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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, JANUABY 20, 191B.
M ., .-.. i. .m, i nfc. iii i
tJh.a,M 1 , ,.,.. ,.., ii-.t- r -ii- - -
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
craua it k. cuims, ritsiBNT.
John C Martin. Treasureri Charles Ludlntton,
Phlllt) a Colllnt, John It. Wllllamt, Directors.
- - - - - - - '
Ctarja tt K. Coma, Chairman.
p.u. vntKt.br Executive Editor
' JOHN C MARTIN .Oancral BuHnus Manastr
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rillLADELrillA, WCDNtiSDAr, JANUAKV 20, 191S.
The legislative oath of office actually perform
no supernatural function, confers no
mantle of wisdom or prophecy,
although tome gentlemen
teem to suspect this
Secretary Itcdfield Nibbles the Bait
THE Montgomery County manufacturers
now have the opportunity for which they
were seeking. They had the audacity to com
plain of the effect of tho tariff law on their
business, and Secretary Redfield has sent an
Investigator among them to find out whether
they know what thoy aro talking about.
They have facts and figures, and they are
ready to give as many of them to tho Investi
gator as ho Is willing to take, on tho condi
tion that ho docs not attompt to Juggle them
Into meaning something entirely different
from their plain Indication. If foreign goods
have displaced American goods; If It has
been necessary to dtschargo operatives as a
result, and If thero has been no compensat
ing advantage to tho consumer through a
reduction In tho price of tho goods, the case
for the manufacturers Is made out and tho
tariff Is condemned.
Secretary Retinoid threatened to send In
vestigators Into the first factory from which
complaint about tho tariff law was made
and provo that tho law was beneficial. If he
falls ho must In Justice to himself and his
party demand tho repeal of tho law. Tho
Montgomery County manufacturers, confi
dent that he would fall, baited tholr hook
for him, and he has begun to nibble.
Our Greatest Provincial City
SAMUEL UNTERMYER proved that ho
Is a man of flno discrimination when ho
said to tho Industrial Relations Commission
that "the financial people of Now York have
less knowledge of tho real sentiment of tho
country than a man from Oshkosh. We are
the most provincial people of tho country."
Tho provincialism of Now York has long
been notorious. It thinks that the Blow sub
sidence of tho earth about New York har
bor Is due to tho great weight of wealth
and Intellect collected thero. But tho rest
of tho country knows that this Is a delusion,
and that If It were not for the continual re
cruiting of that city from other cities It
would dry up and catch flro In the heat of
Its own conceit. It took Mr. Untermyer,
Who Is a "Virginian by birth and only a New
Yorker by adoption, to tell the truth to his
"Shinny on His Own Side"
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR McCLAIN Is
J too anticipatory. Tho Senate has gener
ally exorcised Its rights and prerogatives and
there has been no indication of a desire on
the Governor's part to spank the body or
go after it with a club.
It so happens, however, as the Lieutenant
Governor ought to know, that tho Governor
is part and parcel of the legislative branch.
He has more to say about legislation, In a
negative way, than any Senator at Harris
burg, for he is endowed with the power of
veto. His approval Is a prerequisite to legis
lation, unless there Is an overwhelming ma
jority against him in both branches of the
Legislature. More than that, by common
acceptance, the Governor, In his recom
mendatory capacity. Is required to map out
for the Legislature the program of its ac
tivities, and he Is expected by the people
to use the grejat power of his office to fur
ther the definite enactments which he, and
his party through him, have promised the
Mr. McCIaln cannot make a figurehead of
Doctor Brumbaugh. 'That la not what the
Governor is there for. If he has to ply the
whip he will do It, but it would be a foolish
Legislature that would let things get to that
point. If Mr. McClaln takes care of his own
ahlnnying, the Governor will take care of his.
