Newspaper Page Text
" CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN"
OOODLANDER & LEE,
.U kj . ," i. . ..1 ,f.
fb larfraat Circulation of any Newspaper
la North Central Pennsylvania.
Terms of Subscription,
If paid nr Mill bafoM 4 BOBlbl H,
If paid nftor tho oxpiratlop of moot tit... 8 INI
Bates oi Advertising,
rrftnaf.nl adearttaemente, par aquartof I011n.ior
wee, I time or Lit II at
For each aubaoooent Inoertlon r.. 40
idinlnLlraiore' and Kswatorrnntloee.. I
AudltOrl' BOtieee m t I 50
Oautioue und Katrnyf....m,.......)............ I &0
hleeo1utlnqtieet... ....... I n
Prnfliaal fori 0 llaea-or ual yr. j I 00
Looal aottoea. tr Man 10
I Ulnar..:. .'.. OB 4 lnihn.......'...M 00
I eijuar... le 00 eolumn TO 00
I aauarai.y.t.A.4'10 00 looluiBB..4...,.l0 00
' O. B. OO0DI.ANBER,
XV VA I
.MIIKL II.. 1.KK,
. . W. C. ARNOLD,
LAW COLLECTION OFFICE,
I.t Clearlald ConBLy, Penn'a. tit
raoa. a. a r boat.
MURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEY 8A T LAW,
ar-OAc in Pie's 0ira lluuee, aeeond floor.
:M74 ' ' ' ' '
F RAN KTI ELD TNG7
A T T O R N E Y- A T-L A W ,
ttj i .-. .: .' vieatataM, Pa. v , ' .
VIII attend to all kualMM entreated to him
piouiptly and faithfully. aofll'71
WILLIAM A. a.buei.
aiaar r. wallmb.
havib l. aaaaa
jona w. wbislbt.
WALLACE Sl KREBS,
(Bu.ra to Wallaca FUldiBg,)
ll-12'ii " Claarlleld, Pa.
A. G. KRAMER,
' il.al K.UI. and Collnlloa AeaL,
' fLKARFIK.I.Il, PA..
Will prumpiljr alund la all l.(l kuiaaia
ru.uiil tu bi. eara.
jte-iMat with Jobo II. Fulfurd, oiipo.lla lb.
o.arn l. b'bai.lt. bahibl w. b'cdbut,
" MoENALLY & MoCUEDY,
, . ATTORN EYS-A'1-LAW,
1 i i tltarOeld. Pa. '
4rt.(ul Im.ine.. alt.ndd to promptly wlthj
IdlitT. Offlca on fleoond atraat, abof a tha Pir.t
National Bank. Jan:l:7
G. R. BARRETT;
I ATTuUKrV AND CoUNatl.OU. AT liAW;
CLKARFIKI.il. PA. . ' '
lla.inj rarlinad kit Ju.l..hi., kaa rnumad
k. praolloa of tka law in kl old oflica at Claar
.Id, Pa. Will atland th.aoartaor J.fwioa aad
K!H onnnli.a wkan .iMoiallyTelaiBodiaeonnaetioa
ailh rnaid.nt oounaal. r . . l;ia'a
ATTORN KY AT LAW, .
1 '" " Clearfield. Pa.
' aav-Offlea la Court Hou.o. (ShorHTV OtUea).
I-buiin... nromnllr all.Dclcd In. R. .Irrt.l.
buugbl and aold. )ell'7S
Al'W ;rw a l t"e R 8 1
' . ATTORN KV AT UW, -.
. i , i Clearlfcld. Pa. .,.'"
.UCka la Oraharu. Bow.
J-i - --
' 14 H. W SMITH,
H:;t t ' 1 riiarlloW.J'ai V
ATTOKNKY AT LAW.
ff-OrJoa la Old Wwt.rn knlldlaj.
xru.r af baeoad an I Harkat Bta. (no.11,00.
A, T T "KH R Y A T LAW.
' t-l)iil la tha CaoH Hoaaa. t'";J
" J OHN HrFULFORDi "
,. . ATTOHNBY AT LAW,
" ' (leartlald. Pa.
pAr Off ob al.ik.t ,ir..i, opp. Court Houta,
. JOHN L. CUTTLE,
Heal Katala Aaatrt, Claarlala, Pa.
nai.e o Third atreat. b.l.Cb.rr, A Walnat.
aar-RaapoetfaUt afore hla aarrleae la a.lllnf
rad ti. laada la Olaarleld aad adjelalaf
reart a. a tare. Tor, Haltera hlenaelf that ha saa
render eatlafaetlea. tFeh. I;:tf,
jb11'a"kT w a'Ct E R 8 ,
REAL ESTATE BROKER,,.
, , : i . 1 1 ADD MALM I
Mw IdOgM and Idiuiibor,
,.t ' ,,. CLEARFIELD, PA. , 1
So IB Sraham'a Row. . .
J. j. L INGLE,
ATTOBSET -AT - LAW,
1:11 eefejoU, Clearlleld Ca Pa. jrf4
jT 8." B ARN HART,
, ATTORNEV.AT-LAW,,.. .
. Jlelleranti,, Pa, . ' ,
Will praotiea la Clearteld and all of the Courta of
iha 1Mb Judicial dIKlltt. Real eataU bnaineaa
aad aollaalioB ef elalma mad apeoialtlea. nl'71
DR. A. iMllAIN ST
P II YJ 1,0,1 A N A, 8 R 0 E O N ,
, , Ll'TUBRaBUBO, PA.
Win attend profeaalaaal aalla promptly. BnKl070
' drTtVj. boyer,
.PHYSICIAN AND SDRUKON,
. . OBoaoa Uarbet Hliaat, etaartala, Pa. ; ,
AffOSoa howaj t to 1? a. aw and lfl t f. a.
Ti HOalfBOPATallO PHYBICIAN,
' !" OBoa Va reiMraeO aa Market el.
APrU M' "7-- C!."".f!?-,'-"'-
"-TJ. H. KLINE, M". D.,
PHYSICIAN A SURGEON,
erwr avinu laoatad at rmuOeld, Pa., afart kl.
ri prof.nlonnl rri an th peopla af lbl
llwe and auiroandlnt eonntry. All ealla promplly
. ! itltaHed U.J II A.jj. -. .ajBt,Jlll.
DR. J. P. BURC H FIELD,
Lata MarieOB of Ike nltd X.lmBt,PenBay)Bnla
' Volant.an, Kaainf rotaraod fa.B Ik artsy,
lf.r. til prfaaioBBl lrttea t lkollltoBa
. f Cleaneiaewaaiy. i . .uii.
. ' TPr,feelealeall pr.afpU alta' I.
Orle "ead etrl, lorawrlyeaaapled by
Ur.woaaa" t. i.wi i i i Up!-"
; OFFICE h MASONIC BUltDlNG
" " ' o- Offlea tmr- rro 11 M t M.
R. JEFFERSON LITZ,
Win promptly attead all ealla la tha line of hla
D. M. DOHTBTY, 'f
PArnuinAnLB rarikii a hair prksokb.
e.'l knhnp level dew. t Waarear A Batta' aaare,
3 ' i . Aeawad ataaot. 't
ii July M, ... .
(Fot marly with Le Rohaler.)
BARRRR ARfk ilAIRURBftBEB-1
llhop na Market !.. ppo.ll. Court Hw).
u. A alenAaavlOar aeary auaAamet, , may l,7.
e t- t rr r-T; r
" ' Gr Wi WEAVER CO.,
i' bHDiatilliiS Jt APolHF-CARlES,
.j tORWi.NRVlLLB, PA.1 ' - '
Dealer la all klada ef Dm,., Mtdlclaee, F.0
, ay taooala and Uruiiya..' 'aa wiaa. i'i M
r-maWWlvk,alaw1l, It7k,. ,
JilT -ar i.alnreee, mlllrl-
'.vi, , y , ,
GEO. B. OOODLANDER, Proprietor.
VOL 50-WHOLE NO.
