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LANOAS'l'EU DAILY lKTLLlGEN;Eit, TUESDAY. MARCH-2. 1880.
TUESDAY EVENING, MABCH 2, 1880.
.The Presidential Fot-Peurrl.
Our amiable Republican friends, who
exhibit se much real distress of mind and
grief of heart, lest the Democrats may
have trouble in finding a candidate for
president who will be acceptable te their
quarter million majority of the American
voters, will de well te take notice that
the difficulties that beset the Democratic
situation are net nearly se serious and
insurmountable as these in the path of
the Republicans. Fer whereas the De
mocracy are tending mere and mere te
unity, the Republicans are very much in
the fix pictured by the negre preacher
who pointed out te his hearers two reads,
one leading te hell, the ether te damna
tion, and the independent Republicans,
like the affrighted darkeys, are disposed
te " take te de weeds."
If net Grant then Blaine is the dilem
ma offered te the Republicans. And it
is a melancholy choice. Fer with all
Grant's faults, as the New Yerk Times
points out, Mr. Blaine by the way he
sent a substitute toward Grant's army,
but who represented his principal in jail
as a statesman, has chiefly " distin
guished himself by his steady support of
Mr. Blaine, and his promulgation and
defence of the Blaine doctrine that Mul
ligan has no right te retain compremis
ing letters." Even the " young Republi
can scraf cliers ' 'of New Yerk who remind
their party friends that Grant's civil
career is " indelibly associated with
scandals which come home te thousands
of Republicans with the sting of a per
sonal disgrace" cannot forget that
Blaine's official career is " tainted with
dishonesty," and that he only belongs te
that class of pettifogging politicians
whose talents shine in caucus and are de
voted te their own aggrandizement.
Schurz and the Ohie Germans pronounce
Blaine as distasteful as Grant ; and the
stalwart 1'cnn Monthly, of Philadelphia,
says: "General Grant, as the nominee
of the Cenklings and Camerons, cannot
command the undivided support of the
partv. Mr. Blaine cannot ; Mr. Sher
Se, if our Republican friends are anx
ious te get a clean track for the presi
dential nice they had better sweep before
their own deer
The Truth Fer Once.
The editor of the Examiner is never se
apt te tell the " honest Ged's truth "at
least as it is given him te see the truth
as when he gets his mad en. He has it
en new, and se he forgets himself far
enough te tell the truth about J. W.
.Jehnsen's desire for a second term as
district attorney and why heheuld net
have it. There is a vast amount of virus
in that little line " te multiply indict
ments at S3 apiece," and the Commedore
must have been pretty mad te let it slip
out of his mind and into his paper. Fer
though he hates Jehnsen like a snake it
is net often that he dares te say se.
It is the "honest Ged's truth " that
Jehnsen as district attorney " multiplied
indictments at $3 apiece." Time and
again the Intkllieenceic charged him
with it, -pointed it out te the court and
demanded that a step be put te it. But
the court never interposed any effective
check, te him and the Republican papers
did net even rebuke him. The Examiner,
knowing the facts then as well as it
knows them new, even allowed him its
columns te make the shallow defense
that our assaults upon him were because
of some prejudice against him, when the
truth is that there is nobody in town we
are se careful te deal even justice te as
J. W. Jehnsen and there is scarcely
anybody that seems te complain mere
when he gets justice.
New that Jehnsen is a candidate for
district attorney against the Examiner's
interests, it does net fear te go back
en its past record and assail him with his
official derelictions. It would have been
mere creditable te it had it done it when
mere timely. But as we have often had
occasion te remark the two factions of
the Republican party here, in their
family lights yearly, denounce and prove
each ether te be " bummers and return
tinkers, peer house jobbers and prison
ringsters, forgers of naturalization
papers, jail birds, bogus tax receipt
swindlers and plunderers of the city."
Then they nominate some of this cata
logue for county officers and all join in
glorifying them as heroes of Republican
campaigns and martyrs of Democratic
Planners at the Theatre.
The frequent recurrence of a serious
cause of complaint with the major por
tion of audiences in attendance upon
theatrical performances at Fulton opera
house has become se unendurable as te
call for public notice, in the hope that it
may be promptly removed. It is the
habit which many people have and
one that is net confined exclusively te the
masculine portion of the average audience
of rising in their seats a few moments
before the fall of the curtain, drawing en
overcoats, adjusting capes and cloaks,
and making preparations for de
parture, and in some cases
leaving the hall ; net only te the
manifest embarrassment of the people en
the stage, but te the discomfort of per
sons better bred, who happen te be sitting
behind these alluded te, and who are pre
vented from seeing or hearing what is
transpiring during the closing scene by
the interposition of a burly form that
rises directly before their vision and delib
erately begins te make preparations te
go home. The lack of geed taste and
common politeness in such conduct is se
manifest te people who make any profes
sion of breeding at all, that the simple
mention of it ought te be sufficient
te induce them te abandon this just
cause of complaint, which, together with
the disagreeable click of the opera glass
case that is heard in every quarter of the
house during the last few moments of the
final scene, must be quite as distasteful
te the actors as it certainly is te the
majority of the audience. .As fersuc!)
who cannot be reached by an appeal te
their sense of common politeness and
what is known as geed manners, they
occupy the same plane as that delectable
gentry who stand at the inside deer of
the theatre and blew vile tobacco smoke
into the faces- of ladies and gentle
men as they emerge. This latter
offense is within the reach of the
authorities in charge of the building,
and se insufferable lias it latterly become
that it is hoped and believed that the
proper remedy will be at once applied.
