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EVENING- LEDGER-PHIXADELPmX WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBEB 30, 1913
I'liotON ti International Ne bervlcc.
ENGINEERS OF THE FRENCH ARMY AND THEIR WORK IN THE WAR
! French engineers taking a well-earned rest while building a pontoon bridge over the River Marne to allow the French troops to pass Pontoon bridge built by the French over the River Marne to take the place of the one in the background, which was blown up by the
over in their pursuit of the Germans. French army during the retreat towards Paris.
PI6HT ALONG AISNE
IN HISTORY OF WARS
Expert Declares Passage of
i River by Frontal Attacks
Would Be Most Notable
LONDON', Sept. SO.
In an Interesting nrtlclo In Hie London
Dally Express, Lieutenant - Colonel
.Alsager Pollock, of tho British army,
gives a mlnuta description of tho theatre
of the world's sreatest battle on tho
banks of the Aisnc. It Is only necessary
to possess reasonable Intelligence and
a fairly largo map of the country
through which tho Alsne flows In order
to understand how It Is that the Allied
army, nftor successfully effecting n
crossing, has not only been provented
from prosecuting Us advance beyond tho
river, but has even been temporarily
driven back to tho left bank, at somo
points, by counter-attacks, and thus com
pelled to brave again and again tho perils
of forcing tho paHaage.
Colonel Pollock describes the Alsne us
a very sluggish river. Film Villuiicuve,
ono mile cast of Solssons, to Lamotte,
clsht miles east of Complegno, a dis
tance of nearly seventeen miles, tho fall
Is oniy twenty-one feet. The Hats be
tween the hills forming tho valley me
seldom less than ono mile in breadth,
and tho hills themselves rifco thence,
rather abruptly as a rule, to heights of
fiom 300 to 360 feet abovo the river. The
configuration of the hills is very In
dented, so that on either side, but more
especially on tho right bnnk, tho guns
and also tho rlllpincn of a force dis
puting the passage can lendlly be dis
posed so as to be perfectly sheltered
from artillery lire from the opposite
bank, while at the same time command
ing long leaches nf tho valley both up
and down the stteam.
RANGE FINDING DIFFICULT.
According to Colonel Pollock, climatic
( conditions render the finding of an nc
, curate range for heavy guns almost Im
possible. In the clear atmospheio of
South Africa, where ho served during
the Boer War, the llro of artillery at S000
yards, or even more, could bo quite use
fully observed, particularly when tho sun
shouo on tho target, but It Is not so
on the banks of tho Alsne, and this fnet
Is one of much disadvantage to the Al
lies. Here, then, wo havo an explana
tion sulllclcnt In Itself to account for
the difficulty experienced by the Hrltlsh
and French troops in making good their
hold on tho right bank of the Alsne, In
pplte of all tho valor displayed by them
in successfully effecting the crossing of
"A single example," says Colonel Pol
lock, "will sufllco to mako clear the whole
matter In this connection. Let us as
aumo an attempt to cross nt Vlc-sur-Alsne,
among, of course, a number of
other points simultaneously attacked.
One mile south of Montnis Is an artil
lery position three miles long and hav
ing a command of, roughly, 300 feet over
the level of the river. Tho hills on tho
opposite bank have In no case ft com
mand within 00 feet as gieat. In other
nords, the artillery positions at thy dis
posal of tho attackers enjoy a command
of not less than Co feet over any pos
sessed by the defenders."
A POINT OF VANTAGE.
But .according to Colonel pollock, on
the left bank of tho tl'lluxioii. ti tributary
stream which falls Into (lie Alsne at
Vlcsurn.AIsne, a convenient tpur Juts out
westward, from behind which un open
tteld of lire extends for about WOu yards
"long the right bank of the Aisre, and
suns there ported would be iultuMkfu
agaliibt anything but chance shells trom
lioulUuis, which might coucelvabl drop
on their lurking iil.Ke tn-aumliiK this to
have been indicated by aviators. There.
