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U. B. GOODLANKKR,
tj w. SMITU,
H1T3 ('leartltld, Pa.
J J. LINGLK,
ATTORNEY-AT - LAW,
1:18 Phlllpabur;. Centre Co., Pi. j-.fi
OLAND D. SWOOPK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curweaatille, Clearoeld oounty, Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
?4-Office In tbe Opera Hnuae. octll, '7-tf.
r R. A W. BAR RETT,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
January 30, 1878.
ATTORN KY AT LAW,
pf- Ofllre one door rut of Sbaw Honae.
fM. M. MeCULLOUGH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
offi.-e In llaaonle building, Second, etraet, op.
pn.ite the Court lluuae. Je2,'TH-lf.
yT C. ARNOLD,
LAW & COLLECTION OFFICE,
eM lle.rfiold Counur, Peitn'a.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
p JS.TJ lJ
'((See In Optra tlouw.
gMlTII V. WILSON,
CLEAR FIF.LII, I'F.NN'A.
AOirr0 tn tha MaK'nlo But! line;, over tbe
OYunly N.Ui'n il Hank. r2( .
WILLIAM A. II AbERTY,
Pit-Will attro.l to all lafal bo'lnraa wltb
protuptncai and Bdolii, lfbl l,'iMf.
iLi.iaa A. VAtxacl
Hannr r. WALLara.
datip k. aaaia.
JOHM W. WRISLBT.
WALLACE 4 KIlKliS,
(So-weaaora to Wallaoa A Flaldina;,)
i,-,r;T ClrarUrM, Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
oUioo urir tbt Cituatj National Bank.
Juna 38, '7t.tr.
g L. MoGKK,
DaBoia, Clearfield County, Penn'a.
ar-Will attand protnptlv to all lexal ba.lnaaa
entru.tad to hia aara. jaa2l, 'HO.
taoa. a. Hranar.
JUItUAY Si CORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
atOfflca Id I'ia't Opera lloaxa, aeeood fluor.
loaara . m bnallt.
DARIBL W. H OttRDT.
Legal bualneaa attended to promptly witbj
Jdelity. OIBaa on Haonnd Itraat, above the Firat
National Bank. , Jan:l:7t
4 G. KltAMER,
Real Kitata and Collaotlna Agent,
Will promptly attend to atl legal baaioeaa aa
trotted to bia oare.
jt-tr-Ufflce la Pio't Opera llooia. Janl'78.
J P. McICKNRICR,
All legal bualneaa rntruated to kli eara will ra
eeiva prompt attention.
.tt.0O(nc In tha Court Houia.
OlIN L. CUTTLE.
ATTOUNEY AT LAW.
i.d Ileal Etata Agent, tlearflcld,- P,
Office oa Third atraet, bat.Cbarrj A Walnut.
H-9r Kaapeotfnlljr affors hla larvleei la elllnf
a:.d buying land In Clearfield aqd adjoining
ciuntiei i and with aa eiperlenetof over twenty
yara aa a tarrayor. flitter hlmialC that ba eaa
render eattafaetloa. tab 2M3:tf,
H. E. M. SCUEURER,
Ofiee la realdeaea on Firat ft.
April 14, 1871. Clearteld, Pa.
JU. V. A. MEANS,
IMIYSICIAN & SURGEON,
Diinnm city, pa.
Will attend proreaalonal ealla promptly. augl0'70
T. J. BO.EU,
fHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OSoa aa Market Btreet, Claarlald, Pa.
eXr-OOe hoarai I ta It a. , and I to I p.
U. J. KAY WltlGLEY,
cvOffi(ta adjotatng tba reiidenoa af Jat
Wrigley, K.a.hoa e)ond at., VlearftelJ, Pa.
1 Jly.ll,'7 If.
R. H. n. VAN VAL7.AU,
( LBAKtHCI.!), PKHK'A.
Dl'FICR IN ltFllKNOR, CORNER OF FIRST
AND FINE BTRKKTrl.
! fXr 0Br koura From 11 lo 1 P. M.
R. J. V. BUKCUFIKLD,
at. tturgooa of tha Sid Reg Iraaal. Peaaaylranla
volanieara, haalRg returned freae Iba Araay,
orlara kla profanlanal aar.loai ta tbealtlaeua
of Olearflald aoaaly.
.-IVof.ialaoalaalU froaaptly atteadadto.
Ie aa Beeoad Ureal, feraaeilyeeeapteel by
ar. erooaa. (apra, en.u
Jon PRiMTina or every dkscrip
tlot neatly aiaeated at tkli a.ea
GEO. B. GOODLMDEE, Editor
VOL. 51-WII0LE NO.
JI'KTICI;' b CONKTAHLRK1 KEK
We hara printed a large aatabor of tba b.w
FEB BILL, and will ea tha rtoaipt of tw.nty.
Sr. OMn'a. mall a eon. to asy addraae. eB.SS
ILLIAM 41. HE.NKY, JvbTir.
or tub Pbacb aid Ecritriier, LUMDEK
CITY. Collection mad and money promptly
paid over. Artie lea of agreement and deed of
(HDTyanoa aeaUy axMntad ad warranted cor
root or o ebarc- Hjj'71
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jnaliea of tha Pete and St rivenrr,
Cummer... e. Pa
.CoMeotlon mid and money promptljr
paid orar. feb22'71tf
(uMitiin r. u.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
ron atu.1. fuwfftmir.
Mny 8, !S781y
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
)al1'7l CLRARFIEI.D. PA.
Hous and Sign Paintor and Paper
.Will eieeute Joba in hla line promptly and
In a workmanlike manner. arra,o,
JOHN A. STADLER,
BAKER, Market St., Clcarleld, Pa.
Freth Bread, P.uak, Rolli. Ptea and Cakea
on band or made ta order. A general aaaortineot
of Confeetlonarlea, Frulta and Nuta in atock.
lee Cream and Oyatera in aeaann. galooa nearly
M.p'ialte the l'oit,.ffea. Priwa moderate.
WEAVER & BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND Ll'MBER OF ALL KINDS.
ro-Offloe oa Seocnd etreel, ia rear of atore
n -.io of Urorge Wearer A Co. janv. '78 If.
JVSTICE OF THE PEACE
Oaceola Mill, P. O.
All ooVlal kuainerl entralted to bim will be
promptly attended to. mruv,
BAHUKH AND IIAIUDKESSEK.
Shop on Mrket 8t opDtt Court HtU
A rlertn towel fur . ery cuftoiner.
Al( dra'r in
Itp-t lliamla i f 'IVbaTo otid C'ara.
ri,rI(j p. mr Itf. "ft
JAMES H. TURNER,
JTi-TlCB OP TUB PEACB,
jWxSr-H faai prepared himielf with all the
nMeaiary blank forma under tb Frneion and
Iluunty Una, a well a blank Deed, tto. All
legal matter entraited to bif'ere will recaiv
pruuipt attention. May Tth, lS7i-tf.
