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GOODLANUER & LEE,
MVCH1JX LITTLE. .
A disagreeable n-lnliro a cmb-un-
SKTA II LI H ED III iaT.
Toe largest l-'lreelattoa f any Newspaper
la North Central Panne) Iranla.
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a. H. QOODLANDER,
NOEL B. LEE,
M:1:II I'learBeld, Pa.
T J. LIXGLE,
I. IS Fhlllp.bnrg. Centra Co. Pa. j:pd
n fi. W. BARRETT,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
January 30, 1870. -
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
mf-Offiee In tbo Court Home.
HEN BY BRETU,
(OSTKRO p. o.)
JUSTICE OF THE I'EACE
rod rXL TOWllHir.
Til. M. McCCLI.ODf.il,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
( fli.e in ll.iorile building, Fceond .Ireet, op
sonic the Court Home. Jc2o,'7S If.
l,AV A COLLECTION OFFICE,
:0 Cli arfield County, Peno'a. 76y
g T. BUOCKBANK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office iu Open, Hour.
ap tft,T7 Iy
Square Timber & Timber LnnilH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office one dor e..t of Wetfcra Hotol building,
opposite Court liuoM.
erpt.5,'77. CLEARFIELD, PA.
ATTO UN EY-AT-L A W ,
Will attend to all huaincei entrusted to alio
promptly and faithfully. janl'7
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office In Pie' Opera ILm.e.
June 10, "Tstr.
William a. w.LLara. ' Bavin L. brkbb,
BARRT P. WALLACB. JOHN W. WRIOLBV.
r ALLACE & KREBS,
I I (Suiecaion to Wallace Fieldiag,)
iul'77 Clearlleld, Pa.
P. u'L. Bl K. . . A. A. QBAMAM.
1)111 K atGHAHAM.
J) ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
All Irgal bu.lnoj. promptly attoodod to. Office
in tlr.li.m'a Hot. room, formerly occupied by
11. li Saoup..
JURRAY Si (iORDOX,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
ar-Offloe la Pie'i Opera Uouao, eeeond floor.
ioibpb b. 'bsaixt. basibl w. a'cuanr.
(ALLY &. McCDRDY
ley-Lerf.) ba.lne.. attended to promptly wllhj
l.lelity. Office oa Hoeond atreet, al.ore tbo Firet
National Bank. jan:l:7l
i G. KJAMBR,
A T T 0 R N K Y - A T - L A W ,
Real Eatalo and Collectloa Agent,
ILKARI'I El.lt, PA.,
Will promptly attend to all legal kullnei. en
tra.tcd to hi. oaro.
Offlce la Pie'a Opera Iloaae. Janl'7l.
J F. MtKKNRICK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
All lee.1 bueiae. entruatcd to hi oar will ra
d ire prompt attention.
Office oppoalte Court Home, In M.ronio TlulldlBg,
(round loor. augl4,'7H.y,
OIIN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
ud Heal Eat ate Ae;ent, tlearfleld, Pa.
Oflee oa Third itreet, bet. Cherry Walnut.
fT-Keipeetfally offen ale eerTteea la lelllag
and bajlof land a to Clearfield and adjoining
ejoatlei and with aa exparlenee ot ever tweotr
7'era aa a aarreyor, fie I ten hlnietf that he eaa
r-oeer aatlafaettoa. LFeb. tSM-.tt,
R E. M. SCHEDRER,
Oflco la rc.ldrnce oa Flr.t at.
April II, 1871. Clearll.ld, Pa.
R. W. A. MEANS,
f 1IYSICIAN & SDRGEON.
Will attend profeaefonal call, promptly. auglO'70
T. J. 1)0 1 ER,
fMYSICIAN AND SURG KO K,
OOco oa Uarkot 8troot, Cloarteld, Pa.
t-OSca koari: I to II a. m , aad 1 to I p. .
TJR. J. KAY WRIOLF.Y,
ffff-Offica adjotalaK tka peeldoac of Jamoe
Wri,l.y, Km., oa Hoaoad St, ClearOold, Pa.
R. II. B. VAX VALZAII,
OFFICE IN MASO'IC BUILDING.
Office koara-Froai II to t P. M.
May II, M7I.
R. J. P. BDRCH FIELD,
Uw Snrgaoa of the ISd fteglaioat, Paaaiyleaala
Volaauora, baftag rataraed from Ik. Army,
e(er. bl. profoaaleaal B.rtUaa la Ibeelli.eaa
Wj-Profo.eloaal ealla ppompUy atuad.d to.
Office aa tleeead .treel, fermerlroceopled by
I TARRY HNYDKH,
II BARBER AMD HAIRDllEHSER.
6p oa Market flt, oppoelU Ouart Boa .
A alaaa lowal for ororf Matoaior.
A loo aaaawfaatapar ol
All lUad. of ArtlelM la Haama. Hair.
CMaraold.Pa. may 10, fa.
GEO. B.'GOODLAITDEB, Proprietor,
VOL. 52-WHOLE NO.
WILLIAM M. HENRY, Justice
' P.ACSASnBcRiTBRRR, LUMBER
OITT. Collection, ai.do and aionoy promptly
paid oror. Artiolo. of ajtrootnoat and deed, o I
onooyanoa Beetle oieouted and warranted eor
f0 or obargo. tiljyf S
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
luetic, of the Poaoo and Bcrfrener,
teOvColleetioni aiada and money promptly
patu n.er. fobJZ'7111
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
SHINULKB, LATH, A PICKETS,
:10'7J Clearleld, Pa,
BOOT AND SnOE MAKER,
' Market t., t'leartleld. Pa.
In the ebp lately occupied by Frank hurt,
one door weet of Allcghaay Hoara.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
taauWill allocate loba la kla tine promptly and
to a workmanlike manner. arre.87
JOHN A. 8TADLEK,
UAKKH, Market 81., ClwrflsM Pa.
Frtrk Dread, Rub. Rolta. P! and Ckw
oa bind or mda to onlor. A generl uiortment
of CoiifcwttontriM, Fruit iDtl Nnti In Hock.
Ire Cri and Ojitera In at ion. ShIoub aatijr
irpoill (he iNiarot&ce. - Prlora nodrrat.
Maroh til -'TV
WEAVER 4, BETTS,
Roal Esta'e, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND H MI1KK OF ALL KINDS.
Office 00 Keoimd atrtef, la rer of atore
rtKiut of Ueurite Weaver A Co. f jantf, '78 lf.
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
Oeoeola Mill. P. O.
II official bu.inoee ootra.ted to kim will bo
promptly attended to. mob20, '70.
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
AD DBALKK IN
Htiw IjO;n and Iuinbor.
Offloe la Urebeni'a How. , I:X&:71
E. A. BIGLER Si CO.,
aad maaufacturera of
ALL KINDN Of SAWED Ll'MHKH,
I 771 CLEARFIELD, PKNN'A.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER,
rMn aVta.aaaaBia.a, lltafUIA.
jaofrPaaipa alwava oa band and made to order
en abort notioe. Hipea bored on reasonable terns.
