Newspaper Page Text
llttii I i Ml imfcUh-rtiTThiaiiii wn , n..mi i.i.i..! iln " mi
Sutuln gSSjfe ffibijer
tfUDLlG LfctJGER COMPANY
CfttUS . K. dURTtS. PftMfDattt.
tfrtrUj) if ldlV&ton, V(cal'rldmt, John ti MArtln.
P-rtnr nd Treasurer; Thlllp 8. Collin. John B.
WillUnm to! rettery
Cie II K. CC4TU, Chairmen.
ft H, .WliAtET SDtreutlve Editor
5 JOHN C. MAilTlN Benertl flu.itnt Manager
' PpWtaheil dally at rcntio tttom Building,
Indepenilthce Square. Philadelphia.
I.nrKjEit 'CitSTHL. ......... .Broad and Chestnut Streets
Atlantic Crar ...v rrtSfVntert nulMln
KW V6ic 170-A. Metropolitan Toer
CrtiCAdo 8(7 Home Inaumnce llutldlnr
LoBO!r. 8 Waterloo Dace, Pall Mall, 8. W.
. i, - NEWS BUREAUS t
WaehtttOroH neaKAD The Tott tlulldlnir
Naw Tonit Mmiain The riirn llutMlnn
IlftnMK Ilmuo 00 FrMrlchtraa
I-osdon Kruno 2 Pall Mall Hat. B. W.
, nuns Btmwu ...... 8a Hue Louie 1 Orand
By tkttttr, tyxtvt O.NtT, elx cent. Br tnall. poitpald
entald of , Fhlladelnhln, encept where forefim pottage
I; required, DAiLt ONt.r, one month, twenty-nve cental
Dtt,T Onli, one year, three dollara. All malt aub
jKrlptlohe payable In advance
BOX, SOOO WALNUT KEYSTONE, MAIN 8000
W AMmt all rojnmunltatlon lo JJvenlnp
,ttatt, tnitpendtnct Square, Philadelphia.
XTrniD xt xm maium-iiu romorrica it srcoNn-
CUII HAIL MATTM.
I i ' !
riULADELTlHA, MONDAY, MAIICH 1, 1915.
The day hath eyes and the night hath ears
lest the teicked should go undetected
I in their vlllalnv.
Putting Sunday to the Practical Test
WHEN "Billy" Sunday called upon tho
men In his bis audience last night to
show how they stood on Qovernor Brum
baugh's local option plan, and to make tho
General Assembly realize that public senti
ment demanded Its Indorsement, he chal
lenged thoso who have been Influenced by
hla preaching: to prove that they believe what
they havo professed. They havo accepted
his leadership In one thing. Now let them
accept it In another akin to tho first. Sun
day was putting his own work to the test, to
discover whether It Is straw or stone.
The local option bill 1b to be reported out
of tha commlttco on Tuesday. That bill Is
the touchstone which will Infallibly disclogo
the amount of sham there Is In tho purposes
of those who profess to be for local option.
Thoso who favor local option this year are
for that bill and thoso who are against It
opposo that bill. "Billy" Sunday has thrown
his lnfluenco on tho right sldo. Now we
shall see how strong It Is.
France Takes the Trick
WHILE tho United States was waiting for
tho British to sctzo the Dacla, tho
French have arrested tho Bhlp and taken It to
Brest. According to French theory and
practlco tho transfer of a ship owned by sub
jects of a belligerent to subjects of a neutral
is Invalid in time of war. The English have
admitted that such a transfer was valid If
made in good faith, and the American de
fense of tho transfer of tho Dacla has been
based on Its own practice, which corresponds
to that of tho British. But tho situation Is
changed completely, now that France' has
The British could defend the seizure only
on the ground that the exigencies of war
made It necessary. The French can defend
tholr course on tho ground that It is de
manded, not only by the exigencies of war,
'but by tho long-standing practlco of tho na
tion. It will tax tho skill of tho most astute
diplomatic lawyers In tho country to per
suade tho French that they have made a
mistake. The Dacla is, of course, an Ameri
can ship. The State Department has Insisted
from the beginning that Us transfer from
tho German to tho American flag was made
in good faith. It must continue to demand
that the American flag be respected when
ever it is raised on a merchant ship with tho
authority of the Government, and that tho
Allies cannot evade tho Issue by tossing It
about among themselves like a ball.