JOHN D.' THOMPSON,
Tint lea or tha Paaea nnd Scrivmtr, '
CurwenivtUe.Pi ' , .
paid ow. '
mada and monmy (inaptly
BKO. ALBBBT BBRRr ALBBUfMH..W. ALBKBT
W, ALBERT A BROS.,
Hanafaeturart AaitanalreDeaiants ' -
Sawed Lumber, Bqnare Timber, La.,
afOrdari aolloltad. Bill, tllid oa rhort nolle
and raaaoaabl Urma,
Addrait Woodland P. C, Claarfleld Co., Pa. '
.14-1, - . W ALHKRT A BROS. .
' FRANCI8 COUTRIET,
MEKCH ANT, .
PraacbTUla, Uirftela Caaatjr, Pa.
Kaapi ooaatanlljr oa k.nd a tall aaaarlnMat of
DrT Gooda, Hardwara, ttrooaHaa, and avorytkLng
aaaallT kepi la a null atoro, whiob will bo .old,
for eaak, aa abaap aa alnabara ia lb eoantjN
Fraaokvllla.Junal;, ISat-lj. .
THOMA8 H. FORCEE,
GENERAL MMtCH AND1SR.
' ' CiRAHAMTtIN, Pa.
AIM, eiten.W manufaeturar and d.ftlcr In flrfuarc
Timber ana Bawod Lomberof all klndl.
-Ord.ri aoliaited aa,l all liilli protopll;
Had. l-JJ '
House and Sign Painter and faper
Hanger, - .
t-m-WIM axeeulajob. In hla Una prutnptl and
In a workmanlike manner. ai ri.o,
G . H. ' H A CC, 7 "
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARPIBLD, PENN'A.
fPumpa alwaji on hand and made to order
en abort notion. Pipaa bored oa raaronable term.
All work warranted to render aatiifaetion, and
d.lh.red If dealred. mjloiljpd
eTabigler i cc, "
t DBAIeKRfl Irt
and maauraoturera of
ALL KIHIWOF lAWIill l.UIMItliH,
-I'71 ULBARPIKLV, PKN.N'A. ', , '
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Eeal Estate, Square Timber,' Boards',
61I1NI1I.KU, LATH, A PICKETS,
9:I0'71 Clc.rS. Id, Pa, '
JATEslliTCHkUir . ,
DKALKK IB ' ,
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
Joins , 0I,EARPIKI.t, PA. '
PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER :
' - ' ABB DBALBB IB
Watches, Cloi'ka and Jewelrj,
, Omtaa'a Mm, Mnrhl SlrtH, ,
CI.EAHPIE1.I), PA. :
All kind, of renalrlnf In mj line promptly att
ended to. April 2X, 1074.
REIZENSTEIN ti BERLINER, '
wboltkMl Mlrt in .
gems' nKisiii(i eoons,
Haea removed ta lt7 Cbnrrb alroet, between
Fraaklin aad White ate., New York. j;31'71
J A M E 8 H. L.Y f L E ,
' In Kratur'a BnlHliiR, CIBrftfl, Pa.
' Dealer ia araonlea, PrMletaae, VegeUUea,
Frolta, Flour, Feed, eta, ete.
JAMKS K. WATSON k OO.f ...
REAL KPTATB BROKKBS,
' ' CLEAKriKLb, I'RNN'A.
Itonac and OAot to -rt, CultoiMloat prowf Hj
Mad, and ftrtt-alatt Coal and FtraC'.T Laoda
T.,m firoTMarlT fur nil. OfllM la WtUr
Hot.l BuHding (Jd Boor), Btnd 81. myWfiJ
JLIvery Stable. ,
IIR onderiiltid U laT Iq inform thob-
lie .bat b if mom full prepaid U acflomBiv
4aU all In th way of farniihing R.., Buttt(ia.
ttaddlM and UarnMa, on tha abortcat tin and
n iaMnM Urwa. Riidnaon Loenit rtnot.
Iwiweoa Third and Fourth.
U Kg. W. OKAKIURT.
1lrald. Fab. 4. ISM. v .,-.. .
J iSrijaMRi" l -I
Tb vndarF.Rnrd U now rrparad to fan. lib
tha ptiblio Hh an aioallant nualilj of
Bellefonte Wood-Burned Lime,
for pUUrin, nurpoiei,Ty tba tarS -ir amall
qaaatily. Can b found for tba prtarnt at Fte'a
oaw boildlnf, on Marht alrrot.
, ojetLtf L. K. McCl'LLOUOII.
- The Best is the Cheapest I
Tkomaa Bellly kaa rreelred another tarae lot of
"Milch.ll Wefone," whirh are amonf tba very
beat m.nnfertured, and whirh ha will aetl et tba
moat reaaonebl ra:.t. 11 ia aioea inrmura aiuio
all dereripiione or Wifine--lnrcrand amall, wide
and narrow trafk. rail an I .re them.
ep.na THOMAS RMLLTl
JOUN A. BTA DI.BR. '
BAKER, Marh.t 81.. Cleaitrld, Pa.
Freeh Bread, Ro.b, Holla. Plea and Cake,
oa band r made to order. A general araertmeat
of t'nnfoelmnarlea, 'lH. end Kale la ea'f
lee Cream and Oj.trre in ar.ren. Relooa arOrly
ppoait lb PaalvVe.. Piieea moderale. .
Mareh lO-'IO... ., - .. -
AN DRfeW'H ARWICK,""
Market ftrejet, ClearHald. Pa..
MAnnrAnrrBBft abb nBAt.ra in
B.tR!E.8, BAnniKS, BRIPLBS, COLLARS,
i , , , ..aad all klado f ' , . ',
, HOKSt: rrMMSHUta hoods. ,
A furl aterk f fi.ddleH' Hardwar. Brnah.a,
Cembe, BhtBheta, Ra, eie., alway on head
led far rate at the loweelaaab prtee. All kinda
ofrrnalrtnit promptly allended to.
All blnde of bldea taken la etekaega for har
neaa and repalrlnr. All kikda of barne.a l.atb.
.Ml na hand, and for Bale al-B email f roOtv .
Tb be.ine.. will be ander the rmaaedtala
wprrlea of John 0. Herwlh.
ClearOeld, Jab.' 10, ION. '
MAIZE ARCH WAKTK,
(tat, n.o.n. k f..,r;'-;-
tit j '
nikjiim MARjlet VVfcVW mt'l
Banda, Companlea. Ae., fnrni.hrd. Bamplte,
,houj,tpba sad arWaartaatlotdlraWioBe mm
"afRRCrlARTTAILORfl tOIIIIBBH, '
la), 14 "li ly Pblla
7 I -
Th an.leraifned are www fally prefsakd I
htey n eh bwelae. af. .... . .,.
W .Crtl I V ' . ,H.m". ,', m v
' At RBAFBIIAM.B BATtB, 1 f "
- , ' n I . I. ( , bw. .,W.'.e r'r t
Aad taapeatlOMy aeliadt tha faaroaaav tf the.
aa.Blet baek eerwaaea... a -it. .- '-
a ...e.a IOHH TBalllMAS,.
f. ....! I I '.. JAHiMAdUIAVtd
CVeaeaobLy FkV. T.k. la. 107. le)
FOR 8 ALB.
' I eaga.'Orag'gg-.
bat aa4 lltfth atraeta, VlearMd, Pa, & fl
giuea d. raaj
Lm la a terg. do.VH Tw. oaaaWttr hlaaga b,, aMaaUlaaehtVOjoaj
rema U,e. d altar laaWmartea upply guc. XMirf WtocmtlOM VO 0.;
r!ZfrU" H rTiiW lH"t Pr.riflVlk .r.rl .r,
j - fOPTTV VEAM A OO.
Bow wondrou art tha ohangtt, Jim,
fliiea forty yaan afo,
Whn gala woro woolai draw , J la,
And boya won put of tow
Wbin nboat wtra ada of oalf Ida,
And iocki of faoraa upon wool.
And eblldren did a half day'a worm
Kt-for tha hour af aehooL '
Tba gird took nwla lotaona, Jiai,
Upon tha pinning wbool, '
Aid praotiood lata and oarly, llta.
On tba apindla, awift nod rtol i
Tha b-ya woald rlda br back U aill.
