Newspaper Page Text
; jutczr lv little.
The greatest prayor is patience.
Tbo ventilation of nn Idea never
given anybody a cold.
Men's muscles move bettor when
their souls are making merry music.
. Much of the charily that beermat
home it too feeble to got out of door.
Genius ii the gold in tbo mine.
Talent ia ilic miner who brings it forth.
" CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN,"
puilieaaO (TUT INUUt, IT
GOODLANDER & LEE,
Tus Isrireat lircuUlloo af tujr Newspaper
Im North Ccitnl Penueylvanla.
mr 171 a r fit mi n
Terms of Subscription.
If paid la adrenne. er wlthia a 4M
If paid aflar and before month, "
H paid after lha eiptretloa ' moothe... I IM(
Rates oi Advertising. .
T mn.lent adrertteementa. par aqaareef 10 Itneaor
i.i, lltnea or leee el
A-... auh .nliaenuent ineertton..
A Imint.lmtor.' and Elaoutnr.' notloee....,
Geutiuo. nnd Ettrayt
P-nfe..ione1 Card.. 5 liaai or leal,l year.,
l.aeal notlcee.per Una
I , )Ukra f II 00 oolumn IS 00
i aiuaraa.. I 00 I i oolumn. 70 00
S iuarue. 0 00 I I oolumn ISO 00
D. B. (lOnM.ANDEH,
N0KI, U. l.KK,
OR PMfc-nNO OF EVERY DESCR1P
lion nenll? eieeuted at ihl. alrlce
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OfUce in Court Moan. ap lb.ll ij
wu. M. MocrjLLuuun,
rHKD.O'U tDCK. ,-
HriTUMGlI & BUCK.
All Irill bu.lne,. promptly attended to. Oflloa
dd b'coaad ,treel. In tba Meeoaie building.
W. C. ARNOLD,
LAW & COLLECTION OFFICE.
,211 Drartald Couni.T, Pcnn'a. 75y
rain., a. i skat, oratia eoaooa.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEY 8 AT LAW,
r-Offioa In Pie'a Opera Houae, ,eoond floor.
Will attand to all buameaa animated to him
promptly aad faithfully. noelJ'7J
WILLIAM A. WALLACB.
tiArin l. aaaaa.
ARar r. WALLACB.
jona w. wbislbt.
WALLACE & KREBS,
(Su -caa.-T to Wallace rialtliQg,,
ll-H'TS Clearlleld, !
tonupt . 'iiaut.
daxiicl w. m rum-Y,
MoENALLY & McCURDY,
.fr-lti bu.lnee. attended to promptly with)
tdelity. office on Second etroet, aboro the Firal
National Hank. Jn:l:T
(3. R. BARRETT,
Attornkt and Counhelok at Law,
Cl.KAHF lK.,1), PA.
HutIiH raa.jfoed hit Juilica'h.p, haa rtratued
tha pracl.tw f th law la bit old offio t Clear
del. I, Pa. Will ntind ho mturU of Jefforum md
Klk wmntiei when ipwitlW toMined in nonntwtion
ilh KPidont eouowl. l:II:7t
A. G. KRAMER,
Real K.tato and Collection Agrnt,
Will promptly attend to all legal builnem en
tru.ted to bta care.
yrJerOOloe in Pte' Opera ll .u.e. Jaal'76.
H. W. SMITH,
tltl:7 Clearlleld. Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
l ltarlleld. Pa.
aa-OBoe In Old Wnlern Hidrl fcolldlng.
eornrr of Heoond and Market Stf. noril.M.
aTTORNRY AT LAW,
jMroaee In tba Court llouee. U71'-'"
JOHN H. FULFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
p9 Ofllea nn alalket .treat, opp. Court llouee,
Jan. 1, ID7I.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORN EY AT LAW
Hid Heal Kataie Aajrttt, Clearfield. Pa.
Once na Tbird .treat, bet.Cberry A Walnut.
aVar-Reapaetfully offer, hie aerficee In aelllnn
ind uuylnf landa la Clearaald and adjolnina:
santlel I and wltb aa eipariance at oyer twonte
feara aa a aarvayur, Nattare bltn.ell tba; ha ean
render aallafaellon. Feb 3.'3:tf.
J. BLAKE WALTERS,
REAL ESTATE BROKER.
AMD tiiAtaa I
Maw laop fatid laiimbor,
0oe In Orabam'a Row. l:Io:7l
jT J. LINGLE,
1:11 Iter aula, Clearlleld Cik. Pa. :pd
J. S. B AR N H A RT,
ATTORNEY - AT LAW,
Will prectloe ia Clearleld and all of tba Court. f
tba ,5tb Judicial dl.trlet. Heal eatata bu.inea.
and eollaetion orelalm. made .peeialtiea. nl'71
DR. W. A. MEANS,
PI1Y81CIAN & SURGEON,
Will attend prote.aional ealla promptly. auIO'7l
. DR. T. J. BOYER,
PHYMICIAN AND SUROKON.
OMoa oa Market Btnet, Clearlleld. Pa.
BT0ffien boura: I la IJ a. ra , aad I lo . p. m.
K E. M. 8CUEURER,
Oflloa in reaidenoa on Market at.
April J4. 17J. Clearllrld, l'a
DR. J. P. BURCH FIELD,
Late Serf eoa af the :td Ralnienl,PennBylTanla
i . . i . . k..u. (imraid frtiai Aba Areaw.
afera hia profaaalonal aeryloaa to tbeeltliena
af Clearleld aoaaty.
ar-Prufeaaioaal oalU promptly atuad.d to.
Oeea Seeead .treet. formarlyoaaupled by
DR. H. B.VAN VALZAH,
t I F.AM'IKl.l). PSCNM'A.
OFFICE IN .MASONIC Bl'ILDINO.
X- OBca koari From II to I P. M.
May II, l7t.
WILLIAM M. IIENKY, Jdhtici
or tub Patra An grntraaaa, LUMIIEH
CITY. Collartiooa made and money promptly
paid over. Article, of effToeuiool and dee.1. al
e?eyanoe aeatly aaacatad aad warraated oof
rent nr no eberia. t-'ly'T
JAMES H. LYTLE,
In Kralirr'a Building, ClearOeld, Pa.
Dealer la Graeeilea, Protl.lana, Va,jeUblaa,
Fraila, M-.r, Feed, ere , He.
BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER
rlba) aa Harket St.. oppoalle Ooart llirara.
A aleaa towel far a.ery aaatoraar.
Alaa aaaaafaeturar af
All klnde of Arllrlra la lluwiaa Hair.
Cleaileld, Pa. "a; H, '7a.
D. M. DOHEETY,
FA8III0NABLE BARBER HAIR IlRKBHER.
Fbopla room formerly aoeepied by Nauiie
)aly 14, 7(1.
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Ja.tloe af the Peace aad Sorlrener,
anVOalleeHMl mad. and moaay promptly
paid or ar. febn'7ltf
Q0. B. GOODLANDEB, Proprietor.
VOL. 5 1 -WHOLE NO. 2,521.
.IfSTIPS OP TUB PEACE
Oieeola Mill. P.O.
II offlelal liu.lneM antra.led to blm will ha
promptly attended l. nahM.TS.
avrfiichtllle. I laardcld County. Pa.
Kaepa enaetaatly on band a full aa.ortmant af
Dry Uooda, ttaruwara, urooertei, anu eTerjiomj
a.ually kept la a retail atora, wbtoh will be eold,
for oab, al obeap aa elaewhera In tba txiunty.
Froncbvllle,JunaJ7, l7 ljr.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
i ) EN K HAL MKltCHANDISE.
