrupt ad
ministration that ever cursed a Government.
It has witnessed the culmination of a great
I political party ; the triumph of freedom over
I bondagn ; the triumph of labor over eapi'al
| and aiistoeracy, Wo have come out of a
great niuiierary crisis and been plunged into
another. We have had a summer of plenty,
and row we are about to witness a winter of
: want. The election of a chief magistrate
has been the leading event of this year.—
; Never in our history were the people so thor
i ougfcly aroused. It was not so boisterous as
| 1844, but the political waters were " still
! and deep." The quiet determination of the
| people foretold the change that was about to
; take place in the affairs of our Government,
: and
" Tho sovereign's will was soon upon hi 3 face."
Nobly our coqntry went through the ex
citing struggle. Labor and freedom triumph
ed, and it was well for us they did—four
years more of extravagance and outiage wo'd
well Digh have submerged the gallant old
ship of State. Secession is talked of, but on
ly talked of. The rebellion ef the South is
not yet ripe. Our citizens with trembling
horrow bear the thunders of disunion roll
beneath their feet. An awful crater seems
about to buret, belch forth its fiery flames and
burning freedoms fanes amid a general con
But we are now satisfied that 1860, event
ful as is bas been and mav be, is not destin
ed to witness the culmination and overthrow
of a great political sentiment that has been
growing iD this country for the last twenty
J ears. Sixty has indeed been a wonderful
year, but the war of secession, rebellion and
treason his been reserved to immortalize
tome other year—perhaps 18G4.
Trouble in Kansas.
It se ms that we are to have a new excite
ment in an other portion of the conntVy, to
draw off a'fention from the Southern secess
ionists. The Government at Washington
has received intelligence of a serious outbreak
in Kansas. What are the real causes and
purposes of this turmoil wo cannot, from
what we have heard, now accurately deter
mine. It seems that there has always exis
ted a bitter feeling between tbo free State and
pro-slavery dweller# ID Kansas, after the
outrages of the border MissouriaDs, commit
ted by permission, if not the encourageruen
of the Federal Administration. It is natural
that a desire to retaliate should posess the
desperadoes of that unfortunate Territory.—
The starving condition of the people is such
that we hope that they will net have added
to their troubles horrors of the civil war,
or a necessary expedition by United States
♦re ops.
figf The Philadelphia inquirer and the
patriot & union, a couple of dirty little dai
lies published down the ccuntry, take excep
tion to the letter we wrote to Gov. Letcher.
The Editors, no doubt, are ambitious of be
ing noticed in the CENTRE DEMOCRAT. Sor
ry we can't flatter your vanity, gentlemen,
hut indeed we have not time to notice your
"oDe horse" concerns. You must not expect
us to pay attention to every whiffet that
Larks at our heels. Y'elp on, poodles, we
can't stop to stone you under the gate—
Doug'ifaced dogs always run at their mas
ters' bidding but do more harm than bite the
iron teat ercircles the wheel.
Is 1856 Mr. Fremont got only 1.194 votes
jit alt the S uth— 281 in Maryland, 308 in
Dale.vars. 291 in Virginia, and 314 in Ken
tucky ; Missouri gave him no votes, the Re
publican strength that had been developed
tnere months before, in the election of
Frank Blair'to Congress, going then to swell
the Fillmore column. We believe 30.000
votes have now been given in the South di
rect to Mr. Lincoln, and to BJ that at least
as moDy more did not vote for him through
a desire to use Bell in defeating the broken
democracy, is no idle calculation. The Re
publican party has a foothold in the South
ern States, that is a great point gained for
the suecess of Mr. Lincoln's admit istration.
The following are the Presidential votes of
sine of the southern cities:
Lincoln. Douglas. Bell. Breck.
St Louis, Mo, 9483 8538 4333 544
Hannibal, Mo. 225 624 574 121
St. Joseph, Mo. 410 1064 " 721 226
Kansas Oity, Mo. 185 487 368 131
Hermann, Mo. 226 84 18 I
St. Charles, Mo. 199 287 220 25
Franklin, Co,, Mo. 248 469 224 59
Newport, Ky. 263 423 381 64
Covington, Ky. 220 844 936 289
Louisville, Ivy. 100 2633 3823 859
Wheeling, Va. 600 627 936 649
Alexandria, Va. 16 139 1008 568
Baltimore, Md. 1082 1562 12,619 14,850
Milford, Del. 209 9 52 191
Cedar Creek, Del. 286 230 134
Wilmington, Del. 200 maj
The approaehing session of the Legislature
of this State, will have before it the impor
tant duty of electing a United Stateg Senator
on the second Tuesday of January.