VICTOR MURDOCK explained a few
weeks ago that he was through with poli
tics and that after his term as a member of
the House of Representatives expired on
March 4 he intended to devote himself to
literature and the lecture platform.
The National Committee of tho Progressive
party announced Sunday night that It had
elected "Victor Murdock as Its chairman.
This is tho same Victor Murdock who is no
longer interested in politics.
Tho unthinking might conclude that the
Kansas statesman had changed his mind, but
tho facts do not warrant any such infer
ence. The Progressive party no longer has
any relation to politics. It Interests lecturers
and literary men as material out of which
articles and lectures can be made. Mr. Mur
dock is only carrying out his announced In
"Who Will Guard the Guards?"
Y A vote of 37 to 10 the Senate has con-
curred with the House in a proposal to
require the President to make public what
ever indorsements are submitted in behalf of
a. Federal Judge to be appointed for a Geor
According to Senator Root, the schema is
not only unconstitutional, but is likewise
"preposterous, almost Insulting." Of course,
but haven't our demagogues been teaching
for years that every Judge is potentially and
jnferentially a crook? Therefore, let all the
people know who it is that recommends can
didates for the Judiciary. And It the Stand
ard OH Company pr any other corporation
wishes to defeat tho appointment of any can
didate all it will have to do is send In to the
lesldent a strong letter of approval.
TM? inquisitorial, distrustful, commission
smelling, raorallty-by-leglslatlon fad became
bo strew; in ancient Rome at one time ftiat
an eminent satirist ventured to ask, "Who
V.-JU guard the guards?" Why not carry the
nlan to its logical conclusion and insist that
indorsers of Judicial candidates likewise make
public the (ndorsers and influences that in
duced hern to sand in their letters of recom
mendation o tho President?
The Governor Plays Ills Cards
IT IB in accordance with his polloy of lay
log hU cards on the table that the Gov
ernor has printed and distributed his work
Kwn'B ewnpsnsattoa bills accompanied by an
eatnHMjpn, The Commonwealth now knows
i tfc k)a of law which the lovernor thinks
1 iHMl)f be rwBd and hlo reasons for it. 1
any iifHtn. actinic in good faith, can show
tMt tn provisions of the varluus bills can
JUmpMvad. the ijovernor will probably con
ft ts the improvements,
Hotb wurkmen and employers setna to be
itrd thftt soin timi of a law JmwW be
&jpw& W ruptorr tWmk KUy should
aw fee ki te it b,K-j for mm tmm
in t&m wtM M t8tr ttsabied Tile wrfc
bku . m mrm $t tftpiv wojjM like thi to
compel employers to give full pay for ten
years It has been suggested that the com
pensation given lo injured alien workers
Whosft families are In Europe should be less
than the compensation given to American
elllaens whose families nro in this country
And some far-seeing men havo urged that the
compensation Inwe of other Btntcs should bo
considered before tho General Assembly nets,
I'-st tho employers here bo handicapped by
j such an Increased cost In operating their
i mills and factories thnt thoy cannot compoto
with tho fnctorlos and mills In States wltero
leis onerous laws are In force.
It Is apparent that the differences nro on
matters of detail only. Tho falr-mlndod men
on both sides ought to be nblc, therefore, to
get together and ngiee on a workable law.