, CHAIIAMTI'M. Pa. , ,
Alao. rxtenalve manuraeturer aad dealer in Square
Timber and Bawaa uuinoerur eim...
-0rJ.r. aollcited and all bill, promptly
House and Sign Painter and Paper
km. Will aieeuU loba ia hie liae uri.ioi.lly and
in a workmanlike manner. e,r4.07
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
Mr-Pump, alwaya on hand and made tn order
on abort nolioe. Pipea Bored oa reaaoaable term.
All work warranted to render artaiacnon, ana
delivered if de.lrcd. mjSotlypd
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
and manufacturer, of
ALL KimIIPSAV) r:ll I IIMBKH,
l-7'7J CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
FHINtll.ES, LATH, A PICKETP,
:I0'7S Clrarield, Pa,
HOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
I Market .., l'icrflcld, Pa.
Id iho ihup Intel f oefujiieii hy Frank Shuri,
! one d'xr wil of Allfghany Hous.
ARCHITECT, CONTRACTOR and Bl'lLDER.
I Plana and Pprciflcationn furnlihod fr all kin-la
! of buihlinRi. All work firtt oiaaa. Htair buil 1
' tog a apeeUlty.
r. u. atidreira, learneni, in. jsi.ii-n.
R. M. NEIMAN,
SADDLE and HARNESS MAKER,
Humbarger, Clearlleld Co., Pa
Kerpion band all kind of Harneii. Paddlai,
Uridlff.and Dora Purnifhiog Uooda. Hopairing
promptly atlrnded to.
Kuubargvr, Jin. 10, lS77 tf.
JOHN A. 8TA1UER,
11AKLH, Market St., Cleaifl.ld, 1'a.
FiT'b Bread, Ruk, Rolla, Tiea and Cake
oa hand or in ad lo ortler. A general aavorlment
of Con tart Ion erlae, Fruita nod Nuta in alock.
Ira fram and Oyotar in teaum. HalooB atarly
oppoiile iba Poainffipa, I'rirra modt-rnf).
Square Timber & TimbiT Lnnds,
JtlHJ CI.EAMFIKLD. PA.
J. H. M'MURKAY
WILL BHPrLY VOI' WITH ANY ARTICLE
OF MKHCIIANItIHE AT TUB VEHY LOWKUT
PRICK. COMB AND BKK. t::T3jt,
MAMB1.P. A Nil BTOUE YAHD.
Mra. H. at. I.IKDH I,.
Il.vineen(ltecl ia tba Marble hu.tnea., de.trea
to Inliirui ber friend, and the puhlio tbat .ba ha.
now and will keep oon-tanlty "0 nanii a reran anu
wellaeloeted atook ol 1 1 A ui act hi. v . wvwvu .
MAMltl.K. and la nrriiarwl lo lurm.b loonier
TtlUIISTONEM. BOX ANI CRADLE TOMHS,
MONI MKNTrl. lo.
'ML Yard on Head .treet. Bear tba K. R Depot,
Clearllold, Pa. . Jald.Ja
'HE andereigned bex leave u intorm the pob
1 lie tbal be ia now fuliy nreliaa-" W acnommo
datr all la the way of furniabliiK H..aea, UuKgiea,
naddle. and llarneae, on tba .borte.l notiee and
aa reaaonahla term.. Reeidanoa an Lart .treet,
aetweea Third aad Foartb. '
(1EO. W. OEARIIART.
1areld Feb. 4. I74 '
WHOLESALE LIQ00B STORE.
At the and of the new bridge,
WEbT CLEARFIELD, PA.
The proprietor of Ibia aatahli.bmrnl will buy
hi. liquor, dlreel from ol. tiller.. Parllea buying
trum tbi, bou.a will he aure lo get a para artiele
at a email margin abora eot. Hotel keeper, aae
tie rurni.bed with llaaort on rea.onebla term..
Pare winea and brandie, dlraot from Beeloy '
Vinery, at Bath, Nw York.
IIEOHllE N. COLIIDRN.
Clearteld. June l, IHIk tf.
S. I. SNYDER,
.an HBALBB IM
Waleheii, CltH-ka and Juwclry,
Broanm'a Reu, Morlnt Nlrnt,
All hlud.of repairing In my line promptly Bl
ended to. April J, l7l.
EN' COURAGE HOME INDUSTRY.
rpilE uoder.igned, baring a.tal.libad a Nur
1 eery on the 'Pike, about halfway betweia
Clearfield aad Carwenaeille. la prepared to rur
Bi.b all kind, of FRUIT TKKKS, (rundard aad
dwarf,) Ktrrgraea., Shrobhary, Ora,a Vina.,
Uooielieiry, Lewton Blackberry, Slrawlierry,
and Ra.pberry Vine.. A o, Hiberiaa Crab Treea,
Quiaoa, and aarly eearlat Rhubarb, An. Order,
promptly Leaded ... Addr...,
Hp:0 Carwaa.ellle, I'a.
Market Blreet. t leartald. Pa.,
BABUPACTimBM ABB OBALBB IB
HABNE8R, FADDLES, BRIDLES, COLLARS,
ad all klada af
HOKSK rVHKMHISQ OOODS.
A full alook af Saddl,' Hardware, Braaba.,
Comba, Ulaahetaj Bobee, eta., alway, oa bead
...a r... im ai Ike loweet aaah prleea. All klnda
af rrpalrtag promptly alteadwl U.
aaa, and repelling. All klada af barneaf leatbar
kept oa band, and for aale at email prolt.
Clearaald, Jaa. 1, l7a
ToHN H. FULFORD,
BtXtKll INSVPAXCt AfltNT,
Repreeeal, all Iba reading Fire la.arn
Comaaaiae af aba awuatrf t
.. - .n,ona,r.aa
rlorae, New York
Lyaomlng, Moaey, Pa...
Frank lia, Pkiled'a......
Ilanarer, New tofk
Rama, Col . O
r.raeM ah.l rSeatlag aa tBaaraae, en pro.
erty af any klad, nboald eall at my amjw, -
Harbel ,lret, appoeru. ine ver. , - -
H, of rem earn lea aad raaa, hafara ieearlog.
Cleaald.Pa., Or. t f My
THE POWER OF IHCRT WOflOt.
IT AIiMloK ALIXAMIIKV, D. P.
Tbli porn la Tfioarkabla m a iaelnHH tf
bat na; ba don in fiuoraun, foreibla writing,
B.ng vurdi of ooly one ij labia.
Tlilnk nni (hat tt)p itrtngib lieo In tbs liig, round
Or ikat lb p btUf and plain mutt nprdi bawrak ;
To wbntn aaii ttiia lm trut wbu onoa bna beard
1 he cry for be p, l ho lotigui that al' men i-eitk,
Wht-n want, or or Irar, la in lha thmat,
Hi. tbat each wurd inrpod out ia Ith a abriak
PrMd Irou tlie or throat, or a ulrango wild
Hon it by mmo fay or ftad 1 Tbera la a itrenjttb
Wliirb din II I'retohud itio far, or apun low flua.
W I leb baa mora heght than bread lb, mora
dt-iith thaa lettir'b j
Let l ot l hi f rr of ibdiight and patch be mine,
Ard h that will may take the laa, t pUnta,
Wbinb glow and buroi not, though It glaum aud
Light but not beat a fta-'h hut n"t a hi mo !