All work warranted to render eatiarartion. and
delWered Ifdeitred. Bj36:1ypd
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
DBA Lift JR
Aleu, ftxtenatre aianafaetarer and dealer la Square
fin dot ana oawea snaiDroi an aiada.
kT-Orderi i el felted aad all bllla nronptly
ABD aSALBK IU
Watches. Clocks and Jewelry.
Ontkam't Horn, Markit Strut,
All klnda of repairing la my line promptlj at
nded to. April 21, 1S7J.
ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY.
111 aaderalirBed. having eatabllihed a Nur
sery en the 'Pike, about hair waj betweea
Clearfield and Curwpnavtlle, la preiiared to fur
Blah all klada ef FKUIT THBKS, (ataadard and
dwarf,) Kvtrgreeoa, Shrubbery, lirape Vineaf
Uooveoerry, Law ton Hlacklmrry, Strawberry,
aad Kaapberry Vinoa. Aao, Siberian Crab Treea,
tjnlnoe, and early searlet Hhubarh, Ae. Ordera
pruwptly atteaded to. Addreaa,
4, U. WHIUUT,
iep2e H8-) Curwenavllle, Pa.
I?w Inrble Yard.
The Bti.ri)(nad would Inform the fmhlle that
he bi nprord a arw Majble Vard on Third atreet,
optioile iha Lutbrran Cbnrnh, wh-re he will keep
euntnntly on bend a itock of Tartoua kibda of
laibl. All Kind! el
Voil for Cemetery Lot,
and all other work la hie line will be promptly
eireuied iu a a eat and workmanlike manner, at
llefuaraateeaalIrfaftorv work and low prlflea.
Qire hnn a rail. J. FLAUAK TY.
Clearfield, Pa., Mareh 17, l7t tf.
Market lltrMt, t'lmrfl.ld. Pa.,
MAMVPAcruaaa ard dbalrb ir
HARNKHS, SADDLES, BRIDLES, COLLARS,
aad all klada of
iiohss rvMtisHisa aooos.
A lull etocB oi r.aui.ra uaruwaro, Dro.nee.
Comb.. Illanbot. Robca. .to., alwaya oa bead
and for aale at the lowed oaab prteee. All kiada
of repairing promptly attended to.
All ktnda n, htilea taken la eiooaage rnr nap.
nera and repairing. All kind, of barneae leather
kept on hand, and for aale at a email pro.t,
Clearleld, Jaa. IV, IS7.
For aal. at tb. Cleerteld RaprBLleAB office.
The omokI Compltlt SrrUi of aUho
Tkeea Blank! are golt.a ap la aaperlor atyla,
ar af anilorm alH, aad farnlaked at rory low
Agar 'sr .
Call at tha RarrencAB office aad (lamia
tbem. Order, by mail promptly Ailed.
Addroo., UOODLANDKR A LEE,
Jaly , lirt U. I'leartoid Pa.
. WEST BRANCH
PRHTZ A BROCKBANK, Afoot..
(Saooteaora to Marray A Oordoa.) .
Tba following Aral elaae oompaaloa repreaealod:
Nertb Brlliak A Menaatll. F.re la..
Co, of Eolaad.. lt,0OO,000
Scottl.b Oommorelal fir. laa. Oo,, of '
Mortb Aourlea. of I'biladelpbla .. 4,70.,oM
Flra.Aaao.iatl,.f Pbilad.rphla 1,100,000
WaHrtawB Fire, New York, laaaro.
farm property eery 700,000
Mobile lra lUparUMBt laa. Oa...... 7,0P
PtraoM la tb. reentry waallag lanraaoa, aaa
kara It ptwmplly aUoa to by addreaetag a. I.
aoroo. ar by wtur. Uwom pbmrotool. At.
Ilo.. Mmpaawa. Jfm aeie. Maa I. Pet
(Wa Hear.. ' ANORKW PENTI, Jr,
. B. T. BROCK BANK,
CVrarflold, Hay I, IA7-ly. Agwu.
Jl EASTS OVERWORKED.
HOW IT IS TOO HTHON0LY TAXED.
No oran in the body is so liable to be
overworked an the heart. When every
other part of the body sleeps, it keeps
on its perpetual motion. Every in
creased effort or action demands from
tbo heart mora force. A man runs to
ruleb a train and bis hoart beats audi
bly. II o drinks wino, and bis blood
rushes through its reservoir faster than
was ever intended by nature, ilia
pulse rises after each course at dinner.
A telegram arrives and bis heart knocks
at bis side. And when any one ef
these "excitements" is over he is con
scious of a corresponding depression
a "sink ing" or "emptiness," as it is call
ed. The healthy action ot all the
members of our framo depends upon
the supply of blood received from ibis
central IbunUin. When the heart's
action is arrested, tbo stomach, which
requires from it a large supply of blood,
becomes enfeebled. The brain, also
waiting for blood, is inactive. Tbo
heart is a very willing member ; but it
it be made to letch anil carry incessunt
ly it it be "nut upon," aa the unsel
fittb member of a family often is, it un
dergoes & disorganization which is
equivalent to a rupture. And tbis dis
organization begins too siten nowadays
in the heart ot very young children.
Parents know that if their sons are to
succeod at any of those competitive
examinations which have now become
so exigent, high pressure is employed.
Ilonco, young persons aro stimulated
to oror work by Towards and punish
ments. The sight of a clever boy who
is being trained for competition is tru
ly a sad one. These precocious coacb-
ed-up thildien aro never well. Their
mental excitement Keeps up a nub,
which, like the excitement caused by
strong drink iu older children, looks
like health, -but has no relation to it
In a wont, the intemperence of educa
tion Is overstraining and breaking their
II in the school room some young
hearts are brukon from mental strain,
in tbo play-ground and in the gymna
sium others succumb to physical strain.
"It is no object of mine," says Dr.