On tha third Monday of Jnauary, the State
Treasurer will be chosen.
On the third Tuesday of January, Col.
Curtin will be Inaugurated Governor.
The Presidential Electors meet at the
Capitals of their respective States the first
Wednesday in December.
War of the Abolitionists on the
Pro-Slavery People.
Threatened Foray upon Missouri, Ark
ansas and Texas.
[ Special Despatch to the New York Herald, j
The state of affairs in Bourbon and Linn
counties, in this Territory, cause much talk,
speculation and excitement hero.
Many rumors aie Hfhrat in regard to the
movements of Captain Montgomery. Vari
ous reports say that he has frum three hun
dred to four hundred men fully equipped,
and ;s threatening the lives and property of
the Dro-slavery men in the vicinity of the
counties above alluded to. ♦
The citizens at Vort Scott are reported as
expecting an attack, and they are removing
thoir goods and chattels.
Nothing had transpired up t® three o'clock
on Monday.
WARSAW, Mo., Nov. 21.—A messenger
reached here to-day, bringing the following
despatch, which has been forwarded to the
Administration at Washington :
CLINTON, MO., Nov. 21.—The abolitionists
with arms newly imported from Boston or
the east, under tbe command of Captain
Montgomery, numbering from 300 to 500
men and increasing in numbers, have at
tacked Fort Scott, Kansas, and broken up
the Court, compelling myself and ail the of
ficers of the Un ted States District Court to
fly for sur lives. They have taken the towns
on the Missouri line, the Fort Scott Land Of
fice, &o. They intend to invade Missouri,
U. S. Judge Third' Judicial District, K. T.
A military company will be organized in
this" city to-morrow to aid in the suppression
of this outbreak.
At a meeting of the citizens of Clinton,
j Henry coutity, Mo., fo-daj, it was resolved
i to raise a volunteer company to defend their
i homes, and, if necessary, the western bolder
of the State.
A Committee was appointed to wait on the
Governor of Missouri and lay the facts before
him, and request a suj ply of arms.
The following letter has been addressed to
Governor Siewart:
CLINTON, MO., NOV. 21.— Sir: —I am here
to inform the citizens of this State of the fol
lowing facts, and I have been requested to
present them to you as Governor of tbe State.
The abolitionists, under command of Mont
gomery and Director Tennyson, to the num
ber of 300 to 500 armed with Sharpe's ri
fles, dragoon's sabres, navy revolvers and
bowie knives, have euddenly commenced a
war of extreme ferocity on the law-abiding
citizens of Southern Kansae, in the counties
of Lima and Bourbon. These arrived by the
wagon lead at or near Mound City, about
one month since, in boxes marked as dona
tions for Kansas sufferers. Montgomery hae
been in Boston during a part of the summer,
and returned with plenty of money to enlist
recruits. Many of his men are newly impor
ted. He has taken possession ol Fort Scott
| and other towns on the border, near the Mis
! souri line. He has murdered Mr. Moore, a
! grand juror, Mr. Harrison, Mr. Samuel Scott,
Mr. Hinds, and obliged all the United States
officers, including myself, to fly for our lives.
Ills own expressed design, made in a public
speech, as he said without concealment, is to
keep possession of Fort Scott, and other pla
ces near the Missouri line, to prevent a fire
in tbe rear, while he cleared out southwest
Missouri of slaves. So far he has carried
out. literally, his declared programme.
The citizens of Missouri, on the Osage and
Merimator rivers, in Bates and Vernon are
.flying from their houses into the interior.—
He boasts that he has money and arms to
equip and sustain one thousand men. My
Court was broken up by them, the United
States Court for the southern District, and I
suppose tbnt they have seized the records and
also the records of the said office, as he pub
licly declared that he would do so,
Unitpd States District Judge for the Third
Judicial District of Kansas.
KANSAS, MO., Nov. 21—United States
Marshal P. T. Colby and party, of Kansas
Territory, arrived here this evening- They
bring the following particulars relative to the
! operations of Captain Montgomery and his
gang of Jay Hawkers, numbermg nearly
fire hundred men.
