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In North Central PeDueyWaula.
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Q. B. Q00DLANDER,
" airjifrs' (Cards.
j j w. SMITH,
tl:l:T8 Clearfield, Pa.
T J. LINGLK,
A TTOHN KI - AT - LAW,
1:1 Pblllpsburg, Centre Co., Ps. y:pd
J)K)LAND ). SWOOPK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwrasville, Clearfield county, Pa
wl. , '78-lf.
QSC'Alt MITCH ELI,,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CLEARFIELD, P A.
drOtnce In tba Opera House, octu, '78 If.
Q R. 4 W. BAUItETf,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
January 30, 1ST J.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
rOOos in Ilia Court Bimu. Jyll.'"
Til. M. McCULLOUGII,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OlFl - In Maionle building, Becond street, op
posite lh Court House. Jo28,'78-lf.
C. A UN OL D,
I, AW & COLLECTION OFKICK,
r'!rt Clearfield Couot, Pcnn'a. T5y
1 T. HHOCK liAN K,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Illlicc in Op.ra House, ap 3i.'T7-lJ
gMITK V. WILSON,
;(rOm(o tn the Masonic Building, over thl
Ciiunly Matiuiml Hank. Iu,r24-B0.
yiLLIAM A. IlAf.KHTY,
.-rfrWlll attend tc all legal bu.lnoss wilb
promptness and fidelity. Mill.'BIMf.
vii.i.iah l. waixacb.
oavii L. krhbb.
jobs w. waiOLar.
J ALLAC'K 4; KltKIW,
(Hun-Maura to Wallace k Fielding,)
A T T (J I! N K Y S - A T - L A W ,
j.i.1'77 Clearfield, I'a.
1 K. SNYDKIl,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ollii-i. In Pla'a Opera Uoueo.
June 20, 7Stf.
t! L. Mc(iIiK,
.i tto it.rt: l '..i t- la ;
DuBois, Cloarfiold County, Ponn'a.
Will attend promptly to all legal bualneaa
eolru'trd to hie oara. ijaotl, '00.
tHul H. K URRAT. CTRHI Qttlinua.
U It It AY K COltDON,
ATTOKNKYS AT LAW,
4rt)ffica in Pie'a Opera liouaa, aaoond floor.
XiHRFI . II BMALLT. bAMttL . CURnr,
jJcHN ALLY & MoCUIlDY
ATTO KN E YS-AT-L A W,
4rLegat baiinaai attended to promptly with
Mrhty. UIBoa on tieoond ttraat, above tba Flrtt
National Bank. Jan: 1:7a
I U. KilAMBR,
A T T O Jt N E Y - A T - L A W ,
Real Eetata and Collection Agent,
i.KAiii ir.i.i), pa.,
Will prmuplly attend to all legal buiineai an
truftedato bit care.
r-rOfiice in Pie'a Opera ll.naa. Janl76.
J P. MiKKN'UICR,
All leftal buiinen rntnieted to bii eara will ra
ce tvi prompt attention.
Office In the Court Home.
JOHN L. CUTTLR,
ATTOUNEY AT LAW.
vl Real F.atate A cent, Clearfidil, Pa.
Offlne on Third itreet. bet. Cherry A Walnat,
t4r Reipeetfally offre hie terTleei In lelling
and buying land. In Clearfield and aUointng
countiea ) and with an tiperleneoof OTer twenty
yean a a inrrayor, latten hlaaieif that ha eaa
render eatlafaottoa. tfab. S:03:tf(
011 K. M. SCIIKUHER,
Olfioe In rcaidenra on Firat it
April U, U7J. Clearlield, Pa.
Ilt. W. A. MEANS,
I'HYSICIAN A SllRHKON,
DI'BOIS CITT, PA.
Will attend profeialonal call, promptly. aagl0'70
jyt. T. J. 110TKK,
IMIYHICIAN AND 3U It EON,
OJSre on Market BlfMt, Cleart.ld, Pa.
P9-01 konre: I to II a. m., and 1 to I p. a
jyt. J. KAY WKIOLKY,
jrOffie. aJjolning tba reflldeai-e f Jamaa
tt rigley, K.o,., on rlaeund bt., Clearneld, Pa.
yt. II. D. VAN VALZAII,
( I.KAHKIKI.II, PKNN'A.
OFFICE IH ItESIIiKMCE, CORNER OF FIRST
AM PI N H HTKKKTs.
f OBo. ko.ra Froaa II to I P. H.
xj is, isrs.
R. J. P. I1URCUFIKM),
bale Surgeon of the H Regtatenl, Pennaylranla
Volanteera, having ratarned frea the Army,
offere hta profeetieaal lerrleaa la UatlUaeaa
tWat-Proreeeloaal eallt nroanDtlv atUsael l.
OOoe on Seeond a treat, fornaerljoocapied by
lOII PHINTIrlO OMVKItT D 16 CRIP
M tloa neatly at ecu tad at tble vSf.
GEO. B. Q00DLANDEE, Editor
VOL. 51-WHOLE NO.
TI HTICtK' A CORKTA11LKH YKtM
Wt hav printed t Urf nantwr of tbo n
Vr.m llllab, na win on too rooeipi oi iwci.it
0v eonu. Biil ft aoot tn ty twldr mitt
CITY. Culleotiont tiisde and money promptly
litvid uror. Articloi of iff retro fit and duedt of
o.OTey.vnce neatly oxnutwl aod warrtfltvu cor
rect or B" eharita. J
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jmttcft uf the Peaca and Scrivener,
t.lL.Cotketiuna niada and ibodoT promptly
(orrain p. o.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
ron bvll foaraaBtp. .
My , INTS-lya. '
Siuiir Timber & Timber Lrtnds,
Jall'T OLKAUFIKI.il, PA.
Housu and Sign Paintor and Paper
( leniliflcl, Pnin'a.
!m.WIII aieoata Jobi In bit line promptly and
in a workmanlike manner. p
JOHN A. STADL15U,
BAKKH, Market St., Cl.ar0.lil, Pa.
Fre.h Bread, Ruik, Rolli, Plel and Cake,
on band or made ta order. A general aaeurltnent
of Cunfectlonarier, Kruita and Nuti in ito.!k.
Ina Cream and OyMert In eeaeon. 8aloon oaarly
o;)ftoaita the I'datoQioa. Prieea niodrata.
Mart'li III '7a
WEAVER &. BETTS,
Real Esta'.e, Square Timber, Saw Logs,
AND Ll'MIIKROF ALL KINDS.
tr-OIBiia on Soouitd atroot, in rear of etore
n "Hi of Ueorgo Woavir i Co. jaull, '78. tf.
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
Oaoaola Milll P. O.
All offlolal buainaaa entraited to him will be
promptly attended to. moh20, 70.
ll 11ARRKH AND HA IKDK (jSBEK.
fh.-p in Martet Kt., oppoiita Court Hcoro.
A clean towel for ovary eiiftomar.
AUt. dealer lo
llc.t Hi a it-1 it ofTi-barro and Iko".
UnfflflM P. l. '
JAMES H. TURNER,
J1STI0K OP TIIK PEACE.
haj urepared himielf with all the
ncceiiiry bl.-.k funue under the Pcniit'O and
Hounty tuwi, ai well ni blnrilc Vt, etc. All
legal mutton euirutlca1 to bin care will rceelvo
prompt alloc (too. .May 7ti, lS7tlf.
