Newspaper Page Text
EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1914.
KAISER RUSHES 320.000 TROOPS FROM EAST PRUSSIA TO AID DEFENDERS ON THE AISNE
, LIKE HAPPY BOYS
: OH FIRST PICNIC
Battle-worn Tommy Atkins
Transfers Amiens Railway
Station Into Scene of
DUBLIN, Sept. 17.
It seems lather ft patndox to describe
the arrlvnl of a trnlnlond of wounded
Midlers at a railway station as a scene
ef reveliy. 5'ct Mich Is the account given
by tlic special correspondent of the Free
man's Journal at Amiens under yestor
day's date. Ho writes:
A train of twenty carriages came In
loaded with COO Tommies. Sixty of them
Here WUUIlut'U, dih mi,, v.i. ihv iikilc
front between Mens and Charlerol. These
ere not serious cases sufficient only to
put our men out of the battlu Una for n
nill-bullet wounds and cuts on the tegs
chiefly, swathed hands and splintered
flngfr, and gashes and rips In arms and
ihouldeis. Not one had a face woundj J
and 3ery one of these boys was clam
orous to get back again In the thick of
the business. Tho station was hushed
and quiet until tho fateful train came In.
And what happened? Why nothing more
or less than a gala perfoimanco In khaki.
Inftcad of a dismal cortege this Incoming
troop train presented a scone of sheer
"Every carrlago window was full of
brown, .lolly, dirty, shaggy faces faces
with week-old beards to them, but alight
, with quick, keen cheerful eyes. Hats
were waved, songs were sung, and from
the first carriage door which was flung
epen a Highlander hopped out, to tho
Mtonlahment of tho walling crowd, and
ild a fling a fling with a limp to It It is
true, but a Highland fling for all that,
tin most entertaining to the crowd. They
would say very little of the flghtlrv? save
that It was fighting and no mistake, a
continuous roar of flame and fury, hard,
hot, thirsty work. Plenty to cat, though.
(Terythlng splendidly managed, and not
jinglo man Jack of them caring a Jot.
"The clamorous demnnd of all these
jay wounded was for a fag. Their com
ralH&rlat had been excellent, their grub
prime and coffee, but somehow In this
peat world shattering war which was
Just beginning nnd ringing its grim tnlo
of devastation ana acatn aown tno nges,
somehow thero had been a most deplor
able shortage of cigarettes. A 'Wood
bine.' Nobody through tho entire length
and breadth of the Amiens long arrival
platform hnd ever heard of a 'Woodbine':
but when, after much gesticulation nnd
dumb show. Tommy hnd made his mean
ing plain, there arc shower's of black,
pungent French cigarettes In the yellow
wrappers at his disposal.
"The fraternizing was splendid. Im
mensely Jolly . A Blackburn Tommy,
after having shod his last possible button,
produced a mouth organ from somewhere
Inside of him, and played with tho execu
tion of a master at this revelrous busi
ness that familiar dltty, 'Wo. Won't Go
Home Till Morning.' Thero was a speedy
and hilarious scttlng-to, partners bowing
and scraping (In spite of limps and
tlnges), nnd In a brace of shakes the
British soldier and his brother across the
water were dnnclng a Jig with all the
abandon In It of Hnmpstead Heath on a
f " ' '' l l I I .11 a,,,,, ,,, '" , ' "fc..l,IM.I....l.l.,. in, !.... . lUM-l .
AIR SCOUTS SAVE
SERB ARMY FROM
TRAP OF AUSTRIANS
Servian Crown Prince With
draws From Proposed In
vasion of Slavonia March
Into Bosnia Continues.
Ulan, Servln, Sept. 17.
That the Servian armies under tho
Crown Prince have found it Impossible
successfully to Invatlj Slavonia was ad'
mltted hero today.
It wns stated that the nrmy had been
recalled for Important stiateglc reasons.
It Is understood, howover, thut tho real
reason Is thut tho Austrlnns, In over
whelming force, hnd planned a trap, dis
covered In tlmo by the Servian nlr scouts,
whose work hus been responsible for
many of tho successes of the present war.
The nd Vance of the combined Seivlnn
.Montcncgiin armies Into IJosnla contin
ues. Tho lnndlng fores have ov'ercomo
HtionK opposition ni.d are now moving
against Sernjevo and also through the
passes of the I.iputa mountains in nn at
tempt to take the valley of the Verbis
Ttlvcr and tho Important town of .laltzn.
The Austrlnns have been repulsed In
every effort to check Mm advance.
$100 TO SEE BATTLE;
GETS MONEY'S WORTH
French Captain Said to Have
Sight-seeing Party Spec
tacle "Worth the Price."