Is no commanding position whatever
from which illiecl fire could be brought
to bear on guns placed behind the spur
Tlie point that Colonel Pollock makes
In this connection Is that uhil" the actual
passage of tho Alsne by well-trained and
valoious tioops would Involve in many
plans no Insuimouutable tllllleulty. tho
jupponlng artllleiy cliectually piewnl
Jiig the enemy fiom uUVilng serious it
Ibtuiice. the conditions bet time verj dif
ficult froi.i the moment whin the attack
ers begin to mount the slopes ieund the
river In face of urtillurj, in.uhiuc guns,
nil rifles securel placed where It is im
possible to reach them from the opposite
bank. Fortunately, he udds. the difficulty
confronting a Hank utlack diiectly over
the Alsne Is far less und In his opinion
ueli attack can bo kUccissfully made.
MAY MAKE HISTOIIU ItKCOim
"Meanwhile," Colonel PolUck fiays In
eone-lusloi, "then H alo anotl-rv factor
of the problem which nt mt certainly
exercised a wolghty Influence. Von
Kluk's defeated army, wo may be quite
sure, Is not that which brought tho pur
suit to a standstill. Von Buelow without
doubt, moved up his own army to occupy
and entrench tho most favorable posi
tions on the right bank jt the river, In
anticipation of Von Kluk's retirement
"Itope,itcd failures In tho nctual condi
tions cannot havo been otherwise than
costly, and wo must therefoic prepare
ourselves for a very heavy list of casual
ties, as well ns for further delay pending
tho exercise of strong pressure upon the
enemy's right flank.
"If the purely frontal attack succeeds,
the passage of tho Alsno will bo tho
most remarkable of all recorded In history."
FEW CANARIES COME NOW
SINCE THE WAR STARTED
Shipments From Germany Cease and
the Prices Are Mounting1.
Somo things the Ocrnmni made before their
'trtulc was halted by tho war
Wo do not find It difficult to manufacture
Ilut when wc get tho fateful word that bars
tho Deutsch canary bird
From Import to the U. S. A., It makes the
Nono would object but rtrltons If this warfare
ahnuld desparrow us;
But losing tho canary bird Is surely bound to
Tim European war has cut off the sup
ply of canary birds. The birds come from
tho Kurtz and St. Andrewsbcrger Moun
tains In the heart of tho war country.
Tho nil ds are extremely scarce In Phila
delphia. The regular importation of the "golden
throated songsters," as they are termed
In tho catalogues, ceased with tho start
of the war. It Is teported that a largo
shipment has been Anally started to this
city from Holland, whence It had been
sent overland from Germany, but there
Is no hope of being able, the dealers
say, to eatlsfy the demand which Is al
way greatest nt this time of year and
during tho holldav season.
One fancier said todny that In other
yearn he has had from -ICO to 500 birds In
stock, but that now he hns less than 100.
"I can't get any more anywhere at any
price," he said. "Of the one shipment
that has gotten through I was nblo to
procure four dozen. What will happen to
the Christmas trndo when ordinarily I
sell 700 birds I do not" know. In conse
quence. Instead of being nble to offer tho
cheapest birds ns low ns JI.7J, the mini
mum price Irf now $3 SO."
nit il seed, cuttlefish nnd other bltd
foods, nil of which nre Imported, have
Jumped greatly in price. A few months
ngo n pound of bird feed sold wholesale
fo '''i cents. The quotation todny is Ilia
YOUNG WOMAN CLERK
AND ROBBING STORE
Struck Down Victim With
Hatchet and Stole Contents
of Cash Register Because
He Was "Broke."
ON "FARMERS' DAY
Agriculturists Attend Inter
state Fair in Great Num
bers Governor, Officials
and Politicians There To
THENTON. Sept. 30. -Today was
"farmers' day" ut the Inturstatu Fait,
and the inrul sections of New Jersev
and parts of I'cnnsylvunia were repre
sented by thousands of farmers, their
sons, tlanghteis, sweethearts and wives.
W'jo ciQwding tho exhibits of gteatest
li,i est to them, such as ngtlcultural,
ht.lculturnl, poultty, farm Implement,
machinery and domestic displays, they
also took nu Intel est In thu fair gener
ally and wcie sten ji the midway and
ut the luits.
The display of automobiles drew the
latgest crowd today, when nil kinds of
motor ichlcles wero lt evidence.
The freaks In thu sUlo shows and the
fakers outsldo did a thriUng business.
All were liberally pitronlzed by the
jural lsltois. who weie out to enjoy
themselves legardless of expense.
