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ernva fc. cvrtib, fwiii:xT.
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Colling, John n. WlllUfat, Dlrettors.
Ctc II. K. Ccins, Chairman.
P. H. WltALEY IMIlor
- i i . , ,. . ,
JOHN C. itAIVTlN. .Central Business Miniirer
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EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, SATURDAY, AUGUHT 5, 191C
THK AVEIIAOB NET TAID DAILY COl.
CUl-ATION in T1IK EVENING LEDOER
FOR JUNE WAS 123.808
of foreign birth to return to take up arms.
We havo not the normal supply of labor
and the war has made an abnormal de
mand upon the unskilled workers here
because It In possible for them to per
form tasks In the munitions factories.
These conditions will prevail so long as
the war continues, it Is Imperative that
some new source be tapped If the demand
for workers Is to be met. We can find
employment for all tho Mexicans who can
be Induced to leave the turmoil and low
wages of their own country and come
here where they are certain of good
wages and the peaceful enjoyment of
what they earn. Wo can find work for
not only 500, but for 500.000 Mexicans.
Ten thousand of them are needed right
here In Philadelphia at once by the con
tractors who are to dig tho subways. If
they should return to Mexico after the
Job was done they would do more toward
pacifying that unfortunate country than
a Mexican army of the fame size could
do, for they would take back with them
the experience of life In a country where
property Is safe and where n man can go
to bed at night with some n-ssurnnce that
ho will be alive In the morning.
Tom Daly's Columii
riilUdtlphla, Sstunlsy, Aujmt S. 1916.
You should go to a pear tree for
peari, not to an elm.Pubtius Syrus.
A Tenderloin policeman denies that
he accepted graft. Did any" olio expect
him to admit It?
Tho proper Berlin retoit to the
French demand, "The Hohonzollcrns
must go," Is that they planned to go to
Bayonne babies are said to drink
beer because their mothers find It cheaper
than milk. Here Is a chance for tho
temperance reformers to get active.
The Southern Senators are Invok
ing the Constitution In their opposition
to the child labor bill, but the rest of
us wish to protect tho constitution of
Germany's food dictator announces
that there Is enough food on hand to
enable the country to hold out for n
fourth and even a fifth year of war. But
how about the supply of ammunition?
It may be, now that so many now
warships are to be authorized, work will
be started on those which were authorized
lost year. The opinion Is growing that
construction is Just as necessary' as authorization.
The retail coal dealers are like the
rest of us. They do not like to give up
money which they have once had in their
pockets. That Is why only a few of them
thus far are refunding to their customers
the illegal coal tax.
The First Assistant Postmaster
General, who has been attached to Vance
McCormlck's staff to prove that the
Democratic tariff has been successful,
will have the biggest Job of the cam
paign, because it is up to him to prove
Mr. Hughes's first campaign tour,
which . begins tonight, will extend to
the Pacific coast and back as far East
as Maine. He will arrive In Portland,
Me., In time to tell the voters why they
should support the Republican ticket at
the State election on September 11. Then
the country will watch 'the voting and
the statistical sharks will tell us by how
big a majority the next Republican Presi
dent will bo elected.
The brotherhoods of railway em
ployes are mistaken When they say that
their, wage dispute is a matter which
concerns no one but themselves and their
employers. The public is athlrd party in
Interest, and Its rights are greater than
those of either of the other parties. The
tying up of the railroad lines by a strike
cannot be tolerated. The switchmen
have set the proper example to the other
railroad employes by asking the Boa
ofMedlation and Conciliation to consider
their case. The situation demands com
promise rather than fight.