Market street, Lirarlleltl, i'a.,
MAIM' FACTOR Kit AMI) UKALBR IB
Humes, Bridlet, Saddles, Collars, and
eot-AII kindi of mi air in tiromptly attended
to. Kaddlari' Jlardwre, Hotm llrmhw, Uutry
Couiba, An., alway tin band an-i for ial at the
loweitoaeb prioe. March Itf, IBJl.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NKAR CLKAUFIKLD, PKNN'A.
MPbiopi alway i on hand and made to order
on ibort notiea. Pipai bored on reasonable term a.
All work warranted to render afteraction, and
delivered tf deatred. ny36:lypd
rIHR underilirned bege leara to inform thenub-
X. Ho that he la now fully prepaiW to accommo
date all in the way of furnishing IU.iei, Buggiea.
daddlea and Harneia, on the aborteat notice and
en reaennablo terma. Reeidenee on T.ocuat itreet,
between Third and Fourth.
UKO. W. OEARH ART
HeerBclJ, Feb. 4, 1074.
OlaEN II0PR, PBNN'A.
1UIB uniUrnigned, liavitig letted tbia (im
modiuua Ua'tel, In tba village of tileo Hope,
ia now prepared to aoeoumodala all who may
oall. My taiile and bar ahall bo auppUed with
the boat tlio market atTorda.
(IKUKdK W. DOTTS, Jr.
Ulen Ilupe, Pa., March 20, 187H-tf.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
OKNKKAL UKUCilANlil.SK, ,
Alio, eitvn aiva mannraetnrer and dealer tn Rtjuare
itiniier ana pawed uuinberor an ainua.
avOrdera aullclted and all bill, promptly
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
and maauteturera of
AM. KINIIH OK HAM 1:1) I.I MIII'.n,
I -T'Tl CLEARFIELD, PKNN'A.
S. I. SNYDER,
-.CI AID ftlALBB IB
iidi a-T rni t uri Ki II u i tr db
Watches. Clocks nj Jowclry,
Ornkam'i ftot Markri Stnrt,
All hlndi of repairing In my line promptly at-
enJod to, Jan. lit, mtv.
GNCOUKAGK HOM K INDUSTRY,
rpHK underaTirnetl. hating aatabllahad a Nur-
I aery on the Tike, about half way between
Clrarflrld and Curwrnarille, la tireiiared to fur-
niih all klnda of KKl'IT THKKS, (atandard and
dwarf,) KTergraena, Bhrubliery, Urapa Vlnaa,
(loo'eberry, Lawton lilaeklrerry, Btrawoerry,
and Kaauherrr Vlnea. Alao, Htberian Crab Treea.
Quince, and early acarlet Khubarb, Ao. Or J en
promptly attamlou to. Auuraaa,
J. v. w H1UI1 1,
aej.20 Curwenavllla, Pa.
F, M. CARD0N & BR0,,
0b Market Pt, one door wett of Manalnn Home,
Our arraBBemonia are cf the meet nomplete
charaetor lor furniahtng the pablta with aVreih
Meau of all kind, and or the very boat quality.
We alao deal Ik all kiaOa of Agricultural Intpla-
meBta, whieh we keep on etmtMttoa lor ine
eflt of the pablit. Call aroand when la Iowa,
and lake look at thing', or addra.1 na
nga, or addreea ua
F. M. CAHUUN A BR0.
r. at. UAKU
Clearlald, Pa., J.ly 14, l7.tf.
t'ltarftttd iiisftrwaaa-ai Agnuff.
.aaaa kaaa. PAH"' I. fc atnhl.l,
Hi nil HiniH.H, Arrnlt,
ftepraaant tba follonlng aid .tb.r 8nt.laM Co'a
Llrerpool Undo. 1 Oloba-U. . Ur..l.l.
Lyoomlag-iil motoal Aea.k plana.... t.OlHl.OOO
Pba-ali, of llarifnrd. Con. I,024,03
Iniarann. Co. of Narlb Amarlr. I,4H3,074
Noitb Brlllih t Merranllla II. 8. Br 1, ;!,
Hi-otll.b Commercial U. 8. Dranrk.... 071,144
Walerlonn - tt,l
Traaalare (Life A Aeoldeni) 4,iS.44
Olloe oa Market tit., .pp. C.art lloaaa, Cl.ar
!c!i, Pa. Jan. 4. 71-lf.
MY FIRST CIGAR.
'Twaa juitbabind the woodshej,
One glnrlona Summer day,
Far o'er the hiila the alnking fun
Purauad Ita waatward way.
Ami in my lone roclualon.
Safely removed afar
from all of oarth'f oonfuiiion.
I auokod my Drat eigttr.
Ah. bright the boylnb Nnclea
Wrapped In wreathe of blue ;
Itv eyia prey dim, my head waaligtit,
The wuodfhed round me Hew.
Dark nlht cloned In around me,
ftajleie without a atar,
llrlm Jcol h I thought had fuunJ tne
And apoiled my flntuijfar.
Ab, pallid waa my nublo brow.
The waning night wai lata,
My atartU'd mother cried, In fear,
"My oi. i Id, what hare you ate t"
I hrard my father' amothered laugh,
It acciuetl ao it ran go and fnr
I know he know, kknew he knew "
4 I'd imok'd my brut cigar. .
' Hurlimton iiict'eye.
A THICK !
GARFIELD TRIES TO LEGISLATE
GEN. HANCOCK OUT OF OFFICE I
A Faithful Officer to be Removed
BocauBo He Obeyed the Law
and would not Govern
with the Sword I
HANCOCK'!! HI 1'1-OHT (11 CIVIL
I.AIV 111 A 111". A chimi:
ItV J A It l'lli I. II 1
Ill Jiinimry, 18(18, Aiulrow JolinHtin
wan l'lx'tiidtiiit, u. o. drant wan l,cn.
oral ol the Army, and Winfiulil S. Han
cock waB llnjor tionoral in commiind
uf Louimiuia and Tuxuh.
ISuvembur l'.Kli, 1SG7, llancoi k us-
siiinod command and IhbiiimI Iiih I'utiious
Ordor No. -KI. ll coutbined theso
Wliun insurrouliiiimiT hug been
overthrown and peace untablmlied, and
tlio civil untlioi itioH are ready tin (I
willing to ierforiri their duties, tlio
military tinner should ceaiio to lead,
and ihucivdudmiiiixlrulion reMimo iln
natural and rirHlnl dtitninion. Solemn
ly impressed with thiBo vieH, the
(icnerul announces that the great
principle of American liberty are still
the- luwlul inheritance- of thiH people,
and ever should bo. The riirlit ol trial
hyfjiin-, tlio habear) coriiua, the liberty
of the proH, tho Ireedum of speech,
mo natural rintx ol porhonK, and tho
rights of property inut bo prenorvcd."
from tne (.oiwre.monal utoue, Janu
ary llith, 1H08, jiaijo 4HII:
Mr. OAJtKIKLD. 1 ask unanimoun
conaent to oiler for eonsideral ion and
action a hill to reduce and improve
tbo militnry cHlaldisli mcnl by tlincharg
mfr one Major (jencral.
i ho bill wa reuil. It provides that
tho Army of llio United KtateR dhnll
bo rctluccd by tlicdiBchargo from mili
tary ncrvicoof tho Major (Jcneral, who
Waa Ilia iHwt wnmmiMomnn.l In ,1,.,
grade before January, 1808, to tuko
ellect from iln piiHonce, so tliat there
shall bo but lour Major Ucnoruls in
Mr. I.AKI'lr.LH. 1 liopo tne bill
will bo allowol to como in, and then
we can act on it in tho morning.