Nor ia il mere Krvng'b Ibal thort aordi hoit,
It ini.-a ol yir ilmu fight or tortn n if 1 1
The rtrarofihi. watra that tit-H on Mek (Hmad
The rab ol tall licea when tb wild wlndi
. aw til i
Tha roar tit gun i lha groan of mia tbal die
On blood named IM-U. Il ba a roioa aa wll
For tin in Hint far oil on tloh-t.edi I !
For ibrtn that weap lar lliaia that uuurn Ibv
THE LA IIV.V RELA TIOX TO HE
. (.'AX TLX CI J L.' HUBS.
AN OPINION OF JL'IIIIE HALL.
Attlio April tt-rm of (.'ourt in Bed
lord county, u very imporlutitcaao '
tried beiinu Judo llnll, in wliiili 1).
Orr Alexander. oI'AIimhiu, whs prote
i iittir and 1'. ('. Aldon uml Gooru S.
Hamlin wero dtlentlimlii. Tliocliurno
wita for rinbi'ulemt'nt, In not acconnt
injr for nioneyn wliifh t!io defemlnnta,
a ajjent" of llio nineciitor in the nulii
of ntiiKintl itiKtriimeitta, otilitincd in
payment of iiiRliumentB aold by them.
Tlie jury was clmrnwl hy Judo Hull
in th oveniiii;, nnd instruetetl il" lliey
agreed tlin iii(r lliu night, tliey niiglit
nenl their rerdiet and eeparuto until
tnorninrr. The. jury agreed tlurinx the
nijrlit, and as per inBtruetionr) of tlio
CotirL aealed their vehiict. The next
niornintr on Appearing in Court, two ol
the jnroin, Situt W. Ako and Joseph
Weaverlinjj. disKentud from the ver
dict. liuleH wero irisued on tbo ilia
aeiitinff jurors to ahow faimo. and in
ilineliarniiii; the rulen. Judge Hall luiil
down the law in euth euxen in lite tul
loMinj; able and exhatietive manner:
OPINION AMI OR1IKU OF COURT 8UR RULE
ON BCOTT A. AKE ANU Jnhtl ll WKA
V EKI.INII TO allow CAUBK, tit!..
The respondentB wero jurorn duly
empaneled and sworn in lliu i-axo ol
the Common wealth vs. Alden and Ham
lilt, an indictment liir lelotiioiia embez
zlement. Alter beinjr charged, the
jury retired lo their room, on Wednori
iluy afternoon. Not being agreed at
tho hour of adjournment, they were
granted permianion to aeol their ver
dict and bring it into Court on Thurs
day morning. Thin ftermifaion was
grunted with tho consent of counsel
ibr defendants. .
By order ol Court, matlo aevorul
years since, on tba occasion of a simi
lar trouble, no jury is Hrniillud to ren
tier a staled verdict except with con
sent of counsel, and such coiineiit is to
bo considered a waiver of the right to
noil the iurv.
The jury having Informed tho offi
cer in whoso custody they were that
they bad agreed on ana nun somen
their verdict, were permitted by him
to sepurate at alstut 11 o'eloi k.
On lite morning ol jnurstiuy, wnen
the Court assembled, the tiitnlufl' in
charge ol the jury made complaint
Unit during the night invent eaves
droppers beset the door of the jury-
11 ,1 . !.. I. ...I
room, anu ue wus iwiee ujiiriurui-i
by tlie counsel for the defindiiiils
to uive him information as to how the
jury stood; and liihre. the jury aimc in
to Vie bnx tn ititu-rr tnnr vfrant mo
connsel liir iluleittliiulH presented a
written request to Iibvo the jury poll
ed, and denied that bo had ugreed to
the sealing of the verdict.
The Btircontcnt of counsel not hav
ing, been noted of record, tbo Court,
with sonic rcluclunee, ordered the jury
to be polled. Therefore, tbo rcspon
dents dissented from tho waled ver
dict. Tito crime charged being a felony,
and tho jury having been separated
for a number of hours, this dissent
made it necessary to discharge tho
jury and to hold the defendants to
hail lor appearance and tnui ai tuo
next sessions. "
And the whole circumstances of tho
caso wearing ho grave an appearance
of suspicion, these ruler) wero granted
on tbo jurors aforesaid to show cause
why they should not ho, punished for
contempt for having assented to u ver
dict in order to induco tho officer to
allow them to separate, with intent
afterwards to dissent in Court, and
thus tbwurt tho duo cotirso of justice.
They have put In answer, alleging
that after they hail ogreed lo the seul
ed verdict and separated, they were
unable to sleep hy reason ol conscten
tinus ncruplen. and regrets, and that
they could only obtain reliel ol nun (1
hv disscntini;: that tho assent was
honest at tho time, nnd not a feigned
agreement to obtain a discharge, and
that they only subsequently dissented
impelled hy a coiiscienlioiia conviction
ol duty alter hour ol reflection.
If this is so, the rules must ho dis
charged. "II" a itirv declare themselves agreed
when I boy were not in order to induce
tho officer to permit them to separate,
or il one ittror should declare his us
sent, with intent afterwards of dissent
in Court. Ibis would he a greut misile
mcanor, and renderlliepeinonsliublelo
summary punishment." Chief Ju.lice
Shaw, ol Massai hiiHclts, in Lawrence
vs. Similes. It Pick, p. fiOl.
That a juror might agrco without
due reflection, and allerwards have a
different view rif tho caso, and might
feel impelled by a high senso ol duty
to change his verdict, i true. And
such a Change from mieh a motive,
whilst it would itrguo weakness, In as
sentitif. would deserve commendation,
Rut in view of the fact that a mis
trial resulla in great expense to the
county, and to the whole public who
are in aliemianco at court, anu in
great additional lubor to the Court
and counsel, the contingency of a mis-
taken assont and subsequent change
of mind is vary much lo be regretted,
If tho idea were sntlered to prevail
that jurorn an) at liberty to agrco In
tho jury-room and afterwards lo dis
sent in Court, that this is right they
have to exereiso at their discretion, H
would result in an enormous expense
to the connty, ond in a serious impedi.
mmt lo the administration ol Justice.
The respondents, bnwever.dcny tbat
they wero approached by any ono
With ino suggestion ur rmiiuinniuii
that iho ahonld dissent in Court.
And although It la clear from the
amoavtis ol tno icn remaining jo,
aa well aa from the answers of the ra
irpondcnlii, tbat they agreed voluntari
ly, and without bofnB forced Into ao
quiMcenca by any Improper moana,
and after full discussion and delibera
tion, extending from 5 o'clock to 11
o'clock, p. M., nevertheless undor their
ullltliivils that, they changed their
minds after lurther reflection from con
scientious conviction") of duty, there
being no Inrther proof to tho contrary,
the rules must bo discharged.
The oath of jurors is lo rondcr a
true verdict according to the evidence,
unless they nro discharged by the
Court. They have no right to scpa
rato until they are fully agreed. Tho
law requires a nnuninious verdict.
"And in order In avoid inteniperunce
and causeless delay, the jury are to be
kept without meat, drink, lire, or can
dle until they are all unanimously
agreed." 3 Black. Com., p. 375.
"If a jury eat or drink ut ull, or have
any eutubles about them, without con
sent of tho Court, und before verdict,
il is Unable." i.
But the moderate practice is to al
low the jury all these articles, und to
ullow them further to seal their ver
dict when they come lo an agreement
during tho interval of Court, and to
sepurale and assemble when the Court
sits, to rentier lliu verdict in open
Court. All this bus grown up into
practice out of a spirit ol leniency and
kindness toward jurors, so that they
may endure no more discomfort than
is really netiessury.