Former Director Porter's testi
mony before the Grand Jury agrees with
the prevailing impression of what con
ditions were under the Blankenburg Ad
ministration. As soon as the returns on
election night indicated the success of
Mr, Smith there was a Tenderloin cele
bration, the significance of which did not
escape" the knowing. Within a few weeks
those who live on vice began to get
active. It was generally understood
that there, was to be a relaxation ot
vigilance, and that even If the town was
not to bo wide open no one would be dis
turbed If tho door were left ajar. Direc
tor Wilson took a tolerant attitude to
ward the resumed political activity of the
policemen, and he announced that he
could see no reason why a man on the
police force should surrender his rights
as a citizen. If this were not a permit
to the men under him to resume the prac
tices which were abandoned when Blank
enburs became Mayor, the men on the
force misunderstood It, Political police,
men mean protected vice and protected
vice means graft and graft means, scan
dal and scandal means disgrace to the
city. There U pne man who can stop
all this sort of thing, and he occupies the
desk: fa the Mayor's office. The way to
clean up the city is to ta,ke the police
out of politics and keep them out. ,
It will take more than the four or
flye hundred Mexican laborers whom the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company has
brought Into the country to supply the
demand for such workmen, which h?
grown acute since the war boa virtually
stopped European immigration. We bad
been receiving1 and absorbing about a
million European immigrant annuaUy
The total in- IJIJ was 1.19T.O0Q and In
1944 It was tJM,Q0Q. About flve-elghtha
of these were BJ&t and a large proper
tlon of tbft taaWa were old enough to
work. The tago jfu $1 war have kept
et of tJui iOy"t Imst J,60p.6eo Ira
MBjgyjfl 8H4 jkt frmC 5AJ.KK) UOAktikd
y MMf Imtkm WUmnnmtn to ehs
TRADE WAR ALREADY
THE economic war ngalnst the Central
Empires, decided upon by the Paris
Conference and approved by the most
prominent British statesmen In the House
of Commons, Is In strango contradiction
with the assurance of European peace for
which the Allies, ns they have tcpeatcdly
declared, are striving. Whatever the
Ideologic catisos and motives of the Great
War mn b-' there Is no denial of the fact
that the roots of the conflict are to be
sought In the political economy of Europe.
The cl.ish of contending Imperialistic
forces formed the real basis of the car
nage and slaughter devastating n conti
nent. We are now Informed oftlclally
by the Prime Minister of England that
this commercial competition Is to con
tinue, even on a greater nnd more vicious
scale after tho war. The Central Em
pires have already accepted the challenge
In the economic alliance formed with Bul
garia nnd Turkey for the protection of
their mutual commercial Interests.
Apparently, In the heat and prejudices
of the conflict, there arc no statesmen in
Europe, with the courage to denounce the
new menace to the future peace of the
world which the countries now nt wnr
are creating. A veiled protest against It
was contained in the remarks of Sir John
A. Simon, former British Secretary of
State for Home Affairs, in reply to Pre
mier Asrjulth on the occasion of the re
cent debate In the House of Commons.
"How are we to use trade as a pun
ishment (against Germany)?" he asked.
"Take sugar. If Germany gives us
cheap sugar will our manufacturers
and the poor howl 'stop'? Must Ger
many pay an Indemnity? Then how
can she If she Is not allowed to export
goods? Would It lie wise to throw Hol
land and Belgium Into the arms of
Germany? The danger Is
that a bill on New York will supplant
a Dill on London. For Instance, we
have financed the entire oversea trade
In coffee. Including the trade with
Hamburg. Are we to be hindered In
"If American interests are antag
onized, who could say whether her
benevolent neutrality would be main
tained If we had to right another war?
"Direct Interference with trade has
far more important Indirect effects."
'These arc questions which none of the
men favoring the trade-war project could
answer satisfactorily. All of them
sought refuge In the declaration that the
trade war contemplated would not be di
rected against neutrals; that It Is-to be
employed merely to convince the Central
Empires of the complete unity of the
Allies and ward off the plans of the Cen
tral Empires for aggressive commercial
expansion at the expenso of their oppo
nents after the war. Premier Asqulth
was particularly emphatic in his declara
tion on these two points.
In other words, after two years of con
flict and when the fortunes of war have
apparently turned In favor of the Allies,
we are Informed by Mr. Asqulth that
their ultimate victory Is to be used as an
Instrument of continuing in aggravated
form the conditions which brought Eu
rope to its present position.