Hand the rowdies ever te the care of the
The Albany Law JeurnaZ,which stands
in the front rank of the publications of
its class in this country, discusses the
motion te disbar Messrs. Steinman and
Ilensel, en a correct knowledge and
statement of the facts; and its conclu
sions are noteworthy from the high au
thority of their source. In its sugges
tion, however, that editors may be liable
te punishment for contempt, by reason of
a publication made out of court it has
doubtless overlooked, or is net aware of
the Pennsylvania statute of 1836, which
says that "Ne publication out of court
respecting the conduct of the judges,
officers of the court, jurors, witnesses,
parties or any of them, in or concerning
any cause depending in such court, shall,
be construed into a contempt of the said
court se as te render the author, prin
ter, publisher, or either of them, liable te
attachment and summary punishment of
them." This is one of the very kind of
" limitations of statutes defining con
tempt" te which the Journal refers
further en; and it is se very plain'
that even Judge Patterson intimated en
the argument of the case that he had be
come acquainted with it and recognized
its binding force. If the Journal is satis
fied, as it seems te be, about the rule te
disbar, as a matter of law or policy, the
rule te answer for contempt is settled by
the statute as even Mr. Weller might
Cel. Isaac Pabkeh, son of the Brown
Parker family of Carlisle, Gen. Hancock's
aid-de-camp through the war, and who
was a frequent visitor te Lancaster, died
suddenly in New Yerk en Saturday night.
Prof. Win. B. Ham. has been unanimous
ly elected as non-resident professor of vocal
music in the state normal school at Indi
ana, Pa., and will assume the dulie about
the middle of April.
Colliding would net allow Geouge Wii.
liam Cl'iitis te jump into his wagon, but
it is understood that the Ashiicld district,
Massachusetts, where Mr. Curtis spends
his summers, will select him as its repre
sentative, and Mr. Curtis will hail, there
fore, from the old Bay state.
Stephen Thatcher, a native of Mas
sachusetts, died in Saratoga, N. Y., en
Sunday night, aged 91) years. He was
formerly a paper manufacturer, and made
newspaper in continuous rolls at Lee, Mass.
He served two terms in the Massachusetts
Legislature. In 1832, being then ever 70
years old, he retired from business and
went te Saratoga te live.
Mr. IIenky Irving is the subject of
considerable gossip at the Londen
clubs new, rumor having it that a breach
of a serious nature has grown up between
the tragedian and Lady Burdett-Coutts,
his aristocratic and wealthy patroness.
The cause of the trouble, it is said, is Miss
Ellen Terry, who is new playing with Mr.
living, and te whom he has transferred
that single-hearted devotion which he
once gave as an offering te his art.
Gee. DeB. Keim, second officer of flic
Philadelphia and Reading railroad, sailed
te-day for Europe with his eldest daughter
en a tour of pleasure and for the restora
tion of health, after ten years of unre
mitting service during a very trying pe
riod of the company's existence. The
steamer en which he sailed was te have
gene last week, but was detained by re
pairs necessitated by her rough voyage te
te this side. Mr. Keim's trip is wholly
one of recreation, and he expects te be
absent until about June.
Rev. A. T. Pierson, a Detroit clergy
man, who recently attacked the stage say
ing, among ether things, that " the green
room of the theatre is often no better than
the infamous third circle that, in some the
atres, opens directly into the house of
shame" is sharply taken te task by Mr.
Stuart Robson, who writes te the Free
Press : " I challenge Rev. Pierson te name
a single state prison which numbers among
its inmates an actor, and I will contribute
$100 te the Irish famine fund if he can
name a single state prison that does net
held a preacher.
May Fisk, the blonde actress, was ar
rested in Louisville yesterday en a bailable
writ issued en a note for $100, given by
her in Peoria, III., eight months age.
When the officers went te arrest her she
locked the deer of the room and kept
them out for three hours. Charles Benten,
who pushed a piece of paper under the
deer with the words "keep the deer
locked " written en it, was arrested for in
terfering with the officers of the law. An
entrance was finally effected through a
window, and the proprietress of the troupe
of blendes was captured and ledged in
A correspondent. of the Bosten Herald in
Atlanta writes that Ben Hill, ex-Whig,
ex-Knownething, ex-anti-sccessienist, cx-rebel-cabiuet-effiecr,
never a soldier, and
always an ambitious politician, " is net
quite as popular among his constituents as
people North seem te think. Among the
old war lights he is extremely disliked, and
tej them, he is a selfish, ambitious politi
cian, using his constituents and the griev
ances he attributes te them as leverage te
help him up the political ladder. The
Georgians are particularly disgusted with
his speeches in the last two sessions. His
buncombe about the Seuth is net repre
sentative Georgia feeling, and his constit
uents say that he gets it off for Northern
effect, knowing that it is of no practical
value at home. Compared with Gen.