A doaaa mlaa oro,
Aud hurry off btfora 'iwaa day.
. bom forty ya ago.
' 1 -Tha paflpl roda ta aiaotlng. Jim, '
In alad tnatnnd of alaigha,
)( , And wagou rvda na atMj, Jim, .
Aa buggiaa now. a dnyaj
And OKi anawotW wall for tonari, '
" . TbMtgk n thoiy'd bo too ali -povplo
Uvad not half $ faat, , t,
Soma foity yeara age,
.0, wall d X nnanbor, Jim,
, That Wilaon a patent itovft
That fatbar bought and paid for. Jmt
In aloth our gait bad wf
And now Uio naighbora wondorad ollni.
Whan wa got ihatbmg to gni
They laid 'twould hunt and kill m nil,
ftunia fortf yra ago.
Vaa, amytblng la differant, Jim, '
Froa what it naad to waa,
' Fur man aro alwaya laapanaf, Jim,
,, With Uud'a grul naiurnl Iowa t , r
But what on aarlk wa'ro ooming to
itfta any body know t ' 1
' ) Fur rryibing baa etaangod aa aach .
' i ttinoa loriy oart ago. . f
THIS CAMP-MKETINQ POL1CK
i- BILL. '! ' '' )
in the Sluts Stumle on Fnciay, 11 arc b
3d, I STB: ,
AKreusbly to order, tbe rule requir
ing billo to be conaidered in committee
ul tiie wbolo being in tbiacaee dispens
ed with, tbe Senate proceeded to the
second reading and consideration I
Senate bill No. 125, (House bill No. 20),
so act empowering camp-meeting as
Bocialioiui to employ a polios force.
Tbe II tut section was read, as fol
. Skction 1. Be it enacted, etc., That
any uauociution of persona owning or
leaning ground lor tbe purpose ot bold
ing fainp-meetings for reliirious por-
uottus in this Stalo. mav auolv to any
J udgo of tho court of common pleas of
tuo county, wituin wtatcb llie said
grounds or premises may be situated,
to appoint sucn person, as the said as
sociutions may designate to act as po
liceman lor suia association
Sec. 2, Tho said Judtro, upon sucb
applications, mar appoint sucb ponton,
or so many of them as be may doom
proper to bo sucb policemen, and shall
cuuao the fact uf such appointment to
lie tillered upon the records ot tbssaid
court.. , . . .
Sua 3. Every policeman so anuouit-
ed shall, beloro eutering upon tbo du
ties of his ofllce, take aud subsoribo tbo
oath required by tbo sevonth article ol
tbo Constitution, beloro the J notice of
the Peace nearest totbeirrounda where
the proposed meetings are to bs held,
and lor which tbe said policemen are
appointed, wbicb. vatli all all bw ailed
uy tbe said justice ot us reuoe, ana a
note made upon his docket of the litct
of Haid oath having been taken.
Sec. 4. Such poitoeaaen so appointed
ahsll suvetally possess and exorcise all
tbe powers ol policemen ot tbe sity ol
ihiladulpbia, in and upon and in tbe
vicinity ol tbe camp-ground In wbieb
tbey shall be authxirizeitl to act as afore
said, and tbe keepors.ol tails or rock-
ups, or statiou bouses, in any of said
counties, are required to receive till per
sons arrenUxl by such policemen, lor
tuc commission, ,ui uny vMcnse ajpuuBe
tlic Taws of this Commonwealth, upon
or nraf lb grosnds awufried bv tbs
mid association, to be dealt with ac-
xmrinito law, 7?" 7"Tr
M(J u i H UlUt0Ji itiois sjis.ll
have power to ordain and publish such
regulations, not . inconsistent with th
Comkitutioti and la)wsof tthaHMits, as
eball' bs Bctilliif ie fcnWaifi the poaco,
ftood; govsminert And 'drden, well bo
mir and security of tbe association:
itnd "the policemen nppointed under
this act sbal nave, wuen on duty upon
tbe oump-grotind aud premises) of the
association, power to enforce obedience
on such grounds and prumisos to such
roKulstioiis so 4rdainu and pubUahed,
and to detain offenders for a period not
exceeding twelvo' hours,1 'ckclnslfe of
Humlay, nmil thereon oe carried ee
foro tbo ncarosl J'uotice of the Peace,
Alderman or Judge having jurisdiction
thermit, there to be fined, bailed or
committed, as tba magistrate) bearing
tbe case may dstenntnei 'u i
flic. 8. Huch csmp-grofind poHco
shall, wucn on duty, severally wear
metalliu shield, wilo tho words "camp
police" and the nam of tb asdocla-
tion for which aDDolntcJ Inscribed
thereon, and such shield shall always
be won4t plain view, except trfien
employed as detectives. (
ttfi. 7. iuo coiiiiK'UMiuon oi sucn
polioo ahsll be paid by the associations
tbr wblnh th policemen r respect
ively appoiiilud, ,aa tuny be agreed
upoa between them. e . -
urdered to oe irnnacrioea kit
third Cadirig. ... ' . ,
Air. f.rmentiuiit. I jrtse 10 a ques
tion ol privttcgd.f ' 1 move to reconsider
tbe vole by whiub tb first section of
House bill, io, ZU was agreed soior
tlMs.pHqKjsia.pl, Hitroducing su amend
mvtit. U 11 an Act tnlpoworfng cupip
meetiiiiT asaoxiations to einiikrr a po-
lira force. ' I desir to have th privi.
Icue extended to societies for social.
iwhauieal, aicrieultarai or industrial
associations also, ami I now offer th
Mr. Rockwell. 1 desire to add th
word "political" also. . 1
Mr. Allen. This is a very important
and 1 trust that no senator
Air. ErmeiitroutV I would say to)
the ireiilluman that 1 asa ry pch
in earnest about th amendment that
I propose. ' " r. r. ': r i
The amendment Was aereed'to.
Mr. Strang. 1 understand that tb
bill as now aarrsnded vranta thas z
li-bonlinary powers of appointing po
lice oMcera and kit that sort Ot thing
to oilier than eamn-riiBeUBg associa
tions. N ow, Wbfl I Might be willing
to sri-siit this Authority to cafnp-bieev
ing ansocisliono, 1 do not see why it
should be so exieusiT.. !;!
The question being, ' 1 " ' '
Will tbo Senate agree to the bill
amended? 2"' 1 ' " 1
It was not Bcrecd to. ' ,
ti r. Birnsey. I call lor (he yeas and
navs. '1 bio IS very, laspurvans dih,
Our 'purple are very mcb rntrtd
1 ..' .: a' ki
ln 11.- rae nava larw nivr.,.,o w. mm.
kind in oafeOunrry M that daporr
particularly to be protected in Jlbarir I
Wlp.,!V;" '':'- "
-.-All. Aiulenw (AlkgkenyX I would
likla nark it antkaaBon wIiOtber thai
lnAko) of oar.alethodiaJ. Wvloti, f.M
1'Ma Isweoey. ., oar; uoaaas. , n
Mr. Rrmtntrwat ltp rok
Ke-wc, ia 1 U.ve aictll .It." V" '
iiU llirakftv .UrrseU, Wsbill
'. w 4. .
. ... - ! (.
traordinary powers. While that might
bo justified in tbe case of disturbing re
ligious meetings a thing 1 entertain
very much doubt about myself it is
certainly running the tning into the
ground, that every agricultural and
other association shall have power to
establish courts And policemen for the
purpose of regulating their internal
a flairs, . I think that the associations
of this Stat can be protected by ex
istinglaws, , .
Mr, ErmsntrouL Mr. rrosidunt, I
certainly bar every desire in tho
world to protect people in tbe enjoy
ment ol their religious rights, isut, I
also desir that they shall have equal
protection in all other respects. Now,
camn-meetine association for eamp-
tneting portjoeas bav tb am law
. ... u 1- l. rrk. .
eujte v.eror u.ew .uv vwji,
peal to the oivil authorities, and there
can be no trouble about this if they
appeal to them. I do not object to
giving them tbts power and authority.