N DREW I1ARWICK,
Market Mlreet. ( If ardrld, Pi.,
HAMlf ACTURKR AlfD OBALKH I)t
Harness, Bridlet, Saddles, Collars, and
jtT'AU kindk of rtpniriiix promptly attended
to. Baddiera' Hardware, Hone brnehea. Carry
Comb, do., alwaya un band and for aala at the
luwcat easb price. March IV, 18 "If.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEAKFIKLD, PENN'A.
pG-Vumpt alwaya on hand and in oat to order
on a hurt nutica. Pipe bored on reaeonabla ternta.
All work warranted to render aatiafaction, and
delivered if desired. ojy26:lypd
rpil8 underaifned baga leave to inmrm the pub
X I'6 Q now fuller prepare to aooommo
duvta all in tha way of furniahlng Hv.aea, Huggie,
Saddle and Ilarneaa, on tha aborteat notice and
an reasonable term, heaidenoe on Loenat atreat,
between Third and Fourth.
UKU. W. UKAIUIART.
'!laarfleld, Fab. a, 1874
OLRN 1I0PK, PENN'A.
rililR underatftned, baring leaeed thla ouin
X modloua Hotel, la tha villnge of Ulen Hope,
ia now preparsd to aeeninmodet all who nuy
oalt. ftiy table and bar aball ba rap plied with
tbe beat tb market afford ,
(.K'lHUB W. DOTTfl, Jr.
Ulen Bop. Pa., Mareb 20, 179 tf .
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
OKNEHAL MKKC1I ANiUHK,
(H AIIAMTON, I a.
Alio, ettemiv nianufacturar and dealer In 'Iquara
limner ana eawea Lumber ni all k.nd.
Order aolleitrd and all billa promptly
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
and tnanulacturera of
ALL K1M) OK HAW HI) l.l.'NIIKK,
-T-T3 CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
S. I. SNYDER,
ARB DRALBR IR
V'tcho8, Clocks and Jewelry,
tfrnarim'. few, Jarcef Areer,
All klnda of repairing In my line promptly at
ended to. Jan lat, 1879.
KaNCOUHAGK HOaMK industry.
riMIX undeHirned, bavin; enaMUhed a Nur
X aery on the Tike, about ball way between
Clearflrld and Corwenaville, la prard to far
Qitk kindt of Km IT TKKKfi, (tandard and
dwarf,) BvergrecB, IShmbbery, Urapa Vinea,
i uo wetter ry, Lew tup U lank berry, Strawberry,
and Kaapborry Vine. Aiao, Hibcrian Crab Tree,
Qaint, and early aearlat Hbubarb, A. Ordtra
promptly attended to. Addrt
J. D. WltlOflT,
aep20 t t'arwenirvllle, Pa.
MEAT MARKET. '
F. M. C ARSON & ER0., .
Oa Market Ft, an. doorwrelof Maaaioa lloaaa,
Our arrangrmenfa ara rf tba raoat aomnlete
eharaettf lor furaiahing tb. publia wltb Fraab
Meat, af all klad, and of Iba vary beat quality.
eYealeo deal ia all blade of Agricultural Imple
ment., which wa keep oa aabilittlan for the lR.
At of tbe nubha. Call around when la iewa,
aad take a look at tklnga, or ed lreaa aa
V. M. CARDON A BR0.
Cl.er8.ld, Pa., July Id, 1T-tf. -
(Irnrtltld lunurauce ilftncy.
jarrb a ana. cabb.i.1, b. ainat.li.
Hi: It It K II I IW I. K, .itenf,
RrpreMBttba foltttwlng aalottiarflrit-elaaa Co'l
l.iT,riool Landoa A tll .ha-U. 8. Br..t4.I0l.8
I.T.oaalag m mataalAaaab plana.... 4.60(1, 00O
Phemtl, or llartr.rd, Cobb I.814.U88
Inaurane. Co. of North America 8,4.18,874
North Brlllah A lleroaoUle II. 8. Br. l,7t,88I
tVotllah C.aaaiaratal U. S. Branch.... 871,148
Trarelata Llfa A AeeldMt) 4,vS.4H
OCm m tlarbM At., app. Curt Hauaa, Claar
l.ld, Pa. Jaa. I, H lf.
Views of the Vclcnins
ON GEANT'S VIUFIOATIONS
The Unworthy Work of an Ex-Presi
dent and hornier Brother In Arms
Was Grant !n Hia Normal
Mental Condition ?
A Succinct llccicw of the Heal Inner
JJtstory of that Urant Document
What It Wjs.
Bi. Prtaldrut f.rant'a VlllUcalltiu of (ien.
N. Y. Hancork Viterao.
TIjo Tclvruim who linvo bitburlo 10
(,'urcltd tbo namo of U. 8. (.iianl with
liiyh esteem bavo recently bad cauno
to bo linn tilicil and irrivvcd. Their
idol lius come down (rum its peduntal
J be silent mini, onco tbo victorious
lieiaiul of tbt army, twice I'lvnident,
and allcrward tbo honored of crownod
betttln and llio guenls of )reat nalitinn,
has m liu Ji.rL'dllcii liimBill' ub to vomo
down lo vituperation and vilification.
Ilo has descended from tbo lolly
height where, serenely and like u demi
god, bo was enthroned, and has wren
lied in the mud of partisan politics
liko a common wurd politician, ilo
has caused himnell to ho interviewed.
Ho has axraultcd with passionate and
indiscreet words his limner brother in
urms, (joneral Winlield Scott Hancock,
now candidate lor tbo Presidency. Ilo
hat, used harsh and bcliulini; epithets
about bim. Tbero was no ostensible
reasons lor tbo attttck. Tbo veturans
will regard this occurrence in sorrow
rather than in augur. They regret it,
not tor Cienerul Hancock's Baku, but
lor (icneial Uranl's suko and their
own. It is always a uricvoiis thini; to
Imvo one's ideal dentin) ed lo lind
baseneris und comninn clay where one
worshiped iinugintd greatnttss ot char
ueier uml neioinm. 11 shocks one
terribly. Heavens I (inint demeaning
bimsell with words of bluckiruardinm !
Grunl flinging mud liko a street Arab!
Grant vilupetaling like a HillingHgate
fifh-wifel Tbo veturans will lind it
hard to believe it, yet so it seems to ho.
The interview between (icncral
(rant mid llio Rev. I)r. Fowler, pub
lished in the Cincinnati Gazette, and
telegraphed to tbo New Yotk Times,
and afterwards modified in an inter
view with a reporter of tbo Chicago
Inter Vccan, is remarkable as regards
ilsotiject, the pieans employed to effect
it, and the material which composes it.
The. intention ot the author was to in
jure (icncrul Hancock's prospects in
Indiana and Ohio. The interview oc
curred on tbo 21t ol September. It
was not published until the 5th of Oc
tober, or a Biiflicient lime before the
October elections in Ihoso Slules to
prod ii eo its desired effect. It was bo
iieved thut llio great namo of Grant
would bavo equally great iiifliienco
when U6cd lo decry Hancock.