Gorden, he is net a popular man. He is
in the Senate by force of untiring efforts te
get there while Gorden, as a brave soldier,
is the simple choice of the Georgians, and
the favorite of the masses."
Less of Steamer with Sixty-eight Lives.
The steamer Vingerla, bound for Kurra
chce, from Bombay, has foundered. Six
Europeans and sixty-two natives were
Pertlaud, Me., elected a Republican
maver yesterday by 1,234 majority. At
Skewhcgan the " couuled-eut " representa
tive, Hiram Stewart, was elected first se
lectman by a vote of 401 te 130. Ells Ells
eorth elected a Democratic mayor by 20
majority. Lewiston elected a Republican,
as did Auburn.
MINOR TOPICS. -Bosten's
second cat show being about te
open, a local paper records in a feline
manner that categorically speaking the
entries cannot be catalogued, but a mem
ber who was catechised says that unless
some catastrophe occurs it will beat last
year's show, which was a grand success.
Genehal Grant is a scratcher. It is
recalled that he said in 1870 te a Herald
correspondent : " I had one candidate for
the presidency as my successor, and that
was the Republican candidate who could
be elected. I took no part in the proceed
ings antecedent te the Cincinnati conven
tion because the candidates were my
friends, and any one except Mr. Bristow
would have had my heartiest support. Mr.
Bristow Inever would have supported."
Beth Houses of the Virginia Assembly
have passed a bill repealing the bell
punch liquor law and re-establishing the
license system which is te go into opera
tion en May 1. The vote was nearly
unanimous. Beth Houses of the General
Assembly passed and sent te the governor
for his approval the bill te re-establish the
public credit. It reduces the principal of
the state debt from $33,000,000 te $20,
000,000. The governor will probably veto it.
Notwithstanding the alleged bitter
and persistent opposition of Senater Wal
lace te Marshal Kerns wc hear from
Washington that "the Senate judiciary
committee, after a brief discussion, agreed
unanimously te favorably report the re
nomination of Marshal Kerns as marshal
of the Eastern district of Pennsylvania.
He will doubtless be confirmed at the
next executive session of the Senate. "
Democrats, please stick a pin there and
wait and sec.
Of the bill te create a luuacy commis
sion, new before the new New Yerk Legis
lature, Geerge William Curtis writes in
enthusiastic terms. He says that " the
no -essity of a mere thorough and detailed
public knowledge of the interior of the in
sane asylums cannot be disputed," and,
again, "that it is the system of supervision
that needs correction." " Humanity, jus
tice, geed sense, economy, all plead for the
bill, nor de I sec why any serious oppo
sition should be offered te it from within
or without the asylums."
The amusement boom in this city is one
highly gratifying te theatrical managers.
Regular attendants at the opera house
must have been struck by the frequent re
currences of large audiences there during
the past few weeks. And net the least
gratifying feature of this circumstances
has been the fact that the entertainments
were all worthy of the liberal patronage
accorded them. Our people may with
reason compliment their own geed judg
ment in greeting with big houses such
brilliant stars in the profession as Annie
Pixley, Mary Andersen, " The Pirates of
Penzance," Fanny Davenport and B.
Macaulcy. Keep the ball a-rolling, Mana
ger Ycckcr, and the people here will net be
slew te accord their hearty support.
LiATKST NEWS BY MAIL.
The wagon factory of James, Reesa &
Graham, in Memphis, was burned yester
day. Less, $05,000.
Three illicit distilleries and 1,000 gal
lens of beer were captured m Chatham
county, N. C, en Saturday.
Geerge W. Roberts, a xiremincnt citizen
of Burten, W. Va., was burned te death
from an explosion of a can from which he
was pouring oil into a lighted lamp.
In the Iowa Legislature the elemargarine
bill was amended and passed. It prohibits
the manufacture and sale of oleemargar
ine in Iowa under heavy penalties by line
In Newton, N. J., David Washer, while
walking with a lady, resented an insult
elfered te her by four rough boys. They
" lay for " him and crushed his skull with
a stone. 1 lie young murderers nave ilea.
The ice bridge at Niagara has broken
and the flood carried away mill races.
platforms, &c. Cars arc still crossing the
St. Lawrence en the ice uridge at Alent-
real. A $0,000 track has been laid en it.
Edward Murphy, a Texan desperado,
was shot dead by a sheriff's posse while
resisting arrest near Texarcana, Ark., last
Saturday night. Murphy s companion
Jehn Hill, another notorious rough, sur
rendered te the sherill.
Counsel for Charles E. Smith, late edi
tor of the Albany Evening Journal, will
make application te the supreme court te
morrow for a receiver for the Journal com
pany. Smith holds one-eighth interest and
was put out for his Cenkiingism.
A collisen between two heavy freight
trains en the Lake Shere and Michigan
Southern railroad, at Chicago, wrecked
one engine and a freight car, and delayed
incoming trains. Damage, $7,000 te
Age, 33 years ; medium size and build,
florid complexion, blue eyes, beautiful
auburn hair and leeks as if she drank.