TWO COTTON TAX PLANS
WILL BE RECOMMENDED
THE DIFFICULTY OF OBTAINING NEWS FROM THE FRONT Photo by International New, Prvlce.
The road of the newspaper correspondent has been a very rotigh one. The picture shows Belgian soldiers examining the passports of newspaper corre
spondents at a railway near Mallnes.
i Committee Learns Government Has
Power to Curtnil Production.
WASHINGTON. Sept. IT -A special
committee of Senators and Representa
tives from the eotton-giowlng States,
after consulting n number of derisions of
tliu Pulled States Supreme Couit 1 elat
ing to the taxing power of the Fedi-nil
Government, today determined to leport
to the Joint Congressional cotton confer
ence that the Federal Government has
the power to curtail the production of
cotton by placing a piohlbitlvo tax
Two plans will be recommended
NEW YORK, Sept. 17. -James A. Wake
field, of Pittsburgh, who arrived here)
yesterday from London by the Atlantlo
Transport steamship Menominee, saw
part of the battle of Mons. It cost him
100; lasted eight hours, and the sight,
he said, was worth the money.
Air. Wakefield was In Valenciennes
when the Germans began to throw their
heaviest forces against the French and
Delglans, nnd the longer he stayed away
from tlie line of battle the more he
longed to see It. On August 21 he met
a captain of French artillery and ex
pressed his desire to see a real battle.
The captain, whoc name was Antord,
said he thought It could be arranged,
but that it would cost about $100 If
party of a dozen could bo procured.
Mr. Wakefield told this to some of hla
fi lends, and later Informed Captain An
tord that a party of eight was ready.
The money was subset Ibcd, and at I
P. m. on August 21 Mr. Wakefield and
seven other Americans worn hrmirht tn
'a plnce nlthln three miles of the battle
of Mons. They weie carried In two spring
wagons, and, having the necessary passes
I through the lines, weie not molested In
j their Journey.
"We could not see a gieat deal," said
M- 'U'akoileld, "but we could hear plenty
of ilrlng. e stayed on the scene until
In. tn. on August K. when firing began in
i . ... ve oeciaoa to go back. We
,.. ua nuunura nnu S2 dead sold r
French Wound and Capture
Scout When Gust of Wind
Turns Machine Over.
PILOT'S DEATH GRIP
SAFELY TO EARTH
Queen Alexandra Hears
Story of Fight in France
Between English and Ger
LONDON. Sept. i (by mall to New York).
Calling at the London hospital to visit
the wounded soldiers brought from the
front, Queen Alexandra listened with the
tloseet attention to the story of a thrill
ing battle In the air, told to her by a
wounded private of the Royal Engineers.
The fight was between a German aero
plane and French and Kngllsh air craft,
hlch sailed away to give battle to tho
Invader, and ended their pursuit only
nen the German machine fluttered down
The wounded private said he was rest
ing on the ground nfter a hard light u'hen
German aeroplane suddenly appeared
direct!) oer the iirltUh troops. Imme
diately from the rear French and British
aviators took to the air. The troops
still, watching silently the death
Iruggi, above them. First the British
and French airmen endeaored to out
waneuver tho German and cut off his
"treat But the German began to climb
"ner in the air and the British aero-
BERLIN, Sept. 17 (By courier from Rot
terdam to Now York).
How a. German aviator gained control
of a falling aeroplane after his companion
had been killed Is described In a thrilling
letter iccelved by his father hero today.
Thero wns a speedy Lit reads:
"Dear father: I am lying here in a
beautiful Belgian castle slowly recover
ing from wounds which I thought would
kill me. On August 22 I made a flight
with Lieutenant J., a splendid aviator,
nnd established tho fact that tlu enemy
was advancing toward us. In tho region
of Bettrlx wo came Into heavy rain
clouds and had to descend to 3000 feet. As
we came through the clouds wo were
seen and an entire French division began
shooting at us. Lieutenant J. was hit in
the abdomen. Our motor was put out of
commission. We were trying to voloplane
ncross a forest In the neighborhood, when
suddenly I felt tho machine give a Jump.
I turned round, as I was sitting in front,
and found Mint a second bullet hnd hit
Lieutenant .1. in tho head and killed him.
"I leaned over tho back of the seat and
managed to reach the steering apparatus
and headed down. A hall of shots whis
tled about me. I felt something hit me In
the foiehcad. Blood ran Into my eyes.
I was faint. But determination prevailed
and I retained consciousness. Just as we
were near the ground a gust of wind hit
the plane and turned my machlno over.