Inilmatlon of Connection With "Fake"
Ordinance la "Slanderous"
rjTHE Intimation that the Philadelphia
--Rapid Transit Company Is not living up
to Its agreement, has failed to urge tho
Union Traction Company to give Its sanction
to tho Taylor program, and has in ono way
or another aided or connived nt tho palpablo
efforts' of politicians to Unlfo the cntlro
schemo Is denounced by Mr. Stotesbury ns
This means that tho Philadelphia Rapid
Transit Company Is not In sympathy with
tho Connclly-Segcr-Costcllo program, that It
docs not countenance tho hold-up, that It
stands fast by Its proylous determination,
thnt It considers the plan n good one, that
it Btands ready to fulfil Its agreement to
equip and opcrato tho now system provided
tho Union Traction Company stockholders
can be brought Into lino, which It hopes they
In thoso circumstances, it appears1 that be
hind tho conspiracy for delay and botrayal
are mainly politicians only. It seemB that
thero is an nttempt to hold up the transit
company and tho city at tho samo tlmo, to
prevent them from working In harmony, to
put and keep them at swords points for tho
greater profit of the gang.
Lot citizens turn out in forco Thursday
afternoon that thoy may see with their own
oyes how thoy aro represented. The vision
of the master must bo on tho servant. Tho
lash of publlo condemnation has before this
whipped recalcitrant and "easy" legislators
into line. It can do so again, hero In Phila
delphia, and It will do so unless citizens nro
so apathetic In defense of tholr own inter
ests that thoy will do nothing to enforce
their rights. In such a caso thoy would
desorvo to bo betrayed.
Tho Immediate thing is to make the
demonstration at next meeting of. Councils
so emphatic that no Councilman will dare
ignore It or venture to voto against the
wishes of his constituents.
Before then, of course, Mr. Stotesbury's
position will havo been barricaded by a pub
llo statement, "mado over tho signatures of
all tho directors of tho Rapid Transit Com
pany, disavowing any part In or connection
with tho Connelly-Seger-Costello ordinance
against which the public is so Justly in
censed," and which is generally bo excoriated
that any intimation of sanction of it is re
garded by Mr. Stotesbury, and Justly so re
garded, ns "slanderous."
When 1b a Woman Old?
THIS is a question which managers of
young Women's Christian Associations in
different parts of the country have answered
In different ways. In a New England city
thoy havo decided that a woman ceases to be
young at tho age of 35, and must give up
those privileges in tho association buildings
enjoyed by active members.
In the absence of further evidence It may
be assumed, for tho sake of those above the
limit, that the managers think that a woman
of 35 has reached tho age of discretion and
no longer needs the motherly oversight which
they glvo to the less mature.
Tho necessity of fixing an age for adminis
trative purposes does not, however, settle the
question when a woman passes the boundary
beyond which she may no longer be called
young. But what Is youth, anyway? Is It a
matter of years or of Inoxperienco or of point
of view? Every ono knows women of GO who
aro no wiser than 15-year-old girls in their
outlook on the serious problems of life, and
girls of 18 are often bettor qualified to assume
responsible burdens than women of 33. Yet,
In spite of this, there Is something magical
about tho word youth which makes every
woman and many men reluctant to admit
that the sun has set on that glorious time.
and that they are in the twilight zone that
Woman always delights to think herself
young and attractive to tho eye, and so long
ns she does think; it she delays the fatal day
when age shall overtake her. Some of them
are so successful that they die young at the
age of 70, with none of their buoyant Joy In
Count Okuma, the Japanese Premier, says
that the liberty of China is sacred. Sacred to
whom? The Chinese?
With 619,000 visitors for the first week the
Panama-Pacific Fair seems to be proving
that it is wqrth looking at.
If the Chinese boycott the Japanese In
California, on what ground can they object
to being boycotted by (he Americans there?
Although the Freneli do not respect the
American flag on the Dacla, the Belgians, at
any rate, salute it when they see it in their
Przasnysz was too much for the Germans,
after all. They had to glye it up after strug
gling with It for a few days. Most Ameri
cans give It UP at the frst glance.
