Newspaper Page Text
j PRESSURE OF WAR
pr. Emil Lederer Virtually
Admits the Fact, But
Points to Good Harvest as
(V BERLIN, Sept 28.
whatevct" bo tha outcome of th wnr.
'th trade of Germany hag been so crlp
net that it Is how on tho vor&o of
total collapse, Tho progress mado In
Biantifacturins In recent years was simply
i'mazlns. At tho outbreak of tho wnr
Germany had probably overtaken Great
Britain, so far as foreign trado was con'-
kerned, and a year henco would hn.v
I' relegated her rival to second placo In
the worm s commerce.
,'Durlnff tlio first six months of 1914 mer
chandise was exported from Germany to
the enormous vatuo of $1,015,000,000, as
compared With 'Jl.OtS,O0O,OO0 from Great
Britain and Ireland. This waa running
t?nirlunr1 Vflrtf plnnMlf. luif twlmiu.. rt
.many would have won or lost In tho
.& ..flit A ..H..AH tin I. a .
jam v jiuyi uu itnuwn, ior tno
war has changed tho channel of tho
liolo world's trade.
DIt. IiBDEItKU'S VIEWS.
An article by Dr. Emll Lcdorer in tho
VoMlscho Zcltlng Js an Interesting revela
tion of the extent to which German In
dustry has been already hit, by tho war.
The removal of all men capablo of
bearing axma . has smashed Industry
to atoms. All tho links uniting tho
various iruura iiavo oeen oroKen. Tho
crisis with regard to monoy and credit
which occurred In the first Instance
was accentuated by tho necessity of
financing tho war by a single stroke.
Tho attempts made to meet tho
crlsU by liquidating assets only mado
matters worse. The unfortunate thing
is that this liquidation, which Is cus
tomary In all' times of crisis, does not
In tho present instance affect merely
a small body, of speculators, but ex
presses tho fact that German Indus
try and Its production are on a. ficti
tious basis. A comploto transforma
tion Is necessary In ordor to copo with
the 'hew conditions brought about by
At prosent thero Is llttlo sign of
this. Wo see thov apparent paradox
that, In spite of tho Increasing ab
sorption for military purposes of men
capablo of working, there Is an In
crease of unemployment among those
that remain behind. Even tho much-ought-after
labor of women cannot
find employment. Day after day un
dertakings are shut down or , their
output diminished. Those, Indeed,
which continue at work are working
with aimless overpressure and uncer
tainty, so that the not output Is di
minished. What are tho decisive economic
facts? Docs tho comploto break-up of
Industry which threatens Germany
Involve a disruption also of agricul
ture and of tho supply of necessities?
Tho war means for Germany: First,
tho prevention of exports, especially
oi aruc.es or luxury; secondly, the
prevention of Imports of the means of
eubsistence, especially raw materials,
such as cotton, copper, etc.; thirdly,
tho reduction or alteration In demand
by nil at tho front and tho restriction
of demand by those remaining nt
home. Thero is no longer any demand
for articles of luxury.
U13KMAN HARVEST GOOD.
' Against theso facts, which apparently
Involve tho Government outlook for tho
near future. Dr. Lederer mentioned
others which tend to relieve the picture.
Germany, ho says, has had a remark
ably good harvest, so that, on tho whole,
the purchasing power of the agricultural
industry is remarkably big.
,Tho same applies to Industries which
lupply the needs of the army and other
public purposes. Tho problem Is to use
this purchasing power in such a way as
to revive all those branches which supply
the needs of tho above-mentioned Indus
tries. Dr. Lederer then applies himself to a
discussion of some process of develop
ment of Industries now dormant and
in this connection says:
"The question is how to build
around tho sound kernel. It will re
quire foresight and perhaps great ex
penditure for tho forces which could
bring about this reorganization auto
matically, do not exist. Hitherto the
"hMi-uiiurai iraaes supplying the
army and public works nnd contracts
i jiuvo Deen stimulated; tlio decisive
problem Is, how can the mass of pri
vate Industry bo kept going or set go
"It must be remembered, first, that
the amount of avnlable labour Is con
siderably reduced; secondly, that tho
available raw materials will prob
nbly not be sufficient for n long time;
thirdly, that tho needs of prlvato In
dustry hnvo during the war under
gone considerable diminution and
change. Theso"facts must first bo
recognized, then a systematic plan
of reconstruction must be drawn up
with the help of Chambers of Com
merce and similar organizations.