The gentlemen who govern the affairs
of all belligerents have evidently learned
nothing from the struggle. The splendid
lessons of self-sacrifice and co-operation
taught on a scale never dreamt of before
are to prove futile. The end of the war
is to see the opening of another and more
gigantic combat for "spheres of economic
influence" and fields of exploitation. We
are to have Egypt, Morocco, Tripoli,
Fasaoda, Agadlr. Manchuria and other
aggravating contests over again.
In a trade war of this character the
United States cannot be neutral. It must
fight or be a victim. Deplore, then, as
we may, the lie of the cards, they point
unerringly to the great fact that we must
enter at once into a campaign of Indus
trial preparedness. The only party that
can glveathe nation the proper guidance
and legislation In the circumstances Is
the Republican party.
THE V1LLA.OV POET
Whenever U't a sadder day than one I
had this week
I'm tfoln fo 6c so plumb broke up' 1 tcon't
be fit to speak.
Of days of trouble in mv time I sure
have had a few, '
Tint this is absoilvclu posilutelv some
thing new I
You may have read some talk about our
Airedale, Lady Merry,
A doggess she of pedigree an' high de-
grec, oh very!
An' possibly you heard me brag about
her blooded whelps '
wtcanf fo sell for goodly coin (for every
I ran a piece, you may recall, the morn'
Ing that they came,
Exclaiming at the wealth 1 saw.accrulng
from the same;
Indeed I was afraid I'd hear the business
"That little advertising it's subtracted
from your payl"
At that, I'd not 'have minded much, for
In my heart I felt
I'd still take in my share of gold for
lining of my belt.
I didn't grudge the small expense occa
sioned by her wedding,
The house to raise her family in, the
biscuit an' the bedding.
Her comfort an' convenience in no way
had been slighted
An' when hcrtJfcn puppies came I shn'
ply was delighted.
Welt, then the Airedale kennclman ar
rived one day this week
A sadder day there never was than this
of which I speak t
lie came to take each Airedale pup an'
trim his little tail,
Hut when he looked upon the lot his
ruddy cheeks went pale.
"What's thlst" sez he: "this bloomin'
bunch is mostly 'ifs' an' 'huts,'
For half o"thcm is half an' half an' half
o' them is mutts!"
Whenever there's a sadder day than I
have known this week
I'm goin' to be so plumb broke up I won't
be fit to speak.
Of days of trouble In my time I sure
have had a few.
But 'this is absotlvcly, posilutelv some-
GLEANEDvFROM THE PAST WEEK
And what shall we call them? The
MissUs says they are '"Xeardales." Son
No. 2 calls 'cm "Mt. Alrydales." We
rather fancy "Nnrydalcs." What's your
notion? Come on! You can't make us
"The war," says the I'romler of New
foundland, "Is practically over."
Just like the dub golfer who once in
formed us that he had played the Merlon
golf course In practically 100.
Which reminds us that we have been
wnntlng for some days to hurrah because
Charlie Sykes Is back on the cartooning
Job and we'll have something better to
look at than the second-hand pictures we
hired off'n John McCutcheon during
l,l,iii' i Vi'"
THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE
And, speaking of back-handed compli
ments, here's what the Rev. Dr. Jenkin
L. (for leapfrog) Jones, of Peace-ship
fame, hands to us:
Dear Mr. Daly:
I am getting out a little volume of ser
mons on "Love for the Battle-torn peoples."
In which I try to reinforce my faith In Eng
land, Germany, France, Italy, Russia and
Turkey. The last sermon will be on "Amer
ica's Opportunity." I would like to print
"Da Boy From Rome" as an Interlude intro
ducing the sermon on Italy. May I? Of
ronr the book won't aril, but I will have
It oft my constitution, and there are a fen
people still sane enough to believe In the
fundamental sanity of humanity, however
mad the "nations" may be.
Very cordially yours,
JENKIN LLOYD JONES.
