Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, November 15, 1860, Image 1
j. s. & J. J. BRISBIN, VOLUME 26, ®.|t Centre gemotrat. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY J.S. &J. J. BRISBIN. Office in the Arcade Building, Second Floor. TERUS.—SI,SO if paid in advance or within six months after subscribing,otherwise $2 will invari ably be charged. No subscriptions received for a shorter period than six months and none dis continued, unless at the option of the editor, until all arrearaees are paid. BUSINESS CARDS. M'ALLIS TER & BEAVER J\JL ATTORN LYG-AT-LAW, BJSLLBFONTE, FA Office on Allegheny Street. Feb. 10 59 M. BEANCHARD- ATTORNEY . -AX-LAW, BELLKONTE, FENN A. Office formrly occupied by the Hon. Jaines Burnside. Jan. 19, '60.-tf. YXT W BROWN-ATTORNEY-AT- Yv • LAW BELLEFONTE, FENNA. Will attend to all legal business entrusted to him, with prompt ness. May, 5 '59. TAS. H. RANK IN, ATTORNEY-AT FJ LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA. will attend prompt ly to all legal business entrusted to him. Office next door to toe Post Office. [Sspt. 20, '6O, tf < WM. P.~WIESON-ATTORNEY-AT YY -LAW BKLLFOMTE, PA , will promptly at tend to all legal business entrusted to him. Office three doors North of the diamond. jan.l2'6o "U J. HOCK MAN , SURVEYOR AND J-i, OOA VEVABLOER, BELLEFONTE, PA., will attend to and correctly execute all businesi en trusted to him. [June 14,-'6O, —tf. GiEO. L. POTTER. M. D. OFFICE on High street, (oldoffice.) Bellefonte Pa. Will attend to professional calls as heretofore, and respectfully offers his professional services his friends and the public. Oct.26'sS G A. FAIRLAMB. M. P. JAS. A. DOBBINS, M. D FAIRL \MB & DOBBINS. DR. FAIKBAM'J has associated with him DR J. H. DOBBIN'N in the practice of medicine office as heretofore on liishop street, opposite the Temperance Hotel. March 19,57. *WM. T REIBER, SURGEON AND VT PHYbiOiAN, having permanently located offers his, Trofe ssional services to the citizens of Pine Grove Mills and vicinity, and respectfully oslicits a liberal portion of the public patronage. [Feb. 16, '6o.—ly. DAFSSSGU J. J. L/INGEE, Operative /yfegggtgL and Mechanical Dentist; will prac ~HX_ ITT f tice all -the various branches of his 4 profession in the most approved manner. Office and residence on Spring St.Bellcfonte' Pa. [Mar. £. '6O. tf. TAMES lUDOLE. ATTORNEY-AT fj LAW, BELLEFONTE PA. Will atttend to all business entrusted to him with care and prompt ness, Refer to Gov. Pollock, Milton Pa. and Hon. A: G. Curtin, Bellefonte Pa. Office with John H. Stover - jan. 5, '6O. R. MUFFLY, AGENT FOB TH , WEST LKANCH INSURANCE COMPANY. Per sons wishing to secure themselves from losses by fire, will do well to call upon him at the store of J. R. Muffly & Co., N. E. corner of the Diamond, three doors above Allegheny street, Bellefonte, Centre co., Pa. Mar. 15, '6O. ly. W. WHITE, DENTIST, has per , mauently located in Boalsburg, Centre County Pa. Office on main st., next door to the store of Johnston <fc Keller, where he purposes practising his profession in the most scientific manner and at moderate oharges. mar. 15'60 IKA C. MITCHELL. CYHCS T. ALEXANDER. MITCHELL & ALEXANDER. ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, BELLEFONTE PFNNA. Having associated themselves in the practice ui law, will atten 1 promptly to all business en trusted to their care Office in the Arcade. [Novf 1, '6o.—tf. CONVEYANCING. ~ DEEDS BONDS, MORTGAGES, AND AR TICLES OF AGREEMENT neatly and cor rectly executed. Also, attention will be given to the adjustment of Book Accounts, and accounts I Adminstratior s and Executors prepared for filing, office next door to the Post Office. Qct., 19th, 'SB, WM. J. KEALSH. 3". D. vv ing;ato fgpjgptfo RESIDENT DENTIST. Office and residence on the North •astern corner of the Public Square, near the Court House. Will be found at his office, except two weeks in ach month, commencing on the first Monday of each month, when he will bo filling professional engagements elsowhere. Oct. 22,'57 4s tf. JOHNMEL STOVER ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW BELLEFONTE, PA., will practice his pro fession in the several courts of Centre county. — All business entrusted to him will be carefully at tended to. Collections made and all monies promptly remitted. Office, on High st. formerly opcuped by Judge Burnside, and D. C. Boal, Esq. wherehe can he consulted both in the English and in the german language. May 6,'58 —22 ly. JAS. MACMANUS. W. P. MACMANC J:&WM.P. MACMANUS. ATTOKNEY'S-AT-LAW, PELLEFONTE, PA., Office in the rooms formerly occupied by Linn & Wilson, Allegheny street. Jas. Macman us has associated with W. P. Mac manus, Esq., in the practice of law. Professional business intrus ted! o their care will receive prompt attention. They will attehd the several Courts in the Coun ties of Centre, Clinton