One of the must sensational feats at
tho fair Is the ulr-liiug of Chailes F.
NiUs, a .'l-car-oln aviator, who, with
a een-eyllnaer, M-horeepower' mono
plane, climbs .'JjO feet into the ulr autl
makes a coiktctew descent. His most
daring uiaiiriit-ci Is to lly In u elide with
his machiuo Inverted. Niles u-inaliied in
the nlr today more than half an hour ami
Imitated the birds In many of their tlliig
feats, winning frequent applause from
the admiring crowds below.
Tomorrow, "big Thursday." will be
"politicians' di" at the fair. Governor
Fielder. tnan of the State oftleljls and
scons of the candidates of thu three
parties, ftepublican, Democratic and Hull
Moose, will attend, The politicians will
bo the guests of the fair management.
They always draw a Urge crowd to the
AICBON, O., Sopt. 30. Sullenly refus
ing to add to his signed confession that
ho brutally murdered pretty 23-j car-old
Vlnnlo Becker, mission worker, Harry
Boomor, 26 years old, today prepared to
tell his story to the Summit County
Boomer with utter calm, pollco say,
told how he entered tho little Barges
street tea store where Vlnnlo Becker
was the clerk, how he proposed to rob
the store, she recognized him nnd he
struck her down, then finished the mur
der with a heavy stcol hatchet; how ho
sunk tho weapon to the handle In tho
victim's skull and fled with $62, tho con
tents of the cash register.
"I was broke. I went to the store to
rob it. The girl said, 'How are you,
Harry?' Sho stooped over a barrel to
get some oatmeal. I struck her. Sho
said, 'Oh, Harry!' Then I killed her"
This confession, pollco say. Is in tho
hands of County Prosecutor H. F.
Castle and will be presented to tho
Summit County Grand Jury which is
now in session.
Boomer formerly worked in tho tea
store, nnd knew the routine of tho
establishment. He waited until Fred M.
Becker, tho proprietor nnd brother of tho
dead girl, left the place, then entered
and cartled out what police say is one of
the most wnnton minders In the history
of Ohio criminal nnnals.
He confessed how In primitive manner
he fashioned a rude tomahawk of wood
that he lound In a lumber yard. This
weapon, the confession says, was aban
doned when the murderer found a heavy
steel hatchet hanging on the wall of the
little back room where he attacked his
A modem cash register proved tho key
of solution to tho murder mystery. Three
pel sons knew the combination to tho
electric apparatus. These were Boomer,
Miss Becker nnd her brother, the pro
prietor. Suspicion naturally pointed to
Boomer. Ho was found at his home last
night, and nfter a brief struggle, In
which ho nttempted suicide with a newly
purennsed revolver, he surrendered and
ROAD JURY AWARDS
IN THE NORTHEAST
DISTRICT OF CITY
Kensington and Lehigh Ave
nue Changes of Grade Due
to Abolition of Railroad
NOVELTIES IN PULPITS
DEPLORED BY PREACHER
Urges Reformation of Inactive Mem
bers nnd Dencons Who Doze.
The need of I ovtltles In pulpits to in
duce people to attind church was de
plored by tho Itov. Dr. Charles E. Mc
Cleilan, pastor of Falrhlll Baptist Church.
Fifth stieot and Uelilgh avenue, late es
terday afternoon when the North Phil
adelphia Association of Baptist Churches
nrsembltd In his church to optn Its llfty
soventh annual celebration which Is to
coutlmio thiough today and tomorrow.
Dr. MoClellan urged that prayers be of
fered for a great revival so that all the
members might bo active and the "dea
cons woultl not sit thtough the services
in the oenlng therp was an enthusias
tic meeting for tile young people, when
the Ilev. Peter C. Crawford, pastor of
liethsemann Church; A. C. Moore and
Thomas UeMesly made addresses.
Tho association elected the following
.Moderator, tho Bev. F. C. Colby, Hat
boro. Vlco modcratur, the Hev. William H.
Clerk, tho Hev. Clarence Lnrkln.
Corresponding secretary, the Hev. X
Two Facing Charges of Theft
BED BANK, N. J . fcpt. 3J.-A man
who raid he was James Gordon Bennett
and John Bnlrd are In Jail at Freehold,
awaiting the action of the Qtaud Jury,
charged with entering the paint btore of
Frame M. Chambers, of this place, and
ftealing a quantity of oil and paints.