HichanlHon, "to nndcrruto tbo advan
tages of physicul exercise for the
young ; but 1 can scarcely overrate tbe
dangers of those fierce competitive ex
ercises which the world in general
seems determined to applaud. I had
the opportunity once in my life of liv
ing near a groat trainer, bimselt a
champion rower, lie was a patient of
mine, sutluring from the very lonn ol
induced heart disease of which 1 am now
speaking, and ho gave me ample moans
of studying the conditions of many
of Ihoso whom be trained both for run
ning and for rowing. 1 found occasion,
certainly, to admire the physique to
which his trained men were brought;
tho strength of musclo they attained,
the force of their heart; but tho ad
miration was qualified by the storn
fart of the rosulu." I
The symptoms of failure ot the heart
trom overwork are unusually restless
ness ana immunity, oieepiess uigiiia
aro followed by an inability to digest
a proper amount of food ; and meals,
which navo probably occn taken at ir
regular intorvals and in baste, become
objectionable. Stimulants are now re
sorted to ; but these nouriBh a work
ingman as little as a whip nourishes a
horse. They give him an exciting fil
lip; but tho best medical men tell at
that in nine quarts of alcohol there is
less nourishment than could b put on
tbe blade of a table knife. Tbe patient
for bo Is a patient by this time is
conscious of a debility which bo cannot
Bhnke off, and sleep now, even it it
come, does not refresh. Occasionally,
us tho man is pursuing tome common
avocation, ho is struck with tbe fact
that thoughts are not at tho moment
as clear as they ought to be. lie for
gets names and events that are quite
fumiliar ; or he is seized for a moment
with a sudden unconsciousness and
tendency to full. "When we sit writ
ing or reading or working by gas light,
and tbe gas suddenly goes down and
flickes, wo say "the pressure is oft" at
tho main." Just so a man whois in declin
ing health suddenly loses consciousness,
when his mind flickers; then, in his
organism, the pressure is on" at the
main ; that is, tho column ot blood
which should be persistontly passing
from his heart to bis brain is for the
moment not traveling with its due
force, to vitnllr.o and illuminate the in
But indeed it is not by overwork so
much as by worry and anxiety that
our hearts are disorganized. "Labori
ous mental oxercirie is health, unless it
be made anxious by necessary or un
necessary difficulties. Regular mental
labor is best carried on by introducing
into it some variety. New work gives
time for repair bettor than an attempt
to romplote rest, since the aotive mind
finds it impossible to ovade its particu
lar work unless its activity be diverted
into somo new channel." Business and
professional men wear out their hearts
by acquiring habits of express train
has to, w bich a little attention to method
would rendur unnecessary.
We speak now of tbe heart-breaking
effect ot paasion, and first of angor. A
man is said to bo "red" or "white" with
rage. In using these expressions we
ate physiologically speaking of the
nervous condition of the minute circu
lation of the man's blood. "Red" rage
means partial paralysis of minute blood
vessels ; and "white rage means tempo
rary suspension of the action of the
f rime mover of the circulation itself,
tut such disturbance cannot often b.
produced without tbe occurrence ot
permanent orirsnic evils of the vital
organs, especially of the heart and of
the brain, (ino striking example
given by Dr. Richardson is the ease ot
a member ot his own profession. "This
gentleman told me that an original ir
ritability ol temper was permitted, by
want of due control, to pas into a die
position of almost persistent or chronic
anger, so that evory trifle in hi way
was a cause of unwarrantable irrita
tion. Sometimes his angor was so ve
hement that all about him wore alarm
ed tor him even more than for tbem-
seves; and when the attack wss over
thore wore hours of sorrow and res-rot
in private, which were as exhausting
as tbe previous rage. In the midst ot
one of these outbreaks of short sever,
madness ho suddenly tell, to use hi
own expression, as II hi 'heart was
lost.' lie reeled under tb impression,
was nauseated and faint ; then reoor
erW. he put bis band to bis wrist, knd
discovered an intermittent action of
bis heart as tbe oanse of his famine.
He nover completely rallied Irota that
shock ) and to tbe day of his death,
ten years later, be was .ever free from
the itilermittency. 'I m broken-heart-
H.' ha would sav. 'physically broken
hearted.' And so he was; but tbe
knowledge of tba broken heart Use
nered marfelously hi pevssto., and
saved him many jreara of really nee
lul life, lie died ultimately trom an
aoute febrile disorder.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1878.
Envy, hatred, and all unobaritublo
nesa exercise almost as destructive an
influenoe on a man's physical nature,
and particularly upon bis heart, as
they do upon his moral character. To
say that sorrows "grieve the heart" is
more than a metaphor. Cromwoll
bears bis son is dead, and "It went
clean to my heart, that did," is . bis
physiologically correct description of
bis expericnoo. n nen namiei minus
of tbe "wicked speed" with which his
mother married his father's murderer,
indignation forcos from him the words,
"Bat break my heart, for 1 must hold
my tongue." Permanent intermittcn
cy of the heart i often induced by .
single sodden terror. W henever, from
undue exoitomontof any kind, tho pas
sions are permitted to overrule the
reason, the rosult is disease; the heart
empties itselt into tho brain ; tbo brain
is stricken, and both are rained.
Wine is commonly said to "make
glad tbe heart ;" but such hilarity is
short-lived ; and it would soem from
the latest discoveries of science, that
the drunkard is even physically a heart
broken man. The heart is nothing
more than a force-pump to keep up
the circulation of tbe blood. The pulse
indicates the beats or strokes of the
pump. It tbe beat be more than sev
enty por minute in a middle-aged pur
son, something is wrong; there has
been some kind of over-stimulus. The
use of alcohol increases tbe number of
beau, just as a violent fire makes a ket
tle boil over. This over-action of the
heart is a terrible enemy to good health.
It is killing by inches. Tbe fact how
ever, only breaks on people when the
mischief is tar advanced, and past rem
edy. Our counsel to habitual imbibers
ot alcbohol is "Look to your pulse,"
for on tbe proper working of the heart
length ot days in a great measuro de
pends. Tbe throbbing of tbo heart is
a criterion and guide which all can un
derstand. These few illustratino show us that
if we would keep our hearts whole wo
must cultivate that self-knowledge,
self-reverence, self-control that "alone
lead lite to sovereign power." Did wo
know ourselves and our real capacities,
we would not break our hearts working
and worrying to attain objects which
have been placed beyond our reach.
Ratbor we would be wisely ambitious
of serving our generation in that way
and in that place to which our powers
and circumstances point. Tbe fretful
stir unprofitable that wears out lifo
generally arise from falso ambition
striving after impossibilities, which by
reason of self-ignorance are not porciv
ed to be such. And surely if a man
will rik'btly value and reverence him
self, he will be oontont to well use tho
one talent that has boon intrusted to
him, rather than make himself misera
ble and ruin bis health in compoting
with those who have received tivo or
ten talents. It is well to "scorn de
light and live laborious days;" but
the energy ot which we In these islands
are rightly proud is too much develop
ed when competition breaks our hearts,
and when for the sake of getting on
we throw away life itself. Speaking of
the Arabs, in his book on "Mohammed
and Mohammedanism," Mr. B. Bos-
worth Smith makes tbo following not
nnnatuial reflection : "It is surely a
roliof to turn, it only tor a moment, to
the supreme contentment of an Arab
with bis lot, to his carolessnoss ol the
tutu re, to his ineffable dignity of repose
from the feverish activity, tbo constant
straining after an ideal which can nov
er be satisfied, tho 'life at high pros
sure,' which is tb characteristic of the
moro aotive but hardly tbe more high
ly gifted races of tbo West. It is not
that tbe Arab lacks the intelligence or
the power to change his condition he
does not wish, or rather be wishes not,
to do so. Knowing well that tbe
'pains and penalties ot idleness" are
even greater than those of overwork
and anxiety, we warn tbe indolent not
to lay the flattering unction oontained
in tbe foregoing words to their souls.
They are quoted for tbe sake of those
whoso dangor lie in an opposite direc
tion. THE Q VILLOT1NE.