and Clearfield. June 21, '6O, tf. HALE & HOY. ATTORNEYA-AI II LAW, wiu attend pro nptly to all business entru stedto their care. Office in the building formerly occupied by Hon, Jas. T. Hale. A CARD. Messrs. Hale & Hoy will attend to my business during my absence in Congress, and will be as sisted by me in the trial of all causes entrustedto them. J. T. HALE. jan 5'1860 CURTIN &~BX.ANCHARD. TK A TTORNEY'S-AT-LAW, BELLEFONTE,PENNA The undersigned having associated them selves in the practise of Law, will faithfully at- L - tend to all professional business entrusted to them in Centre, Clintion and Clearfield counties. All collections placed in their hands, will receive their promt attention. Office in Blanchard's new building on Allegheny street. Nov. 30'58 CURTHST & BL AN CHARD. B JUYKIJYG MOUSE OF WM. F.. REYNOLDS & GO. BELLEFONTE, CENTRE CO., PENN'A. Bills cf Exchange and Notes discounted ; Collec tions made and Funds promptly remitted. Inter* est paid on Special Deposits, Exchange on the Eastwn cities constantly on hand and for sale. Deposits received. April 7 'SB WM. HARDING, FASHIONABLE BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER, BELLEFONTE, PA., Has opened a Barber Shop one door Frank lin House, where he can be found at all times. — Good Razors, keen and sharp, kept constantly on band. Ilair Dressing, Shampooning, Ac., atten ded to in the most workman like manner. He hopes by strict attention to business to receive a liberal share of publio patronage. Dellefoiito, June 28, IB6o;—tf. ' % Jfanttlg fttfospper—to politics, ®mjrate, literature Science, ®jre %x\%> litet|anics, Agriculture, Cjre Markets, ®kcation, Amusement, General Intelligence, tfc., NEW TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP DIRECTORY OF CENTRE CO. PENNSYLVANIA, B Y S. I). TILDES, From actual Measurement by Instrumen tal Surveys throughout the County. By H. I'. WALLING, Civil Enjineer. TnE undersigned proposes to publish by orde r a large and accurate Popographical Maj of Centre county, from thorough and careful sur veys, by 11. F. Walling, Civil Engineer. Every road has been carefully surveyed by course and distance, and the location noted of all the public roads, Dwellings, Churches, Post Offi ces, Ho'.els, Stores, School Houses, Factories, Mills. Shops, Mountains, Ponds Streams, Ac.— The names of Property Holders generally—care fully including those who order the work—will ho engraved upon the Map, showing the exact lo cation of each. Extra Maps of the Principal will he engraved upon the margin o" the Map ; also a Table of Distances, showing the number of miles from each Post office to every othei throughout the county, together with the latest statistical in formation. An ornamental border will surround the Map The Map will he engraved by the m st skillful Artists in the country, handsomely colored and monnted, and will be delivered to those who or der for Five dollars per copy. We are now actively engaged in forwarding the work, and shall endeavor to give every property holder an opportunity of ordering a copy, and al so of examining the work before its final com pletion; in order to make it entirely satisfactory as to accuracy, Ac. The map will contain all the information usual ly fouud in Town maps, for each of the towns in the county, and it.is obvious that the most liberal patronage is needed to sustain us in producing a work of so great magnitude and expense. As it is evidently of such practical utility and inteiest to business men and citizens generally, present ing so minute and distinct a representation of the county, that even the child may readily acquire a correct idea of each town, village, Ac., and their trne directions, distances from each other, we con fidently solicit and expect the hearty co-operation of the intelligent and enterprising citizens of Cen tre county. S. D. TILDEN, Publisher. These maps are said exclusively by the Publisher, and no variation in price. No more maps are printed than what are actually ordered. We the undersigned, having examined there cent surveys and drafts of Centre county, also Topographical Maps of other counties, pulished by Mr. S. I>. Tilden, take pleasure in recommend ing a Toporraphscal Map of this county, which is very much needed, being of great practical value to business men and citizens generally, and from he united testimonials and recommendations the.' ave from .distinguished gentlemen wh.-re they ave made survej's and published county maps.