In a report filed this month Horace
aidley, William It. Dougheity and James
Johnson, viewers, awnrded damages
caused by the chunge of grade In the
abolition of grade crossings on lino of
tho Philadelphia and Beading Railway
Company, Richmond Branch, as nftectlng
the following streets:
Kensington avenue, between Harold and
Boudinot streets; Lehigh avenue, between
Jasper und A streets; Oakdale and Al
bert strtets, between Kensington avenue
nnd Jasper street; Tusculum street, be
tween Kensington avenue nnd Ituth
troot, nnd Totter street, between Lehigh
avenue nnd Huntingdon sttcet.
Tho change of grade of Kensington ave
nue at Lehigh avenue was approximately
eight feet six Inches on the south side
and ten feet on the north side; tho grades
of all intersecting streets belns adjusted
to conform to this grnde. It ran out at
2608 Kensington avenue to the south and
at 2745 Kensington avenue to tho north.
DAMAGES CAREFULLY CONSID
ERED. The viewers In making awards took
Into consideration that the physical work
was begun during tho years 1312 nnd 1013,
and the delay incident thereto, also that
In making excavations rock was found
In many instances and had not been pro
vided for In owner's testimony. This, of
course, doubled tho cost of excavating In
adjusting the properties to new condi
tions. AWARDS OX KENSINGTON AVKNl'n
7rt properties ?-', O'l'.M
1 no damage
1 ilu (tenant's claim),
21 proportfes , SO.t'.iS.no
1 property .VP.OO
8 properties 2,0.13,10
2 no damago.
IS properties U.U3.GO
11 properties 1,02)1 IM
I no damage.
One hundred nnd fifty-six properties
were considered, and the total award
was J271.6H.50. Taken as a whole, the
nward seems ns fnlr to both sides as
may be, when It Is considered that loss
of rental and loss of business cannot
be regarded as such.
In the cases where no damage was
ghen six properties showed only a tango
In change of gtade from one-eighth of
an inch on ono line to zero on the other
to one and seven-eighths Inches on one
line to zero on tho other. Ono claim
was that of a tenant who had a yearly
lease, and the case of the Episcopal Hos
pital, where only the adjustment of the
stone wall nnd Iron fence on same, to
gether with relalng (lavements nnd re
setting curb, was "asked. This has been
done In the best way possible by the
DAMAGE IN SMALL GRADES.
In regard to the propeitles mentioned
with less than two inches of grade, tho
viewers have usually given something,
and It would seem that owners should
recover. Real estate men, except In J
few Instances, are united In tho belief
that there are damages even beyond tho
grade to n point llxed by a well-known
$1.00 A KIT
Nicaragua Blend Coffee
Th: ftmou blend U the utmt la I
cui:cc uain) at a tcajonaoiu price.
MERRILL & HOPPER
HKADINU TttKMlNAL MAKKET
faUlU im-St Arch tit, SIJ
Metal and Slag
Roofs Are Standard
RESIDENTIAL WORK A
Crescent Compound keeps roofj
watertight for five years, and ii
Real Estate Roofing Co.
2343.2349 Wallace 8t.
-Poplar tool Kenton. Rao. 147
broker, who teillfles In a large propor
tion of cases "a point where, standing
on the fiont steps, the grade Is plainly
visible." In Tioga nnd other sections
heavy lnis of u.ntnl, both durlnK the work
and n long time after, nnd the fact that
old leuta do not ns a rule "romo back
within n shoit time." as alleged by ex
pel ts called for the city, cleat ly goes to
sustain tho position that owners are en
titled to damage.
Where, a rowtf of properties arc In one
ownership nnd nre adjusted together, a
decidedly bolter condition Is immediately
manifest, as can bo seen In properties
covered by this awnid, 2G0S to 2630, In
clusive, Kensington avenue. Thcjo prop
erties have been adjusted at one time
by tho Handy estates nnd look extremely
well. In a scattered ownership and a
shnrp drop at the mtl of the street, with
some owners making the change even
before tho award Is paid, and others al
lowing the unsightly temporary wooden
st ps to stnnd for a long time, so thut
an unsettled condition spoils the street,
buycis and renters arc not keen to get
Into the locality.
