Newspaper Page Text
EVENING LEDGER-!1 ill! .
' V 1
GERMAHS DEFY U.S.;
AS WASTEOF WORDS
"Must Take Consequences,"
Says Newspaper, of Sub
marine Menace Scorns
Hate and Envy of World.
AMSTERDAM, Feb. 12.-tierman news
papers scoff lit the Indignation expressed
In neutral countries over the proclama
tion by Germany of tho new naval policy
against Great Britain. Count von Re
vchtlow, naval writer, says:
"Wo havo always expected American
protests and outbursts and wa expect
some even more vehement. Tho United
States should understand clearly that In
dignation and threats aro a moro waste
"The military, political and cconomlo
results of our action havo all been
weighed. Wo can Imaglno no threat, no
measure on tho part of tho United States
which Is capable of Intimidating Gor
niany or of Inducing It to modify Its war
against British trade.
"The German Government Is fully con
scious of all tho possible consequences of
lt action and tho German pcopio sianu
united behind their Government. It may
Incidentally bo questioned whether the
people of tho United States would do
the same In all circumstances."
Tho Hamburger Nachrlchten says:
"Beginning on February 13 everybody
must take tho consequences. Tho hate
and envy of tho wholo world concerns us
not at all. If neutrals do not protect their
flags ngalnBt England, they do not de
serve Germany's respect."
"AS GERMANY SEES FIT,"
SENTIMENT ON ZONE ORDER
AMSTERDAM, Feb. 12. The Berlin Dor
Tag prints an Interview with Herr Erz
berger, an Influential member of the
Xtclchstag, In which the statesman dis
cussed the German blockado declaration
and Its effect on neutral countries.
"Neutrals have no right to mako
claims," says Herr Erzbergor, "but Ger
many may allow them somet'nlng as a
favor. The blockade doea not mean that
Germany will Ignore tho wishes of tho
neutrals ns far bb they do not endanger
the German war plan. But neutrals can
not obtain anything by thivats or pro
tests, but only by tho free will of the
Declaring that the time will como when
a. new method of warfare and a new law
for the sea will arise, the Kreuz Zcltung
says that first of all England's domina
tion of the sea must be destroyed. Until
then, the paper says, discussions of tho
International law phase of the battle,
which Is now but beginning. Is not worth
the paper they aro written on."
"GERMANY NOT TO BLAME
IF NEUTRALS ARE VICTIMS"
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 12. That Ger
many did not mean that the blockade of
the English coast should make noutral
trade Impossible, was the statement pub
lished today In the Ncue Hamburger
Zeltung. Tho paper says that the German
declaration was meant as a warning to
neutrals against tho dangers In the Eng
lish waters and that Germany would not
accept the responsibility for the safety of
neutral ships sailing In those'wnters.
There was no talk about hostile meas
ures being taken gainst neutral shipping,
tho paper states, the German Admiralty's
Intention being to refrain from BUCh
measures, provided neutral ships by
mutual understanding do not carry con
traband. GERMANS' SEIZURE
OF VAN DYKE'S MAIL
ROUSES U.S. PROTEST
American Envoy to Holland
Demands Apology for In
terference With Official
Letters to Luxemburg.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12,-The State De
partment today protested to the Ger
man Government against Interference
with Minister "Van Dyke's communication
between Holland and Luxemburg.
THE HAGUE, Feb. 12. Henry Van
Dyke, United States Minister to The
Hague, and oIbo to the Grand Duchy of
Luxemburg, states that he has appealed
to the Government at Washington to pro
test against German Interference with
his duties as Minister to Luxemburg. He
said his diplomatic communications with
that place have been cut off by the Ger
man military commander at Trier, who
had refused to permit his letters to pass
because they were Bealed with the seal
of the American Legation.
"That statement of facts is Incorrect,"
paid Doctor Van Dyke. "The action of
the German commander at Trier may
have been a mistake or Ignorance, but It
must be explained and apologized for.
"I cannot consent to Interference with
tny duties toward Luxemburg by any
Power of tbe world, except that which
conferred them upon me, namely, the
Government at Washington."
KAISER FORCES RETIREMENT
OF FOE IN EAST PRUSSIA
Petrograd Admits Strategic Retreat
South, of Lakes.'"