What Lincoln Would Have Done With Casement William Mc-
Knight Protests Against the "Evening Ledger's" War Review.
A Visit to Poe's Grave Socialism and Vice
NO OCCASION FOR PANIC
THE Infantile paralysis situation Jus
tifies no panic fear In this city, It
does Justify the exercise of the greatest
care to prevent the spread of the disease.
This the health authorities and the phy
sicians are understood to be taking,
The disease is feared because so little
Is known about its cause or its cure, and
because those whom It attacks are liable
to permanent deformity. The surgeons
attached to the orthopedic hospitals In
New York, however, profess to have dis
covered a way to prevent the distortion
of the limbs by the paralysis of the mus
cles, and they announce that they have
succeeded In many cases In preventing
the paralysis Itself from becoming per
manent. It is probable that we shall
know more about tbe ways of combating
the ailment before the epidemic has con
tinued much longer.
Tbe disease is not so great a menace,
to children as diphtheria, to which we
have grown accustomed, Philadelphia
has about !00 diphtheria cases every
year, with a death rate of more than
twelve per cent. Before the antitoxin
was discovered the death rate was much
higher The chances that a child will
escape Infantile paralysis this summer
are much greater than that he will go
thruugh the year without an attack of
diphtheria. If the parents will remember
Uim (key may sleep more qultly dniaff
tbie trying tteua,
The workman had completely lost his
patience. The machine' he was operat
ing kept getting out of order and he was
hot. Finally he addressed it in lurid
language: "Blank, blank, blank, blank,
you, blank, blank blankity blank! !"
The foreman, who happened to be near,
wheeled around and with Jaw stuck out
demanded: "D'ye mean me?" "No, not
this time." said the other.
Sir I haven't bothered you much about
that Indoor sport of mine matching yester
day's answers to today's questions In the
Quiz Department over In that neighboring
column but doesn't this. In today's, sound
6. What Is an orphan?
6. The Serbian Government sits at present
The young porter who attends to the
sweeping up of our room approached us
the other morning and did us the honor
to inquire If we could write Latin in
scriptions. We modestly admitted It. He
wanted, he said, two Latin inscriptions
for use on a coat of arms. At the top,
he said, he would like to have the Latin
equivalent for "Good Luck." At the bot
tom, "Africa and Her People Forever."
So, after some furbishing up of our
Latinlty we handed him these two which
certainly sound like a couple of mouth
fuls to us:
AFRICA SEMPER POPULUSQUE
We have not heard what heraldic em
blems are to be emblazoned upon the
coat of arms, but if it's for himself we
would suggest a besom rampant leis
wlse upon a mop dormant.
More About 903 on 13
Comes another champion of Conductor
90J, C. M. W- D.. who Is properly surprised
at and ashamed of us for glTingr space to
R. F. P.'a comment upon the genial official.
' -Tks svggtstti reproof the caption,
'Can one b to? polUet' does not miligatt
the offeate the tyt of most peopte uho
kave 6 fortunate enough fo travel totth
Conductor tt. o pleasant smile, gen
eral cheerinesjr and tKorough-galng courtesy
kave made a dull day seevt momentarily
trigXter for many persons going to or com
ing VroBi their icort, In this day and gen
eration, tttKen politeness has drifted into the
slats of infrequent virtues. U stems past
belief that tkts public servant' meritorious
intentions should find their only rptsonS in
tke aansasiiv eftkltm o soa9 M AtA a
fetvesieS fMf o$ ktatrir." m
This drpartm'nt U lrte to all readers tcJio
tcfan to erpreis their opinion on subjects of
current lntrre$t. It is an open Jorum, and the
Svrnttia Ledger aumes no rrjpoujioltffi or
the ieu?s oj ita correspondents.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir In reading the article August 3 on
Sir Roger Casement I was particularly In
terested by what the authors In their ap
peal for clemency said of the magnanimity
of the Northerners in their conduct to the
leaders of the Southern army. It recalls
that incident of Lincoln's being asked what
his course would be In case Jefferson Da
vis were captured. He told the story of
an Irishman who had taken the abstinence
pledge and had kept It rigidly for some
years. However. !n this particular occa
sion he went Into a saloon. Said he to
the proprietor: "Put In two spoonfuls of
sugar, a little lemon, an egg, a half glass
of water and unbeknownst to myself
you might put In a thimbleful of whisky "
"So." concluded the President, "we might
let Mr. Davis escape unbeknownst to our
selves." ARTHUR A. DEMBITZ.
