Newspaper Page Text
"T'iim." fwwft" 'i't'hm0if0mmft i.nnMimf."!thtw'!n
EVBtfING- LEDGEK-PHIXADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY,
MARCH 8, 1916.
MSI AMS LABOR,
HAS RUN AMUCK
Ration, in Distress Over
War, Had to Call on
i the Masses
ANSWER WAS A SNARL
Now, After Bribe, Government
Has to Curb Follie3 of
"It suddenly dawned upon the
nation that these uncouth, unlet
tered people were the very ones
Upon whom the country depended
for winning the fight It
was a rude awakening for Eng
land ' The sudden sense of
power, also, was too much for the
dock laborers, munition workers
and miners. ' Bribery was
the only solution Bribery
let the masses see the value of
their hand, and immediately they
demanded more and more.
It Is astonishing to note the pres
ent affluence of the lowest classes.
" These working people
spent their unaccustomed wealth
on luxuries, and it reached such a
pitch that legal restrictions had to
be made on the purchasing of
pianos and other unncccssaries,"
By ELLEN ADAIR
Written Specially for the ErZMi't Lr.llKE.
LONDON, February 22. All over tho
world there has been tremendous condem
nation of the "Unpatriotic" British miner,
dockyard laborer and munition worker,
who chose the time of their country's
greatest need to go on strike and demand
Reasons of this unpatriotic action lay
In certain conditions which existed long
before the war. In nngland a vast section
of the working classes were congregated
In certain. Industrial areas, badly housed,
uncouth, mentally and often morally
Stunted. Thousands of them lived like
pigs, and a visit to some of these col
liery towns reminded one of Dickens' "Old
Curiosity Shop," with Its lurid pictures
, e-f the discomforts of the lower working
classes In great Industrial centres.
1 can imagine nothing more appalling
lhan the lives of these people before tho
war. Half-clad children rolled In the mud
that surrounded the dreadful cottages
where the rain dripped through various
Jsoles In the roofs. Wild-looking women in
tattered clothes hurled Imprecations at
their puny offspring. Drunken men had
continuous brawls, and even the women
would flght furiously with each other,
maddened with drink and often lost to all
sense of womanhood. The poverty waa
In this great section of the community
the middle md upper classes took very
little Interest. For their vindication it
must be said that the miners and dock
laborers did not encourage interference.
Spasmodic philanthropy achieved but lit
tle. Nor was there any organized attempt
to better their condition. A dreary state
of things. Indeed!
On the outbreak of war It suddenly
dawned upon the nation that these un
couth unlettered people were the very
' ones upon whom the country depended
for winning the flght, and the nation
promptly shrieked "Patriotism!" at them.
In tho past, however, tho country had
never given them anything to be patriotic
for. The nation aa a whole had never
eald. "This great section of the commu
nity Is not being properly treated." Ig
norant of the beauty of the country, these
great laboring classes knew only the
squalor of their own homes. Culture and
opportunity and the ordinary comforts
of life were beyond them.
Now this despised section suddenly held
tho trump .cards of the game a Jlfe-and-dsatti
game bo. In their unwllllnghandu
lay the outcome, of the-ureat War.
It was a rude weakening' for England.
Too late she realized It waa futile to ap
peal to a sense of patriotism In a class
of people who could not comprehend that
their country deserved patriotism at their
hands. These people were furious, too,
at the profits their masters were making,
end demanded a share. The sudden sense
of power also was too much for the dock
laborers, munition workers and miners.
It might possibly have Intoxicated even
more educated people than they. How
much more, then. In the case of Ignorant
beings who for long had had grievances
against the Government.
Appeal to patriotism was futile. Im
prisonment? Impossible ! That would have
meant rioting, .all over the country, big
strikes and how can hundreds of thou
sands be quickly Imprisoned? It would
have necessitated the recalling of an Im
mense army of soldiers from the front
to battle with them. The British nation
never has tolerated and never would tol
BRIBERY AS SOLUTION.
There wan no time to educate the
masses up to patriotism, and bribery waa
the only solution.
In a case such aa this It omy requires
C L U P E C O
sure carefully ironed after they have been washed.
The operators and the factory conditions insure
absolutely perfect sanitary handling.
Four QualUles-riQ cent each
3 for 35 cents
2 for 25 cents
Mf.a fcARSOWCBHrraMr atTroy.N.. by ClUEVr.lWABODY & CO.,Ioe.
bribery to let the mMiM see the TIue of
their hand, and Immediately they demand
ed more and more.