WHY GERMANY EXCELLED
'1 'e author concludes by reebmmending
the formation of a Central Permanent
Committee representing all the Interests
to see what can be done for tho revival,
even upon a comparatively limited basis,
f tho trade and industries ruined by
Should the war be prolonged there would
bo great difficulty in accompllsnlng this.
Mut should hostilities cease and peace
relsn once more, there Is no reason why
Geimany should not again become a
grea.t factor In the world's commerce.
Germany excelled In every branch of in
dustry, be It mining, forestry, agrlculturo,
coal, iron or machinery; textile or chem
ical. Her magnificent training, patient
planning and tireless activity enabled her
to master every problem In production
with a success unrivaled by any other
nation. She owed her prosperity to her
splendid government, uniform, practical
nd technical education, public control
e means of transportation and the
onstant application of new scientific
n, ods ,n ,hQ Process of manufacture.
There are, of course, other causes of
uccess, but it can be said with certainty
vii a. country which is favored by the
our causes mentioned Is certain to
EVENING LEDqER-HILADElIfpNDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1914.
STORIES OF ADVENTURE
FROM EUROPEAN WAR ZONE
rARGET OF WARSAW FORT,
ZEPPELIN FALLS TO EARTH
VerinI Assault Fails When Fierce
, Fire Pierces Envelope.
. WARSAW. Sept. 2S.
A Zeppelin was shot down and Its crew
I German olHcpra nmt ni Hmiu
Wjured after a futile attack upon tho
The Zeppelin appeared over this city
V a m. Saturday, Previously U bad
rpped two bombs near the station of
railroad to Kallsw. Only one of
' exploded end. th daroa w
A striking incident occurred nt tho
conclusion of High Mass In Bt. Patrick's
Church yesterday when tho vast congre
gation was astounded to hear tho great
organ peal out tho tune, "It's a Long,
Long Way to Tlppcrtiry." St Patrick's
Is tho largest Irish Catholic congregation
In Canada, ami thousands of Its members
nro In tho contingent of 32,000 Canadian
soldiers now on their way across the
Atlantic to tho war.
As tho first notes of tho now famous
tune wero heard tho whole congregation
stood still, amazed by the unusual non
church music. The feeling of surprise
was followed Instantly by smites an'd
every evidence- of enthusiasm ns tho whole
congregation fell Into step, nnd many loft
the cdlllco singing tho song.
An exciting story of the wnr in printed
today by the Petit Parlslcn. It concerns
the adventures of Richard Mncgrnly, a
private in tho Scottish Highlanders, who
was captured by tho Germans near
Eluding his cantors. Mncgraly plunged
Into the Olse River while the German
soldlcm shot at him. Atthough the bul
lets passed all around him, the Scot dived
far beneath the surface. When he bobbed
to the surfaco ngaln tho German soldiers,
who were sunning along the banks of the
river, opened another fuslllado with rifles
and mngtisslno pistols.
Macgraly ngaln dived nnd swam as long
as he could under water. Again ho had
to face tho volleys when ho roso to the
surface, the bullets Bpattcrlng tho water
over his fnce.
After being In the water five hours and
swimming many miles, Macgrnlcy flnnlly
found tho French lines nnd Joined his
regiment. Except for a few scratches,
caused by striking obstructions In diving,
tho venturesome Scotchman was un
harmed, Ho estimates that more than
C00 shots wero fired at him.
British warriors have a new song.
Men ef Yorltuhtre, men of Kent,
Cnvnllcrn. O CnvallorsI
To who Into bnttlo went
Flnr your fnlth, nnd ye who spent
For your King your blood nnd tears.
Answer in who call you now,
Speak across tlio vanished years
From thn Imrvcst fields aglow.
Battlefields of long bro,
Cavaliers, O Cavaliers!
Wnr lias rent the veil that hides
Knclnnd'a strenRth. nnd It appears
Cnnnnusht now liy Ulster rides,
And by yet the Ironsides,
Cnvallcrs, O Cavaliers!
