Newspaper Page Text
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Whole No 2899.
Poor House Business
The Directors of the Poor meet at the Poor
House on the 2d Tuesday of each month.
22Z. "W. 22222.,
Attorney at Law,
Uiiice Market Square, Lewistown, will at
tend to business in Mifflin. Centre aod Hunting
jor> counties mv 26
2. Z. CTJLE23.SSCIT,
Attorney at Law,
AFFKRS hfs professional services to the citizens of
(J M ithn county. Office with D. W. Woods. Esq.,
Mai'-' str-er. below Vational Hotel. T,y2
J3EU J. BAHMW,
Belleville, Mifflin County, Pa.
Dr I.iHLKN has been appointed an Examining
v .',n for Penions, Soldiers requiring exam
,, " i i find him at his office in Belleville.
Beueville, August 22,1 sot.-y
HE-PECTFI LLY inform the citizens of Lewistown
,i nutv. . few d-iors from the Town Hall, in
v ; :! at he i- prepared todo all kind of work
f profession in the most teientiHe man
• • -. is. Part al Sets, or Single Teeth in- ;
'IJ •i. >l.l Silver, or Vulcanite Base, in an elegant I
" 't ~ •kn. in'.ike manner, and on the most reasona- :
* . r.i - H guarantees his work, or no pay.
. ir attention paid tothe extracting and filling
m the most approved manner. nov.-t>m j
Teeth Extracted Without Pain!
By M. R. Thompson, D. D. S.,
By a NEW PROCESS,
... without the use of Chloro
form. Ether, or Nitrons O
x ,de. and is attended by no
/ 1 o'ffiee west Market street,
u i 'i* nv:ir EUsmbiM's botelf
..... no can be found for professional consultation
from the first Monday of emeh month until the fourth
\; when he will be absent on professional busi
-4 - , septO-lI
N'.'lVn 7 i. 2
rvFFFRS his professional services to the citizens of
(.) Lewistown and vicinity. Alt ir. want of good, neat
k wi 1 d.. well to give him a call.
lie mat be found at al) times at his office, three
dc.rs e.st of H M i R Pratt's store. \ alley street.
TEETH Extracted WITH 3UT PAIN
i. v the use of NITROUS OXIDE or
Laugl i'- - '-a- Teeth m-ened on all
IT T 7 the hiitfereni styles of base-- Teeth
' . iin the most approved manner. Special *ten
i,..n given to diseased gums. All work warranted.
' EpTscopal Parsonage, Corner of Main and
o The subscriber has just received and will
fBl keep on hand a select stoca of Men s. Boys
fll and Youth's Boots. Ladies . Misses an- ( hll
iren'- Boots and Shoes of various kind" and
.-.v.. - to which he would invite the attention of his
friends and the public generally. As it is his intention
NOT TO BE UNDERSOLD
bv anv dealer in the county, those in need of winter
. 'or -hoe- are invited to call and ezam.ne trie
oe stock, which w ill be sold at very small profits.
• • fir cah onlv. at the sign of the Alio Seoz, next
use to F. J- Hoffman's store. CLARKE
To Purchasers of Furniture.
R. H. McCLINTIC,
Went Market St., Lfwtitown,
II AS complete CH AMBER SUITS of Walnut, Var
II rushed and in Oil. Also,
30-TAG'S & FLEXOR
together with a large assortment of Fashionable and
CHAIRS, MATTRESSES. &c.
Ca and see hi* stock before purchasing elsewhere.
Y K Metaltc and Wood Bunal Cases constantly
cn hi.-; i Coffins also made to order, and Funerals i
aiV!,,i. i with a fine Hearse, at short Douce.
Lewi-town. June 27, 1566-6mos i
MRS. M. E. STEWART,
Wfsl Market t„ Leviitown,
LAMES A GENTLEMEN a rURNI3H I !
... - t !,,uks. Hat*. Bonnets, Ladies tme DRhi>£> j
G'JODS and Trimmings.
i',-:enis 0 f latest styles always on hand.
Millinery and Dress-Making
executed in the mt approved style.
Lewi Ho wn, April IS, lS6o.tf
628. HOOP SKIRTS, 628.
Hopkin's 11 Own Make,"
NEW FALL STYLES!
Are in every respect fir*t rlnst, and embrace a oom
pietc a--ortnicnt for Ladies Misses, and Children, of
tli. N- west blvles. every length and Mwt o* Vt aist.
Uu wherever known, are more universally
: :u i than auv others before the public. They re
• heir shape (tetter, are lighter.more elastic, more
... ,nd ie*t!y Cheaper, than any other Hoop
n the market. The springs and fastenings are
sited perfect. Evxtr LADT should Tat I HXM I
- > are n,, being extensively sold by .Merchants,
g r it the Country, and at WhoUxnU 4 Retail, at
torv and Sales Ri-otn.
- N \:u ll slitfcKT, BKI/iW 7th. PHILADELPHIA.
A- : r HOPXIS'S -own make." —buy no other.
' : ,i _\,ine genuine unless Stamped on each
K ! 1, i—•Hopkin.s Hoop Skirt Manufactory, No.
f '-' Ar.-n Street Philadelphia. ...
nsiautly on hand full line of New dork
made sV i ts. at verv low prices.
ILKMS NET CASH. ONE PRICE ONLY. au29-4m
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
HAVING located permanently in Mil
ry. Mifflin county, otters hisprofes
sioiuil services to the public. An experi
ence of 7 years fully justifies him in soli
citing a share of public patronage.