But tho Eiiulinh practice of taking a
jury verdict (equivalent to our sealed
verdict), winch naa Dcgun oeiore
Bluckstone's time, is characterised by
him as a "dangerous practice allowing
time lor parties to tamper with the
jury, and therefore very tel'hm allowed."
3 llliick. l orn., p. Ail.
And Huston, Justice, in lluidekoper
vs. Cotton, 8 Watts, p. 69, speaks of
the practieo of sealing verdicts as be
ing used in some, but not in oilier dis
tricts. And it is snid in 2 Watts' I'leas of
the Crown, p. 3H0, that a jury verdict
etui not be taken in cases ol treason
and felony. 1
The Court lias powor to allow a
jury to seal their verdict without con
sent ol counsel. I no reason lor arm
ing their assent is that tho right to
poll the Jury may bo waived.
Tbe great expense und labor of ace
ond trials t an only bo certainly avoid
ed by compelling jurors lo remain to
gether until iheii verdiet is taken with
the consent of the dcl'endunt und with
a waiver of the right to poll tbo jury.
If, as alleged hy counsel, a defend
ant cannot waive such right In a case
of felony, then ill such cases tho jury
ought not to be allowed lo seal their
It is ordered that hereafter in cases
of felony; tho agreement or counsel lo
senl the verdict shall be in writing,
und accompanied witb an express
waiver of tho right to poll the jury,
und that no seuled verdict shall bo
permitted in a cuso of felony unless
with waiver and consent.
This niay work hardship on subse
quent jurors, which must bo charged
up aguinst the vacillation of these re
spondents and the lailuro of the do
leiidants' attorney to abido by his
Tho opportunity ol tampering with
a juror ia very niuuilest. Tbe ascer
tainment of the juror to whout is lo bu
conveyed the inlormation that bo bus
a right to dissent from a sealed ver
dict, seems to be practicable hy eaves
dropping according to llie information
given by the tipstaff in charge of ibis
jury. A single weuk-ininded or cor
nipt juryman may necessitate a second
Tbo contingency ought tn be guard
ed against. If there Is no other way
open to accomplish it, it must be done
by refusing lo other jurymen tho priv
ilege ol seuhng vewiclH.
By tho Court, Vt'M. M. II ALL,
" u President Judge.
DR. ARXOLP O.V THE EYE.
Dr. J. V. 8. Arnold, Prolessnr ol
Physiology in tlie Medical Department
of tho University of the City of New
York, gave an illustrated lecture upon
"Lie-lit and Vision" recently at Chick-
crinir Hall in that city. The lecture
was exceedingly intereating, tbo lec
turer being cureful to use comprehensi
ble und iinscieulilic language anu
evincinir throughout the faculty of in
telllifent explanation. Tbo audience
was very large, and the proceeds ought
to provs an appreciable sum to the
Manhattan Eye and Ear llospitul, for
whoso' benefit tho lecture was given.
Dr. Arnold wu introduced by Rev
Dr. Crosby, Chancellor ol the Universi
ty, anu wus received wim warm ap
plausc. "It is Impossible to describe,'
ho said, "to anything liko the extent
ntoesrnry to a perfect understanding
of Iho subiect, the theory ol light and
vision. They are too many lor the
purposes of a pnpulur lecture. I pro
pose only to go over some of the more
interesting phenomena in a very super
ficial man tier. 1 will say, as a short
preface to my subject, that all sense is
uepenueni upon tno cognizance ibkcii
by the brain, lo which it is conveyed
by the manifold tclegruphic system ol
the nerves. If J'oti hurt your linger
the shock must bo transmitted to the
brain, and the brain must become cogni
taut of it before you can feel the pain
It is tho biain really tbtil receives tbe
sense of the hurl, although the feeling
seems to lie very definitely In the lin
ger. You are all aware of the fact, too,
that if Iho nerves of the finger are do -
slroyed no injury thero will evur affect
you to pain. It is tho sumo in the
t use of the eye : if the optic nerve be
destroyed you muy have an abundance
of light, but no conception ol objects
through vision. '
" The eye really is a box or camera.
I shall study it and compare il as far
as possible with a photngraphio camera.
The otitur screen of tbo eye, like the
main part ol tho box of a camera, is
made simply to shut out tho bulk ol
light. In front, occupying a relotively
small space, is tho lens of the eyo, ad
mitting what light ia necessary. In
front of the lens again ia a littlo did
pbnigm.n little arrangement for reguln
ting tho amount of light lor as the
light ia weak or Intense wo need a vary
Ing amount, sometimes more and some
times lens. This is the Iris, You will
have noticed in. different people that
the Iris U of different colors j and In
thu Albino, and occasionally in rabbits,
you will sometimes fipd it of a pink
color. This is because tho monihruno
is transput en t and permits the color ol
tho retina, of tho interior of the eye, lo
show through. In man tho retina ab
sorbs light und does not reflect it. Un
der certain conditions you bsvo seen
how a rat's eye will glare. That is
hocauso the retina reflects light and
the ball of the eye is transparent. A
man's eye never glares lo this mannor.
14 The lens of the eye transmits the
rays of light from an ohjoct precisely
the same aaa glass lens would do. The
rays pass into tbe lens, are refracted,
and the object ia reproduced upon tbe
retina iqverted. Bat the qnestion is,
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, 1877.
if the impression madoupon tho retina
is upside down, why don't we perceive
the object upside down 1 The proba
bility is thut tho mind is philosphor
enough lo correct the vagaries of tho
retina and to judge of things as they
really are. If wa stoop down and
look between our legs at any object
buck of us, tho impression of it cer
tainly enters tho eje in an inverted
manner, and yet the object appears in
the correct poaiiitin. Probably the
impression is regulated by the mind.
"If you bold up Jour linger close to
the eye and regard it intently lor a
while, and then regard some object at
a distance, you will find thut object
blurred. In tho same manner, if you
regard the object at a distutico for a
period und then turn tho eye suddenly
in the finger ugaintho finger will ap
pear blurred. This ilustinlessiiother
power of the eye' Ihuf of fjitnsing or
odupting itself to objects at different
distances. It is affected by a certain
muscular tissuro on the posterior posi
tion of tho lens, which is powerful to
flatten il or to release it into greater
convexity al will.
"Not all tho anterior surfuco of tlie
inner portion of the eyo ia capable ol
receiving an improsMon. The part
w bieb is seusiblo of impression extends
only one eighth ol un inch in one direc
tion and one-thirly-sixlh of an inch
the other. It is a curious fact thai
this centre of impression is some dis
tance from tho point where the optic
nerve enters. Immediately about the
termination of tho, optic norvo tho
retina may receive no impression what
"But now in regard to binocular
vision why Is it that wo have two
eyes 1 II is so that wo may have Iho
stereo-effect, tho sense of prominence.
Try one eye only and aeo how this
sense is impaired. Look at distant
mountains ; lliey appear flat. But as
we approach an object ono eyo takes
more cognizance of one of its sides, and
the other eye takes more cognizance of
tho other, and thus tbe object n brought
out wo get the idea of prominence.
" liighl we will consider to consist
ofaeeilesot waves or undulations. All
objects are seen through tbo agency of
light, thrown oil Iroin the surface. 1 ho
waves are set up and proceed with
givut rapidity, porpendiculurly to the
lino of giinciiil direction. I ho ampli
tude or height of a wuvo of red light
is the l.!.l,l)UUth part of an inch. Con
cerning rapidity, 400,000,000,000 wave
lengths ol light strike npon tho retina
in a single second. The impression of
light is received almost instantaneously,
but it requires about the thirtieth purl
of a second for the impression lo iude
awny again. I his depends, however.
on the color of the light. Red light
requires longer tnno lor lis reception
than light ol another color."