Objection was mado, and Mr. Gar
field said ho would bring it up tbo firnt
think on Monday next.
Maior uonoral vvtnneld a. lliincotk
waacommiHscd Mujor (.ioneral on July
'.'(ith, 1800, and ho was tlio last person
commissioned in that grade before
Tuub we sue thai wiiiim six weeks
after Hancock isBiicd his Order, No.
40, Garfield, bdlng t tho time Chair
man of tho Military Committee, moved
a bill to remove him from ofliee. This
was not to retire nor to pension him
but to punish him.
J Ins bill was not Heard ol again,
but House Hill, No. 43!) came from tho
Committee on Iteconstniction on that
day (January 13tb, 1808,)througb Mr.
That bill contained tho following
Tho following sections 2, 3 and 5 of
Houso Bill, No. 43'J :
Bar. 2. jlnd be U further matted. Tliat for tba
apaady enforcement of the aot entitled MAn act
lo proviae inr tne more etni-t.nt government oi
tke reb.1 Statea," paaaed Marob aeoond, eighteen
handred and alxty-eeeen, and Ilia aoraral aola
aupplernrntary tbereto, tba llcnaral nf th. Amy
ol tho tnited Statee la b.reby autboriaad and re
quired to enjoin by ipocial ordra upon all omaera
in command aeil bin the aereral military depart
ment, witbio laid lercral ritatea, the perforuianea
of all aota aalhoritcd by aaid eoreral lawaabu.e
reeiled, at kia dlaeretlon, by kla order from enm
wand any or all of aaid eomtnendera, and detail
other sincere of Iba United State. Army, not be
low tba rank of Colonel, to perform all the dotiea
and exereiie all lb. poarere antboriaed by laid
eeveral acta, to tba and that tba people or .aid lat
eral Ktate. may apoedily teorganlae eivi) gorern
menla, Hrpubliflin ia form, in .aid several Htatel,
and b. vectored topolitical power In the I'nlon
Sao. 8. And be it further enacted, That the
General of tba Army may remor. any or all oivll
ofheer. row noting under Iba several provisional
govarnancati within aaid leveral diiorganiied
State., and appoint otbere to discharge th. du
tlea pertaining to tbeir respectiv. ofboea, and may
do any ar.d all acta which by aaid leveral iawi
above mentioned are autboriaad to be done by
the leveral ootnmsnderi of the military depart-
menta within laid Stnlci and ao much of laid
Kli, or of any act, a. autboriaee the Proaldenl
to detail the m Hilary department!, or to remove
any omrera wno may be acialieq ai ncrcln pro
vided, t. b.rouy repealed.
Tho 6th section mado any interior.
once by force with tlio orders of tho
lionoral ol tho Army (brant), or any
refusal or negloct to carry out tho
slot ti to, a high misdemeanor, punish
ablo by 15,(100 fino and two years'
This statute aimed at compelling
nancocK to ouey luo orders ot Oram,
tho tienernl, and not ol Johnson, the
1 resident) and it cmpoworod uenoral
(irant loromovo Hancock if boobeyod
Johnson and not Grant. It also gave
tho licnoral of tbo Army power to do
everything be saw fit to do in cat h of
tho Military Departments without any
control ot tho 1 resident. -
lis real animus was tho effort of
Garfield, and those who acted with
him, to subordinate tho civil to tho
military power in all tho South, and to
remove Hancock because ho rorog
nir.cd the law as suporlor to tho sword.
Tho bill was put upon passago, and
tho Conqrcssional Globe, of January
21st, 1808, contains tho spooch mado
by James A. Garfield in Its favor. Tho
following extract from Mr. (iarfiold'i
speech explains why bo supported the
I now como to Inquire why this
legislation is nocded. It is becauso
this Congress, in its work of restoring
to their places the States lately In ro
bollion, atithorited tho 1'rosident to
assign tho officers ol tbo Army to the
duties prescribed In tho law : and the
. resident lias mada such nso of that
authority as to obstruct and dolay tho
restoration oi moso males.
Mr. Hpoaker, 1 will not repeat the
Ion a catalogue of obstructions which
ho bag thrown in th way by virtue of
ins power conlcrrod upon liim In tho
reconstruction law of 1807, but 1 will
aiiuae to on oiamplo, wniRi Hi bas
FOUND IN A MAJOR CIINIRAL OF Till
ARMT A TACILR INSTRUMENT With
which jiioro efieclually to obstruct tho
work of reconstruction. This case is
all tho more painful becauso an other
wise meritorious officer, who bears hon
orable sear, earned in battle for the
Union, has been made a party to tho
political madness whieh bas so long
marked the conduct ot the i resident.
This Uonoral was sent into the district
of Louisiana and Toxas with a law of
C'ongruNS in his hand, a law that com
mands him to see that justice is ad
ministered among tho people of that
country, and that no prolenso ol civil
authority shall deter him Iroin per-
lormiiiir his duty, and yet wo find that
officer giving lectures in tho form of
proclamations and orders on what
ought to bo tbo relation between civil
and military department of tho Gov
ernment. Vl SK IIIM ISSU1NO AGIN
tn a i, onnr.R in wmcu lie declares
THAT T1TR CIVIL SflOULD NOT GIVI WAT
niKORE the military. We boar
him declaring that be rinds nothing in
tho laws of Louisiana and Texas to
warrant his intcrferenco In tho civil
administration of those Stales. It is
not tor him to say which should bo
first, the civil or the military, in that
rebel community. It is not lor him to
search tho deliint laws of Louisiana
and Texas for a guido to his conduct.
It is lor him to obey the laws which
ho was sent thcro to excuto. It is for
him to aid in building up civil govern
ments, rather than preparing himself
to bo tho f residential candiduto ol that
party which gavo him no sympathy
when ho was gallantly lighting the
battles ol tho country."
The bill passod the House yeas,
124, all Republicans; nays, 45, all
Democrats James A. Gartiold voting
yea. (hco Houso Journul, page 219.)
J lie rocord is made tip : It is Han
cock, tho soldier-civilian and tho law,
against Garfield, tho disgraced civilian
and tho sword above law.
CIIOOSH YE I
Not Sunday School Literature.
Wo understand that tho Kudical
stumpers in this county proclaim thuir
candidate Garfield a turilfilo lor
protection. This is a naked falsehood,
as his wholo Congressional life and
voles provo. More: Hon. John W.
Killinger, from the Dauphin, Lebanon
and .Northumberland district, who
has served six years in Congress with
Garfield, ina long letter to his con
stituents explaining why bo and other
tariff advocates refused to vote for
Garfield for Spealtor four years ago,
said: "Mr. Garfield's record on this
question (the tariff) is well known to
the country, and somoofit bas como
under my own observation. 1 could
not, thuieforo, pass it by as insignifi
cant or ununportunt. Without meali
ng any disrespect to him 1 am com
pelled to say that his stalus has been
equivocul, if not actually hostile, to tho
opinions wo hold in Pennsylvania.