Uthee at Graham's Hotel. sep^6-3m
V N Assortment of splendid 5 year old
fl To** of be* varieties at P. J. HOFFMAN'S.
Splendid Syrup Molasses.
ONE of the best articles at 25 per quart, at
0et.34. F. J. HOFFMAN'S.
Sugar at 12 1-2 Cts.
Ol'R article at this price i good. Also. White at 17. at j
0ct.24. F. J. HOFFMAN'S. )
rpo go to HOFFMAN'S tor your PAT
-1 ENT MEDICINES. j
y'OU can buy your Bar Iron at 5U Also
on hand Steel Horseshoe Calks and Horse i
Shoes, at F. J. HOFFMAN'S
Hubs, Spokes, Fellows,
STEEL Runners, &c. A ereat assort
ment at F. J. HOFFMAN'S. I
Coal Oil and Lamps,
\ T F. J. HOFFMAN'S.
AND a variety of other heatinc Stoves
for sale low for cash at F. J. HOFFMAN'S.
Sole Leather, Upper,
CALF Skins, Morrocco, &c, at
0ct.24. F. J. HOFFMAN'S.
I 1 VERY one who wants a good Cooking
j Stove, should call and see this.at
0ct.24. F. J. HOFFMAN'S
rF. LOOP is receiving new goods every week, di
. rect from the eastern factory, and is prepared to
sell Boots cheaper than the cheapest, having a large
assortment of all sizes and styles.
Men's Boots from $3 50 to 5 00
Boys' 2 50 to 3 60.
,1.. 2 00 to 2 50.
Children's 1 25 to 2 00.
A good assortment of homemade work on hand,
and constantly making to order all the latest styles.
THE PATENT BOOTS
are now creating a great exciu-roent. and all who wish
to have a pair of those pleasant boots can be accom
modated at short do tics.
Call at the old stand. P. F. LOOP.
CROVER & BAKER'S
j SEWING MACHINE
\I*E wish to call the attention of Tailors. Sboemak
| t T ers. Saddlers. Coach Trimmers and Families to
! these machines, as they are
OPERATED WITH THE GREATEST
THE NOISELESS MACHINE.
Persons selecting a machine can have their choice
! OF SHUTTLE STITCH, OR
GROYER BAKER STITCH,
the peculiarity of each stitch being cheerfully shown
I and explained.
Extract# from Xew Vorlt Paper* i
" The Grover A Baker noiseless machines are ac
knowledged to be superior to al! others."
"The work executed by the Grover 4 Baker Ma
chine has received the highest premium at every
State Fair in the United States where it has been ex
B. —We make no charge for
LEARNING PURCHASERS TO SEW.
We call them the
CHEAPEST FIRST CLASS MA
NEEDLES. SILK TWIST & THREAD-
P. F. LOOP. Agent for the above,
Boot and Shoe Maker, in the public square. Lewis
town. dot; J
8T THE POETRT MACHIXX.
The road to wealth, my friends, you'll find,
Runs hard by the Big Coffee Pot Sign,
"Tis there the people get their own.
And children, too, who are sent alone.
And if you give me your attention,
To convince you. I'll but mention.
If you call. I'll add to your delight
More than money can—that's bright.
Though should it cost you a liitle cash,
To think you're poorer, don't be rash;
'Tis not vour money that's true wealth,
But contentment and good health.
Therefore your comforts I've selected.
And now they are open to be inspected;
Many of the Goods are neat yet rosy,
Just the things to fit you up cosy,
Rug pattern oil cloth, rich and new.
Rustic oil shades, that'll please you;
Neat cas burner stoves, to keep off tne snafces,
When winter is here with its snowv white flakes.
A cloth damper, too. you'll find here,
That you wet not vour fingers, my dear.
But l'can't tell all. just give me a peep,
And you'll be convinced the Goods are cheap.
And at J. I- Walbs' House Furnishing Stand
You can get a fat press and a lard can.
A splendid cook stove, no better you'll find
Thau is kept at the Big Coffee Pot Sign.
A word or two before I stop the machine,
I have plenty of tin ware, and things uot seen,
And jobbing we do right on the spot,
At the sign of the Big Coffee Pot.
Lewistown, Nov. 7, ltkifi,tf
Looking Glasses and Picture
It HE undersigned, thankful for past fa
vors, would inform the public that he
still manufactures Frames of every de
scription, as cheap as they can be made
elsewhere. Looking • > L.-ses of everj de
scription, wholesale ami retail, at reduced
prices. He respectfully solicits a share of
public patronage. Ali .arsons who have
left pictures to frame < r v-mea to be ruled, j
are requested to call :<>. idem.
mylbtf J AMI..- GUUTCHLEV
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1866.
Photograph and Art Gallery.
LATE IK K H 11OI.DICK'S.
ITcEWENS can now furnish the pub
,\l_ lie with Likenesses, from the tiniest
Gem to a Portrait or life size Pnotograph.
We have the only .Solar Camera at work
in the Juniata Valley, ami tlesire the pub
lie to eall and examine what Mr. Burk
lioider (an accomplished and well known ;
artist) and others have pronouneed " a
success." Look at the array:
Gems, j Albatypes or Ivory-
Ferrotypes, I types,
Melaiuotypes, : Photo-Miniatures
Ambrotypes, j Cabinet Photos., A !
