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SLTURFIY, FEBRUARY I, 1850 .
T H RMS:
out DOLL.t ft I'KK A*lftT3l,
For six months, 75 cents.
?L r"All XKW subscriptions must he paid in
advance. It" the paper is continued, and not
paid within the first month, $1.25 will he charg
ed ; *if not paid in three months, $1.50; if not
paid in six months, $1.75; and if not paid in
nine months, $2.00.
Notices of Ailvertiifmento.
The rewards offered for the arrest and con
> iction of incendiaries w ill attract attention.
The citizens' subscription has now reached up
wards of S9OO. The Burgess and Town Coun
cil have added $300; and Mr. John Sterrett,
under a belief (now generally entertained) that j
liis mill was designedly fired, offers a reward of [
OXE THOCSAVD DOLLARS. As it is desirable to
keep the streets quiet, we woukl caution those
having boys under their care to prevent them
from scouting about the streets or alleys at
r.ight, as, under present circumstances, it is dan- .
gerous to do so.
The Annual Statement of the Franklin Fire
Insurance Company appears to-day, and will
give those desiring to effect insurance some idea
of its resources. R. O. Hale, Esq., is the agent. 1
The Executors of Jacob Bvler, Sen., dee'd,
w ill dispose of his real estate on the 23d inst.
Attention is requested to the advertisement of
Samuel Pleasants, Philadelphia. His line of
Liverpool packets offers every facility to emi
grants from Great Britain.
w OODCORDEK. —T he Burgess and Town
Council have appointed JOHN RIGG Wood
eurder for this borough, and fixd the fee at
12 ; cents per cord.
Secretary of (he foiumonvealth.
Townsend Haines, Esq., having'accept
ed the appointment of Register of the 1".
S. Treasury, the office of Secretary of the
Commonwealth was tendered to I). M.
Smvser, Esq., of Gettysburg, but declined
on constitutional grounds, being at present
a member of the Legislature. The Gov
ernor then conferred the appointment on
Alexander 1,. Russell, Esq., late Deputy
Secretary, a gentleman who combines every
requisite of industry, ability, and learning
to till the station. *
Locofoco* and Corporalion*.
We have often wondered while reading
the tirades of locofoeo papers on Banking,
what scheme they had in view to take the
place ol the old system. Having tuned
their harps to banks, then banks with indi
vidual liability, then no banks, and yet all
the time electing members of the Legisla
ture who created one had bank after another
—is it any wonder that the people should
have been at a loss to know what they '
were after. But the cat is at last left out
ot the bag, as the following comment on
special legislation, among which Banking
is enumerated, will show :
All this (special legislation) is wrong, or it is
right. If it be wrong, let u* stop it immediately.
If it be right, let us extend it to everything; for
if it be right for one thing, it must be equally so
for another. If a man cannot issue a bank note,
in other words, his note of hand, without special
legislative authority, neither, without such au
thority, should he plough his land, gather his
crops, sell a horse, or order a pair of boots.—
And if he can do any of these things, including
the writing and issuing of his negotiable note of
hand to A or bearer, why should he not, without
such legislation, have his note of hand f rinted
or engraved for the same purposes ? In other
words, if one man may do anything by virtue of
taw, why may not all others who wish it, do the
am thing by virtue of the same authority ?
We boast of our constitution as founded on
equality of rights ; of our legislation as provi
ding securities for this equality. Yet nine-tenths
of this very legislation grants exclusive privilege.
We find the above paragraph in the
last Juniata Register, without credit, but
JUS it smacks strongly of Jesse .Miller, we
think we are not far wrong in attributing
its paternity to the Harrisburg Keystone.
From it our readers will perceive what the
locofocos are at—they wouid have every
farmer, mechanic and tradesman to be iris
OWN BANKER, issue notes to pay their
hands and debts—in short, to create a gen
eral ghinplaster currency , in which " devil
take the hindmost** would be the first ar
ticle in the new rreed.