J II A YE AEVEH FOUND HIM
TO STAXD SQUARE FOR PRO
TECTION." Now, why our local
orators post Garfield as a tariff advo
cate, niicii inu vuwinAstuitui jitcuni,
and the decent members of his own
party pronounce aim a freo trader, is
a twisting and screwing of the naked
truth that wo cannot comprehend.
Tho stumpers indicatod must cithor
quit open, naked, and defiant lying,
or abandon their Sunday School call-
in; ; bocatiso their sophistry is so tinn,
and thoir falsehoods so apparent that
hvo-ycar-old boy will detect tho
crime. hen the Lonrcoionai Ilecortl
stares a man in tho faco ho should not
contradict it, unless bo stipposos his
hearers to be tools.
More IIecord. The Louisville
Courier, in alluding to mora of Gar
field's dirty record as a Congressman,
remains: "Hancock is a man of desti
ny. Why, just look at tho rjcord
In 1808 Garfield brought a bill into
Congress to drop tho junior Major
Goneral. luat was Hancock, It
passed both Houses of Congress and
was signed by tba i resident. Hut bo-
fbro it could be carried into effect, Geo
11. Thomas, tho .Senior Major General,
died, and Hancock, going up ono
grade, was no longer tbo iiimor Muior-
General, and so tho law could not
reach him. I hen tho li-cpublicans,
still led by Gartiold, passed an act ro-
nucing tho Jilajor-Ueiicrals to throe.
This was signed by the President, but
beforo it could bo carried into effect
Meade died, and tho Mnjor-Gcnoruls
wcro reduced to thrco by God Al
mighty. Finally, a law was passod
authorizing tho President to drop one
ot tho alajor-Ocncrals. Jielore it could
be carriod out and Hancock be dropped
llallcck died, and ilancok becoming
the senior alsjor (cneral, bo could
not bo dropped. Tho man who sur
vived all those attompts to rctiro him
cannot bo retired. The man who led
them Gurflold will, as a fitting con
summation of his act, full a victim lo
his intended victim. Hancock will bo
olectotl Presidont. Garfield will bo ro
tired at least from tho Presidential
The Official Hoster. The fol
lowing is tbo list of officers and mem
bers ol Iho lNalionnl Lxoctitivo Com.
mittoo of Hancock Veterans :
Chairman General Won. F. Braltb.
I.I Viae Chairman (Jcneral Jama. McClaede.
Ind Vlea Chairman Geo eral Ducaa 8. Walker
Kco. See Majer IV M. Havarty.
Cor. See. Colonel 0. 0. Wheeler.
Advl.ory Commiltaa General M.T.McMabna,
General Francla Darr, Major George M. Bauer,
Ueneral i. Kilby Smith, Ucnaral Hi. Clair Hoi
bolland and Colonel Fialey Andereoo.
Tbo billowing named Pennsylva
mans bolonc to tho General Committee
Colonel Levi Maish, York ; Colonol P
M. (itilhrio. PittsburL'h : Captain W
K Miller, Carlisle; Major 11. S. Lu
cas, Williamsnort i Captain K. 11
Kaueh, Mauch Chunk and Colonel It.
11. liickotts, Wilkosbarro. Tho head
quarters of the National Commitloo
aro at tbo uestminslor Hotel, ow
York, and of tho Slato Commitloo at
No. 3445 Walnut Stroet, Philadelphia.
Characteristic Work. It is quito
consistent lor tho party that lorgod
Iho names ol tne Dogua iiouisiana eico
tors to fictitious returns and this
crimo Is provon by tho sworn testimo
ny of tho bogus elector! whoso names
wore forged and on such lorgcrios
counted in tho dofcatod candidates lor
President and Vice Presidont it Is
quite consistent, we remark, for such
a party to fabricate speeches and print
them ovor tho names of Democrats
who nover dieamod of uttering any
Ihing of tho kind. This does not
astonish tho country, because it Is In
keeping with the character and record
of tbo Kadical organisation.
Puek says: Wo have novor pub
lished "slurs" that "reflected" on Gar
field. Wo bavo Raid out and out that
wo believe ho was guilty of corrupt
practices In the past. We have not
expressed "Indirectly" admiration lor
Uonoral ilancock as a man. Wt have
ox pressed it directly, and will do so
again, and as often as we sea fit.
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1880.
THAT MORAL SPASM.
A Chicago newspaper claims that
Judge Morcur, of the Pennsylvania
Supromo boncb, declared to its reporter
that when be was in Congress "be
know, and everybody clso know, thai
Congressmen wero folding stock in
tho Credit Mobilier antl nothing was
thought of it more than would be if
they owned any olhor proporty. Tbo
whole troubto arose from the lack ol
boldness in the men themselves ; If
they had come and doeiared that they
had tho stock, and asked what of it.
nothing would bav been thought of
it, jjut a sort ot moral spasm struck
tho country at that timo, and it was
held to be wrong for Congressmen to
hold ot any kind, i
Tho Philadelphia eljer thinks that
is mischiovons talk fur a Supremo
Court Justire in lYtoVi-vlvaiiia. . "Mis
chievous" is entitling it very mildly.
And that Judge Mcreur should talk
thus only shows how difficult it is for
a man to adapt his ideas to his situa
tion whon the latter happens lo bo
more exalted than is naturally becom
ing to bis mental constitution. Judgo
Morcur is naturally politician with
tho ideas of tbo ordinary grade of that
class of mon. He wont right to the
Boncb out of tho midst of politics. He
was nominaleu because he was a poli
tician, not becauso of his repute as a
Ho wont from Congress to tho llench.
Tho chango of atmosphoro was great,
and it is not surprising perhaps that
tne judgo bas not yol gol tho bettor
ol tho politician. It is a severe strug
gle lor Judgo Morcur, becauso he con
tends against both nature and habit.
Probably ho does not yet realise bow
improper tho lunguage sounds that ho
used to that Chicago reporter. Tho
Judge, no doubt, was telling the truth
as ho reeoilectcd it, and giving bis
ideas frankly as bo entertained them.
Perhaps wo ought not to complain
that ho spcuks freely what he thinks;
but certainly we have a right to object
to his thinking as bo does, when ha is
a Supremo Judgo of Pennsylvania.
Wo cun reasonably object to his
beliet that no harm was dono when
Congressmen held Credit Mobilier
Block. Most excellent reasons existed
why thoy should not. To say nothing
of tho dependence, of the Company
upon tho favor of Congress, it is ad
mitted by Oakes Ames' sons that it
was formed to avoid the law which
forhado tho Pacifio liailroad Company
doing what the Credit Uobilier under
took to do ; and yet the ono Company
was but another name for tho other.
t was a Company formed to violato
tho law, and ono which Congress could
prosper or wither. Thorofore tbo peo
ple ot Pennsylvania will not patiently
hoar tbo declaration of a Supromo
J udgo of thoir Stato thai no harm was
done when Congressmen took slock in
tbo Credit Mobilier,
And whon Judgo Morcur ileclaros
that "tbo wholetrouble arose from tho
lack ot boldness" of tho implicated
admitted and defended their partici
pation in tlio Company, which only
sufforod from a "moral spasm" that
'struck tho country at that timo," tho
people may reasonably question wheth
er it is not nearly time lor Juago .Mcr
eur himself to becorso tho objoct of a
similar "moral spasm," that ho may
dolermino by experiment whether
boldness is tho only thing noedod to
protect an official whoso opinions are
obnoxious to tho public seuso. The
moral spasm that brought low too
Crodit Mobilier Congressmen was
based npon tho objection of tho peo
ple to being taxed to raiso a fund for
thioves. Such they held to bo tbo
mon who asked publio aid to build a
railroad to tbo Pacific as a beneficent
National enterprise, and then invented
a schemo by which they defeated tho
law which limited tho amount of (heir
possible profits, and by a contract with
themselves and tho purchased favor of
Congress, got money enough Irom tlio
Nation lo Duiid tho road ; nna iook an
its bonds and stock as tho profit of
thoir braxon ingenuity.