Tbo use of Grant's namo to injure
Hancock was as evidently desperate
as it was despicable. It shows that
the managers of tbo gumo fear that
llio bottom is lo bo knocked out of
their campaign. Thoy seo tbo band
writing on tbe wall.
Tbe means employed for this busi
ness was also remarkable An ordi
nary newspaper reporter would not do.
A Methodist preacher is employed lo
do the dirty business. Tbo Methodists
are poihaps the largest denomination
in Ibo United States. Tbo Veteran has
great respect for them as a body, it
was desired to catch their votes Ad
ordinary sinful, perhaps mendacious
secular newspaper reporter would not
insure republication in all Ibo Metho
dist denominational papers. A Metho
dist preacher reporter would give
truthfulness to the account. A secular
reporter might lie, or ho mistaken ; s
pteucher (t) never I Whatever is said
by such means would bo rcgurded at
ubsoiute truth. So doubtless reasoned
the men who "put up tho Job' und
they made use of ibo Rev. Mr. Fowler.
Tho Vttrran is owaro that the value
of what a man says depends a good
deal on the moans be uses to promul
gate his opinions. A drunken, men-
ducious reporter, for lbs purpose of
ituin, wouiu uo no Doner titan a hull
cmliced Hottentot, liut. who is tho
Rev. Fowler? Ho was educated in a
little fresh-water institution, now ex
tinct, known us (ienesseo college. He
is remembered by bis associates as
having announced lo them when ho
matriculated, bis intention to study
for the ministry, that profession offer
ing the shortest and easiest cut to "lunio
and a good living." Tbo Rev. Fowler
followed this short cut, and in time,
duly brief, achieved ministerial honors.
Ho was known very soon as a senna
tionalist, a speaker ol largo elocution
ary powers without correspondent
scholarship, Ono of his fumotis dis
courses was delivered in the old Wa
bash Avenue Methodist church, Chi
cago. Ho startled bis fashionable au
dience by beginning in this wise: "As
I was coming to church this morning
I saw two dogs fighting in the street ;
one was a very largo dog and tho
other was a sniall dog, and the large
dog bad tbo smill dog down. Bui,
brethren, God is always for the under
dog in tho fight." And Mr. Fowler
went on drawing bis illustration from
tho dog fight, and, ut proper oratorical
Intervals, clinching thourgumont wilb
tho grandly gestured sentence : "For
God is for the underdog in tho fight I"
wbilo a ripple of sensation would run
through the audience. This will do
for tho liev. Mr. Fowler, who was se
lected us tho medium through which
General Grunt, who bad beon General
of tho army and twico 1'roBidont, should
attempt lo injure the prospects of Gen.
Hancock, who had never sought to do
barm to bim. Tho ohjoct and means
woro appropriately proportioned to
ilut it is tbo mutter sot forth in tbo
interview that most saddens the men
who have regarded wilb high esteem
General Grunt, wbilo not tbe less lov
ing and admiring General Hancock.
It seems incomprehensible to tbo poll
lician who never did anything for bis
country but feed on it, who never
smelt gunpowder or fucod doath on
tho field, thut soldiers will love and es
teem their old commanders even when
differing from them on politicul que,
lions. Sueb men cannot comprehend
tho bond that is wrought in the furnace
of men's souls wben peril and patriot
ism feed tho flame. Then nolittcs doss
out ol sight; men lovo escb other,
agreeing on grout things: little things
are forgotten the sains soldier could
admire Grant and Hancock. He re
gards thom as great captions and
brothers in arms. To find Gonoral
Urant going aside lo spoak disrospect
lully of General Hancock makes tbe
veteran almost behove that tho former
was caught in his cups by theilov.,
Fowlor, who, having him in his not,
took advantage ot his condition.
Gonoral Grunt says that Genoral
Hancock received a vote at the Demo
cratic Convention In 1 804, which do
lighted bim, and craned bim, and made
In in a Presidential aspirant, watching,
and planning until nt last ho received
tho nomination. If this woro true,whicb
it is not, it was unworthy Gen. Grant's
great reputation to say so. (fen. Han
cock has never been President ; Gon.
Grant has boon President twice, and
admits that ho would bavo accepted
the nomination tho third timo. Rut
Genoral Hancock novcr culled him
crasy on the Presidential question.
General Huncock is too much of agon,
tlemun to say that evon a man who
bad twico boon President, and who was
willing to violate all tho traditions of
the country, and be President a third
time. General Grant admits that ho
would have accepted tho third-term
nomination for somo absurdly insuffi
cient roitsnna, but General Hancock lias
loo much gontlomanly dignity to say
that Gen. Grunt has tho Presidential
bee in his bonnet. Gen. Huncock did
not recoivo a vote at tho Convention of
1804. In the Convention ol 1808 ho
received, on ono ballot, next to tho
highest number cost, namely, 1IIJ
against 100) cast fur Pendleton, lint
suppose ho bad received a voto in 18C4,
and suppose, in common with many
other men who havo deserved well ol
their country, ho wanted to becomo
President : is it not a noble, a laudable
ambition lor a good man to possess?
Ate not the children of tho nation
taught to regard the highest office in
the gift of tbo peoplo us within tbo
reach of any ono who serves his country
laithfully and well ? And is it a noble,
a worthy thing lovililya man because
no wants to be 1'residentr Is it a
noble thing for a man to do who has
already boon President twico, and
wants, asho admits, a thiid-totm.ovon ?
General Grunt says that Gen. Han
cock is crazy to bo President ; that ho
is umbitious, vuin and weuk that tho
South can easily control bim 1 This
from the mouth of Grant I Tho veteran
will scarcely beliovo it. Ho will pre
fer to discredit tho liev. Fowler, or lo
believe, that ho caught Grant in tho
toils into which ho is known in times
past to hare fallen tho toils of ine
General Giant says that when a com
mander was wanted for tbo Army of
tho Polomao tho Government look up
almost everybody, even went West for
officers for thut purpose, out nobody
over thought of taking Hancock. Sup
pose it to be true ; is it anything against
him ? Suppose he novcr pushed him
self forward for thut place, never Rchein
e I for it with tho accursed scoundrels
who made traffic out of that great
position ; suppoeo that Gon. Hancock
always wont forward loyally doing bis
whole duty, never questioning, never
murmuring, content to be anything in
tho service of bis country was not
that a very noblo, very creditable
thing ? Gon. Grant, unconsciously,
perhaps, cast a reflection on every high
private in tho army, if it is anything
against a soldier that ho is not pro
moted to something higher. You can
not make all tho good generals com
manders 01 toe army, any more than
you can make all llio bruvo privates
corporals or captuins. General Grant
did not think what ho wus saying when
he mado that reflection on Gen. Han
cock. . Ho forgot that tho sumo an
prouch would lull on ovory patriot who
carried a musket in tbo ranks. Hut
Goneial Grant is wrong in his state
ment even. Gen. Hancock, alter tho
battle of Mine Run, wus prominently
discussed as the man for the head of
the army. It is needless to dwell on
tho reasons why no cbanio was made.