In Georgia the same partv has even gone
a step further. After having 1 gerryman
dered that state in such a manner as to as
tonish the renowned Gerry himself, were
he still alive, they have struck a blow at
every form, manner and shade of exclusive
•privileges, by referring to a select commit
tee a bill declaring
" That corporations are an enormous public
evil, and that from and after the passage of th.*
act.no corporation stall exist in the State of
" That whereat marriage is n <yuau corpora
tion, inasmuch as it confers exclusive privilege
therefore. that marriage be, from and alter the
passage of this act, abolished, and all marriages
aolemniacd in the State of Georgia, hereafter
be null and void."
I he Pasha ol Egypt ha> challenged all
England to produce an English horse that
can bent one ol his blood coursers in a ten
mile race, near Cairo, within siglrt of the
Pyramid*. He lays a wager at amy stun
between $50,000 and $230,000. The
Pasha's horses arc Arabian, and he is
confident ot winning, and his challenge is
likely to be accepted. Such stirring sport
ought to aruur-c tin Egy ptuu mnnmiie- to
4 Sight of ilarm—Jlorf Fires.
The stable of Mr. JOHN HIMES was
fired at an early hour on Monday evening,
' but fortunately discovered by Mr. \VM.
! MONTGOMERY and extinguished before the
: About nine o'clock, Mr. (JEO. BLYMYER
discovered a lire in his stable, and prompt
ly repairing to the spot he succeeded in
arresting it with a board. The alarm was
given in this case, and the firemen turned
out with much alacrity, but their services
were not needed.
About half an hour alter the above
alarm, the stable of Messrs. T. R. &, J.
MCKEE was found to be on lire, and
spread so rapidly that its contents, consist
ing of a carriage worth about #2OO, a sad
dle, harness, cutting box, a quantity of
wheat, rye, corn, oats, hay and straw,
were totally consumed. A stable adjoin
ing, on the premises occupied by Mr. S.
BERRYIHI.L, was also burnt. The wind
| was blowing a gale at the time, earn ing
the sparks on buildings more than- a hun
dred yards distant, and it was onlv hv
strenuous exertions that the owners and
occupants succeeded in saving their pro
perty from the devouring element. The
great contest however'for the ascendancy
between the flames and firemen, was at
the buildings in close proximity to the lire, j
Mr. SNYDER'S stable, in which a quantity
of unfinished furniture had been stored,
was but sixteen feet distant, and although
it and the adjoining one were ignited at
different times, they were both preser\ed.
The Pioneer Company 's stables were
somewhat farther off, but being in the di
rection of the wind, were in imminent
danger, as every hob* and crack was filled
with live sparks, and the roof fairly co\-
ered with them. The Hose here did good
service by deluging the roof, while the citi
zens quenched the ffre in the inside with :
buckets. Had this building got within the
grasp of the llaines, that part of Lewistown
bordering on the creek would inevitabh
have shared its late. Messrs. MCKEF. esti
mate their loss at #532, with an insurance
of #133 32.
Shortly after the above, Dr. L. HOOVER'S
stable was discovered to be on tire, but ex
tinguished before it obtained any headway.
Wo have heard of other places in which
suspicious persons were seen, and every
thing made in readiness for apply ing the
torch; but a general watchfulness on the
part of our citizens succeeded in averting
further mischief for that night.
As may well be conceived, these repeated
attempts to fire the town, created a general
alarm among the citizens, and on the tiext
day about nine hundred dollars were sub
scribed to be offered in rewards for the de
tection and conviction of the incendiaries.
This was subsequently followed by an ad
ditional reward of three hundred dollars
from the Burgess and Town Council, so
that S3OO will now be paid for the
conviction of the first, and S2OO for each
succeeding one. < )tlier precautionary
measures have also been adopted, but to
ensure safety, prompt, decided and ener
getic action must be continued until those
guilty of these heinous offences are arrested
in their mad career.
• v' Mr. A. G. JONES, the proprietor of
a new chemical discovery, by which clothes
are washed with but little labor, has suc
cessfully introduced it into our borough,
and those who have tried the experiment,
aver that it is " the vcrv thing." It costs
a more trifle, and a wash that usually oc
cupies a whole day can be put out of the
way in two or three hours. Jlc has al
ready disposed of a number of county
rights, but an opinion having been given
that the patent is informal, purchasers can
not avail themselves of pri\ ileges conferred.