But, while 1 am asking it for tbeni 1
am asking- it also for associations form
ed lor other proper and legitimate pur
pose, and I cannot so why, if we are
to give th authority that is given by
this act, why otbor people should not
have it who arc gathered together for
equally proper purposes.
11 r. Boyer. Mr. President, there
are, perhaps, some other good reasons
why these camp-meeting people should
have this right. These meetings are
usually bold some two or three mile
away, perhaps four to five miles from
whore they can get a magistrate or an
officer to protect them, lly the time
they go to hunt op some officer tbe par
ly making the disturbance gets away
from them. Tbore is perhaps a great
deal of reason on that ground why
they should have this power. Other
association usually boll their meet
ings in populated regions where ortl-
cers can be obtained.
I admit that these powers are some
what extraordinary, but those who are
at all familiar witb th doings, at those
camp-meetings, of certain persons who
seem only to visit those place for the
purpose of rowdyism, will agree witb
me that tbeoccaaiun sometimes demand
extraordinary power, or at least prompt
scuon. A no uetuuuina uroturen, in
their annual meetings, invite all good
people to join them ill their simple but
sincere open worship of Uod, and ask
only that tbey be let alone and be per
mitted to worship Cod without being
molested and made afraid by drunken
ruffians, and they bave a right to de
mand this. They molest nobody, and
ask for nothing but what a decent re
gard lor morals entitle them. Tbe
community at large is as much annoy
ed aa are these good peopla in these
exhibitions of drunken men, who are
always reproach when tbey come in
contact with any assembly. 1 trust
this simple promotion will bo grunted
them, and I feel satisfied that tiiey will
not abuse tbo trust, but use it lor the
good of society. .
Ala. Allw. . J wiAea tLat. lbs amanrl.
ment of the gentleman from Berks Mr.
Ermentroot b reconsidered. i
Th snotion waa agreed to. . i
Mr. Allen. Mr. President, I desire
to say very briefly that 1 trust this
amendment will not be adopted. It is
very Important to these camp-meeting
associations to have polio offioers.
ABCy are wlcieanSDff IB .uipuruaiicw
from year to year., 1 know in my dis
trict they bav Tegular places where
they bold the camp-meetings, where
they bav ground wpeoially for that
purpose, auii people ui an rangiuuB w
liels gatber ana suyjrora on to two
week. They are ut in tb country
distant from whore ordinary, polio
power can be exercisod, under ordina
ry municipal law, and it ia important
that tbey abould bave this rather ex
traordinary .power, Certainly where
these powers are in the nanus oi relig
ion associations, w have a right to
assume that this rather extraordinary
ower granted will not bo abas
ed, and 1 think: w ought not to hesi
tate to grant this power, because I
think it is necessary to preserve order
at these summer meetings. 1 trust
that this bill will b passed without
any entangling amendment attached
to it . ' . ,'
M r. Ermen trout. I see titer is some
difficulty about this matter, and 1 am
nof at all persistent en tbis subject,
but I ask th Senator from luyooniing
Mr. Allen whether he does not think
that Sunday schools ought to bave
equal protection with eamp-meeiing
assoeiationsr In yonr county we have
a (Treat manr Sunday school celebra
tions. Sunday schools meet for what
they call Sunday school purposes,
do not see any reason for giving any
more protection to one class of persons
in this respeot that another.
' Mr. Newmyer. 1 would like to ask
the gentlemen a question. 11 ow long
do tbese Sunday school celebrations
generally last T is it sot forone single
day,, while camp-moetings may last
three or tour weeks r
Mr. Krmentrotit. ' Very well ;. what
boot it f Tbey are as mnch entitled
to be protected for ono day1 a camp
meetings for fonr weeks. There is no
logic in that. ' '
."Mr.' .Rockwell. Mr. President, I
would ask th gentleman if he does
not consider tbe poopl sufficiently pro
tested, in oar mia, at camp-meetings
and every other kind of meeting f '
Mr Allen. 1 bey srs not.
i Tbe qaeatkas then being,
Will tbe Senate agre to the amend
ment of I bav gaallsman from Berks
Mr. Krmtjntroat T
it was no. agrvwu 10.
Mr. Brntsntroat, Mr. President,
sow I propose another amendment, to
in Bart after tb words camp-meetings
or Sanaa school eclebralion.
i Mr. Jen. Mr. President, I would
jik to ay on word ia rslatioo to that.
1 think to remarks Made by some
feattetaen bore, that there was no ne
cessity of tba law toi th protection of
Sunday acboot elebrationo, I perfect
ly correct, bcans I hve been at Sun-
r . i i - . :
any ' eenooi ecieurBHWiia wvu, e.ucw a
waa a lad, and 1 never saw tlx necessi
ty of having polios officers ther. The
tAwaeher - and parent of. th children
are there, and take an interest in the
good order which ought to prevail up
on such (Koasions. , They are always
on hand aad are a special police, and
there ia no difficulty U) bo apprehended.
I trust th gentleman will not burden
this bill wit! the words Sunday school.
. Ms. Kromentraat. ' 1 est re likewise
to add to ay amendment sibireh pie
rues. 1 ears not what tbe experience
of the gentleman' trod Philadelphia
Me. J one J may Mire been upon the
sashjeet. 1 hav experience on this
subject toe, and I h.v opinions and
eaat looiofio derived from eibeervation
oa tbvs Mtrjeel, and thsy ar that this
asoisatk. If it b aoeaseary at All-
this extrsoeinaxr proteetioa is Just
a aisooaarv it am turn ot a twnasy
UchtMl s ut lb case of camp meet-
iag. Tbey are germane,, tbey are
awr or ksejjr ejected with each other,
aanat 1 .at boa am Vrh the nntleman
.1 , ,i , , l : ...
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12, 1870.
bo protected, and that tho church and
Sunday school should bo neglected.
Mr. J ones. 1 will irive inv reasons.
1 will slate that 1 presume I have boon
at tb largest camp-meeting ever held
in A merica. I have seen these
Mr. Ermontront. I consider the pro
priety of protecting cainp-mcctinga.
Mr. Junes. All light ; there is no
necessity for this protection in relitlion
to Sunday school celebrations, so fui
as my uxpei icnso goes. Wo do not
bav any booths erected ouUtiilo of the
grounds where Suniluy schools bnvo
tbeir celebrations, and tuoro is no dun
ger that people will be attracted thore
wbo are unrulltv
Mr. ErmentrouL In our section of
tbe country those celubrutioos are very
oommon... Jlunnar . miwojvi waiU
hardly a Saturday or Sunday comes
but they have got their Sunday school
celebration somewhere. Wo aro a re
ligious people, and we keep these
Mr. Allen, lly objection is that I
think this amendment is unnecessary.
Tbey last lor only a day or part of a
day, butcamp-tneeting Inst some limes
for one or two weeks. People gather
and tbey get their families tbero, and
they ought to be protected.
Air. Wood. I want to ask tho Sen
ator from Bucko why he is in bis scut
to-day, wben Sunday schools aro so
prominent. Lsughlur.J ...
Jar. ikrmenlruul. Because my con
stituency bave respect lor upright and
pious men. .
Air. Wood. 1 was always taut; lit in
Sunday school that the good and pious
yotiin an die aim go to ueavun
Air. JKraionlrout. J hey aro saved
by special dispensation of Providence.
Jlr. wood. And that the evil dis
posed boys always xot into tho hulls
ol tbe Legislature or Congress. Laugh-
1 he question boing,
Will tbe Senate agree to th amend
ment of tbo gentleman from Berks
Mr. t.rmontrolitj ?
it was not agreed to.
Mr. Bechtel. I desire to offer an
amendment to tbe tilth section in the
shape of a proviso, for the purpose of
providing that in relcrunce to purtlus
wbo are in the custody of the police
officers thut they shall not lie held for
a longer period than two bourn, with
out buing taken before a Justice uf the
Peace, i have read the section over,
aud uy attention was directed to il by
what the trenlluman from IiiiL'ul.Mr.
Strang said a luw moments ago, and
tuo nitu section gives very extraordi
nary power to these tiolicu officers.