Judgo Morcur nocds lo revise nis
notion of this "moral sposm" if he
wishes to behold in esteem as a Judgo.
The sonlimont of tho people upon the
crodit idobilicr msttor was ompnati-
oally and promptly rendered. It is
too strongly lounded and too stoutly
held to bo ever rovorsed. It is but
kicking against the pricks to essay to
do bo, and Judge Mercur forgot the
role, ol tho politician as well as the
judgo if ho rashly uttered what tho
Chicago paporsays ho did anoui mot
"moral Bpasm." Lancaster Intelligen
TI1KORDKR OF THE REPUB
Tho following will bo tho order of
tho itopiiblican campaign procession,
right resting on Marshall Jewoll's shirt
Credit Mobilier hand, 320 place..
Transparency, Oakea Atari' Memorandum.
DelJolyer Award. ,ura
Hepubliean Editor, wilb fllai of 1171.
Canal Iloat, llepnblloan Ida of tba Ship of
Tba Boyhood of tba CempbeHit. Preacher.
Copy af hll apaaeb In favor of John Sherman
Ilayee' Civil Sarviaa OrJer No. I.
lloecoe's Hyperion Carl, Dejected.
"Greatest Effort" Tuoa, Oannonohet Eohoos.
Two per cent. AssessmsnL
Carl Schura, wiln a $260 Lantern ssarchlng for
, . Tb. Administration ea amies.
tirant'a Forgotten Congratulatiuni.
BIain. aud Sherman, iba biiAppuinto-1 Twins.
Kogane llale'i Tears,
Don Caiasroo, son of Simon.
Jobs Ligan, wltb Carefully Thntnhed Copy i
Analrtr abont Vermont.
Ottca koldera UIO.OUO-Knigbta of Sorrowful
Tho Register, of Now Haven, kindly
lurnishes the programme lor gonorai
circulation among liepublicans, and
in order to givo it as wido sproad pub
licily us possible, the Democratic press
have volunteered to advertise it grat
uitously, lor nothing, frco of all ex
nouses, thereby saving that much
monoy cathorod by Jewell for eleo
lioncorintr purposes. We aro told by
the Register that tbo line will endoavor
to "dress up" and make a respoctablo
appearance. I niiorm, bloody shirt,
much worn. lUllying cry, "Ho Gol
Tin True Kino. Marshall Swarla
woldor, ono of tbo ablest lawyers in
Western Pennsylvania and a lifelong
ltopublic.au, cau't stand Ho Golyor
Gartiold and has junt announced bis
intention lu support Goneral Hancock.
Mr. Swartawolder says:
Hanooeb la a thorongbly honest man. Ha eoaes
from a good stock, aad po.ee. .a some of ttioee
vlrlaes that nr. Raw only aeaa as rare auriesitlaa i
that have become fossilised and olisol.ta In pak
lie Ufa. II. will make s blatory for himself
aeoond U son. wba have oooupied tke Preeidan
tlal chair. Of Bourse b. will be maligned and
vlllOed, bis eels misinterpreted and his eaotivee
impugned by the ragtag and bobtail af tba aown
Ir, but b. will da bis duly asvarlhelaes. Ue
baa tba requisite Imnass. Una of tba atroogoet
argument, is llancook's favar Is bls.niuostionea!
honesty as agetaw. tba at Isaal aaspsrted koaeety
POPULATION OF THE VIM
CENSUS DISTRICT OF PENX '
SYLVAN I A.
Tho following tables, compiled in tho
office of J. Simpson Africa, Suporvisor
ol this District, shows tho population
according to the consus of 1880 of all
towns aud counties in the District bav
log more than 1,000 inhabitants and of
all county towns; also, the population
inorein in ISiU:
cot'Rrma. 1.70 isso ini-rkaur mii.r.
York 701.14 I7il4 llslo UJI
Adam.. lli.lli 32470 1ISI Ml
Cnmberland. 4:VII 4SS00 li4 SM
Kraoklln....H 4bS(lb 4U80H 4.'i 760
Parry !M47 376118 Jim 1 470
Juniata 17.1V0 1357 SOT 407
Snyder. 160US I7S04 1IVS 317
Union 1660 I0U15 1360 316
Mifflin 17608 IV6U6 20S7 877
Huntingdon. 31161 S40KS 1777 8U
KultoD ........ 11160 10160 . 7 l 44
Caalra.. 14418 37678 .. . 3100 , 1127
Clinton 3.1211 2SJ 3074 Sj7
ClearOold 16741 4.1474 11731 1130
Total 411323 407748 60626 S2o
r -rtiLATioR or towrr ir Tna irvrsth crrrcb
Lota Havrx 6810
Lrwibborq .h lost
Machanioiburg. H .1018
11 KTTV ABURU 318
Do n.ii. J717
Vlaynciboro M 2130
N. Uoaladala 10.17
CLRAnriaLn H I SOS
Philipiburg.. .,.. 1717
Starling - 1372
ML Holly Hpringa.. 1267
N rw Bt.oouriRi.n
AllDOLRB t RQ...
This District embraces ono fifth ol
tho area of tbo (Suite and ovor one
ninth ot its population, Tho incrcuso
since 1870 is 50,S25, equal to 13.75 per
THOSE LYING ORGANS.
Somo Kadical editors aro as prono
to lying as sparks aro to fly upwards.
Hero is a caso in point which we clip
from tho Philadelphia Times :
"The billowing extract from what
purports lo bo a speech recently de
livered by Senator Wado Hampton at
Staunton, Va., has been copied into
many public journals, and is displayed
conspicuously from day to day by
some of the more rock loss organs :
Consider what Loa aad Jackson would do were
they aliv.. Tiirrr arr thr rams pRiiirtrLBs von
which riiRr poooiirron roiiRTRARa. ltsinember
tbe men who poured forih tbeir life blood on Vir
ginia son, and do not abandon tnam now. rta
member that apoD yo.r vote depends tba awoeea
speech at Stuunton lately, but it con
tained no such sentences nor anything
liko tho foregoing. His attention
having been called to the false reporl,
bo promptly denied it and publicly
repudiated the sentiment
Anoibor extract purporting to bo
from a spooch dolivered in South Caro
lina by Senator llntler, proves to bavo
been lubricated out ol the wholo cloth ;
but the organs keep it standing in
thoir columns from day to day, with
out attempting to inquire whethor
they aro trulhlully or falsely repre
senting tho speaker. Another exiracl
from an anonymous speech, purporting
to have been delivered somowbore in
Alabama, doclaring that " tho Confed
eracy Btill exists ," is honored by tho
organs with repeated publications
but it is so palpably lalso that even
the few readers ot party organs won't
bo likely to givo it importance. I he
campaign idiots who run riot in the
columns of organs, seem lo assume
that wo are a -Nation ol political idiots
and that the common seuso and intel
ligence of tho pooplo may bo affronted
with impunity in all partisan contests."