A WHITE NEURO. — The North Caro
linian tells a story of a slave who has
gradually become white. The change is
supposed to have been caused by the bite
of a rattle-snake, which occurred some ten
or a dozen \ ears since. lie was formerly
as black as any African, and now shows
no or sij;ii of the negro except the
kinks in his lr.iir. If true, it would be a
good plan for our darkies who desire to
change their skins, to visit Granville, the
Narrows, Ac., during the ensuing sum
mer, ami lake a bite from the rattlers.
DEATH or HON. JOIIN RKED.— We an
nounce with feelings of deep sorrow, the
m ath of our venerable citizen, the Hon.
John Reed, which took place on Saturday
evening, the fifth iust., at his residence in
this Borough. Judge Reed was the oldest
member of the Carlisle Bar, and died at
the age of 64 years. The illness which
terminated his existence was short but se
vere. tin the opening of the January t< rm
of court, on the Monday preceding his
death, he wan at his place among bus
brethren of the Bar. 11 e soon after, how
ever, complained of being unwell, and
deemed it advisable to return home. On
Saturday evening he died. The announce
ment excited that deep sensation which a
community feels for the loss of an emi
i: at and n-neeied citizen.— t or/isle Her
The Governor has nominated Wm. B.
McClure for President Judge of Allegheny
county. Some debate arose 011 the nomi
nation, during which Mr. Drum drummed
up the extraordinary ground that Judge
Patton's time did not expire until the day
his commission was made out, although it
specially mentions that he was appointed
for ten years fee in the 22d of January,
1840 ! The following are the facts of the
case: In July 1839, Governor Porter
commissioned Judge Patton to serve from
the 12th of July to the end of tin* next
session of the Legislature In January
1810, Governor Porter nominated Judge
Patton to the Senate, and on the 22d of
January 1840, Judge Patton was con
firmed by the Senate, and on the 20th of
March following his new commission was
made out for ten years from the 22d day
of January 1840.
In the House, the locofocos are bent on
1 censuring Mr. Ball because he was mak
ing exertions to pay the February interest,
and in the meantime did not pav due obe-
I dienre to the Canal Commissioners and
• one of their pets. During die debate 011
appointing a Special Committee, with
power to scud for persons and papers, Mr.
kn.LiXGKK (whom a correspondent of the
Democrat calls a amaU potato, but who if
i small, is not exactly of the rotten kind)
j said he felt certain that the enquiry would
| be fruitless, inasmuch as the conduct of
the StaU' Treasurer had been unexception
able, honorable to himself and highU ben
; eficial to the State at large. Still as an
act of justice to Mr. Ball, he would not
refuse the inquire, lest the impression
might go abroad that Mr. Ball's friends
were afraid to subject his official conduct
to investigation and scrutiny. It was
clear that the other side of the House was
disposed to make capital out of this delay
in paving for a locomotive or two. But
they could not succeed. When the peo
ple of the State learned that Mr. Ball was
husbanding the resources of the Common
wealth, in order to meet the semi-annual
interest, they would applaud the act. His
whole official career had been marked bv |
distinguished success, and emminent finan- j
rial skill. He had done what no State!
Treasurer before him was able to do. He
was able to meet the semi-annual interest
without asking any special loan for the
purpose, and he would come out of the
proposed inquiry, free from all suspicion,
and free from all censure. His fair name
and fair fame would not suffer, aftd ali
Mr. B. desired was a fair Committee, and
a fair investigation. luder the chairman
ship of his friend from Luzerne, (Mr.
BKAI MONT.) he hoped to have such a < 0111-
mittee, and such an investigation. Barti
zan zeal and rancor, could not reach Mr.
Ball. His deeds were before the people,
and the thanks of the people of the State
w ere due him lor his manlv course in
standing up for the honor and credit of
the State. Then let the inquiry lu- made
—let investigation go on, and let us see
whether there is not a large share of the
odium endeavored to be put on Mr. Ball,
justly resting 011 his complainants, the
Board of Canal Commissioners. Another
fart in this connexion was that Mr. Ball
was retaining the lilthy relief notes as thev
come into the Treasury, for the purpose of
destroying them, as directed by the act of
Assembly. There were a second issue of
these relief notes being made, and they
would shortly take the place of the worn
out notes now in circulation.