PETROGRAD, Feb. 12.
Heavy reinforcements which the Ger
mans are receiving have virtually driven
the Russians out of East Prussia, it was
admitted In on official statement Issued
by tho General Headquarters today.
This movement, described here as
trat!c, covers the region south of the
Mamrian Lakes, where the marshy ter
rain has been abandoned and new ground
lakwj near tbe Polish frontier.
FRENCH AID IN SUEZ DEFENSE
Warships TakB Pari in Repelling
TjirkB1 Attack on. Canal.
PAIUS, Feb. 12.
Freaah co-operation with the British in
t dfewta of the Sue Canal was an
WWld tfiday In an offlcia! sommunlque,
"1J the cure of the attack attempted
ty jtie Turkish army on February J
MMlWtt the Su Canal. twi Vvmch war
attpk ccjrUHit4 with siwwu to, he de
1b at tt warn way. Th monitor
&MX1M Ul ed tbf heayy sua of the
Tui-tas and h rilfr KRtrAstaux dis
sert Utspe 0ftlueAtj tf ttw uny
twaea ww ptaiafa aa tJtbr war-
GERMAN "WAR ZONE"
VS. BRITISH 'WAR AREA"
. SAFE route miylUohixxv jmlliiir fJ
ADVISED BY ENGlAW&fSiV' "" fSWW
The "war area," as defined in the British proclamation of November
4. is indicated in the foregoing map by the vertical line shading.
The proclamation explaining this area announced that all ships pass
ing a line drawn from the northern point of the Hebrides through
the Faroe Islands to Iceland did so at their own peril. Ships of all
countries wishing to trade to and from Norway, the Baltic, Denmark
and Holland were advised to come, if inward bound, by the English
Channel and Straits of Dover. There they would be given sailing
directions which would pass them safely up the east coast of England
to Fame Island, whence safe route would be given to Lindesnaes
The German "war zone," proclaimed in the decrees of February 2
and February 4, is covered by the dotted portions of the map. The
first German proclamation declared the waters around Great Britain,
including the English Channel, in the danger zone. The routes of
navigation around the north of the Shetland Islands, in the eastern
part of the North Sea and in a strip 30 miles wide along the Dutch
coast, were exempted. The German Admiralty later included the
north and west coasts of France in the "war zone."
FIRING UPON FLAG
Attack of German Subma
rine on Laertes, Following
Dutch Protest, Regarded
as Very Serious.
LONDON, Feb. 12.
That Holland has been brought to the
hrlnk of war with Germany, as a result
of the German submarine U-2 firing upon
the steamship Laertes, when tho latter
was flying tho Dutch flag, is tho general
belief here. The Netherlands Government
had already sent an emphatic note to
Germany In answer to tho war zone pro
clamation, In which It was pointed out
that ships carrying tho Dutch llag must
be protected In tho war zona prescribed
by tho uroclamatlon.
The Laertes incident, coming so closely
upon the heels of this answer, Is re
garded as of tho utmost seriousness.
The firing on the steamship occurred
Wednesday afternoon. The Laertes, a
British ship, which had sailed from Japan
with a valuable cargo, was north of the
neighborhood between Schouwerbank and
the Haas Lightship when sho was chal
lenged by the German submarine U-2 arid
ordered to atop.
Aboard the ship were neutrals, and the
captain, in order to save them, hoisted
tho Dutch (lag, but the Germans refused
to honor this, and continued to tiro. Ono
shot struck the compass and others
crashed into the lifeboats and on the up
per deck, putting tho lives of the neutrals
abroad In the utmost danger.
The German commander ordered a tor
pedo to bo launched. The sinuous white
wake of the torpedo was Been speeding
toward the Laertes. The speed and
course of the ship saved her, although
the torpedo passed Just astern, missing
by a few yards.
German Craft Forced to Seek Nor
LONDON,, Feb. 12. A dlBpatch to the
Dally Mall from Copenhagen says that
Information comes from Christiana, Nor
way, that In the heavy North Sea gales
a few days ago ten German submarines
put into Bergen, Trondhjem and other
Norwegian ports In a terribly battered
condition. The crews are reported to
have been many days In heavy weather,
enduring privations, loss of sleep and
dlflcqmfort through the ceaseless rising
and falling of mountainous seas. The
men were exhausted and several of them
"The submarines were escorted to liar
bor by Norwegian patrol cruisers and In
formed that they must leave within 21
hours or be Interned, They remained
about 20 hours for rest and slight re
pairs." A BEERLESS GERMANY? OUCH!