Kind Words. Hero aro four good
reasons why wo should use kind words
when we speak to others :
1. lioeatiso they always choor him
to whom they aro adtlrosscd. They
soothe him if ho is wretched ; they
comlorl him if bo is sad. 1 hoy keep
him out ol thosloughofdespondoncy, or
help him out ll ho happens to bo in.
z. 1 hero are words enough 01 tne
opposite kind Hying in all directions
sour words, cross words, irotiui words,
insulting words, overhearing words,
irritating words. INow, let kind words
havo a chance to get abroad, since so
many and so d liferent aro on tho wing
3. Kind words bless bim that uses
thorn. A swoct sound on tho tongue
tends to make tho heart mellow. Kind
words react upon tho kind toolings
which prompted them, and make them
moro kind. They atld fresh fuel to
the tiro of benevolent oinolion in tho
4. Kind words beget kind Toolings.
Pooplo love to see the faco and hear
tho voico oi sucn a man.
Kind words aro, therelore, of groat
valuo. As good old Georgo Herbert
says: "Good words oro worth much
and cost little."
Ho opened tho door cautiously and
poking in his head In a suggestive
sort ol way as If llicro was moro to
follow, inquired : "Is this the edito
rial rinktiim T "
"Tho what? my friend."
"Is this tho rinktnm sinktiim
sanctum, or soino such placo whero
tho editors livo. "
"This is the editorial r 10m, yos, sir.
"No, 1 guess 1 won't como in. 1
wanted to hco what a rinktnm was
liko, thai' all. Look liko our garret,
only wuss Good day. "
Look Under the Hid. Tho Han
bury jVctrs man relates the following :
"That It pays to look under the bed
beforo you retire, if you are a woman,
rocoivod fresh evidence in Watorlown
recently. A young lady there took a
poop and was rowaulod with a view
of a man's boots. She Immediately
oalled bor fathor, who promptly re
sponded wilh a gun and a olub, catch
ing hold of the rascals loot, be brought
to light his own boots, ilia daughtor
had worn Ihom on a berry expedition
and thrown them there on gelling
They bavo not hurt thomsolves yet,
Nobody wants to question the coimcl
ncss ol the assertions that Conkling
and Cameron aro uoing to thro
thomsolves into tho campaign with
unheard-of enthusiasm, but as the'
bavo not yet thrown thomselvcs i
might be prudent for Chairman Jow-
oil to appoint a commitloo to go around
and ond out who is holding mo coat
tails of these powerful Statesmen.
( A CONVERT.
.DR. MICHAEL BTECKOF LYCOMING COUNTY,
LATI OltEENUACK NOMINEE FOR LIEU
TENANT GOVERNOR, DECLARES
A correspondent of the Uughcevillo
Enterprise on Saturday interviewed nr.
Michael Slock of Money, who was the
Greenback candidate lor Lieutenant
Governor in 1878,and ascertained from
him his intention to support Goneral
Hancock for tho Presidency. Tho
Patriot is indebted to tho editor of tho
Enterprise for a copy of its correspond
ent's report of tbo interview in advanco
of its publication in that journal. Aflor
somo preliminary conversation Doctor
steck said :
"Four years ago as a forlorn bopo
the Keptihlieans of the county placed
me in Domination for member of As.
sembly, A year afldr'ward the lie
publicans nominated mo for Slate Son
ate, the Groenbackcrs endorsing tho
nomination, tbe latter knowing my
position on the question of national
finance.' Neithcrof these nominations
1 asked or sought, and you yoursell
are aware of my surprise when you
informed me that I hud been nominated
lor Lieutenant Governor by tho Green
back State Convention. However,
this has little or nothing to do with
my present position or views. Though
not fully in accord wilh tho financial
plank in tbo Democratic National plat
form, I believe financial reform is lo be
anticipated at an earlier day by tho
Democrats than by the party with
which I have acted sinco its organiza
tion up to within three years voting
lor Fremqnl, Lincoln and Grant in
1803 and '72. Besides, there are so
many good loatures in the Democratic
platform, whon compared with the lie-
ubiican, mat I am at a loss to know
ow any man who desires lo seo a
happy, prosperous and contented peo
ple can hosilata for a moment as to bis
duty at tho coming cloction."
"As to tbo candidates, what is your
"My opinion as to tho candidates
thomsolves is a decided ono. Thcro is
really no comparison lo bo mado ho
tween the two mon. Genoral Hancock
both a statesman and a soldier.
Goneral Garfield, though a well edu
cated man, is neither. Genoral Han
cock is a patriot. General Garfield,
like many othor would bostatesmon in
both parlies, is nothing but a politician,
and oithor a vory corrupt one or a
very ignorant man. 1 uy be is oithor
a corrupt politician or a vory ignorant
man for tbo reason that if his course
with rclcronco to Crodit Mobilier and
tbo DoGolyor pavement contract was
not corrupt venal, then he is ono ol
tho most unsophisticated and ignorant
"But, don't you think bo was aware
of what he was doing f"
"Certainly, llow could It be other
wise 1 Does not tho Congressional Globe
show that previous to the Credit Mobi
lier investigation, tho aims and objects
of tho association bad bocn discussed
field was a member ? And to say thai
bo was not fully cognizant of what he
was to do in helping along tho Do
Golyor psvomont contract, is to write
bim down tho veriest ignoramus in the
land. No, no ; I believe bim to bavo
been fully aware of what be was do
ing." "It is on tbis account, then, that you
will support tbe boro ol Gettysburg ?"
"No, not all together. Tbo success
of tho Domocralio party next Fall
means an eud to sectional strife ; an
ond to largo subsidies ; an end to tbe
power of vast corporations ; an end, lor
somo timo to come at least, ot un par-
ailed corruption ; nu ond, it is lo be
hoped, to tho power of capitalists, and
their efforts to croato a monoyod aris
tocracy ; and an end lo legislation in
favor of the tow rich at tho expense of
tbo many poor. It means a return to
real prosperity, and a return to wise
economic expenditures by our .National
Stato Legislatures. Tho success of the
Itcpublican party at this time means
just the reverse lor an indefinite period;
tor it is my sincoro belief, that it tho
party ol bribery and corruption aio
Bucccsslul at the coming election, it
will bo many yours boloro it will bo
oustod from powor, and then only alter
the most serious results to the country.
These aro somo of the reasons, in brief,
why 1 shall support Goneral Hancock,
as well for declaring that 1 had votod
my last Itcpublican ticket."
"Well, doctor, bavo you any objec
tion to giving these reasons to the
"Nono at all, if in your opinion they
will have any tondeney to onlighten
the pooplo as to tho true issues involv
ed in the campaign."
Dr. Michael Steck in tbe latter port
ol rillmores administration was ap.
pointed Indian agent lor Now Mexico,
continuing to act in that capacity dur
ing t bo administration ol both 1 lorco
and Buchanan. Under Lincoln, bo was
appointed Superintendent of Indian
allairs in tho same Territory, resigning
his position in order to accept tho on
porintondency of tho mining proporty
now ownod by Sonators Jones and
Chnley, and Major Kdkins. In 1809,
ho came east, purchased a tine lurin
near Hugbesvillo, and settled npon it.