Needs to Be Waked Up
CINCINNATI Is peevish. "Billy" Sunday,
it appears, who never beats the devil
about the bush, but always thumps him bard
on the bead, has not been so polite and re
served in his references to the baseball me
tropolis of Ohio as the touchy gentlemen of
that city desired; wherefore the evangelist
must disavow his remarks or his presence
Will not be desired.
Evidently Cincinnati has been deceived.
If It wanted honeyed words and sweet noth
ings. It should never have flirted with a
man who deals In neither. For, Irrespective
qf all considerations of theology and religion,
Billy" Bunday is a bundle of punch and then
more punch. What he has said about Cin
cinnati is as nothing compared to what he
will say about Cincinnati If he ever gets there.
Therefore, It is a good place for him to go.
The town Is too well pleased with itself. It
needs to be waked up.
Italy la Stricken, But Undaunted
THE Calabrlan earthquake of Tuesday is
without doubt an echo from the slipping
pr the great geological fault lrt the Abruixl
on Wednesday of last week, when pearly
0,000 lives were lost and property valued at
150,030,000 was destroyed. The settling of the
earth In the reglqn where tho Apennines
tower highest caused tremblings north as far
as, Piedmont and aa far south as Naples.
The Cosenaa district of Calabria Is near the
southern tfnd of the peninsula, and It Is
mountainous also. The quaklngs of Mount
Aotna ur frmmtly fsk there. But this
if mi so fat a tb report mdKate, Astna, Is
Tr ': 5 If n(ifi; tiLSi.i Mt IttjBAKABt tO SOn-
rfi..- i. aw twsetby mean t r a.fjinle
equilibrium has been restor"jd In tho earth
masses, thoro wilt be moro quakes and mora
destruction of llfo and property. And man
Is helpless to prevent It and blind to forcsco
It. The causes are hidden far beneath tho
surfaco and lie in tho processes of earth for
mixtion. But Italy, tho homo of civilization
and the seat of world power for centuries, Is
not daunted nor abashed by any earth forces.
It will rebuild the wrecked buildings and tho
survivors of tho tragedy will faco tho futuro
with audacious faith that they can llvo out
their lives boforo tho earth about them
quivers again In the cooling process.
Entitled to a Fighting Chance
GOVERNOR BRUMBAUGH declares that
the voters should bo allowed to deter
mine for themselves whether or not women
shall vote In Pennsylvania. Ho urges,
therefore, tho passago onco moro of tho reso
lution submitting an amendment to tho Con
stitution providing for woman suffrage.
Slncero mon may seriously doubt tho wis
dom of conferring the franchlso on women,
but that thoy havo a right to present their
causo to tho electorate nnd demand a ruling
Is obvious. They have, at least, tho privilege
of appeal to tho final tribunal. To dony them
that would bo to arm them with martyrdom,
and to delay, not to prevent, tho vindication
of their propaganda.
It Is a marvel of our civilization that mon
who rely on their wives for advlco In busi
ness and In all other Important matters, who
would light nnd dlo to protect tho women of
their families and who would resent any In
timation that those women lacked either ln
telllgonco or Judgment, nevertheless expross
grave doubt of the capacity of thoso women
to oxcrclso sanely a function that thousands
of utterly Irresponsible men are permitted to
exercise every election day. It Is a sur
vival of barbarism to mnko sex the test of
lntelltgenco and a substitute for character.
Tho women In Pennsylvania aro asking for
nothing moro than tho chance to present
tholr cause to tho electorate as a whole. To
that they are entitled, and tho Legislature
must not fall to give It to them.