She has collected sums varying from five
te twenty-five dollars in New Yerk, Pert
Chester, While Plains, Greenwich, Mt.
Vernen, Wcstpert and Searsdale.
A fire in Wilkesbarre destroyed Carey's
dollar store, Kerns' dry goods store and
three buildings belonging te the estate of
Jehn B. Weed. The buildings of Mr.
Lcdercr and P. Nersens were damaged.
Total less, $33,000 ; insurance, $12,000.
Justice Paxson, in the supreme court,
has rendered a decision affirming the de
cree of the court of common pleas, Ne. 1,
in the matter of Dr. Rush's bequest te the
Philadelphia library, thus sustaining the
In Monongahela local option prevails, se
the tipplers betake themselves te Teinper
anceville, across the river. The local op
tion eople are se incensed at the subter
fuge that one tavern was burned early
yesterday morning and two saloons set en
Rev. Tsaac Price, the eldest postmaster
in the United States, has tendered his re
signation from the Schuylkill office, loca
ted at Cerner Stores, near Phcenixville,
Chester county. He was appointed in 1832,
when General Jacksen was president,
and held the position ever since.
A tramp went into the press room of the
Altonna Tribune office and stele a geld
watch from the pocket of a vest hanging
in the room, which belonged te the press
man. He was caught five miles cast of
the city. He gave up the property and
after getting a sound thrashing he was
allowed te resume his travels.
The affairs of Collector of Internal Rev
enue Ashworth of Philadelphia, have
been investigated by special agents of the
treasury department and their reports arc
net favorable. Ashworth appears te have
been guilty of loose and careless manage
ment, although nothing against his char
acter has been discovered. The fact that
he was a wounded soldier has kept him in
office, but it new seems likely that he will
.Tba "Lie" Courteous.
The editor of Mr. Warfel's paper, the
2few Era, simply lies when he says that Mr.
Eshleman " departed from his original in
structions," as te calling the committee
together. There never was any " original
instructions " from any one, or any intention
en his part, or any of his friends who have
the means of knowing what his inten
tions were. The purpose always was in
due time te call the committee together
te pass en all the questions brought be
fore it. Especially was it the purpose te
de se, se as net te give any excuse in the
future te change the generally accepted
time for making county nominations. The
fact that Mr. Gcist thinks it important te
select another set of delegates te the Chi
cago convention from this county never
gave the friends of the delegates selected
by the state convention the least con
cern. It may help amuse some of
the " boys," but just who is te
derive the most benefit out of this tempest
in a teapot, whether Mr. J. W. Jehnsen,
who wants a "second term," te multiply
indictments at $5 a piece, or Mr. Themas
J. Davis, we will net undertake te
say new. But one of them will, very prob
ably, find out by the time it is ever that he
has been "suck-cd-iu and likewise de-ceiv-ed,"
as well as with some ethers who
are mounting that " boom," te bring them
fame and fortune. But of this, there will
be plenty of time and opportunity te play
a "full hand " before the game is through.
But we have digressed. We only meant
te tell Mr. Warl'el te step his editor's
JKiss An Ale Pixley as "M'liss "
There is a picturesque beauty in Bret
Ilarte's romantic story of the Sierras
adapted te the stage under the name of
"M'liss." It is a faithful photograph of
the wild and rugged life of the geld iields
of California, and the characters are all im
bued with the rugged qualities with which
it requires no very great stretch of the
imagination te invest the '4'Jcr and his
modern successor in the far-off purple
clime of the Gelden state. The incidents,
tee, partake of that vivid intensity which
makes unnecessary the almost farcical
exaggeration and overdrawing which dis
tinguish the ordinary frontier drama. The
playwright has se conscientiously followed
in the line marked out for him by the author
of the story that there is an utter absence
of the many incongruous and ridiculous
situations which offend the eye even in the
enjoyment of the breath of fresh mountain
air that only a tolerably geed play of this
kind is calculated te waft into the parched
nostrils of an audience accustomed te the
vapid inanities of your modern "society."
drama. And " M'liss " allows you te take
repeated draughts of the delicious breezy
atmosphere, while the eye is at the same
time charmed by the artistic accuracy of
all the surroundings. It is par excellence
the frontier drama of te-day. It was in
its title role that that bright
little actress Miss Annie Pixley bounded
onto the stage less than two years age.