Tbey buve first tho power to nmke the
rules and regulations to govern the
conduct of tuusa who come to the
camp-mccting, which is perhaps entire
i.. -' . Vim i. ...n
ij uo,iv,L. ueii ...u n,..v.w uiituun,
have tho power to arrest any person
lor violating these rules Mini regula
tions, which is also Correct; but tbero
tio limit in tbe section anywhere to
the rihl to detain, and under this suc
tion H il il...' l.n m bo convenient
for a police otilcur to curry olt to llie
Justice of tho Peace tbo person so ar
rested, be might be detuuied from
twelve tu twenty or thirty-six hours
itbout warrant, without oulh ami
without a hearing.
Now, while 1 am willing to give to
them every power that is necessary to
preserve order and peace nt tlivs
places, and will go as lur, perhaps, as
any oilier Senator would upon that
proposilion, yet I think that tbe liber
ty of tbo citizens should be guarded
in that, Itshould be limited the time
of detention should bo limited, so thut
if they do not see proper to curry away
tbo parly arrested, aud bring him be
fore tho Justice of tho Peace, they
must release hi in, and therelore I move
to. reconsider the vole by which sec
tion five, in the bill was adopted, for
the purposo of offering such an amend
ment. The motion was agreed In.
Mr. Bechtul. 1 offor tho billowing
amendment: Provided, 'Any person
so arrested shall not bo dutuiiicujtor a
longer period than ten hours," follow
ing right alter the section.
Mr. Latnon, w hat will you do with
person arrested on Sunduy morn-
Mr. liochtol. You bnvo a perfect
right to go beliire a Justice of the
Peace in a case ol arrest lor in com
mission of a crime on Sunday thosumc
as any other day. But 1 nm willing,
if the Senator thinks there is any par
ticular reason that Sunday should be
excepted. I know that tho liberty of
the cilir.cn of thii country entitles him
to a bearing, even upon Sunday, vlieti
ho is arrested on a crime, unil tnul
they cannot deprive him of his liberty,
oven upon the Sabbuth. 1 Imvonoob-
jeclions to excepting the Hnbbnth if ho
makes the amuniment.
The question then being,
Will the Senate agree to tho amend
ment of tho Senator from Schuylkill
It Was agreed lo.
Mr. Yerkes. Mr. President, I Inovo
to re-consider tho Vote by which sec
tion four passed second reuding. I do
this for the purpose of inserting an
amondment, ao aa to make this bill con
stitutional. 1 propose to move lo
amend in tho section first reconsidered
as Ibllows : Strike out the words
"city of Philadelphia," and insert in
plttco "constable of Commonwealth ;"
allor tbe word "required," in sixth
lino, "uooii lawful commitments."
Tbo amendment was ugreed lo, and
tho section as amended wits agreed to.
Ordered that tho bill be transcribed
for a third reuding.
The hour of six o'clock having ar
rived, the President pro tern, adjourn
d the Senate. , ,
Tin K i mi or Preauiiinu Bekciixr
Cars 120.0(10 A aXAk MR In a sen
mon on the atrmmpberc of the soul,
reached bv Rev. llunrv Ward Beech
ar. on Sunday hat. bo told bow bu
oiected from bit house a amult puffy
man wbo hail manned ins wue aim
himself. "So long as ho offered insult
to ni onlv." Mr. liuocher said, "it was
of no account; but when he turned to
my wife, (t was iinbcarablo. I cuught
him bv tbe oollur of his cottt M
fleet her then urssped un iinau-iiiury
man considerably shorter I hall himself,
and walking briskly to the end of tho
nlallorm. seemed to throw bun on I,
and marched him, kicking, struggling,
and puffing h was a pudgy little
man, (laughter to tb street, door,
And throw him into tbe street Alter
I had slammed the door, 1 saw bun n
tbo sidewalk, dsnciug and purplish
with rngs. 1 fell thai tbe whole thing
waa comicsl 1 don't know how he
lull laughter I laid down on the cur
pet and rolled lb laughter, and laughed
and laughed." j .
Tboa Mr. Bo, her stood up before
the congregation and held ids sides
and laughed, and tb congregation '
laughed. Is it any wonder thut so
many peopla becom skeptics f One
asch sermon doe more harm to tbe
can of Christ than th codings of a
thooslnrl InfltMa. " . ' i
MRS. WILLIAMS. '
TUB HIsTqjiYoroNI OF Till MOST FASCIN
ATINO WOMAN OF W.tMIINOToN. .
Keokek Correapoodeneeof SI. Lost Republican.
Miiny of the old steamboat men who
have traded in thu upper Mississippi
mid Missouri rivers will remember the
iiilino of (.'dpt. Ross 11. Hughes, He
once tt'tnniumlud tho sU-mucr liiudoo,
a boat thut plied on the .Mississippi
previous to 1850. Afterward Captain
Hushes, in connection ' with others,
built tbo fninous steamboat Chouteau,
which ho run for awhile in tbe Missis
sippi, and then took her around to the
Missouri river, ascending as high as
the site now occupied by Omaha. At
the tuno of which wo siieak tlio 'Void
fever " was raging inrouguou tti wr
try. Hughes put his boat to good use
at Council Bluffs by converting it inter
a ferry for transferring the "outfits
of tbe "golden pilgrims," who wore
then stringing tho plains cn roulo Weal
in multitudes. 11 u "tuudo a good
thing" out of tho business. At that
lime, and lor many years before, Hughes
hud bis residence nt Keokuk. - His
family consisted of three bright and
beautilnl trlrls and one son, w no was
physically deformed by curvature of
tuu spine, lours airo, jus wunt yeur
your correspondent could not ascertain,
Sirs. HuL'bcs died. 11 or piuce was
supplied in no long time by a second
wile. Ilui'lios continued on tho river
for somo years, leaving his family at
tho home in Kookuk. The lady who
is now known as Mrs. Williams was
thocldentofthodaughters. Mrs. Krum,
wife of Daniel Krum, formerly of Keo
kuk, was next in age, and tho youngest
was a fuir girl who answered to tbe
name of lletlie. These girls as they
grew to womanhood rcvculod remarK
ablo personal charms. Tboy were
handsome in leuturo, symmetrical in
form ; sparkling and vivacious in con
vursution they did not fiiil to secure
the admiration of the gallunts about
Keokuk. Their position in lite was
not such .as to give them all the advan
tages of intellect ii nl and moral training.
Cupt. Hughes is represented to have
been a rough man, with little educa
tion, no aspirations fur a higher social
life, aud bis morul character was much
under par. And yet adverse as woro
tho circumstances surrounding them,
they succeeded in establishing them
selves if not in the first rank, at least in
rcspcctuhle social circles.
t. unt. uoss ii. ungosuieu man bum
ble boarding-house iu St. Louis many
years ago, if we credit tbe rcxrl we
hear, lamented uy tew. In course ol
lime, the eldest of tho girls, now Mrs.
W ilhanis, then regarded as surpnsingly
benutiltil, was married to a tnun named
Ivins, and tho couplo immediately
left Keokuk, settling somewhere in
Ohio. Tha least that can bu said of
this mutrimonial union is, that it was
very unfortunate, and the parties sepa
rated.- lira. Jvins returned to lows.
In du course Mrs. Ivins got a din.
r . i. , -ti t
next she contracted a murriage with a
uuin J'V tbo name of Gooive. It is
said that this second mstriinonial ven
ture was not a buppy ono to tho wife
or the husband. At any rate tbey
lived apart for a considerable tuno.
George went West, full into a dcclino,
and husband and wife were again
brought together.' It is said that she
tended him in bis last illness witb
singular devotion. George having
died, sho was again a widow. The
second sister having mnrried Mr. Dan
iel Krum, hail with bim gone to Ore
gon, and Mr. George made the journey
lo that far off country to join her sis
ter. Uero she met illiuun, who bad
acted us hor allornny in the divorce
suit, and they were mnrncd. i no
subsequent career of her husband, hor
own efforts to rise In tho social scale,
the envy and opposition of other ladies
al our republican court, and the final
triumph of her onemies, are all inci
dents which have frequently boon
trailed by W asbington correspondents
C 11 AS (IE lSvmXESF, POLICY.