Gon. Huncock did not seek the placo,
out there are good judges who behove
mat oe would nave unislitu tho war
somo inon i lis sooner, and at a great
saving ot lilo on our side, bad ho been
appointed lo the command ot thearmy.
mo sunjoct, However, has no relation
to the Presidency, for which be is now
a candidate. The command of tbe
army may bo a necessary stop for a
Cotsur who seeks to overthrow the lib
crlios of his countrymen, but not tor
tho constitutional statesman whose
only ambition is to servo his country
through constitutional methods.
in mo same spirit lien. Grant tells
tbo tiuv. Fowler whulbo conceives to
bo "tho inner history and spirit of Han
cock's celebrated Order No. 40." Ac
cording to Grant Congress wus striv
ing to prevent President Johnson from
undoing tho reconstruction laws. John
son would find ways and pretexts to
noiige around and break through tho
laws, and Congress kept on patching up
tho breaches until it hud taken all
power Irom tho President, excepting
that of removal and appointment ol
district commanders General Shoridan
wus put in coiiniiind of Louisiana and
Texas, and having caught, as bo
thought, the Governor of Louisiana
and tbieo Commissioners in un attempt
to delruud the Stute by borrowing
money on levee bonds, bo removed
them. Johnson ordered tbo rcinstato
mont of these officials. Grant refused,
and so Johnson removed Sheridan and
appointed Hancock. The latter re
fused to listen to Grunt's advice on tho
ground that "ho was opposed to nig
gor domination," and removed the men
Shoridan bad appointed. Then Grant
interfered lo prevent the reinstatement
of tho Governor and Commissioners
whom Shoridan had removed and Gen.
Hancock asked llio President to relieve
bim, as, through Gen. Grant's interfer
ence, his usefulness was destroyed.
This is tbe sum and substance ol Gon.
Grant's account to tho Rev. Fowler of
"tho inner history and spirit ol tho
celebrated Order No. 40." it is indeed
hard for tho veteran to believe that
Gen. Grant was correctly reported in
this part of tho interview by tbo liov.
Fowler, or, it ho was oorrectly report.
ed, that Gon. Grant was in a monlully
rioruiui I'oiiuiuuii woen tie mus incor
rectly gave one of tho concluding in
cidents of Gon. Hancock's famous
though brief career as commander of
the department of Louisiana und Texas,
as "tbe inner history and spirit of the
eolobruted Order No, 40." Tho fuel
ot Gon. Hancock's government ofthoso
Slatos ara a part ut our national bis-
tory, than which nothing is bettor or
more clearly known. The President
and Congress did not agree in regard
to reconstruction, Tbo Radical Con
gress desired to rotuin its hold on the
nation by making reconstruction im
possible, except in such a way as would
insure the continuance ot Radical rule
both North and South I
' Tho Stntoi ol Louisiana and Toxas
wore governed in a moio arhritrny man
ner than Russia. Tho Military Com
mander deposed at will judges, county
dorks and other officials who were
essential to civil government, and ruled
tho country by military commissions.
The case quoted by Grunt mny be
taken as on in point. Gon, Shoridan
know, or thought ho know, that tbe
Governor of Louisiana and the throe
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1880.
Commissioners by borrowing money
on levco bontls, when lbs bonds would
not bring but a small part of tlioir fttco,
were defrauding llic State. So ho re
moved them by military order. It
wits un unnecessary arbitrary proceed
ing, whether tho reason given for it
was true or false. 1 ho reconstruction
act nan given inoniininry commander
of the departments the option to rule
by menus of military commissions or
to uso the methods known to the civil
low. Gen. Grant and Gen. Sheridan
acting in tho interests of u Radical
Connress, choso the former method
Gen. Huncock who believed tbesnprem-
acy ol the civil law in timo ot peace,
ctuso,w nen appointed losticcccdsherl
mm, mo latter means, niui on talcing
command Issued Ins celebrated Urdej'
No. 40. In it ho simply, in suhsinnco.
sant to the people ol ; Ap.twobtiites
that, although they Iiinl once bee
rebellion, although tbo Slates were not
represented in Congress, yet, so long
as ihey ptesorved tho peace, abstained
from vio'enco, anil obei od tho laws
passed by Congress, they should havo
nnd woro entitled to have all tho right
guaranteed to them by tbo common
law, tho writ of habeas corpus, liberty
oi spcccii, mo right 10 uoeido ine many
civil questions that arise between men
by llieir own civil tribunals. His
predecessor bail, by mililury crdur, in
slitutcd n test for a mun to becomo a
juror, which was unknown to tho com
mon or any other law. Gon. Hancock
revoked tho order. In other words,
Gon. Hancock told tho people of these
Stutes to go on, obey the laws of Con
gress and in their internal affairs to
govern themselves 'just us the pooplo
who have inherited tho great privi
leges derived from our Knglish lore,
fathers bavo a right to do bo long as
they are not undergoing any penalty
for crime. Tho Southern peoplo woro
not undergoing penalty for crime, and
they had full right to all that General
Hancock tendered them In Order No.
40. No people hut ono just cmorged
from a bio uly and disastrous war in
which they had got tho worst of it,
would Imvo submitted to rulo by arbi
trary military order, and Gen. Han
cock changed tho methods and offered
tho people their rights Murder, which
hud been fearfully rife, st tipped ns by
unanimous consent. Crime grew less,
and tho people started off' on tho path
of reconstruction on common senso
principles. Tho interference of Grant
in Gun. Hancock's prooeodures, Grant
Iwiving been given even grinler power
than tho President, 'changed nil this,
nnd paved the way to even a greater
crinio than tampering with tho idler
tiesof a conquered people the crime of
stealing the Presidency itself, which
was tho legitimate Iruit of tho contin
uance of government by ll.o bayonet
in tho South. And this it tho inner
history and spirit of tho celebrated
Order No. 40, and not tho ono-sided
account of one ot tho closinir incidents
of Gen. Hancock's Louisiana cameras
narrated by Gen. Grant to tho Roy.
According to thOMntorviowcr, Gen.
Grant ended bis extraordinary talk by
confessing that ho would havo accept
ed the third term nomination for three
reasons : 1st, his esteem tor tho char
acter of tho men who tendered it to
him ; 2d, his belief that bo could have
broken up a solid South : 31, his bo-
liel that be could have caused the en
actment of certain laws regarding
commerce with people who uso free
labor, discriminating against those
who uso sluvo labor. It is enoui'h to
say regarding Ihoso astounding utter
ances that they would justify, it any
thing, tho election of General Grant to
tho Presidency for lilo.