Let Us Have the Money Needed Now
THE river and harbor bill has passed the
House with tho appropriation for dredg
ing the Dclawaro and for a comprehensive
survoy of tho river. Tho Pennsylvania Sen
ators aro expected to Insist that these pro
visions remain in the bill when it goes back
to tho House, and thoy will fall In their duty
If they do not demand that tho appropria
tion for dredging bo made big enough to
deepen the channel at the earliest possibles
moment, so that there will not ba tho slight
est pretext for charging that tho biggest
naval colliers cannot be loaded at tho Phila
Tho Navy Department ought to reinforce
tho arguments of tho Senators. But tho need
for rushing tho work Is so obvious to any
ono who gives a moment's thought to the
subject that a mere statement of tho case
should 'persuade Congress to do Its duty by
Itself and by this port,
Premature Cry for Peace
THE Kaiser's attempts to break the dead
lock on his eastern and western battlo
fronts has failed. The German troops havo
been driven from Northern Poland back Into
Eastern Prussia, and tho Alsne still blocks
his western advance. Ho won a slight ad
vantage a day or two ago, when tho French
retreated to tho south bank of tho river and
when he took an advanced post In the Ar
gonne, but tho French havo retaken this
post and tho deadlock continues.
Meanwhile ho Is rushing troops to tho front
with all possible speed in a determined effort
to broak through the lines on the west. And
tho French nro gathering themselves to
gether for a drive on Metz. But the advan
tage gained by neither side is great enough
to effect the general situation.
Whilo tho men In tho Hold aro holding tho
lines men at home aro talking about peace,
and tho Pope has summoned all Christians
in Europe to pray on February 7 for a ces
sation of hostilities. He has asked Chris
tians In the rest of tho world to offer tholr
prayors to tho same end on March 21. But
thero Is no peace In sight for human eyes
at tho present time. Tho goneral view of tho
Allies was expressed by Baron d'Estour
nellcs de Constant, one of the most famous
pacificists on the continent, when he said that
while Oermany occupies Belgian and French
territory he does not understand how any
one can think of peace, for It would give
Germany a chance within ten years to re
peat her attack upon France. Tho war must
be fought to an end before there can be a
The Order Is Now Peremptory
IF COUNCILS delays longer In making the
necessary appropriations for the Division
of Housing and Sanitation, it will be In con
tempt of court as well as In contempt of
Councils, however, cares nothing for pub
Ho opinion. It takes Its orders from the ma
chine. Publio opinion cannot punish it sum
marily, but must wait for the slow processes
of election, But the courts, whloh have Is
sued a peremptory order that the appropria
tion for the Housing Bureau be made, have
the power to make Its punishments sure and
Now, let Councils act.
The destruction of the Roebllng wire plant
at Trenton will not Interfere with the pulling
of wires in the State House.
That story of a red train of padded cars,
filled with German soldiers gone mad, sug
gests that they have yellow Journalists In
The Zeppelins may not do much harm In
a material way, but they do Induce what
certain of our statesmen would call a pay
OuUerrei seems to be surprised that Villa
and Zapata, who made him President, were
not willing to be deposed by bint. He forgot
that the creature Is rarely greater than the
The Democratic Senators are so enthusi
astic over the President's ship purchase bill
that their caucus to commit them In its
favor adjourned after directing the Finance
Committee to report a bill on rural credits.
Nobody earned the Nobel peace prize last
year, so tt .wilt not be awarded, but the com
mittee In tfharge is anxiously awaiting can
didates fo the prise this year If any one
should auyeceed In making pence be would
I.se.ivfc tue&3d fui btH year.
IF YOU WANT TO
SIIfNE IN CONGRESS
The Way to Do It Ib to Know All About
One Tiling Mann Specializes in De
tails, Humphrey in Calamity Howling.
"Specialize." That would bo my advlco to
any malo human, over 2B, who has yearnings
for a Congressional career.
It Is ever advised by tho faculty not to
gencrnllzo from n slnglo Instance, nor oven,
relatively, from a few. Whercforo I assort
that generalising from tho aim oat Innumer
able events solved In congressional history,
success In their careers has been mailo only
by ntrlvera who havo specialized.