FORT SCOTT, NOV. 19. U. S. Judge Wil
.lianas and the officers of the Court, have been
obliged to flee to Missouri to escape attack
from tbe Jay Hankers.
Samuel Scott, of Linn county, was taken
from bis house on the morning of the 18th
instant, and hung.
Many of the most prominent citizens have
been arrested, but as yet, their fate is un
| known.
Messrs. Reynolds & Co., of Fort Scott;
Messrs. Crawford & Co., of Chouteau's tra
ding post, and other merchants in the Terri
tory, have removed their goods to Missouri.
The roads are lined with teams leaving the
Mr. Ilaffdagle, Postmaster at Mapleton,.
was arrested to-day and threatened with
hanging; but he succeeded in making his es
KANSAS CITY, Nov. 21.—Rumors are in
circulation here of the burning of Fort Scott,
but tbey are not generally credited.
A RABBIT BABY. —One ol the most singular
freaks of nature we have read of for a long
time, occurred in the neighboring town of
York lately, the particulars of which are
given in one of tbe papers of that place, as
follows. "A married tady gave birth to a
child, po*essing, generally, the. forms and
whims of a Rabbit. The features bore a close
resemblance thereunto; and at the hind
part of the head there was a short stumpy
tail, precisely in imitation of the small pei
animal. The child squeaked the notes of the
Rabbit. I: was so formed that it could par
take of no nourishment; and during the five
weeks of its career on earth, it was necessary
to pour, gently, a little milk down its throat.
It had but little flesh, and that blue, resem
bling that of the innocent quadruped to which
species it might have been classified to be
long, instead of the human fainilv. After
much suffering a spasm ended iis existence.
These remarkable features and gestures of
this child, are to be accounted for from the
tact that the mother, while enciente, repeat
edly fondled and caressed several pet-Piab
bite, kept in the house."
LIBEL. —We are not aware that there has
previously been a case on record of a suit
for libel against the editor of the American
Agriculturalist• The complaint is that is' an
article cautioning persons against investment
without personal examination, a damaging
libel on the waste land on Loog Island was
contained, and SIO,OOO damages are claimed
by the plaintiffs, who are interested ic a por
tion of this particular tract.
GEN, SCOTT. —Gen. Scott is the largest man
in the American service. He is six feet six
inches tall, and weighs two hundred and six
ty pounds. He is 74 years old, yet his health
is good and his whole system apparently
vigorous, much of which is owihg to his
temperate habits.
Foreign Aid for the
The most noteworthy feature of the seces
sion business is the sending of a commission
er by South Carolina to treat with the Em
peror Napoleon. The new Republic, or
Kingdom, must haye a guardian in seme of
the powerful nations of Europe to protect it
against coercion on the part of tbe American
Nothing more strongly reprehensible than
these overtures could have been done. Such
a proceeding is undoubteuly treasonable un
der the provisions of the Constitution, and
could be punished as such. In auy ordinary
circumstances it would be the duty of the au
thorities to take cognizance of such a misde
meanor and to treat its authors as they de
serve. At the present time, however, the
public generally appear to be in favor of
dealing leniently witb tbe insane disunioo
ists, even to the extent of ignoring their trea
sonable acts. Were this appeal to a foreign
power likely to produce tho desired effect,
however, it would be the duty of the Gov
ernment to take active measures to vindicate
the Constitution and laws.
French or English intervention will never
be suffered in any portion of what is now tbe
United States. Some of our early etatesuien
were opposed to allowing European nations
11 interfere in any States of the Eastern Hem
isphere. Certain it is that our Government
will never submit to tho indignity of allow
ing a portion of its own territory to be pa
tronized by foreign rulers, and put under the
protection of foreign soldiery. Those citi
zens of South Carolina who desire to be sub
jects of the French Emperor, should emigrate
to France, to French Guiana, or to Martin
ique They can never be allowed to become
the subjects of a foreign despot on tbe soil of
ihe North American Republic.
It seems to be the general desire to let the
disaffected Cotton States to go out of the Uni
on, if they will do it peaceably. But it will
never do to allow them to call in foreign
tro. Ps to maintain a separate government.—
They will have nothing to fear from the Uni
ted Slates so long as iney, behave themselves
properly. Tbey are of very little conse
quence, and the remainder of the Confedera
cy would scarcely feel their loss.
