Newspaper Page Text
) v a
EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER
rUBUC LEDGER COMPANY
CVIU'H !!. K. CHUTiS l'rmsinrsT
Jehn C. Mnrtlii, Vic-i 1'renl.trnt nr.il Treinrrt
r. nnli!nnti. Dm' I n Smll-v, Dlrr, teri..
JOHN P. MAUT1N. .l-re-riil iii.ne Mnn.rr
PuWIhiI Jciity nt Prime In urn n.ilMlr.i;
It ilntii i.l. n
Atlantic rm. . .
Bt. I,p.i 1st
muri I'l i ,iiliiila
I'rea -Ciilen Dull ling
4 Mtnllnn Avu
7m I'enl Hull timf
.1113 alebf.nnntx'rat Hill .In.i;
ISO". Tribune JJulldlnj
. Nf.wa HU1U:aU3:
v. J? '' "'" IVntmlvinla Ave. nud 1 llh St.
?r.w 1 (iptt rnutiij Th Sun Utilt.ll it
le.NDON licnru- . . Trafalgar llu.ldlns
Tnp Hitm-..: 1'inii" l.riurn i. erv-'t te -till-
JF.i1" ,n ' " i it n .1 f-1 vm l.t iinil UTtKiti'llne tn.ini
t the rn'. i ' twelve (12) en's .ir 'icili rv.i'ila
te the crime
..By, """I '" imints cuHsldn nf "-lln.rViti. In
tni I'll tp.l s u4 I'niM.i i c r i i i . . i , i n.
'""en". 1'"'. te free, nftv Cel renti t mnnlli.
SI tin) ileil.r- tier rear, rayn'le J" .viic
Te nil ren i n r.iuntilea one (tl) i'n'ir a inetitn
?etu'K .-.me, rll.-M w-lMilnjr n.ltrea clmnircj
must Blvu e..l rn mil a-, n nMre.--..
BEU.. SCOfl VMM T
KrY-TONT. MUV I'M
Eyllrfr.jt nil cnmtnulcntipn tt r .-my J'.iMIc
J.rrtgt jnip, tM.jTfl-iiinir. jh, -,'f.. ra.
.h'iiibir of the Asecintcd Press
Till; Anri.TFt rilfRfi d nrl tai-tlu e
fulfil t l u r - MT.i'li'tin 11 d'l i wi
d((""l Imi tirii" . if . i II it i ; n tc . , , .'I
in thi pt"'r. i'l 'il- '''' I ' ii'iii nuM iirl
therein Alt ruih't v -rriib'r7,i'ii e Apfcttil
eipff'(hr' Iff. ui a- eN rr.-r
I'll U'lrtplila 1 I id i , lfirriti"r 1, 1' 22
WHERE IT HURTS MOST
TtfIIATKVi.lt may be said of the coal
' ' shortage and whatever anoleries or
explanations may be pre-ented in impos
ing statistic? will net obscure th'1 fact
that multitudes of the poorer people in
this part of the country will have te pay
with a very dreary and unhappy Christ
inas for excesses chargeable against the
unions and mine operators who were in
volved in the cual strike,
A casual survey in tfiis city and Cam
den reveals innumerable small heme3
that are without fuel and without hope
of obtaining much in the near future.
Pneumonia may be a Christmas vbiter
in many of these houses.
Seme of the up-and-at-'em Mayers in
the West have been attempting te edu
cate meter maniacs by leading them en
ceurs of hospitals where injuted or dy'ng
children lie as victims of speeder. .T.'.-e
logic and law have been alike ina le ;uate
te convince these fundamentally i-i -m-trel
of the coal supply of their -"v-al r r
epensibilities, the principle applied te
tame wild drivers 'n Detroit an i il.-e-where
might properly be extended te
them. Operators and union leaders re
sponsible for strikes and shutdown.?
might be marched around for a len'.v at
the patient children who stand in line at
corner theps te buy coal by the b-.cket
when they can get it and for a glance
Inte small houses where ether c'.nl 'r. n
shiver because even pennies aren't avail
able for a few pounds of fual of any sort.
It is only because coal is extremely
scarce that the peer have te buy it by
the bucket and pay, in the end, at the
rate of nearly $30 a ten. Thu3 the high
cost of coal weighs most heavily upon
the people who are least able te bear it.
With them the fuel shortage cuts two
tAMBER'lON BARS SPATS
QHEKIFF LAMHERTON has put his
feet down hard en that p.-opesltion of
State Senater-elect Varc that a let of
local officeholders buy spats and some
ether articles of wearing apparel and
parade in Harrisburg in honor cf the
new Governer en inauguration day. He
says that he will discharge any attache
of his office who absents himself en that
occasion. I ,
The Sheriff's ostensible rearms are i t
commendable, but aie t'-.cy h:s real rea
sons? Perhaps he has read the os-ay
en the ted hat by the late Charles Dud
ley Warner. A quiet, retiring woman
succumbed te the charm of a red hat in
a milliner's window and bought it. As
it did net match her usual costume, she
had te get a new gown. She looked in
the mirror and was se pleased with her
self that she decided she must go out te
let the world see hew charming a woman
could be. In the course of time sve was
changed into ene of the gayest butter
flies in town, all en account of the led
Spats, introduced into the Sheriff's
office, would be demeralising te the feive.