Does Senator Newlands think that the nu.
tral Powers aan bring the war to an end? If
he dues his faith in moral suasion is sublime,
if not ridiculouflL
When the Governor remarked that the
man who shouts about immorality in politics
la usually the lazlent about voting, he Prob
ably uttered the oonelusioj) which he reached
last November after rwading the election
There must have been some error in that
dUpateh from Berlin announcing that the
Kaiser had eonerred the "Four le Merite"
Order on Field Marshal von Hindwiburg The
fUid uryptoai would Accept nothing with a
preach , t avast egna.
LEDGEE-PHILADELPHIA, .MONDAY, MABPtI 1, 1015, .
MARCH BEGINS THE
Romulus Made n Mistake in Naming
It The Early Anglo-Saxons Un
locked Their Word-Hoard With
By RAYMOND G. FULLER
IN THE tlmo of Romulus, founder of Rome,
tho month of March stood nt tho head of
the calendar. Tho legnl year In England bo
gnn with tho 25th of March until tho mlddlo
of I ho 18th century. Thoy aro dull and
spiritless, nowadays, who think of March hi
tho formal terms of tho dictionary, "tho
third month of tho modern cnlehdnr." Such
Is not Its truo mcnnlng not at all.
A poet sang, for all poets aro singers,
though not all Blngers aro poots a poet
It Is tho first mild tiny of March!
Each minute sweeter than before,
Tho redbreast sings from the tall larch
That stands besklo our door.
Then a fow verses farther on:
No Joyless forms shall rcRUlate '
Our Ilvlnjr Calendar:
We from today, my friend, will date
The opening of the year.
If you havo never had that thought, or
rather, that emotion, your calendar Is a
dead and lifeless thing, llko a dend langungo
to thoso poor drones who lack tho gift and
grace of adventurous receptivity. Tho tall
larch of thp poem Is before the door of Words
worth. Let us sco If any American can speak
his language. Bryant responds to tho charm
Ah, passing few aro they who npenlc,
Wild stormy month. In praise of thee:
Yet, though thy winds aro loud and blealt,
Thou nrt a wclcomo month to me.
For thou to Northern lands apnln
The glnd nnd glorious sun dost bring,
And thou hast Joined tho gentle train
And wcar'st tho gentle namo of Spring.
The Disgrace of Mars
ThlB year, when tho houn'-dogs and cur
dogs and wolf-dogs of war, aye, the wholo
yelping, snarling, crazy pack of war-dogs,
biting even worse thnn they bark, nro making
a bloody bedlam of Europe, the namo mlll
tntes that Is tho word against n duo appre
ciation of meritorious March. Romulus choso
tho appellation, desiring to honor his puta
tive father, Mars. Such Is ono account of Its
origin, but Ovid avers thnt tho month of
March was In existence long before Romulus.
Howover that may be, Mars has latterly
fallen Into 111 repute, Ho Is drunk, reeling,
roaring drunk, nnd goeth about seeking
whom ho may devour. Ho Is much moro re
spectable In tho pages of Bulflnch's Ago of
Fablo than In tho cablo dispatches of the
modern ago of science. Let us try to pre
serve our Judgment of March from tho evil
association of Its namesako's orgies.
The early Anglo-Saxons called tho month
by a name which has a much pleasanter
etymology. "Leneten-monath" was tho ap
propriate title bestowed on It by tho viking
people. It has a fine Beowulflnn flavor. It
Is connatlvo nnd descriptive, a condensed
naturo poem, picturing tho month itself,
to Northern lands again
The glad and glorious sun dost bring.
"Lcncten" means spring, and In its Ger
manic form refers to "tho lengthening days."
From it our word "Lent" Is derived.
It Is true, however, that tho old Anglo
Saxons hnd another designation for March
"hlyd-monath," loud or stormy month. This
fact merely calls attention to the Infinite pos
sibilities of March weather. There is noth
ing humdrum or monotonous about March
weather, and It yields itself to tho purposes
of cheerful, yet varied, conversation as docs
the weather of no other month of the wholo
year. There Is winter to talk about In March,
and spring also; and something can bo said
in favor of both. March never well, hardly
over violates tho proprieties by welcoming
Sweet Springtime without giving Old Winter
a grand send-off.