Philadelphia, August 3.
REFLECTIONS AT POE'S TOMB
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Just n m'nute ago was I standing
at the tomb of Edgar Allan Poe. O, It cer
tainly does one good to be at such a place
and reflect. How well can I "see" Poe as
he was writing that Immortal detective
story. "The Murder In the Rue Morgue."
How well can I "hear" his heart throb as
did "the old man's heart" How well can
I "feel" as he did under the swinging "pen
dulum" and how he saw things In his
For him the death "Bells" have already
tolled, yet In memory he will remain with
us forever as one of our most worthy
writers, even though rum and "lolly ex
tract" placed htm dead in the gutter.
When one begins to addict himself to the
use of alcoholic liquors and dope let that
one turn back to the lite of Edgar Allan
Poe, and the chances are that those prac
tices will lose a victim from Its ravages.
The good that Edgar Allan Poe did was
surely not Interred with his bones. He
shall "live" forever.
Baltimore, Md., August 3.
WILLIAM M'KNIGHT DISAGREES
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger;
Sir I wish to enter a vigorous protest
against the statements made In the article
on the last column of the Evening Leooer
editorial page today: First, as to want of
sympathy with Russia on account of not
recognising American citlxenshlp complete.
Russia recognises no nation's citlxenshlp
complete. We do not either. All Hebrews
are obnoxious to Russia, not merely Ameri
can Hebrews. Several classes of people
are obnoxious to America and are vigor
ously excluded. Second, your article says:
They (our sympathies) were with Ger
many against Russia, They might have
remained so to This day," I have' never
met any one except a German or one of Ger-
be truthfully applied. Third, you say, "At
that serious moment ot secular nisiory
when a nation had to announce Itself to the
world we saw England weighing her
chances, almost heard her counting coin."
This must be a Joke, ns It Is almost Incon
ceivable that an American who has been
through three years of watchful waiting
while his women were raped and murdered
and his brothers killed and mutilated with
out any action whatever should criticise a
great nation for hesitating a fet- days
before plunging Into that maelstrom of
blood and hate now going on. '
Philadelphia, August 2.
What Do You Know?
Ourrfej ot general Merest ulll be antwend
In this column. Ten Questions, the answers to
xchieh every tcetl-lnormrti person should know,
are asked dailu.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir When a farmer uses dynamite he
uses it for gain. When the war lords use
it they use it for gain. It's all In the way
It Is used that counts. I will not deny
"Mr. or Mrs. II. N. M.'s" contentions re
gardlng free love, as It would be futile to
try to make him believe that my opin
ion of the ultimate results of socialism re
garding the family Is as good as any
other so-called authority. It all lays In
the mind of man. nnd his opinion of his
fellow-man and his regard for woman
hood. I can assure "Mr. or Mrs. II. N.
M." that there will not be free Ijist under
socialism. A girl may not marry for a
home, nor money, nor position under so
cialism, but for pure unadulterated love. I
will pass over "H. N. M.'s" opinion of the
strength of the court to abolish vice and
evil. It is very profound, and I haven't
any doubt that Fennsgrove (N. J;) Ten
derloin can be properly suppressed by the
constable and squire. I am a firm be
liever1 In the socialistic theory of govern
ment, and that It Is the next step in gov
ernment; In fact, there Is no other step.
It's only a mere matter of education and
evolution. ROBERT B. NIXON, JR.
Philadelphia, August 3.