They would inc.itably be follewe 1 iy
white edging", en the vests, by flowers
in the buttonhole and by ether fri'.o'i fri'.e'i
ties. The deputies would then attempt
te live up or down te tl.cir r.-w costume,
and the husky nun would bcome dandies
incapable of functioning as proper and
dignified officers of the law.
If Mr. Vare will give serious thought
fn ,,, .ti r '.. u .....i ..- ,:,.,.. !
. . .,.., Ui cj.uus .. . ,lh.,y ,
bu uuuimuii ins prej; seu paraue anu j
allow the little officeholders te keep frr 1
te uniform them for a politician lie'.i-
THE last installment of income-tax j
payment l'vr 1921 is due today. The
first payment of the tax en incomes of i
the .current year will net be due until j
March 15. There is no escaping the j
heavy surtaxes of the present law en
last year's incomes.
Secretary Mellen has recemmen le 1 a
radical reduction of these suitax-s, in
the interest et national pros- erity.
There is time for Congress te act befove
the tax en thu jear'd incomes niuat be
It ought te net, for the surtaxes are
Im'efensible en nny sound economic
theory. They were levied, in the fust
place, in order te mulct the lich for the
benefit of the peer, but they have bsnn
handed en te the people of lesser means
by the men with large incomes. The
effect of the law has been te make th"
men with big incomes tax collectors for
But it has had nnother effect also, for
H fcs forced capital te seek investment
In tax-exempt securities of the States
and their subdivisions where under an
cquitnble system it would hnve sought
investment in private industry.
Tlie Secretary of the Treasury thinks
this evil could he cured if Congress were
empowered te tax the bend' of the
States and municipalities. Hut the sim
plest way te cure it it te re.'u.e t'.ie
Federal t.xc i' te a reasonable fiRiire.
Thru the c.ipila'i.st-. who object te pav
ing te the Cevcinirrnt from 25 te "")
per cent of their incomes would invest
their surplus in the secuiitie-? of private
corporation and pay the reasonable tax.
The corporations would be able te ex
pand and the resultant increase in busi
ness would yiil! taxes that would mere
than offset the losses resulting from the
abolition of the orfiiatery surtaxes.
NEW DISARMAMENT PLANS
ARE PREMATURE NOW
In Its Commend ihle !eal for Purthcr
NiiMiI Iteferins the Heuse OtcrloeUs
Seme Delicate and Pressing Problems
fP II K rcq-i. -f, -ni-Ij'' : 'n th" Naval
Apprepr1. m-in 1! . th it Pr si !enf
Harding shei; d -:i.tc vi i"i :!.'' ienal
pre vam te limit c -is r . e" of smaller
tyres of wrr ve ; T' i .' a'uraft and
submatines lcis it'ei --t !n the most
j delicate u-t.en hi fore t'l Washington
! (. f
fercjHi i f a yi ar arn. l-'ear.s that the
Fcs-siens i i' ht l e wiu'vcl en the isue,
te the v'f : 'i'ierit.. n of wh .h Frarce was
particularly enpyel, led te its sheh'ng.
The Vah.n:;ten ier;pacts, as are most
intcrr.atii nal agreements, were products
of compromise. Definite machinery for
presenirg pence and restricting naval
competition was etcted.
Cen idering that neither France nor
Italy has rat. fie 1 the t:eat:e-, the present
moment can ha :iy be called propitious
for suprtJei.itr.lir.g them.
The vast majeiity of Americans would
unque-tienubly have lejeiced if the scope
of the Wa.-liingten Cenfeiencc had bei n
extended. Hat matters of fact and
prejudices, which often amount te the
same thing, had te be een-ddered,
Such conditions were p.aln'y recog
nized by Mr. Hughes tlv.o'-.ghe-.t the
w h ile of the sessi
It v a i anu-
h:- purpose te i:Ti; ariiir.ne.r ref rr's
tliat caul t be a.vnint -1 aln! and durable
latlier than te piir-ue i ..al-, -U. en, Low Lew
t'vt r laudable, seemed ur.iikily te be nt
Fer this rea-sen the er'g'ni! Viverican
plan, whose main featuri s were adhered
te wth a fidelity r.T'e m inttrn.it.iir.al
ce!iclais. did net euilnaie prope-ai.- fi r
the ahul.tien of n.v ie-".
Atten'lui was fi cuse ! upon !u' re
duction of budgets for capi'al .'i:1 .; . " !
for the Hunting of the spur of empeti-
tien in naa! e.pen htures. Auvcd of
co-eperatton as a welcome substitute for
rivalry, Gieat Britain and Japan were
palpably pleased te accept the oppoi eppoi oppei
tur.ity for reln-f
Ari&t de Hriand, win was possibly hot
ter aware of th? ire.'jrity of h: hid 1
I up m t'-u prcmi'r-1 lp Ji.ui wvtv m'' t
Amricm-; at that tmif, rpeji-' ;i,e
j I-"-!: re-" :rc if h-s (,' T,' . e -at ry li
' ce.y.ey th" i'"prc.-sien taat france w.i-,
y'elding a grat deal by airreeing te e-
'trictier.s upon dieadnc.ght cen-truc-i
I As a matter of fact, it was well known
I that his Government ceu! 1 net afford te
' er bark upen a e .stly battleth'p j re
I gra-u. Semewlat similar c'-cuni- an fs
a li. ! in
..it th .t
' lj c; i" t
rar of 1: '-,
i or I
l'.:!l perir!-. ion te bull s-(N u." Ilt
ti.e lii.oe i-: ' ': ' t. As ,!
mated tha tin t.'n.ted State-
n-1 wholly a-u.-e te the r"t.--.t:3n of
submarines for defensive pi.ipeM'-, the
liiitwh iu-ep.ii tn han them altei'etl.sr
prJed a sensation which came jierile.i-'y
cloe te disrupting the cenfeien.e. 'I he
chief re.-alcitrant was, of ceurst, Fran -e,
in no n.oeil te accept th ciT-r.