Card Photographs j Portrait or Life size
Photographs for ; plain or in colors,
oval frames, j <fec., &e., &c.
Our work is executed in the best style,
plain or in colors, and at the lowest rates.
Call at McEWENS.
X. B.- nstruetions to students given
at fair a tes. aj>4tf
FOR the treatment of acute and chron
ic diseases. The undersigned would
respectfully eall the attention of the afflic
ted females of Mifflin and adjoining coun
ties to the fact that she has taken instruc
tions in the correct application of Elec
tricity, and is now fully prepared to oj>-
erate successfully on all persons afflicted
with the following named diseases:
General Debility. Kidney Complaint,
Liver. Spinal Affection, Costiveness,
Foul Stomach, Rheumatism,
Diseases of the Womb,
Suppression of the Menses, Neuralgia,
Nervous Diseases, Female Weakness,
Piles and Gravel, Bronchial Affections,
Dispepsia, Headache, Drabets,
Goitre, or Big Neck, &c.
Female patients can receive treatment
at my residence for any of the above dis
eases* with the wonderful discovery of
Electricity, which is without a parallel
and the very desideratum for the afflicted.
Please give her a trial; it is a mild opera
tion, producing no shock or unpleasant
sensation, and relieves when medicine
has no effect at all.
M A RGARET LEWIS.
Newton Hamilton, Mifflin eo., Peuna.,
Sept. 26, 1866,-3 in*
E.tatc of Wlllinm Luwry, dectanvd.
"VJOTICE is hereby given that letters of
.lN administration on the estate of Wil
liam Lowry. late of Men no township,
Mifflin county, have been granted to the
undersigned, residing in said township.
All persons indebted to said estate are re
quested to make immediate payment, and
those having claims to present them duly
authenticated, for settlement.
DANIEL E. LOWRY,
FARM of 110 ACRES FOR SALE.
CI ITU ATE in Wayne township, Mifflin
county, on turnpike road, within 1 of
a mile of Atkinson's Mills, store, school,
blacksmith, &c., and within 2J miles of
Penna. R. R., about 70 acres cleared and
the balance in excellent timber, prime
oak. <fco. This property will be sola very
low and to suit purchaser. Persons wish
ing to examine the premises will call on
J. Glasgow, esq., or C. N. Atkinson, near
premises, and for price and terms see or
address A. J. ATKINSON,
oct24tf Lewistown, Pa.
HEAVY ARRIVAL OF
Boots, Shoes, and Ladies' Felt
EAITI2LS & STCITE'S,
Wholesale Dealers in Millinery and
Boots and Shoes.
OCX STOCK COKSISTB OF
Velvet Ribbon, Ru#he#,
fKL\ ET, FELT AND STRiW GOODS.
These Goods are all bought from the Manufactnr
ers and Importers, consequently we can sell as low
as any wholesaling house in Philadelphia.
We have on hand and are receiving 300 cases oi
Men's, Boys' and Youth's
WAX & KIP BOOTS,
direct from the factory in Massachusetts. Give us a
call, and see the difference between Philadelphia and
Factory prices. We solicit the attention of the clos
est buyers. Also, a large stock of Ladies' and Gents'
Also, a full assortment of Boys' and Gents'
ilSflE) IFOTB aJAVSo
We offer the above Goods cheaper than any other
house in this town
East Market Street, opposite the Express
Lewistown, 3epL 19,186f1y
mHE winter session at this Institution
X will commence on MONDAY, Octo
ber 15, 1866, and continue live months.
Tuition, Hoard, Fuel, Light and Furnish
ed Rooms, per session, SIOO. Day schol
ars sls per session. Students should ap
ply earlv to secure a room in the building.
sep29-3m 8. Z. SHARP, Prin.
J A. & W. R. McKEE
HAVE removed their Leather Store to Odd Fel
low*' 11.11, where .ney will cons-antly keep
on hand. Sole Leather. H.trne's, Skirting and Upper
Leather. Kins. American and French Cair Skins. Mo
roccos. Linings and Bindings, and a general assort
ment of Shoe Findings, which they will sell cheap for
rash. Highest market price paid in cash for Hides.
Calf Skins and Sheep Skins.
wanted, for which the highest market price will be
paid in Cash. ap4tf
FclUnc Citizens of the Senate and House of litvi Muta
After brief interval the Congre-n of the Unite"!
State;" resumes its annual legislative l:fi>ors. An all- i
wise and merciful Providence lm- abated the pesti
lence which visited cur shores. leaving its calamitous
traces upon some portions of our country. Peaee.
order, tranquility, anil civil authority have been hu
man y declared to exist throughout the whole ot the
United States. In all of the St .tea civil authority has
superseded the coercion of arms. ami the n-ople. by
their voluntary action, are maintaining their govern
ments in full activity and complete operation. The j
enforcement of the laws is no longer -obstructed in
any Stat-- by combinations too powerful to t>e snj>-
pressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceed- 1
ings;" and the animosities engendered h_v the war are
rapidly yielding to the beneficent influences of our
free institutions, and to the kindly effects ot tinre- 1
stricted social and commercial intercourse. An en- j
tire restoration of fraternal feeling must be the earn- j
est wish of every patriotic heart: and we will have ao- j
eomphshed our grandest national achievement when
forgetting the sad events of the past, and rememtier
ing only their instructive lessons, we resume our on- I
ward career as a free, prosperous, and united people. I
RESTORATION or THE STATES SOITH.