TWO RECENT EXECUTIONS IN PARIS.
Parll Comepoadoaoa (Sept 7) ClaelaaatlCom-
Opportunity occurred this morning
to witness the execution of two crimi
nals, and I was at pain to improve the
occasion. The conaomneo wore mur
dorers who had killed an old milk wo
man for hor money. She bad by fif
teen years hard work and close saving
accumulated 13,000, and furnished milk
to the men, one ol whom was a Notary
and a writer lor tho proas, and tho
other a medical student. The Notary
bad knowledgo ot money matters, and
the old woman told him ot her wcnlth
with a viow to it bettor investment,
lie proponed to tbo doctor the killing
and division of the money. There was
much care taken to do tbe job artisti
cally. Tbo Notary struck his victim
on tbe back of tbe neck with a sand
club, and the doctor used a surgical in
strument to penetrate tho heart and
produce internal bleeding. They wcro
named Jiarre, tbe nioiary, anu jjcoicz,
When these intelligent and bloody
scoundrels bad been detected, tried and
condemned, all which happened with
in a lew weeks, tbe Marshal 1'residont
refused to Interfere with the execution
of the sentence of death. It is the
fashion In Prance to execute those tbns
doomed to die with tbe guillotino, in
the public street, in trontol the prison,
without making known tho exact time.
It is tbe custom to use tbe kmlc-ax at
daybreak, and the prisoners are not
notified nntil wanten. me people un
derstand that very soon attor the pray
er lor merry of those under capital sen
tence is refused, the guillotine will be
used, ana loose secmng lo enjoy me
spectacle are watchful accordingly.
The representative of tbe press are al
lowed to know tbe arrangements ot
authorities, that tbey may certify that
tbe work has been done.
Hearine: that the elocution would
tak place at balf-paat five o'clock this
morning, I started for the spot about
1, having a rendezvous with some journ
alist at a calo where black coffee was
the favorite beverage of the hour,
though brandy wa in competition as
When we arrived a few minutes be
fore 3 o'clock within three hundred
yard of "La Roquette," tbe streets
were filled with people, who wore re
strained by a strong force of police
from crowding apon the prison doors.
There were many sinister faced in this
ma of men aad women, aad tho ex
oltement wa lore. Alt atreet lead
ing to U prison bad a heavy force of
police, backed by cavalry. Tbo latter
were once used in a olattering charge to
drive back the violent multtlsde. Un
ly the lew knew that tb. execution
wa positively Axe4 lor thai morning.
Tb. many bad conjectured Ibat there
would be no further delay, aad it wa
the third night that tbey had assem
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
bled at midnight an j waited in strag
gling crowds for tho dismal drama.
As tho privileged persons passed
through tho lino of police they wore
greeted with a storm of imprecations
that were somewhat softened to those
not entirely familiar with the mystori
otis resources of the languugo of tho
French. Wo were among tbo early
arrivals bclbro an iron gate in a heavy
stone hatchway, on which a small tri
color was displayod. On cither side of
tbe gaio was mo wwnmion uecreeti
lor all public buildings in France, In
cluding churches "Liberty, Equality,
Fraternity." The open spaco in front
ot tho gato contains a tow chestnut
trees not very thrilty, and in tho cen
tre of tho court nro four large stones in
the pavement whero the frame of tho
fatal knil'o is erected.) About ton min
utes alter 3 two hugo (lack vans came
up, and were rooogn!jt ns containing
the machinery of ths executioner.
With them appeared lioch, thi fumoiiB
beadsman, who Is a stout, hearty, resolute-looking
man, with u very decent
face. Ho wore a new silk hat, appear
ing to think something in tho way of
distinction necessary, was quite at case,
and bis orders woro swiftly and noise
lessly obeyed by aids, who seemed fu
milliar with their duties, llo is fuco
tiously called by tho mob "Monseign-
our do I'uris," and is a person of im-
Iiortanco. There is much gossip about
lis habits and as many rumors relating
to bis privato afTitirs as if ho were a
Grand Duke or one ol tho pretenders
to tho throne.
Tbo guillotino is almost as simple an
affair as a ladder. Put up for immo
diato servico by tbo light of two lun-
tonis and ono ttas lamp, in tho midst of
a curious crowd ol reporters ana inenus
of tbo authorities, it was not handsome.
Rocently it has been improved. Tbo
triangular bit of steel, culled, inrlilTer
ently, the knifo andax.isconcealod by
a board when drawn up ; and this is
thought to bo humane, as it masks from
the condemned tho instrument of'deatb.
Tbo second improvement is tho deaden
ing of tbe sound ot tbe lull oi mo Knuo
by india-rubber. This is supposed to
bo a mercy lo tho spectators whoso
nerves ore susccptiblo to shocks ot noiso.
Whon oroclod, tno hoigltt ot tho fraino
ol the guillotino above the pavement,
is perhaps fourteen feet. It is painted
a dingy red, a dry blood color, and pre
sents a resemblance to a section ot a
fireladder. At tho loot on otio side is
a Urge basket, and on tho other a box.
Waiting in tho chill morning, iu the
gloomy assemblage of the "privileged,"
by a faint light untlor the shade ot tho
duBty chestnuts, was woariBOitie, and
tho minutes passed droarily and slow
ly. About 4 o'clock the "machino"
was complete. Tbo uous were nueu
in their places, guuieu oy skiiioj utm
stcadj Jtmnds. Tbo screws turned with
exactness. Tbo ugly knifo glided to
tho top of tho frame on a trial trip, tho
long, acuto angle of the edge showing
tor a second, as it aiiswcreti mo coru
by which it is suspended.
Privilgcd persons increased In
numbers, and pressed upon tho guard
in a manner not dignified In tbo dis
tance we could hour the hoarse cries
and murmurs of tbo monstrous throngs
kopt back by files ot soldiers. I he
black vans bad told tho tale that tbo
hour of expiration was beyond a doubt
at hand. Officers with decorations
and swords moved to and fro. Tho
Commissioner of Security, I think I hoy
call him, appeared, with a sash about
his waist. Indications multiplied thut
Ihe grave formalities of administration
that distinguish all proceedings in ibis
country wero in progress. Tbo polico
became irritated by tho pressure ot tho
crowd, and at lost manifested their im
portance by driving back the whole
mass without much hyprocrisy ol po
liteness. Tho trttillotine was during this time
displayed by tho two candles of tho
lantern of the workmen. Thoro was
tho basket half filled with sawdust to
receive the heads, and tho heavy box
for the trunks, and tho litllo cradle
about two feot abovo tho stones, with
the place for tho necks of the crimi
nals ; and as the oorJ by which tho
knife was raised could bo soon bctwoon
the posts of the framo, it was evident
that the anglo of stool rested on the india-rubber
improvement, and was not
olevated and concealed behind the
other improvement at llie top of tho
machine At intervals moro wcro
lights from matches nscd by smokers,
revealing parts of tho dismal congrega
tion and theleavosand bursof tho trees.