In 18i8 he leceived the nomination lur
Stato Senator from tho Itepublican and
Greenback Conventions. In 1879 the
1 l L,-,- .1 ,! . !
urcuiiuacK oiato lyonvomion mauc oun
its candidate lor Lloutonanl Governor.
Dr. Steck is quite a prominent mombor
of tbo Patrons of Husbandry, and num
bers among bis friends many farmers
throughout the Stato. J
ItituiT to The Spot. Tho I'hiladol
pliia Record remarks : "If after the
batllo of Gettysburg any man bad
predicted that tho woundod Hancock
would be tho Domocralio candidato
lor President in 1880, and that bis foo
nian, Longslrcct, in tho samo year
would be commissioned by a Itopiibli
can President as Minister to turkey,
tbe prophecy would bavo boon consid
ered as coming from eitlior a fool or a
lunatic In Iho light ol theso aoooin
plisbod events it doos look as if the
Union had Deon re-established.
l'osxr Poets. The liepublicans
have Mr. John A. Joyce, late of the
SU Louis whisky ring and more re
cently an inmate ol the Missouri rem-
lentiarv, writing Uarucld tongs, and
the Democrats bare Mr. John Mo-
Donald, also late of tha tame whisky
ring and penitentiary, making rovola-
lions against Grant and the Itepubli
cans, to be used as a campaign docu
mcnt lor Hancock. Honors and cam
paign idiots aro easy in that caso,
"Wt Hid." A young man and wo
man stopped at a country hotel. Thoir
awkward nppearance txciled the curl
osity of one ol tbo family, who com
menccd a conversation with the tern ale
by Inquiring how far sho had traveled
that day. "Traveled 1" exclaimed the
strangor, somowhat indignantly, "weldren, even if they seem to be
didn t travel, we rid i
TERMS-I2 per annum in Advance.
NEW SERIES-VOL. 21, NO. 35.
SOME INTERESTING FACTS.
A gicut deficiency in mechanism ol
most of our Slate governments is the
absonco ot well arrangod statistical
bureaus. Kven in some of those States
where buruausof statistics aro in opera
lion, thoir work is Incomplete and un
satisfactory. In somo cases wo find
the commercial, manufacturing and
agricultural intarosts well attended lo.
Carefully collated tubles show what
has been done in each of Ihoso great
departments ot industry. Ono can
learn what amount of trudo has boon
carried on, how many wagons, bow
much cooperage, how many tons ol
steel or iron rails have boen mado, or
bow many bushels of w boat, corn, rye,
oats, barley or potatoes have boon pro
duced. All these and any number of
kindred lucts, all ot which are impor
tant, have been put in convenient shape
for roferunco in all time to come in
most of tho older and somo of tho
Hut in tho mailer of social and vital
statistics thoro is a very goneral failure
inch we trust, will bo remedied by
thorough organization, local co-operation
and all the other agencies required
for tho collection of theso classes of
data. Thoro ought to bo in every
State and Territory tho means of as
certaining, from year to year, tho
number oi births, deaths, marriages
and divorces, and a variety of infor
mation in relation thereto.
In recent years a great deal of at
tention has boon directed to tho subject
of divorce, and in most of the New Fn
gland Stairs tho statistics on this topic
nave Doen Kept wilh very cotnmenda
bio thoroughness and accuracy. An
article in tho North American Raietc
presents somo phases of tbis subject
which cannot fail to interost the gen
eral reader. It appors that in Massa
chusetts, from 1800 to 1878, there were
258,550 marriages and 7,1'34 divorces.
In Vormont during tho sumo poriod,
thoro wero 48,858 marriages and 2,775
divorcos ; in Connecticut, 48,153 mar-
nagos and 7,i81 divorces. Tho ratio
of divorces to marriages in Connecticut
avoragod about ono to eight, in Vor
mont, one to thirteen, and in Mussa.
chusotls one to fifteen.
Court records show that about ono.
quarter rather moro than less ol
those who make application for annul,
merit of the marriugo contract, fail, for
various reasons, to accomplish their
purpose. Of course there is no record
kept ol tho very largo numbor who
apply to attorneys for aid in procuring
releaso Irom matrimonial bonds, but do
not go so fur as to havo their suits
brought to triul. Putting arl those facts
together wo have rather a discourag
ing record of conjugal and domestic
It is particularly noticeable that tbe
statistics of all the above Slates show
a steady and decided increase in tho
ratio of divorces to marriages, resulting
mainly irom Changes in the statutes.
It is an unvarying rule that divorces
increase whenever and whorover faeil
i1:o?inrTin8"Roahr,go7Tr'irirW.'fl: no impediments, we cannot tell, but it
is quito likely that society would bo
pretty thoroughly disorganized if all
who preferred to do so wore porniillod
lo separalo from their present partners
and enter upon new contracts.
Although tho alleged causes lor di
vorce in tho soveral States are similar,
thoro is a difference in tho extent to
which they prevail. In Massachusetts,
ol 7,233 divorcos between tho years
1800 and 1878, tho following report is
given as to tho causes : Desertion, 3,
013; adultery, 2,949; intoxication,
452 : extreme cruelty, 375 ; abusive
treatment, 253 ; negloct to support,
154 : imprisonment, 60 ; miscellaneous.
17. It is lound that adultery prevails
lo a larger extent in tho cities than in
tho country. Tho same is true of do
sortion. Tho reports show that tho
husband is tbe complaint in about one-
third ol tho cases and tbo wile in two
thirds. This disparity is readily ac
counted for. A man can generally
move away when he pleases, whilo
woman is dopondont on others for tho
means of removal. It is not creditable
to tbo "stronger sex" that in tbo mat
ter of desertion, cruel treatment.diunk
ennoss and martial infidelity, tho man,
n a large majority ol cases, is tho ol-
In regard lo tho lenglli ol lime be
tween tho wedding and the initiation
of divoreo proceedings it is tbe tosti
mony ot attorneys managing such cases
that complaints aro frequently mado
soon after marriage, though it may
require years before they aro brought
nto court. In somo instances married
parlies havo boon grossly decoivod in
respect lo each others circumstances
or characters, which do not always ro
quire a long time lor exposure. It is
estimated that moro than half of all
divorcos are obtained within eight or
ten years alter marriage. i lies par.
lies havo lived together hi teen or
twenty yoars, divorces aro not so com
Hut tho most interesting of all Iho
facts in tbis connection are ihoso which
rolato to the influonco of children on
tho stability of the family. In a groat
majority ol cases thero are no children
conclusively showing that thoy most
etlecttially strengthen tbo marriugo
bond. 1 hero aro toxls lor any amotin
of sontimont in those cold facts, but it
is not our present purposo to nioralizo.
Old Martin Tupper was not mumbling
idiocy whon bo said "A babe In Iho
houso is a well spring of pleasure."
The man wno studies divoreo statistic
will learn that a baby is strong enough
to hold together many a man and
oman who, but for its arrival, would
have severed tho marriage bond and
parted in halo.
Jt Is reared that divoroesare largely
on tho inorcaso all over the country
If this bo truo, It is ono of tho worst
signs ol tho times. Tbo more happy
homes wo havo, tho more peace and
fidelity we havo between tho heads o
families, tho purer will be our public
and private morality and tho groalor
our prosperity as a people. ll aminy
A Cincinnati clergyman reeonlly
paid his afToclionslo rospoct la the
class of men that will spend 150 for
carriage hire at a wiles funeral, but
never spend one dollar fur riding
while the poor woman is alive. As
that class lias no friends, every cler
gyman should pitch Into them with a
will. It is liko condemning tke cor
ruptions of medin'val Kurope ; thoro
will bo do back talk.