In my message of the 4th of December. 186.V Con
gress was informed of the measures which had been
instituted by the Executive with a view to the gradu
al restoration of the States in which the insurrection
occurred to their relations with the General Govern
ment. Provisional Governors had been appointed.
Conventions called. Governors elected. Legislatures
assembled, and Senators and Representative- chosen
to the Congress of the United States. Courts had
been opened for the enforcement of laws long in
abeyance. The blockade had been removed, custom
houses re-established, and the internal revenue law
put in force, in order that the people might eontriii
ute to the national income. Postal operations had
been renewed, and efforts were being made to re
store them to their former condition of efficiency.—
The States themselves had been asked to take part
in the high 1 unction of amending the Constitution,
and of thus sanctioning the extinction of African sla
very as one of the legitimate results of our interne
Having progressed thus far. the Executive Depart
ment found that it had accomplished nearly all t ha r
was within the scope of its constitutional authority.
One thing, however, yet remained to be done before
the work o restoration could be completed, and tha*
was the admission to Congress of loyal Senators and
Representatives from the States w hose people hat!
rebelled against the lawful authority of the General
Government. Tins question devolved upon the re
spective Houses, which, by the Constitution.are made
the judge* of the elections, returns, and qualifications
of their'own members; and its consideration at one
I engaged the attention of Congress.
In the meantime, the Executive Depaitment—no
oilier plan having been proposed by Congress—con
tinued its efforts to perfect a.- far as was practicable
the restoration of the proper relations lietween tin
citiaens of the respective States, the skates, and tin
Federal Government, extending, from time to time,
as the public interests seern to require, the judicial,
revenue, and postal systems of the country. With the
advice and consent of the Senate, the necessary offi
cers were appointed, and appropriations made by-
Congress for the payment of their sa.aries. The
proposition to amend the Federal Constitution, so a
to prevent the existence of slavery within the United
Stales or any ffia-e *ubieet to their juri-diei on. mi
ratified fcy the requisite number of Stale*: and on ih<-
Dth day of December, 1805, it was officially declared
to have become valid as part of the Constitution of
the United Slates. All of the States in which the in
surrection had existed promptly amended their Con
stitution* so a* to make them conform to the greai
change thus effected in the organic law of the land
declaring null and void all ordinances and law s of
secession; repudiated all pretended debt* and obliga
Uons created for the revolutionary purposes of the
insurrection; and proceeded, in good faith, to the en
actment of measures for the protection and amelior
ation of the condition of the colored race. Congress,
vet hesitated to admit any of these States to repre
sentation: and it was not until toward the close of the
eighth month of the ses*ion that an exception was
made in favor of Tennessee, by the admission of her
Senators and Representative*.
I deem it a subject of profound regrel that Congress
has thus far failed to admit to seals loyal Senators anu
Representatives from the other States, w hose inhabi
tants. with those of Tennes-ee. had engaged in the
rebellion. Ten States—more than one-fourth of the
whole number —remain without representation: the
seats of fifty members in the House of Representa
tives and of twenty members in the Senate are yet
vacant—not by their own consent- not by a failure of
election, but by the refusal ofCongress to"accept the:,
credential*. Their admission, it is believed would
have accomplished much toward* the renewal and
strengthening of our relations as one people, and re
moved seriou* cause for discontent on the par: of the
inhabitants of those Mates. It would have accorded
with the great principle enunciated in the De larauou
of American Independence, that no people ought to
bear the burden o." taxation, and yet be denied the
right of representation. It would have been in con
sonance with the expres* provisions of the Constitu
tion, that "each State shall have at least one Repre
sentative " and "that no State, without it* consent.
sha!i be deprived of it* equal suffrage in the Senate."
These provisions were intended to secure to every
State. and to the people of every Stale, tip- right of
representation in each House of Co'•_-••-.**: and so im
portant was It -deemed bv the frain • - to- Consti
tution that the equality of the s a" sin the Senate
should be preserved, that not eveu > > an amendment
of the Constitution can any State, without its consent,
be denied a voice in that branch of the National Leg
It is true, it has been assumed that the existence of
the States was terminated by the rebellious acts of
their inhabitants, and that the insurrection having
been suppressed, they were thenceforward to be con
sidered merely as conquered territories. The Legis
lative, Executive, and Judicial Departments of tue
Government have, however, with great distinctness
and uniform consistency, refused to sanction an as
sumption so incompatible with the nature of our re
publican system, and with the professed objects of the
war. Throughout the recent legislation of Congress,
the undeniable fact makes itself apparent, that these
ten political communities are nothing less than States
of this Union. At the very commencement of the
rebellion, each House declared, with a unanimity as
remarkable as it was significant, that the war was not
"waged, upon our pari, in any spirit of oppression,
nor for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor 1
purpose of overthrowing onnterfering witli the rights j
or established institutions of those States, but to de
feud and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution
and all laws made in pursuance thereof, and to pre
serve the Union with all the dignitv, equality, and
rights of the several States umrnpared: and that as
soon as these objects" were -accomplished the war
ought to cease." In some instances Senators were
permitted to continue their legislative functions,
while in other instances Representative'were elected
and admitted to seats after their Stales had furniallv '
declared their right to withdraw from ilie Union, and j
were endeavoring to maintain that right by force of ,
arms. Ail of the'State-s whose people were in insur- j
rection, as States, were included in the apportionment
of the direct tax of tweutv millions of dollars anuu- |
allv ia d upon the United States by the act approved
6th August. 1861. Congress, by the act of March, '
4th, 1862, and by the apportionment of representation j
thereunder, aio recognized their presence as Slates i
in the Union and they have, for judicial purposes, j
been divided into districts, as .States alone can be di
vided. The same recognition appears in trie recent
legislation in reference to Tennessee, which evident- ,
lv rests upon the fact that the functions of the State
were not destroyed by the rebellion, but merely sus
pended; and that principle is of course applicable to
those States which, like Tennessee, attempted to re
nounce their places in the Union.