Thoro was not a star to bo scon, or a
breath of air to stir a lent.
Tho Abbo Crozes appoorod. a voner-
ablo man, with whito hair and sad, be
nevolent countenance, attended ny ol
Boers ; and passed into tho prison
through a nsrrow door in ibo gato.
This incident caused a moment of emo
tion. It meant business.
Between tho hours of 3 and 4 thore
woro many conjectures whether Darro
and Lcbie wero awaro that they wore
so soon to die, and wakeful and able
to hear through tho thick walls tho
deep sounds, like the weird voico of tho
ocean, that told of the preseneo of a
groat multitude It wos strange lo re
flect that perhaps they did not know
of tho frightful apparition at tho gato,
or tbo pale lacos that turned npon It.
Tho papers toll us that Itarro was
awako, having just finished writing
bis memories, but that jjcbicz slept
profoundly. They wero called at a
quarter aflor four o'clock, and their
toilet mono tor ino emnrat'ooi ine guil
lotino. Harro wanted wino and cigars.
Lobicz did not rare for anything.
At Inst tho clouds in the cast began
to whiten and wo who were waiting
and watching and growing weary, saw
that it wob dawn. Then wo discover
ed that thero wero classes among tho
"privileged" circles within circles,
ntt. . ...1 .k ...lm
Alio luronni ru"'ii.i-,n an,, uiu nvm .
important persons wore passetl through
the lines or polico ; I was not ol them,
but made my way to tho front rank ol
thoeo behind tho polico, lor tho second
time. A trench crowd is uneasy anil
flexible, and a persistant push will
gradually prevail. The light increas
ed, and tho masses of men borsmo
strangely quiet. At half past 6 the
daylight was clear and the Iron gates
slowly turned. A group appeared ad
vancing j the control figure was a
short man, clean shaven, with hair cut
short, bis chest naked, his arms pin
ioned, his shoulders covered by a tunic.
Tbis was Harro. The most miserable
horror was novor more strikingly do
pictod in tbo faeo of man than in his at
this moment. The removal of his beard
had ive n his cheeks a ghastly whito
ness. His mouth was hanging open
and his lips woro blue. Ilia eyes were
rolling and reti. iio soometi aimosi in
capable of walking, and his attendants
supported him and ur
Within a few pacosof
a urged blm lorwa
paces of the guillotine the
Abbe Crozes, who was walking before,
paused, and turning, presented a cru
cifix. ,. Barre kissed it convulsively
and was butried on. I had expect
ed an instant' delay before tho fall of
the knife, but while I turned to see if
tho second murderer was within viow,
and saw that ho was not, Burro disap
peared in tbo group of attendants at
tho spot of execution (distant from my
standpoint perhaps twelvo yards), at.d
in tho twinkling of an eyo I heard the
crauncbing bias of ibo knifo as it clove
through the thick neck ol tbe murder
er. 1 shall not forgot that noise. It
was distinctly tbo rough culling of
tough meal, llarro shrank from tho
deadly knife, but was, of courso, help
less. Still be gavo his executioner
some trouble. His body did not roll
into the box prepared for it according
to calculation and an immense jot ot
blood spread a brilliant red over tho
rust colored framo, and deluged tho
first assistant, wboso duty it is to
stand on tho further side of tbo knife
ond sieudy tbe head by holding the ears
until it tiropB into tho bsskel. The
sight of the fountain of blood caused
a low cry of horror a sort of hoarso
sob and turning my glance again to
Ihe prison 1 saw Lebiez advancing,
lie was in a little better form than bis
predecessor, but did not seem lo me
heroic. Tbe French papers dwell up
on his firmness, and contrast it with
the hideous colnpses of his partner, hut
my observation was simply that he
was only less abject than tho oilier. It
is said that somo ono cried "bravo"
and that be answered ' adieu," but 1
did not hear either word. I only wit
nessed with amazement the celerity
with which ho vanished under tbo
knilo, and heard tho click of tho
spring-catch holding up tho doadly
blade, when, the cord looesening, it
was jerked, and the rasping thud of
the steel as it severed tbo slout neck,
placed tho final stroko. Tho specta
tors murmured for a moment in s shiv
ering way, and looked into each oth
er's faces finding now horrors, and as
they turned away, tho heads and
trunks of tho executed wcio already
in tho black vans, and thogtiillotinewas
being snatched to pieces. There was
no need of polico and soldiers to dis
perse tho people, who were in such
liasto that they seemed lo bo in flight.
Tho execution by guillotine is cer
tainly more impressive than hanging,
and if it is the purposo of tbo authori
ties to mnko the spectacle of the death
of a felon awful, the French succeed,
and I am told that ono executioner,
Itoch (Monseigncur do Paris) and Lis
assistants serve the whole country.
Tha complete apparatus is arranged
for transportation by rail or along tho
roads or streets. The salary of tho
headsman is 8,000 francs a year, with
a small sum for machinery, and 1110
francs extra for each bead cut off.
THE BEUEAUiya OF HOEDEL.
II A Ull AltolS EXECUTION Or A BARBAROUS
CRIMINAL TUB MEDIEVAL DOPE or
PUNISHMENT WHICH OERXIANY
USES FOR STATE orFENSES.
Uoedel's execution was something
q n i to out of tho common, oven for Iter
liners. Not sinco February, 18fi.r,
when LouisGrotho, ayoungmun,who
with his mistress and his mother, had
backed in pieces and thrown into the
river a French teacher, named Grcgy,
was executed, bad tbe axe fallen on a
guilty wretch's neck at tho Capital,
that is, for thoro were a few executions
in tho Provinces. The old Emperor's
invariable practico wastocommuto tho
sentence when a death warrant was
handed to him, and ho would have
spared Uoedel's lifo had not the Crown
Princo and Princo Von Bismarck
pressed him. to remember that clom
ency hero might eneotirago SociuliBt
assassins clsewhore ns well as in Ger
many. It was on tho afternoon of Thursday
that Uoedel. who occupied a cell in the
city prison, was informed that the law
was lo tuko its course, lie bit his lips
una turned uvadly pale; then muttered
loa keeper who stood by him,"Thoy'ro
only trying to frighten mo." "Not
so," said tho keeper; "that's really
your death sentence." lie asked to bo
allowed to wrilo an appeal for mercy,
but was told that it waslooluto; then
he asked that ho might be executed on
tho Krcuzberg, a well-known bill in
tho suburbs, associated with the revo
lutionary proccodingsof 1K18. Iio was
told ha might order lor his comfort
whatever be pleased, but he declined
to avail himself of tho privilege of "the
headman's banquet," as it is called,
though (tor the first time sinco his in
carceration) be asked for cigars ; sub
sequently he took a botlloof wine and
At C :!0 P. M. the condemned man
was removed in a prison-van to tho
penitentiary at Moaliit, In tho North
western suburbs, and lodged in a strong
cell. Tho Lutheran Chaplain, Dr.
lloinickos. accompanied and passed
most of tho night chatting with him.
dialling is tho proper word, for when
ever tho pastor attempted to turn tho
convorsntion towards religious subjects
lloodol interrupted him rudely. Tbe
condemned man spoko qitilo freoly
while smoking. "Had 1 been placed
under other circumstances," he said,
" I might, perhaps, not have enmo to
this ; brought up differently I might
have been another man." Then ho
added : " I must play out my part to
tho end, as I began it." Towards
morning ho fell asleep, and was sleep
ing soundly when, ut 5.110, he was
awakened to dio. Hardly was bo
irepared for the scaffold than ho thrust
lis cigar in his mouth. "You aro free
to do so, if you wish," said the clergy
man ; " but I would rather yon did not
lake tho cigar with you." " Very woll,
I won't then," said lloedcl, "if It's any
pleasure to yon."