I fell In the midst of the enemy, with
iny dead companion. Tho 'red trousers'
wero coming from all directions, und 1
drew my pistol and shot thrco Ficnch
soldiers. I felt a bayonet at my bteast
and g.ivo myself up for dead, when an
" 'Let him llvo! He Is a brave soldier.'
"I wns taken to tho commanding gen
eral of tho ITth French Army Corps, who
questioned me, but, of course, got no In
formation. Ho said I would later bo sent
to Paris, but as I was weak from loss
of blood and seriously wounded I wns
taken Into the Meld hospital and cared
for. The olllcers were very nice to me,
and when the French fell back I took
advantage of tho confusion to crawl un
der a hush, whero I remained until our
KAISER'S NEW PLAN
TO RUSH 8 CORPS
TO FIGHT IN FRANCE
Withdrawal of 320,000 Men
From East Prussia Defense
Risks Exposure of Berlin
was seen to be mounting steadily,
"b 10 get above the foe nnd In a
"Uer position to shoot.
The whir of the motois could be herd
) the tro,pS below as the machines rose
"Jher and higher, each striving to get
"or, the other. Then It could bo seen
mat the Pn.ii.i.. .. . ...
-- 'ttaiiiiiail whh nnnvn ha rnn
ne aeroDlane. ,.nn.a..
In th .. "hwhu iu mere specKS
ound ? y' v. From rar abovo cn te
nan mirh,"h0tv.and ""mediately tho Ger
fuhy i1,"!8 bSd" ,0 dsnd. Grace
Perfect iP.la,?ed t0ar? tne earth under
lone- Vh. i rftn a 8h0rt distance
Thli.?0'""1 una "topped.
but .tonn..i e..th aUator a Prisoner.
viator wd "h ' ,ey drew " The
tuh Z ha,d lle had been Bh"t
ht t h,s n. M before d6'1'" h0
u dead , a"M'or a descent and. with
"aft had .Wo r"l,"nB " controls, the
"ad sailed to earth.
VETERANS AT REUNION
Eurvvors of iaoj "i" . . . .
-- .w.. euiisyivania Vol-
HUSS3eet Rt A"tetam Field.
T?t Pt. H.-Forty
?nters fthih ? lCi Pennsylvania Vol-
ft Btood, l V ,"'Cn ,n th "'"
0,1y. the 6-d ? held a "union Jicra
Urn ..." "' annlveraarv . a...
I11 u"kardE,f,c'M were heIlJ at the
toul it mI one ot ,Ue land-1
YOUNG MAN ENDS LIFE
AFTER BEING SCOLDED
Melancholy as Result of Estrange
ment From His Wife,
Grief after a scolding from a brother
In Mlddlctown. and estrangement from
his wife, led Howard Riffle, 16 years old
to end his llfo with poison today in his
roo'ii at a boarding house, 2112 Arch
ltlffle heenme separated from his wife
thiee years ago nnd ulnco that time has
bet-n working In Philadelphia. His mother
Is proprietor of the National Hotel, Mld
dlctown, and is said to be wealthy.
S.'Ver.U months ago Itlfflo vlslt"d his
old home, nnd was sharply taken to task
by a brother who sided against him dur
ing the domestic Doubles which led to his
coming to Philadelphia.
Deputy Coroner Walden tald today that
Jtis. Jlao Waugh, proprietor of the
house at 2112 Arch street, told him Itlf
tlo returned from Mlddletown greatly de
jected. He wns of a melancholy disposi
tion and tho brother's attitude Increuted
this, tendency. Several times ltlffle said
ho would kill himself.
Early Mils morning Mrs. Waugh de
tected the odor of carbolic acid. Sho In
vestigated and found her lodger prostrate
In his room. He was pronounced dead at
the Medico Chlrurgicul Hospital.
The police have communicated with
PETROGRAD, Sept. 17.
Information wns received at the War
Office today that eight Gorman army
corps, numbering 320,000 men, which had
been sent East to repel tho Russian at
tack In Enst Prussia, and to strengthen
tho Austrian forces In Gallcla, have been
withdrawn and are being rushed to the
western zone of operations in France.
(This report contradicts yesterday's dis
patch that the Kaiser had gone to East
Prussia to take personal charge of the
campaign there, leaving the German
armies In France to nursuo defenslvn
tactics against the advnnclng allies.)
LONDON. Sept. 17.
Tho movement of eight German army
corps fiom East Prussia to tho theatre
of war in Franco Is taken to mean that
the Knlscr Intends to aim a final terrific
blow ot tho allies In an effort to crush
the opposition in France.
Such a Bourse 13 directly opposite that
which yesterday was believed to bo tho
German plan. Tho withdrawal of tho
320.000 soldiers in the East can only re
sult In hastonlng the advance of the
Czar's troops toward Berlin.