Still tlio noble forelands stand,
Still her green tho oak tree wears,
Ftlll tho ilnq; nf TCnclnnd grand
Waves above tho Kngllsh land,
Cavaliers, O Cnvallcrs!
Ono lor Kins and country nil,.
Heedless how tho battle veers,
Sound tho busle! At tho call
Help u, so wo hold the wall.
Ironsides and Cnvallcrs!
In one big business ofTlce of Liverpool,
ft volunteer ambulnnco corps has been
formed nnd classes are held regularly.
They aro very popular except among tho
office boys, who complain thnt they are
being "almost bandaged to death."
"It is rigorously forbidden for any
woman to cast amorous glances at Hrlttsh
and French prisoners," is the text of a
proclamation Issued by the mllltury gov
ernor of Stuttgart,
A letter written by an English prlvato
"I see you aro all excited about getting
us plenty of socks, but Heaven only
knows when wo shall get a chance to
wear thorn. I haven't been out of my
boots for a fortnight. ... It would be
much more to tho point If you would
send us men to glvo tho Germnns 'socks.'
'Merry nnd Bright' is still our motto.
. . . Don't get downheurted, no matter
what you hear at home. Some of theso
days things will como all right. Keep
your eyes wldo open nnd you will have a
big surprlso sooner than you think.
Wo'ro all right, and tho Germans will
llnd that out sooner than you at homo.
"PRIVATE J. WILLIS"
A British soldier writes this to rela
tives at home:
"Things nro a good deal easier with
us now, for tho Germans nro getting
tired of nl ways butting their heads
against n toiofib- wall, and wo are keep
ing our spirits up ondeffully, every
thing considered. Wo don't rrilnd how
hard the Germans press Us, for we can
nlways glvo them .an good ns they glvo
Us, with something to spare as a re
minder tor Kaiser BUI thnt he's, backed
tho .Wrong horso this time- I expect
ho known It by thin time, and I wouldn't
bo In his place for tho world. It must be
awful to feel that you have made mugs
of so' many poor chnps wild are being
sent to tliclr death for no good reason
that any sane person can see."
Paris Is quiet nnd serene. Tho people
nro cnlm and confident. Thousnnds of
French and British flags flutter from tho
houses. Tho shops nre open, but business
is very quiet.
A snd fedture of the calmness of the
marts Is the business In tho dry goods
stores. In these shops most of tho busi
ness Is done nt tho counters whero
mourning Is sold. Tho purchasers nit?
most often weeping women, whoso grief
naturally affects tho clerks.
Men and women, bearing, some of them,
tho prominent . American names, nro
working In tho Nctillly Hospital at tho
most rinenlal tasks- with admirable ,fclf
nbnogatlon. It Is tho duty of an Ameri
can multi-millionaire to see to it that
wounded Turcos, some "of whom have
been without a chungc of clothes for a
fortnight, nro, thoroughly and conscien
tiously scrubbed. Dollar princesses nro
busy rolling bandages and preparing
A visitor to tho American Hospital nt
Neullly sends this account of tho Turcos:
"Splendid fellows the Turcos nro, most
of them, with their white teeth nnd fiery,
fovcrlsh Enstern eyes. They smoke In
cessantly, some of thorn SO cigarettes a
day. But English cigarettes are not fiery
enough for their palate. Fortunately, I
had brought with mo a number of Eng
lish magazines, and ono of them, the
most profusely Illustrated, I loft for tlio
Turcos' delight.- 'They lovo pictures,
said tho nufso, 'and will lie looking nt
them for hours at a time.'
"One of them, a magnificent fellow,
with the torso of Hercules, is tho Joy of
tho ward. Ho has a smile that will not
como off. He was not so cheerful when
ho camo in, for it had been found neces
sary to remove ono of his front teeth,
which had been split In a fierce hand-to-hand
encounter. Our Turco mourned tho
loss till he was assured that ho would
bo given a gold one a nice, yelloW, shin
ing gold one-lh Its place. Since then ha
has not censed to smile."