Bundesrath Considers Measure to
BERLIN, Feb. 12. -According to the
Lokal Anzelger, a State regulation of an
other essential ot German life besides
bread Is Impending.
The Bundesrath Is considering a law
limiting the consumption of malt to 60
per cent, of the present quantity permit
ted to be used and reducing the beer pro
ductions correspondingly. The barley
thus saved will be available for human
consumption aa barley grits or as food
for cattle Guests of Berlin restaurants
after February 22 must either bring
pocketfuls of rolls or a bread ticket with
them. Otherwise no bread will be ob
Egg 17, Stove $7.25, Chestnut $7.30
Large Round Pea Coal, $5.50
Laructt Coat Yard in Phttadtlphla
OWEH LETTER'S SONS
Trenton Ave. ft Westmoreland St.
SLAUGHTER APPALLS KAISER
Distressed by Heavy Toll of Battles
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 12.-Accordlng to
tho correspondents of Danish newspapers,
Emperor William has found tho situation
In the east generally hopeful, but ho Is
described ns having been, greatly de
pressed over tho terrible price In men
Germany hns had to pay for comparative
ly limited advances against the Intrenched
Russians. Ono account by way of War
saw places tho German losses on tho
Bzura and tho Rawka front nt 45,000 dead.
Nevertheless, Danish military critics
say Emperor William protested against
this slaughter, and as a result an effort
was made by tho German war staff to
transfer tho fighting to some point whore
tho Russians nro less formidably In
ANOTHER GERMAN LOAN
More Money Needed for War Rus
ROTTERAM, Feb. 12. The foremost
financiers of Germany have been sum
moned to a secret conference In Berlin,
where they will discuss with tho Min
ister of Finance the means to b6 pursued
to raise another loan of $1,230,000,000 to
carry on tho war. It Is bellevod that the
Krupps and other rich families will sub
scribe most of It.
It Is reported that Russia also contem
plates floating an Internal loan of $250,-000,000.
I IB IlijROM our city on the Delaware' off across the
I B 1JH prairies and the mountains stretch the mighty pS inM
I a Golden Gate; the last link in a system of communication BfpRliJjl I -V OvH
Germany and Britain
Must Bow to a. 5.
Continued from t'nite One
would require the United Stales td war
Oh Germany, should It sink American
ships in tho war zone.
The English Government was told that
the United States regarded constant mis
use. of the flag for protection against seiz
ure us beyond the pale of tho Interna
tional principle that such use may be ap
plied In emergency. England was told,
too, that It Would be In a sonso responsi
ble for destruction of American lives or
shipping should Gcrmnny come to regard
the Stars and Stripes as England's mode
of avoiding conflict with an enemy.
Administration authorities held today
that de-iplte tho "strength" of tone dis
played In both notes neither would In
volve this nation In difficulties abroad.
They believed that England and Oor
many would acnulesca In America's posi
tion nnd grant such relief as will assure
safety to American shipping and passen
Bors. Antladmlnlstrntlon forces, on tho other
hand, held that tho notes showed a "re
versal of form" a spirit of protest, care
fully subdued at the outset of the war,
Tho notes were understood to have
been drafted by Counsellor Robert Lan
plng, tho 8talo Department's Internation
al Inw expert, hut It was reported that
tho President did tho "proof-reading"
and furnished many of tho Ideas. Cer
tain It was that tho notes passed under
his eye and were tho subject of several
lengthy conferences with the counsellor.
Secretary Bryan was understood to have
had virtually no hand In tho actual
LONDON PAPERS THROW
ALL BLAME ON GERMANY
LONDON. Feb. 12.
Tho Foreign Office today maintained si
lence on tho American nolo to Great
Britain concerning tho sinking of Ameri
can whips nnd the uso of tho American
flag. Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secre
tary, will call tho Cabinet into session ns
soon ns tho full text of the note Is re
ceived. Until tho Cabinet has taken up
the matter no official announcement or
reply Is expected to ho made.