COPENHAGEN, Sept. 17.
According to a dispatch from Stock
holm, General Von Illndenborg, tho Ger
man commander In East Prussia, has
been lecalled to tako command of an
other nrmy to be sent against the British
and French troops.
(This dispatch Is condimatory of ono
from Petiogiad saying eight German
corps have been sent froni tho Eastern
to the Western theatre .of war.)
SURVIVORS OF PHILADELPHIA
BRIGADE MEET IN REUNION
Commemorate Bnttle of Antletam,
Where 545 Comrades Were Killed.
In commemoration of the battle of An
tletam, where 65 of their comrades wero
killed 52 years ago today, the survivors
of the Philadelphia brigade held their an
nual reunion at Lemon Hill, Falrmount
Park, this afternoon.
Tho gray-haired old men who were the
pick of fighters In years gone by, while
somewhat slow of foot, spruced up for
today's reunion and marched as of old.
Many of the veterans who answered roll
call this day ono year ago did not re
spond when their names were called this
afternoon. As they grow fewer In num
bers each year their enthusiasm grows
Many were the yarns told of the hap
prnlngs of this memorable day 52 years
ago. The survivors repiesented the 63th,
71st. 72d and I'Wh regiments of tho
AFRICAN TROOPERS : BATTLE ALONG AISNE
ACCUSED OF SAVAGE , TERRIFIC, REPORTS
PRACTICES IN WAR: SOISSONS OBSERVER
i . . uluii n iiuiniM
llrst would place n tax of 10 cents a ! wrought out or the light in British auto
pound on nil cotton produced In lai", In I mobiles. The cars wcio stripped of their
i excess of 50 per cent of the production , "oaivn and boards were built out over
I lu 1911, and the second plan would plucc the chassis so that each car could carry
n tnx of $21 an ncie upon nil lands planted
to cotton In 191."j In ece- of .V) per cent,
of the land planted In 1911
.Ml wore taken to Amlnna."
Bell, of Brunswick, Me., said he
a nunincr of French nn
Berlin Is Told That French Conflict Wages Desperately
Officers Are Powerless to Four Days Before Allies
Stop Alleged Barbarities
of Southern Allies.
BERLIN (by way of Amsterdam), Sep
AVounded Gorman olllcers who were
brought .here today accuse the Algerian
troops fighting with tho allies In France
with terrible atrocities.
They chnrge that the French officers
arc unnble to tame the wild natures of
theso African fighters, who delight in
torturing tho wounded and mutilating the
dead upon the battlefield.
One of tho wounded German officers,
Lieutenant von Lenz, declares that Ger
many should make formal protest against
the use of theso .ravage Africans.
"They havo been guilty ot the most
aggravated cruelties, some ot which 1
witnessed," declared the German officer.
"In other Instances I have learned from
the lips of witnesses how barbarously
these Algerians net. One wounded Ger
man soldier had his eyes gouged out by
a Turco, who used ' his spurs for the
"After one fight In which they had
participated the Turcos went mound
with their sabres cutting and slashing
the dead and wounded.
"There lmvo been numerous Instances
whe're headless German soldieis have
been found. Tho Turcos had decapitated
them, carrying off the heads as trophies
"Credit must bo given to theso Africans
as fighters, though. They have no regard
for human life and havo not tho slightest
conception of fenr. But their traits are
tho traits of savages and their chief de
light Is to Inflict cruelty. God pity thu
countryside upon which these wild
creatures are turned loose without restraint."
Realize Advantage Over
Slowly Yielding Germans.
RHINE CITIES STRENGTHENED
TO GUARD ESSEN DISTRICT
oermnti bullets on the way from Baden
Baden to Paris, and asserted that tho
iTfiich missiles were the more humane
Move to Protect Centre of War Sup
THE HACU'E, Sept. 17.
The German foi tifications about Co
logne, Ducs.vfldoi f. Wcsel and Duisberg
are being strengthened, apparently as a
defensive measure, according to rellabli
reports received here today. These four
cities occupy strategic positions along the
Rhine and constitute the western lino ot
Their capture by the allies would be
n terrific blow to Germany. They guard
Kssen and tho surrounding district.
Essen Is tho nrsennl of the German em
pire. Not only are the Krupp guns made
armor pinto for battleships and powder
nnd ammunition works also are located
In that Prussian city.
GUILTY OF ATTACKING MUTE
LONDON. Sept. 17.