HE WARNS A DEMOCRATIC MASS MEETINO
IN IITICA AOAINST WDAT THE REPUB
LICANS CALL NATIONALISM A DIS
SECTION OF (IEMERAL OA It ri t l.Il's
THEORIES AS TO THIS ELECTION
AND CF Ills PLANS IF II E
When Governor Seymonr came lor
ward on the stugo of tho Utica Opera
nonso to address tho largest Homo
cralio meeting ever held in that city,
be was received wilh tho most ofTeo-
tionato greetings. He was In excel
lent voico, and spoko substantially us
Fellow-Citizens: "It must not bo
forgotten that this government is no
longer me sirnplo machinery it was in
the early days ot tho republic. Tho
bui-olio ago of America is over. The
interests the government has to deal
with are no lonircr those ol a sniall
number ol agricultural communities
wilh hero and Ibero a commercial
town. They are the interests of near
ly fifty millions of people spread over
un immense surlace, with occupations,
pursuits and industries of endless vari.
oty and groat magniludo; largo cities
with elements of population scarcely
known hero in the curly days, anil all
theso producing aspirations and inter
ests so pushing, powerful and compli
cated in their nature and so constantly
appculing to tho govurnment, right
fully or wronglnlly, that tho require
ments of statesmanship demanded in
this ago are far different from those
which sufficed a century ago."
These nro not my words, if I bad
uttered them it would bo felt thut 1
was making a harsh (lianiro aiminst
tho Administration. They uro state
ments put forth by ono of its officials,
who speaks from bis experience us a
member of the Cubinel, und as one
who formerly had a scat in tho .Senate
This declaration made by Mr. Schurr.
is official in character. It will be so
viowed in other countries and will re
joice tho enemies of our Government
It ilo it mortifies the American Peo
Until within the past twenty years
tho execulivo, the legislative, the judi
cial departments gave honest construc
tion to tbo Constitution. They did t.ot
sock lo usurp power by strained defi
nition. J hoy sought to carry out its
spirit. 1 hey did not summon crowds
of men wilh schemes, who woro push
ing, rigniiuny or rongiuiiy, io gel 01
Ibo publio Treasury, by calling this a
nation and teaching tho false doctrine
that wo should follow the neaircs of
other and not tho constitutional law of
our own government.
The leaders in the canvass on that
sido are those that bold places as Sen
ators or as Cabinet Ministers or Im
portant positions under the present
Administration. All of them in tact
und in somo form ask that their power
should be increased by takinit from
tho peoplo somo of their homo rights.
They say in rfTcet, give to us your
rights of making laws for yourselves,
wo ran toko cure of l our interests hot
ter than you can. l'.verv demand for
jurisdiction for tho General Govern
ment is a demand lor the surrender ut
right by tho peoplo In their towns,
thoir counties or their Slates. Mr.
Garfield openly expresses hia salisfac-
lion and bis desire if bo is elected Pres
ident that Ibo Government should havo
mora power than it hail whon Wash
ington and Adams and Jefferson and
Juckson tilled tho Kxcciilivo ('Imir.
Ho says thoro Ens been a gain, und
that there will bo more by forco of
gravitation; not by tbo popular will,
not by changes in the Constitution in
a regular way, but that authority, pa
Ironugo and power will add to thorn
solves, will by thoir own weight in
creaso and grow until they are up to
the full measure of his desires. Ho re
joices to see this done in a way against
which ucorge v asuington warned you
in his farewell address, which was sub
mitted to Alexander Hamilton and
othor statesmen beforo ho gave it to
me American pooplo.
Another member ol tho Cabinet, Mr.
Sherman. Secretary of the TrrMisun-
inTtalics a different view of tho stuto of
aflairs from that given by his col
league. Ho dwells upon tbo business
prosperity ot our country.- Overlook
ing the industry of our pooplo, tbo fa
vorable sonsons that have rewarded
their labors with amplo harvests, tho
ucmunu lor our products IroTh other
countries, ho claims for the Adminis
tration the gratitude of our peoplo lor
all their blessings. I bavo no unkind
ly feelings for Mr. Sherman. I rcirrot
that ho docs himself a wrong when ho
is ungrateful to God and unjust to tho
laborer of tbo land. It was not the
statesmanship of tho plow, blessed by
a fruitful season, that gives us our
growing wealth. Not tho skill of tho
Treasury Hepurtmont, but of median
its and manufacturers, thut make tho
springs ot our prosperity ; not tho
talk in Congress, but the toil of labor
in all Its varied fluids. In another re
spect he docs himself a wrong. Ho
does not warn our pooplo of the dun
ger which tho chango of seasons may
maso. lie aoes not, as ho should, ad
monish thom that ut this timo when
money is abundant men should throw
off tho burdens of debt and cxtricuto
themselves from positions of perils if
times should change. Ho teaches the
false and mischievous doctr.no thut
government policies and not honest
toil and frugal care, that the schemes
ol tlio brain, not the sweat of the brow,
give competcr.co to mon. Much has
been said about tho absurdity of fiut
monej-. How much more absurd uro
Air. Sherman's teaching of fiat pros
perity. In this direction Mr. Sher
man outstrips Dennis Kearney.
Tho points most conspicuous in the
speeches and journals of tho Reptibli
can party are, first, that this is a na
tion, und next, this election is a con
test belwcon tho Northern and South
ern States, in which a victory will ho
a great gain lo tho former parly. Wo
chargo that tho denunciations of tho
South are used to mask their designs
to get jurisdiction all over tbe Union
and mainly over the interests and peo
pie of the North, ns they are tho most
important and varied ; that the torm
"notion" ia selected because it is a
word of obscure and indefinite mean
ing, and if it is substituted for tbo leiml
and proper lillo of government it will
enable them to mako changes in its
character hurtful to tho right of the
peoplo nnd disastrous to tho prosperity
of their business and industrial pur
suits; that tbo mischief it will create
will not. be lor tbo remote future, but
they aro pressing upon us now and
will bo felt in their full forco from this
timo on, unless they aro averted by
tho results of tho pending elections.
It is a marked and conspicuous fact
in tho political discussions of tho past
four years that tho Republican leaders
havo sought to bring into uso tbo words
nation und nationalism when speaking
of our country. Theso huve boon here
tofore used without any special signifi
cance as torms generally applied to
different divisions of the human ruco
into communities govornod by somo
forms ol Inw. Wo alwuya find that
tho men who uso tbo word und muny
liko Senutor liluino lovo to cull it a
sovereign notion aro in tovor of a
different construction of tho Constilu-
tion than has heretofore prevailed
Mr. Gurfield openly states this whon
ho suy thut the views held by Mr.
Hamilton uro growing in strength, and
ho rejoices that our government is
gruvituting to more power. Vtofind
too, that they favor tho pluns ol the
sumo distinguished statesmen ot gain
ing jurisdiction hy constructions put
upon tbo words ol tho Constitution.