1 he lecture was richly illustrated by
aid ol stereopliconsan other apparatus,
and as bis lust picture Dr. Arnold
threw upon the screen an "Appeal lo
the Benevolent," ibe nunc being a plea
fir aid in behalf of tbo hospital for
whoso benefit bis hvcturo was given
WHY MF.AOE DID NOT ATTACK I-Hi UI1
(Col. J. race C. Uiddle, la Phlla. Weekly Time,.
It hud been General Mead inten
tion lo order a generul advance from
our led alter the close of the action, but
owing lo tho lateness of tbe hour and
tho weuried condition of I he army, with
a "wisdom that did guide his vulor to
act in safety," he abundoued the move
ment ho hud contemplated, tor this
ho has been severely censured. Gen.
Howard, in an article in the Atlantic
Monthly ol July last, says :
" 1 have thought thai the fearful ex
posure of General Meade's heailquar-tei-s
where so much havoc was occa
sioned by the enemy's artillery bad so
impressed him that he did not at first
realign the victory ho bail won."
The reverso ol this is true. General
Meade was not in the Icaxt "demoral
ized" by tho enemy's fire, but reulincd
fully the exact condition of affairs. Leo
had been repulsed, not routed, anil il
Meado hud yielded lo his own inclina
tion to attack, be would have been re
pulsed himself, and would Unix have
thrown away the fruits of his great
victory. That thia view is correct is
proved beyond all doubt by the follow,
ing passago from Mr. Win. Swinton'a
"History of tho Army of tho Poto
mac." Mr. Swinton saya :
" I buvo beenmo convinced from the
testimony ol General Longnlrccl him
self that attack would have resulted
disastrously. 'I bail,' said tbatolllcer
to tho writer, 'Hood and McLaws, who
had not been engaged ; 1 had a heavy
lon e of artillery ; I should have liked
nothing belter than to have been at
tacked, and have no doubt thut 1
should have given those who tried as
bad n reception us Pickett received.' "
On July 4th (lHli3), Lee, during a
heavy storm, withdrew from our front,
and on the 11th be took up a position
al Williamsport, on tho I'olnmac. He
was closeiy lollowcd by Meade, who
came up with him on the izin, and
who found him in a position naturally
almost impregnable and strongly foi ti
lled. Meade's i in Mi l-o was to allnck
at once, but, alter consultation with
his corps commanders, ho nhsluiiicd
from ordering an assault until ho could
more lull)' reconuoitro thu enemy's
position. On thu morning ol Iho I4lh
1" reconitoissuiiee in loree, suppottcd by
the w hole army, was mude al daylight,
but on the night ol thu l.lih Lee hud
recrossed tho Poloniuc. There wus a
great deal of clamor at tho time be
cuuso Meado did not deslroy orcnpltiro
Lee's army ut Williamsiort,but Meade,
.conscious that be had acted wisely, al
ways tell that history would do him
juslico. Hud ho assuulled be would
certainly have been defeated, and Iho
result would have been disastrous not
only lo the army, but to the country,
for a defeat tn our army there would
have opened iho road to Washington
and the North, and all the fruits of
Gettysburg would have been dissipated.
A brief relerenco lo the subsequent
experience of the Army ol the Polo
mac will confirm the truth of this as
sertion. In May, 18G4, we began the
campaign with one hundred and fifteen
thousand men, aim alter npousj ivama
I Court IIouso wero constantly 'receiv-
ing heavy reinforcements. General
Lee had about sixty thousand men.
And yet with this greut preponderance
of strength, we assaulted tho enemy
again and again in positions not so
strong as the one bold at Williumsport,
always without success and with terri
ble loss. From the crossing of the
Kupidan on Hay Slh, to tho unsuccess
ful assault on the enemy's works at
Petersburg, June 18th, a period ol
about six weeks, llie Army of the Po
lomae lost not less than suventy thou
sand monl In tho battles between
the Army of the Potomac and the
Army of Northern Virginia, in no caso
was a direct asuautt upon an Intrenched
Rocontly, this distinguished lady do-
parted ibis life. A lady of great wealth,
handsome in her younger days, and
always accomplished and graceful, she
was a sliming ornament or notitnern
society previous to the late war.
Wo knew Mudumo IjO Vert in 1'aris,
some twenty years since hho arrived
at that city during the summer, while
tho Emperor and Empress wero at
Compiegne, and worried Judge Mason
into declining lo introduce, and at last
rather positively and with aome mad
ness. Tho Madame appealed to us,
und said sho had letters lifim a num
ber of the English aristocracy to the
molher ol Empress Eugene. We sug
gested a presentation of these letters,
and our suggestion was acted on.
Alutlame l.e Vert was not only kindly
received, but actually taken tn tbe
summer resort of the court, wbero
oven hia Excellency, John Y. Mason,
was never invited.
Mudume Le Vert lost all ber proper
ty in the late war, and, what was
worso, her beauty ana grace, iaier
in life alio attempted literature for a
living, but, alaa! that which bad been
an accomplishment was found to be not
solid enough for a living, and the old
lady got, after a timo, lo huvo tbat
most terrible of all things, a grievance.
She would hold us by 1'ie hour on that
Ono night, at a charming party given
by Mm. Carlisle, we found ourselves,
Madaino La Vert on our arm, being
made acquainted with that grievance.
Wo happened to pass the Spanish Min
ister, then Admiral Polo, who was
leaning gracefully against tho wall.
' Is not that the Spanish .Minister l
said my companion. "Do you know
him well enough to present me?"
"Know him ? Do I look liko a man
who did not know the Spanish Minis
ter? I will present you."
Now, wo had never exchanged a
word witb the diplomatic gentleman,
but we wero desperate, nnd so, march
ing up, wo said :
"Admiral Polo, permit me to intro
duce j on to my dear friend, Madamo
"It gratifies mo, Madame, to niako
your acquaintance." And then, after
a slight pause, in which he eyed us, bo
added, "And now, Madaino, will you
bo so good as to introduce your escort?''
This wus such a cool piece of diplo
matic impudence, that beforo Madame
Lo Vort could answer, we said :
"Why, Admiral, don't you remem
ber me? 1 am Col. Casey, brother-in-law
to the Government."
Poor Jladumo Lo Vert gazed at us
both in muto astonishment, but was
soon chatting with his diplomatic Ex
cellency in Spanish'. iii i"iiff.
It LACK BASS
A writer in tho 'ore ami Stream ol
May 3d, gives tbe following caution
with reference lo catching and eating
the Potomac bass, beliire tho 1st ol
July. He say :
" But ibe great troublo with which
wo huvo to contend on tho Potomac is
tit is. that the fish are taken in immense
numbers early in the spring, when out
of season aud altogether until for sport
or lor tbe table. Tbo dwellers on the
Potomau aro generally civilized, and
pretend to have laws lor the preserva
tion of fish, but they here so much to
do with Washington city that lliey aro
cureless about keeping the laws. All
through April and Muy, ol each year,
foolish boys und moro foolish men go
forth to slaughter tho Mack bass when
passing through their spring siekne
und thereby commit an unpardonable
outrage against the laws of nuture.' In
mv limited sphere I hnvefonght against
this custom lor several years, and I
now recall only two men who have
been convened to my way of thinking.
One of them took me to n fiivorite
locality in the month of May, and
while I allowed him to do all the fish
ing, I amused myself with the pencil.