Describing the battle of Alsne fiom
Solssons, under date of September 13 in ' tnere hut the mills where are made the
Mio ufternoon, the correspondent of the
"The unending." terrific struggle lasted
Tour days and only now may ono aay that
victory Is turning In favor of the allies.
Tho town of Solssons ennnor mt h.
,''r?' for ll ls stl" rakprt by artllUrv
nnd rifle fire, while rear columns of smoke
mark several points where houses nm
burning In the centre of tho fighting
lines whero the allied pontoon coips have
been trying to keep tho bridges they suc
ceeded in constructing.
"Men from tho front tell me that the
combat has been a veritable slaughter
and that tho unceasing Hie of the last
four days puts nny previous wnrfaio
completely In the shade.
"Severn! crossings wero effected Sun
day, but the German guns got the range
and compelled tho forces to withdraw
cast nigut. However, the allies broucht
"The Germans have m-rimr. t i.-.'.u
of shooting poisoned bullets.' ho said
"but .his is not so. They contended that
blue bands around the bullets wcr
pol-on bands. Tho French bullets are cop
per Jacketed, are well balanced, and when
they Ht a man they make a clean, small
"German bullets are steel Jacketed, and
arc so balanced that when they hit thev
turn up perpendicularly and cnuse a bi
and bad wound."
of Shoe Store
i Womnn Customer.
I William Wolf manager of ,i shoe store
at 1S5 North Eighth street, wns convicted
bef.uv Judge Carr in the Qua! ter Scs-
! nn ns Court today of as-ault and battery
with felonious intent on lema Selmltzer.
a I'eaf mute, of IMS North Franklin street.
The nttempted assault occurred on De
cember 2d last. Tho young woman went
Into the store to purchase a pair of slip
pers. Realizing- her Inabllltj to make un
outcry, Wolf invited her to follow him
into n small stock room where ho sud-
Workman Says Man He Befriended
Stole His Tools.
cimer isriger. of S19 East Huntlngdoni
street, lias a peculiar method ot showlnfc!
His gratitude, according to the p.ollce 'otfi
tho Tienton acnuo and Dauphin itr'
After being assisted "for weeks by K
Tl-lrrv rn.r. n fAti . ... v
...,., ., luiiun nornmnn. .-...
stole a number of tools from
He was arrested thin nra..
! noon and taken to th Tnin -...-
Dauphin streets staflnn i.-. i.
j Is said, frequently helped Krlgor, his wife
nnd two children.
J Fondness of drink, according to the
, I'ollet. Is responsibip for Krigcr's down
it is said.
d( nh switched off the electric llchts nnd
up heavier guns nnd these changed the ! u?,zcd her. The young woman succeeded
prospect. The British got a battery '" hreaktng away and escaping from the
across uie river anil the Germans were room.
unable to reach It. The Germans there- After the Juri had convicted Wnlf.
another position from I Judge Cnrr found it m difficult to rnmi
nis indignation that he deferred sentence
U. S. ASKS BRAZIL TO EXPLAIN
Government Wants to Know Why
Clearance Papers Were Refused.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 17. The United
States today called upon Brazil for an
explanation of her refusal to lssu clear
ance papers to the steamship Robert
Dollar at Rio Da Janeiro.
Cut Glass Specials ""
8 in. Fern Di$h
The Crystal Shop
102 N. 10th St.
Cut Glatt Exclutively
gftff- -I.-, -"yjj,
ENGLAND NOT TO ASK U.S.
FOR "DUM-DUM" INQUIRY
Foreign Office, However, Would Wel
come Investigation of Charges.
LONDON, Sept. 17
L'ngland has no Intention of asking that
the United States Institute an Inquiry
Into the alleged use of dum-dum bullets
by the French and German troops, al
though It has no objection to one being
Replying to Dr. Chappie In the House
of Commons Mils afternoon. Francis
Dyko Aclnnd parliamentary Under Secre
tary for the Foreign Olllce. said that In
view of President Wilson's answer to
Dmpeior Wllhelm. the foreign oftlco bees
no use of proposing such an Investigation.
tore moved to
Mallfnl, tl.A.. ......... tt-.l .1.. n ... .
n,"j --uiuiAjui'ii mo liritisu to re
tire nnd leave six guns behind. Get man
batteries hitherto not discernible wero
revealed, but under the protection of n
heavy bombardment two British bntterles
got over and, planted at the bridge head,
very soon recovered the six guns nnd the
two German batteries wero captured.
"On tho western side the French suc
ceeded in getting over three batteries and
a regiment of infantry. About 1500 pris
oners have been taken today.
"I can clearly trace the abandonment
during tho last thieo hours, of a number
of German positions by the smoke of
their guns moving further over the hills. '
until later In the day
wiikn vor nrv a
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