Our country might have much to fear
should it allow a European power to gain a
■ foothold on cur soil. What is desired by the
secessionists is evidently a French army of
occupation, sufficiently large to hold the Con
stitutional Government in check. The pres
ence of such a body of foreign soldiers on our
shores, would, it is plain to see, be produc*
live of serious evils. It would furnish a
foothold for Eastern tyrants to accomplish
what they doubiless desire, the destruction of
| our free Government.
There is really no reason to fear that this
proposed French Protectorate over the new
Southern Confederacy will be established.—
Louis Napoleon will doubtless soon have
quite enough to do in Europe to employ all
his forces and occupy his attention. A gen
eral European war is imminent, and if it
does not take place, yet the French Empire
will need to keep its soldiers where they can
be made availiable in case of necessity. Be
sides there is nothing now to be gained by
encouraging the two or three weak S'ates
which are likely to secede from this Union.
Unless Louis Napoleon had the means and
the design to press his conquests on this Con
tinent, to accept tho offered Protectorate of
the seceding States would be extremely Quix
England is still less likely to do anything
for our helpless Southern friends. Their
cause is not considered quite as divine as a
crusade to the Holy Land once was in Great
Britian. The English peopie are generally
on very good terms of understanding with
their cousins in the Northern States, and we
believe their political sympathies are pretty
much altogether with the Lincoln party.
Our secessionist friends will have to make
up their minds to fight their own battles, and
to establish their own Empire unaided. They
will very probably get no aid from Europe.
—Daily News.
Yale Agricultural Lectures.
The public will be gratifiied to learn that
the novel experiment of the Yale Agricultu
ral Lectures ot last Winter was so success
ful as to induce its repetition this winter on
a more complete scale. This course will
commence Feb. 5, and continue through the
month. These lectures, which are of great
value to the whole country, and worthy the
attention of every cultivator, are given under
i the auspices of the Yale Scientific School, or
I Scientific Department of Yale College, as a
supplement is its newly instituted cource of
practical collegiate education, and for the
benefit of the public at large. A new and
{ important feature of this course will be its
| complete illustration bv specimens, drawings
' modeis and animels. Lite-sized paintings
| ofgroops from celebrated herds will be iu-
I eluded in these illustrations. The lectures
' on training and breaking horses are to ac
! companied by practical illustrations. The
j lectures of last year will take part in the
course, and ether eminent names, with a
variety of new subjects, wtil be added to the
The expenses of the course aro provided
for in part by subscription. The lectures
are under the direction of Prof John A. Por
ter, who may be addressed for further infor
mation, at New llaven, Conn.— Amtrican
A gricullurist.
From tlie South.
By the recently ratified treaty with the
Kaw (Kansas) Indians, the questions afibct
| ing the intrusions on their lands have been
I adjusted. These Indians are now concentra
ted within defined limits, outside of which
the whites wiJ be undisturbed. A few in
truders are still on the O-age reservation,
but notice bus been served on tbern to remove
therefrom. The intrudes* ou the Cherokee
neutral lands have been forced to vacate
them, through the energy of the Commission
er of Indian Affairs.
Horatio Kmg has returned from a family
visit to Maine, and not, as erroueius!y sta
ted in some of the newspapers, from a visit
to flannibal Hamlin.
Both chambers of Congress are now in
readiness for the members ; a very few of
whom, however, have as yet arrived in
The old Senate chamber, the improve
ments having just been completed, will be
occupied by the Supreme Court of the Uni
ted States at its December session.
-SST" Jackalow, who is in jail at Trenton,
New Jersey, awaiting trial for tke sloop
Spray murders, passes his time very dreari
ly, being unable to read or write the English
language, neither smoking or chewing to
-bacco, and without friends. His health is
good, though he is closely confined. He has
been supplied with pictorial papers, and pon
ders over the illustrations for hours and then
saves them. Every time his cell door opens,
he thinks he is to be taken out and hanged.
The Reported Resignation of Chief Jus
tice Taney.
WASHINGTON, NOV. 26.— There has been
no official notification, as far as can be learn
ed of the resignation of Chief Justice Taney,
which is reported in a New York paper.—
There is certainly no such information at the
Attorney General's office. „ - <
Arrival of tlie Africa at N. York.