Fer she is one of these lively little crea
tures who fortunately de net require the
crutches of patient and laborious effort te
hobble into public favor, but at one leap,
sustained in the arduous feat by natural
endowments, land themselves en the safe
side of the turbulent stream that
separates them from the green pastures of
fame, while ethers are painfully guiding
their footsteps among the snags and
stumps that beset their pathway. She ap
peared here but little mere than a year
age and played right bravely te a beggarly
array of empty benches. She came later
the same season and the large audience
which then greeted her must have been
highly gratifying te her. But the house
last night ! Why it fairly groaned under
the weight of humanity that it held. Net
merely every seat, but every available
nook and cranny in the auditorium and
gallery was occupied. Around the par
quet circle steed a solid rdw of people,
whilst up in the gallery the same state of
things prevailed. It was a regular
ovation, and had the effect of put
ting the charming little lady en
her mettle, for she played as she
never before played in this city. Our read
ers knew all about the pretty-faced, light
hearted, rollicking child of nature, the
rough diamond of the Sierras, full of
tricks and the odd ways which association
in a miners' camp has given her ; a heart
big and generous,and a native wit as bright
as polished geld. That is " M"liss, " and
Miss Pixley's reproduction of the charac
ter last night set her great audience wild
with delight. She is net less
effective in these parts where the au
thor has mellowed and refined the breezy
humor of his work by introducing a strong
vein of pathos, and nothing could have
been mere touching than the "wildcat's "
tender affection for her drunken and be
sotted old father and her hysterical out
bursts at the thought of losing him. Miss
Pixley was in admirable voice, and her
rendition of a number of popular songs
brought down the house in tumultuous
and repeated encores.
The support was quite geed, notably
Mr. McDonough's Yuba Bill, which was
marked by an off-hand freedom admirably
befitting the role ; the acting of Mr. John John Jehn
eon te whose handa the difficult
part of Geerge Smith, the drunken
father of jriiss, had been committed, was
likewise highly commendable ; whilst the
remainder of the cast kept up their end of
the performance in a manner that main
tained the merit at a very even balance.
This morning shortly before 2 o'clock
Zeb Wise, who is employed at the Pcnn
iron works, was returning from work and
while walking along Grant street, between
Plum and Ann, he discovered that a frame
stable in the rear of the property occupied
by Mrs. M. D. Helbroek, and owned by
Cel. Samuel Shech, of Columbia, was en
fire. He gave the alarm and the fire was
extinguished in a very short time. The
American fire company had their appa
ratus promptly en the ground, but their
services were net needed. The fire was
started by an incendiary, as the beard
which was burned had been saturated with
coal oil after which the light was applied.
But one beard was burned and the damage
was therefore very slight.
Proposals for Water Trenches.
Attention is called te an advertisement
elsewhere for proposals for digging
trenches for water-mains en North Queen,
North Prince and Lafayette streets. Pro
posals will be received up te Thursday
afternoon at 4 o'clock.
Sale of Horses.
Samuel Hess and Sen, auctioneers, sold
yesterday at public sale at the Merrimac
house for Ed. Kauffman 14 head of horses
at an average of $126 per head.
MEETING OF THIS LOCAL SOCIETY.
Crep Reports Resolutions or Respect
Essay ou Apple Culture Preservation of
Forests Clever and Clever Seed Anether
Agricultural Fair, &c, &c, 4c.
A stated meeting of the Lancaster coun
ty agricultural and horticultural society
was held in their room in city hall yester
The following named members were
Jeseph F. Witmer, president, Paradise ;
M. D. Kendig, secretary, Maner ; Henry
M. Eugle, Marietta ; Calvin Cooper, Bird-in-Haud
; Simen P. Eby, city ; Frank R.
Dilfendertfer, city ; Jehn C. Lin vi lie, Salis
bury ; Casper Hiller, Conestoga ; Jehn
Huber, Warwick ; nenry Kurtz, Mount
Jey : Daniel Smeych, city ; J. M. Johnsten,
city ; Christian A. Gast, city ; Elias Her
shey, Paradise ; Jehn B. Erb, Strasburg ;
Rebert Dysart, city; Samuel Binkley,
Warwick; Wm. H. Brosius, Drumore;
Dr. C. A. Green, city ; Webster L. Hcr
shey, Landisville ; C. L. Huusecker. Man
heim ; Jehn 11. Landis, Maner ; Levi S.
Rcist, Oregon ; Wm. McCemsey, city ;
Eph. S. Hoever, Manheim; Dr. S. S.
Rathven, city ; Jacob B. Garbcr, Colum
bia ; Jehnsen Miller, Warwick ; Simen A.
Hcrshey, West Hempfield ; Eues Engle,
Marietta; Wash. L. Hcrshey, duckies.
In nhe absence of the president when the
meeting first organized, II. M. Engle was
called te the chair.
Reports en the condition of the crops
being called for, Henry Kurtz of Mount Jey
said the wheat in that vicinity leeks very
fine ; even that which was sewn late in the
fall leeks as well as that sewn earlier,
grass does net leek se well ; and clever
leeks as if there would be a short crop ;
the tobacco is nearly all sold.
Jehn C. Linvillc, of Salisbury, said the
wheat leeks well ; fruit buds are pushing
rapidly and peaches will in a few days be
in blossoms if the weather continues warm ;
the maple is in bloom and the bees arc
busy gathering honey; live stock has
wintered well, especially sheep, and the
advancing price of wool premises a geed
return te the sheep husbandmen.
11. M. Engle reported that the rainfall
for the past month was 3 inches.
Resolutions of Respect.
On motion of Calvin Cooper, the rules
were suspended te enable him te offer the
following resolutions of respect te the
memory of C. M. Hostetter.