ACTIOS Or THE EXECUTIVE.
The action of the Executive Department of the
Government upon this subject, ha.- tieen equally defi
nite and uniform, and the purpose of toe war wa.-
specifieally stated in the Proclamation issued by my
I preeeoessor on the 22d day of September. 1362, It
; was then solemnly proclaimed and declared that
-hereafter, as heretot re, the war will be prosecuted
I for the object of practically restoring the consCtu
-1 tioual relation between the Cmted States and each of
the Slates and the people thereof.in which states that
relation is or may be suspended or disturbed."
The recognition of the States by the Judic.al he
pariment 01 the Government has also been clear and
conclusive in all proceeding- affecting them as states,
i had in the Supreme, Circui and District Courts.
FRSEICBKTLiL CIMKIOS ABOrT SOUTHERN COSGREBSWE*.
In the aiimission of Senators and Representatives
from any arid all ot the States, there can be no just
ground ol apprehension that pers >ns who arc di-ioy
al will be clothed with the p->wer~ oi legislation: f,r
this could not happen when the Constitution and the
laws are enforced by a vigilant and faithful Congress.
Each house is made the -judge of Hi-' elections, re
i turns, and qualifications ol its own members, ana
■ may, - with the concurrence of two-thirds, expe. a
i member." When n senator or Representative pre
-ente hie certificate ot" election, he may at once be ad
ir.itted or rejected ; or should there be any questson
as to his eligibility, his credentials may !• referred
for investigation to the appropriate committee. If
admitted to a - at, it must up <u • v.deu, e sati.-i;•
lory to the House of which he thus becomes a mem
ber. thai tie posst s.se* the requisite Constitutional and
legai qualifications. If refused admission as a mem
ber for want of due allegiance to the Governmen- qbd
returned to hi -tistituents, tliev are admonished
that none hu" * loval to the Unite I .-states will
be allowed a v .. i . i'c- Legislative Councils of ttie
nation, and tin- p<i. r and moral influence
of Congress are thus etl. C.i > - xertcl in the fine
rest of loyalty to the Government and fidelity to the
Union. I pon tin* question, so vitally affecting the
restoration of the Uni-u au.i the permanency of "iir
present form of government, my convictions, hereto
fore expres-ed. have undergone no change; but. ou
the Contrary, their correctness ha* been confirmed
by reflection and time. If the adm:*sion of loyal
members to sest* in the respective Houses of Con
gress wa* wise and expedient a year ago. 11 is no It-**
wi*e expedient now. If this anomalous condi
tion is right now—if. iti the exact condition of these
States at the present lime.it is lawful to exclude them
from representation. I do not see that the question
will be change<i by iiie efflux of time. Ten years
hence, if these States remain as they are. the right of
representation will be no stronger—the right of ex
clusion will be no weaker.
The Constitution of the United States makes it the
duty of the President to recommend to the consider
ation of Congress "such mea-nres as he shall judge
necessary or expedient." I know of no measure
more imperatively demanded by every consideration
of national interest, sound policy, and equal iustiee,
than the admission of loyal members fion the now
unrepresented States. This would consummate the
work of restoration, and exert a most salutary influ
ence in the re-establishment of peace, harmony ami
fraternal feeling. It would tend greatly to renew the
confidence of the American people in the vigor and
stability of their institutions, it would bind U* more
closely together a* a nation and enable its to show to
the world the inherent and recuperative power of a
Government founded upon the wi.lof tne people, and
established upon the principles of liberty, justice and
intelligence. Our increased strength and enhanced
prosperity would irrefragahly demonstrate the falla
cy of the arguments against tree institutions drawn
from o-ir recent national disorder* by the eiietin- s of
republican government. The admission of loyal
members from the States now excluded from C< n
gre*- by allaying doubt and apprehension, would
turn capital, now awaiting an opportunity for invest
ment, into the channels of trade and industry. It
would alleviate the present condition of those State*,
and by inducing emigration, ai.l lit the settlement o!
fertile region* now uncultivated, and lead to au in
creased production of those staples which havt ad
ded so greatly to the wealth of the i.ation and the
commerce .f the v.orld. New fields of enterprise
w.u 1.1 te opened t.. our progressive people.ami soon
the devastations of war would be repaired, and all tra
ces of our domestic differences effuced fiom the
minds of our couuti > men.
in our efforts to preserve "the unity of Government
which con-titules us one people." t v rest, ring the
State* to the condition which tliey field prior to the
rebellion, we should be cautions. leVt. having re*cueii
our nation irom peril* of threatened disintegration,
we resort to consolidation, a,id tu the end absolute
d"-*p- 11* in a* a remedy for the recurrence of similar
troubles "1 lie war having terminated, and with it all
occasion for the exercise 'of power* of doubtful con
stitutionality, we should hasmn to ! ring legislation
within the boundaries prescribed by the Constitution,
ami to return t<- the ancient landmarks established by
our father* foi the guidance of succeeding genera
tion* "The Constitution which at any time exist*,
until changed by an xpiu.-ff and authentic act of the
whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon all." "If.