The Government therefore Instituted
along with the bribes variety of rules
and restriction, promptly made law, to
combine coercion with bribery. In connec
tion with dockyard laborers, for Instance,
It was made Illegal for any man employed
In a dockyard In Goremment work to
leave that dockyard and apply elsewhere
for a similar Job at a higher salary. I
The British worjtlng man Is Mow at us
dersUndlng a situation. Nor did he under
stand this one at first. Very gently It was
put Into operation. But when Lloyd
George, Minister of Munitions, held his bis
meeting In a certain great northern town
the men had to be paid full-time wages
before they would attend, and the Cabinet
Minister was severely "heckled." "We are
slaves you have made slaves of us I" were
the shouts that greeted him.
Fifty per cent, of war profits of all
kinds have now been taken from the
owner, the man who makes the profit
This seems a fair adjustment of things.
Shipyard owners, mill owners, manufac
turers have yielded up Immense sums.
From Glasgow nlone this tax Is calcu
lated to produce In the first year a sum
Who would not be a ship owner In
these times ! Freight charges are tremen
dous. Coal tallied at 12 a ton and shipped
from England to Rome cost $30 a ton to
Italian buyers! Although the ship owner
certainly had to pay a heavy Insurance
policy, his profit was enormou.
The commandeering of merchant ships
for naval purposes and the sinking of
scores of others by the Germans puts an
Immense premium on the small number
Tho Government has decided that In
order to keep big freights down ships
shall be forbidden to carry luxuries. Gas
oline and petrol for "pleasure automo
biles" Is barred, and I understand that
shortly no American cars will be allowed
Into England. The present taxation Is
probably only the first step to complete
BITING PIANOS GALOBE
In big Industrial centres It is astonish
ing to note the present affluence of the
lowest rla..es. in most Instances they
still cling to their slum-cottagex. be
lieving that after all there's no place like
home, even though it's a hot-el unfit for '
habitation and the rain drips from the I
leaxy roof onto the grand piano they
have Just purchased with the profits of
A piano dealer In a dirty northern
mining town Informed me that he had
got so many orders from these working
people that he could not possibly cope
with them all.
'(The other day a woman came In here."
he said, "and ordered a IfiOO piano. She
could neither read nor write, and her ap
pearance betokened great poverty. So I
hinted that cash payment would be nec
essary. Immediately she counted out the
full sum In notes, and ordered that tho
piano should be delivered as soon as pos
sible at her home."
"My men found that the place was a
regular hovel, with practically no furnl
ture and miserably dirty. It Fcemed,
however, that all the family were cm
ployed In making munitions at a high
salary, and that although not one. mem
ber could play a note, they had all yearned
iur a piano,
A VEXING PROBLEM.
"Instead of Investing their money In
war loan, as all good partlots should do,
thereby also saving up for the rainy day
which Is assuredly coming for everybody
after the war Is over, these working peo
ple spent their unaccustomed wealth on
luxuries, and It reached such a pitch that
legal restrictions had to be made on the
purchasing of planoa and other unneces
sarles. "The British Government, then, 1b up
against a difficult proposition in dealing
with a certain large section of the British
laboring classes, and those who are likely
to censure both sideH as 'stupid and 'muddle-headed,'
should carefully study the
difficulties of the case."
CROWN PRINCE SMASHES
LINE ALONG MEUSE
Continued from I'ase One
In the Champagne region which had been
taken by the Germans on Monday Is re
ported by the French War Office this
In the Verdun region, the communique
states, thero was no change In the situ
ation during the night The Germans
continued tHelr bombardment on the west
bank of the Mouse without attempting any
The text of tho communique follows:
"In the Champagne region, to the east
of Malsons de Champagne, we launched
an attack which again placed us in pos
session of trench sections captured by
the enemy on March 6. In the course of
this action we took 85 prisoners, of whom
three were officers, and captured a ma
"A counter-attack launched by tho
enemy shortly afterward against the posi
tions which we held was repulsed.
SHELL AUTO TRANSPORTS.
"In the Argonne our artillery shelled
roads In the region of Montfaucon on
which automobile transports were re
ported. "In the region to the north of Verdun
no change was reported during the night
The Germans have continued their bom
bardment of our front to the west of the
Meuse without attempting any Infantry
attacks. Our batteries have responded
energetically to the enemy's fire In that
sector, as well as to the east of the
Meuse, where tho bombardment has been
"In the Woevre region there waa a.
very violent artillery duel. We bom-
.and 25 cents each 7
I ?Q 1VaVjaotAj
rBfir',, I r. 11 1 I Y1K1 r-Tlvwww
Tttatrcfii T7 -" my
tj " Is W W
O J COfTDrc&ri
V VftTTCcrroH S
i i i W-' 1.1
Apparently abandoning their frontal attacks on the forest guarding
Verdun on the north, the Germans are feeling out the French strength
on the northwest, taking the village of Regneville, on the west bank of
the Meuse, and on the southeast, where they captured the town of
Fresnes, on the Woevre plain about seven miles from Verdun.
barded Blanzce. Grlmacourt and the
other outskirts of Fresnes. An attack
by the enemy upon our railways and tho
ManheuIIes road was shatered by our
curtains of fire from the artillery and our
The capture of Hill 205. south of Forges
on the west bank of the Meuse, cost the
Germans 20.000 men, Including many of
ficers. It was estimated today. A whole
division was decimated, and among the
officers of high rank killed was Lieutenant
General Von Graf who fell while leading
a charge of Bavarians.