This Is very apparent on Frnnkford
avenue, north and south of Lehigh ave
nue, and will also bo seen in the section
ANOTHER REPORT SOON.
Testimony has been heard by this Jury
nlso on C street, Tusculum street,
Sterner street, and on the Bromley
Mill, corner of Lehigh avenue and B
street. Awards will bo embodied In the
The city of Philadelphia nnd tho Phil
adelphia nnd Reading '.tallway Com
pany have agreed to waive an appeal on
the properties contained in this report,
and up to this date only one appeal has
been entered by nn owner. On October
!i, being 20 days after filing the report,
sild awards may be confirmed abso
lutely by tho Court of Common Tlcas
NOTES OF THE STREET.
The transfers thus far for tho week
show most activity In West Philadelphia
and In the northwest section.
In the Sheriffs sales advertised for
October 3, West Philadelphia nnd the
southwest section have one-third mor
properties than the rest of the list, which
Is widely scattered.
Snvptiteon properties were sold, Nos. 2S
to 4(1 South ISth street, and no-3f-2; to II
South Fallon street, by Frederick C.
Mlchaelson to C. Clement Ely. They are
two-tory dwellings. The market has de
cidedly a firmer tone, and Is broadening.
Thiee Held on Robbery Chnrjjo
Three young men were held in $C00 ball
each for cottit today by Magistrate Bojle,
at the o9th streot and Lancaster avenue
stntlnn, on tin chnrge of robbing the cigar
factory of James E. Phillips. Ml Noitli
lint street. The piisoners are John Hippie,
41." Mnntui nenue; Raymond Barker,
321 I loll street, and Edward Hayes, It.'::
givo an advantage to the California
products over tho Ohio piotlucois Tho
discrimination, It Is declared, conies In
I the language "containing mote than 3
per cent, of saccharine matter."
I Tho tux on such sweet wines Is 20 cents
I a gallon, while the tax on other domestic
IN HOIISR WAR TAX !aB.r.nVursrTs
111 11UUUL1 II fill IflV I inanufacttiilng their wines, while the
California producers mly upon foi titra
tion with wine splilts which they are
able to obtain free of taxation.
Reduction in Levy on Bank
Capital and Revision of
Gasoline Clause Among
WASHINGTON, Sept. SO. Tho Senate
Finance Committee, when It met today,
had before It proposals for several Im
portant amendments to the administra
tion emergency revenue bill, recently
passed by the House.
It has been proposed to reduce the tax
of tZ a thousand on bank capital and
surplus to Jl. Some members believe It
would be unwisp to place a heavy bur
den on bank capital nt this time because
nf disturbed financial conditions due to
tho European war.
Advocates of this change would revise
the gasoline clause and place a tax on
automobiles based on horsepower Instead
of the levy of two cents a gallon on gas
oline. They say this would make up the
loss of revenue due to the cut In the
The levy on accident Insurance Imposed
ty the House also may be eliminated and
the committee is considering readjusting
tho proposed tax on insurance policies.
Subcommittee'! of the Finance Commit
tee were appointed to consider the various
section. They are : Tax on Gasoline,
Senators Williams, Shlvely and Gore:
Banks and Brokers. Senators Stone,
Hughe and Williams; Stamp Tax, Sena
tors Hoke Smith, nhtvely and James; on
1 proposal to add two more classes of
cigarettes to those already taxed In the
bill, Senators Simmons, Williams and
Johnson. Senator Mmnions, chairman of
the full committee, Is an ex-othclo member
of all tho subcommittees.
All the appointees to the subcommittees
nro Democrats, as It Is planned to frame
the I'ill with only the Democrats present
nnd tr.cn to call in the Republican mem
bers before the bill is reported to tho
Senator Pomerene, of Ohio, is fighting
the tax on sweat wines provided In th
House bill on the ground that It will
New Kecord for Anna Bradford
COLI'MHl'S. O.. Sept. CO.-Another rec
ord was broken by Anna Bradford, when
in the t'nal heat ol tho American Horse
Breviers' Futurity here vesterdny she
low-tied the 3-ar-old pacing record to
2.00V The lormer record of 2:01- was
also held by Anna Bradfoul. being "made
nt the raots bete a week ago
Si a A
HALF DOZEN HURT IN FIRE
Prompt Rescue Work by Bluecoats
Prevnts Toll of Death.