As they do not liko, ut this moment,
lo develop all their plans, which would
excite alarm particularly ut tho North,
to mask their purposes and lo divert
attention hy exciting passions and pre
judices, Ihey uso the word as fur as
Ihey can in connection with sectional
controversies so that it may bo felt
ihey only have in view tbo strength
of llio Union. It is this idea which
gives phrases a mousuro of favor with
tho Republican party. They also lake
great poins in their discussions to car
ry tho idea that nationality means soma
thing furntublo to tbo interests of the
Noith. Wo charge that the purposes
of tho Republican loaders aro in con
flict wilb llio Constitution ; that Ihey
endanger the peaeo, tho order and tho
safety of tho Union. They draw to
tho Nntinmd Capital hordes of men
who have selfish and corrupt objects,
who tempt officials to violuto duty
from motives of ambition nnd grood
for gold. They Impair the interests
and prosperity ol different sections of
our Union by law framed by men ig
norant. 01 the subject upon which Ihey
act and by legislation not only in con-
nicl witn the letter ol tbe Constitution
but with its spirit and tbo genius of
all our political institutions, both Incol
It must not bo thought that tho
changes which men seek to muko in
tho character or our Government by
the uso of tho words nation and na
tionalism, and by tho constructions
which they menu to put upon thom,
relates only to tho theory ol politic;
that thoir influences nro too uncurtain
and roinolo to bo ot Immediate con
corn. They affect us now. They not
only threaten but work disastrous re
sults to the commerce of our country,
to tbo interests of tbe farmers ol tbe
Wcstorn Slates, nnd to tho business
prosperity ot tho whole country. We
know that cheap transportation has
led to the sale of our lurm products in
Kurope and ha lifted all kinds of busi
ness from tbo depression which ft
short timo sinco was toll by all pur
suits. Tho ability to send what we
mako and raise to the markets of the
world at cheap rate is of more impor
tance to tho North than to tho South.
The product of tbo latter are of a kind
that do not suffer from tho competition
of other countries. Kurope must have
tho cotton of the South. Increased
cost ot transportation docs not prevent
their sale ; it adds to the cost to the
consumer. The lurmers and manufac
turer ol tho North hove to compute
with thoso who mako or raise the some
products in tho market which we
cok to gain. A small difference in the
cost of carrying will prevont our grain
and provisions Irom going abroad.
We find that many fair minded men
roceivo tho torms nation and national
with favor bocauso tboy havo vague
ideas that they will give mora strength
to tho Genoral Government and secu
rity to our Union. Wo all seek to
mako our Government strong, Wo all
pray that our Union may stand forever,
lint it is a I'ulso error to suppose thut
tbo strength of a Government grows
out ol the amount und not tho belief),
cenco of its power. There is truth in
tho maxim thut tbo Government is
best which governs bcH. That which
gives tbo lurgost measure ol freedom,
rights of conscience, of persons and of
property. Tbut Govornmont la the
most enduring which lift up its cili
ions into a sun so of tho right and du
tios of their positions, which trains
them to watch and guard tho public
wolfuro, which makes them bold, free
and enterprising and imbues them
wilh tho proud feeling that the govern
ment belongs to them and not they to
the govornmont. Lot us turn our eycB
from this systom which thus gives
strength and duration to tho despot
isms of tho world when all jurisdictions
aro in the bands of inonarcbs, upheld
by all tho powers of tho Slate, its treas
ures and its armies.
I beg ol our Republican friends to
look ut tho attitudo of Mr. Garfield
with regard to tbo Constitution and
soo if it is ono that shows loyalty to
its provisions. It is tbo bond of our
Union. It is tbo character ot our
rights and liberties. Ho has on many
occasions sworn to uphold it. On tho
fourth of March next ho will as a Sen
ator from Ohio tako a solemn oath to
support its provisions. Tho Senate
was organised to assert and delend
the letter and its spirit. Does tho con
duct of Mr. Garfield accord with theso
oaths? He avoids tho use of the titles
it gives tho Government. Theso woro
selected to show its character and ob
ject. Ho uses in a marked way words
tho Irumors of tho Constitution rejected
und shuns thoso tboy selected. What
could bo thought of a clergyman who
should substitute tor the grand, clear
tone ot tho iiihlo vague und unmean
ing words which obscure tho luw of
Christian life? Yet in this way Mr.
Garfield treats tho law which makus
tho life of our Union. In view of his
effi.rls lo chango tbo Constitution by
substituting construction for its lan
guage, you doubt if, in his oath ol of
fice, ho swears for or at tbo Constitu
tion. You wonder what ho seeks,
which is rebuked by tbo title of "I'ni-
euniaies, ino -jjnion, mo "1,0110101
dwell upon tho words "Nution" or
"Nationalism," which ore weak, ob
scure and trivial. Let us seo bow Mr.
Garfield looks at his interest and posi
tion. Wo can give his ideas almost in
bis own words wben ho communes
with bimsclf. Ho says: "i am to be
a Senator from Ohio for six year.
Hamilton was right wbon be said Sen
ators should bold lor 1 1 to. 1 am glad
that his opinions grow in favor. Ho
did not like oar Constitution, but said
everything depended upon tho way it
wus construed. 1 bis heuvy volume on
my lublo culled tbo civil list shows tho
numcs of more than 70,000 mon paid
from the 1 reasury. 1 bis docs not in
elude tho soldiers and sailors. '1 am
glad to see we aro gravitating toward
more powor.' Tho Senato, ot which I
am a member, gives most ofthoso men
their places directly or indirectly.
They depend upon confirmation by us
ot tbo J residents nominations. In
view of this fact, he usually sends in
tho name of thoso wo wont. If ho
does not wo throw them out. While
lar.-o numbers of thoso in tbe civil list
are not acted upon by our body, yet ss
a rule thoy hold under thoso we confirm,
so thoy all look to us for support. If
wo con moke tbe civil list up to a hun
drcd and fifty thousand wo shall bo
able to bold our placo for lilo."
J heso plain wonts give yon tho tbo
ories of Mr. Garfield and bis friends
about this election and their plans for
the future. What they say and do
shows you what they aim at. Will it
not bo wiso on tho part of tho grout
Republican party to loom and think
who will bo tho victor and who will
be the victims il they havo their own
way in this election ? If they do not
do this tboy may full into tbo trap set
lor tho people and then wo shall tool
that Nationalism is a curso.
Turn Irom Mr. Garfield's letter of
aceeptunce to that oi Gen. Hancock
lie bows to tho decrees of tho Consti
tulion. Ho acccptJ its toacbings, he is
imbued with Us luitb j its terms to bim
uro sacred ; hi earnestness shines out
ino very lino, and whon heswoarstostip
port tbo Constitution in its letter and
spirit wo know ho means to do bo.
Thoso who formed it not only choose
fitting words to tell its meaning but
patriotism, liko religion, bus its sym
bols. No flag which floats in tho wind
of heaven tells us so much as ours of
tbo history and character of tho Gov
ernment it represents. Its stripes re
call tho names of tho States which
fought tbo batllo which govo us liberty,
and which crowned their glorious
work by forming our Union. The
Stutes aro numbered by tho stars
which glitter upon its blue fluid. Ho
who would strike ono stur from its
place, or who would blend or blur the
symbols so that tboy would toll only
ol obscure Nationalism, bos latent
treason in his hoart.
Wo are asked why we took a soldier
lor our standard-bearer r lowborn
can wo intrust it with more safety
than to 0110 who bos bad Its deep ond
grand significance burnt into bis very
being by tbo fires ol boltluflolds?
There is not a color upon its folds,
there is not a stripe upon its embla
xonry, thoro is not a star upon its
ur.ufo ground that has not been mado
sacred to him. The appeal which
drew him and his fellow soldiers from
their home to tbo battlefield, was to
rally round the stars and stripes and
to uphold tho Union. They will nev-
or mako our flag an unmcfning thing ;
they win soo to it thai 11 remains a
true emblem to tho spirit 01 our Con
stitution, fly the people Tote Gen.