"Winter, Frosty But Kindly"
Of courso, with its snow and lco, winter has
not escaped calumny. As Bryant lamented,
they aro not numerous who utter forth Its
praise, but James Russell Lowell, in one of
his most delightful essays, has spoken a
good word surpassing well. Shakespeare do
fends winter by tho method of negative com
parison, when ho says that Its winds are not
so unkind ns man's ingratltudo, and some
where else he speaks in positive fashion of
a lusty winter.
Frosty, but kindly.
Thomson, in his "Hymn on the Seasons,"
On the whirlwind's wing
Riding sublime, thou bldst the world adore.
Though the poets and prosemen are in
clined to regard the season itself as typical
or symbolical of sorrow nnd desolation, it is
little more than a "manner of speaking," and
there are many of them who seo a matchless
splendor of beauty in the accompanying
snow. Passages In Spenser, Cowper and
Whlttler immediately come to mind. Swin
Acadian Atalanta, snowy-Bouled,
Fair as the snow, and footed as the wind.
The kindliness of winter is suggested by
Around tha radiant fireplace, enclosed
In a tumultuous privacy of storm.
There's a fireplace In Whittler's "Snow
Bound," and in Charles Dudley Warner's
"Backlog Studies" It Is apotheosized as the
conservator of all the homely virtues. Camp
bell pictures the home comfort of a winter's
And when Its short and sullen noon is o'er,
The Ice-chained waters slumbering on the
How bright the faggots In the little hall
Ulaie, on the hearth, and warm the plctur'd
Old Herrlck, too:
To our fire we can betake,
And enjoy the crackling brake.
Hawthorne's "Fire-Worshipers," In the
"Mosses From nn Old Manse," Is full of sea
An Anglo-German Copartnership
Goethe, reviewing the poems of one of his
countrymen, proves the international oneness
of literature when he tells of winter, "storm
borne from the Pole" "while the poet re
Jolooa in tho shelter and comfort of his home,
and eheerlly bids defiance to the raging elements-
Furred and frost-covered friends ar
rive, and are heartily welcomed under the
protecting roof; and soon they form a cor
dial, confiding circle, enliven the household
meal by the clang of glasses, the Joyous
song, and thus create for themselves a moral
summer." Then we find companions brav
ing the inclemencies of the wintry jheavens.
"At length a ehoerful inn receives the half
frozen travelers, a. bright flickering tire
greets them as they crowd around, the chim
ney, dwe. choral song, and many a, warm
viand are reviving and grateful U youth and
ago." Shcnstone, too, has paid his tribute to
tho welcome of an Inn, and his famous
quatrain, which had tho warm approval of
Johnson, Is graved over tho flreplaco of a
llttlo New England house of public hospital
ity. But all this Is too much about winter, and
perhaps Is better fitted to shorter days and
to a more robustious season than tho one
which ends in the present month has thus
far shown Itself to be.
March, however, should havo been named
January, from Janus, who looked both for
ward and backward. O, morry, marvelous
month of March! It Is the beginning of tho
year. It is the commencement season. It is
Nature's Triumphal March.
Man's Inhumanity to Man
Spring has suffered no neglect from tho
poets of praise. In perhaps only ono Instance
has sho been disparaged in tho name of
poetry. "I have hnted thee, O Spring!" cries
Glovannlttl. For what?
No storms, no tempests, no hurricanes.
No spasms of long-nursed follies,
No violence of coveted passions,
No brazen display of warm desires and un
No exaltation of fecund motherhood.
Nothing but the recurrence of nn old fash
ion, the re-wearlng of tho discarded,
ignoble dress of green, a new coat of
perfumed rouge over tho wrinkles of
tho same old yellow face of the world.