GREENLAND AND THE MONROE
To Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Is the cession to Denmark of Amer
ican rights In Greenland not a palpable
violation, both In the spirit and to the let
ter, of the Monroe Doctrine?
If we cede such rights to a foreign
Power, why complain If Brazil cedes a
coaling station to Germany or Mexico a
port to Japan? NEMO,
Philadelphia, Aug. 3.
SALUTE THE FLAG
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir I am In the habit of standing when
the band plays "The Star Spangled Banner"
because I think that It Is fitting for an
American to pay as much respect to his
flag as the Englishman pays to his king.
No Englishman would remain seated while
"God Save the King" was being played.
When our national anthem was played
at a movlng-plcture theatre last night I
stood up and looked around me to see the
others In the audience rise, but X was dis-
1. How U Tucson, the capital of Arizona, pro-
2. About how old wn Rocrr Conrment?
3. What nnd where I the C'hrw Mansion?
4. Mliat Mute l irprrnrntKl lir Senator New-
Innuw, chairman of the ConKrfNHlonAl
Committee to intentlgate the rullroud situ
ation? J. tVho In l'fltil Warlani Hartlctt?
0. I Tovr hlxh Is tho Wahlncton Monument?
7. Ari" nny of the bullillnc created for the
Centennial Kxnonltlon In 1870 Hill stand
Ins? 8. Where and when wi the first brick bouse
built In America?
0. DM Wa'ahlncton bltn the Declaration of In
dependence? 10. Where Is Antliua?
Answers to Yesterday's Quiz
, A pediment I the trlancular npnce at the
cable end ct a (irrrtan bnlldlnr.
Christian X Is Klnr of Denmark.
, Osteopathr U method of treatlnr disease
br manipulation of the bones and mus
cles. . The net value of the Morcan estate Is $69,-409,733.
5. Ncatsfoot oil Is a fixed oil obtained br
hotline tbe feet and shin bone ot neat
6. Br a decision of the Pennsylvania courts an
orphan Is n child whose father Is dead.
7. Mount Stromholt Is on an Island of the same
name, north of .Slrilr.
8. The 1'hlladclnhl Custom House Is In Chest
nut, east of 3th street.
0. The. Cltr Hall toer Is 37 feet higher thao
the Colome Cathedral,
10. Vermont was the first State admitted ts the
Meaning: of 'Anti"
Editor of "What Do You Know" Kindly
explain the meaning of the word antl, and
AN EVENING LEDGER READER
"Antl" means against or opposed to. An
nntl-suffraglst Is one opposed to letting the
gusted at the discovery that not one of them
had respect enough for the flag to get on
his feet. No wonder there Is so little re.
man descent to whom this statement might Rsponse to the can lor recruits toe the Na
tlonal Guard when our patriotism Is at so
low an ebb. b. L.
Philadelphia, August 1.
SUNDAY WITH THE SOLDIERS
At 8 o'clock of tGe tlrst Lord's Day eve
ning a grateful coolness filled the Metho
dist church (at Pharr. Tex., which was also
filled with khakl-clothed figures. They
overflowed. In the aisles, the amen corner,
the choir, and hundreds stood on the lawn
outside, shaded by orange trees and palms.
A sturdy band of youngsters came forward
when Lieutenant Cook called for a volun.
teer choir. But the lieutenant needed no
choir. The entire audience sang, and be led
them In capital style, all thundering out the
"Aroen" at the close of the hymn, to the
surprise of, the native Methodists.
The text was taken from St John's Gos
pel, ill. t: "For God so loved the world
that He gave His only begotten Son that
whosoever belleveth in Him should not
perish but have everlasting life." For half
an hour the chaplain tried to delve Into
the depthA of this great Scripture. He has
preached in Canterbury Cathedral, in St
John's Chapel of the Tower of London, In
Wesley Church at City road, London, In
WhltefleldVs pulpit la that same city. In.
many of tbe cities of hi own dear land
and at the Canadian Dominion ; on the sea
as well as. on the land. In mine, in fac
tories, in penitentiaries, in the opes air.