Alter be had secured a basket lull ol
buss and we were about to return homo,
I took one of tho fish In my hand and
directed his attention lo tho worms
that wero hidden away at tho roots of
the fins. Ho was disgusted, and then
and there swore thut ho would never
cat ono of thoso fish again. That was
not sensible on his part, bnt his feel -
ings could not be controlled, for trom
July to November thero is no better
fish for tlie table than the black bass.
The other conversion alluded towns
thai of a farmer on tho Potomac who
had a very dear friend, with w bom he
had been fishing in the month ol Hay,
and who lost bis life from rating black
bass out of season, and when eating il
was a poison."
Plant Kahlt Potatoes Only.
Prof. McAfee, of tho Iowa Agricultural
College, advises tho planting of early
varieties of potatoes only, In order to
cut off the supply of food for tho pota
to beetles late In summer. This, we
think, is an excellent suggestion, and
liir other reasons than these named by
Prof. McAfee. Thereare, at least, two
broods of this i nsect I n a season t hrongh
out tho greater part of the northern
und middle Slates, and in some favora
ble localities lltrce. Now, if none but
the curliest varieties of potult es nro
planted, tho tops will be ripe by tho
time iho first brood of beetles have
come lo maturity. Tho second brood
not finding its lavorito food in abun
dance, a huge portion must perish ;
liir, say from the first of August until
the following spring is rather too long
a limo for the mature insect to live,
especially if short of lood. It is gener
ally the second or Inst brood of the
season which hybcrnales, passing thro'
Iho winter in safely : but by culling
off thu supply ol food wo muy at least
lessen tbo number which are to puss
over Iho following season. Ills worth
trying; in fact, anything which is
likely to lessen Iho number of this
great pest should receive duo attention
al this time. Jtmrnnl and Mewngir.
A River of Ink. Among tho won
ders ol nature in Algeria, thero is a
river of natural Ink. 1 1 is formed by
tho junction of two streams, ono flow
ing from a reign of furruginoua soil,
and the other draining a pent swamp.
Tho waters ol tho first are, of course,
very strongly Impregnated with iron;
thoso of the lutler witb gallic acid.
On meeting tho acid of one stream is
united wiih tho iron of the other, and
a truo ink is the result. The banks of
the united streams would be, of places
in Iho world, the colony of authors.
Fields of esparto grass, for paH.r milk
ing, might be sown in the neighbor
hissl, the paxr mills might be turned
by the inky flood, and geese be rear
ed to supply quill pens. The mem
bers of the Republic of letters would
there do nothing all day long but lit
dangling their feet in the water, oc
casionally dipping their pens in a
peaceable crow, except, perhaps, when
they would please each other by read
ing long extracts from their unpub
AFTER THE IlED'iKINS.
URILLIANT ATTACK OF GENERAL MILF.8
ON A HOSTILE CAMP.
Tongue River, M. T., Muy lfl, via
Bismarck, D. T., Muy 28. General
Miles left iho cantonment at Tongue
river, M. T., on May 1, with Bull's, Ty
ler's, Whoelan's and Norwood's com
panies of tho Second Cuvalry under
Captain Ball, battalion commander;
Dicker's, Poole's, Miners' and Cusiek's
companies of tho Twenty aocond In
fantry; Bennett's and Farga's compa
nies of the Filth Infantry, and a de
tachment of mounted Infuntry com
posed of men of the Fifth and Twonly
socond Infuntry under Lieutenant E.
W. Casey, of tho latter regiment. Tho
General took Whito Bull, ol tho sur
rendered Cboycmica, und another In
dian witb him aa scouts.
Finding that Lamo Deer and Iron
Star, who would not go back to their
agency, wero camped on the Rosebud,
he loll bis wagons with thrco coin pa
nics of iho Filth and Twenty -second
Iniantry, on tho Tongue river, with
orders to lollow as rapidly us possible,
and struck across lor the Rosebud,
tuking with him the cuvalry and Diek
oy's, CuBsick'a and Poole's companies.
Beginning tho march at halt past
two p. i. on the olb day of Muy, he
kept it up almost continuously night
and day, winding through ravines and
bad lands and around hills, so aa lo
avoid being seen by the Indians, until,
at half hast, four on the morning oi the
Till, when he slriick the (amp, tuking
it completely by surpriso, on a creek
running into tho Rosebuds, known as
Muddy crock. Tho ndvunco was led
by Lieutenant E. W. Casey, with tho
mounted party and Lieutenant Jerome,
of tho Second Cavalry, with Captain
llall'scompany. They charged through
tho village and captured 4!i0 ponies,
horses and mules, which were quietly
gruzing below it. Generul Mi lea or
dered Lieutenant Tyler's and Nor
wood's companies, of the Second Cav
alry, under these officers and their
Lieutenants, Hamilton and Filler, sup
ported by Wheelun, and his company,
lo cut tho Indians off from tho bluff on
tho other sido of tho creek. Tho In
dians fled, leaving everything except
their rifles, nnd making a running
fight of several miles with the follow
ing result :
Fourteen Indians wero left dead on I the application of limo to tho soil,
tho field. Among them wus tho chief! namely ; thut it is possible to overtime ;
and bead warrior, Lame Deer and Iron j t,0t it produces lurger crops for a cer
Stnr. ; lain number of vcurs. after which tbe
I-our hundred and filly ponies and
200 saddles also fifty Inns of dried
meals, quantities ol powder, lead,
hlunkets, pack loads of beads, carbines,
wur bonnets, tepees, etc. Some of our
ammunition a low thousand round
fell into the enemy's hands, being aban
doned by threo of tlie lour men who
guarded it. One of them, Gloskersky,
died at his post.
General Miles had given orders lo
his interpreters to announce as they
went through the cnmp"tbat all who
surrendered would bo spared. As
General Miles rode through the village,
two Indians approached him holding
ill utiu naiiu toeireuiuiiica nnu cxia'iiu
ing tlie other. General Miles shook
hands with Lame Deer, und Lieuten
ant Buird, Adjutant of tho Fifth In
funtry, shook bunds with tho other,
who was Iron Star. General Miles
motioned lo tho Indians to lay down
their arms. They did so, and the Gen
eral told Lieutenant Long, of tho Filth
Infantry, to dismount and lake tho
carbines. Lieutenant Long had hard
ly dismounted, when Lame Deer,
either fearing treachery or intending
i it, picked up his cai bine nnd fired at
General Miles. Tho ball passed be-
; iween mo uenernl s body ti.iil tno
hores'sback and killed Private Springer
of the Second Cuvalry, who was he-
1,1... I lr.,n S!te I, .!,'.,,, .I,,,.,l,., ol
I it. ,..,., n.,,l. i,i;. (i,.. ...
treated firing, but were killed within
a hundred yards.
Iron Star's bonnet, ol sixty eagle
feathers, with pendants of yellow lace,
evidently trophies ol the Custer fight,
was captured, and there is a lorty live
calihro riflo bullet hole right through
thorenlro of Its front, and Iron Slur
lies dead on the field with the bullet
in his forehead. Thus at tho base of
tho mountains from which the Custer
1 bailie-ground could be seen wns that
bloorty deed avenged
The Vhrirtian Intrlliyi mrr wants lo
put a good face on the stale of affairs,
and points to its readers that thero
really nro advantages In hard limes.
Woquoto : "Adversity awakens people
from delusive dreams. A nation may
indulge in these as well as individuals,
and both need nt times to bo a mined.