Th" Loague-nf-Nutiers Cnc-ant is
in.pi-i -ir v ith premise-, r..(r.y of whi-h
i Iu-i. -,et y : been fultil'ed Te tip't-
' laid t'.vn ere admiraH", 'ut t w.l' t J-,.
tiii c te r.iake them prar-t -il'y k.-i-.i'-- i.
r. Hughes at Wa-t it".v,en li it.
'.-ie in the i. 'i of re.-.'! n
a ro.i-en.i.'.e jt . "!. i'r .
d " I'll tl.i i"l "i 1- I .
1'r.le t -.i "
iii-" I'l rj.ft
w. -e, t'. f .f. ,.. ...
un-el'.ed, rat'. ' than nr -.. t i n
.,. -4,.l . . i. . .-.. 1 ,
;'-i.i. iru.ii i itp'iai- i-.n a;' e'-or.
'I he r.et" t'H'i'l pr's vire !. cn.d wir'..
able and a i 'i n I'd ten f '"id-,! r..n
-"" "" -f ' te .vnr t:.e
fcll, ,ei.t u na.a, .ji.ann. ...
p, parri-r "
. .. t'le
. ! ati '
be lej'c red r
f rnn "at -.
Tuaty i '
n p"! v
or w II ,i t
i r: i.i. or i'
en. I i
v as Air.eii' w ;
'a te what was
done in Par.s in J!H).
Eut thu i;.' -us', n of -.v. tlv-r nl-an r.f
the di'ai-ammt nrf.nl ": 1 ,,,-, th. pro
gram dcv.-e'l at 'I'li-nj-ir M i.s .ii. r,.j ed
of i , f 1 11 ' 'i.'nr : .". v t ,,f (;tUu.
fu! a' :-. , . V. i -. ' , .':, Jr
"" "' r"i ' ;' , : d i'-e pre-
e-ali : ' . . . ir tre N .: . ,., , p, ,.
atlens I, I - I c-cci-.tn I ,. Kelly, of
Mic'eigrr, nie prei tr!y i- th f-ini'ef a
"nq'.est" te Mr. Ha d rg. final de-
cisien ier or a'..in.st the i opening of a
vexed subj.it at a pecu. ally critical
tin.e, durmg Inch patietice may p.-e' a
irtue, res with him.
N Siflll X'MlI'Ii V
thin s w -II bi tti i, a
'I . .-fi- v
. i .i '
act, than I
ipular lh!n aie .1 .n- n ih I'liited !
States or Kurepe. Tre eh.ef of nelire i
in Rie de Janeiro, for example, in a re-
pert just issued "te the public and the I
' -,K'-' f' "!!..,
ETENIG PUBLIC LEDGER-PHlLABELPtilA FRIDAY. DOEMBEfe
public powers" declares that bands of con
spirators and propagandists nre new at
work in various I. at in-American coun
tries te arouse fear, hatred and a desire
for war or n belief in its necessity in the
minds of vnrieus peoples, and that these
groups are in the pay of foreign muni muni
teon mnkeis. '
(icrmnn gun-makers spent fortunes in
France for the support of French news
papers, which were directed wdth a view
te inciting the French people against
(iennany. Quotations from these "vio
lently nntt-Ctermnn" newspapers wcre
reprinted throughout Germany te prove
te Germans that they should arm nnd
"pivrare" and goeie-step if they didn't
want te be overwhelmed. When all the
truth is known it may be proved that the
Ger an v.ar-makera weien't alone in
What the outside world will want "te
hear new is the names of the people who
have been trying te apply te Latin
America the (ire that left a large part of
Kurepean ciili::atien in ashes.
THE RIGHT STRATEGY
rpiIE Ku Khix Kliin will prosper under
the ntt..-k- of the interests and in
fluences winch it is nrrranised te cernlifir
These imh.-nces ami interests will be
, , , ., " '"- "-
V, is u ir.pv i ecu siient.
The proper kind of attack upon the
Klan comes tinin the groups for whose
protection it professes te be organized
It is up te the representative men in
the.-e groups te point cut that the pur
pose and the methods of the Klan are
un-Ameiican and subversive of the prin
eipks at the foundation of American
Therefore, when representative clergy
m n of the Paptist, Piesbyteiian,
1 irl.rran, MithedL-t and Prctestnnl
Ki'i..eipal fl. inches denounce the Klan,
as they did m this: newspaper yesterday
aftein en, a caivp.iiun of cnlightennienl
has been started which must ultimately
The Federal Constitution provides for
the greatest libeity of religious opinion
That liberty must be preserved if we
a iv te escape an era of religious intoler
ance. The right of a man of foreign birth
te become a:i American rtizen is nls
pr.'t cte-d under our laws. This right
bed t be protected, for the development
of the country depended en the recruit
ing of the population already here from
the surplus popu'atiens of the European
countries. We have forced most of the
European C'juntt'c-. te recegnir. the
r.atjralir.atien of their former citizens.