The steamship Africa, Capt, Shannon,
from Liverpool 10th inst., arrived at New
York at two o'clock Friday Afternoon. The
Nova Scotian reached Liverpool about 3 P.
M., on the Bth inst.
TheCunrad Company had ordered, (in ad
dition to the Scotia and several screw steam
ers now on the stocks,) the cons'ruction of a
new first class screw steamer of over 2500
tons register, to take the place of the Etna,
w'lich has been sold to the Liverpool, New
York and Philadelphia Company.
Entrance of King Victor Emmanuel into
NAPI.ES, Nov. 7. —Kirg Victor Emmanuel
entered the city at hail past 9 o'clock this
An immense crowd of people assembled,
notwithstanding the torrents of rain which
were falling.
Universal joy is manifested.
TURIN, Nov. 8. The Turin journals an
nounce that the investing of Gaeta on the
land side continues.
The Opinione publishes a proclamation of
King Victor Emmanuel to the Neapolitan
and Sicilian peoples.
Ilis Majesty accepts the sovereign author
ity of the Two Siei'ies transferred to him by
universal suffit ge.
A despatch from Naples states that the de
parture of Francis II from Gaeta is eminent,
in consequence of the advice given to llts
Majesty by the commanders of tlie foreign
TURIN*, NOV. 9. —The Opinione publishes
the following despatch, dated Naples, Nov.
8:h "On the entry of the King into Na
ples, Garibaldi sat at his side in the carriage.
T.t-day. at II A. M. t Garibaldi, accompan
ied by the Ministry, formally presented t>
the King the result of the plebiscite. Ilis
Majesty received them in the throne room.
The Minister, S'gnor Conforti addressed the
Ring thus ;
Sire—The Neapolitan people assembled in
theii electoral comitate, have proclaimed you
King hy an immense majority. Nine mill
ions of Italians are uniting themselves to the
provinces which your Majesty governs with
so much wisdom,verifying your solemn prom
ise that Italy should belong to the Italians-
The King replied in a few pxpiesstve word-.
The deed of annexation was then drawn up,
the Dictatorship ceased, and the Ministry re
signed. The enthusiasm of the people con
It is asserted that negotiations have hepn
commenced between General Fanti ar.d the
commander of Gaeta for the evacuation of
the fortress.
Signor MoDtezmolo is about to proceed to
Sicily, as Gtvernor General. Signor La Fa
rina has been appointed Director of the In
terior in Sicily, and Lanza of Public Instruc
The Neapolitan army is said to be reduced
to about 20 000 men, good troops, hut with
none but old generals at their head. ,
To fill up vacancies occasioned by the de
fection of the subaltern officers, common sol
diers have been promoted from the ranks.
The number of Loyalists taken prisoner at
Capua was 10,000, and six generals, and
the Piedmontese got possession of 290 brass
guns, 20.000 muskets, and military stores
of all kinds.
patch of the 9th, announces that Garibaldi
left Naples that morning for his home at the
Island of Cspfef"- The last visit that be
paid was to the English Admiral.
The Allies Marching on Pekin.
ST. JOHN'S, N. F., NOV. 25. —The steam
ship Arago, from Havre and Southampton,
has Cape Race, with Liverpool dates
! to the 14th iLBt.
The steamships New York and City of
Manchester arrived nut on the 12th inst.
Victor Emanuel was to leave for Sicily on
the Jlth.
There is no fresh intelligence respecting
the negotiation for the capitulation of Gaeta.
It is reported that the Garrison is composed
of only a few barta'ions.
Ttie Austrian Government denies that a
circular note of the Warsaw interview had
been add re si d to Rome, Naples and the Ex-
Dukes of laly.
The Neapolitans had entered the Papal
States, through their General's treacheiy.
It is stated that General Guyoo considers
bis position untenable.
Gen. Garibaldi has issued a farewell ad
dress to his late army, concluding by telling
his companies in arms that an army of a
million of men will be wanted to folliw him
again to a fresh conflict, which is likely to
break out in Italy in March next.
The siege works before Gaeta are actively
continued, and if the garrison will not ca
pitulate a geueral bombardment will com
Fiances had rejected the proposal to evac
uate the sown, on thp basis that that he com
mands the troors, 13 000 in number, at Gae
ta, and relies on the strength of the fortrese.