Whereas, It is with deep regret that wc
have lest one of our late fellow members,
Christian M. Hostetter. Therefore,
Jieselcrd, That while we bow in submis
sion te the works of an overruling Provi
dence, we have lest an active co-laborer in
the cause of agriculture.
Jleselccd, That it is with sorrow we
think of his removal, while yet in the
prime of life, and we tender the friends of
the deceased our sincere regrets, trusting
our less has been his gain.
Reselecd That a copy of these resolu
tions be sent te his friends.
The resolutions were unanimously adopt
ed. Essay en Apple Culture.
Casper Hiller read the following essay :
The day was, in the recollection of many
yet living, that Lancaster county was one
of the greatest apple growing sections in
the country. Then apples rarely ever
failed. Every ether year was called the
appie year, though the off year usually
produced fruit in abundance for home use.
Well I knew that we picked wagenbeds
full of apples and hauled then te the dis
tillery te have them converted into apple
jack, te keep them from spoiling (?). The
hogs revelled in the orchard and get fat,
and the cellars were filled with winter
apples, that were free te every comer, and
in the spring there was often such a surplus
that they had te be carried out te the hogs.
In these days there were no available dis
tant markets for apples.
Then twenty-five cents a bushel was a
fair price for winter apples, and they were
often sold as low as ten cents a bushel.
But a change has come ever these things.
Fer many years the apple crop has been
uncertain, sometimes failing altogether,
but frequently plentiful enough, but defec
tive and ripening before its proper season,
se that often we had no fruit about the
The result of this is that our five or ten
acre orchards have disappeared, .and in
their place we see half acre or acre
orchards, and in many places no orchards
But with these discouragements in apple
culture, are net these acre orchards after
all, paying better averages, than the rest
of the acres of the farm ? They generally
supply the family with all the fruit needed
during summer, fall and early winter, sup
ply all the dried, applebutter and vinegar
needed during the year.
It must net be forgotten that fruit is
necessary te health. If it is net grown
at home, the household will be often short
of a supply, especially in the summer
If a supply is te be kept up by purchas
ers, the bills during the year could net be
paid by the profits of an acre of wheat or
corn. These things should be sufficient
inducement for us te attempt te grew
It is a question, tee, worthy of our con
sideration, whether we have been doing all
we could te grew better fruit and mere of
The most careless observer, no doubt.
has noted occasionally a tree of some well
known variety, produce much better fruit
than its fellows ; or, sometimes an orchard
that from some cause is much better than
the average. If these trees or orchards
have received different treatment toethers
we should learn what it is and imitate the
treatment. If they are caused by loca
tion, influence of soil, water supply, shel
ter, &c, why then by all means let us se
lect, if passible, just such conditions.
My own observation of late years has
made me a great believer in water supply,
net necessarily running water, but a soil
retentive of moisture.
Deep clay loams, or swamps se drained
as te take away surface water, would be
my first choice for orchard location. A
northern slope, where the sun has little in
fluence en the ground, is also geed. All
geed corn land is adapted for growing
trees, but the tendency in many of these
te dry te the depth of several feet in our
scorching dry summers, that have become
the rule of late years, is the cause perhaps,
mere than all ethers combined te produce
our premature ripening of apples. Te
counteract this dryness, te imitate the nat
ural moisture that wc find in some clay
soils, requires our best efforts. Te effect
this, much can be done by frequent
and thorough cultivation and by mulch
ing Mr. Median, editor of the Gardener's
Monthly, one of the best authorities en
horticulture in the country, thinks stir
ring of the soil unnecessary. He advocates
the sewing of grass and the making of one
or two crops of hay annually, with a geed
dressing of manure also every year. Seme
of our Lancaster county hill sides are en
tirely tee washy te permit thorough and
continued cultivation. Here the grass sys
tem will answer a geed purpose if we leave
every second crop, and occasionally every
crop, spread ever the surface as a mulch,
and be sure net te forget the manure.
Our winter varieties of apples could be
much improved by mulching around the
trees with straw, leaves, tan-bark or even
stones. Stones arc excellent for retaining
moisture in the ground, and where they
are plenty it would be worthy of trial te
cover the greuud under the trees with
What varieties shall we plant? This is a
difficult question te answer. Seme kinds
de well in a certain locality, or soil, while
they fail in ethers. If the fruit is wanted
principally for home use, considerable va
riety is Required te keep up a rotation dur
ing summer, fall and wiuter. If a home
market is te be supplied, summer and fall
apples should be supplied.
If for distant markets, or a wiuter sup
ply, the varieties should be few. Every
planter, te be successful, should knew
what kinds are adapted te his soil, and
should plant them almost exclusively.
I have seen the Smokehouse for several
years past growing m a rich clay loam,
where the roots could dip. into running
water, the fruit coming te perfection, and
keeping m prime condition until after the
holidays. If any one has such a soil ai.d
situation he may plant the Smokehouse, te
any number of trees, with great prospect
But in such situations many ether vari
eties would flourish. The Baldwin would
de well, and even the Newton Pippin and
Belltlewer could be grown profitably.
On high ground the varieties that are
reliable winter apples are net plentiful.