Nev.- it is illigieal an 1 unintelligent for
the c!e?-eet'ant5 of foreigners, as we all
are, te attempt te prisciibs men who
happen te !e in tl ame condition that
our anee ters were when they fuvt came
Many of the members of the races
offensive te the Klan are better Amer
icans than the be t Klansmen. The
Klan -men are net Americans at all, save
1-y the nccilira c f birth, fir they have
fo"getten that for v hic'j merica is dis
1 ': .i-b.d a"--.'.'g the n-Mem of the
f(R a ghe-t, a shade, a wraith, a
x u-nse, the League of Nations is dis
play rg asti unding re -uperative powers.
It - niv eh"d at Liusa'.re te settle the
vpv-ed and tragic eue tiuii of racial mi
r' ii s In t'l" Tifkish dr minions.
I met P.'-ha's n.temntel bullying,
w! '! inly twi days age threatcred te
i ; , ui
t' e i. in uce, l.a bem s-..c-
i ' . I ';. c " li-iti ry utterun-- te the
"tfi -r that the I-liuuc j'': n.s for safe
g'ai'iing r:.'".ul an 1 religious minorities
will be accepted by the Antrera Govern Gevern Govern
meiit and that Turkey will join the Ge
neva paitnership -brtly after the ses
sions aie concluded.
In this victory fur -i;!hatien, Richard
Wa-libit rn Child cj'mu-ly enough the
envoy of a nation wl.kh has rejected the
I.e.Tjuc appears te h-.v" played no in-eon-iderab'.e
part. M' f hild'.s app' al
f"r alien peoples in Turkey unquestien-
I ;lly strengthened the position of the
Wi tern Powers (.. :us subject. The
I pi.i.ey if brutal l! i n-n i r'i'inally advo adve
i i. e i by the Ottem:.n d' lieate cbvieu.'lv
1 tan counter te tl." i:r" .-ntiment of
' 1 1 ration.
j Mr. Child, of c .-p, sv:,i nothing
j al i ut t' e Eengu". N".ertl "less its pre-
U.-tn." imchinc-y, ;s eu'ined in the
covenant nnd avvlv ia serre degr "
e;ierat!c in nat'e.-., arvr-d from the old
Hap.-burg enipue, i- in ev ti-ne. Ismet
h.-.s rrcetmlzed tr: , f.iet, Ins evidently
thought betfr of li- .inprefitable trucu-
lence and new ;.r".
at the doers of
Ger ova as a supii'-an.
This tri'i'i'e te ':.r. la
'vi-tii.hty in the
Lea' ' e
1 iiC-iri y
can 1 ".. ly : i ; te ha. n rrvpr-
(fTe ' . .!... ini'rn.iti n-1
N t" t-d it v ,H grew and wax
Wi 1 -ktie n D' Irf-S i,f
- rdm -,i . i ,.,ri,.
'f I. l',i ,.-
I- " ' and Sli.il mv ..in
Still. It Sound,
te l I.IUn a
ir't. II -1 of Jn li'',1!;
(if tin' be.. V. 1
i'ii. lady - i' s i ' i
t. ,. Yu went I lii.
I.i in tlt.i.. il,.i,lvin'
I ii. i 1'ii'ih w 'li l,,,t
"'I trirl ti i 1 ... v ti,
I '. ii re i.-i.l ini. I.
I i " " ' ' " riiii!iiti n
I 1 .1 I ' iru nan; .. i Hi, jr i r I - ..f ,,- i, ,,j,n.
As u" - " in in r a i .,i, i,, 0i,r .j,,,!,!,.,..
in. mill., vny, li -. i,.u, u,,-..,l v ,i,.
lluiil ui'." " t, . lj..; , I'tltpr. l!ut i-rln
i' 'ion i-i.iia Hi.., would c..i,.(er it a
wa-iu of timi)'.'
An uiiiniirrle.l .,m in.
Hard I.uilc t..i-f v -.,,.- vi.,tPH ,i
fi.-ts jim mud,. ),. M.,.;
oral iiiisiiei-e-sfiil ui t nipt ,., ,.,,i.r ,11S
eiiiutry. Sli,. win n hii,,,i I,. f,,r,. ti,
war. ii. it wii.-ii ui" w r , , w, ,,,..i,
. .Mill I .1 III ll,
sl.iWi 'I i
.i li .i i,
i.i. - In
"ii n While
mi h r e ii
'"' ' ' ' ' ' '
but ( r 'In-' v
... .. i .. ,i.
' i r ,'fiei- i
u'lil I.. . ui i...'..
'In- I'.v, .ml
d, bil mi..
ciiimt Inn f,.,.
tlml " u,""'in ""!' ":'"" d'-'ieniiinatlen ami
$ 'male'a 'geed ,3,tu.,,h " M l"'-
AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT
Personal Courage of Jehn Wanamaker
Illustrated by One or Twe Little
Known Incidents In His Career
Ity .SAItAII I). I.OWHIE
AOKKAT deal will he sold in the pnpers
and, perlinps, mere In his blesrnpliy
renct-rnlnj: the Imslni'ss neumcti and Imnu Imnu
(tuitien of Jehn Wnnninnrirr. but I am curi
ous te pci) if, among the conations accounts
of his life, ene of the most striking of Ids
elinrnetcrlKtlcH, public or prlvnte, will be
much dwelt upon, and Unit Is, his personal
con race t
Perhaps, thnt fact about him Is new
uppermost in niv mind bemuse, since I wns
a child, IiIh i-ort of durliiR was what I com
prehended best in him, and certainly ndniircd
lie was the biro of the first hlchwny
robbery that I had ever heard of. At least, ,
thnnks te his iick nnd fearless action It'
turned out net te be a robbery, although
It was a veritable held-up. It seems ntraii?e
thnt nny spot en the Old Yerk retul could
have been once a lonely one, night or day,
between town and Jenklntewn, or that a
man traversing that mini after dnrk would
need te have hirt wdts about him. Hut forty
yenrs ngn it was still a country rend and
In places a lonely rend.