— We feel confident they will furnish an accurate, reliable and useful Map and Directory well wir ty of liberal patronage. We hope the citizeus of this county will interest themselves sufficiently in this enterprise, so that the Publisher may ongTave upon the margin of the map, extra plans of the villages in the county upon an enlarged scale. Considoring the expense of such a survey of the whole county, and being entirely a local work wo think it is offered to the citizens on very reason able terms. Win. F. Reynolds, James T. Hale, John Hoffer, Adam Hoy, Wm. A. Thomas, E. C. Ilumes Ira C." Mitchell, H. N. McAllister, J- S. Barnhart, as. A. Beaver, Cyrus T. Alexander, Ed. Blanchard, H. Brookerhoff, Win. P. Wilson, Geo. L. Potter, Geo. Livingston, Jacob V. Thomas, Geo. A. Fair lamb, Jas. H. Rankin, James F. Riddle, John Tonner, Jesse L- Test, George W. Tate, John T. Hoover, P. B. Wilson, James Linn, J. B. Mitch ell, E. Greene, J. H. Stover, R. G. Durham, Sain'l Linn, H. P. Harris, A, S. Valentine.' Aug. 23, 1860. tf. BCERHAVE'S HOLLAND BITTERS THE CELEBRATED HOLLAND REMEDY FOR ©YSFEFSSA, DISEASE OF THE KIDNEYS, .LITER COMPLAINT, WEAKNESS OP ANY KIND, FEVER AND AGUE, Ami the variona affections consequent upon a disordered STOMACH OR LITER, guch as Indigestion, Acidity of the Stomach, Colicky Pains, Heartburn, Loss of Appetite, Despondency, Costivenoss, Blind and Bleeding Piles. In all Nervous, Rheumatic, and Neuralgic Affections, it has in numerous instances proved highly beneficial, and in others effected a decided cure. This is a purely vegetable compound, prepared on strictly scientific principles, after the manner of the celebrated Holland Professor, Boerhave. Its reputation at home pro duced its introduction here, the demand commencing with those of the Fatherland scattered over the face of this mighty country, many of whom brought with them and handed down the tradition of ite value. It is now offered to the American public, knowing that its truly wonderful medicinal virtues must be acknowledged. It is particularly recommended to those persons whose constitutions may have been impaired by the continuous use of ardent spirits, or other forms of dissipation. Generally instantaneous in effect, it finds its way directly to the' seat of life, thrilling and quickening every nerve, raising up the drooping spirit, and, in fact, infusing new health and vigor in the system. NOTlCE.—"Whoever expects to find this a beverage will be disappointed; but to the sick, weak and low spirited, it will prove a grateful aromatic cordial, possessed of singular remedial properties. READ CAREFULLY! The Genuine highly concentrated Boerhave's Holland Bitters is put up in half-pint bottles only, and retailed at ONE DOLLAR per bottle, or six bottles for FIVE DOLLARS. The great demand for this trrily celebrated Medicine has induced many imitations, which the public should guard against purchasing. Beware of Imposition. See that our name is on the label of every bottle you buy. Sold by Druggists generally. It oan be forwarded by Express to most points. SOLE PROPRIETORS, BENJAMIN PAGE, JR. & CO. KANUEACICRIRa , pharmaceutists and (Statists.. PITTSBURGH, PA. FOR SALE A T the following named places in Centre county: J. Harris & Co., Bellefonte; D. Houser & Son; Plumville Mills ; Geo. Jack A Co., Boalsburg , Adam F. Shaffer, Madisonburg; Samuel Pontius, Zion; Balser Weber, Howard; H. Brown. Hu blersburg; C. G. Ryman &T. M. Hall, Miles burg; A. T. Schnell & Co., Pert Matilda; Rhule A Reesman, Millheim; Sam-Frank, Rebersburg ; T. Wolf A Son, Wolf's Store; W. Wolf, Centre Hall; R. H.Duncan, Spring Mills; J. T. Jack, Potters' Mills ; Peter Kerlin, Churchville; J. H. Hahn, Springfield; Rankin A Bolinger, Bai leysviZle ; J. Q. Williams, Eagleville; Nixon <fc Co., Mill Hall; Joseph Bing, Unionville; Gross <fc Yearick, Aaronsburg; J. 0. Bryan, Pine Grove Mills; Jacob Daniels, Stormstown, and by deal ers generally, Sept. 6, '6o.t [-WE STAND UPON THE IMMUTABLE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE—NO EARTHLY SHALL DRIVE US FROM OUR POSITION BELLEFONTE, PA., THURSDAY MORNING. NOV., 15 1860. Why Felicita Fell. BY INA CLAYTON. "Paul, don't, please don't go away to night;" urged Felicita Mitford, as her hus band rose from the tea-table and took his hat to go. "Why not, Felicita?" "Th;re are many reasons, Paul, you know them all f but if you will persist in leaving me alone so much, I cannot, in my weakness, piomise you the result." Nevertheless, Paul took his bat and cane and left, without even an apology, a kiss, or a promise to be back early. Where ho spent all of his evenings his wife knew not, for lie never told her anything ; and she was left in painful uncertainty as to his course. "I hope Maxime will not come to-night; or, in fact, again at all, for I am afraid I am getting to think too much of his society, and he is fond of mine. I can see it in every word and act. Oh, if Paul would stay at home in the evening, and try to make himself agreeable, how happy I should be ; he knows I am nearly a stranger in this place where be has brought me, and he ought not to leave me alone, feeliDg so lonely all the time." Thus soliloquized Felicita after Paul had left her ; and, leaning her