But na experience was quite na unique and
bafowias si this, with Mexico steeped la
rijplfc asg ruin, within tolling distance.
and the gospel of eternal life and love pro
claimed to the heart and conscience of an
armed force stationed on the verge of this
bleeding land. Letter by Chaplain S. Parks
Cadman, of the Twenty-third Regiment N
Y. N, G.. to the Brooklyn Eagle.
WHISKER ISSUE IN MEXICO
Grim rumors have been set afloat that
the Vllllstaa are raising whiskers and try
ing to look like Carranzlstas. Washington
THE CELESTIAL MOMENT
O turn to me. lean to me, lips that I lo'vel
One moment of merciful bliss
Ere my shade shaU be borne to these stars
Where only the ghosts may kiss.
Back to the stars from whence I came-
Over a blindfold way.
Far. O far, like the spark to Its name
I who hae lived -my day '
Who have lived my day when I flash and
The rose of the world aboye.
Then borne like a bird to the source of
A lave that Is lost in Love. ,
Frederick I Snawleaf
Editor of "What Do You Know" Please
give the name of Insurance companies that
Issue health policies. JAMES FAY.
There are many companies which Issue
health policies, the names of which can be
obtained from any reputable life and acci
dent Insurance agent.
Doctor Eliot's Five-Foot Shelf
Bdlfor of "What Do You JCtiou," Could
you Inform me through your column of the
U! e?. aild ,author! contained In Doctor
Eliot's five-foot shelf of books? wu"ur
Th6 list Is too long to print here. You
can obtain it by writing to the publishers
P. F Collier ft Son. 416-24 West Thl eenth
street, New York.
American War Relief
Editor of "What Do You Know" Can
you tell me the amount that has been con,
trlbuted to war relief by th" numerous
American agencies which have been engaged
,n ? RED CROSS.
According to the best obtainable flirures
131,000.000 has been contributed The
amounts from the various agencies follow:
iieigian ueuet -410,000 000
Germany and her allies ,6000000
Jewish War Relief (all funds) I'mooIq
war Jtsner clearing House
Committee of Mercy
Armenia and Syria .,....
Polish Relief (two njaip funds')!!
II , t '. villi! , ".wo
"' , . i m .fa T
1 . GRIHD WSf
MLyjviyuu .vMSMimjw&MZPzZt .. v
Serbian Relief Commission
Albanian Relief .,
As sonje of the funds raised by one .
12.000,000 In this totalbringr" ".V. T
contributions to the sum ffffffLtg"
Editor of -What Da You Khou,vu
Is an -Irish bull- eo called" AB0,0'Why
Authorities dlfr as to the origin t .'.
term bull, meanlni an Inadvertent,. f i!18
English nodlcal fold In Mio it,.. "
. " - t
The Change in American pf
Brought On by the Lusit
Horror Remains to
NO'StmER. Indication of the",
In American feeling toward t)
need bo nought than the fact tf
war Is, In some way, a political fi
was nothing of tho sort before thi
tanla sank, and could not have beei
one. It Is ono now. So tho era
history of tho war, as it was exj
In' a noutrni land, must be neatlv .-,
The first part, from July 28, 1914, t
7, 1915, was discussed yesterday,
second part continues, with no disc
variation, in one mold.
Tho first cfTect was a wild horn
a bitterness against Germanyi
knew no bounds. Horror has p
horror since, but the thought '(
Lusltanla's dead Is still potent, and
Is a reason for It qulto apart fro
normal human hatred of brulalltj
of death or terror nt a sped
tragedy, y Tho reason Is that wli
Lusltanta went down the world's
precious heritage, ita faith In J,
kind. Pledges had been broken 1
to bo sure. There had been wa
murder nnd raplno and wanton bUi
of Innocents. But theso had nhvajv
tho work of bruto minds or the?'