Tho scaffold was erected in the prison
yard, where about fifty persons, mag
istrates and lawyers, municipal ofilciuls,
military, and members of the polico
foreo, besides somo reporters, wore
gathered. The prisoner, conducted by
throo wardens, walked with a firm step
to Ibo foot of tho sraflold and stared
impudently around at the assembly.
Councillor llnllmann, who was charged
with superintending the execution,
took his place at a table, and read
loudly tbo sentence of death and death
warrant. At tho conclusion, lloedel
spst npon the ground and cried,
" llravo 1 " Tbe magistrate now turned
to a tall, strongly built man, about
thirty or thirty-five years of ago, hand
somo, with a small mustaebo, and
neatly, indeed elegantly, attired in a
fine linen shirt, with waist coat and
trouser of black broadcloth. Tbis was
Ilerr K rants, the executioner. Tbo
old hoadsman, W. Reindel, who had
grown rich through the exercise ol his
minor Junction ol Uog catcncr to me
city, was not longer equal to the seri
ous labor of striking off a man's bead
at a blow, and so passed over his axe
or rathor a duplicate of bis axe to
tho younger man. No such implement
having been needed tor more than a
decade, tho Department of Justice
found itself compelled to resort to the
Market Museum. An axe nau noon
ordered a year ago by the Director of
the Museum, an exact duplicate oi tnat
Itoindel had employed, and which the
Museum was unublu to secure, owing
to tbe fancy price the old headsman
placed upon his weapon. This axe
was borrowed, Ilerr Grossman, the
cutlor, of whom one had boon ordered,
being unable to get one ready in limo ;
it is a largo weapon, a good deal like
a butcher's cleaver in Us appearance,
with a very keen, straight edgo. It
was ground to tho sharpness of a razor
the attoi'MOon before the exocution.
Holding up tbo warrant, that the
headsman might boo tho Crown Princo 's
signature, Councillor Ilollinann said
lo him :
" Nolo this document and now re
ceive from mo, the tinsmith, Emit lloin
rich Max lloedel, delivorcd to you to
" Come this way," said tho beads
man to lloedel, who ran lightly up tho
three steps leading to tho platform, and
threw oft bis coat and waistcoat. At
this momont tho chapel bell began
tolling ; ho gazed in its direction, then
looked around upon those present with
an ironical ancor. Throwing down bis
braces, lloedel began to unbutton his
shirt, but could not unfaston one ot
the buttons. Ono ol tho wardens went
to his assistance and turned it down
beneath his shoulders, leaving the neck
and tho upper part of tho breast bare.
Meanwhile two other keepers tied the
condemned man's arms and ankles.
Tbey thon carried him, pinioned and
helpless, to tbo block,wbich was of stout,
hard wood, with a hollow to receive
tho neck, and painted blood-rod. Lay
ing him on it, taco downward, a strong
loathorn band was fastened over tbo
back ol the head, so that it could not
be moved, and a clearly defined mark
was offered for tho headsman's axe.
Opening a leathern case, on which
wcro in gold, the figures "187 8,"
Krantz took out tho glittering now
axe, and taking bis aim, with an almost
imporccptiblo glance, swung tbe weap
on aloft and brought it hissing down
upon tho band of flesh between the
leathern fastening and tho turned back
shirt. Only one blow was needed.
Tho blood sprang out of tho immense
wound ; tho neck vanished (so it seemed)
and thero was lelt the trunk, which
twitched spasmodically a few timos,
and tho bead, which looked us if it had
been shorn off just at tho chin. A
very slight contraction or movement
of tho skin of tho forehead was notice
able. The whole operation lasted
about two minutes and a half. A cot
fin was brought out, into which tho
still bleeding remains wore pitched ;
it was placed in a hole already dug in
a corner of tho prison yard ; tho earth
w,as filled in and all was over.
Tbe axo with which lloedel was be
headed has been replaced in the Mu
seum, in its old place, above tbo block
on which tho bead of tho Burgomaster
Tschcch (executed about thirty years
ago lor an attempt upon the lifo of
r redei ick Vi illiam 1 v .) was struck oil,
and benoalh tho thong with which his
head was fastened to tho block. An
inscription has been placed beside it, as
May II, 1S7S, lloedel, joorarymaa timmitk
flred, Unler dea Linden, a re.olrcr at II. U.,
William, Emperor of Uermany and King of Prua
.1. ; July II), Hood.l wa. condemned to death by
Ihe Court of Appeala at U.rlia , thi. judgement
ooaOrmed by Imperial dooroa Aogu.t 8, aoil, Au
gust 16, lloedel'a bead waaitruck on" with Ihe aaa
by tbe bead.tnan, Kranta, la tbo yard of tbe cel
lular priaoa of Moabit."
Tbo police authorities at Leipsic
communicated tho new ot Uoedel's
death to his parents or ratbor bis
mother and step father on tbo day it
occurred, and the correspondent ot a
Berlin paper "interviewed" the old
people immediately afterwards. ' Tbe
mother is overcoino by tho news, and
cannot bolicvo that hor son is dead.
Sho insists on coming to Berlin to seo
for herself. Tho step lather takes the
whole business vory coolly, and cob
bles bis customer's shoes and puffs bis
pipo while discussing with stoicul in
difference his stepson's crimo and its
atonement. In tho lost letter but one
which Hocdel sent home ho wroto: "1
cat and drink woll, and hope you aro
as light-hearted as I am. What mut
ters it il they lop off my head f My
career is over."
Nobbiling's turn will enmo in due
course, 1 suppose And talking of No
billing, when Becker, tho student
made li is memorable attempt at assas
sination at Iludcn-Budcn, a merchant
at I'ologuo who bore the would-be
murderer's namo bad it changed by
law to that of his wife, which happen
ed to be Nobilingl llo is going to
change it again, but to what, does not
appear. Cor. Eca York World.
ELECT Wy Za7 LIQUOR LA II'.
AN AI'I'EAL TO THE SUPREME COURT BY A
PERSON CONVIOTEO FOR SELLING
LIQUOR AT NICIIIT.