bead upon the ta ble, she wept bitterly. At length a footstep arrested her attention on the step, then a knock, and she wiped the tear from her cheek and went to the door. It was he, Maxime Bancroft, just the one she most feared to see, and yet the one with whom she could pass the evening in such de lightful converse. Must she summon all her woman's courage, anij. tell him at once that his visits were out ofphce, and uncalled for in her husband's absence ? She had half-re solyed to do it, but once again in his pres ence, beneath the influence of his smiles, and his kinJ courteous words, she found it was not in her heart to do so. "Have you been weeping, Mrs. Mitford 1" asked Maxime, after he had divested himself of his hat and overcoat, and availed himself of a seat on the sofa. Felicita averted her face and said "no," at the sama time pleading a headache. "Where is Paul ? Gone again, as usual? I want to see him on a matter of business ; will he be home soon ?" Felicita assured him she did not know when he would return, or where he had gone; and she looked ready to cry when she said it. Now an opportunity presented itself that Maxime had long wished for; he would just eay a word, and say it very carefully. "It is too bad that Paul should leave you so much alone; if I had a wife I know I nev er could find pleasure in others company so long as I knew she was at home so lonely and sad." How long Maxime had wanted to offer these words of sympathy, and now it was done ; he said it in away that no one else could, and it did not offend Felicita, but it confirmed ber in the belief that Paul was very indifferent and regardless of her happi ness. Felicita would not for the world have betrayed her weakness at that moment by al lowing that naughty tear to come in her eye l but her hoart was too full, how could she avoil it? Maxime saw his power, and post poned lurther words of condolence until an other lime. So, turning gaily to Felioita, he proposed a game of chess, and with a slight attempt at a whistle, he expressed a wish that Paul would come, as he wished to see him very much. After Felicita laid aside her 6ewing and became absorbed in her game, she almost for got that Paul was absent, and, in the socie ty of one whom she liked as weli as Maxime, although she dare not acknowledge it. hard ly to herself, the evening passed away pleas antly. • When Paul returned it was nearly ten o'- clock, and Maxime was still there. After his little matter was transacted with Paul, and he bad gone, Felicita expressed a regret that Maxime should come there so often in her husband's absence, and asked Paul if he thought it was right; and, just like any other woman, who always relates everything to her husband that she hears, she repeated what Maxime said in regard to Paul's neg lecting her so much, and then, in tears, beg ged him to spend his evenings at home since he bad no business to call him away. Eat PaHl was tired and sleepy, and gave his wife to understand that the subject was not a pleasant one to him ; and, without betraying the least part of jealousy towards Maxime. he allowed the subject to end. Paul'snd Felicita had been married but a year, and, that he was a rather inattentive husband is plainly eeen. The next evening and the one succeeding, and in fact every eyening, Paul continued to absent himself from home, and finally Felioita did not even ask him to remain, since 6he knew it was wholly useless. He came to eat and sleep, just as if he had been bearding there, and then went]away again, either to his office, er to some place of amusement, or elsewhere ; and he appeared willing .to allow her the same privilege, to go or stay, to sit all alone or have the coqipany of Maxime, who contin ued his visits generally under the plea that he wished to eee Paul, and would wait until his return. In this way matters went on un til Felioita, finding so maoh mere aeppineee in the society of the ever sympathizing, fas cinating Maxime than in the company of her indifferent stoical husband, that she did not object to Maxime's visits, but would have been lost without th6m. The story is soon told. One night, when Paul returned to his home, his wife was not to be found. Poor, erring Felicita, had eloped with Maxime. A note addressed to Paul explained the cause of her departure. Now, for the first time, Paul saw his great folly and mistake, and only wished he could recall Felicita to his home, and he would amend. It was too late. Maxime and Feli cita had sailed for Europe, and there they made their home. However unjustifiable such a proceeding on the part of Felicita, can we acquit Paul of blame ? Had he been less neglectful she would not have fallen. Singular Stratagem. When the celebrated Grotius was impris oned in the castle of Louvestein. his wife followed him thither to endeavor, by her presence and affectionate