THE SCAI.PEL. — We have a number of
litis publication, designed for popular and
professional reading, and edited u ith mueh
ability. It is published by 11. 11. Dixon,
M. I)., New York, at $1 per annum.
Fvru. ACCHWNT ON THE RARJMMD. —
A laborer was killed bv the falling in of
the earth, on Mr. Murray's section, a few
miles below this place, last week.—Hun
OHIO COAI.. — The Cincinnati (Jazclte
says—For several (lavs past we have used
in our parlor grates, coal from a newlv
opened vein just below Burlington, <>. It
is a very superior article for such use—
igniting readily, producing a steady flame
free from any disagreeable odor. The
coal we have used came from the first,
products of the mine on opening it, :.nd
has been for some time exposed to the
weather. The quality will be found to
improve as they drift in. We understand
that arrangements are to be made for a
regular supply of this coal in the city.
A most disastrous fire, attended with a
loss of life, occurred at Peoria, Illinois, on
the 28th ult. It broke out in the large
building at the corner of Main street and
Printers' alley. The lower story of the
building was occupied by Mr. A. Ilcrron,
druggist, and the upper stories and rear by
Mr. Decker, as the New York Temper
ance House, and by the printing offices of
the Daily Champion and Weekly Regis
ter. Owing to the inflammable materials,
the flames spread with great rapidity. An
explosion took place in the drag store, 1
which brought the burning building down
with a tremendous crash —killing Mr.
James Kirkpatrick, the editor of the Peoria
American, and seriously injuring several
others. Mr. J. Pickett, the editor of the
Champion, who rushed into the building
for the purpose of saving his books and
papers, was suffocated and perished in
the flames. It is supposed that several
other persons were burnt to death. Noth
ing was saved from the building. The
hooks ami papers of the Masonic (Irand
Lodge were among the property destroyed.
I he total amount ol the lo*" lias not been
PROfEfjmeS OF CON CRESS.
The Senate, on the 24th, proceeded to
the consideration of a resolution, submitted
by Mr. CI.AY, authorising the joint com
mittee on the library to purchase the ori
ginal manuscript of Washington's Fare
Mr. CI.AY eloquently addressed the Sen
ate in support of the resolution. He re
ferred to the universal love of the people
for the memory of Washington, and the
interest every American feels in contem
plating anything that ever belonged to him,
or which had emanated from his hand.
Mr. Clay stated that the manuscript was
now in the hands of the descendants of
Mr. Clay pole, the editor of the Daily Ad
vertiser, a •paper formerly published in
Philadelphia, which was selected by Gen.
Washington to publish this address. It
had recently been advertised for sale at
public auction : and lie (Mr. C.) not being
willing that this document, which was and
always would be so venerated by the
American people, should be lost to the
country—perhaps he transported to grace
the parlor of some Furopean nobleman,
had thought proper to make this effort to
secure it for the library of Congress.
In the course of his remarks, Mr. Clay
stated that he had in his parlor at Ashland,
a broken goblet which was used by Gen.
Washington in camp, during the revolu
tionary war, and he would say that 110
other object in his possession was so much
valued, and none which was looked 011
with so much interest by those who visited
Mr. Foote said he had no object ion to
the resolution, and would be willing to
vote millions for the purchase of \\ ash
ington's farewell address, if, by so doing,
the men of the north—the usurpers ol
southern rights, who were combined, to
some extent, with traitors in the midst of
the south—might he defeated in their in- j
ct-ndiarv movements, or it they could be i
compelled to yield to the inlluenee of the
sentiments which Washington had promul
gated in the address in question.
Air. Webster arose to advocate the adop
tion of the resolution. He said it proposed
an object which would be gratify ing to the j
whole people. Mr. Clay had said that
the goblet used by Gen. Washington du
ring the revolution, w as in his possession,
and proved an object of interest to all who j
beheld it. He (Mr. W.) would state a cir
cumstance, also, in illustration of that feel- ;
ing of veneration and respect with which :
Americans beheld objects which once be- j
longed to the Father of his Country. It ;
would be remembered that the Continental j
Congress voted several medals to Wash- 1
ington, Morgan, Greene, and other generals j
in the revolutionary arm v. in token of the 1
appreciation of their services. Oneral
Washington. during his life time, collected
a number <>t these medals, together with
others of Dr. Franklin, which he placed
in a little casket—his own medal in the
centre, surrounded by twelve others. At
his death, this casket passed to his execu
tors, and about twenty-five years ago, it
seemed expedient to the person who held
it to ofii-r it for sale. It was brought to
Washington, and a proposition for its pur
chase was introduced into Congress bv a
gentleman from Massachusetts—hut a con
stitutional question arose u hether ("ongress
had the power to appropriate money for .