In the case ol tho Commonwealth
against Francis M. Kane, which is at
tracting general interest in Montgom
ery county, this Stnto, Judge Shars
wood, of the Supremo Court, rocently
allowed a special allocatur to the Court
of (Quarter Sessions of that couuty, to
bring up tho recortl, sentence, and all
tho proceedings. This case which will
como up for argument in March noxt,
before a full Bench, is tho first ot the
kind brought bolero the Supremo Court
since tho adoption of tho new Constitu
tion. The main question thut tho do
fonso wish to havo decided is whether
the jury are now, as tbey wero under
tbe old Constitution, tbe "judges of tbo
law and tho fact" in criminal prosecu
tions. It appears that somo months ago
Mr. Kano.'who is the proprietor of a
hotol in Norrislown, was tried and con
victed of violating tho law by opening
his honso on the evening of election
day, nearly two years ago, after tho
polls had been closed, lie testified in
Court that bo believed ho had a right to
open his hotel at the timo mentioned.
11 m counsel, tho Hon. Goo. N. Corson,
made tho point that as il was not clear
by tho law wholber the defendant
might or might not open his house
after the closing of tho polls, and that
tho jury wcro tho judges of tbe law
and tbe fact, the whole case, as lo
whether or not thero had been a wilful
violation of the law, should be submit
ted to the jury. J udge lit is overruled
thi point, and charged tho jury that
they would have to convict tho defend
ant or be guilty ot stultification. The
jury found tho dofondant guilty, but a
motion lor a new trial was granted.
In the second trial, a few weeks ago,
Mr. Corson again asked tho Court lo
chnrgo that tho jury wore tho Judges
of tho law and the fact, and that il
they should find that the defendant
had not knowingly violated the law,
tho verdict muBt bo "Not guilty."
Judge lioss charged that under tbo
now Constitution tho jury aro no longor
tho judges of Ibo law and tho fact, llo
based this opinion on the clause which
gives tho defendant In a criminal proso
eulion the right lo a writ of error, as
in civil cases..
There are somo kinds of men who
cannot pass their timo alone. ' Thoy
are tbe flails of occupied people. '
TEBMS$2 per annai. a Advance.
NEW SERIES-VOL-19, NO. 42.
BY M. L. UctlUOWN.
HOW BIIOI I.I) I BTUUY ELOCUTION 1
ar prop a. waltps dalb.
Tho following artiolo wo clip from
tho Educational WtcUy, a journal pub
liBhcd in Chicago. Tho author, Mr.
Dale, is remembered by nearly all us
ono of Clearfield county's best teach
ois somo four years ago. Uo is now
doing good work in tho West. Read
what ho says :
Among tbo ancients the study of
elocution was a work ot great mo
ment, cmbrueing long and tedious pro
ccssch. The pupil was passed from
tins to mat instructor lo recoivo Iroro
each tho severest training in his spe
cial department. Years were spent in
acquiring artistic ability ; and as a con
sequence there wero races of orators
in tboso days. 1 he severe regime ot
the ancients is hardly applicablo in
our time. Vt o hurry too much, and
tho requirements of our ago demand
that we should got a littlo knowledge
of so many subjects that wo should
never bo ready to enter into active life
were we to lie thorough in all ot tbem.
In this view wo should tako pains to
begin our study aright and ptirsuo it
in such a manner as to get the most
availublo actual knowledge in the
Elocution, like everything 'else, has
a beginning, a middle, and an end, or
culmination more properly, for wo may
never reach pcrleclion in anything, it
is a question of considerable moment
to tho student of elocution to deter
mine where lo begin, then. There are
two steps in tho study that aro often
used sb beginnings with widely differ
ent results. One of these is so simple
and bo plain in its character that in
viowing tho subject tho piospectivo
student very frequently ovorlooks it
altogether, as the more attractivo sec
ond step, pretentious and delusivo in
its relation to him, towers abovo it.
Tho first step is the true beginning of
tho study, and as we pursue tho path
it opens to us, wo reach the second
slop very naturally und cosily.
the lust step we will call Mechani
cal Elocution tho second, Artistic El
ocution. In Mechanical Elocution wo
must gain such control of the voice
and person as to mako tho second step
easy. In tho first topic wo sludy the
mechanism of expression just as an ap
prentice boeomes familiar with the
tools ho must use in his avocation. In
tho second wo apply that knowledge
to the production of works of art just
as the master mechanic applies his
knowledgo of tools lo tho execution of
Thoro are arguments used in favor of
beginning at onco with the second
Blep which sound vory plausible and
which aro well calculated to mislead
the incxpcricncod student. Tho pupil
is shown living examples of brilliant
success by tho method ol beginning in
the middle of tbo subject ; but is not
told that tho brilliancy is limited to a
few selections, and that a like success
upon others depends upon the sumo
process of instruction, if the student
oommences at the beginning of tho
subject and prepares tho way by ac
quiring thorough vocal and physical
control ot himself, his success ncod on
ly bo limited by his attention to tbo
subject independent ol any assistance
other than his judgment and tho criti
cism of friends. His knowledge of vocul
economy depends upon his knowledgo
of tho vocal organism, llo can reduce
tho friction of the parts only as ho is
familiar with their workings and his
execution will be artistic, all elso equal,
in accordance with his knowledge of
vocal effects. Uur conception of a se
lection depends upon our scholastic
culture, and wo may conceive a senti
ment nover so wisely ; but unless wo
havo vocul control wo shall not bo able
to oxecuto tho conception. Elocution
is an art which probably calls into play
the most varied and complicated men
tal action und can only bo thoroughly
artistic when it shows no semblanco
of tho art. That tho student may bo
prepared for such an exercise of the
art it is necessary that he have no anx
iety about what his voice may do under
certain exigencies. Iio should baveso
much confidence in its operations that
bis wholo mind may be concentrated
upon the exposition of tho sentiment,
llo must acquire correct vocal habits.
To uso bis voico properly in expres
sion should bo merely his daily habit
of speech without which condition he
must corninly fall a victim to the worst
ot elocutionary evils, affectation.
A very pleasant feature in tho ap
proaching icsliluto, will ho a fuir.
Wo hopo to hiivo on exhibition speci
mens of teal-hoi's and scholars work,
including ArOoimens of drawing, pen
manship, mottoes, school room auto
graphs, teachers charts and outlines on
common school studies, school room
programmes, forms ol monthly reports
to parents, Improved text books, and
ovcrything that will interest ami be
valuable lor examination.
A hnndsomo premium will bo paid
on tbo best school progrnmmo, best
form of monthly reports, Pest kept report-book,
best chart work ot'any kind,
best outline on any subject, best speci
men of drawing, etc, ote.
Wo hope each teacher will endeavor
lo contribute something for tbis do
partment. Wo tlesiro to havo from
each school a neal autograph book con-
taming autographs ol scholars. H tth
the propor effort on tho part ot teach
ers, tbis can be made ono of tho most
pleasing and instnclivo parts of tho
The citizens bund, of Clearfield,
whilo visiting llurnside last week, com
plimented tho school and teacher with
a sorcnado. Mr. Savago very appro
priately tendered his acknowledge
ments, and the boys showed their ap
preciation ot tho compliment by giving
throe cheers for tbo band.