attentions, to alle viate the miseries of a long captivity. While theie, her tenderness suggested a singular stratagem for his escape. Grotius was at that time occupied in wri ting the works which acquired for him so grsat a celebrity, and having occasion fur a great number of books, he requested and ob tained permission to borrow all that he should require. He sent a large trunk for these books, into which he likewise put Lis own linen with that of his wife. When he had consumajd these books and was done with them, they were returned and fresh ones brought in like manner. After about a year and ahalf had elapsed during which Grotious had undegene a rigor ous captivity, his wife, observing that the guards, weary of finding nothing in the trunk but books and linen, no longer took the pains to search it, persuaded Grotius to place himself in it instead of the books, having previously made soma holes in ths part where his head would lie, to admit the air. During two days before the execution of this project, she made him stay near the fire in an arm-chair, and she pretended to be rnueh afflicted at her husband,s indisposi tion. On the day that he books were to be taken away, having put Grotius in the trunk, she drew the curtains of his bed very close, and requested the man who fetched away the box to do it as quietly as he could. With much difficulty he planed it on his Bhouldere and carried it out, complaining bitterly of the heaviness of the burden. In this man ner was Grotius conveyed to Gorcum, to the house of one of his friends, and from thence he went to Antwerp, disguised as a miller. Immediately after their departure, Marie had dressed herself in her husband's clothes, and taken a seat by the fire, lest the jailer should come in ; but when she thought her husband in safety, she went herself to inform the guards of his escape, upraiding them with the little care they took of their prison ers. Ashamed to construe this contrivance into a crime, they permitted ber to rejoin her husband. TRs Power of the Heart Let any one, while sitting down, place the left leg over the knee of the right one, and permit it to hang freely, abandoning all mus cular control over it. Speedily it may be observed to sway forward and back through a limited space at regular intervals. Count, ing the number of these motions for any giv en time, they will be found to agree exactly with the beatings of the pulse. Every one knows that, at a fire, when the water from the engine is forced through a beet hose, the tendency is to straighten the hose ; and if the bend be a sharp one, considerable force is ne cessary to overcome the tendency: Just so it is in the case of the human body. The ar teries are but a system of hose through which the blood is forced by the heart. When the leg is bent, all the arteries within it are bent *oo, acd every time tha heart contracts, the blood running through the arteries tends to straighten them ; and it is the effort which produces the motion of the leg alluded to. — Without suoh oscular demonstration, it is dif ficult to ooccei/o the power exorted by that mechauism, the normal pulsations of which aro never perceived by him whose very life they are. Tnx FLOYD GUN. —The experiments of Old Point ■vvith this monster piece of ordnance have been most satisfactory. It is by far the largest ever cast in this or any country. It will cripple, hopelesly, at a single shot, any hostile ship, no matter how large or strongly built, thet may venture within a mile of its enormous muzzle, It weighs, independent ly of the carriage, 49,090 pounds ; and its cost was something over sio,ooo, The bore is sixteen inches in diameter, and fifteen feet in depth, tho solid shot weighing four hun dred and fifty pounds. The sun rises and sets ; the moon waxes and wanes ; stars and planets keep their constant motions ; the air is tossed by the winds ; the waters ebb and flow, to their conservation and purification no doubt, to teach us that we would ever be in action. S&" A boy entered a stationery store and asked the proprietor what kind of pens h& sold. "All kinds," was the rsply. "Well then," said the boy, "I'll take three cents worth of pig-pens." Something about Burning Mountains. Geological theorists assert that the iner qualities on'the earth's surface arise from the uplifting of volcanoes, earthquakes, etc. But the minute seams in sandstone forma tion indicate that the whole is }he' effect of depositions and precipitations, while in the submersion by the sea, and the advance and retreat during perihelion periods, we have aqueous agency requited for the precipita tion. About two hundred active volcanoes are reported, of which eighty-nine are in the isl ands. Submarine valcanoes often throw up islands. The Azores, the Lipari, the Cana ries, etc., are examples. The ashes irom volcanoes often produce to