The artillery fire of tho Teutons Is
described as "unprecedented" and "mur
derous." Tho win-or-dle spirit of the Crown
Prince was strikingly shown yesterday by
the unsual circumstance that many of
ficers of the highest rank boldly advanced
at the head of their men, setting an ex
ample for bravery.
Writing In the Petit Journal, General
Berthaul points out that the Crowp
Prince now seeks to sweep the French
guns from the west bank of the Meuse,
where the French positions now domtnato
Polvrc hill, the resting point of the Ger
man right flank.
'The Teuton line now rests Just north
of Goose Hill," says General Berthaul.
"In order to drive us from our dominat
UR repeated statement
single brand is confirmed by the
overwhelming Goodyear preference
revealed in the tire census of seventy-one
These figures show more than twenty-one
per cent of the tires used in these cities to
be Goodyear; and they may be accepted as
indicative of the Goodyear standing in the
country at large.
The basis for this emphatic public prefer
ence cannot be price; for dozens of tires sell
for less than Goodyear.
It is found in Goodyear quality and in
Goodyear features of construction, which
make Goodyear Tires last longer, go far
ther and so cost less in the end.
T I RES
ra Vv'i "r m f&".;af?
Jl V H
tl o 6rncovre.T 8
txAvcwtouvr q fiT Ml rfiEJy
rr tf i
ing flank positions the Crown Prince's
nrmy must advance between three and
four miles and capture our powerful de
fensive works In Bourrus Wood. One
of the forts defending Verdun upon the
northwest lies at the edge of this wood.
Not until this wood and Its fort huvo
been taken it, HI the Crown Prince bo
In a position to Ming his legions agalnsi
the fortress without being raked by our
"It Is evident that the German ad
vance yesterday Is only a prelude to nn
Immense offensive which Is pending."
The war expert of tho Echo De Paris
says that the battle may now bo expected
to extend beyond tho narrow sector of yes
terday, which was between Bethlncourt
and the Meuse River. Continuing, he
The unprecedented, murderous activity
of the enemy's artillery, which Is unceas
ingly hurling shells of all calibres Into
our advanced lines, shows the great
strength of his accumulated war stores
In spite of this storm of steel our men
have been able to hold nearly all their
positions. It Is true that the taking of
Corbeaux wood puts Goose Hill in dan
ger, but even If It falls we have stronger
positions to the rear. The battle of Ver
dun ought to reach Its culminating point
on Friday or Saturday."
that Goodyear users
far outnumber the
users of any other
Goodyear, No-Hook Tire
are fortified against:
Rim-cutting By our Nc-Rim-Cut
Blow-outs By our On
Loose Treads By our
Insecurity By our Multi-
Ble Braided Piano Wire
Punctures and Skidding
By our Double-Thtck
' ITALY STRENGTHENS
FORCES AT VALONA
Prepares to Meet Expected
Plunge of Austrians in
ROME. Starch 8.
Italian military forces at Valona have
been strengthened to resist the attack by
Austro-Hungarlan troop! that Is expect
ed to develop In the near future.
The War Office announced today that
lieutenant General Settlmlo Placentlnl
had been appointed commander of the
Italian expeditionary corps In Albania.
which will defend Valona. He Is regard
ed as one of the ablest officers In the Ital
ian army When the war began he was
commander of the 19th division of terri
torials at Naples
Sunnorters of the Government were
Jubilant today over the victory won In the
Chamber when the Socialist resolution
declaring a lack of confidence In the Sa
landra Cabinet was defeated by a vote
of 281 to 26 They declared that the
work of Parliament would now be quickly
MEETS (JAY PARTY. LOSES
.MOTHER'S $12.000 JEWELS
New Yorker in Chicago Falls Down
CHICAGO. March S. Jack Sherlll. of
New York, arrived here Monday with his
mothers Jewels valued at 112.000. He wai
to have taken them to a Michigan Boule
vard shop for Betting; and resetting. But
he didn't, for he lost them.
"I fell down on my Job." he said, tell
ing about his loss. "Fact of the matter,
there win a party and Fomo wine, and
I forgot all about the Jewels. I had lunch
at the Collese Inn and later went to see
'Chin Chin ' Then we had supper and
some wine. Food not so bad In this town.