Now, Just to provo how humanly weak I
am I shall presently recite tho successful
career of a contemporary who has nevor
Know something. Know It all tho way
through, backward and forward, up and
down, Inside and outside, and lol you will be
exalted In Congress. Tho trlnls and troubles
In Congress resulting because of the surplus
ngo of lawyers therein are not because thoso
of that surplus aro lawyers, but because few
lawyers know anything thoroughly that In
cludes law and do know n foolishly largo
number of things partly.
Nothing moro Interesting has marked tho
history of tho Congress In tho last four
years than tho upshoot of a few men who
havo specialized In subjects Involved in tho
legislation of tho present and tho preceding
Congresses. Out of tho total 435 of us, you,
my attcntlo reader, enn name quickly
nowl how many? Half a dozcnl I thought
Glass for the Cabinet
How many of the bundled million of us,
outsldo of tho flvo counties in Virginia com
prising his district, over heard of Carter
Glass, father of the new banking law? Yet
Carter Glass, of Lynchburg, Va., has been
In Congress 14 years. Until a year ngo no
one north of tho Union Station In Washing
ton know of Carter Glass, or, If they heard
of him casually, never romembored his namo
over night. Today, If ho wore so disposed,
he could mako moro money than Hobson on
tho lecture platform, and ho sends his re
grets dally to moro banquet committees than
over did Chauncuy Depcw.
Ho specialized In banking and currency
laws, such laws of all tho nations of tho
earth having laws affecting banking; so,
whVn his party camo Into power In 1310 It
made him chairman of tho House Banking
and Currency Committee. He visualized
Federal reserve banks as some visualize oys
ters so fresh that when you squirt a bit of
lomon Julco on their edges thoy turn In re
volt. He will probably be a cabinet officer
in tho next Democratic Administration.
But let us speak of farmers. Banking In
terests so few of us find pleasant In days
like thoso. There's Ralph W. Moss, of
Centre Point, Clay County, Ind. I'm going
a little bit Into tho futuro as to him. Mako
a note of his name, becauso before another
Congress ends ho will be moro known from
tho Atlantic to tho Cliff Houso than Is Car
ter Glass today. "Is n farmer; his parents
were poor, and ho has actively engaged In
tho cultivation of his farm." Thus tho Con
Moss' Coming Fame
But he had a couple of years In Pcrduo
University, about such time as Booth Tark
ington and Gcorgo Ado wore taking their
mental prep thero. Moss specialized. His
parents wero poor, bo it must frequently havo
occurred to him how much less poor thoy
would havo, been If they had been able,
when It would havo been "good farming" to
do so, to borrow monoy to drain a wet field,
buy a cow, replace an outbuilding or what
That sort of thing Is dono under what Is
known as a "rural credits" or "farmers' loan"
system; a system mighty good for tho coun
try that has It. Thoro Is a library of litera
ture on tho subject thrilling, If you have a
vision of tho agricultural possibility of this
country but thero are no dog-eared books In
that library. Moss specialized on tho sub
ject. Ho will bo beginning his fourth term
In Congress March next, nnd In that Con
gress a bill bearing his namo will become
a law which will be known In all Its pro
visions by moro pooplo than is the banking
and currency bill.
Moss Is tall, gaunt, serious, heavy browed,
deep-eyed tho farmer-student. Thero aro
more dips, spurs and angles In tho rural
credits bill than In the Glass bill, but Moss
knows them all. He has mado two speechoa
on the subject, and I've listened to them with
Intense Interest. He knows his subject. It
Is easy money that If Doctor Houston does not
want to be, Moss will bo, the Secretary of
Agriculture In tho next Democratic Admin
istration. So It goes the mon who spcclallzo win
recognition: Burnet, of Alabama, In Immigra
tion problems; Underwood, In tho tariff;
Gardner, In war preparedness. If I gavo
a full list It would be a short one, but It
would include nearly every name of a Rep
resentative or Senator you know outside of
your State. Evon If you know Humphrey,
of Washington, It is because he is a specialist.