in the opinion of the people, the distri! ution or modi
fication of the constitutional powers lie. in any partic
ular wrong, let n be corrected by an amendment :ri
the way in which the Constitution designates. But
let there !> uo change by usurpation, for it is the cus
tomary weapon by which free Governments are de
stroyed ' 'A asliington spoke these words to lii-'eoun
trymen when, followed by their love and gnuitude. he
voluntarily retired front the cares of public life. "To
k<-> pin ail things within the pale of our constitution
al powers, and cherish the Federal Union as the only
rook of safety " were prescribed by Jefferson a* rules
of action to endear to his -countrymen the true prin
ciple.- of their Constitution, and promote a union ot
sentiment and action equally auspicious to their hap
piness and safety.' -Jackson held that the action of
the General Government should always be stri-ly con
fined to the sphere of it- appropriate duties, and
justly and for. iWv urged thai our Government i* not
10 be maintained nor our Union preserved "by inva
sion* f the right* and power- of the sevi-rakState*.
In thus attempting to make our Genital Government
strong, we make it weak. It* true strength consists
tn leai :ng individuals and State.- a- much a* p.>**ilne
to themsclve-: iu making itself felt, not in us power,
but in its beneficence: not in its control, i ut in it* pro
tection. not in binding the state- more clo-elv to the
centre, but leaving e.. h to tn.\e unobstructed in its
proper constitutional orbit." These are the teachings
•>f men whose deeds and services have made litem
illustrious, and who. long since withdrawn from scenes
of life, have left to their c mntry the rich legacy of
their example, their wisdom,and their patriotism.—
Drawing fresh inspiration from their lessons, let us
emulate them in love of country and respect for the
Constitution and the laws.
The ri port oi the Secretary of the Treasury affords much
Informal!"-, respecting the revenue an.l commerce of the
country, ilia Mtw, upon the currency, am! w'th refer
ence tu a proper a.ijusi ment ot our revenue system. Inter
na; as well as Impost, are commended to the careful con
sideration of Congress.
THE NATIONAL BEST.
The report presents a much more satisfactory condition
oI our finances than one year ago the most sanguine coui 1
have anticipated. Daring the fiscal year ending the 30th
June. 1865. Hie last y ear ol the war. the public debt w as in
creased #941,902.537. and OS the Bit of 'ctober, 1565. it
amounted lo $2 740.8 M.750. On the 31st day of October.
lso6. it had been reduced to #2*51.310,006, the diminution,
during a period of fourteen mo :ns, commencing Septem
ber 1, IS6S. and ending October 31, i*66, hac nig been #BO6 -
RECEIPTS FOR THE FISCAL TEAR.
Paring the fiscal year ending the 3i)th of June, 1*66, the
receipt, were 1553.if32.630. ami the expenditures #520.7*0,-
940, leaving an aval able surplus ol 51C.281,630. It t e li
inateU thai the receipt* for the n,cal year ending the 30ih
ol Jun ', 1567, will be #475JK1,386. and that the expendi
tures w;.l rviuh the ciii of $315,42e,u74, having tn tLe
Treasury a surplus ntlte.633.S-. For the fiscal ver end
ing June 30.1865.it is estimated that the receipts will
amount to $436,000,000, and thai .the expenditures will h
-53*0.247.641—5h0w ing an excess of #85.752.359 r, favor oftiie
Government. These estimated rrveipt, may he dimintsh
td by a reduction of excise and import duties.
SECRETART STANTON B REPORT.
The report of the Secretary of War furnishes valuable
and important Information In refert nee to the operations
of his Department during ilie past year. Tew volunteers
now remain in the service, and they are being discharge t
us rapidly as they can be replaced by regular troop,. T., •
army has been promptly paid, carefully provide! with
medical treatment, well sheltered ami subsisted, and is to
be furnished with breech-loading small arms. Prepara
tions have been made for the payment of the additiotia!
bounties authorized during the recent session of Congress,
under such regulations a. will protect Ilie Government
from iraud, and securt to thohotiorably discharged soldier
the well-earned reward of his faithfulness and gallantry.—
Wore than six thousand uiaimed soldiers have received ar
tificial limbs or other surg'cai apparatus; and fortv-one
national cemeteries, containing the r-uiolns of c>4,*2b Un
ion soldiers, have already been es:ab':isheJ. The total es
timates of military appropriations is $252>>5,609.
SECRET-ART WELLES OS THE SAW.
It is siatad in the report of the secretary of the Navy
that the naval force at this time consists of two hundred
and seventy-eight vessels, armed with two thousand three
hundred and fifty-one guns. Gf these, one hundred and
fifteen vessels, carrying one thousand an ', twenty-nine
1 puns, are In commission, distributed chiefly among seven
squadrons The number of men in the service is thirteeu
■ tuousuitd six hundred.
Most of the iron-clad fleet is at League Isian 1, in the vi
cinity of Philadelphia a place which, until decisive action
should be taken by Congress, was selected by the secreta
ry of the Navy as the most eligible location lor thai class
of vessels. The .Naval Pension fund amounts to sU.7dO.<*M
having been increased $2,750.0011 during the vear. The
expenditures of the Department for ihe fiscal vear
ending 30th June last were 113.324.526 aud the esti
mates lor the coming year amount to $33^68.526.