such purposes as the purchase of those
medals. (Laughter.) After a debate of
two or three days upon this constitutional
question—by the vote of those who be
lieved it unconstitutional, the proposition
was laid on the table. He"( Mr. W.) at
once sent and purchased the casket—the
medals were now in his library amid nu
merous autographs of Washington, and
when friends or strangers did him the
honor to visit him at home, if they were
acquainted with the circumstance to which
he alluded, the first objects which they had
requested to be shown were those relics of'
Mr. Jefferson Davis opposed the resolu
tion as inexpedient. lie said printed copies
could be obtained in abundance, and read
by the whole people. He thought that
the Senate proposed to run into an extreme
in relation to those matteis of veneration,
unbecoming the American people.
Mr. Borland also opposed the resolution.
He intimated that unscrupulous speculators
had secured, and were securing, relics of
the patriots of the revolution, and appeal
ing to Congress to purchase them, for no
other object than to liil their purses with
the fruits of their speculations. They had
seized upon every thing which might be
supposed to possess a sufficient interest to
form a basis of speculation, and hawked
them about the eapitol. II the practice
was to be encouraged, lie did not doubt but
that the sacred bones of Washington would,
at some future day, be offered for sale.
Mr. Clay begged leave to inform the.
Senator from Arkansas, that the manuscript
of tin' farewell address of Washington,
\\ hicb was proposed to be purchased, had
not been hawked about the eapitol. The
gentlemen uho had it in their possession,
had made no application to sell it here, it
was his own proposition, which had come
up on his own motion, of his own resolu
tion, and without the application of person
la the Senate on the .'loth, Mr. Clay
submitted a proposition to settle the whole
question of slavery, and spoke in sub
stance as follows :
Mr. President —I hold in my hand a
series of resolutions which I desire to pre
sent to the consideration of the Senate.
Taken together they propose an amicable
arrangement of all the questions in con
troversy between the free and slave States,
growing out of the subject of the institu
tion of slavery. It is not iny intention,
:it this time, to enter into a full ami elabo
rate disseussion of each of the resolutions
as proposing a system of measures, hut 1
desire to present a few observations upon
j each resolution, for the purpose of placing
! them fairly and fully before the Senate
and the country: arid I may arid, with
the indulgence of the Senate, towards the
conclusion of my remarks, to make some
general observations about the suite of the
country and the questions to which the
resolutions relate, whether they shall, or
shall not, meet with the approbation and
concurrence of the Senate, as I most ear
neatly hope they may—as I sincerely
trust they will. I trust that at least some
portion of that time which 1 have directed
with careful deliberation to the preparation
i of these resolutions, and to the presenta-
S tion of this great national scheme of na-
I tioual compromise and harmony—l hope,
I f say, that some portion of that time will
| be employed by each Senator before he
I pronounces against the proposition.
Mr. Clay here introduced the preamble
| and resolutions as follows, commenting up
i on each an read :
Jf'hereas, it being desirable for the
peace, concord, and harmony of the Union
of these States.to settle and adjust amicably
| all questions of controversy between them
—rising out of the institution oft slavery—
upon a fair equality and just basis.
1. Resolved , That California, with suit
able boundaries, ought, upon her applica
tion, to be admitted as one of the States of
this Union, without the imposition, by
Congress, of any restriction in respect to
the exclusion or introduction of slavery
within those boundaries.
2. Resolved , That as slavery does not
exist by law, and is not likely to be intro
duced into anv of the Territories acquired
by the United States from the Republic of
.Mexico, it is expedient for Congress to
provide by law, either for its introduction
into, or its exclusion from an} - part of the
said territory, and that appropriate tcrrito- (
rial governments ought to be established '
by Congress in all the said Territories not
assigned as the boundaries of the proposed
State of California, without the introduc
tion of any restriction or condition on the
subject of slavery.