of aberrations more awful than
crimes. The fnltli wo lost In hutr
when Germany sank tho Ltislfat
trlbuto to tho faith we had In Get
before. Today we can no longer
of faith In Germany. Wo have truj
In tho German people, and pity. '
The Lusltanta sank and almost '
us; Into the war. In a review of 'jx
can sentiment something must bos
tho stern band who havo Insisted
that day to this that we should
been In tho war nil along. The t
thing was said by their ablest Jout
tic exponent, which confessed that
sentiment was partial, limited and
no response in tho American people"
The Lusitania Reaction j
Tho strongest reflex of the Luslt
slnklug, after our Intensified qppriA
tho Entente and our dry-eyed angul
life's bitterness, was shown In the
campaigns of Preparedness nnd A,
cuilsm. Both'of these remain ln'po
and tho political side of each rati
left out here. Both of them tenj
startle the country Into an nppred
of Itself and of Its problems. It-be
swiftly apparent that tho homoge
which wo had always assumed to be
essary to our life was not so ,rl'
thing as wo had Imagined. We H
conscious of a Middle West which
not sympathetic with tho East,'
Southland which hardly understood
language of the Rockies. We set
selves promptly to tho task of en
sizing the "United" in our official f
For that reason It was a blessing tl
presidential campaign impended. It
a second blessing that a deal of high
close thinking might be demanded bj
nature of the candidates. That'mu
work of Preparedness, and It has.
more complete, more tangible and ce
than the work of Americanism. M
arc still many who rcfuso to pa
yond the fringes ot that sea. It be
a menacing certainty In tho sumnv
1915 that there were those In thlst
try who actually placed a foreign
glance first. For a time we the
that they were many. It was Tri
glad Burprlso that wo realized hojf
they were. They had been voclfert
vocal; they or their friends whofi
courtesy rather than allegiance yc
committed crimes. But they werelt
menace to the country. 3
The menace was that the wholej
of American nationality was obsa
was unknown even to the best of Ar
cans. It was not loyalty alone, ft
certainly not braggart approval ofjj
over this country was and did. Whs
had to learn and refused to learn was
Americanism implied an understan
of the unusual principles of our Gm
ment, and more, ot the unusual comj
tlon 'of our citizenry. Wo saw Eni
Interning enemies and Baw her dUQco'
Wo hardly realized that this cou
would be shaken to Its foundation
an Internment of enemies and cttl
whose sympathies were, by blrthjy
an enemy country, if that enemjri'
one of the great Powers of Europe,
any other country the lmmlgras'
casual. To us he has become very"ne
'Understanding the War'.Jj
Deeper than these things, andbi
from view, was the change In ouS
tude toward the results of the warJ
began to understand that It was, ftj
between two Ideals, and that our'J
history and tradition pledged us to,
against the other The dangers of
mocracy rushed over us. Many m
spaired of us because we clung o
democratic Ideal. Only the otherjj
translation appeared of Erolle Fa?1
review of a book by President Q
M. Faguet never has been kind
theory of democracy, He expressed
prise that a "gentle tyrant" lik.
Wilson should adhere to the ldea.
this country did adhere to It In sp
the mortal danger of two democjj
nVimn A tT-.r 4 iilit lrn nVian frn IQ
attitude toward England, a more kjj
hopeful frame of mind It Is now tbs
was a year ago. We understand bttS
, It Is the truer Insight into what
mocracy means that has given the P
not the Government, ot this counw
share and a part In the war, C-unP
cat boundaries we feel are safe3
ide&ls still are In question. BB
question seems less difficult noyrgj
It was a year ago. The bands of 'djj
racy are 'growing stronger. "Vl
saved now the danger of an lmPJ
victory. We know that efflcienc5
bureaucracy have met their matci
Just such men and women as we J
So. at the end pf two years of wo.
fully quick changes, of surprls
tragic ana Joyous, the country is wg
fujly the gainer too much, perbap
comparison with those countries B
have suffered oa we have not Ij
denned its Ideals, baa realized It,'
dangers. And that Is worth, more
territories aad commercial glorlw
Ufa oX a democracy hkh W ! 1