tal darkness from thirty to fifty miUs around, and are thrown three hundred miies distant. Pieces of rock are ejected with the force of a cannon ball. Co'opaxi once threw a piece, of one hundred cubic yards, eight miles. Fish ejected from volcanoes aro those of neighbor ing waters. Lava is a stony substance like basalt, and may sometimes be seen at the bottom of a crater, red hot, like melted iron, bubbling as a fountain. When it overflows the crater it is very fluid. At Vesuvius, a red hot cur rent ot it was irom eight to ten yards deep, two hundred or three hundred yards broad, and nearly a mile long. In Mexico, a plain was filled up with it into a mountain one thousand six hundred feet high, by an eruption in 1759. Its heat was so great that it continued to smoke for lwenty.years afterwards, and a place of wood took fire three years and a half after it had been ejected, at five miles from the crater.— Stones of immense size rise to to the height of seven hundred feet, and others, darken * ing the air, full one hundred miles distant. Thirty-one great eruptions of /Etna have occurred within the records of history. In an eruption in 1G93, the city of Catania was overturned in a moment, and 18,000 people perished in the ruins. The crater ol /Etna is a quarter of a mile high, on a plain three miles across. The mouth is a mile in diam eter, and shelves cone, lined with salts and vulphnr. The central fiery gulf varies in size, and noises arise from it with volumes of smoke. D'Orville decended by ropes near the gulf, but was annoyed by flames and sur phurous effluvia, Pompeii was destroyed by showers of ashes, and Hsrculaneum by hot mud, over which six streams of lava have since accumulated. They had recently been destroyed by an earthquake, and were re building. Iu the barracks of Pompeii were found tbeskeletons of two soldiers fastened by chains ; and in the vault of a country house was a perfect cast of a woman with a child in ber aims. Alleged Facts Even the experienced trainers of the prize ring cannot decide what is the best food for training men up to their greatest powers of endurance. They have a prejudice in favor of mutton chops, and under-done beefsteaks; but it is by no means sure that this is best. The Roman soldiers—who conquered the world, and built roads from Lisbon to Con stantinople, and who were all trained ath letes, marching under a weight of armor acd luggage that few men in ofir day could car ry—lived on coarse, brown wheat or barley bread, which they dipped in sour wine. In our own day, the Spanish peasants are among the strongest and most agile men in the world, lie will work all day in a copper mine, or at the olive press, or the wine press, under a hot sun, and then dance half the night to the music of a guitar. What does he live on ? A piece of black bread, an onion, perhaps half a watermelon. You may see bim dipping his piece of bread into a horn of olive oil, and then into some vinegar, made hot whh pepper and garlic, and ho is happy. Sometimes he gets a draught of harsh, sour wine, but not strong. All the strong wine is sent te England. The Smyrna port6r walks off with a load of sight hundredweight. His only food, day after day, is a little fruit—a handful of dates, a few figs, a bunch of grapes, some cliyes.— lis eats do beef, pork, or mutton. His whole food does not cost him a penny a day. The Coolie, living on his rice, can out work tha Eegro fed on b..eon. The Arab, living on rice anu dates, conquered half the world. The most tremendous muscular force, and the greatest powers of endurance, may be nourished upon a very moderate diet. We eat too much. Many people eat breakfast, lunch, dinner, tea, supper—five meals a day, and three of them hearty ones. Our sanitary reformers have not looked much to the diet question ; will they aiiow us to call their at tention in that direction ? The stomach is the centre and citAdel of organic life. It ic worth a little consideration, as well as the lungs and skin, when depend upon it. The newspaper is a sermon for tne thoughtful, a library for the poor, aid a blessing to everybody. Many writers profess ta teach people " how to live." Culprits on the Bcaffold wo'd be glad of the secret. jgf Let a youth who etande at the bar with a glass of liquor in hie hand, consider whioh he had better throw away—the liquor er himself. Walking A Raft. There was a fellow once stepped out of the door of a tavern on the Mississippi, meaning to walk a mile up the shore to the next tav ern. Just at the landing there lay a big raft, one of the regular old-fashionei-whalers a raft a mile long. Well, the fellow heard the landlord say the raft was a mile long, and be said to himself, •' I will go forth and see this great wonder, and let my eyes behold the timbers which the hand of man has hewn " So he got on at the lower end, and began tc