NEW VORK, Sept. 3u. Two tenement
house fires early today caused Injury to
half a do.n East Side rcldents and
but for prompt and heroic rescue work
by bluecoals might have taken a toll
A Yom Klppur candle in Joseph
Schrnget's room on the fifth floor of 73
Sheriff street Ignited a curtain and thu
whole room was ablaze before any of
the residents awukened. Policeman Fcsta
and Murphy got tho two Schrager girls
out. entering the burning room for them.
With their parents, they arc at the Hud
son Street Hospital suffering from burns
The other fire was In the four-story
tenement at l-'G East 57th street. A
dozen frightened residents leaped from
windows, one, Victor Lawrence, being
injured. Several were overcome by
See us for
we deliver the
kind of work that
shows its quality.
-ai l-ANTIC CITT N.J. 1
I'rot Met charm of coinfori an4 ci.
inJt baruc UrUtlo emironjueat ttut
b. Mtabiljhod It an licit urashore
honit Iiirr ily on th ocein front
H'aity COO, WUTKK J IIIZUY.
conclusion, -there U alo anotl-rv factor n-,,. . h.V ., " '"" . ?"B"- V'
t'vj . vtMiitAiuiACi-iii un in rnfiii- . .. is
1 of thn nrnhi. i.ii. .... . ....!).. I .,.,. .n.. ----- w ...v i m. s UE.1UINU TEIIM1NAI. maiikkt I ""'"" "" "Jr on tn ocein front 1
-- ., r.vv,ll( mu'.ii - --, iii"' I sfv"v 1 vs .... .". I I urantY con. iviithh .i in ?nv I
BBitt-.JL, i .
mKESOB&ii&Sl-v mmw i msr . II mum ji .Ml.., m ..,.., i in ! -J " S""- . "
- MaMmm -. , ., - .. yrr? . - ... ,jai-
! Why Not?
I If jou were to ask a salesman in the
averauv store what a fixture was inatle
of. In- i-ouhlii't tell yon couldn't tell
jou if it was iolid brass, iron, plated
lirasa or plaster pans coated with
Why not visit our factory and sales
rooms, where salesmen with factory
experience can intelligently discuss
l liMiirc construction and composition
- fur 30 i cars' experience is at your
The Horn & Brannen
Display Rooms and Workshop
427-4?? N. Broad St
ort Walk Along Automobile Row
"Wc Keep Promises"
If fcneruwrn and i:nil,o,iT..
mtlll II II II (if Iy3
cF'il' I! II II II I &h
"Hi! du the rest" IIEf!
Kutinan UoilaL Co.
il020 Chestnut St.
Atlantic City Store 103 IloardHalk
A Perry customer writes
to one of our salesmen:
"Had been buying my clothes
at for years, nnd I must
say (not for any jolly) that I
never had nearly so much -tion
shmi'tt rue as you have
For, this js a MAN'S
store! Just Suits, Over
coats, Raincoats, Al a c k
innws, trousers, vests, nnd
such kindred outerjjarments
for men nnd .vouiik men
$12, $15, $18, $20 for Pall
and Winter Suits, Fall and
Winter Overcoats whose
equals for fit, style and price
are found only
Perry & Co., "n.b.t."
I6th& Chestnut Sts. .
0a Rncln. 2S II I" wtlh J namo .wit. h
board, volt meirr elr trie llaht ..uttlt hft
inc. puller t,ltlni all iiichtl. wu
ALSO Htli HA .K OH KKVl
Two vacant leu one at a3d un.l ,r , ,
""-J'S'1 1-WxlitO 30th ana t.,krl
t 220x300, oppnilu l-.nna. It fr SvJ
Aoplj KMII. Gl-KNTHKR
Uth ana brar't fcrrr Uuad
in . IN mil l.s
mapping Kci: lluir., (I It) llalr.
SI lu llalr 'SO Inn...
ii a i i-uprr. ow 4H turrit
n-llrt I'aurr. H for t!ic li 00 r,
IKUSSOV lli a. tilth M. flilla.
MEN'S FALL HATS
1.1 SO Hat f"r ; rr
KUO lU'i t jr 1&0
Jonn-i llat Fattwry. US 8. 10th Htrtct