Tbo work of visiting schools has be
gun. Last week we visited in Gulicb
township, and made somo observations
which are worthy of mention.
1st. Every house in tbo township is
Bcatod with tho Goshen patent furni
ture, and all aro exceedingly neat and
2nd. Tbe directors visit tbo schools
in a body as often as they can.
3d. Teachers tnko an active part in
the organization and work of literary
societies which are hold at Alleman
villo, Jsnosville and Ramey.
4.1b. Improvomont is man ileal and is
the result ol tbe united cnorts oi teach
ers, directors and patrons.
"Tho praito of men is not a test ol
our praiseworlbincss, say Whately,
"our t their censor. ; but eithor should
set aa open Lasting ourselves."
I Good and bad men are leas so than
they. swbv . .
' "A"(fiW tktA"ifrun -rf iftorw. ,.
tunitie than ho finds. " ' .
Want ol thought is Invariably tho
reason why folks whistle.
No conflict is so severe us his who
labors lo subdue himself.
What is tho best govern inent? Thut
which touches us to govorn ourselves.
A man may weaken himself by al
ways pouring over bis own weakness.
Sunday is the golden clasp that
binds together the volumes of tho
To mako tbo most of tho good und
tlio least of the evil of lite is tho best
philosophy ol lifo.
Littlo drops of rain brighton the
meadows und littlo acts of kiudnoss
brighten tho world.
There aro a thousand hacking at
tho branches of evil to ono who is
striking at tho root.
It thou art rich, thou art poor ; for
like an ass whoso back with ingots
bows, thou besrest thy heavy riches
but a journey, and death unloads thee.
Aiken and Ayling, tho names borno
by two Huston physicians, seems queer
when taken in connection with it be
ing their vocation to euro aches and
It, wits T'rerilicn u-bn ilcr-Hoetl India.
ouss ihe question of woman suffrage in
nis journal, iiocause no bud considered
woman, from tho creation, as a side
J udge 'Have you anything to offer
lo tho court before the sen toned is
passed upon vou 1" Prisoner "No.
judge 1 bad 810, but my lawyers
A modest person seldom fails to gain
tho good will of those ha converses
with, because nobody envies a man
w ho does not appear to be pleased
With every exertion, tho best man
can do only a moderate amount of
good ; but it seems in tbo power of
the most contemptible individual to do
"Tommy, do you know that your
undo Robert has found a little boy ba
by on his door step, and ho is going to
adopt him ?" Yes, mamma ; and he'll
be uncle Bob's step. son, wont he?"
Sanctified (Tlllictions are an evidence
of our adoption ; wo do pot prune dead
trees to mako them li uitlul, nor those
which are planted in the desert, but
Biich as belong to tho garden and pos
llo who possesses religion finds a
providence not more truly in the his.
lory of the world than his own family
history ; tho heights ol heaven is also
formed by tbo samo sun in the dew
drop of a lowly flowor.
Tho first wcnlth is health. Sickness
is poor-spirited und cannot servo any
one; it must husband its resources to
live But bcaltliftilness answors its
own ends, und has to sparo, runs over
and inundates the creek of other men's
Too much reproach "u'crlesps itself
und fulls on Ihe t'other side" Pricked
tip too sharply, tho delinquent, like a
goaded bull, grows sullen and savage,
and, tho persecution continuing, ends
in rushing madly on tho spear that
Scene in a debating society: Presi
dent Wo will tako tho ayes and noes
on tho previous qncstion. Members
A word or two, Mr. President: Friends,
Romans, Countrymen 1 lend mo your
cars. President Order, sir! Wo will
tuko the eyes and noso first.
Most religious-mongers havo baited
their paradise with a bit cf toastod
cheese They have tempted tho body
with largo promises of possessions in
their iransmortal El Dorado. Saticho
Panza will not quit his chimney corner
but under proniiso of imaginary islands
It is your sccond rato, your merely
clover man, who, ape-like, is always
rattling at tho bars of his cage, mop
ing and mewing to attract attention,
and eagerly holding out bis paw for
tho nuts and apples of public apprecia
tion, which, if ho docs not got why,
ho sits and. howls!
Tho census takers of the Young
Men s Christian Association, of Jersey
City, report that thoro ore "thirty-five
saloons to each church in that city."
Why a church should havo so many
saloons is something we can't under
stand. Wo should think ten would
siilllcj tho largest church in tho city.
I never lovo those salamanders who
aro never well but when they aro in
tbe lira of contentions. 1 will rather
suffer a thousand wrongs than offer
ono. 1 havo always lbund that to
strive with a superior is injurious ;
with an equal, doubtful; with an in
ferior, sordid und baso ; with any, lull
Philosophical argument, especially
that drawn from tho vustness ol tho
univorso as compared with the appar
ont insignificance of tbis globe, has of
ten shaken my reason for the faith
that is in me ; but my heart has assur
ed and reassured me that the gospel of
Jesus Christ must lo a divine reality.
Tho sermon on tho Mount cannot bo a
merely human production. Tbis bo
Hcf enters into t Iio very depth of my
conscience. Tho wholo history of man
proves it. D'inirl WrMer.
The fuith you mention, has, doubt
less, its uso in tho world. 1 do not
wish to seo it diminished, nor would 1
desiro to seo it lessened in any man,
but 1 wish it more productive of good
works than I havo generally seen it.
I moan real good works, works of
kindness, charity, mercy and publio
spirit ; not holy-day keeping, sermon
hearing or reading, performing church
ceremonies, or making long prayers,
filled with flatteries and compliments,
despised oven by wiso men much less
capable of pleasing the Deity. Frank
lin. There are cruel writers in tho world,
who hardly cvor scorn to think of their
poor reBders, and who writo as if It
wero a (Ino thing to add complexity of
stylo to tho difticnlty of tho sulnoct.
Tbey huvo thoir rowurd. Tho busy
world has no timo to givo to their va
garies of failure, when a man ceases to
mako his meaning clear to tho great
majority of his fellow-countrymen who
understand tho words that ho uses, but
are grovioiisly puzzled by the collec
tion of theso words, or by tho omission
of curtain words that ought to be
Thero is no condition of helplessnoss
into which wo can fall in which we
should not strive to help ourselves.
Thero is no disaster so tremendous, no
calamity so overwhelming, that wo
should allow it to bend Our spirit
down and cow ns. Courage is one of
the divine attributes of man ; and true
courage mounts higher In the presence
of oncoming disaster; braces itself for
the gslo ; breaks its way against the
current ; looks the foe unflinchingly in
tho lace Thoro is too much ol this
pnssivo reliance on God. Too many
pious fools are looking to him to make
them suddenly wise, whon little study
and observation and the exercise of
common sense on their part would
learn them how to perform duty prop
erly. God docs not put a premium on
lasiiioss by offering to inspire it with
wisdom when the time to speak ha