Late advices from China state that it is re
ported that the settlement of the negotiation
for peace had been delayed on a question of
money and a unity ot understandiug.
The Allied army was marching on Pekin,
where Sarig-Kee Linsen bad a large force
posted to defend the city.
Lord Elgin was to follow the troops on the
9ch of September-
The army reached Yang-tain yeh on ths
lo'h. The Coolies were dtserting, and car
riage was difficult.
Two thousand troops were left at Tien
tain. to protect it from the rebels, wbo were
The Canton trade was obstructed by the
It was rumored in London that the British
Government had received official despatches
from China stating that peace had been con
cluded at China, hut it was generally believ
ed that the Government would not wi'hhold
such intelligence if it Lad been received-
The Border War—March of Troops from
the City of St Louis.
ST. L..UIS, Nov. 24. I
The different military companies of this
city met at their armories last night, when
General Frost gave them Gov. Stewart's final
orders, which were to proceed at once to the
frontier. Several speeches were made by
officer*. Quite a number of recruits outside
of the companies enrolled themselves for the
camnaign. The brigade about six hundred
strong, will leave at ten o'clock to-morrow,
hy an extra train to Syracuse, thence across
the oountry to the setae of disturbance.
Capture of Guadaiajara Confirmed.
The steamship Tennessee has arrived, with
dates from Vera Cruz to the 21st inst.
ner advices confirm the capture of Guada
lajara by the Libera's.
A force of 70u0 men in Morelin are expec
ted to join the Liberals on the march against
the capital.
The British Legation in the City of Mexico
has been sacked, and §1 000,000, belonging
to the British bond-holders, carried off. —
T lis robbery has caused great excitement
throughout the country.
We are under obligation to cur obii
ging friend Scbnell, for the following Des
patch :
A Boiler in the Montour Mill exploded at
1 o'clock this afternoon, killing two men and
wounding five.
Rates of Advertising.
The following rates of Advertising will be ad
red to, strictly:
One squ re (10 lines) three insertions $1 Off
Every subsequent insertion
Auditors Notices _ 150
Administrators and Executors' Notices, 1 75
Notice of Applicants for License, 1 00
Notice of Strays, 100
Grocers, " " 10 00
Professional cards, " 5 00
Standing adv's.. 1 column per year, 50 00
Half column, " 25 00
Quarter column. 16 00
j F&- Bill for advertising due after the first in
i f f fJIVT' 1" 1 ll
THE seven years o { uurivalled success attend
ing the
have made it a household word throughout every
quarter of the Couutry.
Under the auspices of this popular Institution,
over three hundred thousand lwnies have learned to
appreciate—by beautiful works of art on their
walls, and choice literaturo on their tables, the
great benefits derived from becoming a subscriber.
Subsi riptions are now being received in a ra
tio unparalied with that of anv previous year.
Any person can become a member by subscrib
ing three dollars, for which sum they will receive
Ist.—The large and superb steel engraving, 30
x 38 inches, entitled,
2d.—One copy, one year, of that elegantly il
lustraied magazine.
3d.—Four admissions, during the season, to
"The Gallery of Paintings, 548 Broadway
New Yok "
In addition to the above benefits, there will be
givei to suscribars, as gratuitous premiums, over
Five Hundred Beautiful Works of Art!
comprising valuable paintings, marbles, parians,
i outlines, dfce., forming a truly national bewefit.
The Superb Engraving, which every sob-riber
will r.ceive, entitled, •'Faistaif Mustering his
Recruits, is one of the most beautiful and popu
-5 lar engravings ever issued in this country. It is
done on steel, in fine line and stipple, ami is prin
| ted on heavy plate paper, 30 by i>B inches, mak
! ing a most choice ornament, suitable for the walls
I of either the library, parlor or oflice. Its subject
j is the celebrated scene of Sir John Falstaff rcceiv
| ing. in Justice Shallow's office, the recruits which
have been gathered for his "ragged regiment."—
It could not be furnished by the trade for kss
than five dollars.
The Ait Journal is too well known to the whele
country to need commendation. It is a magniti-
I eectly illustrated magazine of Art, containing
j Essays, Stories, Poems, Gossip, dec,, by the very
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The Engraving is sent to any part of the coun
try by mail, with safety, being iu a cylinder, pos
tage prepaid.