The nowspapers, commenting editorially
on tho note, assert that Great Britain Is
acting not only In tho national Interest,
but In tho Interest of humanity nnd civili
zation. Germany Is blamed for tho sit
uation, nnd the papers defend tho uso of
the American flag.
"Responsibility of any danger to Amor
lean ships Is placed firmly on the Ger
man Government," BayB tho Pall Mall
Gazette. "President Wilson declines to
accept the German theory that two
wrongs mako a right. The note to the
British Government Is couched In the
friendliest possible terms, and It ought
not to bo difficult to satisfy tho United
States that there will be no danger of
an American ship being sunk It the Ger
man craft behavo as ovcry usage of war
dictates, and board ships thoy stop for
an examination of their papers. Tho
question, as It presents Itself to Ameri
can citizens traveling in British ships. Is
that It gives the Germans the right to
Tho Evening Standard says:
"It Is Impossible for the German Gov
ernment to misunderstand how America
views tho proclamation rogardlng neutral
ships. Americans havo appealed to tho
owners of the Lusltnnla to fly their flag
during tho next trip for their protection.
President Wilson can scarcely dellno this
"It Is clear that the notice given by the
Gorman Government Is merely an Inti
mation to the noutrals that thoy should
better look out for themselves after that
date," says tho Westminster Gazette.
8000 GERMANS DESERT
Reported to Have Crossed Into Hol
land When Ordered to Yser.
LONDON, Feb. 12. A London Times
dispatch from Amsterdam says:
"The Telegraaf learns from Antwerp to
day that some SOOO German deserters have
fled to tho Netherlands, Including numer
ous officers. All theso men had been
commanded to proceed to the Yser. Largo
numbers of soldiers nro reported to be
deserting from the Drasschaet nnd Jterx
TEXT OF U. S. WARNINGS
TO BRITAIN AND GERMANY
American Life and Property Must Be Respected in What
ever Zone, Says Note to Berlin Britain Involved if
United States Flag Is Used, London Is Told.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. The American been taken by the other belligerent no-
noies 10 uermanr nnu uiwi. v' v. '
... . r u. . n..... n, in n
anont the German threat of blockading
Great Britain and the British use of tho
American flag have been transmitted to
the two Powers. They demand that Ger
many respect American life and prop
erty In any and all zones, and that
Britain, In usltfg the American flag, lays
Itself "rejinnnnlhln" If harm comes to
Americans under such circumstances.
The text of theso notes Is:
OFFICIAL V. S. WARNINO
ISSUED TO GERMANY
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.
Tho text of America's warning to Ger
many on tho blockade threat Is In the
form of an official note to Ambassador
Gerard, at Borlln. It Is:
"Tho Government of the United States,
having had Its attention directed to tho
proclamation of the German Admiralty,
Ipfiucd on tho 4th of February, that tho
waters surrounding Great Britain and
Ireland, Including the wholo of tho Eng
lish Channel, are to bo considered as
comprised within tho seat of war; that
all enemy merchant vessels found In those
waters after tho 18th Instant will be
dlstroycd, nlthough It may not always
bo possible to save crews and passen
gers! nnd that noutral vessels expose
thomsclvcs to danger within this zone
of war because, In view of tho misuse of
neutral flags, said to have been ordered
by tho British Government on tho 31st
of Jnnuary, nnd of tho contingencies of
maritime warfare, It may not bo possible
nlwnys to exempt noutral vessels from at
tacks intended to strlka enemy ships,
feels It to bo Its duty to call the atten
tion of tho Imperial German Government,
with sincere respect and tho most friendly
sentiments but very candidly and earnest
ly, to tho very serious possibilities of
the coureo of action apparently contem
plated under tho proclamation.
"The Government of the United States
views thoae possibilities with such grave
concern that It feels It to be Its privi
lege, and Indeed Its duty to request the
Imperial German Government to consider,
before action Is taken, the critical situ
ation In respect of the relations between
this country and Germany, which might
arise wore the German naval forces, In
carrying out the policy foreshadowed In
the Admiralty's proclamation to destroy
any merchant vessel of the I'nlted States
or cause the death of American citizens.