What can all the man? Is not spring tho
time of rebellion, of bursting vigor, of high
and noble ambitions? Is it not tho tlmo of
casting off tho old forms, tho old creeds?
Wordsworth was also a revolutionary. It
was In early spring when ho heard tho thou
sand blended notes that brought sad thoughts
to his mind:
To her fair works did Nature link
The human soul that through me ran;
And much it grieved my heart to think
What man has mado of man.
Here la Interpretation of Spring. Words
worth did not call her names because he
was out of sorts with the world. Hu was, In
deed, so well acquainted with Naturo that he
was not embittered with tho world. Yet
One Impulse from a vernal wood
May teach you more of man.
Of moral evil and of good.
Than all the sages can.
Naturo" speaks a various language, which,
in spring as In winter, has an International
oneness. Theso aro words of the Bengaleso
poet, Rablndrannth Tagore:
The Southern gate is unbarred. Come, my
Thou wilt swing at the swing of my heart.
Come, my Bprlng. come!
Come In the lisping leaves. In the youthful
surrender of flowers;
Come in the flte songs nnd the wistful
sighs of the woodlands.
Let your unfastened robe wildly flap In the
Come, my spring, cornel
GOETHALS' IRON ANCESTRY
Toaeph B. Bishop, In Bcrlbner'a Magazine.
It might be said that many generations had
united In fitting Colonel Qoethals for his great
task. The history of his family dated back to
860, In which year one Honortus left Italy with
the Duke of Burgundy for France. In n fight
with Saracens, Honortus was struck across the
neck with what was capable of proving to be
a deadly blow, but because ofthe fine quality
of his armor and physical strength of his per
son no Injury was caused. His escape won
for him the title of Bonl Coll, Certain lands
were given to him in the north of France, now
forming Holland and Belgium. His nickname
was translated into the native tongue as "Qnet
Hals," meaning, as It had in Italian, "good
neck" or "stiff neck," and in course of time
It was united in one word and became the
family name. The family divided, part set
tling In Belgium and part In Holland. Colonel
Qoethala la descended from the Holland branch,
both fatherland mother being Dutch. His par
ents migrated from Holland to the United
States, and he was born in Brooklyn, N. Y
on June 29, 1858, (The name has been Amer
icanized and Is pronounced CJo-thala.)
WAR CASUALTIES SELDOM FATAL
From the London Spectator.
The French Government has Issued some re
markable figures showing the percent gae of
wounded men who have recovered, or are re
covering, and are, or will be, fit again for
service- The figure are taken up to paecem
Wounded, but fit for almost Immediate re
turn to the front, 61.60 per cent.
Wounded and on leave, 2t60 per eent,
Woundtd and still, in hospital, 17,10 pr cent.
Permanently disabled and unlit for further
service, 146 per cent.
Wounded and died from wounds, 3.18 pr cent
The enormous proportion of complrte recov
eries testifies to the "humaneness" o.' the mod
ern bullet and to the great skill of the surgeons-
But there Is another poht. it is
obvious that In a long war the majority of
wounded men will return to the front. When
we speak of the cavualtlee of an army we
puut remember that it would be quite mis
leading to deduct them bodily from the fighting
Mrw,(t "f that arm- Casualti nowaday
are ehU8y temporary casualU ,
VHY, IT'S STILL A-POPPING"!
BEST THOUGHT IN AMERICA
DIGEST OF THE MAGAZINES
(1) Century "Peace and Disarmament."
(2) World's Work "How Big an Army
Do We Need?"
(3) North American Review "Are
Naval Expenditures Wasted?"
(4) Metropolitan "Hanging Round the
(5) Everybody s "Every College Should
Introduce Military Training."