An English Hussar, wounded at Com
plcgne, showed a correspondent tho bullet
that had shattered his thlgh-nn Ugly
missile, with nil tho appearanco of on ex
ploslvo buflot. Tho point was) bored, nnd
tho lend behind had spread out and flat
tened. I to got tho man who fired It. He
had boon throilgh nil tho fighting, from
Mons to Complognc. They hnil seldom
had more than a couple of hours' cohsec
utivo sleep. "Wo Bldpt with our arms
through our horses' bridles. But It's a
grand life," he said, with gusto, 'and I
want to be bnck nt It."
Ho had only contempt for the Uhlans.
"We enmo Upon a dozen of them ono day
In a village. We were seven, but as soon
ns thoy mw us up wont their hands. Wo
took them nil." A packet of English
cigarettes tho first he hnd smoked for a
month were a welcome boon. Ho Iny
back, nnd took his first Inhalation with
an Infinite satisfaction, English soldiers
seem to llnd tho French tobacco too
harsh nnd strong. Newspapers, too, are
always welcome, for In modern warfare
It Is the looker-on who sees most of the
Tho Freo Masons of Home have offered
the Government tho great palace used
by tho Grnnd Lodge ns hcaduua iters for
use ab a hospital should Italy enter the
war. This Is the largest structuro of Its
kind In Homo. Tho Minister of War has
replied that If tho need arises tho kind
offer will bo accepted.
There Is mourning In Berlin, Each day
more nnd more death cards "for King
nnd Fntherland" appear among tho ad
vertisements in the papers. A son, a
husband, a brother, Is lamented. Tho
number of black-bordered cards fill a
page of each paper. And this Is true
In every town In Germany. Newspapers
from Hanover, Cologne, Alx-la-Chapello
nil tell the same talc. The stream of
wounded grows. Night after night the
trains rumble Into Berlin and the long
procession of nmbulanccs stnrt, and now
those who stay at homo receive back
unoponcd tho letters they havo been Bond
ing to relatives at tho front. In red Ink
across the faco of the envelope is writ
ten the one pregnant word, 'Gefallen."
PRINCE, IN TATTERS,
MET WITH REBUFF
AT WOMAN'S HANDS
Prince August Wilhelm
Courteous to Nurse, Al
though Men Were Not
Admitted to Hospital.
PARIS, Sept. M.
-A Bed Cross nurse who has been at
Bliclms since tho first shells" fell on
September 2 says the Germans behaved
In tho most correct manner on their
entry Into the placo on September I,
when neither civil nor military authori
ties remained In tho town. Many nf tho
officers nnd men believed they, were only
15 miles from Paris.
"One day," says this nurse, "a young
officer, whose uniform was tattered and
extremely dirty, nsked me politely In tho
street, after saluting me, whether I could
receive some wounded in my hospital.
I replied that It was impossible, ns tho
placo wan already; full and we wore un
able to feed thoBO who were there. Tho
officer thanked mo, I saw him then go
to a shop, where ho mado some pur
chases, He came out of the shop with
his hands filled with sausages nnd other
eatables. The ragged young officer was
I'rlnco August, Wilhelm, the Kaiser's
"Tho German general explained thnt
tho first bombardment on September 2 was
duo to a misinterpretation of an order
given to tho battery.
"Tho Germans began to leave on Sep
tember 11 and the French arrived the
"On the day tho cathedral was Btruck
by tln first shells wo wero compelled
to empty tho hospital. We transferred
the Injured during tho night while thcio
was two hours of quiet nnd Installed
them In champngno vaults. I had '0
myself in one cellar. Wc wore compelled
to search for provisions during the day,
nnd in this work five religious nnd three
lay female nurses wore killed.
"Life In the vaults was terrible, nnd
I fear It Is still continuing. Tetanus
and gnngreno threatened eiieh sufferer,
nnd infection hnd to be fought every
minute, which was most difficult, as
many of tho wounded wore nimble to
move. Between 7 o'clock In the morn
ing and 6 o'clock In the evening I counted
ISO shells fulling or parsing Immediately
over us. Tho odor from the bursting
shells made breathing sometimes Impos
sible. Tho Uproar was such Hint It was
Impossible to hear nnd we were obliged to
shout Into each other's curs.
GERMAN CASUALTIES 104,589
I L -
(35,008 Reported Wounded; Only 15,-07-1
BERLIN, Sept. 28. The total German
casualties In dead, wounded and missing1,
ns offlcnllly reported to date, nre 101,689.