QOMPWIIKKK brtwren the Wlter plnre
y) n ud what was tl
then Khormnkertnwn. nnd
l IVT Oenn"- Mr 1Wnnnn''ihrr. retitrnttis
,, frm fnn, eprvires thnt be wn held-
imr nt Itpthnny nnd ilrivlnu bltnpf In the
llelit surrey thnt he usrd. wnx set upon bv
hkhwn.vn.en. nap of whom snitched nt Ills
horse's bridles, while the ether started te
e'itnb Inte the sent beside Mr Wanninnkrr.
The nttnek was sudden and the rnnd was
letielv and dnrk. lint .Tnhn Wnnnmnlter's
renctien wns nlsn sudden. lie ui'(l bis
whin, which he held in his Imtid. te such
nuii'li i-nVrt thnt the innn stnrtliii: te cnlii
n foefi'iilil In the surrey ivn lnhrd nrrns
the "v.". nnd tlu hnre. n powerful minister,
was piveii a quick Incentive te proceed by
niinth"! Insh. with I he result thnt he lerked
his liridlc free Whcrewpen the whin rnme
den n in n ipilck uccrsijnn of stinsiiu
liishps rtepiss the lifinN of the men. ns sur
rey nnd driver jolted free and nwny.
THE point In this story is net se much
that successful encounter, as thnt these
trips linek from town at nleht continued te
li.. the mnttcr-ef fnet nreprnm of Jehn
Wanamaker. with or without a companion,
ns th" ilnv s IipiImIp mnile eenvpnlcllt.
T niptiep he hntl n temper which Ptnnd
liim in cnnd sfpiul wlipn be wn nttm-liPil
with brute force nnywhere. Fer 1 r"iiiPin-lie-
Mnl in. II tint en hi- tlrst trio In I'urnpp
wltli hi- family he was waylaid en the
I!'-. In font porters, who. under the ipiKp
of i!, m irdiiiu fees, were, in reiillH. tnl.ini:
ndnntncp of his icnernncp of their linsiiiice
nnd if the laws cevprinc their service" ns
rni'l" fi.r tourists te held him r. Hick
in 1 s7" te'irl'ts were net a might v force
en the Hisl. mill the (invernnipnt nrrnnee
mrnt for the protection of strnnrrrs wns
no l he rhief business nf Swltzprhuid.
I c'ipip neresn the stnrv of the episode
In nn "Id letter nrenns my frmlly Iptters.
told with n metrv turn by Ids fnmllv tmrlv
of women nnd children thnt he lind heen
e.'ii!i-i. IhrniiL'h SwitJierlnnd. Snnielinw,
w-it'i the ener-.-etie nid of his two Utile hevs,
Inl'ti Wmi. iiii'iI.it mnnncPd te threw off hi"
four liuski n-'iilbiiils and. in uplte of the
delnv. riMied tlie pnrt, down the meuntnin
in time te lien id the Inlfe utenmpr without
their Ileitis nndulv senrpd. nltheiiKh their
biS'.'iiee wn held up by t li p otherwise dls dls
cenifiicd nssnlhiiits. who seem te have con
templated holding the man of the party as n
ort of hestace.
OF COT'TIPE. one mnv hnve phvsienl
brnverv and net Milne mentally or
si.M-itu-illv I (me who dares the stines nnd
"i-row- of outrnepeits fiirtune. Put I think
thnt the eeiiriiee "whie'i lienrs as well ns
tl" coin aire whieli lnres" was part of the
mnl.e-ii'i of t'ds .in"ii'nr'v Mirlmr num.
dtiep f.eme one nsl-ed his wlfp whnt one
of her elilld"ii would de under the Hlress
of a ery untewaid dilemma, and her serene
replv was :
"She will h" as brave as her father has
Or COriiSn, In his Iiuslnesq enreer,
when he wis e'liirtim; out perfectly
utiknewn eh'innels for his activities ns the
r-st "tent dennitment -lore retailer nf thp
eniiiiri-v. there must have been divji nnd
mni-'hs iiml. indeed. yrnrs whet' .Tehn
Viti-i'i pl-i'i- fneed henrlv diui"er. II" had
t In ii lone hand i ml ncnlnst combined
e.' 's J ie.ileusv nnd of ineitln fir mnv
v.iirs d't line th" e.irlv pnrt of his life.