Hancock will bear this standard on lo
victory in this contost as he bus hero
tolore dono on tho bloody fluids of bat
tle. Ho has learned liotn il tho grand
purposes of tho Constitution by teach
ings amid oil tho solemn lessons of war,
by tbo inspiration ol tbo battlefield,
by tho sad and solemn aspects 'of the
blood stained earth and tbo dying
groans of men when the alrugglo has
ded. Ho ho learned the great lea-
sons of statesmanship, not amid scones
of party etrife, not in at atmosphere
tarnished by personal ambition or
scheme of plunder, but where Wash
ington and Jackson Icarnod the lesson
of duty to their country and ot obedi
ence lo it law and Constitution. It
is now ch urged by onr opponents that
we are inconsistent whon we place a
soldier at tbe bead ol tho Government.
The propriety ol doing this depends
upon the character of the man and the
nature of the service upon which he
TEEMS-J2 per annua in Advanoe.
1 1""' " ' mo teacher s report boolr, and
: j is being generully introduced. We in-
UTt-txvT ornirn vmi n i n-n . '"" ' gio now "Special Directions
NEW SE1UES-V0L 21, NO. 42.lnd,.S""!li""'' Ron,p,ny the
. outline ol study, which we hope will be
eaee.BeaB.aaaaae.UID. ; preserved by teachers, (.'or want of
has been engaged. Tho Gonerul who
bus fought only for victory or a con
quest, or has been engaged only to
promote schemes of ambition or grati
fy feelings of hate, has bocn taught
upon the battlefield only lessons of
lorco and violence ilut those who
bavo dared tho perils of war to free
ntry of oppression, to gum!11""1 10 "j!"1'"'0 ol'jl'cl8 and, tl1,1 ll"-'if
independent Government, lol T7 fl,!,ll1"",.1l',,l
ni.. ,..,.,. ,. i.i.i ., l" exp'ess their simple ideas about
for it an i
resist hostile invasions or to uphold it
against resistance tolls righit'ul au
thority. have their mind tilled with
ohjecu instructive, ennobling and pa
With intellects quickened by all tho
dungors and excitements ot tho strife
they fee mnro clearly than othor men
the value of obedienco to laws and tho
duly of sacrificing all things tor their
country's good. It wus in this school
that Washington learned tbe grand
duty of laying ' down his sword and
retiring to private life when tho world
tuougni ne would claim a crown as
his reward. This act, bo constantly
referred to In other lands as well as
our own, cavo him his immortality.
it was in tho nunc, school, under
liko influences, that in tho boui
of victory Jackson curbed und ro.
strained his fiery spirit and submitted
to injustico and indignity because it
wus imposed upon him by a kcal
"II called to the Presidency I should
deem it my duty to resist with all my
power any attempt lo impair or ovado
the full lorco and effect of tho Consti
tution, which, in every artielo, section
and amendment, is tho supreme law
of tho land." Winfield Scott Han
cock. Ho who bus learned to obey right
ful authority bus been taught tho
great lesson which fits him to exorciso
authority. Ho who rcvorcnccs the
laws of bis country is the right man
to administer them, lie who has
proved his devotion to its interests is
tbo one to whom wo can most safely
I trust tbo work of guarding ond pro
tecting them. Therefore wo placed
him in nomination, and go into Ibis
contest with tho film tuilh that we
shall elevate him to tbo position of
President of these United States.
THE LAST FLOPPEIi.
The Germantown (Phila.) Commrr
cial, heretofore a staunch Radical or
gan, came out for Huncock last week.
Tho editor accounts tor his conversion
in this way :
ben on the morning of tbe i-'ili of
Mny, 1804, General Hancock burled
his eager forces on Johnson's Division
ol Kurly's Corps, tho surprise could not
have been relatively greater than will
bo the announcement wo make in this
issno of the Commercial, that benco
forth its columns will bo devoted to
the maintenance of tbe principles cnun
ciatcd by the Democratic party at Cin
cinnati, ond impersonated in these glo
rious leaders, Hancock and English.
We have not reached this conclusion
without long and calm consideration
calculating tho odds that ore against
us in this Kepublican stronghold. Ilut
after tbo most patient thought and
thorough examination, we have con.
eluded that the welfare of our country.
economy in our public expenditures,
tbe interests ol labor and capital, the
growtb 01 our manufacturing cstub
bailments, and, consequently, the steady
employment of our people in tact, 11?
our National, Stuto and local concerns
can best bo subserved and protected
by tho election of General Winfield
Scott Hancock and the defeat of James
In arriving at this conclusion, we
havo been materially, almost alto
gether assisted by the Republican pur
ty'B own comments, through their
newspapers, and their Conventions,
and by Committee of Investigation,
in arriving at the iioint tbat Gurlield
ond Arthur are entirely unfitted for
tho placo to which they havo been
nominotod. It is hardly necessary
that we should enumoroto tbe cleat ly
pioren charges tbat rest on Republi-
can authority as against their own
nominees, ibo world knows of thorn
the world believe them ond yet
we ore expected to remain "in tho
ronk sweat of their cnscainod bed,"
and dally with the proved dishonor ol
their candidates. Wo prefer to get
out from between tho unclean sheets.
We prefer to believe that tho Con
gressional Committee of Congress, com
posed of Mr. Garfield's own Iriends,
told tho truth when they found bim
guilty as a bubo-taker and a well paid
lobbyist of pavement jobs in tho Dis
trict of Columbia; wo prefer to be
lieve, tbat President Hayes and Sec re
tary Shot man were just as trulhlul
when they denounced Arthur for bis
mal administration ot tho ixew 1 ork
Custom Houso, and dismissed bim
therefrom in disgrace. Since tho found
ation of the Government, no two such
disreputable candidates, slumped with
dishonor ond venality, woro over pre
sented for tho suffrages of the Ameri
can people, and Burcry it cannot be
possible that the people will ever per
mil these hitherto pure and exalted
stations to bo dishonored by their
In gratefully saluting General Han
cock, and extending to him and the
principles bo represents our humble
yet enrnest support, wo feel that wo
ore in the company of thousand ol
hitherto devoted Republicans, scatter
all over this land he eo bravely shed
his blood to savo. In gratitude for bis
great and meritorious services, ac
knowledged by a Republican Congress,
and consecrated by the yearnings nt
millions ol hearts who wont to see
bim President, wo ore lor his election
with all and more than all tho ardor
which wo bave hitherto unwittingly
bestowed on Garfield. Groat as Han
cock is as a soldier, ho has shown bim
sell still greater in the exorcise of civil
functions. Clothed with the iron power
of a Military Governor, he did not seo
"banditti" in peaceable citisons, but
preiurrvil U) see in inoni viiibviib iu.wi
to tbe Govornmont he had defended,
lie govo tbo civil power dominanco in
time ot peace, and held as sacred tho
great charter of civil liberty. Ho
never put pen to potior without illus
trating tho virtues that made Wash
ington "first in war, first in peace, ond
first 111 tho hearts ol hi country men.