"It Is, of course, not necessary to re
mind the German Government that the
sole right of a belligerent In dealing with
neutral vessels on the high seas Is
limited to visit and search, unless n
blockade Is proclaimed nnd effectively
maintained, which this Government does
not understand to be proposed In this
"To declare or exercise a right to at
tack and destroy any vessel entering a
prescribed area of the high seas without
first certainty determining Its belligerent
nationality and the contraband character
of Its cargo would be an act so unprece
dented In naval warfare that this Gov
ernment Is reluctant to believe that the
Imperial Government of Germany In this
case contemplates It as possible.
"Tho suspicion tlint enemy ships aro
using neutral flags improperly can create
no Just presumtlon that all ships travers
ing a prescribed area are subject to tho
samo suspicion. It Is to detormlno exact
ly such questions that this Government
understands tho right of visit and search
to havo been recognized.
"This Government has carefully noted
tho explanatory 'statement issued by the
Imperinl German Government at the same
tlmo with tho proclamation of the Ger
man Admiralty, and takes this occasion
to remind tho Imperial Gorman Govern
ment very respectfully that tho Govern
ment of the United States Is open to
none of the criticisms for unneutral ac
tion to which the Gorman Government
believes tho Governments of certain other
neutral nations havo laid themselves
open; that tho Government of tho United
States has not consented to or ac
quiesced In any menBures which may havo
. t nna n t.a riDAni TCfir which uvciuio if
i " " t,,v .-"-"- .--- ,-- . , .
restrain neutral trade, but has, on tho
contrary, taken In all suoh matters' a
position which warrants It In holding
thoeo Governments responsible In the
proper way for any untoward effects on
American shipping which the accepted
principles of International law do not
Justify; nnd that It, therefore, regards
Itself as free In the present Instance to
take with a clear consclenco and upon
accepted principles the position Indicated
In this note.
"If the commanders of German ves.
els of war should act Upon the-presumption
that the flag of the United States
was not being used In good faith and
should destroy on the high seas an Amer
ican vessel or the lives of American" citi
zens, It would be difficult for the Gov
ernment of'the United States to view the
net In any other light than as In Inde
fensible violation of neutral rights, which
It would be very hard, Indeed, to recon
cile with the friendly relations now so
happily subsisting between the two Gov
ernments. "If such a deplorable situation should
arise, the Imperial German Government
can readily appreclato that tho Govern
ment of tho United States would be con
strained to hold tho Imperial German
Government to n strict accountability for
such acts of their naval authorities and
to tako any slops It might bo necessary
to tako to safeguard American lives nnd
property nnd to secure to American citi
zens tho full enjoyment of their acknowl
edged rights on tho high seas.
"Tho Government of the United State,
In view of these considerations, which It
urges with tho greatest respect nnd with
the slnccro purposo of mnklng sure that
no misunderstanding may arlso and no
circumstances occur that might evon
cloud Intercourse of tho two Governments,
expressos the confident hopo nnd expecta
tion that tho Imperial German Govern
ment can nnd will give nssurnnco that
American cltlzenB and their vessels will
not bo molested by tho naval forces of
Germany otherwise than by visit and
search, though their vessels may bo tra
versing tho sen area delimited In tho proc
lamation of tho German Admiralty.
"It Is added for tho Information of the
Imperial Government that representations
have beon mado to his Britannic Majesty's
Government In respect to tho unwarranted
uso of tho American flag for tho protec
tion of British ships."
OFFICIAL NOTE TO BRITAIN
ON MISUSE OF V, S. FLAG
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.
Tho text of tho note to Great Britain
regarding uso of tho American flag Is
contained In tho following official com
munication to Ambassador Pago:
"Tho Department has been advised of
the declaration of tho German Admiralty
on Februnry 4, Indicating that tho Brit
ish Government had on Jnnuary 31 ex
plicitly authorized tho use of neutral flags
on British merchant vessels, presumably
for the purposo of avoiding recognition
by Gcrmnn naval forces. The Depart
ment's attention has also been directed to
reports In tho press that tho captain of
tho Lusttanta, acting upon orders or In
formation received from the British
authorities, raised the American flag as
his vessel approached the British coasts
in order 'to escape anticipated attacks by
German submarines. Todny's press re
ports also contain an alleged official state
ment of tho ForclgnOfllco defending tho
use of a flag of a noutral country by a
belligerent vessel In order to escape cap
ture ox- attack by an enemy.