Bringing the War Home
IT WAS Inevitable during tho present war
epidemic that our national temperature
should rise a degree or two above normal,
oven though wo managed to escape the actual
fever. Of course, says every one, rolling his
oyes and crossing his hands, It Is earnestly
to bo hoped that tho United States will not
be Involved in tho war. But tho hoping is
not earnest enough to keep a good many
from talking about our duty toward this and
our responsibility toward that, and our na
tional pride, until the thermometer goes up
There Is also to bo considered tho rather
voluble school that holds that having tho
largest army and navy In tho world Is tho
best precaution against being drawn into war,
in spito of tho object lesson which England
and Germany have Just furnished on this
As tho first glamour and strangeness of
fvar wear off tho magazines devoto an In
creasing amount of space to articles on na
tional defense and domestic phases of tho
situation. Across the February cover of
World's Work Is printed in big red letters,
"A Manual of National Defense."
Not only entertaining, tbut broadly philo
sophical, Is an article on our relationship to
the war and our best means of keeping out,
by Morgan Shuster in the Century. Mr.
Shuster, who Is perhaps most famous for his
brief but brilliant career as Treasurer Gen
eral of Persia, maintains a neutral attitude
In his article (1) :
Whether ono knows it or not, he has be
come brutal since this war. Just as slaughter
house omployes become brutalized by their
work and Its sights, so must any person be
come so who reads the war news for a con
siderable period of time.
The fact seems to be that while excessive
militarist sentiment and unreasonable mili
tary and naval preparations on the part of
a number of rival nations and races may
actually provoke and bring about a vast ca
lamity within the briefest imaginable time,
the admitted inability of a nation successfully
to resist unwarranted attack will neither
eliminate tho dangers nor mitigate Its suffer
ings in the hour of national peril.
If not by disarmament, how then shall
peace be sought? Treaties, conventions and
even tho accepted law of nations have been
shown to be Inadequate to preserve peace.
They are not self-exeouting. Indeed, many
treaties and declarations have proved and
are proving a fruitful source of discord be
tween both belligerents and neutrals. There
seems to be only one hope, and this la edu
cation in Its broadest sense education which
will give to every person what Doctor But
ler has called tho "International mind"; edu
cation which will bring us to understand and
realize the aspirations and ambitions of other
races and peoples, Just as experience of hu
man nature in the case of an individual en
ables him to rcallzo and make allowance for
the foibles and Idiosyncrasies of his fellow
men. National honor must become as sensi
tive as individual honor, It must be con
sidered Just as wrong for a nation, alleging
its own welfare, to violate its own solemn
obligations, as for a man who had made a
contract to break It on similar grounds.
In the meantime, each nation should main
tain defensive forces proportionate to its size
This last paragraph, with which Mr. Shu
ster closes his article, rather puts It up to
tha United Stntes as to what Is proportionate
to Its size and wealth, And this, is Just the
question which others are ashing. In "How
Big an Army Do We Need?" in the World's
Work, George Marvin writes (2):
Speaking generally, the great nations of
Europe can easily mobilize and embark their
forces within one week after the declaration
of war; and from the time of leaving their
home ports 10 days may be considered as tha
time required to cross the Atlantic.
Briefly stated, aside from the naval part
of the problem, the solution which the United
States must be ready to furnish is to meet
successfully the following Invading troops,
either singly or together:
100,000 meq on 10th day (Canada and Mex
ico). 200,000 to 300,000 European troops on At
lantic coast, 17th day.
200.000 Asiatic troops on the Pacific coast,
600. OOu men on the 97th dy.
The land foroaa at the UMted SUte consist
of the regular army and the organized mi
litia of the several States, Tho mobile braocS
of the regular army contained In November.!
30,481 mon In the United States proper?
20,863 men in oversea garrisons.
61,344 regular army. S
19,087 paper strength mobile organized
Tho United States has about 100.000.000 IS
habitants, and is vnstly endowed with grwt1
military resources. There are about 800.000.