3. Resolved, That the western boundary
of the State of Texas ought to be fixed on
the Rio Del .\orte, commencing one ma
rine league from its mouth, and running
up that river to the southern line of New
Mexico ; thence with that line eastwardlv.
and so continuing in the same direction to
the line as established between the United
States and Spain, extending to any portion
of New Mexieo, whether lying in the east j
or west of that river.
4. Resolved , That it be proposed to the
State of Texas, that the United States j
will provide for the payment of all that
portion of the legitimate and bona fide ;
public debts of that State, contracted prior
to its annexation to the United States, and ;
for which the duties of foreign imports
were pledged by the said State, to its
creditors, not exceeding the sum of
dollars, in consideration of the duties as
pledged having been no longer applicable
to that object after the said annexation,
but having thenceforward become payable
to the 1 nited States, and upon the condi
tion, also, that the said Slate shall, bv
some solemn and authentic act of her Le
gislature, or of a convention, relinquish to
the I 'nited States any claim which it has
to any part of New Mexico.
0. /< solved,Tliat it is inexpedient to abol
ish slavery ia the District of Columbia,
whilst that institution continues to exist in
the State of Maryland, without the con
sent of that State—without the consent of
the people of the district, and without just
compensation to the u\\ ners of slaves
within the district.
(i. liesofved, That it is expedient to
prohibit within the district the slave trade,
and slaves brought into it from States or
places bevond the limits of the district,
either to be sold therein as merchandise, or
to he transported to other markets, without
the District of Columbia.
?. Jirsofvc (/, That more effectual pro
vision ought to be made by law, according
to the requirement of the constitution, for
the restitution and delivery of persons
bound to service or labor in anv Slate, who
may escape into any other State or Terri
tory of this I'nion.
8. Resolved, That Congress lias no
power to prohibit or obstruct the trade in
slaves between the slaveholding States,
and that the admission or exclusion of
slaves brought from one into another of
them depends exclusively upon their own
OO" VVM. R. MCCAV, Esq., will hereafter be
associated with 11. J. WALTERS, ESQ , in the
publication of the True Democrat. Barring
politics, we wish them all the " good that
printers arc heir to" without any of the ills.
The Odd Fellows will give a supper at
the Town Hall on the 22d unit., in which mem
bers of tins and adjoining counties are invited
to participate. Tickets admitting a Lady and
a Gentleman, SI.OO, may be procured from
Samuel Hopper, Ellis Griffith, Daniel Donot,
Charles Steinberger, James Irvin, JAS. Parker, (
Thompson Shimp, George W. Stewart, Thos.
Mays, ot John Davis, committee.
MEANS OF ARRESTING TIIK FATAL CRUETS
OF CHLOROFORM. —An eminent Surgeon O!
France relates two cases ie wliich the inhala
tion of Chloroform proved nearly fatal. He
however succeeded in reviving Ins patients,
after all ordinary means had tailed, by placing
his mouth ufon theirs,and forcibly insufflating
the lungs by rapid aspirations and expirations.
A medical practitioner in Paris, slates, that in
two instances ot approaching dissolution by the
inhalation of Chloroform, he recilled li'e by
thrusting two fingers deep tulu the throat, down
to the larynx and lesopiiagus; a sudden move
ment of expiration followed and f?.uvcry took
The number of hogs cut and packed v
Madison, Indiana, during the present *•',
son, was 80,277.
Amongst the other rubbish which floau-.t
past Cincinnati lately, was a small
bouse. It was labelled • to rent."
Alexander Duncan, Esq., of Providence
has given twenty thousand dollars to ti„"
Butler Hospital for insane, of Rho,| ( . |
Brownsville, in this state, and its en. i
rons, in 1840 contained a population of
2040. By a recent enumeration, it now
numbers nearly 4500.
At a meeting of the democracy of l n dj.
| ana, at Indianopolis, (Jen. Joseph j yn ,' e
i was proposed as the.next locofoco .-.ml';
: date for President.
A large right-whale was taken last week
I in Provincetown harbor, by several per
sons who discovered him from the shore
j and put oil in boats to capture the visiter
A locomotive on the Gloucester Branch
Railroad, Mass., on Monday, ran foul of
| the bowsprit of a vessel which protruded
| over the track. The vessel gut the wort
of it, as might be expected.