Subsepiptions will be received until the Even
ing of the 31?tof January, JB6l, at which time
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No person is restricted to a single subscription
—Those remitting sls, are entitled to five rnein
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For further particulars send for a copy of iho
elegantly illustrated -4rf Journal, pronounced the
ha ndtorn set magazine in America. It contains a
Catalogue of Premiums, ar.d numerous superb en
gravings. Regular price, ou cents per number.
Specimen copies, however, will be sent to those
wishing to subscribe, on receipt of IS cents, in
stamps or coin. .Address,
C. L. DERBY} Actuary C. A. A.
516 Broadway, New-York:
Nor. 29, 1860.
[ &7 \
let. It is always ready for 4 use,
2d. It has r.o smell,
3d. It polishes over rust.
4th. It is economical,
fth. It prodnees no dirt in polishing,
filh. It stand the greatest, degree of beat.
7th. It is jus what every family needs;
Stoves will last one third longer by using'this
It has stood the severest tests.
Triumphant! Triumphant!!
Greatest Discovery of the age ! !
Address, LEADBEATER & CO.,
(Sole Manufactures,)
No 923" Market Street, Philadelphia.
Sold by all respectable Dealers, A
liberal discount to ths Trade.
Price, 12 and 26 Cents.
Put up for dealers in cases containing four and
eight dozen, A splendid Lithographic Show
eard accompanies each package. Every
Merchant should make a note of
Nov. 22, 1866. ly.
STRAY' CALF.—Camo to the residence of the
subscriber in Walker towuship, a Red C.alf
about ten months old, in or about the middle of
May last. No particular marks. The owner is
reqested to come forward, prove property, pey
charges, and take it away, otherwise it will be
disposed of according to Law.
Nov. 29, 1860 3t.
pa-tnership heretofore existing between Jo
sepn R. Erb and Cbas. Dermis, and trading under
the firm of Jos. B. Erb <t Co., baa this day, Nov,
24th, been dissolved, The business, hereafter, to
be conducted under the firm of E. W. Erb A Co.
Nor. 29, 1860. fit,
growing tendency in this age to appropriate tho
inhst expressive words of other languages, and
alter a wLile to incorporate thtin into our own ;
thus the mid Ccjhalic, which is from the Greek,
signifying "'for the head," is now becoming pop
ularized in fctntctien with Mr. Spalding's great
Headache lirnedy, butit will soon he used in a
more gencial wry, and the word Cepatic will be
come as common as Electrpiype and mr.ny others
whose distiction ss foreign words has been worn
awny by common usage until they seem " native
and to tha manor born."
Hi 'ad 'n 'orrible 'eadach e this hafternoon, hand
1 stepped into the hapothecaries hand says hi to
the man, " Can you hease me of an 'eadache?"—
" Does it hache 'ard," gays 'e. " Hexceediiigly,''
says hi, hand upon that 'e gave me a Cephalic
Pill, hand 'pon me 'onor it cured me so quick that
I'ardly realized I 'ad an'eadache.
JS' HEADACHE is the favorite sign by which
nature makes known any deviation whatever from
thenuturai state of the brain, and viewed in this
light it may belooked on as a safeguard intended
to give notice of disease which might other vise
escape attention, till too late to be remedied ; and
its indications should never be neglected. Head
aches may be classified under two names, viz :
Symptomatic and Idiophatic. Symptomatic Head
ache is exceedingly common and is the precursor
of a great variety of diseases, among which are
Apoplexy, Gout, Rheumatism and all febrile dis
eases. In its nervous form it is sympathetic of
diseases of the stomach constituting sisk head
ache, of hepathio disease constituting bilious head
ache, of worms, constipation and othei disorders
of the bowels, as well as renal and uterine affec
tions. Diseases of the heart ate very frequently
attended with Headaches ; Anactnia and plethora
are also affections which frequently occasion head
ache.- Idiopathic Headache is also very common,
being usually distinguished by the name of ner
vous headache, sometimes coming on suddenly in
a state of apparently sound health and prostrat
ing at once the mortal and physical energies, and
in other instances it comes on slowly, heralded by
depression of spirits or acerbity of temper. In
most instances the paiD is in the front of the head,
over one or both eyes, and sometimes provoking
vomiting ; under this class may fflro be named
For the treatment of either class of Headache
tho Cephalic Pills have been found a sure and
sate remedy, relieving the most acute pains in u,
few minut<-g, and by its subtle power eradicating
the (lis ase of which Headache is tt,e unerring in
BRIDGET. —Missus wants you to send her a box
of Cephalic Glue, no, a bottle of Prepared Pills.—
but I'm thinking that's not just it uaithor : bat
perhaps ye'll bo aftber knowing what it is. Ye
seo she's nigh dead and gone with the Sick Head
ache, and wants somo more of that same us reliev
ed her before.