000 people In Asia; thero aro about 3GO,OO0,OI
peopio in uuropo ana idu.uuu.uuu in Doin ins
Americas. AH peopio think they navej
right to live and that their right Is si
perior to the right of others, It Is the satM
old story, Tho Panama Canal is tho key
point. Tho Question whether a whlto or yea
low civilization will predominate will be del
uucu in iiiiuijuu. .11 maul wuu tiiu skiiwv
lean people to determine wnat win do uom
under the circumstances.
Of course the next step, after deciding hw.
much additional defense wo should have,
tho getting and spending of further appfSJ
priaiions. xnis is usually very easy
pleasant for tho spenders. Just how easyjfil
uuouiiueu in iu ui uuiu in mu rNurui nta
lean Revlow (3), by no less an authorljtl
than George V. L. Meyer, former Secreuur
of our Navy, under tho significant title, ".
Naval Expenditures Wasted?"
The American navy during 15 years has
cost 4b per cent, more tnan the Kaisers navy,
Yet today Germany's navy Is more powerful
than ours. 1
It is Interesting to analyzo some of the opa
propnatlons between 1895 and 1910. In 1!!1
a site was purchased in Frenchmans Bay?
Maine, at a cost of S24.GG0 far above thai
assessed valuation and later an addltlonitl
amount of $600,000 was expended to obtain!
there an absolutely unnecessary coaling staa
lion, wnicn nas since Deon dismantled, asia
was practically unused. M
At tho Portsmouth Nnvv Yard, so called.'!
Kittery, Maine, a dock was built at an :
pei.se or $1,122,800, nnd later It was founj
necessary to blast away rock in tho chanml
In order to reach the dock at an additional
oxnensB of S74f.3nf). Rptwopn IRAK nnd 111!
improvements, machinery and repairs anil
maintenance in tho yard amounted to $13
BbY.uuij, aunougn mere was a largo navia
yard within 70 miles. At Port Royal, Squill
Carolina, n. rtnnk wnn hnllr nt tlm Irifltatenctl
of a Southern Senator, at a cost of J-IBO.OM,!,
which proved useless, and although the ori(-
inai cost or me site was out $booo, it -was now
abandoned as a naval baso until $2,276,000 hl
The United States has over twice an man!
first-class navy yards as Great Britain, wl
a navy more than double the size of oui
and more than three times as many as Get
many, whose navy 13 larger than that or xj
The fundamental cause of excessive t
pendltures is due to the fact that approprU;
tions are not made with the sole view of till
battle efficiency of the fleet and Its mllltarY
requirements. Politics and log-rolling, asjtj
have shown, have entered Into the makfnsi
or appropriations by congress. Tnat tw
havo not been getting proper return fPq
money expended in the navy is not knotf&
to the majority of our people, nor is it reajj
lzed to what extent political Influences hsvj
misdirected the appropriations during taj
past 26 years. The remedy will only conl
from aDsoiute publicity.
These inside revelations by an ex-Sccreta
of the Navy recall the closing story in
Young's whimsical "Hanging Round the N
tlonal Capital," In the Metropolitan (4)
Over In Smithsonian Park. Policeman;
O'Connell was accosted by a stranger frqoi
the rural districts and asked If he could tL
him where the Government kept the poj
Teaching the Young; to Kill
"President Schurman, of Cornell, belleveJJ
every college should introduce military tr
ing," is the very explicit title of an artigO
in Everybody's (6). President Schurmia
We must create a reserve volunteer army
I am a firm believer In the intrinsic value
military training, even apart from Us utllil
to the publlo In time of war. If wara wee
banished from our nlanet I would retain :
tary training side by side with athletics
an instrument of nhvslcal education in OB
universities; and not only for its physiJ
advantages, great as they are, but aiso
Its moral, mental, social ana civic enec
rcnHnnn T hnVA lnncp fall- that this mllit
training is one of the best things the und
graduates receive at the University of uornjj
Many, many welcomes
February, fair maid.
Ever as of old time.
Coming in the cold time.
Prophet of the gay time.
Prophet of the May time,
Prophet of the rotes,
Mapy, many welcomes
February, fair raaldl