amulate over the wood in pretty fair time. But just as he got started, the raft started too, and as he walked up the river, it walked down, both travelling as the sains rate. \\ hen he got to the end of the sticks, he found they were pretty near shore, and in sight of a tavern ; so he landed, and walked straight into the bar-room he'd came out of. The general sameness of things took him a little aback, but he looked the landlord steady in the face, and settled it in his own way: " Publican,'' said he, "are jou gifted with a twin brother who keeps a similar sized tav ern, with a duplicato wife, a compcrting wood-pile, and corresponding cireus bills, a mile from here ?" The tavern keeper was fond of fun, and accordingly said that it was just so. " And, publican have you among you: dry goods for the entertainmemt of a man and horse, any whiskey of the same size of that ot your brother's?" And the tavern man said, that from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same he had. Tboy took the drinks, when the stranger said, "Publican, that twin brother of yours is a fine youig man—a very fine man indeed. But do you knew, I'm afraid that he suffors a good deal with the Chicago diptheria!" " And what's that?" asked the todd-stick- "It'g wheD the truth settles so firm in a man that none of it ever comes out. Com mon doctors of the catnip sort, call it lyin'. When I left your brother's coufcctionary, there was a raft at his door, which he swore bis life to was a mile long. Well, publioan, I waiked that raft from bill to tail, from his door to yours. Now, I know my time, an I ( m just as good for myself as for a boss, and better for that than any of you ever did see. I always walk a mile exactly twenty min utes, on a good road, and I'll be busted with an overloaded Injun gun if I've mor'n ten minutes coming here, steppin' over them blamed logs at that." TEXAS TO THE PRINCZ or WALES. —The Lockhart (Texas) Watchman, recently pub lished a letter of invitation to Queen Victo ria's eldest son, which is full of comicality. For this reason we subjoin it:—"Having given yu assuriDce that yu wil be we'kum hear i wil give yu a bit of advise. There a int nothin, deer Rentfrew, like bein posted, and the profit sumwhar stz, he who is four armed is fore warmed, Yur best way of kuming out wil be by the projekted pasifio raleroad, fur a Gulf voyage is not pleasant to children. Alter yu git into Texas avoid all appearans of an insendiary, and pass around oar city of Austing so that yu ma not be be detained as cheer man of any pub lik meetin. If yu prefer yu can kum by ox waggin. Be sure and bring yur sute with yu for our feemails wood blush to sea yu with out it. When yu git hear yu will no yu air in the town by the big gilt bawl a tep of the coarthouse, and hearin a dredful silence pre valin. The first thing yu must do after bein sure that yu are iu town, is not to bicb yur creetur to the side vralk and keep eharp lookout fur the korporashuD. If yu dunt happen tu see the rssepshun kummittee then inquire fur me and hunt m 6 up, fur i do tell yu, deer Rentfrew, that i wil almuet suffer kate to sea yu. We're a bomade popul out hear andyu mast make up yur mind tc en dure any things that yu'd never sea in eiv alized society. In short when yu get hear behave like a good boy. Remember ths golden rule, "Do untu yourself as youd have others du uutu them." UNHEAEVHINESS or HOT DUEAC—WKAU will our good housewives learn the aclases of prepniriDg r.nd setting forth healthy food. Hoi broad and aaleratus cakes aught to be indicted for murder iu the second de gree. Hot bread c&7er digests. Bear is mind, reader, if you are aocustcmed to est the light and tempting niseuit at tea, er the warm loaf thai looks so appetizing upon tb e breakfast table. Aftsr a long season of tumbling and working about in the stomach it will begin to ferment, and will eventually be passed oat of the stomach aj an unwel come tenant of that dolicate organ, but never digests—never becoms assimilated to, or ab sorbed by, tha organs that appropriate nutri tion to the body. It is a first-rate dyspepsia producer, and should be ignorted by all who are afilicted witb, or wish to avoid, that ter rible disease. I©" To persuade yourselves that you are destroying one unpleasant odor by introdu cing a etronger one, that is, attempting to sweeten your unwashed garments and per son by enveloping yourselves in the fumes o musk, Eau de Cologne, or rose water, the best perfume being clean skin and well washed clothing. tap The best way to humble a proud man ie sot to take toy notioe of him. EDITORS & PROPRIETORS. NUMBER 45 A Picture of Life. " Charles, come here I" Slowly the boy approaches his mother, when the latter gives him a smart box on the ear, Bdding, " There, take that; now go to work 1" " Why, mother, what hare I done?" " Done, you have not done