Somehow, I did not mean to mention Hum
phrey, because he Is, personally, a likable
chap, but he Is too, oh, much too a special
ist to bo left out of this brief list. He Is a
specialist in calamity howling. It develops
that In Kitsap, Skagit and Snohomish
counties in Humphrey's Washington district
there are somo men engaged In the highly
respectable business of running sawmills
who cannot run them aB economically as can
soma other men who operate across Puget
Sound, In Canada. For purposes of re-eleo-tlon
this Ineltlclence has entered Humphrey's
soul as it were barbed steel in his heart, and
he specialises on calamity,
Tho Sob Sitter of Congress
Nothing more amuses In Congress, When
ever time Is to be yielded in debate by
whomever, there stands Humphrey suppli
cating. Even his political oponents yield him
time that the day's doings may not be with
out the thrill pf genuine comedy which
safeguards against the all work, which makes
Jack a dull boy.
Humphrey needs no preparation; time is
all he needs. Give him that and he chants
the sorrows of his sawmills, laments their
woes, scolds fate, harrows his soul into tears,
denounces free trade, spits at Canadian effi
ciency and has a real good time of it. His
name among hla fellow-members Is "the
Sob Bister of the Snohomish Sawmills." But
we do not laugh at him in scorn; In re
joicing, rather, tor he has specialized In sob
bing, and It is an Insurance of his ro
eloctlpn. I promised a tale of the member who does
not specialize but who succeeds. It U that
qutlf so"tahinw l-,il't'r Tarn. sTt Mann
candidate for tho Republican presidential
nomination In 1016. Champ Clark recently
said that Mann Is tho best Informed mem
ber of Congress, nnd that goes across tho
board from one wing of tho Capitol to tho
other. Mann's desk (tho two chlof loaders
In tho House havo desks, nono other has) Is
piled high each day with every bill and tho
report on every bill which can possibly come
up on that day. Each bill Is annotated and
Interleafcd by Mann, nnd his desk is other
wise loaded with books of authorities on
every subject covered by every bill.
Thero Is no escape. No uso trying to put
ono over on Mnnn. You try a fako pass and
a run around tho other end; Jnmes R. Is
thero with tho deadly tackle. It amazes. Ono
thinks to revive some forgotten little special
privilege measure poor llttlo thing! but
Mann reminds that it was quite properly
knocked In tho head In tho second session
of the Tilth Congress. But at that It might
be said that Mann specializes In details.
Occasionally tho unexpectedly Informed leg
islator pops up serenely. That thought re
minds mo of an experience of mlno when I
wns secretary for Senator Georgo Hearst, of
California. Ho was generally supposed to
have mado his great fortune only In mining
and to bo not Informed as to other Indus
tries It wns in tho session when that mon
strous tax on oleomargarine was Imposed and
Senator Warner Miller, of Now York, led the
fight to savo the makors of milk butter from
ruin, Senator Hoarst sturdily opposed the
tax; It was an added cost to tho poor man's
food, an obnoxious exercise of tho taxing
power for a special lnterost. Ho annoyed
Miller a great deal. On tho evening of tho
day of that debato Senator Hearst gavo a
stag dlnnor ho lived then In what Is now
tho German Embassy on Massachusetts nvo
nuo and among tho guests was tho then Sen
ator Breckonrldgo, of Kentucky. Ho twitted
Hearst on his merciless baiting of Miller.
"And what do you know about butter, any
way?" Breckenrldgo said. "You nover ralsod
anything but gold and sllvor."
Senator Hearst's eyes twinkled as he said
to me, "How much butter did I mako and
ship last year from San Simeon?" Ho ro
ferred to a llttlo ranch of 25,000 acres he
owned and worked in Southern California. I
produced tho figures. Thoy showed that
Hearst tho year before was tho biggest In
dividual producer and shipper of butter In
tho Unttod States. Ho had not so much as
alluded to tho fact that ho raised a pound
of butter all tho tlmo ho was opposing tho
tax on oleomargarine supposed to be for tho
special beneflt of butter makers!