Who con say the sumo of Garfield ?
Don't trade or vote for any candi
date next Tuesday, oxcept Democratic,!
and Clearfield county will roll up such
a handsome majority that you will be
surpiAod when yon hear it I
"Bridget, tho dust upon the furnl
tu re is intolerable. What shall I do?"
Do aa I ilo, marm ; pay no attention
Voto for Hon. Andrew U. Curtin for
The great political problem will soon
BY m7V McQUOWN.
"Keep tbo paopla potd upon tha value of
Intelligence over viee and ignore aee. lutellt
gent profit ara law abiding ; prodooa mora tbaa
tbfjr eetuutna j tbry annch, and beauiify, and
build up, and eireulal money, and areata divan I
led ioduatry, which fire tmploymeat to paopla.
SPECIAL VIHECTIOXS AND
In this column, during the nasi two
woeks, was insortcd a "Course of
j Study," which wo hope has found A
space, wo cull only K,vo suggeatious
foronogrode each week. This week
wo givo you directions for
FIRST REAbER ORAIIK.
Iliading.l is very important that
children should take tbe first steps in
all their school work correctly, 'i hey
.l...I.J I . I.. .;l. J
nuuuiu uo laugui, in tumiiiurconvorsa-
things w l.ich thoy can soo and handle.
Hung objects to the school room for
them to examine and talk about. Use
pictures. Seek to establish freedom
und familiarity botwoen yourself and
youngcbildrcn. Print upon the black
board the names of the most familiar
objects, which do not contain more
than tbroo or 'four letters, and teach
tho child to recognize the icorof and
pronounce it as soon as pointed out.
After pupils huve learned lo pronounce
a tew words nt Bight, teach the letter
composing them, write and print them
upon tbe blackboard, ond teach tha
children foicrnVlbein upon thoir slutcs.
Keep a list of words learned upon the
blackboard, and add new words as fust
us they ore learned. Reading is the
comprehension orexpression of thought
indicated in printed 0; written charac
ters. Tho pronunciation ol words is
not reading, but should precede read
ing as a preparatory' exercise ; there
lore, lost the ability of the children lo
pronounco tho words of a rcadlnc les
son, and to comprehend their meaning,
beforo thoy attempt to read it. India
tinclncBB of utterance, hesitancy, and
clipping ol words and sounds, should
bo corroded wilb the utmost care.
Teach tho child to express the thought
naturally, by a scries of easy question
upon tho lesson.
language Actions. Language les
sons aro thus introduced at a time
when it is very important .that cbil-
iren Biiouid Du taught to answer all
questions in completo sentences. In
all the exercises with children, develop
llic power 10 express tuoughl properly.
Correct all mistakes in the use ot lan
guage. In every written exercise.
whether upon tho blackboard or slates.
requirotho uso ot necessary punctua
tion marks. Always examine with
core all the written exercises required,
to sco how well they havo been pre
pared, and to correct all errors. V bat
ever clso you do, or fail to do, be sure
that you do not neglect tho"littleoncs,"
who nucd direction and oncouragoment
at every Btep.
Spelling. After children havo bo
come lamilior with a few words, teach
them to spell, always requiring them
Ilo pronounce tho
Dictate words, learned in their lessons,
lo be written upon their slates.
-A umiicrs. W bile children are learn-
ing the names nt objects, develop a
knowledge of numbers, by letting them
count one, two, threo, etc., os thoy pick
up tbe objects, alwaya giving tbe name
of the object. Write tbe figure repre
senting tho number of object on tbo
blackboard. Uso beans, spools, stones,
picture cords, blocks, letters, toy, etc.
Uso object that will interest the child.
Construct sirnplo examples with object
in addition ond substruction by i s, 2',
ond 3's, ond from such cxccrciscs lead
the pupils to construct for themselves
addition and substruction tables. Take
the first steps slowly and surely.
Writing. Prepare tho slato lor writ
ing by ruling one sido of them perma
nently, by scratching, as copy book
aro ruled, with four cqui-distont lines
and threo spaces, or wilh two lino to
indicate tho height of the small letters,
and a lino above and one below to indi
cate the length of tbe luop-lcltcrs.
Great care should bo taken at first to
teach tho children how to form the
letters. Alwoy writo tho word or
words to bo written on tho blackboard.
using lines, bo the children may obsorvo
now eacn letter is lormcd. Guide tho
band in tho first efforts. Teach them
to draw straight lines: vertical and
slanting, equal spaces distant, and onr,
two, or three spaces high, on the ruled
slate ; keeping in mind tho fact that
this excrciso will aid in teaching space
and slant in writing. Require pupil
to bring to tbe reading class each day
an assigned port 01 the lesson neatly
written on tho elate.
At a recent meeting of the Knox
Township School Board H.E.Shougbe.
wout, of Clarion county, was appointed
toot her of May Hill school, and Wm.
M. Dunn teacher of Now Millport
school. Tho Hoard adopted Appleton's
Tho Covington Township School
Board has appointed Mary L. Wood
teacher for tho F'renchvillo school,
Mary Sankey lor iho Mignot school,
S. J. Lncoro for tho Fuirmosnt school,
ond .1. W. Kldred tor tho Central Point
Karthons township reports the fol
lowing teachers for tho present terra ;
Oak Hill, Annie Worrel ; Solt Lick,
Libbio Yothors; Threo Runs, 11. K.
Fisher ; Korthaus, It. S Mottrer.
The Hillsdalo school, adjoining Cleat
field borough, start out with an at
tendance of fifty pupils, while the Wa
terford school at Clearfield Ilrtdgo ha
less than ono-third that number.
Lawrence township boosts of having
Iho most efficient corps of teacher of
any township in '.ha county. We hope
they will moot together and organise
a District Institute.
We aro glad to learn that J. I). NcfT,
formorly a toachor in Ilrady township,
has boon admitted to tbo Krie M. K.
Conference, and sfsigned a charge near
Mr J.C. Wbltehill, Treasurer, deliv
ers :tr5 to teacher of tho Clearfield
borough schools at the closo of eoch
month, tbe oggregate amount of their
Prof. B. C. Youngmon, Principal ol
the Clearfield borough schools, has beon
ongsged to give instruction in Gram
mar at Iho approaching Toucher In
"In one of the Clearfield oounty
schools tho children bave all the Ale
they want. What will oor temperance
pooplo say ?" M'iiaiporf Sun.
Col. Jnmca P. Sanford is among the
shining lights of Chester county this
week, lecturing before the Teachers'
Dr. Fred Todd, Secretary of the
ilontsdale Borough School Board, ba
gono to Texas to recruit bit health.
Miss Ida Gearhart, of Clearfield bor
ough, ia teaching the Williomsdal
school, in Gosbon township.
Tbe (.'lover Hill and Centre school
houses, in Lawrence township, have
been suitably repaired.
J. M. McDowell,' of Woodland, ba
been chosen teacbor of the Bradford