Druggist. —Y'ou must mean Spalding's Cephalic
Bridget. —Ocb ! sure now and you've sod it,
here's the quarther and give mo the Pill- and
don't be all day about it aither.
No one of the " many ills flesh is heir to" is so
prevalent, so little understood, and so much us
glectcd as Costiveness. Often originating in eare
les-ness, or sedentary habits : it is regurimd as a
slight disorder of too little consequence to excite
anxiety, while in realiiy it is the precursor and
companion of many of the mast fatal and danger
ous diseases, and unless early eradicated it will
bring the sufferer to an untimely grr.v . Among
the lighter ovils of which costiveness is the uual
attendant are Headache, Colic. F.heumatism, Foul
Breath, Plies and others ot like nature, while a
long train of frightful diseases, such as Malignant
Fevers, A'ocesses, Dysentery, Di irrhflcajDyspep
sia. Apoplexy. Epilepsy, Paralysis, Hysteria,
tiypoahondriasis, Melaneliol; and Insanity, mat
indicate their presence in tt.e system by this
alarming symptom, Not unfrequcntly the dis
eases named originate in Constipation, but take on
an independent existence unless the case is erad
icated in an early stage. From all these consid
erations it follows that the disorder should rective
immediate attention whenever it occurs, and on
the first appearance of the complaint, as their
timely use will expel the insiduous approaches ot
diseases and destrov this dangerous fat to tsmtu
Physician. — Well, Mrs, Jones, how ia that heal
Mrs. Jones, Gone ! Doctor, all gone ! the pill you
sent cured mo in just twenty minutes, and X vrish
you would send me more so that I can have them
Physician. —You can get them at any Druggists.
Cail for Cephalic Pills, I find they never fait, and
1 recommend theui in all.case? of Headache,
Mrs. Jones, —l shall send for a box directly, and
shall tell alt my suffering friends, for they are a
real blessing.
Spalding has sol d two millions of bottles of his
celebrated Prepared Glue and it is estimated that
each bottle saves at least ten dollars worth ot
broken furniture, thus making an aggregate of
twenty millions of dollars reclaimed from total
loss by this valuable invention. Having made his
Glue a htusehold word, be now proposes to do the
world still greater service by ci.i ng all the ach
ing heads with his Cephalic Pihs, audit they ar ■
as good as his Gluo, Headaches will soou vanish
away like snow in July.
FACTS WORTH KSOWl.NO, —Spalding's Ccpbalio
Pills are a eertai . cure for Sick Headache, Dili
iifus Headache, Nervous Headache, Custivenu-i
and General Debility.
He. da E
By the nse of the Pills the periodic attacks of
Nervous or Sick Headache may bo prevented; and
if taken at the commencement of an attack imrae
uiatu relief from pain and sickness wili be obtain
They seldom fail in removing the Nausea and
Headache to which female are so subject.
They act gently upon the bowels, —removing
For Literary Hen, Stadents, Delicate Female
and all persons of sedentary habits, they are valu
able as a Laxative, improving the apdetite, givin
tone and vigor to the] digestive organs, and restor
ing the natural elasticity and strength of tho
whole system.
The CEPHILIC PILLS are the result of long
investigation and carefully conducted experiments
having been in use many years, during which tLa*
they have prevented and relieved a vast amount
of pain and suffering from Headache, whether
originating in the nervous system or from a de
ranged state of the sumach.
They are entirely vegetable in their compost
tion, and may be taken at all times with perfect
safety without making any change rf diet, an I
the absence of any kisagreeable taste renders it easy
to administer them to children.
The genuine have five signatures of Henry C,
Spalding on each box.
Sold by Druggists and all other Dealers in Med -
A box will be seut by ma.l prepaid on receipt
of the
All ordrs shtuld be addressed to
48 Cedar Street, New-York;
Her. 52. 1860. ly.