PROTECTION OF THE UNIFORM
Uncle Sam's Soldiers and Sailors Should Be
Treated With Respect Wherever They Go.
Prom the Array and Navy Reg-liter.
It Is with appreciation and hearty indorse
ment that we read the editorial comment In
tho Philadelphia F.ve.nino Ledoeu under the
title "Quit Insulting Sailors." That newspa
per commends In unstinted terms the attitude
of Captain C. B. Morgan, commanding the
U. S. B, (Minnesota, "In his fight to protect tho
uniform of the Navy from Insult." It appears
that a ticket seller employed at a local skating
rink refused to allow six enlisted men and a
potty olllcer to enter the place of entertainment,
evidently for the reason that they belonged to
the naval service and wore the United States
uniform. It appears that a State law provides
a penalty of fine or Imprisonment for those
guilty of showing disrespect to the uniform of
men In tho service of the United States,
It is unfortunate, to the degree of being de
plorable, that'll Is necessary to enact legislation
which shall admit to a public place a. man in
tho United States uniform. That right to enter
by virtue of law cannot cease to add to the
discomfort of a self-respecting person, who Is
bound to feel that his presence Is suffered by
an act of Legislature. It Is a somewhat sad
commentary on our national Bentlment toward
those who serve their country that they should
And it necessary to obtain proper recognition
of the rights of a respectable citizen by force
of law. There have been altogether too many
of these Incidents which call for official pro
test. It seems to be a slow and laborious
process of educating some people up to a reali
zation that the wearer of the uniform should
not be the object of unfavorable discrimination.
It Is a satisfaction to quote, finally, the re
marks on this subject of the Philadelphia Even.
ini LanoRii: "This la a democracy and not a
nobocmcy or a cactocraoy, and every honest
citizen l entitled to tho 'same rights that every
other citizen enjoys so long as he behaves him
self. The sailors and soldiers of the nation
should be welcomed to publio places and mad
to feel that while they wear the uniform of
the United States they deserve and will have the
respect of every citizen."
Wanted i "DiHy" Sunday
From the Hartford, Conn., Post.
Bven those who haven't any particular inter
est In "soul-saving" have to admit that Bun
day's presence In a city spoil good. The Hart-.
ford Post belief that his coming to this city.
If It could be brought about, would give us a
shakeup that would be beneficial. It would
;oU eomo of our complacency and oonservatUra
(" ' r Mr wj i o utroRge it It dJCo't
i 1 hJJll It
BACK FKOM HARRlSliURG.
Causes of Juvcpile Crime The Home is the Thermometer of City gj
tvi . mi ? ro Ji? xr a
nation iiie question or openaing luonoy.
By WILLIAM RADER
Oliver Twist, as described by Charles Dick
ens, Is tho Incarnation of tho modern boy
who is having a hard time. For licking tho
porridge bowl In tho orphanage and show
ing signs of hunger ho was "bound out" to
on undertaker, then ho fell Into tho hands of
tho Artful Dodger and was brought up In
Fagln's London school of crime. Ho was
saved by lovo after a trying experience.
Director Porter told a company of clergy
men tho other day that 85 per cent, of the
burglaries In this city nro committed by boys
under 21. This is a high average. Statistics
show that the period between 18 and 24 Is
tho criminal age, the highest point being
reached between 1G and 21 In the records of
English crime. Tho average age in tho
United States Is but 2 2-5 years above this
figure reaching Its climax at the period be
tween 20 and 24, nnd showing a preponder
ance on the sldo of Immaturity.
Among 462 criminals examined by Marro
18 per cent, had become criminals before
reaching the ago of 13, Of a group of 4G
criminals studied by Lombroso 35 had bo
come addicted to crime before attaining the
16th year. Lombroso places the maximum of
criminality between tho nges of 15 and 25.