From the Mew York Sua. i
Our coin mercial relations with China
are at present next in Importance to
those of Great Britain. In view of tho
rapidly growing intercourse between
tho Slates on Iho Puoiflc nlopo and tho
countries of eastern Asia, it is more
limn likely that in a notdistunt future
our interest in the concerns of China
will fully equal that of l-.uglanil.
Nearly two-thirds of the China trade
is British ; tbe larger portion of tin!
other third is American, not European.
Tho extent ol the British trade at pres
ent amounts to about zuii.uuii.unu
(jrold) of Imports and exports. Hith
erto the policy of tho Chinese has been
obstructive, jealous, nnu exclusive, uuin
ing steadily lo isolation. They have
kept nloof from outside nations, even
on Asiatic soil, and have no ideas in
common with lorciini peoples of West
ern nice. It is the prevailing idee of
the Chinese thut all ottlor Mutes are,
ornhoulil be, submissive and tributary;
they are Ignorant ot their language,
unlumiliar witb tbo writings nf Con
fucius, und barbarians at thu best.
former wars ol tho English and
French show by tbeir results that the
mere inllictioti of punishment make
no essentiul change la tbo demeanor
ol the Chinuso and their relations with
outside barbarian. The French mny
sack palaces and I he English may cap
ture lortrcsses ; they both may levy
contributions und exact Indemnities;
but us soon as they withdraw, the
Chinese will hedge themselves in with
almost the same cxchisivcness, and re
turn alter a short interval to their old
provocations, Il is Impossible tor any
combination ol Western powers tapor
tnunentlv coerce an empire like China,
which on thu best estimate I bnt can be
formed, and in tho absence of a trust
worthy census, counts in population
neurly one-third of the human race.
But tbero have been for many years,
more especially since the establishment
til' Joreiifii enihassies at Pekin, forces at
work iu China which prdmisu to ac
complish peaculully what never could
tiavu been aeuieveti oy lurco.oi arms,
The cable brines us news (mm I'
kin. dated r'eb. 4. It say ! "Prince
LT..H.. nu.ai.nl 1 1, N.w VenVa winil nl'
..u, , v - - - - -- - -
the dliiioinatio, oonr on- toe tutu ui
January, st tended by the Presidents
nnd Vice rresiuoni ui u ma t rain
boards. Thirty of the highest officials
ol the' empire wore' present.: Next
week all these dignitaries will visit
each legation. This step constitutes
the first departure for China, and pnsu
isce improved relations In tha future."
Mow that Pi'inco Rung, the actual
ruler of China, the six boards in Pekin,
and the oRlciui rcprescututivcs nf the
provincial hierarchy, have deliberately
and of tbeir own accord taken this
step, we may venture to assume thai
the policy of exclusiveneos will he
of China with nations ol the West will
b marked by an enlightoiUH. liborallty.J
Tbe wonaorlul tnoe t toe japanoao,
in the srtwef Wfsttorn oiv!Uilipnb.Vv
boon closely watched by tho higher
duos of Chinese officials,' and muck
commented on In Pckiu. Tbo educa
ted gentlemen of China. form a most
infiuentisl class, in which aro included
all candidates (or ofllce, Tho influence
of these litcrali is very consiileauhle.
Among the people they do much In
they do much to
mould public opinion, performing mine
of tho functions of thu press with t:s.
Great as is their influence, they cunliol
venture to atlopl measures slrf.ngiy
opposed to the feelings and traditions
of tho masses.' Hence wo accept the
recent news from Pekin as an ovitlcnto
that tba body of tbe people themsolves
are nt present in favor of a more liberal
policy ana a freer, intercourse wun
foreigners. , .
It mnv not lie amiss hero to Inuulro
what ttiflnence those Chinamen, mostly
of tho humblest class, who nave ol late
years emigrated to America, may have
exorcised in tho way of liberalising the
views of their countrymen at homo.
Thero were in 1874 about fifty thou
sand Chinamen in tho I'nitcd States,
principally In California. During the
yenr 1874, China sent us 13,776 emi
grants, Germany, Ireland and England
alone exceeding her in numbers ; and
in 1875 wo believe that the emigration
from -China was increased by some
thrco or four thousand. The Chinese
form un important part of tho laboring
class in San Francisco ; they nre uni
formly industrious,' patient and law
abiding. 1'hoso of tbo heller class,
who have achieved a position among
merchants, are noted for their enter
prise, integrity, sagacity, and success.
Some of them control almost unlimited
credit. These people aro more or less
In communication with their relatives
or friends nt home; and though they
cannot conscientiously sond very glow
ing accounts of tbo hospitulitios offered
them by the cttixcns oi this republic,
they do do not see, feel, and understand
tho creat advantages which must ac
crue to China by tbo Introduction of
Western civilisation rail roans, tele
graphs, manufactories, steam marhin
cry, and thu like throughout tbo em
pire. Thntthey havewntten.dowrite,
nnd will continue to write of those
thines. there can be no doubt. Such
writings cannot bnvo beon barren of
' If remains with us to promptly tako
dvantatro of any chanco in the policy
of the Chinese Govcmmont which will
enable us to extend our commercial
relutlons in thnt direction. ' Kree and
unrestricted access to tho empire of
Chins largor than Europe itself in
area, fonr or five times the sizo oi India,
and with double the population would
open to foreigners a niarkot exceeding
in power oi consumption me rvoi ui
tho world. ' "'; -
It is worth while, therefore, thnt the
merchants of America should give the
concerns of China' their most aorious
attention. That England will do ao,
we mny rest assured ; she never neg
lects her interests. Each of tho eigh
teen province of China, wKli a popu-
millions, would furnish berwith a now
nation as nn outlet for bar manufac
tured goods, to out nothing of the in
creased trade In opium, which now
yields 035,000,000 per annum, and
forms irom sixm to a aevenio ui m
wbolo annual income of British India.
A TESIALE FMEXt) OF THE
! ' ADMiyiSTHA TlOIf. -
- From Or OiaetaaaU Oooimerelal.
Mrs. tionornl Benton, referred to by
Ben. Butler ns a mysterious witness,
and wbo will, in a few days, be snug
in Mexico, was, in her maiden days,
Mildred Wh te id Mebile. Gen. lien-
ton was from Richmond; Ind. Mil
dred, when eighteen, ia described ns
"n glorious hrunatto, with a dash of
th orrental in nor luniee nnu temper-
amont, as well as appearance. A Irifle
above tbo average height, her form
waa rather largor than the standard
of beauty might ask, but so perfectly
pmportiont.d that a change wouiusoeni i
a defect: sparklinir black eyes, dark.
luxuriant hair, regular features, and a
bright and wiuiiiui! lace. ; Hero beau
ty and symmetry ended, for her Uim-
pennment conlormea to no rutes or
standard.. She was full of oxcontnci
ties, and much of what might be called
genius. For ono of her excontricilies,
Mildred was a rebel at all tunes and
under all circumalunccs shn talked
rebel and acted rebel, and .would not
bo kept down." ,
Tbe fuir Mildred and General Denton
became acquainted nt . liuton Rouge,
and allor their ninrriuge sl0 was not
so Interesting until sho lost her hus
band. e quote again :
"After the General's death bis wily
and (lushing widow began to figure in
Washington society, all tbo time keep
ing un an elcmnt mansion in Lexington
nventio, Now York, and served by the
same old colored help her fattier once
owned in' Pcnsocoln. ' Gov. Wnrmotb
was one of her most constant and fas
cinated guests. , She used hor powers
as a sorcurcss .on soll-bearleit nnd
wealthy Senatom at tho Capital. How
she arched her pretty nock and pleased
with her" brilliant eye and plninp,
whito arms will bo 'remembered by
men who were in Congress when tbe
old contract for the Government patent
seal lock had expired, and she lobbied
lavishly for tho renewal. Sho spent
about 100,000 lo secure the contract,
hut then it was worth 1100,000 a year.
Sho understood tho combination that
would unlock any Senator's heart.