I'mPths'Iv he durpd te bp icrv unpopular
n'th th" reculnrs wIipm be feucht Qunv nnd
Puire'i'. without th" pepulntlty that a
t ! Mit-iler reform movement enn cnther
'usr In- helnc against s-einething thnt is
H.'liu'ieus, ns the inventor nnd thp orRnti erRnti
'7' i" of nn institutional church within the
sfr er eenspi-vntism of the Presbyterian
. rcnnbatlen, he had nt first mere erltirs
t'-i-i helpers and, for a time, few imita-
I doubt if his Mimewhnt sppctncular
leri'liipss in these matters in these yeiinuci
divs -ihen lie was "up asninst it" as the
treat 1'iecresRlve of Ills tjeiiiriitlen I d.i il.t
i; it teui'hed his Innate ceuraee, or his
deti-rminatien ever failed him for nn instint.
iVrt.iinly he was net deterred in the
.n.,,. .j? enercy of his car-er by threats,
or by brutal obstacles, or by stubborn resist
i ti I-. nny mere thnn one inn nci'iiM. him
in later yenra of belne creatly mined by
the (hanged aspect ana approval of tits
-tTriiAT poured down en him In the wnv of
VV nppreelntlnn warmed and pleased him,
Biu-n him perhaps n new lentp of life for
a 'ear or two. but it did net swnv him te
reverse n slncle lililcaieiit nor te he less
tinr mere thnn the ninve. Rplf-enutnliied,
e-MPwhat "apart man" thnt he hud nlwnys
I'.ir imderneath his cenlalltv and his
riMni'ii'itien of the interest of the moment,
i.i d 1 I- niidlness te plnee nt the disposal of
hi- M-erM certain ilpe iiuhmentH of his
. rti,'ni'iie. he was essentially n lonely tnnil,
l-Hretir beneath nil his ensv talk Mlent
1 rli toward these who indeed h'n nnd
tew-ird these who prnisei him, ! "rfeetly
frnrless in bi attitude of nloefnes, ns t0
wiint wns piisping In men's minds coneern ceneern
i,,,. his intentieiis nnd his concerns, m,
Vndness toward the IntPn-nts of ethers nnd
bir re-idliipss te lienr anil, indeed, te prirtiei prirtiei prirtiei
onte in the nffnirs nf his rnnmutibv nnd
eenntrv and world, did net ehnnce the nthe
klde of his nature, n side thnt at-keil no
favors of n pprseniil pert of his world, nor
Pestered bis enterprises by n reliiinee en
c ifidnnts or n peekinK of Riinrnnters.
IJi enuruce was. In reality, the courage,
The United Sen lee riub
lYInmpli will open a clubhouse en
of Virtue Twenty second street
near Walnut net
month. Tim need for it is seen en Maiket
Mreet nnv night. Hundreds of yen rig snilerH
with nnwhere te go but out wander around
ni desslv. Vice, usually the first te utilize
Yin brlcht llcbts. 1 nhvnyi inemitlncntly
r uted when Virtue pipes and dance,.
Ti'ttems nffji nl- jM Ww
Iniincriire Ye-1: the et' e, , ,v (rp
1 epeflll v hen t v MIV
Hi'1, oet of 1."" mi'-' .'-''"i- di.Tmil fr,
r.emud'i beat with ludi'inj i-elf h-n;. Hm
inv-stlsiitlen proved that the bans .. ntnined
pnlblng but iniishies, brnssies drivers,
mldirens nnd putters. Which eaupe,, , t0
wonder what they expected te find. Onions?
NOW MY IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinl-hiR 'Philadelphia en Subjects They
J. II. LOUGIIRAN
On Part-Time Commercial Education
EUCCATIO.N and trade work, going .itul
growing hand in liiiuil, Is a combination
representing n development in industrial ed
ucation which ip net fur frnn the idiiil
sought nfter alike by educators ami captains
of industry, nceeidlng te ,1. II. I.euglirun.
Mr. I.eiiglirnn was the lirst person te han
dle successfully the ro-epetative system in
the Plillndelphln-ClieMer district in the
"In these districts, Philadelphia and
Chester," said Mr. I.eiiglirnn, "the intro
duction of the part-time system was, per
hnps, the most interesting single educa
tienal development of the Inst few years.
The Idea was net original in these dis
tricts, us it hnd already been used te a large
extent In Cincinnati and ether places.
Jlenencl.il te All
"Se far as Philadelphia is concerned, the
plan wns (neught uii as a suggestion bv Dr.
Jamisen, of (iirard College, nnd Dr. f'heese
lnan Ilerrick, pieMdent of the same col
lege, and was refeired by them te the
Merchants' Shipbuilding Company, of Ches
ter. As 1 had had eenslderab'e experience
in industrial educational lines. was a--slgnid
te devilen the plan, which, it has
been willingly admitted both by the school
authorities nnd the corporation, has been
MiecCHsful and beneficial te the student, the
school and the corpeuit'on.
"While it is my purpose te discuss the
merits and edvantages nf the ro-epeiathe
MStem, n brief rei Itnl of the methods which
hi ought such benctiiinl results mu.v net be
out of place.
"The main purpose of introducing the
co-operative sjstciu in these districts wns te
train young men in the shipbuilding trades.
Thirty stiidentn were enrolled In the tlr-t
group, and these were divided into two
groups which alternated bi-weekly with
eneh ether, llnch of two students worked
en the tnme Jeb or In the miiip ernft, one
being nt employment while the ether was In
"When the time enme te ninke the shift
se that the hev who had been in the school
went te lb" job nnd the boy en the job went
buck te the school, cndi for his two weeks
period, tin' boy who had been in the hebeid
would spend Sntuid'iy morning with the boy
who bad Ineii nt cmplej incut, in order te
get u line of the weik nnd make the transfer
without in an way umhnniissing or blowing
up the -job in hand.