During iho years of our civil struggle,
nnd subsequently, multitudes were de
luded by dreams of sudden wealth and
high social position. They pressed for
ward madly to grasp tho visionary oh
ject that lured them, reckless often of
the claim of the soul nnd of truth ns
God has spoken il. Thu voice of this
charmer lliey did not heed, amid tho
whirl and excitement of an absorbing
pursuit and passion find no time fur
tho culm question, 'Whirl profit, uftor
all, will nil this yield?' If they bad
continued in this state, following phan
toms still, and deaf to the voices thai
sought to wis) them lo a higher and
better Hie, they might beliire long got
beyond the reach of help or restora
tion. Tlie prodigal, while his money
lasted, enjoyed his 'riotous living,' and
had no thought ol returning home.
But when adversity fell, 'he came to
hiniseli;' Sober thoughts ami good'ro-
solves were tho Iruits of his distresses.
So people buvo needed, far and wide,
something to bring them to themselves,
This they huvo gul."
A Pose for a "Woi nph A wazon."
When Gibson modelled tho "Wounded
Amazon," he said to a friend of mine
who went lo his studio to see the
stuluo In tho clay, "Yes, this is my
'Wounded Amazon.' " You linvcdotiht
less beard Gibson's peculiar, dry, crisp
mode of talking imitated, and ran
imagine how ba spoke. "Yes, 1 call it
a 'Wounded Amazon; but that stuluo
ia a proof of how useful it is for an
artist lo keep his eyes open. Now,
how do you think I found thut pose?
I wns just going along the street, and
I saw girl catching a flea. Yes I
did ! she was catching a Ilea I I stop
ped and said to myscll, 'That's a iirelly
poso a very pretty pose, indeed ;' and
I took it down. Ho I thought it over.
I set up and worked it out, and there
il stands aa my 'Wounded Amazon.'
But it is tho very pom of tlie girl
catching tho flea, nevertheless. A
very pretty pose il i, ycu see j and,
as I said, it shows that an artist must
not fail tokecphiseyesnlways open.
From Anne Rmrrtcr't Rom Ullrr.
Customer "Give me a pound of
thoso crackers." Baker "Crackers,
thunder, them's loaves, ten corns
apiece I "
TEBMS-52 per annul.
NEW SERIES-VOL 18, NO. 23
THE USE OF LIME AS A FER
TILIZED Tho season is approaching for the
preparation of tho soil lor next year's
seed. This, and tho solcct'nn ol the
best kinds, are of sufficient iinportunce
to occupy the mind of tho farmer, and
to a greater extent than is occasional
ly given, when It is considered that
inferior or unadapted seed will produce,
as a rule, an inferior crop. Thus to
sow wheat on a soil which contains no
lime or marl either naturally or ar
tificially is suro to bring a poor re
turn. A remarkable instance of this
took place In Ireland after the famine.
It is a fact well known by the inure
intelligent farmors in that country that
tlie extensive central iilain which oc
cupies tho surfuco luntt at tho tool ol
the mountains contains no limo or
marl, and tbal drueainga with ilicne
materials were at stated times applied
when tho culture of wheat was intend
ed. Tho product from an overage
yer was twenty barrels per acre
(Irish,) or ubout sixty bushels to tho
English aero. Alter tho famine, the
poverty and want of heart to do their
best by the land compelled I huso who
remained nn their farms, unsubdued
hy the famine and pestilence, lo omit
tho usual application ol lime to the
soil, and the conscquenco was that, in
stead of twenty barrels por Irish acre,
the yield wus from five lo seven bar
rels, being a reduction of from two
thirds to three-fourths.
Another instance occurred1 in the
enso of three farmers from Suffolk,
who took a tract of land of about six
hundred acres near Sligo, enclosed
with a wall as a park. In a Idler
from ono of them after they had been
there a few years, be stated thut they
were about to abandon their horlings, :
as the (and would not grow wheat lor
want of limo, of which thero was none
to bo obtained in tho neighborhood,
while the soil contained not a particle
of that material, and thero was none
witutn reasonable reaett oi meir larms
nsucn cases as tins tuo application oi t.llry.iK.lljua j,,0 (dlow spelled il
hmo is required to he renewed fro-1 ,.om,,.',v ttlli on bring asked to define
quently, bccatiso cither limo ormnrl'i, i.,,;, ,i ,,, . n ,,,. ii t "
will sink in almost any soil, especially
light, bo that the process of renewing
the application of there materials is
There is. however, a draw bat. k to
'this favorable account of tho effects of
return fulls away unlil il becomes less
; than beloro the lime was applied, so
tnui it appears to navo exiiausteu in-1
stead ol enriched the soil. In account-i
ing for lbi adverse effect of what is i
admitted on all hands to be a benefit, I
the chemists state that limo acts on
all tho organic parts of tho soil, by
which it is rendered moro serviceable
to the growth of plants. On tho other ; "man"' " ' """" ' ' J"
hund, ho proportion of organic mat- j out forget rarely I will not be re
ten in the' soil gradually diminishes! yonged, and this I owo to my enemy ;
ft . : lint 1 u-i r..iii..mlH.r mill thlM I owe In
under the prolonged action ol the lime.
and thus the soil becomes less rich in
thoso substances ol organic origin on
which its fertility to a certain extent
depends. The sameeflecl is produced
on Iho mineral mutter in tho soil, when
llicro is ubstractcd from it a more
abundant supply in proportion with its
immediate effect per sc. Unless, there
fore, an adequate proportion of thoso
matters arc supplied in other manures,
thu soil will necessarily become ex
hausted to such an extent as to coun
teract or neutralize llie action ol the
limo. Tho way, therefore, to prevent
,., meet, is ,o manure largely wu
farm yard manure and saline suhsinn-1
. , , I !IMIIIl-ll H llll.MlL-. Mil'. nill KK.ipiV 1
ccs and thus return or repay to tho . wj h
soil whatever may have been extract-1 J
od loospeedily or too copiously from it. I What sort of earth or heaven would
.1rrr.- Lent Express. hold uny spiritual wcallh in it lor souls
i pauperized by Inaction"? Ifonefirma-
AGIilCL'LTVRK THE UEMED F' l,"'"t hn no stimiilunt for our nlten
i FOIl HARD TIMES. ;,inn tt"1' l,vri ' ' seo bow four
' j would have it. We should atampovery
A writer in tho New York Tiitim possible world with tho flatness of our
thinks "that tho road lo a revival of own inanity which is necessarily im
our National prosperity lays in tho dc-' pious, without htith or fellowship,
velopnient of our agricultural resutir- j 1.-ixi.j niC(mii0 nmy do a great
ccs. 1 do not tbink, bosnys, "thatl(U,ult0V.n,,ls .m.ing our longing or
in this matter wo will bo allowed a drca(1 Wc nr0 not ..j,,.,,,.. in a stllle of
choice for ir. the ncarfnturo labor and , , emolioii, and when wo aro calm
capital will be driven to Iho soil. It , 11BC our memories andgradttallv
is no longer the question with our ,,m ,,, ,M08 0, 0(lr It.ttr wo do
young men how lo get rich, but how T . (l SB f(J.
to get a living, 1 hero is nt the pres-;
cnl time no trade, profession, or bttsi.
ness that is now overcrowded. In all
our country villages '.hero are moro ; MJ ' ur wn,,bniiy, and uso it as
storekeeiem,hlaeksmilh9,shoeniakers,!if u wur0 ,,., iko vi!ion.