POST MASTER GENERAL RANDALL'S REPORT.
The report of the Postmaster general presents a
most satisfactory condition of the postal service, and
submits recommendations which deserve the con=:d
eration of Congress. Ihe revenues of the Depart
ment for the year ending June 3". 1566. were 514.35b.-
9*o. and the expenditures $15,352,079, showing an ex
cess of the latter of #965,693.
SICUTAKT BROVK2M £ EXHIBIT FOR THE INTERIOR.
The report of the Secretary of the Interior exhibits
the condition of those branches of the public service
which are committed to bis supervision. During the
last fiscal year 4.029.312 acres of lanu wore disposed of.
1,992.516 acres of which were entered under the home
THE PACMC RAILROAD.
Operations on the several lines of the Pacific Rat -
road have been prosecuted with unexampled v gor
and success. Should no unforeseen causes of delay
occur, it is confidently anticipated that tins gieat
thoroughfare will be completed before the expiratun
of the period designated by Congress.
patwent or PENSIONS.
During the last fiscal year the amount ptid lo pen
sioner*, including the expenses of disbursement, wan
Vol. LVI. So. 49.
f, 13 ' 45 *?r s "' l7T narn,>s were aided to the pen
!w?la! wits f'o r-Jl number of P"* uers. June
TREATIES"! 1 THE INT - . \
Treaties have beonci.,l u.h .1 Willi tin Indians, who,
enticed int.. armed opposition to ~iir G -v • t nmrnt at
tin- outbreak ,if the r- - bell i. m. hare obi i ndn-mally
submitted To our liuilinrity. and UIHIIIT. it** l ; a i earnest
desire for a renew: : of friendly reUliuna.
THE PATENT orric*.
During the year Mtiinf Septen.',-r 3P, IMB,k,Tlk
patents for useful inventions and design-* were issued,
Hti-1 at tii.it ilate the liutance in the fi\-a>ury to the
credit of the I'atent fund u a- #.."_N.gy7
'HE kltulSStPPl LEVEES.
A" •' sill Meet up-oii which depc-mis an immense
amount .ii -d-iction un-1 cotnineree of the country,
ree jinineiid to Congress such legislation as may l*>e
ne.-. -iu\ s., r the_ pr. -ervmiuii tin, levees of the
Miss -sippi river It i-uinattei if national inii ■. i tanee
that early steps should he taken net only to add to
the enieienev of thesw barriers list de-iructive
inundations, aut for the removal of a!! obstructions to
the free and safe navigation ol llmt gieat channel of
trade and commerce-.
REPRESENTATION- FOR THE DISTRICT or COLI EBU.'
1 lie Di.-tnet ot t'tilitmbiH. under existing lew - is not
en tit ed • tuat r. presentat HI in the National t otmcils
woieli, from our earliest history, nas la-en uniformly
accorded i,, each Territory M*a ashed from time to
time wuhiu oui limits. 1. therefore, iccmimcii-l the
passage of a law av.t.-arizing the electors of the Dis
trict oft olumbta t-i choose a delegate, to l e allowed
. the same t ;ght- atid privileges as udelegate ronresent
i ing a lerntory. or
The report ot the Commissioner of Agriculture re
-1 "*** the operations of his Depail inout during the
past 5 ear and asks the an! of Congr-ss in his efforts
to cinouiage those frtates which so urged t-v war.are
now earnestly engaged in tlie organization of domes-
I tic iiiuiitftry.
EMIGRATION OF FoBtIUK COKTICTB.
1 ne i- ifutioti of i -ingress protest ng .gainst par
dons t-v foreign lioveruments of pel-, n- convii ted
■■ inl.-nii.us otlensos. on ,-ondition of emigration to
: our country, has been comniunical- d to the States
with which We iiiaintaitt intercourse, and the Diactiee
' not" 1 been renewed '<* <ur p an. ha.
EMIGRATION or FREEI-MEN TO rot, EH.N LANDS.
The Fx i-utlvc. nariisd ot an attempt by Spaiilsh-.tmer
aan a-i\ .-:iturcr t . induct the emigratiou of ireeduten of
I tneln:: state-to a foreign country, p-oiesir ! against
ti.e pr- j- t a, ot.e will, !i. i; consummated, would r.-once
th'-m t- bondage .-v. n mor-- oppressive tiiati that tr-'tn
Which they l av.- lust h--eti relieved. Assu:aiice lias been
received I'-oui the th.veMiii.-i-l ot the Scat.- it- whuh the
plan was matured, that the i rocce-thug Wiu Bred toil her
Us encouragement nor approval. It Is a question Worthy
of your consideration. whether our law - upon this subject
are adequate to the prevention or punishment oi the erlms
t! us meditated
OUR RELATIONS WiTH FRANCE AND MEXICO.
In the month cf April last, a-('-ingress I- awn re. a friend
ly arrant in-was tna.-e hrt ween Hie Kmpe. o ,-i.r prance
ami the Fmldent of the United State- for tt-e withdrawal
trot.i Vi-sliii.,! the French expeditionary military forces
l his withdraw-.1 was to be alectcil in thie.' <.et..< htuenta
tiienrst Ui wbi-h.lt was ui-derstoo-l. would lea. e Mexico
In November. nw past, the secon i in .March next anil
the thir-i art-! lust in November. 18C7.