N'nt at all But when I got home I found
the chamois bag with the Jewels gone.
"I think I must have lost the Jiggers
somewhere between the Sherman Hotel
and the rongrcss. Oh. no, the girls In our
party weren't theatrical In the least. I
had quite a little to drink, but I usually
manage to keep my head."
Wilson Commutes Slayer's Sentence
WASHINGTON. March 8. President
Wilson today, on recommendation of At
torney General Gregory, commuted the
death senti-nce of Arthur Jones, negro,
to life Imprisonment. Jones was to die
March IT for the murder of two negroes.
A Player-Piano of
Character and High Reputation
Terms as Low as $2.00 Weekly
An instrument that will grace any home, made in our
own factory and embodying the superior tone, casp work
and durability that characterize all Cunningham piano's.
If you have an old upright piano, we will take it aa
part payment, allowing you its full value.
Remember, the price, $450, represents the maker's
price. Try and duplicate this magnificent piano at any
dealer's for less than $600. '
IT PAYS TO THINK
Si Chestnut SU.
Factory, 50th and Parkiide Ave.
Seranton, Reading PottsTille, Johmtown. Shamoldo, GiwdVille, WUlUnuport, Lock Mr
Mgjjipm'aiv.w--.,,i wfiajuiiiit(i nHUj (UWHHinm
ARMED SHIPS VICTORY
MAY MEAN CONGRESS
WILL STAY 'HANDS OFF
President and Friends Believe
Success in House Gives
Free Rein in Foreign
WILSON IS GRATIFIED
WASHt.VGTON, March 8. President
Wilson and his friends are satisfied today
that the tabling by the House last night
of the McLcmore resolution warning
Americans off armed ships of tho belliger
ents means that Congress will not repeat
Its attempt to meddle with the manage
ment of foreign affairs.
The President's gratification over the
outcome of the spectacular parliamentary
fight was described by thoeo In close
touch with him an being Intense. Among
the Administration officials who have to
do with the conduct of foreign affairs
there li a general feeling of elation.
The summary rejection of the resolu
tion clears tho legislative slates In both
Houses of alt resolutions relating to the
foreign situation except that Introduced
by Republican Senator McCumber. which
Is similar In purport to the Gore resolu
tion, discarded by the Senate last Friday.
There Is little hopo of tho McCumber reso
lution receiving serious consideration.
RKLIEP IN OFFICIAL CIRCLES.
With the action of tho House. President
Wilson and his Administration wilt bo
permitted to proceed with their diplo
matic negotiations with other countries
over Issues now pending with Germany
nnd Great Britain.
CotiFcqucntly. there Is a feeling of re
lief In both executive and congressional
circles. It Is generally admitted, even by
the friends of the obstructive measures
voted against by the Senate and the
Houte, that the agitation which led up
to the Introduction of the sensational
fight over them have wrought Injury
abroad to American Interests.
The disposition of the vexatious resolu
tions Is viewed as a satisfactory solution
of a. problem that Involved the most vital
domestic crisis since the Civil War.
TUB FINAL VOTE.
The congressional revolt against tho
President ended at 6:43 o'clock last
night, when the House, by a vote of 276
11th & Chestnut Sts.
f essor of Pol
at Yale and
chairman of Taft'sJ
Tariff Board, writes 1
a sane consideration'
of "After the Tar
-Wnat?" for thi81
TM NATIONAL WftBKLY
to 142, swept from Its calendar th4 juA
Lctnore resolution. 5
This measure was supported by som n1
the congressional followers ot Wlillu"lj
jciiiiiuba uijnu, uciiuuii-jirnerican cad
lrjsn-iimencan propagandists and a few's
Congressmen who favored Its provision rtf1?
questing tho President to warn all Amtr-'l
lean citizens to refrain from traveling oi '
the ships of European nations now at war
The vote by which the disturbing ktoI
lutlon was laid on the table, from WM.-V1
there Is little chance of Its ever tui.i1
taken, carried with It, In effect, a vote eVf
cojmueiiuu 111 itiu x rvsiuciii, ana a K-'n
buke to dissenting members of thn WJ
parties who would take from his hands thj'Jj
management of tho foreign affairs of thi'A
Corner of 45th and Baltimore Sold'
Louis Davidson has conveyed to 2tu
Kurnlck premises at the southwest cornerJ
or Baltimore avenuo ana 4&m street, lot?!
48 by 105 feet, for n. price not disclosed-
Tho grantee has given to J. II. Wllon a"3
mortgage or ns.uou on tno premises.
Llancrch Constable's Arm Broken
Constable William F. Thompson, of j
Llancrch, was cranking his automoblfo!
when the engine back-fired and the Con-
stable a arm was broKen.