These nro mado up as follows: Dead, 1B,
671: wounded, 65,903; missing, 23,007.
Tho casualty list announced yesterday
adds a totnl of 10.627 casualties to those
Tho Inst previous summary of totals,
which came out from Berlin was dated
last Wednesday. It announced thnt 10,
OSfl Germans had been killed and S),7G0
wounded, while 13,621 .were missing, a
total of 63,407, The loss of a thousand
more Germnns was chronicled In a dis
patch sent from Amsterdam last Friday
nnd evidently fiuotlng official German
Yesterday's list Included only 10,627, so
that apparently other lists, totalling moro
than ITJ.OOO, wero Issued in Berlin- be
tween Wednesday and Sunday without
reaching tho outside world. Theso figures
bear out all the reports about the terrific
fighting that has boon going on, especi
ally along tho line of the Alsne.
DAY IN AND DAY OUT
plays a leading part in the industry and
material comfort of our city. Almost
everybody has found out that in weight,
quality and preparation it stands
SEPTEMBER CHUTE PRICES:
Egg ; . $7.00 Nut .
Stove . . $7.25 Pea .
25c extra if carried
GEO. B. NEWTON COAL CO.
1527 CHESTNUT STREET
llll III llllilll Hill I I , I !l I ll!!III!liIJ!!lllt!ill!llllll!!:!!!llllil
'""""""""" " i ' ' ""'" r"Hiiniini'i"inii'iw
The royal significance
of the Pianola
Years ago the ability to play the harp was used as
a n?elhocJ of d'slin8uishing the freed-man from the slave.
A harp was a possession which a slave could not afford,
and the ability to play it was an art that none but nobility
had time and opportunity to acquire. All royalty played
Today, kings, princes and all other grades of royalty
use the Pianola. It is the standard court instrument of
wSrSvvxS ' ' y un'e e day& f e harp.
vfffflilHr everybody can enjoy these royal nrivilerres. Ttip nfanrt!a
is built in models at various prices lo accommodate every
rtoyal Warrant of " ' ,
Appointment of tho Heppe s will arrange terms for those who do not
M JSarS V care t0 make cash se"lement.
of K"Hiana PIANOLA-PIANOS
Steinway (grand) ... .$2 1 00 Weber 4 1000
Weber (grand) 1800 Wheelock , . . . , , . . 750
Steinway 1250 Stroud , , , , 559
Francesca-Heppe Player-Pianos $450
Aeolian Player-Pianos f " $395
Write for complete illustrated catalogues.
C. J. HEPPE & SON
1 1 1 7-1 1 19 CHESTNUT ST, T- 6TH AND THOMPSON STS.
Store Opens 8.30 A. M.
it rilT-rrT ''"-" ",
Store Closes 5.30 P. M.
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I i i! !
The Grand Organ Plays Tomorrow at 9, 11 and 5:15
In the Great Sale f Bigel
There Is SplemidM Choice in
9x12 Feet Sme
TTHubs Is a saifle of flarge stocks and compleite
assort mmemiits molt am emergemicy collectloira of
odds amid emdSo
It Ss a sale that came about iniatiuirallly by
reason of a very Smiportainit a&ud very unusual
flundMstrlafl eveinit the merger of the great
Bflgeflow amd Hartford rug SinidiLDstriies,
it Ibromght to us the Bngellow warehouse
stock So sMch large variety. that yom may
choose from ten different weaves inn most
roomsSe rungs. For example:
e ns jowt
;e of 9x12 ft.
all at a flat rcdhmetlomi f imeu3irth
Bigelow Ardebil Wiltons, $45
Bigelow Daghestaira Wiltons, $37.-50
BigeSow Balkan Wiltons, $37.50
Bigelow Bagdad Wiltons, $32
Bigelow Pturitan Wiltons, $27.5
Bigelow Arlinjrtons, $28
Big-elow Bagdad Brussels, $24.50
Bigelow Utopia Axniinster, $24
Bigelow Middlesex Birasseils, $28.7
Bigelow Elect ra Axminster, $18
lira several other roomslze ruags th le
tioira Ss as large as m the 9x12 mz, and thr
are many small rungs Sun the sntie vajiv0
(Fourth Flogr, Market - - -