Many a lather's pride is shocked
and many a mother s heart bleeds a
trifle as their boy "up at grandpa's
writes bis little scrawl bomo, "This is
tbe bos plac, I lik living boro bottor
than to home," and thoy Inwardly
vow never to bo harsh wilh the little
follow when be comet back.. Make
home tha "boa" placo for your cliil
"EQUAL RIGHTS LEAGUE."
Under ibis caption tho editor of tho
A I toon a Sun, of the 18th, elaboratos as
"A gathering of about ono hundred
and filly nogrocs, who designate thom
solves the Kqual liighta League of
Pennsylvania, has boen in session in
tbis city lor the past two days. Scan
ning the proceedings ol thoir moelingt
closely and the averago citizen would
take it for granted that bo was read
ing tbo proceedings of a somewhat en
thusiastic Garfield and Arthur cam
paign club. In point of fact this is
just what the Kqual ltights Lights
Loaguo amounts to and a pitiful spec
tacle it is to seo tho sell nonstilutod
representatives of tho African raco in
Pennsylvania proclaiming their niter
servility to tho parly which has l ever
yet dared to give tho negro represen
tation upon oithor its local oi State
tickets. In effect the members of this
so called F.qual ltights League are as
completely owned and as thoroughly
controlled by tho Itsdical-lteiiublieau
party managers as it would be possi
ble lor them to be wero thy the chat
tie property they once were. To those
who have never believed In tbo ca-
pauly ol the negro for si ll govern,
nici.t, tbe peril, nuance of the League
in litis city dm mg the past two days
win inriiisu an additional ovidenceo ol
that lack of independent etamana
which is essential to tho oxistenco of a
solfgovcrning pooplo. Ifut it is un-
luir to judgo too people ol tbo Stato by
tho gathering at the opera bouse, lor
wo aro certain that it bv no means
represents cither in expression or at
tendance tho truo scntimonU ol a
largo clement of tho colored pooplo of
Pennsylvania, ll is a noticeable fact
that men of the genius and culture and
ndependor.ee ol illiani Howard Day,
of Hurrisburg, and others of bis type
are not present. Such mon havo livod
lo learn, 1 hoy lully understand tho
utter hollowness ol Radical Itepublican
protestutions of sympathy lor the
black race, ua such, and their approv
ed judgment points to the permanent
and enduring triumph ol Demo, ratio
principles as tho only safeguard for
tho rights ot citizenship, white or
black. In these essential points tbo
colored man ot tho south is lar in ad
vanco of his northern brethren. Ho
bas learned that his truo interests can
best bo subsorvod by acting harmoni
ously with and in concert with tboso
who were his former masters, and tho
result is best shown in the magnificent
prosperity of tho southern States ntid
thoir rapid increase in wealth, popula
tion and Democratic majorities. There
tho negro is not merely used as a vot
ing commodity. Demoeralic Conven
tions nominate him to responsible local
offices and even to represent bis dis
trict in tho legislature. Where is the
spot in tho Itcpublican strongholds of
tho north whore tho equal rights of
tho negro aro thus acknowledged?
Wo tuko it for granted that the
"League" has no political geography
in its possession upon which such an
oasis is marked. No, tho simple truth
is that whilo Iho great mass ol tho col
ored population of the south is in lull
accord with the truo principles of a
common Democracy, they also moro
fully and practically undeistand tho
meaning of equal rights than do their
brethren of tho north, especially of
ronnsyivunia. the African raco south
started in tho march of improvement
and a boiler dcsliny in tho face of
many drawbacks and obstacles, not
Iho least of which was the partisan
blindness and ignorance of thoir north
ern brethren. But fortune and cir-
umstances favored thorn and now
thoy are far in tho advance. Learn-
ng to think, and act, and vote inde
pendently, thoy havo compelled re-
poet irom all parlies, belonging as a
body to ncitbor ono or tho olhor. On
aw. l , , ; a ,,."
Stato, proclaim in advance Ibat tbey
are tho property of tho Jtadical-ltcptib-
ican party a tail to John Cessnas
campaign kite and ready for any uso
tho managers elect choose to put them
at. At the best this is a most con-
tcmptiblo position, but as it is an open
secret that the current expenses of
this Convention of tho "Kqual ltights
League will be footed by the Hadical-
licpubliran Mate Central Commitloo,
ol which its Presidont, Mr. Nosbit, is a
mombor, thoro is nothing startlmgly
wonderful in tho affair after all.
Whethor Cessna will consider tho
premium on tho investment a pay-
ng speculation, remains to be soon.
Visible Weakness. Tho Ohio pa
pers aro making claborato apologies
lor explanations of tho sovoro "scratch
ing" to which Gon. Gurfiold bas been
subjected in his district since Credit
Mobilier and De Golyer days. 1 nose
ablo defenses clearly demonstrate that,
instead of being stronger than bis par
ly, ho was a heavy load to carry, and
would not bavo dared to run had his
district been close.
A Truthful Boy. "What did tho
Puritans como to this country lor ?"
asked a Massachusetts teacher lo his
class. "To worship God in thoir own
way, and mako other people do the
samo," was tbo reply. That boy may
never havo read much Cnilod Mates
history ; but ho hit tho nail squarely on
tho head whon ho dropped that remaraT.
Pretty Orthodox. An exchango
says that Iter. John Morse, aclorgy-
mau of Dexter, Maine, lias nccn bus
ponded by a Church Council because
I "his irisKv ana miiusn spirit oi per
versity." This is supposed to corre
spond with murder in the second de
gree No well disposed Clergy should
becomo tangled in that way.
Party Hudiness. It doos not help
the Radicals any to turn the cold
shoulder on tho venerable Luke Po
land. Ho did not know, that in 1873,
what a desperate strait bis party would
bo in, in 18R0. Tho old man's humble
apology for having done bit duty
ought to secure him immunity from
Go On! It is pretty well settled
that If tho Radicals carry the Slate of
Indians, tho Democrats will carry
Pennsylvania. We can rido bohind
that team. It is worth far moro than
Iho 8 by 7 Returning Hoard was to
Hayes & Co.
"How woll ho play for one BO
young," said Mrs. Partington, as the
organ boy and his monkey performed
near the door; "and bow much hit
dear little brother in calico dress looks
like him, to be sure."
JSot so Dad. Ono John W. Jones,
who had boon sonlto prison for marry
ing two wives, excused himself by say
ing that when he bail one she Ibught
him, but wbon ho got two they fought
During one ot the fights on the
James rivor, an intelligent contraband,
who witnessed the explosion ot a shell
for the first time, exclaimed: "Seedarl
holl bab laid an egg!"
I want to defeat Garfield, because 1
regard bim to-day as a sneak, a jobber
and an impostor. list. J. 11, J ornev.
Whon you rise in the morning, con-
sider what yixi have lo do, Vhc&you
rcliro, what you havo dono.
A campaign life of Garfiold by
Whitclaw Itoid singularly enough con
tains no monlion of DeGolyer.
What is the uso of health, or lire, if
not to do tome work therewith ? t'ur
lyle. If a man steals a horse In Texas bs
mustang for it.