Sho was a moro wonderful pieco o(
mechanism than Iho cunning pstont
seal. Her life has boon series of
splendid victories over mon, and bar
resources of coquetry are so boundless.
her importunities So unrelenting, ncr
energy. so uncompromising, unit cm
years she has been looked upon as a
quconly diplomat of tha lobby. , Sho
was implicated at tho time an investi
gation was made into tho sale of arms
lo France during Iho Franco-Prussian
war, but as usual rode through tho
storm In sutcty. " , .
" 'About 20,000,OTH tons of coal are
niinod yearly In Pennsylvania. A coal
region exchange says in tho mine un
wrought, It is wotl'li Pfty cent a ton,
oe tin iHlft 000 1 mined end I) roll u lit to
. . - . i t. 1 . .L. . aa .... . nK
inosunm-r, Il is worm ",
or 1.70,000000; jfround, broken and
placed 'ofi 'twr ears, It is worth 12.50
per ton or ni,ouii,ouu ; uciiveren at
tne LS.IIll, llir.ee. luv n.uw vm -...p.-
IxjahMt Is worth, h an average, B W
nr f 110.000,000, which is tho sum an.
rluatly paid t rmnsylvaifc for conl. lf
. s-, i ji i ii m aa r-
.1 At a young ladies' seminary recently,
during an vxanritiation in history, on
ol thtl pupils was interrogated thus:
"Mury, did Martin Luther die A natural
death ?" I'N'C was tbo reply, "h was
exwmmunMUHl by a bnll.' . ( ,- "
fl..,'l,M.'J u-.r., a.,v.lrelt ! Mi'Tnmmu
Robinson, bow is It yon don't take off
i-tiur. fiat when yo meet nier-; torn
my: MYoll, bsrij, if I tukSofT my Hat
to j'Qii. What brj I tfl do' Wb 1 rflfirt
vlwojc jmr.m tetti Vi kt.ai ,i iuvi
a-aeaaa na.lia o. aha awl
VAV. . v.
TEEMS $2, per Annum in Advance.
NEW SERIES-VOL. IT, NO. 1 5.
THE PHOGHESSl VK AGORA VA-
Tioy oe sPHisa floods.
Tho Inundation cngondorod by spring
rains are Inst becoming, in our more
thickly settled Stiitos. an evil of grave
moment. Such sliitisiirs as 'we poe-iess
1 respecting the Mu.quchannn and otnor
cssicm rivers r'vcr.i u notnooj nicrM;i
in thu freiii.'iicv snd intensity of their'
duAtruetivo ov.-riioirs since the begin-!
ning ot this iTiiiuiy. Nmr. if tho vul
leys of our lariter water courses are
rapidly gaining population, and thus
tho aren of disaster Is widening simul
taneously with tbo aggravation of the
scourge, it ia plain that tho question of
cause and remedies requires serious
ana prompt attention.
It is true that tho damago ot prop
erty and loss of life occasioned by the
and central Petinsylvaiiia dwinuio to
insignificance when measured with tho
calamity which prsotrulcd Languedoc
during tho same season, ur with the
havoc lately wrought in and about
Pestb.- Tbo proportions of the former
catastrophe were at first exaggerated ;
yet, according to the ntiul oluciot ro-
tiort, sumo six hundred persona were
illed, and seven thousand buildings
demolished, which, totrether with tbe
crop destroyed, wero valued at fifteen
millions ol dollars. Here, too, its
steadily progressive violence is iho
appalling feature of phenomenon, Iho
maximum licigul ol water abnvo tho
normul level during periods of cata
clysm having risen to Tonlouso from
eighteen to thirty feet in thirty yours.
n un sucn a record aim ouiiuok, mo
timely adoption of preventatives was
seen to be a condition of existence. It
is td bo hoped that wo may profit by
French precautions and exiiedients be
fore tbo valley of the Susquehanna has
become so populous and perilous as
that of tho Geronne.
To prevent tbo recurrence of inun
dations in southern France, and arrest
at the proper moment the surplus
waters ot tbe Garonne and itsninuciits,
it is proposed to construct in the foot
hills of tbe Pyrenees a vast system of
reservoirs, equipped with sluices nnd
lucks, fur tho duuhlo function of pro
tection and -irrigation.- Although it
will bo possible to tako advuntago of
ibose contiguous ravines and abrupt
depressions of the soil which consti
tute a sort of natural cisterns, il ia not
denied that this undertaking will in
volve a tremendous outlay. That it is
practicable, however, is demonstrated
by tho futniliur precedent ot Luke
Mecris, which porlbrnied tho same of
fice for the Nile, aud whoso circuit ex
ceeded 350 miles, or the entire coast
length of Egypt. It, is reasonable
onougb that French engineers who
bavo reproduced in this century ono
great achievement of tho Pharaohs,
should engage to emulate another.
Reservoirs, howovor, are only pallia
tives. : Another projected remody ex
acts tinio tor its effective nppiiovlion,
but stMM diravtly to lUa rout of lHm
ilifllciitiv. It is ircnprullv conceded
that tho awful suddenness and vehe
mence of modern inundations compared
witb those of former times, are duo lo
the wholesale .destruction of forests,
and thu consequent multiplication of
nuked slopes and gradients, isot that
the aggregate rain-tall is loss in a
densely wooded -eonntry ; on the. con
trary it is greater,, but it is i equably.
dislributeaL atuu-. alluougb a forest
may operate to discharge a cloud, il
measurably absorbs tho contents
through its sponge system of foliage,
roots and turf, while ita undergrowth
and debris of fallen timber compose a
natural breakwater. To fortify anew
the spurs autl sides ol Iho Pyrenees
with that rampart of trees which
avorico and ignorance had levclled.has
been mailo the settled policy- of tho
L'overnmorit. A scheme of planting on
un extended scale- has lately been in
augurated which, in spite pt chocks
experienced from tho habits und preju
dices or a grazing population, is thought
to promise the most salutary results. ,
Tho hills and uplands which cradle
tho headwaters of our eastern rivers
bvo not yet been wholly denuded of
their ntttivo woods. 1 no process oi
stripping. howevcr,'gocs on apace, reg
ulated only by the temporary interest,
or caprice, of reckless owners. .' la it
not high lime that publio opinion
should recognixo tho untoward bearing
of such improvidence on tho question
M tnn.inlinnw ni.,1 wl rwtimfla in thnt
uprooting of Amorioan forests, whosc'r twenty-two osys. a., in mini
sequel may ono day duplicate tho dis-1 """I wo tntck oil, and pumped seven
asters experienced in Hungary and, b"ru!s- 0n October 4, alter bonng
France !-,Vc York Smi. , sevcnty-fivo days and 1.650 feet we
, .. ' ' '' struck a flaw In the rock about six
Last year, as early as March 10, Iho I o'clock, and God Almighty "
city markets were well supplied with "Just stick to tbe uuombollished
Southern strawberries, which were sold "". James," I interrupted, ,
nl rensoiitthhi. rates lor. Iho seuson. "Well, sho flow 730 lectin tbo air.
The unprecedented snow storm which Stones, salt, water, oil gas busted like
lately literally "came down" upon tho n cannon, and the St, ' Jo come
southern as well as tho northern see-'rushing over tho hill to find a basted
tinn of tho country is said to hare onm
pletely killod th strawberry plants
uni. to bav' greatly injured all the
budded fruit trees., , ,
Thd Philuiiletnhia Prnt$ says: Ct.
Paul Boy ton, th American whom tho
editor of .the Philadelphia I'tcm saw
coining into Boulogne after ho had
swam tho stormy British Channel, Is
prepnring (lira scries of entertainments
of his peculiar powers In tho Delaware,
oft1 1 ho old Navy Yard, and bo proposes
to contribute the net results of hi ox
poriiffynts lo tho Centennial Fund.