"The shop work of the student wns in
ehnree of n foreman or lender who nsslgned
the boys te the work. A specinl form wen
supplied te rneh student, upon which bu
wrote a ilallv report when he returned home,
giving a luief deseilptien of the work upon
which be was engaged, his experience and
bis observations n guiding it. This dally
report wns eensldertd very essential te the
jiregie'-s of the studdit. '
"lie also was reiiiii-fd te explain the
terms nnd tin- unions processes of the job
upon which he was eiigagnl. and make brlet
notes of r he information which he gained bv
asking questions This r-rjinrt was then
given te the supervisee in charge. He re
viewed it, ceiiectnl it where necessary and
had it tvpewrltten. Copies of the report
were then sent te the fei email, the student
and the authorities of the school from which
the boy came.
Ills Value in the Corporation
"In addition te this the student also wns
obliged te Mimmnrize lib. work for the period
nt the close of eneh two weeks, which
showed concretely just what hn had accom
plished nnd his value tn the corporation.
"This lepnrt method bad two distinct
advantages one of these wns that the stu
dent paid mere attention te the job in linnd
when he teiilled lie was te pnss u hind of
examination en what he had accomplished
every two weeks, nnd the ether because it
provided a record of his accomplishment nnd
progress in the trade.
"The rate of pay given the ntndentH wns,
set nt tl Irty-three cents nn hour. This re
mained nt the snme figure until the student
lind graduated from the school and entered
the employ of the corporation. He then wns
rnted ns third or second class, according te
tlie record which be hnd made while lincb r
tratntni! nnd the resu't of the evnnilluitlen
All of "e first group -thnt l, these lisie i
as i1 ird-cluss cpinlilied ns second-class ine-chnni.-.
mid then weie paid lie ixl-tlng rile
"One of the iiie.t Important outcomes of
this sjstem of industrial education Is t'
future Which the training obtained will open
up te the boys themselves. Through It thev
learned te become dependable nnd respen
THE JOY RIDERS
sive te oppertunl!,!.:F( se that the foremen
weie able te pin., .-aeni in iharge of mnall
jobs. Heside.s th',, the daily contact with
fellow meihanics stahi.icd the impi'tne is
ni'M. of jeuth and taught them many n leserr
winch will move of the grcutcit value in
their suhseipiu t lives
"As usual, the management always leeks
te where the diillni mink 1-. tagged en itte
kind of eiluciitlennl work for cinpleji's.
What advantages, the. management n'k,
ate te he g'lined fiem this an thud of tiuin
ingV "The answer te tin's was that the test of
the wen, was m tin- i ffci I upon th.' stu
dents themselves, jimi ,(. ,(.,, it te (he mr mr
pernilnn wii in the qiinlil.v nnd the ipiiin
tity of the piedm linn tinned out by tiained
jeutlis who thus had seemed the education
nnd had the ainbilien ncu's-ary te step into
leadership in the crafts.
Training Their Own .'Men
"Industrial eotpei-.itlons have long since
found out that ll p.ivs will t hive MHing
men trained m the m. thuds and pr.utices of
that ispe.i-il eimi, .it,,,,, Mil,,.,, than te
have te pb k a ii.eiliiuiic e(T the slieets nnd
try le niM.'d him f,,r their iurtnular kind
'The effect cf this p. in of education
tiniiniia lie fiiiui" v.eiKus n.h, ,, ,,e
si ein of their fni in e emp'.e.vinem was verv
in IKCib1.. in tl, iimi.il,.; the hevs crew up
In the spliit if the plant where thev were
In Vnlk pel li .nn nli.i, and the Slice -s" of the
nil notation In, mm. pnrt nt' their m.ike-up.
"Jlie wicce-s and the uianilest advan
tnge.s of tue ii)-" relative svstem In this
pi'itieitlnr ceinp.iiiv'H plant weie the buses
for the Intiiidinimii f t,,. system In -everal
ether eeiKiiiis In and about I'lill.i.le'iihii,
Special rep.. its c, cemlng this in.iv be rund
by these wle eaie te Ke diepei- te the
siibleet in th.. annual reports ,,f (iimid
T,?,.,K,f'-, ," 'I'ciiuteinhiits of S, 1'e.d.s of
Philadelphia nnd Chester nnd also in the
report of the pi niisjlvania .Stale D.pnrt
meat nf J'ubli,. Instruciien.
"In .mi 'i,.'.u,, , rendilv can be Men
that edin aimi i . , i,,,,,. work. i;,i,. hand
In hand, P n , ,,. ddiuitieu whnli, it might
almost l.iMi,i. t.pr. ..iit.s that di've'epm,.t
Ir- iiiiliisrrins. dm .iilmi whlih Is rmt far ft- i
lie Ideal v , i, 1B ms p,,,.,, M1l,!lt ,ii(h
' l," I'"" - lucntlnna! institn t, mis nnd
by the heai , ,,t the great corpeiatiuiis. The
ndvaiitagen r . 1 r !i a,e many and r,ient."
1 What De Yeu Knew?
in in- jeiis dill Hen Inn In I--,-!.,...
atten I -Peel.' .""no
!. Wmi ..... tl , te chief eltlPH of Poland?
4 n!L ",rV-' n'.Klr" Ml'IUnnl" 10"""W
A Vn I- tl-, , i.r of the pn sent Cen.
eies, , ,,. r.ilte.l Slit,',' Cn
r in ,?hv'.'r, "" '"" U'1"'' l'''-.'lent?