I cannot lorego the hope that France will reconsider the
! Stil l- ct. ami adopt some t solution lb regard to the evacu
j atioti or Mexico which will conform as t.early as practica
ble with tlie existing i ugagement, and thus ineet lhe lust
expectations of the trilled States
TRE UNITED STAXEtS AND <jILEAT BRI7AIN.
It Is a matter of regret that MCMHMcttWFidTMMkB
been made toward? an adjustment of the dill. r-i ••• s be
tween the United State.- and tireat Uritaiu arising out of
ttie depredation- on our national commerce j, other
trespasses committed during our civil war tv B isii sub
iects. in violation of International law am! treaU obliga
THE FENIAN AFFAIR OF LAST JI'NE.
Outhefi'.hof June last. In violation of our mutrallty
| law.. a tuilltary vxpvJltl-.n aril enterprise against the
■ Briti-li North American Colonies was project.-.! unit at
t-uti to 'to be i-orrle.l .. n within tht territory at.-l JuMsOie
tiou ot tile Uttite.l States. The exprfiittrc: f.tile.l. tut it
has not bee with oat lu painti:! twmweil Some of
our citizens who. it was ail- if - . were engng. •! In the ex
pe.iitioi , w. re eapturec. .no) iiave hern brought to tr:ai. as
foa a i. |.lta!oflTt net, lit tbe Pr > v Idi e ofCsns.!a J ■ . m-tit
■ doc death have heeii pronounced agar.it>: soma,
while others have been acquitted.
THE RMHT OF SELF-EXPATRIATION.
This Government has claimed lor all persona not con
victed. or accuse.a. or stispe.-e lof crime, an absolute po-
Ittlca! right of self expatriation, and a cl.oice of new na
' tlonal allegiance Mo-tot si.e huropean Males have dis
sented iron, this principle, and have claimed a right to
bold such ot their an bject* as have lunate rated to and been
naturalized in the United Slates, and afterward- returned
on transient vi- t. to their native countries, to tlie per
formance of ml Itaay am ho la :lk.- manner as resident
suhjects. Peace is now prevailing in hurope, and ttie pres
ent .eem. to i> a favorable time for an assertion by Con
gress of tlie principle, ao lone maintained by the i xecu
tive Deportment, that natorallxatioii by out state fully
; exempt-the native-born subje -t of anv otii<-r Stat, froth
I tiie performance of military-ere-;.-. undcran> f.r.-ur: Gov
ernment, so lor.r as he joes not voiuntarliy renounce Its
rights and benefits.
A TRTING ORDEAL.
In the performance of a doty Imposed upon rue by the
Constitution. 1 tiav r tt,u. submitr.vu to the I:.present*.
tives of the State- ail of the j>n[,le, -uch l-iforniatton of
our domestic and foreign afluir* as the public interests
seem to require. t'ur Government Is now undergoing tts
most trying ordeal, and my earnest prayer is thai the
peril niav be successful! a;ii tinai'r passed, without im
ps.ring it - original strength and sv innietry. The intet cats
of the nation are best to be promoted by tiie revival of
fraternal relations, the complete obliteration of oar paat
differences, an 1 the re-icaagurstlon of ail tt.e pur-uits of
peace. Directing our effort- to the early accomplishment
of These great end.-, ict en leavor *■, preAe-ve hariiiouy
between ttie co-wnnate Departments of tbe Government,
thai each In its proper sphere mac cordially 0.-.q-rat
wjiii tiie other in securtn-- the maintenance of tiie Con
stitution. tii- preservation of the Union, and the perpetu
ltv of our free Institution-.
Washington, December 3,1566,
Equal LatYM and Equal Rights.
The best comment that can he made on
the assumptions of the President's mes
sage, are facts like the following :
The Democratic party, in opposing the
constitutional amendment, opposes equal
representation, and favor.-- the rotten bor
ough system. From a few figures, we
may see how the democratic system works.
In South Carolina are three districts, each
sending a Representative to Congress.—
The population of these districts is as fol
Ist District, 25,671 whites; 84,000 ne
groes ; 4,500 voters.
2d District, 41,706 whites; 78,223 ne
groes ; 7,000 voters.
3d District, 40,635 whites; 60,991 ne
groes ; 7,900 voters.
Total for the above three districts, 120,-
072 white population, and 19,400 voters
entitled to three members of Congress.—
In Indiana the 6th District has a popula
tion of 118,000 whites, with 23,479 voters
—more voters than the entire three dis
tricts of South Carolina, yet only entitled
to elect one member of Congress. So that
tiie vote of one white man in South Caro
lina counts more in Congress than the
votes of three white men in Indiana.
That is, less than twenty thousand white
voters of South Carolina elect three Con
gressmen, w r hile more than twenty-three
tho isand white voters of Indiana only
elect one Co i rssman.
\ ris this i These less than twenty
1 thousand Wiiilc voters of South Carolina
were every one bitter rebels, who strained
every nerve to destroy both the Union
and the Constitution; while these over
twenty-three thousand white voters of
Indiana were except the Democratic Cop
perheads, loyal, and sent one man out of
I every five to fight for the Union and the
: Constitution. Yet the Democrats would
| give these less than twenty thousand
I South Carolina bitter rebels three times
i as much power in Congress as more than
I twenty-three thousand loyal Indiana pa
trHos. And, unless the proposed consti
tutional amendment is passed, the demo
crats will succeed in their plan, and one
rel>el will wield as much political power
in tbe nation as three Union men.—