Smith's Cider is premising, and the Yerk
Imperial is one of the most reliable vari
eties we have.
I would net be understood te say that no
ether varieties are worthy of beiug planted.
but. as I said before, the planter should
knew what varieties are adapted te his
In answer te a question by Dr. Green,
Mr. Hiller said the russets were worthless
when planted en dry hillsides, but would
de well in such greuud as the smokehouse
apple thrives in.
Dr. Green made some remarks te the
effect that fruit growing, if intelligently
followed, may be made the most profit
able branch of farming, except perhaps
the growing of tobacco. He thought
mere attention should be paid te the analy
sis of the soil, and then russets may be
grown here as well as in the Genessce
valley. He also suggested that mere atten
tion should be given te the extirpation of
S. P. Eby thought the reason for
our decreased fruit crop is because of
the change of climate, which has
occurred since the cutting away of our
forests. The reason of the increased
insect depredations is because there are
few trees new left for the insects te feed
en except the fruit trees.
Casper Hiller said in his section of the
county mere grass, wheat, corn and to
bacco is new grown than was grown forty
years age, and yet apples cannot be grown
en our hill-sides as they were forty years
age ; it cannot, therefore, be changed te
the want of certain chemical elements, for
nearly the same elements arc required for
grain and grass as are required for apples.
Jehn C. Linvillc could net agree with
Dr. Green that a mere analysis of the soil
and the application of the missing elements
will produce the desired results. Last
summer a year Lancaster county produced
an immense crop of wheat, while last
summer there was scarcely half a crop;
this cannot be charged te the want of cer
tain elements in the soil for they were
alike in both cases. Scientific farming
was well enough in theory, but it will net
always de in practice, and this is new ac
knowledged by the most advanced scien
tists. Webster L. Hcrshey was of opinion that
chemistry was a stepping stone te agricul
ture, but it is yet very little understood,
and it will net de te depend en it alone te
secure geed crops. Mr. Hcrshey mention
ed several instances in which the theories
of the scientists had entirely failed in prac
tice. Mr. Engle was much pleased with the
essay read by Mr. Hiller ; he agreed that
we de net grew as much fruit nor as geed
fruit as formerly. He believed wc could
de se, however, if we thoroughly under
stood the wants of the orchard. The
greatest causes of less te fruit growers
are the ravages of insects of various kinds.
The ceding moth is the greatest destroyer
of apples. If any means for protecting the
fruit from its depredations can be found, a
great increase in fruit will result.
" By what means can the forest lands be
best preserved, and the planting of timber
be encouraged?" was answered by Levi
S. Reist, who quoted the act of Assembly
passed by the Pennsylvania Legislature at
its last session, te encourage the planting
of trees by offering premiums te these who
plant them. The act is a dead letter but
Mr. Rcist thought an improved act might
be passed by the Legislature allowing the
county commissioners te offer premiums
for tree planting ; forest-tree associations
should be organized in each county and
means should be taken te induce boys te
plant shade and forest trees these doing
se te receive a reward when the trees at
tain a certain size.
Jehn II. Landis read an extract from
Hayes's message en the subject, and also
an act of Assembly introduced by himself
in the Pennsylvania Heuse of Representa
tives, which provides that all land en
which forest trees shall be planted, shall
be exempt from taxation for a term of
S. P. Eby suggested that stock compa
nies be chartered for the planting of for
ests. Life is tee short for any man te
plant and protect the growth of forest
trees ; before they attain their growth,
they fall into the hands of ethers, who
may net value them as highly as the plant
ers valued them. The "only way te pro
tect the forests is te place them in the
keeping of chartered companies. Mr. Eby
concluded by saying he had fully intended
te take part in this discussion, but upon
examination of the subject had become
convinced that its great importance, and
the numerous facts and authorities bear
ing upon the question of the value of for
ests, their influence upon streams, temper
ature, climate and rain-fall, cannot be
properly considered in the brief space of
time necessarily allotted te discussions be
fore the society. He had therefore con
cluded te put his views en paper and pre
sent them te the members at some future
Levi S. Rcist said he could count 1,300
shade trees along the roadsides of his farm,
and he was new growing a tract of fifteen
acres of young timber.
The question was further discussed by
C. L. Hunscckcr, Wm. II. Brosius, Jehn
II. Landis, Dr. Green, F. R. Diffendcrffcr,
Eph. S. Hoever, II. M. Engle, Casper
Hiller, Henry Kurtz, and ethers, when en
motion the further discussed was post
poned. Clever and Clevcr-secil.