Mosly, who furnishes these figures, says:
"In the course of some investigations mado
by me In 1906 I found the ago of maximum
criminality In tho United States to be 23."
Of 43,835 German criminals, it has oeen
found that 41 per cont. were under 21 years
Schools of Crime
Director Porter says that many boys aro
prompted to steal that they may go to seo
tho movies. Tho tenement houses havo been
blamed for bad boys. Tho streets aro re
garded by many ns a school of crime. Hered
ity and environment aro cited as causes of
crime, while drfnk, poverty, cigarettes and
evil companions are all looked upon as
In spite of all we havo done to conserve
childhood and protect youth, crime Is seven
times more prevalent in this country now
than It was CO years ago.
Tho boy Is a national problem. Llttlo can
bo dono with the full-grown man, but the
boy is still a twig to be shaped by condi
tions. The period of llfo between 13 and 21
very largely determines the destiny of the
The boy contradicts all theories, denies all
schemes of reform and defies nearly every
known measuro of protection. Good men
Bprlng out of poverty and bad men come
from brownstone fronts. Boys brought up In
the streets fill positions of national Influence.
Good men havo had bad parentis, while bad
men have good parents. Young Oliver Twists
havo como from orphanages and mado n
Buccess of life. Some boys havo bravely
stood against both heredity and environment
and conquered both, while others In whoso
veins flow tho bluest blood have gone down.
Where Has tho Home Gone?
Tho passing of the old homo and the sub
stitution of the flat, apartment and hotel
have much to do with tho character of boys.
The streets are their playground, and ore
preferred to small rooms in the tenement dis
trict. The curfew has but a superficial effeot;
upon the character of the boy. It waa origi
nally a fire or police measure brought over
to England, probably, by William the. Con
queror. Fires were built In the middle of
tho room In the daya before chimneys, and,
aa houses often caught fire, the bell was rung
In the evening as a signal to coyer the flro.
It was subsequently the signal for children
to leave tho streets, and la still rung In some
The boy problem may be traced to two
tributary factors which enter essentially Into
Ub origin and solution. The first Is the home.
Homes are more Important than Sunday
schools, publio schools, government ot state,
as far as the boy Is concerned. Nothing can
take the place of the home as a character
making influence. The best thing that can
be given the boy Is a good home, but the
strange thing about It Is that some of the
worot boys come from the best homes.
The home Is the thermometer of tho na
tion. The national morality never rises
above the morality of the fireside. Whit tier's
"Snowbound" s a gold frame containing the
picture of, a quiet New England home an
Institution which stands In the background
of the republic aa a pillar of strength. But
there has been tt revolt against this single
and splendid Institution, and the boy has
broken away and gone bqth to the city and
Money for the Movie
Another determining factor U money. In
tho United Btatea wo have never definitely
decided whether the boy should have money,
or. U any. how much. It la one of the. first
laauea between father ana son. i, boy with
no empty purse Is la quit as much danger
aa th boy with a. full i urssr Ptrmp the
boy should havo monoy to pay hla way hf
tho plcturo shows.
Llttlo David Harum had no moniT to ?
tho circus, nnd n neighbor paid hla way isj'
when David reached homo after hlvlai ifi'
tlmo of his life, ho found something lraltlac
for him in tho shape of a severe whlpplM
a whipping which lod to his lcavlnj hoaj
forovor. It Is an old story the tragedr tj
many a boy on tho farm who la templed tf
resort to dishonest moans to secure t Uttji
cash. If you Investigate the boy burrliri-
of Philadelphia you may find a similar ecst'
..v.....w ..untuu wium may explain, even If
It does not excuse, this high per cent &
Crime among boys Is one of the cotrfj
quonces of that materialism now gtippfni'tiV'
country which distorts values. Moner-Abl?