"Assuming that the foregoing reports
are true, the Government of the United
States, reserving for future consideration
the legality and propriety of the decep
tive use of the flag of a neutral Power
In any case for the purpose of avoiding
capture, desires very respectfully to
point out to his Britannic Majesty's Gov
ernment the serious consequences which
mny remit a American vti.
American clt.ten. If thU pK
Immediate pursuit and to deceive ""'s
proachlng enemy, which npnears h2 .
press repbrts to be reprentd J I
precedent and Justlflcat on used tM
port this action, seems to this Gov.
a very different thing from an I5Sf
sanction by a belligerent OoveJnm?11;
Its merchant ships gencrallv V). l r
nag of a heutrnl rSwer wh n " l
portions of th high sol which ti8
sumod to be frequented ChSlfi?
The formal declaration of such s J...
of general misuse of a neutral'. '
eopardlMs the vessels of the neU.r.l ",'
lllng those waters In a peculiar h. ' vl
ra ilno the presumption? that fh.10?,! V
nft"ef, ' SHS
sels traversing thoso waters A JS
fcuch ns the ono which his .2$k
Government Is said to Intend tnnVi
would, If tho declaration of the V
Admiralty bo put In force. It seems S?.
nfford no protection to British v.,..,
.white It -would bo a serious and I S
careens'0 i,vea nna vc-'-S,
crnmont will do all In their power to t
strain vessels of British nationality trl
Stntes In tho Bca area defined In n
German declaration, slnco such practl
would greatly endanger tho vessel. "t
Jln,'!ly ,Vowcr n'entlng thoso wate
ami would even seem to Impose upon'ti
Government of Great Britain a me"
of responsibility for tho loss of Amerfc
lives and vessels In case of an attack i
a Gorman naval force.
"You will Impress upon his Majestj
Government tho gravo concern which it!
Government feels In tho circumstances
regnrd to the safoty of American vesst
nnd lives In tho war zono declared bv ti
"This Government Is making earne
representations to tho German Cover
ment In regard to the danger to Amcrlci
vessels nnd citizens. If tho declaration i
tho Gorman Admiralty Is put Into effect
CANADA DECREES WAR TAX
Dominion to Raise Moro Than $20
000,000 by Drastic Measure.
OTTAWA. Ont Feb. 12.-A drastic w.
taxation measuro was proclaimed In- tl
Canadian Parliament yesterday. It Is e
pected to ralso from J20,O0O,00O to $23 000 C
additional revenue. Bank circulation a:
the business of loan and flro Insuran
companies aro proposed to be taxed,
stamp tax Is to bo applied to buslijeBs at
banking transactions, to tickets, (el
graph and cable messages and patei
A speclaRvnr tax In the form of li
creased customs charge will be appllt
It Is 714 per cent. Increase in general li
termcdlato tariff ratos and 5 per cent, li
crease to British preferential rates.
Tho Increased customs charges aro n
to be applied to silk fabrics, velvets, rll
bons, embroideries, wheat, flour, anthr
cite coal, lines, twlnei, sugar, tobacc
news print paper, newspaper presse
typo-setters and casters.
FRENCH RESUME OFFENSIVE
TO FORCE FOE ACROSS RHIN
Hostile Armies in Battle for Posse'
sion of Vosges Passes.
PARIS, Feb., 11
Tho campaign for possession of tl
Vosges passes and tho main roads In'
Upper Alsaco lias been resumed despl
tho heavy snow.
Tho Germans are being bombarded wit
long-rnngo heavy nrtlllcry, brought v
during tho lull of tho last fortnight, a:
nn offensive Is being Initiated that Is e;
nected to glvo the French possession c
various strategic points necessary to begl
tho drive of tho Kaisers forces norti
ward and ncross tho Rhine.
Kaiser nt Poland Front
BERLIN, Feb. 12. Emperor Wllllai
left again today for the eastern thcati
of war. It lg ofllclally announced. ,
rs f,f iglg5ai