C. in whin liims ,n town ,, ,-,..,. v"i .. ., .
TI "'i'l 1. fm-lv .VI ,'lltr, ""s
t M I . . . "' " .' ' "1
I ' IS ill" 1 .'imft.'u I. I ,
.. .. ii i no n,. ,., j,
..,' nn v neeglllnl ns .1 ,1
, w. '" u'"' '- '.tllsli i'l.,. fV'V
- - " "" .' . ii' . ' , i ii.. . ...
ion. ' The
Answers te YeMertluj'h (Jui.
. 'iiui uy ni
I'HI'MllB" I ,.,"" '"""" " MIIlOU'.-l
IV W.is . u ..-.'-'"' I'l'l'IIU
' niei, for.., , ii ,-h ",;li;,r,r tin.
W.l, en May .H 1 "' ', ."'P, "V"
w.rn minium. I w st ;.,. ,""." Jroeps
H. Mndi n:.- .le Ma'nimen wns tbe -i
r I-eillK XIV et K,,,!!,,. 0S ,l10 w"" f
j. Jeii.uh.Ti Smith nat.l ,. ,.i. ,
, mm of nusiy 7,;1S"U "''-', "1!l" Is a
7. .Ifilii. H e'euz. li- bun sure, eil,.,i .,,
s-iis ..Xerrsiw""' , M, ' ','f ""r
"...l.'lv . unefl',. !",',, '"nV..,",
wi ni ni"i in..,, . , .....; ''''-'i i"u'
v ....en , ni nl m ,
"III Ti . ii.,.
'''"',i of , .,, ,
1'ili'K no if it.i, 'I
is i : . . .
1 iivii 1 .,,
i ,li i u
"' '' '-'I "l II. ,1 I
I'' ' ji le
". -! .i . t n i ., i. i.
" .VIM '.L.lll Imll.in ,, ()f
cilurmt, ,., uu called fiei i .. i "',"
' t! War Cif 1 V I . ...I. ..
y"zri'' " " riMir.,;, rv,"
ill" chrih, e, ,,,. iir,,i,i, , IH I""1
.Nelhingcu,,.. of UioVe ,'s , '' let-
On Ids brev e. I l.,-,-,t, ,, , i,',',:,
It will seen be tee Inte te de jour
Liiristinas snapping cany.
Incidentally, the small boy won't lore
the bl'uu any mere this year than last.
Cleinencenu by this time has hnd timi
te digest the feed for thought we gavi
It appears te be V. J. Burns who ll
en trlul at the Unugucrty iinpeucumcnt.pre-
Fer an unofficial observer Ambassador
Child uses brave words. Dees he carrj I
The odds nre two te one that you den'i
renlly knew whnt your wife wants for
It appears te be ns hnrd for the Cera
ml'sien te (imi facts as for the consumer
te find cenl.
One can conceive hew Emllc Cem
and Woodrew Wilsen might be a wonder
fid aid te each ether.
The old w-nmnn plucked just eneujll
geese feathers yesterdny te put n t hrist-
massy real of approval en the ClirlstraU
In Londen the ether dnv nn Amcr
lean dollar bill bought 220,000,(10.0 Itusslan
rubles. AmerieniiH abroad just threw their
This is the time for volunteer eldei
te remember that S'inta Chins is nrvtr
happier than when helping these who can't
Ismet rnsha snys he gives the Le-afW
nf Nntlens nil the respect it Is entitled te.
Is this nn npolegv for past slums or merely
an explanation of them?
If the new plan works out th Arm'
end Navy will be legs under a National
Defense body wilh one bend. The aviation
force will, nf course, be wings.
The I.nekwoed Committee nppenrs te
he demonstrating thnt thp plumbers' union
has forgotten its pelltlenl economy and will
have te go buck te the shop for It.
Secretary Davis reminds us that tlj'
coal strike brought about no change in tni
wages or working conditions of miners.
Hut, eh, whnt a difference It has macle te
As Ambnssnder Child sees It, ft C'f'''
t.iin mlnerltv in the Turkish Pmplre lias tw
same ehaiiee of surviving ns n snowball
miietily in nn empire with a similarly
Chnliupin, Itusslan singer, bv skimp
imr himself for twentv-llve curs wived
:i. Olie. (Kin t'lbles, new worth about tiftern
.-ni Vet-hips Henrv l-'erd had this la
iiili.d when he mid, "Don't be n miser.' ,
Prevision for n Slnte income tax 1
believed te be rcspou.sihle for the over ever
wh '"dug vel.. in Illinois against n rr'
posed new Slate Constitution. It nppearl
te be tin general .minion that an lncem
tax is bad for ativ constitution.
Tt Is odd. te sny the leat, thnt the
President should be asked te call a con
ference tn resirlct the building of sulJ"
marines, small slilpB and aircraft, wnile
the siennterv Powers nre ndnilltedlv niary
ing time before oomph lug with the dcmanai
of the treaty nlre.idy made.
Hew blessed the man who's free from
And t"i.,-ing tribulations.
PllU well he renllVeS life
Th full of cenipeiisntlnns.
He bus no ennl te nhnvel, se
Klght cheerfully he nhevels biievv.
Theiieh. even n small Christians list
Will make expenses double,
li,. s n eheei-i'ul optimist.
Vim n vei- borrows treunip. ...
! I i, he's- . nine, "Iping .'be cost.
Tin i nl.v ii k be knows Is Pres!.
Ill I i i- ll '. lie loves le give
lb 's hnppv when he's Imihv. ,
V 'si, "Wh-ie docs Ihis fellow live
All. I. IllllTlnU. tirll.k tu ltul
You'll find' him Newherp when you et'li
Fer he is Nobedy-nt-nll. Q
. it '