love of it among old and young Is the Ml
of most of our personal and national enV
Wo are a money-spending people, ami SJj
example and precopt Instil In the youni mklj
an uncontrolled passion for money, 'Wlththjh
passing of the simple life has como hirfai
after harvest or burglaries, and it it a'u?;
tional shamo that crime has Increased if:
fast among the boys. It Is a dlagraea fo lii'i
Institutional life of Philadelphia that Dlrts-J!
tor 1Pnrtlr fnn rrivn eii.T. ta-..iH . A:
- -- w. o.iw uu-v.it ubuihi - -s
The American Character i '
It Is a problem that lies farther back Hal
Judge Llndsey and the Juvenile couttf J
every great city. The roots of the proltar
run back Into the very naturo of our natloaij';
Something Is the matter with thtf utf
the twig is trained, otherwise there
not bo bo many crooked trees. Are ire lit'
ing better care of our dogs than our cfit.
dren? Aro wo raising rascals wlthouj taof-J
lng it? Is thoro anything the matter FltjQ
our schools, and homes, and churches!-1
anybody loving Oliver Twiat back fromcrlai
Tho weak point In American character,
not In knowledge nor In feelings, for j
know enough and feol deeply enough. Ka
not Ignorance, either Intellectual or Mj
tional. Tho woak point Is the will, the Uj
bono, tho ability to stand straight lit
cooked generation, tho power to aay yel atjL
no against all odds. If wi
moral caulvalonts of mlllti
apply them to right living, the world w
do revolutionized in a snort time. , y,
Whether it is what we read, or ibi f(
feel; whether Inherited or derived imp
. -. -f u. .u.l Ann trfllj
BurruunuinKBf mis la cietir; ium . " 5'
In ttin hnlrhnna f iht fiVArnifA b0V tBvTf .
a weakness, and this cannot be cuffl
nurffiw Jmlls nr liirirrAs. It must be strfOgta
ened by "a power not ourselves which vA.
When a Brave Man Dies
ffrnm th fti(i. am ITrfiV
r .- . - 1 A !,, thl tlxl
i-ence ig sooa ana war is " , .kfil
will never, come when tho pulso wll n'.l"j
to the hero tale of the man who ironu
hrnvuu on.l V.o i-nlmlV OIISH I0r '
M..nl rflmlw i.hrin..tiA .
mi . a ..... t Ah anA llOf
and on the stricken Held as bravely CWJ
Loxtoy died, But tho full horror and we m
heroism never come home to us rrr.TJt'
We understand the many, but we ion
"i1"' .. ......,. wMrhbT
wnonce u comes inai wnen ". "Zi.yJH
alatn Its thousands In the InoUtlnrajHW;
tumult of Europe, singles out one "jl
inumni ana Binning aeuw., nuu..w
"When his last glance fall unihrlpWl
On the mouth of an open g"
Then all men's eye grow tndf ,
And alt men's hearts grow braY.
Peace and tho Movies i
From ine Alums, coniiuimon. -.i.tWH
There never will be peace In -
the movie men quit following tho P
rrr. A TD-AHTITNn NATION
Tho moon of change hangs In a clud Sj
Above the baying hounds of right m'BS
Across the road the uncertain "" a
Yea, and the road is longl
Beyond the twilight of the many ye-"
Oh. leave the past to darkness and lt lM3J
Frets forward to the iignu
o uni. 41.1... ! enAmtftg despair,
Who plot against thine honor and W a
And prinoos ot ine powers ot i
m..ii t.A t.l .fl.iHmHl
-M. E. Bubler, in Now Torr
tuttst IN THE FUTURE
I know pot what the future h43
Of marvel or lurprUo, .
Assured alone that llfo and dw
Ills mercy underlies.
And o baildo the Silent Sea
I wait the muffled t0 $
No harm from Him .can com w
On ocean or on shore-
I know pot where bU WauAa W
Tholr irondsd palma in . w
I only know I cannot ""
Beyond Hi b f r. r.