At the last meeting the following ques
tion was referred for answer te Calvin
Coeper: "Why is it that the second
crop of clever produces mere seed than
the first?" Mr. Cooper answered that it
was because there were mere heads en the
second crop. If the heads of the first
crop were allowed te ripen for seed, in
stead of being cut for hay, they would
produce as much seed per head as the
second crop, though there would net be se
many heads, as, by cutting off the first
crop, a new head starts from every eye en
J. C. Linville's observation was that the
first crop, even if allowed te ripen, pro
duced very 'little seed and of an inferior
quality. The probable cause of the greater
product of the second crop is owing te the
greater number of insects later in the sea
son, as they te fertilize the clever blossom
by carrying the pollen from llewer te
llewer. It is known that clever is net
self fertilizing. Darwin says the product
of clever-seed is largely owing te cats the
mere cats the mere seed the theory be
ing that the cats kill the field mice that
would otherwise kill the clever. Mr. Liu
ville was much opposed te the boyish
practice of killing bumble-bees, as he be
lieved they were the prime source of fertil
ization of clever. Darwin had tested this
matter by placing a fine wire screen ever a
patch of clever se as te exclude the bees
and ether insects. The result was that
this patch produced no seed, while the
clever just outside the screen bete seed
abundantly. Seme years age it was noted
that none of the tropical fruits in the Lon Len Lon
eon zoological garden fruited until a colony
of bees was introduced iute the building
after which they fruited freely.
Eph. S. Hoever, from the beard of
managers, te which had been referred the
question of considering the property of
holding a fair next fall, stated that he had
an interview with Mr. McGrann, the
owner of the agricultural park, and that
gentleman had said lie had in view the
preparing of the building en the fair
grounds for tobacco packing purposes, and
if the society wanted te engage the
grounds he would like te have an answer
as early as possible. Mr. Hoever was of
the opinion, however, that the agricul
tural grounds could net be had en terms
that would be acceptable te the society.
II. M. Engle and Jes. F. Witmer spoke
at some length en the subject of a fair,
and expressed themselves as astonished and
ashamed of the meagre display made by
Lancaster farmers at last year's fair.
Eph. S. Hoever favored holding the
next fair in the Northern market house,
and Frank R. DiffeiidcrSlcr made a motion
which was carried that the fair be held
Henry M. Engle made a motion Unit
the beard of managers be directed te pre
pare a premium list for the fair and pre
sent their report te the next meeting of
the beard. The motion was agreed te.
New Member Elected.
Jacob F. Whitson, of Drumore, was
proposed for membership of the society and
M. D. Kendig, secretary and treasurer,
presented his official bend, which was ap
proved. Israel L. Landis asked if the late
treasurer's accounts had been audited and
was answered that they had net.
On motion of H. M. Engle the present
treasurer was directed te seek a settlement
with his predecessor.
II. 31. Engle, representative of the state
beard of agriculture, presented te the
society eight volumes of the printed reports
which were distributed iinieng active
Jehn II. Landis presented the society
with volumes of the reports of the state
boardsef agriculture of Ohie, Kansas, Ver
mont and New Hampshire, which were
placed in the library.
Israel L. Landis tendered his resignation
as a member of the beard of managers.
His resignation was accepted, and the mat
ter of filling the vacancy postponed te next
Husincss for Next Meeting.
The following business was proposed for
next meeting :
" Dees it pay te cut fodder for stock ?"
Referred te Wm. II. Brosius.
"Reet Creps?" Referred te Henry M.
" Is the American agricultural society
likely te be a benefit te the farming com
munity ?" Referred te Calvin Cooper.
Fruits en Exhibition.
Mr. Levi S. Reist presented the follow
ing varieties of apples : Lady Finger, or
Sheep Nese, Smith's Cider, Conestoga
Pippin, Red Remanite all very sound and
of fine flavor.
Henry Kurtz presented a bottle of Am
ber wheat and a package of wheat that
had been apparently hybridized from Am
ber and another variety.
CliieT or Police Pre Tem.
Since Chief of Peliec Pentz's resigna
tion Officers W. C. Pyle and Jehn F.
Deichlcr have been acting as chief alter
nately. As this arrangement withdrew
one or the ether from active duty every
night the mayor has instructed Officer
Deichlcr te act as chief continually from
new until April the time of the organi
zation of the new municipal government
when the office of chief will be perma
nenty filled. B. Frank Lcaman has been
appointed te act as officer of the Third
I'ey Enticed Away Frem Ilmnr.
The managers of the Reme for Friend
less Children in this city, inform us that
en last Wednesday evening, one of the
Heme boys, aged about ltf and named
Hcniy Cepe, was enticed away from the
institution by an elder boy named William
Weinheld. Any information regarding
him sent te this office will be placed in
possession of the matron of the Heme that
the necessary steps may be taken for his,
Ficdcrick Smoker is the name of a marr
who was found en the street by Officer
Weitzcl yesterday se drunk that he had te
be hauled te the station house in a wagon.
This morning he get 15 days in prison.
Anether man was sent out for the same
term for the same offense, and a certain
drunken woman will net be seen en the
street again for 10 days. Twe bums were
Hrealiing a Window.
On Saturday night some one, who
thought he was funny, threw a hard fig
through the window of the residence of
II. S. Shirk, at iJ.IG East King street. A
number of persons were sitting in the
room at the time and they were badly
frightened, thinking that the missile
thrown was a stone.
The New IJrceii Street Mission.
Rev. A. II. Leng preached a much ap
proved sermon at the chapel te an atten
tive congregation last evening. Rev. D.
A. L. Laverty, the pastor, will preach
there this evening at half-past seven,