doctors and clergy than can possibly
obtain a decent living, und wo see ! -Thero is much in fuiry titles after
trades people nnd working people I We read of what was brought
roaming from plnco to placo lenving ! ubout by merely wishing this or that
ono overcrowded locality for another, .impossible thing to be, and wo any,
in Iho vain hope of finding a vacancy 1 "That's good reading for children ; let
somewhere, ilow it is in our l ilies 1 1 them watch tho bubble till it bursts ;
need not tell you. Tho only occupa-1 we have seen it all ourselves, and know
tion which is not overdone, which ( '" will bo by-and-hy." This thought,
never wns and never will be overdone, ' however, slips you : you do not rculizo
is farming. The forco of tho whole; when you say this, that merely wish
argument is condensed in this picture: ,i"g something to bo in us bus dotto
on the one hand, every avenue closed; i1"11? lo1- '"" I""0 ""'get that
on Iho other, abundant room for all. . without wishing, nothing good would
rnderlheseciiruiiistaneeslhitigsmust overcome tons, and that tho instant
eventually adjust themselves, and it ' we begin to fuel desire in our hearts
would bo needless to recommend what: w0 Uuvu Ulr t"WHlu Rttaininu-
must per-foieo happen, were it not by j tiling" which you may have considered
recognizing tho luct In advauco ol its , impossible for us to attain as any
loreed accepltiiiee, tho proper eqtiili 'impossible thing in a tory-book. It
britim muy l.e established eusilv, in-1 issimply bccatiseGod is in every health
stead of through a crisis." ' jful l"ig-
- ,'o man who is (It to livo need
Toe Leak or Lii'R. 1'hero is a cer- fear to dio. Poor, timorous, fuithless
lain cations member nl the plant lami-1 gunig i,t wo aro I How wo shall
ly, very common in Juiniucu, wo nre sniilt) at our vain alarms when tho
mid, culled the lilo plnnt, or leaf of. orst has happened I To us here,
life, because it is almost impossible to
kill Iho leaves. You may cut one oltj
Uml hang it up by n thread, where
Uny ordinary leaf would be discourng-
L, and dry un it w ill send out longi
White thread liko roots, and set about:
gmwing now leaves. You may cut off'
hull a leaf, and throw it into a light
box, where it can get neither light Horn,, jt, a solemn gladness should fill our
moisture necessaries of life to oilier : hearts. It is God's great morning
plants tho spirited littlo leaf puts nut. lighting up the sky. Ourlearsaro iho
its delicate roots nil the sumo. Even iurrur 0j thiMruu in tho night. The
pleased, and packed awny in a botnn. niLrlii, with its terrors), itsdurknoss, its
tsl's herbarium Iho vory dryest and t.vepsh dreams, is passing away ; und
dullest place you ever did seo it will wu.n We awake' it will he into the sun-
keep up its worK, throw out roots and
new leaves, nini neiuuny giAMv out oi
its covers. It Is snid that botanists
who want lodry this pertinacious veg
etable aro obliged to Rill it with a hoi
iron, or with boiling watur.
A Straniie Fatality. A younggen
lleiniio who is purllcular about his
washing, iho other dny wrolo n nolo
to his waahcr-woniun and ono to his
sweetheart, and, by a slrnngo fatality,
put tho wrong address on each en
velope and senl them off. Tho w asltur
woman was well pleased at nn invita
tion to tnko a ride the next dny ; but
when the young lady read, "If you
tumble up my shirt bosoms any more
as you (I id 1 1 1 o lust timo, I will go some
where else," she cried all the evening,
and declared she would never apeak to
Lul vour exnensoA ho anrhaa Lob aval
abnlancelnyourpoekct. Ready money
always a Irlend In need.
We can baldly learn humility una
tenderness enough except by suftcring.
Juslico to your neighbor and com.
fort to ourselves, art) one and the same
Tlie beauty that ia in Iho heart
will eventually shine out in tho counte
nance. Genius is tho morning dew thut
keeps the world from perishing In
O, bitni.-ih the tears of tbo children I
Ccntinual ruins upon thu blosaoms are
The freedom of sonio persons in the
freedom of iho herd of swine that ran
violently down a steep place into tho
sea and wero drowned.
Some people aro always denounc
ing, never encouraging ; exieiing
shams, but never exhibiting realities ;
pulling dow n, but never building up.
The domestic man w ho loves no
music so well us his kitchen clock, and
the nil's which Iho logs sing lo him, as
they burn on the hearth, buvo solaces
which others never dream of.
I've had my say out, and I shun
bu the cusier for it till my life. There's
no pleasure in living, if you're to bu
corked up forever, and only dribble
your mind out by tho sly, like a leuky
Be neither too early in the fashion
nor too long out or it, nor too precisely
in it ; whttl custom hath civilized is
becomo decent, till then ridiculous ;
where tho eyo ia the jury, thy apparel
is the evidence.
Dio Lewis says if all men wero to
cut nothing but outtneul gruel three
limes a day there would bo less com
print ulioul the high priced beef. But
there might be more complaint about
the frequency of funerals.
An old man died in Deekertown,
N. Y., the other day, and in obedience
to bis dying request, his coffin was cur
ried to the grave by his six sons, who
are nil young men and lawyers. It
was n mournful sight six lawyers in
In a suburban school a teacher
gave out the word " psalter," to a elas
in spelling. It was a "poser lo ail
,m it ronollt.fl ,,e ot of tho class, when
it, shouted out : " -More suit I
A woman w ill reach up and pull
at a window sash for a few seconds
quite good-naturedly, but when it does
not come down, and she turns around
anil sees her husband looking comfort
ably on, she mentally asks herself, "Is
civilization a failure?"
Boswell complained to Johnson
thut the noise ol I he company the day
,i;irn hnd nnidu his head Hi-he. " No.
,iP it was not the noise that made vour
...ad ncho : it was tho sense wo put
i,,t0 h," " U us senso thut effect upon
the bead ?" "Yes, sir; on heads not
used to it."
The sun should not set upon our
B T,' nvnm "u , , r . ' , ,"
Wo satistied ourselves the other
' day that there was no real ill in life
' except severe bodily pain. Everything
else is the child of the imagination, aud
depends on our thought ; ull other ills
find a remedy, cither from time or
moderation, or strength of mind.
Tho fuller nature desires lo bo an
agent, to create, and not merely to
look on ; strong love hungers to bless
anil not merely to behold blessing. And
w hile there is warmth enough in tho
sun to Iced an energetic life, there will
i u ,,, t(J foc, ,. , , 1(lrj uf t)jis
,.,, ' ,. .;n ,.i. ,..,
, u j, lko ,Iui0kness of hour-
i v. .. i
ing. It may ninko consequences pas-
uio.tnlelt m-ieeiil. tn Vnll TrV In tnlri-
death is the most terrible thing we
unow. But when we havo tasted its
renliiv. it will mean' to us birlh. doliv-
uruneo, a new creation ol ourselves, It
w, ,0 w hat health is to llie sick man.
)t j vrlmt homo ia to the exile, lt
h whal the loved ono given back
j to tho bereaved. As wo draw near
, g,t of God.
People cannot help having been
born without tad, any more limit they
can help having no ear for music ; but
lliete uto occasions when It ia almost
impossible lo be iiuttu charitable to a
tai lless person. ut people, who buvo
no tact deserve pity. They are almost
always doing or saying something to
get themselves into disgrace, or which
does theiii an injury. They muko
uiioiniiH where ihey desire friends, and
get a reputation lor ill nature which
they do nut deaervo. They are continu
ally doing ot ber people barm, treading
oil invUiphoricul corns, opening iho
liimily cupboard where skeletons are
kept, angering people, shaming people,
saying and doing tho moat awkward
things, and apologising Ibr them with
a Mill moro terrible bluuUiOns. 1 1' thero
id one social boon moro to be desired
Iban another, il it tact; for without
tact, the career of the Holiest and most
1 beautiful Is often utterly marred.