anything, only set poring over that paper for an hour." " Bat, mother the choree are dose, and it ie storming." " Go under the shed, then, and saw wood." And he went, the boy of fourteen, dwarf ed alike in body and mind, the former by hard labor on the farm, the latter by bard words and hard knocks. Poor boy ! and this was the Dephew I had so longed to see, for I remember him as a sprightly boy of three years, all life anl animation; and this was the sister I had come so far to visit—and this was the first observation day in the fam ily circle, for sickness had hitherto confined me to my room, where all had been emilea and kind attention. My sister was some old er than myself, but being only sisters we were much together, and had few if any ae crets that we concealed from each other, and for a while after we were married, the one going towards the rising, the other towards the setting sun, we bad kept up a regular correspondence, but the cares of a growing family and poor health soon checked the let ters, and at last they ceased entirely. Onoe she had visited her old home and friends, and brought Charlie, her first born, with her, a bright iad of three summers. Eleven years had passed whon I decided to make her a visit, and see how she prospered in the far west. Success bad crowned their labors, and to the casual observer nothing was wanting to make life agreeable. Three lovely girls wandered from roam to room. Let us follow thorn to the sitting room. The eldest threw down her book, which, instead of reaching the table, as she had designed, fell to the floor. Instead of saying, " Pick it up, daughter," the mother gave ber a quick slap on the head, which sent her reeling, and picked it up herself.— Queit was scarcely restored, ere another erf fender, for some slight cause, received a box and an angry word, and thus the afternooQ was spent. I was in hopes that eueh scenes were not common, and waited impatiently for the evening—but, alas .' it came all t(0 soon, for, as much ai my feelings had beea tried through the day, they were worse tried in the evening. The candle was placed on the stand in the centre of the room ; the fath er, tired with hie day's work in the woods, baddeaned his chair back against the wall and was already snoring ; the mother, with her youngest in hor lap, rocking by the fire ; I with, my feet on the fender, and nobody by the light. Charlie hunted up his paper, which had been tucked away, and timidly drew his chair up to the stand, in hopes of finishing his story ; but hark ! " Come, boy, just move your chair back, and not make yourself quite so oonspicaous." lie moved back, and soon slipped out of the room, and was soon forgotten by all but myself; but often in the course of the evening did I won der where the boy was. About nine he came in, and I expected a scene, but no question was asked, and he passed on to his room. I could not refrain from asking my sister where Charles spent his evenings. " Oh!" she said, " he generally goes over to the other house; they take the Ledger, and always read aloud evenings." This, then, was the mystery ; the boy could not have the privi lege of reading at home, and so went to the neighbors. 1 felt sick—heart-sick and home-sick—and longed for the quiet of my own room. But a whole winter was before me, and something must be done. At last all bad sought their pillows save my sister and myself; an un pleasant silence pervaded the room; I was thinking how to begin; I knew my sistsr's heart was in the right place if I could reaoh it; she asked me what I was thinking about; I tola her I was thinking of our mothar— I asked her if she remembered how tenderly and lovingly she reared her little family— how she sympathized with all our little im aginary wrenge and troubles—how she taught us to pray and eing, as well as read and work—how pleasantly we spent our evenings, when mother would tell ue some storj, cr brother Charlie would read the newspaper. It was enough ; already she was weeping on my bosom ; no promise was asked or giv en—but I heard her go softly to her boy'e room, and as she returned I heard her mur muT, " God bless liim," and I knew the good work was begun. It was sometime before all the little outbreaks were dispensed with, but a look was sufficient to still the tempest, and ere spring, the time for my departure bad arrived, a lovlier and pleasanter familv could not bd found. Charles accompanied me home to finish his education, and be promises still to fulfil the hopes of early years. AFTER THI BATTLE or MONMOUTH.— On the uight of the memorable confliot, Washing ton lay down in hie cloak under a tree, in the midst of his bravo soldiers. About mid, - night an officer approached cautiously, fear ful of awakening him, when the chief called out, " Advance, sir, and deliver your erraDd. I lie here to think, and not to sUep !"