The number of hogs packed in Cincin
nati during the late packing season was
396,486, including 8,000 destroyed by tire
in the establishment of Messrs. Pugh &.
The Locofoco Convention of Hunting
don county in appointing delegates to the
State Convention, recommend the nomina
tion of Col. John Cresswell, of Hunting
don, for Canal Commissioner.
I lie ice in the Mississippi recentlv
iornied an impassable barrier for twentv
tive miles, near Cairo, holding five steam
ers fast in the gorge, and sinking the Bos
ton. It was clear at last accounts.
" The Itch at Hagerstown" is not so
bad as had been represented. No schools
were dismissed, but some scholars who
had it were, and no families are down
with it, as all who have it are up and
scratching. So says the Pledge.
A grave has been opened near Rochester.
New \ork. and the body of a respectable
young man torn out, tied'with a rope round
the neck, dragged to the road, and there
left, where it was found. A medical stu
dent is in custody for this act.
'Hie extensive Flouring Mills of Messrs.
I . A. Brick land &. ( 0., at the corner of
Market street and Thirteenth, St. Louis,
was entirely destroyed bv fire on Sunday
morning last. Supposed incendiary.—
Loss. #20,000 —insured for #15,000.
A Farm is advertised for sale in the town
of Pompev, one mile and a quarter south
east of the village of Manlius Square, on
the road to Fabius, by Pomvey Centre.
A good chance for a " Roman Consul."—
On Friday evening, Jan. 1 Rth. the house
ot Ann Maria Reiter, aged German
; woman, ) in Alsace township, Berks coun
ty, was broken into by three white men
. disguised as negroes. One held her mouth
while another robbed the house.
1 Gov. Fish has proposed to the Legisla
ture of New ork the establishment of
( ourts of C oncihation, bv means of which
parties disposed to a just settlement of their
differences can do so amicably, promptly
and without the expense ot long and tedi
ous suits at law.
Mr. Gall, ot Albany, has. after a great
deal ot labor, succeeded in manufacturing
• spectacles with two distinct visions in a
single lens. The one vision is for ordina
ry distances, the other for remote. The
improvement has been examined by Gen
tlemen skilled in such matters, and thev
pronounce it " good.''
Some two acres of land on a hill, on the
Monongahela river, near Pittsburgh, moved
down upon the turnpike a few davs ago.
after a thaw. One two story dwelling is
■ completely cut in twain, the greater part of
it having been carried down the hill. One
end of it is still standing, as though it had
been cut off' by a huge rock. The inmates
The St. Louis papers publish lists of
the steamers blown up, sunk, or otherwise
destroyed in the \\ est, during the pas:
; year. The total number is 112, of which
83 were totally lost. The estimated pe
cuniary loss is set down at $2,000,000.
and the loss ol life upwards of 200 per
sons, and perhaps as tuaiiv were wounded
The great will ease of the heirs of Gen
eral James Taylor, called " Williamson
and \\ ife and Tibbats and Wife vs. Berry .
Trustee," tried at the Special Term of the
Chancery Court, at Newport, Kentucky,
last week, lias been decided in favor of the
plaintiff's. This decision will change the
control of millions of property from 3
trustee to the legal and natural heirs.
On Tuesday the 18th ult.. while some
men were engaged in making timber on
-the lirst fork of the Sinnemahoning. an
a.xc in one of the hands of a chopper,
glanced and flew from him the distance of
twenty feet, and striking a young uian lo
the name ot Robert Proctor, with so much
force that the whole bit, entering the lett
breast, pierced to the heart, causing death
GENERAL PILLOW AND THE CA.HAW?O
DITCHES. —This distinguished commander
has written a letter to the editor of tin'
North American Review, in °f di-'
fortifications erected at (hiutargo during
the Mexican war. It will be remembered
that the General had the ditches construct
ed on the wrong side of the wall. He
now makes a feehle effort at explanation
by saying that this was a mere trap set to
catch horse thieves ! He al>o, as usual,
endeavors to shift the responsibility 1,1
other shoulders, by ohitijrtng it upon Gen
Mosquitoes and tUa* are oppo-'4 to be tl.e
•wula ut Wabitera and slanderer*