A scholar in II country school was
wl' J""1 P'"Jlftry m ijksi
! ?.? J Z" wn" d"-
cd.of o,t follows: "(ow, a noun
feminine gender, third person;' and
stands flir Mary."' ' "Stands for Mary I
How do yob make that out?'' Mio
csuse," added tbo intelligent pupil, "if
tho .cow didn't stand for Mury, how
could she milk her?" i ,
' - ... : m
There is k story told of' a certain
Duko of Florence: who, being sick and
evidently rn-ttr ertiole- of death, was
oonsolau by th eminent erlpaiastic
wbo bent over his couch by the assur
ance thnt His Highness would soon be
in Paradise. "1 would rather," an
swered the dying prlntb, ''l would
rat her be, ui thu Ikiboli Unntuns,", ""
Poos7 llot sit Raths. The Norlh-
niiijiton county alms house last year
averaged ovcr'800 Inmate and spent
tbr their maintenance 114,03.10, n
average ttf loss than 147. .The Lan
caster .county alms house ' averaged
SO 1 Inmates and spent 138,099.20, or
nn uroTiig of over 105 spioce. ;
, "What ore you in jail . fur?", paid I
prison visitor to negro in n ev Or
leans jail.'. -, ; ';-
"For bor'wtrt ilifiney, sah l"o'-'' ' v
"way, ttiey don't put men in jail lur
bvrrowingmoney.; ., , r. .. , .
, .' lcsl. ISulyoy. , had to knock
du man down free nr four times nfisre
he'd Imd K Write r "- ''-'" " b,i
Men who fish for craphwontton I
c'r how dirty th water Is. . ' "Moadfif clove anyhow r ' ' ' -
-J 1 .1 . ,.-1 t oa ; -m.iuj.1 i.ao Two i'J .-0.- ,'.i.-. ih -.: I..
- o lii-.v
, My cngggtioent in snilerstowu, Pa,
took me into the very centra of Butler
county gas-prodiicing region. After
the lectuie I went up on the bill abov
Millerstown and. counted torty-nin
small burning -well. The whol
heavon wort aclow with liuht Tb
clouds were silver lined amf reflected
uacK tb lurid -lara from the wells. I
could stand any whore and read a news
paper. Tho boiler of fiftv oil-well
enginos healed with tma line tho vallev.
Away to the sooth a glare like a city
on tiro lighted up tbo bcavons. From
toward the lighted borison came a
rumbling roar that drowned the hub
bub on the street.
-i'WJjaL. is itr.' t Bskcd Mr. Warm-
castle. , . , , , .
That's tbe great Delemaler tas
well, Mr. Perkins, four mile away."
"1 thought it was four hundred
trains of oars passing over a bndire."!
All niirht long 1 listened to the roar
of that Delomator well, and the next
morning I rode four miles over scrub
oak bills through muddy gulches, and
past, i suppose, fifty pumping oil wells.
to see thu startling wonder., ...
. The noise grew louder and louder as
wo approaches!. Then the rumble
changed to a hissing rush like a thou
sand locomotives blowing off steam.
At an eighth of a mile the noise
changed again to tbe continuous roar
of a thousand cannon. ' The' human
voice could not be beard. Communi
cation was by pantomime. Tha flame
shoots into the air seven tv foet like a
un u.u. IU U1I1S WOru uu.aiou
with snow, but for two acres arounp
tbo well, tbo gross is green and grow
ing, except close to the well, where tbe
ground looks liko burnt lava. At a
sufu diatanco calves and sheep stand
wanning themselves and qalingthe hot
bouso grass. This two acres of sterile
Pennsylvania look liko a section of fer
tile Florida. - . . : .1 .
"What makes it sound like tbe con
tinuous report of artillery f" I asked
tho engineer. - , .
- - nature's artillery.
"Because il is a five-inch cannon con
stantly exploding. Look," said be,
"you seethe first flame twenty feel from
the muxrle that is the flash, th ax
plosion. It is liko a cannon, only this
is continuous a million cannon a
minute in fact one explosion and con
dition going on forever I"
it is wondcrtul to see this volcano
flame exploding in tbo sir. Tbe pres
sure is so great that tbo gas cannot
ignite till it gels twenty feet beyond
too nozzle. .
Tbe stream of gas comes up 1,660
fect through a five-inch iron pips, and
is conducted off 200 feel throiuh an
other tube, where it finds vent. Tho
general pressure of the gas with tbe
valve open is 800 pounds to the square
inch, . We partly closed the valve and
tbo pressure ran up to 1,200; closed it
a little more, and the tubing began to
tremble and tbe great ton weight hold
ing it down began to lilt. It was only
a quick turn of tbe skilllul engineer
Unit saved 1,600 of iron tubing
anchored down with several tons'
weight, from shooting into the
air. You can better realize the terrible
pressure of this gas when yon reflect
that the pressure on an ordinary loco
motive is from 80 to 125 pounds to tho
square inch, while tho pressure from
this well, if tbe valve is closed would
run tip to 1,500, and then tear tbe
tubing out aud throw the heavy ma
chinery into tho air. '' ' ' '
Tbe engineer conducted a half-inch
stream of gaa into a 12 horse power
engine, and it ran it so fast that the
The kiiiuuui uf boat a,.d tlfaalu ctv
coal per day. The gas would light
Now York, Philadelphia, and Balti
more. It would run every looomotive
in tb Slato of Pennsylvania. It woud
fill the biggost balloon in half a minate,
and burst it into a thousand tatters, or
shoot it off like a gigantic bombshell,
and, as it is very light much lighter
ihan ordinary gas H will be ot im
mens value hereafter in trying balloon
experiments. ; . . t . ......
. INOEU0US PBlsrx- u
... So great is the pressure that engi
neers say this gas would flow through
tubing to Pittsburgh, a distance of
forty miles, In ten minutes. . The pipe
line bore push oil twelve mites over
bills and valleys with 1,000 pounds
lo tho sqnare inch, but this pas would
Gush itself to New York in a few
ours. Tho well Is estimated to pro
duce 2,000,000 cubio feet of the richest
gas in a day., '
1 tit won is named aiier Jir. uoiema
ter wbo bored it. Ho was employed
by Mr. Henry Harlcy, formerly con
nected with tho Erie Railway, who
now claims tho well, and if six men
and six hickory clubs will kern bim in
possess ion against another claimant,
Mr. Harlcy will continue to own it.
I saw James Murray who assisted
to borotbe woll. Whan I asked him
to give ino the history of it lie said:
"Woll, sir, after toring 300 foot we
struck rock, solid rock, and followed it
bilor and a dead driller, but
, "What did you do then?" tasked.
"Well, wo run liko hell ; run to get
away from tho gravel stones and gas.
Bill McGniro says, 'Jim, we've struck
hell, and tbe devil is a comin' run !'
and wo got away from that well and
stayed away until tho next morning."
- MGHTHIO THB OAS.
'"Then it blew all night without be
ing lighted, did itr ....... a
.."Ye, wo dassent go near hor for
twu days. Tbo gas shot np like a mist,
cold os loo. You could see It in tb
air. After two dsys I got a ball of
candlo wickin,' snaked it In turpentine,
tied a stone to it, lit it, and that night
shjcd ,, tbe .
, "Did she make a noise, Jim r .''
busied like a cannon full of sand, You'd
a thought tbo bowels of the earth
wero flying out. And light! why, tha
whole basin hero was as light aa day.
I could count a flock ot i shorn) away
over in that wots Is, and. folk away
over ia Pcirolla, ten miles away, saw
it and beard it too, and they boor it
just as strong (osdny ns they did thnt
first night. I tell yon, Perkins, tbis
am t ho slouch nt A well if it is, yon
raufshoot me l" , fEu finKim"
W ilson Cxccn j)l I'biladelpuia.n roved
bis titlo to hi Inst name, on Monday
mopdoy morning, by trj-lng to "hvon
up a fire with coal oil.' Not only wo
the fir improved, but William was
"livened up" also. Tbe result of th
experisacnl is that William is not only
Green but raw.- '. .
PorrrT fcooB Abvicb Tho Rot.
Mr. Kallocri of California, formerly of
MassAchusMts, thinks thai there la no
more in ia going tu a theatre than in
going to a churvb festival, bat that
yonag mon should not go M either
when their washing bills are unpaid.
' "Henry, why do'n'1 yon keep a sop
ply pf clove, in yenr pocket?" Raid ao
Albany ysang lady to her cort at tbe
Gawta 11 otavo racnatlyt You woatldn't
thea hav lo run out after every act:
and t don't soo why ynu are so awlul
V'. 3 ux car Ja.-t;